Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, October 27, 1847, Image 2

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Till'anda, Wednesday, Oct. 27, 1847.
r F.xcrscs.-- , Sorne of the Federal papers are try
ihg to frame plausible excuses for their defeat in
this State; others are denoUncing their own party
for their retniseness in not turning out to the elec
tion &e. Our opinion is that there is, bet one true
reason, to' which' they must all come at list viz.--
There are more Democrats in
.Pennsylvania than
• Fcderalists. As to the Federalists who did not go
to the pas, it is eery likely they •had become
treatable that their leaders *ere on the wrong side ;
that their false alarms of ruin were all gross ilecep
tion and humbug, that the open opposition of the
Federal patty to the war with Mexico, or the more
traitorous conduct of their leaders and presses in
gi:tini "kid and comfort" to the enemy ; deserved.
open rebuke and condemnalte)h at the hands of all
honest men ; toetber with the fact that, knowing
Francis R. Shook to be honest and competent, and
'llistruistkg all further pretensions or promises of the
Federalists, they were content to let well-enough
alone. With anthem things before the people, we
have no doubt that, had every Vote in the common
wealth been placed in the ballot-box, the majority'
for Honest Frank Shunk would have been greatly
Moar.,Facrrn.—The Slexican Argus is still 'rav
ing under continued and protracted paroxysms of
Whig Hydrophobia. We kicked the thing aside.
last week:to escape its froth, and hoped it would
hide itself in its kennel and expire in quietness.—
Hut it is still raving and foaming, and snapping at
every one it meets. Venomous as it js, no one need
tear it much. It is too small and feeble a thing to
do injury.. On meeting it again, on Saturday last,
it was scattering its froth, as usual. Our first im
pulse was to give it another kick ; but, on reflec
tion, we thought it. cruel to chastise popr sick pup-
Pelt, and so we giveihem a "pass"—too filthy to
touch—let it go home to Mexico. •
SENATORIAL Nommenon.c . .—The, g•enatorial con—
vention for the district composed of 'the counties of
Steuben arid Chemung,"in the State of Sew York,.
met at Painted !lost, on the 15th igst. and placed
in nomination William M. Hawley of Steobee.
The Elmira Gazette sacs: The convention passed
strong resolutions.iii favor,of the principles of the
Wilmot Proviso: The democracy of Steuben and
ChemOng is sound to the core on this question : 7 '
Mr. Itiwt.Eri • the nominee of the convention, is
one of the ables( and soundeit democrats in the .
district, and we cannot for a moment doubt his
Election. • •
Ecccrros RF:vbass.—Weliave not yet received
the official returns from all the counties ; but those
we have, with the. reported
. majorities, place' Gov,
Shunk more than 18,000 ahead. The official may
vary sompwhat from' accounts received. but the
majlrity for Shunk and Longstreth will fall but lit
tle, if any below those figures.
party (abolitionists) 'field a convention at ftntialo.
on the 20th• inst., to •make nominations: for Presi
aent, and. vice President. We learn- the conmen
tion was pretty fully attended ; delegates being pre
. sent from all the free states, JOHN P. 1-141.. r, of New
Hampshire, was .nornindted - for President, and
Hon. Lt STER Kirin, of Ohio for vice President.
the U. S. Arhly ; is now in this place for the pur
pose of enlisting troops , for the United Sixes Ser
vice. • Young men, desirous of learning the " art
of war" can now , have an opportunity, by calling
on Mr / Minier at his head quarters at I\'ocsiruff's
Hotel. I •
OHIO' tLECTION.—The • election in 'Ohio has left
the D'ernooeats where they were before, with a
fedbral majority against them, unless .the votes of
her democratic sons, now in Mexico, should change
the present prospect it United States Senator is
to be elected in that State.
' Okottou has elected a demoeratic Goverrinr—
thesjegisiature will be federal by a very small ma
jority, Which *A give that party a Miami States
- The •Governor of Maine has appointed the 25th
of November as a day of public. thanksgiving.
This makes six States in which this festival is to
be celebrated on the same day. 4
For the Brndford Reporter.
Menus. Famines 4 the Bradford Argus of the
-25th of September, under the head of "..;:rust
elections,",peaking of the position the Whigs took
in reference to the Mexican War, the writer says
"they (the Whigs) knew also that this Mexican
war was brought on by the arbitrary and tmconSti
tutional acts of the President." I would have been
much pleased if the writer had condescended so far
as to givens some evidence to support s his assertion.
If i have understood the whigs, they say that the
war was in consequence of the annexation of Tex
as.. If this position is true, then it would remain
for the Witter to prove that the annexation of Texts
was brought about -by the . " arbitrary and uneon
stitetibnatacts of the President." A portion of the
oh* pasty take tha ground that the war was in
consequence of invasion of Mexican &.s ilky. by
troupe of the U. S. If the writer assumes that pa ,
anion it will remain for him to prove, vt, that our
troops invaded the territory of Mexico, id thin they
done so by the " arbitrary, and uncisestamiertal acts
of the President," and 3d, that the war was in con
sequence of said invasion. Let us examine these
two positions and'see how far the evidenee in the
ease will impport,them. hi the thist place r no one
will deny, that the annexation of Texas to this
Union took, place, in the main, under the 'admirals
tuition of John Tyler. That in 4844 it was made
line of the issues before the people, that a majority
belated in favor of annexation, and that the repre
i.entatives of the people passed a law annexing
„Texas to this Union. So far; then, from its being
one by the " arbitrary and unconstitutional acts of
.the president," it was done by the people them
selviSk, in aeconisince with the known and expres
sed wish of the people of Texas. It will be found
by Consulting the hiatorj of Texas, by Hon. L. T.
Pease, which will be found annexed to a history oft.
AnKriett and Mexico, by Hon. 'John Niles, page
at, the, ea thi 6ist Mandlai r briambitt
an expeselen of public MUMMA rpon the Taw
tion of the annexation of Ts to the II S. was ob
tained which was found to be 3279 in favor, and
only 91 against annexation. It is well known that
the Congress of Texas convened by the President
of that Republic, by proclamation in 1845 for the
purpose of considering terms of annexation as Pro
posed by the C. S.. accepted of said terms. These
facts &qv conclusively that annexation was
bronghtiabout by the people of the two govern
ments, and not by the " arbitrary am? unconstitu
tional acts of the President." Perhaps the writer
may say that Texas was not a government, but a
part of Mexico. I would just refer him to the re
marks of the Secretary of the U. S. in a dispatch to
our btrmister in Mexico under date of the Bth of
July 1843- " Mexico may have chosen to coland
er, and may B:Ni choose to.consider, Texas as hav
ing been at all times since 1839, and as still con
tinuing a *hellions *wince. Bet the world has
been obliged to take a rely different view of the
matter from the battle of San Jacinto in April 1835
to the present moment, Texas has exhibited the
same bigns .of national independence as Mexico
herself and with quite as much stability of govern
ment." Texas had been an independent State
with an organized government exercising all the
functions of a government defying the powerof Mex-
No to overthrow or re-conquer her for more than
1 1. ten years before . Mexico commenced the present
• war against the United States.
The independence of Texas had been acknow
ledged by the:United States, England, France, and
Relgiurn, and all these powers had entered into
treaties with hei,,they had received her Ministers
at peir courts ano -they commissioned Ministers to
the government of Texas. If Mexico refused to
Acknowledge the independence of Texas she was
none the less independent on that accetait. It is
the exercise of the proper functions of government
that constitute a government, and not the acknow
ledgment as such, by another power—it should be
remembered that before Texas was annexed tothe
United States that Mexico by an act of her govern
ment had acknowledged the independence of 'Dix-
As as a nation. It is true that she did, with)Mt any
power or authority to impose it, prescribe'a condi
tion that Texas should not annex herself to any
-other power, but this does not dettrYfrom the re
cognition that Mexico made of her actual indepen
dence. We find, then, upon in examination of the
evidence that Texas was a government, and, as
such, had a right to annex herself to this Union, ,
\%'higgery to the Contrary notwithstanding, and
now, Messrs. Editors a few remarks on the second
po.ition and F have done. The charge of invasion
is based upon the ground that the territory between
the Nucces and the Rio Grande did not belong to
Texas. It will be found, upon examining the his
tory above refered to, (which is a disinterested
orli having been published as long since as 1837)
that the historian regards the Rio Grande as the
true western boundary. On par 213 he says, It
is bounded North and east by the United States,
south by the Gulf of Mexico, and west by the river
Bmv i o Del Nort which separates it from Mexico,"
again, on
- page 228, he says " the western divi
son, or prairie region of Texas, extends from the
La Baca west, to the Bravo Del Nort, the western
boundary of the country," again, on page 239,
speaking of the rivers in Texas together with those
that form her boundary lines, the - Rio Bravo Del
Nort is named as one of them.
Perhaps no Whig will feel disposed to deny that
Texas includes all that territory that once belonged
to the United States as obtained by uts l of France in
1803. Louisiana was acquired by treaty from
France in 1803 by Mr. Jefferson and *a letter of
Mr. Madison the secretary of state, dated March
31st, 180-1, he says " Louisiana extended west
ward 'to the Rio Bravo otherwise call. d Rio Del
Sort," and in his letter of the 3lst oflune 1804,
Mr. Madison declares, that Mr. Laussatiihe French
commissioner who delivered the pos se ion of Lou
isiana to us, announced the " Del Nort as its true
boundary," in the letter of James Monroe of the
Bth Nov. 1803 he encloses documents which he
," pore incontestibly" that the boundary of
Louisiana is the Rio, Bravo to the west, in his let
ter as secretary of state to Don Onis Of the 12 of
March 1818 John Quincy Adams says " the claim
of France always did extend westward to -the Rio
Bravo," and again in the same letter Mr. Adams
says, "well might Meats's. Pinckney and,Monroe
write to Mr. Cevallos, in 1805 : that the claim of
the United States to the boundary of the Rio Bravo
was as clear as their right to the Island of New Or
leans." We find, then, upon examination, that the
Rio Grande has always been the known and ac
knowledged boundary of Texas. Our troops, then,
in moving from Corpus Christi to the east bank of
thelio Grande, did not pass the boundary of .Tex
as. Why, then, blame the President, whether the
terr,iory between the Nneces and the •Rmvo was
American ground, the Pesident had no right to de
termine. Several acts of Ccmgress had. made it his
duty to consider it Amedean, his predecessors,
from the purchase of Louisiana in 1803, deemed the
Bravo the boundary bet Ween the United States and
Mexico. The Texas dof Independence,
_and a Texas law in 1838, expvesly erted it—the
war could not, then, have been in consequence of
invasion. The writer of the'above quotation from
the Argos and Gen. Scott seem to take different
views of the cause of the war, the one says that it
was brought on by the , " arbitrary and ancortstitu
tional acts of the President," the other in. his Proc
lamation charges it home upon the Mexicans them-
Wilxes.. I hope the writer will try to clear lip the
matter and either prove that he is right, or else ad
mit that Gen. Scott is, and retrace his steps like :an
honest man. Plow trila wiss.,—.4:lo MendlWays An St. Laois
Orgon, a man by the name etiGlallaMon, sold his
wife,to James 'Todd, for filly drillers. The cir
camdances which led to the sale as we have been
informed are as follows: Callahoon le* the city
early in the sewn ' factse parpese drafting lum
ber from the upper wintry: previously, however,
providing aboarding place for his wife until his
return m the fall. Dorms his absence, not being
provided with a weicsency ofthe needful, she placed herself under the care of Todd, whom sbe now re
fuses to leave, and hence the - bill of ode by the
husband regularly made and properly delivered.—
We consider the second ones better match than
th . first. Todd himself was ,sold not long since at
pu ' Suction in front of the Conti Howe, we be
liev or a &Maraud a half acconling to her own
value en, Callahoon has net made a bad specu
Fannon llgarrif.—The.great race at the Union
Connie on Wednesday, between Fashion and Pass
enger, resulted ihthe define of the former, to the
great ditappoinftent of thiiiria rif the sporting
world. Before the race, the was two 10
one in favor of Fashion. A lagpLaseeentafteoney
changed hands . Only two leas were ran—theinu
in 7,154-sad she second in 7,48.
Nisi* tigt=tL
The New York Cattier states that the Hainnto9
Fish, jaw nominated as the 1144 candidate foe
Lime, Governor of New York, decline, the nitwits.
At the recent meeting of naturalises in Houton,
Prof. Henry demonetrated that two rays of heat
might be eo combined u to produce cold.
Ali the late accounts 'from California &tree in
saying that the country has been greatly overrated.
Neither cotton nor sugar can be cultivated in Upper
California, and it is probable that the climate and
other calms render tt unsuitable for tobacco.
The New York Canal commissioners hare an
nounced that the revenue from the publics works is
so great that the '- tniStax will be suspended. This
shows the value of the public works of that State,
and the triad= of their projectors.
Tbe New Orleans mew announce the arrival
of an WINNu number of welanamne from the
Wed, ineheliag neirly all tithe socata regiment
from Ohio.
A New York letter of Monday says:--“So
generall is wheat and gain withheld from the
market b the farmers of the interior, that, the re
ceipts by our canals are now ranging something
like 20,000 bbls. per week less than they averag
ed lag year at this season. The surplus over law
year now stands at 1,110,000 bbls."
The ship-fever i• &baling somewhat at Mon .
On the sth instant, there were 783 emigrants k
in fever hospital, viz: 373 men, 295 wome• and
115 children. The deaths average from .•tteen to
seventeen per day.
In Salem (Mass.) post-office the • crease on re
ceipts for nine months of 1847 o the same period
of 1845, is $1,116 72; increase number, of let
tere, 9,312.
The Sarah Sands sail - for; New York on Wed.
nesday afternoon. S • took out some gold„ as
remiters look with • • rust on all bills.
The U. S. v ••• sof war distributed along the
coast between nyinas and San Francisco, have
prevented Bch smuggling, and captured many
small *easels belonging to the Mexicans.
Mr,lohn Randolph Clay, charge to Lima, and
Mr •th Barton, charge to Chili, left Washington
o. Saturday. to embark for New York in a few
days, for Chagrea, to their respective destinations
The Prison Discipline Convention, at New York
brought their session to a close on Thursday even
ing, to meet again in June next, in Philadelphia.
Late arrival bring aecount*of the reheats dal} the
Enearnaction prisoners. These were the same that
were the object of Col. rte littesey's lategdition
from Tampico. Sixty of them have retu in the
Yankee Doodle, the only American comic Our.
nal, is defunct.
There is a great tall for boats on the Schuylkill
navigation. The demand for coal by canal is in
creasing, and freight to New York has advanced
to $2.
The Glasgow (Mo.) News says, that Gen. Price
has applied to the War Department for permission
to raise a company bf mounted men, to act as an,
escort for him across the plains to Santa Fe.
writer in the Courant estimates the animal
Ale and commerce of that city at :i 3 6,900,000, be
ing more than double what it was ten years ago.
'A pig has arrived at Pittsburg, having six legs.
the fiindermmt ones operating contrarily, though
simultaneously with the others.
An engineer of Glasgow asserts, that he has dis
covered a mode of propelling ve,sels on rivers and
canals at the same speed as loeomotive engineson
railways, and at half the cost.
A Telescopic Comet was discovered by a lady
of Nantucket, on the moraing of the Ist inst., in the
aLmsteliation Cephens. It is now visible to the
naked eye.
A steam saw mill exploded at St. John, N. 8.,
badly scalding throe perscms, and a man wascrush
ed to death between two vessels.
A store in Pittsfield, A6ss., was robbed on
Tuesday night of 53,000 worth of watches and jew
The Manufacturing Company of Charleston, S.
C., laid the corner-stone of a new factory on Satur
day last.
A patriclge of perfectly white plumage was shot
on the Ist of Sept., near Cannel, England.
A line of electric telegraph is in active prepara
tion along the railway from Vienna to Prague.
Thetsteamship Great Britain, lately got off the
shoals, is to be put up at auction at Liverpool.
The , abolitionist 'of New Hampshire have nomina
ted tin T. Hale for the presidency.
Clttritc.Corkrv.—This county, the residence of
ti Ir insides !" the Mexican Whig canidate for Go
venor, hasj . vron imperishable Democratic glory !
It will be `iterceived, on reference to our official ta
ble, that Irvin has fire votes less than Markle had in
1844, and Shunk has increased his vote 93. Cen
tre is, in reality, an Iron County, and the Democra
cy had to contend against a host of Ironmasters
and their dependants, but one Ironmaster support
ing Gov. Shunk. All honor, then to the unbe ndin g,
unflinching, indomitable Demooracy of good " old
Centre !"--Democratic Union.
Mr. Herwett,a respectable farmer, at IClllorcully,
. J., died of hydrophobia from the bite of a cat in
the finger.
A bridge is to be erected across the Illinois river
at Peoria. It will be two thousand feet long.
The Hanishl'arg Bridge, which was swept away
by the great freshet •of 1846 was opened for general
travel on Monday last.
Major'Webster has left Boston for Mexico. He
goes direct to Vera.Cruz i where he expects to:over.
take Gen. Cushing. : r
One hundred and twenty two companies have
been formed for mining in Cake Superior mineral
Mr. Swain, of the Philadelphia Ledger, has
started Prr England, on . a visit of business and re
the Government of Nem Grenada continues to
- keep up a largeTarrison at Panama, to resist the
landing of Flores.
One thousand of Colt's Patent Revolving Rifles
have been made al Hartford, Con, for the use of
the U. S. Mounted Rifle Regiment.
The brick work of the main building ofthe Mount
Vernon Cotton Factory, at Alosarullia, was foristi
eil MI Saturday lam,
, A bill is before the N. Y. Senate for the repeal
of the usury law.
During the freshet of Friday last. as Mr. Charles
Cassiday was crossmg.the. river at Norristown, Pa.,
in a boat. he was named over the dam. His body
has not as yet been recovered. He leaves a wife
and several children.
Midshipman Pollock, who attempted to assassi4
nate Mr. Jewell, of the Buffalo Advertiser, has been
sentenced to five years hard labor at Auburn State
Prison. We suppose, then, he has bad a second
trial and been convicted.
A:letter in the 'Mbar Herald !Imes that Gen.
Worth was wounded in one of his legs, by a spent
bait. The liinb was eonsidentble shattered but it
was not considered dangerous. .
In Boston the city authorities get 58,000 per year
from contractors for the privilege acollming, and
applying to [heir own 'perposcs, the bonne oBal of
the entire town.
Struaracum Rowasair.—Apateamger on board the
Penobscot, froni-liangor to Boston, on Monday night ?
Was robbed of *550. The thief his out vaiim
{lyiw tbiDeasstratis Itaissa
TIM a.«•t Illsetlas—iti await. Aga it.
To 'Very Democrat *bo filly apprehends and
the principles:of this party to which he
the reaul4 of the late' election affordscanse
for the most sincere and pmfmaid gratitude. The
re-election of FRANCIS R. Sewn, by a majority so
decisive over all the combined elements of oppo
sition, is a victory, the real value of which.can only
be fully estimated by those who understand the cha
racter of the opposition, and the means relied upon
by the Federal - party, and their allies, who have
teen•approptiately called guerrillas, to secure his
defeat. Governor Sauna was, admitted on all
hands to be an honest man ; the course of his ad
ministration was acknowledged to be in accordance
with the avowed principles and policy of-the De
mocratic party; and no sorted or solid objection
was urged by any Democrat-dgainst a solitary mea
sure of it. Yet there w many :professing De
mocrats who made opptiorr to his administration
from its comm - -t ; raised the cry of " one
term," and boldly -• ed his defeat in case his
friends insisted his re-nomination. The bold
assertions of - - men intimidaters for a time ma
ny honest , good membere offhelparty who said,
although- .ey saw no cause of objection themselves
to the ministration of Gov.' Swim,' yet they
tho' it would be better to sacrifie;e him and no
m' ate a new man, rather than halanl a defeat of
eparty. To these mar bis decided friends re
plied, " Gov. Sheet is an honest man ; he has ad
hered as closely to the principles of the party as
any of his predecessors; his administration has
been. distinguished by fair ability, unqueationable
integrity and strict economy : it haa...been the cus
tom of the party •o re-elect for a second tear ; there
is no reason why he should be an exception ; it
would be an act ofinjustice to yldriao the
unfounded clamor of r trisa s ppouited men, and discard
a faithful public servant contrary to party usages.—
Place him before the people—the masses are hon
est and diticerning, and with them the disaffected
and disappointed are comparatively powerless."
Happily these views prevailed, and Gov. Smell
was re-nominated by an immense majority of the
delegates in the Convention, and the result of the
election has fully sustained the wisdom and justice
of the decision. ft has done more. It has dispel
led the delusion that a few factious and unprinci
pled individuals, even though they may have here
tofore held high places and once enjoyed the confi
dence of the party, which they have betrayed, are
capable of distracting its councils or dividing its
when their treacherous character is fairly ex
posed to an insulted and deceived people.
ruder all these circumstances, therefore, we re
gard the glorious result of oar late election. as pla
cing the Democratic party of Pennsylvania epon a
more substantial foundation, both as regards State
and national politics, than it 'has occupied for many
years. It is a great moral as well as political tri
umph, in which the honest and virtuous have been
sustained and upheld, and the unprincipled and
factions rebuked by the stern voice of the indomit
able yeomanry of the country; and proves conclu
sively that honesty in politics, as well as in every
thing else, - is the best policy. This victory should
act, and we have no doubt it will operate as a stim-
Woos to all honest public men to adhere to correct
principles, to do right and place their confidence in
the integrity, intelligence and good judgment of the
people for support. A departure from sound funda
mental principles, to accomplish 'temporary objects,
or the conciliation of yascillating politici*ns, at the
expense of principle and honesty will sooner or la
ter drat down those who practise such a policy, no
matter how elevated they may be, to the level of
the corrupt demagogue who seeks reward as the
price of his adhesion to the party.
Our remarks in regard to the opposition ta Gov.
Shenk are only intended to apply to those who,
having failed to defeat his nomination., continto.d
their opposition, either openly or covertly, to his
election. Those who opposed his nomination, but
afierit was made gave it their support, did no more
than they had a right to do, as every man is en i
ded to his preferences until after anomination. As
Democrats, the men who pursued this course are
entitled to the respect and confidence of the party,
and to stand on the same platform with their De
mocratic brethren but those vrho either c):)etilv - or
coverly afforded "aid and comfort to the enemy,"
either by ruiriving, dectinneerug or voting, are de
serving of nothing bnt contempt and indignation.—
They are in every nay traitors to the principles
they professed, and are unworthy the confidence
of honest men of all parties.
The Democra is party and its principles are now
completely in the ascendant in Pennsylvania. We
have met and rolled back the Federal torrent which
has been sweeping over the land, and it is our du
ty so to use the victory we have achieved as to make
it redound to the permanent advntaTe of the coun
try, and not disappoint the confidence the people
have reposed in us. We must remember thst we
have a vigilant and never ceasing opposition to con
tend with in the Federal party—a party as , power
ful in means, and as unscrupulous in their use, as
their principles are obnoxious to the interests and
sentiments of a large majority of the people of the
country.. Against the schemes and machinations
and wealth of this party we hare nothin ,, to inter
pose but the-simple principles of Democracy, and
their universal adaptation to the rights and interests
of the masses when honestly and faithfelly admin
istered. To concentrate the force of these Iribei
ples, and give them 1 ractical effect, ottossozartos
Is INDISPENSABLE among those who believe in
' them, so as to secure concert of action. We should
1 hereafter, as heretofore, adhere to the ( established
mid recognized usagesof the party in reference to
nominations, both and NATIONAL. They
I have heretofore paired successful means of urn
ting the Democratic; party, and securing the triumph
of its principles, and no good reasons can. now be
given for their thandonment.
Iry fact we are almost ready to distrust the sin
cerity of three who be Democrats, who
would venture to suggest that our party usages and
principles' to be discarded to secure the elec.
(ion of any man, no matter how distinguished,
without reference to his political sentiments. Hare
we not been contending for principles, the ascen
dency of which, we hare been eelling the people,
is essential to their happiness and independence !
And are we prepared now to turn round, just when
our measures have been attained, and are in.stic
cessful operation, and say to the yeomanry of the
country, we hare been playing the part of detno!
gogues heretofore, and we now advise you to give
up all your party organization; amalgamate with
those who hold political sentiments diametrically
oppose) to-those you have been taught to believe
correct }. and gix for any man you can elect, without
reference to tub piilitieaf view?! Can the men who
thus advise have been honest in their professions
hetetoforel or can the inconsistency of their pre
sent course recommend and entitle them to the
confidence of the Democracy of the country I
For ourselves, the old fashioned principles of the
Democratic '
and its established usages, are
good,. enough for us; we have no disposition to
abandon them, and to this sentiment we feel that
every honest Democrat in the country will respond
with a right hearty good will. We shall, therefore,
tontine to advocate what we believe to be the
embodimem of the sentiments of the party, as as;
certaihed by the resolutions of nearly every meet
ing and convention recently held in the State—
Democratic conventioes, State and Rational--l/re best
means of concentrating the strength of the party and
maintaining its principles in their purity.
DAUPHIN Coutcry.- In the borough of Harrisburg
in 1844, Govericn Shnnk had a majority of 198,-
This election he was beaten 48, makmea differ.
eine of 244. In 1844. Markle had a Majority - th
the county of 861. This election. Irvin has a ma
jority of 918, the gain being 57. It will thus be
peneived that Govenor Shunk'sincrease in the coun
ty, independent of the borough, was 187 ! The
guerrillas of the borough stood alone in their glory,
not having a particle of influence out of What
a wonderful influence these disappointed office bun.
ters possess—Wonderful ! most Wouderfnl ! I Dem
ocratic union.
The Governor of New York has 'appointed the
25th of November, as R ‘ day of Thanksgiving.
••'.,Jw • }•!••••• • ~ra••
aftbilr nelPmftai-Crieiiiliongb*.;•
Said, qf Scott's Forcer—Ranta Anna Declared a
7imiter-4),er /min the Bettie Vitirica—Mitetinit
((the lexistan Congrea. •
. New Orlearus, Oct. 44111.
Thb steamer Fashion arrived here late last
night from Vera Cruz. There it a great:amount
of news brought by her, bet the. chief points are:
That the city of Witieo is in quiet possession of
Gem Scott's army. Several of the Northern. States
have declared Santa Anna a Motor, and' hipre
pledge themselves to raise a considerable amoont
of t-oops; which were to be placed under the com
a Gen. Paredes and Bustamente. The wherea
bouts of Santa Anna was supposed to be in the
neighborhood at Peimila.
Neither Generals Pillow or Worth,-or any of otir
Generals, were killed in the' : , battle of the city of
Mexico, and none %minded except Worth, rdiOtly.
The total loss of Soott watt kern& to be 1621, m
killed and wounded-Lmostly the latter.
• The Mexican Congress was to meet on the sth
October, [at what , place is not mentioned.]
Gen. Quitman was acting as Governor of Mexi
co, of which our army is in quiet, possession, 'the
stores being open.
Santa Anna has actually resigned the Presidency,
but not the army. Pena is charged with that office,
with whom are associated the Generals Fervent and
Santa Anna has about 2000 cavalry with hiin and
was hanging about the Capital. -
Gen. am was, busy in , establishing a civil go
vernment in Mexico. As early as the 16th he
began his work. lie commmenced the organiza
tion of an L'Annitasniento," that with 600 police
men should'protezt the peace of the city, to be
supported by the army. On the 18th were pub
fished some "rescripts" of Gen. Scott, :relating to
the judicial tribunals; &e.
General Scott is reported to have called. on the
Mexican States for Commissioners, to be vested
with full powers to make a treaty.
It is also stated, 'that he has asked of the Ay.
ontamiento, a coutrihntion of 550.000, sO,OOO right
off. and the rest in parts afterwards', aswanted
The Mexican prisoners of war have been- or
dered to to the city of Mexico.
The reported expedition of General Scott to
Toluca with 1500 men, t , not entirely resolved
upon. but was prepared. '
The Supreme Govern ent of Mexico is, ';by
authority," declared to 1 at Queretaro.
Otir entire loss since I vim>, Puebla, in killed.
wounded end missing, IC ndall sets down at full
tOOO. Another authority makes it 4000. and yet
Gen. Scott entered the valley of Mexico with an
army of only little exceeding 10.000 men
The Mexican accounts representing that we were.
at any time seriously repulsed, are not true.
The Mexican loss is not definitely ascertained,
but was enormous Gen. Bravo, was not killed,
but taken prisoner.
Santa Anna has returned to Toluca, fifteen Miles
from Guadeloupe, with the remains of his army,
intending it is thought, to attack our trains.
Many more deserters have been bung, but the
raader will be grieved to hear that Riley, the corn;
mander of the Foreign Legion, escaped that punish
ment, on some ground, and was flogged.
All will be glad to hear that the American pri
soners, Capt. Clay and others-, have joined General
Copy of•a letter written by a 'Foreigner to one
of his countrymen, a Frenchmen; at Vera Cruz,
dated. ' ' -
• Mexico, §ept. 28, -1847.
Dear Sir :—Availing, myself of the departure of/
the British e,ourier, I send you a sketch of . scenes
which I have witnessed in the capital mid in its im
mediate environs. The Mexicans"were beaten at
all points and in every manner in the battles and
skirmishes, which took place frorrohe Bth to the
13 inst."
Santa Anna left the capi'al onit)ie evening of the
13. h and took the toad for the interior. The Ameri
cans entered the ci'v on the .morning of the 14th
in very quiet, orderly manner, anti Gen. Scott had
taken possession of the palace, when suddenly the
lower-class of the people, who had vongrated
upon the house tops„commenced thr owing moires
(you the American soldiers. and guns %verb 'fired
from the windows and balconies.
General &ott Ordered pieces of artillery to be
placed so lei m command. the different streets and
grape shot to be dischareed upon the mob. This
was - found, however, insufficient to quell the in
surrection. Companies were then sent in every
direction with orders to sack every house out of
which firing should proceed and to put to sword
every Mexican found therein.
This order was promptly executed, but with great
moderation, owing lo the secret instructions widt
which Gen. Scott accorupined his orders. This
llip effectually subdued the insurrection. which
asted three ditys from the 14th, to the 16:h
during which Time scenes of the most heart rending
Character were enacted. •
I assure yon we were much alarmed dining the
whole time. , All foreigners, including those im
bued in other respects with prejudice against the
A rnericans, agree on one point, Ira—that the ArrWri-
Can Army has not done the hundred' part of he
injury it had a right to do, and which European
armies.*ould have done in similar circtrinstances.
A foreigner myself, and hating bgett ap eye
witness to European warfare dabctat 'the close of
Napoleon's military, career. I, judging by corn
panson, give it as my candid opinion. that if a
Continental army htui been stoned and fired upon
by the populion of a- vanquished city, the inhabi
tants would Dave been dealt rather more roughly.
Now we tire tranquil. bin it is a sad tranquillity,
living as we'do in dread of new disturbances.
Our precarious , situation will not be improved
until peace be concluded or the Americans send at
least 15,000 Men more. The army of invasion a
much to small. Fancy to yourself 7000 men in pos
session of city containing upwards of 20,000
hostile. inhabitants. .
The Americans have gained great glory in , all
the battles 'theyare collectively and individually
heroes. it is a wonderful Right to see a handfal of
men cut their way through three hundred miles of
densely populated country, and hoist the Star
Spangled Banner on the dome of the Capitol. They
have only I'soo men in Puebla, against a popula
tion of more than 50,000.
Ex-President General Herrera has gone to Quere
taro where a Congress is to assemble next month,
he took with him 4000 men, and Same Anna tell
)lack upon] Puebla with 2000 mounted troops.
These two bodies are the remnants of the 20,00 C
regular troops which defended the City only two
-weeks ago;
Some persons hope that several members of next
Congress at Queretaro will advocate an immediate
peace—bob I doubt it.
Excarrian Ditteirtmts.—On the morning of the
9th were htmg at San Angel sixteen deserters from
the American army, witched taken up arms against
their government Immediately after some ten or
twelve were whipped and branded on the cheek
with the letter D. Riley, the chief of:the San Pa
tricia crowd camein for a share ofthe whipping and
right well was the former laid' on by a Mexican
muleteer, Gen. Twig deeming it too mucli honor
to the major to be flfroed by an American soldier.
He did not stand the operation with that stoicism
we expected. -
The next morning four others of the same com
pany were executed at Dlixcoac, and on the 13th
thirty mom were hung upon oows at the
nine place. The i thiny were b roo m for ere
*cation about the same time that Chapultepec was
being stormed, and t 01. Hamey, pointing to that
place, told them that they should live long enough
to see the• American flag hoisted upon the battle.
meats of that fortress, and no . longer. In a few
moments oar colors were raised, and titer it was
shown to them they were launched into eternity.
The clencref lan Angel pleaded hant to sate
the 14-m. Of these%men but it was in vain. Gem.
Tir*. (Old them Ampudia, Arista and
Santa Anna. did these men owe their deems, for
they a to the low business of soliciting de
rerucm r m our ranks; and had succeeded in se
ducing duty and allegiance the poor wretches
woo had Ito pay so dearly for their crime*.
keg! . be !men
title Orthelareelaive
Do, the 2.lth day 6f
mended itOsi day t.,
duties of prayer, than,
have a people had
to the giver of all
mowed upon them, !
will be appropriatelyi
I. - annexed official proclataa,
Pennsylvania, that Tti oß ,.
November neit, is. re com _
1 be publicly dedicated t o t h e
ving and praise. Never
er - resmicon to retu rn . L uke
I , . for the many blessing. b e .
d we have no doubt this day
observed throughout duo coot.
In the name and by 1
out/ wily sr as Commonwealth
-CITMENs : - -COd is great
It is our duty to adore His
~ to acknowledge His good.
coniseP to Hun our sins, and'
implore their form:Yness. It
that we should do so, not only
as a Commonwealth of tree
the past year, have received
ts at Ins hand-.
.FRA of
Frj. I
'( and g ,
• .1 . steam , .
is fit and becomin!,
as individuals, bat
citizens, who cimi
unnumbered who,
Under his gna diansbip our free institutions,"
foinded by the vri:.orn of the Fathers - of the Re
p u bli c have beeri , reserved to os inviolat e . w e .
have richly enjoy - . all onr evil and social pnv i ,
leges, and the rtgr to - we Whip God as our con.
sciences dictate. liVe have been preserved from
wasting pestilence Enterprise, in its tain t:ls t :erne
has been earnest) put forth, and has yielded *rich
re tu rn :. The fru' of the earth have been gathered
hi abundance and safety. Our garners are filled
t .
with the finest of e wheat, to minister to our own
wants and to then essities of the , destitute._ Intelli
gence and moralit have steadly advanced ,stotained
and invigorated by a pare and heavenly religion,
whose institutioneand ordinances, unsullied by any
alliance with the Pale, continue to be cherished by
the voluntary derbrion of the people, and {hough
in.the righteous jidgments of God we have been
involved in the Mileful calamities of war, yet we
have not beers_ , .: ' 'erl up to faintness of heart, but
the noble courag and conduct of our soldiery have
wrought forus vi tory in the midst of clar. - tr .
a C a
In view of all is goodness, Ido he 'by wow
mend Thursday , e 25th day of Nov tuber not,
to be observed a day of solemn tha k-go i. , ..
Almighty God ; nil that the citizens o this Corn.
morrwecdth do a :mitt on that day from II •heir onii
nary worldly av :ions—assemble in heir roper:
live places of wdrship—humble them s lees before
the Almighty for their sins. individu arid national:
—render Hi e t their hearty thanks for is many and
great merei , deprecate the judgments bur trans•
gression h7avemented—beseech Hap that peace may
be speediy restored. and the tile:sprigs we now
richly enjoy may be continued W.) us and to ours
down to She latest generation. and the whole
family of man, united in. One vast brotherhood, may
share in His richest mercies.
Given tinder my had, and the Great Seal, of the
State, at Harrisburg, this nineteeth day of Oc
tober in the year of our Lord one thotisand eight
hundred and lforty-seren, and of the Chmmon
wealth the seventy-second. ' i
By 111EGOVEIL1;011: J. MILLER.
I Secretary of the Common:red
THE NATION", L CON • ENTII.m.---Several democratic
'papers in'New England seem to be very much in
favor of kibl ing the Convention for the nomination
of a candid..
elfor the presidency upon the-anniver
ran- of our tat4onal independence. 'They urge sei
era:l weighty can siileratious in support of their view-,
while they believe that no good rOason can be ziv.
en- t-tinsi the . Beside the enthusiasm and kind
feehng and ha mony which that glorious ererk i s c a l.
ciliated to ins ire, thef . consider a short au , l. 1,4-. - -r.
mks campaign more likely to ensure a t oss tear. a
long andxspi hies+. one. 'Amoilgll.e paper s 1% iii, ,:l
reccommend his course , are the Bamror Den.‘y-.4
and Frontier ournal in Alaine, and the Roston Pc=t
and lianistab e
Patriot in Nal , sacliti-ev.s. ' Severg
Other highly respectable journals have taken the
same ground i TheTtatriut says:
"What day sO appropnzfe, for -this great nanurni .
as the Fourth Of July !What happy. Itamtuutzr:q -;
influencs always affect us on that glorious day'.—
What a spiritiof unity and conces-ion would Inspire
tie ( onm its [of tie co-wen - dim r * * "We `,.. , p ,
to see the de • ocratic press of the whole country le
commentlin, the Fourth of July as the proper day
of holding th - democratic hat ional -convention. -
For ourse es. We see . ner. objecthin certainly to
the Fou th .1 July, 1848, as the time for holdin;
the convent . , .n. .We shall cheerfoily acquiesie a
the selecti. of any day most convenient for the
meeting. • t all evrnts, we do not hesitate to ex•
,tnion that it vronld he better to .hold a
eriod than May, IS3B ---Washtag,m
press the o
at a later
Tux Prt l
riot having I
public wor
IC Wonws:--The Canal Commissionets
-turned from their inspection of the.
t.s. we are unable to rite an accurate
the damage sustained by the late flood.
Oh the . sin line, fix.m C_olurnhia to Duncan s
Island, the anal is now in navi - rable order. Front
that point ti •I-tolltdaye.burg: althon^h the damages
not as Brea as was at first sappo,ed, the characle:
of the nee scary repairs is such as to realer it
doubtful w . her the whol ,, hue can he Put 47 order
before the close of the seasbn. The commissiaqm
are active- engaged in orcle. in.: the repairs tole_
immetliat y - prosecuted win/ at - el-ric-'
_ t)
1 tent force:awl,
we learn at hopes are en!erlainell ib3l . 3 peenrc,
of the Jun ata line mat: le rendere , I naritraNe ,i-xe
fore J ibe . ason C 1014... From llettlidayeburg to
Pittsburg, avigation has heel Zresurzed. and u e pr.
ceive th. , Leech &-. Co. are running their pawa-
ger lines 4 ' tween those points.
The b , h on the Susquehahna Division, at the
head of • nean's Island will be repaired m about
two week*, which will re-open the trade between
the coal region on - the North Branch, and Tide.
There' are numerous breaches on the Kett
Branch, we have net been able to learn whether
i t
that line an be repair throughout "its whole cl
ient. beta winter.
We al. t e r atified to state that the whole of the
works wt 11 repaired without delay. and that no
a doubt ept-ists draf they will ail be in the mdstrotn•
plete ord,er, if no unusual freshet occurs, long be'
fore the ~p ening of the. Spring, business
Las Cenan.—..Fatia art stubborn things.—
nt the following testimouial by way of
,what Wright's Indian Vegetable Polls uric
cure of Piles. It is- from a highly reSPeC
ea of Towanda :
Tax P
We pre -1
do in they
table ei
Twortwitt, . July 22, 1847.
I ,
right:—Dear Sir—For the beuetit of the
nd in justice to tile efficacy of your iiietra
e MIN, ke pleasure in stating that ott
aim ' , to it. --Ituring the summer of 114
he presen month; I was severely he
truly ter iblc disease. the Piles, arid after
vain sev ral tktherremediesl was i ndua 4
' Moplanr ,'your agent 'at our place, CO trY,
i la. I found immediate relief in the ose',
n the first occasion, I was in a very ha
for several weeks,, but after taking to
r your T ilts, was entirety well. The l a ' t
was a mere ,attack, and after three
eons ,
AM. th ree second: and three thelhg'
Dr. '
two ace
and in
with tha
trying ii
by E. D
your Pt
viz; tw
time, e
• erj symptom was removed.
re at liberty to make any Proper use of thli
weft of the public or yourself. maki n g 211 2
, rrs ., you plekse in form but not in sobs
tan ,-
t trolly yours, &c. -1 D. Vottascoog•
• wz OF, SUOMI Cusjwa Coustrearstr s e -011
gloat and genuine Indian Vegetable 1011,
e signature of Wigiarn Wright writierviib
in the top label of each bor. Noss ono
for the
only o
have t
a pen
mut to counterfeit this is fo - gfq
and genera) depot, N0..169 Race st.. rho'
ANYEir: & ' CO„ Towanda,' Pa; s6er gs