Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, March 12, 1857, Image 2

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    Inauguration of President Buchanan.
WASHINGTON, March 4 th, 1857.—A bright
er day seldom dawned upon the Federal city,
than this 4th of March, 1857. The streets
were soon alive with moving multitudes. —
Pennsylvania Avenue presented a most anima
ted appearance. Flags waved from aE the
hotels and public buildings, and frini many
private houses. The movements of military
companies, preparing to take their places in
the line of the procession, gave a particularly
lively character to the scene.
Altogether the volunteers in the city, takiug
part in the ceremonies numbered not less than
a thousand rank and file. There were also de
tachments of U. S. Light Artillery front Fort
Mcllcnry, and a corps of some three hundred
U. 8. Marines. Thev were all under the com
mand of Gen. John A (juitman.
The Fire Companies and the various politi
cal aud civic societies, were also early in mo
tion, preparing to take their place? in the line
of procession. Towards nine o'clock they and
the military all began to form in procession on
New Yory Avenue, the right, consisting of the
military, resting on 15th Street. This is close
to the President's House and the public De
partments. The procession got into motion
about 12 o'clock and advanced down Pennsyl
vania Avenue.
On reaching the National Hotel thcrs was
n halt, and, after n short delay, an elegant
barouche, drawn by four horses, containing the
President and the President elect, joined the
procession, immediately in the rear of the mil
itary. The Yiee President elect was also in
an open carriage, with several other gentlemen,
and the two carriages were surrounded by the
Keystone Club, preceded by the military and
a representation by a lndvdressed as the God
dess of Liberty, on a high platform drawn by
six horses, followed by a miniature ship of war
of considerable size, made by the mechanics
of the Washington Navy Yard. The crowd
cheered tumultuously as the President elect
appeared. The procession tlicu moved on in
the order agreed upon.
There were a number of fine military bands
in the procession, including several from Phil
adelphia, New York and Baltimore, which
gave additional eclat to the scene. As the
line moved on towards the Capitol, the crowd,
which was much more dense at this end of the
avenue than at the other, repeatedly cheered
the President and Vice President elect, and
they bowed their acknowledgments on all sides.
As the head of the column reached the
north gate of the Capitol it halted, and the
military opened ranks, facing inwards and pre
sented arms—through which the carriage with
the President and President elect drove to the
gate. There they alighted, and were received
by the Committee of the Senate appointed for
the purpose.
The most interesting scene, though on a
small scale, was that in the Senate Chamber.
Owing to the small size of the apartment, only
a limited number of persons could be admit
ted, but these comprised all the chief dignita
ries of the government. The semi circular
galleries were filled with ladies at an early
hour, and members of the 31th and 35th Con
gress were admitted to the Eastern lobby.
The Senators met at 12 o'clock. On the
announcement of the arrival of the President
and President elect, all rose to their feet.—
The President and President elect took the
place assigned to them, and in a few minutes,
all being prepared, the venerable Robert B.
Taney, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of
the United States, advanced with, the Bible in
his hand. The President elect rose, and tlicu
took the oath of office as follows :
" I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully
execute the office of President of the United
States, and will to the Lost of my ability, pre
serve, protect and defend the Constitution of
the United States."
Those in the Senate Chamber then formed a
line and proceeded to the eastern portico of
the Capitol. There was a countless crowd of
men, women and children occupying every foot
of space that afforded an opportunity of see
ing the ceremony on the portico.
A very spacious platform was erected on
the portico, on which places were assigned for
all those who had been admitted to the Senate
Chamber. As the tall figure of the President
elect became visible, there rose a deafening
shout from the vast human mass, it spread
over the whole multitude, and it was some
time before it could be quieted. The Presi
dent elect, with hat in hand, bowed repeated
ly in acknowledgment of the popular acclama
In the very front, of the platform was a seat,
to which the President elect was conducted
In his rear were the President and CommPtee
of Arrangements; back of them were the
Chief Justice and Judges of the Supreme
Court, the Vice President and the members of
the Senate. Then camp the Diplomatic Corps,
m grand tnnie, ami then the other persons who
hud been in the Senate Chamber.
When quiet was restored after the acclama
tions that had greeted the President elect, he
proceeded, at about J 3 1 o'clock, to deliver
his inaugural address.
At the close of the address the Ex-Presi
dent advanced and offered his congratulation
to the President, and he was followed by the
other dignitaries. The crowd at the same re
newed their cheering, and the guns on the
Capitol bellowed out the news that a new Pre
sident had entered tipon his term of office.—
The salute consisted of thirty one guns—oue
for each State of the Union.
The ceremony being concluded, the Presi
dent returned to tlie Senate Chamber, and
soon after resumed his seat in the Carriage
mid was conducted to the White House, the
ex-President and others accompanying him.
The military and a great part of the civic
procession formed again, to escort the Presi
dent, and those along with him to the Execu
tive mansion.
TToiunt.E ACCIDENT. —For want of room
list week, we omitted to give an account of
a distressing calamity that occurred in our vicin
ity a short time since. It appears that the
wife of JOHN SIWRUVO, residing about two
miles from this village,up Sliepard's Creek, left
the room in which she had been to work, on
some business, leaving a little son and daughter
sole occupants. During the absence of the
mother the boy with a'blazing stick unintention
ally set fire to his sister's clothing, burning her
so dreadfully, that she lived but a few hours
after the occurrence.— Wavtrly Advocate.
RIMON ORKKN, convicted of the murder
of .Michael Kelly, a brother Irishman on the
Public works, in August last, and condemned
to he hung at ilarrisburg on Friday last,
was reprieved from that day to 27th Slareh.
New witnesses* are said to havo been produc
ed, who on another new trial it is thought will
prove the crime to have been manslaughter.
The North Branch CanaL
llarrisburg, Feb, 20, 1857. f
It ■n. J. Lawrence Get z Speaker of the House, of
J'eprescntiiHccs :
Sir :—a sense of public duty compels the
Canal Commissinoers to call the attention of
the Legislature to a subject which in their
opinion, demands immediate action.
The Legislature by the act of May 7, 1855,
appointed Win. It. Mafftt Superintendent of
the Upjier North Brunch Canal, By the pro
visions of that act the Board have no other
control over that branch of the improvements
than to give or withhold their consent to " al
terations of said eaiwl an<l its appurtenances." J
The 45th section of the act provides, " that
the Carta! Commissioners niar, for official
misconduct, during the recess of the Legisla
ture, suspend tfie appointment hereby made,
and supply the place of said Superintendent
until the meeting of the next Legislutore,and
shall then report to said legislature their ac
tion, with the causes thereof."
The 40th section of the act of May 13th
1851), making appropriations for the ordinary
expenses of government, enacts, " That no Su
perintendent. Supervisor, or other Agents hat
ing charge of any part of the public improve
ments belonging to the Commonwealth, shall
be allowed to contract debts in any one year
beyond the appropriation, for the division un
der his charge, without the consent in writing
of the Board of Canal Commissioners, who
shall fix the amount thereof ; and if any Su
perintendent, Supervisor, or Agent, as afore
said, shall contract debts contrary to the pro
visions of this act, the Canal Commissioners
anc hereby required to remove from office the
Superintendent, Supervisor or Agent who may
have contracted such debts."
In their annual report to the present Legis
lature, the Board, after re-capitulating the
names of the various officers tender their ap
pointment, who had violated the act prohibit
ing debts to be incurred beyond the appropri
ation, say : " It is proper to observe that none
of their officers are now in the service of the
Commonwealth and that "in addition to
this unauthorized indebtedness by officers un
der the control of the Board of Canal Com
missioners, Win. R. Ma flit, Superintendent of
the Upper North Branch Canal, on appointee
of the Legislature, incurred a debt of si ft,388
48, without the consent of the Board, and in
violation of the law.
Mr. Maffit's disregard of the law was not
known in time for the action of the Board un
til the meeting of the Legislature. As the
act of 1855 took the appointment of the Su
perintendent, and the usual control of that
branch of the public improvements from the
Canal Commissioners, and as the session of the
Assembly had'comnienoed by time they could
have taken action on the subject, the Board
merely reported the fact of Mr. Maffit's viola
tion of the law to the Legislature.
They considered this course due to the ap
pointing power. By a rigid < (instruction of
the act of 18515, they might have removed the
officer, notwithstanding the act of 1855 gives
tlieni only the power to suspend during the re
cess. The Legislature being about to convene
at the period the violation of the law was as
certained the Board considered it no more
than an act of courtesy to refer the fact to
that body for their action.
In the meantime the Board have not deem
ed it consistent with the law to recognize Mr.
Maffit as an officer, being of the opinion that
that the appointees on the public improvements,
whether made l>y tlic Legislature or the Canal
Commissioners, would be alike subjected to the
penalty of removal for a violation of the pro
visions of the act of 1856.
Under these circumstances the Upper North
Branch Canal is now actually without a Super
intendent. The near approach of the opening
of navigation, and the important public and
private interests connected therewith, requires
that immediate action should be taken so as to
place the line under the charge of some re
sponsible officer.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
your obedient servant.
IIEXRY S. MOTT, President.
On motion of Mr. Ball the communication
was referred to the Committee on Ways and
Tlia State Convention—Hon. D, Wilmot.
The opposition look forward to tle meeting
of the Republican State Convention, at liar
risburg, on the 25th of March, with deep in
terest. The Lehigh lugislcr says :—(Juite a
number of names have been suggested by the
press in different sections for the various offi
ces, and from their tone we are led to believe
that both Republicans and Americans are
agreed to overlook the distinctive features of
their respective organizations, and go for the
men who will be best able to cope with and
overpower the Democracy. The lesson of last
year is fresh in the minds of every one, and it
would be strange indeed if a few miserable
disorganizes are permitted to repeat the game
that proved so disastrous in the Presidential
contest. With prudent management the fu
ture of the opposition in this State is full of
hope. The majority of the voters of the Com
monwealth are with us, and it only remains
that our force should be united and rendered
effective to bear down all opposition and put
an end to the reign of the sham Democracy in
the Keystone State.
Among the different names suggested as
Gubernatorial candidates, none lias been re
ceived with a heartier response than that of
Hon. David Wilmot of Bradford, and he has
our decided preference. We look upon him as
one of the very best men in the Commonwealth,
and doubt whether one of greater popularity
could be selected as our standard-bearer. He
was one of the most prominent men in the
State during the last campaign,—in fact lie
was at the head of the great and glorious cause
for which we struggled, and no one accom
plished mightier results than he, particularly
in his own district, where his uprightness and
personal character gave great weight, lie is
a man of unquestionable ability, sincerity and
faithfulness. We might say a great deal more
in favor of his nomination, but our object at
this time is merely to introduce his name for
consideration to our readers.
A FAROE TRF.F.. —The WrightsviMe J(PN.)
Star gives a description of an enormous [syca
more on Forge Island, in the Susquchannariv
er. This tree, says the Star, measures in cir
cnmferancc at the butt forty-three feet. At
eight feet from the ground, it divides or forks
into five prongs, each of which is as large
around at the fork as a hogshead, all are much
alike in fuze, and ascending sixty feet without
a limb. Our national bird, the Eagle, lias a
nest in its top, a fit eyrie for the bird of Jove.
(Jfonrsban fllornmn, ill aril) 12, 1837,
TKKMS— Our Dollar per annum, invariably in ael vance.~-
Four weeks previous to the expiration of a subscription,
notice trill lie given by a printed wrapper, and if not re
newed, the paper will in all cuses be slopped.
Cl.CßßlNli— The Reporter will be sent to Clubs at the fol
lowing extremely low rates :
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Dollar for three or less insertions, and twenty-five cents
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JOB-WOKK — E recu ted with accuracy and despatch, and a
reasonable prices—with every facility for doing Books,
Blanks, Hand-bills, Bali tickets, tj-r.
MONEY may be sent by mail, at our risk—enclosed in an
envelope, and properly directed, we will be resjtonsible
for its safe delivery.
|>iiliiir.Lii State Convention, for the
nomination nf Candidate-* for Governor ami other State
officer*, will he hchl at Mart iilmrß on Weclne-alay. the
2."> th oljjlareh, 15.57. Each District will elect Delegates
in t!o usual manner, equal in number to it* representation
in tVa two bouses of the State legislature ; ami no person
will be entitled, by substitution, to represent a district in
which he does not reside. CHARLES CHIRON'S,
Chairman of State Executive Committee.
The Buehanites held their State Convention
on the 2d iust. at Ilarrisbarg. The attendance
was large ; the delegates being mostly office
seekers ctt route for the inauguration. Col.
FORVF.Y called the body to order, and made a
speech in which lie very delicately alluded to
his defeat for U. S. Senator, by saying that
the fruits of the Presidential victory had been
allowed to rot under their feet.
In receiving the credentials of the delegates,
quite an interesting secne occurred. Mr. J.
M. ANDERSON'S seat as Senatorial delegate
from York county, was contested by I>. M.
SMYSER. Mr. A. was elected as a Senatorial
delegate by the County Convention of York,
previous to the election for U. S. Senator.—
Mr. SMYSEK presented a paper signed by near
ly all the members of the Convention which
elected Mr ANDERSON, revoking his selection,
and appointing Mr. S. to fill his place ; and
also the proceedings of a county meeting de
nouncing Mr. A. and appointing Mr. S. as dele
gate. The grounds for this action, were " that
the opeu boast of James M. Anderson that he
had the entire control of Maiiear,and yet refused
to exercise his influence to save the party from
betrayal, though at Ilarrisburg, has forfeited
the confidence of the democratic party." Mr.
ANDERSON was voted out by the Convention,
and Mr. SMYSEK allowed his seat.
The nomination for Governor was spiritedly
contested. The first ballot stood as follows :
W. F. Packer, .11 j J. Porter Rrawiey, 15
IV. H. Witte, 2b I Ephraim Ranks, 8
R. W. Biack, 25 ] <!. It. Barrett, 0
Win. Hopkins, 15 | F. W. Hughes, 4
But finally, 011 the twenty-fourth ballot, the
" everlasting State of Williamsport " triumph
ed by the following vote :—Packer, 08 ; Wit
te, 51 ; Black, I t.
Gen. PACKER is perhaps the strongest can
didate the democracy could have selected.—
Popular manners, in the course of a long politi
cal life have gained him many friends. He
will also strike a sympathetic chord in the
breasts of a large class of active politicians
throughout the State, who have grown rich
off the public works, and who are always wait
ing, like Macawber, for something "to turn
up." To be sure there are some ugly veminis
l cences of the past, in connection with the pub
lic improvements, but in these days they are
rather a credit than a reproach to a politician.
For Supreme Judge, Hon. ELLIS LEWIS was
nominated for re-election 011 the second ballot.
He is a man of great attainments and unbound
ed ambition, possessing the somewhat rare
qualification of l>eing able to read the law
equally well 011 either side of a question. It
is hardly wortli while to re-elect hi in, as we
presume lie has already made an arrangement
to go upon the L~. S. Supreme Bench when a
vacancy shall occur.
For Canal Commissioner, NIMROD STRICK
LAND was nominated on the second ballot. We
have no hesitation in saying that Judge STRICK
LAND is too good a man to be sailing in that
The resolutions of the Convention doilgc all
the political questions of the day. We are
not surprised at this, when we know that Gen.
PACKER was last fall making Free Kansas
speeches. Plunder, not principle, is to be the
rallying cry this fall, and promises of office at
the hands of the National Administration will
be freely distributed.
At the close of the Convention, General
PACKER was brought forward and delivered a
short address. The inevitable and indomita
ble S.VOBIU.E was then called for, but with his
usual modesty declined, promising, however,
that he would visit every district represented
upon the floor during the coming campaign.
ment in another column, it will bo seen that
Messrs. WELLS & ROIWERS propose to furnish
to order, all kinds of Musical Instruments, of
the most approved manufacture at New York
prices. We have 110 doubt that it will be to
the advantage of all wishing to purchase, to
give them a trial.
Big* Idie President has issued his proclama
tion, ordering the sale of the Indian Trust
Lands in Kansas, in May and June next.—
There are about 650,000 acres of these lands,
which will be sold to the highest bidder, but
not at less than the appreciated value.
Ex-President PIEBCF. will make a South
ern tour prior to his return to X. Hampshire.
I>urig the many years the people of North
ern Pennsylvania have been anxiously expect
ing and waiting for the completion of the
North Branch, there has been little prospect
of the realiza.ion of their hopes, until the last
season. Even when the Canal was declared
finished, it was so far from being fit for use,
that the hopes of many of its friends died with
in them, and they were ready to despair of
ever beholding it in a navigable condition.
The creation of a new office by the Legisla
ture, and the selection of \V.w. It. MAKFJT, to
fill that office, invested with ample powers to
control the management of the work on the
North Branch, independent of the Canal Com
missioners, coupled with hia high reputation for
experience, his indomitable energy and untir
ing industry, created new hopes in those who
had almost give up in despair.
MR. MAKKIT went to work upon the North
Branch, which our readers will recollect, had
already been pronounced finished, to put it in
navigable order, lie found that the water
had been passed through that portion from
the State line to Towanda, a distance of about
11) miles—but while it was in use, it was navi
gable only for boats with light loads, being
; obstructed by bars, and throughout the entire
distance, was full of leaks and weak places,
making its permanence exceedingly doubtful,
and in dry weather the quantity of water ex
ceedingly limited. The whole distance reqni-
| red overhauling and repairing.
From this place to Pittston the Canal was
in still worse condition. All attempts to place
water in the entire distance had proved una
vailing. The body of water contained in the
i Susquehanna would not suffice to feed the
leaks aud overcome the difficulties in the way.
Radical defects in the construction were met at
i every step. Yet in spite of obstructions and
misrepresentations which would have deterred
any other person, he persevered, until last fall,
we )%d the pleasure of announcing the arrival
i of the first boat load of coal from Pittston.—
; Not that the Canal was by any means in prop
■er condition for business. But water had been
let in the whole distance leaks stopped, and the
banks pretty thoroughly tested, demonstrating
| that another season of energetic and well applied
| labor would be sufficient, without extraordiua
| ry misfortunes, to make the Canal as perfect
as any new work enn be. Of the labor per
formed by Mr. MAFKIT to bring about this
gratifying result no conception ean be formed,
except by those residing in the immediate vi
cinity of his operations. At the outset he
had to incur the misrepresentations and ridi
cule of those who wished to have control of
I the Canal for political purposes, reiterated by
others who had favorite theories for the imme
diate repairs of the Canal. Relying rrpon his
many years experience, and confident of the
wisdom of his plans, lie has jiersevered, until
he has extorted even from his enemies, the
confession thai he has done wisely all that man
could do, for the permanence and welfare of
! the North Branch.
Not only lias Mr. MAFKIT met with obsta
: clcs at home, but lie lias been constantly sub
jected to annoyances at the hands of the Ca
nal Board. We are sorry to say that the. in
terests of the North and the State, as involv
ed in this great improvement, have not met
with proper encouragement and attention from
the Board of late years. Kxeepfing onr friend
, (leu. CI.OVER, who displayed great interest in
the work, the Board lias apparently manifest
ed but little interest in it. Particularly since
the passage of the law creating the office Mr.
MAFKIT now holds, this lias been the ease.—
; On the contrary, the Board have 011 many oc
| casions evinced a desire to retard and embar
: rass Mr. MAKFIT in his operations. They did
not willingly resign the control of any portion
l of the public works. They probably saw in
the action of the legislature taking away from
them the North Branch, the initiation of a
policy which would finally lead to a change in
| the management of the public works. They
I feared that the public, seeing the energy and
; faithfulness with which the Superintendent on
the North Branch performed his duties, would 1
I naturally contrast it with the corruption and
1 inefficiency of their officers, and thus in time
| endanger the perpetuity of the debaanching
aud worse than worthless system of now ran
ging our public works.
Hence their jealousy, and the mainspring of
j the littleness which characterized their actions.
—Heretofore tliey have Ircen content with
privately manifesting their displeasure—by il
liberally in their dealings with the Superin
j tendent—and by embarrassing him in the dis
i charge of his duties on every possible ooca
sion. Now by a technicality, deeming tlicv
j have grounds sufficient to justify a full mani
festation of their ill will, they have addressed
a communication to the Legislature, which will
be found in another column. Our readers will
: mark the exultant tone of this extraordinary
; message from their Royal Highnesses the Ca
nal Commissioners of Pennsylvania. llow ill
disguised their professions of reluctance ; with
with what unction they dwell upon his alleged
tergiversations in office.
The charge they bring affects both the pri
vatc and official character of Mr. MAKFIT.—
It is no less than a disregard of a positive law
ot the State, which if an appointee of the
j Board, would be cause for his instant removal.
We will pass over the remarkable degree of
official integrity, manifested by the Board, to
explain the circumstances of this pretended
1 violation of law. It amounts to 110 inore nor
; less, than a different constuetion of the act of
assembly of last winter, making appropria
i tions for the expense of carrying on the Can
! als. The Canal Commissioners had they been
1 honest, would have so stated it to the Lcgi&la
turc, provided they deemed any notice neces
sary. Mr. MAFFIT claimed that a portion of
the " breath fund," as it is called, was intend
ed for the Upper North Branch. Such it is
understood, WAS the intention of HARRISON
WRIOIIT who framed the bill. But on apply
ing for it, the Canal Commissioners construe
the- law differently, refuse to allow him to
draw his share of that fund, and he is left mi
uus some seventeen thousand dollars, having
supplied from hi* private resources, the money
expended above the special appropriation.
The breach fund applicable to the upper
North Branch would lie more than sufficient
to cover all the expenditures left unsettled,
and given Mr. MAFFIT a small sum at his dis
posal for use during the winter. His offence
then is, relying confidently upon receiving his
share of this fund, as was intended by MR
Wiiioirr, he has expended more money than
was appropriated, and is charged by the Ca
iial Commissioners with malfeasance in office,
lie is by this action, virtnallv suspended from
office, as they decline to recognize him longer
as a public officer
We will leave fire public to form their own
judgment upon the merits of this case. It is
not in Mr MAFFIT we are particularly inter
ested, but in the welfare of the North Branch.
Whether he is snstaiired or not, by the Legis
lature, the damage to this work must be incal
culable, and may be irreparable. It is not to
, l>e supposed that Mr. MAFFIT'S friends will al
low him to succumb to the jealousy and un
fairness of the Board, without a struggle. In
the meantime the Canal remains without a Su
perintendent. The Canaf Commissioners have
no power to appoint, and Mr. M. even if he
he had money, would ucrt be desirous of ex
pending it, when he was not recognized at the
Canal Commissioner's office as a public officer.
The work so imperatively demanded, to allow
business to be transacted upon it, will be de
layed, and some weeks lost at best. The Ca
nal Commissioners seem bent upon making
their private griefs predominate over the pub'
lie interests. The Legislature can, if it will,
light the matter, and secure to tire North the
speedy completion of the Canal, by passing an
act, which shall relieve Mr. MAFFIT from the
unjust position in which the Canal Commission
ers seek to place him. No political considera
tions, can, or should enter into the matter, un
less the Canal is desired as a political engine
of corruption. It has been the pride of its
friends heretofore that it has been kept free
from the abominations which disgrace our State,
from the dishonest use of the patronage of our
public improvements. We trust that the Leg
islature, looking to the true interests of the
Commonwealth, and respecting the long-delay
ed hopes of the friends of the North Branch,
will take such speedy action in the matter as
may be deemed necessary and proper.
The Cabinet is at last completed. Mr. Be
en A NAN has experienced great difficulty in ar
ranging it. the principal portion of which seems
to have come from Pennsylvania. His origi
nal desire was to give GI.ANCY JONES a place,
hut FORNEY, since his defeat, lias been deter
mined for some reason that GI.ANCY should not
go in. 'Hie name of PI.CMMF.R has also been
mentioned but not seriously considered. Fi
nally Judge BLACK has carried off the palm.
The Cabinet as sent into the Senate, and con
firmed, is as follows :
Secretary of Stair LEWIS C ASS, of Mi. hisran.
Secretary of Treasury. HOWELL COHB, of (
Secretary of War .) UN" 15. EI/)Yl>* of Virginia.
Srcrrtary of thr Xary, . ISAAC TOKCRA'.ot Conn.
Secretary of the Interior. JACOB 'l'Hi INrPSOX. of Miss.
Attorney General Jwlge BLACK, of Pennsylvania.
Postmaster General AAROX V. IVROWX, of Tenn.
The Cabinet, as a whole, does not come tip
to public expectation, as regards the ability of
its members. We consider HOWF.LL Conn a?
by far the best man in it. The selection of
Judge BLACK is unquestionably a triumph for
FORNEY. The office for which he has been se
lected, is one of no political importance what
ever, and if it was, in political sagacity Judge
BLACK is as simple as a child. FORNEY will
not now have any rival from Pennsylvania, be
fore the throne of power, and will be the
great dispenser of political patronage for Penn
NEW BOOKS. —The celebrated publisher, T.
B. PETERSON, of Philadelphia, will publish on
the 14th inst., a new work by Mrs. Sorm-
ER. To those who have had the pleasure of
reading Mrs. S*s writings, it is not necessary
to say that she is one of tire most interesting
authors of the present day, excelling in the
originality and power of IKT jjroduciions. This
new work is said to excel any previously pul>-
lished. It will be issued complete in one targe
duodecimo volume, neatly bound in cloth, for
$1 25 ; or in two volumes, paper cover for sl.
Copies of cither edition of the work will be
sent to every part of the United States, pos
tage paid, on receipt of the price.
The same publisher has just issued a new
work entitled " THE BORDER ROVER," by Em
erson Bennett. The scene of the Border Ro
ver is in the Territory of Kansas, beginniug
at Independence, Missouri, and extending all
over the plains or prairies to the Rocky Moun
tains. It is full of thrilling adventure and
hair breadth escapes, love, romance and hu
mor, and the characters are trappers, traders,
hunters, travelers, guides, Indians, &c., &e.
Furthermore, the scenes arc geographically
correct., the incideuts of actual occurrence, and
those who wish to see Kansas as it was a few
years since, will find in this most excitiug sto
ry some very accurate and valuable information.
The work is issued complete in two large
duodecimo volumes, neatly bound in paper co
vers, for one dollar, and will be sent, postage
free, on receipt of price. Address T. B. PE
TERSON, 102 Chcstuut street, Philadelphia. j
Mr. D. C. McCallum, Superintendent of the
N. Y. &. E. R. It., has tendered his resigna
tion to the Board of Directors, and it "has
been accepted. The friends of the Road, and
the travelling community, will learn this'with
much regret. During the time Mr. McCallum
has held the office, he has introduced into the
management of the Road, a system which is
unequalled in its operation, as far as regards
the safety and comfort of travellers and the
welfare and prosperity of the road. But at
the same time, by his perfect impartiality
strict accountability and inflexible integrity lie
has incurred a storm of abase and misrepre
sentation such as few men have ever had to
meet. Local jealousies, private iuterests, and
baffled peculation have combined to overthrow
him. Their aim Las Leon to damage the busi
ness of the road for the purpose of
him. Though sustained by the Board of 1)1
rector, he ha* felt that it would be better for
himself and the Road, voluntarily to retire
particularly as the system he has inaugurate!
will continue in force iu the government of the
Road, Those who are expecting to advance
local and private interests, at the expense of
the Road, will find they have not gained any
thing by his voluntary retirement from the Su
The Road is hereafter to be divided into an
Eastern and Western division—Mr. Hn.jj
KIDDLE taking charge of the Eastern, and Mr.
IIART of Owego, the Western Division. Mr
KAJISDELI., President of the company, will act
as General Superintendent. Mr. | ias
been Division Superintendent under Mr. M, -
CAI.H U, and possesses rare qualifications for
the duties and responsibilities of his new peti
The slave power has at last removed the last
barrier to its complete The
Supreme Court has bowed before its influence,
and by one bold stroke swept away the last
obstacle to its triumphant spread overtliis Ke
public, in the famous Tired Scott case a de
rision has at length been pronounced, declaring
the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, de
nying the right of Congress Co prohibit slavery
in the Territories, and declaring that a slave
takec into a free state, is not therefore entitled
to his freedom. A negro is also declared not
to be a citizen. .
A hill providing for the reduction of the
Tarriff was finally adopted in the last hours of
Congress. It is the result of a compromise of
conflicting views on the subject, and passed bv
a vote of 35 to 8 in the Senate, and 124 to 71
fn the House of Representatives. It goes in
to fiill effect oil the Ist of July next, and the
new rates of duties to apply to all goods im
ported, but warehoused, is the meantime, as
though the same lrad been imported after the
30th of June. The immediate practical re
sults aside from the main purpose ts reduce
the present redundant customs revenue about
$1 LOW,OO per annum on the current scab of
importation, will be to throw a large portion
of the highly dutiable goods now on the way
from foreign States into Public Store, to await
the operation of the new biff, and to postpone
a considerable share of the usual importations
ordered for May and June, until after the Ist
of Jul v.
The following are some of the more impor
tant changes made by the new law :
Schedule A of the Tariff of "f<, including
Brandy and all Distilled Spirits, with Cordials
of all kinds, is redtjecd from 100 per cent, ad
valorem to 30 per cent.
Schedule B —Wines, Cigars and all manu
factures of Tobacco, Raisins. Sweetmeats, ke. r
Ac.—is reduced from 40 to 30 percent. Ma
hogony, Satiuwood Ac., arc reduced from 40
to 8 per cent.
Schedule C —lron, Woolens, Suirnr. A' l '.
&c.—is reduced from 30 to 24 per cent. Alt
bleached, printed or dyed Cottons are tran>-
ferred to this schedule, making the duty there
on 2 4 per cent., instead of 25, as at present.
Schedule I) Flannels, Carpets, Baizes, (a*
hles and Cordage, Hemp and Ifempen Mann
faetures, Manufactures of Silk. See.,
reduced from 25 to lit per eent.
Schedule E —-All manner of Timber or
Lumber, Manufactures of Copper, l-urs on tlv
skinr. Paper Hangings, Oranges and Ictnc.v.
Periodicals, Skins, Velvet, Ac. —is reduced
from 20 to 15 per cent.
Schedule F —Brimstone, Tin, Ac. —is redd
ed from 15 to 12 per cent.
Schedule G— Books and Magazines, Dia
monds and ad precious stones, Cocoa, lal.o,
Watches and Watch materials, A. —is reduced
from 10 to 8 per cent. Tin in plates or sheets,
with Mahogany and all Woods of luxury, a.Q
transferred to this schedule.
Schedule IT— Tin in pigs or blocks, Zinr.
Pewter, llaw Hides, &. —is reduced from ■*
to 4 per cent. , ~
Schedule /(the free fist) is largely extended ,
Wool costing less than 20 cents per poum.,
Hrass, Copper and most Drugs or C iicnuc al>
used in manufacturing, being added to it
Wool costing over 20 cents ]>or pound i> r
dnced from 80 to 24 per cent, along v - • J
Wooleus not otherwise specified.
ENROLLMENT TAX.— The Secretary of the
Comiu:nweaith has transmitted to the
ture n list of the several acts of Assembly ri
maining in his office, which will be repealed
the 22d of April next, in default of payment
of the enrollment tax. Very nearly *2.>, odd l>
due the State for these purposes.
j&HaT' There are in New-York city rum >h°!
enough to till a street 2> miles long.