Newspaper Page Text
f armrr's Department.
Summer Fallows for Wheat
FALLOWING is one of the me?' atirreht
methods of rest-rig fertility to impcv -risliui
soils. Tie Hebrew law commanded that the
land should rest tv. ry seventh year ; and though
of a figurative nature, it tvasptobably connect
ed with the practical ivquirsmcut ct the early
system of agriculture HKSICD, the Greek
poet-farmer who flourished in the tewhcentuiy
B C , and who cultivated a soil which he de
scribes as " bud in winter, hard in summer,and
never good," (probably a stiff clay,) recom
mends fallowing, the laud beinjr plowed three
times —once in autumn, again in the spring,
and then immediately In-fore sowing. Among
the Romans, fallowing was a universal practice
- —in most case? a crop and a year's fallow
succeeding each other. The land was first
plowed after the crop was removed, generally
in August ;it was again cross plowed in the
spring, and at least a third time before sowing
whether spring grain or winter wheat was the
crop. There was, however, no end to the num
ber of plowings ami sanding*, the object being
as THEOPHRASTIS observes, " to let the earth
feel the cold of winter and the snn of summer,
to invert the soil, and render it free, light, and
clear weeds, so that it can more easily afford
The Romans introduced the system of fal
lowing into England, where it has been pursu
ed since the invasion. It would appear, how
ever, that the practice did not extend loScot
land till the earlier part of the eighteenth cen
tury. JOHN WALKF.R, of Beanston, East
Lothian, is supposed to have been the first
person who ever systematically attempted to
fallow land in Scotland, lie had to endure,
for a time, the ridicule and contempt of his
neighbors, who jestingly concluded that he
was either insane for allowing a portion of h'.s
land to lie waste for the whole year, or so
poveriy-stricken as to be unable to find seed to
sow it with. The practice, however, was so
successful that twenty years after, summer-fal
lowing had become nearly general throughout
East Lothian. " Mai.y," says JOHN IIAXTON,
of Fife, " are old enough to it-member the
wonderful improvement effected in Scotland
through the introduction of the bare fallow
system. Previously, the land was cropped
repeatedly with grain, until it ceased to produce
enough to pay for seed, labor and rent. It
was then allowed to remain in grass until the
operation of natural causes had, in some degree
repaired the former damage it had sustained,
when it was again broken up, nud the same
scourging process renewed. Upon such a
system, the introduction of fallowing operated
like a charm "
In the mean time, turnip col tare was intro
duced with remarkable success on the light soi's
of Norfolk ; and a controversy on the subject
of substituting the growing of turnips for bare
fallowing agitated the writing and reading por
tion of the agricultural public of Great Britain
during the latter end of the last century, and
ultimately a tacit compromise resulted, which
left the turnip growers in complete possession
of the light soils, and the summer fallow ad
vocates in possession ouly of the heavier and
undrained clays ; while the drier and less stub
born clay loams formed a sort of debatable
ground, upon which occasional pen-and-ink
encounters took place between the two parties,
until practical experiment proved the poim in
favor of turnip growers.
There can be no donht that in the moist cool
climate of the British Isles, turnip-culture is
more profitable than bare fallow on all well-uu
drained soiis, except the heaviest and most
In this country, where the climate is not so
well adapted to the cultivation of turnips, and
where meat is not so high, the case may be,
and we believe is, very different.
The lamented Judge BFEL, and other eminent
agricultural writers, reflected the opinions of
their brethren across the Atlantic. They ex
tolled turnip culture, and condemned summer
fallows ; and it is not difficult to trace the in
fluence of their writings in forming the now
very generally received opiuiou that summer
fallows arc, at best, a necessary evil. There
is some truth in this opinion, l>ut we are inclin
ed to believe that the benefits of summer fal
lowing are not sufficiently understood and ap
On light soils, there is little necessity for
summer fallows. We should endeavor to keep
the land'clean by the introduction of hoed crops,
without the use of bare fallows, ana try to en
rich it by the growth of such plants as enrich
than impoverish the soil, and then feed them
to cattle and sheep, and endeavor to make as
ninch rich manure as possible.
But on heavier soils—such as form, under
good culture, our best and most permanent
nheat lands—we can not dispense with the use
of summer fallows. We will hazard an opinion
which will perhaps, astonish some of our readers
hut for which we can offer some good reasons:
that on a well-underdraiued, properly-fultivat
cd clayey loam, there is very little actual in
crease of fertilizing matter added to the soil by
growiug and plowing in any crop—even a
heavy crop of our highly-prized clover. All
the mineral matter it contains was in the soil
before, and the matter which the crop obtain
ed from rain and dew would have been retain
ed by the soil, if in proper condition. The
only increase, than would be in the gases which
the plants attracted from the atmosphere'. The
bulk of this is carbonic acid—which, for wheat
most soiis have an abundance. How much of
ammonia is attracted from the atmosphere by
the best of renovating plants, such as clover,
it is difficult to estimate, but froin all that we
know on thesubjeetj we think it probable that
it is not more than a well-stirred, loamv soil
would attract. That many kinds of clayey
6oils have the power of attracting ammonia
from the atmosphere there can be no doubt,
and that one of the advantages of summer fal
lows is attributable to this fact is equally cer
Our wheat growers, on heavy soils, mast
pay more attention to summer fallows. We
ure aware that fallows add nothing to the soil,
except ammonia, from the atmosphere. They
simply render available the stores of plant-food
locked up in the soil. But why should they
net be rendered available, and useful ? Is not
this better than letting them lie dormant ?
They are the farmer's capital, arid the more he
can keep in circulation the better.
W e have great hopes that some cheaper and
more effectual method will be devised ot break
ing up and pulverizing clay soils, then by tbe
common plow, cultivator and harrow. We
must make the steam engine, that " giant with
one idea, 1 ' do, at a single operation, what we
can now accomplish ouly by rcpeutedploaings,
CISTERN CEMF.NT. —Two-parts ashes, three
of clay, and oue of sand, mixed with linseed oil.
I Uus fn css g gifts.
DN CH AS. M. TU RN ER, 111 Y SIC IA X
fy SUR.GF.OK. offers his professional -services ti
' the inhabitants of Towaqtla pnd v.-inity. O.ai'a . nil res
; bli-nce in the Uwulgig recently oeLuyi.il H.
I one (Icior tiprlU vf the i.fciscopai c'uuich, ou Maine
r. OVES.TON, JX. G- p. MONTASYE.
OVERTON & Mox TAN YE. AT TOR
KE YS A T LA IV— Office m Uaiou Block, former
ly occupied by JAS- MACFAI.LASE.
11. J. MantLi. P- D- MO&ROW.
MAD ILL & MORROW, A TTORXE YS
A Kit COUNSELLORS AT LA IF, —Office
ovei Hereur's Store. Towauda. Pa.
Toxvnuda. April J. IS. n-43-tf
TAR. E. H. MASON. PIIYSICI A X AXD
A ./ SURGE OK, offers liis profes.-ioual services ti> the
I eop'e oi' Towuuda and vicinity. Offioe.iit his residence
ou Pine street, where lie can always be found when not
protefldvrialiy engaged. _
I? R. PARSONS, ATTORNEY AT
lij LAW, TliOY, Bradford Co., Pa. Office over V.
M. A H. P. Long's store. Aug- 7, l ei.
I 1 EXKY B. M'KEAN, A TTORXE Y
A L AT LAW, TO WAND A, PA.; will pay prompt ,
attention to business entrusted to him. Collections made i
on reasonable terms, with prompt rem nances. octl:) j
"LM.IIAXAX SMITH, having vetorued to|
.Hi Tow auda, has opened a Caw Office over Mercur's .
Store. Dec. 1. 18.17. I
I)R. IT. WESTON, DEX !
TJST. permanently located in Towaoda. j
OFFICE one door south of BaileyANevens'. !
Tow auda. Feb. 19,1859. |
TO WAND A CABINET WAREHOUSE
Qjm&nm* cnESTER WELLS would
fully infoim his friends and tlie
' 5- " public that* he is now receiving at his new
stand one door east of Montanyes A Co., a large and ex- !
tensive assortment of
Sofa?, Mahogany Chair?, of various patterns,
Rosewood and Mahogany Side and Centre Tables,
Dining, Tea and Pembroke Tables, Stands of every
kind. Cane. Flag and Wood seat Chairs, high
Chairs, Children's Ro, hers, Bedsteads,
Bureaus. Lounges, Giit and Rose
wood Picture Frame, iron Hat
Stands, Corner and si V do.
of walnut and mahogany ; Cradles, Cribs, Wardrobes,
Cupboards, Looking glasses, Ac.
d"COFFTXS, of every size and quality, and will at- I
tend OB all occasions when required.
The public are invited to examine iny assortment before ;
purchasing elsew here.as I will sell cheapertUan any otli-r j
establishment in Northern Pennsylvania.
Tuwanda, May 90, 18.VJ.
fTHIE Subscriber still continues to keep the
X above named public house at Le Raysville, and has j
all the accommodations and conveniences requisite for j
keeping a FIRST CLASS HOUSE. His table shall he so
supplied as to p ease the most fastidious, and hi- bar
with choice liquors, and larg- ar.d convenient .-tabling
w ill enable liiin to furnish ample accommodation to all
who may call and try him. Stop and see.
0. W. NORTHR P.
Le Raysville, March 8, I V.'.
Eliason, Greener Co.
Piano Forte Manufacturers.
AND MUSIC PUBLISHERS,
No. 51, Water-st., Elmira.
T X ADDITION TO A LARGE ASSOBT-
I ment of our own mannf.itcurcd Piano Forte*, which
b ive now been in use for years, and have been i>ronouix
ed l>v Mcms. STRACKOSCII and other eminent Arti-ip,
unsurpassed in touch, tone and durability, we have a large
stock of the world-wide celebrated
• Chickcring &. Sons," Boston: Grand
and Square Piano Fortes,
who have received thirty-four medal.* in Europe and Amer
ica for the best Piano Fortes. We have also
Haven, Eacon & Co.'s.
Piano Fortes, whi.h are undoubtedly preferable'to any
other makers in New York.
Beii.g manufacturers ourselves, we get the above In
struments on the most favorable terms, enabling ti= to
sell them to dealers and Setninaiies at their regular whole
Carhart, Needham &. Co.'s, JVTelodeons.
Mr. Carhart being the original inventor of the above In
struments, and the same having ail the valuable improve
ments, it is only jut to say they are not to be excelled.
A large assortment of SHEET MUSIC.
One of our firm having had long experience in this
branch, parties at a distance not able to visit our Ware
rooms, may rely on his selections.
The be>l of Italian Strings, Violins, Guitars, etc. Par
ticular attention i* paid to the selection of BRASS IN
STRUMENTS for Bauds.
All Piano Fortes bought of us are WARRANTED for
Pianos and Melodeons TO RENT, and sent all over tire
country t extremely low prices.
Parties w isliiug to purchase Piano Fortes, or any other
Musical Merchandize, and save from ten to fifteen per
cent., will please call, or address
ELIASON, GREENER A CO.
Mat- K, 18.59. 51 Water Street, Eimira, N. Y.
WM. DITTUICH, is agent for the flira at Towanda.
New Arrival of Clothing !
J. I*E. COLLINS
T3 NOW RECEIVING THE LARGEST
J. stock of Spring and Summer Clothing ever brought to
this market,whiebihe i* now selling at greatly reduced pri
ces. Hi* stock consist* of Br \vn l.inen Sack Coats.
Brown l.inrn Frock do, White l.inen Duck do, y.ieen's
Cloth do, Spanish l.inen do, prices ranging from f 1 to 13.
Brown l.inen Pants, Fancy Linen do. Check Marsailles
do. Tweed do, Fancy Uassiniere do, Black Ca-simeie do.
White and Fancy Marsailles Vests, Figured Silk do,
Black Satin do, Black aud Fancy Farmer's Satin do. Fig
ured Silk and l.inen do. Black Cloth and Fancy Cloth,
I)rc--s Coats, Business Coats, Silk mixtures do. Plain and
Fancy Casoiinere do, Tweed do, Kentucky Jeans do.
Shirt*. Drawers, Cravats, Suspenders. Collars, l.inen
i ..nd S:lk Pocket Handkerchiefs, White Shirts, Fancy do,
Cloths, Cassimcros, and Vestings.
Black and Fancy Cord Cloths,
" " " Cassimerc.s,
" •' " Vestings,
All of which I am ready to make up to order on short no
tice, and warrrntcd to lit every time or no sale. I have
secured the services of Mr. Penny packer to carry on the
TAILORING BUSINESS. To all you that want cutting
or anything in that line will please give as a call, we keep
none but the best workmen. CUTTING done on short
notice. Thankful for past favors, lam now ready to wait
on any one who may give me a call. Don't forget the
place—oue door south of Hull's Store.
Towanda, May 10, 1859. J. M. COLLINS.
Opening of the North Branch,
AND AN ARRIVAL OF
AN EXTENSIVE ASF-OETXVSEN3?
OF SPRING AND SUMMER
© mvDw m s
ME. SOLOMON HAS JUSTRETURX
• ED from New York with the largest aud most
complete assortment of
SPRING &. SUMMER CLOTHING!
Ever exhibited in this market. Tie has al*o a large and
beautiful assortment of GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING
GOODS, which have been selected wiib special reference
to the wants of tbi- market.
Our stock of SUMMER COATS, comprises an endless
variety of Dress, Raglan*, anil Sacks, at prices ranging
from J1 2.5 to $5 50. Pants and Vest* in proportion.
A* our Goods have been purchased for CASH, we are
enabled to sell them at prices which will defy competi
tion. We cordially invite our old customers and the pub
lic generally, to call, see and judge for themselves, feel
ing eouuJeut that we shall be able to please the most faA
MOT REM EM BER THE PLACE- No. 2. Patton's Block.
Towanda, April 2C, 1859. M. E.SOLOMON.
MRS. L E. WHEELER IS AGAIN
prepared to show to her former pa'rona, and all
| who will favor her with a call, the latest styles of SPRING
i AND SUMMER MILLINERY GOODS, which being se
lected by herself Irom very large stocks, feels assured
that she has something to please all. and intends to sell
• very low for CASH. The stock is composed of every va
riety of Bonnets, Ribbons, French Flowers, Headdresses.
| BLEtelilNu AND TRIMMING done at the shortest
notice. We ask the ladies to examine our stock and sat
■ themselves that Millinery Goods of the latest styles'
; c9fn be sold chaap.
j L ist Smithlleld, April 2C IST?.
I'lo. Fattoa's dlloclr, Towanda, Pa.,
Have recently added largely to their stock of
They also have constantly on hand
PURS WIPTSS A3\TD LIQUORS,
FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES.
At the lowest rates, and BURNING FLUID, of superior j
quality, manufactured expressly for the gat-jet Fluid ,
Lamps. They also keep all the Popular
P A TEN T MED ICINES,
of the day. Every article g dug from this store is war
ranted as repre.-entcd. and if any prove different, they
will be cheerfully taken back, aud the money refunded.
J. G. PAT TON.
Towanda, Feb. 1, P<39. Dr. E. D. PAYNE.
THUS IS THE ESTABLISHMENT
* where roti can find a very fine assortment of
WATCHES WD JEWELRY of all descriptions. til*o a
g ' >d stock of CLOCKS, prices ranging from 10 shillings
up, and warranted to give good satisfaction or no sale.
1 am also agent- for the -tie of D. E. LENT'S celebrated
Barometers, which every farmer should always have. Pri
ees from $8 to S2O, according to finish REPAIRING |
done as usual in a ueat end workmanlike manner and war
ranted. WM. A. CHAMBEUI.IN.
X. B. The person that took a Breast Pin from my shop,
July 3d, to show to his wife, had lietter call and see tne in
regard to the matter, perhaps it will save him some cost
Towanda, Nov. 24, 1358. W. A. C.
JEWELRY! JEWELRY! JEWELRY
IL. 3KI. Warner's
New 4" Splendid Jewelry Store, one door north
of Pallons Drug Store,
j-t.. lIAS just been opened with theloreeet and
_ most i-hoiee stock of FASHIONABLE
JEWELRY everoff'e: ed to a discriminating
pT 1 3) public. D, leed. he can safely say that with
, f'S-g the opei ing of his new store has been in
augurated a new era in the Jewelry line,
inasmuch as along with the choice and elegant assortment
lie gives the most reliable assurance of an almost incredi
ble reduction in prices ; the rich and tasteful articles hav
ing been all bought with ready cash.
A. M. W.. when he reflect* how. for the past years.with
a far less attractive stock, lie has enjoyed so large a share
ot public patronage,flatters himsell that the immen-e in
crease of Goods he now offers, which have been bought .so
much more advantageously, will enable him to incre.isi
he generous confidence which lias Litherto been vouch
safed to him. He therefore solicits a continuance of the
favor of his old cu*: 'ner-, end iir. itcs the public general
ly to cone and see the fashions.
" gS-THE WATCH REPAIRING DEPARTMENT will
continue to lie distinguished by the skill and despatch
which has heretofore enablt d it to enjoy the enviable rep
utation of being the moat reliable iu town.
Towanda, September 24, 155.
\TEW R. R. ROUTE—DELAWARE,
LACKAWANNA A WESTERN RAILROAD—
New and expeditous broad gauge route from the North
and West, via. Great Bend aud Scr.int.in—and from the
Lackawanna and Wyoming valleys—through to New
York and Philadelphia.
On and after .Monday, April 11th, 1851), trains will he
run as follows:
The I'ineinatti Express Train bound east on the X. Y.
& Ltie Railroad arrives at Great Bend at 6.1) A. M.. and
connects with the Express Train, which leaves Great
Bend for New York and Philadelphia at 8 10 A. M.
Due at Montrose S 45 "
Tuukhannock 9 24 "
Factoryvllle 9 48 "
Scranton 10 3.5 "
Moscow 11 22 "
Strondshnrg 1 26 r. M.
Water Gap 1 39 "
Delaware. (15 minutes to dine,) 2 04 "
Bridgeville 2 25 "
Junction 3 25 "
New York 7 15 "
Philadelphia 7 15 "
Passengers from New Y'ork, leave Pier No. 2
Noith River, at 7 30 A.M.
From Philadelphia, leave Walnut St Wharf, at 6 00 "
Leave Jmietion. 10 50 "
Due at Bridgeville 11 37 "
Delaware, 15 minutes dinner,) 11 52 "
Water Gap 12 29 "
Stroudsburg 12 41 r. M.
Moscow .... 2 26 "
Scranton -... 3 10 "
Factoryville 3 58 "
Tunkliinnock 4 15 "
Montro*e 453 "
Great Bend 5 25 "
Connecting at Great Bend with tne Mail Train,
west, at 5 37 ••
Accommodation train leaves Scranton for Great
Bend,at 8 10 A.M.
Arrive at Great Bend 12 40 r. M.
Connecting with the Dunkirk Express West, at I 10,
the Emigrant Traiu West at 1 53, aud the N. Y. Express
Ea*t at 1 56, A. M.
it- turning leaves Great Bend, at 2 00 "
Due at S tanton r, 15 "
For the accommodation of way travel on the Southern
Division, a Passenger Car will be attached to the Express
Freight Trains, leaving Scranton, at 1 00 A.M.
Due at Stroudsburg, at 10 05 ••
" Junction, at 220r. M.
Returning, will leave Junction, at 3 .Tl A. M.
Due at Stroudsburg, at 7 05 "
Scranton, at 2 30 p. M.
Passengers to and from New York change cars at Junc
tion—to and from Philadelphia, at Bridgville.
For Pittston, Kingston, and Wilkesbarre, take L. & B.
R. R. ears at Scranton.
For Jo-sup, Archibald, and Carboudale, take the sta
ge* at Scranton.
Tickets sold and Baggaare cheeked Tnaoron.
.It >UN BlMSlllN,Superintendent.
WM. N. JENKS, Gen'L Ticket Agent.
Scranton, April 6, 1859 a 26.
ARE YOU INSURED ?
j Sus(]U('liniiTi3 Mutual Insurance Co.,
| TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA.
Company insures a-jninst loss or dani-
J- age by Fire. Dwelling houses, Furniture Warehou
ses, Stores and Merchandize, Ac., on the most reasonable
HENRY AV. TRACY, JOSEPH POWELL,
HON. D. AVIEMOT. J. W. PAYSON
JOHN A. CODDING, LEVI P. STALFORD,
J. D. MONTANYE. ISAAC MYER.
THOMAS ELLIOTT, WILLIAM (IRIFFIS.
ALLEN M KEAN, GUY TRACY.
H. W. TRACY. President.
ALLEN M KEAN, Vice President; EDWARD T. EL
LIOTT, Secretary ; L VPORTE, MA SON A CO., Treaa.
Towanda, May, 11, 1859.
PEAS, BEANS AND SEEDS.— FieId
PeiH; Bbckeyed Pen*. Marrow Beans .Button Onions.
Onion Setts, and a choice selection of Garden Seeds at
April 12. , FOX'S.
Great Western Xn&urancedt Trust Co.
Tanners Union Insurance Company, cf
HAYING CONSOLIDATED THEIR
BUSINESS, the same will hereafter be conducted
by the united Companies, in the name of the GREAT
WESTERN INSURANCE AND TRUST COMPANY, at
their office in the Company's Building, 403 Walnut St.,
Philadelphia. By this arrangement the iuconie of the
Great Western Insurance A Trust Company will be large
ly augmented, and over $130,000 added to its Assets, of
which SIOO,OOO is in First Mortgages, with bonds, bear
ing fi per rent, interest on improved property, worth dou
ble thc.amontit; which gives the Company over $350,000
of av tilablc means to meet any liabilities.
All rnnuing risks of either Company are assumed, and
any losses that may occur will be promptly adjusted and
air A coiitinucnee of public patronage is respectfully
CHAS. C. I.ATHOP, President.
WM. DARLING, ft ce-Pretident.
C. X. SHI I'M AN, 2 d Vice-President.
JAMES WRIGHT, See. and Treat.
C. S. RUSSELL, As*t Secretary.
CH AS. C LATHROP, DANIEL L. COLLIER,
JOHN C. HUNTER, E. TRACY.
ISAAC HAZLEHUIiST, FRANCIS TYLER,
CHAS. HARLAN, C. N. SHIPMAX.
J. 11. M'OUBDY, THUS. !.. GILLESPIE,
Hon. WM. D ARLING, JAMES B. SMITH,
ALEX. WIIILLDIN, J. J. SLOCUM.
H. B. McKEAN, Agent, Towanda.
March. 2?. 1869.
TIIE OLD STATCD
S.TILL IN OPERATION!
THE subscriber would announce
CSi-to the public that he has now on
*3Lstml, and will make to order ail
hills of CABINET FURNITURE,
ftr'i • • u 4 s'.'l: :>s Sofas.Divans.Lounges.C(-:i
tre, Card, Dining and Breakfast Ta
ils ''le. Mahogany, Walnut, Maple and
H H" jfi I't herry Bureaus, Stands of various
5-. B —lLv,> kinds, Chairs and Bedsteads of every
description, which are, and will be made of the best ma
terial and workmanlike manner, aud which they will sell
for cash cheaper than can be bought in any other Ware
room in the country.
READY-MADE COFFINS, on hand on the most rea
sonable terms. A good HEARSE will lie furnished on
Fu: ■ ral occasions. JAMES MACKINSON.
Tow,mda, January 1.1857.
QUSQUKHANNA COLLEGIATE IX
STi'lL'TK.—Tiie fifteenth term of the above school
commenced TUESDAY, March 19.
Tuition, fuel and light, and board in the Institute, from
$34 t • s3* per term of lourteen weeks.
Fuel and contingent expenses payable in advance.
Wa-hing 33 cents per dozen.
uh'Sa scholar taken for less than half a term.
April. 0, 1859.
TOWANDA HARDWA RE, CUTLERY
IRON AND STOVE STORE.
J3 D. 0. HALL
A Wholesale and Retail Dealer
4__ 'Lud ware and Stoves, Iron
IpJ. ! n ;ia iiSfeaand Nails, Sash, Glass, Paints
and Oils, House Trimmings—
r "flf? —"" R 'al' kindsofCarriage trimmings,
f " 'iii'i B ntj Sieat Cloths and Laces, Carriage
Saws', Augers, Chisels and all
pH oilier Tools—Cross P it, Mil!
( " -- ~ jf4 and Circular Saws, Blacksmith
Tools, Bellows, Anvils, Vices,
J Hammers and Screw Plates,
Axes. Broad Narrow, Lath and Hand Hatchets—Cable,
Log. Trace and Ualtr, Chains, Crowbars, Picks, Shovels
POCKKTAND TABLE CUTLERY—Shears and Scis
sors. Edge Tools of all kinds, Brass and Enameled Kettles.
Shovel and Tongues, Spoons aud Ladles, Tubs and Pails,
Mops and Washboards, aud all other kinds of house-keep
la the HARDWARE line, Brass, Brittania, Jappaned
and Plain Tin Ware, single or in setts. Bar. Band, Scroll
and Hoop Iron. Steel of all kinds, Nail Rods, Ac. Pumps,
Lead Pipe and all the necessary fixtures for water works.
Patent, Stretched LeatLer Belting and String Leather,
and 10,000 other articles too numerous to mention, that
we are now receiving direct from the hands of manufac
turers andimporters. including the largest assortment
and greatest variety of
Stores 25 per cent, /ess than usual fur Cash,
or (Jrain at the highest market, prices.
Coal and Wood Cooking. Coal and Wood Parlor, Dining
ltoom, Six Plate and Cylinder, ever brought iuto Northern
Pennsylvania or Southern New Y'ork ; all of which we
are now prepared to sell at wholesale or retail, at as low
rates, and on as good TERMS as can he found this side ot
New-York, from the fact that all our goods were bought
if first hands and in full packages and large quantities,
that gives us an advantage over smaller purchasers and
Dry Goods dealers, that wiil enable us to sell from 5 to
15 pi r cent, los- than any of thein, which advantage we
shall otl', r to any who will favor us with a call before pur
A large quantity of Tin ware, Stove Pipe and Elbow*
alwats on hand, wholesale and retail. All kind* of Job
Work done to order, on short notice and warranted.
Don't mistake the place to buy STOVES and H\RD
WARE cheap—one door South of Tracy A Moore's, and
Powell's now block on Main street, in the new Wood
Building, lettered allerrer.
Grain and Country Produce, old Iron, Brass, Brittania
and Copper. Dried Fruit of all kinds, Feathers and Bees
wax wanted for goods.
D'.Of)!' Sheep Pelts wanted, for which the highest price
n CASH will be paid.
er>~ No credit given over four months, and all hav
ing accounts or notes over due had better call and pay
immediately, if 'bey wish to save cost.
Towanda, October 13, 1858.
H. A. BURBANK'S BAKERY
One Door North of the Ward House.
A HERE you can find a constant supplvof Bread, Rusk,
\ \ Crackers, Cookies, Jumbles, and all kinds of Fancy
HI STERS furnished by the quart or keg, or cook
ed to order.
i'.iT Particular attention paid to filling orders for parties
Returning our sincere thanks for the liberal patronage
bestowed upon us during the past year, and hoping by
el..*c application to business to merit a continuance of the
same, we remain as ever, your bumble servant.
My >' ML 1557. H. A. liURRAXK.
| " NOW IS THE TIME
'it MELAINOTYPES & AMBROTYPES CHEAP!
/! \ G. H. WOOD
J ' \lTas reduced his prices of all kinds of
T Pictures with Cases, 25 per cent.
Frames of all kinds kept on hand also at reduced pri
ces. Good Cases with Melainotypes, 75 cents ; all other
kinds in proportion. Rooms open at all hours. Pictures
taken in all kinds of weather (except tor children.) All
Towanda. July 27.1858.
T> A RELAY R K A (OA L COM FAN Y.
nJ—Retail prices ot Coal at Towanda per ten :
LUMP COAL. SMITH COAL.
llv the single ton $2,25. $2,00.
After the fir*t of December COAL will be delivered in
town, at the door, at 25 cents per load.
CO AL is sold, for cash only, at the office of the Rail
road Company, in Patton's Block .corner of Main A Bridge
Street*, (second story); also at the store of O. D. BART
LETT. JAMES MACFARLANE.
Towanda, Nov. 24,18.53. Gcn'l Superintendent.
TOMB STONES AND MONUMENTS.
Towanda Sftarble Factory.
(Nearly Opposite the Baptist Church.)
The subscriber has opened the TOWAN
MARBLE FACTORY, where he will be
/ciVil ! ,ro l ia rcd to furnish Monuments and Tomb
''V"TVIf t Stones, manufactured from the best qualities
VJL of RUTLAND and ITALIAN M ARBLE, and
■YI J. wrought into such styles and designs as will
G tfd* Kuit every variety of taste.
I- Persons wishing to make their selections
can do so whenever in Towanda, by calling at
this New Establishment.
The superior quality of the stock, the artistical heantv
of the work, and the promptness with which orders will
be tilled, will offer inducements to visit this new shop.
F. 11. BALDWIN, Proprietor.
Towanda, July 26,1859.
WAVEKt.T. TOWANDA, PA.
Hon. Nathan Bristol, Prof. C. R. Coburri,
C. H. Shepard. Cashier, Rev. Julius Foster,
R. G. Crans. Merchant, H. S Mercur, Merchant,
Alpiu A Douhleday, do. Montanyea, "
Rev. O. Crane. ' T. M. Woodruff, Sheriff - ,
" Wm. Putnam, Col. A. M'Kcan, Prot'y,
" D. A. Shepard, Hon. D. Wilmot,
F. Tyler. PresY. Bank. *' J.C. Ad una.
CBEMNNS. " Wm. Elwell,
G. W. Buck, Esq. E. A. Parsons, Ed. Argns.
" _ WTSOX. E. O. Goodrich,Ed.Reporter.
>. E. riollct. Esq-
GROVER 6c SAKSR'S
Family Sewing Machines.
NEW STYLES—PRICES SSO TO $125.
EXTRA CHARGE OR $5 FOR HEHMERS.
F. B. CHANDLER, AOKNT, MONTROSE :
J. M. ROBINSON, L.VKK BT., ELMIUA.
SPHERE MACHINES sew from two spools.
-I- as purchased from the store, requiring no re wind
ing of thread ; they Hem, Fell, Gather, and Sticli in a
superior style, finishing each seam by their own opera
tion, without recourse to tire hand needle, as is required
by other machines. They will do better and cheaper
sewing than a seamstress, "even if she works for one cent
an hour, and are, unquestionably. the best Machines in
the market for family sewing, ou account of their simpli
city. durability, ease of management, and adaption to all
varieties of family sewing—executing either heavy or fine
work with equal facility, and without special adjustment.
As evidence of the unquestioned superiority of their
Machines, the Grover A Baker Sewing Machine Compa
ny beg leave to respectfully refer to the following
" Having had one of Grover .V Baker's Machines in my
family for nearly a year and a half, I take pleasure ill
commending it as every way reliable for the purpose for
which it is designed—Family Sewing."— .Mrs. Joshua
lAuivitt, wife of Rev. Dr. Leavit, Editor of N. Y. Inde
" I confess myself delighted with your Sewing Machine,
which has been in my taniily for several months. It has
always been ready for duty, requiring no adjustment, and
is easily adapted to every variety of family sew ing, by
simply changing the spools of thread."— Mrs. Elizabeth
Shirk/and, wife of lie v. Dr. Strickland, Editor of
N. 1". Christian Advocate.
" After trying several good machines, 1 preferred
yours, on account of its simplicity, and the perfect ease
with which it is managed as well as the strength and du
rability of the seam. After long experience, 1 feci com
petent to speak in this manner, and to confidently recom
mend it for every variety of family sewing."— Mrs.E. 11.
Spooner, u-ife of the Editor of Brooklyn Star.
" I have used a (trover A Baker Machine for two years,
and 1 have found it adapted to ail kinds'of family sewing,
froin Cambric to Broadcloth. Garments have been worn
without the giving away of a stitch. The Machine is
easily kept in order, and easily used.— Mr*. A. B. Whip
ple, wife of Rev. Geo. Whipple, Neic York.
'• Yonr Sewing Machine has been in use in my family
the past two years, and the ladies request me to give
v<hi their testimonials to its perfect adaptness, as well a<
labor-saving qualities in the performance of family and
household sewing.— Robert Boorman, New York.
" For several months we have used Grover & Baker's
Sewing Machine, and have come to the conclusion that
every lady who desires her sewing beautifully and quickly
done, would be most fortunate in possessing one of these
reliable and indefatigable "iron needle-women," whose
combined qualities of beauty, strength and simplicity,
are invaluable.— J. W. Morris, daughter of Gen. Geo.
P. Morris, Editor of the Home Journal.
Extract of a letter from Thos. It. Leavitt, an American
gentleman, now resident in Sydney, New South Wales,
dated lanuary 12,1858 .
" I had a tent made in Melbourne, in 1853, in which
there were over three thousand yards of sewing done with
one of Grover A Baker's Machines, and a single seam of
that has outstood all the double seams sewed by sailors
with a needle and twine."
" If Homer could he called up from his murky hades.hr
would sing the advent of Grover A Baker as a' more be
nignant miracle of art than was ever Vulcan's smithy.
He would denounce midnight shirt-making as " the dire
ful spring of woes unnumbered."— Prof. North.
" I take pleasure in saying, that the Grover A Baker
Sewing Machines have more than sustained myexportation.
After trying and returning other.-,I have three of them in
operation in my different places, and, after four year's
trial, have no fault to find.— J. H. Hammond, Senator of
" Mv wife has had one of Grover A Baker's Sewing
Machines for some time, and I am satisfied it is one of
the best labor-saving-machines that has been invented. 1
take much pleasure in recommending it to the public."—
J. G. Harris, Governor of Tennessee.
" It is a beautiful thing, and puts everylsidy into an
excitement of good humor. Were I a Catholic. I should
insist upon Saints Grover A Baker having an eternal bo
!id ay in commemoration of their good deeds for humani
ty."—Cassias M. Clay.
" I think it by far the liest patent in use. This Machine
can be adapted from the finest cambric to the heaviest
cassimere. It sews stronger, faster, and more beautifully
than one ran imagine. If mine could not be replaced
money could not buy it"— Mrs. J. G. Brown, i\ashviile.
" It is speedy, very neat, and durable in its work: is
easily understood and kept in repair. learnestly recom
mend this Machine to all my acquaintances,and others."—
Mrs. M. A. Forrest, Memphis, 'lenn.
\\ e find this Machine to work to our satisfaction.and
with pleasure recommend it to the public, as we believe
the Grover A Baker to be the best Sewing Machine in
use - —Deaiy Brothers, Allison, Tenn.
" If usedj expressly fur family purposes with ordinary
care. 1 will wager they will last one '• three score years
and ten and never get out of lix. — John Erskine,Nash
" I have had your Machine for several weeks, and am
perfectly satisfied that the work it does is the best and
most beautiful that was ever made."— Maggie Aimison.
'■ I use my Machine upon coats, dressmaking, and fine
linen stitching, and the work is admirable—far better
than the best hand-sewing, or any other machine I have
ever seen."'— l.ucy B. Thompson, Nashville, Tenn.
" I find the work the strongest and most beautiful I have
ever seen, made either by hand or ma -bine, and regard
the Grover A Baker Machine as one of the greatest bless
ings to our sex-"— Mrs. Taylor, Nashville, Tenn.
" I have one of Grover A Baker's Sewing Machines in
use in my family, and find it invaluable. I can confidently
recommend it to all persons in want of a machine."—
G. T. Thompson, Nashville, Tenn.
_ " I take pleasure in certifying to the utility of the
Grover A Baker Sewing Machines." 1 have used one on al
most every description of work for month-, and I find it
much stronger and better in every respect than work done
by baud. — .Mre>. I). 1 1 . II heeler, Nashville, Tenn.
" I would be unwilling to dispose of my Grover A Baker
Machine for a large amount, could I not replace it again
at pleasure."— Mrs. H. G. Scorel, Nashville, Tenn.
" Our two Machines, purchased from you, do the work
of twenty young ladies. We with pleasure recommend
the Grover A Raker Sewing Machine to be the best in
use."— N. Stdlman Co., Memphis, Tenn.
" The Grover A Baker Sewing Machine works admira
bly. I think the stitch and work far superior to that of
any Sewing Machine I ever saw. On fine work. 1 think
the Machine would be hard to be beat."—lf. J. Davie,
Memphis, T nn.
" I find the Machine easily managed, very durable, and
take pleasure in recommending it to all who wish conve
nience, economy and pleasure."— Mrs. F. Titus, Mem
" The Grover A Baker Sewing Machines have given
such satisfaction that we cheerfully recommend them to
all who wish a good and substantial Sewing Machine. It
executes work with much care and speed, and more finely
than any other machine I have seen."— Mrs. R.B.Mitch
el, .Memphis, Tenn.
" I am happy to give my testimony in favor of GroverA
Baker's Sewing Machine, and of the perfect satisfaction it
gives in every respect. It sews neatly, and is by no means
complicated, and I prefer it to all others I have seen."
Mrs. Beyan, wife of Rev. A. M. Bryan, Memphis,
" It affords me much pleasure to say that the Machine
works well : and 1 do not hesitate to recommend it as
DOOM nine all the advantages you claim for it. My wife
is much ploa-ed with it, and we take pleasure to certify
to thii effect. — R. C. Brinkley, Memphis, Tenn.
'• It gives me pleasure to find the Grover A Baker Sew
ing Machine giving so much sati-faction. I have it in con
stant use, and find it all that could be desired. It is the
most simple and durable machine in use, and 1 heartily
recommend it."— E. M. White, Memphis, Tenn.
" Having seen, examined, and used many other kinds
of Sewing Machines, I feel tree to say that the Grover A
Baker Machines are far superior to all others in use."
M. Francois Seltz, Memphis, Tenn.
" I consider my machine invaluable, and would not
take five times its costs, if 1 could not supply its place.
With it I can do all my family sewing ill about one fourth
the time 1 could with my hands."— M. J. Scott, Nashville
*arSEND FOR A CIRCULAR."®*
A LOCAL AGENT WANTED.
( lOLLINGWOOD k LEVERICH, SUR*
YFYORS, ENGINEERS, AND DRAUGHTSMEN,
a re pared to make surveys, attend professionally as
Execute ARCHITECTURAL. TOFOGBAI'HIC, AND
MACHINE DRAWINGS, .
and transact all business connected therewith, with neat
ness. accuracy and despatch.
OFFICE with t'ollingwood Brothers, Jewelers, 13 Lake
street, ELM IRA. N. Y.
F. COLLING woo D. G. LEVKRIOH.
REFERENCES—S. Benjamin, Tracy Beadle, Elmira •
Geo. Sidney Gamp, K-q., Owego ; Judge D. Board,nan'
llhac *' Feb. 7,-18 a*.
THE subscriber continues to carry on the
Foundry business ii, Towanda, and is prepared to
do all kinds ol work in his line on short notice and in a
workmanlike manner. He will keep on hand or make to
order Plows, Stoves, Mill Irons, Sleigh Shoes, Wagon
Boxes, and any article of cast iron that may be required
Turning and fitting up work will be done on short notice
and on reasonable terms. Persons wishing to purchase
Stovds of any kiitd will find it much to their advantage
to buy at the Foundry, as they can be repaired much
cheaper. Please call and examine before purchasing else
where. Old cast iron and Grain taken *n payment—
Don't mistake the place—one door #a.-tof Mercurs Block
tfW I would also say to those having accounts stand
ing over six months, that they must be settled without
delay, and those having notes that are due will do well to
pay up and save cost. JOHN CARMAN.
Towanda, Oct. 22,1856.
NEW TIN SHOP!
THE undersigned reopectfully Informs bis friends and
the public generally, that he has opened a new
TIN WARE A SHEET IRON ESTABLISHMENT
in the Foundry, first door below Mercnr's Store, where Ji
be is prepared to conduct the business in all its various '
'1 in Ware and House Spouting of al! kinds, made to or
der, on short notice. Stoves of various styles constantly fe
for sale. I'aiticular attention paid to Jobbing. Old Iron,
Copper and Brass taken in exchange for goods.
June 1, IBS*. JOHN CARMAN.
MYER'SjVF ILLS. \
THE undersigned having purchased the above well If
known mills and attached to it a Steam Engine, and
al-o put every tiling connected with it in perfect repair ;;
with all the modern improvements now in n.se in first
• lass Flouring Mills—would respectfully solicit the pa
tronage of the community—trusting that the reputation
the mil! has heretofore home may not suffer in the hands
of the new firm. It shall be onr aim to do all work en
trusted to us promptly and in the best possible m nner.
Customers from a distance may rely upon having their
work done at once, so as to make but one trip " to mill."
Mr. FROST will continne to give bis own personal at- H
tention to the business at the mill.
CASH (>aid for all kinds of GRAIN ; also Flour. Meal
and Feed for sale at the lowest market prices.
MYER, FROST A CO.
ISAAC JfTKK J. O. FROST E. T. For.
NORTH TCWAXDA, Oct. 6,1858.
DR. G. S. PECK, Surgeon and Mochani- 3
eal Denti-d, being permanently located in Towanda. :
tenders liis professional services to its citizens. Especia
attention given to FILLING and CLEANSING DECAY
ED TEETH, also EXTRACTING and ARRANGING 3
IRREGULAR TEETH IN CHILDREN. Teeth insert f
ed on pivot; also gum and plain incorruptible teeth 1
raonnted on gold, silver, cheojilastic and Slay tons ba-c, II
from one to an entire set, in the most artistic manner 4
known to the profession.
All the above operations will be performed with a
THOROUGH PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE of his busi- S
ness. aud duty to his patient.
Office over E. T. Fox's Store, No. 1, Brick Row. En
trance, first door on Pine street.
X. B. Produce taken in part payment for dental ope
rations at its market price.
Jaly 30, 1858.
Patronize a Home Entcrprize !
A Book-Bindery in Towanda!
UJY. would respectfully announce to our friends and
the public generally, that we have connected with
our Printing Office and Book A Stationery Store, a Plain I
and Fancy BOOK-BINDERY, and* earnestly solicit the *,
patronage of all who desire anything in the line.
Having secured the services of one of the best binders i
in the United States, we flatter ourselves that we can give 1
universal satisfaction both in workmanship and price m
Therefore we present to the public the strongest assuran
ces that we are prepared to bind in a workmanlike man- ;
iter, all kinds of BOOKS, among which we may name
Bibles, Histories, Music, Magazines, Pamphlets, Periodi- 1
cals, Law and School Books, to order or pattern in
French, Italian, German and English style •in \
Velvet, Silk, Cloth, Leather and Paper.
upon the most reasonable rates, for CASH, or ready pay '||
*3~Give us a trial.
Particular attention given to re-binding Books. Ail j
work warranted to be properly executed.
** Plain and Fancy Paper Boxes made to order. -9
Jan 1, 1858. E. A. PARSONS.
BOOKS &. STATIONERY!
Jt*The attention of the public is requested to the very 1
general nd excellent assortment always on hand at the W
Vrgu Book and Stationery Store, first building north of ;J
the Ward House. Call anil examine our stock. r
MjYCITIJSTE SHOP ! |
Again in IVXotion !
THE Subscriber having purchased the above J
works, situated at the lower end of town, near the J I
Canal Basin of the Barclay Rail Road Co., (the same es-1 9
tablishnient formerly carried on by Lamoreux, Hail A |
Russell,) and having employed a competent set of work- a i
men. is now prepared to execute orders for Castings or 11
Machinery of almost any kind. He also manufactures | I
a varietv of Cook, Parlor and Office stoves. He respect-1 I
fuilys olieits a -hare of public patronage.
Towanda, Sept. 8.1858. O. D. BARTLETT. I
Hew Store! New Prices!
11. W. NOBLE,
JYo. 5, Prick How, Towanda,
WHOLESALE k RETAIL LIQUOR |
t DEALER, now offers to the public a well selected
-toek of Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Havana and Domestic ;
Cigars. Consisting in part of the following:
BR ANDlES.—Hennessey, Otard. Cognac, and Dupuy. 9
GlNS.—Holland. Rose, and Scheidam Schnapps.
RUMS.—Santa Unix. Jamaica, and New England.
WHISKEYS.—Bourbon, Scotch, Monongehala, Old
Crow, and Old Rye.
WlNES.—Chanifinigne, Claret. Sherry, Madeira, Bur
gundy, Port, Muscat, Malaga, Domestic. French cor
dials of ail brands.
CIGARS La Victoria, Washington, Light Guards,
Rio Kondo, Henry Clay, La Fontica, La Isabella, La Flor
d'Cubana. Prineipe, Vara, Principe.
TOBACCO—A good assortment of Cut, Chewing, Smo
king and Manufactured Tobacco of various brands, all of
which will be sold at the lowest prices for Cash, or to
prompt payers. All kinds of produce taken in exchange
N. B. A large lot of Jugs, Demijohns, and bottles of all
sizes for sale.
V-wanna. Feb. 22, 1859.
THE MAN that makes the TIN AND SHEET IRON
W ARE at the EAGLE WORKS, is supposed by his
admiring friends to be the best looking man. and the best
workman in Tin and Sheet iron of any man in this region
of country. Tin Ware made by him is warranted not to
leak sand. He is always on hand, like a thousand of brick,
to make work to order, or do HOUSE JOBBING,as Fare
Troughs. Conductors and Roofing, or to ,exhibit a large
STOV K S ,
For cooking with Coal or Wood.or Parior, Office or Shop
Stoves made at the above works. But if you wish to give
orders for CASTING OR M ACHIXF WORK, call at the
other end of the same establishment where you can pro
ure anything you want in the line of AGRICULTURAL
IMPLEMENTS with late improvements, such as Plows,
Cultivators, Corn Shellers, Cutting Boxes. liorse and Dog
Powers, Ac., or any kind of Casting in Brass, Iron aud I
Composition : or Machine Work and Repairing in a ueat
and workmanlike manner. CASH paid for Old Pewter
or Itrittania. O. D. BARTLETT.
Towanda, Jan. 5,1859. J
GEO. EL STINTING-,
RESPECTFULLY informs his former enstomers and '
the public generally, tkat he has removed his
To one door south of Tracy A Moore's store and imme- ■
diatcly opposite D. C. Mali's Stove and Tin Store Main it. j
_ He flatters himself that from his long experience in bo- i
siness lie will be able to please all who may favor him J
with their custom. Owing to the lotc pressure in the mo- j
ney market, he will make Coats from }2 50 to f4 50each j
and other work in proportion for READY PAY.
Country Produce in payment, will not be refused, if |
ffered. Towanda, March 20.1858. j
DUNNING dc PALXVXER,
Butter, Cheese and Lard, i
NO. 182, WASHINGTON STREET,
TB. DUNNING.their sole agent for Bradford county,
• nil! spend MONDAY of each week at Ci'LFMB
X ROADS, where he wW at all times pay the bights*
market price for BUTTER : commencing April 18.18 9-
J. B DUNNING, French Mills. I'a.
Xiiik TQXS OS PLASTER JCSTRE*
tl\A/ CKIVKD aud for sak at the store of
April 19, WM: A. ROCKWELL. ■