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'',f. „..THE - BRADFORD ~ REPORTER
' O l / 115 =7°
TOW AND Al
otbap aiontin,p., erptetnbet 10, 1853.
:itlettett V ottrg.
RI JOIN O. WiIITTILA
to w i r ing backward from his mantmod'3 prime,
les tot the spectre of his mipent time;
And, through the ab i de
0 cv „ ra i c ypress, planted thick behind.
ow reproachful whisper on the wind,
From his loved dead?
no bests no trace of Passion's evil force
wshuns thy sting, 0. terrible Reinorse ?
Who would not cast
1 0 of his future from him. but to win
litotes obliwton for tile rung and sin
Ot the sealed pastw
in' the eVI!, which we fain would shun,
le4u, and leave the wished for good undone;
Our ttrer , gth to•day,
'etatusinurrow's weakens; prone to fall,
'.,r,F;linJ, unprofitable servants all,
Are we alway.
ichn, thus lookin; backward o'er his year*
%es net his eye•lids wet with grateful tears,
If he bath been
S ,r:TI 'tea. aeak and sinful as he was,
' cheer and aid, in some ennobling caue,
His fellow men?
Se hash hidden the eutca , t, of let in
• r>,7 of •un•hine to the cell ot sin;
If he bath lent
.iirength in the weak, an& in an hour of need,
'Ter the suffering. mindless of his creed,
One tine bath bent,
tie asa not tired in rain; and. while he gives .
;tt prase to Him in whum he moves and lives,
With thankful heart.
I,eaze: backward, and with hope before.
koring that from hi■ works he never more
Can henceforth part.
iFfoto ,he New York Evening Pilt)
[( I L. BEN TON'S HISTORY
1835-JAMLS MONROE, PRESIDENT.]
Residential Elret►on In lb. House or Repre.
i n+l,te.t,ly been •11 , twit that the theoly of the
a•T.I )matte 1 ,/4 (11k111.2, - Wlig enlllPly .
: •11. . •,4 11,11 111 atql V.ce PI
—1,1111) o.e he people 14 rte only it,
e. , cnrs. to 'or intel;tgetice the
per.ow; for there high swions w. i s en
!hat, in practice, 11,44 thwor , ,)
ren lan,rl horn the herrinnii, , , F u r gu ..rr ie
jerriihe efecnirs were m ale Stjor , ii,
to he people, having no choice of .heir own,
r to deliver their votes for a part•cular
to the will of hrice who elected
. P.us fie theory had laded in ita applica•ron
-:.ee,errotar colle2e; hut there 111 lit be a sec•
cli.c . ion, and has been ; and here
Li'. 'he constitution has faired again. lo
:eery, of o choice being made by the electors,
a an: of a majority of electoral votes be
:o any one. or on account 01 an equal Ina-
• r —No •he'llouse ol Representatives became
fk. real college for the occasion, limited to a
rsrf.eat rf the fise highest, (before the constitu
-va.amrth.led ) nr !he two highest having an
`•:•liltd; mn The President and Vice President
'r , ••,•• separwely, or with any de.
it tlieir cfrice All appeared upon the
etideniial nominees—the highest on the
s:aring a majority, to be President; the next
also having -a majority, to be Vice Prest•
4at ttie per.ple, Iro:0 the beginning, had dis
-cal,ited betiveen the persons for these respec
tepl,tes. always meaning one on their ticket for
the other for Vice President. Bu', ray
eo , y of the constitution and its 'Words, those
V,ce Pre.tidents might be elected Presi
r• ;:,e House of Representatives, either by be .
itie five highest when there was no ma.
1 .. f. or being one of two in an equal majority.—
t.tteuty hoed in the House of Representatives
..orn .i,e hist election, the demos kraleo inciple—
"Pftple to govern—prevailing ihere,as in the elec
tialccolegeo, and over-ruling the constitutional de
qs c; each.
The that election in the House of Representatives
'what of Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Burr, in the see
` - f 1 800-1801, These gentlemen had each a
eliny of the a hole number of electoral votes,
.cd an equal niuriity-73 each—Mr Burr being
Pueniled for Vice President: One iif the contingen-
NI had Inca occurred in which the election went
to the house of Representatives The federalists
had acted more wisely, one IA their state - electoral
e u‘kges, (that of Rhode island,) having withheld
a vote froni the intended Vice President on their
rude, Mr. CharlesCotesworth Pinckney, of South
Carolina ; end so,prevented an equality of votes be
14 een him and Mr John Adams It would have
been entirely conventional ie the House of Repre-
Rua:lves to have elected Mr Burr Preside nt, but
the same time, a gross violation of the democrat
`Principle, which requires the will'of the majority
0 be complied with. The federal states undertook
ele ct Mr Burr, and kepi up a struggle for seven
`alt and nights, arid until the thirty-sixth ballot
Ther e were sixteen suites, and it required the con•
""eare of tim e to eflect an election Until the
" sixth Mr. Jelletsoit had eight, Mr Burr six,
' t 'd two were divided. On tire thirty six h ballot
11r lefierson had ten states, arid was elected Gen
'' ll Hamilton, though not then us public life, took
' &Tined .part this election, rising above all per
to, and at! patty con.iderations, and urging the
'`` le teltvis from the beginning to vote for 24i.idl er
i°ll Thus the democratic principle prevailed.—
lb° choice of the people was elected by the House
of Reltrwentativee i and the struggle was fatal to
lb * 'rho bad opposed Mat principle. The federal
411, wva broken down, and at the ensuing Con.
gran elections, was left in a small minority. Its
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
candidate at the ensuing Presidential election re
d but fourteen votes out of one hundred and
sev hty.six. Burr, in whose favor, and with whose
n ivance the struggle had been made, was ruin
ed--fell under the ban of the republican party, die
appeared trout public life, and was only seen after
wards in criminal enterprises, and ending his life
in want and misery. The constitution itself, in that
particular, (the mode of election) was broken down,
and had to be amended so as to separate the Presi
dential from the Vice Presidential ticket, giving
each a separate icte ; and in the event of no elec•
lion by the electoral colleges, sending each to sepa
rate Houses—the three highest on the Presidential
lists to the House of Representatives, the two high
est on the Vice Presidential, to the . Senate. And
thus ended the first struggle in the House of Repre
sentatives, (in relation to the election of President,)
between the theory of the constitution and the de.
mocratic principle—triumph to the principle, ruin
to its opposers, and destruction to the clause in the
constitution whicepermined sorb a struggle.
Tne second presidential election in the House of
Representatives was after ihe lapse of a quarter of
a certtury,and under the amended constitution which
carried the three highest on the list to the House
when no ore had a majority of the electoral votes.
General Jack.on, Mr. John Quincy Adams, and Mr.
William H Crawfo il, were the three, their respec-
flue votes being 99, 84, 41; and in this case a sec
ond struggle took place between the theory of the
constitution and the democratic pritiqgle; and with
eventual defeat to the opposers of that principle,
though temporaril successful. Mr. Adams was
elected, though General Jackson was the choice of
gat people. having received the greatest number of
votes, arid being undoubtedly the second choice of
several states whose voles had been given to Mr.
Crawford and Mr. Clay (at the general election).
The represen tat ivesiroin sonic of these states gave
the vote of the state to Mr Adams, upon the arge•
merit that he was best qualified for the station, and
that it was dangerous to our institutions to elect a
milvary chieltain—an agreement which assumed a
gmndiati•liip over the people. and implied the ne
ces.ity of a r-ii c eiror iirelhgence to guide them for
their own L•tl,rti The election of Mr. Adams was
peifectly Corwin] tonal atid,as such lully subm tiled
to by the people; but it was also a violation of the
demos kruteo- principle ; arid that violation Was sig•
natty rebuked. All the representatives who voted
atzairtst the will 01 their constituents, lost their fa
vor, and do:appeared i limn public life. The repre•
merino/on in the ;Luise of Represenia!ives was large
ly changed at the fir,-1 general election, a.rn! presen-
ted a lull oprsMott to the new Pret.tdetit. Mr.
A 1.110411111,•e!I %Va. by' i and at ;lie en=u
n.:2 Cec:l-1 was 1 t..'ea I.y Crei,eral
Jack-on r»,:e than tw, w one.-378 to S 3. Mr.
Clay, who .00k the read in the House far Mr. Adams,
and alter‘‘ Aids look upon himself the mission 01
revorteihng the people to his eleetion in a series of
public speeche=, was himself crippled in the effort,
10.4 his plage in the tlvatoctiatte party, j , tureti the
11'litga, (Men called national republicans,) and has
since resettled the doMeartenitig spectacle of a
former great leader El/armlet t%e head of Ills au-
merit foes in all their detears, and lingering on their
rear in their victories. The demociatic principle
was main victor over the theory of the constitution,
and great arid good were the results that ensued
It vindicated the demos in their right arid their pow
er, and showed that the prefix to the constitution,
r• We, th.s people, do ordain arid establish," &c,
miy also be added in its administration, shr•wing
theta to be Atte to attotottsier al to make that in
strument It re established parties Lyon the, basis
of principle, arid drew anew party lines, then al
most obliterated wider the fusion of parties during
the "era of good feelings," and the efforts of lead
ing men In make personal 'parties for themselves
It showed the conservative power of our govern•
ment to lie in the people, more than its constituted
author . vies. It showed that they were capable of
exercising the function of self-government. It as
sured the supremacy of the democracy for a long
time, and until temporarily lost by causes to be
shown in their proper place. Finally, it was a cau
tion to all public men ao.nst future attempts to go
vern Presidential elections in ihe House of fiepre.
It is ha part of the object of this " Thirty Years
View" in dwell upon the conduct of individuals,
except aa showing the causes and the consequences
of events, and, wider this aspect; it becomes the
gravity of history to tell Ilia', in these two struggles
for the election of P.esident, those who struggled
against the democratic principle lost their places on
the poOtical ihea!re, the mere voting members be.
in put due° in their states and dlstricts, and the
eminent ac•ors forever-tistracised trim the high ob
ject of their ambition. 'A suboolinate cause may
have had in , effect, and 411,iwoly, in prejudicing the
public mind against Mr Adams and Mr. Clay —
They had been political adversaries, co-operated in
the election, and wear i .to the administration to
gether. Mr. Clay. received the office of Secretary
of State from Mr Adams, and ibis gave rise tolhe
imputation of a bargain bete een them.
It came within my knowledge, (tor I was then
intimate with Mr. Clay,) long before the election,
arid probably before Mr. Adams knew it himself,
that Mr. Clay intended to support him against Gen.
Jackson, and for the reasons atierwaids averred in
his pehlie speeches. I made this known when oc
ca.-ions requited me to speak of it, and in the pre
sence of the mends of 'he impugned parties. It
went into the newspapers upon the information of
these friends, and Mr. Clay made me his acknow
ledgments for it in a letter, of which this is the 'ex
act copy :
" I have received a paper published on the 29th Wa
in), at Lexington, in Virginia, in which is contained
an article stating that you had. in a gentleman of that
•plan, expressed your disbelief of a charge injurious ,o
me, touching the late Presidential election, and that I
had communicated to you unequivocally, before the 154
of Dasher, 1824, my determination to vot•frff
Adam mid net for Got Jackson. Presumitsg tha
REDARDLE96 OP DENUNCIATION PBOll •NT QUALM."
the publication was with your authority, / cannot de.
*ay the expression of proper acknowledgments for the
sense of justice which has prompted you to render this
voluntary and faithful testimony."
This letter, of which I now have the original,was
dated at Washington City, Dec. Bth, 1827—that is
to say, in the very heat and middle of the canvass
in which Mr. Adams was beaten by Gen. Jackson,
and when the testimony tiould be of most service
to him. It went the rounds of the papers, and was
quoted and relied upon in debates in Congress,
greatly to the dissatisfaction of many of my own
party. There was no mistake in the date, or the
fact. I left Washington the 15th of December, on
a visit to my father.in-law, Col., James M'Dowefl,
of Rockbridge county, Virginia, where Mra.Benton
then was; and it was before I left ‘Vashington that
I learned from Mr. Clay himself that his intention
was to support Mr. Adams. I told this at that time
to Col. M'Dowell, and any friends that chanced to
be present. I told it as my belief to Mr. Jefferson
on Christmas evening of the same year, when re.
turning to Washington and making a call on that
illustrious man' at his seat, Monticello, and belie,.
ing then that Mr. Adams would be elected, and,
from the necessity of the case,would have to make
up a mixed cabinet, ( expressed that belief to Mr.
Jefferson, using the term, familiar in English his
tory, of "broad bottomed;" and asked him how it
would do? He answered: " Not at all—would
never succeed—would ruin all engaged in it." Mr.
Clay told his intentions to others' of his friends from
an early period, but as they remained his friends,
their testimony was but little heeded. Even my
own, in the violence of party, and from my rela
tionship to Mrs. Clay, seemed to have but little ef
fect. The imputation of " bargain" stuck, and
doubtless had an influence in the election. In fact,
the circumstances of the whole aflait—previous an
tagonism between the parties, actual support in the
election, and acceptance of high office, Imade up a
case against Messrs. Adams and Clay which it was
hardly safe for public men to create and to brave,
however strong in their own consciousness of integ
rity. Still, the great objection to the election of Mr
Adams was in the violation of the principle demos
krateo ; and in the question which it raised of the
capacity of the demos to choose a safe President for
themselves. A letter which I wrote to the repre
sentative from Missouri, before he gave the vote of
the state to Mr. Adams, and which was published
immediately afterwards, placed the objection upon
this high ground ; and upon it the battle wall main
ly fought and won. It was a victory of principle,
and vhou:d not be disparaged by the admission of
an unfounded and subordinate cause.
The Presidential election of 1824 is remarkable
un•ler another avpect—as having put an end to the
practice ol caucus nominations for the Presidency
by tr embers of congress. This mode of concen
trating public opinion began to be practised as the
eminent men of the revolution, to whom public
°pillion awarded a preference, were passing away,
and when new men, of more equal pretensions,
were coming upon the stage. It was tried several
times with success arid general approbation, public
sentiments having been followed, and not led by
the caucus. It was attempted in 1824, and laded,
the friends of Mr. Crawlord only attending—others
not attending, not from any repugnance to the prac
tice. as their previous conduct had shown, but be.
cause it was known that Mr Crawlord had the larg
est number of friends in Congress, and would as
suredly receive the nomination. All the rest, there
fore, refused to go into it : all joined in opposing the
•• caucus candidate," as Mr. Crawlord was called ;
all united in painting the intrigue and corruption of
these caucus nominations, and the anomaly of
n:embere of Congress joining in them. By their
joint efforts they succeeded, and justly in the fact
though not in the motive, in rendering these Con
glees caucus nomination odious to the people, and
broke them down. Thei were dropped, and a dif
ferent mode of concentrating public opinion was
adopted—that ol the party nominations by conven
tions of delegates Irom the states This worked
well at final, the will of the people being strictly
obeyed by the delegates, and the majority making
the nomination. .But it quickly degenerated, and
became obnoxious to all the objections to Congress
caucus nominations, and many others besides—
Members of Congress still attended them, either as
delegates or as lobby managers. Persons attended
as delegates who had no constituency. Delegates
attended .upon equivocal appointments. Double
sets of delegates sometimes came from the state,
and either were admitted or repulsed, as suited the
views of the minority. Proxies were invented—
Many delegates attended with the sole view of es
tablishing a claim for office, and voted accordingly.
The two-thirds rule was invented, to enable the
minority to control the majority; and the whole
proceeding became anomalous and irreaponsable,
and subversive of the will of the people, leaving
them no more control over ihe nomination than the
subject of kings have over the birth of a child which
is bortk to rule over them. King Caucus is as po
tent as any other king in Ibis respect ; for whoever
gets the nomination—no matter how effected—be.
comes the candidate of the party, from the neces
ally of union against the opposite party, and from
the indisposition of the great states to go into the
House Representatives to be balanced by the small
ones. This is the mode of making Presidents,
practised by both parties now. It is the virtual el
ection ! and thus the election of the President and
Vice• President of the United States hu passed-.not
only from the college of electors to which the con.
atitution confided it, and from the people to whom
the prao: ice tinder the constitution gave ii, and from
the House of Representatives which the constitution
proved as ultimate arbiters—but has gone to an an.
omalous, irresponsible body, unknown to law or
ronetitotion, unknown to the early ages of oar gov.
~,Iment, and of which a large proportion of the
membere composing it, and a mud* larger propor
tion of interlopers attending it, have no other view
either in attending or in promoting the nomination
of any particular men, that to get one elected who
will enable them to eat of the public crib—who
will give them a key to the public evil. The evil
is destructive to the rights mid sovereignty of the
people, and to the purity of election.. The tame•
dy is in the application of the democratic principle
—the people to vote direct for President or Vice
President, and a second election to be held items.
distely between the two highest, if no one has a
majority of the whole number on the first trial.—
But this would require an amendment. of die con
stitution, not to be effected but by a concurrence of
two-thirds of each Houses of Congress, and the
sanction of three-fourths of the states consum
mation to which the strength of the people has not
yet been equal, but of which there is no reason to
despair. The great parliamentary reform nr • Great
Britain was only carried after torty years of contin
ued, annual, presevering exertion. Our constitution.
al reform, in this point of the Presidential election
may require but a few years; in the menwhile I
am for the people to se/ad, as well as sled, their
candidates, and for a reference to the House to
choose one out of three presented by the people,
instead of a caucus nomination of whom it pleased.
The House of Representatives is no longer the
small and dangerous electoral college that it once
was. Instead of thiosen states, we now have thir.
ty one; instead of sixty five representatives. we
now have above two hundred• Responsibility in
the House Is now well established, and political
ruin, and personal humiliation, attended the viola
tion of the will of the state. No man could be el
ected now, or endeavor to be elected, (after the
experience of 1800 and 1821,) who is riot at the
head of the list, and the choice of a majority of the
Union. The lesson of those times would deter im
itation, and the democratic principle would again
crush all that were instrumental in thwarting the
public will. There is no longer the former danger
from the House of Represntatives, nor anything in
it to justify a previous resort to such assemblages
as our national conventions have got to be. The
House is legal and responsible, which the conven
tion is not, with a better chance for integrity, as has
ing been actually elected by the people, and more
restrained by position, by public opinion, and a
clause in the constitution born the acceptance of of
fice from the man they elect. It is the constitution.
al umpire; and until the constitution is amended,
I am for acting won it as it is.
TIM STUN FIRE ENOINC -Mr. Stimpeon, the
Secretary of the Massachusetts Charitable Associa
tion, arrived here a few days since, having been
sent by that Society to borrow the Steam F ire En
gine, for the purpose of exhibiting it at the great
Fair of that Society in September next On mak•
ing appliration to Mr. Greenwood, he wab told that
the machine rould riot go, but he should have an
opportunity of seeing it operate. Day before yes
terday, the machine was taken out After it had
gone through a series of experiments in the way of
throwing water and steam to the satisfaction of Mr.
Stimpson,the engine returned to the house tc.ti had
backed in, wnen the alarm of fife was given. Mr.
Stimpeon had here an opportunity of witnessing this
machine put out fires; the engine ran to the fire
and had water on before any of the other appara
tus came on the ground, and the fire was knocked
into 1 pi" in less than no time. The steam fire
engine is no longer ar. experiment. Its utility ex
ceeds the expectations of its most sanguine fiiender
Norm. use or Kissino.—A kiss, ever since the
day that Jacob kissed Rachael, has been a token of
friendship ; but, alas! it has served a traitor's pus
pose in some cases, as may be seen from the fol
lowing: A gent, not many miles from Shippens
burg, returned from a sleigh ride, on arriving at the
paternal mansion of his lady, gave and received a
kiss of triendship, as he supposed, but, alas ! the
sequel will show how much he was mistaken, for
the door having been closed, he overheard the fol
" Why, Lucy! ain't you ashamed to kiss a man
oat there all alone With him 1 When I was a girl
I wouldn't have done it far the world."
" No, mamma, I am nnt," answered Lucy, " for
I only kissed him to tell by his breath it he had
A NEW REAMICO OF SMAHAPEARE —ln a country
town' down East' a Democtstie newspaper was
started ; depen ling mainly for support on the con
tributions of the ' laithlul' in that region. its mot-
Be twill and rear not."—SHAltsiritAlLE.
An old farmer, who had been quite activs in pro
moting the interests of ibis newspaper enterprise,
took op the first number and commenced reading it,
with landitory comments. As he read the motto,
his face flushed with honest enthusiasm, and he
exelaimed—" Fear not Shekopeare no, that we
won't, nos any other darned old Federalist."
Otr , The greatest folly of which parents can be
guilty, is, to twist honesty, neglect charily. and
starve themselves, lot the sake of giving their chil
dren a start, when they start them in a direction in
which they ammo to ruin themselves.
Otv There is said to be an editor in North Caro.
line with seven bullets in his body, received in
duels and scree. encounters. Some one suggests
that his paper be called the " Bulletin," and as the
editor contains "leaded" matter, it should be set
Qtr Johnson says he never was in a tight place
bet one, end that was when be had a mad hall by
the tail. Had be held on, the ball would have
dragged Dim to death over a stubble field, while if
be bad not held on the eritter would have tamed
mond and gored him to death. The question now
which did Johnson de—hold on or let go!
.4. great deal of what is ea:lea hypocrisy ksgoeni•
ly arises horn the delicacy ore halt ioodehdittg the
ittefinge of another.
A Faze FIGHT.- Me following is a description
of a free fight in Western Virginia, as related by
one of the eye witnesses Thereof. Premising that
there was but one blow struck, in answer to an in
terrogatory as to who he was, the narrator replies:
" I reckon he was from low down on Groyne,
eomewhar. Jes as they War jawin, a chap rude up
on a elaybiank boss—l reekto he was Me:winger
stock, a acrowgin anemd, a kettle blind o' both eyes
—a peen lookin chap enough, an' when he got fer
nen«he place, sea he, " Is this a free fight ?"
they tole him it war. "Nell," says he, gittin oft
an' hitchin his ole claybank to • awingin limb,
" count me is !" He hadn't mouton got it ow,
afore Kim. one latched him a lick, and he drapt.
He riz drickly with someOeficilty, and see he, "13
this a tree fight?" and they tole him it arr. 'Welt,'
sea he , unhechin his hosts, an' puffin his left leg
over the back leather, " count me out" awl then
A &roan lincr.—" Doctor," said a waggish par
ishoner id good old Parson to him one day,
" I think that I moat have 'a pew nearer the deck
than I now sit." " Why "says the parson, " can't
you hear well where you are'!" "0' yea," was
the reply, "but that ain't it. The lact,is there are
so many people between me and the; pulpit, that
by the time what you say gets back to where I sit,
it is asjlal as dish-water."
(CIA countryman visiting a young M. D who
who toid recently pot oat his shingle in the neigh.
borhood asked the doctor where he got the allele.
tons he saw in his room.
4 4 We raised them !" was the reply
" Du tell'!" queried Jonathan.
Did you ever go to a military ball V asked
a lisping maid the other night of an old veteran of
Jackson's army of 'la.
" No, my dear," growled the soldier; " in there
days f had a military ball come to me, and what
'dye thinks rt tuok my leg off."
Otto' They have a pig in Ohio so thoroughly ed
ucated that he has taken to music. They regulate
hie time by twisting his tail—the greater the IWISI
the higher the notes.
0;:r Mrs. Partington rays that nothing despises
her so much as to see people vi ho profess to expect
salealion. go to church without their purses when a
recollection is M be taken
TWO SHARPS —An old man picked op haifa dol
lar in the street " Old man that's mine, raid a
keen looking weal, It en hand it oser." " Did
yours have a hole in it," asked the old man. Yes,'
replied the other smartly " Then it is nor thine,"
mildly replied the old man; " thee moat learn to
be a little sharper next time, my boy "
CCP' Mrs Partington says when the marriage knot
is first tied it is a " beau" knot, but it soon gets to
be a hard knot.
0:7 A celebrated portrait painter says that the
reason tom cats are so musical is because they are
all fid_lle strings inside.
0::: A good minister prayed fervently for those
of the congregation who were too proud to kneel and
too lazy to stand.
Law.—Going to law is incising a cow for the sake
of a cat.
Kr An eminent physician has recently discos.
erect ihat the nightmare, in nine eases oat often, is
produced, " from owing a bill to the newspaper
Cc:r An old gentleman, who has dabbled all his
lite in,statistics, says be never heard of more than
one woman who had her lite insured He accounts
for thus, by the singular fact of one question on ev
ery insurance paper being," What is your age!"
How rapidly they build houses now,' said
Cornelius man old acquaintance, as he pointed to
a neat two-story house—" they commenced that
house only last week, and 'they ate already putting
in the lights."
" Yee," rejoined hie friend, " and next week
they will pnt in the liver."
QV- Old Squire 8— was elected Judge of the
inferior Court of some county in Georgia. When
he went home hi 4 •delighted wife exclaimed—
'• Now my dear, you are Judge, what am I ?"
, t The same darned fool you tillers was," was
the tart reply.
Kr The Syracoge Sinndaid says: " A bachelor
lei a boarding-house, in which were a number of
old maids, on account of the 44 miserable fair" Be
before him of the table.
0::!?-The Persians have a saying that " ten men
i.ures of talk were sent down upon the earth, and
the women look nine."
Ins• The same editor who said a poor man had
his head taken off by passing events, now says—
"the man who hung himself with a cord of Wood
was cot down shortly after with the edge of a preci-
pice, or as some say, with a should rr bidder'
Ote- Dialogue—Old Gentleman, (affectionately)
—" My eon, why do you chew that filthy !oboe.
Precocions Youth (Attfliy)—" To get the juice
nut of it, old codger !"
Ots• Mr. Smith, don't yon think Mr. Skeesicks
4s a young man of parts?"
is Decidedly s o, Misi Brown; he is part num
skull, and part knave, and part fool !"
" Ma, that nice young man Mr. Saultang,
is very fond of kissing."
" Mind your seam, Julia ; wtio told you such
" Ma, I had it from his own tips."
04,- A pretty woman is like a great truth or a
great happiness, and has no more right to bundle
hersell op under a green veil, or and other similar
abomination, than the sun has tow on spectacles
Otr A wag recently appended to the list of mar.
kat Ingullninnv in qincinnati, sr No whistling near
the sausage sta.."
Thunder and Ilan Storms.
The late severe atronts tit thunder and lights) ttt g,
accompanied with hail, have directed public alten•
lion anew to these phenomena. Notwithstanding
the raven of science, however, trimly erroneous
impressions exist as to their causes, anti even find
their way into the newspapers. A few words on the
subject may not be 8 / 1 116$.
All such storms owe their origin primarily loth*
heat of the sun, which by evaporation, fill, the up
per air with vapor, evolving electricity in the act.
The same heat, b 3 rarefying the air, creates currents
in the atmosphere, the friction of which produces
electricity. This electricity forms the vapor into
thin vesicles or tiny bladders, and prevents thews
from uniting; and large masses of such vessels
make clouds. These Omit) are some positive, and
some negative, and when they approach each other,
the thickness oh the electricity on the aides nearest
each other increases, until finally the resistance of
the atmosphere between be overcome, and a die.
chargetakes place of lightning,accompanied by the
detonative sound we call thunder.
Thunder, consequently, occurs only where the
atmosphere is in different electrical states. It might
be supposed at Big thought, that the cloud, alter a
single discharge, would be relieved and calm en
sue. But while the clouds are conductors, The sirs.
to of air betw e en them are non-conductors, and
these last, being also highly charged, impart their
electricity to the empty cloud, which makes a new
discharge, and coniinctreeeiving arid discharging
until equilibrium is restored over the entire sky.—
The zig.z.ag, appearance of lightning is produced by
suecessivedischargesthrough a ser.es of elands, the
electricity passing, as it were, by stepping stones
down the firmament. The noise that accompanies
such explosions bas a rattling sound, occasioned by
the discharges being at unequal distances from the
Hail is produced by a cold current of air coming
in contact with a warmer cloud, when the vesicle.
of water ate beginning to change into rain drops,
which they do the instant the electricity, which
holds them together in that form, is discharged.—
The size of the hail-stones depends principally on
the height from which they Rill, as they appear to
increase by congealing fresh vapor a ound them,
the further they descend. They are r f all shapes.
Las . week, in the upper part of New York city, they
fell several inches long, and resembled the hits of
tee one breaks !rum a bath tub on a winter morn
ing. On Sunday they fell in New Jersey, as large
eroun4 as a qnarter of a dollar, and fist, like a wa
ter %rem pebble. Generally, however, they are
oval, 0,.r round, varying in size from amid! seed up
to a gooesberry.
Many extraordinary hail-storms are recorded in
history. lifezeray relates one which occurred in
Italy, in 1510, and which destroyed many birds,
beasts., and fish, some of the stones weighing near
ly ten pounds. In 1686, enormous hail-reones fell
at Lisle, in Flanders, some of which contained in
the middle a dark brown matter, which, being put
on the fire, give out a loud report. In 1797, a great
hail storm occurred in England, traversing *dis
tance of sixty miles, with a breadth of two miles,
and no: oily killing lov‘ls and other smaller aril•
mak, but spieling tree;, and even knocking down
horses and men. Later in the same year, several
persons %%ere killed iii England, by a hail -storm,
, the stones of which frequently rneariureil from 'en
to thirteen or fourteen inches around. Hail-storms
of great severity have frequenly occurred in this
cputirry, but none we believe involving such disas
The hardness and lucidity of hail determines the
height horn which ri has fallen, and the intensity of
the cold which it has endured. If spongy, to soft
crystals, like snow, it has descended but a shot►
distance. But if solid ice, and pettedly clear, like
those which tell on Sunday, has come from the
higher regions and experienced Arctic culd.
We have all heard of the smile of Providence.—
I was mach pleased with 17iicle Jim!s idea oo the
'• Good morning, Uncle dun.•'
" Good morning."
" You've got your daughters all married 'off,
r• Really, Providence smiled upon yon•"
"Smiled! No, bless you, she snickered right
The surest way to prevent a young couple from
unarr . Mg, is to oppose them. Ten them you
would soon see them in their graves,' and twelve
months afterwards, their baby u ill pass you twice a
day in a willow wagon.
Just ask your most particular friend who is roll
ing in wealth to lend you a hundred dollars when
you are in need of it, and see how poor he becomes
at once—see his golden coffers vanish" and bank•
ruptcy come upon him !
1)::7- If yon want to make youraelt a favorite with
your neighbors, buy a dug and tie him up M the
cellar or yard at night. They wont sleep any all
that night, thinking of you.
The lady who was nearly killed by the acciden•
tal discharge of her duly is dowly recovering.
" John, has the doetor striver! " Yes sir."—
" Then go for the undertaker immediately, tot
' corning events east their shadow before."
" Wood is the thing el.er all," as the man with
an oak tag said, when the dog bit it.
A man may be so mean u to prevent him from
artniurina on perfectly safe enterprises.
3. oheedol—beeminses is older than miaq.•.
Adam dwelt in Paradise se4 e!over almost a wee's
betbre the devil cams atom.
R Millanini ilea