Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, April 19, 1848, Image 2
Wrabfcivti aopavitv. Totranda, Wednesday, April 19, 1848. PUR FILEsWENT & VICE PRESIDENT, Nominees of the National Convention. ELECTORAL TICKET. r 1.1.1 t Biosta,of Clearfield, Senatorial DAVI . .. D. WAoLvies, of Northampton. 1. Henry 1.. Benner. 13. John C. King. 2. Horn IL Knew's. 14. John Weidman. 3. Isaac Shank. 15. Robert J. Fisher. 4. A. 1... Roninfort. 16. Frederick Smith. 5. Jacob 8. Yost. 17. 0 1ohn Criswell. O. Robert E. Wright. 18. Charter A. Black. 7. Wm. W. Downing. 19. Geo. W. Bowman. S. Henry Haldeman. 20. John B. Shannon. 9. Peter Kline. 21. George P. Hamilton. 10. B. S. Schoonover. VI W. 8. Davis.. 11. W. Swetland. ' 23. Timothy Ives. 12. Jonah Brewster. 24. Joseph G. Campbell. FOR rANAL commissimm, ISItAEL PAINTP.R. OF WESTMORELAND COUNTY Tar. Hos. Dim- Wit.mar, arrived at this place on Friday evening last, summoned by Telegraph from hi) duties at Wazdtington to attend the funeral of his oldest son. whose distressing and melanchii ly death we published last week. He returns nest week. Gov. IlkaalV• Veto Mosooge. We announced last week, that Governor Shunk had vetoed four of the Bank bilis passed by the late Le.gislature. We now haie the pleasure of pm...en,- log our readers the message returning the 'hills to the Senate,' and we . most heartily mid earnestly commend it to their consider-irion. This message it a merited and witheri.ig rebuke to these Demo crats, who in the capacity of borers.,'have spent the vrinter at.ll4isburg, lavishing their money to ef fect the re-cli4r:e of These Banks. It teaches them a well-deserved leoten,—a lesson, virloch we trust,. will be often repeated, should the influence of their money ever hereafter prevail, as it has now, with Democrats. of easy virtue. It will 'also do match to check the system heretofore so unblushingly`pur sued of purehasing the venal and. corrupt, and of ' endeavoring, by the potent influences which cor potations know so well how to wield, to seduce men from thbir principles—to perpetuate an out rage upon the rights of the people. The banking system of this State, as at present pur sued, serves but to-secure from the hands of merit ed justice, tho Se-who speculate upon the necessities of the people—it is tou'often the cloak for knavery and duplicity, legalizing the most' outrageous and unprincipled schemes - of fraud and. deception. It has served' us a barrier between the offended laws and those who rioted in spoils "trzquired front the industrious artizens and the " widow and the or phan." Behind it -have been perpetsated with impu putlity the most gross and .audacious attempts— too often successful—at plundering theccommnity. It has - been an injury rather than a benefit ; and sooner than return to-the era which *as distinguish exl by the indiscriminate charter of every mind corporation that came to the halls of legislation, asking- fir special privileges, the community would, we believe, -be ready to see the whole system blot ted from existence. The people of the North have leatne by sad experieneeithis lesson, and they, at least, i hive no sympathy with those- who now complain of this Veto. Gover4or &hunk, in his , last annual' message to the Legislature, laid down the principles which should govern his action in regard to Bank charters. These wise and wholesome regulations, this veto 'message reiterates, while it 'points out plainly the restrictions which should be incorporated in the charters of all &inks which asked a renewal, as well as other salutary measures which would pro. teat the public from fraud and deception. That the friends of these banks have shown a contempt of the i wishes of the people, and a deter. mination to force their re -charter by any means; is apparent, but they have blindly forgotten that the Executive of our State has a power to stay their usurpation—and that' we. now have, fortunately, a Governor who is not to be corrupted or swayed from the honestaryl fearless exercise of that'power. ft was only asked that they should exhibit the evidence of their soundness. ThaA they should show salistactorily that they 'had been conducted . npon upright and liberal principles,. and that they were worthy of confidence, and the enjoyment of the principles they asked it the hands of the Leg islature. This—if it were the case,—was an easy task for them ; and their . unwillingness to comply with this reasonable request, showed that there was at least' reason for suspicion. The wise and wholesome regulations which Gov. Runk recommends to be incorporated into the *haler of every new lank, - should be by him rig idly insisted upon. The people-of this State were never yet awed by the Atchley Power, and they will sustain every public servant *bo so zealously maintains Mei,. rights. They hold dearer still, 'the present Executive, for the dispositiod - he has ever •Inartifested to preserve inviolhble those rights, and to resist the aggressions of monopolies and corpora hone. dltcrs Itr.stmen.=-The Et:moille intelligencer of the rith inst., says . " In our last we noticed the resumption of work hy•the Rough auil Ready, and the Danville Rolling,, Mills, at this place. Since -, that time the" Montour company hare paid off all their liabilities here, and have their arrangements made for • starting the large Montour Rail llfill next weeit. The paying out of many thousatizl dollars, in cash. here 4N,ithin taw days, and the completion of the:arrangements for going att with the Montour, and other works, is giving to our town a lively and cheerful aspect, again, which had been clouded for a few weeks past by a temportry suspension of work at adl the •' Facers or Patsostss.—The Owego Cozens gives a long account of the escape of two prisoners from the jail of that county, on Satutday morning, Pit ill*, Their names were John Mclntire (a col oleo( scan) and Matthew Woodcock. Conettible,De. Witt, a few days since, pounced upon Mattiser, in's tavern at Istossimois 4 h, Pa., but the justice of the Peace st that piece refusing to give hlma warrant, iff 3 Peeped. Wll Zegtslassie. This body adjournedou the 1 lth inst. The See. ator, (Mr. Mason,) and' the Representatives, (blissers. , WAr mos and Storrs,) ken this Caen% have returned to Ostia home& We take *se& In Doting their teem, to bear testimony to the 'prompt and thorough manner in which they have discharged the duties of their several posts. We point withipride to their votes during the entire Beth sioni as representing fully the views and inter. as of their constituents, and being based upon the soundest and most radical Democracy. In the de. bates—and among the yeas and oays—upon the re-charter of the Banks, they have uniformly adop ted the liberal and just views of Gov: Shenk, and endeavored to protect the rights of the many from aggressions of the few. Appointment by *b. Governor. JOHN C. Knox, Esq., of Tiaga county, to be Pre side;nt Judge of the 10th Judicial District i composed of the counties of Westmoielsuid, Columbia and Indiana. The appointment was unanimously confirmed on the day it was made to the Senate. Mr. Knox is a gentleman of fine legal abilities, of affable and courteous manners, andwill make a prompt, digni hq, and popular Judge. . Brilliant Stiate•wawa. As this is the season for whitewashing, we pub bah by request, the rezeipt for making a brilliant stucco whitewash, such as is used on the East side of the Presidents house, at Washington. F The fol lowing is the recipe for making it, with a few ad ditional experiments, -learned. by experience:— Take half a bushel of clean unslacked fitne, slack it with boiling water, covering daring the process to keep in the steam, strain the liquor through a fine sceive ur strainer, and atfd to it a peck of clean salt, previously well dissolved in warm .water ; 3 lbs. of ground rice, ground to a thin paste, and stir ed and boiled hot; half lb. of powdered spanish whiting,. and a lb. of clean glue, which bas been pveviovatly dissoled by first soaking it well and then hanging it over a slow fire—add 5 gallons of hot water to the whole mixture; stir it well and let it stand a few days covered from the dirt. It should be put on quite hot ; for this purpose it can be kept in a kettle on a portable fumance. It is said that about one pint of this mixtitre will cover a square yard upon Theoutside of a house if properly applied. Brushes more or less small may be used according to the neatness of the job required. It retains its brilliancy for many years. There iOl nothing of the kind that will compare to it for inside or outside walls. Coloring matter may be put in and made of any shade you like. Spartisfebrown, stirred in, will make a ref or pink, more or less deep according to quantity a delicate tinge of this is very pretty for inside wall.. Finely pulverized common clay, well mixed in with Spanish-brown, before it is stirred into the mixture.'makes it a lilac color.— Lamp-black and Spanish-brown, mixed together produces a reddish stone c i olor. Lamp-black, in moderate quantities, makes a slate color, very sui table for the outside of buildings. Yellow ochre, aired in, makes a yellow wash : but chrome goes further, and makes a color esteemed prettier. In alt these eases, the darkness of the shade will of course depend upon the quantity of the coloring manertsed. Test the color on a shingle and let it dry. Green must not be mixed with Lillie, it des troys the color and peels off. Kr The woman whsi was found in the river, at this place, on Wednesday morning last, was a Mrs. TEMPLE, the widow of a revolutionary soldier, and hided at Athens Pa. She was upwards of 80 years of age, and partially deranged. It is.suppos ed that she went into the river, and was either drowned, or died from the effects of cold. She was with the family in which she-resided, on Tuesday evening, at 9 o'clock, but eluded their observa. tion, and escaped from the house. NEW Voila ELEc-rtort.—The municipal election in the city of New York Wok place on Tuesday week. The result is the triumphant election of HAVEMEYER, the Democratic candidate for May-or, over the combined opposition of Whigs and Hun kers. Mr. H. is a delegate from the Utica Conven tion to the National Convention. The Whigs have a majority of the Aldenuen,through divisions among the Democrats in several wards. Otr We learn that Mr. P,ratancs, at Athens;the mysterious disappearance of whose son we pub lished a week or two since, has received a letter from him dated at Columbia, Pa., to which place he went on a raft of lumber, which passed down the river on the night of his disappearance. , Caovs.—Pennsy/torna.—The Chester County VII. lage Record says : u Farmers from almost an parts of our country represent the crop of wheat and rye as I yoking exceedingly favorable at this time of year--especially in the Great Valley, the garden of Chester county—where last year the eft? was very light.'' New York.—The Ontario Repository thinks j,he wheat crop is generally badly winter-killed and that the cror will be light. Such hasbeen the pros pect, but within a few days we have heard several farmers express a different opinion, and that it is now presenting an appearance. One farmer in formed us his wheat was so large that it would have to be fed down. We learn from the Orleans RepubliAn that a gentleman who has-just made a tour of the south ern and southwestern sections of that county, says that wheat on the ground, begins to - present a very lively and promising appearauce--having recover ed, since the warm weather, from the sickly ap pearance which, in some instances, it had previ ously presented. ,-This statement is confirmed by the farmers of thntisection. Maryand.—The Montgomery county . Journal, of Saturday, say's: it We have never seen the wheat look prettier or more promising at thhi season of the year, than at present Our farmers have used guano very ex tensively." Ohio.—The Ohio Cuhirator:',says that the wheat mops in the middle -and northern ponioris of the State mainline to appear health y . Tire Troy (Mia. mi-county) Times, of the Pith inst., says the proe peet of the wheat crop is generally flattering. Fame Trx*s.—By the mail yesterday, we recoil , . NI our rrgular file of Texas papers. The 14....,..1i51ature of that State adjourned on the 21st ult. after a session of one hundred days. A large amount of business has been transacted: The act for the apportionment of the Representatives and Sena:or:3, which passed the Legislatunk on the first day of the session, .has been segued Yky the Governor, and has become a law. Agreeably to this act, the House of Representatives will be lim ited to 47 members - and the Senate to 22. Capt. H. H McCullcick's Company of Rangers were encamped at Hamilton Valley 50 miles above Austin, on the 25th ult. They were ail in a state of excellent health, as well discipline, watchful and constantly on the alert. :NC PITTSBIJRd AM) CLIMELAND ILUMOATL—Be sides the subscription of 3100,000 in, het corporate capacity, the citizens of Cleveland have subscribed Sso,ooo ig:their individual capacity , The route from Hudson to Cleveland iI to be immediately surveyed, with a view to put it under contract in July. Toe Recztrra at the Batton Custom house forth° first quarter cf I%IR, amounted to $3,21.9,073 Gitveremer fillayskts P Yeti,. lb the Spats and Hsase ofßirtieutatives. Gisaressusat:—The bill entitled u Ali set to tet. tend the chaster of the Beek of Chambenibutir e p has been presented for my approval. The charter of this bank will expire by its own limitation on the Am Wednesday of May, 185111, and the present big proposes to extend it for a fur ther period of ten years from that date. The bills to extend the charters of the Farmers' and Drovers' Bank of Waynesburg, the Columbia Bank and Bridge company, and she Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank .of Philadelphia, are also before me. The charters of these institutions will expire by their limitation in May and November, 1549, and it is proposed to extend each of them for ten years from the time of their expiration. The importance and responsibility of giving or withholding my sanction to Ihe renewal of the char ters of these institutions as srell as others of a simi lar character,. which may be presented during the present session, has induced me to bestow upon the subject my most serious consideration. The great injuries which have been indicted up on the whole people, but more especially upon those who are entirely dependent upon their daily wages for the subsistence and comforts of them selves and families, by the-failure of banks and the depreciation of bank, demand it the hands of. those entrusted wi th r power of legislation on the subject, the utmost caution and deliberation, before they extend a system which has, in so ma ny instances proved itself vicious and deceptive, and ruinous to the laboring and producing portions of the people. • In my annual message, presented to the General Assembly at the commencement of the present ses sion, I took the occasion to present the following views on the subject. “Nothing can contribute so much to the main tenance of our present prosperity, as a sound cur rency. Pennsylvania is rich in productions of al most every description required by the wants of mankind; and nothing is necessary to make her people the most independent in the world, but a proper regard for her true interests. To advance these, she must not be seduced from her devotion to sound principles, by the artificial contrivances of false economists, whose selfish theories are as de lusive as they are destructive of the public good. "The present is a most propitious period, when there is an abundance of gold and silver in the country ! to make a determined effort to increase its circulation, and secure to the people the currency which the wisdom of the framers of the Constitu tion of the United States pmvided. Instead of cre ating new banks, or increasin% the capital of old ones, our efforts should be directed to secure the solvency of those which already exist. and thereby render their circulation sound and reliable. ” Impressed with the force of these considera tions, I am conviced that the increase of the bank ing capitalcf the State, would be unwise and im politic ; and I respectfully recommend that before any one of the existing banks is rechartered, a searching scrutiny be instituted into its affair'', its management, its credit, and its means, and if it be found that the notes have `been suffered to depre ciate ;—that the accommodations have been be stowed upon favorites, and large speculators, and dealers in money, instead of being diffused among moderate and safe customers ; that the issues have at one period encouraged speculations by their ex cess, and at another oppressed honest industry by their connection ; in short, that, the legitimate otr jests for which the privileges we're granted, have not been by frir, faithful , and judicious manage ment accomplished, then the charter should be suffered to expire by its own limitation. The dis continuance of such institutions will promote the public good, and will be hailed with approbation by ,all but those who have for private oain, wrest ed them from the purpose for_ which t hey were es tablished. `"The policy, so just towards the public, while it may, to a moderate extent, diminish the present amount of banking capital, will strengthen public confidence in the other banks, and add to the sta bility and soundness of the currency. And as it -may, also, increase the profits of existing banks, beyond a just compensation to the shareholders for their investments, and as this excess of gain is de. rived from the special privileges conferred upon them by the Legislature, I recommend, that the tax imposed by the act of the Ist of April, 1835, upon I dividends exceeding six per cent, per annum, be increased. While the inducement to excessive banking will be reasonably checked, by the in crease of this ta,i, the finances of the State may be, to some extent, improved, and the public welfare promoted. The policy indicated will lead to the rigid execution of the law, prohibiting the eircula lion of foreign notes, under the denomination of five dollars, as soon as the balance of the relief is sues is cancelled. This will be a positive advance in the improvement of the currency, which should be then followed by a law prohibiting the circula tion of all notes, below the denomination of ten dollars. The channels of circulation will then be filled with • an abundance of gold and silver, the public secured against the chances of toes by rrok en banks, and a depreciated currency; and the way will be opened to such further improvements, as the real interests and convenience of the people may demand. "The cautionary enactments I hare truncated, cannot fail to increase, rather than diminish, the amount of sound cimutatiing medium, fully entitled to the public confidence. The effect will be to bring the specie of, the country into active circula tion, to furnish the people with a substantial curren. cy, that cannot be impaired by bank failures, and to restrain the-tendency of the banks to foster ex travagance, in time of prosperity, and bheck the means of oppression in time of adversity. "A theory has been advanced and put into prac tice, in some of the States. called free banking. It is based, in part, upon the specie, and in part upon State stocks, hypothecated with the government. In other words,nkp become the creditors of the Commonwealth, by 15nrchasing -her bonds; these are deposited with the government, and the govern ment endorses and returns tothe bankers, notes prepared for circulation to an equal amount I can perceive no grounds for confidence in this system. It must explode, in a country where it is adopted Ito any cishaidenible extent, whenever a rerulsiqn I occurs to test its stability, for it is a deviation from true principles. Sound and safe banking can only be based and conducted on money, gold and silver. Neither individuals nor banks can lend that which they have not; and if they lend credit in the shape of bank notes, without the means to redeem them in gold and silver, they commit a frapd upon the community- 1 as they lend, and put in circulation, that which is not money nor the representative of money. "If this system of converting State stock into banking capital, and hypothecating it as a security for the payment of. bank issue, were hot a delusion, mortgages upon real estate might be used for the same purpose, which would afford an equal, if not a better security, for the payment of the notes, and by this process, the whole value of the real estate of the country, might be con',erted into banking capital, and the peoi le into a nation of bankers.— This proposition shows, that the whole scheme is illusory and unsound. Free bapking, in its legiti mate sense, is the right whicfr4very man enjoys to lend his own mony to whom he pleases. It is the exchange of money for securities, 0 repay with interest. It involves no fictitious increase of the circulation, but may be carried on to an indefinite extent without affecting the currency. This is the free-banking, which has St all time supplied, and does now supply, the wants of a large proportion of borrowers, and commends itself to general confi dence and approval by its simplicity and adaptation to the circumstances of the people." In recommending ct that befere any one of the existing banks is rechartered, a searching scrutiny be instituted into its affairs, its management, its credit and its means, and if it be form‘that the notes have been suffered to depreciate, that the ac commodations have been bestowed upon favorites and large speculators and dealers in money instead of being diffneettamong moderate and safe custom ens—that the lames have at one period encouraged speculation by their excess, and at another oppress ed honest industry by their contraction---in short, that the legitimate obj=ts for which the privileges were granted, have me been by fair, faithful and judicious Management eittromphshedl; then Nu:bar ter shoord be Wisesd to expire by hs own limits title." I intended that the ineeetigetion shotdd be rigid and thorough, and that the chisteril "eldtiot be renewed as a snare matter of course without ex lamination, as has generally been the a: se hereto. fore. The time for the mysterious secrecy which has so long !shrouded the transactions of banking institutions, has goes by. When they apply to the Legislature for a renewal of privileges, they should come with clean, hands, and ought to be required to give the new satisfactory evidence of the char acter of their discounts, and the nature and vague of all their assets, and of their faithfulness in thesexe titian of the trust eonfided to them. It is only by requiring such testimony, that a reliable opinion can be formed, as to their solvency, and then title to perfect confidence. In regard to the bill immediately before me, as well as the others referred to, so far as) am inform ed, no such investigation has taken place, nor in deed any other, beyond the examination of their quarterly _statements, and the representations or those immediately Interested. These statements, it is well known, furnish little information which can be relied on, as .satisfactory, in regard to the solvency of the institutions: It is only by a rigid inquiry into the charac.terpf the notes and bills dis -counted, and of all the 'stets, that any valuable and practical result can be attained. In withholding my approbation from the bill un der consideration, as well as the others to which I have referred, I do not mean the most remote sus picion in regard to their solvency or management. So far as I know, they are as sound as any other banks in the State, and may have been as well conducted. Indeed, some of them sustain as fair a reputation.= any in the State, but the time has. arrived when the public interests demand that no bank should rechartered, without the most thor ough le:ruder into its condition and management; and it was only on condition o( such an investiga tion being first had, that I expressed a willingness to give my assent to the recharter of any bank. In creating, or renewing institutions., which are to fur nish the circulating medium of the State, and which every man in business is compelled. from the hab its and customs of he country,lo receive as money, nothing should be. en for granted, or lea in doubt, which is suseOptible of satisfactory proof. By pur suing the course indicated, those institutions which are unsound will be detected and exposed, and the community may be protected against fraud and imposition, while those that are sound, and hon estly conducted, will receive the confidence they merit. As none of the charters of the inatitut inks which are now before me for a renewal of their privileges, will expire before the Ist of May, 1849, I cannot perceive that they will suffer any material detriment, or that the public interests can be jeoparded by the postponement of their applications for another year. I am more persuaded that this- is the true course from the fact, that I am fully satisfied there are yet many valuable provisions which ought to be en grafted upon every bank charter in the State, in or der to protect the interests of bona fide stockhold ers, and to secure the people from a recurrence of the evils which have heretofore resulted from the defects of the present system. Much has already been done, The principle of individual liability, which was for a long time pertinaciously resisted, as destrnctive:cf the whole system, has been es tablished, andis now received with favor, not only , by the people at large, but by many of the most enlightened bankers in the country. It is true, the application of the principle may not yet be perfect, but that its introduction, even in its modified form, will have a salutary influence, by prod icing more caution and care on the part of .4.cickhdflders in re gard to-the management of the biaks. as well as by affording a better ultimate security to their cre ditors, will not be denied. Having attained this point, it is our duty to pro gress with the advance of enlightened public opin ion, and to provide such reasonable and wholesome restrictions, as the public interests require, and as the public sentiment demands. Among the further restrictions which have occurred to me as practica ble and proper, are the following : let One restricting the amount of issues to a less proportion to their capital. They are now general ly athorized to inn& three times the amount of their capital. This is too much, and ought to be re duced. It is the main cause of those fatal expan. sionu, and contractions, which have heretofore pro. ved so destructive to the beet interests of the coun. try. The amount of debts they are •permitted to contract, ought also to be reduced, so as to restrain their operations at all times within reasonable and safe limits. • 2d. The banks of the State ought all to be requir ed to keep their notes at par in the city of Phila delphia. It is the products of the country which are sent to the eastern markets, that form the le gitimate basis of bank discounts in the country and and as the country banks have the benefit of the country circulation, and the advantage of discount ing the bills and drafts on the eastern cities, where they receive par funds in payment, it is asking but a small return for the favors conferred upon them, that they should keep their paper at par. This would put an end to a system of brokerage and peculation, which indirectly robe the people of the interior of many thousands of dollars, annually. 4th. Ranks ought to be treated as public institu tions, because they furnish the currency of the State, and affect the pecuniary interests of the peo ple more than any other institutions of the country. The directors ought to be placed under oath, and sworn to observe the provisions of thecharters, and any wilful violation of them, ought to be made perjury. The whole proceedings of the banks should at all times be open to the inspection of any reasonable number of the stockholders, to a corn mittee of the Legislature, and to any officer of the State duly authorized. 4. A failure to reedern their notes on demand, in specie. ought, in itself, to-be an absolute forfeiture of their charier, except as to winding up their con- corns, and for any act done as a bank after such failure, the fact ought to be allowed to be given in evidence as a bar to any suit in relation to any banking operation, subsequent to such failure. sth. After a lapse of a few years, they ought not to be permitted to issue paper of a denomination below ten dollars. • These are some ofthe most prominent provisions, which ought, in my opinion, to be engrafted on our banking system, and applied to every bank-in the State; and I cannot perceive any time so favorable for their adoption, as when the banks are asking an extension of their charters. No extreme measures towards die banks that are calculated to disturb or derange the business habits of the community, aredmirable,but thepeople have a right to expect front every public function ary, who has it in his power to contribute in any degree to the correction of the evils of a system, which has heretofore been prodoctive of so much mischief, his best exertions to prevent the recur rence of these evils. Entertaining the views I have expressed, and the belief that no injury can be sustained by e delay, I have come to the conclusion at present to withhold my assent to these bills. By the postponement, the banks will have time to prepare ,and exhibit satisfactory proof of their condition and mange merit, which is not now before me, and some well di2ested amendments to the system, calculated to still further to mitigate if not eradicate its defects, may be matured. For these reasons, I have directed the bill to be returned withont my approbation to the Senate in which it originated. FRS. R. SHUNK. ExEctrrom Ca.ieaaa, April 7, 1848. Durracsairo Accrotar.—A . fearful areident occu-- red at Union, Efrbome C 0.,, Y. on Monday lag. It ap?ears that a man had driven his team into a ham to throw off a load of hay. A son of ,Mr. Cat. ferry, aged about 14 yew, was standing on the floor of the barn, nearlhe horses, with a pitchfork in his hand, and It is supposed accidentally touched one of the horses a very gentle one, kicked the boy on the side of his head, breaking a 'piece out of his skull about three by PiX inches. Little hopes are entertained of his recovery. Wee ; as Stevie*. Steamboat Die aster-4/litir Liter Loi*---Hrtnihnes.re resumed in lingtlfrrias—Stsicide Liert 7 • 4 ST. Lows, April is. The Ileambaa Cba ! aw Oak was deem* bra n , iwhikilying al Doichi bunling, pia the firareneneer mid four of the hands paislna the flames. The boat was loaded with a' valualle freight for Cincinnatti and N. Orleans, on which on ly about $BO,OOO was insured. Among the proper ty upon which there was no insurance, was near. iv two hundred tons of hemp, consigned to several New Orleans firms. Reports of an 'anticipated resumption of Bastin. tie; in New Mexico have been received here by the arrival of Mr. Hurts from Fort Arkansas. He left the river on the 9th alt. A large body of hostile In dians and Mexicans had assembled within striking distance of the fort, and Col. Gilpin was preparing to march out and attack them. The Chequene In dians had been making a hostile expedition against the Pawnee and Snake tribes of Indians. They brought back 25 scalps. Lieut. Scull, of the artillery, wbo was stationed at Fort Mann, bad committed suicide by shooting himself with a pistol. , Liam rams Ytics.rsii.—The schooner Ventura, Captain Dorantes, arrived here last evening from Campeachy, which place she left on the 27th tdt. By her we are infomted that Coma Perry had paid a visit to CSmpeachy, and was to have pro ceeded on to Palanque, but after having aninter view with Gen. Bruno, the Commodore thoright it unnecessary, and deputed for Vera Cruz--leaving, however, at CaNtipeachy one United States steam r and one schooner. The city of Merida, we also learn by this ant vat, was well fortified; and the principal - part of the Yucatan troops were within the walls, having plenty of ammunition and provisions. Capt. Do rantes thinks that the statements which have been published in the north, (founded mostly on transla tions from the Havana papers.) have been mach exaggerated, and that the Indians are not by any means so bad as many persons believe—at least that they are not much worse than their opponents. Indeed, we haie begun to think so, too, lately.---; There are always two sides—sometimes more—to a story. And as to the local disturbances, fights, gritos l and so on, in the territories of Mexico, blame generally attaches as much to one faction as anoth er; and there is just as generally an average of ,cowardice, sanguinary rascality, and meanness , among the Mexicans 0. Crescent, 6th inst. STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE.-A meeting of the Democratic State Central Committee, was held at Harrisburg, on the 28th ult. E. W. Hurrea, Esq, of Lancaster, took the chair ; and Gen. C. SEILER and J. G. McKisixr, of Harrisburg, Geoaor. Purr, of Philadelphia, alel .Jour C. Atreas, of Berke, were appointed Secretaries. Resolutions were - adopted directing the Chair man and Secretaries to address a circular to each of the delegates to the National Convention, for the pledge required by the State Convention, - and ap proving of the nomination of JAMES BECIIANAN for the Presidency and ISRAEL PAINTER for Canal Commissioner—and also, a resolution declaring it " inexpedient" to demand pledges from the Elec tors, " CNTIL AFTER THE MEETING or TUE NATIONAL CoNvErnos." Now, it appears to us, that the adoption of such a resolution as the last referredl to, was not only inexpedient but palpably impolitic, so far as re garde the interests of Pennsylvania's candidate. The friends of other candidates, may inquire-- why is this course adopted They may infer from it, that the Central Committee, or some of them, want to see who the national nominee is, before asking pledges to support him. It might give rise to a suspicion abroad that unless a particular man be nominated by the National Convention, our State Central Committee or a portion of its mem bers, will not be inclined to support him ; and when the fact that the mover of this resolution, is in the habit of opprising regular democratic nominations, the adoption of the resolution strikes us as decided ly impolitic.—Westrhester Republican. A FAMILY Boas= To Dr.srli.—We learn from West Bloomfield, rays the Newark Advertiser of yesterday, that a fire broke out in a frame building at Mount Prospect, five and a half miles frorri this city, about 11 o'clock last night, after the family had retired, which consumed the building with the family of the tenant, a Mr. Stur, who alone escaped. Mr. S. was alarmed by a colord man who threw stones against the building for the purpose df wa king him ;. when be jumped from the window of the second story to the ground, after requesting his wife to follow him, but for some reason she was unable to do so, and remained in with her three Children, the eldest being 17 years of ace, and they all perished in the flames together ! THE Eltr.ctrrioir or Nxsn.—We understand that Thomas Nash; who bad been convicted of mur dering a female in this county, some two or three years ago, paid the penalty denounced by the law against his awful crime, on Friday last. lie was hung at Troy, in Montgomery county, whither he a had removed his cause for trial.. The rope by which he was first suspended brolte, and he fell to the ground. He requested the handkerchief to be removed from his eyes, which was done, and he sat up and conversed with the bystanders until an other rope was procured, and he was then hung. "the way of the transgressor is hard."-- Waynesburg (N. C.) Argus, 4th inst. • ASV:RICANS AND nra Poes.—Pope.Pius gave the Consul of the United States a private audience Saturday, 12th ult., to receive the address of a large number of the.citizens of New York, to the Sove reign Pontiff, expressive of their respect and admi ration for the character of one who, has done so Much to promote the cause of liberty in the Pontifi cal States, and in Italy generally. Major Smith, of New York, the bearer to Rome of this ad tress, was presented to the Pope, who expressed his warmest thanks to the citizens of New York, and his . earnest wish for the continued prosperity of the whole Ame rican people. A Drusraoes FIRE Is NEW Yorth.—A, disastrous fire occurred in New York on Saturday afternoon, in the sum refinery of Dennis Harris. The build ing and stock were destroyed—lose $150,000. The worst part of the buisness was the lam of two lives. Henry •Fargis, ashistant foreman, and George Kerr, one of the assistant engineers, received fatal inju ries from the sudden falling of a portion of the building. Three other small fires occurred the same day. LARGE ROBBERY AT firciusorm.—On thursday morning,- while Mr. H. T. Pairo, of Richmond, Va., was absent at the bank, some one entered his Ex change Qtrice on,Main street, and took from a drawer, in which-Mr. P. had inadvertently left the key, and took - 481000 in bank notes, and $l5OO in checks. In another part of the office were $BOOO, which were not touched. There is no clue to the theft. THE, NEW YORK STATE LEGISLATURE has adjourn ed. At the close of the session the democratic members held a caucus ; aid adopted an address to the democratic electors of the State. Wilniot Pro viso resolutions, and resolutions of sympathy with France, were also adopted. The address is :man ifesto of the position of the Van Buren democracy, and a complete indication of their anti-slavery po licy. Barrtsu Wier limos —We are in receipt of pa pers from Barbados to the 23d ult. The Wept Indian news is generally of a despon. ding nature: and in these ties we find nothing but complaint of dull timer, scarcity of money, failures ; troppa,ge of plantation.., Ste., winding up with, corn , plaints against the borne government.—N. Y. Ha-- aid. Abourum Commcam—The itdmit Advertiser states that a million barrels of flour, and nearly 211,- 000,0010 bushels of wheat were extruded from that State last year, besides 1,000,900 pounds of wool sad other products. . Two Deis LIT= MOM VEIL Ciete...The U. S; steamship Virginia, Captain Ttle Fe r, arrived yes. today from Vera C ! eer y vas Tempter. She left the kinner pert on the 271 Pr and the linter the 3ld ult. She I. only two days later from Vera Cruz than the New Oriente. :There had been no Dater arrival 6trm the interior. The imlnvisum is strengthened in Vera Cruz that this army was about to make a retrograde move , meat. . Col. Wilson, of the Ist Infantry, toot commantf of the. Detainment of Vera Crua-ore tier 26th. Maj. Lamotte, of the same regirhent, acts temporarily as adjutant general. The following is from die Five American of the 26th tilt ; Naysu.—The U. S. titetner of war Snwpion ar rived ur port yesterday evening from Lagnni, in tinny boors, and reports that the war steamer yia , ter Witch was to leave kir this port. The steamer Mississippi, bearing the ! bro>id pennant of Coro. Perry, arrived at Sictifeins its the evening. m g Commodore did not come to the city yesterday-, but will probably visit us so-day. We find nothicg new in the El Noticiosi of T. pico, touching Mexican Weirs. It has a story that rather !anima passed through llluentla on the 2'3d ult. incognito. He was recognized, pursued a n d taken. Upon being brought before magistrates ; b e raid be was on his way eat Queretaro, and took that route to avoid capture, as a price had been set up. on his head by Gen Scott Here the story on o, and we presume the •vrrtby par* if it Were he, 7thpursued les journey un*cdested.—N.. O. hearse, init. TERRIBLE EXPLOSION ON THE PORTAGE RAitaoin. —On Saturday April Ist, as the locomotive 'David R. Porter, was stiuting from the depot at Gayspon with a train of cars, the boiler. exploded upward, with a report that was heard all over Hollidays„ burgh and Gaysport. The cast-iron dome with rods safety valve, and part of the neck of the boil er attached, weighing about 300 lbs. was carried Some 200 feet in the air, and thrown into a field 150 or 200 feet from the road. The shed over the boiler was torn to pieces, and one of the upright posts some six feet long and three inches square. carnet; across the turnpike, and intervening space about .300 feet, and driven almost horizontally into the roof of a house where it still sticks, projecting, like a flag staff. Tbe engineer Mr. John Wagner, was stooping over the railing at the time of the explosion look . - ing at a piece of iron he hid placed to carry off the driving wheel; to this position he is indebted for his life; had he been standing erect as usual, he most have been instantly killed. As it is, he is se ' verely, though we hope not dangemnsly scalded on his face, breast and left arm. His cap was torn off his head, part carried to the turnpike and part - following the dome to the field. The fireman, I Henry Taylor, had just left the platform and was . letting on the pumping beam, anal he escaped un hurt. • • The cause of the explosion was a defect in the iron of which the boiler was %lade. The iron AIM bad originally, had been cracked in bending„ and the only wonder is that the explosion had not taken place long since. M. Wagner is a practical engi. neer, a skilful machinist, and one of the most care fill and competent engineers in the employ of the State. The David R. Porter was built at Reading about 1840, by Dentirer & co.. THE CAERE OF FREE LBOR.—Aside from politi. cal organization in the free states, there are several dames of men who we expect will help to resist the ar4ressions of the slave power: First, the men of wealth, education and leisure, who undererand Ektrfectly well the unfairrim of allowing representation for slaves, and though they wtll adhere to the constitution, they will never con. sent to extend this inequality any farther than it re. quires. Second, there are the philanthropists. real aid plefessed. The philanthropist by profession. you will find an ugly customer. He is always a reform er: but in this business he will work with a will, for he will be reforming others' sins, and not his own. And last, though not least, there are the la6or. ing men of the north—the hahlY sons of toil, who know that it is labor they must look for every earthly thing of value, and that, therefore, it is their policy, and they believe it to be their duty, jo Tate labor by every means in their power. They cannot fail to see that slavery tends toi degrade their calling, and that the more slavery is extended, the stronger will be be the tendency.—Chrealm Demo crat. Brian - my von LortsPHILLIPE.—When the new s of Louis l'hillippels flight from France arrived in Bmgton, on Monday night, a brilliant party was coming off in a fashionable quarter. The king's fall from greatness became the subject of conversa tion, and one superlative specimen of tall society— a real topsawyer among them—remarked—'• really sorry for Lewee Fileepe. I think he is to be pitied. He is an accomplished gentleman, and there ought to be a meeting of the gentlemen of Boston, qualified by their wealth, position and in fluence, to represent the public opinion of the city, to prepare an address of sympathy with him in hii misfortunes, and send it over to him by some dele gate of acknowledged 'respectability and standing m the community."—Boston SUBLIME Sorrow-vv.—ln the Place du Carmtiscl. says the Presser, after the municipal guards had ceased firing, some of the citizens, enraged by the conflict, wished to sacrifice these unfortunate men. One of the citizens eYclaimed. They killed my brother, ,afthe Palais Royal. and I in turn must kill one of them !" IA National t;ttaril • standing by him. immediately said. " Remember that ifloutilo kill one, you will also have caused the death of bro ther." The - - üblitrie \cords at once extinguished every feelin; TERRIBLE .—On the 11th inst.. thehoncs of Louis Bartl r, situated about two tulles he low Fort:Wr was entered by a Spaniard, who asked or a drink of water. The wa ter was of connte tendered, when the Spaniard wir ed her and forcibly carried her into a swamp. Fri.- innately her husband, who was out, returned in time to hear her Rcreams, and she was re,cned uninjured. The villain, however, made Ins escape. THE Crnziss OF FLORIDA are agram agitating the expediency and utility of uniting the wxers of the Guff with thane of the Atlantic, by means of a ra• nal across thei Peninsula. It "is said that the ths lance between the navigable waters of the Onitha• coochee to Silver Springs, the highest point of na , ligation to Sti.lohn.s, is only 17 miles. It is e.o . mated that thi3 'coat will be about half a million of dollars. PAYMENT dv TA X F.S INTO TII E PROVISION 11. TRE t sray.—We leam with pleasure, says the Paris Can stitntionneltat the payment of taxes to the recen , tog offices i Paris are already very n umerous. — The tax pa r rs have been distributed only a very i f few de an yet a great many. citizens, - withoot waiting for second notice, have " paid" in. seine a half, someree-fouiths; and some even the whole of the amounts of their assessments for the year. Cot.. NJ IOLA S NAN Rnsxscr.Aes, a venerable soldier of e revolution, expired in Aliwan ' , (4 Wednesday', in the 94th year of his age. Col. l'all Rennselaer Jwas . with Montgomery at 'the storms:: of Queoec, lwas at Ticonderoga, Fort Miller, Fort Ann, and at Bemis' Heights.. THE Pi:411.9 'OF EMIGRANTS—Of 100.000 eel" grants, sayjs the Liverpool Mercury, who WAY crossed the Atlantic for America, 6090 perkhed d "" ring their vjoyage, 4109 en their arrival, 5200 (re"' sent to thc4hospital, and of those who settled in the ? f towns 19 died. This REiNAINA or GEN. LACHILAN MCINITpzii. o.lo' fell mortally wounded before the city of Nemo,,,, were interred at Savannah on Saturday .part o:: 111 military honors. A Gnersi.—Thegnod folks of Dosles!own. (r , )) are all agog about a ghost which is said to u a 1 I..tht'', night in that vicinity, sin the semblance of .)y ‘vith a white ccii.