Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, May 13, 1854, Image 2

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    this 'sovereignty is a novelty, scouted, from Con:
great When it first appearedin the Senate, cen
ed by the constitution and the whole action - IT*
government, in.all rime; and contradicted by the
bill itself, which icto secure it. The provisions 61
the bill are a burlesque upon sovereigety.' - It.eves
to the people. instead of receiving how' them . , an
organic act! One in which they are denied ; every
attribute of sovereignty. Denied freedem rf . elee
none ; denied freedom of voteing ; denied choice,'
their own lawsMenied the right °liking the eerill
fication of vorerObtippied toe foreign scrperviitiowr
and controllable-by the federal gocertintent, which
they have no litmikin electing; and only allowed to
aim it, and mil to fri,tct slavery Their sovereignty
only extends to the subject of slavery, and only in
one side of thatihe admitting side; the other hall
of the power being held to be denied by the con
etitutton which is extended over them, and which
(according-to' e - reading of the supporters of this"
bill,) forbids any law. tobe made which will pre
vent any citizen front going there with his 66 Yes
This is squatter Arivereigniy. tion.inteivention, and
no poweflo leg - 14am in territories upon
And this is called a principle—the principle °loon
intervention—lettirig the people alone. to settle the
question of slavery for themselves. How settle it!
That can only be done in an organic act ; and they
have no such act, nor can have one till they make
a constitution for a State government. All the rest
isle:natation, which settles nothing, and produces
contention aueveryelec'ion. Sir, this principle of
non-intervention is but the principle of conientiou
—a bone given. to the people to quarrel and fight
over at every election, and at every meeting of the
legislature, until they become a state government.
Then and then only, can they settle the question
For seventy years—since the year 1784, when
the organizing mind of Jefferson drew the first ter
ritorial ordinance—we had a uniform 'method of
providing for the government of territories, all
founded upon the clause in the Constitution which
authorizes congress to dispose o(, and make rules
and regulations respecting the territory arid other
property of the United States. This mode of gov
ernment has consisted of three grades, all founded
in the right of Congress to govern them. First
grade: a . Goveriter-; and judges, appointed by the
United States, to adopt laws tram oiler states, to be
in force until disapproved by Congress. Second
grade : a territorial legislature, when the inhabrante
shall amount to five thousand men above the age
of twenty-one, composed of a council partly appoint
,ed by the United States, and a House of Represen
tatives, elected by the people at thiP rate of one
representative far every five hundred voters, its
legislation subject tp the approval of Congress.—
Third grade.: entrance on the state government, in
full equality with the other states. This is the way'
these Territories have been governed for several
years; and dm for adhering toil.
And now, what is the excuse for all this disturb
ance of the country; this breaking-up of ancient
compromises; arraying ore halt of the Union
against the other, and destroying the temper and
business of Congress! What is the excuse for all
this turmoil and mi.chiel 'I We are told it is to keep
the question out of Congress? Great God! It was
out of Congress ! - -completly, entirely, and forever
out ot Congress, noires CongresseragevA 0 in by
breaking down laws which settled it. The quer.tinn
was settled, and done with. There was not an inch
square,of territory in the Union on which it could
be raised without a breach of a compromise. 'The
ordinance of 89 settled in all the remaining part of
the northwest territory beyond Wisconsin : the com
promise line of 30 deg 30 min, settled it in all
country north and west of Missouri to the Ruttish
line, and up to the Rocky Mountains. the organic
act of Oregon, made by the people and sanctioned
by Congress, settled it in all that region : the acts
for the government of Utah and New Mexico settled
it in those two territories compact with Texas,
determining the number of slave states to be lorm•
ed out of that state, settled it there : and California
settled it far herselt. Now , where was there an
inch square of territory within the - United States on
which the question could be raised t Nowhere !
Not an inch! The question was settled everywhere,
not merely by law, but b) fact. The work was
done, and there was no way to get at the question
but by undoing the work ! No way for Congress
to get the question in, for the purpose of keeping
it out, but to break down compromises which kept
it out.
What advantage do the slave states expect from
this bill? Certainly they expect the extension of
slave power, and slave population. That may
prone a falacious expectation. The question% of
slavery in these territories, if thrown open to term.
lonia! action, will be a,question of numbers—a
question of the majority for or against slavery , and
what chance' would the alaveholders have in smut
a contest I No chance at all. The slave emigrants
will be outnumbered, and compelled to play at a
most unequal game, not only in point of numbers,
but also in point of stakes. The alaveholder stakes
his property; and has to run it off or lose it, if out
voted at the polls I ace nothing which sfavehold
ere are to gain under this bill—nothing but an un
equal and vexatious contest, in which they are to
be lasers- I deprecate such a contest ;• and did my
part to keep it out of the state of Missouri when her
constitution was formed was not a member of
the convention, but was chief promoter of the clause
which forbid the legislature to emancipate slaves
without the consent of their owners. I promoted
that clause for the sake of peace—for the sake of
keeping the slavery question out of her elections
and legislation—for the sake of preventingperpet.
nal strife among. the people. What I did for
Missouri, I would do for the territories; and if it
wait an open question ; would vote one way or the
other to settle it ; but is not anopen question ! and
cannot be opened without a breach of faith, and the
destruction of the peace of the country.
Sir, the, question has been decided. . The free
states are against this bill; and it is an ill return for
their past generous conduct to endeavor to force it
upon thorn. They . have been not only just, but
magnanimous to the slave ststes. What was 'the
condition of the slave stales thirty years ago in re
lation to the use of the,soil within their limits? de
barred of a great part of its use: an Indian popula
tion covering more or less of almost every slave
state, and preventing the expansion of its popula
tion. What is itlnow ? -All relieved. he Indians
all gone ; their lands all bought under the dominion
of the white man, _ ; and the area of slave population,
and of slave cultivation, greatly increased—to the
extent.of a third or a fourth of its soil in some of the
states. How wat this done? Certainly by the help
of tree state votes, (for it could not have been done,
without them;) by the help of their votes in pro
curing the appropriations, and ratifying the treaties
which the removal of the Indians required. Mis
souri got her fine southwest quarter relieved by
these means. The same votes gave us the Platte
country :iseven tine counties added to the state !and
that by altering the compromise line to include it,
and - actually converting that fine region- from tree
soil to slave soil. Northern votes enabled it to be
done; northern votes altered above an hundred
miles of the compromise line for our benefit upon
our request; andfi will never be ungrateful to tbe
North for it, ncEV iequite it by a breach of the lieslq
their prejudice.:: And' how did we obtain the north
ern votes-which were necessary for all these mean
area—the appropriations and treaties for all these
Indian removals, and for that alteration of the com
promise line which gave "us the beautiful Platte
tionlery? How did the Missouri delegation of that
day— the moat amiable and talented Dr. Linn and
myself, in the Senate, and Gen. Ashley in the
House—how did we obtain that great boon for our
state ? Did we get these votes by belching abolition
ism against the North ? No, no; we got them by ap
pealing to the justice and the fraternal feeling of
our northern brethero, and to which we never ap
pealed once in vain. Who, in the last hard trial
to get the Cherokees ont Georgia, gave us fourteen
affirmitave votes to balance seven negative's from
the South, and saved the treaty by one vote? And
I, who was part of these transactions, accustomed
to solict northern voters, and express thanks for
them, will not now return them evil for good by
attempting to deprive them of their share of a coin
mantle which we , imposed upon them.
Fit iiinctTf..loOX,,MOlnhkeirtOtt gal , movement fe r
thikabrogaticin oEtheltrfinears Carifprooftsficora
•:maticed in !this qbagreSs. - Jr - began without a TO•
witbituf a praltion:milbOot a • (kpiest frog)
ie harnan be lt,hiiirfabOretlAnna and hard' ja
;thel'ise halls - and to ttila hoti ( therit is a PoilliOtl
for it from the elms of stalit for "whose;benefit the
meyetnent:piofet-siefo bitre-beott - Ircade 1.-- not
word in its lavor from the smallest public meeting
or priyato ass . emblage of any slave state. Ibis jr
the respinise'ortbit - Siiiiti . fothiii,thott';'letfilefeil - to'
it by Northern member, under a ; Nalthern Presi
dent. It is the response of sileneet--mbre emphat
ic •hoo w o d s —and uo thy of espivial note in this
debate. te arnuei well for the harrtiony of the
,DUnion, and goes to show,,Awbat, itt lad, has been
ien see n ) tha. the , ficitibles •Of the. fensuary. come
tram uneasy 4teliticiatte—its safety from the Irony/if
Three Days Later From Eurape.
The Royal Mail Steamer Airless nrsived at New.
York Friday morning, at 7i o'clock . ,' with Liver •
pool dates to the 224 ult , three days later than last
advioes. She lift Liierpool at 4 o'clock on the
of erooon,of Saior,lay, the 22d Ob.
The steamship Franklin arrived - out, on the morn•
mg of Me 20th ult.
No intelligence had been received of the missing
steamship (NI; of Glasgow. Messrs. Richardson
& Btothers, the agents, Pay them need be no fears
of the steamship being ultimately . lost. The ship
was perfectly efficient in every respect, was pro
vived with a sufficiency of water for ((my days,
and' also a distilling appatatus, by which en abun
dance of heart water could be procured. Her pro.
visions were sufficient for 65 days ; and her coals
equal to 20 days steaming. Sbe has on board 373
The war news presents no new features.
The treaty of closer alliance has been ratified be
tween France and England.
A treaty rd alliance offensive and defensive has
been signed between Ansttia and Prussia.
The expulsion of the Greeks has been rigorous.
ly enforce.]. The insurrection assumes the shape
of a Gnerrilla warfare ß ,harrassing. hot not formida
ble. Lord Stratford has published a strong mani
festo against the Greek government for favoring
the insurtection. A massacre of the Greeks at
Vohs has been reported, but is thought to be doubt
The accounts are still vague in relation to the
violation of Servian teriitoiy.
Prince Danich is reported to have summoned the
Montenegrins to arms against the Turks.
The campaign in Asia was expected to be open
ed about the middle of April.
The French navy has now about 56 . 000 sailors
There was still some ice in the Gall of Finland,
but not enough to interfere with' cruising.
The Springfield Republican gives the precise
amount of rim that fell at that place during the late
storm, as indicated by the rain guages kept at the
U. S. Armor!. The amount was five inches and
sixteeb-homlredths, almost an inch more than has
fallen in any storm since the record was kept at
that establishment. Only four instances,, says the
Republican, have heretofore mewed since-Janua
ry, 1848, in which there has fallen in this ciiy over
three inches of rain during any one storm, viz:-
1850. Aug. 25 and 26 : 4 18 inches ; do Sept 2 and
3, 348 inches ; 1853, Aug 17 and 18, 3 21 inches ;
do. Oct. 22, 28 a 0 25, 313 inches. The storm of
last week commenced with,tLunder showers, set
tling down into a regular nottheast rain, till Satur
day night, when the wind changed to the south
east. At 2 o'clock P M., on Thursday the ther
mometer stood at 80° . , and at 9 P. M. of the same
day, it stood at 40°, thus showing a sudden and
extreme change of 40° in a few hours. We take
from the Republican the following items:
The highest point attained by the present flood at
this place was from fifteen to seventeen inches,
higher than the great 'r Jellgrson flood" of 1801
This was about 4 o'clock on Monday morning, at
winch time the water commenced] falling, and
.continued to recede slowly during the day, averag
'ing about one inch an hour.
The Enfield Falls Canal has been damaged to
the amount of Sl5 000.
The bridge on the Farmington river, between
Tariffailld and Granby, has been carried away
portions of the Canal road in Southington, between
Burlington and Unionville, and above Burlington,
have been washed away: Several pile bridges on
the road have been carried away. The dam at
Plant's Southington, broke away carrying
a part of the building.
An extraordinary tact says the Hartford Times, is
to be noted in relation to this flood. At 8 o'clock
on Monday mornin2, the water was raising two
inches and: haf an hour. At 23 o'clock on the af
ternoon of the same day, it came to a stand, and
at about 4 o'clock commenced falling. This is un•
usual. It it rare that the water begins to fall till at
least 24 hours alter a tiae...Rl an inch an hour, for
48 hours.
A rise of two inches and a half an hour, when
the flood is twenty-seven feet below low-water
mark ; and spread over a vast extent of territory, is
also unprecedented. S
Madrid by the Africa, takes in connection with the
speebh of Mr. Slidell in congress,•and other move
ments having an official aspect, justify the suspini
on that our Government has entered systematically
upon the task of provoking a rupture with Spain, and
thst a war whh that power, having for its object the
acquisition of Cuba, is upon the'programme as an
administration measure.
It is announced that Mr Soule, not content with
the disclaimer of the Spanish Government and its
offer of indemnity for the injury in the case of the
Black Warrior, has demanded the recall of the
Captain• General Pezuela, and that.his successor be
clothed with authority to adjust matters of differen
ce with the United States in Cuba and he is alto
said to have exacted a sum of money from the
Spanish Government, as indemnity for the injuries
we have sustained i . so large that the correspondent
of the London Times is unwilling to mention it.
These demands, urged at the present moment,
when all grounds of difference in the Black War
rior case have been removed, palpable menaces,
designed to provoke a refusal, and embroil there.
lations of the two conntties, Mr. Slidell's speech,
proposing to abolish the neutrality laws so far as
Cuba is concerned, and said to have had the sanc
tion of the Executive, is a movement of the same
Flax AT CLIABIBEkSBOIM-A fire broke catkin the
rear of the building owned by Judge Chambers, in
Chambersbnrg, Pa., near the Diamond, on Friday
afiernnoon, and before it could be checked twelve
stables were consumed, and much damage don to
other property. Whilst the efforts of the firet hen
and citizens were directed to the extinguishment of
the fire at Judge Chambers' premises, several sta
bles took fire simultaneously from the sparks,
across Main street, leaving the intermediate dwel•
liogs uninjured. The flames spread quickly, and
followed the course of an alley, burning all the
stables except two, for the spsce. of two squares,
from Main street to the Franklin Railroad,. Messrs.
Eberly's, Gehr's and Need's stables took fire about
the same time, and being near the Court House,
it was with difficulty the building was saved, be
ing several limes on fire. A number of dwellings
on the north side of Market street, caught fire, but
were extinguished before much damage was done.
Tug LAST MAN —Jonathan Harrington, the last
survivor of the Battle of Lexington, died there on
Sunday, aged 96. The Massachusetts Legislature,
several military compariies and Masonic Lodges
will honor his obsequies.
0*- The Lexington (Mot) Express says that three
thousand three tiondied head of live stock are now
in that and adjoining counties to be driven to Cali•
fornia, and are waiting for the grass to grow.
Gh ratifovb topovtgv.
E GOODRICH, itotroß.
Toarida, Saturday , i 854.
lay 13.,
Terms eff.lrite Reporter.
$2 50 . per 1111111una•Ticpaid wittu be year2lo cents.vri4
.e deducted—roe cash paid actually 'in advance St 00 aril) be
edueted.' No paps,' seat years, utelesspaid (or:
Aeretertszaterre, per squergeof ten lines-de cents for the
arm and Ikcente for Ellett insertion.
rcr Ogee en the " Union Block," nonh side iet the Public
Square, next door to thettretlarrd Hotel. Entrance between
east*. itdentsittnd Ire offices.
Democratic State Nominations.
vow aorinzrou,
►oa ivncs Or rps sungunt cover.
State Central Committee.
We observe in same of pur exchanges, an inti
mation that the Democratic Central Committee of
this State are preparing to issue an address, favora
ble to the Nebraska bill. t We can hardly believe
that that body will be guilty of s uch an act of fully
and short-sightedness—and yet In these times,
when so many men are looking to Washington for
favors, and when it is understood that the National
Administration is lending its influence the suc
cess of the scheme—it would not be matter of as
tonishment if some of our over-anxious politicians
should endeavor to place Pennsylvania Democracy
in an attitude the State Convention was careful not
to assume
Tie men, or set of men, who will now endeavor
to identify the eemocratic party of Pennsylvania
with the attemV to repeal the Missouri Compro
mise, are lit subqpts for a Lunatic Asylum. They
can have no desire for the success of the party, and
are willing to hazard, nay ensure our defeat, at the
coming election to subserie selfish and and period
al ends. We have no hesitation in saying, that
there is a large number of Democrats in this Slate
who are determined that their actioe shall not be
misrepresented—that will not contribute in the
.14 3 3.i...e a ns .na to awl result. which can be herald.
ed as even acquiescing in the outrage now attempt
ed upon . the plighted faith of thenation. They are
determined to speak in the manner Freemen should
speak—to vote, if possible, in such a manner as to
rebuke the high-handed proposition which re-opens
the Slavery question, by a gross betrayal of the
rights of the North. If the Democratic State Cen
tral Committee wish to coerce Democrats into an
approval of DOUGLAS' scheme ; they had better make
the attempt, and they will probably ascertain that
there are grievances which render the bonds of
party as weak as ropes of sand.
On Wednesday, the Nebraska bill was taken up
in the House of Representatives by a decisive ma
jority,—the Deficiency bill and all other public
measures preceding it on the calendar, being set
aside in order to reach it; and the House went into
Committee ol the Whole on the State of the Ucion .
by a vote ol 109 to 88.. Mr. ItICIIARDSON then in
troduced a substitute for the Nebrasba bill, which
is very nearly the same as the one passed in the
Senate, except that the amendment excluding aliens
from voting, is omitted. The bill was discussed
during the remainder of the session, Mr. Lyons, of
New-York, making a vigorous and effective speech
against it. How long it will continue to occupy the
attention of Congress, it is of course impossible to
The Senate Tuesday, after the presentation oH a
few memorials, talked a little while about the
amendment to the Indian Appropriation bill, which
proposes to pay $500,000 to the Creek Indians, for
land taken from them during the War of 1812, and
adjourned. In the House, Mr. luagasoLL present
ed his views on the Nebraska bill, the present con
dition of affairs in Europe, and their probable bear
ing upon our interests.
In the House, on Wednesday, Mr. Richardson
desired to give notice, that he would on Thursday
morning, introduce a resolution terminating the de
bate on the Nebraska bill. In reply to a question
when he should move that the debate terminate, he
said that would depend upon the opponents of the
bill. If they showed a disposition to go on and de
bate it, he would give the utmost time before the
special order takes precedence, which would be on
Monday nest. The House then went into Com.
mittee of the Whole, on the Nebraska bill.
Adjournment of the Leglelatnre:
The Pennsylvania Legislature adjourned on Tues•
day last. The last day's proceedings have not
reached us.
The committee of conference on the Appropria
tion bill made a report which was concurred in. It
strikes out the increase of salary to the Governor,
Judges, &c.
The legislature also passed a bill relative to the
sale of spirituous liquors. It prevents the sale of
beer or other malt liquors without a license, and
prohibits any persbn from obtaining a license and
selling spirituous liquors by the quart or otherwise,
unless the person so applying shall be a retailer of
foreip or domestic goods, wares and merchandise,
entitled to be classed equal to class 14, and have
been thus classed by mercantile appraisers. Per
sons violating the law to be subject to the same
penalties as keepers, of unlicensed tippling houses.
The act does not apply to brewers of malt liquors
or manufacturer*, or rectifiers of spirituous liquors
for wholesale purposes.
It goes into effect immediately, if signed by the
Ott' A Man was killed , on the track of the New
"York and Erie Railroad, about halfa mile west of
Binghamton, oriTnesday, by the night train com
ing West. His head was cOmpletely severed from
his body and awfully disfigured, and his bones bro.
ken into fraginente. was Nash. Hewes
just out of the Poet House, was quite deaf, and' it
is said habilublly intemperate.
Veto or MO Prooddist
The vSkr 114Pcittolettg expected, • we9Nipto
lillOenltecaflgettjroO4' The-President *ma
the OdOtant itiatthe!billwttlijetal ti h jectioeite
likes the broad4round that Ongreeti has no, right
'opts, granting latids kr eletimosOiry ob
jeaUL- HtY'eari see no- , differeas•-betweekeppro
,priating ten millions out of die treasury and grant
of neither, in his opinion. The public lands can
be granteJ, as he rninitai only for such pelvises as
will enhatice the value of the domain. These lands
in alternate sections, may be,granied for railroads,
becauseit *di 'enhars t ae the valdefx4
lands. Ttietniernmeni, in this case, onlyltioes
whist -- any - Thud ea-IMO hold et
President's objections extend to all chatitable pur
poses, and Within their ecktpemay come thellome.
stead; bill,. 9 ) P-, 0.00 ol:t*Lia~ ` ii~lo give fang to the
tameless, and promote agriculture, Bcr,.befere she
veto, falls the the Bennett land bill, which gives
lands to the Buttes . for educational peipoeui and
internal improvem ents. There ii nothing' in the,
message that excludes a grant of lands Ott a rail
road to the Pacific, if the lands be granted in al
ternate sections along - the line of the road. The
landlord's interest covers this cue. ,
After the the „message was ,read, s discussion
arose on a motion to print, in which Gov. Brown,
of Mississippi,disseeted the message,and very ably
replied to its objections. Similar grants have been
before opposed by, demccratic Congresses and de.
mocratio Presidents, and it is a fact that some of
the truest friends of ibis administration voted here
fore for similar meatiures. It is stated that there is
not strength enough on the part of the Iriends of
the bill in the Senate to pass the bill by a two.
third vote, though they have a large majority.
Tun 'slaw Salem. Lew.—The thirty-ninth sec
tion of the Act just passed by the Legislature, for
the regulation and continuation of a system of Ed
ucation by Common Scnixils, provides, 14 that the
School Directors of the several counties of Com
mpnwealth, shall meet in convention at the seat of
justice of the proper county, on the first Monday of
June next, and on the first Monday in May in
each third year thereafter, and select, viva voce, by
a majority of the whole number Directors present,
one person of literary and scientific acquirement,
and of skill and experience iii the art of teaching,
as county superintendent for three successite school
years; and the School Direntos, or a majority of
them, in such convention, shall determine the
amount of compensation for the County Superin
tendant of Common Schools, by his warrant, drawn
upon the State Treasurer, in half-yearly instal
ments, if desired, and shall be deducted from the
amount of the State, appropriations to be paid the
Jimmies., for said enmity."
The law makes it incumbent on the Superintend.
ent, immediately alter the passage of the acyo pre
pare and forward six copies of it to the Secretary
of each Board of Directors, and 'one copy to the
Commissioners of each county in the State.
THC IV;um-14mm SLAVE Cur.—Judge KANE,
on Tuesday last, delivered a long opinion of the
Circuit Court in the case of the United States Mar
shals vs. the Sheriff of Philadebbia. The hearing
was on a habeas corpus taken out to prevent the re
lators being taken to Wilkes-barre for trial, under
an indictment found against them for an assault
while executing a writ in Wilkes-barre, issued by
the Circuit Court. The opinion says, though the
Marshals cannot be tried by Jury, if acting in are.
dience to Federal process, they may be punished
for abusing it, and by the Coon that issued process,
which is bound to punish or protect its ministerial
officers. The Court will therefore proceed to hear
the case on its merits, under the act of Congress,
and will receive the evidence of the relators.
THE END OF THE GARDINER Tarr..—The case of
John Charles Gardiner, brother of the late Dr. Gar.
diner, indicted on a charge of perjury, and also for
false swearing, was called up in the criminal court
of Washington on Monday, but as the defendant
failedito make his appearance, his recognizance
was declared forfeited. it is said be left Washing
ton two weeks ago, for some place beyond the
limits of the United States. Dr. Thomas Miller
was his surety in the sum of $B,OOO, and Hudson
Taylor and James M'Clery in the sum of 34,000,
but the Union says they are amply indemnified.—
Should Gardner appear before the close of the term
of the court, the forfeiture of the recognizances may
be stricken out.
Acuurrrro.—John Hope, recently tried in ire
nango county for the martyr of. James Hill,has been
acquitted. The Spectator says the trial took place
at a special Court, held by Judge Galbraith. The
deceased and Hope, who had been on bad terms,
met one evening last winter, in the presence of a
few comrades, with the intention of lighting. Hope
showed a knife, and declared ' he would use it if
Hall attacked him. Hall, who was unarmed, did
not heed the caution, and in rushing upon him, re
ceived severe cuts, one of which proved fatal In a
few moments.
O We publish this week, Bzwroars great
speech in opposition to the Nebraska bill. It will
be read with avidity, and is deserving of attention,
as coming from one who took an active part in the
adjustment ol,the Missouri Compromise.
0::r A collision took place on the Colombia rail
road on Wednesday, near Paoli, Pa, . between two,
freight trains, one being stationary on the track to
allow the express train to pass. Four men were
'injured, two of them very seriously. The locomo
tive and eight cars were badly damaged.
(jam On Sunday morning, week, as four men at
tempted to cross the river below the Horse Shoe
dam, near Tunkhannock, the boat became entangled
in some willows, and was overset; one of them
by the name of Firinan was drowned ; the others
were rescuctl, after remaining in the water over an
EXCCUIIOIII or Hetexucxsou.---The sentence pro
nounced by law upon upon JobeHendrickson,
ofdeath, on account of baying murder ed his wife,
some fourteen months since, by administering poi.
son, was carried; into effect in the jail at Albany,
N. Y. He die&withogt exhibiting any sign/rot re.
pentence, or.a wor4;iii reference to his finite fate.
He was twenty-two years of age.
Otr , Seven or eight vessels are reported to have
been found enclosed in the ice off Achy Bay, Cape
Breton. &petal bed been boarded by parties from
the shore - end found to be abandoned.
News Items.
~%•:•Tartv.inearliere. d rowned while',Orienting the'' ,
lataits oithfackinswJast week, with the Ettail43oati,
irild logo tolteir but the ice prerecatedi„then4-
arhhe)rien" stink kind were lost with "the r inaiLf t :
while hatdrpht were. looking on trot* the „island,
tinitble to reader Rey assistance. -r . ".;••
—Thecontractors on the Lebanon Talley'llail="
road have broken ground at Harrisburg, and the
work on that part of the line embracing a distance
will be completed as soon as men and means •
do it.
—On Saturday afternoon a boy who was teasing
a tiger at the floating Menagerie, at Pittsburg. was
suddenly seized, by .the enraged animal and badly
bruised and torn before" he could be extricated.—
His wounds, however are not supposed, to be dan
—A little girl, daughter orliihn Kyle, or Indian
apolis, had her band chopped off the other day by
i herlittlebrotheri, while playing: With w sharp ,broad
in herfitht
—There were in NOrfolk, on TtieMilay, about one
lindred free ,colored persons, preparing to emigrate
toLiberia,. and, eighteen .more were expected the
same eveuing. These emigrants are from various
parts of Virginia and ,i)lorth Carolina:, They will
embark, in a few days, on board the ship Sophia
Walker, of Baltimore, which has been chartered for
the purpose.
—We understand, Says the Detroit Advertiser,
that letters were , received by' the last mail from
Lake Superker, announcing that's mass 0f,150 tons
of native copper. has been found in the celebrated
Minnesota mine, 'in the OctOnagon 'district. The
value of this mass is nearly $lOO,OOO, and, is the
largest ever discovered, with the exception of the
one found in • the North American, weighing some
212 tons.
—A poor 'wretch. a stranger. who hired himself
to act as hangman at a recent execution of a slave
in Franklin Parish, Tenn., was horribly lynched by
a mob on the ensuing night—beaten, knocked down,
stamped and jumped upon, tarred and feathered, and
finally deprived of aii-itf his ears.
—A perch was caught last Thursday, in Macon's
Pond, near tichmond, Vs., weighing 2 lbs., and
measuring 4 follows :-13 1 1 inches in girth, and 18}
in length. Ohl Grimes says that when be was young,
he has seen many a perch measured, and they were
invariably fi yards long !
—A Gray Eagle was shot in Mason county. (Ky.,)
near Mayslick, on the 16th tilt., that was three feet
high, seven feet two inches from tip to tip of the
wings, and the talons eight inches across when es.
—An Exchange says, " Water proof houses made
of Gotta Percha, slabs, are now being manufactur
ed. There is one advantage about this style of
houses; they can bend their chimneys to suit the
—Three of the v ine growers of Reading, Pa., have
forwarded to Gov. Seymour, of New-York, each one
dozen bottles of native wine, of their own manufac
ture, and embracing three different varieties, as a
testimonial of their approval of his recent veto of
the prohibitory liquor law.
—The New-York Crystal Palace makes slow pro
greSll, and the newspaper, which have hitherto been
Barnum's most manageable and most effective agents
scarcely mention it. The stock suffered a further
decline on Saturday of four per cent.
—The Ward family have left Louisville, and the
whereabouts of Matt. F. Ward is unknown.
—The Bridgeton N. J. Chronicle is responsible
for the following—Mr. John Fox has handed us
some eggs, measuring the long way 7i inches, and
Thomas Allmond brings ns one that measures a
quarter of a yard, lacking one inch—the productions
of our common native, unpretending, hens. "0!
Shanghai! where is thy blush !"
—A patent has just been taken out in France, for
making sugar from pumpkins. Tne quantity pro.
duced will be at least as great as could be obtained
from an equal. quantity of beet—root.
—The Croton Dam does not appear to have been
carried away by the recent freshet.
—Losses to the amount of 515,000 were sustain
ed in consequence of the late storm on. Lake Michi
—Seven States have resolved, by legislative en
actment, to aid in the erection of a monument in
Philadelphia, in honor of the' signers of the Dec
laration of Independence.
—Tho American Union, published at Griffin,
Go , the Tallahasse (Florida) Sentinel, the St. Lou
is (Mo ,) Democrat, and the Texas Advertiser, all
Southern journals,oppose the policy of Mr-Douglas'
Netyaska Bill.
TILE Wsan CASE.—We find the following letter
in the Lousrille Courier of the 3d inet :
CANNLLTON, Ind., Monday, May 1, 1854 —Matt.
Ward, accompanied by his wife and brother, ar
rived Isere yesterday on the Jas. Patk. They went
on board the boat at West Point, at 12 o'clock on
Saturday night. Considerable excitement exists
among the citizens, and it is proposed to address
Mr. Ward a letter requesting him to leave town—
No violence will be used, our citizens wishing
merely to frown down the man who coolly and
deliberately took the tile of one, whom to know
was to love
An indignation meeting, with reference to' the
Ward trial, was held at Cynthiana, Ky., on Satur
day last. The effigies of the Judge, Jury, &c.,
were hung on a pole, and carried up Main street
opposite the Court House, and there, in the pres
ence of five hundred citizens,both male and female
were burnt.
A meetign of the citizens of Westport, Oldham
co.. was held on the 2d inst. Reeolotions were
adopted denouncing the Jury, the " perjured wit
nesses," and several of the attorneys for the de
The citizens of Elizabethtown, Ky . held a meet
ing on the 28th ult., and passed the following reso
lotion :
Resolved, By this meeting, that we regard the las
verdict to the trial of Matt. F Ward as being a
war with the law and evidence in the case.
Litz Snorts rtstrathsn —We learn from the
Harrisburg Union, that on Friday Governor Bi le
signed the bill transferring to . the Cleveland,
Plainesville and Ashtabula Railroad Company all
the rights and franchtses of the Fmnklip-Canal Com
pany's Railroad, on considerationAfit 'a subscrip•
tion of half a million of dollars t 6 the stock of the
Sunbury and Erie Raifroad s po‘pany shall be made
by that corporation. Thi settles a question which
has been made a frn.itf6l theme of vituperation and
abuse against Philadelphia and Pennsylvania.. By
the provision,ortbis bill the Western road must be
extendidirrthe harbor of Erie.
IRGroN, May 7.—Despatches from Spain, have
been received by the Government, and by the
French and English Legation. '
Mr. Soule has peremptorilydemanded the recall
of;he Captain General of Cuba, and a large indem.
nity for the seizure of the Black Warrior. In this,
I am certain he has transcended his inatructions.—
The Spanish Government has declined to accede
to Mr. Soule's demands.
Mons. De Sartigescalled_ on Gov Marcy, to-day,
but the latter refused to talk to him, on the affairs
of Cuba.
Letters are in town from Mr. Calderon, former
Minister from Ppain, in Washington, expressing
deep regret at the course pursued by Mr. Soule.
CAIHOLIC Rorr.—Bearrovti May • 8 —A catholic
riot occurred at Chelsea yesterday, during which a
lad ascended to the crone of the Catholic church by
means of the' lightning rod and tore the cross down.
The moltitade seized it, broke it . uN and distribut
ed the meet among the browd. The excitement
here and at East, Boston in mforence to the matter
is very great.
w C il o l ia be .—S i pe rnen3 , :eical,
thiacoinsge c whiu , h .was authorized by Coogrerip
hating iteethUbmitted to andeizapiphroouvuedndbytt,hitel :1.
mealy ;of gie Treatt w u h ry en ,
pbt3ll CinitAalioni Y
seal lo Watthington. They are thus tlear r i_,
thedi r nirma.;.,:
The obverse of this coin represents
an ideal
head, with the leathered dincture symb olic
Amelicaohe . we n } or liberty" appearing on it e
band encirculing the bead, and the inscrtpnos
',United States of America" surrounding the eb o i t
0.) the reverse is a wreath eomposM of some of:be
staple products of the United States, riz:—wheari
cotton, Indian corn, and tobacco ; t h e
the r htha
s c
( e l
ne n : t
t r i e r
1 .
ee,si 1 A la
na d ,
ipe e po n i r
sa t I f n ee a u::
me t w io i n tatit a a n owe d th d e a nor te gvo be eh t
buc g oti i n o pes
r ~ rr
'and, together with the difference in the tharnsle,
43( the pi ece , Will Make it readily distinguishable
from the quarter-eude, which approaches it most
nearly in value. It is 16 20ths. of an inch in ;ham.
eter, add weighs(ll.4.grains=oz 16t25.
. Tut Mind Ex crrEascirT.—Cincinnati, May 4
John J. Crittenden is suffering severely in pot T he
estimation, in consequence of his volunteering !o
defend the Wards. iqublic meeting in Madison
Indiana, yesterday r passed the following resolution:
with only two dissenting votes :
" Resolved, That this meeting request the flo c d
of Directors of the Jefferson County Agricultural
Fair, to withdraw their invitation to Governor
Crittenden to delimer the address at the next anon.
al Fair of Jefferson County The action of Govern
or Crittenden in the Ward case, having voluntee r .
ed his services and prostituted his great talents in
an unworthy cause, viz: The overruling of public
justice, which has occurrent since the invitatio n
was given, is deemed a sufficient excuse, if one a
deemed necessary, for the public withdrawal et
that invitation "
The Kentucky papers are fined with the proceed.
ings of public meeting in that state, by every one
01 which Governor Crittenden has been denounced
and requested to resign his seat in 'tithed States
The Ward family have left Louisville, and the
whereabouts of the alleged criminal is unknown.
of the Legislature of Connecticut met in joint coo.
vention, on Thursday, and elected the followlng
ticket for State Officers for the ensuing year:
Governor—Henry Dutton, of New Haven.
Lreut Governor—Alex. H. Holly, of Salsbury.
Sec 01 State—Olivery H Perry, of Fairfield.
Treasury—Daniel W. Cary, of Middletown.
Comptroller—John Donhirii, of Norwich
The above gentlemen are all Whigs. The Whole
number of votes cast for Governor was 233, of
which ar Dutton, (Whig) had 14u, and Samuel
Ingham, (Dem.) 93. -
The remainder of the ticker wa; e',ected about
he same maj pity
THE ECLINE.—The Solar eclipse on the 26th in.
giant, comes cif in the afternoon, of that day, at.l
not in the forenoon, as inadvertantly stated by the
Boston Journal. So the people can sleep their nap
out on the morning of that day, as usual. The
American Ai;n7)2,:n says:
This'echp , e will be visible through the whole
of Nor.ti America, the northern part ot South Amer.
ica, the northeastern part of A.sta, and the extreme
northwestern part of Europe.
mail from Newtoun eland brings intelligence of the
charter of a company by the title of " The New
York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Com
pany." The ultimate object of the gentlemen in
terested in the project is the establishment of a
sub-marine telegraph, to connect Newtoundland
with Ireland. The New Yolk, Newfoundland and
London Telegraph Company have bought the tine!
already erected by the Newtounill::ld flecuc
Telegraph Company, and have their plow; so (Jr
advanced as to believe that
_St. gotia , Newfound.
land, will be in telegraphic communication with
all the cities of the Union by the end of September
Kr The Ohio Legislature adjourned surc arc on
Tuesday. The small note bill goes 1110 effect an
the Ist December next. Ii proliihr: the 'circula
tion within the State of the paper of foreign ham
of all denominations less than ten dollars.
GO— The General Coriferance of 1118 MellloaiSt
Protestant Church assembled in S eubenville. Ohio.
Tuesday, the 2d day of May. It is composed of
ministerial and lay delegates from ever part cl the
U S , including Oregon There are thirty-two an
nual coufesences of this church, embraced in an
equal number of districts.
—Yesterday, during the morning service at the
Catholic Church, in this city, the gallery—which
was. crowded on account of the presence of the
Bishop--gave way, precipitating the occopanAt on
the crowd below. One man was taken out dead,
and many others badly injured, three of whom are
nut expected to recover.
rir Cholera, we learn by the latest arrival from
Europe, still ling ers in parts of Ireland, and also,
undoubtedly, in Liverpool and other English ports.
It is noticed by the Belfast (Irish) papers that ija'
cases of cholera occurring in their city ourOe m
the filthiest lanes and most neglected quarters. In
the clean and well ventilated streetanot a case Las
yet been reported.
A b S i ll ll P ,
P pa lan ss en ed t . F. to an
ebrita att 2 ( 7 6 , alte r;
182 l ; nd amid the fa
Sermon" I.e Bit enacted, That the
teatb and
eleventh sgericns of the act entitled, an act to slier
and repeal the fee bill, passed the 22d day Of
Fehyuary, 1821, are hereby repealed so tar Whey
-effect the justices of the peace, and constables of
ifflin, Allegheny, Erie, Washington, Lancaster,
Dauphin, Chester, Lebenon and Bradford Coanties,
and the fourteenth and fifteenth sections of 'heart
of the 28th day of March, 1814, entitled an act es•
tablishing a fee:bill are hereby revived so tar I ,
they relate to said counties.
Otr The work of destruction begun by the pre
vious frosts, was more,lully accomplished on Toe
day morning the 18th alt , as to corn, garden vege
tables and fruits. This frost extended as far south
as Mobile. Mani of our planters have been coo
pelted to plant over their almost entire crops at
corn.-=-Caumbus (Ga.) Enquirer.
DEATH tri LIGHTNING —We learn that Ricb
Speed, of the town of Caroline, was struck krilgtd
ning, and instantly killed on the sth nut He was
engaged at the time in housing some Jambe- I le .
leaves a wife Bz:several small chilnlen tomouratas a
loss- He was was about 40)ears of age, and
farmer in good eircumstanoer—Orcego S. T. fuses.
tjejt- A consolidation of the Ofd Colony and Fal
River Railroads, in New England, have been Tad
in order to !oral a through line to Boston.
=C. 1810 EULEICOg7
WOULD inform her friends, that she has jusv"
tuned from the city, with a large assonOt
of .111=1:111AL8T GOODS,
which she offers at reduced prices. Produce al e.
cry kindtaken in payment for goods.
RIMMOA---DR. MASON has reworo i
his office to his .V dwell LS. ing, on Pine street. OpPos' te
the old Presbyterian Church.
Towanda, May 13, 1854.