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'TOW A NDA:
Sorban Illorninp, November 8. 1851.
From the N. Y. Tribune.
er Wgt , pLAII ,socass
Speak boldly, Freeman ! while to-day
The strife is rising fierce and high,
Gird on the armor while ye may
In holy deeds to win or die;
The Are is Troth's wide battle-field.
The Day is struggling with the Night,
For Freedon bath again revealed
A Marathon of holy right.
peak bcddly, Hero! labile the foe
Treads onward with his iron heel!
lEttrike steady with a giant blow,
And flash aloft the polished steel ;
Be true, 0 Hero to,rhy tract !
Man and thy God both look to thee !
Be true. or sink:away to dust—
Be true, or hence to darkness flee.
Speak boldly, Prophet ! Let the fire
Of Heaven come down on altars curst,
Where Bail priests and seers conspire
To pay their bloody homage first :
Be true. 0 Prophet! Let thy tongue
speak fearless, for the words are thine—
Words that by morning stars were sung,
And angels hymned in strains divine.
flpeak boldli, Poet! Let thy pen
Be nerved with fire that may not die ;
Speak cor the-rights of bleeding men
Who look to heaven with tearful eye.
Be true. 0 Poet! Let thy name
Be honored where the weak have trod,
And in the summit of thy fame,
- Be true to Man ! Be true to God.
speak boldlv.,Brothers ! Wake. anti* come
The A nakinf are'ressing on !
la Freedom's strafe be never dumb!
God flashing blades till all is won!
Be true. 0 Brothers I Truth is strong.!
The' foe shall sink beneath the sod—
While hire and bliss shall thrill tho song
That Truth to Man is Truth to .IGou.
ABDICATION OF NAPOLEON.
THE sunshine of prosperity had set on the au
nt chateau of Francis the First, and was about In
le-in Paris with the dawn of another reign, arid
Its me - feared to be too late ; for, to be stripect
'ot um protracted a fidelity might become the
to of a whole life, and give a death blow to 41
ntion which they had no idea of abandoning,
Met inn the Emperor; It was evident that
eileon was :ibout to become the public enemy.
guilty ore. co horn was about to be heaped
.try Lies,^riptini of abase and disgrace ; in short ,
retreat crowribed of Europe and of France ; and
'trembled le-t they ..1o1)1,1 be included in this oti
ism. The marshals, with the exception of Mac-
Id, set the example ; and uthen the swa' waii.
i, how could it be expected That the rest of the
should resist follow in ? for it is net in the
ms of a master that soots become tempered,
Maracters hardened and proved. All that was
nog was a pretext to desert with decency, which'
Aeon yrould not afford them by his ototttinacy
ractlatwn ; and the impatience to abandon
Chatliftd urn alger at the tutbbormiess of their
ter. The court., hall., corridOrs, and evert the
1-chambgs were tilled with groups of his °ill
s J,z9i!aries a.,,1 servants, who loudly discant.
L., erms of seventy and contempt on his despe
.llzr,te t o rei q r t : wor:e the sound penetrated
to Inc.! retired part of Napoleon's apartments,
the imice cd reproach, and seemed to increase
rolorne aswach pas=tog hour destroyed 'his last
et lie was obtiged. from time to time, to open
foot, and. in a mice by toms imperious or se
order-hi: e`rannt•erlain in waiting to silence
,re mattered i.our,d:r of disaffection. Even those
whom he was most intimate, and to whom he
led his reveres arid his thoughts, 'immediately
ned ihe m in the conversations of the palace,
thereby increaAed the general fears and discon-
F.rerpone tried to impress upon his neigh ,
the urgent ream s for flight which he entertain.
that the ingratitude, instead of being iodi
c might appear general. and already desertion
tinily arid ulughingly spoken of. One par
zrzed the nieleseness of remainingin a -palace
• changed into a barrack, and -about to become
uon'; the others, the necessity of going to par.
r protect their wives, mothers, or children, who
becoming alarmed. The latter showed letters .
W de Talleyra n d or the senaters, and the for.
ioldenly recollected that their names belong
thetirst instance, to the ancient . monamhy l
in its,retu tn to the Tuilleries they could not
If being absent. All of them hail certain_ 91-
interests, family concerns or duties of -situa.
which ought to outweigh the useless determi.
)11 Of " t zta!ning a fallen soldier ; and some of
I ngcomprornised as accomplices, thought
8 17 to seek for pardon by evincing an in
tea to betray, as a pledge-of fresh fidelity to
crag Patter. At the doors of all the apart.
, in the corridors, on the staitcares and in the
preparations for de arture were making with
lint; the greaterart leaving without the
iy of a farewell 1; while every now and
le noise of a caqiage rolling through the
3f honor ga4 notic of another desertion. In
'ming the-palace nearly empty, eiren the
tint household of the Emperor having Oman
If by.chanceihe summoned any of the digni.
1r big court, the °flews of his staff,4-• - • of his
told, he was told that they Were gene. A
ernile and e-xpression of cold disdain passed
bill features at each fresh litoqf of; the. base
interested attachments, end, be seemed .to
bin:will With that contempt which he , had
!pressed for mankind, and which, at the same
justified their personal degradation. He had
' loved anything ; but bad violated every feel. ,
how, therefore, could he have any claim Ou
. , .
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the hearts or good feeling 'Ol his followers ? He
met with no sympathy even from those old domes
tic .servants, who, in familiarity and long habit, fre
quently attach to the person rather than the
Richard had his Blonde!, and Louis XV!, his Clery ;
but Napoleon had not even his Mameluke. His
court had corrupted all. The 'millers alone, and
those of his ofteers least honored and distinguish
ed, and furthest removed from his favor, showed
themselves faithful to him to the last moment ;
providing that camp had at least sustained their
honor, while interest had corrupted the court."
" When he had iisen he called for Cadlsincoutt,
whop„be could hope to deceive less than any oth
er ; for this friend of his latter days had been con
fidentially charged by himself to preparethese con.
ditions which he had affected to reject so haughtily.
" Now hasten to the conclusion of all," he said
to him ; " put this treaty, when I shall have signed
it,„jrito the hands of the allied sovereigns let them
know that I treat with them and not with the pro.
visional government, in which I can see nothing
but traitors and faction ists !"
." Macdonald and Ney having entered, he took
the pen and signed. His features bore traces of
the disquietude of the night, and of the real or pre
tended agitation of his mind. His forehead, con
cealed in his hands was bent downwards ; but he
rose to thank Macdonald, who owed him least, and
had done the most for him. By his bearing towards
Macdonald he, nobly avenged for the ungrateful
rudeness or the rapid hurry of 'desertion of the
others. " Marshal," he said, " I- am no longer
rich enough to recompense yilur last and faithful
services. I have been deceived as to your semi
ments towards me." "Sire," replied Macdonald,
with the generosity of a great soul, " I have forgot.
ten everything since 1809." " That is true—l
know i', added the Emperor ; " but since I can no
longer recompen4 you according to the wish of
my heart, I wish at least to leave you a souvenir of
me, which shall remind yourself of what you were
in there day' of trial. Caulaincourt," he said, turn
ing towarddhis Confidential officer, "ask for the
sabre that was given to me in Egypt, by Nlourad-
Bey. and which I wore at the battle of Mount Ta
bor." The Oriental:weapon being brOught, Napole
on, handing it to the marshal, "There," said he,
.. is the only reward of your attachment that I have
to give you. Ycin were my t-iend !" "Sire," re
plied the brave soldier, pressing the weapon to his
heart, , •I shall preserve it all my life, and if I should
ever have a rionf k it will be his most precious inheri.
lance" " Give me your hand," murmured Napo
leon, " and let us embrace !" The Emperor and
his general-embraced each - other, and 'eats stood
in the eyes of both as they parted.
"The signing of the treaty by Napoleon was the
signal through the palace for almost universal de
-ertionz Every one now began to think only of. ma
king his peace with the irlAv government. All
hastened to fly: every one dreaded that the Em
. peror would include his name amongst those whose
fidelity he would invoke to accompany him in l his
exile. Murat alone, of all his old ministers, re
mainedjit his post, as segretary of state, with his
master, now without power and without a court.
" AfterMaedonald and Caulaircourt had taken
the treaty signed to Paris, the allied sovereigns
each appointed a commissioner to accompany the
Emperor through France to the port on the Mediter
ranean. fichouvrolof tor Russia, Koller for Austria,
Campbell for'England„ Valdebotig Frochariefs for
Prussia, formed the court of the exile, charged to
superintend, to serve, and to honor the proscribed
of Europe.. The irritation of the south of France
was such at that time,. against Napoleon, that he re:
qutred a safeguard awl gat his own subjects. In
the departments of the entre and the east, on the
contrary, his presence ight awaken _military en
thusiasm, and give a cl ief to insurrection-and the
independence of the co ntry. Frcm these twdcon
siderations, the escort of the commissioners, and of
an imposing armed force, was necessary to the soy
ereigne and to NapOleon himself. His death would
have been the crime of Europe ; his evasion and
his calf to arms would have been the renewal of
a war without grandeur, but without calamities.
" Caulaincourt; preceded,' by a few hours, the
arrival of the four commissioners at Fontainebleau,
to prepare the Emperor to receive this foreigncourt .
The palace already resembled a tomb; silence and
vacuity reigned in the cools and in the halls. Here
and there only, some groups of soldiers, less habitue
ated to the spectacle of vicissitudes„rd less used
to human compassion, wandering around the- walls
• and -ffiend, the gardens of the palace, endeavoring
to catch a glimpse, through the balustrades- of the
parterres and the balconies, of the higitive forin of
their general, to comfort him with an acclamation.
The Emperor appeared and disappeared alternate
ly ; he gave' no signror encouragement, not even of
attention to these groups and theireries.; he seemed
totally absorbed in himself; his body and his mind
were equally devoid of rest. . .
" With measured step, and slow, followed by the
guard and by his friends, he passed thrringh the
long gallery of Fran - cis I. He'stood for moment
on the landing of the grind staircase, and looked
around on the troops drawn op in the court of the
guard of honor, and on the Innumerable multitudes,
frii'm the surrounding country, which had assem
hied to times, this grand historical event, that they
Might recount it to their children. What contend='
ing feelings agiteted the breasts of that vast crowd,
in Which there were More accusers than defenders!
But the greatness of the fall in some, the Borrow for
misfortune in others, a regard to decorum in all, pro-
ducedan universal silence. Insult at such a me.
ment Would have been cowardly—the cries of
4 ' Vire
,l'Empereat" a mockery . The ebldiers
themselves xperienced a m teelingtoo e solemn, of too
religious an awe, to think of acclamation ; they
felt a deepramse ot honor in their consciousness of
fidelity even in adversioffortune, arid telt thatnow
the sun of our glorY was iboutto set, titd wiih their
Chick() sink for ever behind the trees of the font;
and the waters oldie Mediterranean.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, Pi, BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
RESAILDLESS OF DENUNCIATION PROM ANT QUADTEN."
"They envied the lot (Athos° of their comrades
whom fate or choice had favored by allowing them
to be the companions -of their Exiled •Entperor.—
Their heads were bowed low, their looks mournful,
and tears rolled down the furrowed cheeks of the
warriors. Had the drums been covered- with crape,
it would have appeared , like an army performing
the obsequies 01 their general. Napoleon, after
casting a martial and penetrating glance at his bat
talions and squadions, had in his countenance an
expression of tender regard unusual Kt him. What
days of battle, of glory, and of :power did not ibe
sight of that army call to his mind 1 Where now
were they who had composed it, when it traversed
with him the .continents of Europe, Africa, and
Asia 1 How many now remained - oTthose•millions
in the remnant before his eyes And -- Yet those
few were faithful ; and he wasgoing to leave them
for ever. The army was himself. When he should
no longer behold it, what would he be ? He owed
all to the sword, and with the sword he lost all.—
He hesitated a moment before descending, and
seemed as if about to re-enter the palace mechani
" He rallied, 'however, and recovering himself
descended the stairs to approach hie soldiers. The
drums beat the salute. With a gesture he imposed
silence, and, advancing in front of the' battalions,
he made a sign that he wished to speak. The
drums ceased, the arms were still•; and the almost
breathless silence allowed his voice, re-echoed by
the high walls of the palace, to be heard to the re
" Officers, • subalterns, and soldiers of my old
guard,.' he said, " I bid ,you farewell. For five
and-twenty years have I ever found you walking
in the path of honor and of glory. In these latter i
times , and in those of our prosperity, you have
never ceased to be models of fidelity and of bravery .
With men such as you, our cause would not
have been lost ; but the war was interminable ; it
might have been a civil war, and then it would
have been worse for France. 1 have therefore sac
rificed our interests for those of the country. I leave
you do you, my friends; continue to serve
France ; her honor was my only thought ; it shall
ever be the object of my most fervent prayers.
"Grieve not for my lot ! If I have ,consented to
outlive myself, it is with the hope of still promoting
your glory. I trust to write, the deeds we have
achieved together Adieu, my children ;
I would fain embrace you all. .. . . Let me at
least embrace you. general, and your tolors !
" At these words the soldiers were deeply affect
ed ; a shudder ran through the ranks, and their
arms quivered. General Tent, wlid commanded
the old guard in the absence of the marshals—a
man of martial bearing but sensitive feelings—at a
second signal from Napoleon advanced between the
ranks of the soldiers and their Emperor. Napoleon
embraced him for a long time, and the two chief
tans sobbed aloud. At this spectacle one stifled sob
was heard through all thifranks. Grenadiers brush
ed away the tear from their eyes with their left
hands. " Bring me the eagles," resumed the Em
peror, who desired to imprint upon his heart and on
these standards the memory of Caesar. Some grena
diers advanced, bearing before him the eagles of
the regiment. He grasped these trophies so tlear
to the soldier ; he pressed them to his breast, and
placing his lips to them exclaimed, in a manly but
broken accent, " Dear eagle, may this last embrace
vibrate for ever in the hearts of all my faithful sol
diers ! •
" Farewell again, my:old companions, farewell r
The whole army burst into tears, and the only re
ply was one long continued groan.
"An open carriage, in which General Bertrand
awaited his master and friend, received the Empe
ror, who hurried in, and covered his eyes with both
his bands. The carriage rolled away towards the
first stage of Napoleon's exile."—Lamarline's Rec.
torahon of Monett hy in France.
nit MAN OF Homoa.—The man or trne honor
ever forgets an insult: or if remetnbered, it is only
with the kindnessof a superior mind looking above
the shafts of envy. True honor gains nothing by
feeding the spirit of contention; for if once that evil
is harbored, it is sustained by the sacrifice of every
just and manly principle. The gentle rivulet be-
comes a torrent when the elements contend t but
when the temples! has passed, the Waters contract
to their former limits, flowing with more freshness
and adding new beauty to their progress. So the
elevated mind, if ever disturbed by ihe.malice of
ignorance and envy, like that little stream, soon
regains its wonted gentleness, and feels the happi
est for the test. True honor acknowledges itself
in rags as well as in costly raiment—it Reeds' no
covering—most beautiful when undisguised. It
exalts itself in all' conditions, for it is of its own
creating. the world would be its arbiter, and false
distinctions of society would restrict it to high station
but the werld would Inive been made to worship it
when clothed in the garb of lowly. Detraction has
no blemish for it—it abides all worldly tears.—llen.
Otr A correspondent of the Troy Times gets oft
- As we were passing by an auction shop, a witty
auctioneer, was trying to sell an old. hand °win
To that end he was grinding out the musio ; when
the crowd began to throw out the pennies, when a
countryman step* up to him and said,—" Sir,
you ought to have a monkey !" " My good fellow,l:
replied the aoctilineer, "so I had, Step right up
here P' The countryman vamosed."
Grrnsu orr EAST —Chre of the States passed an
Set that no dcg should•go at large without a max.
tie r snd a man was brought up for infringing the
statute. In deface he 'Hedged that his dog had a
"Row is that 'I" Booth the jailice.
"0," said theilelendant," the acs" says nothing
Olen:idle muzzle shall be placed, and as I thought
the animal would like the treabair,l pit it on his
Courtin: in Court.
An interesting anti rather -unexpected circum.
stance took place at a insticiVs court in Tyrone, on
Friday tact. The preliminetl history of the case
is as follows : Miss Angeline Houghtaling a cun
ning end rather good looking young lady of some
25. years of age, whose persimal-aliractim had gain
ed for her considerable reputation amengsthe warm
blooded youths of this section, and whiete resi
dence in Albany, as well ps other enlightem4l cities
at the east, have affordeS her (=mien, advents.
gee for studying human nature—had commenced
a suit against Mr Smith Sharpe, a widower far
mer, of Tyrone, whose peculiar constitutional organi
zation and zig-zag brains had rendered him highly
susceptible to the influence of woman's charms,
and made him alternately a shi've.and a tyrant.
The plaintiff claimed for a cow .iliat she aleged
she purchased of defendant, and for which she had
paid him by a stove, sold and delivered to him
some two years since, and by personal services.
Plaintiff also claimed for wpm of slims.
It seems that about two years ago, Miss H. was
engaged as house-keeper by defendant, anti con
tinued to discharge all the functions of that station
during a period of about 18 months or until some
lime last spring, when owing to his violent temper,
a separation took place —But then he discovered
the strength of her influence over him.' Ho sought
• reconciliation without avail. The fair one was
independent and stubborn. Once during the past
slimmer, they met here and sue consented to talk
with him. la the genero-ity of his soul, he bought
her a pair of shoes, when she agreed to return home
with him. She rode some two miles in his baggy,
when, passing the house of an acquaintance she
proposed tostop a. moment to get her clothes. He
consented. She went in. lie vraited—till at last
he became impatient. Soon he discovered her
crossing a gully at full speed. Tile conviction
flashed across his mind that she had " given him
the slip " At once abandoning his horse anti bug
gy he starteti in pursuit. He was the swiftest
He overhauled the chase Seizing her with force
he threw her down and took off from her feet the
very shoes that he had so lovingly purchased for
her but. a few hours previous ! The'poor damsel
was of course left baretooted.
Even this affair was hrgotten . by him - in a few
.days, and he manifested as wring a desire as ever
to secure her return to his desolate' abode ; but his
offer was rejected. Recently the suit above men
tioned was instituted by her before Esquire Jackson,
of Altay, and as the parties were generally known
in that part of Steuben. a large collection of persons
had assembled to hear the trial.
The cause being called, the plaintiff appeared,
attended by her counsel, John Banker, Esq. The
defendant hid no connse l, and expressed his tfe
termination to conduct his own cause. At the re
quest of the defendant, ashen delay was granted to
see if the' parties could settle., They retired to the
further end of the court-room, L and after conversing
together nearly an hour, during which time the
fact became apparent that he was endeavoring to
persuade her to settle the suit by marrying him,
they advanced towards the Justice, when the plain
tiff declared they could not agree. •A witness was
accordingly called to the stand and about to be
sworn, when Mr. Sharpe sung ont—
"Hold on, 'Squire—let me try her again. We
Again the parties retired, and after another long
conversation, returned—he the picture of despair,
and she evidently as full of tun and deviltry as ever.
No settlement having taken place, the witness was
again called to the stand, and the oath again about
to be administered—but the desperate voice of the
excited Sharpe was once more potent :
For God'd sake wait a little longer, Squire !
Perhaps We'll have me yet. I'll d ) all she wants.
Angeline why won't you have me!" asked Sharpe,
turning to his tormentor.
" Because," said she " I'm afraid you'll abuse
" No—l nont treat you bad—nor talk provoking.
Come, now let's settle."
Why, Smith, you are half crazy about religion
one moment, and the next full of hell. l cant trust
yon again !"
Poor- Sharp was in agony. "Oh. Ange"--said
he, coaxingly, approaching her—" if you will mar
ry me, lii do any thing. I'll give you bonds it you
want, not to ill use you, and 11l never twit you
about John—nor Harvey—nor Elder—nor any one
else again. Now don't say anything more and we'll
settle this suit. Come, my dear?"
At last the adamantine heart and s:nbborn spirit
of the conquering girl yielded to the besieger.—
The last condition of the campimlation was over
come. She consented ! A shout of long suppressed
but violent laughter went op from a hundred voices.
The suit was ended! The coon adjotmed, and at
the request of the now happy pair; Justice, jam . Is,
witnesses, spectators &Id citizens assembled in the
large room at a neighboring tavren, where, in a
few moments, the plaintiff wat transformed into
Mrs. Sharpe. The magistrate and all present pro.
nouneed judgment for the plaintiff; but the defendant
thereby saved . his cow I—Dundee Recrd.
A SLOW S.AILIIOAD.-All the papers are ,poking
Inn at a slow railroad somewhere in tho sovereign
State in Michigan. The ig Carpet Bag" furnishes
some additional reminiscences of the same road.*
There is much excitement along the road respect.
ing the killing and maiming of cattle ; and one
who had a valuable cow badly injured by a loco
motive, after complaining about -the matter and
getting grossly insulted by the employers on the
road, told'the engineer that the next time he came
along he would give him a thrashing;, which * *as
laughed at. The next time the 'iron horse' came
snorting along by the Ihntier's bones, the old Cello*,
sallied out, with a big buil•dog and eolith the
l bollgine.' The dog caught ho)d - of tie cow.csteber,
held.on, and 'stopped it while the farmer licked the
engineer! when :Milling oft his dog, ha let the !lain
go on again.
THE WASTE OF WAR.
Give me the gold that war has cos 4
Before this peace expanding day ;
The wasted skill, the labor lost—
The menial treasure thrown away;
And I will buy each rood of soil
In every yet discovered land ;
Where bunters roam, where peasants toil,
Wdere many-peopled cities stand.
I'll clothe each shivering wretch on earit`i.
In needful, nay, in brave attire;
Vesture befitting banquet mirth
Which kings might envy and admire.
In every vale, on every plain.
A school shall glad the gazer's sight.
Where every poor man's child may rain
Pure knowledge. free as air and light.
I'll build asylums for the poor.
By age or ailment made forlorn;
And moue shall thrust them from the door,
Or Sting with looks or words of scorn..-ia
I'll itok. each alien hemisphere ;
Help honest men to conquer wrong
An. Science, Labor. nerve and cheer ;
Reward the Poet for his song.
In every free anti peopled clime.
A vast Walhalla hall shall stand
A marble edifice sublime,
For:the illustrious of the land;
A Parilheon for the truly great.
The wise, benificent and just;
A place of wide and lofty state
To honor or to bold their dust.
PHILOSOPHY OP A CARPET J3AG.—Amang the
most common street eights is that of a gentleman
hurrying along towards railway or. river, bearing
with hire a little carpetbag, So common it is that
it fails to attract the slightest attention. - A little
carpet-bag is no more noticed than an umbrella or
a walking-stick in a man's hand ; and yet, when
rightly viewed, it is, to our thinking, an object of
no ordinary interest. We feel no envy for the
man on whom has devolved the charge of a heap
of luggage. The anxiety attending snob pr:Terty.
outweighs the pleasure of its possession. But a
man with a little carpet-bag is one in ten thousand.
He is perhaps the most perfect type of Independ
ence extant. He can snap fingers in the face of
Highland porter extortionate. Nu trotting urchin is
idle enough to solicit the carrying ofso light a bin
den. While other passengers, by coach or railway
are looking after trunks and trappings, he enters
and has the best seat. He and his " little all"
never part company. On arriving at their desti
nation, they are oil with the jaunty swagger of
unencumbered bachelorhood. In contemplating a
gentleman with a carpet-bag we are struck, to a
certain extent, with an idea of disproportion; but
the balance is all on the easy side. There is far
ton little to constitute a burden, and yet there is
enough to indicate wants attended to and comforts
supplied. No man with a title carpetbag in his
hand has his last shirt on his back. Neither is it
probable that his bead can sutler from slovenly
SPIRIT or PRATER -II is distressinVo hear long,
desultory and cold prayer.. They evince that the
sacrifice is from a dead heart, and that the lips are
not touched with a live coal from the altar of God.
iVben prayers are short, specific and warm, we
have evidence-that a revival has began. It has be
gun, where it should begin, in the hearts of Chris
tians. Each worshipper comes to the meeting with
an errand to the throne of grace; and pleads iream •
evil l y, being, full of laid) and the Holy gheeti !the
prays aloud, he supplicates for the things he came
for, and he entreats for it with , filial, fervent
importunate desire, and then he stops. 0 Christian !
do you feel for dying sinners 1 Do you feel for the
cause of Christ I Then pray wrestle in prayer ; be
siege the throne of grave ; take no denial ; say with
)acob, " I will not let thee go, except flint' bless
me." What an example we have in Moses, in
Abaham, in Hannah, in Elijah, in all the Ohl' Tt'F.-
lament saints; and especially in Jesus! Let its catch
this spirit of prayer, and we shah not spend our breath
The Archbishop of Dublin tells us of ahorseman
who having lost his way, made a complete circls.,
when the first round was finished, seeing the marks
of a horse's hoofs, and never dreaming. that they
were those of his own beast, he rejoiced, and said,
" This at least ►bows me that I am in some track ; '
when the second circuit was finished, the signs of
travel were double, and he said, ' Now surely lam
in a beaten way ; and with the conclusion of every
round the marks increased all her was certain he
must be in some well frequented thoroughfare, and
approaching a populous town, but he was all the
while riding after his horse's tail, and deceived by
the tracks of his own error. '
Tea mum Locomorve is A mentca."—The first
kicomotive ever used in the United States is still in
good running order on the Little Schuylkill Rail.
road. It was built in Liverpool, England, .by Ed.
ward Bury. Ai that time it leas necessary to sead
aman from England to put the engine in order on
on the road. It was but tirenty Years ago that Ed
.ward Bury's engine was first placed upon our road.
Since then, the iron track has been extended
through our land ; the fierce breathing of the iron
horse in almost every valley; the ingenuity of our
mechanics enables them to supply our own engines
and furnish- them to nations across the Ocean.—
Were asrogressive people. •
A lady, rather ignorant upon agricultural matters,
sent to the country the other day for some nice
milk, which was carefully delivqed to hei by the
hand of a friend who procured itr The lady very
carefully placed it in her cellar in a nice open ves
sel, with the determination of haiing an extra nice
breakfast on her'rich milk_ ; Breakfast came, Red
her,lntsbanil looked_ in vairifor the anticipated loa
n? • „
gi Wife . VP Said he •t 'where is Mitt tifsei r tnilit ' you
Teri aralikig:oflatd night
gg Oh, dent, it is tootedill. she
ly ; a the inilk this morning Wei
thic,k4ollitte icaM, and I lied to I
IRON AbD Sratrs—Steel is bon pared tbrntigh
process which di coiled rerneination, the 'alive:, of
wine!' is to impregnate it vrtth carbon. Co!boo)
iris n : ore atmlidatitir in cinirrntil than in a y of I've
fusible Puboaner. sutd the smoke th it g.nes up liont
a charcoal forge iR carbon in a fluid state Nov.
if you -ran manage :n eonfitte that smoke, and pot
a piers iif iron into it for itt.veral dap., arid heat the
iron at the Panie time. it %% 111 become steel. Mat •
log the tron opens its pnres, so that the smoke, or
eartwm. ran enter into I!.
The furnace for this purpose is a con'cal building
of brick, in the middle el which are TWO troughs of
brick or stone, which hold about four tons of bar
iron. At.the bottom is a large grate for the fire.
A layer of charcoal-du-4 is put upon the bottom of
the troughs, then a,layer of bar iront-, and so on
alternately, until the tronghs are full. 'They era
then covered over with clay, to keep out the air,
which, i! admitted, would prevent the cementation.'
Fire is then commonicatedlo the wood and coal
with wh.:ch the iurnare is• tilled, and continued
until the , conversion of ths; iron into steel is comple
ted, which generally happens in about eight or ten'
days. Tills is known by bli.ters on the bars,
winch the workmen occasionally draw out in order
to determine. When the conversion is completed,
the fire is then left to go out, and the bars remain
in the furnace about eight (lays more, to cool.
The bars of steel are then taken ont, and either
eold as blistered steel, or drawn to a convenient
size, whin it is called tilted "steel. German sleet
is : mrale out of this blistered steel, by breaking the
bare into short pieces, and welding them together,
drawing them down to a proper size for use.
HISTOR T or A LCCIIIO..—,A Icohol tcaa ill tented
650 years ago, by the sou of a strange woman, Ha
ger, in Arabia. 1.3.(iie3 used it wait a powder to
paint themselves, that tfiey might appear more
beautiful, and this powder was called alcohol
During, the reign of William and 'Mary, an act was
passed encouraging the man it fart u re' of spirits. Snort
after, intemperance and profligacy prevailed to such
an extent that the retailers of intoxicating drinks
putlp signs in public planes informing_ the people
tharthey might get drunk for a penny, and have
some straw to get sober on .
In the 16th century, distilled - spirits spread over
the continent of Europe. About this time it was in
troducetrinto' the colonies, as the United States
were then called. The ibis notice we hare of its
use in public life, was among the laborers in the
Hungarian mines, in the 15th century. In 1751,
it was used by the English soldiers as a cordial.—
The alcohol in Europe was made of grapes, and
sold in Italy and Spain as a medicine. The Gen.
nese afterwards made it from grain and sold it ass
.medicine in bottles, under the:name of the water of
lite. Until the 16th century it had only been kept
by apothecaries as medicine. Dwelt the regin of
Henry VG. brandy was unknown to Ireland , and
soon its alarming effect induced the government to
pass a law prohibiting manufacture
About 120 year ago it was used as a beverage
especially among the tioldiers in the English colo
nies in, Nor - ih Ameri 'a, muter the preposterous
notion that it prevented sickness and made - them
tearless in the field of batik.. It was looked upon
as'a.sovereign specifie. Such is a brief sketch ofthe
introduction of alcohol into society as a bevarage,
Trierhtittory of it is written in the wretchedness, the
the tears, the g.rmans, poverty - and murder of thous
ands. It has marched the land with the tread ofa
gt t, leaving the impress of his fooisleps in the
bones ; sinews, and life's'blood df the people.
FINDTNC FACLT.-" See here, Mr. Editor, I don't
like that article on the first.tiii. It won't.
do. It's sentiments are wroniz. they won't thla
common ityLthey are nonsensical ; impudent, and—
" My dear sir—"
Don't in!errup! me. lam a.toniAhed that you
should entertain such•riews. They may please the
herd—but the the—"
" My dear, dcar sir. let- 9
r• Do permit me to speak. 1 give von credit fnr
good sense, sir—tor liberal opinions, and for decen
cy anyhow. But, sii—"
" Don't wish to interrup'. Mr. Snooks—but are
you a subscriber for the—?"
" Not—not—es act ly—but I am in the habit of
"Then permit me to say, Mr. Snooks, the man
who borrows of a neighbor his wheelbarrow. and
finds fault with it, shows ingratitude to his neigh
bor, slanders the maker of the be - Row., exhibits art
utter ignorance or defiance of the laws of common
pilitenecs and ordinary decency, and deserves to
he turned out of respectable society,„ Good morn
ing,. Mr. Snooks."
Tea Wrrr.-11 you wish to be happy and have
peace in the family, never reprove your - husband in
company—even it that proof be ever so lf
he be irritated, speak no angry word. Intbile,.
ence sometimes will produce unhappy, conse
quences. Always feel, an: interest in what ybur
husband undertakes, if he is perplexed or discour
aged, assist him with your smiles and happy words.
if the wife is careful how she conducts, speaks and
looks, a thowand happy hearts would cheer your
existence, where now there is nothing but clouds of
gleomoorrow and discontent. The wife, shoe s
all othert ‘ shOuld strive to her husband, to
CURIOUS ABCS!. or TERM i.—II is said that a 1/0.
man has been tried and convicted, in Virginia of
teaching a slave to read the Bible, and sentenced',
to two years' imprisonment in the penitentiary.
According lo the indicment, she,' "not having the
tear ol'God before her eyes, but moved and' instig
noted by the devil ; ickedly, nviliticAt3l9 an df e t in i ol ,
IN did teach a certain negro woman to read the Bi.
Me, to the great diipleasure of Almighty God."
• .tied sontaifist.
I eal i fN* l with 11
.otr- Messed be the ',teed that teaches men that
Jong goat always; dtlite-, and must remote their
CIWII interest. 2. • f:
Lt'Ul23l - 11;3, LaCi