Newspaper Page Text
I:I2=IIEMP 3 m
gg• calor* 64(Oilek:
Wee.' Soil, *Free Speech,' Free Men
Freedom for Frei TorsiToro.
Towanda, Saturday, January - 11, 1552
' of The Iteitsrter.
1111,91 30 per atittmu 2 =iillitti-vst • we year '3O ren:s will
booiedtietedroi cosh pnid uelonily iu 01.1. oce • I 00 will be
1 4.,toct e d. •No paper see! oVe e two } cots. utoers paid for.
Auetrartsza:orra per square of ten tines. 50 cents for the
test and ta cents forettell tabu ctuent insertion.
Er Mee in the'. Ull'oll MOt . ii. : ! north Ode of the Pioltl• •
Sq,utre,:trett door to the Bradford lintel. Entrance beareca
%teases. Adams' and Elwell's law °Mee'.
App4lnfasciats kr the Constulssiewers.
WILLIAM ELWELL, to be Attorney to the Corn
ntissioners of milord County, for the presen t year
flimsy C. BAUM. as Mercantile Appraiber.
I:. M EAIIILIR, ay Cte,k.
The board of ,- County Auditors at -the conclusion
of their labors were so highly pleased with the
manner in which Ma. Filtßilt had lulalled hts
that they gave the foaowing ieslimoniarof his
Having examined and audited the accounts fur
the County for the year 1851, we 'cheerfully bear
teatitnony to the ability and coirectness tf E. M.
FAtitt an, Cunamissioneer Clerk.
W. H. Para,
W. H. OVIRTON; Auditors.
Eaw'o C. MrsiLs,
o.t Monday of last week, came off the election of
State Treasurer,„ which resultekl in favor of the pres
ent incumbent, Gen. Brcs cr., who has proved lam
&elf a most efficient and faithful officer. The vote
was fin Bickel, 69 ;• Thos. Fisher, 10 ; George Dar
sie, 21 ; Wtn Clark 6 C. 13. Tre2n 3.
, Oci Tuesday, the inauguration of Gov. BIGLER took
A proposition is before the Senate to instra , s the
Attorney General to withdraw the proceedings in
wittne-d in the U. S Supreme Court, relative to the
Wheeling bridge accoos the Ohio.
Petitions are Bowing in upon the Legislature in
fa or of a law prohibiting the in imigration of blacks
and mulattoes i nto the State.
The Bill authorising a temporary loan of $300,-
000. to meet the State interest falliaetlue on the let
ol Fbruary, has raised both Houses, and been
signed by the Governor.
A Bill extending the acts of 1835,"gTluating ut
patened lands, has passed the:Senate.
The lutlowing resolution lta4kbeen adopted by the
Ran/L.4l,Tbm the committee on Ways end Means
be instructed to inquire into:the expediency af ap
popriatitig 5500,000 for the immediate straighten
ing. widenirig. and relaying the track of the Penn
sylvania and Columbia BZlLoatl,
The resolution . requesting the committee o I Ways
end Means to inquire whether the inspectors of lea
ther, bark, flour and whiskey in Philadelphia, ought
not to pay ona half of their net yearly profits over
and above a certain sum, into the Stale Treasury,
was taken up and passed by the House.
There is a Bill before the Senate providing for
the election of Notaries Public.
A bill has been introduced into the House, pro.
riding for the immediate completion of the North
The snpplement to the act incorporating, the Cat
awissa.and Towanda Railroad Company, conterh
plating an extension of the road, so as to connect
with the New York and Erie Railroad, at tha State
line, was taken up and passed a final reading in the
'The State Department.
Governor DIGLICR has appointed FaiNcra W.
?Nonce, of Schuylkill, Secretary of the Common•
ELISIIA S. Goonatcn, of Bradford, Deputy Secre
tarp of the Commonwealth.
JAMESSAMPBELL, ol Philadelgia, Attorney Gene
The following appointments of Clerks have been
made in the office of the Secretary of State .—Ja
cob Zeigler, of Butler, Chief Clerk; H. L. Dilien
brch, Clerk of the School Department, and George
B. Laird, Garret L. Viliet, and James L Shunk.
The F o Divorce Case.-
This celebrated.ttial which has occupied the at
tention of the Supreme Court of New York for thir
-Iy-two days, was brought to an end on Saturday
last. • The verdict of the jury acquits Mrs. Forrest,
-gives her a divorce and *3OOO a year allowance.—
Mr. Van Buren has taken excepions, but we imag
ine little ill be effected, except possibly, a reduc
tion of the amount allowed, per year.
Otr The STATE TREASURER of Pennsylvania se
counts to the Legislature for the cause of the deficit
of 8300,000 in the February interest. Last year he
confidently estimated about 8850,000 as the balance
in the Treasury, 11 the close of the financial year,
30th Nov. 1851, and all the appropriations to the
North Branch Canal and other public works and to
the sinking fund were paid out as called for, in ac.
cordance wi:b this estimate.. The real balance
turned out about 5550,000. The tolls on the public
works fell short by loss of time from s t he drought, from
breaks in the canal, and the bunting of the Cones
tsp bridge, while the cost of repairs, from these
unforseett causes, was increased.—The Legislature
has made provision for the deficit, by authorizing a
temporary loan from the Banks.
MAIL CONTAACTII.-rWe call the attention ofpost
masters, mail contractors, and all parkins intending
to bid fur the mail routs in the State of New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and -Ohio, to
the fact that the rime for lidding the lettings has
been changed from April to February. Bids must
be in the Department at Washington, by the sth of
next month to ensure consideration. •
Oaciasuzarrospr frrr CANAL•Boaari.--On Tues.
Jay, the 13th inst., Gen. Sere CL93132 entered upon
his duties as Canal Commissioner. Jogs A. Gam
but was then elected President of this. Board, and
THO 3. L. Wilma, Secretary.
Otr- Two Winched and .aixty.leven vegeta ar
rtvea in the tiuiteJ Stutefdurin. , r the paaryeat kom
the Law Indies and porn iethaParific..:4ast year
there wera tuiy 185,
Tow ni, Jan. 23, 1852
7unquu are ilt)i4itt; on:
)34sitputzint r iat‘, 1 26 1 ,11152k'
I I :. Prat FtliD *PORTS—. 44* W*frOLl* 11130
et fiv Atio fok t mettii.
i te4rted th „ rat
r ,., „
iirep may tot, with proirletY4ildriPitthe
Air*lly -I;,svill Intik it for *ranted that yo wl
answer in ita affiriniiiveciihd picznalgate, u the
people in this vicinity express it
„Iles merty,trinsitsart .aleigh-belle , -bet-beeti: , the
order Of the day for the week just passed. This has
been indeed a remarkable winter so far, for this lati .
ude - 'Those good old times of which the " oldest
idhabilatal and other ancient citizens litqwolteri
spoken, seemed to return: Conn the -people Of 'Vie
sanny.sautli, for in every direction sleigh!, or
titianithereof, WeradiShing throliglithe sparkling
mow, and diejneunal laugh, the merry shoat, tl e
jnyong cheer, and the prOlonged t'lmmh," and to
ward eventide, the cheery sang, all bore witneuta
the thoroughness ivith which the gt sovereigns" en
joyed the wintery sport, and the clear pure atmos•
phere. Now and then we saw this joyousness par
ried from the sublime to the ridiculous; and the
people seemed stark mad. It was emphatically
rich, and de. idedly ludicrous, esprcially fora North
enter, to witness the Southerners in this novelty
Prom a six horse barouche to a scow from the Po.
tomac might be seen preambulatingrip and dawn
Pennsylvania avenue; and the scow rigged in the
usual style of . a small yacht. It was a glorious
scene, rich, rare rand racy.
Congress is about seven weeks old ; and as yet,
business is of so little interest that it is. not worth
one's While to mention what they are doing, as you
-- receive the details which ts. every day sent in a
thousand and one avenues broadcast over the land•
Nor is news nor speculation much more rile than
le4islative intelligence. Certainly, the day has,
like every other here, its rumors, its buts among
the quid-nuns ; but. only such as Dryden
bes, Chen he says—
. Some truths there was : fiat !ruled and dashed with nes,
To please the Gaols and puzzle an the wise 00
As, however, I woeki rather reverse the thing and
please the wise, while I puzzle only the fools, l shall
not attempt to make you gape at earh new political
fable of the hour.
One would suppose - , to read the veracious Inca
brations of those chroniclers of the Philadelphia and
New York presses who, condemned to . cater for a
boundless and extempore Invention of their own
wheneve i r general lame supplies no' falsehood
ready-made, that the wheels of this great govern
ment rested upon their almost Atteen shoulders,—
" Distort the truth, accumulate the .lie," is the ali
ment upon which they feed, "grow lean or fat,"
"rosy with hope or green with jealousy?" Take that
from them and they die.
Who shall be thei great universal standard bearer
the unbought, unflinching, and unteirified De
mocracy is now the great and all absorbing
quest:on. Then, certainly will be a very animated
if not a despetZ le stru,,n!e in the democratic con.
vention between Cass Z`ed the rrtizans of all other
aspirants for the nomination. Cass has rzed, capi
tal very rapidly here within a few In t icke.
nomination of Gen. Butler by The state conventitr:.
of Kentucky, was received here a few 'days since ;
and has made a profound sensation. The advocates
of the Kentucky chief will now openlr,cornmence
the canvass which they have been conducting in a
private way but with much energy for some time.—
Hurralsfor Butler ! harrab for glory ! hurrah for old
Kentucky ! will now be the cry. Gen. Casa broke
his sword over a stump on some occasion, and But
ler burnt a barn in 1812, and was shot in The leg at
Monterey, and, moreover, was,a pet of old Hickory
But there is old Buck stumping along with that
lowa cane, at a good old honest and Dutch gait, all
for the tarill of 1842.- He goes it rather slow, but
he is sure and strong, and has a long start of the
General. Then too, there is the little giant whose
name is Stephen ; he is small of stature, but has a
mighty heart. He will shoulder and Audis with the
tallest Marcy, too, is leading out. The rent in
bit trowsets is completely patched over, and he is in
the melee, and so on to the end of the chapter—all
of whom are ready to die for the " deer people,"
provided, always, that they are nominated by the
KOSSIITH'S PROGRCBII INITIVARD..-GOTOMOT Kos:
suth leh Harrisburg accompanied by dui gen denten
of his suit at hall•put one on Sunday, and arrived
at Hollidaysburg at hall•paat ten the same evening.
At Tuscarora he was met by Gov.Bigler,nn his way
to Harrisburg, who entered the car in which Kos
suth was seated. Then his being presented to Gov
Bigler, Goy. Kossuth said
" Sir :—I am happy to have met with so much
kindness and sympathy from the State of Pennsy I
vania, the people of which well deserve the confi
dence bestowed upon them by me. I feel highly
honored to , meet the Governor elect of Ibis people
and to express my warm hopes that - in the hands
of your excellency, I will meet with the sympathy
and soprrrt, so tar as the interest and welfare of
the United States will permit, of that canes which
I, in my humble.capacity, plead before the mighty
and very generous people of the United Stales."
Gov. Blum, in reply said :
"Sir :—h requires no assurance on my part, I
presume at this day, to satisfy you that you hate
the sympathies of the American people. Amongst
those of my native Stale, so far as I have persona'-
Iv heard them expressed, I am well aware that
they are with you and your cause. 1 trust the lime
is not tar distant when this sympathy will become
to your prostrate country something far more impot
ent than sympathy. The sympathy which you are
exciting here for the cause o( oar country, I trust
will soon - become practical aid to the glorious cause
which you represent. Whether in the capacity of
the executive officer of this State, or the humble
citizen, you will have my warmest feelings, and if
God spares my life; an) aid that I can give you."
Antrim. 07 KOSSUTH 111 PITTSIKIRG.--A her being
nearly a week on the way from Harrisburg Gov.
Kossuth and suit arrived at Pittsburg on Thursday,
evening, about 71 o'clock having left Blairsville,
42 miles east, that morning at 10 o'clock, in sleighs
provided for theti by the Pittsburg committee.
The ladies or Gov. KOPlltlTllelli perry have suffered
much from the extreme cold weather, in spite of
the many attentions paid . to them, and Gov. Kos
suth himself has been quite ill. *He will remain
at Pittabnrg a week.
Durraurutac.—An attempt was made on Monday
the 10th inst., by Mrs. tattle, wife of Samuel Little,
of Gettysburg, Pa., whilst in a state of tempts/
insanity, to poison her family, consisting of her bus
band, two children, and a servant girl. Having
procure] some arsenic at a drug store for the pur
pose of Imisoning rats, she MlXed it with the coffee
to be toted for supper. Fortunately, but little of it
was used and that net holding a sufficiency of the
arsenic in solution, to produce violent consequen
ces we are happy to state that none of the family
have suffered very seriously. Mrs. Little, whilst
in the same state of mind, made an attempt about
two yeas ago, to kill her husband with an axe.
Qtr Gen Scott lately told Gen. Crum that be wail
prepared to a lead his countrymen where Congress
directed him to go"—•:o Hungary or any other
, - ...
P"- -, . , -4. , .=
ThtnenaPeconemetet. this morning' at irsinaiNts
lbeforklit clock Alitaa being waiesiV - la etteli.,
mitterin to ft_ettse of K - iv inwerk
ffieleit ISO the Hall col th 7 !:firr
partite* ef , inetint in the ore tea the
ii .• - esm eh. , on William Ofgler,tle , •
itritiii &Air Conimoiwealth. The Half was ill
ready crowded almost to suffocation, large numbers
of !idle* il:c 1 /..PMefft-CovenRillfir *ltems Ptrnfinkl ,
CA, irgiltithe thief *li:tufa - by members of the
House and Senate.and citizens indiscriminately
The town, during the' morning ind 'preceding'
night, had become crowded with strangers ; and
several military companies from the immediately
adi4cent frilnlies *mit WeAll1 1 : 10 lake pen ffieseer
etnceties. The Giveritot 'Meat ' was 'welted 'on at
bia. quarters eerily
,belore,L2 ,techtek,4.the Caul.
melee of two Houses , consisting of Mane'
Packer, Guernsey, and Crabb, - of the Senate; and
Menus. Fte2, Mott, and Kelso, of the liouse i end
accompanied by the military and a
ble procession of citizens, conducted to the Hall of
the House. A joint Comm.ttee of the two Houses
also waited on Gov Johnston and the Heads of the
Departments, and escorted them to the Hall.
Upon the arrival of the procession at the Capitol,
the retiring Governor and Governor elect, were in.
traduced to the assemblage and took their seats up
on the Speaker's platform—the Speaker of the Sen.
ate on the extreme right, the Governor elect seat
inknezt to him, and the retiring Governor and the
Speaker of the House on hii left The certificate
of the election of William Bigler, as Governor of
the Commonwealth, was then read by- the Clerk,
and the usual °athirst office having been admin is.
tact to him by the Sinker of the Senate, he was
declared invested with the office of Governor, and
proceeded to deliver his inaugural address:—
INA UGURAL ADDRESS
Fer.cow Cmzzaa:—The Provident), of God has
prospered our great commonwealth The will of
the people Me called an humble citizen to the per
formance of the duties of her Chief Executive office.
In accordance with the requisition thus made upon
me, and in obedience to the provisions of the
Constitution, I appear before you to-day for the par.
ppm of subscribing to the oath of office and assum.
ing the duties. I embrace this opportunity to ex
press the profound watitude I feel toward the peo
ple for this distinguished mark of their confidence.
In contemplating the high and delicate nature
of the duties appertaining toads station—their com
plex and difficult character, the magnitude of the
interests involved in their faithful performanceo
am most solemnly impressed with the responsibili
ty they necessarily impose. The junior of all my
predecessor, in this high station, I enter upon the
discharge of its duties with the utmost distrust of
my own qualifications for the task. I have, how
ever, resolved to devote my best energies, my
hopes, and prayers to a faithful discharge of the ob.
ligation I have jot taken, and look to the people
far that generous indulgence which has ever char.
acterized their action towards public servants who
have honestly endeavored to perform their whole
duty. The efforts of man, at best, are but feeble ;
all the aid that his wisdom can bring to the accom
plishment of any great porpme must fail, unless
accompanied and controlled by the guardian cote
of Him who Ogres direction to all human affairs.
On his power and good pleasure all results must de
pend. On Him we should rely in a spirit of bawd.
ay and Christian confidence.
Our Republican institutions are based upon the
axiom that the people are the only rightful source
of power. Under these insti:ations, thus founded,
the will of the people reflected through the ballot
box, gives direction to public a fl airs. Through this
medium the humblest citizen, not less than the most
!iatinguished, can stamp the impress of his will
I upon i:,se public policy of the country. This fea
ture our Republican system is its great dis
tinguishing c h a i set eistic, and guided by the ge
neral intelligence in:a Pe! t ° llsl ° of the people
the cause, or our success a 6 ; nation. The right of
suffrage should, therefore, be held Z l4 :*l
inviolate, and its independent exercise eni,-.7e4 by
every citizen. To prepare the minds of the peop:
for this high trust by general education, by the in
culcation of moral precepts and religious truth,
should be accounted the noblest purpose of the Gov.
eminent All that we are t and all that we can
hope to be, as a nation, is dependent upon this
source of power. The right of the citizen over
property—this personal liberty and security—the
freedom of speech and liberty of the press.-.the free
toleration of religious sentiment are alike subservi
ent to this great source of human law. How im
portant is it then that this great head should remain
pure and independent—" When the fountain is
pure, the stream emanating therefrom will also be
pure." Then, by promoting the moral and intel
lectual culture of the people—the source, and vi.
tali'' , of our government—our lass will be made
I wise, our institutions be preserved pore, and our
country remain free, prosperous and happy.
The experience of the world seems to demon.
etrate that general intelligenbe and republicanism,
must move together. The successful government
I I of the people is the government of intellect, direct.
e.l by virtue. A thorough education of the youth
of our country will, thcrekne tend far more to the
security of our institutions and the maintenance of
our national honor, than all other' means beside.
Common school e ducation,
high literary attain.
ment, a knowledge 01 the aria and sciences, a corn.
prehension of individual rights, snJ the principle;
of the Christian religion, constitute the very bah
wark of our republican government. The schemes
and machinations of the demagogue will fall harm- ,
less before a people thus thoroughly educated.
The dangerous tendencies of monopoly, and the
corrupting influence of money, are met and coon.
teracied by the power and virtue of this knowledge.
Liberal expenditures by our government for the
purpose of educating, may be well regarded as rig
id economy, andthe payments of the people for the
support of this cause, as pure devotion to repub
licanism. It Ghoul! be the first care of the parents
and the government, and its fruits accounted the
richest legacies we can leave to posterity.
In the discharge of the various duties of the of
fice, I have just assumed, it will be my anxious to do " equal and exact justice to aft men, of
whatever persuasion,religious or political," and es.
pecialli to advance the interest of this great Com.
monweabh—to increase the resources of-her treas
ury—husband her means-=diminish her debt, and
elevate the standard of her credit—to favor such
measures as may be calculated to develops her
vast resources, and stimulate alike her &vaulter
al, mining, manufacturicg, mechanical and cont.
mercialinterests and cooperate most cheerfully
wit the legislative branch of the government iii the
adoption of such policy as may tend to lessen the
peseta onerens burthens of the people.
Our vast debt • should be reduced as rapidly as
practicable. lusinjuricms effects upon the growth
of oar populatiou, and the migration of capital to
the State is much more potent 'bap the casual ob
server would suppose. This may
. be most readily
accomplished by a too parsimonious Use ,of the
means already secured to the treasury. It miy
be wise to apply a portion of these to complete the
public improvements now far advanced in con.
'traction, but yet unproductive. The abandonment
of such improvements would involve the loss of a
la ge amount of capital already expended, and sac.
rifles entirely the chances of future returns to the
treasury from dies* resources. Indeed the speedy
completion of the North Branch canal, is in my
opinion, consistent with the truest principles of
Pennsylvania is, perhaps, unrivalled by any of
her sister States in natural elements of greatness
and wealth. She is no less the garden spot of our
common-country than she is the" Keystone" ol the
Federal Arch . Abounding in inexhaustible and
varied mineral resources, an abundance of well Jo
cated water power, admirably adapted to manu.
facturingand mechanical operations, together with
a vast extent of the beat agricultural soil, she Can
doubtless employ, subsist and prosper a greater
number of human beings than any other State in
the Union. Her mountains, her ragged bills and
lovely valleys, are rich with natural advantages to
man. Her people are intelligent industrious and
euterprising, and if not restrained by unwise legie.
-;', oa t = l ., - : — ooonff•' ---- - ."- '; - . 4 '.-1 oi 1" . . . Tor:
tagettoderkfleireattmti . ind thereby' " 'der onr.
beloved State p _ "land weel i lty in all emi
ma degree....c;: . i.
A ttn, weals otihe lenen:e otegri.
I P g° l4 . , i iMt 40 0 ktaitoel benegc.ial
, • mot Otte aisAtial'fetthe Opimerily: °low
am . , ffiterelinsiiimucTxgraiyed witiktlietel
itiiinovir-bettqlmade u . l . lAccainplis*thie veal end.
Oa own experience, Militia htitory of Other cant,.
tries, frilly demonstrate the importance of such eci.
@titian Wocetion,The study, of tkis science, eget,
WHO - 1M she prieticillitoorcif - tillingihe will; is
no less calculated to elevate and dignity the farm
er, than to reward him for his toil. This great
first, most dignified and independent pursuit of man
so peculiarly adapted to our State, and the incline
-tiousef eau, peolle a ehould comm and the fostering
eare•ofgovemment. 1 -- f' '. ..
_ Penntylyania is blessed witita rich abundance
ithelariery . 4 Or mirieriti, eila&S iii - Vie prietiCar
uses and necessities of mar. Her mineral interests
contsthute a great andgrowing .coerce of wealth,
contributing largely to enhance the receipts of our
treasury. The appreciation thusgiten to the value
of property--the population thereby sustained...the
improvements made for their development and
advancement, as well as the direct trade they turn.
ish to the public works belonging to the State,
. promote this end.
The nch and extensive deposits of coal and iron
ore within the borders of our State, make her par.
titularly blessed. Her anthracite coal beds, film
ishing a choice and cheap fuel for domestic purport.
es, foegenerating steam for the stationary and loco
motive engine, as well as for the propulsion of our
steamships, give to her a trade almost exclusively
her own. Fur the supply of this article, she is with
out any considerable rival. Although this trade is
comparatively in its infancy, it has already grown
to one of great magnitude.
Tue value of the product of the mine is made op
mainly by the healthy, invigorating labor of the
hardy miner, whilst those engaged in this ttlide
constitute an industrious and valuable constituency
with those interests the prosperity and greatness of
OW State is identified.
It will afford me the almost pleasure to favor all
proper measures calculated to advance our great
agricultural, mineral and other interests.
Intimately connected with the great interests of
the country lathe subject of a currency. The prop
er disposition of this question is not only highly im.
portant, but one of the most difficult and dangerous
Julie; of the government. The errors of our system
aro of the most seductive and dangerous character . f
consisting mainly us the creation of too much paper
for the amount of specie basis provided for its re
demption. The utmost care should be taken to
guard against this tendency, and to secure the peo
ple in this medium. This security may be meas
urably afforded by imposing on the corporators in
dividual liability to the fullest extent.
The injutions effects of an excessive issue of pa
per money, have been so frequently demonstrated
an ihiieountry by sad experience, that is quite un
necessary to discuss the question on this occasion.
The laborer, the farmer, the mechanic, ,the manu
facturer and merchant, are all deeply interested in
having a sound currency. No pre text can justify
the creation of a superabundant; amount of paper
money, and it is with painful alarm tfiit I have
witnessed a growing disposition over the entire
country to increase the use of this mediuM, on a
small specie basis, regardless of the inevitable ef
fects of the large accessions of coin which California
is furnishing to this country and to the world. Ev
ery people must hale a-circulating medium, as a
matter of convenience. Ours should have whatev
er amount the transaction of whotsome business af
fairs may demand; but unfortunately we are too
unwilling to top at the proper period in the crea
tion of this medium. That as coin becomes abun
dant it should supplant and render unuecessa7 the
use of paper, is to my mind the plainest touching
of common sense ; such practical effect is demand
ed by th 9 true interests of the people. A supera
bundant amount of money of anrkind, cannot fail
to enhance nominal values above a proper standard
and thet.eby engender a spirit of dangerous 'peen
laticn, and in the end prostrate the great commer
cial and manufacturing interests ofthe country. The
man „Sturef is more vitally interested in this tht n
anyAther quation Cr governmental policy. With.
out a sound currency, the incidental aid resulting to
this great interest from the re:enue lnws of the gen
eral government, can never have ton: of stability.
I would not be understood by any thing i have I
said, as holding to the opinion that mere legislation,
however wise , . will give prosperity to a country,
while bad legudatim may retard its energies, no
matter what the labor, industry, sinus and patriot
ism of the people may be. Wise legislation can
only afford opportunity tot the legitimate rewards of
natural resources developed by unembarrassed la
bor. There is, perhaps, no more dangerous politi
cal heresy tau4ht in our land, than that the prosper).
ty of the country Is to be created by its legislation.
A just policy can only guard and protect the legiti
mate means of production from,special privileges,
the devices of the cunning and wicked. The peo
ple should rely on their own iiidividual efforts,
rather than the mere measures of government for
success. Legislation should give to all citizens an
equal opportunity of enjoying the natural advantage
which surround them Corporate power and spe
cial privileges too often produce the reverse moult,
and should therefore only be gran:ed to facilitate
the accomplishment of great public purposes. not
within the, reach 01 individual means. Capita! and
labor, co-operating in a draper relative position,
have made and will continue to make our coon.
try prosperous and happy. The rights of the latter
should never be sacrificed to the interest of the for
met Special legislation too frequently has this
tendency. Capital can always command employ
ment and profit— labor, less able to command ei
ther, should receive the watchful care of govern
I am most happy, my fellow citizens, 'to meet
you in my present capacity, at a period when our
common country is at peace with all the world and
prosperous in an eminent degree. The dangerous
conflict touching the subject of slavery, which for a
time reamed to menace the ;stability of the Nation
al Government, has been moat fortunately, and I
trust, permanently adjusted through the medium of
whatl are generally known as the Comuromias
Measures. The general acquiesence of the sever.
al States in this adjustment gives assurance of con
tinued peace to the country and permanence to the
Union—permanence to that Union, the formation of
which gave our Nation early influence and dignity
of position with the other powers of the earth. Her
rights have, ocnsequently, been respected by all,
and her wishes heard with profound regard. In
war she has gained a high character for military
prowess, and in peace secured the con fi dence of all
mankind. The justice and liberality of her institu
tion bas constituted the oppressed of every land to
seek an asylum within her limits, and enjoy, under
the ample folds of her National flag, political and
The continence of these unequalled blessings
is dependent entirely upon the perpetuity of this
great national compact, and this can only be secur
ed by a faithful observance of the terms , of the
constitution under which it was formed. The Union
and the a:lnstitution are one and indivisible. The
former cannot oxist without the latter, and the lat.
ter had no purpose bin to perfect and sustain the
former. He therefore ? who is not for the constitu.
lion is against the Union; and he who would strike
at either, would commit political sacrilege against
1 the great fabric, sanctioned by Washington and
'Franilin. The Federal constitution moat be main
tain and executed in all its parts. It is the para.
mount law of each State, and it is the imperative
duty of their respective governments, to assist in the
Tjust and full adminfstration of all its provisions.--
o Congress undoubtedly belongs , in the first in
stance, he duty of making provisions to carry into
execution the intent of this instrument; but it is the
right and duty of the State, moving within the limits
of their reserved rights, to cooperate with the gen
eral government in this legitimate • work. They
should certainly never attiiinpt, by means of their
legislation, to embarrass the administration of the
constitution. Such interference cannot fail to en
gender hostile !Billings between the different sec
tions of the Union, and if persevered in, lead to a
separation of the Stater. So far as legislation of this
in . cam . ; , en , - statutebirsolitotthilthito,
it'should be Speedily repealed. Of this character,'
I ragatil,tbe4roug. ponicat ot the Istr..of 4 47 ., Ir"
i ldbititsrthepo qoar *ate prisons tor till deall•
Or o i>kasCie s :
t labor *bile* alrettinfOrhtl*
that work I gill' cheerially partle4lloo, *4
shallaho *idles 'as 1 proper J suki:lo
onpproist slOttletnlits to tee the efte*utiii, of the
laws of Congtessoshether vidisk for itte rsgi
tion Of trigitiveirromishol, for any othei" constr.
totional purpose. Then ity tot such action is
.fulli-liAn9nsigleo7. Olt 5 1 !111 1 1 1 MICekRillat
tug from loch Mr stbinip t, recesitly ocemri ng With;
in our own borders.
The loyalty of Pennsylvania to the national Union
cannot be doubted. She is now as she ever has
been, (or the constitution and its compromises. She
silt flaiOtaillaykeßCUtt in letter and spirit, the
severs! adjoknient miniseries as passed by the late
Conaress on the 'object of Assay tegsrds
these measures us permanent iistlenient of this
dangerous geographical conflict,- end Will discoun
tenance, to the fall intent of her influence, all at.
tempts at future agitation of the questions settled by
them. She has planted heiselfon the constitution,
and guided by its wise provisions, will seek to do
justice to all sectionsof thecountry, and endeavor to
streitgihert the bounds of the Union, by cherishing
relations of amity and fraternal a ffection between
all its members.
t need say no more, my fellOw.citizen' s, of the
importance of the Union Yon ire, I am nonfideni,
abundantly impressed with its magnitude. With
out union onr liberties never could have been
achieved, without it they cannot be maintained.--
With the dissolution of thie !rational compact would
fall the hopes of the world for republicanism—the
cause of political and religious liberty-the peace
and prosperity of our people To . the end, then,
that rte great blessings may be reserved, and it
advantages vouchsafed to posterity, it becomes the
duty of all to yield a patriotic submission to the
laws constitutionally adopted, and cherish feelings
of affectionate intercourse between the several
members of our glorinne Union. Admcmished, so
to do by the immortal Wathington, let the injunc
tion be regarded by each and all of us with a Chris•
tian fidelity. Let our habits of acting, thinking and
speaking of the Uuion be as though it were indeed
"the Palladium of our political safety and prosper!.
ty—watching for its preservation withjealOus anxiety
discountenancing whatever- may suggest even a
suspicion, that it can in any event be abandoned,
and indignantly frowning at the first dawn of any
attempt to alienate any portion of our country from
the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now
link together the various parts." Then shall we
have performed our whole duty—defy to ourselves
to our sister States, and to the cause of republican
ism through the world.
(Prom the Pottsville Register and Democrat, Jam 3, Ili.!
Gov. Bigler's Cabinet
We have been told from unofficial sources, that
Gov. BIGLER hai elected his constitutional advisers
anti assistants in the important and responsible do.
ties which he will shortly be called upon to assume.
They are: F.U.NCIS W. Human, Esq., of Sehuyl.
kill comity, Secretary of State—and lion. James
Csevaczt., of Philadelphia, Attorney General.
If we are permitted to express an opinion on the
merit of these appointments, from a personal knowl
edge of the character of the gentlemen, as citizens,
and their reputation as active and prominent politi
cians of the democratic party, we will venture to
say that none better could have been chosen by the
generous hearted Bun**; and that while he has
displayed good judgment and discernment, as well
as keen appreciation of worth in valued and tried
friends, the democracy of the State will nut fail to
express in feelings of warm commendation, their
The appointment of our feilow.townsman, F. W
Htioues, Esq., to the important and confidential
post of Secretary of State, will be a matter ofgen
eral rejoicing with the entire democracy of the
Commonwealth; but especially grateful news to
h:s hosts of devoted friends and admirers in Schuyl
kill county, who embrare not only the democracy
that have battled with hini for years in many a hot
ly contested campaign—but also the liberal and
high-minded who rank among his political adver
saries. For it may, in all truth be said, that it rare
ly falls to the lot of man to enjoy to a greater de.
gree the confidence and respect of the community
in which he resides, than is awarded to •Mr
Ilughes. As evidence of this lam, nothing can speak
more powerful than his eminently successful career
in the Very labor Bits and weighl profession of the
law. TI ough but little advanced in years, and in
this respect, too, not unlike Bigler and Campbell,
yet by his more than ordinary talent, industry, and
most excellent judgment, he has pressed forward
to a high and enviable position in the round of pro-
fessional eminence, find which has not tailed to se
him the most pressing and profitable practice
in this section of the State; It is but some 14 years
ago, when, under the tuil ion of a moo distinguished
member of the bar, (Geo. Farquhar, now deceas,
ed,) he was admitted as a novice to practice la'v
in this county; at a bar which was graced by old
and learned counsellors, and in a field where a
prolific tide of litigation presented many knotty and
intricate points. Yet most nobly has he surmount•
ed the difficulties that beset his path.
In politics,•Mr. Hughes bats ever taken ground
on the doctrine arid issues of the democratic party,
with an unyielding firmness; impreising on his
motements, a sense or conscientiousness and rec
titude of intention. His boldness in a poitical con
test, is equalled by the energy and tact with which
he executes his designs. In politics, as in his pro-
fession, he has in every sense of the word, been a
most successful man. He has rarely been known to
undertake, without accomplishing the object
As an evidence of his popularity, where he is
known, we may cite in illustration , the best test
known where the ballot box rules. Though he his
never been an office hunter s —preferring }he sub
stantial realities and emoluments of his profession
to the gilded allurements of public office—yet he
hie in his life been forced into the arena as a can
date. When elected to the State Senate in 1843,
(which post he resigned after serving one session)
he received a greater majority in Schuylkill county
than any other candidate ever received before or
since; having over 2,700 majority over his highly
respectable deniocratic.competitor in the district—
about 3,800 majority in Schoylkilicounty. In Potts
ville, out of about tooo votes, he received all but
sixteen votes—and his own ward, out of between
three and four hunch ed vole, lie received every vole but
In all of the many important political conven
tions in which he has taken part, the best wishes of
those he represented alone determined his course.
In 1848, he was the openly avowed friend of Col.
Bigler. far Governor—went into the State conven
tion of that year, and displayed great firmness and
ability, in urging the expediency of Col. Bigler's
I nomination : Mr. Longstreth, however, was the
choice of the convention. From that period, the
democracy of Schuylkill were Col. Bigler's most
unflinching friends i and in the Reading convention
of June last, they site their most ardent desire rati
fied by the entire democracy of the State, in 'the
nomination, by'acclamation, of Col. Wm. Brouva.
We repeat, 'that among the earliest steadfast
friends of Col Bigler in the State, was Mr. Hughes;
as he was certainly among the most active in pro
meting his election.
In the selection of the Hon. James C19119218L1, as
Attorney General, taking location and competency
into consideration, the Governor has - been fortunate.
Starling out in life, not unlike the gallant Bigler,
compuratiirely poor and friendlesethrown upon I
his own inherent resources of talent and industry,
for support and position of lite—most truly may he
challenge the regard and confidence of all disposed
to sward to merit its proper appreciation. As a
lawyer and jurist, he ranks high in the profession.
In his intercourse with the people, for his courteous
demeanor and many good traits of character, he
has not failed to make many warm friends._
Though quite young in. life, he finds - himself hnn
ored by a high and responsible ofheial station in, the
government Of the State.
In the selection of his Cabinet officers, Col. Big.
ler may not have found himself altogether tree of
embarrassment; strongly•urjed as were many
prominent and honorable insmbera.of the pally, as
iiiiirtililliiiiiiiiiii Kliikris we
his motives and feelings will be applauded
istocitated Army democrat; and that bp
Oration 1 Mimics as firm sr:ippon by d m
yi ss diction has been entbmiastie,
; 1 .. ' •-- , ----Nsa----..
:'''• WV Din.L Boarev.—At 9 o'clock, ~
(*even*, ibir_lange flooring mill, know n i s
wiroder4jaills,” at Lockport, Niagara county
York, was enlirely destroyed by fire. Th e
about $lB,OOO. Insured for about slo,om
At Binghamton. N. on Thursday eve%
- Inst., of Constratptiort„ Miss Brass Was,
years. 10 months.
[Death, in his desolations spares no firesfk
paellas° pgr,,seaditiat or_tez.- Thr
de blooming maiclen,, and the vigor of
with deerev4 ege,ltlike obey inferno'
rim n3esitenger, and acknowledge the
et which Mut: Ihttena hastrotbrolly
Leaves have then enteiet.,
and Sewers to wither as *earth won brook
And wen to set—dim .11— -
Then but all sewn* for twee owes-. 0, Dna- ,
The subject of this brief announcement,
melancholy evidence how little r rekird Dr
to the brighten promises, or the most joy
pects. Elbe has been stricken at the .time
when the future seems radiant with hope, l e o l i
Rant with happiness—when the ills of lite Ati
den behind the hopeful imaginings of yont
age, the 'soul wary of the conflicts and da m menus of life. welcomes Death as the Wade d ,
that brings peace,and rest-that frees the spit
the eueumbnrness ogerarth e and bids it wing
to dieretion °Cetera' bliss—but to theyousg,
is an undefined tenet inlifn Visits. Happy 0 4
be, if we can meet the last messenger tad
calm and peaceful serenity which cha nty ,
the death of her of whom we write—.or is ,
can leave behind us a memory irradiated 04
good dative and ba,reerembered as one who co 4
with graces of person, those inestimable etc )
which flail so endared her to the friends, wh o t i t
her with utaffecMd grief f
In Canton, on Friday the 16th inst., of Typ ii '
ver, Roam. H. WIGAN, aged• 26 yean wt .
At is regular stated meeting of Toy
ion, No. 102; Sons of Temperasspott
resolutions were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, It has pleased the triviix Pica
dispensation of his providence to many
among us in the vigor of life, and with pr
usefulness not commonly enjoyed by Ines,.
and Brother Robert M'Kean.
Therefore, Resolved, That in his death ft
hers of this Division have lost a wanby I
and society an intelligent, upright and nseh
Resolved, That this division moorm in
ed grirf the loss of one of its brightest
and mingles their sorrow in this bereaves
the numerous relations , and friends who bra
departure, with pain and regret.
Resolved, Th st these resolutions be publish,
a copy presented to the relatives of the decoyir
J. V. GEIGRit, A. LP
ON Monday the 26th in the Borough of
or in Wysoz, a FUR VICTORINE c
Also, on Christmas, a GOLD BREAST
finder of either of these anicles will be /I
warded by returning them to the store of
Towanda, Jan. SI, Itit&Z B. BIN(
Of the Receipts and Erpou!dares of the
Towanda, %Ir. 1851.
Am't in Treasurer's hands, i5n.31.1. 1851,
Dce from Woodruff, et al. on indgment,
Doe on duplicate for 1849,
Of duplicate fur 18SI,
Rec'd for license for shoes,
Of orders issued ii 1851,
I.II , IIIIDITCREIL
AM of work done on rt. & side walks, $lll
Expenses of Borough Elections,
E. 0. Goodrich, printing annual report, &c.;
Clerk salary, serving notices, &c. 81
Collector's per centage for 1849,
Orders returned Ind canceller%
L. W. Titikny. adv. ekotion, &c., in 1849, SI
J. E. Geiger, filing saws is 1850.
0. B. Bartlett, street commissioner,
L, Pratt. paging and' curbing in 1843, 1 4
C. L. Ward, do
.1. F. Means, work on streets in 1848,
Means Watts work done in 1851, ‘i
H. A. Carey, work and materials in 1850,
George Craft work do streets,
Francis Watts, work done in 1851,
Wrn. Mix, street commissioner,
ASSIS73. - -
Due from Woodruff, on jndgt., $lO 00
On duplicate for 1850, 1103 97
do 1051, ' 307 67-41 f.
Orden onteranding Feb. 27, 1851,
hatred in 1851,
Returned and easedicd Jab. 17, 1852,
Outstanding Jan. 17, In%
Am't it► treasury, Feb. 27,1851,
!he'd of W.A.Chamberlio, coL for 1851, 117
do 185 A
Paid Wm. Warner for keeping Mrs. Fory
and Mrs. McAdams, borough paupers,
Support of deranged Irishwoman. N.
Support of Mrs. Glenville, transient MPH , 1 :
Mrs. Marshall for keeping Mrs. Foly and
Mrs. McAdams, borough panpers,
0. D. Bartlett, poor master, baL for :850,
Coffin for Mrs McCarty,
C. K. Ladd, borough physician,. • Il
Family of Mrs. McCarty, temporary relief,
Coffin for Mrs.McDonald,
Coffin for George Emits, st
Michael McNulty, temporary relief,
J.W.Wilcox shoes for Mrs. Fnly,
Transient pauper, temporary relief, dl
William Mia, poor master, 111
0. D. Bartlett, poor master, r t.
Michael Maley & Ann McCarty, temp.
W. A. Chamberlin, col. ISA, per centage,
Amount in Treasury,
Dae from Athens township,
do J.E. Geiger, late collector.
do D. Vandercoolr, col. for 1849,
do W. A. Chamberlin, col. for 1851.
We. the undersigned. Burgess and
eil of the Borongh of Towanda, do certify
to be a true and correct statement of the
and exPeadi4tres of said borough, for A. Q it
I - D. Wi MEM.
J. W. Wiicol, c o ot
D. F. POWILL,
E. 0. Goousics.
Attest--Ws. Score, (•jerk.
IrPi MtrBLTN, a large and
n A loat at very small pikes at