Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, November 01, 1848, Image 1

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todnicabag !Rousing, Mmicidla 1. 1810.
Irma Chsaben. Joarsial.l
like hatival awl lis Casmosea.
► Mane Sa Navarro.
It was a fine afternoon in the spring of 1834; the
birds were cheerfully singing on the bees, the
flocks and herds contentedly cropping the young
herbage, and the air was perfimierl with odors.—
Not only did the face of nature brightly smile, but
some festive caret iny was evidently about to be
performed in the village of --, in Navame.—
Nnivibere of yotmg girls was seated at the cothge
doors, weaving garlands of spring flowers, whilst
several youths looked on and encouraged them.—
Here and there an old man, wrapped in a rusty
brown cloak almost as ancient as himself, stood
observing the juvenile groups; and on the thresh
old 01 a miserable hovel satsn aged woman sing
ing a wild air, aocompanied* uncouth gestures;
but whether they betokened joy. grief, or anger, it
worifd have been difficult for a stranger to deter
mine. •
At length the damsels rose. each bearing in her
hand the blooming wreath she had entwined, and
the whole party proceeded to a small Arta, or
square, in front of the church, where, waving their
chaplets gracefully, they danced to, the sound of a
largetamborine and the mountain-ripe, called the I,
pieta. the tones of which strongly resemble those
of the bagpipes. Nor was the human voice want
ing ; the harsh and discordant chant of the bledame ;
was again beard ; and by her side a lean rickety !
boy. of about fourteen, with wiry flaxen
betide look, and unmeaning grin, beat time by clap- I
ping his hands. The dancers became more and
Mare animated every moment; the fine hair of the
young women, which had hitherto been plaited
and arranged with natural good taste, was by some
sudden process, allowed to fall loosely on their
shoulders ; and at the same monient each maiden ;
placed a chaplet on her head, the young men sling
ing large garlands across their breasts, like the
'broad ribbons of chivalric orders.
At the conclusion of the dance, the great gates
of church were thrown open ; at the eastern
end the altar, rftlilersilatit from the effect of nntner
ous large wax candles, had an imposing appear
ance. The cnra, or priest, halted in richly-embroi
dereti -stood under the i.onico,..asisl
spreading forth his hands, bestowed a blessing on
the pecpee, who knelt reverentially to receive it.
While this act of devotion was in prcgress, a load
creaking sound was heard„ and presently a' small
body of men • mowed advancing along the road
which runs doers by the square. Their heads were
revered with the flat cap called La floina ; they
wore coarse brown cloth jackets, and loose white I,
harm trousers, theit waists being encircled with
broad red 'molten sashes, below which, and ~
in fiont
were strapped their cayman,. of cartridge-pouches:
instead of shoes t.‘ey had alpargatas, er hempen
sandals : they were armed with muskets and bay
onets without mabberds were sleek in their belts. I
This vanguard was followed by four grains, each
drawn by two oxen, guided by* a peasant bearing
a long staff, with a goad at one end. The oxen
moved very slowly, the emakin sound being pro.
'awed by the egolutions of the lieatryiwoodar axle•
trees of the grains, which were followed by awry& ,
larger party, clothed and armed in the same man
ner as that in advance, the whole being command
ed by an.ofFicer in uniform. Three et the bullock
cars contained each a new bronze mortar of mode
rate size the touts was laden with ammunition
bates. On their arrival in the plata, the molt tut
covaged their heads, knelt. and tereited the ptieat'a
benediction. The assemblage then ram; the tam
borine and mottntain-pipe stick up; the old wo
man.rvume.l her discordant sang; the half-witted
urchin clapped his lean hands .more vehemently
than ere,; the young men and maidens mooed to.
wards the trains with a soleam . daming step; and,
the girls, decimated the holm and wicks of
'lien with the waraths they had been gracefully
waging dining the dace; whilst the youths encir
cled the mortars with the large mixed, ; the while
ceremony being performed with the utmost mans
, Meanwhile, the priest had retired to the interior
of the churl' : het When all the evainernents were i
completed—the oxen adorned with their ecririn
honocr standing patiently in the sun, and the mur
derous bronze artillery docked with sweet and
peaceful florets—he again came forth, preceded
by a youthful acolyte (-Amin a lava saver cross,
elevated on a stall apparently of the same metal.—
By his side was another boy wearing a wallet fir
seek, over which was a white muslin timic; he
hove a silver cacao, whieb, when ibis Mk proem.
eon had reached the wains, be threw up inter the
air. and then drew it beck again by its aver ehain,
rnakin the white smoke ofibe incense cloud over
the mortars, and around the heads of the oxen ; af.
ter which the priest sprinkled them with holy gra
ter. The ins-ant this ceremony was. completed,
there mew a general shomingof Ma Curios (*IWO!
tl re Ia Reh.„..•ioa I Sucece to the new mortars!—
Death to the Christioos r itimidst.lbese firmest
cheers the brinock.ears movedee. eeroned as 6e the yoarq men accompanying them as a
guard of honor a little way beyond the limas of the
cdl 3 ,• r m on parting, the soldiers cried—:' To Die
tetic to E.l'izondo F-' and sow enterirca =mum
;urge, they disappeared.
The Say after this scene there was annidendie
atnaian in the silage. Sereral Githersof tamilies
who had been absent Seim as scon, annehed . to
Don Carlos' army, or otherwise connected with it,
Turned. They biorght amounts of the Telma id
ttte Carro4 chief, Zinualseannuy, born before Flt
rondo ; and rt waswhisperetd that the anartanswhich
his passed thnenh on the previous day, mid bad
been welcomed with so mix pomp. leers ail en
t!zet: way back. The contoziona occanaied br
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these legnialina it its , height, when a stranger, i and Maoris lambed fire ego the wachin• whom
covered with dust, rushed into the plaza, with noisy movements seemed to Mike teeter into his,
breathier' Basta . He was .a line well-made PM 1 :
soot. F.
of about thirty, his features, though handionae,bore i The plaza was new crowded with num, woman,
a "mg stamp of reinahatt: and-die expression of and children; Moldy aherwards no sideloesosp
his large irrey eyes, set is a face the coke ofwhich appeared, foamed byes error's guard . The for
um-Only a abide retnoved from black, was sopa. user-approached the gmentl, and reported that, is
edit as * tender it ;minket to meet their gam— pursuant* of his orders, leery home 114,, been
The suangern codeine was unlike that of the lite aesucheakand that, to the best of his knowledge,
vamps peasants. He wore a jacket of dark his. mu the ma t e i n b i bi t , - al , who ree d hi , the oil .
velveteen, open, displaying a waistcoat of thsenne [loge were now vedpe n t
..,--- •
h e from
lersz. 7wigi
material, adorned with three rotes of large open. is L e i th eta the women and
worked dyer beeene, banging loosely ; his Wes- e hodr ea ,o. a dd ea t .
chols were of cause dolt cloth, with silver buoons Thi, o r d er p, poly executed , ll* men he .
down the outer seams; he also wore a bine won- lag dm up in a rine beta,. Mina. It was a
e d sa s h, and hempen sandals. Round his bead ; sump; an anxious scene: the elderly men stood,
was a omen handkerchief of bright and earietered-i4e ancient Romans, with their . cloaks Omni
colors, tied behind, with two long ends hanging about them in every variety of pictinesque drape.
down ; - above the handkerchief appeared-* cone- ry ; some of their younger companiOns were dras
shaped black hearer bat, with a narrew brim MM. red in brown woolen jackets, their snow-white shirt
ed up all round; the front of the hat was ornamen- , collari falling on their shot:dikes ; ethos in short
led with three tarnished tinsel stars--green, ruby ; blue smock-frocks, confined round the waist by
and yellow—stock on a strip of rusty black velvet. ; broad girdles of bright mixed colors. AU wore the
His thick neck was bate and from constant expo- ; picturesque boina, but of soiled hues—blue, white
sore to the min and weather as dark as his face.— 1 or red.
He wee a gitano, or gipsey. I The women and children formed a gloomy
"I am sent by Zninalacarreguy," said this man, background to this singular picture: they were far
"to tell you that the mortars are on their way back, more numerous than the men, one or more of ev
and that they must be concealed in this neighbor- , cry family have joined the Cachet party. The
hood ; all, therefore, most unite in conveying them ' young girls, who only forty-eight hours before had
to a place of safety. • The general', orders are, that 1 1 been weaving chaplets with so much glee and en- ;
every man yxoceed instantly 16 meet them; they ; ergy, now stood motionless, some looking fixedly
must not re-entel the village ; your privileges, your on Mimi, others their hands clasped, and their beau.
lives, even, depend on promptitude and energy ; ` tifid eyes raised towards heaven, appeared absorb.
the koly guns must be placed in security? led in prayer. The old women, crouched on the
This appeal met with a ready echo in the breast I ground, plied her knining-needles with, great dill
of -
every hearer ; - tor the whole population of the genre : her lips moved rapidly, Ns trio poi a d eo.
'Village had identified themselves with the fate of ; caped from them ; and she had - in flutrtd herself
consecrated astilLery,. All the men immediately as to place herself as to be able to pert through
sallied forth with Zamalamnegurs messenger.— the asl ie ht separation between two of the men - who
They had oat proceeded far along the road, before stood before her.
the u-ell-known creaking of the bullock-can loth- Mina now advanced a few paces in front 'of his
cited that the objects they had se forth to meet staff-officers, and thus addressed the villagers :
were approaching ; they soon appeared, lore*, " I know that, two days :to, three Mortars pan
, however, 01 their gay adornments. ed through your village on their way to pizon do,
The guano immediately addressed himielf fed* and that, yesterday they were brought back. I al
officer in command of the mere : and after a brief so know that they hare been concealed in this vi
parley, three of the village elders were summoned artily with the knowledge of the inhabitants: where
to join in the consehation. Much animated die- are they ?”
course ensued, accompanied by that lively goalies- Not a syllable was uttered in reply
halm by which the Spaniards are charaetetized. 7 -
The remit was, that the waits were drawn along a ,
by-mad to a field, under the guidance of the villa- ,
gem. the gipsy and the escort Rdlowirt. Oct arriv
at the centre of the field, the oxen were taken
out of the wain, which being tilted np, the mor
tars glided easily to the ground. The peasants had
, brought with them the large hoes used by the bus
; badmen of Navarre, sand having dug trenches of
1 about three feet deep, the mortars, which only the
day before were adorned with garlands, and sent
with t hoots and viva% to be employed against the
Christihre, were now buried in the earth in solemn
The oxen were again yokbd to the waists and
led to the high road, whence they departed in an
opposite direction : the escort took the shortest
route to the mountains, and the villagers hastened
to regain their homes. The gipry proceeded to
the residence of the cum, with whom he was dra
wled for some time; be then went to the small
yenta, or village inn. After his departure, the al
, estate. was summoned to attend the cora; they held
[ a tong conference, at the eonclawion whereof the
alcalde visited every home, and made a commis
nicatim of solemn import to its inmates.
Tow-aids evening several finie_greeps were as
sernbled is the plaza, and bekne the home doors.
They conversed energetkally,and, on separating,
at nightfall, their countenanees and manner indica
ted that a definitive and decided resolution had I
been Universally adopted upon some highly inter
easing and important matter.
The following morning, jest as the mine were
Bearing away five* the summits of the neighbor
ing mountains, General Mina entered the village,
having marched during the greater part of thetitht.
He had previously canoed the place to be surroun
ded by his troops, in order to prevent the escape
of any of the inhabitants. Attended by his staff ; be
rode to the plaza, whither the whole population
were summoned by the crazy drum and drawling
voice of the prmoneto, or public crier.
The people who only two days before bad his
teaed to the same spot with dancing impend exult
ing eye, cheered by the tainboaine and mountain
pipe, now erg one by me mot of their dwellings
with ferarfpl oaken looks ; and wended their un
willing way towards the plain. .
Irma eyed them sharply as they emerged from
the - narrow avenues; but his weather-beaten face
did not betrayany inward emotion. By his side
stood the eura, deemed in a moy-black camock,
balding between both beads his °Hoeg abovel-bst,
and pressing its sides within the smallest getable ;
compass. His emetenence wee ghastly, sod his
small jet-black eye peered flan beneath that half
closed lice, first at the Tenets as they glided into
the'pima. and• then askance at the general, who
had y questioned him closely with regard to
the mane's, be had been assumed the villa
. rohintardy.eens tad waisted in anewleng to coo
t e
; vey to Elienrekr—shen in possession of the queen's
' bees, and foetified--for the perpose of bombard
'mg it. lie had also beset. of the ceremoey of de
cermet and tejoieirot over the mortars, and of their
subsequent conersalmeitt, with the conuivance and
aid of the cura'S parishioners.
The priest, however, pretended to be totally t
natant of the meter. n S.enbr - General,e be [mid,
-' the curs of will never sancfion , rebellion
against his rthiful sovereign."
As sacs as 4.llfte words had ertaped his Bps, a
toad ctappiag of kands was heard immeirsmely be
hind him. rpon terturg mama, the cora !MCAT'
ed the idiot tad, who toughed in his fame, and trail
ed his half-dislonmed legs along, in gates pee imi
tation of dancing.. ' Thocumlooked anti hied ; the
myrtles of his mete becnMe soddenly contracted
" Where are the gunsr cried Mina, with a loud
rake and irritated manner—"the mortars you deco:
rated with garlands, because you supposed they
were shortly to be used against the weft forcesr'
The people continued silent.
Whilst this was going on—.he eyes of the staff
officers sad the troops being all fixed on the genet
al and the villagers—the ears had managed to
glide into a narrow alley by the side of the chinch,
(at the back of, which, by a strings ovens old, no
sentinel had been placed.) then darting down a
lane, he crossed a rivulet at the end. and planed
into a dell covered with brushwood ; thence through
paths well known to hitn,he bent his course to
wants a mall town about a league off, where he
knew there was a Carlin garrison.
Mina, finding he could not make any impress.
ion on the determined people before him, turned
sharply roan I with the intention of commanding
the ens to use his influence to indore them,to give
him the information he required; not seeing him, .
be said " Where is the cure Search the church!—
search his house
To the fanner there was not a tivirg being ; and
at the latter only the.arna, or house-keeper, a go 41-
looking young woman, who declared that sire hod
not seen his rereince shice he was summoned to
the general's presence early in the mowing.
This being telexes' to Miss he shrugged his
shoulders, and proceeded once mote to harrazgoe
the nialtitude "Well," he said, " Too appear re
solved to refuse giving me the Minimalism I ash
far: now listen to the mice of Moe, who never
premises north:ennuis in vain. IC in one quar
terof an hoar by this tratch,(drawing it from his
pocket,) the place where the Catfist mortars are
'bidden be not divulged, 1 will decimate the men
now before me. Every tenth man shall be instant
ly shot: decide for yourselves." •
It was a fearful quarter of an boar. Each man
joined by a female—a mother. wife ; sister, or one
to whom his heart was dented : the only individ
ual unnoticed by any of the women was the gipsy.
He was a stranger in the village, and Wenger to
a nee for which there was no sympathy on the part
of the Navarrese, although its members were at
that early period of the civil war employed on im
putant missions by the Carlin chielkairok He stood
alone with his arms folded, and was apparently in
a gate of abstraction.
The dram sus beat—the quarter of an boar had
elapsed.: the soldiers again began to separate the
men from the women. In the cockatoo, the idiot
bo7 crept up to the gipsy, sad roused him from hie
reverie by saying in a half whisper, "Hoy Senor
Claim ! stand last on the line, and yon are sate. ,
The stranger looted intently loran instant at-the
who rubbed the palms of his hands together,
and ;tanned confidently towards the .extremity of
the line of men now aimed formed. The gipsy
contrived to place himself - the last.
Silence hard n been commanded and eleained,
3Tma said, "'This is the hot tresenent—eonfernitas
or deeimabon." We 'answer, no riga. -
"'Smartt, do your ditty," said the general.
Immediately a non-corninissiooed officer began
counting aloes the fine. On arriving at the tenth
man, he was made, to stand forth. The scr2eant
then went txt reckoning is like manner. Pow
glom were Elms selected.. meant recommit
eed counting. There were but nine left, the ~*pny
being the ninth. The rank was closed * up Again,
and the five oven were left standing about a yard
in firm of the others.. An officer and eightoddigo
sow masebbi into the mine AU* plum i_aredthe
villager, who had the unenviable ieeeedosey in
this =armful selection, was led to tbtrigotiorai, who
thus addressed him . Berea! the bitlic-phice
f i latamsolAr isacselkaatiox now ixr acirres."`
t L
aid you are safe. I shook% rejoin: it your life
coukl be 'pared."
"Senior," ',plied the prieoner, aline young min,
"1 know it not."
Mina rode to the front of the line of linnets
and said, " Will-any cf you confess and ietve this
r ?"
" - The mortars did not pen Minuet the wiliest
on their-cetera," tried the men.
Mina them sods to the mat, Mal emestimeed the
"General, general, - they shrieked together," ire
know nothing of the maxim Spare bun spare
him ; -be merciful far the lore of God r
This reply—this appal formetey—had scarce
ly been sent forth em a young and benotihd wo.
men rushed from the group, and falling on her
knees before Mina, exclaimed in nnpioring ac-
cents, aSpare, ob ppm my brother ! tie was all
yesterday in the mountains cutting wood, and did
mit wet= tiU shin nightfall."
"Them is no remedy," replied Mina, u unless
the acne be disclosed."
Five minutes after Minis return to the root
where his staff were assembled, the young Than
was led to the wall of a house fronting the plain;
his arms were pinioned, and shankerthief was tied
over his fare. He was then shot dead by four aol
diem, who all fired at one and at the same instant.
Three more shared a similar fate, after every .
deavor to induce-theta or the other villagers togive
informatiatteoneernim the maims. They all met
their fate with the heroic calmness and dignity
The fifth was au old man. Ilia anziookeye had
followed each of his fellow captives to the death-
nation. His own tarn was now at band. :Mete
lay the bleeding corpses of his young companions,
and be was interrogated as they had been previous
ly to the execution. " 1 call Gad to witness," cried
the aged man, " that know nothing of the mat
ter. I confess to baring been present when the
mortars passed through on their way to Elizondo,
hut I was not here when they were brought lock "
Tie true, tis true," shouted the people, for
getting in the fearful excitement of the moment,
that they were condemning thenisslces by this de
" Then save his life by confessing," answered
"We hare nought to ainfeas," Francium is
innocent," was t h e universal reply, to which sop.
ceedel a sepuktharal silence. •
As the old man was being coadneted towards
the wall where lay the four dead bodies, he parsed
close to Mina'sharce; and at the moment when
his arms were about to be tied behind bun by two
soldiers, be broke from them, and casting 'himself
on his knees, clasped the general's thigh with both
his shrivelled hands, crying, " For the love of the
Holy Virgin, spare me, spare me ! Oh ! by the a/-
relation you bore your own father, we the lire of
an and parent. I never saw the mortars' alter
they left the village the first day.:"
Mina moved not.: has rice appeared as though
it had been chiselled out of a Hoek of frown stone.
The two soldiers is vain endeavored to loosen the
old man's hand from Mina's thigh ; be clung to
I and panted it with all the *meet of desp4alicut:
At length. however, by dint of repeated efforts, he
was gemmed, and having been taken in a state of
exhamtion to the fetal wall, be speedily fell, pierc
ed by the deadly belle's.
Ater this acrid execerion, VW said, in a . load
voice, " Now let the last man in the line be bungle
forward." •
Mina had observed immediately after the old nil=
lager had been shot, that an interchange of glan
ces 101 l of meaning took place between the gips) ,
and the half-wined boy; and surmised, all at once,
that the stranger might be influenced by the fear of
death to dilute the semi.
On bearing the order for his being brought for
ward, the guano's swarthy completion assumed
-a deep yellow tinge, and he trembled from head
to foot. " You have bat five mit:keen to fire un
less the 'nectars be fowl," said byes, addressing
the gimes.
The moral bonstniction of the girls; was of a
very difevent.natete to that of the peasantry of the
withers perinea of Spode, although be had been
a undoes hired agent of the Carfist junta in *brim,/
up the people to the pitch of enthusiasm to which
the Navarme had been slunk at this period, un
der the idea that all their rig,hec privfines, and re
ligious okierwarsees were at make; and could only
be secured by the annihilation of the Chtistin' os.
He had expected to escape by means of the posi
tion in which be hail eastrieed to phew himself on
the line of vill.vers, and had, therefore remained
silent during the previous interrogations bet now
finding that the very manniarret he had put in prac
tice to !are his life, had, on the contrary, bcoight
him mike voaro et destniction, be imt all command
over himself. In tremulous oeeents he be I
permk*dati to speak privately to thereneral. He
was led, tannin from fright, to the side of his
have. Mina was obliged to ao thaw to his
almost inaudible whisper, doubly indis
tiuct by the chattering of his "Senor Mina,
I my. general, - be munered, "1 I divulge thes_se
cast will you take me with you I Will you protect
me from the renewed the iillagersr
" I wi11, 71 answered Mita.
" Tbms--sitiad a party oftelt with scene 00'
news, dome the lane to the led the:chew* mid
when they arrive at a spot where there are thine
evergreen ix**. let &eastern hue a field to 'tire
right; in the centre of 1 they will see a heap of
manure: let that be removal; then let them dg
about three bet deep, aid they will find the mec
Nrma iossaotly gars swims to the -above' eßect;
and duriog the absence of the party.—about hill an
hoer--s solemn Amen niggled in the plain_ The
Onno stood clan to Mina's bonne with downcast
eyea r tiongh ocaniondirbo- glared tattle* at
the Taw% who all regarded halo with anewacieg
At leniph a scream armed han the exploring
F s,
pasty;mitl bikornted knit that dieittottars bad been
found. 'a Our We is spared," stria the' general to
the tremtl _ gipsy,crand your Oman shaal be re
speeted.-4on toat b . with us." •
It took the grater part of the day to pi thy mor
tars exhurned and placed in *Mock cars press ed
from the iXibabitants, who were also oompelled to
dig up the guns and hoist them into the wain the,
owners oti which were towed to guide the oxen,
under a straw guard.
• !* •
The k ,Wespsing transitive, the leading features of
which ar4 traced from facts, displays the indomila-
Lie spirit a the Nam:mese peasantry. Head-ren
ding it is"to reflect upon the frightful evils at , civil
war which none an fully conceive bat thou' who
have besM eye-witnesses of them.
Ccoutsirs,--As the fired of all evils, as the .source
of all calnmity, is the beginning of pain, *sold, 0
dapghter lof Eve, the bewitching charm of curiosity.
Seek toot to know what is improper for thee;
thirst netiafter prohibited knowledge; for happier
is she wbo but knoweth a little, than she wtio is
rt a
with too much. • -
. ,
Rem _ ber thy mother, the daughter of heaven;
arayed ' the whitest robes of - innocence! forget
not the consequences of her disobedience.
How nth bevies , in the bowers of Paradise,
feasting ,n the the Irnicions grape of gladness, than
wandering in the wilderness of care, to chew the
bitter weed of repentance. .
Be thou contented, therefore, with knoirledge. i
fining li# thee ; for in the acquaintance of many
tainv liOth not wisdom, but the knowledge of that
which ii meet
Let th threshold of thy neighbor's door secure
her Gun ly, let her wind3w tempt not thine eye to
see, northe open casement thine ear to hear the
secrets 0f her home.
The prying eye is a foe to i.self, and the listen
ing ear will hear itself slandered. . •
Art thou inquisitive- after deeds Of scandal nod
reproof, inquire of thyself, ma thou kilt find em.
ployment within.
1 Art on a vir gi n, sloth the blocm of health glow
1 lively GO thy cheek, study not to know the ways of
As the way of a serpent in the grass, or a travel
kr overt the waste, in a dark night, so the w-aye of
man a+ dangerous and hard to find ont.
Thy ,Inorance ochis cunning may lay thee open
to his deceit i but the knowledge thereof Maw be
the etcrsequence of thy being deceived.
Leant, therefore, 0 women, what thou shonlaeg
know, -fore thou seekest farther knowle!ig,e.
With ors Fist Facers met Sracsc
The Fetich, originally, was a poisonous -almond.
His fleshy it was then used to poison arrows, and
it was fix this purpose laundered into Persia. The
trans.planand cultivation, however, rot only re
moved itpoisonous qualities, but produced the
dehrions fruit we now enjoy.
The Nectarine and Apricot are natural hylxida
ticms between the peach and plum.
The Cherry was originally a berry-hie fnfd, and
cultivation has given each berry a separate stem,
and Unproved its quality ; the common rommurd is
the original of met of the present kind of cherries.
The common Will Pear is even inferior to the
(Atoka pear; bat still by eakivation, it has come to
tank arming oar finest fruit.
The cabbage originally came from Germany, and_
is nothing more than common sea kale. Its cul
tivation has pmdaced the present cabbage, and its
different acclimating", the different kirKli Tbile
its by
uct lardations
' - with other similar plants has pro
d the Cauliflower.
shows the benefit of cultivation in the veget
able acrid ; bat the change which cultivation has
effected in the mind of man is indefinitely greater.
—.4.0u-ican Apiculture/is!.
LoV's Wises—Str. Coleman, in liiiagricultural
address a short time since, illustraied the folly of
female edocation by an annulate. A
p u Tar i t i man who had kw a while remained in that
memo state designated by a " half pairnf scLiecer, -
at fait seriously determined he would procure him
a wife. He got the " refusal' of one who was
beaufitn: and fashionably accomplished, and took
her trial to his bow e. Soon teaming that the
low nothing either box to darn , a stockitns, or
boil potato, at road a piece of beef, he returned
het to her father's borfse. as having been weighed
in the balinee and found Wanting. A suit was
conimeaced by the good lady, but the husband, al
letri that she was not " np to the sample,'' an
P of
course the obligation to retain the commodity was
not Ibiadirg. The jury inflicted a fine of a few dot
_' bat be would base given a Somme ra th er than
not to be liberated- from sach'ao irksome enage
t "As well might the firmer have . the cir
i ' Venus de 31eacrwis placed - in his kitchen.:' mid
theocatar, "as were Of our modem fashionable
—47.--"kkk.v.iii.d be, " would be
l at better to have Let's wife standing there for
she might answer one useful porposie; she might
Qessza•Wosurs's Samos.—Sly dem bimodal
There are three things that I very moth wonder aL
The fine is that children eboold be so foolish as to
throw up stones, - brickbats; and dubs into fruit uses
to riereir down fruit : if they would only let it alone
it n ould fall itself. !The second 4that men should
ger to war and.kill one another; if they wotdd on
ly, let one another alone they would die tbernseir‘
And the third and Ime thin which I trondirr at, *
that youtv. men should be so unwise m to go after
yourq, women ; Aw it they would say atbocce the
yormg, watt= cad come aver them.
HIS t5.035'
'Scrrow--Sorne witty dap, arho "knows the
napes, shrewdly says that botriee is a science by
itselL sod west beenended to by those who wed&
by turning and twist' in! thenwelres, keepitc in the
iamb* of intim. Bow very tereiently to a ea
ten of &dans no e l respecafally to a hundred thee
sands, cownettiady to fifty thaetand„ civilly to ten
thootand, and news know porerty by figle.
. ~ , ,-~
littirso Li*
dent or IL ,c fester.
lng (Let:doion of al
Vt. The owtiers
years Mope, ,
ehinecr, an mat .
one ride. Abolt 4'
doing our country
6231 building is 10 ,
bur Staidi in hal;
buildings for 63,..•
other- o t reratioas
The first coatract •
went, Was for 10,1
another, and much
nary, althom.h.the
tnni out SOO rifles •
der.. They
furnace Im:ince. -•
for the railroad. •
* * o
can iron, drawn f
proper length anti
rolled and welded
merthat mates
this operation. the
drawn to. prevent
iron annealing..
The barrel, th
process of " nut
straighteuin,g 7 all
the last more
is ascertained to . 1
shadow_ The ne;
and in.vection b
merit. They are
der, two balls
If they stand this
of finishing, insitl
chines at the rat,
machine. They
cess of
skill Lc, make it s
inspected, and c
smallest pcssdde
Snicks are
been seasoned
have seen Mr. C
a tolerable rd tm .1,
pass a:weigh sis ifferent machin es ; and i rifle,
before it is comp ete in all its parts, passes throtr„th
more than one h'. mired different machines ; a great
-share of which aie the inception of improvement
of Mr. Lawrenc4. If he wants a certain thing, he
first invents a m4cliine to do it, and then sets it to
work as a man would a boy. The most sinnlar
machine is the rine tremens the " letting machine.''
a t
it performs' sev difficult and delicee'operations
with a faci li ty , d ease that is perfectly astonishing ;
It cuts out the p, _to receive the barrel, =wed
lock, patch bos r jblin plate, guard strap, side hate,
bawl ering, kc., so . enact that they require no
hand labor. -
The mortniin_ is of brass, finished nearly com
plete by machi • . The lock iVork is breed in
dies. It aft , . pa-vesthronh a great vilely
of machines, . comics' z out in the most perfect
shape. These . hines altetrate most effectually
the stirpring, yantages of " Yankee irgentrity. .
Each piece, ,11 fit in amy of . the runnerons
Ages made •
the several
Parts that are
at random, ar
when tx . inspl
the other in w
ticated gate,
the frog of trio
which they i
by the straw
boards of wh
leaves the
is alawma es ,
a few whole
"'e 1.4-
4,4 '- _c "' ---$: ':'
. ' :::.; 7 '
.x r f: ; ?: * ' ; - : 1 1
-- '.,.. . ..
*,', . - •:;
- ' . .`;;.`...f.".. ,-.. -' 44 ;rV.-" f1 4 4 ..k .
' 4
:6'lf ( I r• • -
- -
• •? Nouf-
iir link V' m "la — 49010
. is , - E.-4 ne.
ergives the following interest
irileinniaufactery, at , siitd?or,
' Menced their beildings &fai t
11l esPeaded. ini itoilAiNi.44 / 1*;
•ds. St s,ooa,befurethey made .
000 or 'their ' tiflei have been
mice in Mexico. Their ,piet-
I ter:l.lolg aad 44 wide, ald
it. They have several other
their work, and the variotts
.nnectel with their business.
l ith the ,United Staten Govern.
1 rifles. They, however, have
larger contract, made fait Jan;
rst is not yet completed. They
'. r mouth, all io complete or
i• 100 artinuts, besides 35 in the
1 : 1 . aking email:l.7 and. carriages.
Ilie barrel is made from Ameri
:m flat bars into " scalp=,'' of the
1 • kness, These scalps are 'lieu
I. round.a steel rod andera ham
.7o blows per minute. During
• has to be frequently with
becoming welded. With 'the
tl formed, next goes though the
ring," • trirning, rimming. and
f which are curious enough, fait
! Warty so, as it is done, or rathel,
I'• done, by the eye observing a
step is passing through a trial
persons appointed by Govern
loaded with 180. grains of pow.
two wads, and fired each twice
. they pass on to tie process
which is done by rifling -ma
!el one barrel. per hour to each
afterwar.hi pass through the pre
which requires grew. care end
eed perfectly. Again they are
• ry few rejected =account of the
defects in the material. * •
ke from black walnut, which has
me years before working. If you
nit' last machine, you - will have
if the first process. These stacks
There is no such thing as tryint
to make them match each other.
e are thrown ter and taken
ranted td make the gm, and sn
that they need no aheration what.
conitandy employed three United
in the mtablishrnent,. The ride',
do not vary twang:lmi each kora
Bass.--Beee in their =dames
vin,; sufficient protection against,
in the thick sides of the trees
"t. A like pioteetice was affmle4
tires formerly used; but the thin
hires are now generally made,
so much exposed, .that multitudes
, hire perish with the cold, and not
s.. Burying diem in the ground
m into eellars; hare been .pracuaed
and carying sh
wish good -
I • but these methods-are incon
often adopted. A method wloch 1
• years adopted, 1 have found very
soecewful. My bee hater is so
!, it two tout of hires, one fronting
other the oppc*im. 1 placig my
%valeta and
have for per
Lima as to a 4
one gray and
hives elat -or
between and
months of
straw about
bees and the
pry ken late
maw lest of -
bees : but i
and have n
inches apart, anal fill the spaces
them with straw, leaving the
hires aeobstrocted. I leave the
hives late in the /Trigg, tat the
brood - wig be kvoted hoes
1 have generally wok pea
.should enter in and maters the
e Geed clean tbreoW. wheat straw.
Isoffeved any rejlay from it.
T111:23 Camnars.:—Ocie of the frig •
icaltaralist * to endeavor to gle-
I the class to 'which he behavt.
d me only by intell4ence and faith
;4tia is room injurious
popnbatics - than
for what it eaßod
then 'ovantimr, Mai as
dikes members ef
ta *amide
bread to
education ;leas nee
and implores the
Isryvs, the physician,
intelltent the man,
nitcousi the more
Fume's I
dt6es of the.
rare himself
And this caii
~ i ll , : ,
eich ba‘ a saw-•
wads bar it es
cab& Agidain esiiinta
dome witiO vacs Dr.
burry:" iraceit