Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, August 27, 1857, Image 1

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£ ; urs &an fitornian, angnsl 27,1837.
glutei |)octrn.
O 'o :n are week of care awl labor
H.L- lazily crept away ;
t tlio weary word rest aud quiet
At, -en! down from Heaven to-day.
TV snn -Line- with lioly splendor,
The wiud is little and mild.
The trees t and fro heave as gently
as the breast of a sleeping child.
S,attend clouds art pacing slowly
Over glittering fields of blue ;
A l; j often they seem to turn aud wait,
As church-going people do.
The bells are at morning sen ice
|;i the churches all around ;
Thcv ring not their week-day clangor
Put a softened, Sunday sound.
Yii. riiip they stitHy men ■-} *
King tin y loud or ever so low.
They can not still the struggle
That the living spirits must know.
I--, .rnshine and stormy weather
By night as well as by day.
The"soul must -till be striving,
Striving. laboring all away ;
rer feel the noisy passions
V e 1 race of a s>ablath day.
V,: sha'.! there come in the future
\ Sal ; oh for the sotll :
TV be! - shall not ring in the morning,
>...w:v. sadly, shall they toll ;
la the crave so dark and silent,
I> the Sabbath of the soul.
gt is 11 Han teas.
Lie following thrilling account of a descent
•to-be-Catacombs is from Win. C. Prime's
float Life iu Egypt and Nubia.
The descent into the cavern was by sitting on
■■ edge, swingiug off with one hand on each
-of the hole, and dropping into the depths
w, where a a soft bed of sand receives us,
. u chamber just large enough to hold eight
r-■of whom the party consisted—all
-mi. :.;._r in a stooping posture, while we bght
-1 oar ca lie and arranged for progress. 1
: wd my larboucheami takea up to Abd-ct-
Atti. and left mv head bare. Then—following
ti. principal gn de, I lay down flat on my
face, hold my candle before me. and began to
.. 1 v;i;. -o with as close a resemblance to a snake's
-a as human vertebra' will admit of. My
•v. guide and Abdailah followed rue : the i
K >ii gentleman next and the dragoman
a: . bringing up the rear. I progressed
- v.v and with great difficulty, constantly
I raising my back on the sharp points of rock
at ve me, some some five or six yards. Legh
> it eight : but 1 think it is not so much.—
We were now able to stand up again in stoop
. - -lure, the ceiling being a little better
t..u. fear feet high, and thus advancing eight
ten yards further, uatil we reached the
.;a:n era which Mr. Legh speaks.
1 am of the opinion that we had now nrriv
vi .-t under the bed of the torrent I have
- ken of. aud that the entire cavern which 1
a Twards explored is a natural fissure iu the
: *.\ running under the point of meeting of two
. v following the line of the valley between
'•:. .. This is, of course, a conjecture, as I did
take a compass with me to determiue the
The chamber, was a small, irregular. C3V
u> r - in. the floor of which which was
- er. i with sliap* less masses oi stone that had
fa -n from the ro ff. Over these we stepped
diff. - ".!ty. I need not remark that the
•-*• k .•„> was profound, and the air already be
ng so close that en 'h man was obliged to
1 1J his own at hL feet to determine where
set them. Crossing the ro >m, we stepped
■or a c' asm betw- t u a mass of rock ami the
■sail of the chamber, to a p iv.t in the wall
.h presented a rugged edge. and from this
' • a narrow d • T-way. altout four feet high
1 call it door-way. for rt resembles one. though
I I find no ariificiai origin about it. It
was covered with broken rocks, aud iuternipt
.oy huge vleep fis-ures. A ledge at the side
J : i.:;g a tolerable walking for some distance
> a s'o ming posture : an 1 then we again lay .
• vj oa our faces, ami crawled through a
• passage twenty feet in length, entering the
-t chamber in the pit.
it was a very irregular chasm, perhaps sev
--'-J : one hundred feet in diameter. En
trance to it was almost forbidden by a cloud
*" that met n:e in the narrow pas
-ag? • -.rough which 1 was crawling, dashed
m mr face, woumting my face and checks,
i -' -" gby scores to my hair and beard, like
>0 aiany t .iousand devils disputing the entrance
: ht-1! I can give no adequate idea of this
itu. ->r of horrors in which I now fouud uiy-
IVofouudly sileut we had craw let 1 along.
• • man having a fast beating heart, and
to its throbs ; and now as I emerged
mis rooin, the loud whirr of the myriads
-• >:- was like the sound of another world
"e wl.i.h I had penetrated. I staggered for
v ard to a rock, and sa: down, when a piere
• y-11 star; me to my feet, it rang through
carern as if the arch-fieud himself were
•--re th-re tormenting some poor poor send
:t was only cue of uiy poor friends, who
' making their first entrance into an Egfp
-a -atacomb, and had never be?t:re cßcoun
i the bats, with whom I was thoroughly
The one who was in advance was overwhelm -
- the army that met him as he approach.-
l "d the room.
hat is it ?" I shouted.
'• These bats ; they are devouring me.* J
Mr iight is gone, and I can see nothing."
Here is my tight—come toward it." I had
- tmy ciajlr. which had been put out a 5 his
was, and was now seated in the centre of this
cavern, on a black rock, holdiug it before my
face. As he emerged into the room and caught
sight of me, be uttered a howl of mingled as
tonishment aud terror.
" Pluto or Sathanas; by all the God?!'
said his friend coming up belaud him, and
looking at me. My appearance must have
been picturesque, in my primitive costume,
now begrimmed with dirt and seven bats
counted them) hanging on my beard,
with a perfect net work and Medusa coil cf
thein in my hair. 1 was very little disturbed
by the harmless little fellows, although, before
coming to Egypt, I scarcely knew of an animal
in the world so disgusting in my mind-
But the atmosphere, if it may be so called,
of this chamber, was beyond all description,
horrible. It was not an air to faint in ! there
was too much ammouia for that. It was foul,
vile, terrible. I confess, that as I found my
self panting for breath, and drawing lomr.
deep inspirations, to very choking, without
"reaching the right place" in my lungs, (I
think every one understands that,) I trembled
for an instant at. the thought of going further.
It was but an instant, however, and tne desire
to see the great repository of the sacred
auiinals overpowered the momentary ter
" Abdallab ?"
" Ya llowaiji."
" If anything happens, if 1 fall down, give
out or faint, don't you run. Tell the guides
that I have ordered Abd-et-Atti to shoot them
man by man as they come out, if tine of them
appears without me. Do you you ptiur this
down my throat, and drag me out of the en
trance. You understand ?"
" Aiowah, Ya llowaiji. Fear aot ; I will
do it."
" Recollect that if I die, you all die, thai
is arranged for, as surely as yon, one of you,
attempt the entrance without me. Abdel-Atti
is readv for von.''
The guides had listened attentively, and
having seen me hand ray pistols to mv trusty
dragoman, before coming down, they believed
every word of it, although it never occurred to
me until this moment.
The guides were all at fault here, precisely
as they were iu Mr. Legit's time, and that of
everv traveller since. This chamber has been
the end of most attempts to explore the pits
The intense daskness is some excuse for this,
since our eight candles wholly failed to show a
wall any where around or above us. The men
proposed that we should sit still, while they
tried various passages opening out of the room.
To this I objecte 1, much preferring to trust
myself at a juncture iike this. In that intense
darkness it was not easy to find the way we
had come in : for, of course, there was no
guide north and south, except my recollection
of this rock on which 1 was seated, and its
bearings as I approached it. The reader wiil
bear in mind that the whole floor of the room
was covered with immense masses of rock,
among which we moved about in search of
outlets, leaving always one person ou the rock,
to mark its locality.
After trying three passages that led no
where, 1 hit on that which the guide prouonnc
ed correct, and the party advanced. For the
benefit of future explorers, if any such there
he, 1 may explain that is tiie fir.-t passage that
•roes out of the chamber to the right, as you
enter it This is to say, keeping the right
hand wall will bring yon to it. leaping a chasm
at its entrance This this is the chasm of
which Legh speaks I found it only about six
The passage which we now entered ran so
low that I found it necessary to creep on my
hands and knees, and sometimes to crawl snake
fashion full length. It continued for a dis
tance that 1 hesitate to estimate. It is wholly
imjo>sible to gtu >s at the progr>. ss one is mak
ing in such postures, lleniker, I think. mak>*s
it about four hundred yards. I should think
a thousand feet was a Very large estimate,
but it ui.y be as much. The a,r was now
worse, lacking the ammonia. It seemed to be
iKor nitrogen. The Lungs operated freely,
bit !' 'k no benefit or refreshment fr-un it.
while tin h- at was awful and p r.-piration roll
ed dowa <-,ir faces and bodies, soaking our
clothes, and making mud on our features and
hands wit'u cite fine ilust that fitted the atuios-
At length the palace became so narrow
that inv progress was outir- Iv 1. My
broad would not go through. and I
paused to consider the matter. Tic- Mi WJS
about v ghl t'U . .."lie* wiiie. aim a more
than two fc t high. Evidently Mr. L_ r t
d:d aot pass beyond this. I wu> obliged to
lav over oti my right side, pre.-c iting my
body to its uarrow way up aud dowu, and push
iug with all the strength of iny feci as well
a< pullim; with mv hands on the floor and
roekv projections, I forced myself along about
eight feet. In this struggle tuy brandy flask,
which was in my trowsers pocket, being under
me. was broken to pieces, and my sole hope,
in the event of giving out of tny faculties was
gone. At the time I thought little of it, .augh
ing at the occurrence ns I called out to those
that followed me bat afterwards I remembered
the accident with a shad ler. The only argu
ment that had allowed me to persuade myself
to attempt this exploration was a promise that
I would take some brandy with me, which no
one else had done, and if necessary, secure ar
tificial strength thereby. It was gone now.
and it was more than a thousand feet to light
and, in a passage that did not average four
feet by two its entire length. A vigorous push
sent me out into iuor t>peii passage, and a
| sort of doorway opened iu a gallery on a level
of two feet lower. Jumping duwa this step 1
! was. for the Srst time in neatly half hour,
where I could stand upright. My English
friend shouted for heip behind tue. His light
was gone out, and he was literal!)* stuck in
the hole. I returned, touched my caudle to
11ivs. and gave him a hand to drag him through,
' and in a few moments we were all standing to
gether, Wo now advanced some huudreo teet,
perhaps three, perhaps five hundred feet, in a
stoopiug posture mostly, but y crawl
ing as before and at length, crept, the
rough and very low parts of the gallery, and
the roof began to lift and I found I was ac
tually crawling over mummies. There was
just here a sort of blind passage, at the side
of the chief passage in which the French ex
pedition had carved their names. The wab
was covered with a jet black substance, like
pnrest lamp black, which the point of a knife
would scrape off, exposing the white rock.—
M trine tons stalactites hong from the ceil'ng,
all jet black, and some grotesque stalagmites
at the side of the passage startled me at first
with the idea that they were sculptures. This
black, sooty matter I cannot account for unless
it be the exhalations in ancient times from the
crocodiles that were laid here, for we were at
last in the depository.
The floor was covered with crocodile bones
and mummy cloths. A spark of fire falling
into them would have made this a veritable
hell. As this idea was suggested, my English
friends, whose experience iu the narrow hole
had been sufficiently alarming, vanished out of
siL'ht They fairly ran. Having seen the
mummies, and seized a few small ones in their
hands, they hastened out and left me with Ab
dullah and my two guides. Advancing over
the mummies aud up the bill which they form
ed, I found that I was in one of the number
of large chambers of the depth of which it was,
of course, impossible to get any idea, as they
were piled full of mummied crocodiles to the
very ceiling. There was no means df estimat
ing the number of them. When I say there
were thousands of them, I shall not bethought
to exaggerate, after I describe the manner in
which they were packed and laid.
Climbing to the top of the hill and extin
guishing all lights but one, which I made Ab
dellah hold very carefully, I began to throw
down the top of the pile to ascertain of what it
was composed, nud at length I made an open
ing between the mummies and the ceiling,
through which I could go no further, descend
ing a sort of hill of those dead animals, snch
as I had come up. Iu this way, I progressed
some distance, in a gallery or chamber that
was not less than twenty feet wide, and proba
bly twenty or thirty feet deep.
The crocodiles were laid out in regular lay
ers, heud to tail and tail to head First on
floor was a layer of crocodiles, Side by side,
each one mummied and wrapped up in cloths.
Then smaller ones were laid between the tails,
and filling tip the hollows between them. Then,
and most curions of all, the remaining tnter-
tiees were packed full of young crocodiles
measuring with remarkable uniformity about
thirteen iuehes in length, each one stretched
oat between two slips of palm-leaf stems which
were bound to its sides like splints, and then
wrapped from head to foot in a slip of cloth,
wound round, commencing at the tail and fas
tened at the eud. Tiicu small ones were made
up in bundles, usually of eight, and packed iu
closely where-ever they could be stowed. I
brought out more than a hundred of them, of
which my friends in Egypt seized on the most
as curiosities, but I succeeded iu getting some
twenty or thirty to America.
This layer completed, a layer of palm branch
es was carefully laid over it. spread thick and
sum- t!i and then a second, precisely similar
layer of crocodiles was laid, and another of
palm-branches, and thus continually to the
ceiling. These palm branches, stems ami mum
mies lie here in precisely the state they were
two thousand years ago. No loaf of the palm
lias decayed. There could have been no mois
ture from the mummies whatever : or if any,
it had no effect uj>on the palm branches.
Among these crocodiles I found the uiuiu-
meies of uiauy men.
Sitting down on the side of the hill, by the
dim candle light, I overhauled gods and men
with sacrviigious hands. It was a strange ,
wild are awful scene. Among all the pictures
my memory In s treasured of wandering life,
1 have none so f :rful and thrilling a- this.—
It was heli—a silent, still, cold hell. All tia-se
bodies laying in rc'tns, in close packages, hke
so many pack iges doomed to eternal silence
and sorrow in this prison, love bodies of men
that I drew out of the mass that lay before ,
with tie ir hideous inaction and stillness. I
dared them to tell me in word the reproaches
of which tluir silent frowns were so liberal ;
reproaches for penetrating their abode and
disturbing the repose of twenty or forty centu
Thev 1 were the poorest and most common
-ort. destitute of any box. Wound in coarse
cloth, and laid in the grave with the beast that
were <;UTc l to their god. One I found af
terwards in a thin, plain l>ox. but it contained
no indication of its period, and bore no marks
of its owner's name or position, much to my
" Let us go farther. I said to the guide* at
" There is no further.''
I was satufied that the entrance we had
effected was not the passage known to the an
cients, and that some other nutlet lay beyond ,
these chambers. I pushed mi way over the
piles of mummies to where another low pus
sage went on, but is was too difficult of expla
nation to tempt me into it. It may lead to an
ontltt in the desert hitherto unknown, or that
outlet may be long covered over by the shift
ing sands.
Where was the object of all this preserva
tion of the Nile monsters, it is not within the
scope of this volume to discoss. It is at least
a mystery, for we cannot nnderstand what
part the birds and beasts were to take in the
I crawled ont as I had crawled in. Before
I eatue out of the chamber of horror (Mad.
Tnssand's j s nothing like it I laid the wreck
of my brandy flask on a projecting sbeif or
rock, where the next explorer will find it. The
changes are that it will torn np in the British
or Prussian Mnenra. a? evidence of the bad
habits of the ancient Egyptians, thus prove to
be strong in death.
Six of the most beaut.ful names iu the
, English language, begins with an 11, which is
ijust a little breath; heart, home, health,
i hearth happiness and heaven.
gust number of the Wiscousin Farmer, its edi
tor affirms that his faith in the Osage orange
as a shrub suitable for hedges in a tolefably
cold climate has been fully dissipated by the
last few years observation and experience.—
For almost two years he has constantly, but
unsuccessfully, inquired for the first person
who was meeting with any substantial success
in the growth of the Osage orange, north of
Chicago. Hence he concludes that the thou
sands of experiments that he knows have been
tried, must generally, if not iuvariably, have
proved failures. lie believes that this long
cherished article must be abandoned through
out the vthole of the great aud fertile North
west, aud that people must look about them
for something better, or abandon the whole
subject of live fences, and make up their minds j
to fully rely upon dead timber, a material ;
which must long, if not always, be verv scarce 1
in many localities, and at best expensive and j
transient in duration. But he recommends a !
thorough trial of numbers of our more nor- j
them shrubs, aud fast growing trees. 01>-
servant men throughout the Northwest who
have opportunity, taste and leisure, should in
stitute a series of experiments with the native
thorns, and dwarf or crab-apple trees or wild
plum, with the houey locust, or whatever else
in their judgment promises best, not forgetting i
the hawthorn, both American and English, to
which we invited attention a few weeks since, j
Let the State and county agricultural societies
off r adequate premiums for actual success iu j
these important experiments.
A course of this kind pursued steadfastly j
and thoroughly by one hundred experimental-:
ists for four consecutive years, would probably
result in triumphant success with more than
one of the shrubs mentioned. The object is
well worthy of a trial in an earnest manner.
The editor of the American Agriculturalist
in recent travels West, paid particular atten
tion to this shrub, and reports that of forty
seven hedges, examined, twenty-throe were
badly injured by frost, seven were considerably
injured, aud four slightly sd. Of the thirteen
uninjured, seven were sheltered by hillsides,
groves, or by snow banks produced by adja
cent fences. This looks rather unfavorable to
its general use.
MR. SrMVER iv LONDON: —Bayard Taylor
writes to the Tribune as follows :
Mr. Sumner is here, at Maurigy's Hotel, in
Regent street. I have not yet seen hiui, but
no friend* tell me he is looking very well.—
No American has ever been more popular in
England thau Mr. Sumner, and he is at pre
sent floating ou the top wave of London socie
ty. I heard the other day a good story of hi?
arrival here. He entered hi- name upon the
book as simply " Mr. Pumner, Boston.'' and
was accordingly set down by his host and hi*
flunkeys as an ordinary traveller. The next
morning one of the latter came to Mr Sum
ner's room in some excitement, and said :
" Lord Brougham is down .-tairs. sir. asking
for von. ? ' To the waiter's amazement, Mr. S
rj%ietlv said, without exhibiting the lea*t sur
prise—" Very well ; show him up." Not long
afterward the former came, still more excited;
•'Sir. the T. .1 Chief Justice has called, and
he ask* for a " Show him tin. was again
the cool reply. After his lordship had depart
ed, the waiter came once more, i*ewildefed and
a little aggravated ; " Sir, sir, the Lord Chan
cellor of England has called to see you !" —
•' Show him up.'' repeated Mr. S. These as
tonishing facts were no doubt at once commu
nicated to the landlord, for the next day's
M'-ruiug Post announced the arrival of Lis
•• Exeeilency, the Hon. Mr Sumner," at Mau
rigy's Ilotel.
COXCF.NTR.VTEP Mtts.—(Jail Cordon Jr's pat
ent process for concentrating and preserving
miik lias recently Men put m successful opera
tion in Burrville. I.itchttekl Co., Couu., and
milk reduced to about two ninths its original
volume is uow sold in our city at about 3*2
cents per quart. It i becoming quite popular
on steamships, and mat be recommended to all
who are sensitive ou the subject of swill-fed
miik in cities. Its taste is that of ordinary
scalded milk, and the process of preaprations
consists in keeping it from the air and c s
centrating it as rapid.y as possible by boiling
s* raco at a temperature of ices tliau 130
deg Fab. In using it water i> : niply poured
in until the fluid is restored to its former con
dition. From personal exj>crieiice we can
reconimend it as a better article for family u-e
than most of the miik sold in this country, and
equal to the best. Under ordinary conations
this miik will keep a little longer than common
milk, but there are two ways in which it can
he preserved for months and probably for
vears. I* may be hermetically ea!ed in cans,
or may be combined iu due proportion with
pulverized -agar being less than required by
ordinary tastes as >wecteuing for tea or coffee.
A third method, that of surrounding it with
ice, will preserve it for srrrral weeks. There
i> a prejudice against wmnufaclitred milk, hut
this article is simply pure country iniik reduc
ed in bulk by the lovs of some 75 or 80 per
cent of its water. We can vouch for the in
tegrity of Mr Borden, having known h.m for
many years.
The man who took passage on the
wings of nioruing returned on the shades of
night. He is doing well.
XOVF.TY. —What we recover from oblivion.
We can fish little out of the river of Lethe
that has not first been thrown into it
ItetT Mrs. Dawdle says one of her boys don't
know uothing, and the other does. The qnes
tiou is, which is ahead .'
ifctf Why is a benevolent lady like ail oth
ers of her sex ? Because one is a kiad woman
and the others womankind.
Before TOU cewswit suicide, take an
emetic. What you take for despair uiuy be
only a couple of pig's feet Try it-on
Seed Wheat.
Before the 15th of September, most of the
wheat that will yield a good crop next year,
will be in the ground, aud the value of !IHJ
crop will depend greatly on the character awd
condition of the seed. The importance of this
great staple, and the distress resulting from a
diminished supply of it, entitle all the aids in
its production to a careful study.
SELECT GOOD SEED. — Ist. Choose a kind
which has succeeded well in soil and climate
similar to yur own. Intelligent neighbors
who have raised good wheat, can help much
in this matter. It is not well to try new ex
periments on a large scale, unless one is pre
pared to risk a considerable loss.
2d. Accept only that seed which is perfect
ly ripe and piumj). Let no man impose on
you by saying that smaller kernels will produce
a greater number of plauts from a bu>hel of
seed. What is wanted is a strong vigorous
growth of wheat plants. This you cannot ef
from half-grown or shriveled seed.
3d. Never sow any but the cleanest seed.—
You can tell by examining it w hat its * ondi
tion is. If the seed is good in other respects,
but is foul, clean it yourself. But be sure to
to have it clean at all events.
4th. Reject seed that has been kept damp,
or has been heated. Seed that suffered either
or both of these injuries may germinate, but
it has lost a part of its vitality, aud should
never be used for seed if better CUII possibly
be secured.
sth, Do not sow mired seed on the same
ground. Let the seed of one sowing in the
same field Ire of one kind alone. You will thus
know what kind you are growing, and be able
to compare results, with au approach towards
•3th. If possible, never sow seed which is
more than one year, or at most two years old.
Old seed map grow well. But it may not.—
l'rudence will suggest that seed should Ire used
before it lias been exposad to to decay, insects,
to dampness, or to other injurious agencies.—
Experience has taught that some of these are
likely to injure the kernel, if it is kept after
the first year.
One icap to get e"od seed is to select the
cleanest and best sjrot iu your wheat field :
where the grain grows most perfectly and is
most mature. Then harvest aud thresh these
portions separately, with the greatest care,
and save the seed for sowing. Pursue this
course for a number of years, and you will
{Hroduee what will seem to be a new variety
of wheat. But it will only be the same, de
velo|)ed and perfected in a higher decree.—
This operation for securing good seed wiii pay
iu every departmeut of farmiug and garden
.1 gt-i-d node of presenting sm it is the fol
lowing. Spread seed w heat on the barn floor.
Upon four bushels of wheat dash from twelve
to sixteen quarts of human urine. Srir the
whole well together. Then add about six
quarts of fresh slacked lime, and shovel the
wheat over until the lime is evenly diffused
in the wheat. It should be sown a* soon af
ter this preparation as pratieable, for a long
delay would injure its vegetative powers. This
mode of treating wheat is deemed in England,
specific against smut. It has been practised in
America al-o by some wheat growers, who
say it has been uniformly successful. Tar wa
ter will answer instead of urine, aud is prefer
red bv mariv.
Tl.'e fanner who will prepare and select Li?
seed wheat according to the above suggestions,
will greatly increase the chances in favor of
his having a fine crop next year.—Awrioii
IsntAX CORN. —Maize, or Indian Com, orig
inated in America ami is not yet, we think,
cultivated to any extent on the European coa
tinent. Though the peopie of Great Britain
cannot be made to appreciate its merit* very
fully, the aggregate exports of corn in 185 it,
in the form of whole grain, meal, corn starch,
farina, etc., amounted to between seven and
eight million dollars, or about one fortieth of
the whole exports of the country, and 5.7UU
-000 bushels, considerably more than half, went
to England alone.
Corn has always been an important article
in this country, both of consumption and ex
]ort. The total amount of this produce ex
ported in 1770 was 575.340 buheU : in 1791,
2.064.036 bnshels.of which 351 f95 were In
dian meal. The value of com and its manufac
tures exported from the United Btates in 1830,
was $597.1" 19 : in 1 "35. 81.217 305 : iu Mo.
$1,043,510 : in 1845, $1,053,293: in is.'.-#.
84.052.804. The export increases more r. d
iy than the product: OlL. The export OF corn
quadrupled between 1840 und I>so, wlnie the
production did not quite double.
The great amount of invention bestow ed oa
corn planters, corn cutters, sheiiers, cob
ers, etc., tends each year to | ruturte the in
crease of production. It has estimated
that, as a geucrul rule, scva: pvnnds of corn
will produce one pound of fork ; so that in
localities where through from mar
ket or from transportation facilities, the cereal
cannot be ra-HU at profit fur sale, it i- fre
quently the mntciial used in fattening the more
concentrated forui of die t, ami on which, con
sequently, the freight is Jes. Cob meal we
beheve, is most valuable for animals that chew
the cud ; horse* and Logs, as u general thing,
deriving less IsemSit from the cob-grinding in
ventions. With all animals, however, we be
lieve, there is a j>erceptible advantage realized
by mixing the cob with the denser uieai.
GOOD Amicr.— ]f you w : h for a clear
niiml. strong muscles, ami qoiet nerves, for a
lontr 'if*. and power prolougcd to an oM aEr*,
avoid si! drinks bnt water, and mild infusions
of that (laid : .-hnn tobacco and opium, and
every thing else that disturbs the normal stare
of the system : reiy o;>on nutritious food ami
mild dilotent drinks, of which water is the ba
sis, and you will need nothing bcyoud these
vbiags except rest, and the one moral regula
tion of ah your powtrs, t© give you long, hap
pT aao useful lite, and a icreue evening at its
VOTj. XVIII. ?sO. 12.
The Laying of the Atlantic Telegraph.
The following from the Daily Xctcs
gives some information with regard to the pre
cautions which arc now being taken on both
the Ap'unsru a and Xtaga ra, iu laving the
great telegraph cable :
The outer coating of the greater part of the
cable consists of a coil of eighteen strands of
even-thread iron wire, as a protection to the
gutta perch a core containing the telegraph
wires, from friction or other injury until it has
been safely deposited on the bed of the deep
Atlaitic. JJUI those portions of the cable
which will have to be jointed when the vessels
part company may pus-ibly le subjected to an
extra strain as the first unbroken link of it
sinks between the sterns of the two vessels to
find its ultimate resting place : and to meet
this possible contingency, ten miles' length of
this central portion of the cable has been pro
tected with a sheath of 18. (instead of iron >
wire?, and is snp]>osed to be capable of sus
taining a strain oi' twelve tuns. The machin
ery made by Messrs. lie Morgue A Co. includes
paying-out sheaves or drnmsof live feet in di
aiueUr, having grooves corresponding to the
thickness of the cable, with a friction drum at
tached to them revolving three times as fo s t
as tliev do. and with breakage power to check
or retard the motion of the sheaves at pleas
ure, From the hold of each, the cable, pass
ing over four of these sheaves to a few feet
above the poop deck, will be dropped into the
sea over a fifth sheave, placed above the stern.
The exact amount of strain will be constantly
indicated by an instrument for the purpose
under the eye of the brcaksmau. At the sides
of the vessel will hang down into the water
new electrical logs, principally dnc to ingenui
ty of .Mr. Charles iiright. the Atlantic Com
nv's chief engineer. These immersed logs
have vanes an l wheels revolving at a rate pro
portioned to the passage of the ship through the
water, and making an electric circuit which is
broken at each revolution. An electric wire,
from the log to the deck, records there every
revolution of the log, and consequently the
exact speed of the ship. It must not I* sup
loosed when the ships part company that com
munication will be lost between those on board
the vessels. The electricians have hold of
either extremity of the coils of the cable, and
will interchange signals constantly, so that each
vessel will be aware of the other's fate, and of
every incident that may help or retard the
progress <>f submersion, unless some unfortu
nate emergency should snap the link. When
the topmasts of the ships have suuk beneath
ihe horizon, and they are lost to view by the
look-out-men, the iutcr-oceauic curreut of elec
tricity will give instant record of ail that pass
es, u itii the lenghtening line of the cable has
i eeu spun out from shore to shore. A beli on
bond each vessel will sound every second, as
each portion of the cable is paid out ; and its
silence will probably be the first indication of
any mishap arising from friction or over-teusioa
of the cable. The vessels will hare apparatus
ou 1 oaru, so that in any such emergencies they
can be backed, the cable recoiled until the
faulty place is found, when a piece will be cue
cut and the perfect portions re-uuitevl with as
little delay as possible. In case of a storm,
apparatus has been provided to allow for auy
extraord'nory strain that may occur, and, if
n H:e s iry, for cutting the cable without, letting
the outer end of it .-lip to the bottom of the
ocean, whence it might never be recovered.
In such an emergency there arc large reels of
auxi i ry cable of great strength, which could
be at ache t) the end ; and these auxiliary
cables can be suspended from huge float-shaped
buoys on the surface of the water, capable of
resisting a very considerable strain till all lin -
ger has passed.
L'-in K T > Yoi-R 11.•Mr.-.. Try to them
happy. Tlar-b home is n litt'e*State—a sover
eignty by itself Kach father of a family
should hold himself the interna! n**iarch there
ruling and caring for alt things with a gentle
but firm hand. Look toy our homes, and keep
them ever the pure retreats for every member
of the bou?-hold frc-nx the temptations of the
world. Look to yci-s infaieoee at your homes
to the practices set before roar children. Re
member bow rcmiily they learn by seeing and
hearing. What you utter as precept will do
but little good, if the practice comes not in t
aid it L->ok to your homes for the best
of dvi&g good and being happy.
A ROY.IL H AF.F.AKSSER. —Mr. Tsor-nr, the
for dres.-iu% her Majesty's iiatr twice a day.
.—u gor.e to Loolon in the mcnviug. meou ng
to rimrti to Windsor iu tinje for toilette, but
on urmiag t tiie >tiiun. was just five miu
uits too iate, and Suw the train depart wit hont
lbm. li s horror was great, as he kut-w his
want of pu'.K timlilv w< u!d deprive him of his
place so he was obliged to take a special train ;
a d the establishm'-nt. feeling the importance
of hi- badness. pat ou t.uru steam aud him
t!. 1? milts iu 1? minute; for JLIS.— Raut j
J urual.
*gy~ IVcneMic economy is a science —a theo
ry of life, which all sensible women onglit to
study are! practice. None of onr exccl'ent
girl- are fit to l>e married until they are thor
oughly educated in the deep and profouud mys
teries of the kitcheu.
•by-The question ha been a-ked why it is
eonddercd iio;.->lite for gectfeioen to go into
the presence of Isdms in their shirt si eaves,
while it is considered in every w:>v correct fr>r
the Lilies themselves to appear before gtjttfp
men without any -leevcs at all.
ttxr Why we fowls the most economicc!
tinug fanm-ro itsep 'i Because for eiery gram
Uey give a peck.
{dr.V w ;i:e h; been advertised under iho
the name of naked -herry. 1: ought Hi it'wkSl
to have some Z**y.
tof Tuey arc alt discoverer that thick
is no Lud when they cau see nothing
b't sea