Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, October 27, 1855, Image 2
Mr. Pierce's Apology. At length we have an apology for allowing the laws of the United States to be trampled under foot in Kansas by an armed horde from Missouri. A democratic convention, held at Syracuse in the last week of August, referring to this proceeding, declared that " all the power of the federal and territorial govern ments should be exerted to redress these out rages and vindicate the rights of the people.'' Mr. Pierce has taken six weeks to digest this reprimand given by an assembly of hisfricuds, and has at length answered, through the columns of the Washington Union, in its sheet of last Saturday, Mr. Gushing, it is supposed, holding the pen. The apology takes the form of a re ply to the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, but in reality is an attempt to break the force of the rebuke administered by the Syracuse Con vention. The defence of Mr. Pierce is this. First, that the settlers of Kansas provoked the Mis- Aourians to commit these outrages. Secondly, that the President had no power to do any thing in the matter. We will consider each branch of the defence in its turn. Mr. Pierce's first position is thus stnted : " Ife [the President] saw, as every impartial man must have seen, that as soon as the Kansas bill became a law, the purpose was avowed by abolitionists to defeat its great principle bv securing the nasty immiirration into the territory, through the influence of capital, of an anti slavery population, The Kansas law was ha- ed upon the principle of allowing the bona fide settlers—those who came of their own accord to nnii iiumm liui to pursue their avocations as permanent inhabitants, and with no preconceived purpose to affect the political complexion of the territory—to allow such inhabitants to adopt or reject slavery, as they raipht decide. The spirit and object of the law were liable to be perverted and defeated in two ways—the one by the mode of hurrying in anti->laverv settlers, as charged upon the abolitionists ; the other by the mode of attending the elections, and controlling the ballot box by force, as charged upon the Missourians.— The former mode was as much calculated to excite and exasperate the South as the latter the North/' Again, speaking of those who do not look at both sides of the question, Mr. Pierce's apol ogist proceeds : " Clov. Ueeder fell into the same error when lie returned to Pennsylvania, shortly after the elections in Kansas— In his speech to his neighbors in Kaston. he denounced with bitterness tire violence and force of tbe Misaouriaus, but he wholly overlooked the the conduct ef the Massa chusetts abolitionists. on which the Missourians based their pica of justification. In the late democratic conven tion at Syracuse the same error was committed—the out rages charged upon the Missourians were strongly censur ed, but the interferences of the abolitionists which had provoked those outrages were entirely passed over."' Mr. P ieree's apologist strangely overlooks the true history of the settlement of Kansas. There was a provocation earlier than the one he mentions ; earlier than the occupation of the territory by the free emigrants from the northern states. The first provocation was given by the friends of slavery when they passed the Nebraska bill against the remon strances of the people of the northern states, and took away from them a territory which had been yielded to freedom by a solemn com pact, never, as the parties who made it under stood, to he violated in all time. All allusion to this commencement of the quarrel, the great original wrong, for such the North viewed it, and views it still, is cunningly omitted by this pretender to impartiality, who looks at both sides with such an affectation of candor. This is not the only fraud in the apology which we are analyzing. It calls the entrance of northern settlers into the territory, by a concert of action among themselves, a provo cation. Provocation to what ? Certainly not to violence. It was a perfectly peaceful, legal rightful proceeding. Any one who pleas ed had a right to become a resident of Kansas ; he had a right to persuade others to go with him ; he had a right to become a member of an association for providing the means of send ing out a company of his neighbors to settle the country. This was what they did; they retaliated by means which the law permitted, and which took away no man's right. The Nebraska hill was a challenge to the friends of slavery and the friends of freedom to do their best, in a peaceful and legitimate way.— The friends of freedom accepted it, and made an attempt to colonize the country—a feeble one, we allow—so feeble indeed, as to have disappointed those who cherished the expecta tion that it would lead to great results. The friends of slavery had the same course before them, and they might have retaliated in the same manner. To call the residence of a few quiet persons sent out by an emigration society a provocation to armed violence, as the Union does, is a shameless, senseless abuse of terms. So stands the matter ; it was the South that gave the provocation,and it has no right to make its own provocation a pretext for its own acts of violence. But admitting that the Missou rians have, by lawless force, obstructed the real residents of Kansas in the exercise of their legal rights, the T r nion denies that Mr. I'icree could interfere. It says : " The law organizing the territory of Kansas define* the powers anil duties of the President, and we have ex amined it in vain for the authority under which he could have guarded the ballot-box agaiu-t fraud or violence— That tie should have been apprised in advance of any •uch occurrences is in itself a preposterous assumption, hut, even if that had been possible, we have been wholly at fault in our efforts to locate the executive power to Interfere in such a case. # " The President shrinks from no scrntiny. however rigid, to which his policy as to Kansas can be subjected. To heap abuse upon him upon the assumption either that he has been the partisan of the pro-slavery or the anti slavery party is not to scrutinise his conduct, and against the effects of all such manifestations of passion or mean ness he will be effectually shielded by a just public senti ment. His whole duty, under the Kansas law, required the President to take the steps therein designated to or ganize the territory upon the principle of tearing Hie peo ple perfectly free to form and regulate their otrn domestic institutions in their otrn tray, subject only to the constitu tion of the United States." If the President has looked in vain to find any authority to interfere in securing to the residents of Kansas the right of suffrage, which the organic law of the territory pro fosses to secure to them, he has looked very negligently. It is time we had a President better acquainted with the laws of his coun try. The Union admits that it was the inten tion of the law that the people should frame their owu domestic institutions, aud that it was the duty of the President to see that they were " left perfectly free" to do it. The Pres ideut is commander-in-chief of the army ; he may order detachineuts of the United States troops to whatever part of the Union or its territories he pleases. The laws empower him to employ military force to suppress insurrec tions and put down obstructions to the execu tion of the laws. But, says the Union, the President could not have been apprised of these outrages be forehand. We affirm that the President was apprised of them beforehand. Several months before the principal outrages were committed, they began with au invasion from Missouri by the creatures of Atchison, who possessed themselves of the polls and elected a delegate to Congress. There was every reason to be lieve that the same foidgamc would be played ©ver again. Atchison's manoeuvres were not •ecrct, nor was his army recruited silently. If the President did not know what was going on, he must have shut twth his eyes and his e.ir If lie and his agents had used but one tenth part of the vigilance which has been used to prevent soldiers from being sent from this country to Halifax for enlistment in the British army, the outrages which the Union seeks to extenuate would never have been commit ted.—Evening Post. From Salt Lake City—Brigham Young Getting Excited. The Salt Lake Netcs has late advices from Mormoiidom. Brighara Young's ninety-six wives seem to have no power over his spirit in subduing its fierceness. He is full of wrath against the followers of Belial, the United States soldiers, who, last winter, seduced the Mormon girls to taking sleigh rides and other little peculiarities not considered moral and becoming in that chaste community. Hear him : I say again that the constitution and laws of the United States, and the laws of the dif ferent States, as a general thing, are just as good as we want, provided they were honored. But we find judges who do not honor the laws, yes, officers of the law dishonor the law. Leg islators and law makers arc frequently the first violators of the laws they make. " When the wicked rale the people mourn," and when the corruption of a people bears down the scale in favor of wickedness, that people is nigh unto destruction. We have the proof on hand, that instead of the laws being made honorable they have been trampled under the feet of law yers, jnages, slicrilff, governors, legislators, and nearly all the officers of government ; Si'.ch jiersons are the most guilty of breaking the laws. To diverge a little, in regard to those who have persecuted this people and driven them to tlie mountains, I intend to meet them on their own grounds. I was asked this morn ing how we could obtain redress for our wrongs; I will tell you how it could be done ; we could take the same law they have taken, viz : mob ocraey, and if any miserable scoundrels come here, eut their throats. (All the people said, Amen.) This would be meting out that treatment to wicked men which they had meas ured to innocent persons. We Mould meet them on their own ground, when they will not honor the law, but will kill the prophets and destroy the innocent. They could drive the innocent from their homes, take their horses and farms, cattle and goods, and destroy men, women aud children, walking over the laws of the United States, trampling them under their feet, and not honoring a single law. Suppose I should follow the example they have shown us and say, " Latter Day Saints do ye likewise and bid defiance to the whole class of such men !" Some who are timid might say, "O ! our property will be destroyed, and we shall be killed." If any man here is a coward, there are fine mountain retreats for those who feel their hearts beating at every little line aud cry of the wicked, as tho' they would break their ribs. After this year we shall very likely again have fruitful seasons. Again, he says : Up to this time we have carried the world j on our backs. Joseph did it iu his day, be sides carrying this whole people, and now all this is upon my hack, with my family to pro vide for at the same time, and we will carry it ' all and bear off the Kingdom of God. And i you may pile on State after State, kingdom j after kingdom, and all hell on top, and we will roll on the kingdom of our God, gather out j the seed of Abraham, build the cities and tern- i pies of Zion, and establish the kingdom of j God to bear rale over all the earth, and let the i oppressed of all nations go free. I have never yet talked so rough in these mountains as I did in the United States when they killed Joseph. I there said, boldly and aloud, "If ever a man should lay his hands on me and say (on account of my religion,)you are my pris oner, the Lord Almighty helping me, I would send that man to hell across lots " I feel so now. Let robbers keep their hands off from me, or I will send them where they belong.— I am always prepared for such an emergency. Ex-Senator Clemens on Forney and the Washington Union. Colonel Clemens has been defeated recently as a Know-Nothing candidate for the lee;isla ture of Alabama. The Union had the audac ity to he as glad of it as the Montgomery Advertiser, and said so. Whereupon the ex senator larrups his old crony of the Jamison letter-memory, after the following fashion : " Independence of thought or action is some thing which the editor of the Union never understood, any more than he understood mo ralitv and honor when he sought through an agent, to induce a drunken man to utter the foulest calumnies upon the reputation of a woman. But he does understand the way to executive favor, and he knows well enough, that if I had wanted office, I had only to stoop to the meanness, which is part of his nature, to obtain it. I bad only to swear that Wash ington never approached Pierce in administra tive ability ; that Jackson had never been half so "open, frank and manly," in his dealings with his countrymen ; that squatter sovereignty was a direct visitation from Heaven ; that the burning of Greytown was an achievement worthy of Napoleon ; that the shameless hack ing out from all the administration's Cuban blustering was the perfection of foresight and eourage ; that its double-dealing with Soule and Quitman was candor and honor ; that the appointment of Dix and Cochrane was the es sence of southern rights, and the wisdom of the selection of Belmont was vindicated by the fact that old clothes had fallen full twenty per cent. These, and a few like things, would, doubtless, have won for mo the sunniest smiles of the Executive, and saved me from the charge of having "repudiated principles," "severed ties" and "forsaken associations words which it is easy to use but somewhat difficult to prove. I have repudiated no principles. Mv opinion of foreigners was openly avowed before the American party had an existence. I denounc ed squatter sovereignty in the Senate, and have never been able to discover any beauty in it since the President took it to his bosom. I opposed extravagant expenditures of the public money, and my faith in the correctness of the principle has not been shaken by the fact that the present administration has run them up to more than eighty millions of dol lars. As to "severing ties," I know of none that bound me to pronounce that evil was good, and, as I never ha<i any associations with the editor of the Union, I could not have forsaken them." fifirThe Governor elect of California is only thirty years old, the youngest Governor and the youngest State* in the Uuion. At a late election in California, in Saguenay county, hav ing 12,000 inhabitants, 13,000 votes were poll ed. In one parish containing but 400 inhabi tants, the Inspectors returned 4000 votes. ISratito ilqiortcr. E. O. GOODRICH, EDITOR. TOWANDA: Satnrban Hlormm}, ©ctobcr 27, 1855, TBRMS— One Dollar per annum, invariably in advance.— Four weeks previous to the expiration of a subscription, notice wilt be given by a printed wrapper, and if not re newed, the paper will in all cases be stopped. CLUBBING— The Reporter will be sent to Clubs at the fol lowing extremely loir rates : fi copies for.. . .$.5 00 |l5 copies for.. . .112 00 10 copies fur. 800| 20 copies f0r. ... 15 00 ADVERTISEMENTS — For a square of ten lines or less. One Dollar for three or less insertions, and twenty-five cents for each, subsequent insertion. JOB-WORK— Executed with accuracy and despatch, and at reasonable prices—with every facility for doing Books, Blanks, Hand-bills, Ball tickets, 4*c. MONEY may be sent by mail, at our risk—enclosed tn on envelope, and properly directed, we will be responsible for its safe delivery. THE RESULT IN THE BTATE. The official vote for Caual Commissioner is published in the llarrisburg Patriot, and is as ; follows : FLI'MICER. LT.1,281 NICHOLSON 149,745 PLUMMKICS MAJORITY, 11,530 The Patriot is very careful not to give the number of votes cast for WILLIAMSON, HEN DERSON aud CLEAVER, which amount to nearly or quite 15,000, leaving PI.UMMER a minority of all the votes given. The newspapers in the interest of Mr. Bu | CIIANAN are endeavoring by false representa i tions to give this result such a coloring as shall advance liis prospects for a nomination for ; President. Any one at all conversant with the politics of Pennsylvania, will not fail to see in it, however, an unmistakable demonstration that he has uot the remotest chance of carry ing Pennsylvania at the ballot-box. The causes which have led to the success of PLUMER, are apparent. In the first place, there was really no organized opposition. The con ference which brought forward Mr. NICHOLSON, was not approved of by many of those who de sired the defeat of the Nebraska candidate,and ; they either did not cordially support Mr. N., or cast their influence and votes for HENDERSON aud WILLIAMSON. The attempted withdrawal of the opposing candidates was at too late an hour to be successful, and dissatisfaction was caused, owing to circumstances which there was not time to reconcile or explain. The result has shown, that had the attempt been sooner made, to unite the opposition to the Administration candidate, if discreetly and fairly done, it would have resulted in a rebuke to the perpetrators of the Nebraska infamy. Collateral, and side issues have thrown to the Democratic candidate a large number of votes which cannot lie counted upon when National questions press upon the people. In this County alone, under the influence of a local question operating for the Democratic ticket, PLUMER received at least one thousand more votes than can be rallied for any pro siaverv candidate for the Presidency. The great question in most of the lower Counties, has been the repeal of the Liquor Law of last Winter. The Democratic party has received a large accessiou of votes upon this question, which cannot be retained when the matter is settled. It is this issue which has elected a Democratic Legislature. From this apparent triumph of the pro slavery, rum Democracy, we have no doubt that the most gratifying results will eventuate. It must be clear to the judgmcut of all, that an organization of the Freemen of the Com monwealth upon the platform of the Republi can party, is all that is necessary to redeem Pennsylvania from the influence of Slavery propagandistu. In attempting this laudable result, many of her voters have been led into the quagmire of Know-Nothingism, and have effected nothing, except to strengthen Slavery by the votes of our adopted citizens, all of whose sympathies and interests make theiuthe friends of freedom. That secret organization, it is now clearly demonstrated, has lost its power, and is impotent for good. If its mem bers are earnestly seeking to advance the inter ests of the Freemen of this Republic, and to check the arrogance of the Slave Power, they can best effect their object under the banner of Republicanism. With a Republican organization throughout the State, we believe Pennsylvania can be car ried for the Republican candidate for Presi dent, next year, by a large majority. If we ever had any doubts about this, the late elec tion has dissipated them. IMPRISONMENT, NOT PUNISHMENT.— Judge Kane in speaking of the imprisonment of Pass more Williamson, says : "He is undergoing restraint, not punishment If such be the case, is uot Judge Kane en gaged in an illegal procedure ? The Courts have power to punish for contempt, but we have never heard it alleged that they have power to restrain any one from contempt by incarceration or any other means than the fear of punishment. And if Passmore Williamson is not being punished for alleged contempt, but merely "undergoing restraint," we think there must be a legal way of bringing him out of prison immediately. Besides, if Passmore Williamson is not im prisoned for contempt, but kept there in re straint, he is undergoing false imprisonment, and his friends should turn the tables npou his persecutor by liberating Williamson and im prisoning Kane. This would prove a just re buke to the American Jeffries. JteS-Tbe election for the seat of Justice in Union county, has resulted in favor of Lewis burg by a majority of about 20b. THE FOREIGN NEWS. The steamship Atlantic arrived at New York on Thursday, with intelligence one week later from Europe. The news, generally, pos sesses much interest, jbut there is 110 important war feature iii it. The Allied armies of opera tion threaten the Russian army both from Eu patoria and Badair. The French cavalry un der Gen. D'ALLOXVILLE defeated the Russians near Eupatoria 011 the 29th. Russian loss, 50 killed and 105 prisoners. French, 6 killed and 27 wounded. An arduous campaign is expect ed, as the Russians are making tremendous preparations, and the Emperor himself is at Odessa. The fleet had sailed from Sebastopol on a secret expedition, it is snpposed either to Nicolaieff or Odessa. Kars still held out ac cording to last accounts, though the provisions were nearly exhausted. It was expected, how ever, that the snow would compel the Russians soon to retire. The chief items in the English news are the rise in the rate of interest from 5 to 5 1-2 per cent., which took place on the 4th. A good deal of commercial uneasiness has resulted. The revenue returns of the United Kingdom show an increase on the year of nearly 8 1-4 millions sterling, chiefly caused by the addition al income tax. • There has been a large failure in London : the old established and highly respected firm of I)E LISLE, SANVRIN & DE LISLE, merchants and bankers, their liabilities are estimated at £400,000. KANSAS CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION. The Kansas correspondent of The. Missouri Democrat says the returns from twenty-two precincts give Rceder for Congress 1,935 votes. There were still twenty-niue precincts to hear from, and it was thought his vote would exceed 3,000. The election passed off peaceably, and no persons were permitted to vote unless they had been actual residents of a city or town fur thirty days preceding the election. The Free Soilers are getting up documents where with to contest Whitfield's seat in Congress. They profess to be able to prove that there were only four legal Pro-Slavery votes at Franklin, while Whitfield received sixty-one votes there ; that out of upward of 200 votes cast for Whitfield at Wyandotte only thirty were legal ; that out of 230 east at Osawota inie not over fifty were legal ; that at Baptist Mission, which gave Whitfield over 100 votes, there were hut seventeen legal voters, and only thirteen of them cast ballots ; and, in fine, that not 1,000 legal votes were cast for Whit field throughout the whole Territory. Delegates to the Constitutional convention had been chosen. They will form a State con stitution for Kansas and apply for admission into the Union. Mr. Ileedcr will be the bear er of the constitution and petition to Wash ington. .Tames Lewis, son of Judge Lewis, at present junior editor of the Pennsylvanian, has been appointed a Lieutenant in the U. S. Marine Corps. This is what we call getting along pretty fast, hut we suppose that it is intended as part pay for his father's devotion to Slavery, in the Passmore Williamson case. It is an earnest that the Judge himself shall inouut the Su preme Bench of the United States when a vacancy occurs, always provided that Frank Pierce is President at that time. THE ELECTIONS STILL TO COME IN 1855. Louisiana votes on Monday, November 5, for State officers and five representatives to Con gress. Mississippi, Monday, November 5, State officers and five representatives to Con gress. New York, Tuesday, November G, State officers but no Governor or Lieut. Gov ernor. Wisconsin, Tuesday, November 6, State officers. Massachusetts, Tuesday, Nov. 6, Governor, State officers and legislature.— Maryland, Wednesday, November 7, six rep resentatives to Congress, two State officers, legislature, &c. In Tennessee, Alabama, Cal ifornia, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, the leg islatures in each State elect oue United States Senator. RAIL ROAD ACCIDENT. —The New-York Ex press 011 Tuesday afternoon last, run off the track at Barton depot, owing to the displacing of a switch. Fortunately, the headway of the train was somewhat retarded before the switch was reached, undoubtedly preventing the most serious results. The traius east and west were detained at the point three or four hours. APPOINTMENTS nv THE CANAL COMMISSIONERS. —We understand that the Board of Ganal Commissioners will hold a session on Wedns day, the 7th of November next, for the pur pose of making appointments of officers on the several lines of Canal and Railroad belonging to the Commonwealth. PRESIDENTIAL. —The Clarion Democrat aud several other Democratic papers in this state have raised the name of Hon. JAMES BUCIIANAN for the next Presidency. ANOTHER SNOW STORM. —Snow fell at this place on Wednesday evening last, to the depth of two or three inches, covering the hills with its fleecy mantle, and giving us a foretaste of winter. THE LEGISLATCRE. —We will publish next week, a correct list of the members of the Penn sylvania Legislature for 185 G. The Seuate stands, Democrats 17—opposition 16. The House, Democrats 68—opposition 32. is a firm doing business at St. Louis, (M 0.,) under the name of "Griuu and Barrett.'' What are the Sound Dues ? As these dues may give rise to a serious dis pute between the United States and Denmark, it will be interesting to know what they are. The "Sound" is a narrow strait lying between the Island of Zetland, belonging to the Danes, and the Swedish coast, and gives entrance to the Baltic sea. The fortress of Cronburg Cas tle commands the passage, and exacts a pay ment from all vessels entering the Baltic, the ships of Denmark herself have to pay, as weH as foreign tonnage. The origin of this exac tion is that in ancient times Denmark under took to byild and sustain certain light houses along the coast, for which the Hansetowns agreed to pay toll. England, France, Holland and Sweden pay a duty of one per cent, on every cargo enter ing the Baltic. Other countries, including the United States, one and a quarter per cent. ; eveu Danish ships are taxed to this rate. In the year 1820 a treaty recognising this duty, was concluded between the United States antl Denmark. This treaty, however, according to one of its stipulations may be dissolved by either of the parties, provided they give one year's notice of their intention. During the Presidency of John Tyler, our Government determined to put a forcible end to the imposition. Mr. Upshur, the Secretary of State, litted out a fleet of merchantmen and vessels of war, under Commodore Stewart which he designed should force its way into the Baltic and thus at once rid the United States of the Sound duties. Mr. Upshur's sudden death, however, by the explosion of a cannon, just as tiic licet was ready to start, delayed the expedition and it was abandoned. Other at tempts were made to abolish this tax. While Denmark was at war with Schleswig llolstein, Mr. Flenniken, the United States Minister, offered on the part of his government to pay Denmark $230,000 for a ten years' suspension of the dues : his death prevented the proposal coming to a head. Finally, on the 12th of April last, the United States notified the Dan ish government of their intention to cease pay ing the Sound duties, and the stipulation of the treaty will accordingly expire next spring. Should no amicable arrangement of tin; ques tion be arrived at in the meanwhile, we may then expect to see our vessels passing the Sound under warlike convoy. The Danes are much alarmed upon the sub ject, and fear the Uuited States will seize upon their West Indian possesions, the Islands of St. Thomas and St. Croix. — Richmond Rnyuir er. HIGH PRICE OK PROVISIONS IN EUROPE. —The Berlin National Zeitung, Sept. 22d, says : " Not only grain, meat, oil and spirits have recently risen in price, there is almost no de i scription of goods which is not dearer. We have not known for years a period in which ! the advauce in prices has been so universal as !at present. Imports, raw material auddomes ! tic fabrics are all dear. Many different causes i may be alleged as the origin of this dearuess ; \ one being the increase of the circulating me j dium. Siuce 1848 the gain in gold and silver 1 has been enormous, and a great proportion of : gold and silver has flown from the lands where j they are produced, to Europe. To this increase the metallic mediums of exchange, we may add I that of the omission of paper money, and it is natural enough that an accumulation of the I means of purchase should result in an extension !of demands and of prices. This general in i crease in the circulating medium and its cou j centration in Europe, is especially owing to the | cause that North America, by over-speculation lin the importing business, has driven the pre cious metals from her own market to those of England and the European continent. Only of late has trade revived in America to such an extent as to attract gold and silver agaiu to it. To fully effect this North America must increase her exports to Europe, and this suppo ses a great increase in our prices here. Fortu nately the increase of American exports which is to balance the state of the money market on either side of the ocean, will be uiade principal ly for breadstuffs and provisions, so that an equilibrium in prices will be manifested in these." JUDGE KANE AGAIN. —On Monday last, in the United States district court, at Philadelphia, a petition was presented to Judge KANE, by Win. M. Meredith, Charles Gilpin, and E. Hopper, Esq., counsel for l'assmore William son. The Judge said that Mr. W. had a right to apply to the court to purge the contempt ; this must be the first step ; if this petition is such a purgation, then it will be received, otherwise it will not. Mr. Meredith argued that Mr. Williamson should be heard in court. The Judge said that upon reasonable notice being given to the district attorney, he would with pleasure hoar the case upon any prelimi nary question arising in it. District attorney Vandyke stated that he had no notice whatever of this application. He thought notice was necessary. He asked that a copy of the application should be furnished him, and in any reasonable time he would with pleasure come in and argue it. Judge Kane then said: As at present advised, I atn of opinion that I can receive no commu nication from a party who remains in contempt. The first step, preliminary to all others, is an application for leave to purge himself of his contempt. The purgation completed, lie is re instated before the court, and has the same rights as before the adjudication under which he was committed. If, in the opinion of coun sel, this view of the court's duty is erroneous, I shall be happy to avail myself of their learn ed research for my future guidance. The Judge declined receiving the petition, stating, however, that upon the question of his right to receive it he would be happy to hear an argument. HORRIBLE AFFAIR.—A few days ago por tions of the body of a female were dragged from a burning quarry in Blair county, Pa. It is supposed to be the body of a Mrs. Carri gan, wife of a farmer of that name, who has been arrested on suspicion of having murdered her, and then committed her body to the flames, lie accounts for her absence by saying she has gone to Philadelphia. MORE LYNCHING. —A negro man was lately hung by a mop near Sparta, Teiin., for the ; outrage and murder of a white woman, whom he met alone in the woods. He confessed the crime, and a legal trial of him was commeuced in the court at Sparta, but the excitement was so great that the Judge sent him to jail for safety. There the mob gathered, cut out the I door, took the felou to a grave yard, and, af ter allowing him religious aid to prepare' for ; death, bung him to the limb of a tree. Important from Mexico, By the arrival of the steamer Orizaba, f rom Vera Cruz, dates from the city of Mexico to the sth inst. have been received. Alvarez has been elected President of the Republic by the electoral College i session at Curnvacca, but the military powers of th capital will deny his entrance, so that hard fighting may be anticipated before he can have an opportunity of assuming the reins of g ov . eminent. Gen. Vega has withdrawn from the civil power, and refused to obey the orders of \] vurez for the arrest of the fugitive minister under Santa Anna, and to arm the National Guard, which was superseded by Vega. It is reported that Alvarez designs to as sume the civil supremacy. Rumors were received at the capital that the American minister had furnished money and arms to Alvarez. This is, however de nied by Alvarez and also by Mr. Gadseu.' Later from Texas -Battle Between the Texas Rangers and the Indians. NEW ORLEANS, Oct., 16.—Galveston dates to the 14th have been received. C'apt. Galia lian, of the Texas Rangers, has had a battle with seven hundred Mexicans and Indians, in which four Texans and forty of the enemv were killed. The enemy finally retreated, and Capt. Callahan calls on Texas for further as sistance in his efforts to exterminate the Indians who avow their intention to kill as they go all with whom they meet. Another attack from tliem was expected. The battle above referred to occurred at Eagle Pass, on the 4th iustant. Public Meeting. At a meeting of the citizens of Wilmottwp. hold at the school house, in sub-district No. 1 in said township, on Saturday Sept. 29, 1855 pursuant to public notice. The meeting was organized by calling J. L. JONES, Esq , to the chair, and HIRAM STONE was chosen .Sec rotary. The object of the meeting being sta ted by the chairman to take into consideration matters concerning the County Superintendent of common schools. On motion it was there fore, Resolved, That a committee of five lie ap pointed by the chair to draft resolutions ex pressive of the sense of this meeting, and Jona than Buttles, Hiram Stone, James Stroii", Charles L. White and John Waring were pointed said committee. After a very full and deliberate interchange of sentiment by the citi zens present, it was unanimously Resolved, That this meeting do now ad journ to meet at this place on Saturday even- I ing, Oct. 6, 1855, at which time the commit tee are requested to report. SATURDAY Oct. fi, ltij.i. The meeting convened agreeably to adjourn ment. The proceedings of the 29th Sep!, be ing read and approved of, the committee thro' their chairman reported the following : WHEREAS, We believe Education to be a great blessing and the corner stone of Repub lican Institutions ; and to devise the best and most efficient means of educating our children is the primary object of the parents and guar dians who constitute this meeting. Therefore, Resolved, That while we believe the provis ions of the common school system, in the main, to be wise and beneficial to a majority of the people, we also believe that the creation of the office of County Superintendent is unwise and unnecessary, and that the Representatives from Bradford county will carry out the wishes of their constituents by voting fur the repeal of that part of the law. Resolved, That we do not approve of the the course pursued by those of our school di rectors who were instrumental in raising the salary of the County Superintendent from $5OO to $l5OO per annum, and that fur the future we shall be more careful in the selec tion of men to serve us in that capacity. Resolved, That the " Circular, or printed solution" of the celebrated problem, viz : It is required to draw by draft $l5OO from the fund raised by the 3 mill state tax, paid by citizens of Bradford County, without diminishing sail fund, or increasing the taxes of said citizens, is antagonistic to the arithmetical rules now in use by men of scientific and literary acquire ments and teachers of recent date. Resolved, That in a township like ours, where it is necessary to raise a school tax of seven mills on the dollar, in order to pay our male teachers from $l2 to $lB per mouth, and have but 3 or 4 months school in a year at that, the services of a Superintendent at $125 per mouth is very expensive assistance, which can very well be dispensed with, without nay detriment or inconvenience to our schools Therefore we respectfully decline having any of that gentleman's assistance the ensiling win ter, or of the Secretary appointed bv him for the townships of Wilinot, Albany and Over ton—it being very strongly impressed upon the minds of the citizens of these townships that the real interests of the schools can be bet" promoted by the directors of the district, ad the parents of the children. The above resolutions after being duly de cussed, were unanimously adopted. On motion, Resolved, That the proceed!-'!?! of this meeting be signed by the officers ad published in the County papers. [ Signed by the officers.] COL. KINNEY AND COL. Walker, the leaders of the Nicaragua filibusters, appear to ha" fallen out. Kinney, it is said, recently offeree to join the Government party to expel W " 4 " Col. Walker, 'in speaking of Kinney, "his race is run." The Transit Company M not seem to have much faith in either of these worthies. The banking house of Lucas, T cr A Co., San Francisco, writes to the dent of the Metropolitan Bank, NEW lert. that they did not send the specie by the ra, because, at last advices, Walker ,' 3 possession of San Juan del Sur, and may ■ p ' clare a pseudo government, and levy a t..J probably of a hundred per cent, oil the traas of treasure treasure through his consequence not unlikely to arise from hi> cessitieg, if not in the positive piratical i acter lie and his associates have already lished in their former government of '^ om> . At all eveuts, they prefer, they say, not to* ject their money to the mercy of such bau * > • of INVITATION ACCEPTED. —Senator Georgia, has accepted the invitation - Boston Committee on Slavery Lecture 8 . u '' ture in that city. He will deliver his am ■ on the 24th of January, and lias sflectf his theme, "The Consistency of very with the Constitution of the I , t 0 f and Republican Institutions, and the <' * the American Revolution upon the - race."