Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, February 11, 1858, Image 1

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I Jbars&an illorninn, Jcbinani 11, IS3B.
| .Stlctltb Upodrn.
'Tvi- >anday nidit iu Podank valley,
In i-lear. eold. wintry weather,
josiab Perkins ani bis ally
Nit by the tire together.
"Tras no new-fashioned iron case,
With fancy work adorning.
But a real old-fa-tunned fire-place,
On purpose made f<r warming.
Tte era king wood in cheerful blaze
Around the room was throwing
p.- best and light in ruddy rays,
/£:: And en their faces glowing.
The apples by the chimney rug
Were slowly getting warmer.
The eider iu the pewter mug
Was bubbling in the corner.
T.icir loving forms supporting :
*T is made of s*as.)nei white pine- wood ;
Aud j.;-t the thing for courting.
A: re end Sally stm-k like piti-h,
p W.-.lie Josiah seemed to fear h r ;
But after a while he gave a hitch,
And got a little nearer.
She oast her eyes down—looked quite tame.
Thi :h very-weetly Mu-hing ;
| While all the bio d in dosh's frame
St nied to his face a-gushing.
Ft hit bed again and got quite near —
He could not then re-i-t her ;
fie called her his own Sally dear,
? Then bashfully he kissed her.
•• tr. d gracious!" she gave a -tart fr-m him.
Her anger d:dn<>t stn-sther—
* •: si'd •' if yon do that aguin.
Now, J -h. I'll tell my in >ther."
Ti.ey - >or. made up, a:.J .-he caxe back.
A:: i t..iimed her agitation ;
When la-t 1 -aw them through the era. k
T> -1 wrrr kis-ing like tarnation.
History of Tobacco.
Azes before the discovery of America, the
I t;T,o? ::i some parts of this continent hnd
-.: i!o seek sensuous gratification in ehew-
I au.i-locking Tobacco: and the evidence
I : the employment of this narcotic, furnisiicd
■ I :> U5 of pipe-making found among the
I M ci :r.i>es, to a tH'riiJti long anterior to
■ ; i'. rt 0 i Li- arrival at Cuba, Coiumbus
I k :..i for the first time the Strang" phcuotae
■ c! t .niii drawing Tobacco smoke into his
Ic." i • ugh a buruing cigar. 11-rnaudez
I :c 1 leslo -Oi>a alter introduced the plant into
I- . . 1 Portugal •' t •..: • Nicot at U r vbom
• ' i;t has been named sent tlie to
I F"i:..e .ibout the year loGO. r Francis
I I'hii •. c ; re'arning to England with the Vir-
I „• j. >l) :.s:sin 158G, introdaced there the
8 - • t article and al>out the year
I ' Saute ye i
I. -;" from Fran.-e to Italy. From these
--prcaj rapiuly over almost the whole
•? inhabited jKtrtions of the gic!.<e
F„e p mt is now cultivated and used
' the whole extent of tne United
I " - - New Rr.: 1 n ■ k. M \i o, the
I • Coast *:. i SfMßtsh .Mrln. t'uba. St.
- - i). Trinidad, Turkey, l'cr'a. India,
■ Aastrm, the I'aii: pine Islands, laj>ar.
f A'geria. the Canary Islands, ami the
l:s u— was first opposed, then tok-ratcd,
■ ;*t! f") >raced, and n iaHy eulogiz -d Dr.
<|l ♦*:- r-aunts : " It lias been saccessfullv op
f H "rd 2..; commended l y plt vsictans : om-
I - i d triagM by {rieMi and* ;
Hi r.oed and protected by
: H K. ig Jamcj the first of England, an t his
1 " ' Cuaries prohibited its n*e under se-
I penalties Elizaiieth nublis'Mnl an
11 ■ -'• -i-'• *t its use. In 1593* r*.'iah Abbas
■ '- i s use iu I'er-ii. by [>enal statute*
s H 1 L"n>au VIII. exjommuuicatetl *tiutT
■ who defiled St Piter's Church by tak-
I -* - i within its walls. In 1 H.vJ, as*. vere
• I
H i- 'm the canton of Apponxel. In Ru*-
H . . the saiiK' time, the (teawlty of death
I v a:tn i agaiu.-t tne offence of Tobacco
• iz while tliose who smoked were con-
H . -e: :o have tdeir uoses cut off. In 1690,
<■ " I wnt Nil. renewed tiie bull of Pope
. 1T24. BlMfikt XIV.. bavin?
I ~* - mff-t:<ker h:nself. rtjvairai the edict.
about tbe same time. 1690.
1 - <i caught iu tbe indecent art of smok
■ - lot ted in ridicule through the
■ - sealed on an ass. bi* face directed to-
T -" Joi-aal's tail, aad a iipe transfixed
.\ t I . 1 ' countries, men, women, and even
j,r I _ ' :f " a s:e addicted to smoking. Iu Cam
sr | w 7 fo -ire told, it L- cocnnKwi for children
"' tee years of age to cigar*.—
h -as that tbe Sand wich Islands
' '.n -moke before tbey iearu to
* 4 : thai me adult* frequently fail
\ "* - ; from the excessive in-iulgence
India, all ciassoa aad Injih sex
ff t? *-- In UlndiNM, boys of foartnen
< I ■'•a- o excess;rely, in tbe Barman Em
c v u. m, jwne* and females smoke incessantly,
. . iufauts have the iighted pipe put
: taouUiS occnsion&liy by their smokiosr
j a - In China young girls wear, as an
Tr to their daily dress,
at* poc-tct to carry a pipe and toivacco.—
Amenea, both sexes use Tobacco.
a *ouiao art daily sees pu£:< cigars
i <*' r rrt ; and in Paraguay we " fair sex"
every day by chewing,
smoke a large portion of their
1 t tyncii and Sparnxh smoke t great
* "jK T coosamo uomtaae qoan-
Wad in stuffing,
y. :a the Uinted States as err To
bacco is raised aud consumed in proportion
than any otber country. Most of the foreign
population of this country are inveterate smo
kers * and a large and increasing proportion of
the natives, particularly great boys and small
yoang men, are addicted to the geueral folly.
SAM PATCH. —We find in an old paper the
following account of the last leap of the fa
mous and fool-hardy Sam Patch, who lost his
life in jumping over the Gennesee Falls at
Rochester, New York. It will be remember
ed that he had leaped off the Geuuesee Falls,
and also at Niagara.
His last leap was taken November 13. 1829,
This singular and presumptuous being has in
deed made his "Inst jump." Friday (13th
inst.,) at the hour appointed, in handbills
which had been previous circulated, headed.
" Sam's I/ast Jump,'' the banks of the river on
each side below the falls, for nearly half a
mile were crowded with spectators. Sam ap
peared amid the shouts and hurrahs of the ex
pectant assemblage. A stage had been erect
ed twenty feet higher than the brink of the
precipice, making the height about 120 feet,
from which he was to leap. He had before
jumped the precipice without injury, and
now determined to prove by experiment, (in
his own language,') that some things can be
done as well as others, ascended the sta>_rc and
was again greeted by the cheer* of spectator*.
Sum addressed those immediately below for a
few moments in a language that seemed to say
he half anticipated the re*u!t of Li* rashness.
After adjustiug his dress, he bowed to the
to the vast assemblage on either side cf the un
enviable station, then o:i the other, and delib
erately leaped <>ff. was h*r a moment iu mid-air,
and then engnlphed in tiie abyss beneath.—
We stood near where he struck, and for a mo
ment after he left the stage, heard not a word.
Every heart bvat with a dread suspense, and
every eye was strained to behold his rising ;
but they saw him not. for the water still eu
gulphed its victim. At length when not a
wave or sign gave further cue to hope, the
half-formed shout of joy died in'o breathing
murmurs of " He's dead !" " He's gone !" and
in a moment the vast crowd knew full weii its
truth, and turned half aside to cooct al the hor
ror that they felt. FLLS has Sam Patch, who
lmd rashly, but till now uninjured, sported
with the law of nature, given us an example
that vain and mortal man may not trifle with
bounds prescribed by an omnipotent God.—
The body has not yet been found.— G\n.
LlFE. —Life bears on us like a stream or
m'ghty river Our boat at first glides down
the narrow chrome!—through the playful mnr
muring of the little grassy borders. The
tree* shed their blossoms over our young
heads : we are happy in hope, and we gra-p
eagerly at the beauti'n! around us, bnt the
stream hnrriv.* on. and still our hands arc cmp
ty. Oar course in youth and manhood is
a! -ng a wilder and deeper flood, and amid ob
jects more -trkirg and magnificent. We are
animated at the moving pictures and the en
joyment and industry passing ns ; we ure ex
cited at some short lived disappointment
The stream boars u* o:i. and our joys and
grief* are a'ike left behind u* We may be
shipwrecked, we cannot be delayed—whether
rough or smooth, the river hastens to its home
tdl the roar of the ocan is in on: ear*, aud
the tossing of the wave* is beneath our feet,
ai d the land lessens from onr eye*, and we
tak our leave of earth, and its inhabitants,
until of further royage there is no witness save
the Infinite and the Eternal. — Hrbc.
test anecdote we Lave seen j? the following,
illustrative of the manner in which the cele
brated preacher, Spotgooe, in Load oa. alt facte
attention. Uj>on the occasion, he tu.d the as
sembled multitude that "he " way to hell was
smooth and easy, I ke this," and straightway
opened he pulpit door, put Li* foot over the
bamigtcr, and ?Ld down, a* you Lae seen
little boys do. lie then tap;*ed for u mo
ment. and said, bat ine way to heaven is
hi: !, like this." at, 1 pulled himself up again,
which was rather dt3i alt ; but the co lgrega
tion received this practical illustration with
great applause
J. Q. ADAMS AND HIS BIB.F. —In a letter to
his -o:i in is! 1. he says: I have for many years
ma ie it a t<> read through the Bible
once everv year. My eastern stor a 1 four
or five cLaptei* every morning, immediately af
tr rising from my bed. It employ* a' out an
hour of mv time, and seem* to me toe most suit
able manner ot beginning the day. In what
soever light we regard the Rtbie. whether with
reference to revelat.on. to history, or to mora
lity. it is an invaluable ami inexhaustible mine
of kuowieti.-e and virtoe.
MAX WCH-HT RBUGIOV. —Religion isthe tie
that connect* man witii his Creator, and fcelds
him to his throne. If that tie is sundt?red or
broken, he floats away a useless atom in the
universe, its proper attraction all gone. i:s des
tiny thwarted, and it* future nothing bat dark
ness. desolation and death.
frjy Sheridan was once taken ill ia conse
quence o f a fortuigHt's contiuued dialog cut
a:sd dissipation. He sent for Dr. Ileberden,
who prescribed rigid abstinence ; and. calling
again aeon afterwards, asked his pat .eat if he
was aUeudicg to that advice. The answer
being affirmative —" Right," said the doctor.
** 'tis the only way to secure you length of
days." "I do not doubt it," said Sheridan.
M for these last three days ricce I began have
been the longest to me in my life."
OWED jo Lax OVTTFTT.— Greea tfcy waters,
green as bMtio glass, behold 'em stretched
that ; fiae Mnskaloages and Oswego baas, w
chiedy ketched thar. Waost the red Injoas
thar took their deiighta. fished, fit mod bled ;
now most of the iahabitaat* te whites, with
i nary red
Western Eloquence.
" GenUemen of the jury," said a western
lawyer, "it ie with feelings of no ordinary
corarnotion that I rise to defend my injured
client from the attacks which have been made
on his heretofore unapproachable character.
I feel, gentlemen, that though a great deal
smarter than any of yon, eFeu the Judge him
self, yet I am utterly incompetent to present
this case in that magnanimous and heart rend
ing light which its importance demands ; and
I tm*t, gentlemen, that whatever I lack in
presenting the subject, will be immediately
made up by your good seuse and discernment,
if you have got any.
" The counsel for the prosecution, gentle
men. will undoubtedly heave dust in your eyes.
He will tell yon that his client is pre-eminent
ly a man of function—that he is a man of un
doubted ond implacable voracity—that he
would scorn to fotcli an action against anoth
er merely to gratify his own corporeity ; bat,
gentlemen, let me cauticnate you how to rely
upon such spacious reasoning like this.
self, apprehend that this suit has been wilful
ly and maliciously focht, gentlemen, for the
sole and only purpose of browbeating mv cli
ent here, and in an eminent manner griuding
the face of the poor ; and I apprehend, also,
if yoa conld bat look into that man's heart,
and read there the motives that have impelled
him to fotcli this suit, such a picture of moral
turpentine and heartfelt gratitude would be
br Might to light as has never before been ex
hibited since the Falls of Niagara.
" Now, gentlemen, I want to make a bril
liant appeal to the kind si nt me tries of your
nater. and see if I can't warp your judgment
a little in favor of my unfortunate client here,
and then I shall fotcli my argument to a close.
" Here, gentlemen, i a poor man with a
numerous wife and child, depending upon him
for their daily breed and butter, wantonly
fetched np here and arranged before an intel
lectual jury on the charge of igoominiouriy
hooking—yes, hooking, six quarts of new ci
der. You, gentlemen, have been placed in
the same situation, and I humbly calculate
that you will not permit the gushings of your
sympathizing hearts to be squeuched in the
bud by tie surruptious ami surrogating argu
guments of my ignorant oppouent on the other
" The law eXpre**ly declares, gentlemen, in
the beautiful word* of Shak*peare, that where
no doubt exists of the guilt of the prisoner, it
is your duty to lean norm the side of justice
and fotch him iu innocent. If you keep this
fact in view in the case of my client, gentle
men, you will have the honor of making a
friend of him and all his relations, and yoa
can allers look upon this occasion and reflect
with pleasure that you did as you would have
been done by : but if, on the other hand, you
disregard this great principle of law, and set
r.t r.cnght my eloquent remarks, and fotch him
in guilty, the silent twitches of conscience will
follow you over every fa r cornfield, I reckon,
and my injured and down-trodden client will
he trtetty apt to light on you some of these
nights, as my cat lights OJ a sarcer of new
Tne AGE OR OCK RACE —The surface of the
earth, to the depth of some or ter. miles i*
composed of rocks. Thee rocks are full of
the remains of animals aud plant*. Thirty
thousand species of them, which diff-r from
any living species,have been disenterred, yet no
human remains were found among them tints!
the loose soil—alluvium—is reached, which
soil is universally acknowledged to !>eof recent
origin. Tite reman* of o'lter animals are
found several thousand feet tK-low tie? surface,
while the fosil remain* of man have never
ieen found so low as one hundred feet below
the surface. Rut if man had in existence
when th>se other animals lived, whose remains
are found at such depths. h ; * remains would
have also been found there : for his bones arc
of the *ame structure a* theirs, and consequent
ly no less likely to re*i*t destruction.
Cn.\xr avr Kv .—The Siamese twin? were
taken down to Louisville the other day to I>e
shown there. The ibovilM the had charge
.'f them gave the conductor but one ticket for
the two The eoudoctc-r demanded two tiek
e*s. r.s they were two persons. He replied
•hat they never jet had 1 .ought more than cue.
Condnctnr must have another. Said the show
man. "I b mght the ticket tor Eng. Chang
can take care of hin-df : you can pat him off
the car- " A-{Chang could not go off without
Eng. whose ticket was paid for, the cocdactor
sn!'ir ? t'ed with as good grace as he could
Cindnsiii Guztile.
fcg" Mistress—Net going to remain in a sit
uation any longer ! Why, yoa foolish thing,
what are yon going to do then ? Eliza.—
Why, to a am, you see oar fortune teller says
that two young noblemen is a going to marry
us. so there's no caii to remain in no situations
no more !
Rp*r~c? WOVAX. —Nothing sets so
wide a mark between a vulgar arri a noble
soul, a? tbe respect and reverential loTe of
woman kind. A man who is always sneering
at a woman, is generally a course profligate,
or a coarse bigkvt.
*g-Pr. Johnson said cf female preaching :
" People flock to Lear a woman preach ; not
because she preaches well, bat te cause she
preaches any how. Just as they go to see a
dog walk on bis hind legs, though be doea not
walk on them near so we'd a* a mam"
Bar An hairst n? it believed wiliest an
oetb, for kk reputation swears for Lim.
t*y The true love of God casaot eawt
without meting as lovers of men.
j 4 ggr ETi Cook, in her journal says that
i they who are booest orfr brrto* honesty is
I 'be best pobey. are half war to beii*| rarces
In tbe Houie, January 2S, IS.W.
Mr. HICKMAN. I should not have sought
the floor at this time, but for the fact that si
lence would leave mv views liable to an un
pleasant mis-construction. I was an early,
earnest, and sincere advocate of Mr. Buchan
an's election to the Presidency of the United j
State*, believing that his elevation would large
ly promote the present peace and lasting wel
fare of my country. His life had been a pub
; lie one. and his character was that of an edu
cated statesman and a just man. I esteemed
him as eminently worthy of the largest confi
• dence ami warmest regard of the American
people, as I could not doubt his Administra
j tion would alike reflect his wisdom, experience, !
and nice appreciation of justice ; and that an- '
der it the rights of the people, of nil the peo- j
pie, would be scrupulously regarded. I did j
not expect infallibility in his management of i
public affairs, aud do not now expect it ; and
when I shall meet with what I may regard as j
error, I trn*t to be pardoned for the frankness
with which I shall always proclaim my opinions, i
Until I heard the annual message read, I :
had expected to be able to yield to its doc
trines an bouest and decided snpport ; but ;
from its Kansas policy I must strongly dis
herit. lam unable to give it my support. I
regret exceedingly the tendency of the Exe
cntive recommendation, which, to my mind, 1
ir to place the President in a position of an -!
tagonism to the majority in Kausas. It leads
to an issne between power on the one hand, i
and tbe people on the other. In such a case, j
I never run hesitate in determining whose
cause I shall espouse, or what verdict I ought j
to reuder. lam not unmindful of the fact that
the former is quite as likely to triumph with
the wrong as the latter with the right ; and
that the ambitions may well heitate when re
solves on success are to decide for whom to do
battle. The great influence of executive pat- j
| ronage ; the fail extent of executive jiower in
this country is but feebly comprehended. We
; are apt to underrate it vastly. If unscrupu
lously exercised, it become* a crushing despo- |
(tism. as indefensible as that controlled hv the !
' greatest of tyrants—combinations can seidom
resist it, individuals never. But these con- j
siderations, clearly as they have presented '
themselves to my mind, can never induce me
, to espouse a political heresy.
I think J may. with great truth, say that
the enactment of the law organizing the Ter- ;
r;tries of Kaii*a* and Nebraska, including the !
repeal of the Missouri compromise, was not, j
originally, a popular movement at the North, j
It was regarded with suspicion, and believed '
lo be impolitic if not uniust. Mr. Buchanan !
hi:n*elf. by expres-ing the wish, in Lis Read- i
ing letter, that that line should be extended
to the Pacific dee .in, gave to the compromise i
asa ic-tity of popularity additional to that de-!
rived from thirTy-four yeafs'acquiescence : and
when its contemplated destruction was announc
ed, it was received with great astonishment'
and deep regret. It was honestly believed, by ;
very many, to be a movement to advance the
peculiar interests of the South at the expense 1
of those for whose oenefit the territorr north
of the iine Lad beeu dedicated to freedom.—
Tue doctrine cf popular sovereignty i>y which
it wax accompanied, made it at first bat tole
ra! !". though, eventually, palatable. Could I
the future history cf Kansas have then been ,
read, as it ha- since transpired to this mo- i
metit ; the repeated frauds &:d tisariiation* j
practice 1 and imposed her people • her t
agonizing and fruitless cries for justice ; the {
erne! and crashing sympathy of |, Federal
ofifieer* with her oppressor* : her sppeal for i
free institutions derided by ruffians, and sia-'
very fu-tened u}x>:: her in bold defiance of her
right* ; could al! thi: hare bte-j foreseen, the
northern advocate of that legislation could not j
have brea-ted for a single m)m -nt the wither- j
ing tornado such wrongs would have raised
against him. Th-*e unjust conse-i tences, not
naturally flowing from the legD'ation spoken
of. Lave now re-nltH. ; and if fiev would not
hare Itrn icleratni then, why :>boa!d thev !
1 now ? Have we an overplas of political pow
er which should induce u- to carry so exhaust- i
ing a burden with patience ? Once taken up 1
by tin? party they vr.mid cling to it like the
Man of the Mountain to the back of the sai
lor. choking it and sinking it to the ear.:. It i
:.* too soon ior us to forget what <rreT]>ower- ;
ing strength we brought to the poll* in
am! tbe means—ye*, sir. the means—bv which
it was re hiesslT frittered away before 1 *56 •
Mr. Chairman. I sin upon a point I feel j
deepiy, and if I shall express myself with
wannth aud decision I mas: i* nanloneil As
long as I aiu capable of Bprereciating troth,
I can never lend rayseif to the attempt now
beiDg made, w th high sanctions, to undermine
. the foou-dalien open wnich the modern terri-
, torial lezisiatioa rests, and to falsify pledges
; npcu the faith of which the last presidential |
j election was accomplished. Tne rital priaci
f pie, the soul of the Nebraska-Kansas bill, is
jto be bia-ted. The majority are not neres
: sariiy to rule. If I can read recent ejects at
all. I learn so much from them. Let the peo- j
pie understand this : teach there the whole
truth, and then bear their response. Tsmk
sou the mighty millions of the North, the
East, and the West will be oukted as cbii
j dreo by baubles ? Will they ai-iow legisla
tion to be construed one war to-day, arid en-
I forced a different way to-morrow ? In short,
wiii they submit always to stake upon a rame
where tfcej never can win ? If they are so
miserably made op. so destitute of real man
hood, they are traiy only fit to be the " white
slaves n c€ whem we hare occasionally heard,
aad from s?y soct I pity them. The name of
freeman fits the a not, hot hangs upon thee,
Dpca a dwarfish suiri. "
My coirs© is BJT own ; others are not an
swer* We for it; sod I would not larplicate
tbem is ®T action if I codd. Bit I will
e*er v *ttearrt nt matter *?rv.
it may come to inflict a despotism upon tbe
people of Kansas, when the law guaranties
them liberty, err to impinge upon the promises
the Democracy took upon themselves to make
in the last presidential campaign.
The recommendation in the message goes
out as " a forlorn hope " against what has
heretofore been supposed to be the strongly
intrenched doctrine of popular sovereignty.—
What will the country do, is the question.—
Will it defend this great principle in the hoar
of its severe trial f Or will it allow the right
of self-government to be successfully assaulted?
Has it already become an obsolete, a worn-out
thing ? But two years ago I expressed the
opinion that those must prominently instru
mental in causing the Democratic party to be |
pledged to maintain the doctrine of popular i
sovereignty, in the organization of our Terri-;
tories, would deeply regret it, I never doubted
that it mould operate against the growth of j
the South. On the 19th of March, 18.36, :
when insisting upon an investigation into al
leged election frands in Kansas, I had occasion j
to use these word* :
" 6ir, the supp-Trters of thit Wit [the Nebraska-Kansas
bill J have proclaimed t" the nation that the l'erritorie
of tiie L'niied State- are to con-titutc • a fair field." .v-d
that there is to be • a free iisriii' there, betw-.en the N Ttb
and the South, to decide whether slavery or (Ted im
shall rule tuera. If the energy, the enterprise, the active ;
m<>des of life, the available capital, and tne numbers of
the North, shall n"? be able to compete successfully with j
their opposite* in the >o!ith. au-1 secure freedom to the ;
Terri'' rifs. then 1 will adinil that there is a vitality and :
a p iwer iu slavery which we of the North have never .
dreamed of. In ray opiaion, the of the
South in the Thirty-Third Congress - have sown the fire, ,
and they will father tire into their own
Tbe prediction is fulfilled ; for now, like
Pyrene, the Iberian princess, they fly in f?ar j
from their own child ; it is a serpent, and pur
sues them. The clay of repentance has come i
upon them much sooner than I anticipated.— 1
Instead of decades, it ha* required but brief
months to inculcate the le-*oa which should
never be forgotten, that weakness cannot long
triumph over strength, nor minorities in this ;
free land, trample down majorities. If what
we have esteemed tne great truths of repub
lican government are not a sheer lie, then
squatter sovereignty, adequately protected,
will give the virgin land* of onr Confederacy
to the free white man. and not the negro slave.
This i* now seen, and sovereignty is W to be
protected : it is to be crushed uut ; by an war
rantable, illegal interference it is to be ciush
ed ont ; and the hitherto pliant North is ex
pected to acquiesce. If it submits, be it so.
I V, "11, never ! no, never I
I* it not too plain that popular sovereignty
so mu b extolled iu the Thirty-TnirdjCongress, 1
and so highly recommended in the last presi
dential contest, as the sound principle npon
which our Territories were henceforth to be or
ganized and governed—which was declared as
giving all power into the hands of the peor-le i
—i? to be sweated dewa to the very moderate 1
dimensions of a privilege to say whether they
will h-jl-1 a negro in bonds or not ? No opin
ion can be expressed as to the organ'zation of
the legislative, executive, or judicial branches
of the government ; none of the constitutional
safeguards affurded to life and liberty are of (
any importance to the citizen. He may not
sj>eak a.* to them ; his whole voice is to be 1
kept for hi* yea or nay on negro slsrcrv is Tom Thumb sovereignty, or sovereignty
in a nut-sheii.
The case is even worse than I bare exhibit
ed it. Nothmg ha* been submitted for popu
lar determination. Slavery should not be vot
ed down by voting the " constitution with no
slavery," when the instrument expresviv de
clares that tinder such vote. " the right of prop
erty in slaves now in the Territory shall ia no
manner le interfered with.'' " Tuat right of
j ropcrty Carrie* with it the increase of those
slaves as completely a* if born in ?outh Car
olina ; and if that right "shall rtc-t br interfer
ed tcith," slavery must continue. I have never
before been taught that that is a free State in
which the negro and his i*-ue ere to Ire boideu
as -lave*, and where the property iu slaves
'• sbaM not be interfered with." The right of
mestic institutions in their own way," no*
means simply, " to form and regulate' ilavcry.
provided tbey '* form" it in a State, and do
notregulate" it out. TuS I would designate
a* sovereignty invisible.
1 deeply regret that those who support the
Lecomptoo constitution have not rested it up
on a principle, bat upon expediency. As I
read the m- ssage of the Presid: "t, he scauc
ticuis it in order that the conntrv may get rid
of the excitement which ha* *o long prevailed
;i|>oa the subject. What excitemenr, pray ?
Taat which has been caused bv repeated acts
of violence, smothering tl?e jopalar will, and
gagging the popular voice. Its language is :
* oner in to the Cmsa *beJi?r wi!h
o- witbo it shraj. :hes;iteeat -*yo:iJ h*r own limit*
wV.~. ytt I-1T cj.-- AWAV. taea.for tV s.*xt • a-,
be left. - 'be "crV. bxe been in. to ac
own n&irs a her j*: way. If her contitiiti'jQ rii
the of ''sre-y. tot* *ar >:htr V* uis
v • aajcrltr of the people, no h j-hac
*ia prevent tVa fr ra
In my judgnjent s principle should Deter be
sacrificed to expediency. But I deny the ex
pei ency of the course recommended, an J the
argument to sustain it is, to my rclnd, unfor
tunate Tne President save :" if ber cousti
totion cn the subject cf siavery. or any other
subject, be displeasing to a majority of the peo
ple. no human power can prevent them from
changing it within ahr ef period." Tne or
ganic act premises the people that they msv
" form ao3 ivgHlate their domestic institutions
in their cwo way," now they a-e told they
sbou.d take a fund iinental law, in t*g of
which they bad no fart. aud of which they to
la. ij dtsapprcve, because *' no ba.mic power
ran pfeveot them from changing It within a
brief period." Now, at the time they wek d
--sis-iou into the Union, oppression forces in
stitutions upon thMa ; but when aim tied,
that band will be withdrawn aud they will re
gain their ngbts. This n soreretgnry with os
j peoded animation
I here leave the dhrwioa. lam onwlßyig
to repeat potaU raised in the earlier portioo of
tay remarks, to as?t this breach of ay argo
meui. aod I aK it fcmtrr to do eo
1 CTB HRE :B * •AT T^ "' A X .~
VOL. XVJII. — NO. 30.
opinion, the course now recommended tonby
the President in bis message is nnjnst to, be
cause inconsistent with, hirae!f, aud would. if
carried out, rob tbe Nebraska-Kansas act of
its vital principle, and stand as an accusing rec
ord against the good faith of the D -woeratic
party, crippling it for years to come, if not des
troying it for tbe future. In such an event,
where is that strong hand which i to lay bold
of the rudder and st.U direct tbe ship of State
freighted with the hopes of mankind, in ber
course of material greatness and increasing
glory ? What, in that day. will constitute
the breakwater against which fanaticism shall
d ish in its wild fury, as the hurricane may
bear it from the North or the South T How
will then fare the Union, with which we are
! everything, without which we are nothing ?
Do you believe you can satisfy tbe country
of tbe propriety of planting slavery on that
! soil, from which the Missouri compromise ex
: eluded it, npou the uewest doctrine that it
I should be left to the laws of nature and pro
i dnotion alone, and that neither of tbese will
! esciade it ? that popular sovereignty, applied
by the legislation of 1854 to tbe rule of the
Territories of the United States, may be tram
pled under foot upon the pretense that forms
of law have been duly observed in establish
j ing it ? that popular elections may be cairied
under solemn guarantees to the voter, and all
pledges be broken the moment they hara per
formed their work ? that ;he p ma/ iu
; struct the agent, and agent, by faithtuily obey
; ing the instructions given, shall render him
self abnoxious to the just indignation of his
superior 7 that that Territory Lscif-goverened
whose highest law is made and riveted upon it
by a convention in whose composition oae-haif
I the Territory was unrepresented and disfrau
-1 chised, which wis ordained by a Legislature
never acknowledged because never elected 7
' in short, that all is well, and that principle and
faith are inviolably kept in Kansas, when they
know that nine-tenths of her citizens, acting
together, are unable to prevent the adoption
: of institutions which they never eau ackuowl
! edge without disgrace 7
Do you believe you can satisfy the country
'of all this 7 I tell yon here to-day plaiuiv that
the northern Democracy never will be able to
satisfy northern men of these things. Unlike
| tbe ancient knight, those who support this
strange policy will be kuown, alttiougii they
may change the color of th*!r armor at every
change thy make ? e eafter. Tne time has
• com - et last and not too s on, when a new
I requisition will be made northern constituen
j cie—an earnest and manly defense of north
ern honor and of northern rights, whiUt giving
the ntmot demand* of ju-tice to their breth
ren of tiie South. If unpardonable to insist
upon so much equality, then vre ha*? reached
the end of n-n.onal platforms,and the beginning
;of sectional President*—to my micd the las;
calamity to be survived ; for then will begin
those acts of aggrewive interference which,
leading to protracted and desolating wars,
mast end in establishing amoug children of the
same blood tbe relation of coaquerer and
i m
j T.ur jksv THE NEBVE. —Tne mind In
the brain employs the nervous system as so
rnauy instruments of communication with tiie
■outer wurlu. The eye ia necessary to sight,
but it does see ; for if the ncrTa which forma a
communication between it and the brain be di
j vided, the visiou wiil be destroyed ; and so
with all the organs of eu-e. Some have be
' iieved that the heart is the of the miud,
and it is common to consider it the source of
• affections. It is perfectly easy, however, to
trace all the pas- ons and mental phenomena
• to their great lodging place in the brain
Vis -n has bt-en destroyed in &>me persons aud
yet by pressure -on ihe optic n rve they saw
objects which did not exist After a
leg or arm is amputated, he feels for a lung
time afterward-, as if hu fingers or toes still
bc'onged to him
The -pinal cord generate* nervons energy
for muscular actions, the secretion regulates
tactions of the heart aud maintains the action
of tbe olffert-ut organ> in harmony t> jierforru
tLeir .-ev c ra! fuuct.ous, but it ha- no relation
whatever to the faculties of pro-eption and
thought. It is composed of same materia: a*
the brain, but its fibers and are a cou remtition of the saint- sir noture, while ii>
the brail! there is endles- variety iu their ar
rangcrnents : this is the reason why the brain
is >-onsidered to be a congerie of ersrarss. A
large extravasation of blood witb*n tbe head
by the pressure which it chjses on the 'oralu,
produces total insensibility to external impres
sion, and suspend* vo-'itiju. The eS-.-ct of siro
i'ar injury to tbe *p ; .al cords Is vcy different
The part- be'ow the in/wry are deprived of
their sensibility, a: the same time those parts
of the body maintain !heir sensibility aad
power of motion L; repaired. A person who
ha* receive*! a mortal Injury of the ; e"-1
hi the neck may live for five or sir day. noth
ing living Out the lee-al A case of this k:nd
occurred in the city of Brooklyn aering the
past summer. A young man in the very prime
• of manhood, Irjsfed the spoal cord in b; ne*k
by striking The bottom of the ruer when d'v
ing : and while the body below tbe head
53id to have been dead from tbe period of the
accident, tbe head bred for several days after
wards. and She triad duricg part of that peri-,
"d, evinced its consciousness.
An Irishman writing frota Pbilade -
pbla. to his friend iu tbe old country, coadnd
ed a letter thus : " If iver it's tne fore Iron® t*
lir tiii I dy—and Clod uoee whether it is or o>
—Til visit oaid Ire.aod afore I lave Tbilamx
If oo Sra were pooiahed here, improv
idence would be believed ; if every sie were
puniaiied here, oo judgment would be eipec >
wboweß his anJaJrr
tpwk WUfli Woie orurr oh^ r .
i" ' friepi, v proud of vo a - ,v
r*"' lem p.-td -f = - err-J