Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 27, 1860, Image 1

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Thursday Morning, September 27,1860.
Sthtbfe poctrg.
lam alone. This bleak, chill hoar
Is us my bosom's desolation.
Tbe hope which cheered has lost its power,
And love forgot her wild sensation.
I iu alone—aud feeliugs wasted
l eave scarce a memory worth retaining ;
Of all ray youth, so manly tasted,
The bitter's only now remaining.
Life's promises, 0. how deceiving !
Iu early youth they bud in hope-
A:id when the heart is most believing
It tiuds them blighted.ere they ope.
l; t should they stay to bloom, and throw
Tli ■ r fragrance o'er our mauhood's day,
They waste them in their gorgeous blow,
And wait, and fruitless pass away.
Life's promise—the future ever
Invites with golden gifts in store ;
But in our struggles, all forever
Kind that future just before,
Yet hope will cheer, and we pursue
The flattering promi-e as it flies,
T..1 Death steps in and point* the view
To where 'its flown -beyond the skins.
What is this craving of the soul
For thA w'. ch holds its happiness.
And instinct which defies control,
Driving the . with con-taut press ?
"i'is fi-rture- fame, or love, or pi.wer—
And all oar zeal we seek it with—
-0 tu :ieJ uad ia the very hour
Wi lind we've followed but a myth.
We sec the gem before the sun
1, urn nothing from the stunning shock—
I - - lius. we climb the hill—
--'phu- we roll the rock :
. .- b .' a promise here,
: ernitj wi.l rea :e,
' ; - t'.ad th treasure where
* intended— beyond the stow '
*YI i s cc 11 anro us.
tFrotn th* idermant >n Telegraph.]
The Capture of Mojor Andre.
The circumstances connected with this all-,
g event in our conn*ryearlier history
. s > fp, j i jitiv cotnra "ited n;>vt. an i
a i i< mnc t rehi.-wuiee the writer
: . - |Km paths, fro* which •he foot prints
■ . ve worn awav every trace o!
I \ :i these incidents of tire Revolution
- ::i y are u.\. ..;;r pu-f an 1 present
I tluable as the ad vaccina
I. . >• years testifies how much we owe
m . . e single event of winch we propose
• was fraught with the Deepest iuipor
. its result alone depending the des
• • th- 11-voluti >n, and possibly, indeed,
'ite ot our country.
. old's disiiffectlou was no? yet discovered,
. he occupied the prominent position of com
. c dunt at Vwt Point, accorded at his ovu
illation, aud otiiy desired iu order more
i iily to perfect hi* treasonable plan*.—
V ig'i the traitor had been ia correspon
witii Sir Henry Cunton for a peri<)d of
months, previous to this appointment
- -pic: MI of malpractices had ever been
reed and Washington still reposed in bis
nie Mtqr (ieuerul the most unbounded
- r . a-.M t-Mifideti'-e. It will be necessary to
-t m;it,c ot the leading circumstances of
irea-ci. for the better elucidation of a per
;.a- rtar.atire and theretore the reader
-t n.-ar wait us a while, as we wander among
" venes w 'i 1011 Arnold aud Andre Lave rcu
••si |K>werfuliy memorable.
T st iges of the treasonable cor
. nee between Arnold and Clinton, bad
looted by the former under a feigned
-i .i 1 in di?gu,sed baodwritiug, the style
heating more that of a mercantile tran
a the epistles abounded in allusious to
a-, et>iii|s. houses and speculations. One
• -: uutts of tliis character was receiv
f -t A ire. and forwarded to Ciiutoa ; it
. i vague iutiuiat on that much might
• -rcted by the use of " ready money," and
1 'igty the latter resolved on dispatching
"A* ire, his adjutant general,with plenary
Itreat with, and afford every induce
'• to • - individual who as yet was person
- y u snown to him. but whom he haj no
nbt oc-upi J some post of eiuioence ia the
A• . 4::. v. A couference was necessary
n orflr • ... (v.,t ou Jbe rendered entirely
. annoymous correspondent's identi
-1 Ja- Andre .J been elected for this pur
-A'": j 'be Briti-h commander felt
tat: • i acceding to the request. We JIHCTVC u,a: there was no personal desire
c part of ii) > a;.fortunate man, to seek so
,'T "ab'e a service, tbtf orders of his
l: ' lifc • i-lat-i: g him iu the position which
r ledum- impeded bim to avoid.
at:uipt at an interview was nn-
Arnold, while proceeding to the
mlu:g designated, und being with
- flag, flre.i up an by British gunboats
• i obliged to precipita
>i" cp the opposite bat.k. having been
•• danger U_m the frequent shots
" 1 ' * -' T - r 'he barge in which be was sail
~ • • • ' ■tfcfj th# rwifwitj of Wash
'*'■ a sgtiid naturally be aroused by
. i.- movement. Arnold informed him
1 11 k* considered it necessary to
signals ia immediate contiguity of the
• '.>,aiid for this purpose Lad proceed
'* • 1 • tae river, when his barge was sutn
r*""* n poa in the manner we have men
tions ia* auuir was- ica.dentally adverted
■ *e o-d • ary. quiet mann-r. and effectual
• >U caiuiiog dowu any susjiicions
-ts I.y p !t i U ,;;ty Ba¥e
- -0,.-ducing Washington to place a firmer
ia his geoera, - probity.
Another iLterv.ew must uow be arranged,
Arnold wrote again to Andre
• 1. v 4n: ' c - ®tre:a language, dfcainng h,m
- --rcient cf uo cae, tad informing
him that a person would meet him on the 20th
of September, (this was the 13th,) and con
duet him to a place favorable for their antici
pated meeting, and entirely secure against in
terruption. He added, however, that it was
necessary to visit the spot in disguise, at the
same time assuring him that if no danger ex
isted in passing the British lines, none would
result from entering within the American.
At the appointed time, Andre proceeded to
Dobb's ferry, having received particular direc
tions from Sir Henry Clinton, neither to make
the slightest change of appurel,enter the Amer
ican army, be the bearer of documents, or by
any act reuder himself liable to the suspicion
of being a spy ; but meetiug no one at this
place, he returned to his vessel, and awaited
farther communications. Arnold had previous
ly visited one of his accomplices, a man named
Smith, who was possessed of some influence,
aud iuduced him to aid iu bringing Andre to a
place of safety, alleging that he was the bear
er of iai|>ortaut news from the enemy, and a
gentleman of rank and consequence He also
arranged with Smith that if the conference
should be protracted, the parties were to ad
journ to the farmer's house,and there conclude
their remaining deliberations. It was by the
assistance of this person that Andre succeeded
in finally leaving the British ship Vulture,then
anchored in Hudson river, the particulars of
which exodus we will now hurriedly portray.
Twilight had failed, aud stars were appear
ing at intervals in the calm,autumnal sky ; the
night was uiild and cioudless.without a breeze
to ruffle the river's surface, and the towering
hills, shrouded iu shadow,sent not a rustle from
their silent, motionless trees. Everything ap.
peared favorable for the anticipated disembark
ation, and Andre impatiently awaited the
approach of Smith, who expected to have
reached the Vulture about the du<kof evening
There were many difficulties, however, to be
encountered, and Arnold forsaw the possibility
of suspicious being aroused among liis officers
by so irregular a movement as was contem
plated. He therefore found it esseutial toexer
eise the greatest caution, least any knowledge
ot the occurrence should be prematurely dis
covered : it was also necessary to obtain oars
men for the purpose of rowing Smith's boat to
the British ship, and these he found great
difficulty in procuring ; but by dint of menaces
and bribes, two uieu were induced to under
take the voyage, uud at midnight the party
ut I,leaving Arnold at Haverstraw,directly
oppo-ite the Vulture's anchorage, in painful
~ i a;.\ m- expectation. Considerable finesse
was requisite to evade the American gunboats
stationed a'ong the river -bore, but these per
il- were all surmounted, and ei.'ht bells
found the "traitors dope" aboard the Vulture.
Sending his letters of introduction. Smith was
presented to Andre and handed him the nasses
which Arnold had prepared : these contained
permission to pas.- uud repass the American
guards,whenever each was deemed needful,and
wo re is-ued a< though to a private gentleman,
Mr John Andersou. under which name Major
Andre had proposed proceeding to the place
of convocation.
During Smith's absence, Arnold went dowu
the river about two miles below Haverstraw,
and concealing himself in a bushy convert,await
ed Andre's arrival, at which spot the former
had been directed to laud. The plot thus far
had admirably succeeded ; Smith's boat arriv
ed IN status que at the fdace of rendezvous,
and Andre immediately conducted to the pres
ence of his fellow conspirator, with whom he
now conversed for the Lr.-t tune. Here, sur
rounded by the dark forest, aud closely wrap
ped in its deepening -hades, amid the silence
and solitude of night, these misguided men
held their d irk and gloomy colloquy. Deep
in the woodland recesses,the only sounds heard
were the loa whisperings of their own voices
or the peaceful murmur of the flowing stream ;
without, ad was the gentle calm of an unbro
ken repose ; within, demonical passion raged
with ungovernable fury. Wiiat a picture is
here presented ; afar in the solitary grove, the
traitor barters his country and himself, while
the purchaser of both quietly listens to his
future plans ; and could no compuuctioas re
membrances have flashed across his ruiud dur
ing this long and anxious eoufereuce—did the
memories of Quebec and Stillw ater never draw
near to remiud him of what he had been and
what he was—were no thoughts of Isle _lr
Nuii or Uidfield ever present to confront him
with their chilling recollections ? We cannot,
we must not believe it 1 the man bad not yet
sunk so low, but that the contemplation of
these would have fallen ujwu his soul with a
crushing and overwhelming power.
The uight had passed away, and the iosy
light of coming dawn was tipping the hazy
tree tops, yet no intention to cease the confer
ence was perceptible. Becoming alarmed,
Smith veutured to interrupt the conspirators,
assuring them of the necessity for departure,
at the same time observing that his house wn
not too far distant, but that it might reached
expeditiously and iu safety. Arnold having
provided himself with a spare horse, Andre
reluct antiy coosented to mount, and accom
pany the general to the locality designated,
which wo* about four miles from their place
of meeting and some distance within the Amer
ican hues. The light of morning was not yet
distinct, although the birds had begun their
sougs from toe wild hillsides, and the sqnirrel
bounded along the branches overhead : some
few stars were still visible, aud the voice of a
sentinel near at hand, aloue apprised theqi of
his presence. Andre now found himself direct
IT ig the enemy's power, and is said to have
displayed decided and but ill concealed trep
idation ; possibly he feared that the man who
was wiiiiug so cheaply to part with both country
and honor, would not scrople—were a large
sua proffered—even to surrender up his part
ner ia the transaction
The day had dawned in beauty when they
arrived at smith's hoc-e where fresh alarms
awaited them A tremendous cannoruide, fa
the direction of the Vuftnre, broke upou the
morning air, which Andre heard with keen
anxiety I: appeared that Col. LivingstOD.who
commanded a deta.hment of/Americans at
■ Story Point, lad ob-erred the Vohore's posl.
tiou, and conceived a plau for attacking her
from the shore ; be had, some time previous,
applied to Arnold for two pieces of heavy ordi
nance ; but to this proposal,the latter,of course
decliued to aecede, alleging some trival ex
cuse iu justification ef bis refusal. Livingston
however, still retained his former desire, and
accordingly noticing that the vessel was with
in easy cannon shot, he fired upon her with a
small four pound gun,on the morning we have
mentioned, and with such effect that she was
obliged to lift her anchor and float down with
the tide. It was this seemingly trifling inci
dent which exercised so omnipotent au influence
over future occurrences, this alone caused that
fatal delay of Andre, w hose Jiiialcvi&s his cap
ture and death. How small aud apparently
inconsiderable are the means at times resorted
to for the attainment of mighty and overpow
ering results ! But we anticipate.
During the morning passed at Smith's every
preliminary connected with this plot of treason
was adjusted, and an early period named for
its accomplishment. It was considered neces
sary for Andre to revisit New York,while the
British troops, already on shipboard, and pre
pared for an expedition to Chesapeake Bay,
were to hold themselves in readiness for ascend
ing the Hudson and opeuiug an attack ou
West Point, a large portion of whose garrison
was to remoeed, and the various points in its
vicinity materially weakened. Arnold, as the
Briti-h approached, prepared to dispatch por
tions of his army among the ravioes and gorges
of the hit Is,ostensibly for the porpous of meet
ing the enemy and checking their advance, but
really in order to entangle them among the
briery undergrowih of the mountains, thereby
stii! more imp overisbing the garrison, aud fa
cilitating an unresisted capture. The plau was
certainly arranged with foresight aud skill,yet
how abhorrent and revolting are these evideuee
of cold and blooltbirsty calculation I Having
proceeded thus far, Aruold closed the discu--
-ion by supplying Andre with different papers
explaining in detail the position of the troops
at \Vet Point and adjacent fortifications, as
well as stating their number and equipments,
with other matters eonuected therewith which
might be deemed valuable by the British gen
eral. These lie particularly desired should be
placed in some closely concealed spot about his
person, suggesting the propriety of depositing
them iu Li; stockings, which, it was presumed,
would scarcely be liable to search. Aud re was
then provided with a pa-sport, and Arnold,
waving him, as he supposed, a temporary
farewell, proceeded to his quarters, in the cou
li i*nt belief that success would crown Lis every
exertion, llowr did Providence frustrate
the traitor's designs !
The evening drew ou and Audre expressed
to Smith iiis desire to leave immediately for
the Yueturc, al<o rt questing him as bul been
agreed npon, to act us guide. This the letter
positively refused, stating that iHncs-a would
absolutely prevent him from venturing upon
the water ; he, however, undertook to convey
the major by land, if such au arrangement
should meet his wishes. Smith's real reason
was doubtless oue of fear,caused by the morn
ing attack,but this lie of course was unwilliug to
concede. Obliged by the force of most un
forseen and calamitous circumstances, Andre
consented to this plan, and, notwithstanding,
a< we have mentioned. Sir Henry Clinton's
orders, exchanged his uniform tor the garb of
a plaiu country gentleman, mounted his horse,
anu well securing the important documents
entrusted to his care, rode off in Stuitu's com
pany. The latter promised to attend him as
iar as the "lower outposts of the American
lines," from whence Andre was to proceed as
best he might.across the country to New York
Every act we here discern was in immediate
contravention of Clinton's directions, but no
other alternative by which to arrivg in safety
within the British territory at that time pre
sented itself
Night was at hand when Andre and his con
ductor arrived at Ytrplauk's Point, a post on
the opposite shore of the Hudson, then oc
cupied by American troops, and from thence
thty hastened onward towards the mentral
ground. At a siuaii village, some eight miles
beyond this position, they were subjected to
considerable interruption from a sentinel sta
tioned there,who insisted upon bringing their,
iuto thn presence of his officer. This gentleman
was Captain lloyd.and he acutely cross examin
ed the travelers, desired to see their passports,
and after a searching investigation, during
which Audre is said to have suffered great
uneasiuess,having observed nothing to warrant
suspicion, he permitted the dangerous pair to
resume their journey. Saeh, indeed, was his
confidence on reading the pass of Arnold, that
he apologised for having cau-ed any delay.aud
expressed much anxiety tor their safety,as many
marauding tory bands infested that vicinity,
and a night advance might be productive of
Smith wa a cowardly man,and the remarks
of Captain Boyd induced him to desire the
deferral of their farther progress until the fol
lowing morning ; the remonstrances of Audre
were unavailing aod accordingly they baited
at a cottage near by and took lodgings for the
night. Occupying the same apartment, Smith
was enabled to observe the condition of his
fellow traveler, which be informs as was sings
lariy distressing, and but a short period hav
beeu passed in repoe. Poor Andre, possible
the tboocbts of his rapidly culminating destiny
were haunting those few, troubled moments
of rest.
Early in the succeeding morning, the journey
was renewed, and so sooo as Andre was in
formed that the patrolling companies of Amer
icans were all passed, and their horses' hoofs
now trod the neutral ground, then all his
wonted cheertulness returned.&nd he conversed
with hilarity upon numerous topics of ordina
ry and gecer&l ialerest, manifesting a degree
oil loquacity for which Smith had sot previ
ously given him credit. Audre was uatnr&iiy
of a gay, buoyant disposition, always disposed,
even when looking at a cloud, to contemplate
its silver hnsug, and possessed a warm heart
ed frankness and sociability, which were es
peetaHy attractive He was well-known among
i both Aatricazi sai Beritisb officers is i bs\
cotapagnun, yet without the excessive dissipa
tion of a majority of the class, aud was ever
universally popular from his many endearing
qualities of head and heart. We find him as
one of the knights of the Burning mountain,
at the celebrated mcschianza fete in Philadel
phia, and again as occupying the responsible
station of Adjutant-General of the British
army, in both of which positions, his bonhomie,
and military skill won for him the highest re
gard. And yet it is such a man, so truly the
geutleman aud officer, who was doomed to that
untimely fate, which the author ot his misfor
tunes far more deservedly merited. But his
grave and that of Aruold may bear a ready
contrast ; the world has long ago decided up
ou which the badge of infamy should rest !
Smith now bid Andre adieu, having urged
him, before departing, to eschew the Tarry
town road, as it abounded with " Cow Boys"
aud other questionable characters, who might
probably delay his movements or take him
prisoner. But Andre was aware of the friend
liness toward British officers invariably dis
played by these Tory villians, and resolved up
on taking the very path which he had been
advised to avoid. Tue coincidence is a pecu
liar one, and its results we will briefly eousidec.
As a number of suspicious individuals had
been observed at. various times, frequenting
the road we have mentioned, it was considered
advisable by the Americans to collect a party
for the purpose of observing such persons, as
also to prevent the ingress of any cattle along
that route to New Yurk. Several of the gal
lant little company thus organized, posted
theroelves on a hill, some distance from the
roadside, while the rtina.ii.ilcr, Paulding, Wil
liams and Van Wert—men whose names are
embalmed in our hearts—were concealed in a
cluster of bushes niauiled with vines, in order
more readily to mark any passer by, as well a
screen their own forms from observation ; these
were separated about a mile from the other
party, and thus wilhoot any means of com
munication. Having remained in this some
what confined situation for nearly two hours,
a person on horseback was seen approiehfug
along the road toward Tarrytown. Paulding
rose from his recumbent posture, and advanc
ing forward, presented a musket to Lis breast,
at the same time ordering him to pause, and
state whither he was traveling. This solitary
wayfarer was none other than Andre, and we
can readily imairiue his sensations on being
thus confronted, when he had been led t i sup
pose that no farther interruption from patroles
won! 1 O 'cur to delay his journey. Reining in
his horse, he remarked with great suavity,
" Gentlemen, 1 hope you belong to our party,"
refening, of course, to the British army. The
question was somewhat singular, con-iJerliig
the circumstances, yet, as we are informed,
Paulding had, not a great while previous, es
caped from prison in New York, and was at
that time in the ilre>s of a German Vager,
which fact indueed Andre to consider himself
among frituds. "What party said Pauld
ing in reply. " The lower party," was Andre's
answer, when Paulding intimated that such
was his own Whereupon Andre, takiog ont
his watch, observed, " 1 am a British officer,
out in the country on particular business, and
I hope you will not detain me a minute," —all
the suspicions of the men were immediately
aroused, and they desired him—notwithstand
ing the most urgent remonstrances—loin-tanl
ly dismount, Showing them Araolu & pass,
the mortified officer entreated them to let him
depart, alleging that the general's business
would suffer material detention, and the delay
subject themselves to his displeasure.
Paulding w ho was the oldest and the spokes
man of the party assured him they intended
no harm, but that as so many doubtful persons
had passed along the road, they considered it
necessary to search every stranger passing that
way Conducting h:tn within the bnshv con
cealment, they requested him to remove his
clothing, which was carefully examined with
out finding anything to reward their scrutiny;
thea bis boots with a similar result ; nrrti' final
fy one of the trio desired him to pull of b:
stockings, which he objected to with vehement
earnestness, protesting agaiool so inquisitorial
a procedure. But his expostulations cnly pro
duced a keener desire to in-j>ect their contents
and accordingly in both found those j a
pers which presented—beyond all contradic
tion—the damning evidence of guilt Andre
was thus a captive, with every proof about
him of treasonable complicity, and in the hands
of those whom no bribe or remonstrance could
swerve from the path of duty. lie knew not
the men with whom he had to deal, else would
he have left unspoken the promises offered in
consideration of their permitting him to es
cape. Said he, " I will give you any sum of
money, horses, saddle, bridle, watch, and one
hundred guineas, with dry goods, or anything
you may ask." Bat Spalding replied with no
bie sincerity. " No, were you to give as ten
thousand guineas, you should not stir a step."
They saw the value of their prize, and were
aware of the immense importance of this cap
ture upon the futnre destinies of their conutrv
They therefore refused every request, and in
steru silence conducted the prisoner to North
Castle, where be was delivered up to Lieut.
Colonel Jameson, the officer in command. Bat
here we mast pause, and in a subsequent paper
will continue the mournful narrative.
In conclusion, let us remark that the remains
of the tree, beneath which this captcre ami
search took place, are oven vet lingering. al
though the moss Las grown about its decaytag
track and gray liochens cover the moaidering
branches ; yet suSc'eat is there to mark the
fatal spot where youth and talent met their
sna! doom. But why should we mourn the fate
of Andre, he died in bt cone try's service, and
without a stain upon his reputation or a single
blot over his good name Yet, let us forever
hallow, with grateful recollections those gras
sy monads, wherein repose the three guardians
of our coantry ; and while contemplating
more deeply grsTen epitaph, or more legibly
escotcheoaed scroll, still may we tarn with sen
timents of deepest affection to the apparently
silaai, bot, oh, how efoqoect tornostones of
Paddings. Whiiams and Tan Wert
1 ErrrtKa.
(tkc;ition;il Jcpuitnuut.
Tne annual examinations for Teachers
for lhbU, will be holden at the following times
aud places, viz :
October 24, at the Milan School House, in
Oct. 25, at the borough house, Athens.
Oct. 26, at the center house, Litchfield,
Oct. 27, at the kuykendall house. \Vmdbam.
Oct. 29, at the Bpweu Hollow W'ar
Oct 30, at the Orwell Hill house.
Oct. 31, at the Academy, L°Raysvflle.
Nov. 1. at the Black house, Tuscarora.
Nov. 2, at the Merrvall house.
Nov. 3, at the Ingbaui house, Wilmot.
Nov. 5, at the McOuyre house, Terry ; aleo
at the Frenclitown house, A-vlum.
Nov 6, at the Brown achool house, for Al
bany and Overtoil ; also at theSteveus house,
Stauding Stoue, (at which last named place
the examination will commence at II o'clock,
a. m.
Nov. 7, at the borough Louse, Monroe ; al
so at the hlerrickviile school bouse.
Nov. 8, at the borough house, for the To
wandas ; also at the A ademv at Rome.
Nov. 9, at the Gore house for Shesbcqnin.
Nov. It), at the Myersburg house, Wysox.
Nov. 12, at the Varuey bouse, Franklin ;
also at t'ue borough house for Bjrhugtons
Nov. 13, at the Taylor house, Granville ;
also at the center house, Sprinnfic'd.
Nov 14. at the center houe, Leß' V ; also
at the Buruham house, Ridgbury
Nov. 15, at the Corners house, for Canton
and Armenia ; ai the Gdlvtt Loue, South
Nov. 16, at the borough house, Troy ; aFo
at the Itowley hou-e, Weiist.
Nov. 17, at the A adeuiy, Srnithf.'ld ; uFj
at the Morgan liui.ow liou-e, Columbia
The examinations will commence precisely
at 10 o'clock, A M. No candidates will be
examined who do not come in before 11. un
less the tardiness be unavoidable. No person
will be inspected who does not intend to teach
in the couuty during the year, neither w..4 any
be examined that have atteud-d inspection- in
other townships. Private examiuatio' - wii!
in no case be granted, except in see wdancc
with the provisions of the school law, as found
on page 51. Each teacher whi bring a llc-a :-
er, one sheet cf Foolscap Paper, pen at. j ink.
Directors and teachers are t irues'ly invited
to be present at the examinations in their re
spective townships.
C. 11. COB URN, Co. Sup't
Towanda, September 4, IS6O.
Is uot an acquaintance with literature an
essential qualification o.' a good teacher ? If
there is any particular science wh: -h one e-a
teach as well without having <tniied litera
ture, it is mathematics. Take ar thmetic,
then, and cannot you see what an advantage
one will have, whose m od has been disciplined
and enriched by a study of the great English
aud American authors ! With how much
more ease, and pleasure to the learner, he can
explain aud illustrate the dry principles. Even
if toe object of a teacher were merely to make
the mind an aritbuiatieal mill, he Wciild be the
most successful mill wrigbt who had philoso
phised with Baton, and Locke, and tfhak
peare, and Stewart, about the ua'nre of the
human mind.* But the teaher of a common
school :..-s more to uo than to tea a mat:.e
mat;cs. He has the first lessons to
every brauch, uot only of learning, but of ed
ucation, which term is Infinitely the broader in
signifi cation. . His work is not mechanical b it
spiritual His duty is not merely to fill the
memory—the hopj>er of the mill—with rui*s
aud formula, bat to guide the motive power cf
the mind, —to teach how to think—to watch
the tendrils cf the intellect anJ heart as thev
shoot lorrh, and see that they cl<p op on ob
jects that iat them into tee air, and towards
the Say. And at- can...-. one
qualified to perform th - w\>rk, to wh m Mil
ton aud Burke and A Id..- u and Irvi g an I
Hawthorn are strangers —to whom Engl Ah
literature is Greek. A thorough tour>e of
reading, then, should be j i v everv
one who inicti ij to leach, ua u necciSury part
of Lis preparation. If he have at first no
taste for this, which may possibly be son Aim s
the case, let it be rorntne.."*d a- a ta-k. and t
wiil be eoauuned for the iove of it. In tots
way only can a knowledge of the EugiisL lan
guage be obtained, and the io...ty to
with ease and el-gan e. A knowk- lge of the
Lat.n acd Greek a! . w..| i.y g>? this. <>-..
may be able to trace words ba"k to their rdots.
and teii what they s guttled tiro thousand vears
a go, and yet not b_ a .e to tc. their modern
Signification. For in H..gung-.-, as in all other
things, there is constant revolution. For
every new idea, there must be a new expres
sion. Has there been so little addition made
to the stock oi the WOi d'e ideas Si nee tue age
of Cicero, thai his language whi udoar t ..
age aod a full expression ? A i.tera
tare such as ours, which Las been growing up
for three hundred years, is sufficient we think,
to support a language.—and it does. Virtu
ally the English language has deciared itieif
.ree and iiic,--pendens ; an., now its use must
be acquired from its own writers. Tne ad
vantage of a teacher who is familiar with lit
erature, is so great in everv rerect, that we
think the time wiii com:- when an aeauuatsoce
with the standird authors will he r--quirea
To be able to express his thoughts with ele
gance, and to be ready with apt and re?ned
illustrations at all times, is but a part c: the
Tbe teaching of one thus qca'ified will be
vital, and not mechanical. Aid those who eo
out from nautr tne instructions of such, whl
never speak of them as Herr Feapelsdrpckh
speaks of hi? "My teachers,"says h?, "were
hide-bound Pedants, without knowledge ot
Mao's Dature, or of boys ; or of augbt save
i their lexicons and quarterly account-book?
Innumerable dead rocuoks v nodeud iu.,;„ a gc,
for they ihemsc.7es kaew uo fang rage, to ay
crammed la:o us ind zt'.'.zi /, the
VOL. XXI. —rsO. 17.
! growth of mind. llovv can au iuauimate, me
chanical Gerund grinder, the like of whom
will, iu a subsequent century be manufactured
at Kurnburg, out of wood and leather, foster
the growth of anything ; much more of raiud,
which grows, not like a vegetable (by having
• its roots littered with etymological compost;,
Got like a spirit, by mysterious contact of
■ spirit. Though kindling itself at the fire of
I living Thought ! I!ow shall hi give kindling
in whose own inward man there is no live coal,
but all is burnt out to a dead grammatical cin
| der. The Kunterscblog Professors knew syn
tax enough, and of the human soul thus much:
' that it had a faculty called memory, and could
he acted on through the muscular iutegrementi
by appliance of birch rods." S. D.
Making Fua.
Once when traveling iu a stage coach I met
! a young lady who seemed to be on the coustaut
lookout for something laughable ; and not
content with laughing herself, took great pains
to make others do the same.
Now traveling in a stage coach is rather
I prosy business. People iu this situation are
apt to show themselves peevish and selfish ;
mi the young lady's good humor was, for a
lime, very agreeable to the travelers. Every
old barn wus made the subject of a passing
joke, while the cows and hens looked demure
ly on, little dreaming that folks could be mer
ry at their expense. Animals are not sensi
tive i:i that respect. They are not likely to
have their feelings injured because people make
tun ot tliem ; but when we come to human be
ings that is quite another tiling, fcio it seemed
to me ; for after a while au old woman came
loaning across the fields, swinging her bag at
the coachman, and in a shrill voice begging
i.iUl to Stuj}.
The good-natured coachman drew up his
; horses, and the good old ladv coming to the
fence squeezed herself through two bars, which
were not o !y in a horizontal position, bnt
very near together. The young lady in the
-tuge-coige-tnade some lud croos remark, and
the pa-sengers laughed. It spemed very ex
cn-able ; tor in cretlin* through the fence the
poor woman had made sad work with her old
niaek bonnet, ai i now taking a seat beside a
weii dre--eu . -dy, rcu.iV i- oL d a- if she hud
been blown th re by a u Unwind. This was
a new piece of fun, aud the girl made the
it'-t of t. Sh car'catared the oldlar'y opon
a card : pretending, when she was not looking,
to lake patterns ct L-.r bonnet, and in various
other ways tried to raise a laugh. At length
the j -ror womuu turned a pa.e face towards
t „
"My dear," said she, "you are young,
healthy aud happy ; I nave been so too, but
that time has past; 1 urn now decrepit and
fori or r. 1 ids coach .a tax .eg me to the dealh
b.J of t. y cm! 1. And then, my d ur, I shall
be a peor old woman, a!! a'oae in a world
where merry g'rls think me a very amusing ob-
J *et. T ey v.:il laugh at my old-fashioned
clothes and odd appearance, forgetting that
the old woman lias a .-pirit that has loved and
suffered and wl 1 lire forever."
'due coach now sto; ped before a poor-look
ing 1. •m-v, and the o.a lady feebly c. scc-uded
the steps.
" llow j; she ?" was the first trembling in
quiry of the poor mother.
"Just auve." said the man who was leading
her into the house.
Putting up the steps, the driver mounted
his box, and we we re upon the road agaiu
Our m -rv vcing friend had placed !. r card
in her pock-.t. Sh wa* leaning lier hrad upon
her hand ; and von tuav be assured 1 was not
sorry to tie a tear upon her iair youa;r cheek.
It ;jag ~_i . cs - i t undone whirl we hoped
would do Lcr goad.
come upon you. so that <po's antr-lsmav
pro:- j . horn iii.j tef evi.— wait-.r
of the heart.
Let no ch : '. : rs ir.flience frecz; no th • fltin
tatn ot sympathy and happine*"from it* depths
uo to! j tuiiuei: settle over its withered hopes,
like .v. j f on the faded Lowers ; uoruie blasts
ct d.iCoatvTit iqjxu aad through its
•desolate chambers.
l\oory may take the place of f! ; eand p'entv
your lajturioua bora may be exchanged for a
s.ugie ;owlj room—the softcoach for the straw —tue rich via:. Is for the coarse food of
the TO r. Summer friends may forsake- you,
and the nnpitying wort ] pass yoa with scarce
iy a word of companion.
\ ou may be loreed to ton wearily,steadily on
to e.*?ti a
and base avarice, woo d extort the lu?t
farthi. T ii; you well nigh turn in disgust f.
your tei!> w-beiags.
Death :aay -ever the dear tie? that uiod vo a
to l arth and leave you in fearful uarkac^.
The uob.e, manly boy, the sole hope of your
i ucooQing ; ear?, may be ta.*m suddenly t. -m
you, while your spirit clings to him with a
wild tenacity, wh-'ch even toe shadow of the
toinh cannot wholly subdue.
ldut am ; a.. these sad trials an 1 sorrows.uo
oot come to tne c.uciusioa that nobody was
ever so deep'y afH cte-d as voa are,-and
eTery sweet anticipation of " belter day" ia
the unknown future.
Do out iose faith in homan excellence be
cause your
'• believe that friendship is oniy a delu.ou and
love a bright phantom which g'.UicS away
from your grasp.
Do yoa tbink yon are fited to be msera 1 ie
because you areuisa; po.nted in vour exi-ecta
t.ous ani LatS-d .a yoar pursuit. Do not
think tnat God Las forsaken yoa when your
way ts hedge ! thorns, or repine - :.:c v
when He calls yoar dear ones :o the 'aad be
yond the grave.
Keep a fcoij trust in heaven through everv
trial ■ bear auvcrdiy with fori.ti.ue, and
aoward in hoars of temptation auu safe ring.
When TOO.- locks are wuite, your eves diia.and
yoar limbs we <ry—when yonr steps fiber on
toe verge of lie-la's g.oomy vale, still re t:
j tba fresaaess xad buoyancy of s. .rft ? ~.:i
shield vrv: from the ,-fart.