Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, January 15, 1853, Image 2

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    within the reach of geneial laws, and it should be
deemed proper to extend to such the convenience
of a corporate sell, such corporation aa
L 4 -
be limited to a moderate existence ath be - , is •
pealed by the principles of indivitlita • abiliii for
Irr o
. all the debts of the association. The sonver*lSCe
of special legal organization is all tiOjadviariage
that any emaciation of indi v Wash, IlibtriN usk Fend it
is certainly all that any proper eaten initait eateries-
The salutaty etlect of this policy would doubtless
be that whilst it could not mimeo; the ogsoetation
ta:jetriarriririntritartilliitiiiiiaNitiTil'it '
save the Legislature the labor of cutisideritig4un
WWI said; itsuintry,silitimes, and the public from
their injurious consequences.
— tri - a message. to - the General Astierribly during its
last session, I took occasion to refer to the glowing
iliclination for special legislation, and 1111 l iend•
ed the adop ion of some measures to ietnetly the
diutiatiligtha Governor to appoint three comma
piopeo to prepare,general laws for the coosidera
lioit the Legislature, touching various subjects
th'entin named." Accordingly, in June fast, I ap
pointed Wm James M. Porter, Edward A. Yellin.
Man, and Bonham, E-quires., connuiesion
era under said resolution. These gentleman have,
fur some lime been devoting themselves to the pei•
lornance of the duties Bros devolved upon them .
•: , •q result of their labors shall t e communicated to
yis..,at an early permit in your session. -
7he evils of. special legislation seems to have
been a subject of complaint in the early history ul
'hi State.
the preamble to the law of 1791, in
tended to obviate the necessity for special or pri
vate legislation, this complaint is freely expressed.
The volume of laws for that year numbeted fifty
nine pages of a small book; in 1851 , they count
eleven hundred of a large one. This evil was
then in its infancy—it is now full grown and should
be corrected. This in my opinion, can only be
done by the adoption of a few more general law.,
lied the rigid administration of those already in
existence; I deem it right to say that I seal! vegan}
the maintenance of this policy a high obligation
to the people.
• This law of 1791, and its several supplements,
make provision tar the creation and amendment of
corporations for literary, charitable, and relligious
purposes, and to create beneficiary societies, and
tire engine and home companies, through the in
suumentali.y of the Attorney General and the Su.
pierce Court The act of the 12th of October, 1829,
extended this power to the Courts of the several
Counties. The acts of 1836 and 1838 make pro
vision fur the association of individuals, through the
instrumentality of the Attorney General and the
Governor, for the purpose of manufacturing iron
from mineral coal. In addition to these acts the
general manufacturing law of 1819, and its supple.
went*, provide for the creation of corporations for
the purpose of manufacturing woollen, cotton, flax,
and silk goods, or for making iron, glass, salt, pa..
paper, lumber. oil from rosiri. mineral paints, midi
oraldate, and for printing ands publishing.
The commissioners already named have reeein
weeded the extensiun of this law to the business of
mining coal, and to the mining and,stmelting of
trim, leadicopper, acid other ores , an - d so to alter
its provisions as to render the liability of the stock
holders more extensive. They also rec , mrnend
the passage of a law giving the courts more getter
al powers on the subject of :eking real estate by
parties acting in a representative capacity, and an
other referring all claims against the Common.
wealth to the courts. These things end u mote
geueral administration of the law giving the courts
the power to change names, to erect boroughs, to
incorporate Midge and road companies secured,
and we shall have a new era in the legishtion of
Pennsylvania—shall save a large amo ur of money
annually, and prevent many impositions or the
shape of hasty legislation, based uu ex-paste Di :e,
These commissioners have al-n prepared with
great care, a,general tax law, simplit) ing the laws
as they now stand—extendmg, their provisions to
certain new subjects of taxation, and altering its
features Bolas the more completely to reach moneys
at interest and other personal property. This is a
most intricate and important subject, arid should be
handled with the untiostcare. l have not had the
opportunity sufficiently to examine this proposed
law, to give an opinion as to its merits ; but I mu
clearly of opinion that there is much room to im
prove the tax system now in operation.
The subject of agriculture has not, it seems to
me, received that attention in this State which its
exceeding importasce would seem . it justify. It
was the truthful remark of George Washington,
that - there is " no pursuit in more real or important
good can be rendered to a country, than the im
provement of its agriculture." -The art of tilling
the soil in such manner as ta t secure the largest
yield of vegetable matter of which it is capable,
' - and the application of the principles of science to
that art, so tar as indispensable to the attainment of
this end, is a. topic,worthy of the attention of the
beat minds of the State. Agriculture is the primi
tive, as it is the most necessary occupation of man.
11 was at the beginning of his existence, and is at
the foundation ol all its pursuits. In this Common
wealth, it is pcculiatly adapted to the soil, to the
climate, and to the habits of the people, and con
stitutes their greatest source of wealth and happi
ness. It is the agriculturist who pays the largest
share of the country's taxes in time of peace, and
' furnishes the greatest number of her soldiers in
time of war. It is the most steady, peaceful, arid
dignified, and as is the least exacting of all our
great interests.
But it is said by many good citizens that there is
.n 0 utility in the ,application of the teachings of
science to the practice of agriculture. This, in my
opinion, is an erroneous idea. In a late report
from the Patent Office at Washington, it is estirnat
•ad that " one 'thousand millions of dollars would
not mere than restore to their original richness Anti
strength the one hundred millions of acres of land
in the United States, which have already been ex
imitated of their original fertility " A proper ap.
plication of science would arrest this waste of the
elements of the soil. In Europe, this process of
exhaustion has long since excited alarm. What
it is doing in our country, is f hown by the startling
• facts already presented. To counteract its elects
in the kernel country, about three hundred and
filly agectultural schools have been established ; in
the IsittOhere are not a dozen. The result of the
European.,schools has demons•rated the practical
utility of scientific farming. These institutions are
calculated to teach the art of tilling the soil, and to
disseminate a scientific knowledge of this great
pursuit. To place within the reach of the agricul
enhurist, a knowledge of the constituent elements
of the soil, and the influence of these upon vegeta
lion, enabling him to discover a deficiency in any
one of these original parts, and showing him how
to restore it without exhausting another—to learn
him to comprehend the different stimidants for the
soil, of mineral, vegetable, animal or liquid origin,
and the proportion of each 'shish the lands may
from time to lime require. They also teach meth
ods of-practical farming—the use of implements—
the mania of seeds, and the origin and character of
insects destructive to vegetation. What farmer in
Pennsylvania can say that he has never made a
mistake in the use of manures, or that his crop has
never been injured by destructive insects ? And
where is there one who would not be willi ng i n
tenntribute something to be protected against such
damage in future!
Bat is it not astonishing, that in this progressive
Comm/ di oars, so suited to agriculture, and in this
age °faience of agriculture have been established.
It is tette, that societies have been formed in a
number of the States and exhibitions have been
held calculated •to awaken the people to the im.
penance oaf this subject. Our State society, organ
issd about two years since, has held two exhibi
tions which base done much good in the way of
sending to all parts of the Slate the beat breed of
domestic animals, the best grains and seeds, and
the most approved agricultural mat:bluely. But it
seems to MO, that the government might justly lend
her aid and entuitenanc.e to this good work. In
itatyland, an agricultural chemist has been em
ployed by the State, and I am informed that the
Venda of bilinvestigations have been highlyeatisfac.
tiord useful 10 people. Cannot the great State
of pina s ylvitie do simnel; for her farmers! She
has expended a huge sum in the development of
e IT ilwrel r e sources, and has cherished tats maim
-1 eflA- .. ,, iTril pt . l au '54011 pighT" 7 I
a l i f
isliV . loluldr dullirlinet g I her .rviultu ' -
listif,;,4 1: dr tore; 1* .... y ',.., oar I he •
hitllltnent 'an agri r !It 14, a
Tra • - -alary a avine i gs•tl ids , his ties to
"sti , F aced k the:lr and4out •soci res.
, of 'lo,t, ow . .÷Htool, 'it-'our State.,
worthy of special attention. I had the pleasure, at
- 1 4-4,10-SlottAair„a short time since, of examitain
an extensive ciiiriTtErrrerri7Ffill - TTI - 1 - 01 ; e1rtifElis i'''-'
hibited by Peter A. lirowtre, Esq., of Philadelphia
It is said to be the most extensive collection of
-peetmens in the United states, or perhaps in the '
world Neinan - Janixainirie hand tem . feel hirriselt 1
edified by the great practicel troths t wilit:lok isppd-
culated In impart. - ii 4itintris(ratil moil; rbunclu
-iVely.tblltur Commonwealth a ria t•
et 'in tire prorincanfriina iiiiiiire allaillllleiViir
ed States we can raise as. fine.. &wee aa.cass, be
produced in the world ; Dud hoer than in.any, other
country except Saxony..
..„. .
It appears by the cerisits of 1850' that vennityva•
ma has only 1.,822;3513 sheep-"--thit 'Ohio with a
much less territory has 3,901,000.5ehat New VOA
has 3,454,351, and that whilst our, consrunplien of
wool in manulactures for 1850 was
. 7,560,379 lbs.,
our production was only 4,481,570. Fcatiee'raises
thin) :six millions ofSlreep. and England With less
thaerhill the advantages of thiscountry raises-fur.
ty-six millions 11. • _.
... .
r•• . -
This sutject is one deserving the attention of the
people and the government.
I cannot refrain from congratulating you on the
evidences of the great prosperity of Pennsylvania
to be found in the census report of 1850. tier re
la ice position to her sister States is truly a proud
one. Of the lour States her per centage of increase
in population, since 1840, is the greatest, and she
has, besi les excelled th'e best of her sisters in the
production of wheat, rye, iron, and coal.
Her population numbers 2,311,686, being an in r
crease of almost 35 per cent. since 1810. ACCOM
ing to this ratio of growth her people in 1870 will
number near 4,000,000. Our debt of forty millions
is, at this tune, a charge on each inhabitant of a
Gale over'e-gliteen dollars; in 1870, according to
this datum, it will but little exceed ten. The pres
ent assessed value of reel and personal estate in
$497 039,649, showing an increase of eighteen per
cent. since 1840, and according to this ratio.of
growth up to 1870, it will amount to the sum of
$675,973 922. The debt of forty millions was a
lien of 8 ner cent, on the asseasable property of
1840; on that of 1870 it will be only five per cent
and eight mills. But in the census report .01 1850
the true value of the property of the State is estima
ted at 8722,486,120; on this sum our present debt
is but a fraction over 5} per cent. Who can doubt
the bolv ency of such a debtor?
Her, sroductions of wheat in 1540 was 13,213,-
077 bubhelb. !Ai 1350, 15,482,191, being
crease at 17 per cent , at which rate her yield for
1870 will exceed twen.y millions of bushels. The
6ame rate ut increase is apparent in rye, earn, oats
barley, buekwbeat and live stock. The cenAns
1840 shows a production Jur that year of 97,395
ions of pig metal—that of 1850, 285.702, or an in
crease of 190 per cent. At this rate the yield of
1830 would be 1,371 370 lons. Wrought iron in
1840 amounted to 87,244 tons— in 1850 it is 182,-
506 tons Oil this datum tho production of 1870
would be 580369 loos. Our Woollen manulaciares
!or 1810 we.e value.' at $2,319,161. and for 1850
at $5 ; 321,866, showinta gain in ten years of 129
per cent., mid the enormous yeld by 1670 (Asl3,-
738,404. In cotton goods Me increase has been
about 6 pet cent , which ratio of growth up to 1870
%‘ould b. how a production of about six million dul.
The - whole amount of arahracite coal mined and
taken to market in 1840 sae 867.000 tons. In
18:52 ale product will reach near five millions of
tons, being an increase in twelve years of 600 per
cent' This rate of augmentation up to 1870 would
give the startling production of over forty five mil
lions of tons, and yielding at the present Philadel
phia prices, ihe suin of one hundred and eighty
millions of dollars being More than treble the pres
ent revenues of the whole United States!
This is a most gratifying picture , and su es far to
prove what I have tor sometime tictiev;4l, that be
lure the close of present century Pennsylvania, in
point of wealth and real greatness will stand in ad
vance of her Sister States.
there are yet a few enterprises to be con
summated to render t ier triumph complete The
North Branch canal must be finished. The Alle
gheny mountains must be passed witoout the use
of inclined planes, and our metropolis mast be
connewed with the lakes, by means of a railroad.
trade of the Sate is only second in impor
tance to her a4ricultural a.d mineral wealth. Na
ture has assigned to Pennsylvania a most advanta
geous position for external trade. Connected with
the Atlantic, the lakes and the western waters, and
ex:ending on both sides of the Alleghenies, she
lures the great link between the East and the West.
The only obstacle to an artificial Union of the
great natural highways by Which she is environea,
is this interposing chain of mountains, which cut
ting transversely across our territory, divides the
tributary waters of the Ohio and the lakes from
of the Atlantic. But this mountainous range, we
should rsjnice to know, upon close examination,
is found to present no insuaperable impediment.—
It is to be crossed, within a short period- .by two
railroads of seasonakle gradients. The west will
then comn:unicate with the E.tst without interrup
tion from these mountain barriers.
But the railroad to Pittsburg should not finish our
nor infernal courieciione, . In addition to the rail
roads up the valleys of the Susqcehauna and
the Schuylkill, now in the progress of tepid
construction, the best interests of Pennsylvania re.
quire a railway to Erie. We need the shortest and
best line of communication between the lakes and
the Atlantic at Philadelphia. The considerations
in favor of such art improvement are too numerous
to be given in this document. The advantage
which it would possess in distance—in tight grades
—in uniformity of guage, wheifisted by the laws
of trade, rendea its superiority over any other ave
nue which now, exists or that can hereafter be con
structed between the Atlantic and the lakes, a fixed
fact. The harbor at Erie is regarded by competent
engineers as the beat on the lakes, and trum no
other point can so short a line be made to the sea
board. Such a medium of communication would
be of inestimable value to Erie, to the intermediate
country and to our Stare me.ropolis. Our citizens.
by neglecting or delft/ling the construction of this
work, may subject themselves to the charge of
slighting the beneficence of nature in not co.operat.
ing with her great designs.
The trade of the West, and the lakes, may by
this means be secured to Philadelphia. No time
however, should be lost in the construction of this
great highway. Delay may lessen the chances of
success, whilst it will certainly afford opportunity to
our rivals to form.and cement business connections
which may not be teadily served iu the future—
Nor are we to look at these internal advantages
alone. Nothing can do more to augment the for
eign trade of Philadelphia, than a direct avenue to
the lakes. Her growing commerce would invite
the construction of steamers to convey directly to
her own pore the merchandise which she would
then be called upon to supply to the boundless
West. Great as are her natural advantages, no ob
serving man can fail to see, that deprived of the
sustaining arm of a foreign commerce, she cannot
attain to that distinguised position, as a man, which
nature intenied she should occupy.
The right to construct a railroad from Erie Lathe
Ohio state line, parallel with the lake, has been a
subject of controversy in the Legislature for some
years. The Franklin canal company*: claimed to
have obtained from the State the privilege to coo
struot a railroad on this route, end have proceeded
t 3 construct' it accordingly. The authority 'of Ibis
Company to do Bolas been doubtedi'and the Attor
ney General has filed a bill praying for an injunc
tion to restrain the construction and use of said road.
So long as this qu estion is pending before the high;
est judicial , tribunal Of the State, it would - be Mitre
'coming Wan Offieraeof any . other 'bench of thiegtiv
mama to express an' opusiom loathing the goes
.lion at issue.,j may, hoWever,-,it seems, to me,
with prOPriety suggest ) that should the decision of
the court not confirm the entire rights claimed by
the Fankhn canal company, the Legislature should
ite(4h ion
pee *stop! .ly _in the control of the State, aril:
sottlits m be, ieghoirt the ezerciiii of aii..illit*
nt o entreat/1' "nciple, render this iipporta4
Ili, - wee ig thelleaboard and thitgreat - IVe4i.
Isu " etit)st thetainetests of the people 4ill'ents.:
Wtratrig: ''..` —A-'i--
Among the multitudinous obligations resting on
dr - Gurerume_nhltes trans more binding or ea
moral welfare of the people. These great consid
erations will doubtless receive your anx:ous care.
You %via find in the very able and comprehensive
report of the Superintendent of Common Schools,
in;eretfiing Land useful suggestions in• toter
ience to :the presetit condition' el common school
ty.stem arid the caw at education oeuerelly - to all
- riga reititeaftilliZielear early
rotenticu. I 11111 . deeply: sensible-of the correctness
and propriety of the remarks of that officer on the
sutjact of teachers for the common schools. It is
- the ;realest of all the Moques surrounding the
the sistem, and I - most eionestlrenneat you, if it
be practicable, in the exercise ol your wisdom, to
adopt some mode of supplying your deficiency.—
There are many other detects which will claim
your conr:ideration, but this is of pre-eminent impor.
hence. - The general law should be made plain and
sien-ple, so that the .roost ordinary mind could ad
minister 'us prov,isions ;.as it is, the questions and
decisions touching the meaning of the law, have
become mote voluminous than the law itself. '
For information to the military affairs of the
State, I respectfully reter you to the able and high
ly interesting report of the Ajutant General. I ie.
gret to learn, as l have done by this document, that
'this branch of the public service is not in a very
flourishing condition. The report contians many
highly important suggestions and recommendations
some of which are so obviously correct that they
cannot fail to receive your favorable considera
In conformity with a resolution of the General
Assembly, passed on the 24th day of February last
Albert G. Waterman, F.sq , of Philadelphia, and
myself, attended a convention of delegates Irom
the thirteen original States, at Independence Hall
in Philadelphia. convened on the 4th day of July
last, for the purpose of taking into consideration the
subject of erecting a monument in Independence
Square, to commemorate the event of the Declare
lion of independence. Delegates were in atten
dance from the States of Massachusetts, Connecti
cut, Rhode I-land, New Hampshire, New York,
New Jersey, Dela ware, Georgia, and Pennsylvania.
The subject was favorably reg arded by the conven•
lion, and an able address to the people of. the thir
teen original States was prepared and signed by the
delegates, presenting a comprehensive view of the
considerations in favor of this most noble design,
and suggesting a practical mode of carrying it into
execution. A copy of this address, together with
all the other proceedings of the Convention, I shall
cause to to communicated to both branches of the
It would be difficult to conceive a more interest
ing idea, or one so 'congenial to the feelings of the
peoplr, nr more cont.'s:ern with a ju,t spirit of na
tional pride, than the commoration by some visible
and imperishable sign of the great event that dais
iiiiguislied the dawn oh American fieedorn. The
propriety of this design will not, I am sure, be
double I by the Legirilature or the people, arid I
shall riot therefore, trouble you with any wither
suggestions In its favor.
. It is proposed to raise the means to construct the
monument from the Stares in their sovereign capa•
cities, and to make no expenditures until t he hoe
amount of money shall have been secured. Accor
ding to the estimates of the committee appointed
by the cinivention on that subject, Pennsylvaina's
share of this expenditure would amount to between
fifteen and twenty thousand dollars.
I respectfully recommed the adoption of inch
measures -as will-indicate the willingness of this
State to do tier part, whenever her sister States
shall have given a similar intimation, and to take
such other preliminary steps as may seem proper
and right.
I desire to call your attention to the condition of
the public grounds surrounding the State Arsenal
It has occurred to me that this elig ible spot should
be enclosed rid' a good fence, be planted with
shade tares, and olierwise improved. As at res
ent exposed it makes rather a barren and cheerless
spaee between the town and the capitol. If pro
perly enclosed arid beautified, it will add much to
the appearance of both. A due respect for the
memory of the generous donor of this valuable
piece of ground, not less than a just regard for the
appearance of the seat of government, would seen,
to require its proper improvement. T respectfully
emiimeud this subject to your favorable considera
Recent difficulties in a neighboring State have
Oeggesteil the existence of a deficiency in our State
laws, in reference to the conveyance of persons held
to itivoluntary set retitle, from State to another
The Pennrylvbnia statute of 1780 gave all peisons
passing through or sojourning in the State for a brief
period the right to hold their domestic 'laves. The
act of 1847 repealed this provision, and the repeal
ing sections of last session did not reinstate it. I,
therefore, respectlelly recommend that provisions
be made for the transit of these domestics through
the limits of this Commonwealth. Such a law
seems to be contemplated by the Constitution of
the United States, end to be suggested by those rules
of comity which should exist between the States—
by the public peace and by individual convenience.
It has usually been the custom to delay the pas
sage of the appropriation .bill until neat the close
of the session. Sly predecessor recommended a
change in this pulley, in which recommendation I
most heartily concur. The ordinary purposes of
government should be provided for early in the
session. It there be other necessary appropriations,
they can be embraced in another bill and allowed
to stand on their own merits.
Having thus, gentlemen, given yon as briefly as
possible my views touching some of the subjects
which will claim your attention during the present
session s permit me, in conclusion, to assure you.
that I shall most cheerfully !co-operate with the
General Assembly in the adoption of all measures
calculated to promote the welfare of our beloved
Ezr.rTrnrc CIIAMAPR.
Harrisburg, Jan, 5, 1853.
Post, of this village, was filling a lamp with fluid,
a few evenings since, was communicated to the
fluid contained in the Can, by her little children
that were amusing thernsAves about the table,
causing an explosion, which, painful to relate, so
seriously burned two of her children, as to cause
the death of one. This one lingered in a most
painful condition, for several days. It was taken
to its rearing place yesterday The other child it is
thought will recoeer —Waverly (N Y.) Advocate.
morning, a very dangerous and well executed
connterfeit $5 note upon the Girard Bank very
closely, at the first glance, resembling the genu
ine ; the paper of t h e counterfeit, however, is much
whiter and thicker, the impression less clear, and
the [5l enclosed in do's, in the upper and lower
borders of the genuine note, as well as the wort
five dollars, are scarcely distinguishable in the
counterfeit, while in the genuine they are very dis
tinct_ The signatures are remarkably well execu
ted, bat rather heavy.
Flat AT Owcso.—A fire broke out at 124 o'clock
on the morning of the 6th moat , in the engine house
which resulted in the total destruction of the build.
ing, one engine and one valuable hose.carriage,
and doing considerable other damage. The fire is
thought to be the work of an incendiary, growing
out of a dissatisfaction on the part of the firemen in
the election of trusteei the day previous. •
-A company has been organized for the construct.
hut Ma canal at Nisgria Falls for the purpose of ■
Water power.
10hreoffno agpovtev.
Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Men
Towanda, Saturday, January 16, 1863
Terms of The Reporter.
$ 60 per annum-111unit within the year 30 cents will
re deducted—for cosh paid actually in advance If 00 will hi'
deducted. No paper wad aver two years, aoless paid fur.
Atirarrisortisra, per square of ten lines. 50 cents for the
int and d 3 corms for each su b sequent insertion.
try. Office in the u Union Block." 110f1h side of the Public .
itigrare.Niezt door to the thadCord Hotel. Entrance beiweeu
Moors. Adams' Rad Elwells law offices.
Democratic Connt' Convention.
•4011fitilkTHE Democratic Standing
• Committee for Bradford County,
.. ,1 " hereby call a Convention to be
composed of two Delegates from each election dis
trict in said County, to be holden at Towanda, on
Tuesday evening, February P, 1853, for the purpose
of electing Deligates to the Democratic State Con
vention, and have appointed the following Commit
tees of Vigilance for the several districts of said
Albany—A. Menardi, Arunah Ladd ;
Armenia—Robert Mason. Erastus Kiff;
Athens Bo—J. E. Canfield, W. H. Mathrwson ;
Athens Twp—Guy Tozer, David Gardner;
Asylum-.•J. M. Horton, Elmore Horton ;
Burlington—D. D. M'Gee, John H. Furman;
Columbia—D. V. Barnes, John Morgan,
Canton—Wm.Owens, J. Vandyke Jr ;
Durell—S. Decker, 8. McK. Laporte ;
Franklin—J. H. Haynes, WM. Blake ;
Granville—Chas. Dennison Ross, L. Putman ;
Merrick—Almon Fuller, 0. P. Carwelt ;
Litchfield—Reuben Park, J. Di Merrill
Leroy—Lindley Stone. Aaron Knapp ;
Monroe—W. A. Park, L. G. !lotion ;
Orwell—C. G. Gridley. 8- Gorham :
Pike—:G. G. Graves, Alonzo Smith ;
Rome-4. G. Towner. Hiram Mann '
Ridgbery—John B. Purcell, Jas. H. Webb;
SheAequin—D. Brink Jr., Wrn. Campbell;
Smithfield—T. M. Beach, A. J. Gerould ;
Springfield—F. White, Tho. Wilder ;
South Creek—lra Crane. J. Thompson ;
Standing Stone—Geo. Stevens, Alanson Taylor ;
Tuscarora—L. A. Ackley, Hiram Shumway •
Towanda Boro.—J. De La Montanye Jos. English ,
Towanda North—Wm. Barnes, W. H. Foster ;
Towanda South—Saml. Gilbert. W. W. Decker ;
Troy Boro.—F. L. Ballard, Asa More;
Troy Twp.—E. C. Oliver, Ransaller Porter ;
Ulster—D. Hinkins, John Bowman;
Wells—W. S. Ingalls, John Rowlee ;
Windham—Wm. Sibley, R. W. Russell:
Warren—R. C. Buffington, Lyman Arnold ;
Wilmot— J. L. Jones. Ichabod - Corson ;
Wyalusing—Hiram Ellott, Harrison Black ;
Wysox—W. A. Benedict, Win. Lewis;
The committee will call meetings on Saturday,
February s:between the hours of 6 and 8, P. M. for
the election of Deligates. -
We would enjoin upon the Committees the re
sponsibility which rests upon them, and the neces.
city of discharging their duty faithfully and fully.—
The primary meeting should be called on the day
named, at the usual place for holding said meetings,
or at some place most convenient to the Democrats
of the district. Great care should be taken that
every democrat has notice of the Delegate meeting,
hat all may have a chance of attenring.
E 0. 000DRICII,
Standing Commit/re.
January 5, 1853
(*- The Governor's Message, ar.d a number of
Legal Advertisements have crowded out our usual
variety. We have, however, nothing of interest
to chronicle, either in the Legislature or in Con.
The 12 o'clock train over the Boston and Shiite
Railroad was thrown off the track, about one o'clock
on the 6th 1'1E4., near Andover, owing to the break
ing of an axle or a wheel. The hair) was going
pretty rapidly at the time, and one or two ears
filled with passengers, were thrown down an em
bankment ol considerable height. General Frank
lin Pierce, lady and eon, were amongst the pas
eengers, they having taken the cars at Andover for
Concord. Gen. Pierce's son, a lad of about twelve
years of age, was instantly killed. The cars were
badly smashed, and several passengers severely
bruised, but we have not heard of any further loss
of life.
Some ten or twelve persons were more or less
injured. Among them was a Mr. Peck of Concord
The down train just arrived, brought six or eight of
the injured passengers. . There was only one pas
senger car, which was filled by between sixty and
seventy passengers. The accident happened just
previous to reaching Lawrence. The car was
thrown down an embankment of twenty feet; i
turned a complete somerset, landing upon a pile
or rocks. The car was knocked into fragments.
General Pierce was amongst the first to extricate
himself from the ruins ; his son was crushed to
death, and Iris wile severely, thou‘h not fatally, in•
jured. The General said he felt that his lima were
sound, but complained of a pain Iris back.
We gel the following additional particulars rela•
rive to the lamentable accident at Andover, on
Thursday, from an account written for the Man
chester (N. H ) Mirror, at the particular request ol
the editor, by Rev. Mr. Fuller of Manchester, who
was in the car ut the time of the accident.
Rev. Mr. Fuller was considerably jarred, and
probably will not fully recover for some time to
come. Protersor Packard, of Bowdoin College, a
brother-in law of Mrs. Pierce, was a passenger. but
escaped any material injury. Mr. Fuller writes as
" I was looking out at the window, when we
felt a severe shock, and the car was (barged for a
few seconds, the axle of the front wheel being bro
ken. Perfectly conscious of our situation, I remem
-1 ben thinking what was the matter. I retained
through the whole my consciousness. In another
second, the coupling which joined our car with the
other broke, and our car was whirled violently a
round, so as -to reverse the ends, and we were
swung down the rocky ledge. For once I . had no
hope of escaping death. 1 shall never forget the
breathless horror which came over us during our
fall. There was not a shriek, nor an exclamation,
till the progress of the car, after having turned over
twice on the reeks, was arrested, and with a violent
concussion, having parted in the middle, and be.
ing broken into many thousand iragments.
"I received personally a few bruises and flesh
cuts, of no particular moment, and found myself
amid a mass of broken glass and splintered wood,
and groaning men and women, with no limbs bro.
Prttlou► for Preta Territory
Terrible Railroad Accident,
and with a fieart to praise God tsr His sparing
mercy. I had no need to get out any door or vs in
tr,lotrilie car agilTelliary mitt: The tin
seremetlya Man coieted wish blood jihnselts-a rttjsl
;tsf . a WIN me alive, let es help °Ms'
era,"- I Owed troth one frightful past of di acetyl
to :another, wed the:Whole is befure me ripy
featful vision.",Mericame up on every side obits:
-ping with hloOrl,-- rind-few escaped some-eats and•
titulars Before all were rescued, the top, covered
with oil cloth, took e from the garre t and added
to they gehe hat heir eseand - itifferitii: - '
Two incidents., among the many 'terrible ones,
are especially present to my memory. On the
bank eat a mother, iMrs Stokes, of this city.) clas•
ping her little boy of some three or four years of
age ; he had been rescued,koni the ruin which lied
strewn the rix.k With:splintered fragments, and her
own person was considerably burned by the file,
but she was - elieddiAg - tears - of 'Meditate - over her
rescued child, and'iejeiting in his safely, Juitttind.-
tut of her sown pain. lin a few steps from her I
saw the most appalling, scene of all. There Wirs'l
an other mother, whose agony pewee beyondiatiy
description. She tonal shed no tears, but over
whelmed with grim, uttered such effecting.. words
as I never cats forget it was Mrs. Pierce, the . lady
of the Preiiident elect; and near her, in that ruin of
shivered wixid"and iron, lay a more terrible ruin.
her only son ' one minute before so beamiful, so full
of file and hope. She was supported by her- hes
band aril Prof. Packard.
Gen. Pierce was hiriuself wounded in the track,
but not severely, and the wounds of the spirit far
exceeded any bodily suffering ; -yet. while deeply
affected, he showed all the self-possession and nerve
which onlycharacterizes great-hearted and noble
men, and which few would manifest under similar
circumstances. He .gave all needful directions
about the recovery of his little boy, 'still entangled
in the wreck about him, and then afforderPall that
comfort and syMpathy to his partner it! sorrow
which was appr9priate to the time. She was con
veyed to a house near, and there she gave vent to
the grit I which rent her heart, while he consoled
and comforted. w I may not draw she veil from that
picture. , Sacred is the holy privacy of sorrow, and
the hearhi of those who have suffered can feel-what
my pemmust not describe.
Soon we were able to convey the wounded and
the dead to the nearest house, winch happened to
be that connected with the poor-farm in Andoter
where every possible kindness and atiereion were
rendered. Go with me, Mr Editor, to than house,
and look with me awhile on that scene of suffering
and eunnow. In one room were Geri. Pierce and
his lady, in -the opposite apartment lay the mortal
remains of their little boy—and oh! so sat. a sight!
The bldw, by which ho was so yiolent as to remove
the ripper portion of the head. leaving a part of the
brain expos. d The face, ww i h the exception of a
bruise about she right eye, remained uniajured, but
bath-d' its blot d Gen. Pierce and lady, mean
while, retired to the house of Mr Aiken
In the same room was a lady, Airs Newell, of
consi:lerably briuse.l and her lace.cus.
Iles little daughter, twelve years of age, lay near,
with her lout so badly itijure:l that arnput alien will
be_heeesl , aty. She bow her pains sweetly arid
patiently. In another room Mr Kittredge, of Pel
mom, lay with his leg broken, and a Mr Childs,
of Heimiker, sat bravely up, though with a face
covered with blood. o:hers much bruised had
;one obi in the train which returned for ns horn
Lawrehce. Every attention which could possibly
be paid to thuse injured was givers at this house,
where: most of the troweled were carried. The
physicians were prompt in their services, calm,
kind ilia, so far as one not of the profession can
judge, judicious.
Alter the head of the litne boy had been tenderly
cared for by the physicians, and all pourable done
to restore the look of life, he was earned by us to
the house where Isis afflicted pares is were, I shad
never{ forget the look of extreme pain that child's
face wore: and yet there was something resigned
and tender impressed even by the awful hand of
death. Ile was not yet cold when he was in the
room of Mr. Aiken's house, dressed just as he hail
been at the moment of the calamity. The form
which hat left the house but little more than an
hour before, lull of life and happiness, with a heart
full of hope and bright aspirations, u as borne back
to those who had parted from him—that heart pow
hushed and still—that form motionless, and - the
limbs fast growing rigid under the my touch ot
nteitarED. 0
By the Rev. 8 F. Colton the 14th inst. Mr. J•nsn
L J •lIT, to Miss LOnt\D• Hcirx , all of Ram,
o this village, on the 12th inst.. by Rev. Isaiah Mc
Mahon, Mr. HZNUT LANIORNI.TI, to Miss LAI3
MA WATKINS. both of Towanda.
Nep abvertisements.
Borough Ordinance.
Celeste, c's Orrice, January 3, 1859.
T a meeting of the Town Council of the borough
of Towanda, the following Ordinance was
passed : Be i: o•dained by the Town Council cif the
two' of Towanda, that hereafter no building shall
be greeted or moved within the limits of said bore'
without application first made to the Council in wri
ting, stating the kind of building materials to be
used in its construction, and its locality—and a per
mit granted by said Council in purse:wee of said
application ; also, that no wooden building shall
hereafter be erected within the following limits to
wit,: On Bridge street. within 80 feet of either side
of said street, from the River to Main street ; on
Mate street within 100 feet of either side of said
street from Bridge street to State street ; and with'
in 80 feet of either side of the Public bqua•t'. And
that hereafter no wooden building shall be moved
within said limits from any place without thesame.
And any wooden building erected upon, or moved
;nu) said limits in violation of this ordinance, shall
be deemed a nuisance, and the person so erecting
or moving such building shall be punished accord
ingly. WM. BLWBI.L, Aurgess.
Jan. 8, 1853. Attest WM. SCOTT, Clerk.
MBE citizens of the boro' of Towanda and vicin
ity, are respectfully informed that the subscri
ber has eommenced busineSs on the south comer
of Math and Bridge streets, where he will keep on
hand and for sale, every attainable
.article in his
line. It is his intention to.keep a constant supply
or Groceries and Provisions
to meet the wants of the community, which will be
selected with care, and sold at the lowest price.
'He has a large stock of Confectionary and nuts,
and all other articles in the grocery line.
Flour, Fish, Candles, Eggs, +nd all the dif f erent
kinds of provisions to be obtained, will be kept on
itO. Cash paid for Butter, Lard and Eggs, and
Most of the articles sold by the farmer.
Oysters, received every day by Express from New
York, and served up in a superior style, and sold
by the gallon, quart or pint.
0:7 Give me a call—as lam skgermined by con
stant attention to business a deserve, as I hope to
secure a share of public patronage.
Tolvanda. Jan. 8. 1852. A. 1. NOBLE.
HE partnership heretofore existing between H.
ti. &M. C. !Hermit is this day dissolved. The
nosiness will hereafter be conducted by H. 8. Her.
Gar. Al! debts due to the late firm must be paid
linmediately. IL 8. MERCUrt,
f. T owanda. Jan. 1, 1859. M. C. MERCUR.
axes I axes!
tiOlrgate at very low prices for ready pay t the
very best Axes .to be, found in this sleinitY,
pade out of the best cast and silver steel, of var:ous
atterns fur lumbermen and wood choppers, and
Warranted. Call at the Athens Agricultural storeof
8,1853. IL M. WELLER.
Cistern and Well Pumps !
LEAD PIPE ! Hydraulic Rams 1 of any kind,
size, &c.. cheap for ready pay, for male by
lan. 8, 1853. WELLES.
1 , , ,, ,--- AEIRAMORD REPORTER ' :
e g. I 0 i Col; STING-UOVIL i,
4 ,18 S ;ALMANAC. 153 i
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A, RENS lumuctrzTußA,L,
rt!lv.i;leLet , i4 , :"44fr4l
Straw Cutters.
HOITCY S Patent Spiral Knife Hay and Bins
Cutters of various sizes. Isins.l 2, 3. 1, 5
and 6. Prices, $B, $9, $lO, $l2, sts And SYO
These Straw Cutters arc better and cheaper tha t
the straight knife cutter, with knives set diagoonly
un the shaft.
The knives on II ovey's Cutter are spiral winci
enables them to cut at right angles against the raw
hide roller. They cut steadily, with no jerkin—
are easily kept in repair. Each knife cao be u'oa
ofiriand sharpened without disturbing the shaft's
other kn iyes.)and ir necessary each knife can beset
out or io, spas to keep them all true, if one knife
should wear faster than another. Every tamer
should have one of these labor and feed•
chines. R. M. WELLES.
Athens, Pa., Jan. A. 1953.
Corn Shellers.
THE very best article to be found in the roann,
and cheapeet—(Warranted)—for at ibs
Agricultural and Stove Store of R. M. WELL}
Stoves Stoves!
C OOKING Store s of various and excellent pa. tars, sizes and prices. Pour palrerus of ratt
led Oven Cooking Stoves, the best to be (Ueda,
Bradford, for sale cheap. Elegant Parlor S:ormia
wood or coal, of different .patterns, &c. Bar ad
Coal Stores for Halls, Stores, Churches, Sion,
School Houses, &c., very cheap. Call at the iti•
ens stove store of R. 31. WELLFA
Jan. 8, T 853.
Bathing Tubs,
QPOI 4 IGE TIATIIB and foot bath pans fur lit
cheap. My bathing tubs are equal ft. the !lel
city mai!e. it N. WELLES.
Jan. 8, 1853.
OHS I Oils !
CODUILII'S celebrated winter strained hard OIL.
for machinery, warranted not to gum. Alio,
an excellent but cheaper article for Lamps, de-
NeaT's Fool. Ott. for Leather, Warne% &e. il
far sale by the quantity or less, cheap for mitt Of
ready pay, at the Athens Agricultural store of
Jan. 8, - 1853. R. M . . WELLEL.4
Patent Leathez Belting!
A Li. sizes of Patent oak and hemlock karef
Belting and Lace Leather, at 10 per teat. Ids
than city retail prices to be bad for cash atillter
ens Agricultural Store of R. M. WELLEs.
-Jan. 8. 1853.
Sobbing •
OP Ic.nds in Tin, Shrel Iron, Copprr,Bress,ar,
'kJ' done on short notice. Workmanship s..c.rtfr
ranted to give satisfaction.
Tin roofing done in uch a manner as shall pos.
Call on R. M. WELLES.
ns, January 8, 1853.
Auditor's NOtiC3.
TN the matter of the Assignment of H. .1. PHELPi,
for the bene fi t of Creditors in the Court of Ca rt
mon Pleas of Bradford County. The undenuped
auditor appointed by the Court to distribute tbe wok
ney in the hands of Guy Tozer, assignee of the sad
A. H. Phelps, to the several creditors; will art
to the duties of his oppointment at his office It
Athens Boro on Monday the 3l,day of lainuryna
at one o'clock P, M. All persons claiming nada
said assignment will present their claims at N:
time G r be debarred from any portion of said zoo
Dec, 27,1852
Register's Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given that there has beta
ed and settled in the office of the Revs:er
the Prcbate of Wills, and granting letters of Ads
istration in and for the county of Bradford. scrolls
of administration upon the following estates, LI.
Final account of Moses A. Ladd, one of :he El'
ecutors of Horato Ladd, late of Albany, decesse'l .
Final account of Emily Rogers, Ado:v .omi
of the estate of Charles Rogers, late of Camm• 444.
Final account of Albert D. Brainard, tiro,"
of the last will and testament of Albert Waled,
late of Warren,ileceased.
Final account of Jehial McKean and John Doi:
well, Executors of the last will and teitameat of
of Elizabeth Ferris, late of Troy, deceased.
Final account of Nathan Shepard and Jesse
wall, Administrators of the estate of Abraham
tendyke, late of South Creek. deceased.
Final account of Amasa Dimmick , EveeM rl
the last will and testament of Matilda Diego"'
late of Orwell, deceased.
Final account of Susan A. Strickland and Che 4
ter Pierce, Administrators, of the estate o f Loki
Btrialand, late of Wysoz, deceased. B at
Final account of Harriet Barns, late Ha mel s.
Guardian of Sarah Buck, minor child of SIIIS
Bock, late of Wyalusing, deceased..
Final account of Burton Russell, sarVlYllls
ministrator, with the will annexed, of Dan Rus.
late of Orwili. deceased.
Final account of F. X. Hornet and Henri 1°13 .r
Administrators of the estate i of Allen Moody, lc"
Hardt deceased. ninhaat
And the same will be presented to the
Court of Bradford County, on MONDAY.
day of February
.ow, for confirmation and iti"
H. L. SCOTT, Mato
Register's Office ,
Towanda, Dec. 30; 1851.
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H. C. BAIRD. Auditor.