Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, November 24, 1847, Image 2

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:91 - A•rett#fort) ,Atcpotelet.
Towanda, Wednesday, Nov, 24, MI
Direttug of the itotoling Cotulnittrr
The tnembers of the Dettineraiic Stamlint! I'wr•
Cu.. art• rrtita•sictl in tlicet at
Nli:...rsereaus' Hotel. itt this Fton:;; Toe. : 4l;iy. 7tli
. day of December nest at G n'elock P. M.. Ttit , fed
nmned gentlemen`rornprkw said rmii t niur f •
I.IIATHEII'SON, ! JOHN itoicroN: jr.
H. \VI
The COMIRMOIrEIaI CriAbl lu Ea/Aland!
- .
The panic amongst the commeirial circlets in
England has reached an alartnite! crisis. A+ how e
after house topples•and falls, and crash after eras!
takes place, the remainder, paralyzed its the nii
preeedented et attraction in the monetary affairs elate
eauntry, wait, in almost helpless despair to see It he
shall be the nest victim. The retrospect is awful :
and the future equally cheerless. Banks and man
urtictuting interests, heretofore looked upon as be
yipul ate wadi b disaster 'have tticeumbed to the
tempest raitted b the eptt,siait of a false system.
The'manufato ' are closed, the poor thrown ow
. oi emßloyment,., ' d tothe horrors Ot faMitte ! Ind
disease_ aie atllleir the 'worst terrors u:ltit It ossult
from a Want of i‘migoirnent:: The Bank of Eng
land, the "great regulator . ' is _shaken to the Base..
Having its foundation on the false and iiiisellievt4,.
:system whicli has so often convulsed and sliaOti
England, its st o ppage, without parlia tmary 111:4 . 1.
position sx..pms almost cenaM. T 1 aid of pallid
ment hastberetefote been - C-s\amit . d.. on different
iii-easions, - tirsitveit fropkVike calain - t . . An t i on
.. IV 17akt of Pecentlier, 1,4
,7 with but a . -in i I 1 ion : 11
treasufiin its stilts tite Bank 0r4 7 .41ati0. with res
cited 'train-the perk! of - stoppit*-, paymem •by the 0.
(aticotal discovelf in irs. i vattli: of a hut; has ofone
twand notes. Titre royal cif acct cm
/Atilt, it itninediatelv istiuetl. as 4.suNitilute ter
. .
:tt'ome such discovery---or som'e act of parliament
an enormous)ssere:iii r ti e y
S-onstituting it - legalq:entreiii..y, t , cep.ilit.. now. in the
tipixi of t h f England
the:only panacea for present evils, , .1 aorJin_lc
' . ...iliiptitations from /fie banking, ,„rozinneielal awl
' manufacturing iiii;:Aepts. Lace waited -Oh tool
imploring sucli dm: Government
render,lo which
hangs civ . r them, Ilia the ;lliiiister stands upon '
Clutjter act . i and iso fu all application'
for relief have ht;eir fruitli;*. Jiniv the 'niatter
end, no °tie cart piPplitstey with any co r re c i n e.,,,,_lt°
"All accounts rig:icethat ouch a 'revulsion has n ever
taken pla n. in 11te histoV of England. and that the
misery pro u..crth is overwhelming'. and .unii ttiad. '
It • cheerio , * to contrast the condition of our own '
. .
country. Here, prosperity ls unexampled llre !
limeriter, the:. commercial man, the matudaentrere
"arid even the -banking institutions, look on at the '
stupendolis sufferings. in England, not Withstanding
the intimate relation's of trade mid commerce ex-
Isting betweetv the two countries, with a feeling of .
ecurity. The time wa r s, when a panne in Ennillinals '
protruced a correspoialing pain ic inn the United States.
and as the stoney market expanded or contraeled
there, no it 'exparded 'or contracted here. Then, if
the Bank of Englansl was threatened,,dhe United''
States Bank, refused to discohnt, and called in its '
x :issuckettusing dismay and perhaps suffering In the i
eoimercialcirele.s. • Now, we have nil great • • con
fronter tuid'expapder .. , - to regulate the inoinetary of
- lairs, and - with(the Heti. Toriii and the Independent
Treasury. • Trade, Manufactures- and COtrunient„
flow in their proper ilmannles, and are sound and
healthy. The ;The people e f the country may congra- ,
tidate theinselves that this-great favorite Idea - of
I , Vr. copy from the Albany Alias the following
it'lliggerf is defunct, or they might feel a rope' '
1 cc , oura of the proceedings of the Democratic State
/ a
. lion of the evils which overwhelmed them. '\ he n•
i Coil x ention held at Concord, on the 29th ult. The
the U. S. Bank closed its doors, and evely rotten
entire. .
uniatutmty with *lnch the resolutions were
shaving shop in the state follon-ed in its wake.— '
a n
dopted ensures a full and steady response from
!hand: heaven !it sleeps•the sleep that knows no . m . ,
•' tlre . people of. that State; and we predict ; in ad
•wakina• :Intl he who shall attempt its resurrectioo. 1 '
, r'' ' Vt3)(l`. %%111 lead them on to a glorious triumph at
will' Wit fail to receive disgrace and -odium at thrk",•
~e - -t he polls. The Democrats, who controlled the
hantla.ol the American people !
N a t e conventi o n in Massachusetts, repudiated the
Ife append an at-coma oldie number of mills
(1, retrioe , of the Proviso, and their candidates were
closed or stopped •in each month, from the cony. •
is aven lo thous:aids. The New York State Con
niencement 01 the present year, in the tlifterrart .
yeoman, at Syracuse, refused to recognize its doe
manufacturing districts of England, with the num-. -
triues and the people of the -Empire State rejected
her or hands out of emplox•;-.- -
every candidate on their ticket by overwhelming
111//s Stopped. Dirt of Employ. ,
t 3 2.133 I
. piaputirs.
.111 h.rioci New Itarnpshirc strikes boldly foi Freedom, and
23 ' 7.243 :tild licr e 9pinnerley will be triumphant.
2fi - 01.61-.3
• -42 . 11 ; 242 I l " ' it rais the Attain,. .41111. m
15 I 2 - 16 1 Nctv If %upsurge. FOR Fact:racit.—We received
22 ' R. 7 95 a copy Of the rroceedings of the convention which
30 '' 7 - 942 a. , r‘citatiP4 at Concord on Thursday week. l'ilosEs
23 . 7 - 91 " 9 Normals. jr., was elected president, along with ten
30 - 1 °, 34 I i vier presidents and three secretaries. ' - 'County com-
I mittees were appointed, and alsai - a state committee.
Iron. J %RED W. Wit.taymi, of Lancaster. wain nomi
nated by acclamation as: the democratic candidate . ,
at the next March election.'
Richard Jennes.s was chosen delegate at large to
the National Convention` by a 'tote of 113 out of
17a votes, Mace Nloulteu s substintte-•-irand the latter
kleelin ilig, 'Harvey HuntoOn appointed In Iris- place.
Sinriterl•csolutions were passed of the following
Rft-drilil. That we reprd a devotion to the rights
of man. in opposition to every attempt to pecrArate
them tor the selfish purppses of associated -Avealth,
a jealous anachtrient to
,equaL legislation, to econo
ni. to the rights of speech and the press, to telt
cifai., toleration. to free suffiNe, and, aboVe all
finings to the glorious country in which welive,
arid that l'ition - which binds us together, as the
great elements' of the democratic faith. ,
I:rsolred. That among the doctrines of the demo
cratic party. the most important is an abiding ad
herence to the eompromW(es of the constitutions, as
the anchor of safety to the Union itself—while al the
s use time none a.-e snore op sod than ourselves to the
continuance or wider extension 'of slavery, and that we
will nivrlsr so,p,"reat an coil to the progress of eirili:a
tim) nod humanity. whenever a proper occasion shall
art tee. AND DV EVERY
roc rommisrivErloN ANI)'; ITS COMPROMISES; and that
we deem the imputations of our opponents on that
question too false to be worthy of regard, too frivo
lous to be deserving of answer, too inconsistent
(corning as Only do IroM men whooppose. the con
cession of an hour's respite from labor .to.our own
white laborers 00hr Ninth) to riselo anoint where
they may be reached by any other iientitneut than
conterapt . FOR WE ' ' DECLARE IT OUR SOL
HA V k: DERI:TOPOR I: DONE, that uPinic't Xl4/ tYry nor in
”,./.,,t,try xerrobale ; chould hereafter c.ri4 ia any, ter-
'A )M 3
Itlay ;
• July, ;•'
Total, • • 243
Below are also the names of the firins which lase
stopped since the 19th of October
Barton. Irtam & Higginson, merchants ; Liverpool
iterey. Young. & Co.. cotton brokers, Liverpool
Bertraii, Napoleon, " ( . 611Hr:iv.
Brooke & Wilson, ship ottpers, Liverpoo
Grozebrook & Son, iron merchants, Liverpoo
Jones, W., & Co.. wholesale dealers, Liverpoo
Liverpool 'Banking Cn.. 7 Liverpoo
' Livingston* CO., East India merchants. Liverpoo
Loan. James. Canadian 'lade. Liverpoo
:Vlolyneatvt& Hulbert, ten broker , . Liveryoo
~ Newcastle Union Joint Stock Kink, Newcastle
Sch . ()lee:, Tetlow - & Co., bankers, 1113.rwheAtei
Verrien &A. thelis, manutiwturers, " Cour.ra
Wanlen &^: Co., nit‘rehants, ' . Liverpool
New )easy ELEc - rioN.—The official retunas
show they following result :
HaiheA, Dem.
'Haines' majority,
The *hole number of rotes polled is 66,729: in
_)1114, the number. tras 74,539. Decrease 78 to.
:EDDY FAUtj.V.-11tis family of distinguish
a.tistedty Professor Coo Lindi, gave
a concerto( Vocal and instrumental Music at
IiaIAA Church, on Saturday eveitin,g last, to the en
tire satisfaction Of a,large .audience.
tetnin4ci county, to be of Alarshal of the
We:stem district (>l. l'enn,vl%
The «Chaspploa Maaueeellpte.l
Irwin be seen by the following article float the
North American , of the 15th Md., that lit •editots
°filial paper have be come satisfied of the utter fal
sity of of the charge made against Messrs.. Miller
and others. It will be remembered that a prose
was in4ituted agaiiist the etlitots of the North
lnicrieati, by Hon, Jessi. Miller, for die publica
lion oftlirse tihargesi. This retraction ninst be very
111 t, it paper. which is accustomed to an
air of great complacency and self esteem, mid we
!look II would hardly enow4h to do
a p lrtt al operisient Pere it not for the suit
in pm-pcvtive. It may be a lesi-nti to the editor of
that poptitot to catch so greedily at every
a Melt Federals and rene
;vale Democrats alsiils.-JA 'were far better if it
kept op the fli2itil) which the 1;. S. Gazelle hitherto
,h-play Ill ; than to stoop to such arts ot, low and
paltr) ,
ILIV , 111:Z . taken paini to examine into the testi
mony in support in the charges a hich were pub.
i,, this p ik per iezifinst lion. Jei ,, e Niitier, See
retary of the (*officinal wealth. attributing to hint
;mil others the authorship ot certain articles publish.
iii a paper once printed in I larnslittrg. i calleil the
•• Ulf anipion, fielitinatory of the character of the
late Ileory hltildeolx-rg.. we are rort4trifined to
say frankly, - front!' fm•ts which have cone to our
‘ were perhbrediunf ite our paper refer
re, Wtii. .1 we helif•ve Mr. Miller is Millicent of all
1 411 .` anon in the authorship of said article.''.
Mr. Wilmot al Poughkeepsie.
It is lb:oily-Mg in field a nolice like the fullwing. in
ini (It! thinker': or Conservative paper, at a time
When must of that portion of the party. are doing
their mtupst to impeach the motives of Mr. Wilmot.
in % isitin; the State of New hock. and are pervert
and pronouncing them incendia. we Lind it in the Poughkeepsie Telegraph :
a strong Ctpiservative paper, whose editor is Post
.l\ later at that plat+. We extract the article en
DAA IVii.uoT.—Tlii, gentleman. well
k two n a , an :tbir aild fearless democratic repre
,etuaiie'e in 4-H4:; , _ , ,res from the suite of l'ennmii - a•
‘l , inist our villwzo nu Wetiorsdav of last week,
vv'eretl addir-s: on the evening of that
d.t, ....Ile: name throughout the 1:11106,
.11.1` of 1 1 1(qiin . 11q3AV/ii!4li he ntie.rPll toIIW
plartirnr ...3:000,000 at the disposal of the
rtesirient U. ;.Ij.i in t he. -settlement of our difficulties
Melico • "that Alit'erry Or iuculunhir)• Eervitade
i•~i-t any Territory w 1 M• 11 we may ac
•,u;'•• f.oin' that cation.'
i+ also isnown and highly reAperted for hi.
11,4 tort et tliejefariti ntJ li . t Viten. every other
representativilfroin Pthnsrlvantit tailed
on this great question, he as
iinkttiona, of the Laliorin!:,i Interest, and the
rimi-pintert(4telmses of our cottotry. Voted for
it it carried out more fully the ofil law
1111:.:f‘linal principle at Equal rights
rei•eptiop in our village was a cordial one._
tt ineriring was' called at the Hall for him to ad
,lrvs,,"t•tilicti was a large a n d highly respectable
Ila'ruglia fair Share of whirs composed it. V.
Esq., was called to the chair, and
G. T. i't tarti: and C: E. WATERBURY were appoint
e,t,St•ermaries. The editor of this paper then made
leii remarks on the imporance of the approach
-1,•- rder:ion. and the necessity of every democrat
',doing his whole d::tv tor, the success of our State
Tir-ket. which the People, for the first time, had
the opoortimity to vote for a number of officers not
limetrifore directly chosen by them : and also to
grt i• thr•ii active efforts for our Senatorial and local
'nominees. He concluded by introducing Mr. W.
In the zneetin—. •
In i eecri of upwards of hour. that gentle
man alluded to his course on the tariff, for which
lie MIS warmly applauded, and gave a history of
the i;drodnetiotr of the Proviso, - and the necessity of
Atindin• by it to guard against the extension of sla
ve,y, during which he was frequently greeted with
the apirtobation of the meeting.
Mr. W. is a good speaker, and acquitted himself
‘t ell upon the occasion. Upon the particular sub
jeri of the Proyiso, which was the main one of his
address. he was animateil k and some- time 'impas
sioned. Every one in the meeting probably agreed
with loin against the extension of slavery, but all
did not consider his proviso practical or necessary
to affect it.
11's visit to this state. at the time he made it. was
Ilia rilleulitteil to aid the, democratic party. But
this ivas no fault of his. For he told the men of
,the tterkimer Convention, most unexpectedly to
them. no doubt : to support our ticket, and he re
peated the same remark here..
Mew Hampshire.
ritory trhirh may hereafter be acquired by, or ant 2
to the United Makes; and 'hat we approve of the
timer delrgatidn in 'Congress IN FAVOR OF THE
- Thera was no ambiguity in the voice of New
Hampshire and no faltering or dittisionE*l her
councils. - .
The resolutirms lcaye the Patriot and Clizette,)
were alloptcd uN4st3toi•st.r by the eery able committer
of turistsi, a ft er ;Mach deliberation, and were UNANI.
301:SLY adopted by the. Commotion. And we put
them forth as the deliberate and mature coitvietions
of the demoeracy of the State."
Of the character of the democrats who compos
ed the Convention and who uttered fearlessly in
its behalf the lumpier of fteedom : that riper also
••• There were bee hundred and nifielma detentes
present, as appears by the record ; anctatnong them
were many of the strong men of our party. There
wore old white-haired veterans, who have stood by
the standard of democracy and patriotism in more
than fifty tierce conteas with their constant foes,—
There were men who were upon the stage during
the last war, and who see the same party winch
Men plotted treasin at Hartford, furnished " tory
beer' to the British, and burnt " blue lights" on
our coast to direct the- ship•• of the enemy to our
h a d,o r iti% Mg - "aid and comfort ' ' to the
Me‘irati, , . rejoicing in the death of our gallant sol.
dieis. expressing sj mpathy for the foe. and oppw
iii;4 the planting of supplies for the pru._stwution of
the, a•ar, They, tie', were young men, who receiv
ed their first, pOlitical lessions tinder the adminis
tration of the patriot JArKselv, which tatmht them to
abhore onopoly. to resist, every encroachment up
on the r ieople's rights, to guard jealously their own
rights i ini their country's honor. la weigh of cha
racter, at sterling ability, in patriotic devotion to de•
moemey and the country. this convention has sel
dom been equalled. And one idea seemedio en
gross the minds of all; they were all intent upon
devising the means of securing the continued pre
valence of democratic principles and patriotic feel
ing among our people.
Mr. Clad -, a Resohnlons' and Speech.
Below, we publish the resolutions offered by Mr.
(lay at the Lexington meeting. held on the 13th of
Nov., inst. No report of his speech was taken, as
Mr. Ciay expressed his intention to write it out him
self, having, been so often misrepresented by re•
porters. We shall au-M.. the publication of the
speech, before giving our opinion of the monstrous
doctrinezi the resolutions avow.
Resolved, As the opinion of this meeting. '
that the primary cause of the present unhappy war
existing he weeti the United State,' of America. and
the United States of the Republic of Mexico, was
the ANNEXATIOX or TEXAS to the former, and the
immediate oerasitm of hostilities between the two
Republics. arose out of the order of the President
of the United States. for the rernoval of the army
tinder the eommand of Gen. Taylor, from its posi
tion at corpus Christi. to a point opposite Matamo
nos. on the east bank - of the Rio Bravo, within the
territory claimed by both Republics, but thee.
the jurisdiction of Mexico. and inhabited by its citi
zens—that the order of the President for the remo
val of the army to that point, was improvident and
unconstitutional, it being without the concurrence
of Congress, or any consultation with it,- although
it was in' session; but that Congress. 'having by,
subsequent arts recoranzed the war thus brought
into existence without previous authority or con
sent, the prosecution of it become thereby national.
2d. Resolved, That in the absence of any for
mal and public declaration by Congress of theob
jects for which the war ought to be prosecuted. the,
President of the United States, as Chief Magistrate'
and as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Na
vy of the United States, is left to the guidance of
of his own judgment to prosecute such purpose,:
and objerts as be may deem the honor and inter
ests of the nation to require.
3d. Resolved. That, by the Constitution of the
United States, Congress being invested with pow
er to declare %val• and grant letters of marque anti re
prisal, to make rules concerning captures on land
and 'water, to raise anti support arnues, to provide
and maintain a nays - , and to make rules for the
government of the land and naval forces, has the
mulles complete war making power of the United
States. and so possessing it has,a right to determine
upon the motives, causes and objects of war, when
once commenced, or at any time during the pro
gress of its existence. •
4th. Resolved, As the further opinion of the
meeting. that it is the duty of Congress to declare,
by some authentic act, for what purpose anti ob
ject the existing, war ought to prosemited : that it
is the duty Of the President. in his official conduct,
to conforna to such a declaration of Congress and
if. after such declaration, the President should de
ntine or refuse to etical-or, by all the means, civil,
diplomatic, and military, in his power, to execute
the announced will of Congress, and in defiance of
its authority should continue to prosecute the war
for purposes and objects other thad those declared
by that hotly, it would become the right and duty
nt Congress to adopt the most effiracions measures
to arrest the further progress of the war, taking care
to make ample pro. isions for the honor, the ;defy.
anti security, of our armies in Mexico in every
contingency : and-if Mexico should decline or re
fuse to conclude a treaty with us, stipulating for the
purpose and, objects so declared by Congress, it
would be the duty of the Government to prosecute
the war, with the utmost vigilance, until they were
attained by a treats- of peace.
sth. Resolved, That we view with serio»s Mann ;
and are utterly opposed to any purpose of annexa
tion of Nlexico to the 'Crated States. in any mode,
and VA iecially by conquest, that we believe the two
nations could not be happily governed by one com
mon authority, owing to then great difference of
race, law, buignage and relgion, and the vast ex
tent of their respective populations--that such a
anion against the consent of the exasperated Mexi
can people, could only be effected and preserved
'.by large standing armies. the constant application
of military force, in other words, by despotic sway
exercised over the Mexican people in the first in
stance, but which there would be just cause to ap
prehend, migut in process of time be extended
over the whole people of the United States—that
we deprecate therefore, such a union as wholly in
compatible with the genius of our government, and
with the character of our free and liberal institufions
and we anxiously hope that each-nation may be
left in the undisturbed possession of its own labors,
langnage,cherished religion and territory, to pur
sue itroWn happiness according to what it may
deem bas for itself.
6th. Reselved, That considering -the series of
splendid and'iralliant victories achieeed by our
brave armies , pnii-lair gallant commanders during
- the war with 'Mexico, unattended by a single re
verse, the United StatmiOrithout any danger of
their honor suffering the slightest tarnish, can prac
fice•the %irides of moderation Mid magnanimity to
.watil their discotnfited foe : we have no desire for
the dismemberment of the Republic - of Mexico,
but only the just and proper fixation of the- limits of
' 7th. Resolved, That we do mralpositively . and
' emphatically disclaim and disavow any wish or de
sire ou our part to acquire any foreign territory
Whatever, for the purpose of projxsgatine e slavery or
of introducing slavery from The United States Into
such foreign territory. -
Bth. Resolved, That we invite our fellow citizens
of the United States, who are anxious for the resto
ration of the blessings of Peace, or if the • existing
war shall continue to be prosecuted, desirous that its
purposes and objects shall be defined and known,
who are anxious to avert prneent and further perils
and dangers with which it may be fraught, and who
are also anxious to produce contentment and satin
faction at home, and to eleiate the national char
acter abroad, to assemble together in their respec
tive communities, and to express their views, feel
ings and opinions.
The Wilkestairre Democrat speaks of the rapid
growth of that beautiful town, and claims for it
a population of 7000; au increase of 50 per cent
finee•l . B JO. -
Later Cram Mexico. -
• s=l
• ,Preripsocas„ . Nov :4 18.
The New Orleans paPtint 011ie 11th furnish ad
ditional particulw brought by. the ins-is -4 ; 9f the
steamer James. L. Day:
The correspondent of the Couunencial"`Tirnes
states that just as the steamer was getting . under
way news reached Vera Cruz from Tampico, 011-
110Ulleite' e * the astounding bet of the embarkation
of Santa Anna at Tampico, on board a British stew'
mer, and his escape out of Mexico.
Col. Gates, on ascertaining that Santa Anna was
in the neighborhood, took every precaution to pro,
vent his escape, but they proved unsuccessful.
This news discreditedat Vera Cruz but getter-.
ally believed at Tau pico.
the Puebla Flag of Freedom publishes a long
and graphic account of the battle of Huamantle.—
Capt: Walker's whole force did not exceed 195. Be,
sides Capt. Waller the following were killed:
Corpoial Mocyken, Privates Hugenen and Tar
box, wounded. RAN Glandiug, since dead ;
Meat-hen, severely:— Rating lost a leg; Welch,
Wayne. McGill. Scott and Myers, slightly.
Missing—Sergeant (kscsiug ; Privates Dement,
Darlington, Collins, bleCleary and Richards, of
Company C. Rides.
Private Murry, of Capt. Lewis's company, is
among the wounded.
Privote Richanison, of Capt. Loyall's company,
as killed. I'rivate Fernley and Atilten, attached.
to tins company. was slightly wounded.
Geo. Marshall hnd issued orders, in consequence
of the prevalence of the fever at Vera Crux, that all
the troops arriving, there should immediately -pro
ceed le Begrent.
Coo Wynkonp Nil. 4 to relent to the castle of Per
ote with his force. Four companies of his regiment
were engaged at the battle of Huamantia. An in
terestin,,e3 struggle took place between the Indiana
and thetietachment of the first Pennsylvania regi
ment. which should be the first to plant the Amen•
can flag upon the walls of the town. Lieut. Deans .
and private Stebbis, of the Pennsylvanians, proved
The remains cf Capt. Walker wrte at the Car , -
Ile of Pe/vie, and would be forwar4tto the United
Lieut. Montgomery P. Yo{mg. of Philadelphia.
and Lieut. James Nlcliean, of the Seernid Pennsyl
vtuna Regiment, died recently at Puebla, is pre
sumedl of fever.
• f.ieut. Jacob Sperry, of the Philialehlia Rangers,
had died of a lance wounAl received near Puebla.
Surgetin Reynolds. Lieuts Bryan and Hunterson,
of the Pennsvirania Volunteers, were passengers in
The steamer James L Day.
Gen. Lane at l'aebla—Gen. Ceshing to !, -, arri.con Pe
rote—Moventent sof the Isl Penn a. Repment—Jcp.
mato and Zenobia Qw7retling—Cape. Walker - s
body recovered—Death of Litut Scott.
By the arrival of t'-e steamer James I. Day at
this port, the Picas-tine has received dates from Ve
nt Cruz to the sth inst.
SE4 RS, a bearer of Dispatches from General
Scott, came passenger in the Day. He arrived at
Vera Cruz from the Capital tattier the escort of,a
Spy Company employed by the General-in-Chief,
which will, it is expected, prove of great use in
keeping the communication open.
Gen. LANE was still in possession of Puebla am]
quartered in the heart of the city. His garriSon there
is to consist of 2000 men.
The Battalion of the Ist Penna. Volunteers, here
tofore stationed there, had been ordered to escort a
detachment of 750 men a part of the way to the
National Bridge. which place the latter are to fortify
and garrison. This will form a depot, and also
prove an efficient check to the offensive movements
of the rzuerillos.
Gen. Ctsinso with a command of 1200 merl is
to remain in garrison at Jalapa. It is thus seen
that General Scorr with the 4., , Teatest foresight is
preparing to hold all the strong points now in our
possession and thoroughly establish his line of 'corn
mimicalion between the capital and seaboard.•
The old fend between the celebrated guerilla
leaders Father Jaranta and Zenobia has broken out
afresh and the men under their respective com
mands have the savage chaiacer of their leaders.
An entente occurred between them, which;, was
very p4inuni`nary. The Jarauta party finally ,pro
ved victorious. leaving thirty of their opponents
killed upon the spot. The •-• field of -Mars" seems
more pleasing to the Padre than. the '• monkish
cowl," which we were recently told he had again
taken up.
Lieut. Scorr of the Army. who bras bearing de
spatches to Washington, died ofapoplexy, on his
route from. the Capital to Vera Cruz, whennear the
latter city.
The hotly of the gallant aniKunented Captain
Waurea has been recovered It was &rand after
having remained unburied for tw.-o days.
WI LL NOT St r PIC( ST.—The Supreme Court of this
State have decided that a will to which the " mark"
of the testator is made. is void ? and insufficient.
The act of Assembly of the Bth of April, 1833, re
quires that " every will shall be in writing, and
unless the person making the same be prevent
ed by the extremity of his last sickness, shall be
skgned by him at the end thereof, or by some per
son in his presence and by his express direction.'
In the case of Asay vs. Hoover. reported in the
Pennsylvania Law Journal for November, 1847, the
question, whether a will executed by the testator's
making a " mark" thereto, was sufficient, came be •
fore the Corm.
Judo Bell, in delivering the opinion of the Su
preme Court, says. "the true constmetion of the
6th Section of the act of April Rth, 1833. relating to
last wills and testaments,U that the tetator must
sign the testamentary instrument by his own prop
er signature if be be able to tin so, but if prevented
tmm doing-this by sickness,
infirmity, or other in
capacity, recourse is to be had to the alternative
mode of authentication pointed out by the statue, to
wit : signing the testator's name to the ins rnment
of the end thereof, by some person in his presence,
and by his express direction, and both the incom
petency muf signature by express request must be
proved by two witnesses. A MARE made by the
party proposing a testamentary disposition istusinr
viemx-r 15 ANY CASE, and so is the name of such
party written by another person, - unless so written
in accordance with the directions of the statute."
This decision is highly important, and unless the
mischief is regulated by legislative enactment as to
wills made since 1833, will produce great confu
sion. Persons who ate unable to write cannot
make a "-mark," they must expressly desire some
one to sign for them. There are no doubt many
papers intended as wills so executed, the makers.
of which are yet living—they will see irrimediate
necessity of having their wills exctuted accord
to law.
PENNSTLVANTIA CANALI I ,--The Pittsburg American
01 Tuesday evening, says:
"The injury inflicted by the late flood on the
Pennsylvania canal is more serious than we had
imagined. We learned from good authority, that
from Holidaysburg, east for fifty miles the hreaks
are frequent and large, and that therepairs are es
timated to cost $200,000, and that the idea is enter
tained of maki ng a mark water along the Juniata in
place of reconstructing the canal o 0 its banks.—
whichever way is adopted the repairs will be com
pleted this winter.
"The Erie extension, we are gl, at to team, is ai
ready so forward in repairs as to gi e assurance of
being opened this week.
" An injury was sustained also on•the Ohio cross
cut near Warrens, but that, we have' learned, is ful
ly repaired and boats now again passing."
WAoctsit.—ln New Orleans, a few days since,
some waggish felloW cut trom an old paper of 1836
aotice of the arrival of Santa Anna in the Crescent
city, which notice he stuck up on a bulletin board.
Though it was taken down in five minutes ? it had
been up long enough to set the whole 'city in Tate
a stir.
YANKEE DOODLE zx bizxue.—When Yankee
Doodle was first played in the Grand Theatre in the
audience came near bringing:the house down.
SuNquebasaa apinity Bask.
..priontfir Datrit'Advertfikr, Sewell
SUM* Conan RM.—Our article an tite
this concemi - which appeared some two.tiweekg
since, hal produced no - slight sensation: *Ow, the
fact is, we hive no personal feeling in the mattii"
not kmiwingany rif the parties at present gem,*
bank.. We do know, howeveri from
a pretty good source, that not a very longtime since,,
its affairs were in a state which proved the. whole
comma to be worth some thousands lens than no
thing at all and unless we see some statement cal
culated toaet at naught the, one in our possession,
we shall be of the same opinion still in regard to
its solvency. The bills, it is true, are at present
redeemed by a broker in the street at a nominal
discount ; but such was the ease with the - Georgia
Lumber Co.,the Union Bank, Montreal, and a
score tubers —yet what were they worth ? It needs
something more than the fact of a redemption at a
heavy rate of discount in Wall street to austainithe
credit of a wOrlltlesa bank.
(nem the pqroll Free Press.)
MONEY MATTEII9.—The " New York Bank Note
List - has the following :
• i ••
FTsucIF:II4SN.A. COCNTY RINE, Prnit.i.-1 Jur
quannty of the bills of this book hare been
put in circulation in and about Monroe, Mich.,
and Sandtasky. 0., in purchase of produce. From
certain facts now in our possession, we:are daily
looking•for . an explosion of the conceal, and there;
fore caution our friends at a distance to be, on the
qui ries. We shall refer to this matter again."
The bills are not taken in this city except at a
discount of 10 per cent.
Delaware Mutual Insurance Co.
The Delaware Atutual Safety Insurance. Compa
ny: of Philadelphia, was incorporated by the Legis
lature of Pennsylvania, in 1843. This comp. ny is
authorised by its charter to make Marine, Inland
Navination, and Fire Insurance, and we are suffi
ciently informed of its affairs to state that it has but
one exception, we believe, the most extensive bu
siness of any Insurance Company in the State of
Pennsylvania. Its officers, including Directors, are
all gentleman of the highest standing in the corn
miunity. and those having charge of its affairs, (we
mean the gentlemen who perform the labor of the
office,) the president, Secretary, &c., are distin
guished for their ability, iutmity, and strict.atten
non to the duties of their respective offiCes, and
there is doubtless, no similar institution in the Union,
conchicted with more prudence and judgment s and
with a due regard to the interests of the company,.
and to the satisfaction of the insurer. We are con
fiderzt that those to whose interests it is to have their
properly secured apitist loss by tire. the dangers
of the seas, dr.the casualties attending the inland
transportation of merchandise, cannot select a safer
company with which to effect insurance, than the
one we speak of. •
We make the above remarks with the full Ass.u
ranee of their correctness; and we may here men
tion an act of liberality and promptitude on the part
of the company.. which has been extended to our
selves. Tbe.inaterials of our printing office were
insured to the amount of Five TilocsAten Doti-kits
agaiii - st loss or damage by tire, in the office , of the
Delaware Safety Insurance Company, and as semi
as the loss we recently sustained was summed up
by the appraisers, the officers of the company at
once. and without cavil or hesitation, paid over into
our hands the-whole amount covered by the policy.
And this was done in a few days afterthe disasters
to us occured, although the company bad a lawful
right to withhold from us the payment of the claim
for thirty days from the time -of the fire. Such
promptitude and liberality is deserving of especial
• notice, and, therefore, we have made the statement
for the information of those interested in the mat
ter, -as conduct of thi4 character, in business trans
actions, is worthy of all praise.
The above is from Alexander's Weekly Mes
sengcr, and we might add, that this Insurance corn-,1
pang, enjoys a high reputation throughout the state,
for its.prornptness. The Agent for Bradford co., is
0. D. BARTLETT, in this Borough. , •
A Drsv.avuto Comettlmv•i.-LThe Montgomery
(Ala.) FL!: b . Advertiser. pays the following hand
some compliment to Gov.emor Sursii
" Governor Shunk, of Pennsylvania; is one of the
most consistent and clear-headed Dernocnes in the
Keystone State. He was a few years ago, Secretary
of hate of Pennsylvania--a pesition-in that and in
other States north of us which is tilled by tried and
able men, who have rendered,'" the State some ser
vice"—and wag taken from bat position, on the
sudden death of Mr Muhlenbur'4, the Democratic
nominee for Governor, awl made thecandidate foi
that distinguished •post—This °mitred a short time
before the gubernatorial eleetion yet he was elect
ed Governor by a large majority. Under the ad
midistfiuion of such men as Ritner. Pennsylvania
had been inundated by chartered companies, with
special and extraordinary privileges. 'Banks, and
corporations for manufactunug and other purposes.
were freely chartered—and the doctrine of all sorts
of protection to capitalists was fast pining the asCen
ileac}... Governor Shunk set himself against this
tide of legiSlation for private benefit—and in the
three years last past vetoed thirty-six bills, granting
specil privileges to chattered companies. • He un
derstands thoroughly the true doctrine of popular
rights 7 -anil has made some of the most cogent and
convincing arguments against the doctrine ot
napolirs rre have ever read." •
Tue. LicENsi LAW.—The Pittsburg Gazette con
tains ihe opinion of the Supreme Court upon the
late law authorizing certain counties to decide by
ballot whether vinous spirits shall be sold in said
counties The majOrityGibson, C. J., Rogers. J.,,
and Bell, J., dicide it to be unconsiitutional Burnside.
J.. and Coulter, J., dissent. The Court ground
their decision upon the position that the Legislature
cannot delegate legislative powers to the people.:
that a minority of the people have tikot agreed to be
governed by the majority in any other manner than
that pointed out by the constitution of the State of
which they are members: and that the. law is en;
equal and not universal overthecommonwealth.—
thus one County, may totally restrain the sale of
liquors by vote, whilst it an adjoining county the
old license law is . the only restriction. The major
ity opinion was delivered by Judge Bell—the mi
nority by Judge Coulter. The report occupies ni
columns of the Gazette.
VoTE AT PEROTE.—AI an election, held at the
Castle of Perote, Mexico, October 12th, 1847, by
the volunteers in the service. of the United States,
from the State of Pennsylvania, under an act of the
Legislature of the above State, passed July 21st,
1839, the following votes were polled for Governor
and Canal Commissioner of the state of Penfisylva •
Francis R. Shrink received 66 votes
Jamesjevin, . 20
Morris Longstreth received 66 votes
Joseph W. Pattoni 19
Robert H. Morton, 1
DEsicig. ttv MExtre.—The Hannibal (Mo.) Ga
zette, of the 21st ult., says :
'') Brig. Gen. S. Pierce visited our city on Saturday
last, and took looms at the City Hotel, accompa
nied by, lady and son. In a conversation with him.
we learited that he would leave for Santa Fe inVu
veinbett He has represented to the Department
that one thousand men will be suf fi cient to hold
New Mexico, and, as over three thousand men have
been concentrated at that point he thinks the desig n
is to move a detachment against Durango. He as
requested permission to do so."
EXECUTION OF Mies. Rol:a.m.—Mrs: Mary Run
kle was hung at Whiterborough, Oneida co., N. Y.,
on Thursday, at 12 o'clock, for the murder of her
husband. She made no confession on the scaffold,
but it is said made one to Dr. Smith and lathe un
der Sheriff, Eames.
A Lead Mine has been discovered near the Illi
nois river ) in Tazewell cough% about four miles
Gom Peona, which it , is thought Will yieTct about 80
per cent.
. .
The Willie t•Peteellae. -
coilsMre inuOisagree w our able and generally
ocee*mporary of the Ataturtsessea wh et ,
luitiste de** the result the late election in th i s
Stake as a Verdict, wait the Wilmot Proviso._
wiod , , . ' : .litie that nestiou formed the, sand.
lest- . ' of , e general mites behire the people a
t h a t ti , e . _ eam e certain it lid - not in this
county , several adjo ping' ones; otherwife, w e
are coo i . - t. that with I the emlrestiasm for SHVNI,
the res would have ' . essentially
will s
it is ra re occurrence to find' it man' who will vots
imowingly for the sion of- slivery. his tru e ,:
eve r
as our cotemporary says, Mr. Beehanan's letter wa s
gen Orally published byr papers, and it is also tnie
that in some cases it as approbated, and in, An n ,
disapproved--mmierall the latter by the mass* of
his party, so far as w were able to aMertan o
f ni
instead of 'dragging t at in as an issue ne i ther it-
friends or opponents ose to do it; Well aware of
the result. Mr. Wt or himself was orte of the
warmest supporters oft Mr. Suess, and his district
which is nearly or quite unanimous in favor of the
principle of the Previte, (a ,few Eathaps, 'a very
few, may think it in7ftrtror offered premature
ly,) Tolle) up an inc Democratic majority;._
yet they will be supriiieal Iv learn that their majors.
ty is set doWn as a verdict in favor of slavery i n
free territory. We repeat, the Proviso here formed
no past of the issue net can we think it did in any
other portion of the late_: and we • hope, for the
unity and success of the party, it never may. We
' trust that leading and influential organs of the party
will take warning by ,The result i r sister Limit.,
and not indeavor to knee such ' , '
its wish.
issue upon the
Democratic party of pennsylvaut a
es.—Nortitern DemocOrt. cow
1 / 1 10.1D TRACK - fLinhniAns.—The broad track has
been adopted by the Erie road, New York ;the Pe
terson and Ramapo, rind the Ithaca and Homersviie
route. This makes the broad gauge rather a feature
in New York state,l and its example will 'stand
much chance of being carried upon other roads that
intend to do a large business.
1 --.-.-
O. BAILEY, 11.0111130 : JOON 0. 111111171.1, COOILIN .
PONDINO ELOTO : L. P. N05L11,,P1C111.111011.1. '
The leading pa of this journal is,' the discussion
of the question of Slavery, and the advocacy of the main
principles of the Liberty Party. Due attention it given
to Social and Political Questions of general importance ;
nor are the interests bt a Pore Literature overbooked.
It aims to pi eserve 6i faithful record of important events t
of inventions or discioreries affecting the progress of So.
ciety ; of public documents of permanent value; and,
during the sessions Of Congress, to present each report.
of its proceedings, in will convey a correct idea not
only of its action, but of its spirit and policy. The de
bates on the exciting subjects'of Slavery and the Mexi
can War, t specter." to anee in the nest Congress, will
occupy a large share of its columns,
Arrangements have been made for extending and en
ricbing its already valuable Department of HMO and
Foreign Correspon once.
ai d
It is printed on mammoth sheet, of the very finest
quality, in the best stybe, at $2,00 syear.payalde in ad
The generous sp y irit in which the Era hair been we l.
comed by the public Press, and the very liberal patron.
age it has received during this, the first year of its exist
ence, encourages us to hope for large accessions to our
subscription 'list: •
h is desirable that subscriptions be forwarded without
delay, so that they may be entered before the approach;
ing Congresa,
All communications addressed to
1.. P. NOBLE.
Publiaher of the National Era, Washington, It r;
Nkin Atinettiecments.
310 - 11:1 - 14iii GOODS.!
JrIIIT 11111CCYITtl)
A Frosh Sdpply of Dry Goods, Groteries, Crorkrry,
Boots Shots, Caps, Doffs, Lr., Lr.,
which ore roiling very low at FOX'S. No. 2. B. Row.
GROCERiES are trilling very cheap at FOS'S.—
Any quantity of fresh Sugar, at a rifle advance
from first cost, bir the bbl. or lb ; a beautiful"snick of
Cofer for 9 cents; good Green Tra for 3a., extra qua.
fity for 65., and everything else in proportion. Please
call at n'24 NIL:, B. R.
IJ - FPS; that are muffs. and can't be heat—sane re
ryy choice and'beautiful Muffs that can't fail tol.
80, iust received at • fk24 FOX'S.
L./11U U.4)..VDV.1 erl'altl9
FR sole cheap for Cosh ant! Lumber. Call and en
amine them. • TRACY & MOORE.
Towloda, Nov. 17, 1847. No. 4, Brirk Row.
SPAISISIi, and half Spanish CIGARS, for tilt in
any quantity, by a 24 TRACT et MOORE
for a le cheap by TRACT & MOORE.
nov2i • TRACY & IkOX)RE.
- -
Death to Flair : relief to the sick : helth to Ike val.!
A Labs is found Pr the wiwir h,im'iii Ti;',. IS
frHIS is an entirely Vegetable Compound. comgowd
1 of twenty.five ditli rent ingredients, and is an inter•
nal anal externs/ remedy. Put up in bOttles, varying in
price from 25 to 75 cents, each. For further particu
lars, see pamphlets, to be had of awry agent gratis, oe•
tithing a brief history 'of the origin and discovery o f the
Pain Killer, certificates of cures, directions, &c.
Catixtaix.—Each bottle has the written signature of
the proprietor, J.
Asnieres, on the label, and withal
it none ate genuine. Beware of hawkers and pedlars.
selling from house to. house, representing it to be the
genuine Pain Killer.
' Sold only by the following regular appointed arD 6
in this county :
A.S.Chambeilin, Towanda. 0. P. Ballard, Trey.
George A. Perkins, Athens, 1...4 E. Eu B 3 o °. • do '
.1..1. Watford, Montoeton ; C. B. Rathbone, Canton.
Sold in an the principal towns in the United Stow.
Canada-and Texas. . .
Wholesale agents in the city of New Vork and In ,-
its': ilipiock. Conies do Co.. 218 Pearl-4; scyl 3
& Ketchum, 121 Orders a ddresses/ to the
proprietor, or G. W. Schuyler, post paid, will wetted'
tom . attention. - .........:—.•
J. N. ;Stunner, M. 1)., .I)entist.
Is now in town, end will n
remain al Wathirni , fr e.
l, three or four weeks. His friends arc ionisi-to
call. November 12, 1847.
THE partnership heretofore esisting under tbe 1 10
of CooThaugA 4 Salisbury, is tinselly &solved ,b 1
mutual comment, the businesk in future will ben:edam'
b y H. C l .xd b aullb • The books and accounts of tbe Ornat e i n
theliands of D.C.Salsbury those indebted ie tle
firm by note or book account, will make paymen t w
C. Salsbury. B. COOMIA
Monroeton, or. 10, 1847. D. C.SA L 801.710.
L _
OOKING GLASSES, a large assortment fa.'
nl7 BAIRIeS,
MASURES--Half bushel, peek, four qulrt. iw°
' qu TI» and one quart manures, at 11012:8....--`
' -*rather Leine Stepp)), 0
NEW FALL & WINTER .a00D...,5.
HE subscriber is now receiving liis second f all r
low LV i l i liriter usua i supply of Goods, „hid ) will b e. to id . r"
T J. KiNusaelo J..
ov. 16. Cor. Main and Ervie_e
RY GOODS, Groceries, Hardware. Boots 8I tr .
Crockery. Nails, C 1..., Codfish and 1010 461 7
W ' v
U. Oils, Hato, Caps arid Muffs, Books sod Sn'
ery Family Medicines, &c.. just received st :
- DEMONS wishing to purchase BUGA so bs
from one to two dollars pertewL, by
corner of MOD and Bridge 111 " 5116 trV
Nov. 16. j. KIN