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JIT DOLLAR PER ANNUM INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
Tlmrsday Morning, October 11, 1860.
Bhe is sleeping death's dreamless slumber,
Far away 'lieath the church yard would,
And my spirit grows weary with sorrow,
As I think of the bright days of old.
Of those bright, joyous days, when we wandered
The hills and the valleys among ;
Of the streams which so gently meandered,
And the songs w hkh together we sung.
Ire in ember how death—fell destroyer,
On her check breathed his psstilent air ;
1 remember the smile that passed o'er her,
And the glory that shone round her there ;
I remember the promise I made her,
To meet her in mansions above :
Oh 1 my heart is weary without her—
There is no one to cheer me, or love.
I remember the spot where they kid her,
And though 'tis leagues distant away,
I can see the bright flowers that bloom o'er licr,
And hear the birds sing every day.
In that spot where so sweetly she's sleeping,
My tect ne'er wander again.
And in silence afar I am wee ing,
With no one to calm my heart s pain.
On the banks of that beautiful river,
Where the waters of life ever flow,
ller spirit now dwells with its Giver,
Wb'.le in grief 1 i-till wander below.
But soon there will come a brighter hour,
When my pilgrimage earthward will cease.
Ar.d my soul will go up to Heaven's bowet,
To dwell with my darling in peace.
fetters from (Europe.
Correspondence of the Bradford Reporter.
GENEVA. Switzerland, Aug. 30,18G0.
DEAR OLIVER L.—During the negotiations
a inch terminated a few months ago in the
transfer of Savoy to France, the city Geneva,
taught bv experience to look to tlie south aud
west for signs of evil presaue, naturally aji
preheuded some danger to her own indepen
dence. Fortunately the absorbent propensi
ties of the Napoleonic policy were sated for
the moment, by the disintegration of the ter
ritories of Sardinia ; the Protestant city re
mained undisturbed auiidst these little Vicissi
tudes of t mpire.
But while those apprehensions, well or ill
founJed, were agitating the hearts of the pa
triotic Geiievtse, their neighbors of tlie allied
('.u,luus, and t specially the official-* of the!
Federal aruiy, were prompt in tendering to this |
-y, ancient bulwark of Helvetian freedom I
l iiuicjieiideiice, the most cordial assurances !
I .i ilieir protection and support.
... acknowledgment of this generous en !
i.:: g inent, w hose worth may have been felt
w t;iv counsels of the Tuifleries, as well us in
i un-s of this great ciiy of the mount lin.s.
deiieva invited a tew weeks the military
cHirers of the twenty-two It publics, to a
three day's festival of grateful hospitality.
On Saturday, the 4th iust., the city was
afloat with streaming standards, gay with gar
lauds and festoons, lyrical a-> a page of IJ •• r -
anger, with patriotic ana festal devices. In
t ie newer portions of the town the handsome
hotels and elegant shops were decorated with j
the standards of a score of foreign nations ; i
our own stars mid stripes floated in sunshine .
over many a balcony; the Union.Jack of i
England crested many a height ; the double- i
headed eagle of of Austria thought not scorn
iohoiior the gathering feast of these firm and
haughty mountaineers, wiio have so uiauv times
aud NO triumphantly, defied its talons and crip
likd its aggressive flights. Rot it was among
the narrow and crooked thoroughfares of'the
old city that the features of the occasion were '
' le most characteristic and picturesque. Many l
of these ancient stieets are mere winding ul-
sometimes steep aud difficult of passage,!
rt -lit for pedestrians. They have usually a
Aof cleanly discomfort ; the small windows j
a '-'esh and curtained, flowers smile from the j
■"dges, or the lilLle balconies beneath ; some-j
' t-s a drooping drapery of vines, or a little
'ppural of cactuses makes gay the front of
rid unpaiuted building, which would oth- ;
vvisesuggest only ideas of gloom and decay,
k'-it on these "high days of'the feast "alii
•'•is shadow v portion of tle tQWu was aglow
- i a-tir with gracious sentiment aud tasteful
decoration. Festoons of flowers and ever
greens fpanned the narrow ways, arches leap-1
fc d across the "sunshine, flags fluttered from ul-1
most every window, and worth of grateful saH"
nation welcomed at every turn, the city, j
-ernal vs.tora The banner of Geneva, • j
• ~ iri fine device, the key of independence !
"m. t.ie eagle of liberty, waved from many ol ;
y e>' cd and decolored roofs. In friendly
"'lbtsliip with this, flowed thedivers cantonal
"Hgns ; in special courtesy towards the tem
j ral 7 guests of the respective inausiops. Of-
I ' I counted the Black Bar of _Berlife ;
-ro the Bull of F'ri, the Double Kgys ol
_ home of Arnold de Wmkelried ;
Miooe the triple stars of Argovie, fend
cr e the starry words of the Yaudois' legend
j > 1 -id, " freedom and Fatherland." Over
towers of the cathedral, from which look
mwo the memories of six hundred years,
r'i wb 't e cross banner of the Swiss
j!*.',' '' rat ' on it floats there still, and it is
- k t0 cast your eyes from the window where
Brr tP \ 8t r ° S l ' ie va " e y l ' ,e northward,
°s the blue and " arrowy Rhone," and the :
■ couched upon its two shores, towards Jura,
Its ru f-'g*d heights beyond, and you en
tner I*' 1 " °r l '' e way - yellow gleam of those
a. roofed turrets, and catch the white and
—Render of that " meteor in the sky "
la the elegant modern square called the
tr, lit ' they had erected a beautiful
sanJJ ! r 'f. Uy ' a ter '" aced Pyramid of caunon,
mu k ° nt f d b y ancient and modern weapons,
tr J A battleaxeB tt " d glitteriugspears, their
- g'- :cd atd beiijtifed with fag? and
garlands. Painful and revolting as is the
thought of war, in Any cause, it wuuld be dif
ficult to look on this beautiful structure, sym
bol aud pledge of the mutual faith and help
on which rests the safety of these brotherhoods
of the mountains, without a heart-throb of
sympathetic emotion. War, here in Switzer
land, has been so often undertaken in behalf
of rights and principles which a people cannot
surrender without deadly moral loss, and has
been ennobled by so many instances of indi
vidual heroism and devotion, that, in spite'of
the most-cordial assent to the principles of
non-resistance, one is sometimes fascinated by
the moral splendor of its accomplishments in
to a momentary forgctfufness of the insepara
ble wrong and horror of the *' trial by battle."
Thus also, when in my walks to the city, I
pass the little companies of citizin soldiery
exercising on the intervening commons, I am
conscious of a sentiment of respect and sym
pathy which more imposing miiitary displays,
even at home, do not always awaken. We
have, it must be owned, fallen into some bad
habits of sentiment and expression 011 the sub
ject of national mis-understandings ; we taik
too-lightly of the terrible alternations of peace
and war ; I think it is that we are grown so
numerous a ptople that each little human life
counts cheaply with us.
Tere, where the arm of Tell was as the arm
of a thousand, and where the one heroic heart
of Arnold of Wiakelried blunted the
points of a phalanx, conquering in death a
" patli for Liberty," one awakens to the per
ception of the worth and dignity of the Indi
vidual ; to a deeper and more loving recogni
tion of the confraternity of human society,
and of the nobility of personal use and per
It is the lesson I have won from my journey
ings among the mountains and mountain streams
of Switzerland, and which the grave and sim
ple severity of Genevese manners, and the no
ble and enlightened patriotism which distin
guish the teachers of the people, in the pul
pit and the lecturc-room, has enhanced and
In another letter I will tell you something
of Ciiamouini and the journey thither, of the
beauties of the Lake Leman, and the glory of
'• the mountains which are round about Ge
neva, as well as of those soft English fore
grounds, which the cunning crayons of our
fricud 1\ C , would so well love to copy, sleep
ing in their verdure at the leet of these bare
and I edgy steeps.
For tliis time, good bye. Imagine for your
self the glow of tlie thousand Jumps, doubled
by the waters of the Like and river, which
closed the Sabbath day festivities ; the stir
ring intiric ; the state uT the torch-lit proces
sions, along the noble quays ; the quiet arid
cheeiful animation of the city's many guests ;
the ancient aud picturesque costumes of the
mountain women, the proud and trunqu.l con
fideacc of the " young men aud maidens, old
men and children," met in this sort of indirect
aid passive defiance of their traditional ene
mies and tyrants, of Savoy and Burgundy.—
It was a truly popular festival ; it made many
an exiled heart warui towards the home land
far away ; many an eye grow dim with tears
of love and longing. But, more than this,
my young and patriotic friend, it made a little
group of your country-wornau, gathered from
our north and south, upon a stately balcony
of the (J lay de Mout Blanc, overlooking the
water the beloved standard of our common
country floating protectiugly above them ;
it made us feel and own, that dear and pro
phetic as we deem these clustering constella
tions of the west, they glow not yet, as sung
the most unimpassioned of our native poets,
" i-'lag of the free h< ait's ONLY home !"'
H. C. H.
Writtca for the Reporter.
The Pennsylvania State Fair.
The State Fair held on the Wyoming Battle
Ground last week, deserves more than a pass
ing notiee because of the interesting historical
associations clustering around the sacred spot
where it was held. Those who are familiar
with the details of the stirring events which
followed the first settlement of the Wyoming
valley—who can picture to themselves the
plots, and couuter-plots, the spirited contests
and the bitter feuds that followed, between
the Yankee, and the Pennymite, for the. pos
session of the soil, and the subsequent con
diet with the common enemy, will agree with
the writer hereof, that the idea of holding the
statf* Fair on ground made memorable by the
bold deeds of a whole ancestry, was a happy
one. It was right that Farmers of the State
should hold a jubilee on this spot. It was right
that the sons and daughters of the time hon
ored combatants bhould shake hands over the
buried liones, and buried strife of their fath
ers. This was in accordance with the spirit of
liberality wliiclt actuated the. state to donate
much of the land that was in dispute. It was
due tn those hardy pioneers, who cuue so far
through trackless lands, to find horn is, and.
fouud a new republic, thus to honor their
memories, and it was due to the magnanimity
which prompted acquiescence in the final com
It was pleasant to see the descendents of
of the Butlers, the Denisons, the Holienbacks
the Franklins, the Swifts, the Satterlees and
other prominent actors ia the Wyoming history
contending for supremacy in the products of
the field, the garden, in horses, in cattle, in
handicraft, and the fine arts, with the followers
of Ogdeu, Patterson and Armstrong. And to
contrast the condition of the country, and
the handful of bold spirits, who gathered
around the old forts, and their stinted allow
ance of the necessaries of life, with the broad,
and now well tilled fields, and the thousands
upon thousands who poured into the Fair
Ground,from the surrounding hills and valleys,
and mountains and plains, with the overflow
ing abundance of all the essentials,and luxuries
of life, which were there exhibited, was well
calculated to aronse sentiments of gratitude
to the Giver of all good, for casting our lot
in pleasant places, and for allowing to us 6ucb
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
RESARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FEOM ANY QUARTER."
It is by comparison that we aseertaiu the
value of all things around us. Our true
progress in all our social and civil relations, can
be be^tlearned by contrasting the past, with
the-pfteielit condition of the country, - aad of
agricultural progress, as of all the rest.
Perhaps the tioble herds of cattle -which the
Ilaldemans, the Drinkers, the Ivapps, the Jes
su'ps, the Dorrances, and others, brought to
I our State Fair,at the Wyoming Battle Ground
would not appear so greatly superior, when
eompafed with herds brought to other state
fairs ; but when contrasted with the cattle of
the early settlers, and even with these now
common among our farmers; the improvement
which has been made in this kind of farm
stock, becomes very manifest, and the amount
of credit due to those who are laboring so
earnestly, and are bestowing so lavishly their
menus to advance this branch of agricultural
interest, becomes equally discernable, and it
ueeds but to be seen to be cheerfully awarded.
The same may be said of the magnificent
specimens of- the horse—the noblest of the
brute creation, and man's greatest-convenience
and greatest luxury—which were exhibited at
this fair. No animal has been more serviceable
, in advancing civlization, and none has beeu
more abused. The striking evidence of the
good treatment he is receiving, and the atten
tion which philosphical training is calling out,
shows that social and agricultural progress is
overcoming the brutality of past in the man
agement of the horse.
So with the Reapers, and the Mowers that
were so conspicuous among the farming imple
ments at this fair, when compared with the
sickles and broad scythes of other days, their
value can Ue appreciated ; and in no depart
ment is there greater efforts made by inventive
genius, and in mechanical skill to produce a
really serviceable machine. The indications
are that great improvements will still be made
in reapers and mowers.
And how .the old " well sweep " looks along
side of the easy working, and highly finished
pumps, and the marv'elously convenient well
curbs it buckets, displayed at this fair ; A one
! is led to wonder that washing clothes wasever
done with hands and soap, when the various,
and ingenious w ashing-machiuts, that were ex
hibitcd are seen.
Then how the admirable Kitchen ranges,
the elaborately worked cooking, and parlor
stoves throw into the shade the fire-place ar
rangements, and the ten-plate stoves, of
former times. The show in thi,s line was credi
table. But in nothing was astonishment, and
admiration more visible among the visitors,
than in the wonder-working sewiug machines,
of which there wu-<u fine display. The neat
ness of the stitching, and the rapidity with
which this was executed, by all the machines,
ace nint for the revolotion they hive effected
in this department of human industry ; and
unless garments come " ready made" from the
hands of the worker in wood, in cotton, and
in silks, which is nut improbable—a greater
change is still in prospect in this uucieut act of
The display in wagons, carriages, portable
cider-mills,great hay and straw cutters,various
patterns of ingeniously constructed plows,
harrows, cultivators, seed sowers, grain drills,
smut-machines, wheat cleaners,hydraulic rams,
hay forks, hay-scales, and a great variety of
other machinery, and implements, designed to
lessen the labor of the farmer, were scattered
around on the fair ground,and attracted atten
Monstrous cabbage heads vied with monstrous
pumpkins and squashes, for precedent in size ;
and beets, carrots, and parsnips, respectively,
seemed equally certain of being pronounced
the biggest. Red peppers as large as modern
coffee crips,and egg plant fruit the size of Don
g'a's head, were in the vegetable tent. Great
vanities of beautiful wheat, and com ; and
Hour and meal,were also there,and were highly
Sn-quehanna,Bradford,Luzerne and Chester
were the chief competitors in dairy products ;
and very line specimens of butter and cheese
were sent in from these respective counties.—
! There is great art iu making a fine quality of
butter, and many think they possess it, yet
there is not probably, more than one in fifty,
who has the true art. 14at knowledge in this
point is spreading, and there is now more good
butter than formerly, thanks to agricultural
fairs and renumerativc prices.
In the Artist's Temple, pictures of various
kinds, drawings and paintings, hung in profu
sion around the walls, displaying lam'scape
1 scenery, cattle, horses, men, women and chil
dren, variously grouped, arid houses and spires,
in different forms, interspersed with handiwork
iu sea-shells, aconis, and pine-burrs, Dagueri
an galleries, and the skillful penman's placards
were there too Then followed a grand dis
play in carpeting, quilting, and rich specimens
of needlework wrought with woql and cotton;
and the silver smith came next, with gorgeous
pitchers, coffee and tea-setts, goblets and trays,
marvelous!)' embossed, and highly worked fin
ishing. Then the lamp man made all light
with his candle-sticks, and lamps, of brass, of
glass, and of silver.
The Floral Ilall was quite tastefully ar
ranged. The running fountain, surrouuded
with rough moss-covered stoues, and old wood
—the tiny pond with its margin over run with
modest inchens, and gay flowers, creeping to
the waters edge—the varied assemblage of
exotic and native plants, with their delicately
striped, and spotted leaves, and deeply color
ed petals, interspersed with cvergreeos and
festooning, evincing much taste. But this
handsome grouping of buds and blossoms, of
living water, tftid wild wood scenes, was more
than equalled bv the mellow apples, the melt
ing pears, and luscious plums, piled on the ta
bles around nearly the entire hull. Conspicu
ous among the fine specimens of the different
varieties of the apple were the Baldwin, pip
pin, swarr, greening, northern spy, belle and
gilly flowers, lamb® and vandevere ; and
among the pears the seekle, the bartlet, flem
ish beauty, shtldon, d'Angouleme, doyenne,
madeleine, vicar-pf-Wakefield, and louie-bonne,
stood ont prominent, of plums the blueken
gage, tee golden drop, green gage, Monroe, i
Washington, and purple fruit, with other va
rieties, were present.
The best things however, of the State Fair,
were the horse and cattle parades, and iu
nothing was there more general interest mani
fested. The horses seemed to enjoy it, while
the Durbams, Devons, Hereford?, and Alder
ueys. appeared proud of the distinctive features
of their respective families, and well they
might be, for noble specimens of each were
That which conduced materially to the plea
sure of the visitors at the State Fair, was the
affable, and obliging deportment of the offi
cers of the society, who, from the President
down, were ever assidious in their efforts to
satisfy, and make the fair pleasant to ail.
Story of an old Settler.
The,enows of many* wiuters have left their
whiteness upon my head, but many events of
the war are still fresh in my memory. During
the long bloody struggles for independence I
was compelled to witness many horrors.
My father was ODe of the earlier settlers of
the Kennebec. I was the oldest of four sous.
Before the commencement of the war, my
father had buiit him a cabin, quite comforta
ble enough for his purpose, aud commenced
clearing—converting the savage wilderness in
to a garden, to teem with com and grain.
I and my brothers of course assisted him in
his labors. The war broke out the second tear
after our settlement on the Kennelrec. At first
we apprehended but little danger from the
savages, as they hud hitherto manifested a
friendly disposition. But we were conscious of
danger. The Indians commenced their depre
Tales of blood were borne to our ears. We
went to our daily labor with our weapons iu
our hands. At the close of a summer day we
were seated in our comfortable cabin us usual.
A knocking was heard at the door. My moth
er turned pale and looked at my father, as if
entreating him not to open it until he was cer
tain who vvas without. I immediately acted
upon this hint, & stepping softly to the entrv,
was enabled toreconnoitre the premises through
a small crevice. My mother's fears were not
•without foundation. An athletic savage stood
at the door, llis face was painted in the most
hideous manner. Instead of undoing the fast
enings, I proceeded to add to their strength.—
I repotted the discovery I had made.
" But one, did you say ?" said my father.
" Only one," I replied.
" Now see what you can discover ou the
other side of the cabin."
I did so, and to my surprise saw three more
of the rascals, crouched like serpents iu the
grass. 1 reported this also.
The knocking continued until beeame furious.
My father of course turned a deaf ear to his
entreaties for admission. Finding that arti
fice would not answer, he was joined by his
companions, and together they made a. more
furious attack upon the door. Iu truth we
were but little alarmed,for there were but four
savages,and we felt able to contend with them.
The fact was they supposed that the male
members of the family had not yet returned
from work ; consequently they had only to deal
with females. The savages now brought a
large stick of wood, and, with their united
strength used it as a battering ram. The door
begau to yield.
In the cabin were loaded muskets. Tiiey
w ere already in hands skilled to their use. We
know a disagreeable surprise was in store for
our foes, and this knowledge gave us strength
and courage. The door yielded and they rush
ed in. Poor fellows.it was the last rush three
of them ever made, for they fell dead upon
the threshold, beneath our well directed fire.—
The fourth one fled in consternation. We pur
sued him far into the forest, but he was swift
of foot, and baffled pursuit.
" He will bringdown more of the red skins
upon us," said my father, wiping the perspira
tion from his brew.
Indeed the escape of the Indian was unfor
tunute. After this, we were kept in continual
alarm. We were fired at iu the fields by un
seen foes,and were obliged to take the greatest
precaution to guard against surprise by night.
One of the Indians slain was a brother to liira
who was so fortunate as to escape, and we
knew that to avenge his death would hence
forth be tiie greatest object of his life.
Once we were attacked in the middle of the
night. After a hard battle we succeeded in
driving them away, with the loss of several of
Finding our situation growing more critical
every day,we began to think about leaving our
solitary eabiu, and seeking some white setle
ment. Before our dwelling stood the stump of
a tree, which had been broken off by a strong
wind, about four feet from the ground. This
stump was hollow. Cue morning as my father
opened the door to go to his work,l heard the
report of a gun,and almost immediately anoth
er, while simultaneously with the first report a
ball struck the chimney near me, I ran to the
door. . ,
" Go look in that hollow stamp," said my
I did so, and to my astonishment saw an
Indian in the agonies of death. I recognized
him instantly as the one who had made his
escape. He had secreted himself there during
the night, in order to shoot my father as he
left the cabin. _ Fortunately his aim was bad.
The ball passed within an inch of the intended
Before he had time to escape, he received
the contents of my father's rifle.
With our united strength we dragged him
forth. We now relinquished the idea of leav
ing our home, thinking that af'er this event
we might live in comparative safety.
Soon after this I joined the ranks of my
countrymen, encountered much hardship, and
saw reel service. It 60 happened, once opon
a time, that I was sent out on a scouting
party. In our zeal we went so far that we were
obliged to pass the night from camp. There
was not a dwelling near aad we were lu the
vicinity of oor ***£• fotf, whose canning
had reason to dread. We madearraugemeuts
to pass the uight thus :
We were in a small clearing which had been
made before the war brdke out,and afterwards
abandoned as Untenable, on account of the
Indians. Near the middle of this was the
trunk of a large tree which had been blown
down, and wliese roots had taken from the
soil whereon it grew an enormous quantity of
earth. I placed myself on one side of this
rampart of earth, and my friend on the other,
with the understanding thut we should watch
each other during the night. By making a
small opening through this natural fortification
I was enabled to thrust my gun through and
watch the approach of an enemy towards my
friend, and he, by a similar operation, could
do the same favor to me.
The night was not very dark, and objects
could be seen ut a considerable distance. Hav
ing arranged matters in this maurier, we felt
apprehension iu regard to a surprise. The
hours rolled on. J felt very sleepy aijd could
hardly keep my eyes open.
About midnight my attention was arrested
by a bush which I did not recollect see
ing in the early part af the night. At first I
gave but little heed to so slight a circumstance
but at length I began to fancy that it came
nearer Still I strove to persuade myself that
the appearance was to be attributed to my
eyes rather than reality. After watching it
for bulf an hour, 1 could no longer doubt that
the bush was in motion
I waited, with breathless anxiety, until it
was within gun shot. Taking deliberate aim,
I fired into the bush. It fell instantly, and J
heard a heavy groan
"What have you done?" asked mjcompan
"'We mil see in the morning," I replied.
We kept our position until sunrise, for fear
of surprise. Upon examination, we found the
body of a stout Indian lyingin a pool of coagu
lated blood under the bush. He had taken
his method to reconnoitre. It proved fatal.—
I have passed through many scenes, but I
never shall forget the hollow stump and the
CSafThe annual examinations for Teachers
for 1860, will be lioldeu at the followiug times
and places, viz :
October 24, at the Milau School House, in
Oct. 2.">, at the borough house, Athens.
Oct. 26, at the center hoti>e, Litchfield,
Oct. 2T, at the Kuykendall house, Windham,
i Oct. 29, af the Bowen Hollow house, War
Oct. GO, at the Orwell Hill house.
Oct. 31, at the Academy, Leßaysville.
Nov. 1, at the Black house, Tusearcra.
; Nov. 2, at the Merryall house.
Nov. 3, at the Ingham house, Wilmot.
Nov. 5, at the McGuyre house, Terry ; also
at the Frenchtown house, Asylum,
j Nov. 6, at the Brown school honse, for Al
; bany and Overton ; also at theSteveus house,
Standing Stone, (at which last named place
the examination will commence at 11 o'clock,
Nov. 7, at the borough house, Monroe ; al
so at the Jlerrickviile school house. .
Nov. 8, at the borough house, for the To
wandas ; also at the Academy at Rome.
; Nov. 9, at the Gore iiouse for Sheshcqain.
j Nov. 10, at the Myersburg house, Wysox.
Nov. 12, at the Varney house, Fraukliu ;
i also at the borough house for Burlingtons
Nov. 13, at the Taylor house, Granville ;
also at the center house, Sprinufield.
Nov. 14, at the center house, Lelloy ; also
at the Ruruham house, Ridgbury.
Nov. 15, at the Corners liouse, for Canton
and Armenia ; also at the Gillett house, South
Nov 16, at the borough honse, Troy ; also
at the Rowley house, Wells.
Nov. 17, at the Academy, Smithfield ; also
at the Morgan Hollow house, Columbia.
The examinations will commence precisely
at 10 o'clock, A. M. No candidates wiil be
examined who do not come iu before 11, un
less the tardiness be unavoidable. No person
will be inspected who does not intend to teach
in the county during the year, neither will any
be examined that have attended inspections in
other townships. Private examinations will
in no case be granted, except in accordance
with the provisions of the school law, as found
on page 51. Each teacher will bring a Read
er, oue sheet of Foolscap Paper, pen and ink
Directors and teachers are earnestly invited
to be present at the examinations in their re
C. R. COBURN, Co. Sup't.
Towanda, September 4, 1860.
H&~ The Teachers' Institute for the north
eastern townships.of the county, met at the
Union Church, in Windham, at 2 o'clock on
Monday, Sept. 10, and was opened by reading
the scriptures and prayer by Rev. Mr. BAR
THOLOMEW,. after some remarks by the Super
intendent, Miss 11. L. PEASE, was elected
Secretary and Miss MARY ANTHONY assistant.
Monday evenirg was occupied by reading,
declamation and discussion of the question re
lative to the comparative wages of male and
female teachers. Compositions were read
dnrtng the meeting by Miss LUCY MOULTON,
Miss RACBAF.L TERACSH and Mr. SYLVANCS
DUNHAM. A critic was appointed each day
whose business it was, to note all the errors
in pronunciation and in the gramatical con
struction of sentences, which criticisms were
read at the close of the evening sessions, and
as they were read the individual criticised was
required to rise and correct the error.
Session opened Tuesday by Rev. Mr. SIB
LEY drilling in reading. Orthography, geo
graphy, grammar, intellectual and written
arithmetic, spelling, analysis and intellectual
algebra, occupied the most of the day, with
the exceptions of an occasional half hour
spent in discussion upoo seine question which
was brought oat daring the drill. The whole
"VOL. XXI.—:XO. 10.
class was frequently exercised iu calls themes
besides the severe exercise in which most of
the members engaged during the recesses. The
exercise in Intellectual Arithmetic wa3 con*
ducted by J AUKS P. COBCRN, of Warren, and
in grammar by SflEigMN CHIBSUCKJ of Or
well. Oiher teachers were frequently called
upon to assist iu the different exercises of the
On Friday, at half past two, the teachers
accepted the iuvitatiou of Mr. JAMES OLMSTED
to visit his grove, iu which he had put up sev
er al swings and other accommodations. The
afternoou was pleasantly and we trust profita
bly spent. The forenoon of Saturday was oc
cupied by several gentlemen ia ruahiug re
marks to the teachers, and by the Superinten
dent iu a familiar talk with them about school
arrangement and school management. Iter.
Messrs. PECK and CAKPENTEB assisted iu con
ducting the opening exercises of Wednesday,
Thursday and Saturday. On Tuesday eveu
ing alter the reading by two of the class, Mr.
CODERS spoke about forty minutes upou thu
principles of the school law and the objections
that are frequently urged against it. Doctor
BLISS, of Leßoy, gave a lecture on Thursday
evening, upon school and family management.
Friday evening was wholly occupied by a spell
ing school, for which the teachers had previ
ously made preparation. Although the house
was well fdled each evecing, still upou the
night of the spelling school, there was a per
fect jam, yet good order was maintained and
the " spell " passed off satisfactory to nil, uud
much to the credit of the teachers who par
ticipated in it. The exercises of each session
were interspersed with singing, conducted most
of the lime by Mr. P. BLISS, of Home, assist
ed by his lady. ; .
On Saturday the following resolutions were
Resolved., That iu the opinion of this meet
ing, Teachers' Institutes are highly beneficial
to teachers, and they should be sustained and
encouraged by the ftieuds of education every
Resolved, That we tender our grateful ac
knowledgments to Prof. C. II Coßi'K.v.for Lis
excellent instruction and his untiring efforts in
Rvsolrrd, That we present our sincere thanks
to the citizens of Windham Centre, and vi
cinity for their many kind attentions extend
ed to us during our stay among them—to the
Trustees of the Union Church, tor its use—to
Mr P. lJuss and his lady, und the singers of
the place for their assistants in making our
sessions pleasant, and to Mr. JAMES OLUSTSU
and his family for the invitation to their grovo
thereby affording us an opportunity tor pleas
ant recreation aud healthful exercise.
LAW Snrs AND THEIR LININGS. —The expe
rience of Hon. Mr. Elmore,in law suits,is giveu
i in a speech " on the abolition of laws for the
1 collection of debts before the Wisconsin
" He had little experience in the law, aud
| that was rich (Laughter.) He would give a
I history of it- The speaker than related how ho
I had purchased a yoke of oxen about 15 years
! ago— paid fifty dollars for them. A few days
after, the son of the man of whom he bought
the oxen came to him and said the oxen were
his. He insisted on having pay over again, aud
commenced a suit before a justice. The jurv
didn't ajrree. Finally, through the blunders of
| the Hash wood justice of the peace, the case
went against him lie appealed it to the Cir
cuit Court of Milwaukie. There I lost again,
| and said to my lawyer. " I will give yon ten
■ dollars to quote the Feunsylvauialaw to Judge
Miller, and have a new trial ordered." (Great
laughter.) He took the ten dollars, and per
formed the duty. A new trial was then grant
ed, and venue changed to Walworth county.
Judge Irwin was then the judge. Any man
: who wanted to gain a case in his court had
either to go hunting with him,and let the judge
claim all the game that was shot, or else pat
his dog. Well, I patted the dog. (Laughter.)
I fed that dog with crackers. (Renewed langh
ter.) The case was decided in my favor. When
I heard the decision, I thought to myself the
dog had followed me about long enough—l
turned around and gave him a kick. (Laugh
i ter.) The yelp of the dog had hardly subsided
ere I heard the judge say—" Mr. Clark, this
judgment is set aside and a new trial grant
ed." (Great laughter.) Mr. Speaker.that kick
cost me two hundred dolian. (Convulsive*
REV. JOHN lIFKSKY. -This venerable though
eccentric Methodist minister thus describes
his personal habits :
I have endeavored to circumscribe my wants
by living iu a plain, self-denying way, having
used no animal food of any kind, (except
when in Africa,) neither tea nor coffee, for
nearly forty years, always rising at four o'clock
winter and summer, and yet few men have en
joyed better health than I have been blessed
with, aud not many in modern times have
preached oftener or used more physical labor.
fcaf* Murat one day complaining to Xausou
ty tbat the cavalry had uot vigoronsly execu
ted a charge, Xausouty replied, " The horses
have no patriotism ; the soldiers fight without
bread, but the horses insist on oats."
ftaf We think a man carries the borrowing
principle a trifle too far when he asks us to
ieud him our cars.
Biaf Dr. liarton, on being told that Mr.
Vowel was dead, exclaimed, " What! A'owel
dead ? Let us be thankful it was neither u,
fiST* Never refuse to pay the printer, when
you have read his paper for a year or more
A man who does this, ismean enough to steal
acorns from a blind pig.
a®" A, country parson was addicted to using
the phrase, " I flatter myself," iD6tead of " I
believe." Haviag occasion to exhort his cov
ureaation, during a revival, "be flattered him
self " that more than one half ot them won!d t*e