Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 27, 1860, Image 1
THE BRADFORD REPORTER. a iE D3LLAR PER ANNUM INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. TOWANDA: Thursday Morning, September 27,1860. Sthtbfe poctrg. LIFE'S A PROMISE. lam alone. This bleak, chill hoar Is us my bosom's desolation. Tbe hope which cheered has lost its power, And love forgot her wild sensation. I iu alone—aud feeliugs wasted l eave scarce a memory worth retaining ; Of all ray youth, so manly tasted, The bitter's only now remaining. Life's promises, 0. how deceiving ! Iu early youth they bud in hope- A:id when the heart is most believing It tiuds them blighted.ere they ope. l; t should they stay to bloom, and throw Tli ■ r fragrance o'er our mauhood's day, They waste them in their gorgeous blow, And wait, and fruitless pass away. Life's promise—the future ever Invites with golden gifts in store ; But in our struggles, all forever Kind that future just before, Yet hope will cheer, and we pursue The flattering promi-e as it flies, T..1 Death steps in and point* the view To where 'its flown -beyond the skins. What is this craving of the soul For thA w'. ch holds its happiness. And instinct which defies control, Driving the . with con-taut press ? "i'is fi-rture- fame, or love, or pi.wer— And all oar zeal we seek it with— -0 tu :ieJ uad ia the very hour Wi lind we've followed but a myth. We sec the gem before the sun 1, urn nothing from the stunning shock— I - - lius. we climb the hill— --'phu- we roll the rock : . .- b .' a promise here, : ernitj wi.l rea :e, ' ; - t'.ad th treasure where * intended— beyond the stow ' *YI i s cc 11 anro us. tFrotn th* idermant >n Telegraph.] The Capture of Mojor Andre. The circumstances connected with this all-, g event in our conn*ryearlier history . s > fp, j i jitiv cotnra "ited n;>vt. an i a i i< tv.th mnc t rehi.-wuiee the writer : . - |Km paths, fro* which •he foot prints ■ . ve worn awav every trace o! I \ :i these incidents of tire Revolution - ::i y are u.\. ..;;r pu-f an 1 present I tluable as the ad vaccina I. . >• years testifies how much we owe m . . e single event of winch we propose • was fraught with the Deepest iuipor . its result alone depending the des • • th- 11-voluti >n, and possibly, indeed, 'ite ot our country. . old's disiiffectlou was no? yet discovered, . he occupied the prominent position of com . c dunt at Vwt Point, accorded at his ovu illation, aud otiiy desired iu order more i iily to perfect hi* treasonable plan*.— V ig'i the traitor had been ia correspon witii Sir Henry Cunton for a peri<)d of months, previous to this appointment - -pic: MI of malpractices had ever been reed and Washington still reposed in bis nie Mtqr (ieuerul the most unbounded - r . a-.M t-Mifideti'-e. It will be necessary to -t m;it,c ot the leading circumstances of irea-ci. for the better elucidation of a per ;.a- rtar.atire and theretore the reader -t n.-ar wait us a while, as we wander among " venes w 'i 1011 Arnold aud Andre Lave rcu ••si |K>werfuliy memorable. T st iges of the treasonable cor . nee between Arnold and Clinton, bad looted by the former under a feigned -i .i 1 in di?gu,sed baodwritiug, the style heating more that of a mercantile tran a the epistles abounded in allusious to a-, et>iii|s. houses and speculations. One • -: uutts of tliis character was receiv f -t A ire. and forwarded to Ciiutoa ; it . i vague iutiuiat on that much might • -rcted by the use of " ready money," and 1 'igty the latter resolved on dispatching "A* ire, his adjutant general,with plenary Itreat with, and afford every induce '• to • - individual who as yet was person - y u snown to him. but whom he haj no nbt oc-upi J some post of eiuioence ia the A• . 4::. v. A couference was necessary n orflr • ... (v.,t ou Jbe rendered entirely . annoymous correspondent's identi -1 Ja- Andre .J been elected for this pur -A'": j 'be Briti-h commander felt tat: • i acceding to the request. We u.is JIHCTVC u,a: there was no personal desire c part of ii) > a;.fortunate man, to seek so ,'T "ab'e a service, tbtf orders of his l: ' lifc • i-lat-i: g him iu the position which r ledum- impeded bim to avoid. at:uipt at an interview was nn- Arnold, while proceeding to the mlu:g designated, und being with - flag, flre.i up an by British gunboats • i obliged to precipita >i" cp the opposite bat.k. having been •• danger U_m the frequent shots " 1 ' * -' T - r 'he barge in which be was sail ~ • • • ' ■tfcfj th# rwifwitj of Wash '*'■ a sgtiid naturally be aroused by . i.- movement. Arnold informed him 1 11 k* considered it necessary to signals ia immediate contiguity of the • '.>,aiid for this purpose Lad proceed '* • 1 • tae river, when his barge was sutn r*""* n poa in the manner we have men tions ia* auuir was- ica.dentally adverted ■ *e o-d • ary. quiet mann-r. and effectual • >U caiuiiog dowu any susjiicions -ts I.y p !t i U ,;;ty Ba¥e - -0,.-ducing Washington to place a firmer ia his geoera, - probity. Another iLterv.ew must uow be arranged, Arnold wrote again to Andre • 1. v 4n: ' c - ®tre:a language, dfcainng h,m - --rcient cf uo cae, tad informing PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA, BY E. O'MEARA UOODfiICH. him that a person would meet him on the 20th of September, (this was the 13th,) and con duet him to a place favorable for their antici pated meeting, and entirely secure against in terruption. He added, however, that it was necessary to visit the spot in disguise, at the same time assuring him that if no danger ex isted in passing the British lines, none would result from entering within the American. At the appointed time, Andre proceeded to Dobb's ferry, having received particular direc tions from Sir Henry Clinton, neither to make the slightest change of appurel,enter the Amer ican army, be the bearer of documents, or by any act reuder himself liable to the suspicion of being a spy ; but meetiug no one at this place, he returned to his vessel, and awaited farther communications. Arnold had previous ly visited one of his accomplices, a man named Smith, who was possessed of some influence, aud iuduced him to aid iu bringing Andre to a place of safety, alleging that he was the bear er of iai|>ortaut news from the enemy, and a gentleman of rank and consequence He also arranged with Smith that if the conference should be protracted, the parties were to ad journ to the farmer's house,and there conclude their remaining deliberations. It was by the assistance of this person that Andre succeeded in finally leaving the British ship Vulture,then anchored in Hudson river, the particulars of which exodus we will now hurriedly portray. Twilight had failed, aud stars were appear ing at intervals in the calm,autumnal sky ; the night was uiild and cioudless.without a breeze to ruffle the river's surface, and the towering hills, shrouded iu shadow,sent not a rustle from their silent, motionless trees. Everything ap. peared favorable for the anticipated disembark ation, and Andre impatiently awaited the approach of Smith, who expected to have reached the Vulture about the du<kof evening There were many difficulties, however, to be encountered, and Arnold forsaw the possibility of suspicious being aroused among liis officers by so irregular a movement as was contem plated. He therefore found it esseutial toexer eise the greatest caution, least any knowledge ot the occurrence should be prematurely dis covered : it was also necessary to obtain oars men for the purpose of rowing Smith's boat to the British ship, and these he found great difficulty in procuring ; but by dint of menaces and bribes, two uieu were induced to under take the voyage, uud at midnight the party ut I,leaving Arnold at Haverstraw,directly oppo-ite the Vulture's anchorage, in painful ~ i a;.\ m- expectation. Considerable finesse was requisite to evade the American gunboats stationed a'ong the river -bore, but these per il- were all al.ke surmounted, and ei.'ht bells found the "traitors dope" aboard the Vulture. Sending his letters of introduction. Smith was presented to Andre and handed him the nasses which Arnold had prepared : these contained permission to pas.- uud repass the American guards,whenever each was deemed needful,and wo re is-ued a< though to a private gentleman, Mr John Andersou. under which name Major Andre had proposed proceeding to the place of convocation. During Smith's absence, Arnold went dowu the river about two miles below Haverstraw, and concealing himself in a bushy convert,await ed Andre's arrival, at which spot the former had been directed to laud. The plot thus far had admirably succeeded ; Smith's boat arriv ed IN status que at the fdace of rendezvous, and Andre immediately conducted to the pres ence of his fellow conspirator, with whom he now conversed for the Lr.-t tune. Here, sur rounded by the dark forest, aud closely wrap ped in its deepening -hades, amid the silence and solitude of night, these misguided men held their d irk and gloomy colloquy. Deep in the woodland recesses,the only sounds heard were the loa whisperings of their own voices or the peaceful murmur of the flowing stream ; without, ad was the gentle calm of an unbro ken repose ; within, demonical passion raged with ungovernable fury. Wiiat a picture is here presented ; afar in the solitary grove, the traitor barters his country and himself, while the purchaser of both quietly listens to his future plans ; and could no compuuctioas re membrances have flashed across his ruiud dur ing this long and anxious eoufereuce—did the memories of Quebec and Stillw ater never draw near to remiud him of what he had been and what he was—were no thoughts of Isle _lr Nuii or Uidfield ever present to confront him with their chilling recollections ? We cannot, we must not believe it 1 the man bad not yet sunk so low, but that the contemplation of these would have fallen ujwu his soul with a crushing and overwhelming power. The uight had passed away, and the iosy light of coming dawn was tipping the hazy tree tops, yet no intention to cease the confer ence was perceptible. Becoming alarmed, Smith veutured to interrupt the conspirators, assuring them of the necessity for departure, at the same time observing that his house wn not too far distant, but that it might reached expeditiously and iu safety. Arnold having provided himself with a spare horse, Andre reluct antiy coosented to mount, and accom pany the general to the locality designated, which wo* about four miles from their place of meeting and some distance within the Amer ican hues. The light of morning was not yet distinct, although the birds had begun their sougs from toe wild hillsides, and the sqnirrel bounded along the branches overhead : some few stars were still visible, aud the voice of a sentinel near at hand, aloue apprised theqi of his presence. Andre now found himself direct IT ig the enemy's power, and is said to have displayed decided and but ill concealed trep idation ; possibly he feared that the man who was wiiiiug so cheaply to part with both country and honor, would not scrople—were a large sua proffered—even to surrender up his part ner ia the transaction The day had dawned in beauty when they arrived at smith's hoc-e where fresh alarms awaited them A tremendous cannoruide, fa the direction of the Vuftnre, broke upou the morning air, which Andre heard with keen anxiety I: appeared that Col. LivingstOD.who commanded a deta.hment of/Americans at ■ Story Point, lad ob-erred the Vohore's posl. " REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER." tiou, and conceived a plau for attacking her from the shore ; be had, some time previous, applied to Arnold for two pieces of heavy ordi nance ; but to this proposal,the latter,of course decliued to aecede, alleging some trival ex cuse iu justification ef bis refusal. Livingston however, still retained his former desire, and accordingly noticing that the vessel was with in easy cannon shot, he fired upon her with a small four pound gun,on the morning we have mentioned, and with such effect that she was obliged to lift her anchor and float down with the tide. It was this seemingly trifling inci dent which exercised so omnipotent au influence over future occurrences, this alone caused that fatal delay of Andre, w hose Jiiialcvi&s his cap ture and death. How small aud apparently inconsiderable are the means at times resorted to for the attainment of mighty and overpow ering results ! But we anticipate. During the morning passed at Smith's every preliminary connected with this plot of treason was adjusted, and an early period named for its accomplishment. It was considered neces sary for Andre to revisit New York,while the British troops, already on shipboard, and pre pared for an expedition to Chesapeake Bay, were to hold themselves in readiness for ascend ing the Hudson and opeuiug an attack ou West Point, a large portion of whose garrison was to remoeed, and the various points in its vicinity materially weakened. Arnold, as the Briti-h approached, prepared to dispatch por tions of his army among the ravioes and gorges of the hit Is,ostensibly for the porpous of meet ing the enemy and checking their advance, but really in order to entangle them among the briery undergrowih of the mountains, thereby stii! more imp overisbing the garrison, aud fa cilitating an unresisted capture. The plau was certainly arranged with foresight aud skill,yet how abhorrent and revolting are these evideuee of cold and blooltbirsty calculation I Having proceeded thus far, Aruold closed the discu-- -ion by supplying Andre with different papers explaining in detail the position of the troops at \Vet Point and adjacent fortifications, as well as stating their number and equipments, with other matters eonuected therewith which might be deemed valuable by the British gen eral. These lie particularly desired should be placed in some closely concealed spot about his person, suggesting the propriety of depositing them iu Li; stockings, which, it was presumed, would scarcely be liable to search. Aud re was then provided with a pa-sport, and Arnold, waving him, as he supposed, a temporary farewell, proceeded to his quarters, in the cou li i*nt belief that success would crown Lis every exertion, llowr eas.ly did Providence frustrate the traitor's designs ! The evening drew ou and Audre expressed to Smith iiis desire to leave immediately for the Yueturc, al<o rt questing him as bul been agreed npon, to act us guide. This the letter positively refused, stating that iHncs-a would absolutely prevent him from venturing upon the water ; he, however, undertook to convey the major by land, if such au arrangement should meet his wishes. Smith's real reason was doubtless oue of fear,caused by the morn ing attack,but this lie of course was unwilliug to concede. Obliged by the force of most un forseen and calamitous circumstances, Andre consented to this plan, and, notwithstanding, a< we have mentioned. Sir Henry Clinton's orders, exchanged his uniform tor the garb of a plaiu country gentleman, mounted his horse, anu well securing the important documents entrusted to his care, rode off in Stuitu's com pany. The latter promised to attend him as iar as the "lower outposts of the American lines," from whence Andre was to proceed as best he might.across the country to New York Every act we here discern was in immediate contravention of Clinton's directions, but no other alternative by which to arrivg in safety within the British territory at that time pre sented itself Night was at hand when Andre and his con ductor arrived at Ytrplauk's Point, a post on the opposite shore of the Hudson, then oc cupied by American troops, and from thence thty hastened onward towards the mentral ground. At a siuaii village, some eight miles beyond this position, they were subjected to considerable interruption from a sentinel sta tioned there,who insisted upon bringing their, iuto thn presence of his officer. This gentleman was Captain lloyd.and he acutely cross examin ed the travelers, desired to see their passports, and after a searching investigation, during which Audre is said to have suffered great uneasiuess,having observed nothing to warrant suspicion, he permitted the dangerous pair to resume their journey. Saeh, indeed, was his confidence on reading the pass of Arnold, that he apologised for having cau-ed any delay.aud expressed much anxiety tor their safety,as many marauding tory bands infested that vicinity, and a night advance might be productive of danger. Smith wa a cowardly man,and the remarks of Captain Boyd induced him to desire the deferral of their farther progress until the fol lowing morning ; the remonstrances of Audre were unavailing aod accordingly they baited at a cottage near by and took lodgings for the night. Occupying the same apartment, Smith was enabled to observe the condition of his fellow traveler, which be informs as was sings lariy distressing, and but a short period hav beeu passed in repoe. Poor Andre, possible the tboocbts of his rapidly culminating destiny were haunting those few, troubled moments of rest. Early in the succeeding morning, the journey was renewed, and so sooo as Andre was in formed that the patrolling companies of Amer icans were all passed, and their horses' hoofs now trod the neutral ground, then all his wonted cheertulness returned.&nd he conversed with hilarity upon numerous topics of ordina ry and gecer&l ialerest, manifesting a degree oil loquacity for which Smith had sot previ ously given him credit. Audre was uatnr&iiy of a gay, buoyant disposition, always disposed, even when looking at a cloud, to contemplate its silver hnsug, and possessed a warm heart ed frankness and sociability, which were es peetaHy attractive He was well-known among i both Aatricazi sai Beritisb officers is i bs\ cotapagnun, yet without the excessive dissipa tion of a majority of the class, aud was ever universally popular from his many endearing qualities of head and heart. We find him as one of the knights of the Burning mountain, at the celebrated mcschianza fete in Philadel phia, and again as occupying the responsible station of Adjutant-General of the British army, in both of which positions, his bonhomie, and military skill won for him the highest re gard. And yet it is such a man, so truly the geutleman aud officer, who was doomed to that untimely fate, which the author ot his misfor tunes far more deservedly merited. But his grave and that of Aruold may bear a ready contrast ; the world has long ago decided up ou which the badge of infamy should rest ! Smith now bid Andre adieu, having urged him, before departing, to eschew the Tarry town road, as it abounded with " Cow Boys" aud other questionable characters, who might probably delay his movements or take him prisoner. But Andre was aware of the friend liness toward British officers invariably dis played by these Tory villians, and resolved up on taking the very path which he had been advised to avoid. Tue coincidence is a pecu liar one, and its results we will briefly eousidec. As a number of suspicious individuals had been observed at. various times, frequenting the road we have mentioned, it was considered advisable by the Americans to collect a party for the purpose of observing such persons, as also to prevent the ingress of any cattle along that route to New Yurk. Several of the gal lant little company thus organized, posted theroelves on a hill, some distance from the roadside, while the rtina.ii.ilcr, Paulding, Wil liams and Van Wert—men whose names are embalmed in our hearts—were concealed in a cluster of bushes niauiled with vines, in order more readily to mark any passer by, as well a screen their own forms from observation ; these were separated about a mile from the other party, and thus wilhoot any means of com munication. Having remained in this some what confined situation for nearly two hours, a person on horseback was seen approiehfug along the road toward Tarrytown. Paulding rose from his recumbent posture, and advanc ing forward, presented a musket to Lis breast, at the same time ordering him to pause, and state whither he was traveling. This solitary wayfarer was none other than Andre, and we can readily imairiue his sensations on being thus confronted, when he had been led t i sup pose that no farther interruption from patroles won! 1 O 'cur to delay his journey. Reining in his horse, he remarked with great suavity, " Gentlemen, 1 hope you belong to our party," refening, of course, to the British army. The question was somewhat singular, con-iJerliig the circumstances, yet, as we are informed, Paulding had, not a great while previous, es caped from prison in New York, and was at that time in the ilre>s of a German Vager, which fact indueed Andre to consider himself among frituds. "What party said Pauld ing in reply. " The lower party," was Andre's answer, when Paulding intimated that such was his own Whereupon Andre, takiog ont his watch, observed, " 1 am a British officer, out in the country on particular business, and I hope you will not detain me a minute," —all the suspicions of the men were immediately aroused, and they desired him—notwithstand ing the most urgent remonstrances—loin-tanl ly dismount, Showing them Araolu & pass, the mortified officer entreated them to let him depart, alleging that the general's business would suffer material detention, and the delay subject themselves to his displeasure. Paulding w ho was the oldest and the spokes man of the party assured him they intended no harm, but that as so many doubtful persons had passed along the road, they considered it necessary to search every stranger passing that way Conducting h:tn within the bnshv con cealment, they requested him to remove his clothing, which was carefully examined with out finding anything to reward their scrutiny; thea bis boots with a similar result ; nrrti' final fy one of the trio desired him to pull of b: stockings, which he objected to with vehement earnestness, protesting agaiool so inquisitorial a procedure. But his expostulations cnly pro duced a keener desire to in-j>ect their contents and accordingly in both found those j a pers which presented—beyond all contradic tion—the damning evidence of guilt Andre was thus a captive, with every proof about him of treasonable complicity, and in the hands of those whom no bribe or remonstrance could swerve from the path of duty. lie knew not the men with whom he had to deal, else would he have left unspoken the promises offered in consideration of their permitting him to es cape. Said he, " I will give you any sum of money, horses, saddle, bridle, watch, and one hundred guineas, with dry goods, or anything you may ask." Bat Spalding replied with no bie sincerity. " No, were you to give as ten thousand guineas, you should not stir a step." They saw the value of their prize, and were aware of the immense importance of this cap ture upon the futnre destinies of their conutrv They therefore refused every request, and in steru silence conducted the prisoner to North Castle, where be was delivered up to Lieut. Colonel Jameson, the officer in command. Bat here we mast pause, and in a subsequent paper will continue the mournful narrative. In conclusion, let us remark that the remains of the tree, beneath which this captcre ami search took place, are oven vet lingering. al though the moss Las grown about its decaytag track and gray liochens cover the moaidering branches ; yet suSc'eat is there to mark the fatal spot where youth and talent met their sna! doom. But why should we mourn the fate of Andre, he died in bt cone try's service, and without a stain upon his reputation or a single blot over his good name Yet, let us forever hallow, with grateful recollections those gras sy monads, wherein repose the three guardians of our coantry ; and while contemplating more deeply grsTen epitaph, or more legibly escotcheoaed scroll, still may we tarn with sen timents of deepest affection to the apparently silaai, bot, oh, how efoqoect tornostones of Paddings. Whiiams and Tan Wert 1 ErrrtKa. (tkc;ition;il Jcpuitnuut. Tne annual examinations for Teachers for lhbU, will be holden at the following times aud places, viz : October 24, at the Milan School House, in Ulster. Oct. 25, at the borough house, Athens. Oct. 26, at the center house, Litchfield, Oct. 27, at the kuykendall house. \Vmdbam. Oct. 29, at the Bpweu Hollow W'ar ret!. Oct 30, at the Orwell Hill house. Oct. 31, at the Academy, L°Raysvflle. Nov. 1. at the Black house, Tuscarora. Nov. 2, at the Merrvall house. Nov. 3, at the Ingbaui house, Wilmot. Nov. 5, at the McOuyre house, Terry ; aleo at the Frenclitown house, A-vlum. Nov 6, at the Brown achool house, for Al bany and Overtoil ; also at theSteveus house, Stauding Stoue, (at which last named place the examination will commence at II o'clock, a. m. Nov. 7, at the borough Louse, Monroe ; al so at the hlerrickviile school bouse. Nov. 8, at the borough house, for the To wandas ; also at the A ademv at Rome. Nov. 9, at the Gore house for Shesbcqnin. Nov. It), at the Myersburg house, Wysox. Nov. 12, at the Varuey bouse, Franklin ; also at t'ue borough house for Bjrhugtons Nov. 13, at the Taylor house, Granville ; also at the center house, Sprinnfic'd. Nov 14. at the center houe, Leß' V ; also at the Buruham house, Ridgbury Nov. 15, at the Corners house, for Canton and Armenia ; u.ao ai the Gdlvtt Loue, South Creek. Nov. 16, at the borough house, Troy ; aFo at the Itowley hou-e, Weiist. Nov. 17, at the A adeuiy, Srnithf.'ld ; uFj at the Morgan liui.ow liou-e, Columbia The examinations will commence precisely at 10 o'clock, A M. No candidates will be examined who do not come in before 11. un less the tardiness be unavoidable. No person will be inspected who does not intend to teach in the couuty during the year, neither w..4 any be examined that have atteud-d inspection- in other townships. Private examiuatio' - wii! in no case be granted, except in see wdancc with the provisions of the school law, as found on page 51. Each teacher whi bring a llc-a :- er, one sheet cf Foolscap Paper, pen at. j ink. Directors and teachers are t irues'ly invited to be present at the examinations in their re spective townships. C. 11. COB URN, Co. Sup't Towanda, September 4, IS6O. Reading. Is uot an acquaintance with literature an essential qualification o.' a good teacher ? If there is any particular science wh: -h one e-a teach as well without having <tniied litera ture, it is mathematics. Take ar thmetic, then, and cannot you see what an advantage one will have, whose m od has been disciplined and enriched by a study of the great English aud American authors ! With how much more ease, and pleasure to the learner, he can explain aud illustrate the dry principles. Even if toe object of a teacher were merely to make the mind an aritbuiatieal mill, he Wciild be the most successful mill wrigbt who had philoso phised with Baton, and Locke, and tfhak peare, and Stewart, about the ua'nre of the human mind.* But the teaher of a common school :..-s more to uo than to tea a mat:.e mat;cs. He has the first lessons to g.ve every brauch, uot only of learning, but of ed ucation, which term is Infinitely the broader in signifi cation. . His work is not mechanical b it spiritual His duty is not merely to fill the memory—the hopj>er of the mill—with rui*s aud formula, bat to guide the motive power cf the mind, —to teach how to think—to watch the tendrils cf the intellect anJ heart as thev shoot lorrh, and see that they cl<p op on ob jects that iat them into tee air, and towards the Say. And at- can...-. l..at one qualified to perform th - w\>rk, to wh m Mil ton aud Burke and A Id..- u and Irvi g an I Hawthorn are strangers —to whom Engl Ah literature is Greek. A thorough tour>e of reading, then, should be j i v everv one who inicti ij to leach, ua u necciSury part of Lis preparation. If he have at first no taste for this, which may possibly be son Aim s the case, let it be rorntne.."*d a- a ta-k. and t wiil be eoauuned for the iove of it. In tots way only can a knowledge of the EugiisL lan guage be obtained, and the io...ty to with ease and el-gan e. A knowk- lge of the Lat.n acd Greek a! . w..| i.y g>? this. <>-.. may be able to trace words ba"k to their rdots. and teii what they s guttled tiro thousand vears a go, and yet not b_ a .e to tc. their modern Signification. For in H..gung-.-, as in all other things, there is constant revolution. For every new idea, there must be a new expres sion. Has there been so little addition made to the stock oi the WOi d'e ideas Si nee tue age of Cicero, thai his language whi udoar t .. age aod a full expression ? A i.tera tare such as ours, which Las been growing up for three hundred years, is sufficient we think, to support a language.—and it does. Virtu ally the English language has deciared itieif .ree and iiic,--pendens ; an., now its use must be acquired from its own writers. Tne ad vantage of a teacher who is familiar with lit erature, is so great in everv rerect, that we think the time wiii com:- when an aeauuatsoce with the standird authors will he r--quirea To be able to express his thoughts with ele gance, and to be ready with apt and re?ned illustrations at all times, is but a part c: the benefit. Tbe teaching of one thus qca'ified will be vital, and not mechanical. Aid those who eo out from nautr tne instructions of such, whl never speak of them as Herr Feapelsdrpckh speaks of hi? "My teachers,"says h?, "were hide-bound Pedants, without knowledge ot Mao's Dature, or of boys ; or of augbt save i their lexicons and quarterly account-book? Innumerable dead rocuoks v nodeud iu.,;„ a gc, for they ihemsc.7es kaew uo fang rage, to ay crammed la:o us ind zt'.'.zi /, the VOL. XXI. —rsO. 17. ! growth of mind. llovv can au iuauimate, me chanical Gerund grinder, the like of whom will, iu a subsequent century be manufactured at Kurnburg, out of wood and leather, foster the growth of anything ; much more of raiud, which grows, not like a vegetable (by having • its roots littered with etymological compost;, Got like a spirit, by mysterious contact of ■ spirit. Though kindling itself at the fire of I living Thought ! I!ow shall hi give kindling in whose own inward man there is no live coal, but all is burnt out to a dead grammatical cin | der. The Kunterscblog Professors knew syn tax enough, and of the human soul thus much: ' that it had a faculty called memory, and could he acted on through the muscular iutegrementi by appliance of birch rods." S. D. Making Fua. Once when traveling iu a stage coach I met ! a young lady who seemed to be on the coustaut lookout for something laughable ; and not content with laughing herself, took great pains to make others do the same. Now traveling in a stage coach is rather I prosy business. People iu this situation are apt to show themselves peevish and selfish ; mi the young lady's good humor was, for a lime, very agreeable to the travelers. Every old barn wus made the subject of a passing joke, while the cows and hens looked demure ly on, little dreaming that folks could be mer ry at their expense. Animals are not sensi tive i:i that respect. They are not likely to have their feelings injured because people make tun ot tliem ; but when we come to human be ings that is quite another tiling, fcio it seemed to me ; for after a while au old woman came loaning across the fields, swinging her bag at the coachman, and in a shrill voice begging i.iUl to Stuj}. The good-natured coachman drew up his ; horses, and the good old ladv coming to the fence squeezed herself through two bars, which were not o !y in a horizontal position, bnt very near together. The young lady in the -tuge-coige-tnade some lud croos remark, and the pa-sengers laughed. It spemed very ex cn-able ; tor in cretlin* through the fence the poor woman had made sad work with her old niaek bonnet, ai i now taking a seat beside a weii dre--eu . -dy, rcu.iV i- oL d a- if she hud been blown th re by a u Unwind. This was a new piece of fun, aud the girl made the it'-t of t. Sh car'catared the oldlar'y opon a card : pretending, when she was not looking, to lake patterns ct L-.r bonnet, and in various other ways tried to raise a laugh. At length the j -ror womuu turned a pa.e face towards t „ . "My dear," said she, "you are young, healthy aud happy ; I nave been so too, but that time has past; 1 urn now decrepit and fori or r. 1 ids coach .a tax .eg me to the dealh b.J of t. y cm! 1. And then, my d ur, I shall be a peor old woman, a!! a'oae in a world where merry g'rls think me a very amusing ob- J *et. T ey v.:il laugh at my old-fashioned clothes and odd appearance, forgetting that the old woman lias a .-pirit that has loved and suffered and wl 1 lire forever." 'due coach now sto; ped before a poor-look ing 1. •m-v, and the o.a lady feebly c. scc-uded the steps. " llow j; she ?" was the first trembling in quiry of the poor mother. "Just auve." said the man who was leading her into the house. Putting up the steps, the driver mounted his box, and we we re upon the road agaiu Our m -rv vcing friend had placed !. r card in her pock-.t. Sh wa* leaning lier hrad upon her hand ; and von tuav be assured 1 was not sorry to tie a tear upon her iair youa;r cheek. It ;jag ~_i . cs - i t undone whirl we hoped would do Lcr goad. TI;K WINTER OF THE JIEAHI.— Let it never come upon you. L.ve so that <po's antr-lsmav pro:- j . horn iii.j tef evi.— wait-.r of the heart. Let no ch : '. : rs ir.flience frecz; no th • fltin tatn ot sympathy and happine*"from it* depths uo to! j tuiiuei: settle over its withered hopes, like .v. j f on the faded Lowers ; uoruie blasts ct d.iCoatvTit iqjxu aad through its •desolate chambers. l\oory may take the place of f! ; eand p'entv your lajturioua bora may be exchanged for a s.ugie ;owlj room—the softcoach for the straw pu..et —tue rich via:. Is for the coarse food of the TO r. Summer friends may forsake- you, and the nnpitying wort ] pass yoa with scarce iy a word of companion. \ ou may be loreed to ton wearily,steadily on to e.*?ti a and base avarice, wh.ca woo d extort the lu?t farthi. T ii; you well nigh turn in disgust f. your tei!> w-beiags. Death :aay -ever the dear tie? that uiod vo a to l arth and leave you in fearful uarkac^. The uob.e, manly boy, the sole hope of your i ucooQing ; ear?, may be ta.*m suddenly t. -m you, while your spirit clings to him with a wild tenacity, wh-'ch even toe shadow of the toinh cannot wholly subdue. ldut am ; a.. these sad trials an 1 sorrows.uo oot come to tne c.uciusioa that nobody was ever so deep'y afH cte-d as voa are,-and eTery sweet anticipation of " belter day" ia the unknown future. Do out iose faith in homan excellence be cause your '• believe that friendship is oniy a delu.ou and love a bright phantom which g'.UicS away from your grasp. Do yoa tbink yon are fited to be msera 1 ie because you areuisa; po.nted in vour exi-ecta t.ous ani LatS-d .a yoar pursuit. Do not think tnat God Las forsaken yoa when your way ts hedge ! w.th thorns, or repine - :.:c v when He calls yoar dear ones :o the 'aad be yond the grave. Keep a fcoij trust in heaven through everv trial ■ bear auvcrdiy with fori.ti.ue, and aoward in hoars of temptation auu safe ring. When TOO.- locks are wuite, your eves diia.and yoar limbs we <ry—when yonr steps fiber on toe verge of lie-la's g.oomy vale, still re t: j tba fresaaess xad buoyancy of s. .rft wn.rs ? ~.:i shield vrv: from the ,-fart.