Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, July 11, 1849, Image 2

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    roabravt V eporter.
Free Soil, Free Speech, Wree Mew
pYeelew fair Pro* Verefferip.
Towanda, Wednesday,_ July 11, 1849.
. Democratic Nomiciation.
FOR CANAL costattemprma,
foltAf A. GIME, of Lyconing County.
cttr- Aihertiscmerits. bc., intendel Ifor puldication in
the Reporter. elimild be handed in try Monday night ;
to assure their insertion. -
benaseritll It Cenvtalled.
Chit accounts from the Pittsburg 4th of July Con
vention are very meagre. We learn however, that
Jona A. GssusLe of Lycoming County, was nomi
nated as the Democratic candidate for • Canal Com
missioner, on,the second ballot, as follows:
Gamble, 52 I Gamble, • 70
Mason 24 I Bowman, 34
Dintock, . * 17 I Brodhead, 10
the North Branch Canal.
Tile friends of the North Branch have been most
outrageously swindled, and now our; offi
cers,- are endeavoring to keep up the
ride Mr. Ball's letter tol. C. Adams, which we pp!):
fished Weeic before last. The Harrisburg Keystone
publishes the letter, with the following reinarks.
"It is amusing to see how Mr. Bail is trying to
find apologies, to hide and palliate the deception
which' has been perpetrated, by the present federal
administration and its friends, in regard to the com
pletion of the North Branch canal. On examina
tion of this letter, it will be perceived that the state
treasurer tries to find an excuse for the anticipated
deficiency of funds in the treasury, by referring
, to
the cholera and the temporary disturbance of' busi
ness on the Delaware division ; but is exceedingly
careful to omit to tell, that a large amount of money
is already in the treasury, and will be increased by
the 15th August, the time mentioned for the pre
ptratory steps toward the completion of the -canal,
Which ought to be applied to this Work, and would
be, had not Governor Johnson recommended, and
his friends.advoeated, its application to a sinking
In another circular of the Mate treasurer, under
date of May the 16th, to the county officers, which
,is of quite a partizan characte, although addressed
to men - of all parties, full of reflections upon the past,
and boasting of the present efforts of the depart
ment, he remarks:,
"The general assembly, at its late sessinn, act
ing under the patriotic and salutary recommenda
Lion of the Governor, established a einkihg fund,
With a revenue sufficiently large to make it practi
cally and efficiently useful. Under its auspices the
state debt will be reduced ; the public credit per
manently restored ; and the people at no distant day
relieved from the taxes now levied upon their pap
Now the administration, and the state treasurer,
inust have most extraordinary creative faculties, if
they can complete the canal and pay off the state
debt, at the same time. However absurd such a
pro' osition may appear, it is
.ther humbug which
the admmistration is attempting to impose on the
People, and in which Mr. Ball is aiding and 11565 . 16-
But again the state treasurer speaks in a com
plaining tone Dl the legislature, for making such
large appropriations to pay the old debts on the pub
lic works, without knowing where the money is to
tome from. We would like to know whether he.
is in favor of taking the money out of the treasury,
abd apprying it to the sinking fund, instead of pay
ing the debts due on the improvements. This was
the course of policy he advocated, as a member of
the legislature, and the ono which he would still
wish to pursue, so far as we can judge by his letter ;
and by, his conduct generally. At the conclusion •
of this Simons letter, the state treasurer say e--" Rest
assured that all in my power to do to secure the
re-commencement of the North Branch canal, shall
be done." Now Ave would recommend the friends
of that measure ; to ask him, whether he is willing
to take the responsibility of retaining in the treasu
ry, the money now there belonging to the sinking
fond, and such as may come into that fund between
this and the meeting of the next l eg islature, and
recommend to that body, the appropriation of them
to the completion of the canal, and also to suspend
the operation of the sinking fund act, until the ca
nal shall be completed ? This is a simple, direct
and practical proposition, easily understood' by
every body. Let the friends of the measure pro
pose it to the governor and treasurer, and see what
they will say to it."
We are enabled at last, to give the result of the
late Military election, as also of the election for
Major General, which came off on Monday, 2d
irett. The following is a list of the officers
Major Gesteral.-..Wat. E. %kiwi, of Bradkwd.
Brigadier Gancrul.—Theodore Wilder, of Spring
Brigade Inspector.—John A. Codling, of Pike.
Lied Coloncl.—H. W. Root.
Major.—Geo. K. M'Vannan.
213 VD:Am-rags BATALLION.
Lind Colonel —Amos B. Eddy.
Major.---Gayloni Fnabie.
Liedf Colomd.-43ennend L. Whitney.
First Major.—Jonathan Hornet.
Second Major.—W. W. Woodburn.
DEutrewir.—A man by the name of. fluseell
Cook,oonthred in the county Sall for horse stealing,
made his escape on Wedrresdny night last s by cut
ting through the door, to the boll of the rock. He
left a note
, for the Sheriff,. expressing his entire
satisfitction with himself his family and his board.
A horse belonging to James Elliott was taken the
same night, and being found on the road by which
.Cook was tracked, is supposed to }gave been taken
by him.
Mr. Coot was traced to the westentirart of the
county—and was retaken and brought hark ott
Saturday last.
Hon. Jour C. CLAIM of New York, ;aye the
Washington correspondent of the flaitimore Pr/fri
er, declines taking an Anditondrip.
rearek 7 ire July at.lfreaskes AIM, re.
The celebration at French's Mille, gate marten.
dal proof that the inhabitants of Northern Penn
sylvan* have - not lorgotlen the *Mks of their
forefathers, and that their hearts are yet warmed by
the the of Patriodam and the lo,e of liberty. The
day *se beautiful, ar;rl as
"Ftesti woo lowan to wreak en East
With first opprowelt of Ittritt,"'
the AIM and strip . .. were floating io the breeze,
and the deep-toned thunder front "the brazen
throat of war," as it rein) away o'er hill and vale,
proclaimed the seventy-third anniversary of the
declaration of American Independence. At son
rise a national salute was Bred. The people be
gan to collect at an early hoer, and, by twelve
o'clock a large .concourse had assembled, when
.• e roar of the cannon announced the arrival of the
Hon. David Witinot, Orator of the day. The pro
cession was soon vrganis,ed under the direction of
L. Copley Esq. Marshall, and conducted to the
ground prepared for the occasion. •
The exercises were commenced by an eloquent
prayer from the Rel. S. R. Jones, a Chaplain in the
Americiin Army during the last war- with Great
Britain. The Declaration of Independence was
read by the Rev. Wm Haskell. Mr. Wilmot then
took the stand. His Olition was eloquent and pa
triotic, breathing in every sentence the advancing
spirit of the age. Without dwelling upon the past,
he portrayed in pleasing style, the flowery paths,
and cheering prospects of the promising future.—
He said that with the settlement of this country, a
new spirit sprang into existence. Then the true
objects 01 human governments began to be under
stood, and the individual rights of mankind came
to be acknowledged and respected. This spirit
still exists, and under the influence of the- chris
tian religion is destined ere long to renovate the
world. in this onward march of knowledge and
of liberty, our country must take the lead, and the
omnipotent arm of that same God which deliver
ed Moses from the thraldom orEgypt, will yet de
liver our world from the dominion of ignorance
and every species of oppression.
The following were among the regular toasts,
which were well suited to the occasion, and drank
with becoming zeal, and patriotism.
The memory of Washington ; before whose name
a joyful nation bows - in gratitude ; justly styled the
,Father of his country. Let none usurp the title'. '
The, Orator of the day. A champion of lijaerty
the bold defender of the unalienable rights of mane
kind. '
These sacred rights he'll never yield,
Nor bribes, nor threats. can make him falter,
" When every arm is Freedom's shield,
And every bean is Freedom's altar."
Emancipation from every species of tyranny and
from all manner of tyrants. May the time soon
" When .theland of the free, and the home of the
Shall bear on its bosom, nor master. nor slave."
John Mitchell and his banished countrymen.—
The last sound that reached their eats when Ty.
rants forced them from their native shore, was their
country's piercing ery for bread: Those exiles shall
yet return. and the first sound that welcomes them
to Erin, will be the exulting shout of Liberty.
The American Ladies, beautiful, eirturna, and
intelligent. May their approving smiles ever cheer
us onward in the paths of sobriety and patriotism.
Many excellent volunteer toasts were drank, and
the exercises of the day closed only with the set
ting sun.
Melaseliely Maleldle.
An inquest was holden on Saturday last, in this
borough, upon the body of ktec Foam., and from
the testimony we elicit the kdlowing particulars.—
He has been staying in this place for a few weeks
past, and boarding at the _Bradford Hotel. On Fri
day night last, Mr. Stephens' attention was attract
ed to his room, by the burning of a light at an un
usual hour. He immediately knocked at the door,
but receiving no answer, and finding it fast, sus
pecting that something was wrong, gained an
entrance by the window, when he found Foster
lying upon the bed, entirely senseless, and suffer
ing from the effects of the mineral poison he had
taken. P l hysicians were immediately called, but
the poison bad already done its work, and all ef
forts to counteract their effects were unavailing.—
He died in about four hours from the time he was
first discovered. His death was caused lir Arsenic
and Morphine, a large quantity of which was found
in his trunk, brought to this place with him, probsi.
bly for the purpose for which it was used, as he
has heretofore, upon two or three occasions, when
laboring under mental depression, made fruitless
attempts upon his life.
Among his effects were found the following lines:
“ Farewell brother, sister, mother, and love. Ito
dust from whence I came.
" This from one that loves you all.
No reason is knowa which should induce him
*to commit this dreadful deed. Wb are . informed,
however, that he was subject to intervals of ex
treme mental depression, daring which he spoke
freely of the folly of living, which feeling joined
with his peculiar disbelief of a future state, may
have caused him to take his own life as in act cal
culated at once to free him from the troubles which
seeded at times to oppress him.
Mi.yoster was formerly a resident of thii place
and his connexions in this vicinity. Within the
last two or three years he has resided in Port Jer
vis, N. Y. His remains were taken to Mouroaton,
on Sunday last, for interment. •
We learn by the Bradford Argus that the fol
lowing appointments and removals have been made
by the Post Office Department for this County.:—
. Daniel Bady, P. M. at Leraysville tics A. S.
Smith, removed.
I. H. Ross, Pike, •ice Edward Crandal removed.
Peter Allen, Rome, vice Wm. E. Maynard, re
These gentleman who have been removed, are
all efficient, honest and capable officers, and must
have been ousted by the administration which
"hates and lomberpresuiption" solely on partizan
Dcrra or nos. Calvin Burg.."'-Welasarwith
regret the dezerae of the Hon. Cams Burma,
which took place in Fairfield, Adams comity on
t he 20th ultimo / aged 67 yeine. Judge B. Ina a
commissioned officer in the war of 3812 ; was in
the bales of Chippewa, Niagara, Sur , and betaed with great gallantry. He was early in life a
member of the Hoene of Representatives from Mif.
fin (now Juniata) county, then Secretary of the
Commoareultb, under Gov.anran, AneeneyGet•
ueral, Judge of the Dauphin, Lehman end Schuy
lkill district, and Collator a the port of Phihtdel
phin. He was to ansktie and generonsgentletnau.,
The seventy.third annivemary of our National
Independesee was ce'ebrated in this place by the
scholars of the different Sunday Schools; who Met
at the Methodist dm* and after Batwing to mho
able addresses from the elergy, was muthed to
the Court House, *bent a plentiful ooltsi en bad
been prepared, after discussing which, tbey were
disgusted, apparently inghlydelighted with the ex
ercises of the day.
At Wm. Odflisi, at Runitnerield Creek, the day
was made the oneasiceiof on "old-fashioned" cel
ebration, Which *era re with gnat aid. We re•
gret we were net there in time to be able to pm ,
pare a full amount of this spirited oceasion, A re
turned soldier of the Metican •wer, Mr, LOX=
Myrna, gave a most humoroas spd interesting
ammo of his campaigning@ hi theists war, hay
ing served through the snare war, and been in
nearly every battle. Rev. 8. F. COLT then address
ed the audience, at the iseeclurion of whose ad
dress, several hundred sat down to an elegant din
ner prepared by Griffis, while a six-pounder made
the surromiding hills reverberate with its echoes.—
We must not forget a patriotic poem, read at the
conclusion of the ceremonies by a Mr. Circa,
which we have been promised for publication.
The sound of music, before we left, announced
that the votaries of Terpischore, were tripping it
on "the light fantastic toe ;" while to ill appear.
once the patriotism of the crowd, had hardly helm
to evaporate. A large delegatiop from this place,
were highly pleased with the celebration.
Mr. C. L. WARD has been erecting in this bo
rough, a large public house which in a few weeks,
will be opened to the public. It is unequalled in
size, or in arrangement, by any hotel in our vicini
ty, and will be furnished in elegant style. We
shall give_a more minute description in some fu
ture number, of this building, which is really an
ornament to our place. It will be seen by the cm ,
respondence which we publish below, that the
unanimous voice of oar community that it should
be denominated the I , Word House," has prevailed
over the delicacy which might otherwise have giv
ing it a name notso fining. The letter displays
very trimly the general feeling which existed, tha
the public spirit and liberality of the builder should
have at least this slight testimonial: a feeling which
all of citizens who have not had an opportunity to
sign the letter, concur in.
Towssns. June 21st, 1842.
C. L. Wass, Est: Dear Sir h -The undersigned,
your fellow citizens of the bow' of Towanda, have
just heard of your intention to designate the splen
did House built by you here. as the "Franklin
House," take the liberty so far to interfere with
your private concernmebts, as to ask you to change
the name to that of the "Ward House," This
place has been heretofore. largely benefitted by your
liberal spirit, and the taste displayed in your various
buildings and improvements; and we should feel
gratified if you would forego your private wishes
and yield to this request. This large and splendid
Hotel, where one was so much needed, would thus
be appropriately namedeand would be the fitting
and just monument of your public spirit and enter
prise. We hope you will feel no delicacy in yield
ing your own desire, to the unanimous wishes of
your fellow townsmen.
We are, dear .11r,
Your ob't. serv'ts.,
Edw. Overton, .1. W. Hereto',
Thomas Elliott, U. Mercer,
gain% Huston, J. K. Smith,
0. D. Bartlett, Win. Scott,
J. D. Mootanye,
E. T. For, -
H. S. Mercer,
M. C. Mercer.
K. P. Moore,
Miles Carter,
Elkanah Smith,
Wm. Briggs,
Jerry Culp, W. A. Chamberlin,
D. C. Hall, J. C. Adams,
Daniel Bartlett, Jon. F. Means,
William Mix, • D. Wilmot,
Tito's. P. Woodruff, Win. 8. Dobbins,
J. B. Ford,
L H. Stephens,
July, lib. HMO.
Grarrierria....On my return from New rock last
evening, t received your esteemed favor of the 3lst
ultimo; and hasten te reply.
The appellation given to either a public hens%
or a private residence, is purely a matter of taste.
In reference to the new Hotel to which ion refer—
it was my intention to have called it the silredford
Conn( Ham," as a testimonial of my rgspect for
the citizens of one of the finest border counties of
Pennsylvania; and I felt no little disapPointment,
when I &nod the name appropriated bY. another
public house in our borough. After this. it became
in a great degree a subject of indifference to me,
what appellation was given it. I certabi l ly should
not have ventured to. adopt the one youillesire, as
dictated by my own choice.
The building, however, being for public accom
modation, I recognize fully, the right of my fellow
citizens, to be consulted in the name it shall bear;
and the great unaiimity with which your request is
arced. as well as the very Battering terms in which
it is conveyed, leave me no alternative. I there
fore yield my own preferences 'on the subject,, and
remain. with much esteem.
Your grateful fellow citizen.
To Messrs. E. Overton, Thos. Elliott, D. Wilmot,
Win. Elwell, J. C. Adams, 11. Merear, and cabers.
Ears Rampart...4le money article of die Trib
une, has the following paragraph in regard to the
Erie Railroad and cholera:—
The receiptsof the Erie Railroad for June have
not yet been made op, but they will exceed fit6o,--
000. In view of the Winged of travel on all rail
roads this season, by mason .of the visit of the
Cholera, this is dung better than we anticipated.
The extebt to which the fear of Cholera has influ
enced travel this year on the river as wed as on the
railroads ? is not suspe c ted by those wbo have paid
no attention to the subject. The people in the_ in
terior have been unnecessarily alarmed by the Chol
era reports, and as a general thing, cannot be indu
ced to approach the City, either on pleasure or
business. The stone cause prevents the departure
of many of our citizens who have usually made a
Summer tour, as they are alarmed at the chance of
being attacked by Cholera away from their family
physician. The June or July . reports of the vari
ous railroads will show that, to this way, the influ
ence of the Cholera excitement has been very ex.
lenitive and injurious to triuraportarion companies
of all kinds.
The well-hotoira Boot dealer, will be is town Cu this % last.
with an asionment of asks Qr superior lousy aver ofersd so
the people orilowanda, by the best lima walloro—Useaalers
History of bland, baud and nabood ; Hebbs% Universal
/Gaiety ; Haney's, amino'. and Sortiors Magitaitie for July.
And as to Cheap Pabilankos, he will loins all the Saw *hip
out, by Thaw, lasi& Wise Plekeriash Wirer, May, Fiore,
N e d mundise, Reynolds , AA We would say, lo those wits
walibt a alisioalet of rind* sad *heap, eall au OtitUny
at Crws;. wimps be wilt be happy in wait au all Ititi twastaso
emseasera' . AU sebornian ell ammo' lee the lily No.
of ilatillissietr.
Toe Vememos of dmroper ofillhode bleed,
io, seemdingio the mode in mumem,
S3,000,89;000. berme tom Milo
!Multi of July.
Tk. Ward ileuse.
B. Kingsbury,
E. 8. Goodrich,
H. Booth,
James P. Bull,.
H. F. Powell.
Chas. K. Ladd,
Hiram Mix,
D. Vandemook,
E. A. Paramus.
la Anomal
Castors y;
' A.Lustv, Friday, July' 6-5 P.
The rd of health report three new cabin of
Chelem_aince yesterday, hal 6o deaths.
Cholera la •prl iyf .
Srarearisze, (Mass.) Idly 6.
A lutraiman on the New-Haten road died this
of Cholera. This is the' !interne that has
in this town.
Caaaalaa Allstre.
Moirrant., July 6.
No eases of Cholera_have been reported today.
A meeting is now being held of the &Wish Club
to loan a branch of the League. There is a huge
attendance. The Magistrates direct the Troops to
be on the alert, but I am happy to inform you that
there is no need of their minim—all being perfect.'
ly quiet.
A great meeting in favor of the Halifax Railroad
was bold at Quebec to day.
The ships Boreas and. Millicete have invited at
Quebec, from New York..
Castors la Clakelawatit
•Ctaaeeary July 6.
The Cholera interments to noon to-day were 91.
other diseases tit The . weather is very wet, and
coal fires are necessary for one's comfort. The
wires to St, Louis are not working.
tlkailard at 11.1sameasa.
There were 27 cases and I 1 deaths 6y Cholera
at Richmond on the 4th and sth of July.
Tao Cholera amid Nonuse 01'01461gal*.
el. Board of Health report 34 cases . , and 12
s from Cholera within the past 24 &lute. The
weather is very pleasant.
Ham. Usury Clay's Illabss.
Cricamsrt, July 6.
In consequence of the wires being down beyond
this city, we have nothing further in relation to the
illness of Hon{ Henry Clay. A rumor prevailed
there this afternoon that be was dead, but it was
wholly without- foundation.
A Reconisizsaisuoi.—At a season when the 1
providence of God has manifested itself in the vis
itation of a fearful pestilence whidi is spreading
its ravages throughout the land, it is fitting that a
people whose reliance has ever been in His pro.
techon should humble themselves before His
throne, and while acknowledging past transgres
sions, ask a continuance of the Divine Mercy.
It is therefore earnestly recommended that the
_first Friday in August be obseried throughout the
United States as a day of fasting, humiliation and
prayer. All business will be suspended in the ve
nous branches of the public service on that day;
and it is recommended to persons of all religions
denominations to abstain as far as practicable from
all secular occupations, and to aSSemble in their
respective places of public worship, to acknowl
edge the Infinite Goodness which has watched
over our existence as a nation, and so long crown
ed us with manifold blessing's, and to implore the
Almighty in His own good time to stay the de
stroying baud which is now lifted up against us.
Washington, July 3, 1849. Z. TAYLOR.
Fxruia Mrrnm's Livr.E.-Rev. Theobold Math
ew received several thousands of visitors to-day in
the Governor's Room, City Hall. An interminable
stream of human being s of all grades, men, women
and children, continu ed to pour through the room
from 10 o'clock, A. M , entering at the cents door,
passing the honored guest, and giving him a hearty
shake of welcome and makire.b the exits on the
right. -
Scrucely one person passed the distinguished
Apostle without giving utterance to some word of
congratulation, end several Jrish were moved to
tears on
. beholding their celebrated isountryman.
One man, apparently of the laboring class, in his
shirt sleeves, rushing in and falling on his knees
before the holy father, bark into a flood of tears.
Others passed steadily with the- teat of joy item-
Wing in their eye, but had scarce reached the outer
door when they gave vent to their emotion in a par
oxysm of weeping.
There were five or six persons who took the
pledge, it was not Father Mathew's intention to
give it here but be could not refuse the request.
The first persons who received the pledge from
him in America were Francis (Moaner and Mary
Fagan, both thoroughly Irish.
When we left at half-past 12, the tide of enthusi
astic visiters that flowed in to be presented to the
observed of all observers , was full and swelling u
at the first.—N. Y. Tribune.
Pcwrtrae Donau Pervea.—Presbytery of Phila
delphia having Amsted the Presbyterian General
Assembly recently in session at Pittsburg, " to adopt
measures for arresting and abating the growing evil
of sitting in public prayer,l' tbe committee to whom
the reader was referred recommended the follow=
ing action :
That, while the posture of standing in public
player, and that of . kneeling in private prayer,
are indicated by examples in Scripture and the
general practice of the ancient Chnstain Church,
the posture of siuing in public prayer, is no where
Mentioned, and by no usage allowed; hut on the
contrary was universally regarded by the early
church as heathenish and irreverent; and is still,
even in the customs of modem and Western nations
an attitude obviously wanting in due expression of
reverence ; therefore this General Assembly resolv
That the , practice in questiou be considered griev
ously improper, whenever the infirmities of the
worshipper do not render it necessary ; and that
Ministers be required to reprove ii, with earnest
and persevering admonition. The recommenda
tion was adopted.
Smarm Barrow.—Governor King, of Missouri,
has published a lever in the Lexington Journal, in
which be comities with Senator Benton In his views
of slavery. OW Bullion is being backed up by
good Democratic support. At a meeting held in
Chariton county CoL Benton's course was endor
sed ; whilst mother, held at Springfield, got up to
denounce 01. Benton, Major Phelps, a member of
tiered for adoption the resolutions of
e titt a Ctiltintore National Convention on the sub.
ject of slavery, but they were voted down as being
unsuited to the occasion. In Jefferson county, at
the meeting called to second the resolutions of the
State Legislature and Calhoun's Southern address,
Benton's friends assembled mid being in a majori
ty, passed resolutions fully sustaining his appeal to
the.people upon the subject of the resolutions pas
sed at the last session of the Legislature.
As Own= Posrmiuriza.—Wm. H.. Chandler,
Esq., editor of the Evansville Journal, has been ap.
pointed Postmaster of that place. Mr. C. says in
a card which he publishes in the Journal :
" I will open; distribute, and deliver the mails
no matter at what hour of the night they, may ar r
rive, and give those who may desire it an oppor.
tunity to answer their letters by return mail—will
keep the office open on Sunday at least four hours,
and longer if requested--will procure a more cen
tral office as soon as it can be done, and in fact do
•all and more than any reasohable man would ask
and if I fail to give satisfaction will resign." ,
• Accumwr av - Maxlearr, Corra.—Andrew Clark
was firing a swivel at Milford, Conn., on the night
of the 3d inst., when it burst and tore off a large
piece of hisleftside.and killed him. A Mr. Hill
was also wounded by the explosion, an that his life
was despaired ot'wben Our informant left. A frag
ment of the gun flew one fourth of a mile and
broke off the limb of a tree which it struck. The
swivel was rammed fall to the motile. Clark was
warned to fire it with a slow much, bat persisted
in teaching ell with a red hot , iron hel d . in his
Tut Gam—Thntahundred , and sixty
thousand Aye hoed end thiny=d p azdats
have been wined aids* idiot . io
u p
to the 211th alt. The tiny coin is envy. white
wired fat it. beauty andeebveniewe.
TM Onrimil
Farm Tea - Puns —The CiaciUncili Ckronicle
published a letter bum a correspondent' giving sad
news from the Plaiibs. The emigrantsiralral very ,
slowly, in coase4netece of the beavy rain ii
so' moistened the sed that the wheels of the Wag"'
offt it through. : . Dissensions, eladeret, unfit equip.
meets and wat of revisions resulting from impru
dente and waste, have broken up many companies.
Nothing of the pm" kindlatger than pmiriechick
ens, can he discovered for 400 miles out. Turner
and Allen's first train had suffered severely, and the
deaths were very numerous. The second train was
about to start early in June, and would carry a U.
S. mail across ;• but it was probable a number of
those who bad engaged to go would fail to do so,
as there was mach disratisfaetion and' charges of
misrepresentation against the proprietors of the
trains. The wagons carry six passengers, and are
worth, with the mules, 11700. The passengers pay
51,200 fin the privilege of taking them to Califor
nia. I has been found that pack mules ansvri3r bet
ter, for they can carry more than they draw, with
the additional weight of the wagon t and their move
ment is more rapid.. The grass is in very fine con
CALIPORWII Erttos rrrstWe promised
weeks since to give an estimate of the number of
wagons a*d persons that would probably cross the
plains ibis season. In making this estimate we
give the number of wagons, and from this make
our caleulatioes as to the number of persons now on
the plains. The wagons that „crowd the river at
this place, by ferry and steMnboats, number 1,508 ;
at can's Ferry four miles above St. Joseph,
6854 at Sontown Savannah and the terries as far
up es the Ruffs, say 2,000. This makes the num
ber of wagons 4,193. A fair average would be
about fixer men, and eight mules or oxen to each
wagon. From this statement it would appear that
them are 16,762 persons on the plains—beside 33,-
544 mules mid oxen. A number of emigrant', an
ticipating some difficulty in getting through with
wagons, went with pack mules, which would prob
ably increase the emigration to at.reast 17,000, and
the number of cattle and moles to at least 34,600.
From the best information we can get, about 10;
000 persona have left Independence which will in
crease the number of persons to -27,000.—5 t. Jo
sept (Mo ) Qat 15th.
Ilimustrum Einoaswrs.—Several emigrants have
lately" returned from the Plains, perfectly satisfied
with Prairie life. They report a great deal of sick
ness on the Plains, frequent loss of oxen and mules,
and everything else calculated to deter persons from
crossing the Plains. Whether those tales are told
for the purpose of justifying them in returning, or
to deter others from venturing on the Plains we
know not. We have seen letters Irom wend per.
song, some written at Grand Island, which state that
the health of companies were good, and all-getting
along as well as could be expected—but that large
numbers are daily dying with cholera on the Plains
we don't exactly believe.—St. Josephs (Mu.) Gat.
15th ult.
ORIZION Miscast. Wzatzu.—lron ore is known
to exist in this country. It is said that there is an
extensive bed of good pipe ore ten miles below the
city and one mile from the Willamette river. Other
beds of iron ore, more or less extensive, are said to
have been discovered. Extensive beds of rich lead
ore have been discovered in diffek.nt portions of
the territory. Black lead of is:superior quality is
known to exist in abundance in tile middle portion
of Oregon, between the Columbia and the.
ions. Copper of a very pure quality is said to ex
ist in the western portion of the Territory, between
the British possessions and the Columbia. Eastern
and northeastern Oregon abounds in granite and
marble. Sandstone is found in different portions of
the country, some beds of which are sufficiently
hard for building purposes, while others are soft.
Limestone is also 'eland in different portions of
country. Stone coal at the Cascade mountains,
in the neighborhood of the Columbia, on the Cow
litz river on the Columbia in Catalamet bay and
in the vicinity of the coast, about 70 miles below
the mouth of the. Columbia. The coal from these
acetifies has been but imperfectly tested. A good
article of coal exists in abundance on Vancouver's
Island, and the same vein crops out on the coast
south of the 49th parallel.
Platinum is said to exist in quantities in the Flat.
heatteountry,in the neighborhood of Fort Okanagan.
Gold has been- discovered in several different
places in Omen bat nowhere as yet in great afinn
dance. Within the last three weeks gold has been
discovered on the Santain riser a tributary of the
Willamettee, taking its rise in the neighborhood of
Mount Jefferson. • Some persons engaged in gold
digging on the Santiam -are milking S 4 per day,
and think the pros good for fi nding the gotd
considerably abundant when from the disappear.
ance of the snow, they shall be able to penetrate
into the moentains. • We have conversed with se
veral who have returned from the California gold
mines ; and all agree in ascribing a Striking similar.
laxity in the 'geographical character of several por
tions of Eastern and Southern Oregon and the gold
regions of California, and they all unitein the con
fident opinion that gold will be-found hi glees abun
dance in Oregon —Oregon Spectator.
Coax.—Many persons see corks used daily with
out knowing whence come those useful materials.
Corks are cut from large slabs of the cork tree, a
species of oak which grows wild in the countries of
Europe. The tree is stripped of its bark at about
t 5 years old, but before stopping it off the tree is
not cut down as in the case of the oak. It is taken
while the tree is growing, and - the operation may
be repeated every eighth or ninth year—the naafi
ty of the bark continutiugeach time to improve as
the age of the tree incre & When the bark is
taken off it is singed in th flames of a strong are,
and after being soaked f 'a considerable time in
water it is placed tinder hiary weights in order to
render it straight. Its ext me lightness, the ease
with which it can be compressed and its elasticity
are properties so peculiar to this substance, that no
efficient substitute for it has been discovered. The
valuable properties of cork were - known to the
Creeks and Romans, who employed it for all the
purposes for which it is used at present with the
exception of stopples; the ancients mostly used ce
ment for - stoppin,g the mouthaiiil bottles iir vessels.
The Egyptians are said to have made coffins' of
cork, which being spread on the inside with reed
' nous subsianeepreserved dead bodies fawn decay.
In modem times cork was not generally used for
stopples to honks tilt about the close of the 17th
century, wax being used till then for that • g ierpose.
The cork' imported - into Great Britain is - brought
principally from Italy, Spain and Portugal. The
quantit3 annually consumed is upward of 800 tour,
Tiaz Wvostnen Szessencar.—The Wilkes-Barre
Advocate of the 4th inst., gives the following notice.
Port on Monday evening last, Steamboat Wyoming
Cat i lonvease, -direct from Ttmkhannoek, vrith
a of passengers, ladies and gentleman,
horn the latter place. The Wyoming left her
moorin"a, at Tunkbannock at half past 2 o , cleck P.
M., and arrived at this placeat 9. Deducting for
stoppages, she was 231 hours making the trip. It is
a beautiful boat, and attests the energy, enterprize
and public spirit, of the citizens of Tenkhannciek.—
We learn from a gentleman who came on the boat
that it encountered no impediments the water even
in its present low state being abandentry sufficient
to admit of the Tunkhannnck navigating the Sus
quehanna between the points mentioned, with° ,
EXTEXIIIPS Mseurrerour or Gime A•
correspondent of the Philadelphia North American,.
witting from Syracuse!, New York, says;
There are more gold pens manufactured here
in this place than in all other places beside in this
co l udiy. There are fire or six large establishments
employed solely in this business. The principalX
those ta the well known firm of Benedict & Barfly;
they enjoy an extended and deservedly high.repu
tation. and mairefacture more tfum any other este&
lishineet in the United &Mee Besides the great
quantity bearing their own Mme, they manufacture
to order pens having the mune of some fifteen or
twenty tither Arnie scattered all .`over the country,.
Wows Nate by a ItatUrakt
;._Coot o opoodanie of The Trainee.
' Two Arvetes, Pa lane 27, 1849,
Mt. Gantt sr: Dear Sir—One of our neighbo le ,
Hawk Masthope, was bitten by a rails:
snake on the 21st inst. under very miaow: circus.
souwits. Re went down cellar to the pork bum
to take mit some- pork- for cooking, and put h e ,
band into the banal, when a Lugs rattlesnake sett:
edit and inflicted its p 0 i 10110 . 138 bite.' As th e banal
stood VeiWthis wall, it is_suPposed that the tope;(;
had made its way into it by pplungilkettlfh MOO
maim in the stones. Mrs. H.-endured the see e ,
intense agony from th e bite ; he hand and am
swelled to about three tunes di usual Sire. Val.
ons remedies were used, but the most efficadons
were a plant, snake weed, and indigo. Th e ' ru g e
is this morning pronounced out of danger. y ore
respectfully. • • J. D.
PLANZ BOsna.,--The first plank road we hear
f was built in Russia; the first built in America,
one laid in Canada daring the
,administration o f
Lord Sydenhain ; and the hist in the United st ates
was that leading from Syracuse, New York, t o
Qiiedia Lake ? a •distant of Fourteen miles. th e
success of this work during the - past tont years to
itestock holders and beiidee in givmgper le e t say s .
factory to the public haistatted several otherso l o
in the state of New'Yoslc atone, there are now la
;reawards of one hundred plank mads, , fteas
m fifty-three Mike in length. These toads
hate risen to such favor that from being mere teed.
era of railroads and canals, or connecting isolated
points where mote costly works are not warranted
they are actually -run parallel to, and In tom .
petition-with both railroads and Canal. In deed, t h e
plank road connecting Utica and Syracuse runs f or
the whole distance (over K,Miles) alongside of the
State canal and railway. The system—its econo m y
in the prime cost, and certainty of profit in pre eel ;.
Ling ample- equivalents to secure travel on a p a ,
with' its -formaable rivals—taunt have been well
tested before such an ectunprize could have be en
at altinstifted.
Rtertrzow or Frruita.Mirimir.—Fatbet Ma
their arrifed at Casale Garden about 5 diebck P.
M. on Molsday endives received by the mayor.—
A large procession Was footled and accompsuued
him to the Irving House There was muchezese.
went, and cheering, &e.
The following is Father Mathew's mply. to th e
address of the Mayor of the-city of New Tork, i 3
his reception :
" I have long wished for the pleasures I now
enjoy. Providence ray-Anted me from fulfiling
'my promise of fisitmg Arnerida l but thank God ; I
now slued among you, and am only sorry th at this
extreme felicity has never been my fortune before
now. I cannot promise you much exertion, bur what
I can do I shall do freely.
I feel prouder on this day than I can give nut-r
-anee S gratitude is too swelling to find words of suf.
ficient "expanse to convey my sense of it. All I can
say is,
I thank you—from my heart I thank you.
You have received me as you receive your greatest
citizens; you have - received me as you receive
your ~most renowned generals - and most envied
friends of your happiness and your race. I deeply
feel the honor; but my-friends I am undeserving
of it. If deserve anything for my perseverance
in the cause which I have followed, the reception
you have given me this day repays me for all.
' I have been witnessing the beautiful scenery
which surrounds your city . and have been lost in
astonishment looking at the vast cqminercial fleets
which flow in here from all parts -of the globe., it
is too grand to be" comprehended at Sight. I am
only sorry that ill health prevents me from addres.
sing you as I ought : the intensity Cif my feelings
precludes the possibility of giving utterance to them
but again receive my sincere thanks for the n great
est honor I hive ever received!,
STATE ISSAIIIIL HOSPITAL —We paid a visit to be
Insane Hospital now being ereetednem Harrisburg,
and were gratified to find n so far advanced ask r,
notwithstanding some delay in obtaining Vie trick
in consequent* of emmiphitins *cagier-
The kitrildingm 300 feet in length when comple
ted agreeably - tothe plan and draft of the architect
and builder Mr. Haviland,and will present a heauti
fat and imposing appearance, and can be seen fcr
Many •miles around. The walls of the tonndatterr
and first story of the building acts erected np to the
floor of the first story, with the exception of the
north wing which is rapidly going rip, there vein;
a strong force of workmen 'engaged upon it.
The interior plan of the first story is each at
will combine convenience and utility in the highest
degree. They appear, as pointed out, complete,
nothing being otnitteltbat could add to the palm
tion of the arrangers Heispital is being erected
odder the stfperisdendenee of' Mr. Wells, a gentle
man evidently well qualified for the task, and who
gives the most assiduous attention td the duty be
has assumed. When Completed if will be one of
the finest, best and most bettnfifnl public btnlilings
in ant eoeintry.--Anusa. Telegrapk.
~141 -Of—teuert
were received yestetday from the Hudson's Ray
Territory by wuy of the Saut St. Marie bringing, in
telligence from Fort Simpson of date the 4th ofOt•
toter last. The writer of a letter from. that lost.
eayet, " eighteen men of 'the expedition arrived here
yesterday from Fort Confidence sent to be kept dor.
mg winter. They went round from the mouth of the_
McKenzie to the Coppermine but no vestige or
word of Sir John Franklin, or any one else excel*
Esquiroanx whom they - saw in large number. A
very large party of those daring rascals met the et
peditkin at the mouth of the McKenzie and as on
kno' occasion, wanted to make a prize of the
,boats and ad that wasin them. But nothing saint
happened. Sir John Richardson is to proceed to
Canada as soon as the McKen zi e breaks op nen.
Spring. Rae is ;piing with one boat again to th e
Gov: KING OF MO. AND SENATOS., BF:rros• -1
short time since we f stated, what we deemed pot
authority, that one estimable Governor conoded
with Col. Benton, in his views of Stavery,i and of
the Jackson resoletions. We rejoice to be able nor
to announce that the Governor has published,
the Lexington Journal, an able letter or address na
the subject, which confirms .. all we- stated. Thi
we shall publish shortly, for the especial benefit Ot
the Calhotatites ;. and we now ask them to recol
lect, hereafter ' that the State Administration and
Cot. Benton stand together against the Jackson re-°
lutions--that the pleopte of Missouri, also, are yob
Gov. sing and Senator Benton will soon be err
dented beyond the possibility of a doubt.—St. Is
is Union.
Official notice has been published, under dim ,
tion of the State-Treasurer, that the notes of toe !lank
of Susquehanna county, the lkinesdale Bank, and
the West Branch Bank, will not be received 10
payment of tolls due the Commonwealth.
All the other banks in the State have officialff,
informed the Treasury Department that they n%a
redeem their notes in specie in Philideli,Tha.
The following note* of other States. will be taken
for tolls :—State of Delaware, New Jersey, and th e
city of Bhltimore, which may be Marked. par in the
city of Philadelphia.
Grouting Bosnia Xcrrmia.—The Bostians talk of
mat an expedition to go in search of Sir Jolts
Fasseraa. One Of thepublic spirited citizen , : writes:
"Let us then no long er Wait for the movement
of - United States temrnent: Let us In Ret'
to. rise by subscription the awn of ono- humlreil
thousand dollars to cover contingencies and let us ill
out the expedition without delay. If Bostonians will
it, their veseetatnay, sail out of the harbor in this bel
ly cause before three weeks arepassed."
SVANnot Iftsvoay.—When Gen. &Olt WaS
Mexico he seized and brought 'home near SAW
volumes of )triad wake, all, iir the. Spanish lacy
parr. Some of these "are said to be three hint
t.he a year ofLancf contain a perfect history of sles
lc° from its geetit by the Spaniards. It >3 the
intention of the government •toustract front these'
velamecall-that may be useful in kerning 1± 'on''
Nets history of New Mexico and California, 30 0
the works will then tie returned to Mexico.