Newspaper Page Text
##v.totioro . • '` . laJfk iti.iitar'..
Wave • Mt, Vreis; Free . Meat
Awed.. efir sew ?Triton,.
E. 0. GOODRICH, EIXTOR. •
Towanda, Saturday; September 6,1851,
XpimmvaUc nate Ziondastices.
' eon oorsipron.
WILLIAM IRTJLER,...or Cr.cauristo Corm
voii CANAL enstotosimme,
SETH CLOVER, or CLARION COCNTI.
1011 seven 01 ruts summit covirr.
JEREMVIK B. 8LACK,....0r Boormorr Catrairr,
JAMES - CAMPBELL,. -or PUlLADEtraita,
SLIM LEWI9.. or Laitc.urrica,
JOHN U. GIBSON or Ova . Courm.
WALTER IL LOWRIE,...or ALL:Gars; Court.
DOMOCZZUC County Ticket.
TOR AIISOCIETZ 711D011116.
MYRON BALLARD,. .01( POLVIIIIIIA Tr.
HARRY ACLA, or Triscamoai. Tr.
- r ISPIMSILNI'LTIVCS.
ADDISON M'KEAN;9.. ...... or Ussuncros Tr.
HENRY til3Bs, or Oswitsx Tr.
CHESTER THOMAS, at C.urrow Tr.
CART= H. HERRICK., or Amore 80.
FOR WMISIIOII ARID RILCONAIR. ,
H. LAWRENCE SCOTT, 07 TOWANDA Ti'
BENJAMIN WILCOX,. A Tr
DANIEL B. COTTON,..
EDWARD C. WELLS,. .... ..or ToscoaoriA Tr
soa CORON ZS.
GEORGE M. 8LACK..........01 WTALUSIIO Tr
(Election, ;madly, October li, 1851
Teems et The Reporter.
5 per annum—•if paid within the, year 50 cents will
deducted—for each paid menially in advance 11l 00 will be
Wombed. No patler sent over two years. maulers paid for.
aintherraverge. per square of ten linpa."3o terns for the
ant. and `titan's for each subsequent insertion.
!Er 011;$ le the " Union Block." meth side of the Public.
Diet door to the Bradford Hotel. Entrance beiween
Adams , and Elwell's law °Mee&
The toasty Ticket.
We have no time, this week, to remark upon the
qualificaucms of the nominees of the Democratic par
ty, by taking up the ticket, andlottowing it through*
It has been• formed under circumstances which
• Should ensure it the hearty support of every democrat.
The candidates are eminently qualified for the posts
for which they have beerr designated, and theirelec
lion will reflect honor upon the County.
It is to be expected that in the formation of a
ticket embracing so many important offices, that
there should be some who may feel disappointed.
There may be those whose personal preferences
• have been for candidates who have not been plac
ed in nomination. But amidst all the emulation
which the contest for the nominations t.ass'evoked,
we believe there bas not uttered a particle of ran
cor or ill feeling, ad the disappointed contestants
are prepared arid ready to rally to the support of die
whole ticket. .
Democrats ! yott have, never entered upon a
campaign under mote suspicions circumstances
Let the rallying cry be THE WHOLE TICKET=
It must and shall be succeslful. Let the Democracy
of Bradford, forgetting all past differenca—over.
looking all Matters which have a tendency to pre.
vent their ksrmonions action—come rici to the%up.
port of the ticket as one man, and with the deter.
urination to redeem Bradford, by electing every
man upon the County ticket.
The Democracy of Bradford, 'with almost entire
unanimity, have expressed their preference for
Non. DAVID WILMOT, as their candidate , for
President Judge at thisJudirial Diorlot. A. the
candidate appears to be universally conceded to
Bradford, of course, thiseesult determines almost to
a casuist) , who that candidate shall be, The Judi
cial Conference wilt meet at Ibis pleat on Monday
Whig County Ticket.
The Whig County Convention which met at this
place on Wednesday evening last; made the fol
Assiziale judges—Gen. Tub', of Monroe,
" K H. Panama, 01. Arbon'.
Reprvserstatiree—Dmensaa LILL/ET, of Columbia,
ZavarcoN Fwart, of Orwell.
Sterik—flot.tur WaLarc. nl Albany.
Prothonotary—ALLEN Mane, of Rullingirm.
Reg. $t Recorder—J. C. Powcu„ of Towanda tp.
Treasurer—J. B. G. Mimi:Jet, of Windham. .
Cominissioncr—Beavon EDWARD'', of Wyalusing.
Auditor—Garb W..lhoxic, of Pike , . -
Poormer—Ameaosz G. BROWN, of Springfield.
No action was had in reference to a candidate
for Plsident Judge.
A most unfortunate #d dreadful murder was I
committed in Columbia township, on Saturday
evening, 30th ult., the particulars of which we gath
et as follows attachment for secreting prop.
arty hail been ipuetkagainst Letter Peters, a citizen
of that township, and well known as an intemperate
and quarrelsome man. Thezonstableol Troy depo.
tinted „Edward Pomeroy, (a loner constable) to as
slot him in arresting Peters. The latter was arrest
ed at Columbia' cross Roads,. with some- dill.
. culty,-tiett with ropes, lad platted in the
While Seated in the wagon, beside Pomeroy . , Peters
was obsenred to strike him • blow in that breast,
l a d the flamer instantly inclaimed that be .was
stabbed; " Upon examination a wound was found
in tbsieft bream, produced by a stab from a pocket
kWh:, tindllts. unfortunate man lived but slew
:ninnies alter ,receiving the blow. fetes' knite
was hound, coveted with blood, but shile being ex
amined by some of the crowd, mysteriously disap.
reated... A man by the name of. Benson, was ar•
vested Al an aocessor, being charmed with cutting
tile top switiebianul tows' hands. - Peters was
bioughi so this-place, anal lodged in Jail, and the
Grand Juryion- Wednesday last Wiwi a true bill
against him for Abode.
Power y Snots young man of excellent char
acter, and his ainfortunate - and sodden .death canted
• dospandiuounalttl sensatk riu Troy.• Me Was a
Igge reapeetable eimie nt relativeas—antt femme
a `Rile tu • *bum be bad' beau mania but Ibtee
DEMOCRATIC CO. CONVENTION;
l*saantitbe4 i noil tre given by the - .lllllSoet4
Standing trlierniirerr. , oogreen torn, - ; iiie , sescisel
foleakon die*, tilf
The Court' lipase, in the tserrigiti:rd ...triaranda
Torridity ITretillq, Sete t
_lB5l, and - organiseti 'by
calling GORDON MASON.so preside. and elect
ing D. o.=flartnnsill-t. Buns 'lllld
, I, ,
The list of election districts beingcalled over, the
following delegates presented their credentials as
members lathe Convention :
Albany—John brUoveirt. John Hata •
Armenia Robert Mallon _to C•alePard
Asyltimli-Efriore Hiirtiiii;D:Vlribion l "'
Athens ho.—H. C.iliaird. Moses- elairye! ;
" Edminster. D. Gardner ;
Burlington—E. Kendall, Benj. Ross ;
Canton-41,zander Bothwell. 1. Vandyke ;
Columbia—D. V. Barnes. C: H. Ballard ;
Dprell—D. L. Stales. Robert 801 l t •
Leroy , —Dayid White, Jededialt Hunt ; °
Granville-8; W. Shepard, J. H. Ross ;
Herrick. W. Elliott. Micajah Slocum ; '
Litchfield—Milo Merrill, M. W. Cornell ;
Monroe..-O. F. Mason H. 8. Balsbory ;
Orwell—Julies Gorham-H. Z. Friable ;
Pike—Eugene Keeler. E.' Brink ;
Ridgberry—Samnel Otrasaulls, Calvin Weal;,
Rome—John Passitiore. P. Z Maynard; • •
Nbeabequin—A Gore, War. Tuttle.;
South Creek-ltra Crane. A. M. Brown ;
BTrringbeld—T. Bmead, Frederick White ;
Standing Stone--Geo. Stevens, Marcus Compton ;
Bmithfield—O. 8. Pea, I. H. Webb ;
Troy bo.-8. Pierce, A. IL More;
" tp,—A. ill.Brsith, J. N. Spalding ;
Towmod Meteor R. C. Smalley y,
• tp.—H. C. For. D. Magill ;
Tosearora—Hiram Shumway. E. C. Wells ;
Ulster—H. D. Rogers, M'Carty ;
Warren—Daniel rolke.R. C. BoMagton t
Wells—Biram Mason, W. S. Ingalls ;
Windham-4.8. Anthony. Henry Russell ;
Wyalusing—Justas Ackley, Edward Homes ;
Wysor—A. E. Menardi: A. C. Whitney ;
Wilmot—J. L. Jones, Ichabod Corson
Franklin—Horace Willey, N. L. Dodge;
On motion it was Resolved, that a majority of the
whole number of votes given, be required to make
....or LITCIFILD Tr
On motion of Mr. Mantra, the Convention' pro.
needed to the nomination of a President Judge of
the JutLcial district composed of the counties of
Bradford, Surquehanna and Sullivan.
Mr. Namur nominated Hon. DAVID WILINCIT.
Mr. Ticacc moved that the nomination to tourraii
uiously confirmed, and the ayeti were called upon
the motion with the following result :
Ya►s.—Messrs. M'Govern. Hatch, Robert Mason,
L. C. Shepard, Horton, Wilson, Baird, Sawyer. Ed
minster, Gardner. Kendall, Rags, Bothwell. Van
dyke, Barnes. Ballard. States, Bull, David White,
Hunt. S. W. Shepard, G. W. Elliott, Slocum, Mer
rill. Cornell. G. F. Mason, Salsbury. Gorham, Fri,-
bie, Keeler. Brink, Passmore, Maynard, Gore, Tut
de, Crane, Brown, Smead. Frederick White. Stevens,
Compton. Pierce. Moore, Peck:Webb, Smith,Spald
ing. IlettOr, Smalley, Fox, Magill, Shuntway, Wells,
Rogers. M'Cany, Folke, Buffington, Hiram Mason,
Ingalls. Anthony. Russell, Ackley. Hornet. Menardi.
Whitney, !ones, Corson. Ross V'• illey. and Dodge-70.
Nara—Messrs. Gunsaulis, aad West—L
Mr. Preece offered the following resolution which
was adopted •
&Joked, That U. Iffsactra, E. M. Faaaaa, N. It
Srarains, E.A. COODSICIII and JOllll P►ssuoaa, be
.appointed conferees from Bradford County, to con
fer with the conferees from Sullivan and Susque
hanna Counties to nominate a candidata for Presi
dent Judge of this Judicial District. and that they be
instructed to support DAVID WILMOT for said
The Convention, on motion proceeded to the
nomination of Awe late Judges, and Myron Ballard,
Hury Ackla, Lamm Putnam, Jedediah Hunt,
Aaron Chabback, Harry Morgan and G. W. Rus
sell were named to the Convention.
Isf ballot 211
Chubbuck ..I3 24
Ada 23 44
Russell 10 —• 12 8
Putnam... .. 6 20 17 . ■
MYRON BALLARD and HARRY ACLA were
declared duty nominated as candidates for Associ
ADDISON MEAN and HENRY GIBBS- were
iwribmiiiated for lleProsentatirree by acclamation.
The Convention then proceeded to the nomina
tion of a candidate for Sheriff, and John Baldwin,
Chester Thomas and Harry Elliott were min ed to
the Convention. Upon the fi rst ballot CH TER
THOMAS was nominated by the kil!owing vote :
Messrs. M'Oovern, Hatch, Hiram Mason. L. C.
Shepard, Gardner, Edmiester, Baird, Sawyer, Ken
dall, Ross, Bothwell. Vandyke, Barnes. Ballard, Bull,'
stater, Willey, Dodge. & W. Shepard, Russ, David
White, Hunt, Cornell. G. F. Mason. Salsbury, Weal,
Tattle, Gore, Webb, Feck.elmead, Frederick White,
Crane, Mercor, Siff Iley, Pox, Magill, Pierce, More,
Smith. Spalding, Hiram Mason, Ingalls, Jones, Coe.
eon.-46, soled for THOMAS.
Messrs. Slocum), Elliott, Merrill, Gorham, Friable,
Brink, Keeler, Gunsaulis, Fassmore, Maynard. Ste
vens, Compton, Shumway, Rogers, M'Carty. Fare,
Buffington.. Anthony. Russell, N hit/ley:and Menu.
di—go, voted for B ILDWIN.
Messrs. Wilson, Horton. Elliott, Wells, Ackley
and Homet-6 voted for ELLIOTT.
The Convention proceeded to the selection of a
candidate for Prothonotary, &c., and C. N Herrick,
C. S. Russell and T, V. Beach were named: Ti
result was as follows :
Messrs. ','Govern, Hoek Hiram Mason, L. C.
Shepard. Wilson. Horton, Gardner, Edwinster, Bull,
States, Dodge, Willey,Slocom, Elliott,David White.
Hunt. Cornell, G. 1 0 ..Mason.8alisbury, Brink, Gan.
'antis. West, Maynarn, Tuttle. Gore, Stevens.
Compton, Fox, Magill, More, Smith, Rogers, M'Car.
ty, Hirai* Mason, fossils, Ackley, Hornet, .tones,
Baird. Sawyer. Bothwelt. Vandyle, Barnes. Ballard.
Corson-45 voted' HERRICK.
Messrs. B.W. 8 epard, Merrill. Frisbie , Keeler,
Passmore. Heretic. ally, Folke, Bulfinton, An
thony, Bosse!), Whim y and Menanli.-13 voted for
Messrs. Kendall, Ros.'Corham, Webb, c Pea.
Bmead, Frederick White. Crane. Pierce. `Spalding,
Bhumway and Wells—l 2 voted for BEACH.
Whereupon C. H HERRICK was declared duly
nominated ssiScandidate for Prothonotary.
Mr Mutant moved that the Convention now
proceed to nominate a candidate tot Tnraluarer..--
Mr. Fox moved:to amend the motion so este pomi.
nate Register and Reccirder , The amendment was
tallied, by 38 yeas t 6 3,2 nays.
The Convention then proceeded to the poplins,
Lion of a candidate for Register and Recorder.—
Samuel Husipu, Asher Huntingdon, S. B Lathrop,
Ethel. Taylor, -Aaron Knapp, H. L. Scott, 3 C.
M'Kean and M. I) F. Hines were named: The
, balloting, were as :follows :.....
Ist banal •4 34 Itle
Hattoa • i 12 7 9 6
Beal ' 12 12 27 33 38.
9 • 10 - 6 --
..' ' 7 4
Taylor •9 • It 14 r. 6 27
Kaapp .. , 3 3 •
H utitingdun ...... 8 4 3 -.
~. 27 36 °
- 12 , . 1 0
the tifilibellok 16 - LAWSIDICWOCOT;
meeiving a min*, of all do voted Oven s was de.-
ctared4aly nospiaawd. -
akar/itemiser/fro the eaelierernathire
May*d t 4'isainai: Mather; L 104 ,
Wile* D. l 4logiok, and James erwOod "ee l
peinght beniit ibla : Cativeation and the tellothge
la ballot 9d
j j 21 24
Vander ok 10
BENJAMIN, WILCOX was declared duly Aura
nawd as the candidate far Tuwauter: - t :
For the office of Commissioner, d. B. Cotton,
Stewart' Smiley and /Olin Potter were natner4
the first ballot D. B. COTTON war nominated, re•
°riving 34 votes, Smiley 30, John Porter 3.
For the Office. of Azditor, E. C WELLS—atuifor
the office of Ceram:, OFJOBOE M. BLACK—were
nominated by tieclarniuion.
On motion of Mr. hnloveas, the Convention
proceeded to elect Representative Delegates to the
Democratic 4th of March State Convention, and
ULYSES MI RCUIt and ALEXANDER BOTH
WELL were unanimously elected said, Delegate&
L W.Tiffans;.l. Culp * , N. C. Saint; A. 4 Cram
mer and A. S. Smith were elected Conferees from
&tsquehanna and Wyoming to agree upon a Sena
torial Delegate so the Slate Ccinvention.
The Delegates and Conferees were empowered
to substitute im case of non-acendance.
- The Convention then authorized the President to
appoint the County Standing ComMittee for the en
suing year.' The following gentlemen ate appoint
ed said Committee.
A. L Cranrner, J. D Montanye,Adolphta Spald
ng, C. S. Rowell, H. C. Baird, J. Al. Waukee, Are
as S. Smith, John Vandyke Jr., T. M. Beach.
On motion, the Convention mljoumed.
04r. The Grand Jury at their session this week,
found a true bill against John M'Donald, and Timo
thy M'Donald for the murder of Sarah Mikmald, in
this place an the 9th of June last, and also against
Lester Peters for the murder of &Mad Pomeroy, at
ColumbiiX Roads, on Saturday 30th ult. The tn.
als will not take place until December Court.
00-The trial of Moses &conks ll tor the murder
of his wife, has engaged the attention of the Court,
or this week, and is not concluded as we go to
press. The plea set tip is insanity.
SVUX/It OS THE Hoe. Luxe WOODSOSF, ins De.
100011110 CANDIVATC vol Govreact.--At about 9
o'clock, Judge Woodtnny returned home from a
ride, in company with a little son of B. B. Massey,
Esq„ of Boston, to get some blackberries, went to
the barn, unharnessed and pat up his horse, knob
ed for his wife, and was informed that she was in
the garden, from thence be went directly to the
barn, where he remained eo long that his wife be•
pan to be uneasy in regard to him, and went to the
door of the barn by which he had entered,and
found it , locked. She immediately sent to his bro
ther's st for a clerk, who upon watch, found the
body of ore
Mr. Woodbury suspended from a timber
by a splice rein. Life was extinct. From appear
ances he bad evidently been dead two boars, as
Dr. Parsons, who was immediately called, stated.
His relatives were greatly a ff ected at the intelli
gence, which tell like a thunderbolt upon them.
No cause is assigned for the deed, though it is
said that the Judge, for some time, has been quite
low spirited and has been heard to say that he did
not feel able to , transact his business, and particu
larly in regard to his nomination for Governor, that
he wished to be tree from the cares of office. anti
remain a private citizen during his life. Mr. Wood.
bury was about 50 years of age, was a graduate of
Dartmouth College, and has been Judge of Probate
of this county, for.several years. He had a property
tisane $29,000 and a splendid residence in An
trim. He leaves en estimable wile, but no chil
dren. Three of his brothers reside in Antrim, and
likewise his mother. But a day or two ago B. B.
Money, Esq of Boston, his brother-in-law, receiv.
ed a letter from Antrim, stating that Mr. Woodbury
hail concluded to accompany Mr. Massey to Eu
rope tr.is fall. He leaves an excellent reputation
among his townsmen, and, in face., among the peo
ple of the entire country. He is said to have been
a liberal man, almost to a fault. He was univer
sally respected in public and private life --Roche.
fer r.) Mirror.
" Fats Sezecn."--The editor of the Densocratic
Union, at Watertown; in commenting upon the
idea that the Democratic State Convention must
adopt the " Compromise Platform t " sap:
" And what are the Compromise measures!—
The Fugitive Slave Law, practical assumption of
the debt of Tesas to the amount of 810,000,000, a
seizure of the free territory of New Mimic?, and its
conversions into slavery territory, an arrangement
to fetter the discretion of future Congresunen in
regard to the admission of slave stales; and then,
as compensation, we have the abolition of the slave
trade at the Capital, and the admission of Cali.
fonds, which it was nothing but gross faction and
injustice to oppose.
" All observing men have enough of the gift of
prphecy to foresee that when the convention shall
sanction the compromise, including the abolition of
the trial by jury, the assumption of state debts, and
the convers ion of free soil to the use of slavery, and
shall attempt to make these party measures, ti will
at once sever the democratic party. This crucifix
ion of the spirit of freedom and democracy will as.
suredly rend the vain of the democratic party in
" If then,' we cannot /lie* without unerring trea
son to the principles of liberty, and entail such N-
I tat consequences upon the party, there will , be wis.
dom in silence, and perhaps wisdom enough for the
CCU!! Rennes The Nevi Orleans rapers of
the 13th, are lull of letters and 'proclamations from
oue side or the other of the parties now engaged
in the Cuban " revolution." They are pretty much
of the same stamp as those already given RI the
public. Victories on both sides, the revolution pro
gressing at a tremendous rate and put down still
more - speedily. As these are alt ol the same date
as those which reached New York a week ago, and
record pretty much the samd things, they eve doubt
less written by the same persons in Cuba for the
same object. The only new tart we see 'in the
whole , budget, and that requires confirmation, is
that Havana was to be declared in a state at siege,
two days ebonite last Attierican steamer, the Cher
okee had left.
A Scam tenni...lla great Democratic Meet.
ing, in Philadelphia, on Thursday night, Col. Dmr
rtur., heretofore a very prominent Whig, and late a
Whig candidate for Coupes/ iii the - 4th dittrict
mrde a speech in which be renounced Wbiggety
and gave m hisadhesion to Col. BOA* and the
whole Democratic. ticket There are hundreds of
ahem who will follow the tread of Col. D. Our
friends in the city and county slink zonftdentially
of a Majority of 2500 for Bigler!
The number of telescope. stars in the Milky
Wsyie estimated at 14,000000,: In order, I will
say to realize the greatness Ol . number, but, al any
rater, to compare it with something analagons, I
will call'inentieer to the fact, that there are not in
the !whole heatiinsi • mote than about 8 ; 000 Mani
'bible to Ihe naked eye.
the seteMertif i 11141,i } arbett Natoli R Pan
a *IMO Pr7n 4 grikih slitPhima b k
that isnexoeddl,dhseed, WNW ted
hiimuthly career; lie the! *0441 - 11001Jualm
br,the mirksi.ol has physiCians, litgla Hea
physical energies railibt.bitrammni
by relantion from the ardnous.labot of his official
duties, a _cheap. Of atmosphere,; add the *vigor*.
der inteee meident aabase k.. Wei ereeseeiterst
journey to the- Trappe ', : tenant retneat, in the
comity ,c 4; Montgom e ry be plaie of hie nativity,
the scene of his childhood, and the spot where his
remains now repose under the monument erected
by the effrictiorm of bns , leliow citizens.
the his way thither, he preedibmnti Old fierkii,
gild it happened at that time the farmers of that
comity-were -celebniting their 4S , bayou bonte."-rt ,
The farmers of Birks, it is knownouti ellGermins.
Gov. Shank was a German, and nothing delighted
him more than to meet in sexist converse with his
Getman friends, He wasitigood German scholar;
spoke the language - well, and being *wiled to, ad
dress his 0611111111 friends at their *treat home
meeting, he complied, and Made a speech to'them
the occasion. Th is was seized upon by the
hig press throughout the Commonwealth, misfit
d *per subject of denunciation and sbuse. • It
was spoken of as an almost unparilobable sin. The
Rnb''seneibiYiiies of the trnivenil Whig party were
shocked at the thotedetai a GOvenior could SO (St
tome: bin duty as to leave the executive chair, and
travel, even for the benefit of his health... Bat above
all, that be should dare to make a speech-4o meet
his fellow citizens face to face. Oh! how homili.
We could gather up from the Whig fi les of that
year denunciatory articles, onthis subject, sufficient
form a book, it we would devote. byte to it; but
our readers will remembeishe fact, and we wilt con
tent ourselves for the present with a sentence from
the Telegraph, of this place, - mad tablets want the
rounds of WI the Whig newspapers and " the rest
" At length we see the homiliiiing spectacle of a
Governor of this great Commonwealth neglecting
the interests of the people. andinouoting the stump
. for votes."
Glancing specimen of Whiz consistenc y!
it was humiliating and unpardonable. Now it is . a
mast commendable virtue. Then Gov.-Shunk was
"neglecting the interests of the people," in taking
a shon journey to Montgomery county, and making
one speech on his way. Note it is worthy of com
mendation that Gov. Johnston should close his of
fice, and. traverse the State for weeks and months,
fmm One end to the other, mounting the stomp "to
beg voter" at every comer where be can collect hie
Will be tell that for the very the very time he is
thus spending:a to_beg votes," he has paid oat of
the State. Treasnry the sum of SIX HUNDRED
AND TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, Or does be
pretend that be is on a pilgrimage toprocure means
to pay off the State debt?
Johnston may truly be called the travelling Gov
ernor'and in our view of the question, it may be
well for him to perfect himself in the science of
travelling. He will soon be called upon to exhibit
his skill in that line. His Fate is sealed. The peo
ple have tried him, and their verdict will be pro
nounced on the second Tuesday of October, "travel
back to deplacefrom whence pee caste."—/notstigator.
Plat its it Ike SOO st !few Twk ISM.
The annexed table shows the number of Plank
Roads in this State, and the coat per mile :
Nemo. Opened• Stiles. Per, M.
Great Western, Albany 1849 1 t 112,855
roods and Canoga 1843 ,18 1,860
rountvilie and Johnstoun 1849 A 8,000
Rome and Utica 1848 13 1,713
Utica and Burlington 1849 31 2,100
Rome and Oswego 1847 -80 1,800
Western 1849 11 1,810
" Taberg 1849 0 1,300
" Madison ' • 1849
~, 22 1,250
Salina and Central 1847 10 1,500
Syracuse and Manlius 1844 8 1,200
" . Bridgeport 1849 IS 1,400
" Os wag 1640 32 1,300
" Liverpool ' 1049 It 1,100
• Tully. 1848 25 1,500
Split Rock Head —
Hannibal and•Oswego 1848 II 2,000
t. , w 1849 5 1,600
The tolls are saved in theinerease value elands,
in the wear and tear of wagons, harness, and hor
ses, and in the cheapening of transportation, which
is thus 'secured at all seasons of the year. Plank
roads have in several instances, been constructed
almost parallel with Railroads, and paid large divi•
They are extending themselves in every dime-,
lion, and are important tributaries to Railroads and
Canals.: It is a question, if Plankroads will not
prove more productive investments than Railroads,
An immense amount of capital has already been
expended in affording facilities for transportation in
this Way; and the. impression Is that plankrceds
are extending as rapidly as Raikads, mile to ;mile.
An immense masa meeting ass held on Monday
evening in independencee, square, for the purpose
of expressing the Feelin g of the citizens on the
inhuman act,of the Spanish authorities at Ha
vanna, in so summarily shooting the American pris.
oners at the port. Col bits Swtrr presided, assist*
ed by 40 vioe-Presidents and 12 Secretaries. Col
Swift spoke with a great deal of feeling, strongly
condemning the needlebir barbarity of the Spanish
authorites, and urging tbe immediate interference
of our Government.
John Cadwalder '
in introducing a aeries of reso
lutions, contended strongly for the right of the
American Government to aid and protect any and
every people on the Amirican Continent, who ire
contending against the oppressions of their rulerii—
and then portrayed in strong Colors the wrongs the
Cubans have endured from their Spanish masters.
Mr. Cadwallader was followed by Gen. Peter Shen
Smith, E W. Power, COl. Small and otheri. The
meeting was very enthuliastic, and the largest, per
baps, ever held m. independence square. It is es
timated that not less than 15,000 were present Allu
ring most of the proceedings.
There was an immensespubering of the friends of
the Cuban patriots in the park, lain Saturday night,
the assembly numbering not leas than 20,000 pet.
sons. There was a great Lisplay of banners and
transparencies—the Cuban flag occupied a mini.
nent position. ' Hon E. T. Forum presided, and The
and the meeting was addressed by Capt. Rumens,
Judge Rase, oft:thin, Ea.Vonaul Cue, and others.
Great indignation was manifested against the Span.
ish Government and ihe American Consul, as well
as the authorities 'it Havana.
Henry Ward Beecher, in a sermon lately reach
ed at Quluebaug (Ct.) t ook Judas lecariot for his
text, and in the course of hie remarks said that Ju
das wee not the won& man that ever lived, by any
means ; that there are many at the present day,
who, Bliley bad an opportunity would sell Christ
fora less soot than he received "Yea" said he,
they will sell themselves for a sixpence, and the
purchaser gets cheated allhat" "Think yob," he
sated "that those, who, in our own country? sell
daily in the market to the highest bidder, the image
of their maker, would not have sold Christ had they
been in Judas' place?"
Jane Tomo, the giTagelo women," who entered
the Mike ash* Athens Banner, and abet the pobliKh.
er, wounding him elig„htly, has been sent to the
'eState prison for two rem.
Tint EtiTtaT,Cest tate State of Virginia of
late Itekten Convention, is set down by the Re
publican at 6220,000. 01 this sum, upwards of
$lO9OO were paid tut terming and riming.
Cuban Meeting la Pb!laielsda.
Cubes 'teeth* York.
. . ..---.• 1 ,r •
we ebelreilteeley that if Cuba shettld be
wrestadiroas ' it would as ibe ddhor --pdittifft"
fritadviiigt . Mei oaths north ad alladertui Bair
issatllyr hi 'Which advententti: Mg*
hemselves, if sin should fulhi littrakesfar
enlikinii the island in me It aurole'not welsh, he.
in theaco, deplane s II sewed & Doellei h 7
atitting the Waifitie sad putting gnaw ho mew
hands. Thine , are some thither considerations
which should not be overlooked.
- As lOW Sethi Wilms diVefferrfreftfle MOM
object of throwing-off the yoke of Spain, and be
COMM a struggle to Palace the blacks to bondage, it
will, of coarse, draw into the quarrel all the whites
order island on the one side, amtall the blacks on
the other. The esookrin, who have no liking for
the degrees, willtingit. eriurelves on the aide of
the planters. The free colored people; of whom
theroartratore than a undred and leriboustind'
onthe island; !some of whom have all the. ittlelli•
fence oldie whites, NO Who have their own wrongs..
'to avenge, will natural* become theleaddni of the
emancipated slaves. Of the slaves many are nag
dyes of Africa, alert of herculean proportidne and
great strensih, who remember the Wrrore of
sage semis the ocean -in elate ships, indtinp, ma)
to take *nib's vengeance on the white race, ail
soon as the olmonunity is given theta.' The c ivil
wars of the Spaniard. ate always accompanied by
sets of barbarity, and with this infusion of the fe
rocdy of the African savage, the strife in Cuba will
become frightfolly bloody lea cruel. The planta
tions will be ravaged, the earth will 'be no longer
tilled, the country will bacome,a waste, the com
merce of the island will emit I
Suppose, however, that, this fearful s traggle sbrield
be ended In a year or tee by the subju gating of dos
blacks --4 fate which we dunk wool be inevitable
—and by their return to servitude. What shall then
be done with Cobs, which, after so tearible an ex
perience of the calamities of Spanish rule, the whole
civilitil World agree ought never again to come un- 1
der the yoke of , Spain 1 An application we sop
me, would be made toll annex the island to the
United States. This would revive in all =its heat the
agitation of the slavery question, and beget a more
violent strife than ever between the north and the
south. Weirtand ready, for our part, to take the l
gronndthonsands of others are prepared to take
the same position--that no new slave state is to he
receivedinto the Union. Then Will arise, also,the
question whether the reduction of the blacks loser.
vitude shell be recognised by our own country ;
whether their emancipation by the authority of
Spain, while she held the island and exercised the
legislative authority, was not an act which no revo
lutionary government, organized in the name of
liberty, had the power to annul, and whether they
are not, therefore, still entitled to their freedom.— 1
These qoestions will be debated with a warmth to
which the present state of the quarrel on the slavery
question is mere apathy.
We do not think it necessary here to ccmsider the
probability of certain other circumstances which
might somewhat vary the result--as, for example,
whether any of the powers ot,' Europe might not
think roper to interfere, in order to put a stop to
atrocities of this strife—or whether Spain might not
yield to tar to the desires of the people of Cuba as
to grant them a *visional legislature, elected .",
their suffrages. The latter of these, considering the
character of the Spanish government, which is both
unenlightened and unyielding, we regard as whol
ly improbable, though it is obvious that it is the only
true policy. It is enough for us to have Shown that
if the connection between Cuba and the mother
country is to be served by the sword, there are con
sequences of the gravest nature involved in the
event, to which it would be folly to shut our eyes.
As lovers of political freedom, we cannot but de
test the tyranny in which Cuba is held, and cannot
but wish here happy and early release. So bad a
government, we suppose, cannot long endure—it
certainly deserves riot to last a day. But the im
mense population of stales held by the whine race,
surround any attempt to rid them of the Spanish
yoke by violence with fearful difficulties which the
planters of the island, we doubt not, see clearly.—
Five Burros= Boawr.—One of the most - terrible
calamities that -we have ever been called on to
chronicle, took place in the town of Brighton, five
miles hom Cleveland, (Ohio) on Tuesday night,
August 19. We have gathered the following par
" Mr °flanker's house WIRE built of wow, MO sto
ries in height, and, as is frequently the case, the
oven was constructed on the outside. In this oven
Mrs. Onacker had been - baking during this early part
of the evening, and upon finishing, had removed
all the coals.
About midnight, Mr. Onacker and his wife were
awakened from sound sleep by the most dreadful
shrieks. They jumped from the bed ; the smoke
was pouring into their room, half stifling them with
it. thick, hot volume. The most horrible cries and
groans proceeded from the apartment occupied by
their five sons. The awful truth flashed at once
Amon the inilds of the poor parents. They attempt
ed to rush to the rescue of their children. The
flames choked their way. ln ten minutes the house
I would be a smouldering heap of ruins. Now was
the only time to escape, and the miserable lather
and mother, almoin crazed with the sense of the
disaster, snatched op their idyll and last child, a
mere in fant,; who fortunately slept with them, and
rushed into the open air.
it is supposed that the fire had surrounded the
rooms where the - boys slept before they were awak
ened, that egrets from the windows and door was
cat oil, 'and they were quickly suffocated. The
agesof the boys were 18, 14, 12, and 2.—Cleveland
A Hoax —Some of the Parrs papers recently gave
their readers an account of succetsful expertmenti
with a new flying machine, said to have been coo
constructed by M, d'Arville. After allowing time
for the wonder to:hase a fair rim,the pellets very
cooly informed their readers th at they had been
The difficulty with all flying machines is that
man is not strong enough to fly bY.any machinery
depending on his own force. The difficulty of
swimming in such a medium as water, proves the
impossibility of traversing the air, unless by extran
eous aid. To succeed he must, be tilted by some
balloon contrivance and be propelled by steam or
other power but it is difficult to conceive an ins
"'swim for air nose that will equal or even ap.
proach the speed and convenience of a rail-road.
WHIMS ARA THU Now I.—The fawning syco.
phew. of Goy. Johnston are thrown into paroxysms
by the developments we have. made of-the origin
and progress of the sinking hind, and the exposore
of their btrisen faced mendacity, in claiming all its
honor. lor,theirvalonms chief. , .
They am driven tram their false position and
tomes, to abandon the ground they had seized upon,
as trespasser, and marauders. They are now try.
log to rs; the hue and cry nainst Cot. Bigler, for
the part r e took in devisingthe project before Gov
Johnson me into power. But the) , will fail.—
Whenever they assad the proposition of Col. Bigler
to impose a tax on lineal inheritances to create a
risking lard, let them remember that (Joe. .trim ,
eon marimreaded the saner= for another purpose.
But their,flomulering proves one thing, that their
leader lost therehance of being the father of the
kit Arrtirnee itunimiarrtom.—bir. Dow Poster,
On of Geo. E. poor, EN., of Detroit, cut his throat
with a knit* on Sunday. last. Mr. Porter was an
amiable and intelligent young man,' mita beloved
,Cy all Who knew him, and his suicide, in a mo.
Imam of mental alienation, has Gulches his family
with inexpressible grief., :Re was only twerity•two,
and wits employed as engineer and surveyor, by
the Michigan Canal Railroad Company.
An explosion' took puce Utt the 16th inst., , in
lama C. Oliver's mines near Pottsville, Pa , riausin* e
the instant dealt, of three men and serious inktry,
perhaps death, of nine others. Thou • names are
' . iiimmionsumeereetiseitankid a ,
. ti r r Thl LOW Thomas H.: Benton has Written a let.
Melo Ilmifeseithmt of . ibe (14iiMouti) Pacific & l a
rad pgny * Bt. Louis, in which he exp re ,„,
itAirest in fbe . Owes of the great, work, or *leo
the Blissosia road \Os commeolmment, and which ,
bethinkelhat's'ety national consideration requi re ,
1 sietteki be steomphabed with the aid of the feder a l
.vvertiment. Aa nods the route, he maid",
that ***fling in lighsoori the only central one-..
therefore, the only nationalooted says th at % I
only obit** is Hocky=lioa9oirte, sod that is
no obstacle at all, as the cotmtty rumagradnally § l 4
imperceptibly 7 to a,OOO feet' before their bale is
reached, there am then insnylmmes between dm
head of the U. del None and South Pam—betwe e ,
38 and 42 I degrees—vety icabil sad shady
marked out by the buffal o es , .
'lO a speed,
(said he) wince I made on this route ' at th e l an
nest" et Coogrese r l pointed:feet themenimale a s
.the original, and most unarm of topographk a t
engineers, t oe Arst finder. of 411 good routes, and
not knowioall road•ma
then I :h e t r it s ihe ggre and gaatvielainte.
boa had peer/molly written the same thing, and, i ;
tact, given the same instances, bat hare since seen
that he did." , , .
Col. Benton hum doubt the road will be builL
if not by the Governmenkby companies and cow,.
munitiell• But be is of opinion that the Govemmeat
should take the wholes upon itself, compensarisl
companies for what they have done, and make its
free rood, save the repa irs. The public lands, be
says, have long been considered a proper fund ks
making neuronal roads; and now that they a ra
sqbandered by the hundred millions of acres la
bounties, which go to speculators, the only way a,
save them from spoil:aim, and to make the m
available for present and future. - public good, is a t
apply them in mass to this (and other) great na
tional objects. The Government should be premed
without cessation. and first to make a common
road from the frontier of Missouri to Calitorsis,
which would be a summer's work for a hundred
men, under a practical country road'maker trick
some mountain men Co show the bad° trads and
passes. As to the various projects
. pressed sp a
Congress by individuals and companies, to make a
railway to the Pacific by grants of lands, he says
they are only schemes of speculation to make
land stock to be sold in Market.
Keep It before the People.
That the expense of the State Government, i n
tiro years of Johnston's administration, have beet
583,25! 45 greater than in the acme length of tine
under Gov. Shenk.
KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE, That do
amount of taxes assessed upon the farmers and
mechanics of Pennsylvania, for two years antler
Gov. Johnston's administration, is $242,598 41
greater than in the same period under Shenk.
Exuarrion or theonow. PDAROin.—This unfor.
innate youth, condemned to death for the murder
of Ram= SiIIItYLCOD, suffered the. penalty of h a
bloody crime on Saturday last at about 2 o'clock,
P. M., in the prison-yard at West Chester. The
same gallows and the eerie rope that launched hi
uncle JAB= BOYD, into eternity, were used for the
mournful purpose. Many applications were made
to the Sheriff. for permission to witness *the exec?
Lion, which of course—and Ter/properly—the la
did not allow him to gratify.
We learn from the Village Record, that AAIOI
SHARFLON, the father of the murdered girl, visited
George in his cell, on Saturday last. He said is
reply to George's request to be forgiven, that it vu
the duty of all to forgive and forget injeries—that
I he freely forgave while it wasnot possible to forges
George was entirely cool and sell possessed. Aaron
asked George whir he did the . deed, and whether
be had loaded the gun that morning, with the inter.
Lion of committing the murder. George said ttat
he had no,cause •, he had never been injured or
suited by her, and that when he left home, he had
no intention of shooting her. To another person,
a female friend, he said on the same day, be had
loaded the gun that morning expressly for Rachel.
Geqrge was not much moved by the interview.
A Woman BURN= to Disin.—The
(Ky. ) Herald, says, that ' on Friday night, the Si
inst , Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, residing in the nottben
part of Logan county, fell into the fire place, ron.
taining a few chunks and a small stick or tsto
wood on fire, and when discovered, her body au
entirely, With lhe exception of a small portion d
the spinal bones, one thigh and foot, and a paint
of the other thigh and foot, consumed. When fiat
discovered, her form was lying obliquely on the
hearth, and emitting a light and brilliant braze ter!
much resemblinn e that given by the - homing ofe
oily substance. Water was immediately damn
upon the firey mass, which seemed to have evim
gash it for a moment, but which immediately igniL
el again '• and an additional application of ate
was requ ired before the blaze exting*ished. Ttit
remains were then examined, when. it *as tot
that the entire body and frame, with the ereeptics
before named, were entirely consumed, lea
only a substance resembling coals of bumrleat. oi
perfectly black and porous, with a shining``
Cruse Arrnas—Since our last but ,time Zer
has been thrown upon the bite of Lopez's ezpt
tiyns. It is generally believed that Lopez has is
been very surcessful, although no certain infamy
lion has been received from •the sett of war in ids
tion to die matter. Two steamers, the Fanny rtl
Mabama i filled with armed men and (mini:low!
par, sailed Train New Orleans on the 22d, in b.
fiance of the govermitent officers, who go to the*
liefcif Lopez. In regard to the Steamer Pampe4
whichlborGen. Lofez to Bahia, it is mmozedils
she has since landed at the same point anode
Jugs party, with Oen. Glikmalles, from Jacksonrils
and the Captain reports that Gen. Lopez was in
session• of fort St. Marie, where-there is a pi
landing, and all friends: of the espedition can amo
BUFFALO, Aug. 29.—Judge; Conk ling, bets
whom the case of Daniel, the fugitive, was vv.
at Auburn, has decided Co grant a writ of habea
corpus, on the ground of iusufficien t testimool
Berrsr.e, Aug. 30.—Judge Conkling has dais
ed the man Daniels to be free, and he has goolo.
Mr'Tara 111811111 1 S0BO COTTON 1111 u., whirl:10 1
to have been in operation 18 months no, bit bri
a trial of several months, and the machines, lb+
is found to work admirably. About 60 or O*9
atives, (principally, females) are s empl oye more are added It; the fords each week. The lrb
rio manufactured is pronounced to be cifsn.eo„'
lent quality. The kuildiwv a fine spetiPsq
modem architecture, (G9lgto styles) and creelsO
to the designer and architect, as well sun 0011
to the town.
Qtr The C'iolera has beed quite fatal in ."
Kentucky, lately. About one dozen pero d ,
—some of.thern amontthe Most respectable in •
city—have talhm. victims to the antklen ap
of the Gill disease. It prevailed seriously
dap—exhibiting, its worst features on the Mb IP'
• • • VP
DLIT** or Ex Covema lifcDowm.--Tb_
Buss rdebowitat, member of the late Cori'',
and formerly Governor of Virginia, died CO No'
last at his residence dear Lesmoon. He ha
a repreitentaitre in Cmigress-for-eight years.
HOINCLUITILLt plrOre, 651- e
ty, and it lithe intention of the Company' 1 °,.." - •
plete it by the let of January. Them* my
independent Reek of six feet guage, from Bo
to lioniellsville. •
Ramat,' Amnairr.—Patrio MeClanton,'
borer in the employ of Mr. Kitts, a ootaraca l
the liew York and New Haven ratlrnati,
over by a gravel train near Wert Haven bit
yesterday afternoon, and severe!, 'pima