Newspaper Page Text
‘ Q . r4Ofaro MOVOrti:lt•
Towanda, Wednesd.4, Nov. 17, 1347
Mr. VVilmot'ai Spreela
AVe . ini-ert. in our paper 11U, tern;, :peei•li .10
Livered by thic,lion. Nino WILNP)II vt illl. COMO •
at the Capitol in Albany - N. O-1. . lit
*which we invite the especial attention of our
Mr. Wilmot wits ant ited Iry some cat ilw
etninertt men of the Entore State, to the
Democratic . mass meeting which as.entivlcil at
Herkimer on the 26th ult., aml also tiom"thence
Albany, Troy, Hudson and Poutzlikeepsic, at each
of which places - he j 3Citire , red -large asAmblat:.4•-
'of the Democracy of that State. An important elec
tion was pending before the of the State of
. New York._ A ticket had been framed at the Sy
racuse Convention, entirely by the dictation of that
portion of the Democratic patty know it an •• nld
Hunker or COnsepTalii es,'' a faction which
seems ever willing to bow to Southern dictation.
and do their master's bidding. These men, at one
time,,m ere fife advocates of tho- Wilmot Pioviso.
but when the edict came forth, that it was here
tical doctrine ; and all who adhered to it must be
branded as "disorganizers limb traitors, they NV I' .
leafy to join in the work of proscription and serve
Sonthern Influence, even to the destruction tff the
Demi:Pc-folic party. of their own State, and the entire
north: By some kind of legerdemain they ,o WCPP
(Ied in obtaining control of the State Convention.
and. there -Fished upon their DennfcratiJ . brethren
wh6 chose •to exercise a more free and judepon
tient spirit, the full measure of their priiscriptive
principles. it was not enon:4ll that every radical Itc
mocrot was prohibited,from a seadui,dhe 'onventiini
or a nominatiok for any Aire. but principles the )
had once acknowleil - gerl and supported • were repo
diateil and treated with cOntempt. They refused
even.a recogiition of the princes'of the W
Proviso—and nulividneßy joined in the Southern
clamor:against its author and supporters.
it was under circumstances like theSe, that Mr.
Wilmat was invited by the radical Dernocrats of
the Rafe of New York toaddress mass meeting s in
`that State, upon the origin and Principles of the
Proviso, -He did so at the several places mention
red; and we liave no dopht, with decided and . Y
utary' effect. We have seen, in several papers Ile
counts given by writers of different parties, all
speaking in most comnlimentary terms of his man
ner, eloquence and Powerful argliment: and all
aereeing that his remarks at every place were list
enett to with the most profound , attention, and re
ceived with demonstrations of-tuArundedapplause.
Mr. W: has been grossly a's.sailed'and misrepre.
wilted by certain orgins, as in this State, as .
N. York. His,language has been fierverted and fal
sified.: sentiments arc imputed to hitn'whielt he ne
ver uttered. - He is charged with having ilainied iu
his speeches at Herkimer & Albany, that the election
'of Gov.Shunk. in this State, was a verdii:t of the peo
ple in favor of his Proviso. Ile said no such thing.
.Hi.kspeech is now before the country, k the country
will.judge between him and those who falsify his
language.. He simply- denied what had been pro.
claimed by the Vashington Union, "that the elec
tion in Pennsylvania was an" expression agnin.t
the Proviso,' and in this he is sustained by the
facts and the ready- response'of every intelligent.
hones ll=l in Pennsylvania. No such issue was
made at thir election: Not-a Democratic conven
tion; in anyco9ty of the commonwealth, so far as
e'have .42"tri or know, ptit iiirtit a single resolu
tion against 'the Proviso. ortendering that as a test
of party featty at the. polls. Not a single Democia
tic paper in'the gommonwealth, so far as we saw,
prior to the election, uttered a dischiimer of its doc
trines and principles. Yet, as soon as the question
is likely to Arise and become a partial test at an
election in a sister State, we have it boldly pro
claimed from the capital, that Pennsylvania has
spoken against it in her ciAteen 'thoevind majo r ity
tor Gov. Shunk. Nothing can be rnot' piVii,ter
ens. The piesti,in was 'scarcely tliol4it of In the
Democrats of Peon- I . when • they cast their
votes fur the itottet old Getman, who has so NI 1-• c -.
ly and efficiently' steered nit/ bark for the last three
years.' And I;riiiving this'fact, it is to
the last degree, that such a perver-iim of facts, and
propagation of false sentiments should be permitted
to pass, not only unro,itra,litled an.l unrebtikel,
-but ev=en repeated 'and republished by seve..tl of
our Democratic journals, viith an apparent willing,
nels to endorse the falsehood.
The•true cause of Goy. 'Shwi popularity and
•silecess before the people ; is give;i
his speech : and no man of chantiler and acumen
.1• dare hazard his reputation by assiLming any other.
. Most heartily- do we' rejoice that these papers,
which now claim that Gov. Shunk's large majoiity
was obtained on principles a d v e rse t o th e hi,.
cis°, did not - venture to thrust that question, before
• the people as c a test, on the day 01 election. We
know not GoV,. Slimik's opinion . on the Proviso :
Ann we believe we do know, that he would , never
have been wilting to risk his election - nponoppo
sitibn to its l principlv4. 'We believe his most sin
cere and niost discreet friends in every part of the
th-would have shrunk front such an
issue as f. al to hiss success. More than this 4 e
believe,. if hat had been made the test in Peq,:tYl-
vania, am ?rot Shunl `been understood as opposed
to the Proviso;-his tomb, politically, would' now
have been with the Captilets, and the glorious old
Keystone, instead of ranking highest among Demo
cratic Snues, 1 . 1"ould have been sunk in the, abyss
of Federalism where they.mpire State is now sleep:
'g * STATE TEEASUKKK.—Octe of the first duties de
volving upon the Legislature will be the election
of a State Treasurer; and as the Democratic party
have a clear majority on joint ballot, it is to be pre
spmed•thal a Democrat will be chosen to supply
the . place of the present incumbent. Several names
have .been f roposed for that office, viz
Asa Dirifoek, of SuAuchanna; Hon.. William Big
ler, of Clearfield ; Gen. George W. -flovrtnan i of
Bedford ; Hon. Arnold Plumer, of Versant): Nim
rod Strickland, Eaq., of Chester, all good men and
BY EXTRAORDINARY EXPRNS.--By last night's
mail we have the official returns of the late eke
tion in Potter Co., only one month:fccorn the day of
Solar as the bemocrisey of PennsylVania has ev
er made an expression upon the question oldie ex
tension-of slavery over territory now free, itwas •
favor of freetlom. I appeal to the unitilunous.ac
tion of Our last Lemislature to sustain me in this a
claration. The truth of it is, Ml. Ritchie. has rp' . ,
taken the opinions of the Secretary of State, for
voice of the democracy of Pennsylvania; and Mr.
Croswell, I fear, ii in danger of falling into the
i same entre The letter of Mr. Buchanan to the
Iteruat.teis: o e A lo y al - a__First of all. it lie-' Berks comity , Meeting, expresses his •own views,
comes me to nicks my grateful arknowleilements
I but I deny That ft speaks the sen intents of the de
he the It: tterinaanantier in which you have been l moeraeY el PetinaY/rallia- Thal letter 7raa read at
pleaaed to creel ilriy - appearanee here thin evening. a large ineeting,.in Berks county, that G ibralt ar
The ma rti an le ti due sa a jo t a bath I have ea,„ re- the democracy itt the State, at which tow. SiJunk
teat ed it y, , tir ;state, iiivea the the emitters:able as- I was present: The confidential clerk of Mr. Ruche
-m'u'ss that thetiatt tit a orange land 1 anti stir- ! tan was on the ground, and so was his fa... 4 and
totteaed ht frietets.
i able friend, the editor of the Pennsylvanian. It
thefirst im lortartee to the Secretary of State
I dolated at Iletkimer, and new aspect, that I wae of I . . a - a otaa •
that his new and extraord i na ry tre rk tan (o ll t It T l .
' 1 " mil de'ire In ideetiry 'rnotolf wi th either of the
.11% view- that so unhappily- separate, the fleeabliran suatainedby the democracy o f
-! enio un it y l - ;
that meeting passed tte
li•it'y it 011- Slate. I cimet not to pejo c or to bore
o aaar _ ne a lea to approve, tier itt aanaem aaj ta eomprisitie sentiments of the letter. I rs ha% g: e alit . -
le-fa-ohne.; of the S yrnense Cent entian. re t h e other and a better teatem for believing that the de
' ;:i nett of '
that Corwereion, air the ticket pit-sewed nieeraeY of Berks are ''''. "nal "Pell this rliiestien° ;a3
for vow aipport. I have nothing to gay, I (lid veil- .
John Rifler was the member flout that county in the
lee- Conerees—et noble representative of the firm.
wake. my adore at Herkimer, but Nom the Mau
-1 ~,, iii „ iii c i, i t „,,,„ t h ere „„,.,,,i , IF ,4,,,, i not „.. iteatateal honesarof the Germatio-haracter. He is
. t I . his twit m ith the hioriry and
pear any; elllo i. our di: T ote:4lre t o repoa t tl ,.. l i t , l ucre. ass4l , cia..e(. 'lti person.
weds of the democracy: of Berka„Hf, was a lad in
Mt, much. )1,111 ever, I 111): , 1 I May with ire n ets
sac : that from niv arquaitaatiee wi th Mr. Hunger- the Plo'llllll4 office et ins male whe" the enti- - s'aries
lead, I have every eonthicetee itt him a , a friend of of Jolt() \diens made war upon the democrats of
Pettn,%lvaniu. He saw his mile dragged from the
the Provise. He mood by ii with firmness in eon
.• ress. and I cannot believe that he is prepared to nific+ the market place, and pnbliely whipped
abawleit it now.
fit his support of democattic principles. For near
I hat e heard through the pi 111.' preas. that the r ly liall a century he has published the German pa
per of-that county, the (teem of its ever reliable de-
Prey le, had I , eiet tranipled tire' and smothered at
innerticy. John Ritter stood immoveable as the
till' wraewe Convention, and I thought it no harm
in ine - 'lO come up to the resUrrevtion at flint liner. t hills ill support of the Preri:'°. Whe""thersd e aer -
I tame a, ice it nit nanweake would sni - Xive the I `, 1 ,l, he r emai n ed firm, and I have yet to il'arn that
hutielings it had rev •eiyeil at Syracuae. I was any'', t he democrats of Betts have repudiated hint. This
father and ancient somata of the partaa.ivillbe stir
, ions to hear the response of the people, to the stand
. then- repteeentatives in Congress had taken, on the prised to learn from the Albany Argus that he has
been rejected and east out of 'the pity told-that
(pier:non involving the rights of free talus anti
the integrity of.a free soil : and to hear that - re.- his old age is dishonored by treason. and : the de
o wner in the heart of this ' , Treat State. the mi h
settle!' oh the faith of his fathers. I repeal that it is
' tics: o f the coli f e d eraiaa wh at 1 h a „ oat , an : a tint my purpose to identity myself with either oldie
heard has inspired tile Milli new hopes and new divisio n s i n Mil ' S tate ' but this "melt I will say•
emir:tee. - . that it I were a resident of New York. and allowed
1 see that my, pre ence in this State has called to take part in your affairs, I would not sail meter
down upon me the assaults of a leadthe paper of he l b a lth e r of this rn - arb cre'eeell: I l
thutee when he tidded. The attacks of one d
w not ho
t our eat-, the Arens,. Its editor saws I .hate been
has assailed every ailaocate of the people's right.—
Heeled and repudiated by the ifftimerlwv of nay'
who struck at that bold reformer. 5.011:EL YoI.NG-•-
.Wil State. [A voice in the eroWit : It's a lie.]__
It is. most emelt:vie:lllv. 1 should not have said it who pursued Silas Witinicr to his grave—aid who
now seleets for leis target A. C. Fetter:, a mail Ills
1111,t1f, but it is plain truth. spoken in blunt Saxon,
tineuislied for his integrity—the assaults of such a
I (Ow editor of that paper hair teen content ti ith
_it ins a foreign teimination to my name, I should . man have little power to harm. In my own ease
hate aekitoe ledged the hit as a good one, and not : Lain disposed to regard them as tributes paid to
tvliohiv unriteriteil : but when he presumed to speak t my inteerity—to , substantial prootof good character.
inc as an iinerant abolitionist, fresh from a de- • It is a ground of complaint by some that the Pro
teat it, lily oe-Vtate, he said what w:hi not true, I vista was ititrbilitced out of season. By others that
mei m hat be ha, no warrant for saying lam no its desitan. was to embarrass the administration—
. A o liii i i n i s t, as I o n o y o u w ill a ll be satis fi e d b e f ore l' that it hail its origin in a political intrigue far a
I alit done: neither have the people of Penteolva. Presidential. candidate in rB - S. I have been tai ht
ginl'Uop rPlerted me. or the principle! , 1 ailvoelee,% that the best time to do a right thing, was the first
Xt hobs l- have ever resisted the abolitionists in'allsiine you had an opportunity. The -history of the
their attempts at agitation. So anxious was I toe introduction of this measure ilea Congress is brief.
_iv tt'to the South the highest possible guaranty of The occasion which called fur it. arose but a Sew
my respect for Southern rights, that I voted to ex-1
hours before the adjonniment of the first session of
, dude als,lition petitions from the halls of Congress. the late congress; which took place at 12 o'clock
1 tin not, therefore, justly obnoxious to the charge M. of Monday the 10th of August. On the Saint
'it twins an abolitionist : and upon enquiry it will day before, the message of the President, asking
be lomat, that the democracy of Pennsylvania in i that two millions be placed at his disposal, was re
two memorable instance*, have sustained me. and ceived and read in the !louse' of Representatives.
rtrtit.tl the conservative principles and policy 'of 1 It wa..ithe subject of general remark and speculation.
Mr Croswell. ' • That day at' dinner, the conversation turned upon
Weil that-hold argil sagacious statesman, now in it: in which, Robert Dale Owen of Indiana, Rob
reirement, recommended the divorce of the Go. eft P. Dunlap of Maine, Jacob S. Yost of Penned
eernment from the Ranks, I. an humble member of vania and myself took a part. I remarked that it
the Republican party. unknown beyond my imme. was clear, that the two millions asked for by the
dew , - c roon of the State, Was exerting every of- President. was to be paid, if paid at all, as the first
. hurt to Alain 'hint in that trying crisis. I was in instalment. of purchase money, forlarae accessions
the ' , ennui-fetuses. and lit the four corners of the , of territory from Mexico to the United States: and
reads. addressing the people in support of that great ' then declared my purpose, in case Mr. OUKay, (the
measure of reffotn, while Edwin Croswell, a prom- • chairman of the committee 'of ways and means.)
/twill leader of the party, was doing all in his pow. , should brio;;_ in a bill. to move an amendment. to
er to defeat it, acid to ernbarraes the efforts o f it s the effect that slavery should be excluded tmm any
triewis, Ott this issue, the Democracy of Pennsyt- i territory acquired by virtue of such appropriation.
, vaein. sustained my course, and rejected the time- ' Mr. Owen Objected, and said he would make a
ser‘iita.fiblicy of Mr. Croswell, anilhie federal bank speech against it. Gov. Dunlap and -Mr. Yost ap
alliee. Again, in 15-16. when I stood alone among proved of such amendment, awl advised me to ad
toy delegattian at Washington, voting for, arid ad - I here to my purpose. If anything of the kind had
voratina the new Tariff. he was in the lobbies of-i been suggested before the house took a recess for
Congress. exerting the whole weight of his power- demi-rat eaunot, and I have tried to do so, reeol
tut traleence to defeat its xaesatee. Ott this issue i leet it. I would not however: say that it had not.
also, the DennteraeYkof Pennsylvania have sustain_ f After dineer, in front of the hotel, Thad further con
.ed nie, and rejected9he • - ae.. latish and, interested ad- versaiirm with several members, Those that I now
. i ice .ot Mr. Croswell. There is this difference Po. revollect. were Mr. Grover of New York. Mr.
lititaill), between that gentleman and no - self: He lirinckerhoti of Ohio, and Mr. Hamlin of Maine.
la ever found in close alliance with the. Batiks anti We agreed to advise with our northern friends "on
amonied interests. While I have endeavoreO .10 tip- erally. when we re-assembled in evening session,
prove myeelf a faithful advocate and reprekntauve i and if the measure met with their epee-lb - aline. that
of th e people's rights. - it should be pressed. We did so, and so far ' as I
From the connelaion in which my name stand' heard. Northern-democrats were in favor of the
with the article in the Arius, it is insinuated:that I inurement. ' When the Bill was introduced. or call
at smile period of my • life. 1 was an opporeentaif ed up, several g entleman collected together, to
Mr. Van Buren. I.:liis also is unqualifiedly falee.--a agree upon the form and terms of the proosed
( I coitimetteed my politiital life under that great lea-`, amendment. I well recollect that Mn, Rathbun,
, der. awd . never did I have occasion to fi nd fault I,l o lr. King. and Grover of New York ; Mr. Brinek•
with a s ingle act of his administra inn, or measure etboti of Ohio, Mr. Hamlin of Maine. and Judge
of pultie policy recommended by him. In 1834, I Thbropson and myself of Pennsylvania. were of
! rallied With his other friends to his itupport, and the ?ember, if we did Mit constitute the entire group,
that too. in opposition to most of the old leaders of Some` we're engaged in drafting an amendfnera,
the patty in my section ofthe State. I done • my tit- myself banotta the number, acid several were sub ,
most to sustain him in the disastrous campaign of mated ; all of which underwent more or leas altera
' Ise). and in '4-I offered the resolution instructing Lions at the suggestions of those taking.part in the ba
the .I,:i.,, tes -f rorn .}'erns) It an i a to support his no. I siness :Tonle on. A fier various drafty had been drawn
laiaa'i , nr in the Natienal Convention. Some of and altered, the hang sage in which the amend
tho.rn ,11 , n1wyrd the instructions, whether under the niettt was offered was finally agreed upon, as the
wit ire et the Editor of the.. Arista or not. he can result of our united labors. It is but justice to Mr.
-best tell.-Owen to say, that at no time did he object to the
. .. .
The re-clectisin of Francis - 112Situnk, is claimed principle involved in, the Proviso. but ever declare
• !w a tt l e Washington rition, and Albany . Argus, as a ed himself in its favor. I rejoice to see that he has
triituiph (live the principles and friends of the Pro- taken up his aecompliatted and powerful' pen in
' era. Then, is no litundation for such a claim. It vindication of Free Soil and Free Labor. ' I sincere
,is :in iniparalteled piece of impudence, come from ly reeretted his defeat in his recent congressional
eh:teen:trier it may. The attempt of the g overn_ cam-wee. He was an 'honor to the West, and one
meat organ, to give such a complextion to die re- of the ablest among the many able men in the late
cell; triumph iii Pennsylvania, is an insult to the Congress. •
Dettrocraey of that State, and an outrage upon its -
seittimet as. IMu honored by .he confidence and
fietalslitp of Francis It. Slitinkt and while I have
nu authority to speak for him I feel safe in the de
claration. that the efforts of Mr. Ritchie to appro.-
priale to Ititn.elf, a victory that belongs to another,
will net be kindly received by the friends of Gov.
Slimik in PettnsylvUnia. The editor' of the Uttiou
makes eptirely too free with the of the
Keystiare. 'The democrats of my district, and I
doubt not also in other parts ot.the State, feel as if
they had sotne shun in the triumph—as if some of
the honor belonged to them, anti to the honest old
German who bore their standard to victory. Mr.
Ritchie in hie efforts to put down the Proviso, and
to falaify [Halite sentiment upoti the question, has
overshet the mark. He has said, what I here un
deoakit to say, he had'no authority for saying.—
The elietion of Gov. Shenk, is not a victory - over
the Pnwiso, or its friends; 'and no respectable dem
ocratic paper of that State, has had the hardihood
to make Such a claim.. The people of Peimsylva-
Ma do not so - understand it—nor. is such its true
charatier. The re election of Croy. Shunk, by a
majority: that surprised both enemies and friends.
I while it certifies that the people. df Penneyfrania"
wit! sustain the . govemment against the public enc.
!tees, of the country, is in an eminent degree, 'atria
bete lio the stint integrity and virtues of our candi
date. He planted himself • upon the highest doc
trines of the - party in his steady and unfaltering re
sistance to the spirit of monopoly mutt the demand
for.corporate immunities; and upon the principles
and issues therein involved, abided with confidence
the et - edict of the petaple. Noble-and faithful man ! ,
he lemied upon the people with a confiding trust,
mine the low intrigues and corrupt machinery
1 11Phich knave-employ to perpetuate power ill their
hands. His views upon the great question that now
.agitates the public mind so intensely Ida not know,
having never-heard him dedarethem, but from my
knowledge oftis diameter, and of'the opinions of
some-of his nearest and best friends, I have a well
• grounded faith that he is with us—that he is oppos
ed to slavery propagandism—to:the establishment,
by this goyemment, of slavery in conquered pro
vinces now free. This Ido tnow, that he is a -ra
dical democrat-:--that there is no tincture of Conser
vatism about him—that he detests dishouesty and
fraud in politics, as in morals, and holdsino fellow
ship with unsound and rotten politiciansi
110-01 E #INOT,
Delivered In the Capitol, at Albany,
N. V. October tat h. IS-17.
Mr. W. iu
I base given a brief history of. the Proviso and
its introduction into Congres.s. Previous to, its be-
Mg moved. I never heard the suggestion made,
that it would embarass the Administration. We
did not then know that the Administration desired
to plant slavery on free soil. It is only recently
that this hateful policy has been put forth. The let
ter of the Secretary of State to the Democracy of
Berks County, was the first official declaration that
this Government was to be prostituted to such un
holy purpose's—purposes as revolting to the spirit
of the age, as hostile to the genius of our institutions,
as abhorent to every feeling of justice and humani
ty, as would be an: attempt to revive the foreign
slave trade. During the whole progress of the in
troduction of this measure into Congress ,1 never
heard the name of Silas Wright, or that of eth
er candidate for the Presidency mentioned. We
dir. not stop to calculate what effect it was to I•ave
upon the Presidential aspirants, nor upon ourselves.
As to both we were utterly indifferent. The time
had crime when a great principle was to be assert
cd. 'Co hesitate was to abandon it. and Presidents
and the Mini:Orii of Presidents were not thought of
or if so. not cared for. It was an overweening
jealoitiir on the pyt of the enemies of that great
and good man, Silas. Wright, that made them we
in this movement, a design to elevate him to the
Presidency. Ile wanted no Proviso to fix him in
the hearts of his countrymen. Had he lived, I be
lieve he wouldlaave been made President by the
' almost tmanimous voice of the people of the free
1 ELITIOOi so weak as to be driven from my tpur
pose by the cry of a servile press, that, in urging
forward this measure of Freedom, I am oppos
the administration. I am not so ambitious to be
classed among its supporters, that I will sustain it
in a policy clearly wrong. My constituents have
stronger claims upon me ; than any administration
can possibly have. I supported the leadilig meas.
ure of President Polk's administration, not howev
er, out.of subserviency, or a desire especially to
please him; but from convictions of duty„ and a
high sense of my obligations to my constituents.
In my first election,
I proclaimed my uncompro
mising. hostility to the 'Tariff of -1842. 'I stood
pledged before my own people to vote for its re
peal, and did so,
out of respect to that people, and
own sense of justice and right. I was resolved
then, as I am now, to be faithful to my own con
science and My own people—to be true to them,
who have been true to me. I sincerely regret to
differ with the. Presidentcbut will anytnan tell me
bow I can avoid it, when the President differs with
It is not the purpose or theohjecte the ProVvoi
to encroach upon the rights of the South. It does
not propose the abolition of slavery ; either insl;ates
or in Territories ; now or hereafter. Its „sole iMmt
and end is, to preterit free soil from the -- tri - i - Wfvful
and violent aggressions of Slavery. Shall 1 'gov
ernment of this germ:WlN by the extensi or the
oi t i
Missouri Compromise intro free territory, give egal
existence to slavery? Shell it exert itspower to
overthrow the exisengfuridamentallaw of freedom,
that now binds the soil, And establish and legalize
slavery in its stead ? Thrtse are the questions, and
the only questions involved in the Proviso. We
stand upon the defensive. We prot e st against such.
.aperversion of the power of this government. We
invoke its aid to maintain the existing law of Free
r-Inm, and . this we are told - is inseorrelitutional The
men who sci'told 'us, have been looking at the po
litical chess-board instead of reading the constitu
tion. We pledge ourselves to abide by all the com
promises of theeenstitteioe-4o maintain the reserv
ed rights of the states ; but we demand the observ
awe of Freedom's law—we plead the inviolability
of free soil. We invade no existing. nghts; we in
no a ay interfere with slavery, further than to resist
its aggrez , tijOnS upon tree sorb We plant ourselves
upon free territory—we take - our stand upon the
outposts of Freedom, prepared to resist, and I trust,
to resist to the death, the eneroaclunents of unlaw
. fie and a.7ressive slavery. Is this uneoustitutionall
May we no: preserve the free soil of the country
for the homes of freeman and their posterity ?
Again, the Proviso is assailed by northern &mete
faces as an idle, harmless abstraction. ' Would it
not be well to inform the south of this fact ? Her
eminent statesmen, ruler have been supposed to un
derstand abstractions tolerably well, cannot be ap
prised of the innocent and harmless character of the
Proviso. They would not become so strongly ex
cited as In threaten a dissolutinn 'of the Union on a
mere idle abstraction. In charity, their ignos
ranee should be enlightened. Will not Mr. Ritchie,
and, the government presses of the North, embark
in this labor of love, and cease their denunciation
of those who seek to make the, Rio Grande what
Jefferson and the men of the South made the• Ohio;
a barrier over which Slavery cannot pass I The
Proviso and the Ordinance 0t'1787 are abstractions,
alike in their character ' and their consequences.
What stopped Slavery on the south Bank of - the,
Ohio? What prevents its eroLs. ing an imaginary
tine. the line of 36 deg. 30 min.. N. latitude! The
will of thes nation, expressed authoritatively in le
gislative enactments' Like these enactments, the
Proviso proposes 'o erect a barrier against the atl•
ranee and extension of Shivery ; but_ nelike these,
it erects that barrier on free soil. It has ever been
the policy of this governmpt to restrict siaveyy with
in given and prescribed halts. This writhe platform
upon which we set out - , The whole north-wes
tern territory, embracing.!•every foot of land over
which the nation had cont fl. was at an early day
sealed up against Slavery. In the Missouri com
promise alio, further restrictions were imposed up
on Slavery. Louisiana was purchased of France,
and at the time of the purchase. the law of Slavery
extended over it. The Missouri controversy was
not a strurle to maintain the law of Freedom, but
to derogate the law of Slavery. Free territory was
not then, as now, to be protected fromthe aggres
sion of Slavery, but Slavery wee driven back from
the limits it had lawfully occupied. The demand
now made is without precedent in our history. -H.
Heretofore. limits have been set, over which Sla
very should not pass; now the law of Freedom is
to be *mulled to make room for itsextension. This
is the arrogant and insolent demand made upon tig,
and miele in a tone of threatening defiance. The
South fiefl not yield, therefore the North muse
The North .4 di yield ! Tlii4 is the attitude of insult
ing defiance assumed by the South. Shall we
yield ? Nreret. God forbid.! Arc we so tame, so
servile, so degenerate, that we cannot maintain the
rights of a fiee soil, and a free people ! Where is
the spirit of our fathers? Are we Slaves. that know
ing our, rights, we dare ;rut maintain them ~ I hold
free soil as sacred as free men, and, so help me
God! I would as soon submit to h. ve the chains
fastened upon the tree limbs of our people, as to
surrender their rightful inheritance en the demands
of the Slave power. Let us hurl back the defiance
of the South, and in a voice of thuuder. proclaim
that the North will not stets;. Come what may
come—be the issues life or death, the Noel' will
Tile policy of our fathers, in setting up lirnits
against the progress of slavery, should not be de
parted from. It is this policy alone that can save
the Republic from speedy and overwhelm hurt de-
struetion. Slavery has within itself the seeds of its
own dissolution.. Keep it within given limits!let it
remain where it now - is, and in time it will' wear
itself out. Its existence can only be perpetuated
by constant expansion. -It will exist so long as it is
profitable to the, master; and the value of the slave
can only be maintained by constantly enlarging the
field ot'his labor. Slavery is only profitable, in the
cultivation of those staples, where constant employ
ment is given to a full force of laborers. A plant
er with an hundred slaves and a thousand acres bf
land, cannot embark in the system of agriculture
pursued at the North. lie cannot raise corn and
wheat for the reason that it takes but a few weeks
of labor to put in such crops and then little remains
to be done until the harvest. The support of his
slaves during this long period of idleness would
eat up the entire crop. It is only where constant
employment is given to his full force. that he can
make slave labor profitable. This is done in the
cultivation of cotton, tobacco, sugar and rice. *But
we all know that a succession of crops, followed
-year after year, will impoverish the soil and chi
mately exhaust it. Thus the planter" finds his pro
ducts constantly diminishing at the same time his
laborers are multiplying. At the end of I'4 or 20
years his slaves have doubled and his soil become
exhqusted. He cannot stop to regenerate and re
nt ak it by the application of manures and a differ
ent 4ystem of cultivation. This is a work of time,
and, before it conld Lie accomplished his slaves
would eat up the land itself. He must abandon his
worn out land for new and virgin soil, or release
his slaves. What is true of the single planter holds
equally true orthe whole system. The aggregate
field of slave labor is constantly becoming more.
circumscribed by the exhaustion of the soil at the
same time that slaves are rapidly in ceasing. These.
causes, if permitled to exert their egitimate influ
ence,i4 and not retarded in their o tron, by an ex
tension of slave territory, will at nn distant day, put
an end to slavery and all itsconedmitant evils. It
was to such results that the " greaten of the South,
in the great.day of the South,' 100 ed with anxiety
and hope. That slavery should n escape its ear
ly doom by an extension of its borders they sealed
up against it by the Ordinance of 1787, the entire
territories of the Nation. Now the unlimited exten
sion and eternal perpetuation of slavery, has be
come the leading. if not the " one ideal; of the
South. This question has its southern as well as
its northern fanatics, and of the two, southern fanati
cism is the most dangerous and unreasonable.
An effort is made to bring odium upon this move
ment, as one designed especially- for the benefit of
the black race. While its success would insure the
redemption, at an earlier day, of the neva from his
bondage and his chains, I deny that it was cape
cially for him, that the Proviso was offered; or that
he is the party most deeply interested in its re .
suit. It has with justice and propriety. been called"
the " White man's. Proviso"; and the Free White
Laborer, has by far the deepest stake in its failure,
or success. Fol'4tim it solves the ntomentours ques
tion, whether that vast country, between the Rio
Grande and the Pacific, shall be given up to the ser
vile labor of the black, or be preserved for the free
labbr xethe White man. Shall that fair clime, with
its rich soil and abundant resources, capable of sus
taining a population of tifty millions of freemen, be
preserved to the, white man and his posterity, er
shall it be given up to the African & his descendants?
This is the great ultimate question involved in the
present struMe between Vreeddln and Slavery.—
An intelligent member of Congress from* south,
in conversing with me upon this subject, , and re
monstrating against my course, said, "if yoit sue-
cited in rur efforts CO prevent the eiterisket of sla
very, and, confine as to the territory . now occupied -
hp it, id-less than *century we will haeen,o„.
Edof thirty millions , of blacks, with less - then half
number Of white population in theiritnidst; and, '
E' he r d:ten the teririble-altemativetvillbeluesens
: we must:either abandon the country to " them,"
cut their throats. ll Would you, said he bring :
h acaliniiity %Bonus! I replied t that Lilid net
Profess to be able to solve this most difficult problem
ef Elavery,—that ' I trusted m an all merciful pro
tidence) to avert from my country, the terrible her
. is of which he had so en ; but to my view this
as clear, that neither present evils, nor future ca
-I‘noitiee, could be mitigated or avoided, by enlarg
-14 the borders of slavery—that its extension would
but magnifyits difficulties and its dangers. That it
thealternab ve which he had presented, should come;
we had better meet it with a population of thirty than
an hundred millions. of slaves; and upon the theatre,
of its prese n t limits, than upon the wide domain of
one half of this continent. You are afraid,. said I,
now to look those dangers in d.c face and boldly
meet them, that you would cast upon posterity,
magnified a thousand fold. In God's name, at we
love our country and our race, let us stop in this
mad (-aims of human slavery. The negro race al
ready occupy enough of this fair continent; let us
keep what remains for our ourselves, and our child
ren—for the emigrant that seeks our shares—for the
poor man, that wealth shall oppress—far the free
white laborer, who-shall desire to hew him out a
home of hominess and peace, on the Aistant
shores of the Vacific. Free laborers of the North
—siowri trodden free White men. of the South !
this is your cause, and the cause of your thlldren !
—where negro slavery is,. there free white labor'
cannotcome, without sharing in its depredation and
1 partaking of its dishonor. •
In the agitation of this great question, affecting Pas
it does the remotest posterity, wo.are gravely told,
that we are dividing the democratic party. It is the
mission of that party to elevate man, to vindicate his
rightly° sr cure his Irappiness—and shall itaProgress
be arrested! Shall its high-aims and purposes be de
feated,berause Slavery commands a halt Old refuses
tomake farther advance'! Must we lay /down our
weapons of truth and justice. and stand 4ill at the
bidding of a few thousand ,Staveholder“ If the
South cannot keep pace with the: age, and the
progress of Democratic ieform—if. slid will hug
to her bosom delusions and errors; firtal o her pros
perity and peace,let her not drtig usdonin from the
Inah destiny before us. Let our motto be 4 'iniward
aril upwara," until the great mission of Democra
cy shall.be fulfilled, and man's dignity and rights.
every where respected and acknowledged. Tlii s
charge made upon us. of dividing the party is not
true. If the party is divided, the South is %simile
responsible for such division. It is the• South, that
has, attempted to make this question of "'the ex
tension of slavery into free territory, a party test.
She it is. that has proclaimed through her press and
her conventions, that site would hold no fellowship
with the friends of Freedore. The South was the tirst
to declare, that she would support no man for the
Presidency, who would not openly repudiate the
principles of Freedom asserted ter the Proviso.—
Upon this question the Smith declares she will
merge all party ditferences--all party distinctions.
Tim* South. and not the North, has made this section
al issue. She has forced it upon ns. We have n o
alternative left. We must accept the issue tendered,
nay. forced upon us, or abandon our principles and
become recreant to our Country and to mankind.
Bet the democracy of the north is divided. Who '
divided them, and what influences worked out- this
division, when a few months ago, there was entire :
union of sentiment and action upon this question !
The Democracy of the North were united and free
utterance was given to the voice of the party, in the
'unanimous support giien to the Proviso by the
democratic members of Congress, front the free
states. Eleven of theA,egislatures of the free States.
passed iii quick succe ss ion, resolutions, mostly or
quite unanimous, asserting the rights of free labor
i and. the integrity of free soil ; and in this expression
, of Congress and the States. the whole people of the
forth, united in .one unbroken response. What
malign intleences have been at work to divide this
harmonious party ! Where is the magician, with
spells so potent, as to silence the press, and sti tie the
free expressions of a free people ! Powerful indeed
must be that magic. that can divide friends, and in
the midst of freemen raise up an army to fight the
battles of slavery. Its charms seem tolave a pecu
liar influence over men • in high places and those.
who three:4h the press. sway popular opinion. The
wand ofohe magician moves over the Capitol of the
Nation. & lo ! this representative deserts the standard
of freedom, and takes his place' in the ranks of its
,enemies. One fall's to the right and anOther to the
left, until slavery triumphs, and freedom is trampled
under foot. Again. the magician moves his wand,
performing the vast circuit of the Union, and the
press no longer gives utterance to the voice of the
peoples--the sentinel upon the watch-tower, gives
no:alarm of the enemy s approach. The gates of
Ahe citadel are left open, that the cause of liberty
may be betrayed. This is no fancy 'sketch—it is
truth.; I warn the
,people to beware of the subtle
and powerful influences at work to betray them.—
Every firm advocate of their rights, will be crush
ed if the strong arm of power can crush him.=
Your strong men will be assailed—the weak se
duced and the venal corrupted, until if it were pos
sible, the people will be left without a champion to
do battle io thei r cause.
I am free,p6ntly asked how this struggle will
I end. I know not: and while I look forward with
hope. I have many and gloomy fears as to the re
sult. 1 have seen a strong majority in the House of
Representatives, upbn this question, dwindle away
one by one, until its supporter's were in a minority.
I have seen the once united democracy of the north;
divided, and a portion of its press joining in this
unholy crusade against freedom. Still I -am
without high hopes—my reliance is upon the peo
ple. When they shall fully, appreciate the mighty
interests involved in this great struggle between
Freedom and slavery, they will arouse themselves,
iz taking their interests into their own keeping, show
those in high places that they are the servants, and
not the masters of •the people. Whatever may be
.the issue and the final-result, of this, I feel assured,
that the day will come", when justice will be done to
the Motives and the efforts of the men of this day,
who boldly struck for freedom:and labored to stay
the mighty evils of human bondage. When that
speck, which at first was no bigger than a matis
hand, shall become a vast cloud, overshadowed'
and darkening this continent, charged with the ele
ments of destruction, and shall burst upon our devo
ted country, burying in ruins peace, public liberty,
and social order ; then, if not till then, justice will
he awarded to the men of this day; who saw the
danger, while it was yet in the distance, and vainly
strove•to save the Republic from the horrors of a
civil nod a servile war—a war of races, in which
'there can be no peace, until one or the s ther shall
Gov. SHUN): AND MR. WILMOT,.-\VllllOl.lt wish
ing to interfere in any manner in the contract rsy
in relation to the W ilmot proviso, we deem it but
an act of justice to. Mr: Wilmot, to say that the mo
tives attributed to him in the Philadelphia Times
of the 3d inst., of an intention to de-
Teat Gov. Sh'uak in Pennsylvania, is wholly with
out foundation in truth. Mr. Wilmot has'been the
early and steadfast supporter of Gov. Sluirrk. and
during, the late campaign was actively and efficient
ly engaged in securing his re-election. We can
not, therefore, intim:Me on what ground the editors
of the Times and'KeYstone have made an imputa
tion against him, so entirely uncalled for, and ei)
utterly destitute of any foundation in fact to sustain
it,-- , Dcm. Union. ' %
Croswell, the l itor of the Albany Argus, it will
be seen, gives notice that he wi ll soon retire to the
shades of privacy. ' •
When . all the blandishmenti of tife ere gone,
The Ta.trroa sneaks to death—the tact bVe on
The N. Y. Express says that most of the regular
transpertation lines' refuse to take freight beydrul
Buffalo. There is so little water in the canal, and
it is so crowded with boats, that they dare not haz
ard any contracts beyond that point.
- Later krona Meztco.
•. • ,
Two wore Battles—Captain Wa tier killed-o mm'
Jane in:Ptreble--Senta Amu]uperseded by Ruston
.....-Rumois-of P Return o f Gene. Quitman and
• ' Bra. N
. . ous, November 1 . 1, tap .
The steamship N w Orleans armed at New Or
leans on the 7th, w th dates from Yen -Cruz to the ,
Ist of November. I .
- Gen Patterson was to leave Vera Cruz on the; id
inst. The whole n bet of the traia Ku l mon is
5000 strung and 22 w agons.
The English 'er arrived at Vera Cum on-the
31st ult_ bringing eveti from the City of Me x i co 10 ,
the 29th i ult. NMI ' very important bas tu i s spg .
ed in the capital si ice the previous advices.
We extract thefollowing items from the Vera
Cruz Genius of 1.. i rtv; of the V3r lIISI,
Adisco has bee taken possession of by 1000 o f
our forces.- The I rge city was yielded without the
i f e
least resistance. i
Orizaba is doubtless by this lime also in po,; set .. s _
ion of the Americ forces.
The Mexican vemment has superseded S an t a
Anna as the com nander of the army. Itulc o» has
been appointed o th at office—Santa Anna loudly
protesting again. the violation of his rights as the
first MaMstiate of the -nation, as he . Styles himself,
and refusing obedience to the government, retires
Gen. Scott and staff have lately visited the city of
Guadalope. ( •
Gen. Almontel-reaehed Queretaro on the 7th ult.
The city was, tilled with rumors of peace, and a
was said that a tfluorum had met at Queretaro, sad
that the majority decide& in favor of an amicable
adjustment of dfficulties.
There seems to be but little -doubt that a furCe of
Americans have entered and taken possessio n of
Orizaba, and it is altogether probable that the forc e
tint not exceed ;400 men. ,
. . . .
Orizaba, contains a population of Forriethimr near
16,000 inhabitakits. yet they had the good sense to'
surrender their teity, no withstanding the fore was
so meagre' tliaqtlemanded it.
' . IV. G. Tour ' 't of York," of the Philadel
phia papers, has published a paper in the city of
Mexico, calleit„the " North American. - 'lt 11 , a
beautiful shee4 the Delta says.
The following from the,Genius of Liberty, of pie
25,h ult., conli i ints the roost important items we Tau
gather from tini Vera Cruz papers :
' • From 'four t,Frpnch gentlemen, who left the City
of hlexico. on the 13th, and Puebla onthe 16th of
the present naOnth. we have received . intelligence
of a very important nature concerning'the state of
affairs in those quarters. Gen: Lane having. arriv
ed at Peroie, iva... , there joined by Capt. Walker anti
his rommandi Both advanced together on the Pu
ebla road till they reached the town Yreyes.
At this ORO, Capt. Walker, by order of the Corn•
Maw - lire , Gc ~ took up his line of march to linan
antla, by tea ; of the towns of San Francisco and
Guapastla. On his arrival at llnamantla a &Mo
ary e»gaginn'ent in the streets, between the force
Of Cain. ‘Calker, consisting: 0f:250 Illell, arid that of
the hlitxicanS, numbering 1,600, the result of which
was the totabexpudsion of the enemy from thetown
and its occupation by our valiant little army., which
I lost in the Mule only ,sty men. But the gallant
Walker alfer forming.iprodigies of valor. and feats
of the most daring character fell in a single combat.
t pierced by the spear of an eumged father,
goaded to actual frenzy by the death of ins UJI.
whose fall beneath the arm- of Capt. Walker he had
just witnesiled, rushed forward heedless of air d ark '
ger, to revenge his death, and attacking the Captain
with irresiskible violence, plunir.ed his spear
his body aild slew him almost instantly. -
The 111eXicans lost 200 men-and-three pieces nt
artillery. trite latter were throwii late a , : t . ..,,i1y ~,,.
joining thit town by the vietors. who a t ter il,„
achievement of, their object. the dispersion of the
enemy, tok which they were despatched to Hnan
antla,e.itacioated the place and directed their caurt , e
towards final on the Puebla Road which ti.cr reac i .
etl within any opposition and there meeting with
Gen. Lan . the combined American force opinittnel
its march tupon Puebla.
Into iii, city, in, a slate of insurrection. it fmle7 ,
iu platoods, delivering at _every step a enn.rant .1 , 1
well direkted fire' of musketry, which core.!
until the enemy retreated and order it as re-a red
in every quarter. .
'' Gen. Rea, of whom we heard se much isles.
fled; with; .400 guerillas towards Ailipio
Gen. laida Anna was at the List tiecoirtts .1: T.-
htiacan de las Granadas, having been tesenei 1 , t . :
all his loillowers with the exception id .2.0".
M yss etirsKrrs --The Boston Post hra-. 4, :' re
turns f m nearly every county in the State. teett:'.:
up Cest 'Nu, Dem., for Govenior. 3•••••57 . Bits•-•
Fed.. 52,790—others. 12,046. The Le.:i.4.ent , t .'
strong Federal, as every one suppo-e,l it would ty , .
.11104taaN.—The Democrats of Xlichtzan , eti.l
T,-eeting• to their brethren. •
A Democratic governor:
A Demmratic lieutenant governor :
A unanimous Democratic dele•cmott In Coa - I , '-
A unanimous Dernocrafce Semite :
A Dk4nocnitic House of Re l yresetaatires
And; _all of them by increased rnatortne,' •
l'c'rici 45A EttEeTto N.—The roor4 ! ., ),rnyll 11. 1 1
tional 1 e/ection returns. Thihodeatty. Fed. Jo'
been ve--eleeted to Conoress m the '2,1 rlistact . ' 1
returns indicate that Harnionsoa has alst li'r'a r'
elected in the 3d 4.littrtrict l' a !ooze mare:-, The
retull as far tis - reeeieed 'show th:ttihe Fetlrrah . '"
Wive iPlecteil .two Senators told si•l'Vrecert Repo
senlaorexs. and the I)einocratf Iwo : . ietiaroN an•i
twelv!e Representatives. beinz a redrtal _ac
One senator-and three Represent Aves [The Pe:
in ocMtic portion ot the State Is yet to he he'ariltmr
It fs; rumored l Washinuton /11; 1111 W Prc - "l' n ' ..
abqnfappnintinoCol. NlViiiidies, ('I
bnr :Minister to China.
In this borough. on Thursday evening. Nov. 0.
hyi the Rev. Julius Foster. - J i mr.; M.rr.0.01.
ES+, of Perry Co.. to Miur. elde , t dough:el •
• Eiiward Overton, tsq., of 'rowanda• •
By he Rev. Mr. Compton. on the •2. l th day .4 (10 '
bit., Joe* H. WEED, of Tocranaa, to Mi.,s Lull!'
TI./. M. CANFIELD, of Leraysvitte.
* [ , 3 . -cw abtic-rus' cmcnis. I ',
-7 — i , ;-• --- -- • -
.1. V. Sumner, M. D., ()enlist , .
is. now in town, and will remain of W o odruff , 1 "
1. gel, three or four weeks. His friends are 'noted a
ca j. November 12, 1847.
- ' ' DISSOLUTION.
" E partnership heretofore existing' under the b" 0
. • of Coo/bough -dr Suliabuty. is this Jacili...rolieLll
mt.ual Consent, the business in future willbeei"'""
by B. Conibaugh . "The hooks and accounts of the tim'
in the hands of D.C. Salsbury :," those indebted to L l t
firm by note or book account, will make par - Mea t l'i).
C. Salisbury. 11. C001.11A1.111.
Monroeton, Nov. 10, 1847. D. C.SA I.SIII I/
T OOKING GLASSES, a large assortment for
21 -- 4 at ":". nl7 BAIRD'S. N0.:1.-11_,K.._
--1--__ ---r —_ _.., . _ .-
. 4 ,
Ti 4 EASDRES--Half bushel, peck, four quart.:
.iii qur rt. and eine quart measures,_ at ISA I rd'' .
/ . iftsbther Large Supply of ,
NEW FALL & WINTER 6001)_,N
TFIE subscriber is now receiving his second r ' II 7
Winter supply of Goods, which will be sold ''''
Iw as usual. • . .-J. KINGSBERI. Jr .
1 Nov. 16. Cor. Main and Brulize4"
pRI' GOODS. Groceries, Hardware. Boots 4. t re i,
Crockery, Nails, Glass. Codfish and 1 13 !` . ...,,,.
aints, Oils, Rats, Cape and Mutt., Books a nd t`t*'" -
rrY, Family Itiedicicasi, &c., just reecieed.at. , .
i Nov . 16. -• Fill i t '' .
- J. -KING:+6 . • ---
emoNs wishing to pur—chase Sil.lAis . • ng 3 " l°
, I 's
) fnini one to two dollars per cwt.. by calli
corner of Main and Bridge streets.
Nor. 16. J. KIN. J:.