Newspaper Page Text
Wee lftil,lFree SPeecki .lEVeet Bleu:
Preediosi for Pre, Tarrners.
Towanda, Saturday, January 17, 1852
an per the yew. ISO eente will
blitteslueted-53rerosh.)Wsistettirstly i» usiestnee Ole 00 will be
*dated. 'No paper sent over two year*, tulles, pool for.
..liortartairotevra. per square of tea fittest. 50 crate An the
iret urn) a rem* for each &otos...quern inaerstrni
• ,Irrraies twibe - - thorn( Block." tooth Aida of the INblte
1 1, 14ore;Znext.slortr t'oe. Etrettiord llotrattee Leavecu
Mmes. adamenod Eicreirs law °nice& .
Dleveasepts of Kassao3.,
"q'ttiti iti . "Jyte lett' Washington on Mtirtday last.—
At Atutaliolis he WWI cotklueie',l to
. the' eireith've
mansion and alterwurlf vigited' the' State House ;
both branches Me Leglshiteie.
He vras expected to arrive at Baltimore oti Tues.
liakeflihd already arriVett -118 ( trould4eieli
`eiilSiirreif 'Widneslay: • • - • . n •
Goss' tc.--;The Tribune hai the fol•
towing hdelligence in regard to the tno*ements
towards the Presidency at Wasnington
"The plot thickens. Str. Wehster's friends are
'arriving. • -
A sery large delegation of '4r. Fillmore's friends:
frornNew•York are close by.
The Sauthem Whigs are pressing Mr., jillmnr
tot' his* decision. Things are thus rapidly..entain.
to a head. )
What th 4 titret of the shock of rivalry will' in
ihe" Administration we shall soon know.
Mr. Fillmorigaireaut Immo time ago that he
could not consent that theta should be a Presiden.
fief eindidate. in his Cabinet.. Any hour may turn
up' a Significant result."--,..
Vero' Ilessaok..-In another column will be .
ftiuttil Cov , Jou:tyro:l's veto of the, bill repeating
the Bth section of the act of 1847. In our judginent
his reason for the act, are sound, and it he had
promptly and immediately returned tt *hen ir was
cd;'we shoUld have taken pleasure in avrard
-11 him ctedit for his independence.
'"Or:b Sccit" has carried the delegates in Lancas
ter Courtly, by an overwhelming majority. The
"War Horse" is completely discomfited. Cass
sours 6or 8 delegates out of the whole
.uumt:er. The Irght has been raging for months,
and has ucunpied an immense amount of time and
citrus a mint of money to carry it on.
• -, C'tievatiza ficrcvzStsse Is HOT %V.trea AG S%
LZ'Aecounts front 1 Vashingion state that M. Web
ster is preparing a response to the !scent letter of
Chevalier flul4entann, drawn forth by Mr, Web.
atees speech at the Kussuiltilitiner. Its tenor has
not transpired, but, it is not improlable that the
Aastriart Charge may haveltis passports tendered
Ouro Lcuou.sirat —This body assembled in
'Columbus on Monday, the sth of January'inst. En
the Serrate, Joel W: Wilson was elected Spealter,
and Charles C. Flood, Clerk. In_the House, J. C.
JOhnsori of Stedina, was chosen Speaker, and Ma
fan Medary, Clerk. These gentlentervare all
Dentocliks, of course.
'Other first page, will be found the charge
of Judge Motor, delivered to the Grand Jury of
tirailfdrd County, at the December Te►m of our
Calm. It is universally_ acknowledged to be an
able and' lucid production, reflecting credit upon :!le
foetid acquirements of its author.
o*P.2ievr s 2 Skarrioloirg Itohat siojesr—cpuister
feitt. of the new plates have made their appiarance
in Philadelphia. ,The engraving of the margin of
the left end is itupeifectly and coarsely executed,
but is well calculated to deceive.
Qtr Profossor NI. Stuart, ?maklent of the Ando
7Of Theological SsatiaarY, died on Saturday, the
Ctrants SCOZMWICLL of this County, has been
appointed ono of the Transcribing Clerks in the
Abuse of Representifires Of this State`; 1 •
CO- The blassaebusens fegistataribei re-elect
eJ Gwen& S. licierrrcia, 83 Governor, and HEIIRT
W. CVMINA oe Lieutenant Giretna.
C,atlic or tar. Floc ar Tux Carrroi..—The Cline
of the bunting of the Library of Congress bat- been
discoverei to be *careless construction of the floor
of the gallery. The jo'sts which support . the gal
lery had been ipserted into holes mule in the walls
of the fine through which the building is heated
The fires in the committee rooms below are
madegf wool. and the soot which formed. on the
inside of the chimney look Are and burned up to
alto joists. The timbers are too far above the tire..
place to be set ori'gre 4a any other way than by .
the burning of the chimney, and sack an event
could net have occurred at any time withont corn.
municteiug fire to the library. The steam of the
Libra t ry were formed of timbers filled with gsbrick.
hogguta.” 'The horizontal pieces were tel into
ifie walls fitrthe purpose of strenatitealmf fhb street.
ore, thus Affording the metres el coma enieating the.
fife to the vertical ecantlim '
one of which was pia:
id_ :gait* the kill in each partition. That such a
&Terra* has been discovered should have exisle,l
in such a bitilding.-is molt wondered st. The fact
.14cited probably also explains why the same Libra.
fir caught .fire on the morning of the same day of
Iliroctstit in the year 1823.
we rum Immo y the steamer Mexico,
whictOttiivedr at New Orleans otilhe- 3d inst., we
hafirnewald fi poptdar outbreak' on the 18th ult.,
againstrthe lureigners,esased b r • reduction in the
ort ; puorisions, during which a number of
storeki were destroyed and lives lost. Congresshad
adjourned, after passings resolution for borrowing
two millions of dollars. the defeat of Carvajal is
etififirntedit 'lie had lour men killed - and smutty
wotidded,,. ' .
"De4cli JAY Fitzpurct.—The Claidand Plaindeal.
sr contains - 11in partieufars,of the freezing " to death
of the driver of the stage `between that oily_ and
whilts - on his seat driving daring that
Another lean was' (mien to death in
the townef Ltunberg, in a• barn, whither he trati,
sought refs ;e tram the pitilou ligral.__ We. alia
hear of another death. irt,tho tore et Eititts4 l
°fit 1841 Iv
.4. pr4ishcd fro#t .cold bile , eking to
mgo , M==Z
- TArlfre . ,liattoreble 1/4.;Serveleisr cincl— , d
'House 1,-,l2epiatOtiitiCiy tdePeretral,asserefory •
,FEttow.,,. Crrizetas Ihe-.abtmdentre o?i r st, r
sweat, theitteiverel: hid+ (Oen p!iciide,lind - the
eittintediete and =individual" and social
prcoperithatre lobe tonna tiew motives of gratitUile
tinhe Fother . of Mercies, who fuilils our riertitries
in his hands That greadul homage, the acknowl
,cd4metit or onvindepantlence on hi. Aleti
Never, hi the history of the Commonwealth, has
there been a period of more prosperous tranquility
'Die citizens of the Slate, aside from other sources
of contentment. have at last realized that a cane
ot,disquiet, which has'for the last twenty.five years
oppressed them, fs'abotit in be removed` A begin:
ping has been matte in the practiFal Jitritlatiett of
the publiti'debi. >s•
On the 14 of DeceMber, tholimeent of the
public debt Wes, - ' 340.843 ; 379 31
rc 1851, .840,114,2P3 39
Thus, within the late three years, there have been
effected wieduetion of upwind* of seven hundred
thousand dollars of indebtedness; ' without impairing
the effieiency (Oho pidslia: works, or retard ngany
plans of praeffeal beneficence, such as the Le,gisla
lure, according to a policy of wise economy, have
thoughivreper to authorize,
tln'etin hesitate to attribute this important, result
to ihe"etieciesful operation of the efficient and real
sinking 'fund sytitein; esitablisiheal by the art of the
40th April, Ai D, I&19. The detailed transits:dons
of th.e.cornmiseioriers of the-fund williappear in
their tripod to be sebniiiteitio the Legislatere :
This eyete, copied in its leadien features , f
That sitiiirti was established' in the early Years of our
forthe extinguishment of the national debt,
.has worked 'admirably. While 'there can be no,
precipitate cancefisktion of public securities, spelt . as,
would derange and disturb our monetary relations,
neither-Can there be, under the present law, any
'such accumulation of stocks in the hands of the
Commissioners as to tempt or permit the applica.ion
of the fund, order any accidental emergency, to
mher purposes than-that for which it is set apart.—
"Pledged to the payment of the public debt, it must
be sacredly regarded. The creation of this fund,
'anti the adoption of the system of making no loans,
unless provision for their liquidation be made in
the laws authorizing them, have already exercised
a metal influence on public policy. Like the pro
tective system in national legislation, though by
another process, they prevent the Representatives
of the people from heedlessly incurring new debts;
they make the payment of the public debt a part of
the fixed policy of the State, which no one will be
willing to disavow or disturb ; they interfere wi t h
no extension of publics improvements or expendi
tures for beneficent purposes . The first application
of Surplus revenue is to pay a portion of the State
debt, the next to extend and maintain such objects
of public improvement as will, when completed,
increase actual revenue and diffuse the greatest
good. To maintain that system of financial policy,
which has for itwobject the gradual and certain ex.
tinguishment olthe public debt, is as well the duty
as it will be doubtless the earnest desire of the gen
Believing that the revenues of the Common
wealth, if properly guarded, are adequately suffici
ent for both objects—f again and earnestly press on
the attention of the Legislature the Maims of that
great section of the State lying on the'Nortleßranch
of, the Susquehanna. The North Brattah canal ought
to be finished without further delay. Iti comple
tion would insure increased revenue to the Treasu
ry,tind would t>aasrimple act of justice to a large
portion of the people interested in its construction.
The propriety of calling upon the National Gov.
eminent for a portion of the publid lands in aid of
the several 'great lines of railway communication
,within our borders., is again suggested and urged
upon your favorable consideration.
To the existing and complete internal improve.
ments'of die State ; or rather to the mode of their
administration, invite special attention. There is
lir it some radical defects which . need reformation
is wanting-in its proper checkeand the enforce
ment of proper responsibility; tO secare which it is
resipectfully, urged upon the Legislature Iq make
such change as will authorize the election of one
Canal Commissioner by the - people for' a term of
throe yeale, to whom shafi be intrusted the whole
supervision of the system, and the selection by the;
Legislature of an Engineer, to serve for a. similar
term, to whom shall be committal!' the duty of ma
king the necessary examinations and estimates of
the propriety and cost of construction wit repair of
the public winks. That a commissioner or agent
for payment' shall be selected by the Internal Im
to be charged with the
disbursement of the public funds amorally appropri•
ated to these purposes. Officers thus inflected, ow.
inn their appointment. to di ff erent powers in the
avernment, would, from that fact and the nature
if their duties, act as checks upon each other, bring
re s i -onsibilty directly to each department of the sys - .
it:Tne a nd secure a more active and energetic dis
I, caa „ o i L i 4 doubted That the revenues derived
from the peCie corks ought to be very greatly in.
crease d . Th e% im . vrivemente should now bring
a clear revenue to the ostler Sates,
canals and railways have 'lrely failed to become
sources of such revenue svito.n iwatry yams from
the period of their construction, wh:lewith us, from
causestereofore suggested for Legisi: ; We action,
and mill within Legislative control, the malt has
been widely different.
Our system of education is far from that perfation
which is desirable. The defects appear to orig.:
from that insufficiency of lands, and the want of
proper teachers. 11 is' anifest that competem per
sms, in-saffieiett numbers to - supply the deMarid
for their services cannot be bad, unless some prac
tical plea is adopted as part of the Common School
system, to create reassume! teachers. The abili
ty to impart innwledge_to othere, partici:daffy the
young minds, is.to be obtained 'Only after long' mid
patient study,. assisted by all the :utilities" which
science, and learn ingcau afford. The, future great
nesi'and hipping:es sd diecountry depend so much
upon the enlighirnent otihe public mind, that the
statesman and patriot cannot devote his time , ener•
gies, tateuts,sos mate wonky stied, than its at
The retest agricultural exhibition was so names•
oast y attended, and so creditable to our people, in
the display of works of skill sod home andustryias
well as of agricultural implemeids and stock, that
am convinced that grew public good moat 'result
from it. The urgent mit:tests of a forrneratessage,
&limed to be' of value and importance to this great
alderman is hoped will meet favorable segos at
-year hands. These exhibititine should be repealed
iu edam parts of the State,and cherished as the best
meansef diffusing prettiest and scientific knowl
edge ofagricanare. The establishment of a State
Society for Western Peaasylvania, waeldbehighly
advantageous toXre people of that portion, &pay-,
ed as they are, by-the difficulty of transportation, at
a Lull participation in the benefits of the presentSe
ciety. ~. •
Contracts hags bemi Made for the .publicatiee of
the Colonial Remit* and of the maps and other
documents connected with the Geological Survey
at the State: An interesting report from thegentle.
man charged With the arrangement for publication '
of the Pennsylvania : Archives, accompanies this
Message. I invite to it and to these important and
interesting papers your favorable action. The so
pervisionofthe publication of these Pepin) should'
be entrusted to the gentleman . who has arranged
"ham. Thelebor performed has greatly exceeded
the amount contemplated by the. Legislature, anti
The Insane 4sytum, as well as the other defile:
hie institutionsonwhichthe State is directly' inter."
Muhl; are in ir prosperotiis condition. The kindly
'regards of the Assent* are solicited for these iron ,
It is - aldose:id Ctioll 11611, *AA Will grale !
tortentaire fierieltie; that% the Prohitition of
all these itletestathwAdmnistrennt of public at.
fain while vdermy contioi r has fouthfolly and to
sonte,l4VAlfcesOy directed, its !ahem.. bis,to
l be regretted that mote was net eccomphshek but k
AttletiltflectitftstlfirfOir "-,:' - ‘'
cal good has been done.
In the enactment-of the..revenne laws of the No.
rveArrntrnuch injury !twilight(' .
man I thfind iat interests of *Suet ' r
she n Wench, miner as will protect Star
terms; all apt isiOnestly desire. Timm": on fiio ,
met t emotions, titbit fully expreskedlny ',news spit
this indiject,ruid have urged upon the Legislature
thispepriety of stick action as, would ` influen ce ' fa
vorably the National Congress The great manto
lecturing, mining and agricultural e interests 1 Penn
sylvania tequire and demimit'sschent of spree.
ent Tem of tariff laws. The ill success at titling
former efforts, famislies.no excuse for an a _ ission
again to call attention to the subject. In the corded:
eracy of States - we hold an "important position.—
Pennsylvania:from the numbers of her population,
and their acknowledged patriotism, hair-a. right lo
demand for her" industry that kindly ' legislaiiiin
-which *deserves and shook! receive. It is not the
prof of a high•mintled *pie to make bargains for
the senutity of their rights, and it is ecjaaliP untie.
coming, tamely to submit inoppressionind Wrong.;
A firm anti molly demand for the change el polo
1 . 7 : . which is rapidly impoverishing a portion of our
citizens, ii;:orling the growth of;the State, and pre
venting the deveoTment or its mineral resources,
Would 'have die effecl of avulsing from our Nation
al Government, such modideekt of. RS law!, as
would protect American labor against .Ihe ruinous
competition it rneets t in our markets, ,from ILO Is.
bier of fcirei,gn countries It is most sincerely to ,be
hopedohat the present Assembly will determine,
in its action on this subject; to be faithful' to- Pehri
_,Hylvaniti..zi ~ . .,-4,...-..-.- , T T, ~ :1.:::..,..-..:.--.., I, :, t,,.. J.,.., : •-•
:4 ,oo OMMASlllinkfroM-the logosOFS. PlAiWes•
,teruLl 4 enitentiury lurk been leitfbe foistme..barinite-
Manta efuiliii utheh iititibir Of Gnished eons is ride
eptatii to thirrecommedation of the muftis. -To se.
curewunishmenb by secmneentefinemen4itis.pro.,
pmed to. finish anoihor .tjer ',of calls elready . cow
menad. Whilst Concurring fully in the' recom.
mendaticin of the worthy Inspectors, I desire you
to call your early attention to their letter 1 eretcs an
My agention has been directed ? by the occur
rence of fearful accidents in the cities cf our Corn
monwealih, to the necessity of preCautionary legis
lation.on the subject of the construction of private
and public buildings in crowded communities • I
reap:Welly ask your consideration of this matter.
ft ip idle to say that a sense of individual self-inter
esl is a sufficient protection on this subject All ex.
perience shows it is not so ; and that in localities
where ground is very valnable, space restricted,
and competition for position active, everything is
lost sight of but temporary advantage. The public
is not roused to the sense of impending danger until
some frightful casnality, involving the loss of inno.
cent hum= life, startles it from false security. Leg
islation in prevention of the recurrence of these cas
ualties is earnestly recommended.
The laws in relation to small notes issued by
banks of other States have faded to realize the re
sults intended by the Legislature. In many coon
ties they are entirely disregarded. In a former
message reference was made to the evil conse
quences likely to result to the morals of a commu
nity from open disobedience to law. It is clear that
the present law is not, and will not be executed
The circulating medium it proposes to banish,
should not , be permitted to exist among us, in its
present condition. Authority to the banks of the
Commonwealth to issue this denomination of mo
ney, would speedily drive from circulation this de.
preciated currency, by the substitution of bnczes is
sued by irEljtations under the control, of the Legis
lature. , In relation to this-subject, as well as to a
system of free banking, based upon public securi
ties, the recommendations of a former message are
respectfully teferred to your careful consideration .
I would refer you to the Report of the Canal Com !
missinners for a detailed Statement of the proceed
ings on the public *mkt during die pitityear ; and
to the reeorts °Utile - Auditor•General, State Treasu
rer, Surveyor General, Superintendent of Common
Schools, and Adjutant General, for information in
relation to the operations and condition of their seve
ral department during the same period."
The tollowing estimatersof seCeipts and expendi
tures for,the current year are duly submitted : • •
Lauds, , • 420.000
Melia)] commission, • 22.040
Auction duties, 50,000
Tar on bank dividends, 240,060
Corporation stocks, 180,000
Real and personal estate - , 4330.000
Licenses; Tavern, 100,1100
Retailers, ' 170,000
Vedlets, _ . 2,000
Theatre, vireos and menagerie. 4,000
Distilery and Brewery, 3,000
Billiard rooms, &c., 9,000
Eating house, die., 8,000
Patent medicine, 8.000
Pamphlet laws, 500
Militia Ones, 9,000
Foreign insurance companies, 3,090
Tax oa writs, &c, 43.000
On offices, • 18,000
Collateral inheritance. ' 173,060
Canal and railroad tolls, , - • 1,700,000
Canal floes. 1,000 .
Tai on enrolment of laws, . 8,000
Premium on charters* to„noo
Tax an loans, • 140,000
interest on loans, 20,000
Sales of public property. 10,000
Tax on tonage, &c.. . 25,000
Dividends from bridge tolls, . 500
Accrued interest, 2,000
Refunded cash, -, 10,000
Fees orroblie spices, , . 4.000
Miseellaneols, i 5.000
Eatimaled,ErpendituroL •-• : • -
Public workr.rucloirriiiou swirepair„ 1 ,040,0 ft
Expenses of . goveturtiO, • , 240,000,
Militia expense; 000
Noaioneind gratuitiee; • • •‘. - 18,000.
Charitable institutions, - • • ,.19.0,900.
Commcn•schvols, ,- • - -- 240 "
Commissioners of Sinking (Cad, =ROO
Late vitae debt, • • ' • 2,020,000
Guarantied interest, • 80,000
Domestic creditors, 8,000
Damage on public work; 10, 000
Special commissions, 800
State Library, 500
Public pride and baildings, 10,000
/louse of Refuge, 8.000
Nicholson Lands, . 2,000
Escheats, • 1.000
Geological survey, 8,000
Colonial Records. 8 .0 0 0
Abatement - of State tax, 46,000
Relief note; 2,000
Cohosel fees, die., .• , - 6.000
North branch Canal, • 880,000
An act, entitled it An - Act to graduate lands on
which money is due and unpaid to the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania;' passed the toth day of
April, - .A. D., tea 5, expired, by its own limitation,
on the - 10th slay of December last. its re-enaetnent
would secure to.many the advantages- ol the law,
who, from pecuniary inability, or other causes, true
been unable to avail , themselves of its provisions.
• It will devolve upon the present Assembly to'
mike apponiontnient of the State, for the election
of members of the House of Representatives of the
United States. feel confident that the greatest
care will be observed, to give to every portion of
the Conimonwealth itsjust dahlia, • and to make
the 'arrangement of theCorigresteienal Districts scricK
ly conform able to those considers:l=gal population
andlocality.witiott 41c11 , 11 , pply
- And nOwineptlemen of General Assembly,
as this the last occasion uponyhich I shall for
malty, Iv message, address you,"l - beg to' ineseirr,
to g, assuraricas Of lay Menem eslient
and . • : W/4.1 0 ; JOHNSTON.: -
Emus,* Onsaleas, - '
. Thrrisiettrg fantrary 5 41152.
"r 1 rit4 rTr 0 32 .
attalre.— " thitSearftry h mmoiirealth
t i g rY
I fi le lawn* and rues nit she
**ethyl, vetoing OA Pill efts last se 'repea l .
dilaw prohibiting the gee 'Oflthis
Citonmensveodth for the detention d t;ve slaveti.
- -Thiblessage was earl; and lhebill minim; again'
before the Senate on its find passage, was
yeas 19, naysll4--ik two third vote being amass.
• The hollowing is the vote upon the question :
fluckalew, Crabb, Dar.
lingtcon, Vernon, Forsyth, Frailry, Fulton, Goons.
gen Hamilton, Hamlin, Hoge, Jones, MeCaslin,
Matthias, bluhlenbegh Packet, ?enders" and Shi
Niie—Messm, Bams, Carothers, Carson, Evans,
Rashitt,' Kinzer, Iripkel,' kleVarland,lifiktutrie;
Malone, Myers, Roberbon, Stifer end Walker,
The Governor haisicned theresolution inviting_
Louis' Kossuth to visit fisnisburgi and hakdeputb
ed the Secretary of the Commonwealth to proceed
to Washington with the same,.and a teuerol hearty
Welcome from the Governor himself „.
The Genagralso transmitted to the Senatit the
preaMbleand resolntionv of the .Select rind Com•
motrCouneilo r of Philadelphia in relation to the
'recibir', of monuments to the chi thirteen Stateei
Lndependelice Sgoue.- •
Thilferiate . #/mtly slier adinotp4l, Skis g s pis+
oile Meted wmr. femiinjbl'conlinem
iirmitief med a l / , ; ,
of the Lehigh coal, and Netrigelign Corepanypiinti
slso,the firstitilinnual /piton cribs Commissioners
of the Sinking' Fund:
No Walnuts oflinporttince urn"trintaan . ted, and
at ball Oat elevao l .on motion,' the House Adjourn
ed, in honor of the day—the anniversary of the vic
tory of New Orleans.
SCIATIC ;The journal having been read, and a
number of petitions presented, the following bills
were read in place
'fly Mr. Packer, Wbill to repeal the 4th and 6th
section. of the law to prevent kidnapping.
By Mr. Sanderson, a bill to provide for the im
mediate completion of the North Branch Canal.
By Mr. Forsyth, a bill relative to the State Li.
By Mr. Fridley, a bill relative to foreign attach-
ments, and a bill to incorporate the Anthracite Bank
Various resolutions waspassed, among others
onwdirecting the Outing of the Governor's Veto
Mr. Kunkel offered the following preamble and
Whereas, Governor Kossuth, in reply to the invi
tation to visit the Capitol, has expressed his intend;
tion . to be here on Tuesday nest the 13th inst.,
therefor e, Resolvd, That a Committee of five be apphint.
ed to act with a similar Committee to be appointed
by thellouse of Representatives, as a Cpmmittee
for the reception of Governoi Kossuth, and that they
report to the Senae on Monday, what action shall
be had by the Legislature on the occasion of his
The resolution was immediately taken op and
The committee appointed io confer as to the time
and place of opening and deolaring the returns of
the election for Governor, have decided on Thor&
day, the truh inst., in the Hall of the House of Rep.
resen tati v es.
The Senate then proceeded to the election al off s
cers, which resulted in the choke' or the following
Clerk—John M So'liven.
Assistant Clerk—J. C. Bombemer.
Transcribing Clerks—Messrs Benedict, Snyder.
and Raymond. • •
Sergeani.at•Arma—Wm. P. Thomas.
Assisran:a—John Essig And Win.' P. Brady.
Assistant Ilborkeepers—John R , Reigle, James
..458imaoi do.—Edward D. Evans.
The Senate then adinurned.
litiost-410 Speaker laid before the Hops° the
arinnal statement of the Waits ol the Pennsylvania
B. bi. Biotin, a member from lAneasteriappear
ed and was sworn.
Mr. Bonham offered a resolution providing for
the appointment of a ccrumittee ot five members
of the House, to act with a similar committee from
the Senate, to receive Gov. Ko.-stith on Tuesday
Mr. Hart Moved to poitpono fur the present Not
The resolution was then adopted, and Messrs.
13anham,Gillis, Hart, Fritz, and Schaeffer appoint
ed said committee.
' Mr. Fritz offered a resolution declaring that on
Monday next; the House will proceed to the elec
tion of a committee to investigate the seatsepnteet
ed from the county of Philadelphia.
Mr, Hart moved to amend, by referring the reso.
lotion to a committee of five. Loot—yeas 21, nays
' The petition signed by 25 electors was then read,
and on motion of Mr. Hurt, the resolution was pas
sed withont a division.
A number of bills were introduced,—among them
a bill to provide for the exemption of the home.
stead from liability for the debts ot the owner there
of, and from sale on execution or other legal pro
cesses„. and for other purpose!.
After the presentation of a- law petitions of no
impoitanee the House adjourned.
; •,.. .. • , ~... - . lisaapsurto, Jan. 12.
Suave: T -The folloalngpetitiensend memorials,
• others, w ere, presented,:. . • „
ly M . Cra bb , . a meinortattrom the discolors of
the Penneylvanta Bank, iffr refereadela the imp°.
titian of ,a mx•opon their , dividends; also also a
memorial frogs areichants,ot the city and county of
Philadelphia, in favor of the Te r charter of the East.
On Bank. '
By Mr. Kunkel, a memorial from the Journey
men Printers of, Harrisburg, asking an increase of
compensation to the State printer, that he may o f
ford to increase their wages.
By Melt: hies, a memorial from the overseers
of the public schools fouridedby charter inthe town
and county of Philadelphia, asking to be exempt
from taxation; the petition of members and snbsen
hers loth. Temporary Home Association, asking
for and of incorporation; and'a memorial from
citizens of Philadelphia recommending the sem. ;
the petition of Henry Becket for enact authorising
the execution of a certain power of attorney, and
also, a memorial from the managers of the St. John's
Orphan Asylum, tra an altemtion in theircharter.
Mr. gurikel i fiern the Select Committee appoint
ed to receive Gov. Kmseth, made a report recom
mending the adoption o' rules in regard to the In
troduction of Kosseth to he Legislature.
The Committeelof Reception- will meet Kossuth
at York, and escort him to Harrisburg.' The galls.
hes and lobbies ol.the House of Representatives
Are to be occupiedby ladies only, and the floor by
members and (diem slily. - ' •
The Gnomer transuutteil a message, to the Sen.
ate communicating the reply of Louts Kossuth to
the invitation by the . Intuit, to !bit) Harris.
burg. , . .
The following bills em read in,place :
By Mr. Cnibb, a bill authorizing the - publication
oldie. public acts of the Assembly in the Legal In.
.tellitteneer. . - .1 .: .
Mr.. . .
M Kinkle, ilk bill compensating the State. print.
vas fiir ati increase of wages to their hands since the
COMMittleftlllelli Of ihelicoritraet ; - a bill - refining to
Coroner's inipsesek in& aeupptement to an act, en
titled ." An Act relating tOttesignesa foe , the:bene
fit of cieditonb and blither purposesf passed Sone
:14th, 18118. ,
Mr. MeMutttieofFered a serial of non interritt-
Aden revelations, whin • were reakind 'ordered' t o
. , ►',bill, 'Vending S. powers, oldie National
g t i~mgemift -- :
tlAncussilito, lan. 10
---7 '" 771-77 ; - ".
• • 4 .. 7
up and prima, - 1 - .
The Supplement to the eeljectotpOra - t he Erie
Mad liltienpony wk. taken op on X
,tiod dtieusined unti/tbe hour of &tyrant t.
Hottaic-- , The Speaker announced tho !EssnOing
.Committees of tbiaessirm.
Numerous - peutions were :n froakell wts
of theimuntrf r alking an amendment- ter''ibe Ctil
etitutitin which will prohibit the 'sale of intoxicating
liquors in this Commonwealth.
The following hilts time intrOdtkinf±- - :. -- -
To iniorportite the Mauch Chunk Bank.
- To extend die/graduating laws of 1835.
To repeal the Bth section' of she act of 1847, rels•
live to togiove ohms and the use of the jails of the
State for their detection. .
..:Tri annul the males* contract between Oscar
F. Clain and Minim, his wife.
To inairporate dm Philadelphia and WWI Rail
' To incorporate the Allegheny Gait Company.
. To repeal the 48th and 49th- section of the law
'l'd ineorporateithe St. Joseph"' Ciillege in the ci
ty of PhiladelAia.
To incorporate' the Odd Fellows' Widows and
Orphans' Attylern of Pennsylvania:" ' - '•
Tbe selection of a committee to exsmiceinto the
contested seats lion Philadelphia, county, wee on
motion indefinitely postportml, and . the . petitioners
allowed to withdrew their petition.
' . The - Hetielherf adjourned'
• • • 1... ts
ties*: 'Joutistoogs veto.
Ohs the Bill egia ' & rate*
Jails of do State for fi l le.,Autfinemento/Perseas
ckuniel as Fugitives, from Service,
To tueSca nu or Petrisetvll ti..
set entitled " An Act to repeal the sixth section Or
an act, entitled an act to prevent kidnapping and
preserve the public peace, prohibit the exercise of
certain powers heretotore exercised by Judges, Jus
tices orate:pekoe and Jailors of this Commonwealth
and to repeal certain Slave Lowe," has been held
under advisement since the adjournment of the last
In obedience to the provisions of. the Constitoticm
I return this bill to the Senate, where it originated,
without my approval, arid' with my reasons for
witholding it. To those /gamma founded on the
clearest sense of duty and of offi cial res ponsibili.
ty, I invite your candid 'attention. They are now,
for the first time given, because now, for the first
time since the passage of this act, has an opportu
nity offered to confer with those to whom my ma
sons may be important and with whom they, may
The section proposed to be repeated is in - theft.
words:" It shall - not be lawful to Use any jaiVrir pris
on of this Commonwealth for ihe detention of-any.
person claimed as a fiigitive from servitude OF la.
bor, except in canes where jurisdiction may lawful
by taken by any Judge, under the provision of ibis
act ; and arty jailor or keeper at any prison, or oth
er person who shall offend against the provisions
of this section, shallop conviction thereof pay a
. fine of 8500; one-half thereof for the use of. this
Comeionwealth an I the'other to the person who
proseen es ; and shall, moreover, thenceforth be re
moved from office, and be incapable of holding
such office of jailor or keeper of a prison at any
time during his natural lite." _lt is part of a law
passed in the year 1847, under the Executive Ad
minitOration of my predecessor, and ,by votes nnan
imously, or nearly soot both branches of the Leg
This bill underteonsideration is confined to the
repeal of the section prohibiting theose of our pris
ons as places of detention • for fogitiVes from labor.
If the legislation proposed 'undid/ores - the use Of the
prisons, it is in 'repugnance to the: , Constitution of
the United States as expounded by the Supreme
Court. By a decision made in derogation of the
local statutesof Pennsylvania, the Supreme Court
of the:United States held, in so many= words, that
all State legislation on the subject of the reckon--
bon of lives friun !shore whodter to obstruct or
to and it, "rider or promote it, is absolotelyMid.en ;
firely:prohibited. The legislation of Cotmess 'su
persedes all legiatation on the subject, and by. nec
essary iMplictation - prohibit); it.
The States cannot enact aux iliaty provisions. en
the subject. This is the very language. It, there.
fore,,Em act of Assembly were p assed , aotborizing ,
theseveral County Coinmfts on'eis"tti erect 'stile
houses of detention for persons claimed:as !unitises
from labor, under such regulations as the I:gists--
tare or its agents might prescribe, for the reception
and sale keeping of the inmates, such a law would
be unconstitutional, and consequently void, and
any singledisaontented citizen of a county may
have it sodeelared. ,
I am unable to see any difference in this respect
between the special construction of inch places of
detention, regtilwed and controlled by State authori•
,State agents, and the permission to use Wive
alreadyr erected and regulated . .by general laws.
It is the State law interfering in .he question of the
ategedfugitive anti his claimant,,and such laws,
the Supreme Court of thei United States have pro.
nonnced unconstitutional. his net the legislation
of Pennsylvania that has closed our jails against the
reception of such fugitives, but a formal decision
of the Supreme_ Court, declarin4 our former statute
on this whim( unconstitutional ; a decision, which
until reversed, is binding on every department of
The Governor then refers to the opinions of se,-
it rat Judges of the Supteme Court,
This judgment of the Supreme Court of the
United States determines the law, tar my gnitte
ance, and for yours, whatever may be our individ
ual convictions upon the subject. If then a prison
cannot by built, under State laws,•for , the detention
oflugitives—if a pristin already built and subject to
Slate regulations and rides, respecting-its inmates
cannot be used ; and if, in short, all 'State' legisla
lien, of whatever kind, : is prohibited,hy a , solemn,
decree - oi the, Supreme Cong--it is not, more than
idle'tn pass an act restoratite of "law& thug expreas-:
:ly declared atil known in 'advance to be unionsti.:
tutional. •The writ of habeas corpus world run into
these unconstitutional placesoldetention: the kal
eral Judiciary would themselves have to_AeCide
the - question . The State Judges, in Counties 'where
the fugitive is committed by a mere Commissioner
would be required to issue the writ ot. right ; and
that which the friends.of ills repeal have chinned
as a great boon to the claimant, would be worse
than a mockery. The claim be has now on , the
Marshal and his sureties, for indemnification lof
thttescape,,of his servant' would be converted into
a barren claim against a county , jailor, whose first
duty would. be to discharge aprisoner thus held,
it be ,claimed his liberty. Not so was the law
fonnerly,ond before - it was decided that all State
legislation to the subject is prohibited --not so will•
it be hereafter, if the principle of the decision of the
Supreme. Court be practically carried out, and this
whole vexed and vexatious subject be - left to the
administration of the United States Officers.. -
The Act at Congress of the 18th September, 1850
commonly known asthe fugitive Slave Bill, would
seem to lever the same views entertained by Judge
Story, and prOnourwed is the decision to which re
ference bas been made. Its • whole tenor shows
this and` more Awn one of its detailed provisions
confirm it. The custody of, the fugitive, by State
aushOrity, iti,alniest forbidden.
The Marshal and his 1101110191 lire made subject
to a pecuniary liability loran escape, which, as the'
Supreme Court of the United States have decided
in a precisely,anslogous cue is defeated the inst.,
ant the prisoner is transferred's°. a local jail.
ln.connties where there 'alto Marshal the Agent
of the Commissioner 'is charged with the exclusive
custody of the fugitive, and is allowed' by the. Bth
section, his expenses for keeping him in custody
and providing him with , food .aud lodging_during
bis ditentiOn: '1 • " " • •
Sorely; no one , can pretendto serthst this is not
a full and exeltstiveOrtroiso of. Federal power on
the subject. It so, the, principle of oneonstiottioott
law to which these tefetred, is integtosed,
the legbdatiOn 'Of albite tO transfer this custody to
'local pistol is 'prohibited: It is -;but. their most
condom - tramint good order, andamber—
'rnoniorteadettnistmtiort or theTaw l ,that this whQla
. 0 „-;,- .1 ~
41 Cr •
Dk Caughloo !,
31-hop of rie II
he last dictate t
lie unfitness I
lied a braneh i
Hampshire, 1 t
lioness until 1
devolve upon I
York, .The 4 I
the 20th of Se I
Aarrrace TomernteAircromer- Bcraarre o
-.Mrs. Catharine Mary, residing with her •
law, Me. Jacob ; Bolton of Weal Hanover 'p i
phin co., wan burnt to death on Thursday • ,
last about 8 o'clock, by a spark ot fire from a
iii the room 'fighting•upoo- her :ikahes,` by s'
she was ao lathy tnitnetrthat she'd led %eau,-
ternoon about 4 o'clock., SO was aged and I' "`.
bled, by paralysis, front saeing hentell.
, . .
KILLED !..-John C.Fullei, a tailor by trade,
has worked. in. Owego- /di if efintlidirriblei penr -,
time, having left - thereweeentlyiin stepping ,
wttrairs, o l , carendar-Coming,•Swobe threat datti:i
.kllare r iteressuLthe cam andwuraharl:asere andit•;,
fal. r- .;.' - .:'• ';'''''.. ; •:, it..;.mii - 4) '.:,;.;;'";"'- ' ‹'
, 0;:r Lord eelmerstoh,'Englfsh Seetetary k eh l t.'
eign • sffairei , has•Ltenditred hiVirestrudien. l ; ''
causerWill.seareely bellarowq err' the useleiv
of Piirliment. He int thogreatest diploinaticinii i : '
er-of the 114, andftertripes themcatest Rogi sk r e,,
er had. Her is at Mel twitter • Whig cabinet 4 ,
Granville in his enecessor. , c•; , er
' 11.1- iluansa.,- , ln.a drunken quarrel, 41 1 , 14 ,',
man named ; Rowland and another named l AN - ,
at Great Vqlley, calla:anus Co., N. Y. t he i r . •
stabbed the latter Mortally. -.1
otr At Rochetrier, e tad 'named Mtsieei ti ':,
few days Mince was found dead in a well. .
went out early, and it is supposed she wa i l v:
act of drawing a trinket of water and slipped e ,.
Acraurrrao.-Mrs. Trott t was tried befog f i t',
Lebanon County Court on Tuesday, forthem ei ,
of her step-tlaughtee, and acquitted.
•.. , •
Small-pox is Nei.; prevalent in the we n „ 0 -,
lion of Philadelphia, where sislycasesstralee
ed on Tuesday. ?
ININJIATITIRM ALMAINAC-Ird. - • •
suND M A o r yo , of the DRY or R ,... '
, Wash. Month. s " mi l ,
I. " MONDAT, 18
19 7 7 2 4 1 1 4:
. 2 ; Tossusr 20 7St ea
Wseassost, 2i 720 40 .
TOCIISIOAT . 22 7IS 44
.4 Fasoss, 21 716 46 e
lisylianst, ' 24 715 44 •
Wier°4 . DONATION PARTY,There erdi t t: . :
Donatiou , Party , assbe house otter. '• .
alliSliN,„ in phealtequin, L on TR:sday creel --
nary 2tith, '1052. The public are respectfully ,
rd to ;tared upon 'this notice, as no farther it . I
lion. will ber.essuerie:•:- ' , • 1,.. Ilia
At the house of Mr..Grayes,M Pike, Jan. la. ,
by R6lO. B: L Douglass, Mr. Desssaiss : • ,
,to bliss Mat .Jeiss Dank. ' ' - i - ,
On Theis( laY; /Una* lerk - by'Rei: - E Slily,
Cusses -*reviews ••Of Eleauding Shine; b "1
Mstrras /Ass Dccatasuf Dares-•:I'
TH sbse l
! ..1...2.- t •
r j-z-.1 - 4.7::..--1-.....- -- ' liberal patrons''' . ' - ''.
tit rffll3l; ,
lit ' l lll
Iti C :
BEA. DSTE A DS.-High, Field, French VII
poet beadstrads, finished in handsome eityk al
approved patterns, together with.otlier fun ow
ally called for, all of which will be soldon 2
• a 'lb lII' .
0 - The subscriber is also provide el si.
and fashionable HEARSE, and will hold blask. ,
readiness to attend to all orders in undeiukair,
He will famish ice boxes when desired, bl it.., 0 1 :'
of which the corpse may be kept for a veer.
FINS READY MADE. . CHESTER WEIR -
N. .-Furniture of all kinds made to orda!-. ;
ted to be of the best materials and v
ship. - ' - ....,,
To anda,Ltripry 170852,
. , ••, - • 4 Alltisolation. .
rr : Capartnersbip heietofore existing • •
I SAMUE L , HUSTON and HENRY 0 - ;•'.
TER, is this day dissolverkby mutual consela, ---,
persons' ndebted to the' !stir - firm are repro '-
call and settle with HAL Porter, who has do
and control of the books amt demands of 0 1
and who will settle all demands outstanding ...-
the firm ISA M GEL HUSISf,.
Torranda, Jan. IS. BUM 11. C. POD
- -.......M•10& agealea l
anuns is mow- - .
Of HANNlnasia II ea.* .---- ~,
•- ...La ss. the arofesS lo lhr k r.
""' - P• , he hands of the United States authorities. ' s \
1 have thus frankly stated to the Benue ta m I
fit e draltd Limetyly=anigonif this
anypspellißion , iable to mtsconstreetion,conyma.
aliens of*stitutional law. 1 ask (or them I
did and *gni ecsisidetat ion. Wm. F. J o
• Eurarskehamber, Harrisburg, Janua7,lBm7
Rasmusnon or_Bssitor C tmatrroa.—rb e
Cresghlontaathoelksadthealficaof Pn w i ti ;
'Bi..hop of risen , York . , to which he. was elected
the last diocesan convention He eandil44,2
his unfitness for the change of iolarge s i Q 4, 8 7 .
lid a braneh of the church. Bishop Chase, ofi:
Hampshire, will perform the episcopal dotist e fi:
diocese until the Ascension, aher which they tl
devolve upon Bishop Delancey, 'of Weiten i
York, ,The convention win oat -reassembl a
the 40th of Sept. next.
In Ulster. Jaottary ,sth otryphaa fever, shelf ;
itinesa of ssre weeks. Outs iirmay Srocarr
"son eif Joel EfroalciieVin the; tette year of Eta;
Zmportsat "to 3lonsekeepert
THE sbbscritier thankful fatl
,'liberal patronage berefolire (,3
'ceived, begs leave to infaskt
Iciiends and the
!aild those commencing 11.10.;,
:keeping in Particular thatki'l
)now on hand a largess:l
of FURNITURE,. wbichit
warrant to be made in a anbstantiaLmanner,ve
the beer materials.
BUREAUS, such as mahogany and vilest
ing bureaus, marble and plain tops ; alabOaqc,
walnut wlebstands, marble tops. and plain, lb'
ferent patterns. Card and end tables,Sofas Car
es, whatnots. &c. • • ' '
Siteabinical :Medicine. ', , `
is !Awry, AND wit Mg!'
301TRAGED by what has been does all.
ricinity and elsewhere. the subscriber elf -'
Ipponnuity of four days. Those whoa
,(ton on the first day. can have free tris_
BANNINGS's IMPROVED BODE fi ll'
weeny epplauded by the professimudZe
y these who have tested their lawn le.:
us weaknesses minifying support.
4 nehloviaza Banos and Runic Ilkow7i
. sold by her. the sole maker and veaderdt:
es. The character of these combine 1 11 '
!air been, or can be done, by soy WIT :.
out any pressure or heat of 'cushioned Pt y' .
inning's Book on Chronic Disease tot tala
pCARMAN, can tk , found on the tat ft . ;
or February: and four days followiat V
!ford. hotel as Wm. Drigg's. Coaxal a" .
m.solicited at all hours of the day,
:, FARM- FOR. SALE. .:
ItTHß.sohatriber offers at prio°,.
that valuable FARM. herctofonse P r
It %L P. Raydeo. siluale in de • .
' ' a iliof itonth Towanda. Bradr 4 _,'
.ty, Va. t contains about SIXTY ACRgats •
proved laud, aad about thinpfice atm ei
laud. There is a good house and bar. ad ,i
-'"d'ilidiliill, and an apple orchard thereP.Z
IPA watered. and situated within about SI IP°
: theihottugh of Towanda. l
• koredit will be glees for a portion sf—. 6l ,rt;
'abase money : 'For, further inkirmatioa 00 1. '
U. Iditactie`, - Elq., or of the anktcritter st el t
Y.. 1 ,•. , Jan. 9, UAL WILLIAM WP' .- , ,
WRITE react' Cokeed Rickety Wl' lif e
' 1- v• plias , 5a..., 11.6 1 1