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Politics in Illinois.
[Correspondence of the North American and l*.S.(!azetti
CHICAGO, October 5, lie s ß. V
The political warfare in Illinois waxes hoi
tor and hotter. It may be safely n Hedged tha'
American politics never developed so close inn
heated a local contest, asjjie one now earriei
on in this State between Mr. Lincoln and Sen"
ntor Douglas, as the Representatives of thru
respective parfks, Every inch of ground, pu
sumed to lie doubtful, is contested with flu"
energy of desperation; and, hotreycr indisposed
n man may be to join either side, he caiino
escape tire influence of the pcrmfling excite
ment which permeates ull classes and all places
Outside of the State, we arc told, the contest
is watched with the utmost interest. Andthis
Is not strange, for, whichever way the beam
falls, the effect upon the politics of the whole
country will lie very decisive.
Mr. Douglas is too good a politician not to
know that, with him, it is a question of life
nnd death, and he is sparing no effort and no
expense to make Ills election sure. It is said
that bis liberality has been so munificent, and
the price paid so high, for manufactured en
thnsiasm, that lie lias been obliged to draw
largely npon his friends, and even to mortgage
estates, so that his defeat will not only make
him politically, but legally a bankrupt. Rut
however this may lie, if he is defeated, his re
bellion against the discipline of the democratic
party will not soon be forgotten Ivy his rivals;
but if successful, no man will occupy a more
commanding position in that party, or stand
more directly in the line of succession to Mr.
On the other hand, a victory of the repub
licans over their great original opponent, and
the Illinois democracy, will give the party n
prestige which cannot lie resisted, and the bat
tle in 1860 will be half fought at tlie success
fnl termination of the campaign in this State '
Both parties say they are confident of sue- ;
cess, but neither feels as much; though, after J
a careful examination of the whole field, I am
prepared to express my opinion that Lincoln
will win. The Republican S;ate Ticket will
be elected by a large majority, hut the politi
cal complexion of the Legislature is in doubt,
from the fact that a number of the old sena
tors hold over, and from the fact that the
State has not been districted since 1846.
Since that time tiie notliern and republican
sections of the State have doubled in popula
tion, while the southern and democratic [tor
tious have not increased more than fifty per
cent. But the Republicans and Americans
have, when nnited. a large majority in the
State, and the conservatism of Mr. Lincoln
gives him the almost undivided support of the
Americans, who have a controling influence in
the central comities, where the real battle
ground lies. The Republicans are also indi
rectly assisted by the Administration demo
crats, wiio, though not numerous, are sufficient
ly influential to draw votes enough from Doug
las to change the result in doubtful counties.
Mr. Buchanan has evidently set his heart on
the defeat of Senator Douglas, and ho requires
of all place-holders a cordial support of his
policy. Mr. Davidson who has been recently
removed from his office of 1". S. Marshal for
this district, was a clever, amiable gentleman;
an excellent officer, popular with the lawyers,
and with all who had business with him. But
he was half Buchanan and half Douglas, and
in ail hour of weakness he appointed some
needy Douglas men as his deputies. This ben
evolent act cost him his head. The Adminis
tration would not nccept of a divided support.
This case illnstrates the policy of Mr. Buchan
an, and the difficulty of serving two masters.
With all these elements of opposition to the
" Little Giant," his chances cannot be regard
ed as good as they might be He lias it is
true, some supporters from the republicans but
they are very few. We were not quite so
willing to forget, as some of our eastern friends
were to have us, how bitterly, up to last win
ter, he denounced us as " black republicans.,'
" disuoionists," Ac.; how he stood by, in the
Senate chamber, and saw Mr. Sumner caned;
how he justified and defended the outrages in
Kaisas; and how, as has recently been assert
ed by and proved from the record, by Senator
Trumbull, lie, (Douglas,) as chairman of the
Committee on Territories, struck out from the
Toombs Kansas bill a clause providing for
the submission of the constitution to the peo
But enough of politics. The election on
the first Tuesday iu November will soon settle
the question between the contending parties.
The important ejectment suit against the
Illinois Central Railroad Company, brought to
recover land on which their depot is located,
in this city, is now being tried before the U.
S. Circuit Court, Justice McLean presiding.
The buildings and other improvements made
by the company have cost not less than one
million dollars, and the land in question is es
timated to be worth an equal amount. Mr.
McLean of Cincinatti, son of Justice McLean,
is the managing lawyer for the plaintiff, and
Mr. Joy of Detroit for the defendants. Tiie
result of the case depends upon a question of
boundary, and the original channel of the Chi
cago river, which has been changed by harbor
improvements made by the government. Every
legal point in the ease has been contested will
great zeal by the counsel on both sides, but
they have all thus far been decided in favor of
the plaintiff. But however the case is decided
in this Court, it will lie carried up to the U.
S. Supreme Court, and, unless compromised, is
not likely to be determined for years. The
land in question was bought by the company
of the U. S. Government, hut the plaintiff
claims it under a prior grant from the govern
A S\r> Arrinnvr.—From the Republican
Banner we learn that a serious accident oc
curred at the Ladies' Riding March on the
Cortland County Fair Ground, on Thursday
of last work. Mr. and Mrs. Blancliard, of
Trnxron, were riding together around the track
at a high rate of speed, Mrs. B. on tlie inside
of the track—when her horse suddenly bolted
the traek, and threw her violently upon the
ground. In falling, her head struck against a
carriage that was standing near, filled with
persons watching the ride, and inflicted a severe
wound on the back side of her head which com
pletely stunned her. Several medical gentlemen
were near, who examined her wound, and re
ported that she was not seriously injured but
it would take some time for her to recover from
the concussion. The minors that ahe was dead
were without foundation.
MJIKV Ca-'sar was a.-kctl by Brutus how
many eggs lie had eaten for breakfast, lie an
swered—" El lu, Ernie."
" \\ IIY, Tom, my dear boy, how old yon
look !" Dare say, Bob—for the fact is, 1
never was so old iti all my life."
Burning of the Crystal Palace.
i Tb Jiew Vrk paper* Lave full part iirulnr
of the dtJstrnetio# of the Crystal Palace by lire
011 Tuesday' night. This palace was erected in
I 853 at a cost of $711,000. Other improve
ments since made swell the CO-1 to $750,000.
It has been a ruinous speculation to ;tlie stock
' holders. The association Went into banKruptcy
iii the fall or winter of 1854—John U. White
a.-.siguee. Ttie Tnues gives the following account
of the disaster :
At ten minutes after b o'clock yesterday
after noon the famous Crystal Palace, where
the Fair ofthe American Institute was being
held, took lire. There is no doubt as to the
place where tiie fire originated. It was first
seeu in what was called the " lumber room,"
comprising the entrance at the Forty second
street side, at the North nave. The lumber
room was lilted with old wooden patterns
relics of previous exhibitions—a quantity of
canvas and miscellaneous refuse, aU of a dry
md highly inflammable character. In a mo
ment the whole was in a blaze The flames
rushed up through the staircase, lighted a
thirty-one-star gas illuminator, dashed among
a quantity of paints and chemicals on the second
floor—swept around and along the nave, tnk
ing a quantity of bedding, cabinet ware and
wall paper, until they reached the edge of the
dome. In an instant one body of flame encir
cled the entire area of the dome. The heat<*d
air and the gas caused the girders to snap like
brittle glass, and in twelve minutes from the
discovery of the lire, as is determined by sever
al gentlemen who noted the fact by their
watches, the dome fell with a thundering crash
and in twenty minutes' time the roofs of these
[tortious of the building ware destroyed and fell.
An alarm was given the moment the fire was
discovered, but so rapid was its progress that
by the time firemen reached the place it was
too Into to be of service in saving the building
and its contents. The hose of several engines
was taken into the building, and water was
frec'y thrown in upon the burning mass. When
tiie roofs and walls of the outer naves fell, the
utmost caution had to be used to prevent ac
cidents among tiie immense crowd that had
assembled. Fortunately 110 one was injured by
tile tailing walls.
From the sum known to be taken at the en
trance, as well as from other means of deter
mining the fact, no fewer than 2,000 persons
arc estimated to Have been in the building
when the cry of fire arose. Of this immense
crowd, there is yet no positive evidence that
asy lost their lives. There was a rumor
that a female and her child were among the
ruins, but the story was not well authenticat
ed. A statement also prevailed that a young
man named Smith, employed iu the jewelry
department, was missing, but he turned up
safe, having saved SBOOO worth of jewelry.
A large number of persous having articles
on exhibition were present iu the building when
the tire broke out. Tiie fact that the building
was constructed of iron and glass dispelled from
from the minds of every one all apprehension
of any danger of the building being destroyed.
At first very few thought of looking after the r
goods but seeing the rapid progress of ihe
flames, many undertook to remove them. The
fire spread, however, with such astonishing
rapidity that they had hardly turned to pick
up such of their articles as were portable he
fore they were obliged to drop them and hurry
for their lives. A beautiful hose carriage, on
exhibition from Albany, was taken iu safety
out of the Fortieth street entrance. A case of
patented self cocking pistols and rifles, manu
factured by IL. S. North of I'iiiia lephia, was
taken cut as the same entrance. Two stories
prevailed as to whether the the Case contain
ing the medals to be awarded by the Institute
at the close of the Fair was removed or not. —
The total value cf these medals would be not
less than s>ooo. The articles above enumerat
ed comprise all the property saved, excepting,
as stated elsewhere, the case containing SBOOO
worth of jewelry.
An attempt was made to remove the fire
engine though the Fortieth street entrance
but the fire had gained such headway that the
man attempting the removal had to relinquish
The moment the alarm of fire was given,
Mr. Johnson, one of the managers, attempted
to get the hose into action reserved in the
building for emergency in case of fire. It was
impossible to force water through it, and
the effort to extinguish the fire in this way was
of necessity abandoned. Had this aparatus
been in working order, the conflagration un
doubtedly might have been prevented.
A feature of the Palace was the steam Cal
liope, introduced for the first time at the ex
hibition of last year. There were three of
these singular musical monsters iu the Palace.
One was placed there yesterday, and was not
quite iu working order. The other two were
iu full blast. They were placed on the platform
in the centre of the building immediately under
neath the dome, and daily discoursed music to
the great wonderment and delectation of the
visiters to the Palace. On one of the instru
ments a tunc had just been finished when the
lire broke out ; the air b}' seeming strange
fatality, being" Pop, goes the weasel.'" The
value of three instruments—they were all con
The value of the property destroyed can
scarcely lie estimated with any degree of ac
curacy. Tiie Palace was valued by the Amer
ifiiii Institute, when they essayed to by it, at
$125,000. The goods on exhibition at the Fair
and the statuary which had been left since the
World's Fair, at a low estimate, must have
been worth $225,000, making a total of SBSO,
The Herald says, all the statuary and
paintings in the Palace were, of course destroy
ed. Some of the statues were very fine, and
ranked high as works of art. The most strik
ing object in the statuary department was the
Tliorwaldsen group, which was greatly ad
mired by all the visiters to the Palace. The
figure of Christ was represented with out
stretched hands, as if in the act of blessing—
the head slightly inclined, The statues of the
Apostles stood on smaller pedestals, and were
ranged in the form of a semi circle. Kiss'
equestrian statue of the Amazon attacked by
a L:on, attracted very general attention, and
was usually surrounded by a group of persons.
It was splendid work of art, and its loss will
be regretted. An equestrian statue of Washing
ton, life-size, by Baron Marochetti. An impos
ing group and much admired colossal statue of
Daniel Webster, in marble, by Caven of Lon
don. Lion and boa constrictor in death strug
gle. Colossal group of a man struggling with
a bear—a very fine piece of statuary. In ad
dition to these were a large uuniber of life
sized busts of O Council, Moore, Father Math
ew, and Washington, 111 marble and plaster.
Together with statuettes of nymphs, dryads,
satyrs, goddesses, Ac. The group of the Lovers
going to a Well. '
p- ~ JES - - —= W - "36=
E. o. GOODRICH, EDITOR.
TO WAN D A. :
Thursday Morning, October 14, 1858.
TKUMS — One Dollar per annum, invariably in advance.—
Four weeks prrviou* la the expiration afa tnhn-rijdiem,'
nolire will be given by a printed wrapper, and if not re
.juwui, the paper will in all casts be shipped.
Cl-I'uuuv.:—The Reporter will be tail to (Jlube at the fol
lowing extremely low relet :
(I copies for |5 00 1 15 copies for. .. sl2 00
10 cupics for S 00 } 20 copies fa* . . 15 00
.ÜBVERTISENKNTS — For a square of ten line* or Ices, One
Dollar for Hirer or lr.it insertion*, and twenty-five cents
for each subscepient insertion.
FOB-WORK — Executed with accuracy and despatch, and a
reasonable prices—With every facility for doing Hooks,
lilankt, Hand bills, Bali tickets, fyc.
MONEY may be sent by mail, at our risk—enclosed in an
envelope, and properly directed, we will be responsible
for its safe delivery.
The poll in this County, on Tuesday, was
unusually light. The returns received, indicate
a majority for the State Ticket and GROW of
from 4000 to 5000 votes; for Judge WILMOT,
of nearly if not quite 4000; while the balance
of the Rupublican County Ticket will have
majorities ranging from 2500 to 5000.
Up to the time of our going to press, we
have not learned anything of the result in the
State. No returns had been received by tele
graph at Waverly, on Wednesday morning.
fisaT" The report of Mr. Varley, electrician
of the Atlantic Telegraph Company, in England
has been received at length. It states that
there is a fault of great magnitude at a distance
of between two hundred and forty five and three
hundred miles from Valentin, and it is possible
that it may be in shallow water. At this faulty
place the copper wire does not touch the wire
covering of the cable. The copper wire, itself
it continuous. It is believed that another
defect in the cable existed when it was laid
down. It is supposed the cable has been
somewhat injured by the powerful currents
that were first used upon it. It is jiossible
that some intelligent signals may yet be receiv
ed through the cable, but it is also probable
that by continuing to transmit signals the wire
will be cut asunder and the connection thus
destroyed. As the case stands, there is too
much reason to fear that the present cable will
serve no other substantial purpose than to
teach us how to make a better one.
THE LIVING ACE :—Published weekly by
Littell, Sou & Co. Boston ; and Stanford &
IXdisser, 508 Broadway, New York, is one of
the best publications of the day. Every num
ber contains s'O pages of the choicest matter,
selected from the best foreign Magazines and
Reviews—such as Chambers' Journal, Edin
burgh Review, National Magazine, Black
wood's Magazine, and many others. The num
ber for October 2 1 has, among the great varie
ty of articles, the following : A Legend of
Gibraltar, from Blackwood ; The Progress
and Spirit of Physical Science, from the E liu
lnirgh Review ; Respiration and Suffocation,
from Blackwood ; The Canon's Clock, from
Household Words ; John Foster, from the
National Magazine. 4104 pages of matter
are given in a year, which costs only six dol
lars, postage included, as the publishers an
nounce that for six dolars a year, remitted to
either of the Publishers, the Living Age will
be punctually forwarded, free of Postage.
fiSyThc first Overland Mail from California
arrived at St. Louis at 9 o'clock on Saturday
night, having left San Francisco oa the 10th
of September. The news is consequently, ten
days later than was received by the way of
Panama. The trip occupied but a little over
twenty-three days, and six passengers came
through by the stages. A large number of
prominent citizens of St. Louis assembled at
the depot on the arrival of the mail, and Mr.
BrrrERFiELn, the President of the Overland
Mail Company, was greeted with a hearty
welcome. A long procession accompanied the
mails to the Post Ofiire. "There is no news of
special importance from California. The line
of telegraph from Placervdlc to Salt Like
City had been commenced. From Fraser's
River the accounts are not encouraging. High
water still seriously interfered with mining op
erations. From Oregon, wc hear that a skir
mish had taken place betweeu a force under
Major GARNETT and the Indians, in which
Lieut. ALLEN and six Indians were killed.—
The Indians had attacked a party of miners on
the \\enatshe River, and killed one of them.
There was a painful rumor that a party under
Gen. PALMER had been massacred near Okana
gan, but it was probably unfounded.
The Chinese Treaty negotiated by Min
ister REEK arrived in Washington on Sunday,
in charge of I)r. WILLIAM N. BRADLEY, U. S.
Consul at Ningpo. It was yesterday delivered
to the State Department, together with a full
synopsis of the English Treaty, with the fea
tures of which our readers are already familiar
The document was accompanid by an autograph
letter from the Emperor of China, written in
the Chinese and the Mauchoo lauguages, on a
piece of silk two by seven feet in extent. Dr.
BIUKLIY also communicated to the State De
partment a variety of interesting news relative
to the condition of trade and other affairs in
China and India.
&ST Amount of coal shipped from Towanda
by the Barclay R. It. <jfc Coal Co.
Shipment* for the week ending October 9, 865 tons.
Previous Shipments since July 14 lo,:i7 tons.
Amount .Shipped for the <ea50n,.,...........1 I,SJ2 tons.'
| Afar* A correspondent of the New York
' Herald writing from San Antonio under date
SeptemberSUi, sujs Captain Pope lias
abandoned his explorations for watc* by means
of artesian wells,' and received orders to return
to his legitimate" duty. The entire expedition
has-proved a failure, and the appropriation
being expended, probably no more experiments
will at present be made, it wns found impos
sible to get water within 180 feet of the sur
face of the ground. Most of the explorations
were made at such a distance from the travel
led routes that the water, if found, would have
been miles out of the way. The people of this
region are remarkably practical, and soon j>er
ceived that an immense amount of humbug was
connected with the artesian well expedition."
CAMELS ON TUK PLAINS. —The same 'corres
pondent, in the same letter says : '• The camels
; owned by government, to the ntwnber of forty
-1 nine, arc at Camp Verde, 00 miles from this
I city. Only one has died, and there are ten
natives of the soil—-Texas camels—healthy,
and in every respect equal to their" illustrious
predecessors" at the same age. The question
of their living in this country is solved tri
umphantly. They seem to thrive better than
on their native deserts. There is a wide differ
ence of opinion as to their utility on the plains.
By some mules are prefered—a few like the
camels. Gen. Twiggs is a decided anti-camel
man, and expresses his opinion very forcibly."
Jfejjr Eleven lives were lost by the explosion
of the boilers of the freight-steamer Her cults
on the St. Lawrence River, eighteen miles
below Ogdensburg, on Saturday morning.—
The Hercules was owned in Kingstou C. W.,
and was nearly new.
TITAX-KSGIVING RAY. —The Governor of New
Hampshire has appointed Thursday. November
25th, as a day of Thanksgiving. It is the lir.-t
appointment made this year, and the dav
selected will doubtless be generally chosen by
COL. FORNEY made another strong speech,at
Germautown, Penn., on Friday. He anato
mized the President after this fashion :
Mr. Senator BROWN, of Mississippi, in ad
dressing the people of that State a few weeks
ago, took occasion to refer to a private conver
sation which he had had with Mr. BUCHANAN*.
i It is a most extraordinary fact, by the way,
i that nobody is denounced for repeating a pri
vate conversation concerning a public qnestion,
unless it be a Northern man. [Langhter and
applause.] The purport of this private conver
sation upon a public matter was, that the Pre
sident had assured him that he wonld remove
all men from office who did not accept the En
glish bill as a finality on the Kansas question.
Mr. BKOWN, in referring to this, remarked: "1
regarded Mr. BUCHANAN* as a little weak in
| the back, but I intended to hold him to the
| issue." lam not here to disctiss a qnestion of
; anatomy —to determine whether Mr. BUCHAN
t AN is weak in the back, or whether lie is weak
i in the knees, (as a distinguished Senator from
Pennsylvania said on one occasion ;) or wheth
i er he is weak in the head, [laughter;]or wlieth
er he is weak in the heart. All that I wish to
say is, that 1 demand that the same rule which
applies to the North, in reference to the dis-
I tribution of patronage,shall apply to the South.
When Mr. Buchanan was elected President of
the United States, he caused it to be announ
ced throughout the land that he wonld allow
no man to remain in office more than four
years ; that any man who had been in office
: for R longer period must give place to another.
This was so well understood as the policy of
the President that men who had been in office
three years and a half prepared to retire at the
end of six months. What was the course of
the South ? When they discovered that this
rule had been adopted they demanded of the
President that he shonld make an exception in
their favor. They said : "We deny this doc
trine ; we decline to submit to this rule." And
Mr. BUCHANAN yielded !
TIIK CASE OK IRA STOUT. —AII efforts to save
IRA STOUT from execution, for the murder of
CIIARLKS \\ . LITTLES at Rochester, seem to be
unavailing. The individual Judges of the Su
preme Court have in turn been applied to by
STOUT'S counsel, and in turn have refused to
grant a writ of error. The last adverse opinion
is that of Judge STRING, published in the Ro
chester papers of Saturday. The Democrat
This decides the question of the fate of the
condemned, so far us counsel and the Courts
are concerned. Mr. POMEROY, who has defend
ed his unfortunate client with consummate abil
ity, and abandoned his cause only when there
is no further hope of obtaining a second trial,
inimatcs to ns that lie now considers his whole'
duty performed in the premises, and will inter
pose no further efforts to stay the execution of
the dread sentence, which condemns the mur
derer to a felon's death on the gallows, on the
22d of this month. We are glad to be able
to state that the prisoner, whose days ure so
nearly numbered, is now in a frame of mind
which in some degree fits him for the awful
An a'tempt to get up a public demonstra
tion of sympathy with the murderer, made in
Rochester on Monday, under the guise of an
Anti-Capital Punishment meeting, fell through
and failed lamentably. The principal person
age in the meeting was that famous strong
minded female, SUSAN B. ANTHONY, who no
minated FRED. DOUGLAS for the presiding offi
cer, and then the demonstration was a row.
SEVERE COURTING.— Last Saturday night a
week, a spruce young fellow from somewhere
about Qnincy, Pa., went to Port Providence
to pay his devoirs to his dulciuea. It appears in
their long and tedious courting they fell asleep.
The mahogany table, on which the candle was
was left burning, took tire, and was considera
bly injured before tliey awoke. Youug folks,
take advice, and do not prolong your sitting
to an unreasonable hour. Let your courtship
be short and sweet.
T)o you SUFFER after eating, or from acidity 1
of the stomach, heart burn, water bash, wind,
burning sensation, or indigestion ? Immediate
relief cau be obtained by using the Oxygenated 1
[From the Philadelphia Press.]
Waifs from the Deep.
On Monday the Norwegian bark Cdlhriua
arrived at Qlebec with fifteen of the passen
jrgrs and 1 seven of the crew of the bufiifdjste#-'
mcr .\us/ruiu These arc additional lope six
ty-seven already rescued, and make a. total of
eighty nine. None of the missing I'hiladelplii
aiis are among these further arrivals. A young
girl Of M years otd is among fhe rescued, and
it was hoj>ed that she might he one of the
daughters of Mrs. VEZIN, hut the difference of
age is against this conclusion.
A curious circumstance connected with the
unliHjipy losses which all so greatly feel and
deplore, Ts the " hoping against hope " which
some of theuurviving relatives entertain. The
wife of Mr. THEODORE GEROCK, of Baltimore,
is now visiting her relatives in Philadelphia,
and while they have no doubt of bis loss, she
lias a deep conviction that he is not dead. Ei
ther lie was not on hoard th e Austria, (though
he wrote to her that he had actually paid for
his passage,) or, if he was, then he must have
been among the few who were rescued. It may
be within the knowledge of many of our readers
that a clergyman of this city was among those
who left for Europe in the ill-fated President,
and was never again heard of.
His wife, who remained in Philadelphia,and
was deeply attached 10 him, never did, because
she never would believe that he was lost to her
Eighteen years have passed away, and yet that
trusting lady—we cannot speak of her as wife,
and she repudiates the name of widow —con
tinues to expect his return. Every day a co
ver is placed for him at the table, where still
stands his accustomed chair. Every ring at
the bell, we are informed, awakens the cher
ished convictions of her heart that her loved
one will return.
We await further accounts of the loss of the
Austria from the survivors whom the Mavrirt
carried away to Fayal. Bnt they can add lit
tle information to what we already possess—
that great carelessness was the proximate cause
of the catastrophe, and that the captain, offi
cers, and crew, exhibited great alacrity in their
endeavors to save—themselves.
THE PARAGUAY EXPEDITION'. —This expedi
tion will be composed of sixteen vessels, carry
ing '205 guns, and a land and naval force of
2,800 men and officers. Judge Bowlin is to
accompany the expedition, to try first the pow
ers of peaceful persuasion ; if these fail, the
stronger argument of force will probably bring
President Lopez to his senses. In all proba
-1 bility the first, backed by the presence of the
I means to apply the second, will be sufficient for
the purpose. Two thousand well appointed
men turned braggat Brighara Young from a
lire-eating hero to a pusilanimous craven, afraid
to go abroad in daylight without au anneil
guard. Lopez, it is said, has been asking "Why
the armed force of the United States did not
come ?" When he sees, the probability is that
lie will not be desirous that it shall remain too
loner, and hence he may be better inclined to
yield to reason, and render the justice that he
has so loner deferred. The firing upon the
Water Witch, a United States vessel, while
she was peacefully surveying the Parana, was
an outrage the reparation for Which, though
long delayed,is still due. Citizens of the Unit
ed States, al-o, who were established in busi
ness in Paraguay, have had their property seiz
ed and taken from them, and have otherwise
been treated by the authorities in an insulting
and arbitrary manner, which requires redress.
President Buchanan called the attention of
Congress to these facts, and also showed that
President Lopez had, on very frivolous preten
ces, declining to ratify a treaty which would
have better seenred American rights in Para
guay. Congress thought the facts justified
force, and if negotiation now fail, force will
certainly be used.
COUNTERFEITING EXTRAORDINARY HY A TURK
ISH L.vnv.—The Turkish counsel at New York
has informed the police authorities that he had
received a despatch from the Ottoman govern
ment, through the Turkish Minister at London,
stating that a Mrs. Savasti had becu arrested
at Constantinople fur passing counterfeit mo
ney, which had been printed in New York. In
her trunk was found 700,000 " caiiues " (piece
of paper money valued at 20 piasters each.)
Mayor Tiemaiiu immediately had the printer,
Win. L. Harrison, arrested. Piles of the
Turkish counterfeit money were found upon the
shelves. Mr. 11. was at first greatly astonish
ed at the apparition of the police. From his
explanations it became evident that he was en
tirely unaware of the true character of the job
he had doue for the Turkish lady, lie said
that lie recollected her calling on him about
the Ist of July under the uame of Madame
Zaifiuan, and engaged him to print a large
quantity of what appeared to be l ibels, at $1
per 1000, exclusive of the cost of dies and en
graving. She paid him $17(56 in cash, and a
note for S3OO in payment for the job. On the
-3d of July, she had the " labels " transfercd
to the Astor House, and that was the last lie
saw of her. He had not the slighest suspicion
that what she called " labels were pieces of
CHINA. —The advices from Canton bv the
last European arrivals show a vcrv bad feeling
existing between the Chinese and their conque
rors. An officer serving at Canton describes
several attacks made upon the soldiers when in
detached parties, and their frequent assassina
tion. The Chinese, it nppears, dig the graves
of the guards and then stealthily fall upon and
kill them, cutting off their heads and carrying
them away. At Ilong Kong a document was
in circulation entitled " Rules and regulations
for the detection and punishment of traitors,"
which lias greatly alarmed the Chinese in the
employ of foreign merchants and residents, and
had caused many of them to leave the place.
The document advises the seizure and punish
ment of ail such employees who remain in such
service after a given day. These manifestoes
are circulated all over Canton, vowing ven
geance against the French and English, " who
have scaled the walls of the city, and burned
not less than ten thousand houses and shops,
robbed the people of their properties, polluted
the women, pulled down houses, and destroyed
TORACCO IN THE CONNECTICUT YAI.IEY. —
The tobacco crop in the Connecticut valley is
unusually promising this year. Farmers arc
now engaged in cutting it. This crop is an
important featnro of agriculture in the Con
necticut river valley, and ti c business lias been
created within a few years. Farmers who nn
derstand its cultivation make it more remunera
tive than any other crop. About 1,500 pounds
to the acre is the average yield of tobacco in
U onnecticiit, and ten or twelve cents iter pound
the price of the leaf.
Later from Pike's Peak
The news from the Kansas -old ~ •
crtolieM W ever. The Leavenw ,IT'V ?
of the 28<Mult. says that a Mr *,'!■' '
rived in that city from the gold di'r •
Gold was overyu h- ;v, but i,.,*
cessible or plentiful to pay for <Jj ~7 '
James Miller, who is said to have~"r i!r
Cherokee country last spring a f
of fifty live, has prospected the entire^'- 1
triet, and crossed over into New Me : '
too, is convinced that that no p a yi n J " C "
can be found, and that most of the ,7,,,
disheartened and about leaving the,
On the other hand, the Kansas < 7, r .
ml of Cow me ret of Lite 2fiih say* u "
John Horton, welt-known and reliably* *
man of that place arrived there on V<
ult., having left Fort Laramie '
bringing interesting and important nnr-\
the gold mines of the Arkansas, p .7
and Flu rry Creek. Mr. Horto'n .
the Indian traders about the fort, ,'„7 '' '•
vicinity of Deer Creek," were reui .u / 7
goods to the mines ; that he saw at t ; '
Mr. Jackson, who had several h md - '
wortii of dust ; that the mines were , r
vided with breadstuff's, not over u!, V "
supplies being ou baud. They were a!
tit lite of mining tools. Picks and *[,,-7 '
worth their weight in gold—in fact t
not be had at any price. There was
rocker in the mine*, and n 0 sheet inr, ,
which to make riddles.
Mr. llortou adds that a Mr. Benjamin (
more is now coming in, and will h e •
eight or ten days, bringing SoOOof the •
which he obtained in about two week-
any tools ; that there are now abonttw. "
dred and eighty „men in the mines.
whom are engaged in prospecting Chorrr i -
and in the vicinity of the Medicine U,'. *
that seven men worked two weeks and 7
SSOO, with nothing but pans.
Statements more contradictory than th,
from apparently equally well-informed
can hardly be imagined. The weight of 77
mony, we incline to think, goes toconfir ■
early reports of gold and the views enter;.
Ed by Gov. Denver.
Argument before the Supreme Court
The question of the constitutionality of the,
of the canals to the Suubury and Eire R.
road Campany, came up before the 8u
Court, holding its session at this plate 7
\\ eduesday lost. Ihe Judges were mi
viz:—Chief Justice Lowrie aud Justices IV ,7
ward, Strong, Thompson and Port r. T.<
questioi to test the constitutionality of
was brought before the court in the Latere#'
a case to enforce specific performance of
tract. Mr. Cooper had agreed to pur-c.7
SIOO,OOO worth of the bonds of the eom>, v
I which he refused to take until this qjf7
I was decided. Charles Gibbons, Esq., St G
I Tucker Campbell, Esq., of Philadelphia, .
Judge Knox, Attorney General of IVnnwc,
nia, appeared for the Suubury and Erie Com
pany. Judge Black, Attorney General of:
United States, and VVm. L. llirst, of Phitadfi
phia, were the counsel opposed to the sate—
j The ease was opened by Air. Gihlvons isj
strong argument, justifying the sale—conten
ding that the price was fullv equal to the vC.?
of the public woiks in the hands of the State,
and that; the proper time to object, if object :.j
could be made, had gone by.
Mr. Gibbons was followed bv Mr. MeCil
mont, who appeared in behalf of Judge 15!
who could not leave Washington, ami a-w.
permission to read the written argument of tit
learned Judge to the court, which wa- <rri:'
The Judge's argument was a snvy, ml
written document, interspersed with -ar-asra*.
quotations aud oddities, lacking somewhat B
dignity and also in respect to the co-eniinilt
brandies of the government —so niucli so tbi
Chief Justice Lowrie took occasion to sat,
when Judge Knox, renlicd that he w <nld
j have permitted it to be read, had he k:i hi it
; contents. The Judge stated, among orhr
tilings, that many members of the l.eg - ts>
were, no doubt, ignorant of the chariftr i
the bill, others, he was constrained to
IVm. L. Hirst, Esq., followed on thes®
side. His speech was able and ingeni'OCS-
The point on which hp principally relied.
| the subscription of $500,000 to the i
j tlie Allegheny Valley road, which heeonf
was a worthless corporation, and was a o.'
tlie sale of the works, lessening the pritt
Judge Knox concluded the argument
part of the commonwealth, contend igf r "
validity and constitutionality of the sab Hi
argument was able and convincing. He '*
as we thought, most successfully, the point-*
objection raised by the opposite conn-
Campbell took no part in tlie discus-ion. 7
was suffering from an injury to his eye. can
by a spark from a locomotive, coming to w
plase. The case is held under advist'ooot"
At the Methodist PasnnagP, on il:c Ttii 1 7
A. DePew. Mr. W'IIJJAtT HI.SHREK ~
ftiul Mi*.- AMELIA, el.lwt, <l::ugbU-rot
Uroitk, 6f North Towanni.i, Pa.
In Miiin-'i'.irg, 0 tuber 3d, bv Key. J. H. K—• ' '
I.AN*. TIION 1.. IIUKHAIiP. of -
MAKTHA L. KOS?i, of Bnrltnatiin.
At tlio hoo*f of thi> briilo'-i fatlirr. In , ,
Cth, l.y Kcv. Tu WUliami, Mr. MAlti lN' '.
Biuliuittuu, to JE.v, UAttIUKI I- *
rpOWANPA A BURLINGTON PI
; L ROAD COMPANY.—TIie nr
Stocklmitl.TS of * iid < 'ompimy for the el.s ti-n
anil tlie transaeti'in of suek . tlier li.i.-.t.e- a- . .
quired, will he held at the offi.-o of W:n, U- '•
TO WAN DA. ON MONDAY TIK- I-T AI.V of X( ,N 1 ■
next, lietivecu the h >urs uf Hi ami 1- •>'> ■ " v
Twrttft, Oct. 13. ft. s. U' 1
Misses amrriw A PARK.
BEG leave to invite your early at r
to their new shirk jtwt rei eivid r "ii"'' ~0
-tyiq* IkanucV-ltibUins, Silks, Satins, \ ■ I ...
with a carefully eylecteil assurtiu" ut F''
Floweru. !iT *
Tkani'ut far pu-t patronajre heretofir.- !■" '''
totveil, they tvniild re-pccUuiiy : ■'■
the same. " Qfbberj
•aepgfeN SiTIIAYKD l'e,ua the -s.i -ri *'
d i bmongh, H-l-w V,. it " ,"•
.-~ZL4li.Wth ult.. a III.AUK t'OV,. v " .ret!
iti h.-r ta> e. ttlx.ut -even y*tr- ohl Any U
iufotui.ii.iuii where said cow may buiuuu.l,
rally rewnnhnt. " , r , \V,D'
Towamla, OFT. 6. ISJM. 1 HO.M
'AUTlON.—Whereas my wdc, u'; •
' lists left inyiiej amVl)".ei wit'e tj • i:i , . :
entinii. this is hereby to forhi.l ail ver-" n ~ _ 0 ,
trusting her. uu my aucumit, as i -ball I 1"'
lier eo.ittractiug .Utet'this <hit.'. ~ ir ilil^U
West Bnrltiijyton, Oct. 3, ''
MAT LI;, SCG A LI - A Y
Mitrch 25, lsjS. '