Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 20, 1851, Image 2

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Free Sollic-FrMetfpeecli, :Free-WM
Prearittioir foOt'Pres Terri ;hwy.
E. 0. ikkaRICK,EDrTOR.
Towanda, Saturday, Eelitem'r 200851.
.WILLL4II BIGLER, , or Cksmerlsr.o COUNTY
SETH CLOVER, 01/ esmtiox Cotityr
, FOa ainitsts Or TIPS SUPREME cou,rtT.
ELLIS LEWIS, or "Luirc orKtt,
JOHN U. GIBSON. ..... air Cumnsataxn CovsTy
Democratic County Meizet.
• ring te sap Err Jrnn s,
DAVID W1LM0T,.... ... or Bit Aprons Cor ti:
roil ASPIOCIATI .11131)G pt
BENJAMIN mi.:cox,
DANIEL B:.corrds,
Eect i 7 trembly, Ociober 11, I >35 I
Terms of The Reporter.
851 50 per nn d aid witlun the year 50-teetc.s w• inl
he detlacted—for cash paid actually tit nilealtre S I 00 is ill lie
deducted. No paper sent MCI' two years. unless pnal for.
• ADVERTMEMKNT, per krinnre of tr. totes. 541 rents I . or llic
trot, and IS cents for each subsequent usertiou.
fErpaice m dm .' Voina Block." tiOTIll ',fie of the c
!Ignore. inert dOnf to the Bradford Ilatcl. Eldraacc between
M ..lkdaado and Filwelra law office,.
The Prospect. 4)
We feel safe in assuring our Democratic friends,
that the prospect of seeming the election of our en
tire ticket is in all respects as lavorable as, we could
wish. We hear of no serous complaints or slisal
fection : all concede that the ticket is a good one.
and every democrat will go forth to duty with a
firm determination to battle against the enemies of
ins principles, efficiently and success-luny—and the
Fecund Tuesday of °ember shall bear testimony to
the future of its signal and triumphant success.—
Sitch we believe, from the information we have
from all pars of the County, is the sentiment which
pervades the party, and animates the bosom of
every lover of the Democratic cause—every hiend
id equal eights. This is right. No personal hos-
Mules—impersonal preferences tor the nomination
of a friend, should restrain a =single democrat from
stisteting warmly, leattessly, and actively into the
surliest of the entire nukel when ,
%V e, have said we believe that harmony and kind
feelitisw prevail, and that we ate matching lot ward
to a certain and honorable victory at the polls.—
Yet we woull urge upon our lellowdernocrats„ the
propriety, and absolute necessity of unceasing vigi
lance. .Do not let - the certainty of success lull you
into apathy or iiiactivey. It has been said tleit
" Edo nal Vigil ance' is the pi ice of liberty. Let
*his be the Jnotto of every soldier in the democrat
ic ranks. Let him remember that the tistnessness
of a. siitgle iteliv lanai, may lose more than one
vote, and should it preyail generally, might lose
the election. General flpuThr) is a bad officer, and
never led his soldiers to victory. He is sure to be
beaten swherever he has command, and no Demo
crat, will be found in hiS ranks.
Again, fez not the Gars Ilea we ess,aed every
thing in this county, last fall, induce a single mast
to stay at home under the belief that we have votes
enough without his.' That is not the way to make
victory certain. • We have a wiley, managing foe
to contend with. Their leaders are already en
deavoring to throw sand into our eyes, by saying'
on the corners of the streets and other public places
—that they don't expect to elect their men—they
know we have the strength, ar.d of coarse they
must be beaten. .This is all gammon. They hope,
by holding out
.false lights, as the same party did
dining, the last war, to deceive our democratic
friends. • They cry peace, peace, when there is no
Treace, Beware of their devices, they mean by
their Wicks to quiet your' fears and operate upon
your credulity. They ate now secretly pushing
every exertion on their pad to the utmost, and could
they sue Seed in making our friends believe that
their operations are Merely to keep up an org,ani
zation, without any expectation of success—we
might, when too late, discover at our cost, their
real designs. Be assured now, that they intend to
defeat us, and elect rtheir own men! and beiii
conscious of their weakilese in open baffle, they
are resorting to such schemes to accomplish covet
iy and underhandedly what they cannot de in fair
and honorable conflict. DemocraieV. be not de
eeived—bm enter at once, boldly and manfully upon
the - work before you. Ledie. nothing undone that
can be done honorably to seeure the election of
your 'eandidates. , Many a battle hasheen lost fin
want of a shigle'vete, and every demoetal should
exert himself for the coming contest as tribe result
depended on his vote alone. Let him do ibis, mash
at the same time guard against the wiles and craf
ty devices of the enemy to lull them to in &care
,iess indifference, or divert our attention from the
point of attick f and we wiU as certainly come od
victorious as tie sun shall rise an the second Tues.
day of October.
DaCIDFUL ACCIDENT.—We regret to learn, that
801311101 BEIFMGTON, of - Warren township, came
to his death on Tuesday afternoon Um, by falling
some distance upon his barn•floor. 'He. wu taken
np insensibletand died in tt short time. Mr. 8.,
was formerly a Commissioner of this County, and
an intelligent and respeeted citizen.
04T LazAnti W. Pcivrzt.t., 1110 first Demccratie
Governor of Kentaekey, was inamkrated at Frank -
• fon last.week, with great tejooitigs. He has ar
- pointed as Secretary of State, Davits 114EMWETRICR,
trio sarnif gee►tieinan who cam. near defeating
- Rummer Alsasitsii. tor Congress.
We publish ti'another column, full particulars of
a riot, attendld with loss of life, which occurred at
Lancsiu - er County, last week. The
deplorable •
Itus4mta vrejeceivetiof t his transaction
'.:ireS"Axceediiikly contradictOty. Some represent the
slay,es as up:asking the rei t OrtmatnrY party--wkile
otfieis insistikat the eiptsul ditermination of the
master_to have his staves at any Ask, was carried
0111.4 -hi#,AtingfttAkuliconAhß-PlOYg nthpreJ to.
fend them . Be thik as it may, it substraets little or
nothing from the terrible and bloody features otthe
occurrence. Art array has. actually occurred—a
slave-holder in pursuit of his iepecidiai" human
property has been - slint 1 410iviti his sinflnortally
Wounded, while the officers appointed to execute
The' laws have been obrged to for
their lives, , , •
It is deeply to be regrefell that such an occur
rence lies taken place "to dteken the lair character
of the latiF-abiding .and peaceable citizena,.of this
Commonwealth. his deplorable, indeed, that the
execution of any law should be resisted in such a
tumultuous and treasonable manner, by a large as
semblage of persons, with arms, and that blood
should be spilt in defjing the operation of an Act
of Congress. But in expresting our indignation at
this treasonable and murderous transaction—in as-
selling the necessity for MOW and active endeavors
to maintain the supremacy of the insulted arid out
raged laws--we may inquire into the causes which
have brought about this result, so much to be dep
recaimi at d regretted by every good citizen.
The brooding curse which, vampyre-like, sits
upon net ttation, and retards otir . progress, and stirs
up all the ill•feeling which is ever engendered in
this Repot.lie, is primarily answerable for,all the
blood which has, or may be shed, in occurrences like
this It is an institution so opposed to all the in
stincts of human nature—so hostile to the spirit of
the age,—so filled with horror and dread to Ihe poor
slave who feels its burden, that it is not to be ex
pected that the fugitive will quietly and peaceably
go. back to the bonds and stripes, when he has once
tasted the sweets of liberty. God has implanted a
different principle in the breast of every being,
vrhetlicr i he is high in the scale of intelligence, or
sunk in the lowest depths of barbarity and ignn.
ranee, There is an incessant craving for freedom
in the breast of every one of God's creatures, fash
ioned alter his image: No ignorance, no cruelty,
can ermlitate the Irnging, which "springs eternal
tit the human breast." And - so long as efforts are
made to recapture those kllio have escaped horn
slavery into the free states, we fear very much that
-similar scenes will be enacted.
We believe in the - faithful execution of all laws.
Wo ate bound, as good citizens to respect and ots.
verve laws which are constitutioeally enacted. Yet
we believe that the Fugitive Slave Law is unneces
sailly harsh
‘ in its operation. This late bloody
transaction, is one of the legitimate fruits of that law
which has been published as being so beneficent
and just in its provisions for the protection of the fu
gitive from labor. There is no wonder that in a
neighborhood where Mr. Commissioner INGRAHAM
WAS in such haste to consign a five ratan to Slavery
—where advantage has been taken of it to hurry
colored persons, without warning, back to the
South.—the execution 01 the law should be looked
upon with terror by the persons soug*, as affording
them no chance.
.OE uTr
There is-a great and natural repugnance in every
community to see a man sent back to Slavery.—
Nothitig but a well defined estimation of the corn•
promises of the Constitution and of the duty of every'
citizen under those Compromises, reconciles them
to such a sight, which is painful at best, and only
endured from the feeling that it is due to our South
ern brethren, promptly and cheerfully to allow
them to reclaim their fugitives horn labor. Any .
law to be acquiesced in, and to become effectual
mnst,.by its operation and provisions, satisfy com
munity that the persons returned by it, are clearly
and tightfuliy owing service to their 'claimants.—
Any other law will be inoperative from the force of,
popular sentiment, and if executed at all, must' be
carried out at the point of the bayohet. Such a re
sort would sink the authors and supporters of the
law, in the lowest depths of political disaster.
You must respect the spirit of Freedom, which
inhetired from oar brefathers, and strengthened by
the remembrance of their struggles and the blood
they poured out against oppression, demands that a
freeman shall not be enslaved, whether he be black
or while,—you must not ask that ex parte and un
satisfactory testimony shall be taken as proof that a
man shall be consigned to the tender mercies of a
slave-dealer—and the South may reclaim their fu
gitives from labor in quiet, and be aided by the
popular sentiment, and if need be . by the strong arms
of the North There has not been, nor will there
be, excitement or ill-feeling where a person claim
ed, is clearly proven to °We service to the claimant.
Deep as may be the regret to see the persons doom
ed to Slavery, yet the unanimous voice of the com
munity would be, to respect the provision of the
Constitution which enjoins upon us the duty of de
livering up such a person. A fugitive slave-law
which does this, will be sacredly observed and uni
versally respected in the North. It would he better
for the South, because it would prevent ilela:s, and
the possibility' of such occurrences as we flaw are
called upon to regret, and would preserve that kind
and fraternal feeling which the members of this
Union should entertain towards each other.
The operation of the present law, has done much
to highten the repugnance which is felt towards all
kidnapping. Its harsh and unjust feature: have
been• developed by the indecent haste and. zeal of
INGaiIIAMI and by the• stupidity and ignorance of
Commissioner Sore at Buffalo, (in the latter case
fortunately Judge Coriztaao was enabled to prevent
the injustice.) Under it, a free citizen may be ar
rested, etarnined, and in a few hours, the inmate
of a slave barracoon unless he should be happily so
situated, as te have the prxeeding arrested upon a
habeas corpus. It may never be amended.. We
- should judge that the spirit of the South would for
bid it to tboy lime to the dictates of reason,
and permit its obnazitats katores to be softened.—
' But we are quite certain that it will fall into a con
dolor" of desuetude—and fortquate for the South
will it be, if it dom.
+—ln this connexion, ws feel called upon to dep.
meats any attempt to drag this link:Monate mem.
renal into the arena at politics; for :the liarpoiinf
making capital for any party. Such eciadust Moor'
opinion, is diueptutable, whether it be demo.
orator Whig. no need to dip ail stun
ners in the blood of the victims at Christiana.and
flaunt the bloody insignia to create enthusiasm for
our carelidetes. Any attempt so to do, is both
justinablirand unworthy the 'name of Democracy.
Let us never Mnopto:inflarke the passims and prim,
The -FuglUFe Slave Rlot.
dicPl 91.mfP.s_wbitcs9 are Algattitor-PginciPk*"•;
nor upon the bleeding corpses of men who have
fallen victims in such i manner, endearta to preju
dice either local or vats authorities, without better
The immolate instigators of the riot Which .his
eventuated sofiutilly, will, we trust he brought ,to
condign ptitushment. Tbey are more pipe*
than the negioes, sibo ignorant of the magnitude - tit
.the crime they were committing, armed therwielses
to defy theirmaster in his altelnprio"tegaitirsi
. .
session of his property.
It is one of the deplorable bet- legitimate conse
quences attendant upon-and resulting fmrtrohe
slitulion of,hamtut slavery. Upon that (Wld, sett
falls the odium.—brought about and hastened by the
Fugitive Noyes Law. .In no small uteasureltre they
answerable who are aiding and abetting the Slave
Power, by denonneingall who will not worship at
t hat shrine, as Abolitionists rind incendiaries, and`
who for ulterior objects and from motives of person.
al aggrandizement' are endeavoring to create the
impression that a considerable portion of the North,
is hostile to the fulfilment of the guarantees of the
Constitution. What wonder if the colored papule.
Lion of the North will arm themselves to prevent
the reclamation orFugitives by bloodshed and vio
lences if they are made to believe that a large por
tion of the citizens of the North stand ready ro aid
them, or even to wink at their treasonable proceed
ings. Arid yet it has been fashionable of late, in
certain quarters, to denounce those who did not ;
stani ready to endorse the Fugitive Slave • LAW as
the perfection of human wisdom and the height of
mercy, as Higher Law Advocates, persons who were
ready to trample upon the Compromises of the
Constantino, and ready to fire the sacred temple of
Liberty, and to class them with that misguided and
fanatical sect who avow the most dangemus and
treasonable doctrines.
Such publications, while they are calculated to
widen the breach between the Nord► and the South,
also have a tendency to make their property more
inse,mre, and to make more hazardous the attempt
to reclaim the fugitives from service. It is high
time the South learned who her true friends are.—
They will sooner or later the selfish motives
of those who claim they are the only friends the
South have, and that all others are inimical to their
property and interests.
These men - are doing immense injury to the South.
Claiming to be peculiarly National—they are the
only truly sectional party in the North, and thei r
insane efforts have in them more of hazard to the
Union, than the labor of the open disunionists.—
They create a lake impression at the Smith. They
fan the flame of ,Trejudice end passion, and seek
to sever the breach between the brethren of a com
mon household. This they do, that they may seek
at the hands of the Sonth the recompense of their
iniquity and guilt in the shape of locrativ9 office
We have some score of these gentry in our mind
now, who are equally a disgrace to the Democratic
party, and a damage to the - Union. They will
seize upon this occurrenoe to prove that the North
is armed to resist the rendition of fugitives—
they would open wounds of the murdered afresh,
if it was necessary—to convince the South that they
alone are ready to render her` her rights. We
would not desire upon our head, the weight of res
ponsibility which their efforts have incurred, in
bringing about the bloody result which all good
citizens are• now lamenting.
Representative Ticket.
Messrs. GIBBS and IWKEAN are again before
the people of Bradtord County for re-election to the
[egislatnre. These gentlemen are an well known
ni their democratic fellow-citizens that it is unnec
essary to say much in relation to their claim's upon
your confidence and regard.
As members of the last Legislature Messrs. Gress
and M . K CA N met the full expectation of their friends
in the performance of their_Auty. For talent, in
tegrity, industry, and round democracy, our repre
sentatives have gained high reputation. The inter
ests of their constituents were attended to with untir-
ing care, and the principles and measures of the
Democratic party sustained with manly independ
ence, and signal ability.
That they will be triumphantly re-elected we do
not doubt, despite the schemes which mad• be put
on foot to affect either of them in any particular lo
cality. The democracy are not disposed to put
aside tried and faithful servants, of whose• ability,
honesty and political orthodoxy there is no question,
for the purpose of electing Federal candidates, uho
as citizens, may be worthy men, but who, putting
out of view the benefit of one winter's experience
in legislation, posesses not a tithe of the qualifica
of our candidates.
We shall need in the next Legislature our best
nien. We need men who are capable of properly
representing and advocating the interests of the
North. Such, we have, in our present members
No new men Could be sent capable of being as ef
ficient as they. Possessing in an eminent degree,
the respeci and esteem of their ,lellow-members,
a,d initiated into the minutia of Legislation, they
are prepared at once to commence work for the ad
vancement of our interests.
Stand by the Ticket
Stand by the ticket and you will stad by the
Democracy. Rest assured al this fact, and be not
led away by any seductive promises oldie Whigs.
Take our advice. Those who leave the Republi.
can party, it any there be who contemplate so raeh
and ill advised a movement, will sincerely regret
a step which will certainly be retraced whit shame
and sdfrow.
Fidelity to regular nominations compels an ad
herence to Democratic principles by procuring the
success of the Democratic - party. This principle is
a cardinal one in our party drill, and ot be
obeyed with military promptitude and strictness.—
Without such a principle we can never secure har
mony of action, that long pun, strong pelf, and the
pull altogether which willdraw the State back again
into the clear channel of Democracy. Such a
principle silences ill dissatisfactionSind - bindles
~ , ,
away the whims of individual proferendirand p reju.
dice. The candidate presented for the sofiragee of
the peg is do longer my man or girl Man, bat he
is the man of the party, the regularly nominated
candidate, and in that capacity every Democrat is
'bound to .irour for him. The man who does not
inland to abide tbir Aecision of Odt conreumces and
e tto. Jake higher graubd, and op.
pose the stealing eateiklates t at the, prop.
er lima, • not Seem _to actili*race on rtheir pro
etriailpviiil they have closed dieir dmriberations,
and 4110:',WObhold his support heat the ticket which
has term gamed. Stich a man does no parry any
goat ' Ifit scratcher his ticket and votes for no one,
or roles kr hit o wir fintorile, and thus IbIiVOICO . 1,
one int s Me. it leek , „
finks of -theEFagitive Slave lart
ttmlifeed irre - oriEngttive prima
,••• : •,P)l t taletusars, Sept . 12i 1851.
`The reportifrom he'leene'of the riot ialLancas•
ter county;ste mast contradictory. "The deferrniti
ed resisbuge;,on.the part of the colored residents,
to the operation of dm F.0911 , ..ive,1417 1 301 , 11 1
leript ; ` irieileerintrMtirder. - The location of
the affray was at bap Hids, Lancaster county, about
two mileiscrom-C'hristiana, and in the midst of a
settlement of free negross, a number of whom are
employed at three brick kilns in the vicinity. The
-slave owner, Mr., Edward Gemuchof Baltimore
county, Was in *snit of e negwi. named Pinckney.
He was accompanied by his son, Dickinson Gor
such, end a number of officers front the city of Pal.
timore. The owner, it is alleged, had previously
made attempts to capture this and other runaways;
but having been disappointed, he had, this time set
out with a determination to have Pinckney at eve.
ry risk. The collision occurred at the house of
William Parker, where the officers had expected to
find the fugitive. One account says, that the' door
was broken in ; that a. parley ensued between the
two parties, the negroes declaring that they would
not give op one of their number to go back into
slavery ; but if fired uponithey wouldNetarn it
the nephew of Mr. :Gorsuch, his son, and,
finally that gentleman, fired their revolvers, wound.
ing two or three of the negroes, who then returned
the fire, killing Mr. Gorsubh and woundirle; his son
—supposed mortally. Adother account states that
Pickney met the party with his master, and after a
short parley, the slave fired, shunting his master
through the heart. The wounded man was taken
to the home of Levi Poutql, a member of the socie
ty of Friends,' where every attention, and medical
assistance was. afforded. The efforts made to ar
rest those concerned in this riot have so far been
or:successful and the (Inner, States Marshal talks
of sending a MIS! ntcivii and:military officers to the
vicinity of Christiana, to arrest all that had any
part in the matter.
[From the Philadelplun Inquirer, Sept. 12.1
We have a report from Lancaster, to the effect
that a serious riot occurred yesterday, at Chrimia l ia,
about fifteen miles from the former place, in con
sequence of the arrest ofen alleged fugitive slave.
Two men are reported to have been killed, one
mortally wounded, and two are missing, supposed
to have been killed. One of the party is said to be
an officer from Philadelphia.
Since the above was written we have the follow.,
ing additional particulars, through the politeness of
Paul Hamilton, Conductor of the Pennsylvania
It appears that Mr. Gorsuch, the owner of the
two fugitive slaves from Baltimore county, accom
panied by his two sons, the Deputy United States
Marshal, from Baltimore, two United States officers
° from this city, and several policemen, also from
this city, proceeded, on Wednesday evening to
Christiana, about twenty-one miles this side of Lan
caster, for the purpose of arresting the fugitives
After a consultation between the officers, it was
deemed inexpedient to make the arrest until yes
terday morning. From the best reports, we learn
that the colored population, in the vicinity, having
been informed of the nature of the visit of the offi
cers to Christiana, held a meeting, and asked the
opinion of several lealing abolitionists as to what
course they should pursue The answer was, as
one of the most current reports states, that they
should stand their ground. Accordingly . : about 80
negroes assembled, with guns, &c., and secreted
themselves in the neighboring woods and corn
fields. The signal of attack on the officers was the
blowing of a horn. When the officers came upon
the party they were surrounded on all sides, and a
deadly fire poured upon them by the negroes. At
the first lire, Mr Gorsuch, an elderly gentleman,
and the owner of the fugitive slaves, was instantly
killed, and - line of his sons mortally wounded.—
Another of the party, said to be a United States
deputy officer from Baltimore was also much hurt
A Philadelphia officer was fired at five times, and
missed. He was in the midst of the light at the
time. At the time the five o'clock train pa-seil
through Christiana, they were holding an inquest
on the body of Mr. Gorsuch. Tire wounded Bahl
more officer was in Columbia when the line came
through, waiting for the cars to York. The excite
ment in the neighborhood was intense. The infor
mation-to the fugitive slaves, that their master and
officers were after them, is believed to have been
given by two negroes' from Philadelphia, who dog
get; the pursuing party to Christiana. A telegraphic
de atch was received at the office of the Marshal
of . olice, dated at Lancaster, asking that officers
' might be sent to West Philadelphia, to intercept
the, murderers, who had fled in the slow line. The
line arrived at five o'clock, and the despatch did
j not reach the police offie until a quarter past lave,
1 and then gave nu description of the suspected par- j
ties. The Marshal telegraphed back for a descrig
lion and W9S answered that Mr. Charles Brady?"
agent, would furnish him with one. - Mr Brady
did not come down in the line. A number of the
Marshal's officers proceeded to West Philadelphia.
and all other western depot , but were too late.—
Two suspicions neg ro es came down in the five
o'clock line. Several white men, in the garb of
Friends, also came,down, who were heard by the
agent conversing oi' the affair. -One of them said,
vnen he heard the fling he rode over to the scene.
Every effort will be made to arrest the murderers,
if they come this way. We saw, at a tate hour
last night, a letter, hastily* written, to a gentleman
in this city, by a person who was an eye witness
of the riot, fully confirming the above facts.
The corpse of the elder Mr. Gorsuch was taken
up to Columbia, last night, in the cars, by Mr. Hann,
for the purpose of being conveyed to Baltimore via
York Pa.
The friends and officers who accompanied Mr.
Gorsuch and his son, w e re completely overwhelm
ed. Two of the number are mts,si7.g ; and supposed
to be murdered.
The white people of the neighborhood of the
scene refused to assist the officers, and could afford
no facilities for the pursnit of the murderers, who
escaped. They refused even to finntsh a horse
and wagon. No arrests were made.
The assailing party was headed by an old ne
gro preacher. When he saw the fallen bodies of
Mr. Gorsuch and son, he rushed lorward with his
arms exten.led,"saying," Forbear, raven, forbear.—
You'll all be hero! They are dead!".
There is ro great excitement in the vicinity of
the scene of the !Tinnier. No one has taken any
interest in the horrid occurrence.
There ati some sympathy for the dead, hut the
citizens seemed afraid :to express it. They have
apprehensions for the safety of their lives and prop.
erty at the hands of the black rioters and their white
We must add that Mr. Gorsuch the elder,
not only brutally murdered, bet robbed by, the
blacks, idler he was dead, of SOD in money.
Woes the Pitmen Statesmin, 8ept.13.)
On Satunlay morning, the United States Mar.
shal, Mr. Roberts accompanied by Mr. Commis.
sioner Ingraham, W. Aahmead, Rsq., United
States District Attorney, Recorder Lee, and several
other gentleman, left the city for the scene of the
outrage at Christiana, Lancaster county, alth the
view of Fully enforceing the laws, of the United
States., relative to the rescue of several lugi.ive
slaveti, the murder of tha elder Mr. Gorsuch, and
the wounding of his eon, and nephew. The officers
were accompanied by some 46 U. 8. Marines, un•
du command of Limits. Watson and Jones ,
_ with
• civil posse of some 50 men, Marshal Roberts
having made s requisition to the effect
The party, upon reaching Christiana, immediate.
ly proceeded to discharge their duty, • by scour i ng
the wounds and surrounding villa:ma for miles...
They labored incessantly the greater portion (lithe
day and night, and Succeeded in making twenty.
*toratvesuinall. The names of the patties cap
lured were Joseph Scarlet and Samuel Kending,
/bite, and Wilson Jones, Francis Hawkins, Ben.
jamin Thomson, Wm, Brown, (No. 1,) Wm. Brown
(tt0.,2,) John Halliday, 'Elizabeth Bbatiey, Johji
(boy,) . Jusepti Benn, John Norton, Lewis
Stnitb,fieorga- , WashioitlcilvinamoVlScoar
Clark, Tani/4 Brown, Eliza Biotin, Eliza Parker,
Hannah.Pinckney, Robert Johnson, Miller Thomp
son, Isaiah Clarkamb and Jonathan Black, all col-
Med. - • _
In the pornessicii — , or rather upon the piemisei,
for which some , of, the parties were taken, - eovend.
guns, alas, and . huge clubs, were , foiled., Some
of the guns were heavily charged, and are now in
the hands of ihe.prnper officers, _
Thete was butane disposition manifested on the
pair of the authorities from the city, which were
pmmptly, seconded-, by -the Rsoseettling Attorney
_from Lancaster, Mr. Thorripson, and a portion of
the police from that city, who, we
_learn, made
some eleven arrests on Friday; conveying their,
prisoners to Lancaster jail.
The excitement about Christiana, and neighbor
hood, was lel, enie, and hundreds of people were
j n attendance' during the examination of the prison.
WS on Saturday afternoon and evening.. It, was
alter nine o'clock, before the officers of the United
States cancitudei their ardutnis duties, the, treat be
ing intense, and almost suffocating througlthut.
There is no doubt but several of the prominent
actrirs in this lamentable affair have been secured,
and if found guilty, we frost they may be severely
, When our reporter left the scene of the outrage,
young Gorsuch was yet alive, as was also the neph
ew of the elder Gorsuch, but there was little hope
of the recovery of the former.
The following is the testimony, in full, as taken
upon the spot, before Mr. Commissioner Ingraham,
and furnished 'by nor Reporter;
Miller Knott,. affirmed.—Resides close to where
the transcation occurred, in Sat'shiny Towhship
was,not present when it occurred ; I mean the fee;
sistance of the law and the murder of Gorsuch;
there teas no one with deceaied where I saw him;
first ; there was many colored people there, be
tween severity-five and one hundred ; knew Isaiah
Clarkson for one, and Ezekiel Thompson, a boy
named Samuel Booth • saw_ some white people
there ; knew Elijah Lewis and Joseph Scarlet ;
can't think of any others; Clarkson was not armed
the others had clubs ; the man shot was on his
horse in the lane where I saw him ; had no con
versation with Scarlet, except when I assisted to
carry deceased to Mr. Pownall's honse,; the crowd
had not altogether .dispersed ; Scarlet expressed no
appinion when he carried deceased ,• no report
about arres ing the blacks ; saw no officer that I
knave 'el ; the one we took m was the son of de.
ceased ; the old gentleman dead, was lying in the
lane ; the firing took place after the sun was up
some time ; a good many guns or pistols were fired
saw a man tiding off armed, on horseback ; the
firing was principally from black men ; there was
hallooing before the firing; did not hear a horn
blown ;Scarlet lives about H miles from the Place;
he was riding out the lme, and had been there be•
fore me ; after 'awhile I saw him ride in again ;
the main body olthe fight was over ;he mtikihare
passed within ten Sinr,l4 where the man was wenn
ded ; there was no conversation between us that I
recollect ;
I knew th at William Parker lived there,
and that. Pickney did also ; Clarkson was there ;
had no conversatiim with any person that did ap
prove of the firing.
Henry 11. h7ine,sworn.--I thought I saw Scarlet
coming from the ecenelef the murder upon a
horse ;he was in a hurry, but was not at the place
at the time of the firing ; I said, you are the man
that g ave the warning ; asked him to stop, telling
him that a man was (lead up the road, and asked
him where the nearest doctor was ;
he reeve us no
answer ; told him the negroes had killed him, but
he made me no an s wer, and drove on ; he was
then dressed differently from what he now is ; we
s•arted for Parker's house on lVednesday morning
and got there a little alter tlay.light ; Mr. Gorsuch
son, nephew, and three others, whose natlies I
don't know ; some fifty yards from the house we
met one of the blacks who hail come out of the
house down the lane, towards us ; a s soon as h e was
espied, he returned and run to the house, and I af
ter him, the old gentleman and one of his sons took
the field, to head him oft ; the black got into the
house and up stnirs before I got up as soon as they
got up - stairs? they seemed to load lheir guns, forty
five or six of them ; I hallooed, anti told them my
business, and requested the man of the house to let
the men come down ; he said he would not ; three
or four made replies, when the old gentleman cal
led the one (Nelson) by name, and said, "come
down", Nelson, I know your voice, I know you ;"
he said, " if you come down, ,gb home with me
without any trouble, I will look over the past."—
One of the negroes replied;".that if you take one
of us, yon moat take over our dead bodies ;" the old
gentleman celled upon me to go upstairs, and take
them ; I told him to go outside, and I would go up
stairs ; when I attempted to go, one of the party
struck at me with something that had a prong ; I
then went out ? ' when they fired upon the old gen
tleman andre l y sell ; I then fired, when an axe was
thrown ; I tol I them what the consequence would
be in resisting the law : Parker replied that he was
a Penns) Ivertian. and did-not rare for the law ; he
then asked for time to reflect, and I gave ten or fif
teen minutes; if he would let me go up &aria and
see if the tnen were there, I would take them ; he
warrants were then read ; he said 'there were two I
men there, but refused their names ; I was• told to I
go, ahead, and take them ; advised coolness, and I
gave Parker five minutes more to consider ; they
then consulted up Stairs, and asked me to send for
a neighbor ; this was objected to by jhe old gentle
man and his son ; old Mr. Gorsuch asked me to
call upon Hanaway, with an Indian negro to assist;
I did so, because I saw there was going to be a ,
desperate fight, as they were loading their guns in
the meantime ; Hanaway said nothing, and I ask
him if he lived in the neighborhood ; he replied
that it was none of my bueiriees ;I asked his name
he. said I would have to find it out; he said he
did not care for any act of Congress, or any thing
else ; Eltjah Lewis thee . . came up. hut previously I
had shown him my warrant ; the blacks stood off
with their guns, loaded and primed ; I called upon
him for assistance, end handed him the paper,
which he returned, saying the negroes had a right
to defend themselves ; Hanaway said the same
thin;; 1 then Ir o'eed down the road, and saw ab tut
thirty lnegroes corn Mg up with guns. clubs a n d snme•
thin else ; sa , d I would withdraw my men if he
won' d not let !he negroes fire, and would let them
10/; fie said he had nothing to do with them ; I
Told him (Ilanaway) that I would hold both Lewis
and blot responsible ; I beg ged hard, and told the
me under to leave- for God's sake, as another
party of negioes were coming ; the blacks then
howled, and rushed upon us, we all fired pretty
mul l h the same time, when the old gentleman fell;
abo t 60 or 70 negroes were pressen% together.
eveie testimony closed about 9 o'clock, Sate day
ning. which resulted in the committal of the
follpwing named prisoners , to answer the charge of
treaeon againgt the United States, by levying war
ag:inst the same, in resisting by force, alarms, the
ex utinn of the fugitive slave law, and also from
ob. trocting the Marshal in the execution of the pro
ce- s of the United States :—Joseph Senile', white,
a I Wm. Brown,
t will be seen by the above evidence, that eev.
e I .persons are seriously implicated, some of
r i
whom are now confined in the Lancaster jail, hay.
in; been arrested on Friday evening. The testi
rnpny ol - Morr, it will be seen, is very prevarica.
ling • andlte was accordingly held in 5500 to he
ar'to appear before the United States Circuit Court,
the-first Monday in October next to testify.
George W as hi ng ton Harvey Scott, whose testi.
il rr'
;ony is all important, and was given in a straight.
ward manner , as was also that of Miller Thomp.
0 n, a colored boy, wqre committed as witness.
' The females were all discharged, and the bal.
. nce of ther 'adored men detained in custody...-.
ICendig, the white men, was also released.
Porivacater.—ln addition to the above, several
Other arreAs were made at an early hour yesterdar
morning. The flames of the parties are James
ood, White.) Ezekiel Thompson, Daniel Caul,.
rry, [ White.)
Smith, John Dobbins, Lewis James
hristmas, Elijah Clark, Benjamin Pendegrass,
onathan Black, Samuel Hanson and Mifflin Flan
ders. The first two colored persons named were
!early identified as having been participants in the
Outrage, and wile fully committed to answer.
r+ - ,sThetexcilitannit at Christians, , doring=pmed ky.
watt very great Several hundred persona we n ',
present, - and the deepest feeling was maakeis e d
against the perpetrators of the outrage.
At 2 riclock,yesterday; afternoon, the t a i led
States Meiribel i Ar. Roberti {, U. States District A ,
W. tomey, J. W. hilitiead, Esq , Mr. Cornmiraionet
Itigrahamot d Recorder Lee, accompanied by th e
U. Stated : wines, returned to the city. Li m ..
JohnSon,_, d Officers Lewis S. Briest, g a , b 7 i
Mitchell eh Iles bkCalley, Sam'l Neff, Jacob sp.
bright / Ro rt MCP:wren, and Perkeupine h.
direction of Diabetes Marslot, hod chew ;4 1 4
following named prisoner iiho.weni safely tod oli
in Movameneing prison, *mummified by ihtimg.
tines : Joseph Scarlet, (white;) Wrn.ilrsws, E u.
kiel Thompson, Isaiah Choker, Daniel eysul s b it ,.
ry, Benjamin Pendegrass Elijah Clark, Ceo. lir,
H. Scott, Miller Thompakr, end, &MOM Hanso n,
all colored. The three last *ere placed in the deb t .
or's apartment, and the (filters in the criminal span
men( of the Moyamensing prison, to await theuni,
al lot treason, &c..
Altogether, some thirty anests have been emi t
A number were discharged and ppon each OClaliat
a certificate to that effect was given them to pro
vent a second arrest, in case they should encovolo r
any of the officers.
There are a number now in custody, who ant
bad no hearing, but that will be given theta tadot,
The excitement attending itbe conveying of the
prisoners to Moyamensing ; •waa tremendous oa
immense crowd of people following the officers: A l
Marines. Lieuts. Watson and Jones, who o om ,
mended the Marines,
deserve much credit for the
manner in which they performed their duty.
Coy .70111111702011 PROCUNITION
In and by the authority of the Commonwealth o r
Pennsylvania, J, Wm. F. Johnston, Governs; o f
said Commonwealth, do hereby isstie (his
(--.0. Whereas, it has been represented t o
i SEAL. me that flagrant vipfalion" of iherp e
1......r+- peace has occorredln Lancaster comity,
involving the murder of Edward Gorsuch and seri.
ously endangering the fites.of o other persons; e n d
whereas, it has also been represented lame fla t
some of the panicipatcns ni this outrage are yet u
large ; now,
therefore, by vines of the authority i t
me vested by the constitution aad;o laws, I, Wy tt.
F. Johnston, Governor of Pennsylvania, do hereby
offer a reward of one thousand dollar* for the an
and conviction of -the person or persons 'guilty of
the murder and violation of the public peace's
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand and affixed the great seal of the State, thii
fifteenth day of September, in the year of our Lott'
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.
Attest, A. L. RUSSELL,
Secretary of tha Commonwealt&
Proclamation of Gov. Job•
Several years ago, there fived a somewhat Be .
centric and not very pretteme public man, who
managed to be elected a member of the House of
Representatives in this State from one of the T e e .
tern counties. He was a g reat talker and quite a
" CALKS QUOTEM" in the business of Legislative,
and he enjoyed the• rare opinion that it was imp,
Bible fat the House to get through with Its duties,
without his presence and his aid. On one occasion,
however, he paid a visit to Philadelphia, where he
remained for more than a week ; and on his retain
to Harrisburg., he proceeded at once to the Capitol,
and marched in as boldly as Came w ect. did iota the
Parliament which he drove into the streets, and be•
lore he bad brushed the dust of travel hem be
coat, proceeded to demand of his brother memben
an account of their stewarAship during his absence,
rating them soundly forM• ant deeds of OMMISSIOII
and commission, and insisting upon the reconsider.
anon of various acts of public importance which
had been completed during his sojourn in this city.
The House listened to his harangue, laughed at his
tanfaronade, and proceeded quietly with its duties.
and the pragmatic member resumed his seat, grand
ly conscious that he had U done the Statesoree ser
The difference between Governor JOIMITOX and
this verdant representative, consists in the fact that
the latter desired, the legislature to reap the advan
tage of his sage wisdom, white Governor Jouswros
coolllusurps, as his propcely, all the credit result•
ing horn t,he labors of,legislatares, Canal Commis
sinners, Auditor General and State Treasurer. Got
Jonsisron has been more or less absent frpm Har
risburg for the last flee months! During this time
he has practically abandoned his post, leaving the
machinery of government to move en without his
aid, and pocketing money fir services that here
never been rendered. Instead of consuming the
midnight oil in ileyini - a plans to aid the pnblicio
terests, to elevate the St ate ' Character, and to reduce
the pnhtic burdens he has given himself up ma
seriewapolitical junketing—taking lime that belong
,to the peor le, and paid for by.the people, and siu
propviating, it to purposes directly tending to the
of the public peace, to the prostration r
our commercial and manufacturing interests, ant
the degradation of our characters as a evessititit
loving commonwealth. After the months !has at
len have been squandered in such practices, 11
Governor suddenly returns to hts post, and Eintli
the affairs of Slate in an excellent condition, than.
to the a:mealiest exertions of Democratic Cant
Commissioners, a Democratic Auditor Genes* m a
a Democratic State Treasurer, he issues a para
mation in which he virtually claims all the hors
that belongs,
wholly and exclusively, to oThen—
The foolish representative who denied credit re
those who deserved it, did not venture as Jouwo,
does, both to deny it, and then to endeavor !omit.
propriate it to himself. In a late number of the
Hatrisburr e Amerkan, a paper said to be condonted
by a member of Johnsterils own family, the follow,
ing proclamation appears, eloquent in capitals and
italics, and endorsed and applauded in a lengths
la the name and by the authority of Como.
wealth of Pennsylvania, By Wm F. Joussm,
Governor of the said Commonwealth. •
„Whereas, In and by an act of the General Assert.
bly of this Commonwealth, passed the 10th day 4
April, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine.
entitled "An act to create a Sinking Fund. and to
provide for the gradual and certain extinguisfunets
of tie debt of the Commonwealth." it is enacted
and provided as follows, Viz
-(Here Sinking Fund act is inserted.]
And whereas, Alexander L. Russell, Secretary et
the Commonwealth, Ephrisin Banks, Auditor Gea
eral, and John M. Bickel, State Treasurer, Cote
missioners of the Sinking Fund, have certified tome
as follows, viz:
Office of the Commissioners ofthe Sinking Fund,
HARRISBURG ' September I, 1851. 1
To - his Excellency, Wm. Y. Johnston, Governor cif
Sri:—ln compliance with the 4th section dee
set, entitled" An act to create a Sinking fund sod
to provide for the gradual and certain extiaguitk
ment of the debt of the Commonwealth," oPPr° l4
the 10th of April, 1849, the Commissioners of sud
fund hereby certify that the amount of the debt of
the Commonwealth Imrehased since the passage 01 '
Act of Assembly and now held by So':
is six hundred and fifty-nine thousand, one hundred
twenty-two dollars ninety-eight cents ($659,1 21 2)
consisting of 5 percent. loans nqotiated under 11'
rious acts of Apsembly.
Your obedient servants.
JNO..1111;-BIERIL ,
- Commissioners of Sinking ftS 4
Now, therefore, in , ohediencle to-the reqpiretto
of the 4th section. of the act of the General AsOr
bly aforesaid, Ido hereby-issue this - Proclama ll :
publishing and declaring the payment. elling ll
remit, and final discharge of six hundred and ow
nine thousand one hundred and twenty-two Mao
and ninety-eight cents, ($859,122 98) of the yrig t i
pal of the debt of this Commonwealth; and So
have directed the certificates, repri cuting tht
to be cancelled&