Newspaper Page Text
Peen Soil, Free Speech, Free Men
.Freedaas rye Fre.
E. 0. GOODRICH, EDITOR.
Towanda, Saturday, March 13, 1852
Pent CANAL CONINIC.ION'ttI.
WM. SEARIGIIF, of Fayette County
Terme of The Reporter.
S SO per annum—ifpnid within the yenr 5 0 rents ariil
beededneted—fm cash pent eetnally m irlennert 81.00 will be
deducted. Nu Doper sent over two years, unless paid fee.
Atnintitretotenre. per miire of ten lines. SO 'cents for the
(rut and Its cents for ench subsequent tnsetticut.
trrOffice to the i• Unton Block?' north aide of the - P.401e
tatietZneTt door to the flentlford Hotel. Etlitrilliee between
ors. Adam.' and r/trell'e low offices.
The Nomination of Canal Commlaaloner.
Before the meeting of the State Convention, it
wee genetal:y conceded that the candidate for Ca.
nal Commiisioner should he selected from the
Northern pact of the state. We are not one of those
who believe Ciat any locality has " claims" which
should override all other considerations. But we be
lieve that jest'it.e and sannd'poli4 dictates that whin
gond men can be found, the Canal Commissioners
ihonld be so selected as to represent kit the im•
proverwmt interests of , the Commonwealth. Cer
tainly, if any section of the State hasa right to claim
a member of the Canal Board, the North has stron
ger reasons than any other pnritnn,
We believe ibis has been unireisally acknow!.
edge,!, throtighnie the Cientrionwealth. The'tiorth
with ire prepoodera-ce of D'emocratm, yearly swell.
ing the mrijwity of the party, and ever reliable,
was most contemptuously treated in the nomina
tion of Supreme Judges. Yet sheaxerlonked that
slight, and Op her usual majprities for the
tinmieees. in oomph:plea with the Zetteral ex
pression, to full faith that jn.tice would M this in
wauce be tane, the North it ith entire unanimity
pruned Col 111 Asses, as a candidate for Canal
Lommis-innrr Col. ALisne's qualitica
liens no want can he t.a . d. lie is abundantly quali
fied to make an vx..ellere officer, and his honesty
and integrity were not questioned. Ile was the
choice of the North. Haw has she been treated ?
We at least are in a situation in speak, without sos
pitian of being inflnenced by improper motives ar d
tt-e will be silent no langer, under such an accumu•
cation of outrage and wrong. We wish it Oistinct
ly utteerstonti that we speak for no one, nor in fear
of any person. These are considerations affecting
the integrity end honesty of the Democratic party,
and particularly touching the interests of the Conk.
moo:re:11th, which should unseal the lip of every
Democrat, and which should awaken the attention
of every citizen. When the organization of (he
patty becomes merely the machinery by which a
band of affiliated- rogues may plunder said defraud
-the Commonwealth—when the management of our
public works approximates to the iniquitous ad
yniiii-tratinn of Nerve, or the most reckless and
sliseraceful days of TiIAD STRriSA, it is time that
the Det.;ozracy should take the matter in hand tie.
fore the people are aroused and our party becomes
disgraced and defeated.
I: is a matter of tact, that thdnominations for Ca
nal Commissioner for the last few years, have not
been the resnit of any confidence in the honesty
end integrity of the candidates, but have been
brought about by the most shameful bargaining
The olFwes of the Commonwealth have been pros
tituted far the purpose of pinch' sing Delegates who
had gained admittance into a Democratic Conven
tion, for the sole object of procuring some situation
upon the Canal, nr of being rewarded for giving
Ala unfinished im
provement;. While this is so notorionaty true,
e hat chance does an honest and upright man stand
of receiving a nomination? Why, the very fact that
.he would endeavor to manage public aflairs hon.:
catty, would brine down upon him the whole band
of plunderer., from Simon Cameron downwards ;
or it he by chance was nominated, would ensure
his defeat at the polls. Why was Wm B. Fosraa
defeated, and who were the cause of it ? Because
he was an honest man, and had at heats only the
intercepts of the Commonwealth, and consequently
was Hai avail a bl e in the hands of the greedy craw
of thieves who had atrearly 'grown rich off the Com
monwealth. - This band of r. bbers is extended and
powerful.—it has members in almost every county
of the Comtnontreahh, and especially where there
am lines of publiciinprnvemeAs. Wielding con
siderable political power. and banded together by
a common tie--" thecohesive power o! public plan
der"—they view the Commonwealth as lawful
plunder, and are wiling to resign all other offices,
to Secure the Canal CNumissioner. Heretofore
They hare been successful, end we see no hope
that they will not continue to fatten like leeches
.upon the Treasury, until the tax-ridden public rise
up in their strength and shake them off, The soon
at that is done, the better for the interests of the
State, and for the condition of the public treasnry.
Yet with all the desire which was manifested to
do justice to the North, the Convention nominated
Wm. SUMMIT, .of 'Fayette county. We know
nothing more of Alt SeBRIGHT than the company.
he keeps. • It may be that the members of the Con
vention we►e not versed in the geography of the
State and mistook Fayette fora Northern county.—
On our'map it is located in the extreme south-west.
lkelected, the Canal board will consist of members
trom Bucks, Clarion and Fayette. The ,entire
lgorih \ . with its grand public works will be unrepre
sen Thin may be justice, it may be sound poli
cy, but how long the North will submit to it, is the
main question. She is u=ed to being slighted, but
there are "'some causes which wilLdraw Sre from
ice." The endurance of her voters; -we arei'satisfi
ad, will not last darever. •
MELANCHntX ACCIDENT—AiI only son or R. H.
Prlssorr, of North Tow:mils, about 7 years of age,
was drowned on Thursday last, in the race of My
errs milts. fle - vras misvall, and trace I upon the
ice of the race lo an air.hole, where he had evident.
ly broken through. His body was recovered after
a ilion search, but life was extinct:
SMALL Norte.--Oue of the last acts of the Legie.
Icon! of Delaware was thelpassage nt • law pro
hibiting the circulation in that State of foreign notes,
eta less denomination than five dollars - ender -a
rett:thy of $23. It is to take efieci about the first
The - liemocratte State Qonventton.
The proceedings of the line Democratic Suite
Convention will be found in this- - week's paper--
We invite for them the careful and serious attention
of every Demricret• We have witnessed in this
'State, previously, Conventions which in their de
liberwions arid decisions were actuated by selfish
and corrupt • motives, which disregarded popular
opinion and trespasaeil upon Democratic usages
and the iightri Of the minority, but they all sink into
insignificance compared with the late body, which
is de,ignated as a Democratic State Convention.
The great apostle of our faith--TIIONAS SUFFER
.SON—has declared " that the minority have rights
which the majority have no tight to invade," And
in our judgment, no right .has been more clearly.
and definitely established, no usage more firmly
settled, thin that the Delegates from the several
Congressional Distrieta should exercise the privilege
of selecting their Delegates to the National.Conven-
Linn, and their Electors to, be supported by the peo
ple. An attempt was made, in the Convention of
184 e to alter thiscostom, I ut the Convention, though
Mr. BUCHANAN'S friends were largely in the mrijori.
ty, refused to consummate the outrage, and in every
case wherea -majority of the Delegates from a Dis.
trict reported the names of a Delegate, their choice
was confirmed by the Convention, although several
of the Delegates to the National Convention were
known not to be personally friendly to Mr. &TELM-
A:v * 6 nomination The usage was so clearly emelt
lished, and so manifestly Den•oeratic and proper.
that the Con rention was not willing to disregard all
former precedents, and violate the customs of the
parry. it is not alleged that the Delegates thus se
lecterl proved unfaithful to their instiutaions, but
it is HiiiSpOred that when Mr. BUCHANAN • S nomi
nation became manifestly impossible, they refused
to be translerred at the will 'of the harpies who en
deavor to control the organization of the Democrat.
is party for purposes of plunder and personal ag
We have seen a disposition manifested for some
time, on the part of the unscrupulous partizans of
Mr. BUCHANAN, to violate termer usages, to trample
upon the rights of the minority, for the purpose of
securing such a delegation horn the Keystone Coin.
mon wealth in the next National Convention, as
would be available for every,mercenary and drat:
honest purpose. To fully achieve this result, it was'
necessary to do what the Convention of 1848 refus
ed to do, and by removing the selection of Dele
gates still Maher from the people, by going through
the form of a Committee to report tire names of
men, who had long ago been selected and settled
upon, as the best fitted to aacomplisit the dirty work
which will be required of them at the Baltimore
It did not surprise us, then, to observe, that at an
early stage of the proceedings, a resolution was in.
troduced for the appointment of a Committee, to re
port the names of Delegates and Electors ; nor that,
though strenuously opposed by the minority, it was
adopted, by a vote of 91 yeas, to 41 nays. It was
a measure which has been pre determined upon,
and which the majority were resolved to push
through, under the dictation of the leaders, regard.
less of usage, of the rights of the minority, and
of the consequences to the Democratic party.
When this outrage, was consummated—when the
time-honored and hitherto respected customs of the
party were thusdistegarded, the minority of that Con
vention should have refused longer to sit in a body
whose deliberations were marked by such gross
xcesses, and where their rights were thus scoffed
at, and leaving the majerity in lull possession of the
poWer they were then inclined to abuse, should
have retired from the Convention, and appealed to
the people for an endorsement of their conduct, for
the maintenance of their most sacred rights, and for
the welfare and purity of the Democratic parry.—
This they del not do, but they protested in the fol.
lowing manly and eloquent language, against the
indignity offered to them, against this act so dange•
roue to the permanence and welfare of the party :
We solemnly protest against in. resolution jiasa
adopted, as a wanton disfranchisement of the Con
gressional Districts which we in whole or in part
represent. We denounce it as a flagrant usnrpa.
tion of power, as a desperate alternative resorted
to by a tyranical majority to manacle and silence a
minority in this Convention upon a vital question.
It is a trampling under foot of an usage sanctioned
by the action of the democratic party in its own
conventions for the last seventeen years ; it is not
only a violation of usage but is a sacrifice, for a
temporary purpose, of a cardinal deMocratic prin
ciple. While the democracy of other States, are
bringing the election of delegates nearer to ahe
people, Pennsylvania, by this action of the majority
of her convention, removes it further from them
and displays a humiliating distrust of the popular
will. The whole proceeding is an usurpation of
our rights, and the rights of the -people whom we
represent, directly branding them and us as unfit to
choose their electors and delegates to represent
them in the National Convention: It is justifiable
by no exigency, it con be justified by none. It is
pregnant with the seeds of discord and dissatisfac
tion in the ranks of the democratic party of Penn.
sylvania. We protest against the right of the major
ity of this convention to deprive the Congresssional
Districts of tbeirsuffrage in the election of delegates
and electors: we utterly repudiate the act by which
it has been done. We came here clothed by our
constituents, by virtue of the power inherent in them
and by virtue of the time-honored usage of the par
ty, with the right to select electors and delegates,
subject to the approval of this convention, to repro.
sent them in the
. Itfational Convention , and of that
right Ise recognize nn power but that of our demo
cratic constituency as strong enough enough to di.
retitle. The violation of that right is a violation
Gt . ?. part of the vitality of our organization, and we
r efus e submission to the resolution. We decline•
all further participation in the selection of district
Delegates. We ilssert the right of the delegates
from the several districts, and the right of our con
stituents themselves, to disregard the selection of
delegates and electors made by an outrage on party
law, and to select them in accordance with estab
lish-d usage. We therefore protest against Ibis
act as unjust, unnecessary and in disregard of ven
erated usage, as at war with every principle of de.
mocracy, as an act of disorganization fraught with
anarchy and dismemberment of the democratic
party, and we ask that this our earnest protest
against it be entered upon the journal of the con
We look upon and pronounce the appointment of
al) irresponsible committee, clothed with power to
scrutinize and slab in.the dark our follow-citizens,
without giving in public any reason for it, as an act
which should bring the blushof shame to the cheek
of every man who claims to be a democrat. and the
committee, itself we can consider as nothing less
than lksecrel tribunal invested with, inquisitorial
JOHN B. PACKER, Northumberland, &a.
WM. FRY, Northampton and Lehigh.
JOHN ARMSTRONG, Franklin and Adams
JOHN SCOTT. Huntingdon, &e.
JOHN HORN. Scuplkill,
ULYSSES MERCUR, Bradford.
A. MeKE AN,
GEC. R. MeFARLANE,
JOHN EL HUNTER, Handagdoh.
11. K. SAGER, Boas.
kIA MEHL M. HAGER, Barks.
BENJAITIMV - GRIFFITIL " "' •
'tint:Cubit 6:ll44liiiir''''7 7. "'"'" 4-4411
T. M. HALL, Centre.
PHILLIP DOUGHERTY, Dauphin,
R. McOALISTER, "
GEORGE PALMER, Delawart
A. sBLTBIIIAN, Erie.
SMITH JACKSON. Erie.
LAMES NILL. Franklin.
WILLSON- DEILY. "
JOHN D. STILES. Lehigh.
PHI L LIP B ILLNI YE IL Northumberland.
MORRIS LEECH, Mercer.
DAVID BATES Mifflin.
CHARLES M. HALL, Scuylkill.
MICHAEL WEAVER. "
EDWARD M. CLYMER, Berks.
JOHN S. SCHRODER, ".
P. U. HOOK, Payette.
In conformity with- this' protesti .the , Delegatew
signing it, refused toparticipate in t h e selection of
Delegates and Electors in the manner proposed by
the convention. The paper itself was refered to a
Committee of five, and smotherei in that Commit.
tee, the majority feeling conscious that the reasons
and principles kid down in it, are good and tenable,
and in consonance with the. doctrines of lure Dem
ocracy. They feared to have it go to the people as,
a part of the proceedings, conscious that every right
thinking and independent Democrat Will applaud
and endorse the notion of the protesting Delegates.
The Delegates from the 17th, .141 h. 13th, and 6th,
Congressional districts presented the names of per
sons they had selected to represent those districts
as Delegates and Electors. We trust that the spirit
which prompted the protest will animate the breasts
of the delegates who signed it, and that they will
appeal to their constituents to sustain thorn in the
righteous course they have adopted. We hope that
the show of courage they have made, will not give
way to cowardice and timidity. We shall await
the result in hope, but in feeble hope. The Demo.
erotic party of Pennsylvania is too far plunged in
serfdom—too far rorrupted % by dishonest leaders, to
allow of much hope. Will the minority tamely
submit to this outrage upon their rights and upon
the usages of the party 1 If they will not, they can
make themselves felt and respected—if they quiet.
ly fold their at ms, they will sink into a state of vas.
sallage more degrading than they now enjoy. If
they submit now, they must expect to receive in•
dignity upon indignity. They can never appeal to
the people with a better cause.
" Will they show that they are not slaves nor cow
ards 1 Wilt they speak out, as freemen should
speak and denounce the outrage and the perpetra
tors of it 1
" ftenditary botidrmen ! know you not, who would be free,'
Themselves must strike the blow "
And if the democratic party end press of the Stale
expect to east oft the harpies wit" have stolen the
livery of democracy for dishonest purposes, who
have turned the temple of our faith into a den of
thieves, the time has conic when they should send
up a shout of defiance, and not content with words,
be prepared to act. It is well enough to protest,
but words will not answer. The tyranny which
scoffs at written preterits, may be made to quail be
fore the ballot•box When shall the grand coup
d'etat come oft 1 — When shall this worse than Bo
napartith tyranny be overthrown ± Speak nut, ye
who chafe undt.r your yoke so gallingly, it you are
men and not dastards ar.d craven cowards. We
await the response.
What a melancholy spectac!e does the proceed-
ings of thib Convention prevent f. Is there an hon
CM Democrat who can peruse them without feeling
indignation, aid a blush of shame for the debased
condition of his state 1 Was there ever such a
lift of political adventurers, broken down and cos
rupt hacks, dishonest and thieving, tricksters as are
to represent this great State in the National Convent
lion? Of what use is our party orgai;ization 7 of
what value our professions of principle—when, the
control of a State Convention is usurped by a pack
of knaves, and its influence and power prostituted
for venal purposes? Is the Democratic party of
Pennsylvania only a medium by which James Bu
chanan's ambition may be carried out 1 Have we
no higher no holier purpose to accomplish than the
elevation of arty man to the Presidency, or the grati.
fication of selfish instincts? If we have no better
purposes to subserve, it were best that the Democ.
racy were disbanded, than that it should be made
the machinery of such dishonest and selfish ends
We 3 field to none in reverence for the principles
of the Democratic party— we respect and shall ob
serve its organization—but how far in God's provi
dence, shall such glaring and flagrant outrages be
carried? Shall we stand calmly and silently by,
and permit the partizans of any man, to declare that
the. Democratic party of Pennsylvania has no other
object, can entertain no other desire, than that
Jaatas Buchstias shall be President? In our esti
mation, it is a small matter who is President, as
brig as the pate principles of Republicanism ani
mate his breast, and influence his conduct. 4
We are now more than ever satisfied that the
friends of Mr. BUCHANAN have given up all hope at
his nomina ion by the Baltimore Convention
Would 'any man who expected to go before the peo
ple for their support, so outrage the feelings of any
part of the party and so disregard, former customs?
The political reputation of the very men selected as
Delegates to the National Convention, woad be
enough of itself to defeat a crdidate wherever they
are known. Look at the precious list, from the. Old
Kickapoo Chief, down to WINDY, and the " Regu
lar Contributor !" But they will be available in the
barter and trumc game. The few honest men there
are on the list, will not prevent the State of Penn
sylvania from being'again in the market to be bid
for. Poor degraded Pennsylvania! Poor Demo
cratic Pennsylvania! Whose pretensions are great.
et, or whose virtue, more easily seduced? NO won
der we possess no moral influence abroad, while
such corrupt and mercenary and narrow policy pre
vails, and our politicians are for one thing to-day,
and for another to-morrow. We shall aga'n wit
ness the mortifying spectacle of our Commonwealth
being transferred to some candidate for the Presi
dency—and the men who have been active at Har
risburg and at Baltimore, will be th• first to demand
of the Democratic administration the pride of their
II evidence was wanting to prove that Mr. By-
CHANAN, if nominated, could not carry Pennsylva
nia, the action of his intLacreet friends has sealed
the question beyond a doubt. He was never popu•
lar in this State, and his trimming, baking, polic t y
has lost him the little confidence the people ever
entertained for hint. Gen. bcorr would heat him
many thousands, and of the dozen candidates nam.
et. by the Democra.ic party, there is no one who
would not be more ceftaia of the electoral vote of
o* , - The resolutions of the State Coneenton wilt
appear next week, anti we shall embrace the o
poi'dnify t xpress our . opinion of them very freely.
Amongst the acts of. a Cooveptioe, whose pro;
ceedings were.mailted with ts dispealtion to Aisre
gar& the lormif• usa4es of gni DerWoeratic
• and tramPle upott he•feelingi find tights of the tri
notify, des greatest men* hri!bceriTperpettated in
thit:itelection:of Delegates Eo repOent *3 12th
CZkresional District, in the ; Baltimore Convention.
It will be seen by reference to the proceedings
Nelitelfe*dialilli,Atittnehnotinta - L
Bradford, and !one ftwiroto of Susquehanna, ate
the Delegates appointed by the State Convention.—
The selection oldie former gentleman will surprise
and astonish the Democracy
. 01 Bradford. They
here prepared fOr almosi anything, but an indign i
ty lilot tine, moms* their Wgiel apprebensioneer....
Yet, we assure diem, such is the fact. Amongst
all our true hearted Democracy, no suitable man
could be found to represent them in the Baltimore
Convention, save CitaisTorneg L. Main ! While
we desire in all calmness and earnestness to dissent
from the action of the Convention, both as to the
manner of selecting Delegates, and to protest against
the persons chosen, yet if we speak . strongly and
plainly, we shall but , echo the burst of honest indig
nation with which the announcement has been re.
We have no personal feelings to gratify in this
matter—by-pones are by-gones,and we think we
have paid off old scores thorofighly—but as Demo
eraie, as friends to our party organization, and lov
ens of our principles—as jealous of the purity of
that party and desirous of maintaining its good
name, we feel called upon to denounce the coon
sets and action which have foisted into a Democrat-.
is National Convention, an
. inveterate foe of our
principles and a zealous opponent of our organiza•
If there is a sincere and disinterested friend to
lasses BUCHANAN in Bradford County. the intelli
gence that CHRISTOPHER L. WARD has been chosen
to guard and represent his interests in the National
Convention, will be a source of as Jeep humiliation
and of as much regret to him as it is to us. It will
awaken in his breast a feeling of distrust and alarm,
that the cause which would delegate to such a po 1.
tician }tower and responsibility is either corrupt, or
managed by short-sighted and easily deceived lea
lithe object in this selection was to humiliate the
Democracy of Bradford—to act counter to their
wishes—to exasperate and offend them—then is
that end attained. No act could have been done
more certain to accomplish that object. If it was
necessary to perpetrate an outrage upon our De.
mocracy—if they were to be proscribed, and de
clared outlawed and not worthy :o select (through
their Delegates) their Representatives in the Na
tional Convention—if their wishes and feelings weal
entitled to no respect—at least the dictates of corn.
mon decency should have prompted the selection
of a man known and recognized ea a consistent and
reliable Democrat Such an one was found in the
person of Mr. BLANDINO, to whose character we
bear cheerful testimony. We know him to be an
able anti consistent Democrat, and one who ardent
ly desires the nomination of Mr. BUCHANAN. Our
respect for him is net lessened by a knowledge of
this fact. We would riot have objected, indeed we
would have acquiesced, in the selection of zealous
(fiends of Mr. BUEHANAIi as Delegates, but there
are causes which effect the harmonious action of
the Democracy, which strike tit the integrity and
character of the party, which call upon us to pro.
test against the . election of Mr. WARD.
In the name al the Democracy of Bradford, (as
far as we have any right so to do, arid so far as we
know its wishes arid temper) do we, in the most
solemn manlier, exclaim against the gross and un
paralleled assumption of power, which took away
from the Delegates of each District the right to name
their Delegate to the National Convention—and see
protest against the selection of CHRISTOPHER L
WARD as a Delegate from the Xllth District :—Be.
cause he has never supported the nominee of a Balti
more Convention; because he is riot known and rec
ognized as a member of the Democratic party ; be.
cause he enjoys the confidence or esteem of no
party or section of a party in the community where
he resides ; because his former political course has
shown him to be utterly destitute of stability , or con
sistency, and wholly unfit to be clott ed with any
responsibility or authority ; and because the Dem
ocracy of .Bradford would never by any act of theirs,
consent that his political conduct or standing should
be endorsed or approved.
We wholly and totally repudiate this selection of
Delegate, and shall hereafter hold and consider that
the Democracy oP:Bratlfrint not being represented
in the Baltimore Convention, are consequently not
bound" by its action and decision, unless the Stare
Central Committee (if they have the power) find.
ing that the State Convention has been imposed
upon, shall treat Mr WARD'S!lection as a nullity,
and supply the vacancy with a Democrat. We
calf upon them to do so, as the only coarse now
left, to redeem the reputation of the party, and save
it from trouble.
Mr. BUCHANAN can have no security that the Dele
gate he has chosen from Bradford county, will re.
main his friend antil the meeting of the Baltimore
Convention. It would be fair to assume the con
trary, from a knowledge of his political life and
character—and with such are we now only dealing.
In such a man, we contend, Mr. B. can place no
reliance—for a condescending nod from Gen. Scott,
as-an invitation to dine, or a hint of benefit likely to
result, would so inflame his ambition and vanity,
that the wisdom of the sage of Wheatland will be
eclipsed by the military renown of " Fuss and
Feathers." If the game is worth the candle, we
advise Old BUCK to pay constant attention to otie at ,
least of his Delegate.
The Democracy of Bradford will be astonished
to learn that Mr. WARD has been deputed to select
a Presidential candidate for their support. They
have been accustomed to see that gentleman array.
ed in open hostility to the nominee of the Ba l timore
Convention. They knew him a guzzler of haul
cider in 1840,—they listened to his dry speeches
and lame argument's for Clay . in 1844—and in 1848,
he went it blind for Taylor ! By what miracle has
he become a Democrat now I When and where
was the transformation effected 1 When, we ask,
didlhis Federal tad-pole, become so lively and
likely a Denaocatic frog 1 It would be pleasant and
amusing to j tritce the progress of Mr. Walla's De
mocracy, hem the night when he was assailed in
the Whig meeting held in the
: basement of the
Methodist church , in 1848 , by Messrs. T.tsce and
Apssw, upon which occasion alter fawning mid cring•
ing and asserting that he uses Whig, he ipok the
oourae,a to declare that, if the " Whi,ga would, not
own• him, , he knew where he could go." But as
our, object ill efleeted Ito (rfotcsling, against this
shameful aid• scandalcnik wrong, we deals!,
opportunity, tut we have the . will, to follow up the
auhjecionless the State Central Committee- shall
aUß jesiite:ir tfetrue the party Om
?he A/owatt% tx Pewee. r- -, 1
-'-4t is it tery iilly, but common cuistom ArithLiTte
newspapers of both parties, to parade and complain
of theAntsgenwii:ti lbe-pardoving.power
ernor in our opinion, it is very small business ; ex
cept it may be in the chse of some gross perver(ion
of the Executive clemency. The constitution clothes
the Governor with power to remit penalties and
pardon oaences, and' we. have no question that it is
the care of every Governor to use that power judi
ciotibT The - Deiriobrifie rimiers harpeif long open
the number o hpardons granted by Gov. Jottesvort.
As tar as this County was concerned, his clemency
was not misapplied. The Whig !aspens ate now
retorting upon Gov. Bmea, and we expect to see
the number of pardons graded by him, kept as
standing anicles in the Whig papers.
Looi.ocr roa ALTER= publio are
cautioned against notes on the Dr.r.swsaz Crr
Bane, purporting to be of the denon ination of $20 7
altered Irom Is. They can be detected by observ
ing that the genuine notes are ol the common size,
while the abered bills are smaller, being ol the size
ol the small notes, which are 69 inches in length
and 29 in width, white the genuine s's, 10's, and
204 are of larger dimensions. It 20's nn this bank
should be °tiered, corresponding in, size with the
small notes, they should be refused, as they are al
THE LEGISLATURE. -Wt.i do not find anything in
the proceedings of the Legislature for the past week,
worthy of notice. The North Branch bill had not
been taken up.
The accounts from Harrisburg are favorable to
the passage of an approptiation lor the Canal. The
sum is the only question to be settled, and we are
inclined to believe that we may expect at least five
or six hundred it ousand dollars, and possibly a
sum sufficient to complete the wurk.
MAINE Lictuoa Lsw.—A meeting in favor of the
passage of a law similar to the Maine Liquor Law
was held in this place on Friday evening last.—
Delegates were elected to the Convention to be held
at Harrisburg, on the 16th inst. We are obliged to
deter the publicationof the proceedings until next
07- Gov. Bigler has signed the hilt authorizing
the employment of -counsel. in the ease of Rachel
Parker, the kidnapped girl, suing for her freedom
in the Maryland Courts, and tendered the appoint
ment to G. M. Dallas.
Irr BELA BADGER, a somewhat notorious whig
politician of Philadelphia, died in that city on Sat
Synopsis of Decisions of The Super
intendent of Common Schools.
A committee elected in sob-districts at any oth
er lime than that authorised by law, have no ad
thorny to act—no more than tf tney had never been
elected. II there is no legally elected committee
in a sub-district. their powers and duties revert to
the board of directors.
11 the school directors do not keep all the pieces
sary school's of their district in operation at least
three months in each school year, they are indicts
hie for mislemeanor in office.
Public meetings have no power to discharge
school tra.•heir—nor to employ them except in
case of difference between the directors and com•
mittee of a Pub district Directors must pertorm
the duties required of them by law, but in perform
ing them, should as far as practicable consult the
wishes of the people of their district. The latter,
however, cannot control the action of the former
against their consent.
School directors have the power at any time
dismiss a teacher "for incompetency, cruelq7i4-
ligetice, or immorality," and should be prompt in
the exercise of this power whenever either of these
eharges are established against a teacher
The superintendent has no power to compel di
rectors to discharge a teacher, but the latter are al
ways liabld to indictment for misdemeanor for neg
lecting or retusing to comply with the requisitions
of the law.
.The directors are not personally liable for the sal
ar) (if a teacher I-gally employed.
When townships are divi ted, that part in which
the school buildings are located becomes the own
er for the purpciie designed in their
.. construe ion.
All " cubjects or things made taxable for state
and county purposes" are taxable for school pur
poses. Money' at interest is theielore taxable for
school purposes. .
•The board'of directors have the exclusive right to
locate 'April houses. It is their duty. hots ever,
to locate them at at such points as will best accom.
modate the scholars fur whoa benefit they are
A scholar cannot be suspended or expelled from
school unless " found guilty, on full' examination
and hearing, of refractory and incorrigibly bail con•
duct" in school
Neitherschnol directors nor school Leachers can
con pel scholars to chop wood for the school
School directors have power only to assess an•
real tax, which must be done no or before the first
Monday of May—i e., between the time of the or.
ganization of the beard after the annual election of
directors and the first Monday of May ensuing.—
After this tax has been levied no other tax can be
assessed,)y the directors for the same year.
THE New Faxes Lew in France is despotic
enough Daily papers are to deposit caution money
to the amount of $lO,OOO, and they are also to be
subjected to a heavy stamp. The police are to de
cide upon all their offences, and the publication or
reproduction of false news is to be visited by aline
not exceeding $2OO The same is to be the case if
anything appears of " a nature to trouble the pub
lic peace," the police being the sole judges upon
the point. No proof by witnesses is to be admitted
to establish the truth of " insulting or defamatory
statements,'' and it is forbidden to publish any re.
port of trials for press offences. It is interdicted,
also, fiom giving any account of the proceedings of
the legislative bodies. Foreign newspapere,sitall
kinds are also prohibited unless admitted by the
special authority of the Government.
Many of our readers will remeseber the ac.
count published in all the newspapers, nearly two
years ago, of a C lifomia emigrant, who ercosed
the plains "on loot and alone,' with a wheellbar
row conveying all his earthly goods, that is, his
provisions, tools, me, in that humble vehicle, and
outstripping in his march numbeis who Diaries' for
the land of gold with Some showy and expentrive
appointments. Hisnrunr was Brookmire, and be is
an Irishman by birth. His residence, says the
Syracuse Journal, is at Warren, in Pennsylvani a
where he left a wife and children in very lading
ent circumstances, when he went over the Rocky
Mountains to" try hie fortune.
Brookmire has la'ely returned from Calitnmia,
with about Demi thousand dollars of the " ,"
all of which ' he dug and washed out with his o ust wn
hands. And as it is very 'apt to pour when it rains
his wife received legacies during his absence to the'
amount sat ten - thousand dollars falling to her npotr
the death of Torn°. relations in Scotland.
Hamm:no, March 4 test
The; Deinocralic State Convention met 1 0 4
till:Hall alike Ranee Represen yea, p ar ,
to,ibe eallAf the flemocratic State Central (
to!kiect Delegate.' to represent the
niaieraey oVthe Stain in the Conventio n t o i t
at , Rattinatite r to nominate a Presidential El,
ticket for the Statoisbd a candidate for
Ai f OTC.locliTriftlfikirrior ttit
the Convention to order, and nominated G, 4
S Roar, of Luzern() county, as Chairman,
Smith Skinner, of Phibdelphia county,
Ti. Welsh. of York,l were then, on motto !)
Badger, elected Secretaries. eorge R5l
of Blair, was „also elected a Secretary.
'Sceittft - Welsh called the roll of dele t i t
published, by Senatorial .aml, Ilepresentutir
On motion of Mr Rankin, of [Ammo, die
ed Senatorial •Diairicie wera taken 'op to
The disputed seat for the Erie and Cm.
!riot being ink in order, the claimants we re
on motion, heard 20 minutes.
A proposition was matteby Mr Scott of
ington, to admit•boih claimants.
After further debate the queslion recoili ng t
amendment to admit , both, it was negatilet
McArthur was - then on motion, admittrdaath,
atorial delegate from Erie.
Mr. Hirst - . of the City, objected io dem,.
now of applause or disapproval. He thou,.
becoming the body.
it was agreed that when 'he Convention k r.)
it adjourns to meet at 3 o'clock, P. ""
Philadelphia Clty—Chambers M'icibbeniCes
Philadelphia Conty—Wm. V. Sr Grat/064:t
Fagan,Jesse T. u Vodges.
Montgomery—Jacob 8. Yost.
Chester and Delaware— Wm. Gamble,
Berke—John H. Seltzer,
Lancaster and Lebanon—Dr. D. C. Ruske ,
Northumberland and Daupbm—John B. p
Northampton and Lehigh—Mai. Wm.rry,
Carbon, Monroe, Pike and Wat ne— Viro.L4,
Adams and Franklin—John Armstrong;
York—Win. Henry Welsh.
Cdmberland and Perry—Abraham Lamb e* ,
Centre. Clinton, Lycoming and Sollirso-4;
Blair, Cambria and Hnnengdon—Johs&ort
Luzerne, Montour and Columbia—WE l 8 g m.
Bradford, Susquehanna and Wyomiti—hA t o
Ttoga, Potter, M'Kear, Elk, Clearfield and s t y
Mercer, Venattgo and Warren—W. B Lam m
Erie and Crawford—W. 11FArthar.
Butler, Beaver and Lawrence—Hugh Mltt.
Allegheny—David Lynch, M Stewart. ,
Washington and Green—Win. 8. Calloltair
Bedford and Somerset—lsaac Hugus.
Armstrong. Indiana and Clarion—Wilson
Juniata, Mifflin and Union—Henry C. ETet. I
Westmoreland and Fayette—D. R. Marsha.'
strnalnriTrriv I. naLsarru
Adams--Joel H. Danner.
Allegheny—H. 8. Magraw, John Coyle, H.
loch, 1). Lynch, J. H. Phillips.
Armstrong, Clarion and Jefferson—Jams
ly, Reynolds Laughlin, David Barclay.
Bedford and Cambria—Phillip Nooa,
Berks—John S. Schroeder. E. M. Clyi
Miseirner. Mahlon Dariolett.
Bucks—Benj. Griffith, Howard C. Sat
Bearer, Butler and Lawrence—David Bt
Graham. Andrew Buchanin.
Bradford—Glysses Mercur, Addison M'Kra
Blair and Huntingdon—i•Geo. R. M'Farlutt
Chester—Maj. McVeagh, Andrew Murphy,.
Centre—T. M. Hall.
Clearfield Elk, and M'Eean—Geo Barreit.
Columbia and Montour—John Mcßerm•lis.
Crawford—Geo. Merriman. Ransom /Delay
Dauphin—Phillip Daugherty, Richard
Erie— Bmith Jackson, Anthony. Saltsmaa.
Fayette and Westmoreland—Wm.searizht....
Dr. John W. Coulter. Alexander Mlinol.
Franklin—James Nill. Wilson Retly.
Lebanon- -W. W. Murray.
Lycoming, Cbmon and Potter—Geo. A.L
bitch, John B. Beck.
Lancaster—Paul Hamilton, J. F. Lighlier.i
Patteisno, Samuel C. Btambaugh,D.F• lC
Lnzerne—.l. W. Rhoads, D. Rankin.
Lehigh and Carbon—John 1).
as Craig. Jr.
Monroe and Pike—J. 1,. Ringwalt.
Mercer, Venango and Warren—Arno!
Morris Leech, J. Y. James
Monteomery—W. Jacoby, Ardemus Sznr.
Northamton—David Wagner, Peter Meets
Perry—Wm. H.l'd War.
Philadelphia County—Miles Sweney, Bsirk k
Der, Geo. Moore. Samuel Jackson. Jabs 5.11
olas. Joseph Ligmencott. John Mag. WI
Nobleddichael Arnold. George Herritiell o
Philadelphia City—Wm. L. HIM. Wm.
Geo. W.Bowman, Patrick . Conroy.
Somerset—R. R. Roddy.
Solicyllcitl—Michael Weaver, C. M. flan.
Susqueltanna, Oullivan, and Wyiiming--d•
chester• • R J• Niven
Union and Juniata—John V. Barbet.
Wa-Nhington=Thomas Watson, Wm. HG%
Way ne—H. B. tlearl ley.
York—John Moore. Isaac Beck, Adam
On mai'm W . Mr. Ditiger, of the city
irtr; re_snlutinti was adnpted
Resolved, That the Chairman of the
appoint a commt tee, consieting of one pro
each Memorial District, to report officio fait
manent organization of the Conception.
The Chair announced the Wowing
1 George Moore, 15 Phillip Neat,
2 Win. L Him, 16 John Me WOO
~3 George W Jacoby, 17 John F. MestA ,:
4 William Gamble, 18 R Laughlin, -
5 John K. Seltzer, 19 Arnold Palmeri
6 Thomas Dungan, 20 Wm McAdel ...,
7. Dr. B F. Bunn, 21 John Graham,
8 Phillip Billmyer, 22 Perry Baker.
9D D , Wangner, 23 Wm S Cal 4 A . r .
10 .1 L Rirrgixast,
11 Joel B. D:iiiner 1.
12 John Moore, 26 John V Berle , p
2 8 4 J j a i n in e e : Se'
r ;:re ne r l
1 1 4 3 J A ohLn a ß ni . 6 1;u rt ch il , '
The Convention then adjonrned
2 2 7 8 Ji o .ti h r l i i I Hora V. eaakrl
The contested seats from the Lye=
was the first business in order
After a few remarks by Messrs. SL* 5
Berk, Mr. Deitrrch was admitted to I
The next contested seat was that, of
nails, of Columbia.
James C. Sprole was the claimani
Mr. Mcßeynolds was'admitted to
Mr. Moore, of Philadelphia copal
committee to report racers, made
" President :
Llon. W, HOPKINS, WaAinj
David D. •Waper, ICLuthami
Arnold Plummer, renaug
1, Miles Sweeny, Philadelphia co.
2 . G. W. Bowman. "
3, Michael Arnold,