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1 1'0Wiiiii*edniiilay, Novell. 1, 1848.
Gem LEWIS CASS, of Michigan
Gen. W. O..BUTLER_, of Kentucky.
Pregoldenlint, Team Alerrembe; 'T.
N Par. VI, Ds .t.'. Posit WHO,
The Philadelphia "American and Gazette," o
the 21st ult., contains an anicle, which for emblush
ing falsehood and brazen impudence, wehave nev.
er seen equalled in that unscrupulous sheet. - We
extract a paragraph, which will show the aim of
that paper, and the spirit of the whole article:
"ft is reported on the alleged authority of a letter
addressed by a Local - tiro member ors Congress from
this State, to a prominent Politican Ilosion, that
Mr. DAyta'Witosow has agreed to support the elec
tion of Cass and Butler. We state the fact that our
Whig friends, who abandoned their own Congress
ional candidate and supported Mr. Wilmot, for the
purpose of attesting their sincerity on the question
of Free Soil and their respect for a champion who
bad exhibited some zeal in its advocacy may inquire
into its truth and enable us to act understandingly.
The returns on the Governor's election: from that
district do not show that the Free Soil party sup
ported our candidate although Whig votes secured
the election and swelled the majority for Mr. Wil.
mot. flaniesibeld their respective positions pretty
evenly, and all assertions to the contrary have been
conjured up for political effect and are denied by
the official figures."
In the first place, we do not believe that Fttch
letter as is here spoken of, ever was written. No
"loco foco" member of Congress from this •S:ate,
could be so desirous of infamy, as to coin such a
slander,. , or so reckless of troth, as to propagate such
hasetiocd, without endeavoring to learn its au
thenticity. The whole affair,we have no doubt, is
atinfamous fabrication of the American aml Ga
zette—that paper having, upon all oecasions, taken
especial pains to rnisreprment an' sillily Mr. Wil
mot, end impeach and malign his motives and po
The friends of Fief . Soil irr almost every section
of the Union have been during the contest earimii
fy importuning for Mr. Wilmot's preseuce. A tithe
of these requests it was out of the power of man,
under any circumstances to comply with. The
late spirited contest in this District demanded his
attention, until the last -moment, and since, he ba s
been addressing meetings day and night, in the
neighboring counties of New York, where his
friends, who have sympathized so so deeply with
him, have desired his aid.
Since the above was written, we have received
from Mr. Wilmot, a letter upon the subject, which
will be found in another column, •
The returns of the various State elections held in
October after a long interval of doubt are sufficiently
full to allow the results to be Summed up as fol
Pr.ristsvt.vsetA.—ln our awn State- Johnston, the
Whig candidate is elected Governor by about 250
majority more or less over Liwigstretb, Democrat-
Painter the Democratic Canal Commissioner elt c•
test Whigs have elected 15 and the Democrats 9
members of Congress, a Democratic gain of one.
The Whig majority in the Sale Senate is nine, 21
lo:l2,and the house isa fie 50 to So. ALT. s: Senator
jb to be ch2ten in the place of Mr. Cameron Dem.
Curo.,—The crmtcst in Ohio has been equally
close as in Pennsylvania but the latest returns show
the election of Pool the Whig candidate for Geyer
crnor, by 200 majority over Weller, Dem. The
Democrats have elected 11 members of Congress
and the Whigs 10, a Democratic gain of two. The
Legislature stands a tie in the Senate. In the House
two Democratic majority. A. U. S. Senator is to
chosen in place of Mr. Allen Dem.
Gwent A.—The Democrats have elected four mem
bers of Congress and the Whigs four—same as
fast Congressional election. The copular vote
gives about.3oo to 400 . majority- for the Democrats.
Pi.mtum.Floritla has been carried by the Whigs
who have elected their Governor, Mr. Brown mere.
her of Congress, Mr. Cabell, ancl.a majority of both
branches-of the Legislative. AU. 8. Seintrx is to
be chosen in place of Mr. Westcott Dem.
Veamosrr.—The Legh,lature of •Vermont met in
joint ballot on Weilliesday, to elect Slate officers.
The whole vote for Governor was 243. of la liich
Charles Coolidge, the Whig candidate, had 122;
Shafton. Free Soil, 65, and Dillingham, Democrat,
51; scattering 2. Coolidge, the Whig candidate,
was elected. For Lieut. Governor, Mr. Pierpont,
the Whig candidate, had 124 votes, and was de
clared to be elected.
Tan OFTWIIAL VOTE roe GovEturoa.—The Led
ger oLOttober 25th Pays--we received, last even
ing, horn our Harrisburg correspondent, the lull
official vote of the State given at the last election
for Governor, which settles the long contested sub
ject of the exact official majority. Johnston's ma
jority in the State is 302. The entire vote is 336,-
711, divided as follows:
Lon e „ *, •
. The' a=reg ale vole is 51,284 greater ihnn was
east, for Governor in 1847, , when Shook had above
6000 majority over all the candidates. Ma return
have been compared with the general lemma re
ceived at the office of the Secretary ol the Com
monwealth, in Ilarr,isbarg ; and it is thought the
special' returns, when opened in'the presence of tbe
Legislature, next January, will aot vary three votes
from the above result.
A DITIFICOLTY HI SPAIN WITH THE UNITED STATEE
Mtutsrea.—The government of Spain is famous
for its' quarrels with. ministers of foreitno countries.
It lately expelled Mr. Rohrer, the English minis-
HU, and cow-it is at 4oggerheasis whit the Ameri
can minister, Mr. Saunders.. A letter from that
county in an English paper, says the quarrel is a
severe one, and originated in consequence of an
arrest of one of his servants. The American en
voy dipanded satisfaction but It was refused.
II A Wag
. * kAlliMaTc`
fq3 : t, P: -1-; e
P l ' f.-r"."M ilk -
ow - T 1131 0 1 4 borneiall 4,lelilf, aller lik . '''''
~.., lei ain a line'
, • I se , 113,4t_ritinna we
rife over ibis Sta te , - and doubtless beyond its bor
der! eaknlat if allowed to go enecatradieted,
rioosly to a .'iMt me :pa
.y letters received from various parts of die State,
as also from articles in the public peso, to which
my attention has been called, that wide circulation
has been given to the miport r thachayiq slim i cerl7
ed in securing my osim re"-elt4tion,laA
ling - toidimokurtheimatiosaimitherellereempi.l
ed on the gut:unmet the Presidency. From what
ever source this emanates, or whatever may be.the ,
motive for giving it eitenlation, it is due, alike to,
truth, and to my own reputation, that it should re
ceive from me a prompt and explicit deniaL My
views upon the question of the Prftidency remain
unchanged. I stand now where I have stood from
the day I heard of the nomination of Mr, Van Bu
ren, at Utica—his firm and uncompromising sup
To those-friends who have so recently and gene
rously sustained me, in the trying and intensely ex
citing political conflict just passed, I am bound by
an overwhelming sense of gratitude. I know that
a la ge t ropottion of those who gave n.e their
suffrages, are the friends and supporters of
General Cass. They cannot feel dee, ly upon
any subject, without awaking in my breast,
strong emotions bf sympathy. I would do nothing
to subject me to the charge Of ingratitude, or that
should give just grounds rif offence to those gene
mos and magnanimotis friends ; but my position
upon the question of the Presidency was early tak
en, and has-been, as it shall be, consistently main
tained. In assuming it, considerations of duty alone
influenced me. The crisis:, in my indgmeut, de
mands. fin - mess and moral courage. The friends
of Freedom should stand firm, upon the ground
they occupy, and in no respect compromise the
great movement in which they have deliberately
To E. 0. Goodrich, Editor of Reporter.
Joint VAN Bt - azs arrived at Cincinnati on Tees.
day last, and was received by a largo concourse of
citizens, who would have a speech from him.
Important from Mexico, Return of Santa Anna.
The Charleston Courier has telegraphic informa
tier front New Orleans, antler dale of 21st instant,
which says that by an arrival at that port advices
had been received of the return of Santa Amia to
Vera Cilia. It was but recently that Santa Anna
& ent•his Secretary to sound public opinion upon the
matter, and he probably finding affairs in such con
fusion in the country has thought it a favorable op
portunity for the: " hero of Angostura" to return
and try what ketone will do for him again, in the
way of raising
him to power. Mexico is always
to be afflicted, it appears, with the presence of de
signing and ambitious adventurers, which keep the
country in a colinual state of enmity, and the peo
ple in constant dread and insecurity.
The ether news from Mexico is that another bat
tle between the whites and the Indians had taken
place near Tampico, in which the latter were vic
torious. Much excitement prevailed in Tampico in
conatlnence of the appearance of a Pronnnciamen
to, givar4 the preliminary details of the Sierra Mad
The Picayune of the 19th poblishes an article
which was a kind of a prtmunciamento cel the part
of the citizens of Tampext; in which they declared
that they viewed the presence of troops in Tampi 7
co as the precursor of a reign of arbitrary despotism,
to which they never would submit, and that any at
tempt to introduce more troops into the city, would
be met by them with stem , determined, and an
yielding resistance .
resistance. The of Tampico is tlefen
, ded by five companies of National Guards, who
are highly indignant at the measures contemplated
by Montays, commandant general, and are deter
mined to foil his effints to establish a military die
tatorshie in that city under any pretence. The in
habitants langnish for a re-occupation of the city
bribe Americans, and their movements are said
to be connected with the Sierra Madre project.--
Whether the Indians referred to have taken advan
tage of the state of affairs which prevailed and ,made
an assault upon the city or whether the battle refer
red toil but a continuation of the difficulties bet
ween the military govemer and the people we are
not at present advised.
An abstract of another document is given by the
Picayune. It is from Senor Tenorio, the comman
dant of the troops who were forced to evacuate the
city. = '
Li It is dated the Ist inst., and is addressed to the
Tampiponos. He tells them the troops thus expelled
were the battalion "Guards Costa," of Tampico,
and gives a recital of their deeds at Resaco Adgos
tura Patients., and the Motion. He wonders at the
ingratitude of the Tampiquenos in requiring the
removal of troops who have served so long and
faithfully, shed so much blood for their fellow-citi
zens and conferred so much luster on the city. He
vaunts his own deeds in a longer paragraph than he
devotes to the army an! protests that his only aim
has been to save the beautiful city from the horrors
He tells them that the troops on their way to
reninforce the garrison of Tampico were desk:tied
to protect it from a coup de mein Imm New Orleans
and that the story of their wish to pronounce for
Santa Anita is totally Ws°. He says the garrison
of Tampico has reasun rather to detest than admire
Santa Anna, and that all are agreed a ,revolution at
the present moment would destroy the political ex
istence of the nation. -
THE GOLD REGION or CALIFORNIA —The St. Lou
is Republican hasan article which looks to the dark
side of the California gold picture, and thinks that
the flattering statements come from interested land
holders who wish to profit by a flood of emigrants.
It strikes us as undeniable, that the possessor of a
gold mine is not very apt, voluntarily, to ask other
men to come in and sham it with him. The Re
"We were yesterday visited by a tgentlemin
who has been for many years a conductor of gold
mines in Mexico. • He;examineci our specimen,
and then informed ns that he had toweled over a
large portion of the Sacramento r eg ion in search of
gold mines, described the evidences he found, and
concluded by assuring us that after spending five
thousand dollars in experiments, and attempts at
discoveries, he came out minus the investment.
This is one side—our readers may compare it with
AFFAIRS IN YUCATAN.—The New Orleans Pica
yune of the 7th, has the 'following :
" A private letter informs the edit ws of La Pa
tna that Gov. Barbacachano was so well satisfied
with the gallant bearing of the American volunters
in the late engagement with Indiana ,of Yuca
tan that he contemplated making application to the
uovemnient of the United States for 500 more !--
The anion alluded to took place Iwo leagues from
"iseinto Pat was so enraged by the defeat of his
Indian troops, that be ordered four of his officers to
be shot. Pat was making preparations to fortify
himself in Peto, and at the moment of shooting Ins
four officers he told his trillowev's that fro w *about
to emerinto another aetion and' if he lost ft they
Were welcome to shoot him !" -
*Plioimilizerl—Yin. refer Toe to the,
sir k Free Soil
hi . Thbs add is
',` ed loom
1 ,4 t When the •
Greely ref , ,
by it. He demented the proceedies of the Whig
Convention. and t • for its betrayal of
He has since, almost air Mike prwsvit jinm s teen
liberal in his abuse of the policy which put aside
his favorilt; candidate , and has been firm in his re.
48a . 1 .1 ° tt" the oL tor-
Nay, even tortlie g e Man this, he has encbanged fita
indirectly / treated is piecing before ilee•ainierican
people the nominees of that party.
But, :lately / a great ebastisa come over him.
He professes to see in the signs of the-limey indi
cations which portend the election of Gen. Cams,
and throws himself into the cortime,lo avert that
result, by the election of Gee. Taylor. We had
given him credit for sincerity, in this FMB Sod
movement, and bad almost learned to respect him
as an Lana( ems., Bat this lot apostasy has
completely .undeceived us. Horace Greely now
stands before the American people, as the base
betrayer of the great principle be rehoused to have
most at heart, and merits the execration of every
honest man. How hollow-heaved and hypocritical
have been all his protestations and professions!
That be will eery with him enough voles to defec t
Mr. Van Burn in the State of New York, and give
its.electoral vole to Gen. Taylor - , we have no doubt.
If, by Lis adt:ress to the free soil whip of Ohio,
and his personal exertions, he succeeds in carrying
that State for Gen. Taylor, it ensures tlis election to
a certainty. As IT rs, ins DEPIXI7O, nu MAILISOW.
CD TOT. CONTENT TO Gen. CASS OM Gee. Times,
ONE OF WHOM MUST BE CHOSEN BY THE
Fellow.eitizens! Horace Greelyhas postponed—
abandoned the principle of Free Soil,-in his open
and avowed support of Gen. Taylor: a Southern
man, a slaveholder, pledged by habit, by interest,
and by a tacit undereandin,g, to support not only
the interests but the prejudices of the South. And
why this flagrant and base desertion I To carry
into effect the destructive policy of the Whig party!
A National Bank, a Bankrupt law, a distribution of
the proceeds of the public lands among the states,
ruinous and extravagant appropriations for internal '
improvements, a consequent enormous national
debt, a high protective prohibi ive twin, and a con
seqnent direct tax—such are the measures express
ed or implied, which Mr. Greet' , bolds cut to the
Free Soil Whip, as a lure to rally under the stan
dard of Gen. Taylor. Look around you, in your
own county ! Hare not the Whigs obeyed the
summons and fallen brach into tbe ranks of their par
ty P thus deserting the Free Soil organiza
tion, they havethe impudence to asK you to adhere
to the tunnies ion of Mr. Van Buren ! Knowing that
every vote you cast for him is indirectly cast for
General Taylor, the Wh* candidate! They un
blushingly taunt those Democrats with inconsisten
cy who have opened their eyes to the fraud prac
ticed upon the party ! By brazen appeals to con
sistency, they endeavor to persuade the Van Homo
Democrats to persist in a course which promotes
the overthrow of the Democratic party ! 7n sheet,
they have adopted the policy and the arguments of
Horace Greely. the Free Soil Apostate !
Yellow-Democrats ! Yon with whom we have
knight shoulder to shoulder in many a glorious
field, against these same whigs, shall we appeal to
you in vain • when all the glorious principles kyr
which we have all so often contended, am in im
minent danger of being subverted by the artful
wiles of our old and inveterate political opponents !
We cannot believe it. We cannot believe that
you will consent to sacrifice ail your principles, as
Democrats, to the empty pride of consistency. Fm
remember, that in preferring your consistency on
one poke, by voting tot Meeting Van Buren, mid
thus aiding on the election of Gen. Taylor, you be
tray your inconsistency as regards the great Demo
antic principles upon which pot believe the pros
perity of the country to depend.
Choose then ! On one side you have the vain
gratification of an opinion allied with the triumph
ef your political kiss. On the other, " the sober_
second thought," resulting in your return to party
nominntions, and the triumph of your principles
and oftyour friends. Choose then, between a Ka
tional Bank, and the constitutional Treasnry 7 L-ber
tween a high protective Tatifl and a Tacikfor re
revue only—between appropriations for internal
improvements, and the principle laid down by Gen.
Jackson in his veto of the Maysville road •bill—be
tween an enormous national debt and an economical
administration of public affairs--between cenntrali•
tuition and the sovereignty of the States—between
privileged classes and an aristocracy of wealth, or
equal Lew& for all and privileges for none. In shoe,
CHOOSE BETWEEN GEN. TAYLOR it GEN.
The following Democratic Senators and Repre
sentatives of the present Congress, who voted for
the Wilmot proviso, are, / notwithstanding, out in fa
vor of Gen. Cass
AlcUcllciel,Burart and Bingham, Michigan.
Let na unto with these statesmen and patriots in
now rewiring Democracy from the perils that sur
round her. While we follow their example we are
in no danger Irons the charge of inconsimency,
or the mortifying reflection hhreafier, that we are
resportrible for the downfall and overthrow of the
great demociatic party.
• . GEORGE SANDERSON,
G. F. MASON,
J. F. MEANS,
1 . D. VANDERCOOK,
lth,l'hientisi su havetad "nears' from pm:oi
While the Whil head of the Union was bounding
Dodge and Walker, Wisconsin.
FelFh and Yitzgerithl, Michigan.
Atheraon, N. Hampshire.
Bradley and:Hamlin, Maine:
Thompson; Stroup, Mann and Bridges,•Penn
Edsall, New Jersey.
Jenkins:Lord, Nichol, McClay, N. York.
Peasley and Johnson, N. Hampshire.
Smart. Clark, Wiley, Maine.
Preis, Monis, Farand Ohio.
lienly, Civet-cad and Rockhill, Indiana.
Eynde and Darling, Wisconsin.
Thompson and colleague, lowa.
Weniewth. Illinois. •
TO THE FREE MOIL WHIOI9 0,01110.
i.g sissy - 6 Peaasylvaaia' . there ease bests from
that ' eltalal the aad dimmed the
it tails. 16 - Iva ' set ; the
r ..,., „ t...- : ~...
strailliamor; .k, ,
extl tets....w. • 5 ,
Y aid Viva seeirliM'S oar . , `• '''. vi
tamed oat their inmates, so lately dumb bad-cower-
*Digest, coasciestines Wbis farmers and 'sedum
itstrelm glade Maw* lto ibises your red friends
because of flair misfortune at Philadelphia. could
but brave sees lbosebordes wbo rushed tosetber is
"thamielkigetlithalse4.4l.o** l o4l l
and scream over the est Telegraphic report of
impelled le henitase. to tikshtiloireekew the polities
von bad taken. 1 rawest yon , to do it Noe! • • '
Yes, friends ! doe result GI your sate is dissi'
trams, an meaner whether Ford or Weller is Darer.
woe by s ifew lissdnidvenetti s The het that.Casairai
entrehtlin say sort of s Willem* hr °hist; enomils.
Wa 'all expected a elan sad &alien! struggle is
November. but anticipated the election of Ford by .
5.40114w111,000 majority. with a decided Whig ma
jority is Caimans and the legiihnstret Colt have
sadly disappointed us:-.bat Sr•Pesnaylvants yen
would have 'turned as. As •it is, we are able to
succeed without you, but we don't like the idea.—
Wiles every other whig State of '44 stands Ann.
how can we Dew rt to pa con . y with the greatest.
the Noblest of all! When N w York mid Peals
sylvanincamefirrwarl to admi, s ad, atone foe their,
defection in the last National snot, bow can we,
surrender our Aag.ship in that glorious though no
' fortunate struggle! We cannot. will not do. itl,
Yon have shared our defeats—you must share our,
victory! Success will hardly be joyful without'
And why should Ohio fallout of line with the
Whig array just as they are achieving a decisive}
triumph! What good end is even proposed b i.
thoSe who counsel that course! Suppose it we
possible to give the vote of the State to Van Buren
(and you must know it is not,) do you not see Altai
is in etfeet giving it to Cass! Every Electoral
Vote against Taylor. is either a vote for Cass direct
ly, or against a choice by the people, and so in favor
of Car indirectly ; for he and no one else will as
suredly be chosen if the election goes to the House.
With the Delegations from fifteen States for, only
twelve in all against him, and the other three divid
ed aud f io view of the knowledge that. if no Presi
dent be chosen, the Senate will certainly-ilect Gen.
Better Vice-President and dins pat him in the Pres..
idential Chair, there 13 not a chance for theielectioa
of anybody but Cass by the House. And why
should any Whig vote so as to humor South Caro
lina and elect Oen. Gass I Why l
The grounds of demurer are three—Gen. Taylor
-=the Philadelphia Convention—the Extension of
Slavery. Let us consider them in order. .
You know how little I like Gon. Taylor.—or
rather, bow thoroughly I disapprove his nomination
far President.. Personally. think well of him, as
almost everybody does. The uniform testimony of
those who know him proclaims him a shrewd. sen
sible. practical. humane. honest. unassuming man.
jf it were simply a question of men, I believe at
least three-fourths of the Ilition would prefer him
Gen. Cass. As to his being a soldier anda slave
holder. I should like him better If be were neither;
lint I never did and I think I never will oppose any
than merely as a slaveholder.for as office under die
Federal Government. for I believe such opposition
contrary to the plain intent end scope of the Fader
s! Constitution. If it had been understood - or sus
pected in 1787-8 that the citizens of the Preelltates
would ever come to proscribe and vote against
flousbern men merely as slavebolders, I am sore no
Contain** would have been adopted. Ido not
behive Washington would; have signed the instep
must; I am confident Medals's and Pinckney would
not. I cannot Anise in a proscription which seems
to me faithless, ill-directed and worse than useless.
Nor will I Rieke the soldier's calling a reason for
opposing any one so loot as the Nation requires,
trains and employs soldiers. lam more than will-
:ink to orate in any effective movement for abolish.
in; the trade of War; but, so long as the Nation
encourages, requires aneliepholds that trade with
out objection or cavil, I cannot unite in proscribing
warriors who have ever been blameless in . private
Ike and obedient to the civil power.
But we heartily agree that the Philadelphia nom
ination was not the right one—that a candidate for
President of superior qualifications and merits
should have been selected. The choice made was
not mine, nor yours. Boas of you I visited and
conferred with last year concerting the defeat of
this selection,. Many of you must know that
spared no effort, early oriate, to defeatit—yet is was
made. And now the only question to be coasider
ed is this—ls it your duty, is it mine, because of our
disapproval of the reasons which induced and the
latlueoces which erected this nomination, to op•
pose it and thus contribute to Gen. Cass's election,
I have carefully weighed,l have calmly deliberated,
and my conviction is clear that I ought, is view of
aU the circumstances. to vote for Gen. Taylor. I
Alin do so. Rear my reasons, and then judge my
As to the iudnences which prevailed in the phi!.
atielphia Cooiention, I do not respect and shall not
Baiter them. A low expediency--a mole-eyed Con
ning—a loose-principled complaisance to those who
promised, if Oen. Taylor should be nominated, all
manner of Southern and Mouth-Western States
which they had no more power to Make over ihatt
Satan had to give away "all the kingdoms of the
earth," —4 saw all this and detetted it. But this is
of the past; and is no longer of int practical con
sequence. The' intrigues and intriguers hive alike
Similar into their amoral proportions. Gen: Tity
lor is noutinateilt but they who suddenly expanded
into great men en the Strength of votes they were to
secure for him and the United &4WD Senators they
were to carry by means of hini in Alabama. Ni..
sissippi, lowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Tues, ate.,
have been proved meat of swelling . words and so
real force. Every day renders more and more ap
parent the fact that Gen.• Taylor will not be elected
nor materially helped by no-party oar by Southern
party rotes, and that,he mum be carried by old-Cash
ioned Whig strength and Whig means — by appeals
to the understanding, the patriotism and the
scienee of the country against the policy and Meas
ures recommended t , Polk and supported by Cass
—by Whig airmen, mid whig votes. Glen. Tay
lor has himself been constrained by the necessities
of the cue to place himself diitinctly on the Whig
platform. lam a pretty determined Whig, and I
don't want-a7maidelst more decidedly of us and
whit us than hii liter letters make TIM
Stites which will vatelor him will thereitylktivim*
ale getteral`frateres nete known of
stn nieif; The Con gimis elected with bitti' Irina* a
Whig Castgren, milrthe more volittitit'
• • . - t" '
-;s" r a" is, •I
wialdi - ria to .
o“, lam cow
I AA swo
be intlhbi Ms
Millais ow thi
litho* atehlig or orri:inoiles eiden:Airily
sesdigegts its this 'point *VCR is sot'ir tifirf.
be hanwa ter yea alb . 4 Thit Helm Taylefris nital!ei
hotihifrt-Ahl he °Frosted id* Atureitation of It2its'
?dottier haseßes spoketrlislimyrettensktrt of Elm
rap' yet, with the utilise .1110010112 inethisisethey,
insists ow cherishing the eeitatidripdthre edirree
Bute isserfeemtee with ite-wto inuelir is opfnmylie
gesasby knows. That be &siert oretthiemptetts
say Extension of Slavery. I *knot babel/a; aordirl
I believe that say eassidalthe portion cif, tbs Whigs
of the booth ilo no, to ail aty miatersations with
soothers whip on this subjeCt,l,lssire not yet niter
the first man who expressed a desA e tl ir see slavery=-
acresßoil. the Rio Graide.. theist thee
they will not be excluded— , a soothers plaster
has a right to take Ns sla ver to this sew territory
as clearly as a Northern wted-grower kas to take
his sheep there, and they can't agree to surrender
the principle; but as to. desiring the practical ex-.
tension of slavery, I know not one of them who
'who does so. On the Coat ry, their geompli stuck,
meet is not dissintilarM, tha -of the great body,of
intelligent conservatives at t Nonli—name : that
slavery is an evil which, t ugh they shrinl from
the sacrifices apd_ hazard of abolishing it, they
have no wish to/impose upon others. In defiance
of the noisy manifestations of zeal for "southern
rights" whici(the lynx-eyed jealousy Of a flagrant
wrong nate:Filly indite. I finely believe that if every
southern s i ring could vote Yea or Na) on th ques
tion of slavery extension, in inch manner that no
mans rate should be exposed, two-thirds of them
would vote in the negative. The jealousy of the
powelful classes of slave breeders ,and slave trad
ers. thay long -reveal any open exhibition of this 1
sentiment, but it is there nevertheless.
Now let ea suppose Gea. Xaylor- chosen Presi- 1
dent, and with him a Congress (House) *big by . 1
20 to 30 majority—the whig strength consisting of
ninety Representatives of Free and forty of slave
stales. You know under what iniluenees the whig
members from free states are chosen, asd what are
the sentiments off this subject demanded by the
public opinion of their camitituencies. Yoe know 4
whether a President could afford to commence a
detully struggle with two-thirds of his supporters in
Coagress. Yea can guess whether the Loco Foco
-Members, whatever they might be impelled to At
for a President of their own stripegpeonld be likely
to do toward helping on a whig President engaged
in such an undertaking as slavery extension. The
inducement to such a self-sacrifice for a President
tif adverse politics would be notbing.the peril every
thing.' I have looked over the whole ground care t
folly, and it is my deliberate conviction that, should
Gen. Taylor and a Whig . Congress be chosen,
there will be no extension of slavery during the
ensuing Presidential *l.ll=l trust sot ever after.—
And I do not see bow any candid obseiver, after a
survey of the whole ground, can come to a differ
ent conclusion. What would be done in case et
Gem Cass's election' I cannot so clearly foresee;
but the prospect cannot be better in that direeti ,
it May be far worse. The south Will trust a soot
ern President farther and bear from him more ths
from a northern politician_ whom . she knows w
against her claims until she bought him by lurks
his inflamed ambition. It is the pride, not the •
terest, 'nor the calm 'judgment, of the south the
stands inlhe way of - the
.establisluoint of the f
snit - priueiple—dread of being overruled or of -
borne rather than an earnest wish to diffuse eta •
over the wilds of New Mexicci aad California.• .T
IMMIX' tranquility and success to the Administ
tration of a southern Presidest of general and d
;served popularity, the south will concede what s
never will concede to the samerical preponderan -
of the North. Taking into account all the circa ,
stances, I believe the Extension of slavery an , -
Gen. Taylor as little probable, as under any , •
President whatever. - •
And if not on this nem:tont, on what should an
whig falter ! , Since-Geo. Cass or Gen. Taylor ma
be President. how. should any whig hesitate ! .
the difference in the men be nothing. is not
difference in their principles something! On
one side, Legislittioe ,by Congress: on the. othe
Government by Presidential patronage and Pie •
dential Vetoes. On the one side, Protection
American Indartry ; on the, other, hostility to I. e
principle, and persistence la the policy which
now the main rause of our moneyed contractio
and convulsion. On the one aide, Peace and cp -
tentment within our own boundaries; on the oth r
IA lost of eonquest, the glitter of arms, and ' t e
bottomless abyss of Public Debt. On . the one sit,
the application of the Nation Revenue Li good p t
to the improvement of Rivers, Harbors and the
means of intercommunication geherally; on the '
ether, the policy foreshadowed in Gen: ' Case's letter
to Ohicagerand thelltiltimore Resolution condetnn
ing any general system 4,f Internal Improvement:
On toe sidtythe policy of collecting and disbursing
the Revenue in sieh manner as - shall vendlolacifiz
tate Commercial Intercourse and Exchanges:: as
the other, the eleventh eentaryleets-Tithsury, ssitlr
its rigorous exactions and its. complaisant velazi.
tions—its smiles I,r the Palace favorites and its
frowns for the basiaenconimunity. 0 believe not
men of Ohio: that the whig party periihed at Phil
adelphia or anywhere eb.e; it lives. and must live,
fur the Country, has need, of it; it hits important
duties to diseharge—glorions destinies to,aceom"
pHs& Whatever the faults of its representnives
at any time. it is the same party still—the party of
generous impulses. of enlightened judgment, true
and steadfast patriotism. Other parties rorrecty
regitrd paylleular objects or measures but this alone
has that just idea of the nature and scope of Gov
eremite which make its great end Ilsasnaars and
its existence a straggle for the widest diffusion of
positive handl; and blessing. They .who call most
loudly upon you repudiate And destroy the whig
,reenilyntin • who never undeniood its
aims nor concurred its views—who. having for
yeitrit bitlerlY , Oppoied and decried cannot see
why Should teieriel6l: presents:floc and as-
eetidenejr' - ofjray consequence whatever. But joa,
titte-hetiteiViihtis'or'Ohio!'who haVe litt4 shout-
possibility -gu The
( In *gone goo .ftfthisenast, atreciosi ever,
t erritt this eitY andibe esilitortiiitrwfiicinteautv.
- at the time wart of the most intense description,
i fekh from The time of - his conviction -to the
1 1nc 41 ?"444 1 4 1 , 4 P1( 11 4F.1v0ird %Moab
' hiiinnikeitee of the crime - 1)y asserting it few
'rig that the-WM*llles eel the tifil kwore falsely-
H .waeattended a yesterday by several Catholic Cler
en but in 'consequence of his Tefbeal •to'aublitit
id them - alone; they tithed; diter was- • wended
i sevend of the , Proiliftamt lergy. He Apar&
them edieenneitienat4P tichntim -en4 ,Ild
v* ~ and said ;bathe had no cortfessionici 'Wake
ti Mai), that' God knew Ids salt. i He Vila led
f iel the cell to the scaffold -at lerminotesitiefore
2 i 'clock, anti after he had oecenged, be addresser)
t. • assemblagL in Geuman, cAtiEb. eras mterpnetcd
i the l Rev... r. Fleleacitstart,
.14 th e Protestant
t mg*. "Lingfillilt sit that he wasletindingen the
• i 'id ref going from this world-to hie 'Creator, that
• t fiftisen witnesses swore fakely against him
the jellies of the Caro hal no spirit in them in
ei :Limning him under so ck circumstances, and
at from the evidence et arman lying on the bed
i him . Rademacher, a coneinsiewof gailt tepid he
rawn, - He forgave ail-4ite judges, thejury 4 r 1 ,1
witneeses-,.und cencluded leith
_the 411100 tug
mentions remailt : *God aillishlge."
Tito cap ivastlien:drawn over his lace—the rope
as placed round his neck by Sheriff Lelar, anti
thri props except the waist rime beieg removed,
stood on the brink of eternity. The next me
ent, and he appeared at the bar of a rkdayous
1 ••. He Was cut down in half an hour, and an
zamination conducted by Dr. W. T. Duffle proved'
bat the verfrime bad beers eeparated, and of rourre
i eath was instantaneous. There were about five
undred people present, and there must have been
ore than a thonsand outside the walls.-.-Dotly
blic October 21st, ° ' ...•
Tnz honlOrtuar.—The redaction in the price
i Iron is charged by politiciansto the tariff 010846.
I , is, says the Upland Union, is wholly false, as
hownbi the facts of theorem. In 1845 the ramps
mports of iron to this country were over 810,000
i 1 1 ' wbile in 1847, under the present tariff, it fell
o 86,000,000, and the amonut of iron exported in
'47, compared with '45 shows an increased valix.
, f 8460,000 - in !heck of the tariff of '46. If there be
ny diffrenlity with the bon men of Pennsylvania,
t comes from over production as shown by the fol.
owitig facts. The t o f '47 over '46 in pi, , , , ,
ron and 'castings is n rly 23 percent; in wrought
ron 83" per cent ; nail and spikes 84 per Cent. •
CLOSE C01114811.-'t elections in the different
States are remarkable for the closeness of •the rote
between the two parties., Another ja.konnotin Sept.
Carolina. Mr. Samna : the Oita Reptesentatire,-it
re-eleetedo Cook in the Georgetown.w district,
over Mr. , 39' zit y.
A [lemmas iinletitYd to the estate of Bostwick %di
deeihyhittii onVyalualagv., are "beretry wipe*
tee to make psi - meet without date*, and thine baying
claims against amid estate will plane preassrt thew dal}
authenticated ; fey settlement. JOHN 111. BADGER,
Standing Home, Oct. fit, 1848. Administrator:
e. KINGINIER.Y & CO,
A itrs .a.rsesivbar. sad will be away day for bat
yeedie t , • Tety lam! aesoneaest •
• FALL AND WINIIOi. DOOM •
embalming every thiug walled by tliktniYers of cheep
goods. Tbase having CIO to pay, fur goods. would d.
won't° eat iitivir more anti wave ttlenivlver from urn In
Meat per cent. Aube mid Ohm erriikir we meet b$
noceim.ell etre gesdu,skerbieti iimeme,erill give a mom
extepljed deimipti?Wof Jibe br%ert 'mad cheapest lot of
•goodieier I . iipastrt tn. treivanOi . • nv I
zumausTiv asttram• Q*11,4%
illaY an order at the Or/rheas' Court of Bradford Co.,
A) will be exposed to public sale, on rtinrida,y,
30th day of lifemenher, 1840, at 1 - o'tdock, P. M.,, spun
Me 'enrolees. the lillowirm peliperty.-te wit: A certain
piece at petrel-oflaad; situatie. lyintantlieing in the
township of Leroy. moot" afrrcsaid. Am!. bounded and
described se lilloare; . to wit : Beainii at a poet, the
sem (farmer el" J. Hient's lot, ftt • Mirth along mid
Heat's Mt. and widow Andrew's lel* 232 perches los
post, thence east Worm,* line of &doer Bums'e laud.
31 3.10 per*es to a poet, dicer south-231 perchei to
the bunk of Towanda creek at i post, thence op aid
ereelc.tbe mews *ems( to the piece of beginning.—
Containing 6fty aerosol/40 oneepre c iresag siert id the
hum of the lite Peter Walter, deceased.
'Attendance given, and tenet made known on the day
of sale. • JOHN •VA NDYKB. Administrator.
Oct. 30. 1 948.1 1 4AIRDBLANA,WALTE118, Ad
B elaWastffirO . WriTriVo riAtE l F:tr
Y:an order of dm Orpliaifireeertaaf Bradford n',
will be exposed to- public as* as B.4,TURDA
25th day of Nov, 1848, at 1 o'climit:. upon the premi
se*, a Tract of land situate in Orwell township Brad
ford Co. * Containing sixty thise,scresoind`bounded
au the math br Linden( Wendy Robinson as the cart
by , lands of Liman Lyon, south by leads of Harry
Liars and on the west by lima Robinson
rag the use wset of land Which Stephen C. Smith
ask wife. by Deed dated Oct.. 29th 1948. (recorded
in Deed Book. vol., 24 pages 366 60) .conveyed to
the said Jubu Dimes Deed., with about twenty-five
semi theieorimpreivell, and a small framed house 'there
on meted: ' • I
.Attendancts gives, end terms malls known nn the
day of ode. C. G. GRIDLEY.
°chatter 31, 1818. Adminisqator.
R E OIIB.TER f 9 NOTlCES.—otiee isfarthi gime
to idrpersotts jntereilteil, that
- 011Priabiei and GiorMl W. -liard.r. isdminhirMitra of
the emir of Jamie Benjamin deed , . Me of ealottl:
. Rumen Pratt ; administrator of the eatautmf..Goorge
Jetties Aged,' late of Sbeskequin;
Periey If: Hoek administrator of; the MIME' of Win.
Deritokre'd., hue of Pike: • •-•
Grows K. Shepard, nue of dm adatiaistratom•of.the
estate of Nathan Alcord, jr., fete of Wells;
Joseph Ber.usait, guardian of Mary Jane Cook, minor
child of Aaron Cook file of Columbia.
• D.L.battl e administrator of the estate. of Wilson
Scott, deed., la's of Towanda homneb;
Erma Aock lAA administrator of Samuel Rockwell. k.
who' wai adininisuater C. Roam, deed, late of
"OypOsal. Buns. executor of the estate of Joel Buns
dee'd, late of Orwell.
Charles Elmer*. sdatinistratimiof Ruth, Criodsl,
(Ms of Wirdbam tp •
A W Wik*x. administrator of threats* of Abw loe
Wilcox. deed. late of teßoy.
Won - M MiTnatd and k Oar. saptinistnitom _0( the
estate of .1: D.. Taylor, deed.. Ist* ofl Rome.—hsve Dal
and fettled in the sacs of the Resister of Wine. in sod
ftw the county of Bradford, the fern ints of their emend
adniiflh tioiii opowthe estates aforesaid. sal that dm.
same 'will Ks prestited to Orphan's mart of mil
coodYkflo Monday.** 4th day of December next. kor
copfitretioo and. alkmance.: L. E. D.RW 012, Res.
Resisteii Clem, Towanda, NQV. 1, 1818.