Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, August 20, 1857, Image 1

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Ei)arstoS niorninn, 20. 1857.
jStlttltb |loetrjt.
• We meet NP.IN the LEVEL and we part upon the SQCAKK."
tViul v.orJ- of previous meaning THOSE WORDS Masonic
Cme. LET ns contemplate them, they are worthy of a tho't, the HIGHEST .11:J the lowest, and the rarest they are
WE meet upon the LEVEL, tho' from every station come.
R , IVIIR A from out lii- palace, aud the poor man from his
F 1 ONE tnnst leave his diadem outside the Mason's door,
I AD the other tnuis his true respect upon the checkered
We part upon the SVJI" IKE, for the world must have its
We minele with its multitude, or cold, unfriendly crew.
BUT the influence of our gatherings in memory is green.
Aud wo long upon the LEVEL to renew the happy scene.
There's A world where all are e<jnal we are hurrying
to ward it fast.
\Y, .HALL meet upon the LEVEL there when the gates of
death are pa-t.
w - :tll stand before the Orient, and our Master will be
T ■ try the LINKS we offer by his own unerring SELL" A BE.
W -hull meet upon the LEVEL there but never thence
- . •:-I 01 —"ii. ALL ready for each trusting faithful
, -E"> A r-.ansion and a welcome, and a multitude is
' nut upon the L.T\ EL and been tried upon the
: V oct upon the LEV EI. then, while laboring patient
' " - meet and let N< labor, tho" the LALXW be severe ;
oiy in the western sky the signs bid US prepare
i gather up our working-tools and part upon the
%•, IKB-.
VS round, ye faithful Masons, form the bright frater
the .Sir ARK below t > meet in heaven again :
: ■ id-of precious meaning those words Masooie
WE : v.; •:-"the LEVEL and we part upon the ARK.'"
is c 1 11 it ul O us >
Scene iu a French Chateau—night black
an.l stormy —circle of friends toiling ghost
" I knew a man," saiil aa old gentleman.
for ten years !>.*d been occupied with au
'-: dde law suit, on which depcuded the
f riu: and almost the honor of his family.—
M • T. was then forty years old. He was a
' y x t. a little bald, with intensely black
1 • : brave enough to fear nothing. To
t : .c success of the lawsuit, he required
ri. n papers, without which he cco'd do
g. lie was almost certain of their ex 4
'•-'•.ace, but uo search, however minute, had
-coversl where they were hidden. Xo trace
v-.m-.1 to ex -t of these papers, whicheontaiu
-1 i i.K'ontestib'lc proofs of his rights, and the
.X'cace of hi- cause. But M de T. was not
dise waged*
I wi.; <!v>ad ray fortune to the last son
ami L.y 1 iood to the last drop," said lie.—
' After which, if I do not succeed, I will blow
-7 bratus out." lie was a man to keen his
lucre was iu the T. family a tragical story,
which had never been cleared np. An old
man. the Baron de M., bad died suddenly one j
" ght. He was found dead and stiff in his
i. Was tins event the result of suicide or
Border f Xo oat knew. Bone blackened
•;' pcrs were found in iu the chimney. A sec
: ' \ry was ojen i:i the room. but it was one
t u the old man never used. The door was j
- :: on the inside, and there was no trace of 1
• - .-g forced. One of the paper spoke of a
*i by which M. de T. was made universal
-*atee of the Baron's fortune, but the will
x-vif hail not beeu found.
M autttne, as the end of the paper which
5 - y-d the flames was the authentic writing
• !'• "an M , M de T was put in possession
■ - - state. Collateral heirs came forward '
: . at caned that the Baron having destroy
e - tuo first will, some crime must have been
1 x: An old huntsmau, who was in
- - louce of his master, would have been ,
- to tell ti.e trtr'i aboat these docaments
• < vi: 1 not !v* :TA 1. a:: 1 the existence of
•• was established by the examinations, \
•? was absent from the castle on that fa
aud on the day of his return died of
-i .'.eir ou eateriug the room of his dead
• v "tor came the lawsuit, the result of
' : Mde T. had Iwn awaiting for ten
'' a..y he came to the resolution to return
- - it can of Tar.d search it from top to
A.-.-i iu every corner. To be sure, he
it twenty times before, wit heat for- :
- - A closet or cabinet, or drawer, but per-
1 * *>ae article mislaid in the confusion,
- • >'."e escaped his search, and, more-over,
s --<r oo thing he meant to try. He
" : ' therefore, and reached T. on au even
• -' -a autatnu.
r tv.ree days he gave himself up to the
;.ate researches, opeuiug the abandon
cdtruakg A'\ \ sounding the waiU He dis
• ".a hing. XI. de T. announced that
• ' ' leave Uie castle the next day ; they
' ■'•* abme. He was in a spacious room
t -er as a library, and was near that
" , u '. va . °EI cuu died. This library .-oj>-
- vl t.e • s>l r.v ;•• r ir.i the r-ilkry. iu which
- ~ xver \- 11 r. aa-l among others
the portrait of the huntsman, who died in a
fit as he entered his master's chamber.
This picture represents the huntsman at a
moment when wounded himself, he was killing
a wild boar which had beaten down the mas
ter of the castle. The sky was black, and the
scene was repsesented on the edge of a forest
on the border of a pond.
The likeness of the huntsman in this pic
ture came ont in the most striking manner.—
X. de T. never passed it without stopping to
look at it. The face of the man seemed liviug,
his eyes were full of fire.
M. de T. had been sitting for two hours iu
the chimney corner in a chair. The fire was
dying out. The tapers on the table hardly
served to illuminate the room, which was made
more dark by violet colored curtains. It was
cold and the rain pattered agaiust the win
" Hold," said M. de T., between the teeth,
"it is the same kind of weather as it was the
day when poor Claude was wounded in killing
the boar."
He drew near the fire and began to arrange
it. It was not extinguished ;he took a fag
got and threw into the chimney. A thousand
sparks arose but it did not blaze up.
As he murmured the name of Claude in a
low voice, many recollections of him came back
to M. de T., who had grown no on the knees
of the old huntsman.
" Ah," said he, striking his hand on the
marble, "if Claude were alive, he wodld tell
me everything."
As he finished speaking, he heard a noise at
the door, as of a key which some one was at
tempting to put into the lock. A hunting
dog which he had with hira lay down, and
dragging himself on his belly, his nose on the
floor, his hair bristled, his tail stiff, retired to
the farthest corner of the room.
M de T. thought some one in the castle was
bringing him a letter.
" Come in," said he.
The door opened and Claude appeared : the
dog growled and hid himself nnderthe folds of
a curtain.
It was. indeed, Claude as he was represent
ed in the picture, iu a coat of green velvet,
with great leathern gaiters, a game bag on
his back, and his head uncovered. M. de !
T.. jumped up and attempted to go for- ' f
The huntsman stretched out hi< arm and
made him a sign to be seated. M. de T. tell
back heavily into his chair. He was opposite
a mirror, aud was frightened to see how pale
he was.
Claude advanced a few steps and seated
himself opposite to him. There was a cold at
mosphere about the huntsman which penetrat
ed M. de T., and he shuddered.
He ohserved that the clothes were all drip
ping with water, as on the day when under a
rainy sky he had saved the life of his master.
Tiie blood was flowing down the wound he had
received iu the thigh.
" Von called me," said the huntsman, "I
know what y>u want."
M de T , made a violent effort to regain his
calmness, and become master of himself.—
He tried to speak, but could not open his
" Yon are looking for papers," said the
guard. "I can give them to ;ou, but on one
" Speak," said M. de T., painfully. Tie
could have touched the huntsman with his
hand, but the voice sounded very distant.
" You buried me in the village cemetery ;
this was uot right. Puring my life I was
near my master, and when dead I ought to
sleep near him."
"It is right," replied M. de T ; "I will do
what you desire."
" Come then."
M. de T, wished to rise ; with the first ef
fort he got ujou his feet, but his legs were
heavy as lead. Claude was already at the
chamber where his master had been found
" Are yon coming ?" said the huntsman.
M. de T. t followed, his footsteps sounding
like metal ou the floor.
Claude pushed open the door and went in.
A profouud sigh heaved his (Mm>m. A singu
lar blast of cold struck M de T. on the face.
The chamber was dark, but around Claude it
was light.
The huntsman pointed to a basin for
holding water suspended at the head 01 the bed.
" Look here,' said lie.
M. de T. struck his forehead. He remem
bered a chihl to have surprised hH nncle in
the act of concealing a pocket-book in a box
cut ont the thickness of the wall. The thought
came like lightning.
" Rush at the bottom behind this bit of
wood," said Claude.
M. do T. obeyed ; a spring snapped, the
box opened, and he saw a pocket-book.
" This is not ail," continued the huntsman,
stretching his arms along the wall on which
was seen a set of hnutsmao's arm-. "Lake this
old game bag. look in one of its compartments,
a; the very bottom "
"A letter," cried M. de T.
" Read it." said Claude.
M. de T. broke open the seal ; the letter
was addressed to himself. It was dated on the
same Jay the old Baron entered this chamber
to die. He said iu this letter that he was
about killing himself to escape a sort of dark
melancholy with which he was oppressed.—
He added that his will was written, aad that
it a mid bo found in the hiding place where
he kept his most valuable papers. He pointed
out the situation of it.
The Baron, who had passed the day in hunt
ing, had evidently gone oat with the intention
of patting the letter ia the mail; lie had for
gotten it in consequence of absence of miud, to
which he was subject, and on returning home
he bad kiiled himself.
When he had finished reading the letter.
M de T . who understoxl it all at onee. look
at Claude. The huntsman's eyes had ucver
quitted hint, and he was enveloped in that
pale light, which had the brilliancy an ! cold
ness ! snow, and uiade everything char abvut
Claude walked toward the door, and M. de
T. followed him. He obejed mechanically an
impulse stronger tbau reason. He felt no
other sensation than that of intolerable cold.
" This is all," said he, "now do not follow
tne —remember only what you have promised
He pushed the door by which be had enter
ed, allowed it to turn on its hiuges aud disap
peared. M. de T. listend for a few seconds to
the sound of his footsteps, which grew distant
slowly, and resounded heavily in the gallery
and in the staircase. When they ceased, lie
was ceased with shiverings, aud fell his whole
length upon the floor.
When he awoke it was broad daylight.—
The people of the house were near him. They
placed him upon a sofa.
"We came in here an hour ago," said the
servant to him, "aud fouud you on the floor.
The bowlings of the dog drew us to the room.
Here, sir, what has happened you ?"
"I do not know," said said M. de T. He
still held in his hand the pocket book aud
letter. Everything came back to his piind.
The same cold he had felt duriug the night,
seized him iu every limb, lie ran into "the
Baron's room, the sealed box in the wall be
hind the wooden bar was open.
" Have yon seen or heard nothing ?" said he
to the people about him.
" Nothing."
M. de T. related to tlicrn what had passed.
The steward of the castle began to langh.—
" It's a dream or hallucination which ever yon
will," said he ; nnd in dreaming you recollect
what what you saw when yon were young.—
This is why you opeued the hidden place.—
All were there together, the letter and the
pocket book. M. de T. turned around : "and
this game bag which was yesterday agaiust
the wall, and which is now on the floor ?"
"It must have fallen down, sec, the nail is
" Ob," replied he, "I to see hira now
seated on his chair before trie, with hi 3 wet
clothes and his wound."
" This, then, that this cliair is wet and cov
ered with blood," said the servant. M. de T
uttered a loud cry, and touched the chair
The water arid blood were there.
" Oh, God, how cold it is ! cried he,
drawing back his hand all wet and bloody.
He ran into the gallery, almost mad with
terror The picture iu which Claude had been
represented as he re-appeared was ou the floor,
one of the corners had fallen on the hearth of
a chimney where there was a fire, and the
frame was partially consumed. The face dis
M. de T. crossed himself.
He was seized with a fever. They put him
to bed. His strong constitution saved him.—
As soon as he could walk his first care was to
have the remains of Claude transported to the
tombs where the Baron was interred. The
bodies were placed side by side, and M de T.
followed the eoflin, all in black, and bare head
The night settled the lawsuit, which , had
lasted ten years : but M. de T.. during his
whole Ufe was never cured of a sensation
of inward cold which nothing conld dissi
PHILADELPHIA TRADE. —We have on form
er occasions alluded to the efforts of Philadel
phia merchants to induce a portion of the trade'
of this sect ion of the country to seek that mar
ket more than heretofore. It will be seen, by
to our advertising columns, that some of the
enterprising business men of that city an?
again a-king the attention of our business
men, aud take this public manner to invite
them to come and see for themselves.
The facilities of commnnicatiou are quite
qual with other easteru cities, and. a ready
means of transit is the first necessity of bu
siness, it follows that, having such menus, it
require but to be knowu to be appreciated by
tiie public.
The buyer is always looking for the most
advantageous market for him to buy in, and
when a new one is opened, must necessarily
take the representation of others for his guide
till such time as he cau make a personal ex
a initiation.
In th se days of comj etition, it behcorcg
tl o-e having articles for sale to make it knowu :
the knowledge thus imparted being equally
important to those wishing to buy and to the
seiltr ; therefore, those who are at the trouble
and expense of setting forth sueh factj, are
deserving of the special attention of the buyer.
Such facts are deserving the special atten
tion of the buyer.
Philadelphia manufactures nnd merchants
have, until lately, neglected to show the pub
lic that their city is the greatest manufactur
ing mart in the country, the most favorably
situated for trade, being more central, nearest
by land to the interior business locations, and
possessing good water communication to the
ocean, advantages that greatly reduce cost
of transportation iu either direction.
The numerous Mechanic's, and other Fairs
in this country and Europe, have frequently
given testimony to the superior skill aud taste
of Philadelphia .Artisans, and tlte exce. ent
quality of their manufactures Among them
may be enumerated articles of Machinery,
Hardware, Tools. Leather. Boots, and Shoes.
Umbrellas and Parasols, Chemicals, various
kinds cf Cotton and Woollen goods, Gas Fix
tares, Ac., Ac.
Tsrra. —All vruth is from the same source.
Hence he who will cot receive truth nnless he
knows what uttered it is like the roan who re
fused to eat bread because he knows not who
raised the wheat. As the saa's warmth dowly
bnt sorely melts down the icy mountains of
the earth, so the light of truth will gradually
level the CRstom-bonnd institutions of man
which are now boarv with the frost of benight
ed ages.
A Printer ba- this ia common wit'-, a
Postmau, be ptc'is up letters auj distributes
Curious facts from History.
The Chevalier tVAubigne, who fled to Eng
laud during the French Revolution of I.DB,
and for a while lived there, in a straightened
manner, accumulated a fortune of eighty thous
and francs by teaching the English fashi'onables
how to mix salad. He visited his patrons in
a carriage, attended hy a servant.
The custom of setting at table to drink after
dinner was over, was introduced by Margaret
Atheling tire Saxon Queen of Scotland. She
was shocked to sec the Scottish gentlemen
rising from the table before grace cculd be
said, and offered a cup of choice wine to all
who would remain.
Fish did not become a popular article of
diet in Greece until a comparatively late period,
and there was a society against "cruelty to
fish," by abstaining from devouring what was
aliened to make the devourer ferocious and
inhuman. With Romans the mullet was priz
ed above all other fish. It was served up six
pounds in weight, and such a fish was worth
worth three hundred dollars. It was cooked
for the benefit and pleasure of the guests.—
Turbot was next highest in estimation, and
occasionally offending slaves were throwu into
ponds to feed them.
the older Romans paid special honor to ag
riculture, as did the Jews. Their coin was
stamped with symbols connected therewith.—
The Greeks refreshed the mouths of their plow
ing oxen with wine. Charles the Xiuth ex
empted from arrest for debt all jiersons engag
ed in the cultivation of the staple articles of
Cortez went to Mexico in search of gold,
but the first discovery he made was of choco
late. The monks were the earliest to adopt
it, but the generous beverage was considered
a wicked luxury for them,and they were warned
against it. The moralists eagerly condemned
it. The Spaniards, however, welcomed it with
It is recorded that that Antony once re
warded his cook with the gift of a city, for
having prepared a repast which elicited the en
cominms of Cleopatra.
An English dean, named Xowell, who nour
ished iu the turbulent reign of Queen Mary,
was the accidental iuveutor of bottle ale.—
lie was out fishing with the fresh drawn bev
erage at his side, when intelligence reached
him that Lis life was in danger. He threw
down his fishing rod, buried his bottle of ak
in the grass, and tied. Afterwards reclaiming
his bottle, tiie cork flew out at the touch, and
the dean was sd delighted with the creamy
condition of the ale, that he took trood care
thereafter to be supplied with the "same sort."
The stream and springs of water were great
ly reverenced by some ancient nations. Ac
cording to the popular belief of the Greeks,
every stream, spring and fountain had its resi
lient deity. The Egyptians grateful for the
blessings derived from their beloved Nile, flung
into it corn, sugar and fruit, as thank offer
ings. The Persians and Cappadocians raised
altars beside streams, and paid adoration to
the god whose exigence was evinced by the
crystal clement. The common people of Rome
flrank to excess of water, both hot aud cold.
The former they drank in winter as a stimu
The breakfast of a Greek soldier, taken at
dawn of day. consisted of bread soaked in
wine. Greek patricians sat down daily to
but one solid moal ; soldiers and plebians par
took of two. They were accounted peculiarly
coarse people who consumed three. The
Romans were in this respect similar to the
In Rome milk was used as a cosmetic, and
for baths as well as beverage. Five hundred
assos snpplied the bath and toilet vases of
the Empress Popjsen, some dozen or two of
the same animals were kept to to maintain the
decaying strength of Francis I. of France.
Appropos of milk. Butter was not known
either in Greece cr Rome until comparatively
late periods. The Greeks received it from
Asia, and the Romans were taught its use by
the Roman matrons.
Eggs filled with salt, used to l>e eaten by
curio-is maidens, after a whole days fastiug on
St. Agnes' eve, in the belief that in the after
dreams of the maid, her future husband would
be revealed to her.
T;IF LORD'S PRAYER. —I know that my mo
ther taught it me, for linked with each j>eti
tion is her presence and her 1-vre. But i do
U"t remember when 1 cannot recall the time I
kucw i; not. With my first memories it has
place. My mother aud " Our Father which
art in Ileaveu " haT? watched over me togeth
er with protecting care, nnited in their love.
And though I have learned to know that my
Saviour's love availeth more for me than mor
tal's can. yet still I feel my mother's as true,
a* constant to bless, far as its power as its po
wer extends, and those dear names are lb ked
together in my memory forever. Ami how
can anv child that has had the love and tlte
the prayer, scorn a Saviour's love, so like iser's
all powerful. Thus it would seem that every
heart should be given to Christ. lint alas,
great as the anomaly, every mother does not
teach her chikl to jwaT. Ah ! 'tis sad. yea.
awful to know it. But those who have a mo
ther who teaches of " Our Father." can nc v er
show enough gratitude and obedience, both to
the one and the other : for earth, with all its
sunshine and its flowers, were but a gloomy
waste without the hone of heaven.
advantages of cuaolnai culture are well brengi t
out by your correspondents. I have found
easier to grow garden crop* in very dry, tiian
wet seasons, by uirg the hoe freely. In w.,t
seasons, it is almost impossible to keep down
the weeds—tn dry ea?oti. it is dene with lit
tle difficulty—and the same niie and results
bokl good with our field cr ps.
c ancients were of opinion that Echo
was a tnaiden who had |uted away for love,
I uii*i! nothing but her vvic" "a- left
New anecdote of Randolph.
Arthur Livermote, of Xew Hampshire etfrl
John Randolph, of Roanoke, Virginia, were
both marked men, iu their way, and both
members of the House of Representatives in
Congress, together. Mr. RandHph was a
man of overbearing pride and great /wutiv.r
of demeanor, and one who could not, with any
tolerable degree of good grace, brook opjiosv
tion, and whose ire was roused fo (lie least de
gree by defeat. Mr. Liverraorc had not been
subject to the same degree of accidental and
artificial stimulus of pride and arrogance ; but
his spirit was scarcely more submissive than
that of his lordly compeer. Above all things,
he disdained to be trampled upon by an arro
gant despotism, roused to the most impudent
excess by the habit of domination ill fhe daily
relations of life. Livermore had one day made
a most subversive onset npou one of Randolph's
favorite pieces of invective irony and playful
slang, which he always delighted to deal out
for the amusement of the House, and which
consumed more time and afforded less light
than ought to have been expected from a gen
tleman of such distinguished learning and abili
ty as are, and always were, by common con
sent, accorded to the hero of Roanoke. Ran
dolph turned upon Mr. Lirermore with more
than his ordinary measure of gall and bitter
ness ; among other tilings, calling him repeat
edly, "the member from a State at
that time, of somewhat dubious cstimete in the
companionship of the original thirteen. Liv
more, not a whit abashed, rose on the instant
and did battle so effectually as utterly to de
molish all Johnny's glittering soap bnbles, all
the time referring to him as "the worthy mem
bers from 11 hah hln ndp He said he object
ed to that gentleman, even, privileged as he
undoubtedly was, riding rough shod over the ,
heads of his associates of the House with the
imperturable coolness with which he swung
along the streets in his wad avl *./- /
John arose aud indignantly exclaimed as
suming any such baronial airs as had been at
tributed to him by, by "the honorable member
from .Vr Hampshire and at the t>p of his
shrieking voice declared he never drove more
than than Itco, on any occasion.
Said Livermore : " I repeat a cOach and six
—ltco horses, ttco nippers, and Itco dogs H
This sudden trpi*se of the usnal retinue of
Mr. Randolph, brought down the honse in such
hearty roars of laughter that he did not deem
it prudent to enter into any more extended
explanations on that occasion : and he seldom
afterward invited the strictures of Mr Liver
more, whom he thenceforth denominated, "/*?/
ej-ci'llcul Jricnd from Xew Hampshire."
Is the Moon Inhabited ?
It has leu:: been known that the moon re
volves on its axis in the same way in which it ,
revolves around the earth, and that it cone i
qnently always presents nearly the same side
towards the earth, while the opposite side is
never seen from our globe. Xo bodies of wa
ter nor blonds can be scon on the moon by the j
aid of the rrost powerful telescope, nor is the
apparent direction of stars close to its edge
changed by refraction as would be the case if
an atmosphere enveloped the Moon. Hence
it has been infered bj Whewell, the reputed
author of a late work entitled " Of Plurality
of Worlds, "that the moon ha no atmosphere 1
or water, aud, consequently, no inhabitants. inference^is shown to be inconclusive
by a recent discovery of the astronomer Ilan
seh whose stndy cf the moon's motion, contin
ued for many years, has established the fact !
that the centre of gravity of the moon, instead
of being like that of the earth, at the Centre \
of figure, is beyoud that centre, and farther 1
from the side next to the earth than it is from
the other side of tiie moon, therefore, is a vast
expanded perturbance or mountain, seventy
four miles hiirh j and any fluid, whether air or |
water, would flow downwards from the nearer 1
to the farther side of the moon, where, for
aught we know, intelligent living beings may
exist. The nearer side of the moon cannot be
inhabited, at least by beings to who-e existence
air and water are essential, as it is the case 1
with all terrestial animals.
The late celebrated mathenr.alian, GRASS,
proposes as 3 mean? of settling the question,
whether the moon is inhabited, that a huge
monument should be erected on the stepj es of
Siberia as to the inhabitants of the moon
in the hope that tltey miwbt le induced to
erect a similar signal to apprise r.s cf their ex
istence. The discovery of 1 lan-el show? that
such an experiment could be atreeoed with uo
success, in-as-iuQch as the inhabitants of the
moon, if there are any, being ou the farther
side, conld never sec a mocnment on the earth.
It may cot be uninteresting to add. that it
has been discovered, within a few rears, br
mean? of loug coutinaed hourly obc^natious
with the barometer, that the moon exerts an
appreciable influence- on the pressure of the
atrnc"phere t and also by means of long con
tinued magnetic observations that it exerts
an Influence on the declination 0: the magnet
ic ueeulc.— Boston Cw.rirr.
WORTH KXOWINC,. —One pound of green
copperas, worth cents, dissolved in o' c
quart of water aud poured down a privy, will
effectually concentrate sn i destroy the foulest
smells. For water cutsets on Loan! of ships
ami Kteaxal>oal3, ahoat hotels and other public
places simple green copperas dissolved un
der the bed, in anything that will hold water,
and thns render a hospital or other place for tiie
si< k. free from urpleasent smells. For sink?
ar.d wherever there are offensive pntrd gases
dissolve coppers* and sprinkle it about ar-d -n
a few days the srae'l wiH j ass awav. If a eat.
rat cr monsp dies aboat the house a:*! sends
forth: an offensive g, pbee db- dved copper
as in an open re--s| rv-nr the ; 'ace where the
nuisfrpee is. acd it will soon the atmos
phere. ' FARMER
less *eiglu a r*c; horse carrier, the feirSooUtng crcr did any U>lr I v
quicker be runs : ao.l the sa:ae >j<ol bohli the < 'iiU ;it hurt*the {iucat
v'o*>' : - fca human tongue !an ! y-~ c cTtrrwhcre anj *• v-.
VOIj. XVIII. —No. 13.
farmer's fhprtmtnt,
Stomps and Stoned.
These arc looked ti|>on by many farmers aa
rr great pestilence. To heal the nglt feelings
of these fortunate men, who happen to hnve
any of these plagues about them, I projtose to
make a few uropositions. First,! will say you
arc very lucky in hating the very best fencing
material on earth. To put these materials in
to fence will require some work and trouble ; bnt
who, I ask, ever had anything good and dnra
ble that c(*d nothing? This is the case with
all real valuable structures on the farm. I will
venture to say, there is not a form in Tioga
County that is overstocked with stumps ami
stones for fences and bnilding purposes. A
sturftp fence, well built,- end chinked with roofs
and stones, is worth more to a farmer than
Bank Stock. The reasons are these; a stomp
fence js nearly a.l durable as the everlasting
hills—no damage done by heaving of frost; you
never find it, in the spring, prostrated by the
wind ; it is always there ; and let your unru
ly cattle or horses jnmp over or get through it
if they can. How many fanners who look n[-
or. these stumps and stones with a scowl—and
tvheu it eOmCs night, they can't sleep expect
ing in the morning to find their crops half des
troyed by unruly cattle. To these men I would
say, go to work, and with your stomps ami
stoues build a fence as it should be built, and
your crops arti as safe as if locked npin a barn.
Von may think this will be a tremendous job ;
1 will tell you that the cost of stump fences
is about one dollar per rod, when built in per
fect style. I will give good surety, that money
invested in pulling stumps and putting them
into fence, will lie as profita'.'e and as satis
factory in te?> years, as the same amount of
money invested in western land speculation.
You may think they are the cause of hedges
growing up—that they form a nest for brier?,
elders, etc., : but if you stand iu fear of this,
I will tell you that a stump-fence is easily mov
ed one or two rods, if you bare not thrown too
mnch stone and rubbish between the tnmps.
This shonld be done during time of a drought
then stumps are very light, in comparison to
what they were when first put into fence.
Stones are as valuable for fences and other
buildings as -tumps." They make a good fcDoe,
by laying a foundation 2 1-2 feet wide and
3 12 feet high. This should be staked and
ridercd the same as a common rail fence.—
Before the stakes are set, plow three furrows
on each side of the wall : then, with a shovel
proceed to bank up the fence on both sides.
This helps to support the fence. All stono
fence/j should stand north-and-outh for tho
reason that if they stand cast-and-west they
will thaw out in the spring on the south side
first, while the ground remains hard and fro
zen on the north side, and caa-es the fence to
fall very soon. FARMER.
THROWING STOXCS —This is one of the worst
practices a boy or man can be guilty of In
driving stock, you may see them continually
throwing stones at something. Even harmless
birds are stoned until they are frightened off
into the thick woods, and some children and
grown people have to be pelted occasion
ally. Any boy of little discernment can see
how much pain they cause cattle many times
by being Lit with stones iu the eyes, "on the
horns, or on any other part. When a creature
is hit with a rmall stone coming with littlo
force, it causes the blood to settie under the
skin : this makes a sore place for some time,
when hit on the eye, the sight is damaged, and
many times entirely lost ; and when bit on tho
horn, disease of the horn is the consequence
many times.
The iittle feathered tribe are not allowed to
sing in your shade trees or about your dwell
ing, Imt they ranst be frightened out of their
senses, sometimes killed Tics is a high Landed
crime, and the man or boy who does it, shonhl
be taken out behind the bam anil dogged un
til his humanity is raised a iittle above the
brute level. The (treat Designer of all things
thought projwr to create these iittie songsters
to enliven the drooping spirit® of intelligent
man and to procure their living by destroving
many pests of the farm, such as apple-tree
worms, cut worms in the garden, bugs, millers
etc., ami tiie man or boy who is continually
at war with them, is standing decidedly ia his
own light.
Pmcix." WELM ;X Qics-Axr —lIOT t->
tSK a Cf as.—The following from the J/7 .1-
r Faraur L a simple and ingenious method
for the construction of the curb. When tkev
e-ime to the water, as alvajs the case there o.t
the openrnsrs, the* found as abundance of quick
sand. 80 to stop that cut, they went to tho
woods and cut a white efc-k tree about throi
feet ever, and ct:t off three feet of the bntt
then mark-?'! ah-ont thr~c inches thick aronnd
the octside, and <q!it i! off into jticees liko
stave bolts, careful to number them so as 11
-et them op ju-t a tbey •rrew ; then took
them ♦. t them np. hooped them together
—having first ehamtvred ofT the ontsideso as
to -i.urpon the lower end. then let them dow-i
into the quicksand, a little at a time, being
cartful to keep ttiem to their proper place*.
d.pjHug cat the sand from the inside, and thns
settling them down till the top was eren witu
the- water. l>ei:i-jr under water, it woaki nev
er rot oct, a Lid the thickness of the stares
WOQM pre rent them front ever MOVING from
their place. It kept the sand oat perfectly,
the water cum - from the bottom, and after
the first < \ otouius, was as elew us the crys
tal fountain.
Av Iki-ii Wiu.—l leave aaij beq:teath i)
A';V H v- ] vrlfe t'E viiole of BIT ;*\>-
jyrty, rva', persoaal a-,.1 O c half of
the REICALRKKR to c.Y oUk.-T >on Pat nek, UM
balance to ruy -on the Llaik
gvuri] ; a;ul >hoaM tSien? '*? anything left. :t
to Terracee