Newspaper Page Text
OrstbrittO (?:'L Garter:4
11 1 Writes* • Ayr Pres 111rrriterp.
E O. GOODRICH, EDITOR.
Towanda, Saturday, August 16, 1651.
Demooratie State Ntonitnatimu.
• You uoviesisst. -- -
WILLIAM D1GLEK,...,.0• CLuarscsai COUITT
_ VOL CANAL CONNIIISSIOSES, - •
SETH CLOVER, Or CIA ism Carlrrt
rot Stotts or tar trearms COUNT,
JEREMIAH 8. 8LACK.....0r Humour! Corrtu,
JAMES 'CAMPBELL, or PIIIILADILFUn,
ELLIS LEWIS, or Lase Arms.
JOHN R. GIBSON or Cr* Coco Tr.
WALTER H. LOWRIE...or Actsaacor Comm.
Eledion, 7uesday, October 14, 1851
• Terms, of The Reposing..
$$ SO pelf annum—if id within the year 30
Ir dedurt-6r cash paid actually in advanee sI 00 will be
d e le te d. Np paper rut over two years. unless paid for.
A D vinieumerours. per square of ten lines. 50 cents fur the
am. and SS eents for rich subsequent insertion.
EDP Office on the " Union Bloch." north side of the Pnbltn
!knave, nett hoer to the Bradford Hotel. &unlace broween
• Mason. Adams' and Elwe IN taw offices.
Democratic County Convention.
THE Demcieratic Standing
Committee for Bradfot d County,
• -hereby call a Convention to be
composed of two Delegates from each election-dis
trict in said County. to be holden at Towanda. on
Tuesday evening, September 2d, 1821, for the pur
pose of placing in nomination candidates to be sup
ported by the Democratic party of the county, at the
approaching election, and have appointed the fol
lowing Committees of Vigilance fur the several dis
tricts of said county.
Albany—Benj: Willcox, Peter Oterigere;
Armenia—Jefferson Rundell. Isaac Williams;
Asylum—A. J. Stone. John M. Horton ;
Ache& tp.—Abm..l. 'Miller, Daniel MeDuffee ;
N bo.—Moses sawyer, A. P. Stephens ;
Burlington—C. F. Nichols, Benj. Ross;
Canton—Frederick Hall, Justin Bothwell;
Columbia—D. V. Barnes, Chas. Ballard;
Darell—Robert 8011, Isaac Ennis
Fraultlin—Nathan L. Dodge. Charles W. 'Stevens ;
(Manville—Harrison ROss, E. A. Bailey;
Herrick-- - -Francis Angle, Pembroke Squires ;
Leroy—Lafayette Wooster, Win. E. Willcox ;
Litchfield—Cyrus Merrill:4. Benj. Parks;
Atonroe—Elisha Phioney, Freeman Sweet ;
Orwell—H. Z. Frisby, Carlos Chubbock ;
Pike—Geo. Graves, Edward Cr4ndal;
Ridgbery—Wiitiam Gunianfes, Benj. Herman;
Rome—Simeon Rockwell, Nosh Hicks; -
Shesheqoin—C. W. Bulbs. Clinton Gore;
Sinithfield-8. R. Cram, George 8. Peck;
Springfield—H. 8. Grover, H. W. Root;
-South Creek—John Reed jr. - Henry Thompson
Standing Stone--hi 4 .etus Havens. Simon Stevens ;
Towanda J. Trout. R. C. Smalley ;
" tp.-11. C. fez. James W. Decker
Trey bc.—F. 8. Elliott, F. 8. ()mine ;
" tp.—John Porter. Amos Pierce ;
Tosearora—.Harris Ackley, Hiram Bhumway ;
Ulster—M. EL Warner, A. B. Smith
Warren—Miranda Chaffee, Daniel Folk;
Wells—Jebial Ayres, John Brown 0;
Winditars--John 8. Anthony, Elija Ffilhoemaker 2d ;
Wyalutting—Joseph Vananken. Benj. Ackley if ;
Wymx—Curtis Prink. J. M. Reed;
Wilms--J. 1.. Jones, Ichabod Corson ;
The Committees wilt call meetings on Saturday,
August Nth, betweegethe hours of 4 and 7.P. M. for
the election of Delegates.
We would enjoin upon the Conimittees the respon
sibility which rests upon them, and the necessity of
discharging their duty faithfully and fully. The
primary meeting should be called on the day nam
ed. at the tonal place for holding said meetings—or
at some place most convenient to the democrats of
district. Great care should be taken that every
democrat has notice of the Delegate meeting, that
all may have a chance of attending.
The Standing Committee have reunited that the
Conventions to elect delegates to the State Conven.
Lion which have been held for the last two or three
years at February Court, havii been of but little in
terest to the DeSocrate of the County, and have
been but thinly attended. In view of this, and of
the fact that the next State Convention is ealled
the 4th 'Of March. they have deemed* best to rut
gent to the. Democracy of the • County, the propriety
ofelecting Delegates to the State Convention at the
County Convention which they have ntiw called;
and they hereby authorize and eppoelqr the Con
',elation to elect said Delegates to The State Conven
lion. if thl Convention shall lodge said ccomProP•
er and seasonable.
The Democrats of the County are rrodested to
take the matter int 6 eonalderation,y, their Delegates
may be able to represent the wishes and feelings of
the great body of the party.
. JAMES H. WEBB.
H. L W BENCE SCOTT,
P. E. MAYNARD.
W. H. VANDYKE,
J. H. BLACK.
JOS. MEN ARM,
E. C. OLIVER,
August 5.1851. - Standing Committee. -
Kaman —The elvction nl L W. Powell f(lowl.1
as Governor, is now certain : for Lieut. Gov. J. B.
Thompson, (whig) is elected. The Democrats
have gained at least one member of Congress, mak
inglhe delegation stand equally divided.
lutemrs.—The delegation will stand 8 democrats,
t Whigs. The Legislature is overwhelmingly dem
Nolan CaaoL►>ta.--Suficient returns have not
been received to give the precise result, but the va
rious phrts of the stale referred to indicate that the
Union ticket generally has been successful.
in the VII ftb district, Edward Slimly (44) is
believed to be defeated.
Aunt/A.—Beni G Shields, the Union condi
)tlase for Governor, has hero elected over Henry W.
secessionist. The democrats gain • one
member of Congress.
Tamcssoc —Hot little has been heard from
Tedriessee, bat the morns indicate the election of
the Whigiandidate for Governor.
lowa soma for <aunty officers on the dth Ar.
hangs; for membsts of Congress on the same 41.4 y;
Texas for Governor, Congress and Legisheare on
Qty. We would relpectfally mil the' attention of
the Posumuser at Mon rodon, to weekly complaints
which are made to as concerning the papers sent
in the Cherry mail. The Reporter for Albany
which should reach that place on Tuesday, at fur
thered, is freqUeutly a sleek or ten days old before\
k p moire& There w gram neglect and inatten.
tip somewhere, and we have sabiniued to it mull
Ilackeattmae ceases to be a virtue.
hreoanter Ihrisura...The Coed of Quarter
iSeesior-3a Pawn . ni--has derided . in the ewe
1 a the Pennsylvania ittilroadi, after Inn ugement of
conmet, that , the $2,060,00ii of steak herd by rhibt
ile)phia bras not liable to butatire.
iipreakyas et OW 44 ilkorplet • Nock .41noirsimboo
• We prnmised, in announcing the domination of
Hon. Wir. Joitee,' by the Whig Slate Convention,:
to shoWthe &WC, bow intimately hi - bad' been
entmected with the Sastinebantut County: Bank—to .
expose the disicpatable fraud which bad been pro-
Ikea in the matter of the "Stoplui Stock Compa
ny," and how -far the Judge had been concerned in
that dlegal and fraudulent transaction. The, we
now set about—promising that our authority for
what we shalt say, is the Report of the Commis
sioners appointed to investigate the attain of the
detain.* institmiop, and document/pin our possessioit
aviedfrom the books ((hie Rank.
That the press should dare to call in question the
mniives or actions of Judge itgfitP :has awakened
a pelted howl of astonishment from the clique of
persons who in the gracious eflulgenee of his
Honor's presence, as well asthose who are equally
imp! sated with him in the nefarious transaction.—
They endeavor to avoid the obloquy which inevita.
bly images to their conchrt by (beery of n persecu.
ton" and " petty malice." and other . argemnes of
the same character, at Once both logical and conclu
sive. We know no reason Why Judge Jessup (now
that he is • candidate) is not as pmper a subject
for newspaper remarks as any other candidate
The purity of the Judicial Bench should most cer
tainly be a subject of great interest to every' citizen,
and he who asks to be electea to it, should at least
come o 8 the bench of a lower eourt,whh - tinsullied
ermine, and clean hands.
There may be those who imagine that Judge
Jerve is too exalted in character, too brilliant in
beeline, to have his conduct or motives questioned,
and that when we look at him it should be as
"'through a glass, darkly" Such shall not be our
course. We are not disposed to veil our gaze as we
approach him, nor do we fear of being struck blind,
by daring to scrutinize if there , be spots upon the
'taws even of this dasirling luminary.
• The Commissioners (Messrs. Wetoirr and Brat •
*war) repott . to the Legislature, in regard to the
Surplus Stock transaction, as follows
-11 The whole transaction in relation to the Surplus"
Stock was in open end flagrant violatign of law, and
Me groundwork of the subsapeentinismcmogentent and
disasters of the institution. '
This declaration of the Commissioners every
man who has examined the facts, will concnr in.
The failure of the bank—the distress which it
occasioned—are then directly chargeable upon
those who were the plotters and executors of tha t
notable scheme. Some of them are not now living
,—they are answerable to,a higher tribunal. We
would not disturb their ashes--but charity for the
dead will not serve to ward off odium from the
living; nor answer as theic excuse when they are
arraigned 11 the bar of public opinion. lodge les
*yr we have every reason to believe, was the tatti
er of this Commit) , It was his transcemdanl finan
cial abilities which called it into being—watched
over its birth— presided over and directed its opera
tion through life—and Melly saw it indecently out
pf the world.
The Judge, in his testimony before the Commis
sioners, if not directly guilty of prevarication, was
singularly oblivious. He carried throughout an air
of meekness and innocence which is refreshing to
behold. Whatever others may have done, he at
least, has had no knowledge of the affairs of the
Bank or of the Stock Company. He ceased to be a
director before the Bank went into operation. From
time to time he was called upon to sign renewed
stock notes, and did so. Farther than this, if the
Judge is to be understood as hie testimony liter
ally reads, be has been privy to - none of the linen.
cial dodges of the Hank managers.
Pure and immaculate Judge! . Who would imag
ine from your ingenuous and straight forward tes
timony, that you were cognizant of the transaction of
that Company which met in secrecy in the Direc
tor's room of the Susquehanna Bank, of which you
were the presiding genius ! But the Judge says
" that a reference to the books and papers or the
Bank, would probably refresh his recollection as to
further matters in this connection." We should
certainly suppose that such reference was necessa
ry to brighten the Judge's memory, and while he is
about it we request him to take a peep into the
minutes of the Stock`Company's proceedings. He
Iwo somewhat- that mat a journal was kept. and
'that at the time he would have us believe that bs
was a stranger to the bank and its operations; fur
ther that to put his name an occasional stock note, he
attended its meetings, and further that the urinates of
their, proceedings are recorded in his hand-writing.
For fear be may not have the book handy we
will publish a few extracts. If they are not correct,
the Judge undoubtedly has the evidence to disprove
them. It they are corectly copied, as we declare
them to be, they open new light upon the faltering
corruption of this damnable transaction :
Extracts taken from the book of minutes kepi by the Sur
plus Stock Company, being entered in the hand-writ
ing of the Secretary of the Company.
Prior to the sale of " the Hank of Susquehanna
County," at a priblic auctibn (as provided in the
act of incorporation) it was agreed and understood
that it was advisable to keep out foreign speculators,
and secure the stock permanently to persons residing
in the county, and Wrn. Jessup, J. C. Biddle, Isaac
Post, C. L. Ward and 8.8. Matron, associated them.
selves into a company for the purpose of taking
such surplus of the stock of the Bank, as may dot
bid in by other citizens of the county at the public
sale. They accordingly made an arrangement for
a loan of the Towanda Dank to be appropriated to
the purchase of stock under this arrangement. Elp.
wards of ninety thousand dollars of stock was pur
chased for the benefit of said company. It was
'agreed that of this amount each of the company
might take what he might desire to bold barns file.
A delay occurred in putting the Bank into oppera.
tiom owing to the deranged state of the currency
and nothing was done toivards paying in the furter.
age on the stock, until the fall of 11138.
tomesonversation had passed beiween persons in
termed in the Mock and several Banks in the city
of Philadelphia, more particular with the Cashier of
the Manufacturers and Mechanics Bank. About the
middle of November, J. C. Diddle who had been du
ly elected Presjdent of the Institution, welt to Phila.
delphia to conclude a final arrangement for a loan
in behalf of the company enumerated, and also make
some arrangement in relation to the future Corres
pondence. of ;the Dank. Owing to the depressed
state of the money market, notwithstanding the
strongest assurances had been given of aid. he fail
ed In making any suitable arrangement either for
the Dant or the Company. Ile then proceeded to
New York where through his friends Allen do Pas.
son, an arrangement was made for funds required
by the company to pay in their stock. At a meet.
log of firersotrs interested in the - eqrile.steek
held at the ry Room of the Bank** Wed.
nesday Dee: , DilUt. There was present.CC. Bid,
die, Isaac Mulford. D. Searle, Wm.. 1,.
Post; nyrm•Wiellind C. L. Ward be the original
company, lifm.liasup being absent.
L C. Diddle was . appointed President of the coa
pem,'and C. L. Ward - Secretary. i
Arts? consoltatipu It was understood and agreed
in. That the conipany should be enlarged and con
:isle/ernes C. Biddle. Into Post,. Wm. Want,
Searle, HearyDritdter. D. Post, JUNI Lane and
C. L. Ward. holding the stock termed "'surplus
amektin equakproportkins.- •
3d. plait the elpenieu -Warred in arranging the'
, earplug stook eqnally eom.
3d. That Messrs. Diddle. C. L. Ward rind Wm. L.-
Post. Ire &committee to ascertain and make up
the amount of these expenses to be settled at the .
nextmeetieg of - the company.
- . .
4th. The same gentlemen report *hid at the next
meeting some advisable plan of holding or dividing
thew surplus stork* bold by the company - in view
of its remaining safe from individual liability or
transfer in trait for tit% security of the loans which
have been made in arranging said stock.
6th. That It is deemed expedient to retain at least
fifty thousand dollars of the surplus stook, per
manently to the company (live thousand dollars
to each of the same) and that the President of the
company be authorised•to dispose of any of the
surplus stock over the 06.000 aforesaid, to
whom be may think proper and at par. until other
wise advised at a meeting of the company. -
The company here adjourned to meet at .the call
of the President. Attest 0.1.. Ward Secretary, Oct.
At a meeting of the company, present. J. C. Bid
dle. Isaac Post, David Post, Wm. 'I. Post, Henry
Drinker. Wm. Jessup. 8. 8. Mulford and C. L.
Waid. .1. C. Biddle President.
The committee on that subject report that the es.
penses in arranging " surplus stock" is as follows ;
Donis on $60,000. Allen & Paxson, $6OO 00
Discount on $15,000 loan. 457 60
J. C. Biddle for expense of negotiating loan, bO.OO
Expenses to Towanda. 5 00
P.Lusles expenses getting charter. 500 00
C. 1.. Ward & Wm. -L. Posts' ez. to Tow'da, 10 00
Wm. L. Post sending to Towanda, 16 50
On this amount the tnetztbers of the company hare
WED. Jessup. $5O 00 leaving due, $ll3 90
rt„ 8. Mulford, 60 00 do 113 90
Isaac Post, 50 00 do 113 90
Wm. L. Post. 72 10 do 92 40
J. O. Biddle, 105 00 do 58 90
Win. Ward, do 189 90
C. 1.. Ward. bOO .do 158 00
D. Post, • do 113 90
D. Searle, ' ' do . 143 90
Expenses to ba7ance ad. 1,639 00
Balance due as above from the several members
of the company. 51.307 00
Attest—C. L. Winn, Wx. L. Pore, Committee.
The right of lesse Lane having beewassigngd to
James C. Biddle was surrendered to the company.
and the company is hereafter to consist of len--ihe
remainder of the company heretofore named, own
ing and boWing to stock in equal parts ; Isaac Post,
Wm. L. Po.t, Wm. Ward, C. 1.. Ward. B. B. Mut.
ford. J. C Biddle, Wm. Jessup and Henry Drinker.
having paid in proportions of 187,50 each (700)
towards the first instalment of the bonus. it was con•
eluded by• them to take cash two shares of stock
more for this payment, paying in cash $lOO each.
making $lOO the par value of stock. This leaves
the statement of expenses as before stated.
Paid. Ilas to pay. Note given
Win. Jessup, 'sso 00 $ll3 90 Jan. 29, 1842
'B.B. Mulford. 50 00 113 90 do
Isaac Post. 50 00 113 90 do
Win. L. Post, 71 50 92 40 do
David Post. do 163 90 do
James C. Biddle, 105 00 58 90 no note
Henry Drinker, do 163 90 do
Daniel Searle, do 162 90 June 29,1942
C. L Ward, 600 168 90 no note
Wm. Ward, do 163 00 do
I hereby for value reeeirad, tele:tee and relinquish
to the other parties In interest, all my Oght and in
terest in the company stock (so called.) They too,
release all claims to farther contributions by me—
and I disclaim all liabilities in any way concerned
with said company stock. C. L. Waal).
April 28, 1842. •
At a meeting of the stockholders aforesaid.pres
eut. Wm. Jessup, Wm. L. Post. Win. Ward David
Post. Isaac Post. Henry Drinker, D. Searle, 8. 8.
Mulford and C. L. Ward.
Wm. Jessup and Wm. L Post Were appointed a
committee to arrange the accounts and dividends
and notes of the compady, and report on Tuesday of
ttert week !2d lust. Agreed that the stock of the
company be transferred and stand as heretofore in
the name of Wm. Jessup & Co, and Wm. Jessup
be authorised to transfer stock upon the conditions
and restrictions heretofore imposed on James C.
[How ends the notes in the hand writing of C.
Ward, and appears again in Wm. Jessup's hand as
At a wetting of the stockholders Aug. 25. 1842,
present, I. Post, Wm. Jessup, B. 8. Mulford, D.
Searle, Wm. Ward. H. Drinker and Wm. Post I the
shares of C. L. Ward and James C. Biddle, having
been surrendered, the amount doe by them. J. C.
Biddle 11511,90, C. 1.. Ward $158,90-017,80 sus
divided among the eight others, and notes including
limp given on the preceding page, was given as fol.
six month motes. dated ]an. 79,1812
Wm. Jessup, 8142 27
Daniel Searle. do 192 37 do
Wm. L. Pont, do 120 87 ' do
8. 8. Mulford, do 142 37 do
D. Post, 192 37 no note
1. Post, do 142 37 dated 29 Jan. 141411
Wm. Ward, do 192 37 do
Henry Drinker. do 192 37
The old notes cancelled. and the above notes to
be paid in 3Odays.
By this it appears that Judge 'woe, was cogni•
zant of the doings of the Surplus Company from its
conception until the day he assigned the Stock, in
open violation of the provisions of the ,charter, to
the Bank, in order to cancel the stock notes which
had been given himself and associates.
The ostensible reason for this operation, was to
keep stock °sof the hands of speculators. Such
is the reason ffiven by the Judge in his testimony.
Such is the' reason given in they introduction to
the "little book" wherein was recorded the doings
of die Sanhedrim. This long preamble, with its
specious reasoning and plausible pretext, if it smith ;
fled the consciences bf those who are implicated,
we must say, they are easily persuaded. The name
is given it of the " Surplus Sock Company," and
its avowed object was to take whatever of the stock
that might not be subscribed.
The true object of it was the control of the Bank.
Ninety thousand dollars were at once subscribed,,
and the stock books immediately closed. It will
be seen by the sth regulation of the Company that
the control of die Bank was the object arrived at,
and repeated refusals were made to dispose of
Stock when the quantity wanted would lease them,
less than 555,000. Of course, capitalists would not
buy 'lock to have it managed by such a com
pany, and heti:a:sales were 'fifteen. The chimes
of Susquehanna Amid be made &Ware how deep
ly they are indebted to the kindness and considers.
lion of Wm. Uwe le Co. We treat they will up.
Facials the efforts which were made to shield
them from speculators.
The gentlemen who were summoned before he
Investigating Committee all speak of a Was being
made at the Towanda Sank, and the five per cent
upon thia Surplus Stock being paid to Commission.
en in *wands money. The books of the Towan.
da Sault have no evidence of such loan. ' The 1110,.
00Ckto.bo sure, was taken from the Towanda Bank,
:and the Commissioners may haie seen the bundle ,
Oats - ming it, (and we doubt it it was opened ? ) bat
ereallought back to Towanda- the neat days
before night rested securely in its vaults, havi‘g
anacreted the purpte*Gx which it was intended.—
Many • poor '
wretch hai seen the Inside of the
Peritendiuy, ft* straining the truth' no mor than
hive some of the upright and'Phrisaieal grmdetnen
whn testified in 'teganl ro this ban. a'term in per
feet keeping with the whole fransaction—st bare.
faced, imputlenNscandsloes movement; in otter de.
fiance of the rights and security of community.
—A want of space compels us to ease abruptly,
but this subject shall claim Our attention, until we
bare 'endeavored to show fully in its true colors the
turpitude and rascahty'of the muunction.
PENIXSTLVAIcti FARM Jevanat..—No. 5 of this
useful and highly practical Agrieuhand work has
been received at this 'office., it has the merit of
being better addapted to the wants of the Farmer of
Pennsylvania than any similar publication with
which we have met; containing as it does the ex
perience of oor beat farmers as to the different modes
of cultivation, rearing of stock, fertiliztrg. etc, and
keeping up fully with the pr Gress making in this
branch of nnr National indul4iy. Now that a State
'Agricultural Society has beets tormed,which has its
auxiliaries in almost every County, such a work,
designed especially a' the organ through which the
Fanning interest shall bete:petted, becomes doubly
valuable, and we doubt Om (trill be property appre
ciated and patronized. S. 114tleman, Editor :A. M.
Spangler, Publisher, Lancaster: St a year.
Onto.—The Democrats null Whigs 6f Ohio, have
both completed their Stare tickets ' The following
are the names of the eandilliftes
Whig. Gestalt° Democratic.
Samuel F. Vinton. -Deubein Wood.
Lator-Croyclooft. • •
Ephraim It. &Airy. William Madill,
SVPREML JVIPUS:3. -
Sherlock J. Andrew', .
;. Rufus P. gurney,
Charlet. C. Convere, Wm B. Caldwell, k,
Peter Odlin, 'i. John A. Corwin,
Bellamy Storer , i. Thos. W. Bartley,
GeOrge B. Way, ri = Allen G. Thurman,
do 149 90
Cox.. litoica, the Democritic candidate for Gov.
error will speak at the following named places,
during the month of August.
Tunkhannock, Wyoming Co, Aug. 15
Towanda, Bradford Co . ll 16
Montrose, Susquehanna Co., 41 19
Philadelphia, " 21
Montgomery,ll , 2 2
Barks, " .23
Schoylkill, " 24-45
Lancaster, " 27
Lorr.—ln this borough, a gold bracelet, with a
locket attached, containing the daguerreotype like
ness of an aged man. The finder will be liberally
rewarded by leaving it at this office.
execution of the Cesden Murderers.
Mu:mantle, August B.—The execution of the
Cosden murderers took place at Chestertown to-day,
•and is described to have been one of the most ter.
rible scenes ever witnessed.
Each of the three unfortunate men swung off in
to eternity, protesting their innocence to the last.
All three swung off together The gallows was
twenty feet high, and the hill six feet.
The rope slipped from on Murphy's neck, which
caused a shudder to run throne', the throng mein
bled to witness the horrible sight. The flesh on his
neck was tom - open, presenting a ghastly wound,
he tell heavily to the ground, in the` most horrible
The excitement at this point was intense. He
recovered his senses in about half an hour. When
his comrades Taylor and Shelton, were taken down,
he pronounced them murdered men. r ,
Morph, then vehemently repeated "his protesta
tions of innocence, in the midst of Which he, wis
led to the waflolJ, the fatal noose adjusted around
his neck, and be was again launched off—the blood
streaming from his neck. e
The necks of both Taylor and Shelton broke at
the first fall. They died seemingly without a drug.
ee. The great fall caused 'the rope to cut through
the flesh on their necks.
Murphy, when brought to the gallows thesecond
time, told the Sherin to go on with the murder,
" for ; remember," said be, " you are not hanging
it was, throughout, one of the most painful spec
tacles ever witnessed.
A Man Sant—.Last Monday night, Dept• Sheriff
WILLARD was called up to go to the South part of
the town and arrest David Inalion, on a charge of
shooting Daniel Dennison, sometime during the
evening. Whalltin was accordingly arrested and
locked up in jail, until yesterday, when his exam
ination took place before Justice RIPLEY.
It appepred that Dennison had frequently been
At Whallon's house, sometimes behaving very in
decent and becoming very ugly towards the female
members of the family, who were afraid of him.--
On this occasion he had a jug of whiskey and was
intoxicated, being exceedingly. moisy and mating
diverse threats—all of which were exceedingly an
noying to the inmates of the house, particularly to
two or three of them who were sick.
Mallon ordered him to leave, and finally took
down his gun and fired a charge of shot into the
buck side of his thigh. The cry of murder was rais
ed—Dennison was led towards home, but, either
from faintness or intoxication, or both together
was unable to proceed—Whallirn said he only in
tended to " pepper" his legs, and he knew he had
not killed him. Dr. Sprague testified to dressing
the wound and gave it as his oppinion that the leg
would be well in a taw days.
'Under all these circumstances, Jus ice Ripley awry
properly held Mullion to bail f 1; a simple assault
and Battery, for which he is too answer at the next
court of sessions.—.Owego Gazette.
Toss= to Pastetcrtvamia.S-The cultivation of
tobacco has never been carried on to so great an ex
tent in Pennsylvania as it this sewn. The high
prices which good Pennsylvania tobacco comman.
tied last year has givenothis impetus to its cultiva•
lion, and caused many persons to engage in it who
never before attempted it. The most extravagant
rents have been paid for land, to be used for rain.
log tobacco. In some sectionaoftancaster county
as much as seventy-five dollars per acre has been
asked and freely given. The ; present indications
are, that the coming crop will not be an average
one, and consequently their must be heavy lows to
the growers. With a few etceptitms, all thefields
we have seen give poor promise of a good yield.
We hope, however, that the balanze of the season
ill prove more propititions, and that the crop will
- an average one at last.—Penasy/vania Formers'
Asornea Vcestom OP vat jtevourrtori IN Cuss.
—A dispatch from Boston dated the Bth inst., say&
—"A lens?, received by one of the first mercantile
finite in this city, dated Trinidad, Cuba, July 26,
say.: You will probably hear pxaggensted accounts
of. insurrection in various parts of the island. In
- this place 56 voting men proceeded to a hill near
by, and raised the slandered 01 Independence; they
were pursued by the GovernMem troops, and
tion °Mem surrendered without resistance, and
belted for mercy; the rest fled into the woods..—.
This is all the nsing there hasbeen in this vicinity."
The cornsspondemt also further says, that "whatever
outbreak there-was, has bleed most thoroughly and
bloeummt ro G =CUL WOslll.-..it is proposed
thatlbie btotitiment ilia!! be ekectelin Cyrano Hill
Cenfetery i near New York.
The movers in the mitgoificeni project of the
- Ebony line of Sterainetewhich ire to ply between
the pods of this linked States andlhat of die west
ern cos* of Africa; are again at wink.' The neii
Conyers is to tie prepared for sit application, to be
made by; George - law and cshers—thongli it is
probablellat Mr. Wes excessive modesty will
duce him in withlidd . his name, and content
self; In the outset at least, with doing good by
stealth—for *liberal annual appropriation of mimey
from the public treasury, by , which the ambers of
the scheme may be enabled to make their inhales,
whether the scheme itself succeeds or not.
Several journals have, therefore, - Opened at once
on this subject like a pack of well-framed hounds
•—we mean no disrespect by the comparison, but
only ye it to dlnstrade the- temarkable unison of
these "great moral mina," as somebody calls
them. The resources of Liberia are described in
glowing terms—her products of indi.:o, coffee, eo!..
ten, sugar — the truits of her tropical orchards, oran
ges, lemons, limes and cocoa nuts; Liberia, also,
is the true borne of the negro, from whichhe was
brought a savage, and to which he iiS to be return
ed a civilized being; Liberia foto be the seat of an
immense commerce, of which the United States
ere to bold the key of all the tradeof the African
continent is to flow by innumerabliChannels to the
ports of Liberia, like,the tributaries to a mighty riv
er, anti from Liberia it is to Ileitis wa; to America,
or at least be distributed over the world by-Ameri
can merchants. The slave trade in the meantime
—for those who treat ell opfositioo to the slave
trade at home al fanatical, unite in condemning the
slave trade atit c al is abhorent to humanity—sup
pressed b 3 the wer of the great republic of Libe
ria, is-to cease On the Afiican coast.
When people's minds are brought to a proper
state by thee addressing their imagination and their
philanthrophy, (he demand for money follows.—
Your projector eis well as your lover knows the soft
,moment at which ad make his approaches. Mea
sure* will be t a ken, of course, to obtain in each
House reports favorable to theechetne of establish
ing a line of steamers by the aid of the gneemment
and the opinions of the majority of the press having
been already secured in their favor, the bill for
giving money to the Ebony Line is to be passed
by Congress with as little discussion as possible.
A bill of that class once passed, is never repeal
ed—never, so far as our experience or observation
serves us. No failure•on the part of the projectors
to perform their part of the conditions on which the
money is granted, puts Ihein in no danger of losing
it, as long as they . have a plausible excuse to offer,
as we liave seen in the history of the Sloo contract.
Whenever the money of the treasury begins to flow
out in a particular direction, it makes itself a per:
manent channel in an incredibly short space of time.
ft islemarkable that the very argomente which
are °Beret, ie . favor of the establishment of a line
of steamers by government are the very aiguments
which show that euch aid is unnecessary. We
quote a passage from one of the atticles intended,
to prepare Congre for that appropriation of the
public tends for th erection of a line of steamers
to Africa, which 111 . Webster and other politicians
of his class have declared their readiness to
We fi nd it copied' from the Richmond Republican
into this morning's I.7ournal of Commerce:
"These steams re should sail from the urethan 1
ports, in which are eollecied the great body of the
free colored people. 1 The removal of this class of
the free population Would be but one of the benefits
which the establishment of such a line would con- I
far. It would open to us the richest commercial
relations with Africa. The vessels might take out 1
the products of our factories, and the numerous ar
ticles of every desotiption which are in demand in
Liber.a, for trade with the natives They might
bring back ivory, geld dust, oil, coffee, lemons, or
anges, limes, and other tropical productions. To
strengthen Liberia is the surest stay to open to us
the commerce of Africa. Let Os enable her to
open roads into the i interior as W. as practiCable
It is believed that by a prudent and energeticosffort,
the whole trade of the river Niger anti the valley
of Timbactoo, would be thrown through Liberia in
to the hands of American merchants.
" Nothing can exceed the variety and value- of
the productions of Liberia. Sugamtahe grows rap
idly. Cotton is a native plant. Ono_ and hemp
flourish there in great perfection. Oranges, coffee,
wild honey, lemons, limes, mahogany, camwood,
satin-wood and rosewood abound there. Mules,
oxen, coarse wool sheep, bogs, fowls, horses and
goats are found in great abundance. Here is a rich
temptation to commerce, and a strong inLocement
to emigration. In tact, if the bee negrees do not
soon embrace this opportunity of advancing their
fortunes, we should not be surprised to pee the white
men establishing a colony on the African cosi', and
appropriating to themselves the spoils of the golden
If there be any truth in this view of the matter,
the interference' of the government is no more
wanted to establish a line of steamers between this
country and the Coast of Africa, than bet Ween the
United States and Cuba. The trade between Ameri
ca aqd Africa will assuredly find proper vehicles as
soon as any occasion occurs for them, as the trade
between out ports and those ut the West Indies has
already dope. ,
H a line of garners would open to ns " the rich
est commercial relations with Africa," our enter
prising merchants will perceive the fact guile as
soor. as any journalist, will establish the line with.
out the help of
i ths te goliticians. Show them what
the Richmond lean calk; a golden harvest,
and they will sharpen their sickles, and enter the
field as reapers, to gather it for their garners. A
vast trade, derived by Innumerable channels from
the whole continent of Africa, is represented as
°tiering its rich fruits to the grasp of American
merchants. If on, they will be sure to reach out
their hands withobt any further inducement. •
We have two philanthropic societies in this coun
try, the Colonization Society and the Anti-Slavery
Society, both formed with henevolent views, and
both contemplating, in different ways, the goodi of
the African race. We sincerely hope that both
will succeed in their objects; we shall be glad to
see the establishment of a civilized republic on the
coast of Africa, where the negro is not only the po
litical, bat the sdcial equal of all around him ; and
we shall be equally rejoiced at the communication
of the blessing of Freedom to all in this country,
without distinction of color. But the government
has nothing to do with either society. II it bestows
money on the Colonization Socity. the principle
supporters of which- are citizens of the southern
states, for the benefit of which it was founded, it
would be but fair to balance this with a grant of
funds to the Anti-Slavery Society, the principal
members of which are citizens of the free states.
The main objection, however, would.still be in
force against both, that Congress has no right to
make such a disposition of the public money. If a
fine of steamers be important to the purpose of the
Colonization Society, and commercial men are slow
in establishing it, let the enterprise be quickened
by charity ; let the opulent philanthropists who take
an interest in the colonization scheme subscribe
liberally; let them take shares in tras line of steam
era, which is to carry on so vast a trade. and prove
so lucrative to those engaged in it. Here is a work
in which, if we may believe their own statements,
their benevolence is sure to be rewarded as amply
by personal advantage, as by the pleasure of doing
good.—Erening Post _
Is Tins Reason on Iturnscv?—The New York
Tribune relates an informing anecdote of the sagaci
ty of a dog in saving the life of a child of Mr. Rob
intuit', of Flatbush, Long Wand. This gentleman
has two dogs; a small spaniel and a are bail breed
deer hound. The small dog was playing with Mr.
R.'s child near the cistern, when the child fell bead
foremost into the water ' • the agonised mother, who
from a window,, ivitnented the occurrence, saw the
the spaniel rua to flat kennel of the hound, who in
stantly ran to the spot; and, before the mother could
reach the child, the noble animal had placed it in
safety. Instinct might have induced the small dog
to attempts rescue, bat evidently knowing his ina
bility to do to, what prevented him horn trying,
and caused• him, quick as thought,to fittch.the strong-,
The Democrats of Bradford Corn sett
qnested to assemble in MASS MEETING x
Towanda, on SATURDAY, the 16th d am
August, 1851, at 2 o'clock M., for th e
pose of respomiing to the nomination s of tit
Reading Convention. According to sp oilt
went COL. Wl:Wig IgGLEE, the D elk
cratic nominee for Governor, wm be pre
find address the meeting ; addresses m a y
ber expected from other eloquent Pipeakeri.
JAMES H. WEBB, Chaimw
Democratic Standing Comnus
At a Democratic meeting. held at the Grand
Room of the Court House; on Tuesiay evening, t ,
I I, 1851, Col. G. F. MASON was chcisen to pr
and-E. M. Fiala' elected Secretary.
The object of the meeting, being to make !bea t
essary arrangements for the meeting to • be
at this place on Saturday next, on motion, t t
Goodrich, J. D. Montanye. H. L. Shaw D, V l *
cook 4ind J. F. Means, were appointetia Coin
to meet Col. BIGLER, and convey hint feet ,
vine to Towanda.
On motion, U. Mercer, 21. I. Seidl, Geo. gr..,
son, C. 8. Russell. A. 1.. Crannier.-E.. M. Farm,
Bridlenum were "appointed a Committee to Make
needful arrangements for the meeting, and also
prepare a list of officers to preside at the lune.
After some further consultation, the melting,
(Siam' by the amen.)
A Period of itetklea Eitraraga
During the sessions of 18364 and 1837-44.,
Ritner then occupying the Execiitive Chair
Gov. Johnston being.a Lieutenant. to Thaddeotti
vena, in the House,'lhere - was niore recklesiti
travagance and - wasteful!' gYpethlitare of
money, than has ever ocetirred ai any , other
of our history as a Stateiald the evidence of
extravagance meet-seat every lam as we twi t
the fertile valleys and rugged mountains of
Commonwealth First upon our southern
in the county.of Adams, we find a serpentine t .
that winds round the hills like another Cret an
rinth—a barren, forsaken mass of excavations
embankments--orergrown with weeds, briars' •
brambles. This is the far famed Getrystuirg •
road, to which Gov. Jo hnston
. voted 6405,000,
which cost the State 8667,000.
Again, in the eastern section of the State,
beautiful fertile valley in Chester county, the t
eler beholds, in the fields of thg farme rs r and
the hilrsides, rude piles of stone, half onion - r,
bridges and viaducts. deep cuts and high embsa
ments—here a level grade of a mile, and 1..
rude excavations without shape or torm--all a
doped and given over again to the original ow..
of the soil, a blur and blemish npon the Seamy
the valley. This is a* that remains of the Ad
railroad. to which Goy. Johnston voted 0,1
HUNDRED AND TWENTY THOUSAND
LARS in 1837.
Again, in an adjoining 'county. as we wincr
the mountain peaks, we behold tall piers, biol.
arches, and high embankments, reminding us
the ruins ol the ancient aqueducts of Rome.
one place a mountain torrent in a deep . ravine
passed at an elevation of eighty feet, to aunt,,
a mountain is to be overcome with a series of'
clined planes; in another en effort has been is
to perforate the solid rock, bin before day light ir
seen from the other side the work was abandon
and lies a heap of-mouldering mins;.. a melancho,
monument ol the folly of its projectors. This
the celebrated Danville and Pottsyslle railroad,
which Gov. Johnston voted ONE HUNDRED AN
FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS in 1837, and 150
000 in 1838, and to which the State has paid rim
ally, in addition, the sum of 515,000 interest on
loan gnaranteed by_Governor Rimer and his ln
Again ; as the traveller wended his way, a
years since, along the highways in the west
corner of our State, he would meet long lines t
canals excavated, locks, aquedects and cal.
two.thivile built, but then rapidly going to decay,
reminding him of the rains of the Valley of
Nile. This was the Erie canal to which Gore
Johnstrm'and Gov. Rimer appropriated more the
one Million of dollars, the work that cost the
plc over three millions, and which •was eventm:
presented to a private company without ever
ceiving one cent of compensation therefor.
Again, around the stony base of Peter's moon , ?.
iu oar own neighborhood a few years since e'
have eontemplated with a sad heart the mini
what seemed to be intended brills projectors
great work, bat which evidently was located nue,
!yin the wrong position. Here were high vertex
and' slope walls built to protect the ernbaakc.
from the fury of the Susguehannah, and there set
locks completed and aqueducts half finished, it
tended to pass the current of the canal high on
rapid creeks, This was Governor Johnston and Gat.
ernor Rimer's pet project—the Wiconisco Yuen
to the Pennsylvania canal—a work on which they
expender) THREE HUNDRED AND N'lNEft
THOUSAND DOLLARS, and then it was presel#
to a private company, without receiving for it
dollar. This company completed it as origin:la
designed by Ritner, Johnston and Stever s. and a
visitor to Millersburg now witnesses the extraordw
ry spectacle of a Feeder to a canal having itself to tt
fed by a steam engine.
These ruined works, on which millifins trey
expended by Governor Johnston and Governor fit•
ner, were the main causes of our present h
TB! PROPOS!! SIM' CANAL Drrarcrs THE
Ocr.arm.—The company lately authorized to cab
a canal or railroad between the rivers Atrate D
San Joan, in New Granada, have in. view a rota
where a boat canal was actually made, and b
same years in use, towards the end of the lasted , .
tory. it was dug by natives, under the directime
a priest residing in that relion, and this fact proof
the feasibility of the project. The route trainee
sea is about three hundred miles up the Afiltv ,
thence by ' , anal to a navigable point of the Sr'
Juan, when the passage to the Pacific is ohm —
The land of course is low between and the sallif
of water is reported to be sufficient.
The company have a grant of a large swam"'
land ,to be located by themselves; and, as the Chas
country and its vicinity were among the riche*
gold at the time of the conquest, and gold• is
made there, this part of their acquisitions may
rated at a very high value. Other privileges',
tainted in their gmnt are also liberal. We may gin
more particulars won —N. Y. Express.
UNITIM) STATFA SHIPS OatMIMI TO .Cura.--Tle,
New York Journal of Commerce says that &rpm
ee were received by telegraph-on Tuesday e'e°
at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, ordering the reheet
ship Preblei and the brig Dolphin, to be role!,
with all-dispatch, tovail direct for Cuba.- The
ject is supposed to be to intercept any expedihw'
that may be sent from this country for the inrreio
of the Island. A reinforcement of marines will br
put on board the Preble, in addition to her arreP
complement.- It is belieied that orders hare bevel
sent to Norfolk, directing:ilie dispatch of the 611 0
and Portsmooth:on the aims service.
THe AUGUST linewasse.--The August intereet
the State Debt, due on Fritley bun, watt role
paid on demand—about 1/I.so;ooo'being phi lotto
that day. The whole interest amounts to 5941, 00
—of which $820,000 is due to foreign stockholders
and $321,000't0 domestic holder*.