Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, August 02, 1860, Image 1
THE BRADFORD REPORTER. OIF. DOLLAR PER AN™ INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. TOWANDA: Thursday Morning, August 2, 1860. gclftttb Ijoetrn. FACES IN THE FIRE. 1 .vatch the drowsy night expire, And fsnev paints at my desire Her magic pictures in the fire. An island-farm 'mid seas of corn, Swayed by the wandering breath of morn, The happy spot where I was born. The picture faded ; in its place, Amid the glow I seem to trace The shifting semblance ola face. 'Tis now a little childish form, Kod lips for kisses pouted warm. And elf-locks tangled in the storm. 'Tis now a grave and gentle maid, At her own beauty half afraid. Shrinking, yet Willing to be stayed. Tis now a matron with her boys. Dear Centre of domestic joys : 1 seem to hear the merry noise. Oh, time was joung, and life was warm, When first I saw that fairy form, Her dark hair tossirfg in the-storm ; And fast and free those pulses played, When last I met that gentle maid— When last her hand in mine was laid. Those locks of jet are turned to grey, And she is strange and far away. That might have been mine owu to-day That might have been mine own, my dear, Through many and many a happy year, That might have sat beside uie here. Ay, changeless through the changing scene, The ghostly whisperings between The dark refrain of " might have been." The race is o'er I might have run, The deeds are past I slight have done, And sere the wreath I might have won. Sunk is the last taint flickering blaze ; The vision of departed days Is vanished even as I gaze. The pictures with their ruddy light Are changed to dust and ashes white, And I am left alone with night. Pisttllantoas. Lives of Presidential Candidates. L The New York Mercury, under the head of I "Oar Great Biographical Enterprise," thus takes the lives of the different presi di-ntud candidates now before the people for tbeir suffrages. Members of all parties can find something lo laugh at in some of them. LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN. IJy One icho Knoics Him. [ The subject of our biography was born at Hunker llill on the 4th of July, 1776, and I **s one of the original signers of the precious document which sealed our liberties on that day. We refer to the Declaration of Indepen dence. Ilis father's name was Mr. Lincoln,his mother's Mrs. Lincoln, and if he had any sis ters, they were known as the Misses Lincoln. At the age of two years, young Abraham commenced spliting rails for a living, singing beautiful hyinns while so engaged, and display ing all those noble virtues for which he has since been distinguished. When he was about ten years old, Boston suddenly became the hub , of the universe, and required so much greasing that cleanly people were obliged to move away. The Lincolus went to Illinois, where Abraham became the ablest lawyer iii the State in less than a week, and learned to chew tobacco. His I reputation for eloquence was unparalleled ; and II a> a specimen of his wit, we give the following. A Her flute. On one occasioh Mr. Lincoln was splitting a nil in the parlor of Judge Dougla's residence, when the latter joined him, and thinking to 'aakea good joke about our hero's extreme I leanness, remarked : " Why, Abe, you arc a rail yourself.'' Mr. Lincoln looked up from his work with [ that sublimu glare which has often petrified a i \ world, and gravely responded : Tou, sir, are the reverse of a rail." Douglas immediately grasped his hat and j 'arpet-bag, weut to Washington, and asked the President to explain what Liucoln meant by that. "Why," replied the President, " the reverse ol rail is ra) i S p e |t backwards." Since then, Douglas and Lincoln have been warm friends. The subject of our biography was defeated 'J Mr. Douglas for the United States Senate, 'a 1851, on account of sickness in the family, Th lS S ' nCC ee " k nown as " Honest °'d Abe to the whole country. lie is the a man unflinching integrity, and though he chews °bacco at present, will not choose tho Weed 3r * companion if elected President. ' ' —T'ey author of this biography died immediately after penuing the above work. LIFE OF STEPHEN ARNOI.D DOUGLAS. >y one who knows him since he teas so high. Mr. Douglas was bora at Benniugtoo, Yer ount. ou the 4th of July, 1776, and detnon = rated the utility of squatter sovereignty be • p 1 ?. " e °ff b' s crinoline. His parents t0 a noble Scotch family, and when ,-ff7.° * 6S t* o years old, they emigrated . 13110 Illinois. It was during this jour ' at be gave vent to a remark which has j, ce becomo classical. IJia father asked him ; would have an apple ; and on receiving . answer in the affirmative, made a "split" who''l r re t e P li I a f or y d' v 'ding it joto tiyq pieces exclaimin g suddeu, y tbe whole rhe Union must and shall be preserved." , p Ju' 3 j sentence was immediately tele- LAV 1 J ali the P a P ers in the United States D„ , anada ' and procured the election of Mr. as ° of j lld S e °f go°d whisky =ooo as be arrived iu Illinois. When about PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH. ten years old; he commenced writing for liar-1 pers' Magazine, and fiually contributed a series of humorous articles to the editoral columns of j the Chicago Times. Just before his election j to the Senate last time, an exploit of his gave birth to this Anecdote. While Mr. Douglas and his gigantic oppo nent, Lincoln, were canvassing the State, they agreed to hold a debate at Qtiincy, and allow the people to decide which bad the strongest claim to their votes. The meeting was a large one, and it did not take long for Donglas to j get the better of the argument. Finding the battle going against him, Lincoln drew bis form to his uttermost height, and looking dowß at the short figure of his arrival,said, very pom pously : " Mr. Douglas. I cannot look at yon with- I out thinking of a passage of Scripture." " What is that asked our hero, good hu- ! moredly. " The way of the wicked is short," respond ed Lincoln, and fainted away. The crowd applauded tremendously, and I Douglas was not to be outdone. Waiting un til Lincoln had revived, he quietly said : "And you remind me, Mr. Lincoln, of an other passage." " What is that ?" asked Lincoln. " How long ! O Lord, how long ? "respond ed Douglas. He was elected. Byway of concluding our biography, we srive the following extract from one of Mr. j Douglas' speeches : " * * * Squatter sovereignty gentlemen, [great applause,] is not the right of one man over another man, accorded by the ! Constitution ; hut the right of another man ! over this man,or that man over this man,where man is witling -that man should be his own ! man, independent of every other man. This, gentlemen, is squatter sovereignty, without! i mitigation. [Great enthusiasm.]" LIFE OF JOHN BELL. liy an intimate Acquaintance. The honorable John Bell was born on I Mason and Dixon's land, of rich hut pious , parents, and was noted for his ringing voice. ' f His extreme personal beauty suggested that ! delicious poem, in which the poet asks his frieud Brandon : " DiJ you ever see tlie beautiful Bell, Brandon." lie spent the earlier years of his life on a plantation, acquiring such fine cultivation, that i liis epistolary efforts are regarded with admi ration by the whole world, and no man is con sidered a good scholar who is not familiar with Bell's letters. As Mr. I>c 11 grew to manhood he gradually eschewed all youthful society,and cultivated " oIH " gentlemen exclusively, and ; was noted for his venerable virtues. On one ! occasion, he won the friendship of a tea total society of old maids under the following circum- ; stances : Being asked if he believed the use j of tobacco to be injurious he promptly repli- ! ed : "If tobacco is chewed in a certain way, it will do no harm to any one." " How is that?" asked an antiquated Miss, j "It should be es chewed," returned the emi-1 mer.t statesman. In reference to Mr. Bell's public career,they tell the following A necdotr. As Mr. Bell was going from the Senate chamber to his hotel, after delivering his cele brated speech on the reopening of the slave trade, he was overtaken by a prominent poli | tician from one of the northern States, who saluted him with : ) " I say Bell, that was a good speech of yours ; hut you are always too soleuiu, and your friends have told you so often." " Well," replied the Senator, " how can a Bell help sounding solemn when it is tolled so often ?" Immediately after this the subject of our memoir was seized with a severe fit of sickness yet even that did not quench his spirit. When the doctor asked him how he felt one morn ing, he replied : " Oh, I feel all sound, like any other Bell." If Mr. Bell is elected to stay at home, he will adorn that position, and write for the i Ledger. LIFE OF BRECKINRIDGE. By a Miner. The subject of our story was born ou the l day of his birth, on the Cincinnati platform, I and is chiefly noted for his eloquent silence on all public oftcasions. Being of a fiery disposi tion, the Breckenridge coal was appropriately named after hi in ; and it is a question with us whether he is the more noted as a duelist or a fuelist. We can say little more of him than he was born of southern, but honest parents, and has acquired some fame as an artillerist by his management of the celebrated Buchanan which will be discharged on the 4th of March next. Mr. Breckinridge is rather sharp in conversation, as is proved by the following Anecdote. In the rear of Mr. Breckinridge's private residence is a green sward, on which he is lo cated a pen for hogs. One day, while he was standing by his pen (thenempty) withafriend watching the motions of a hog that was lux uriously rooting the sward just before them, one of the negroes came from the house and filled the trough of the p7g-pen with swill. The hog heard the gush of the swill, and looked wistfully toward the pen, and then back at the place where he had been rooting, as though undecided what to do about it. Finally,how ever, the swill prevailed, and, with a decisive grunt, he trotted toward the pen. Turning to his friend Mr. Breckinridge said : "If that hog could speak, what line of Bul wer's drama of ' liichelieu 'might be appropri ately quote ?" Jhe friend didn't know. " Why," exclaimed Breckinridge," he might truly say : "fhe-pen is mightier than tbe sword." That night the friend died of measles. LIFE OF SAMUEL HOUSTON. By a well known author. Qeneral Samuel Houston was born at San Jacinto, Texas, on the Rb of July, 1716, and i i ' ' " REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER." | whipped a Mexican baby before he was six mouths old, At the age of three years he ! electrified the universe thus ; Haviug been : taken by bis parents to see a foot-race between two noted Indian runucrs, he turned to his father and asked : " Why is a patron of foot-races like a phil anthropist ?" " I know not, my angel boy," retnrned the venerable Houston. " Because," said Samuel, " he is a friend of human progress." After this,his family compelled him to wear a cold brick on his head : and it is said, that even now, while in Washington, he sometimes carries the same article iu his hat. At the period when Texas ro3e in rebellion against tbe i Mexicans, because the latter kept getting up revolutions among themselves every afternoon, Houston was chosen general of the patriots, and completely defeated the revolvers at San Jacinto. In connection witn this battle, and byway of illustrating General Houston's great precision of speech, they tell an Anecdote. Toward the conclusion of the battle of San Jacinto, a Texas ranger dashed frantically in to a tent where Houston was asleep, and arou sed him with the exclamation of | " General, the day is ours." " Yon illiterate fellow ?" exclaimed the brave old soldier, scowling at tbe frightened man, " why can't you speak properly ? You ; should say, "the day is composed of hours." The abashed ranger muttered sometir.g about being a soldier, and knowing nothing about time ; whereupon Houston again reprimanded him with : " Know nothing about time, you scoundrel, j There is but one time that American soldiers ; know nothing about, and that is fly time." The ranger deserted that night. When General Huston was informed that ' he had not been nominated by the Charleston I : Convention, lie pressed his hunkerehief to his tcardimined eyes, and exclaimed, hurriedly : " 1 accept. Go and tell the people that I 1 accept for their sakes." ! Samuel Houston was unanimously nominat ed for the Presidency by the Washington Monument Convention of this city, and will probably receive vytes in every State except | Texas. The assertion that he should have j been nominated as Vice President of the Doug ! las ticket, on account of his many vices is uu- ! worthy of attention for a moment. ORNAMENTAL WOODS. —Boxwood is becom ing so scarce, that pieces of suitable sizes for | wood engraving cost a considerable price, and ' and even then it cannot be found of sufficient size for large cuts,and consequently blocks are j I made up of small pieces, either glued or screw led together. The blocks thus made are ob- j i jectionable, because two pieces of wood will not always be of the same density or quality, | and, as a result, the engraver cuts irregularly in passing over the joinings, unless it be held ; in very skilful hand ; and the joint docs not ! i always keep perfectly close, consequently iu printing from such a block a white line shows ! across the picture where the joining occurs. To obviate these difficulties, and to lessen the cost, a method has been contrived of making | artificial boxwood, and, indeed, all kinds of : ornamental woods artificially In this process the manufacturer takes some suitable cheap wood—beech, maple pine,or coder,for instance —add having cut it into proper slices, sleeps J it iu a chemical bath to remove the resin,gum, I or other obji ctionable ingredients. He then' dries it until it becomes quite porous, and then j in an exhausted vessel lie fills the pores, b> pre sure, with the serum of bullock's blood, with morine glue, or with any other suitable liquid cement. When in this state of saturation it is submitted to a crushing pressure, by which the woody fibres are brought as close together as they are in the best boxwood,all the cement being driven out except what is barely sufficient to hold the fibres together iu their new posi tion. Each block is then hooped, planed down to an exact type thickness, the surface bleach ed, arid the material is then fit for us. It is stated thut by this process a substance posses sing all the requisite homogeniety, hardness ; and absence of pores, is obtained, uud of any desired size. MANY FACTS IN SMALL COMPASS. —The num ber of languages spoken is 4,064. The num ber of men is about equal to the number of women. The average of human life is 33 years One quarter die before the age of 7 ; half be- j fore the age of 17. To every 1,000 persons, 1 only reached 100 years. To every 100, 6 reach 75 years, and not more than I in 500 j will reach 80 years. There are on the earth 1,000,000,000 of inhabitants. Of tbem 33,- ' 333,333 die every year : 91,824 die every day i 7,780 every hour ; and 60 per minute, or 1 | every second. These losses are about, balhnc- ; ed by an equal number of births. The marri- j ed arc longer lived than the single, nnd above all, those who observe a sober and industrious conduct. Tall men live longer than short ones. Women have iuoro chances of life previous to the age of fifty years than men, but few ever alter. The number of marriages are in the pro portion of 76 to 100. Marriages are more fre quent after the equinoxes—that is, daring the months of June and December. Those born in spring are generally more robust than others Births and deaths are more frequently by night than by day. Number of men capable of bear iug arms is one fourth of the population. A Quakeress, beiug jealous of her hus band, watched his movements, and one morn ing actually discovered the truant hugging and . kissing the pretty servant girl. Broadbrim was not long in discovering tho face of bis wife as she peeped through the half opeudoor, and rising with all the coolness of a general, thus addressed her : " Betsey, thee had better qoit peeping, or thee will cause distnrbauce in the family.'' ADVICE. —The world, my son, is but a large copy-book, and I need not point out to you with what very little wisdom it is ruled. (fbntational gtparfmeut. 86T" Editors of Educational publications to whom this copy of tbe Reporter is 6eut, will please to exchange or return this to the editors of the educational column, C. R. COBURN, OLIVER S. DEAN. The following was received from one of our lice teachers, —we hope to have more. Will the teachers exercise tfieir thinking powers on this and send us ail answer : When from a perfect cube its root is sub stracted, why is the remaiuder a multiple of six ? H. K. [From tbe Educatioual Herald for July ] Elocution aud the Arts of Speech. NUMBER FIVE. In a most interesting work entitled the " Theory and Practice of Teaching," which was published by Mr. David P Page, Princi pal the state normal school at Albany, N. Y., I find tbe following : " Every teacher should be a good reader. Not more than one in every hundred among teachers can be call ed a good reader. To be able to read well implies a quick perception of the meaning, as well as a proper enunciation of the words.— It is a branch but poorly taught, in onr schools. Many of the older pupils get above reading be fore they have learned to read well ; and un fortunately, many of our teachers cannot awaken an interest in the subject, because I very likely they cannot read any better than their scholars. It would be interesting to as certain how large a portion of our youth leave 1 j the schools without acquiring the power readi- : l ly to take the sense of any common paragraph i I which they may attempt to read. lam iu- i i clined to think the number is not small ' " Since writing the above," says Mr. Page in j a foot note, "my eye lias fallen upon the fol 1 lowing, from the second Annual Report of the j Secretary-Aif. the Massachusetts Board of Ed ucation. /$ have devoted, says Mr. Mann, es pecial pains to learn with some degree of nu mercial accuracy, how far the reading in onr ( schools is an exercise of the mind iu thinking I and feeling, and how far it is a barren action of the organs of speech upon the atmosphere. \ ; My information is derived chiefly from the ; written statements of the school committees ' of the different towns, gentlemen who are cer tainly exempt from all temptation to disparage ; the schools they superintend. The result is j i that more than eleven twelfths of ali the chil- ( ' dren in the reading classes in our schools do j not understand the meaning of the words they read ; that they do not master the sense of j their reading lessons ; and that the ideas and feelings intended to be conveyed and excited in the reader's mind by tbe author, still rests in his intention, never having yet reached the : place of their destination. It would hardly seem that the combined efforts of all persons engaged could have accomplished more iu de feating the true objects of reading. How the cause of this deficiency is to be apportioned , among the legal supervisors of the schools, i parents, teachers, authors of text-books, it is j impossible to say ; but surely it is an evil, gratuitous, widely prevalent and threatening j the most alarming consequences." Other testimony equally competent and ! credible might be adduced in confirmation of ! this stateuieut, conceding the neglect into ' i which the study of elocution lias fallen in our I dignified seats of learning and in our public \ | schools. The question then naturally arises, how comes it to pass that so few comparative- \ ly endeavor to cultivate the organs of speech ' that they may become good readers, or to ac-1 quire just action and a graceful mauuer of de- I livery 1 How comes it that so many spend < years of ceaseless toil in laying up stores of erudition to become it may be, acute logicians, misty metaphysicians or profound theologians, i while the art of elocution, by which these ac quisitions can be made available is altogether i neglected. How extraordinary that studeuts will labor so strenuously in the cultivation of their men- i tal powers that they may be prepared to pro- i mote the general interests of society, or more I important still, to instruct mankind in the great concerns of eternity, and yet neglect the i powers of speech and action, such mighty ac- i cessories for securing the attention, and thus i more readily for conveying instruction to the I mind. I It would be easy to show that among the < Greeks and Romans, and other polished na- i tions of antiquity, a very different estimate of I the importance of the arts of speech was es- 1 tiraated. In that imperishable work the In- | stitutes of Oratory, " Quintilian tells ns with i what care and vigilance the children of the wealthy and influential classes were trained to purity and accuracy of pronunciation, and a i graceful ;and decorous deportment, in view of 1 making thcin public speakers. Mothers were i expected to exercise and maintain a constant i supervision in these matters. Cornelia the < mother of the Gracchi, materially contributed 1 to secure the oratorical renown of her son's in i forming with sedulous care their infant speech by precept and example. ] It was regarded as a falso aud pernicious < opinion that teachers of mean capacities or l meaner qualifications might bo employed in i elementary instruction ; for it was rightly I judged that the greatest skill and care were ' requisite in forming the voice and demeanor of their embryo orators, and that vicious habits 1 either of utterance or gesture contracted at i that early period, remained fixed for life or < were only to bo overcome by arduous strug- i g!es long continued. I In teaching children to read, how few arc 1 qualified to correct either natural impediments i of speech or bad habits acquired by imitation j of the defects of others. These impediments < whether arising from defects in the organiza- i tion or from a careless and imperfect use of the voice, such as stammering, lispiug, hurried and < indistinct utterance, druwling, constrained and < offensive tones of voice, the teachers in tbe I primary departments of oqr schools, for th 6 i most part regarded as natural defects which | admit of no remedy or as not coming within I their province ; and thus they shelter their is capacity. It is devoutly to be wished that all the teachers in the primary departments of our ; schools were such as QaintiMan recommends ; such as the wise among the Greeks and Ro mans would approve. But do we not in this respect act in direct contravention of our ac knowledged practical acumeu ? Truly it is to be hoped that Ihe good sense of the community will ere long fully recognise the advantage of employing and competently rewarding teachers trained to form to the ex pression of melody and agreeable intonation, the earliest efforts of the infant voice. Scenes in Sandwich Island—Another Volcano at work. A correspondent of the Alta California gives the following incidents of a visit to the volcano Kilaue—not the celebrated Manna Lon—in the Sandwich Islauds, thirty-six miles from Gilo : Those who have stereotyped ideas of volca noes, as obtained in childhood from picture books and geographies, will be sadly disappoint ed when they come to stared upon the brink of Kilauea. It is unlike any other crater—an anomaly in nature. It is a vast pit iu the midst of a plain—one of nature's great safety valves. It is elevated 4,500 feet above the level of the sea ; arid in approaching it, the ascent is so gradual as to be impercepitible.— It is very remarkable that, during the great eruptions on Mauna Lon, (thirty miies distant) this crater remaiued almost quiescent ; and now that the eruption has about ceased, its action seems to increase every day. So great was our anxiety to descend into I the crater, that the hours of darkness seemed 1 unusually long. Frequently we would get up ; from our bed of fern leaves,and peering through ] the darkness from our doorless huts, watch the ] red fountains of fire bursting up from the chasm below,and breaking in chains of light. A great , lurid mass of cloud hung perpetually over the fiery lake. The wind, blowing literally through | the crater, howled and shrieked in an unearth ly manner Above the voice of the midnight ! blast could be heard occasional explosions,and | distant rumbling sounds like those we heard ! on Mauna Loa, while,during intervals of cessa ! tiou, the surging and splashing of the furious waves in the ever troubled lake could be dis j tinctly heard. Daylight eume at last. A cold rainy, cheerless day dawned upon ns. But ( this could not damp our ardor. After a good ; breakfast, away we started—all hands—leav ing our hut and contents to take care of them selves. Descending the precipitous sides, 011 the southern side of the crater, great caution must be exercised. Reaching the floor, we found it composed of swelling masses of black, brittle lava, of a comparatively recent forma tion. We walked over this, taking the pre caution to carry a good sized stick,with which to test the thickness of the crust. Here and there we met with huge masses of solid rock, many of tbem weighing more than a hundred tons, which had evidently becu thrown from the crater. Within a quarter of a mile of the burning lake is the entrance to a great cave, which my guide says is probably a mile long. We enter ed through a very narrow aperture, around which lay loose heaps of fire-scarred stones.— Lighting our candles, we passed on, exploring in this direction and that, until we had gone perhaps haifa mile, and yet we did not find the end of this remarkable cave. In some place it is narrow, and iu others widens out into vast chambers. In some places we had to crawl where the roof was only two or three feet high, and in others the roof would be ten or twenty feet above our heads. Hanging from this roof, we found some choice specimens of fine black metallic lava,in the shape of stalac tites, whi'e stalagmites of the same material were found on the floor. After being in that dreary chamber three hours, we emerged into the daylight just as our candles were used up. Earthquakes are frequent here, and a slight shock might be sufficient to roll a huge rock against the apertue, and sea! us up hermetical ly in that dark cavern. Suddenly we came to a high bank, and look ing down we beheld the lake of fire beneath us about seventy five feet. This lake is something more than a mile in circumference. There, in full view, were real waves of liquid fire, of a bright red coior, spluttering and sploshing like ocean waves. A little island of hard lava stands in the middle of the lake against the black sides of which the waves of fire dashed with tremendous fury, and breaking on its jag ged cliffs they would cast their red spray high in the air. The sides of this lake are solid walls of red fire,glowing with fearful intensity. We were standing cn the windward bank,with a strong cold wind blowing down, yet the heat was so intense that wo could only look a min ute at a time, and then turn away to catch the refreshing influence of the cool breeze. In ad dition to the hideous roaring and hissing of the lake, we heard, at short intervals,sounds much resembling that of a steamer blowing off steam —only infinitely louder—and ominous grow lings of pent up forces struggling in subterran ean caverns, at which the very earth seemed to tremble. Occasionally, large masses of the cooled lava on the edge of the lake became de tached, and failing into the boiling cauldron were instantly reduced to a liquid state. After a few minutes' silence, disturbed only by an occasional hissing and murmuring, I was soon startled by that awe-inspiring sound of escaping steam. In an instant a faint glim mering of red, like a sheet of lightning shot but from under the overhanging brink where I was standing, and ran across the lake. This was the signal for a change in the whole pro gramme. Immediately the whole lake became of a bright red color, and four fountains burst up in different portions of the lake. My eyes followed these with amazement, as one after another they cast up great quantities of a pure vermillion-colored liquid. These were followed by two others in rapid succession,one of which burst up neaj wher6 I was standing VOL. XXI. —NO. 0. i Running back I cowered nnder the upper banks i and witnessed the grandest pjrotecbnical dis • play of which it is possible to form any collec tion. These six fountains threw up jets from thirty to fifty feet high. The fouutain, from the spray of which 1 so hastily retreated,made large deposits of molten lava on the bank where I had been standing,and when it ceased I pro cured some very good specimens. This red liquid matter, when cool, is a solid, brilliant black substaoce, much resembling pitch. After ; this sublime display, a short period of inacti : vity ensued, as before, and then the waves of r fire commenced to roll and dash against the little island as when we first saw it. . A con , tinual boiling,bubbling,and spluttering is kept up around the edges of this mighty cauldron, : precisely like the boiling of a pot. This crater . has probably been in action, more or less,from time immemorial. Native tradition says that it has probably been burning from the time of i chaos until now. > Every day, for three days, we spent several i hours sitting upon the hank, and watching all i the varied changes and wonderful movements of this lake. Changes are taking place contio • nally. The lower banks are growing and dc ! creasing continually. The work of demolition and reconstruction is always going on. Tho r most wonderful and, to us, mysterious phenom i | enon we witnessed was on the second day of : our visit to the crater. It was noon, and we - were sitting on a high batik at lunch. 1 had turned my face in the direction of the wind,to avoid the intense heat of the lake. I wasstart • : led by a noise like the rushing together of vast. ; bodies of water. The natives jumped up in stantly, and raising an unearthly shout, scamp i ered off in an opposite direction. Turning s 1 toward the lake,l beheld a scene which I shall never forget. I, too, had to ruu off some dis > ' tance to escape the great heat. The wholo surface of the lake was in a state of the wildest • commotion. Wave clashed on wave, and all i was confusion. Tremendous billows of firo i rolled from every side of the lake ; and meet ing i nfierce conlliet around the island in the : center broke with fury over its black sides.— : Then, after reaching again, they rushed to tho i onset once more, with increased force, and, • meeting together, shot up into the air perhaps L one hundred feet—one vast spiral body of red I liquid lava, which finally combed over and fell 1 in graceful spray back into the lake again When things had been res'ored to their usual i order, the surface of the lake seemed to have - fallen at least ten feet. ! SECRET OF GREATNESS.— It was a noble and ' beautiful answer of Victoria that she gave an African Prince, who sent an embass age with costly presents, and asked her in re turn to tell him the secret of England's great ness and England's glory. The beloved Queen j sent him, not the number of her fleet, uot the number of her armies, not the account of her : boundless merchandise, not the details of her inexhaustible wealth ; she did not, like Hezc j kiah, in an evil hour, show the ambassador ' her diamonds and her rich ornaments, but, 1 handing him a beautifully bound copy of tho Bible, she said, " Tell the Prince that this tho ! secret of England's greatness.— British Work j men. BEAFTIFCL EXTRACT.— When the summer of youth is slowly wasting away into the night fall of age, and the shadows of past years ' grow deeper and deeper, as if life were on its close, it is pleasant to look back through the vista of time upon the sorrows and felicities of , earlier years. If we have a home to shelter and hearts to rejoice with us, and friends liavo been gathered together by our firesides, then ■ the rough places of our wayfaring will havo i been worn and smoothed away in the twilight 1 of life, while the sunny spots we have passed through will grow brighter and more beauti ful. Happy indeed are those whose inter course with the world has not changed the ; tone of their holier feeling, or broken those musical chords of the heart, whose vibrations | are so melodious, so touching iu the evening of age- __ ! SHUN AFFECTATION*.— there is nothiug moro beautiful in the young than simplicity of cha ' racter. It is honest f rank and attractive.— llow different is affectation ! The simple uro j always natural. They are at the same timo original. The affected are never natural.— | And as for originality, if they ever had it,they have crushed it out, and hurried it from sight. ; utterly. Be yourself then, young friend ! ANECDOTE OF MATTHEWS. — This celebrated | comedian stepped into an auction room ono ! night on his way home. " Who bids more?" called aloud the anc . tioneer. '* I bid more," cried a voice from the ! far end of the crowd. " And prav, sir, what, do you bid ?" cried the auctioneer in a tone of j contempt. " I bid you good night." said Mat ; thews, and bolted, 'i'lie auction room in a roar that time. ARC.FMF.NT — with fools, passion, vociferation or violence ; with politicans a majority ; with kings, the sword ; with fanatics, dcnnciation ; with men of sense, a sound reason. As the rays of the sun notwithstanding their velocity, injure not the eye by reason of their minuteness, so the attacks of envy, not withstanding their number,ought not to wound our virtue, by reason of their insignificance. Itigr Love is the light of the soul, as the sun is the light of day. teiT" Unsuccessfnl attempts at reform only strengthen despotism ; as he that struggles tightens those cords he does not succeed in breaking. teg- A little boy seeing a drunken man pros trate before the door of a grocery, opened tho door, and pntMng in his head said to the pro prietor, " Se6 here, sir, your sign has fallen down."