Newspaper Page Text
feat soil; Tree - Speech, Tree Men
Prim/one for Pr.* TorrelerNi;:
ji E. a- GOODRICH, EDITOR.
Terms of, The Reporter.
SI 00 pnr rennin—it ftaid withao the Teta 30 4,1.ta Ktil
.etually to s t amper $1 00 will be
deihtetr.t. :VA porter .ettt °Veil% yearn. oulefot polft fer. ,
lovroer:to.over.. per eopttre of ten WIFE M tened for the
feet ttrlt 2 er.sis tor each anhs,ctent in:et-dog.
trrthileo to the ti 11.011 ittoe:i.l, north side at the Poliiitt:
et-i.tire.'n• to Awn to the Bradford lintel. &outlive he.woert
Means. A.lnnie awl otimea.
auda, Saturday, March 6, MI
More"' *Branch Csunl—Citeering News.
The till 1,3 prnvida for ttke immediateeompletion
gibe North Branch Fvension was tviceti up in the
Senate,. on- 4au'ay morning lint, and passed to en.
The yra. eon the trar;retitring of the MR fut . &
n.tl rea ting -ed •%t r• 4 rs,B ril e , Runes, linekalew
C l otbb, Review, Foryth, quern: key,
Al'Fartand, Mayhias, Parker,
Robertson, Sanderson, and Shimer-18. The nays
were Messer. Ca/others, Carstm, DariOnvon, Felton,
lia.lett, done:•, Kunkel, McCaalin, Sialone, 'Slyer*,
S' fifer arul Walker-12.
The lullusing is the bill as ordered to be vigrose
for a final reading :
gr.cr. Thu the Govirnor of the Common
wea is hereby authorized to borrow on
till faith of the. Commonwealth, and of the revenue
hereinafter mentioned and which is hereby apecifi
rally pledged for the payment' of the Meiest and
the repayment of the principal, the sum of eight
huoilred and fifty thousand dallarei and issue cer
tificates of loari therefor redeemable in thirty years
from date, to be paid needle internal improvement
read, and appropriated to the expenditures under
this act—the said - loan to bear interest at a rate not
•eaceedirtg six per con'. per annum, payable half
yahrly" in specie on the first day ofJannary and July,
to he termed the North Branch Canal Loan.
Sect 2. That there shall be annually
by the commissioners of the internal improvement
tund the revenue accruing on the said canal, horn
mid alter the passage of this act for the payment of
the interest Rini fial lignitlation_ of the debt here
by authorize:), and it aliall be - the duty of said core.
Tra issionera abet paying the interest annually, to in.
vest the surplus, together with its accumulation of
interest; in the said loan or in any other, loan of the
Commonwealth, if said loan cannot :be purchased
at its pair , value—the said inveaiment to form a
sinking fund for:the redemption of the:principal at
Seer. 3. Thfd the money aullanized to be bnr 7
rowed by this act !hag be applAl to the immediate
completion ol the North Brancitfextel.sion of the
Pennsylvania Canal and the Canal Commissioners
are hereby. directed to complete the said canal iit
the shortest time practicable.
The lVays nil Means - Committee, of the House,
have reported a bill making the loan SBOO,OOO,
E. 50.000 less — thaii that authorized by the above.
It is salt that a majority may be decided upon
in the House for the bill, and if so, we shall soon
have die satisfaction of announcing that the North
Branch is to be completed during, the coming sum
mir, and ready in the spring of 1853, to be a source
of revenue to the State.
THE reilLIC Worms —The bill which Mr. Mot-
LENDS:RC, Senator-from Berks, has introduced,, pro
poses the - election next fall of a Secretary of Inter.
vial Improvements, to serve for three years, at 52500
per-annum . Ile can be removed for misffemeanor
in office on the address of a majariti of each House,
and -has entire charge of the public works. He is
toappejlit the different inperintendents, supervisors.
collectors of tolls, and weigh-masters, subject to the
confirmation of the Senate. Ile is to have the pow.
cr of removal, but is required to file a statement of
the carves in each case in the office; of the Secreta
ry of the Commonwealth, whence they are to be
sent to the Legislature for their information. The
governor is to appoint • Civil Engineer for the three
years at an annual salary of $2500, who may be re.
moved hy,the Governor, with the assent of a ma
int ity of the Senate. The Engineer is to have
charge of all repairs, alterations, surveys, &c.
Montlily,reparis, containing full detail of all wen
.litures (and debts, with. the otlect, name of person,
, are required, and provisions is matie - 4osa the
examination of all vouchers and bills. The super
intendents of the Columbia and Portage railroads,
end ant ervisors of the various divisions of the Ca
r:al are to appoint all subordinates, the number of
hom is to bh fixed by the Secretor) . of inte-nal
Improvenents. Al tree tickets for :persons or
property over the public works are abolished under
heavy penalties.. It is provided the present Canal
Board be abolished as soon as the Secretary is in- )
stallsd in office, and that a Canal Commissioner be
titit elected next fall.
Nea CouN'riiiintrs.—.l new counterfeit leirdol
lar note of the, Ilarri,burg Bank, we understand,
has made its appearance. It is said to be %recal
culated to deceive, though, as we have not wen it
we cameo ;ive any particular description.
Counterfeit SPY' on the Wyoming Batik of IV i Ike.
harre, areal-o in circulation. Vignette, an ox and
T• 1012411 at rest, with a man reclining against the ox.
flt each end of the no•e a female figure, and at the
to :tom a small coat of arms of Pennsylvania. Le:.
ter A. and dated May 7, ISM.. Purports to he en
graved Draper, Toppan &Co. whose imprint is at
the top of the note. The general appearance of the
nine is bad, and the engraving poorly executed,
though calculated to deceive those not accustom
ed to the handling of Bank pi per. The shading
uf the title and the denomination is very coarse and
irregular. In genuine notes the shading is always
In firm prral:el lines.
tlttDos Quikreny Rcitcce —We have receie.
ed from the pubti.hers, Leonard Scott & Co , 79
mutton sorest, New York, the Jancary number of
ihisatly conducted and interesting peri laical. The
Vilna-jug aro the tillos alba , articlrs contained in
this riumber: Memoirs of Russian a-id German
Campaigns; Kew Gardens; Physiinorny; Junius;
fli4idand Destilition and Irish Emigration; Ilerin's
Notes, Fa - A:Ali-tory of the Rohlan Etatos; The
- - -
TUC DCHOCit4CI OF Batt/ORO "...Ile Harris.
hug Minn publiihes Dr. SAILASURT:CiaIIt address
and apologises to its, reuders by saying that its "el-
Les to c..rni4 with a request of the Democracy of
Dradfotd, to liablish the able and eloquent address,
t w i lo t remu n t tnr the scarcity of editcnisl in this day's
1. 4 rill
New Yoik,,for the murder of hiawife, and latyy
reVitell Of seen* periotk—Fas e;epattcl'in.the.
city pt , iscfn on...FridayOhe . •
.oaidie havinig4 eiiiiretk
and thing harinibeint deyelcipiiki in ilti..aubse:
quent exit m inatiow 01 hisinkkqees,,i!ofargaiettit•Loli4;
rani, in an.herize the .tiecieive tainterkte Nobel
I . inl4belialf;.:lie preeoldfinnoilince # 4o the Inaj,
I moment, and ll.* hot words as reported in the piece
' -Were :---i There is the baddtut justice in the world
in Niiii Void -1 ini'llii - intiritei - el. - Odi'aili or
other my innocent-a will come out."
TIT:; Gnr:vr WIZARD.—Thb, eennrriiiiished end
neomparatile magieino, with Iliselteeflenit lady and
infant (air; Wive been giving their beautiful suul re
fused levies` et the CoenHew to lane end fob
ionnbie ebilieneem. Their wonders have been the
delight m! Onirutinn of ej.
riynoras of D: tans of- the Soperioteoient.
' [the il.trrishurg Keystone is publishing a syn
opsis of the ilecisionsi7ot,the Supet intenJent of Com
mon Schools. As the Common School Law is but
imperlrelly understood we shall republish them for
the benefit of Scho:l Directors and others interest
Itsthool directors may establish German Schools
under the ; GOrnmon school low, or cause German
and Englbili be-toight in the same school, but
i r the B o ard 7if Directors cannot be required to causer
German to tie taught. They should consult the
wishes of the people or their fiterict in this regard,
and if any'considerable numgei of the Germans de
sire toftive their children instructed in their own
langnagc ' their wishes should be gratifmt. The
directors have psi - Phi-ire juriitliction over this sub
jec!tstid fiom their decision upon it there is no ap
peal; the Superintstlent having only the power to
rlc ate- 11 the voice of the pciople is not, respected
by them the only remedy ts to elect persons who
will respect it.
All-laws; or parts of acts, rel•stive to common
schools, passed previous to April 7 , 1849, which are
inconsistent with or are supplied by the act of that
dice, are repealed Some acts previous to that
date reduced the number of directors in certain dies
tricts to three. All those and eimilar acts are re
pealed, and every district must elect sias4irectors in
the manner provided by law.
A tax levied by the. votes of less than four direc
tons is illegal and collection cannot be thus en-
In cases where the Constable refuses to receive I
the dtiPlicate from, the Treasurer, the latter may
appoint some other person to collect it, who may
or not be a resident of the distriet, and he should 're.
quire security tram the person so appointed, but he
is not required to do so If he does not take se. ,
eerily ho is personally responsible for any loss that
rn av be sustained.
Collectors must pay over the tax collected by ,
them to the persou„who is Treasurer at the time
The Treasurer is revireil to paw all orders upon
him which are regularly drawn and maned by the
President and •Secretary of the School Board, if
sufficient lands are in his hands. lie has un right
to go behind the order to inquire whether it was
drawn for a legal purpose.
If the President and Secretary 'drawn an order
-without the authority of the- Board they are guilty
of a misdemeanor, and if the Biiird direct an order
to be drawn fur any other than a legitimate purpose
they subject themselves to indictment
At the annual settlement, or soon thereafter, the
usurer must pay over the balance of school mon
ey in LS hands to his successors in office.
It is a misdemeanor in office for a collector to
purchase warrants, fur which he is indictable—
The Board= of directors can • compel him to pay
the tax collected try him to the same funds (or in
legal currency) he collects and no other course
will meet the approbation of the Department
School directors have the abstract right so com
pel scholars in go to either of the schools within the
district of their residence u if they go at all, but this
right or power should not be aibitrarly exercised.
Where a scholar can be more conveniently accom
modated in an adjoining district the directora shook'
mAke arrangement as is provided for in section
eleven of the school law, and this holds good as to
sub.districts, though in the latter case the directors
are not required to mane the arrangement designs.
etd by the law, but they s hou:2.!lo co.
There is not, and cannot be, a Zoneral,
ble rule laid down in the regarl to the distribution
of school lands among sub-districts. The diiec.
ors are required by law to pay for the erection, pur
chase or renting of the necessary number ofschool
houses for their entire district, arid for " all neces•
sary expenses of fuel and repairs," out of the gen
erel fund of the district, (and this duty is not in any
manner changed or- avoided by the formation of 1
,aolt-Alistrie.taSantl they, are also required by law to
appropriate a sufficiete sum of money to each sub
district to keep all its schools (each number as is '
necessary to accommodate all the scholars,) in op.
eration " not less than three months" in each school
year.' After having made proper provision for do.
Mg these things , th distribution of the balance of
of the funds in ieir possession is left entirely tothe
discretion, judgment and integrity of the directors.
It is certainly their plain duty to make the diatribe.
lion in a manner that is just 46 all the sub-districts,
showing specialfavor to none but they are the jtalp
ea of sct at is just anJ proper. For any mal
priations of school fonds they are indictable, but
the Department has no power to punish them.
The Directors of some districts appropriate
pro rata share according to the number of scholars
to each sub district This plan of distribution may
be a very good one in many instances, if the re.
Fintements of the law, before mentioned are first
ulfilled, but will not answer *e a.general rule. A
sob-district o; thirty scholars May require a teacher
of super attainments, one whose 'services cannot be
obtained for less than .fay) thirty 011ars per month
while another having fifty scholars might as well
be cared lor and its school as ellec;pary taught for
for (say) twenty dollars per month. depending upon
the attainments of the scholars. The wants orsub.
districts must be considered in the distribution of the
school funds arril not merely the [lmmo( scllnl.
It is manifestv wrong for the School directors to
appropriate a sofficient amount of moriey to one
eub-d strict to keep me schools in operation six,
eight or ten months, while to another a rum barely
sufficient to keep its schools open three months is
approf rusted. Money ran only be rightfully ap.
propnated by Mc Directors with the view to keep
the schools of their district, and of the sub districts
within ia bound., ia' operation as near as may be
an equal length of time.
The amonnt - of taxes; paid by Ili neighborhood
or stib.districts should not be perm.dted to influence
the amount of school funds appropriated to each
school or sub-district to the least possible extent. A
sab.district containing only twenty scholars may
pay a lax of fitly dollars, while another fraying one
hundred scholars may pay only the manias amount.
The first would require only one school, and the
second at least two If the scholars were of equal
grade it would cost (say) twenty dollars per month
to teach the school of the first, and forty dollars per
month to teach those of-the second. Under these
eitcumstances, the Directors should appropriate
twenty dollars permonth to the former and- forty
dollars ta the liter
While such circumstances exists therecan be no
general role to regulate the distribution of school
funds to sub.ifisitriets, and such distribution can only
be properly made by the Direitars by complying
first with the requirements of the law and then die.
tribming the balance of the funds in Ouch manner
as to do no positive injustice to guy.
DEATH IV TUE LAwr :SERVITOR, Of THE BOSVOS
TEA PARlT.—David Kenniann, who bad fought in
many of - the battles of the Revolution, and is Imp.
posed in be the Last survivor of thelktuon Tea Par
ty, died at the reauletwe of William Mack, Chim
r), Feb. 24, aged LIT:: lle suppor.ej the Free
St 11 par'y t IBM
Ncve You, Feb. 26.
lo a the
brearnshirkdeatic Imm Li verpool, whbristen
nth bodrimm Liverpool and LonApo t
reached her *had tits; o'clock this *ming.,
SW inrconntitted virry heavy wear* during the
greatir porlisionot ben paraage.
The ,A)riri rad rag Liverpool on Ilatirdayl.evco.;
akni a paesalnid-len days, and tnesitY4ntra
IV - me=Maw-
The political intelligence , though interesting pre.
- vents hothingrotrilftvrimponenttl::
The hank of England has reduced theo rates for
gold unt standard.
The most nattering aCcoants are received from
the Austrailian gold regions. Large sondes* of
gold were ~kin espected bum thin quarter. •
In the Horise of Commons on Monisry, the 9th
The near ieforrii
Bill Its main, points are:...The borough franchise
is to be reduced from ten pounds to five pounds ;
the cutlery from fitly pounds to ten pounds. In Ire.
land the eopotr franehife is to be reduced from
eight pounds to live pounds. Few class voters are
to created out of those who pay forty shillings per
annum directtasea. Assessed taxes ur lucerne tax
property qualification for members, la to be 4 abed.
tithed, and sixty - seven small towing is are to been
lamed by drafting from inhabitants of the neigh.
Lard John Russell alsd. proposes to abolish the
oaths now taken by the *omen Ca•holie Dissen
ters, and the sole obstruction which now prevents
the adrritasion of Jews to seats in Parliament _
The Lords eninmlssioners of Her Majesty'sirea.
glory, have authorized the admission of Colt's are
arms intended for the instruction Of the workmen .
in England, and for sale to the officers in Her Ma-
•1 tys r'service.lf* the House of Lords on the 9th, the Earl of
Granville, in answer to Lord Stranglool. stated that
LertrPalmerelothad sent no reply to the demon
'trances of certain foreign powers as to the political
reltigees residing in, this country, but believed that
had the noble Lorktemained in office, he would.
have given a similar reply to that whrcb the Earl
of Granville had forwarded.
In the reform Bill all`mention of the ballot is stn.
Lord John Russell's speech upon the bill was
immediately followed by a very animated debate,
in which several leading members of all parties
took arominent part.• .
Mr. me and Berkley indignantly complain
ed oi t he omission of the vote by ballot, and the
latter asserted that during the progress of bill he
had moved to insert the clause
Mr. Bright admitted that though there were mme
defects in the bill, many of ha provissions would be
halted with delight.
Palm, Nloutlay, Feb. 9th --The President yester-
day, paid a visit to Versailles He went in a close
chariot, attended by an escort of Cuirassiers. Tne
object of his visit was in address the officers of the
garrison, who were reported to be entirely disaf-
limo» bad Wei circulated that it was intend s
ed in place two hundred officers on halt pay in con
sennence of their OrleaniPt leaning.
A tresh list of Senators is said to be on the eve
of appearing. About half of the Senators will re.
Two hundred and forty thousand pounds per
year is talked of as the civil list which the Senate
is asked to vote for the President. Tnis, consider.
ing that he has not the domiin prim to keep up,
would . e abont equivalent to four hundred and
eighty thoUsand pounds, which was allowed Louis
Another ba'cli of two hundred and eighty Ingot
Lottery emigrants for California,left Paris on the
7th of February. A third party will soon follow.
The Governor has received many more applica
tions than the funds of the lottery will allow hem
to attend to.
There are rumors of a secret undereitanding be
tureen the Austrian and French Governments.
No attacks upon Lord Palmerston will be allow
ed in the Paris papers.. .
It is said that the Legitimists will not stand as
candidates for the Legislative body.
M. Viguire, an ex-Representative, has been set
at liberty with orders to proceed to Brussels
The Brussels journals stale that Gen. Lamorici•
ere has returned to that city in a very critical state
The President has pardoned M. Peyronne, con
demned to transportation by the council of war a
Commercial affairs throuzliout France are general
ly q u iz!. Manufacturers are wailing for orders to be
givea and ispecula;C: 4 having bought up immense
quantities of every kind during tiro 15. 4 t two months
have now ceased to purchase for the moment,
has led to lower prices in woollen ; cotton and silk
The Smiss journals announces that on die propo,
sition of the citizens of Geneva, a subscription is to
be trot up In all the cantons to pay the som of Z,-
400,0001, mill remaining due by tbe cantons of
Sonderland for military operations in 1846-7.
There is nothing 01 importance from Spain. The
Queen has become convalescent.
The criminal who made the a:tack on the life
of the Queen, was executed
. the afternoon on the
MADRID. Feb 4th —Don Mar.in Marino Gomez,
has been sentenced to death in the Inferior Conn,
and the cause was immediately sent to the Firet
Hall of Audience.
ne Queen's Life again Attempted —There had
been anniher attempt made upon the life of the
Queen Her Majesty was leaving the church,
bearing the royal infant iri her arms, when a jesuit
priest, named Maino, knelling before her made
pretence of presenting a petition, and asthe Queen
paused, struck at her with a e oi g naril which he
suddenly drew from beneath bus cloak.
The poignard penetrated the folds of her Majes
ty's dress, bot striking one of the whalebone eta)* of
the dross. the force of the blow was tented aside.
The dagger, however, penetrated the flesh just be
low the last rib, but only caused a slight %Torun!.
A second blow was immediately given by the as
which only caused a slight woond 011 her
Majesty's arm. The priest wasimmediately attest.
ad aze ptoved to be a wretch of the vilest character
who; liaci ;;den in turn a priest, a soldier, a traitor,
but always an ttaaASsin.
In Hungary The Government is pushing things so
far u to ervut monuments in commemoration of
the Austroatuisian victory.
The Minister of the Interior has issued very *trim ! .
gent orders providing for the periodical inundation
of the Danube, which usually takes place at the
melting and destcent of the ice which blocks up and
turns the suburbs of Vienna into a navigable lake.
Llist year the descent of the waters was so impetu
ous to sweep away every thing before it, and the
damage to property was immense.
A pooraer ma,gaaine at Lon&len, near tiding°.
bro, ezplo.led On the 2lth. The shock shattered
several thonsand panes of glass in .the city of Stock•
holm, particularly in the Palace. The magazine,
contained 281:10 pounds rl powder, and the lOrra trrgs
estimated at 115,000 'haters. Two dead bodies
were tumid among the ruins.
Ots• A cannon grape shot, weighing about Mira
pound, was found in a man's skull, which was
thrown up by a person diming a grave in St. An
drew's Churchyard, Mt. Holly, N.. 1 , a few days
since: His spade came in contact with the shell.
and hearing something rattle, he picked it up. root
found this ball, which had entered just below the
eye, and lodged in the back part rat she heed. The
Mirror *ays-r' that during the Revolution. portions
of the two great armies taccopied prominent poso
tions near hatsown, occasionally-exehanging shots
with each other.-bat not coining 'nor general artic l e.
Is is said, boweverohat quite a severe be the was
fought some three miles to the east of the town, in
which conleat about 306 were killed, all of w hom
A ere hlried'in the Fa\ ;Tail aben - • Mentioned."
'X r ~ ~~sy ~' ~~i(s►
Maw Ycum,.fiaTettnAT, Feb. 213, 1852.
' T#ii fact,of ibe sleek fiil, the:increased and% in.
orengtig abonditicel of n*lneyd' - : It ie.-becoming a
;dttlsoo the market: All the dieConnt tiouseXlield
imetntployed tuella* ova* laseFrider Oen
,ingorarying froui fifty to.onel, - .llmndiad and fifty
thotwind dollar leach. This wilearulfrom . itersott
al inquiry. limns are alleiing to A laf greater ex.
tent titan they ire accepted ; and on call as low as
five and five antl_kbalfßer cent. The banks are
vihilo they'd* nee iodieiaS
I .proponionally their Liscounts, fearful of operating
cue the foreign exchange market.
From England, we learn that money is already
-pressing on the market unduly. The Bank of Eng
land has fifty millions of dollars unemployed owl
.lati after it very recent investment in Exchequer
bills ; antl private c.spitalists hese also large avails
reedit, for Which thereis tiO - piesent home em.
Pkirmen!" and uo foreign employment but in , our
The consequence has been lame. sales and or
ders for 'American bonds - and stocks from federal
and state stocks to Western- Railroad bonds.
The stacks of government have advanced in this
market since the Cumbria and Atlantic's mails have
been delivered ;al per cent,
The state of continental Europe is such as to de.
ter English investments there. The East India and
China markets have been glutted, leaving no room
for immediate extension of enterprise, and copse.
quently the knetgn capital which we temporarily
lost last year, is coming back to us.
The state If the cotton and grain. markets are in
Our favor rather than otherwise, for without laying
stress on the certainty of any excessive demand (or
our breadstufls, the circumstances compel us to tore.
see, a continued steady export demand for wheat
The stocks of England are light, insufficient far
her consumption betweeen the present time and
next harvest. The effidinent cannot supply any
quantity. llenee the certaioy of our large stocks
in the interior beinr *anted
Prices in ' Liverpool show some fluctuation, but
not in contr adiction to the fact we • have stated.—
the Ingenuity of buyers to check a rise if stimula
ted, and demand is withheld and cenfined to im
mediate wants, especially when arrivals are light,
as they were uring the week intervening between
the.aailing of the Atlantic and the two - preceding
steamers for Liverpool
The demrmd mnst of necessity revive, and the
shipments from this country are not yet sufficien ly
large to prevent a gradual rise in prices in the Lie
ea-pool market. Yet they may be when our own,
supplies from the interior improve, which cannot le
tiff the Erie Canal opens.
Very high prices are not to be anticipated, but
pricer su ff icient to draw forth our large hear ts in
the west for shipment. Moderate at.d remunera
tive prices will prevail, removing permanently that
extreme depression which prevailed in the fall
1 here which, together with the low state of the wet.-
tern rivers, prevent - d the sending forward last
years produce, to which the tameness of our dry
goods market is to be ascribed. • .
Reiter times are now coming; and we venture to
indicate that the middle of summer, oh its coming
round, will find usVilith perhaps the largest amount
or unemployed capitplever witnessed—tutlerasome
wild speculation, ottwhich there is not the least in-
ilication, to scatter tt e incomings from our present
vast. resources, 'boo d take place.
this exuberance re think will happen, though
the foreign exchange market should not change its
present fixed rate of 101 per cent, for sterling.
That is the very I west rate at which gold can
be shipped with any profit, and may, therefore - , tie
considered as the want hour of the dial plate. '
II sterling - banker'S bills fall below that rate, no
shipments ftfizolil can take place. While at that
rate the shipments will be moderate, and e small
advance woukl indicate the defiantly of approach
ing heavy exportations.
While the amount of coin exported is minutely
counted and largely commented on, all our receipts
are scarcely alluded In. The quantity brought by
emigrants is not sufficiently taken into considera
tion ; and when we consider that emigration ih
creases the consumption of foreign as well as do
mestic goods, we need not wonder at the amount
of nor imports. The imports:are nnquestionably
light this season. They amount to much less than
they did last spring. Neither England nor France
send os so many goods, prices having been unfa
vorable, as last seasons importations left an over
stock. Hence another cause of the abundance of
money ; the demand• for which has, within these
few days, become comparatively light.
Prime and even good commerzial paper of satis
factory dates, has become scarce, and there is yet
lingering a reluctance to take long dated acceptan
Tice reampts and shipments of cotton increase,—
The apply is folly equal to, if not rather greater
than the dement'', though that is moderately and
The stocks here and in Liverpool are lighterthan
et the same time last year, while the consumption
both here and there is greater. Yet there is n dis
position to realize in both markets, which keeps
Our markets both (or cotton, wheat and grain,
will sympathize immediately with every fluctua
tion in the English markets. The Cambria bronght
advice, of a slight decline in cotton, and prices
here immediately gave way to to the lull extent of
that decline. The Atlantic advises a temporary
pause and heaviness in bread amfls, end our own
market immediately sympathized.
Speculators have also been realizing their profits,
always a cause of temporary heaviness. Yet the
decline in freights favors prices, as well as the
probable late opening of the canal. The river is
lint likely In open for navigation until the middle of
March, which is three weeks later than last year,
and the canal not until about the lit 01 May. Wee.
tern grain and flour is ccruequently firm from this
cause, and what decline has been exhibited in the
market has been on southern.
Provisions are firm. Pork, with light receipts,
is steady, but the prospective receipts, on the open
ing of navigation, are excessively large.— Evening
The Philadelphia Ledger stye it is generally con
ceded that the opening otthe Spring Trade in that
city will be followed with unasnal buoyancy and a
general rise , of prices There conclusions are foun
.4led on the fact of the known want in the ,market
for all the anthracite coat - that the various avenues
can supply, and the general close condition of all
business. The last yeaes stringency in the mon.
ey market has pretty much lopped trade of all 'is
redundancy, and yet business is in that healthful
condition that it can spring into usual activity. The
.1 good time coming" seems to be close at hand.—
Af o ncv continues easy, and good piper continues
to be Railed at 7i a 8 per cent.
liltirrzaroult.—A letter in the Richmond (Va.)
Times, states that a few days ego, while several
men were engaged in blasting out limestone, near
Buchanan, lime Court county, they discovered a
cave. with en entrance of some six or eight feet in
height, and upwards of one hundred long, with two
apartments. In the first they found some earthen
ware and a large stone cross ; on the cross there
was "some carving, bnt it was' so mnch
Laced by the band of time that it was scarcely dirt.
cernible. A number of citizens, wlth a lantern,
antweirently entered the second apartment, where
ibex/nand a skeleton sealed on a huge iron chest,
with its back resting against the wall. 0 0n opening
hii chest they found it to contain gold coin, perfect
ly smeolt on one side, and , . cross with some char
asters on it, on the other. The gold in the chest,
by weight, is worth seven hundred and eighty
Otr Tux "Ad topromde ftr a Regieration of
Marriages. Births. and deaths, "haying been preeee 4
ed to Governor Joliniann on the 14th of April, iftst, '
being within 10 days of the close of the session of
the Lnishaure, and tint having been "sent back
within three days" of the meeting of the present
session has becomea law and is publish
ed, u each in the Hatritibilist paper..
It gn i n effect en t!.e le of Joie net'.
M UM - 11
! r - T*
liiiasiimaros, Feb. 27, 1252.
sr—Tho Seillfte commenced butinstie at
quer* r %lore rifler'. • :
Mr. Gitlin etroveiVfliat tfna private , ealetitiar
poilponedtor one ha& di order to enable ICRlteit'
to inbmittis retinas, in ptirpnirtire °This irldieared
desire yesterday, which was agreed to.
Mr. Shell. then Jottk Mfg flbor„ sud pmceeded ,at
sOrtiefeonsiderabfe tiV . repiYienhe refereiiii
made to him during the prevent debate upon the
Compromise. He said it was due to himself that
he should say that the rev on why he did not res
por.d to the animadversions ortho 3enatof !lasi /Pa;
hams (Mr. Clemens,) and the romewhat milder
strain of the Senator limn Michigan, (Mr. Quito
was, because he was not present in Washinoin at
'd nine; baiini, been'called sway by piiisingruid r
mgent cirenmstances. •
He_deeply , regretted personal altercation of every
kind, and did not desire needlessly to obtrude him
self ripen the Senate but in this case no alternative
was Left to him, and he could not, with justice to
filmset! and his constituents, evade a reply to the
remarks which these gentlemen during his absence
had volunteered: He then quoted from the remark*
of the Senator from Alabama, (Mr Clemens,) who
he said bad charged him with knavery and treason;
and..he Clemens!) remarks wete
applauded by Senators. It was his intention, in his
remarks, to pursue the course usually pursued in
the courts of justice,
and to discredit the evit'ence
of the witnesses wile have borne testimony against
him: He should show that the Senator from Ala.
barns, (Mr. Clemens) steal in no such high moral
or political pmrition as to impeach the integrity of
any map. Ile then called upon Mr. Sunnier and
Chase, who gave their testimony upon the point at
In continuing his remarks, Mr. Rhett quoted the
assertion of Mr. Clemens, that Ser atom had applaud
.his —Mr. Rhea's—disunion .speech, and then
called upon the Senator from Itlassachusetts (Mr.
Sumnery to testify as to the justnede and truth of the
Mr. Sumner said that when the Senator from
South Carolina (Mr. Den) addressed the Senate
an the occasion referred to, he was in'his seat, and
listened to the Senator's remarks attentively, and
he was constrained to say that, as a lover of the
Union, he heard him not only without approbation
express or intended, but with eritirp dissent.
Mr. Rhett.—Will the Senator from' Ohio be kind
enough to state whether he applauded or no I
Mr. Chase said he occupied at the lime a RCM
the next bat one to the Senator from South,Caroli
na, (Mr. Rhett,) and did not leave it during his
[Mr. Rhea's] speech. He was trot aware that he
had so far forgotten th ecencies due to the place
as to manifest either a /oval or disapproval of the
sentiments uttered. tar as the Senator [Mr.
Rhen] kdvocated the rinciple of States Rights as
defined by Jeflerann arid Madison, he agreed with
him, bnt so far as he advocated disunion, he [Mr.
Chasej dissected wholly from the views advanced
The same also was, line with reference to the
speech of the Senator from Alabama [Mr. Clem
ens.] Some of his views he [Mr. Char-e) approv
ed. but from others he entirely dissented.
Mr Rhett then resuming, said I a should go io.
further. Every Senator knew that :here had been
no sig n of applause. He next proposed to arraign
the S enator from Alabama, [Mr. Clemens.] and by
his own words make hint convict himselt of - Jhe
grossest inconsistencies. Here Mr. Rhett paned
a moment, having mislaid the memoranda or the
charges. He finally proposed to omit them and
have them published in his speech without troubl
ing, the Senate with them.
Mr. Clemens-I , W rtv have theni now. I want
to answer the charges before I leave the Senate.
Mr. Rhett after a timber pause, succeeded in find.
ing, his memoranda, and then proceeded to read a
series of charges of inconsistencies against Mr.
Mr. Rhett saitl that the Senator frost Alabarria,
two years ago, intimated drat those who supported
he compromise bill were traitors to'the South, and
would sell their smiler to Satan and betray their Sa
vior for halt the money that Judas got. Now hd
[Clemens] sustained the compromise. In the for
mer year, he was a States Right resistant man. In
the latter year he was a consolidation submission.
ist In the former year, he denounced the com
promise measures as uricanstittatimial and unentlu•
rable by the Stmth. In :he lirtier t year he defended
them as constitutional and a sour& of great bless.
logs to the country. In the former year he de.
nounced the submissionists as traitors In the lat.
ter year he became one himself, and denounced the
resistance men as traitors.: In thd Ammer year he
considers a dissolution of the Union as a sharp and
severe remedy rendered necessary as a protection'
of thestiglas of the South In the latter year he
praises the Union and rejoices that it is not dissolv
ed. In the former year he treated with scorn the
nictutett Pf blood and wo. In the latter year lie be.
Came a tremess:Pos picture maker in the same line
himself. In the former year he supports secession
In the latter year he denounces secession as the
most appalling calamity that could befal the coun-
Mr. Rheit spoke for upwards of two home, ad
ducing a great variety of testimony to prove thesis
and other covert charges against Mr. Clemens. In
with intrigoirer for Whig votes, by which he gained
his election He read a note which he said was
sent in the Whi.• caucus in the handwriting at Mr.
Clemens. pledging himself to support the adminis
tration of General Taylor He concluded his excit
ing speech without alluding to Mr Cass, apparent
Mr Clemens commenced a reply to soothing
terms. He took exception to the course of Mr.
Mien in advertising the public of this intended as.
said', and notifying him—Mr. Clemens—through a
He said that the Senator from South Carolina had
manifested in his remarks a total ignorance of the
Compromise measures—a total ignorance of his
(Clemens] positinn He had drawn lalse deduc•
Irons from his speech. and had set himself up as n
bullying Gladiator. The course 'moted by Mr.
Rhett justified him in adding to the epithets, knave
and traitor—that of coward
The chair and several Senators—" Order !" I. or.
Mr. Clemens continued, denouncing blr. I<re
and Mr. Sumner as co conspirators with Mr. Rhett,
and called upon Mr. Chase to testify in his favor.
' Mr. Chase enquired on weal ground he caled
him a co conspirator
Mr. Clemens said that be would answer them
all, but only one at a time. He said that he had
never sought the acquaintance of Mr. Fthett, and re.
!erred to the intiorlnction to him when he first came
to Washington, which he supposed accounted for
his abusive course.
He pronounced the note read by Mr. Rhstt. pledg
ing his support to the administration of General
Taylor, a lord calumny—a dead carcass—oh un
Mr Clemens here consented to an adjournment,
with the undetstanding that he would resume his
The galleries were thronged to their almost ca
pacity during the whale of the exciting debate, and
' the deepest interest was manifested in the day's
The Ser.ate adjourned until to-morrow.
House.—After the usual ranting business,
Mr. Bowie moved to postponed the consideration
of the Bounty Land Bill until Monday.
A long discussion took place, when the question
was taken, arid the motion lost—yeas 2,7, nays - 99
The question then recurring no the passage of
the.bill, Mr Fowler moved to lay it on the table,
which was carried—yeas 100, nays 84
On motion of Mr; Bayley, of Virginia. the Sen.
ate resolution emending, the time at the Brazililn
Commission friar months from the lst of Match
next. was taken up and passed. „„
Themese iheelpria.ed the private bills for the
reliet ol Cornelius [higher.. France Fribrau, James
Wright, Jr., John Korbangh, Richard Weymouth
John Mclntire. Charles S Mathewa,.Cha f ie s w oo d
a o f
a the publicist's!. for s,
of a jperftuurot and efficient sy u ,
Chariffiar intrctinced a bill ID
Staki 01 PaVqiyheips certain lands t o ,
tiosSitthe **boy and Elie }Wham
The H O W# then took DP the print
entilifieieiLboer spear in she
oiathi r wbgbiticorning-te a eon*
r` to 31, outlay.
gcriarit.—Notwiikstanding the i n/
Weather the Senate plieriesisice
at an early hoar with persons - m i tt
conclusion of AD. Clemens' spee c h •
Mt Bewail presented a resolution
sienna or New York, i n favor of ►
tiro tereitka; alserayetition hem 41,
agate county, New York, against fp
tenkion of the intern,
11r. Clepetis then reanmed his reply
gel of inconsibitency and bargaining 1 0 , 1
medal, Mr. Men. Mr. Rhea teloin e
abided to the insult ofiered'him by sy,
and the rumor that a duel was likely
It had been intimated that he aught
sorted to anothetmede of redressl-4 11
wailing for this mode of visulicatin g
ought to have chailierigerk the &maul I ,
would tell the Se - .ate why he had u m
him. There weretaio reminds. H e I
desire to accomplieh ;hie ends of th e
with which he was identifledhe
state rights. Another ratio; tees ; that ,
ty years had been a professor of the
Christ. and lie could not and would tit
that religion by a resort to any Stiehi t
The senator was entirely mistaken it,
ed ho had not challenged him through It
He feared God mom dab he did man, e
rather encounter the opprobium of the
dare the anger of the former. He wai t
any man; but there were many waysof
courage. In that body he flOOll alone.
quail be ore any mat 'there ? He 1 . 1
had ever admitted th t he was a trai tor
view of the conititut . there weft at
those who were , dohiolidationists like
_ _ ...
himself He oWed do allegiance to ai
to South Carolina, and to her be owedl
giance, aud.coutil not admit that he wa
Treason most barlagainst that power to
giance is Jue. 'lt there be any such thi ni
son against the constitution, it is by those
ny state rights and attempt to build op a
Lion power hes& •
After speeches and rejoinders from boi
on motion of Mr Gwin, the subject ea.
for two weeks, the senate
(The crowd remained till the las
majority evidenili disappointed at the
soh of this Cell 1101 ref tir.i •
Rooth On Butt the
The" Kossuth and Loeg.Corresp:alet
length appeared, and fhose whocallectfa
expeetatinn of disclosures that would
annihilate the great Magyar, have made
the operation. his discreditable to all
except Kosstrrn, and affords another mar
lustration, if any were needed, of the
character of our present Naval establit
the first pine, both Commodore Moho*,
tain Lona mate no effort to conceal that
ion they were sent upon was i istasteful
arid the irletters, horn beginning to end, pro,
second place, that their prejudices w ere a ir
the Itengariati /side' and that they lea lf
sympathy for f or his cause. Secant!
ventured to express a very natural desire
himself of fieellom which he took har gram
be his wide: the American flag, and rued
before proeeeding to the United Slates, Cr
MoRGAN declares; dial " the very devil ,
and for persisting in this desire, condemt
‘• utterly ungovernable 2 And, when
arid Marseilles, the people assembled ti
the liberated patriot and testily thin air:
nation which had made him its honored grt
he, uhtler j ihe invoke of emotions which to
have been ore or less than human nt4
appeared 'on deck to acknowledge thew.,
ons greetings, he was promptly ordered betel
made ,to smart under the accusation of corl
icing the American flag!" No wonder f eed
indignant at such a charge and took COMIC r ,
that he did not think thq Ameritian people
view his condaet in the carte distorted lit
when Consul liotias became the obeeqowere
of the French Prefect, and worried Kosstnt:
tliffereht ways, with officious prohibitionectiv
lees alarms, no wonder that the Wounded te
the Palle, still sensitiVe from its rprotracied cc
ment, should resent these insults, and roar ice
instead of the liberty whidh ii had
pared, it bad found a second piisau more dm
than the first. Although, perhaps, bonds et
mal civility were not transgressed by Moan
dirty it was, and pleasure it should have w
treat their country's guest with every mark vrrr,
tint], considerated sympathy and forebaranav
all their intercourse with him was marbefa.
cold Constraint - and icy reserve, ntnt'oer of ae
phaititm arid the occasion. As for Corgi Hoa
he is condemned nut of his own mown
who reads his badly written and ill•manneml
ter to Mr W CUSTER can fail to preiwoe :her
most on warrantably abused his " little tee',
thortty"—that he is entirely out of place tree
mere commercial agent" of a fire people,
utterly destitute of that refinement of feeling
was necessary t 3 appreciate the simairon of tt
err% and that liberal mind which could mare
•his character and apprehend bia motive h
Magyar comes out of this fiery ordeal Imam
and they wh forced ham into it, bare earned
putatioa that no one will envy. We bel*l t
our country, wl\en its (fag is entrusted to axis
resentatives, who in their servile deference I I
tvliims and arb.trary requisitions of despolego
ity, forget the principles which that flag as
with it wherever it goes, and deny the nearee
of which they miaht well feel proud, at all 0
and under all circus an
Tae Philadelphia Ledger disposes of the 0
to as of "compromising me flag," in the fulku
effective common-sense style :
COMPROMIPINCI THE A Itl EEC? It FI.
Kossuth was on the deck of the MIOISOIO O
Marseilles, cheered by the multi ude e t Front
publizatis in the surrounding boats, C 41 21114
insisted on his going below, because his pals°
" c smpromised the American flag!" How g'
compromise the "S a .1 ti tgled Banns; r'
making it the object of congratulation, altnotlS
ation, by a crowd of French republicans, b 6lll
it sheltered a patriot, persecuted and exiled !I
the crime of attempting to liberate his covert'
the doctrine here inculcated is that, t uners r.,1
abroad most be entirely silent aboni the too' TI ;
Political institutions, and acknowledges theinto!
ority when in presence of European JePpo - : ; •1
slaves ; and that an American shipdvat
abroad to assert and defend with its thunder' , ',l"
richt• and dignity of the great republic tourslai s
Washington tail his eccemporanes, mail ISP IIP
iously retire l , elore the frowns of European
and permit its decks, or. which the .4merioisi4 J
ought to wall: proudly and fearte.s. to be Oa .
end insnl oil by the insolent in erfewnee of ,
clintans ! We think that the A m•rraii flattinsr:
compromised, and very disgracefully main° .
by those entrusted with honor.
The line of the Buffslto and ti Y R R frootil
lace to At it is neatly all Ly tiled, and that
chain. and *pikes are mattered along prow
to laying the nook(' The Warsaw Mirror .ay o
" negotiation• are pen dine between thi. Camel
and the Anice And Buffalo R. R. Co. Mr r
purchase oil the road now occupied by the lag
ed Company, from Buffalo to Attica."
The LanaCo Aftyiiim at Lexington. KY.C" Ir
troyed by fire on the 16th inet o.:e lunatic
burned to death, and R evers! Kr , .. er ried
't erten r ilirred. No,