Newspaper Page Text
F ,,; ; li't? r4Offor . o ag.plort_g:r..
Selll,_ Free, Speer)), Free Mtn
Aea► for Pre* Territory
E. 0. GOODRICH, EDITOR
Towanda, Satarday„ June 19, 18.52
Terihs ar The RI-wittier. •
per ofinutn—lf within the year 511 cen:s
bdeloctetl,—foucash paid actually Lu advance 51 1 00 will be
fieftql. lito Oper ark oVertv. , lo Tents. 1/101•.A
AtrlleSTrittitlVlTl6.l , Cr square - of ten Imes. 50 cents Cdr the
Mid 23 cents for each 51111.41111 . 11 t in,ertion.
ert3l3ffiee Of Unton Mori..." north side of the
ll~utre ti 'nestdoor to the. Bradford Hotel. Eutralice
Warr. Adams' and Rlwell's law offices.
TOR rimslheit, .
HP NEW HAMPSHIRE.
VICE PRESIDENT. •
• . WILLIAM It. KlNer,
" TOR CANAL COMMTSETEINER.
WlI. SEARIGHT, of Irayt•tte Ceignif
The hemline's 101111 I
These are now before the country. It is seatcely
necessary to saflhat thpy meet h our most siren:
(Mut; efforts to secure 'for them' the approval and rat•
ification of the democratic electors of this State; so
potenrin its numbers am! influence amongst Its
sisters of the confederacy. •
Thoth every quarter the telegraph already bring*
the Vilifying nintonucement that the nominations
are calling forth at, un\ltinted degree of enthusiasm,
resulting in a measure from the fact, that tl.ere pre
no prejudices against the candidates to be overcome,
and no triumph to be attained bin that Math Must
result in the general good, mil for the common
interests of the whole country and party. • 1.1.1en.i
-fied-with no scheme of personal interest and aggran
dizement—free to act as the wellare of the whole
corninimity•sliall require—the candidates of the de
mocracy are placed before the country under au
spices the most favorable to a full, vigorous and
cordial support, of the masses who constitute the
bulwark and defence of the confederacy. We have
the fullest confidence that it wilt command that .tip.
port; and though our opponents may affect to de. i le
the strength of our cause and candidates ; they will
learn by a repetitio - ti of the lessons of the past, that
when the democratic.host move forward in union
and harmeey, their march is onward to vic-ronv.
Whig Nettional Convention.
The 'Whig National Convention was held on
WedneSday 141, at Baltimore. The city is throng
ed, as on rite detasion of the meeting of the Demo•
ratic Convention, with an immentmerowil of de:a
gates, borint ; &c.
IVe itaib drily the opening scenes of the Conven•
tibn. (lotion EVAiins [Sew] of Maine was elect
ed temporary chairman, and after appointing a corn
tninee dii organiiation, the Convention adjourned
until 1 o'clock I'. M.
it it by nri :newts certain that Scott will be the
nominee dl the toriventinn. Fillmore and Web
ster halm tho entire southern ttfength, and their
'friends eirertteeedingly bitter against &mt.
tans' Lett &sig.
fhe following is the list of the allotments of work
at the letting held at thili place on Wednesday, 12di
Sac-nos 100. 2—ira 11. Stephens;
" " 10—Baird, Hereon and Edminisser ;
"t " 22—Jerry Culp ; •
4 ' " 26--John McMdtion t
" 38 & Lock..—Parsons.& Coolhaugh;
" " 62 & Culvert—John Joues ;
" 73—James Al ison ;
" ," 87—F. Trace i
" " 110—Robert Smith ;
a' " lll—John Snodgrass ;
" 112— " same ;
" 184—James Deegan ;
Guard Gates o 6 Sec. no. gO—V. E. B. J. J 4. PinliEtt ;
" • " !IT—Matt & Wright;
A large number of bidders were in attendance
Gast arm; Mariano's- am} CLov en, the Canal Corn
missioners were present, and left on Monday last
The North Branch Canal Loan.
The proposals for the loan, of 8850,00() for the
completion of the North Branch were opened at Ilia
tisburg, on Saturday last. There were oflPrs for
O'er eidht millions of dollars for five per cent.—
C. 100.400 were awarded for 43 per cent. bonds at
par; atilt 050,000 were awarded for 5 pet cent
bonds at par.
The bids were awarded to C. H. Fisher, of Mille
vielphia ; Duncan, Shoemaker 6:. Co., of New Yotk,
end George Peabody of L'ondan.
VitAl. ACCIDENT.—The bo,ly of Joseph Stu ford,
of Standing Stone, was fohhd in the canal below
'the narroces in Wysoxtosinghfp on Thursday morn
ing, Week, dreadfully-mattfebt, and life being ex
tinct. He I'd & Mien Odd tire' toad above, where
we are thformed his hat was ferintli tying by a log
upon which ho had apparently sat 'down to rest
ID had started for hortie about midnight, somewhat
intoxicated, and it is Corikettited, hattfeq. lbst his
balance was precipitated•doivn the prchipito some
hundred feet upon the rocks below.
Cosoaass.—The politicians in CongresS being
*ow sognethat etslieved, by reason of the demo
eratic nominations, of the anxious state of exche-
Went ender ?uch they have labored for some
time, have shown some disposition to go to work
i an' Miptorending lausinesa-like Way, and prompt
fy passed seVeraf bills. .It has occurred to, them
too, that sucit a thing as an adjournment ought to
take place some time er other—and the House. has
311 4 1411:11pcm the Mit of Angivit lot that purpore—a
epetantethavis gime far enough oil, we should think.
7 he Senate.has, the resolutircton the
table: ••:', '" •
TOP: Onc . Vort-cast - so- perseveringly for Mr.
Dicklesotym Baltimore,. was of -Gov. Branch of
Florida, formerly of North Carolina.-- . •
-44 ' 414 ' J 61 , 14 , 4, 0 011 42.itie - . Cieneralialtdd
Andover , Aoa4feety on hinuday just below :114e aryl::
vid r.:Ael!udy .was try the Ta= .
seta to•BuTi for,lnletrntnC
13/DINIASR.G REVIEW FOR PR .4rilecican Reprintl
fits, i trccl b .4o' aftl 5 . 911 New York. We
letve..ieeeive*,iltispeiteber Rem the pabliehers- - -: .
t4eteilowing•jis thti to le of-eonteet : 'Froneon du
CO - et:lt:by ; Ntitional Ettoiation.; Ro :
,At heeien Areltitectete ; Investments tor the
CLaiieti; John' Reeeti Lithrgy 1 Mallet du
P;m; Roebuck's Whig Iklittimry of 1330; Syniet's
Nii.:aiaaua • k.ertl rilinihtry arid i'roteetioil
Goooracti, DEAR Sin:—Can you inform me
what ha, become of Bradford Courity.:Agrle*
fund Staiety ? It is now about fifteen Mcitittikiiit&
I read au invitation in the two papers of this3ilace,
for the oiterieus of the &uify to meet at the - toe : Ft
House fur the purpose of organizing a ConntySocie.:
ty auxiliary to.,the §tate.,Sociely•--at. p subsequent
meeting a committee who had been appointed for
the purpose, made a report nominating oflicei:s for
the permanent organiza•son of the Society—previous
to this, - there had been a good deal of canvassing
and concussing among thosecrnsioots to serve their
r7!ottry ; and on the evening in question, considera
ble interest was felt in the .report which the com
mittee were expected to matte.. I need not say
that the choice fell ilpon those.persons whom we
have always been accustomed to find foremost iti
matters of a public character; but a hat !mit tfeeorne
of them ? where ih the President? where the en
ergele and aCtiVe Chairman and memberd of the
Executive Committee? Considerable soliCitude
was felt in telarence to this Committee litsirig com
posed of the ri4itt kind of men, and - now why do
they riot act? where is the Corresponding Secreta
ry ? iu taut, where's the whole society ?
Yours Truly, CLOVER.
Tnr:Vaam:stA Lcersl.+Tent•: a limn - tied on the night
nf the 7Lh instant, to meet again in extra session on
the 2'..1d of November.
Straruer Wifr, of Dana, MiISA a reiolUtionary
soldier ) died on Friday at about the age of 99
Ot TILE •
Demecratic Candidates for President &
DkNIUCIIATIC CANDIDATE FOR THE PRE-IDF.NCY
Goner:kJ Franklin Pierce, the nominee of the Na
tional Democratic Convention for the Presidency,
is a son of ~the late Benjamin Pierce, who fought
in the revolutionary war ; was high sheriff of the
comay c f Hilleborough,.in'New Hampshire,'and was
Governor of the State in 1827 and 1829. He was
a roan eminently di.dinguished Inc his strong and
practical common sense, as well as for his unflinch
ing fidelity to his country. The Governor was nol
d highly educaled'man, for when he was a boy
few were. His natural qualities of heart and mind
we,e the occasions of his preferment to the guber
natorial Aire of his native State.
General Pierce, is, theref.re, of a good stock,
and he -has proved himself worthy of that stock.—
lle was born iti 114.1sborough, New Hampshire,
and is now about forty-six years of tcze.
Hillsborough county is the birth-place of several
eminent men : Hon Daniel Webster, Gen. Cass,
Hon, John A. Dix, &e.
Frank Pierce was brought up to the profession of
the law and be . distimmished himself in it being a
man of clear head and sound understanding. He
now follows the legal profession, and it is estima
ted that . he reali2es by it about 53,000 a year. He
resides at Concord. the capitol of the Granite State
hi his personal appearance he is of middle height
and size, and of good address. He is modest, and
a perfect gentleman in his manners.
He was elected a member of Congress on the
democratic ticket in 1833, and was re elected in
1832—thus serving four years in the House of Rep
resentatives while quite a young man—namely
from 1835 to He had previously been a mem
ber cf . the Legislature of the State, and speaker of
the lower. House. While a member of the House
of Representatives in Congress lie was elected a
member 01 the United stales Sella* for the term
of siuyears, commencing in 1837—but resigned in
11342, the filth year of his term, and ho returned
to the praztice of the init.—His colleague in the U
S. Senate from 183 7 to 1841, was Henry Hubbard,
who was succeeded by the late Levi Woodbury.
While in the Senate though the youngest mem
ber of it, he adqueted himself in a manner to se.
cute himself the personal favor and esteem of all
with whom he was associated, the admiration and
approbation of his constituency, and a high posi
tion among the statesmen and orators of the nation
Mr. Pierce has always been distinguished at home
for a fervid and impressive eloquence, and has at
tained a personal popularity, for that reason. hardly
less extensive and universal than that which every.
Where attaches to him by reason of his popular
ntatmera and the universal propriety and amenity
Arliith attend his-intercourse with all classes of so.
, Upon the
,accession of Polk to the Presidential
Chair, Mr. Pierce was offered the Attorney Gener•
alship bnt declined it He raid ho hail no desire
for public office, and he swould never consent to
leave his home far any purpose unless to serve his
country in war, and that in some case of necessity.
Upon the outbreak of the Mexican war when the
whole country Was expected " to do its duty," it
wart not derptishig that Mr. Pierce should have been
invited to a prominent position among the numer
ous volunteers for death or conquest. Ile was in•
vited'as.the sequel will show, and hanored the corn
inision with a coPlitesa and a courage worthy of his
revolutionary sire. At that time Col. Ransom, who
was President of the Military College in Vermont,
wanted a commission in the army, in order to fight
in that campaign. Mr. Pierce who was a warm
friend of his, Wrote a strong letter of recommenda
tion of him to the cabinet at %Vashing,lon, Urging
them to appOint him to the command of such-troops
as might be raised in New
_England. The reply
of the goveVament was, that the request could not
be complied with, as it was. intended to bottler the
command upon a New Hampshire man. That
man was Mr. Pierce himself. " But he will not take
-it," said Cu!. Ransom. - " But he fatiM take - it," ro •
plied the cabinet;
Mr. Pierce was immediately offered the Colonel
ey of the New England regiment and was induced
to accept it, and Col Ransom was appointed Major
or the same regiment. Beloro the regiment was
raised, a vacancy in occurred ht the office of Brig
prter General of the Third Brixtrle, consisting of
the Ninth (New England regiment.) the Twelfth,
raised in Texas, Arkansas and other Southern state's
arid the Fifteenth raised in Ohio, and Wiseonsin.—
lte was appointed to this office ; and the other of
the , brigatfier generals appointed at the sarne lime
were Thomas Marshall. Joseph Lane, James Shield
George Cadawallacler, Knox D. Hopping, Caleb
Cushing and tterting Pike. He was superintend •
ent of the recrnidng service, and tuok an active part
in raising the Octopi. Previous to his leaving Con
, coi di an incident occurred that is worthy of. men
' lion, as showing the character ofthe Mart Captain
Kimball marched with Millity men, into die town
on Sunday everilityiith fife - ail:Crum, with colors
This cave - Mortal °Renee soMb crf the
Puritans, and Gen. Pierce, hearing of it ordered
the music to stop and the-company to ball and ills-
Miss to their quarter', remarkir , that it was his de-
Sire to respect the' feeling of all. '
'The cortimissioti . of Geri Pierce was dated March
3, 1847. He lock "cotninand of 2,500 men and
heacherl Vera Cruz , June-gfr, • 1847, w h irls shows
that be Was not asleep. Ile joined Gen. Scott's
tit Pdet.h. id July 1847. "Ho was primed *in
tho , hattlesi of Conn eras, and Chnothinco, in' August
I , 4l7i.: , He'ivai thrice injured-in thesti actions by
falling from-his horse.-
GENERAL ritANICLIN PIERCE.
But let us go somewhat into detail from the'"titue
he set sail from Newport, in the bark Kepler.,Ala
ny of the troops - CM boahl having becoraelfiett;sef f
feted a great,deal kern the want of witer, and wait,
placed 'Mt short , alloiyance. Alter reteivingbisit.:
lowince; he used to-,take a pitcher ofwatee and gO
about and distribute 'it to the soklierli.i This Wa* - . 1
'but a sampleatif hisi.anention to his blare &Meet: !.
ions in arms. 'On arriving at Vera Cruz.-Sisleirt'
every dollar he . .tiad . to them, and he was irmefeitt .
ly seen carrying•itie musket of a ..arearietVetilick
soldier MI his OviefehtelldeC'::':ll,o',Vrlia,vitypitieirlifi•
~ •_4l l. l4...„, e o ll l,ailed;inere- - cii- l ess ill all
. ther.tiMer;.beelegtirsitlfat his peg tfrillt...unflagging
'irasal;-:•the net agree with him. Near
the " reatianallirite,", *bent. fi fteen Thai from
Vera trea,liii fovea waa Miriam] a girerrilla
;party. arollet ,b anner Which he aciterl shutte4 Iris
firmness and decision of character: Ite.gave ou
Order te'eharge upon the 'ettapperetein - Ihe -neigh
borhood where the enemy were supposed to be
Col. Ranson who was en intimate friendond Ma
jor under his command, objected, and hiving more
of a Military erirrearioe than Gen. Pierce, he con
cluded Iris oirjectiou would be listened to. " I've
given the gofer," sail the General firmly. It wai
then obeyed, and the enemy ptit flight. Col. Ran
som afterwards spoke Of the irrattar, in praise of the
General's fi;mtless. Shortly alter the the train was
again attacked by the guerrillas at the National
Bridge which was barricaded willi thfiliperel. Thb
troops were fired on, and Iwo bullets paktied ttirotigli
General Pierce's hat, not his head. He ordered the
troops to dash over the barricade and to Charge the.
enemy. Captain Dopreau ; of the dragoons, charg
ed up atilt!, and pet the guerrillas to flight. Un:
ler all these circumstances he displayed a coolness
- 011 a colrage which showed he was fit for com•
When he reached Contreras he met Gen. Scott,
and under him engaged in the battle. There was
a deep ravine between the United States troops and
the Mexicans. The enemy was drawn up at the
other side in battle array, and with his batteries all
placed. Ths order was given to charge and out
flank there. In Charging deem,- the round shot of
the enemy was flying over their heads, and plow
ing up the ground. Gen. Pierce, cutting at them
with his sword, wooid say, "There, boys, is a
game of ball for you.". lit this charge his horse
fell and rolled Upon him. Ile was severely injured
and his horse was disabled. He mounted attother
lu and joined the fight. He suffered great pain
all nigh!, and could not e.leep. The surgeon order
ed him not to go to the field next day. That night
they had laid in arms arid the rain was terrible,
and the surgeon advised him to go back to San An.
gnstine, where there was a depot, but he would not,
he determined logo on to Churubusco.
At a charge in this battle, both his brigade and
that of General Shields were ordered to g et in the
rear. He was again thrown from his h orse with
sock sudden vetlence that he lainted on the field.
Afterward when the troops, coming up, wanted to
rase him, he told them to charge on, and lie would
take care of himself though the Alexican Lancers
were then charging on the spot, and towards a e ti•
field. lie commanded his troops to charge them
A Per this battle an armistice IVas proposed, and
Gen. Pieice was appointed one of the commiseion.
ers. lie was strongly opposed to the armistice, un
less the ea-itle otChepuitepec was given up as a se
curity, and thete was Po use i.: proposing armistice
unless they were prepared to give up Caldornia
General Scott was op i ;osed to him in opinion, but
the event showed that Pierce was right. The ar
mistice was granted almost unconditionally.
At the Battle of Alaimo del Key, he rode over
the field, with the bullets (lying about Lim, and
was called oil by General Worth, who told him he
was r ish. He was at the battle of Chepuftepec,
and when victory declared for the stripes and stars,
the South Carolinians and the ilinth Regiment,
which had fought together at Churubusco and Con
treras, met. There blood had mingled in one com-
Mon stream, and the Palmetto regiment showed
its valor by the numbers et its men that lay dead
on the 'field. Gen. Pierce addressed them and
said, here the extreme North and South had met
together a , common sons of the glorious Union—
met to maintain its rights and uphold its honor.—
These battles had cemented the union of North and
South, and - he - hoped they would be forever united.
Nine cheers were then given for the Palmetto reel
ment, whip!' were loudly responded to; and the
same compliment was returned by the Carolinians
to the Yankees
After this battle he resigned his commission and
came home, having done enough to redeem his
pledge and maintain the honor of his country. The
state of his health continued very bad all the time
he was in Mexir o. lle was on the best terms
with General Scott, his present rival for the Presi
dency, and Gen. Scott often invited him to dinner.
lie was idolized by the men under his command.
When the war was all over he did not get into a
quarrel with the other generals as to who had done
most or least. lie was modest and silent about his
own deserts, though he fought as well as -ally 01
the generals. This
. was not exactly the course pur
sued by gen. Scott and son e others.
When the troops came to Newport, he found
there was $22-10 due to him, and he added .580 more
to it, making up 5300, which he spent in treating
the men, He also, by his influence or purse, pro
cured them free passages by the railroad. He sent
money to many old soldiers.
On returnit , to Concord, he continued his prac•
lice of law, and has been in private lite ever since,
though he continued to work for the democratic
party, though he never sought nor accepted an of
fice unless one in which he periled his life. • lle
is married into a whirs, and aristocratic family, and
has three children. He is a thorough democrat, of
the Virginia school of party principles find meas
ures, which accounts for h.s being brought forward
as a candidate for President by the Virginia dele
gation in the-Convention.
the following resolutions were almost unanimous
ly adopted by the New Hampshire Democratic
State Convention, which assembled at Concord, on
the Bth ofJannary last:
Resolved, That we acknowledge, with pride, the
long unwavering and efficient support of General
Franklin Pierce to democratic principles and the
democratic party, and that we present his name to
the people of the nation Lis worthy, on account of
his talents, his attainments, his eminent public ser
cites, his tried patriotism and statesmanship, of a
high place among the names 'of the eminent citi•
zees who will be conspicuously before the Nation.
al Democratic Convention, to assemble at Baltimore
on the first day of June, 1852.
Resolved, That while she thus expresses her par
tiality for her own favorite son, yet that New Hamp
shire will abide by the nomination of the Baltimore
Convention, and that the democracy of the Granite
State will be fonril in the coming contest, where
they have ever been tound—side by side with their
democratic brethren of the other States fighting,
manfully tinder the broad banner of democracy ;
and, having no local or notional pieludieee to con
sult, will contend carnestry for the,prindiples of our
revolutionary fathers, with a fixed determination,
under any or all circumatances, now and forever,
to adhere to, support and sustain our national con
stitution and glor ons Union.
For these resolutions 282 voted, and only fie
voted against them. They were afterwards toted
General Pierce declined the nomination, as will
be sfienty die following letter:
Coscono, January 12, 1852.
MY DEAR Su :-1 take the liberty to address
you, because no chinuel more appropriate occurs
to me through which to'express my thinks to the
convention over which you' presided on. the Bth
inst., and to the masses there ,represented.
I am far from beinginensible to the steady .and
generous confidence so' oltia itiatiifested -towards
me by the people ttA Statiq aid'? although -the
object indicated in the resolutioN kaving particular .
reference to mysell,. be one tlesire , .Ou ttijr pan,:
the expression is no , on that account thOttat
fying. ' • •
Doubtlerto the spontamiouS jolt Apri.erpatitin'
of an intelligent people is the best - earthlyieviratd:
for earnest and cheerful serviees rendered nal&
Slate and country, ; amentvtirue:
fetited regret that my fire has been .in bitter Of.
. . . .
usefulness, I shall ever hold this and 'similar trib•
utes among my moat cherished recollections.
To thesemy, sincere : and grateful ' acknowledg.
rn o o, gikitiat the tame motives which
inflated; e 'yeavi ago to retire from public .tiKaitSince,tlaflistehave,•cottirolled my pidg•
meni - this relinicn noviimpel me to say that the
use f mrnitivat in any event Demoettit
ic-:.gatinnal-taiiVe,ittinn Baltimore, . to which you
are a delegate , w ould be Utterly repugnant to my
mitt and wishes, I am, - with the highest respect
anteraeem your -frierftt FRANK. PIVAICE.;
lion. Cip.s. G. ATUEUTON, Nashville, N. 11.
lie alsolleelthed since the Dem , .;cratic Convex,-
! lion met ;:but but it seems they will make him Piet , '
' dentin spite of himself.
WILLIAM nurus KING.
DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATF; FOR VICE PBEsIDENT
This statesman resides at Selma, Alabama, aittl
is now President of the United States Senate, over
which body he also presided the twenty-fourth,
twenty-liftli and twenty-sixth 'Congress. lie is a
native of North Carolina i 4 about sixty-five years
of age and hay heifer been married. He is we be.
HE:ye the same William R. King, who was a mem
her of Congress from North Carolina, from 1.811 to
1816, inclusive . .
On the admission of Alabama, as a State, he was
orni of the firs! United States Senators therefrom,
and look his seat in that body ih 1819—continue.
ing to represent Alabama in the Senate for 25 years
vtz : from 1819 to 1844. In the latter year he was
appointed Ambassador to France, and represent.
ed the United States at the court until 1847, when
be returned to this country, and w-s again elected
United States Senator from Alabama.
Ms i King is of the Southern rights school of pal.
itics, at,d did not agree with the Union party of the
South in their movements. ft will bet ee , how
ever, by the following letter from him to Captain
Scott, of Virginia, That he acquiesces in the Corn
SENATE CIIABEII, May 20, 1852
Ste—l have the honor to ackilowle,dge the receipt
of your letter, and hasten to reply. I beverage ex
pectation that my name will, as you-e-upposp, be
presented to the Baltimore Convention for the high
offee to which you refer; but I have no wish to
withhold my opinions upon any question of a pub
lic character. I comply, without hesitation with
As r4qiects, the measures of the last Congress,
commonly known as the Compromise, most of
them are beyond the reach of legislation ; and al
though I considered some of them as most unjust
to the South, T was probably thefirst individual in
the elaie-holding States who publicly took ground
in favor of acquie,cence, and I am gratified eo find
that such is now the determination of the Southern
States. The Fugitive Slave Law was enacted to
cain i kont an express provision of the Constitution,
and-therefore, ilacs nat stand on the fooling of or
(hoary legislation ; and should it So hai pen that I
should he placed in the Preeidengal office, I should
feel myself bound, by every obligation of duty, to
negative airy act for its repeal, or so to modify or
cli.elge it as would destroy its efficiency. With the
highest respect I am your obedient servant.
Encr. iv Cosoness..-The more depraved press
(of the Triimne school) has assailed the course of
Franklin Pierce on the floor nt Congress. That or
gan of proscription and illiberalism, impeaches his
sympathies with freedom The N. V. Erching, Post
calls attention to the fact that Mr. Pierce voted when
in Congress to respect the right of petition as exer
cised by the abolitionists. In 1837, when, after
having having, served his State in the House of
Representatives he had taken his seat as a member
of the Vitited States Senate he voted to receive in
the usual manner, a petition asking for the aboli
tion of Slavery in the District of Columbia, and sue
tained his vote by, his voice. lie took the same
ground with Mr. Adorns as to ; the propriety of the
abolition of slavery in the District, but declared
that "lie would give no vote which might be con•
strued into a denial of the right of petition." That
was a time when the influences of slavery was on
the ascendency, when it was the fashion to toss
back such petitons with contempt in the t aces of
those who presented them, and it rCticired some
courage in a politician of the democratic schdol to
contro.it and defy the imperious demand of the
Sou 'l, that all merriorials and applications of this
nature should be rigidly excluded from the notice
or Congresi. The right to ask •for the extinction:of
slavery in the District of Columbia is now admit
ted, but Franklin Pierce, whatever be his opinions
respecting the Comptomise, was one of the earli
est to assert it.
MELANCHOLY END OF A ROMANCE: —1 !Oiler to
Cleveland Plain !Mar, dated May 27th, gives an
narrative ofan ill•assorted marriage, as follows:
" In 1839 and '4O Catlin, the painter exhibited a
number of Indians in London, among whom was
Callous, an interpreter. Sarah /la) nes, then a
benefit - oh English girl of sixteen, becdtrie enamored
of Cadotle, and they were married. On reaching
America, the romance of love was ever; for two
or three years they resided on the biltilcs of river St
Clair, on a little property the bride was pos• - •essed
of, and since that at Sault, where she taught French
and music, to the time of her decease. Sha retain
ed het beauty io the last, although exposed to many
hardships by living in a birch bark lodge with an
,Indian husband. Slie - died in her 28th year, for
tunately leaving no children to mourn the bad el
lects of an infatuated matrimonial match."
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- •- •: , . . . , .
SpeCch of Jol t .. Vsin fleitren,
d 1 the Great Ralitication9lffeting, held in Tammany
Hall,. Neter rirk,...:ll'aieeday Ecenino . Jane - 0,
FeLiow CrrizEas :—This is the first that i
hive had,thattleasilas of raising my voiciii ; ,•fluritig
my life;in Tammany Hall Ciicumstances have
occurred,:acciflental 'in a great degreel;sincetl hate
come to man's estate, that have prevented my ad
dressing you ; circumstances, more recently, for
the last two or three - ye.arti, which is nor - necessary
'for me particularly to allude to, have made it disa
greeable for me so to do. I, have been favored, I
ought to say honored, with an invitatio - i trom your
committee to address you to-night, and I accepted
it cordially,, not.thinking r in the multitude of speak
eta, I should have au opportunity to be heard.
I shall detain you but a few moments, and I de
sire fa occupy them in eongratillating you upon the
union and harmony that reigns in the ranks, not on
ly of the democratic party 'of this city, but of this
states and this Union, arid I congratulate you that it
is a harmony achieved not by one await' of the
party over another, nbt by one man over another,
autos victory achieved by the great principles of de
mocracy over sectional and personal claims. I con
gratulate you heartily that ciicumstances now allow
me to appear here, and to join heartily and sincere-
Ey, as A private Soldier in tne democratic ranks, in
the great stuggle upon which you enter EU ati.spi
You should knoW me, and that whatever may
have been my course, it has never been attended
with candidacy for office, however it truly be chav , b •
ed to .rsonal ambition. I have never trouble d
the people by solicitations for place, and never
shall, so long as Heaven gives rne strength. I am,
however, none the less anxious that the two men
presented for your suffrages-'should be successful in
eec ur ing their election.
I have known Franklin Pierce from his boyhood,
and I know him to be a true, un fl inching, radical
democrat. I know him to be a faithful, honest,
disinterested faiblie, officer, whether in civil or mili
tary life. I know him to be a modest unassuming
man, and, above all,l know him to be, what is
higher praise, an honest man, abundantly capable
of discharging , with high advantage to the country,
the duties of the ottee to which he has been nomi
1 shall support him cheerfully and honestly.—
(Tremendous cheering.) I beg leave so to say in
reference to his distinguished associate, Mr. King.
have known him from my childhood, and a more
upright man, as a Senator, a foreign minister, and
temporary Vice-President, has never lived, than
William Rufus King. Ile is the soul of honor, a
thorough gentleman, of true courage, ati-d a uniform,
unflinching Jemocrat. Such a ticket I can cheer
fully support. I congratulate you that it has been
presented ; and I can do more—l can stand upon
the platform laid down at Baltimore. (Cheers.)—
New Volk can stand upon that platform, (renewed
cheers.) and I du not stop to cavil, or inquire ,by
what vote it was adopted, under what circumstan
ces presented, or what authenticity is due to the
proceedings by which it has been made public.—
I shall approve of such a platform fur this election,
arid can cheerfully and unreservedly stand upon it.
IVl‘l. R. KING
[shall not detain you by - calling yoUr attention
to the various provisions of that platform, but it is
due to you and me that f shot* avert briefly to
that w h telt has been the cause of difierehee between
us. You understand me as alluding to the subject
of slavery, to the resolutions passed upon that sub
ject by that Convention ; and I acquiesce in the 'ra
tions measures passed by Congress upon the sub.
ject of slavery, including the Fugitive Skye law.—
Aly views upon that law have been already express•
ed—they remain at this moment entirely unchang
ed : but I am perfectly willing that everybody
should obey that law who chooses, and every body
execute it who can.
There is another resolution—they resolve that
all slavery agitation shall cease in Congress, and
out of Congress. I acquiesce in th k, and lam pre
pared to abide by it. 1 understand that resolution
, o say tor the present at all events, these meas
ures are to be taken as laws, and not to be disturb
ed in such a manner as to destroy the efficiel.cy
of one of them," that there is to be no agi.ation on
the subject of slavery now.
1 appeal to my southern Iriends not to agitate this
subject, and notto divide states wits tae - vrew of
increasing the power of shivery : not to ask en•
tlorsement: or expressions of approval; not to de
nounce such of us who have peculiar views upon ,
this subject, and to stay discussions upon it on the
fluor of Congress. Tins beingatone, order w ill pre
vail in our ranks, and the democratic party will
prodeed to vic'ory. Allow me to say that the rea
son why I rejoice in this nomination is, that no sec
tion of the party has been defeated by it, or has tri
umphed by it. It is a fair, universal, spontaneous
strrgestion of the whole people, to which no indi
vidual, no locality or clique has any right to lay pe
cellar claim. Vrrat ought to ho the consequence
with us, but a cordial union in our rank., an entire
oblivion 01 past differences? that we should forget
the of barnburner and hunker. (Great
cheering.) These are my feelings, arid I shall nev
er remember any mar. except as a democrat or as
There is one class of our fellow-citizens to whom
the nomination addresses itself with peculiar force
—the young men. There is no party living and
never was, except the democratic party, that dare
in an emergency like the present, pass over the
great, distinguished and tried leaders of the party
fur its safety and present, as its standard-bearer, a
man of forty-six years of age, distinguished only
by the purity of his heart, his patriotism and the
disinterestedness of his nature. This gives them
encouragement to find that the highest offices in
the country are thus opened to men in the prime of
life, in the vigor or manhood, and before they have
lost their powers in the public service. And now,
united as we are, and general - as the disposition is
to support these candidries, we.are entering upon
a great struggle, which requires all :he prudence of
the democratic parry. Therlederal party will never
surrender power without a deadly strnggle, for they
have possession of office, • ef the patronage of the
government; and use the public purse wrt' an un
scrupulousness which never has been equalled in
the history of any civilized government. I say,
however they may appear to be divided, you will
have a great struggle, and one in which the young
men will be called upon to act the pail of yeomen
in the ranks.
, And it is for New York, the imperial state, as
our neighbors call us, to - come for Ward now as site
(lid in 113-1.1 , , when a distinguished Tennessean was
a Candidate for the Presidency. New York must
come forward, and bare her giant arm arid throw
ing the sword into the scale, give to it an inclina
tion to the democratic side. And if this is the duty
of New York, ought not the democracy Of the city,
which has been always foremost in the contest
where radical principled are involved, who took
the lead in favor of an independent treasury, who
took the lead in relieving.the country from the op
pressive taxation of an tine9ual tariff, who took the
lead in resisting the infraction of the constitution for
the sake of providing for the enlargement of the
canals—ought not New York now adopt these slate
right doctrines preitented, and make an effort worthy
of her past career, to throw a strength into (he eon
test which will make this oM hall resound, as in
the days of Jackson and Polk, with the shoots of
the victorious democracy ? (Enthusiastic applause
during which the Indoorable gentleman sat down.)
PROGRESS OF TIIE 61013:11A.—The telegraph and
our Western exchanges give token of the gradual
spread of the cholera. At Maysville, Ky., it broke
out on the sth inst., and in three days there were
20 cases and 20 deaths. Among the latter a Mrs.
Bask and three children; two others of her children
being also likely In die. The disease
krone' square . - Cirteinnati, as welearn by telegraph
.is free from any epidemic disease. At Louisville,
ton the th inst., Mr.. Lambert, a Cumberland Pres
byterian minister Jrorn Ne - vburg, Ind. died of
nholera. He had eaten freely of currant pie, the
day. before . The Chicago Journal of the 3d, denies
that the cholera or - any other epidemic exists iti that
AZSOLL7IO3S Of THE nEmorliaTlC xiTioNAL
limbed, That the American Democq4
their !fast in the intelligence, the patriotis m ' a
discriminating tustice of the American p e ,: ti
•fiesoked;That we regard this as a distinct, ,
tore of our political creed, which 'we are p„
maintain before the world, as the great ni lora
ent in a form of governmen' springing frost , _
„held by the popular will ;knd_We..contral
the creed and practice of Federalise; unt t i t
ever name or form, which see4 . 4lci palsy th e
the constituent and which Conceives n o
too monstrous for the popular credulity:
&soloed. therefore, That, entertsi oin4
views, the Democratic party of this Union:; ;
their delegates assembled in a General Co o ,
of the States, coming together in a spirit
cord, of devotion to the doctrines ant fart
free representative government and app ett ,.
their fellowrcitizens for the rectitude of in e „
tons renew and reassert, before the American'
ple the declarations of principles avow e d t o
wheel, on former occasions, in Genera; r
Icons, they presented their candidates for th e
I. That the Federal Government is one 0(1;1
powers, derived solely from the Constitutio n a:
grants of power made therein ought to be ,
construed by all the departments and agent%
Government ; and that it is its inexpedsmi
dangerous to exercise doubtful constitutional
2. That the constitution does notconfer ox ,
General Government the power to comment;
carry on a general system of Internal I-
3. That the Constitution does not confer ast!
upon the Federal Gove.nment directly or mitt
to assume the debts of the several States coat
for local Internal improvements or otberStat
poses ; nor would such assuMption be justor
4. That justice and sound policy forbid 111.
eral Government to foster one branch of iod4
to the detriment of any other, or to cherish the
terests of one portion to the injury of atwitter
Lion of our common country ; that every tit
and every section of the country has ■ nett t u
!nand and insist upon an equality of rights andr.
sieges and to. compelan" ample protection of
sons and property from domestic violence or
5. That is the duty of every branch of the G
erument to enforce and practice the most rig: t i
omy in conducting out - 1:1414c affairs arid tin
more revenue, ought to be raised than is, requi
defray the necessaryexpenses cf the Govrr,
and for the gradual tui certain extinction of
6. That Congress has no power tAivarter a
tional bank ; that we believe such an insttruhor
of deadly hostility to the best interests of th e e ,
trv,dangerous to our republican institutions ant
liberties of the people and calculated to place
business of the country within the control of ac,
centrated money power, and abeive ;he laws
the will of the people.
7. That the separation of the moneys of th e
ernment from harektog institutions, is indo.per.,a :
for the safety of the funds of the governineLt asd
rights of the people.
B. That the liberal prinoiples embodied
son in the Declaration of Independence sad CI:
Toned in the constitution which makes ours:he
of liberty and the asylum of the oppre,sed of c
nation,have ever been cardinal principles is
Democratic faith ; and every attempt ;o a:tz,
the , rtvtle2:l beaoTtlnz eihz;ns• 'an I
owners of soil among us ought to resvird
the same spirit which swept the Alien ani
tion laws from our statute book.
9. That Congress hrs no power under :'ieC c.
st'tution to interfere with or control the d-ab:
institutioks of the several states and that
States arc the sole and proper judges of erervh.
appertaining to their own affa•re not proh , h , ',..
the Constitution ; that all efforts of the Abot,...E
ists or others made to induce Congress is ,prf
with gnestions of slavery, or to take incip:er.tit!;
in relation thereto, are calculated to I:'3:1
most alarming and dangerous consenuence , ;a!
that 'all such efforts have an inevitable t esdcner :
diminish the happiness of the people and mliq.
er the stability and permananey of the Union a:
ought not to be countenanced by any frien I
I:c.solred,l'ht the foregoing
and was intended to embrace, the whole ‘ nui , ..: .
Slavery agitation in Congress ; and inert'
Democratic party of the Union, stan , ling on'
tiohal platform trill abide by; and adhere to. a
ful execution of the acts known as the
measures settled by the last Congress—the 3C' fs
reclaiming fugitives from service or labor ;tirsil..J.
which act, being designed to carry out an err
provision of the Constitution. cans t
thereto be repealed, nor so changrd as is detrot a:
impair its efficiency.
_ ___ •
ilesolred, That the Democratic pane w.ll
attempts at renewing in Congress, or out of
agitation of the Slavery question under whalos
shape or color the attempt tna:',- be made
Resolved, That we are decidedly oppo , ed to , a
ing from the President the qualified veto p0v.r...1
which he is enabled under rwrictions and rt.TO:.
sibilities amply sufficient to guard the p , 1 1 0,..: r;!tf .
est, to su'pen I the passage of a bill wh e intrt
cannot secure the approval of twodhirds oil - nese*
ate and the House of itepresenlativ.s unollnejtig
ment of the people can be obtained thereon. el
which has saved the American people fromth,q, ,,
rum and tyrannical domination of the Bank era'
United States and from a corrupting system c,1.1-
Resolved, That the Democratic party
fully abide by and uphold the principles laid lirn
in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1731
and 1798, and in the report of Mr. Ma.ii‘on 10 11
Virginia Legislature in 1799 ; that it adopts ins!
principles as constituting one of the !non leriq
Lions of its political creed and is resolved to can
them out in their own obvious meaning anti=
the war with Mexico. upon af, is
principles of patriotism and the law , of 1101011. TO
a just and necessary war on our part, to which r
American c.tizen should have shown Ininnellort
ed to his country, and neither by word order, V
ing aid and contfort to tfie enemy.
Resolved, That we rejoice at the rdorithei
criendly relations with Our sister Reposhr.. , f
co, and earnestly desire for her all the blewnpri
prosperity which we enjoy under reput.:ican
tions, and we congratulate the Atn'erican
the results of that war, which have so m odes . .. 4
lustified the policy and conduct of the Demecuni
party, And-insured to,the United :State.,
the past and security for the future.
Raolncl, That in view of the condition °fril l ' .
institutions in the old world, a high ant sacred do
is devolved with increased responsilolity ova rg
Democracy of this country, as the parts of oner;
pie, to uphold and maintain the ri2lun of or!
State, and thereby the Union of the Marrs, an d ti
sustain and advance among them contuti'll , lt...
erty, by continuing to res!•t all mortopohe. and
elusive legislation for the benefit of the tie at
expense of the many, and by a vigilant and ren.o
adherence to those principles and compromise, ,
the Constitution, which are br ad e 1,,,u2h arid , Ircg
enough to embraCe and uphol I the noon a , It 1 '•
and the Union as it should be, in the !tot etras.ng
of the energies and capacity of this and Frc'
EOSSUTIOB FA );I LY IN ENGLAND —The Lee mid ,
slates that Kossitili's mother aril t. 1,1 a rtlce ,
in England. It is rail the veneta.
much exhausted by tier limo r ionev, and tr 24 ti
released from (Wert Amman ificial
Until her arrival in Duitseliloif urn Fh're—
fler two daughters, the Barooess IZtatkax
widowed Madame Von Mmiletivt. a ho came fix:
the Austrian State Paton. a ere also say lar , v e ' l
the third daughter, Nfatlame Von sr:
companied by her husband, formerly Dim! Ctlle
nel in the Hungarian service, mitt sott4emien i ll
Austrian prisoMer of Suite, enjoye,l admirable he 31111:
Madame Kossuth will probably remain rn Englei
OZ:rCharles Terrv, said to he a c.zen Vermor:7:,
has been arrested ai Jonesville, Vs, chaise(' o.—
ndvising several sieves to abocood. 4