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Towanda, Wednesday', April 14, 1847
DEMOCRATIC ICODIIN A TIONS
FRANCIS IL SHUNK.
vox C* LL CONINISOIONILI!.
jr_r We arc preparing all accounts on our books, of more
than one years' standing, for cullecion. mid,as moon as we ran
arrange theta. they will be placed in the hands of a maistrate
for immediate prosectition. Nod at•nction will be made We
ttal! Natively SUE EVERY ACCOUNT MORE TRAN
LINE YEAR 01.1) Those who know themselves indebted
for more than a year. will da well to pay ap and save costs.
We arc compelled to he thus rig.il--emply because we owe
money. and must pay it ; ml our only resource is the 11•1110.11 I
due imill ilebnquent subscribers, for advenising„ job work, &c.
• To the few who have been prompt and punctual in paying
their dues—we tender oar thanks.
A good Government is "par-excellence; the dis
tinguishing characteristic of ■ prosperous and happy
people. Yet it is a proverbial fact that the TEMP of esti
fellow-beings. in all ages, have been the most indifferent
to the . administrationof public affairs when they have
been committed to safe and reliable bands. While it is
natural that it should be thus, we, under the American
structure of government, should be admonished that the
limited tenure of nearly all official station, implies—nay
more, renders it an imperative duty to see closely to the
desigOs, the aims of men who seek popular favor. Every
election is of importanee to the people--of vast,engross
ing importance; and as much demand. a portion of time
in ordei to arrive at correct conclusiOn!, as to do the
transactions that pertain solely to individual interest.—
These we hold to be round views, the result of truthful
observations, and will not be coctroverted by any one.
In Pennsylvania, we have just emerged from a genet,
al depression in business affairs, which ptralyzed the
wontedienergy and industry of our people. This crisis
in the monetary affairs of our State, ruined, for the time
being, the currency, and injured the commercial classes
to a greater extent perhaps than any other interest.
The credit of the state, so important in prosecuting to
completion our splendid system of internal improvements,
(that will at no distant day, secure more confidence fur
the wisdom:olos Projectors, than the moat sanguine will
now award to it) was abandoned, and so far as the true
interests of the State were involved, entirely lost. The
branches of onr main lines, most important to the re
venue, were abandoned, and many mi.lions of dollars
invested in these unfinished works, with eighty miles of
- finished canal, were given in to the hands of individual
corporate enterprite without those wholesome restrictions
that cared for the State, and general bankruptcy had well
nigh the sanction of our people under the disordered
morals attendant upon this whole scheme, of a misap
plication of true State policy.
Laisseg-faire may well be the motto—let us alone. is
now more than ever the policy of Pennsylvania. This
will apply to all the departments of government, and is
peculiarly in force When reference is made to the elects
use branch. The present Governor is allied to the de
mocratic party, to be sure, but the soundness of his
opinions upon all questions involving the interest:of the
State, are admitted, even by those who for ulterior party
purposes would sacrifice everything.-
Governor Shunk should be re-elected by that decisive
vale which can be produced onder the present arrange
ment of political parties, only by all good men, support
ing those who have administered public affairs in Peen
a)lvania so very well for the past three years. Who
have not turned to the right or the left for popularity's
sake, nor projected measures for mere party enhancement,
or individual or family aggrandizement; who answer to
the fullest extent, 'expectations fixtued from close obser
vation while filling various official stations throughout
a period of thirty -years. Is this not so I Can there be
the least doubt as to the propriety of retaining a tried,
faithful officer, whose integrity is as proverbial as his
name? Certainly not. What demands it? public in
terest ? .Do the people desire the change? What would
be gained? Nothing, is the only answer at the corn
mend of truth and fairness; while there is at least the
necessity of a trial; before as much can be said of a new
It has been urged by the leading party press upon the
oce side, that Governor Shook has not pursued a wise
and judicious policy for Pennsylvania, in withholding
his assent to acts of incorporation whenever the salutary
provision of individual liability has been omitted. We
think that justice is not dine to the Governor in this ob.
jection. The whole history of our legislation now
shows clearly the inequality, the rank injustice of ex
empting by special laws, men who have capital which
they use for their own interest, from that same measure
of liability which by law rests upon every individual in
the State. Can there be harm in enforcing so wise and
salutary a precaution I Men, will not come into our
State and invest their capital, says our sagacious neigh
bor of the Philadelphia United States Gazette. Why;
we ask I It is because we will not permit them to come
here under a special aulliarily of law, releasing them
from the same measure of liability'to perform faithfully
all contracts, pay truly the full sum of any indebtedness
which every private citizen of the State is 1111%1C1 to them
If so, they had better stay away ; fur the very desire to
come with this advantage, shows a wrong; exhibits a
disposition that should be promptly rebuked by every
telligent, business 'community.
The time is not far distant, when the men who ask
the people through their representatives, for special en
actments of any kind, witli a view to increase their pecu
niary interest, will be suspected of designs that are not
legitimate, and repulsed with the significant enunciation,
that the republican institutions of America are violated,
and her citizens insulted, when special privileges of any
nature are asked by any class of men.
Mexican Ports Opened.
The Washington Union publishes the details of the
Tariff to be collected at the ports and Owns in Mexico,
in possession of the United States.
In regard to the justice of making the enemy pay the
expenses of the war they have provoked, the editor of
the Union hold the following langnage
"8o long u the plan of collecting military contribu
tions out of the public property of Mexicci, to defray in
put the expenses of the war, and in the shape of duties
to be levied upon imports inio_ those ports of Mexico
which we may hold in military possession --‘o bog,
this plan could claim to be of " Whig" origin,'so long
as General Wald/ Thompson was deemed to be its is
thor, and so long as it was merely proposed and nut
ted upon practically to any such extent as considerably
o relieve our own Treasury, oraipple the resources of
Mesiccijust as long the piss muted to receive the
cordial commendation of the National IntelGgencer.--,
As ire laid day before yesterday,ire were agreeably sur
prised to find the Federal orris' endorsing so fully •
scheme of operation• which the Administration had so
early colondcroi and determined to adopts We know,
indeed, that when some months ago the same mode of
procedure, as applied to the Ports of Calif 'roil, then in
our posseasion, wu laid before Congress and the country.
the Notional lotagenecr, like' the other leading
Federal papers, bad taken no exceptions to it what.
The rightlnf every belligerent nation to collect by its
military authority, and by the hands of its military
agents, imposts anal duties upon such merchandise as it
may admit into those enemy ports which it holds in
military possession, is a principle of international law,
established beyond all possibility of dispute. It has been
repeatedly affirMed in a series of decision* by the 8u•.
preme Court of the United States, and in one case a'
least (the case of the United States vs. Rice, which is
found in 4- Wheaton's Reports, page 254) it was ottani
ninusly affirmed by the court, as against our own go.
vemment, and in favor of the military authorities of
Great Britain. In that ease the court says:
• By the conquest and military occupation of Cat
tine. the enemy acquiredlltal firm possession which en
abled him to ex raze the fittest ',gift of sorierefrify
over thug place. The sore•eignty ul the United States
over the territory was of course. Suspended, and the laws
of the United States could no longer be rightfully en=
forced there, or be obli•atory upon- the inhabitanw who
remained and submitted to the conquerors. By the ear.
render the inhabitants passed under a temporary slim'.
■uer to the British Governroent, and were bound by stieh
laws, curd such only. as it chose to recngnizeaml impose.
From : the nature of the ease, no • thee laws could be ob
ligatory upon them. for wheie there is no protection or
allegiance or sovereignty, there can he no claim to obe.
dieuee. Castine war, therefore, during this period, so
far as respected our revenuelaws, to be deemed a foreign
port; and goods imported into it by the inhabitants,
were subject to such duties only is the British govern
ment chose to requi.e. Such goal. were in no correct
sense imported into the United States."
It will be perceived that the right of 'the British au
thorities to collect a revenue on goods imp irted into
Castine, as here affirmed by our own Supre Court, is a
right deemed by the Court to arise ezeltudvely out of
the military occupation "of that pl•ee by British mili
tary and naval forces. It is retaignised as a belligerent
right, incident to millitary operations! depending upon
military occupation, and to be exerciiid by military au
Free Trade In Europe.
The following paragraphs are taken from a letter of
Elabu Burritt, now in Europe. Tbey contain faits
which, coming from a friend. of "protection," are of
“ The principles of free trade are fast gaining ground
through the European psn of Christendom, and Provi
deuce seems to recognize them, as the priinitive statues
of n..ture o s economy. in all its recent dispensations in
the Old World. Every tendency of the times is accel
erating the progr as nt those principles. The voice of
the people, on both sides of the channel. is coming in
like a flood for five ttade ; and, before the Pumers of the
great west shall be able to turn up the sot of ell their
vast prairies, probably every port in Europe will be
opened to their produce.
"There is another point on which much misapprehen
sion exists in America. to use a very charitable term. In
the elaborate arguments which have been put forth to
convince the west that the opening of British pins to
foreign-grain would be of no advantage to them, it has
been stated that there were co-nr.growing countries near
er to Great Britain than any the American States ; that
these countri.s would he able to take advantage of every
favorable turn in the English market, and supply every
sudden demand before it could reach4America; that
wheat from Dantzic and Odessa add be poured
into the British ports before the grain-freighted ships
from America could get half-way across the ocean.—
' Now, there has been, I fear. something less honest than
misapprehension perpetrated to the disadvantage of the
west on this important point. Having made special in
quiries of several corn-dealers here,l learn that, virtually,
there is: no grain-growing country nearer to England
than the United States ; that the average passage from
Odessa to Liverpool is from seventy to eighty days; that
the average passage from Danizic to the same port con
sorfleS as much time, on an average, as a passage from
c:l' We are glad to see that -the 4 Tioga ounty
Herald " has procured an entire new sui', and come out
now, quite a dandy. It is now • very neatly printed
A CAU-11C R.Enorce.—Th'e following pun
gent passage taken from me Louisville Demo
crat, presents the feelings of the true-blue
Federalist, Who coincide with the views contain
ed in t ake famous anti-American speech of 'their
leadefi Hon. Mr. Corwin, of Ohio.
IV ereas, This country has been plunged
into an unjust. wicked and attrocious war by
President ; therefore
Resolved, That we lied like thed—l, when we
voted that the war
- was brought on by the act of
2. That,the.declaration of war be rescinded
and our army disbanded.
3. That commissioners be appointed, Cor
win chairman, tolproceed to Mexico to beg a
4. That these commissioners, clothed in
sackcloth and ashes. with their heads shaved,
proceed to the camp of Santa Anna, and there
falling down at hie feet, ask pardon of him for
the wrongs done his country.
5. That Texas be surrendered to Mexico.
and that .850.000.060 be appropriated to in
demnify her for the expenses of the war.
6 That all the Mexican soldiers who have
been wounded are entitled to a pension from the
United States, and that the famines of the
soldiers in Neaten who have . been killed, be
supported at the public expense of the United
7. That the President be impeached for mak
ing the Whigs votes falsehood in saying tha
war existed by the act of Mexico, and that Gen
Taylor he cashiered for obeying unconstitution
al and wicked orders.
8. That the thanks of Congress are due to
Mexico for her gallant and persevering re
sistance to- an unjust and wicked invasion of
her territory, and that Santa Anna, Ampudia,
and Ar sta, have each- a medal struck with a
suitable device in commenioration of - their
glorious services in the cause of national justice.
SOFFERINO OF MEXICAN SOLOIERS.—.: he
Mexican papers. alluding to Santa Anna's
march from San Luta says that hie troops suf
fered very severely. Stagnant water sold at
Matefaa at one dollar a barrel. Soldiers fre
quently fell. overcome with fatigue, and per
islod without shelter in the snow. Bitterly
is the administration denouriced for not having
rifted means to mitigate theirhardhips.
_Baker, of the
Second Illinois Regimini, who is reported as
tiling wound din the lam brilliant victory gained
by Gen. Taylor at Buena Vista. was raised in
-Pittsburg, and lived Oleie until shout biX years
ago. when he moved to Alton, in the State of
Illinois. He is a sdn of Mr. Adam Baker,
who still resides at Pittsburg., M. Jonathan
Baker. a bro:her of the 'Captain's ib also in'the
First Pennsylvania Regiment.
SURRENDER. OF 'VERA' CRUZ!!
Capittettfion of the Castle ef San4uctit If flame
With"4,9o9 Mexicans troops—The StaughL
ter imams. On the part of the Enemy.-1.
Only 85 iiiistrieons killed ontf:StMtutded 4
The Princeton elislod from Vim Crux the
29th tilt.. bringing ibe - &annul inielligects of
the reduction of the Furtitme,cof San Juan \de_
UI na and um traditional surmlikher. We stein
debted to one of the officers; for lime Tollowing
summary of proceeding. 'lbis most brilliant
:telo-vement will redound More to the gloy of
the Army and Navy, than any that Itas yet taken
pl .ce in our military annals t
91h. di,etnharkation of troops took
place ; on the 13th the investment o f t h e c ity
completed : 18+h, trenches - opened. Ott night of
the 2!nd. city summoned to surrender—on re
fusal, seven mortars opened a fire of bombs—
on the 24th. Navy batteries. along 32-pounders
and 3 64 pound Paixhan guns, opened fire in
the morning--distatire. 700 yards. On? the
25 It. another battery of 4 24-poundeis opened.
Navy batteries opened a breach in the walls
of the city—the fire very destructive to the town.
Ott the 26th, early in the morning. the enemy
proposed to surrender: Gene. Worth and Pillow
and Cul. Totten were appointed eommiesumers
by, Gen. Scott. On the 29 h negotiatines com
pleted, and Castle surrendered.; and Mexican
troops marched out and laid down their . r
The American troops occupied the city and
batteries of the town and castle at noon of that
day—American ensign hoisted over both. and
sainted by our vessels. The garrison of about
4000 men prisoners of wail, and sent to their
homes on -parole; 5 Generals. 60 superior
officers. and 270 company officers taken..
Lose in our army from the day of landing.
March 9.h.: is 65 killed, Capt. John D. Vinton.
2nd artillery ; Capt. A hurtle, 20d infantry.—
Midshipman P. B. Shrbrick. navy. Officers
wounded. Col. Dickin ton. S. C. volunteers.
severely ; Lieut. A. S. Baldwin. navy, slightly.
Lieut. Delone. in Dairi 20(1 infantry. very
slightly. Lieut. Lewis Neil. 2nd dragoons.
severely. All the the wounded are d g well.
Of the Mexicans the slaughter is said to be
inure nee. Thetommanding general station ed
ta the ci y ; second in comand held tl e castle
Regular lurce about 3000—the same number of
irregulars: Outside the city was General La
Vega. with a force of 6,000 to 10,000 cavalry..
Col. Harney. with between 200 and 300 U. S.
dragoons charged and repulsed this immense
force with terrible carnage, scattering them in
all directions. They had barricaded the bridge
but our artillery soon knocked away this obstruc
tion. and gave Harney's command a chance td,
them. In the attack on the town and, castle.
only our smaller vessels, drawing not more
than 9 feet water were available ; but few shot
and shells were thrown into the Castle.
AN UNHEARD OP OUTRAGE.—Retribution.
—The Greentsburgh, Pa.. papers give an ac
count of a singular occurrence. They state
that on Thursday night, the 25 ult.. the barn of
Jacob Hill, Esq., of Armstrong county. was
fired by an incendiary and burn e d to the ground.
Five hea I of hot sea and a very large a•nuunt of
various kinds of grain were consumed in the
flames. The vindictive incendiary. Dr. Shultz.
a German doctor, who lived in Leechburgli,
some year or two since, after he had had fired
the barn, threw a torpedo, heavily charged with
powder, through the window of a small detach
ed building, in which three eons of Mr. Hill
slept. and went round to lookin the keyhole to
witness its effects.when it esploded, and the
handle of the door. to, the force of the esplo
' sion, struck the wretched being on the lower
jaw. shattering it most dreadfully and otherwise
mutilating him most horribly. He was short
ly afterwards found, and is now confined in the
jail of Armstrong county to await his trial
Strange to say, none of the immates were in-'
jured, although one of the boys was blown
against, the ceiling.
There were found about the person of this
monster two revolving pistols, and a double
barrelled gun. all loaded, a dick knife and
another-torpedo, weighing about seven pounds.
' supposed to have been intended 'to blow up the
dwelling house. There is no doubt but that
the wretch intended murdering the wh,,le
family weidi his career was thus providen illy
Dr. Shultz had some difficulty with Mr.
Hill previous to his leaving Leechburg, about
two years since, and had not been heard of
since,in that neighborhood, until the night of
the dreadful attempt to murder Mr. Hill's
family. It has since been found out that he
resides in Alleghany city- in the capacity of
eostler. It is to be hoped that justice will be
meted out to him according to the enormity of
AMERICAN BOARD OF MIMOIONS.—The Bos
ton Journal says : Within a short period, very
earnest applications for Christian teachers
have been made to the missionaries of the
Madura station. in India, from thirty-four dif
ferent cities or villages. And it is known.
that for some years ( past, solicitations at the
various Mission stations in the Eastern coun
tries, for the supply of instructors to surround
ing districts.. have been constantly multiplying.
In view of such indications of Providence,
in that and other land. the Board have recent
ly, appointed twenty new Missionaries, in ad
dition to the companies sent out a ithin a few
months past. To meet the exigency, the Bos
ton Clijirches connected with the Society, have
this year made very liberal advances on their
former annual contributions. And it is believ
ed there will be a• corresponding liberality in
other portions of the land.
It is also ascertained that, happily to meet
the increasing calls from abroad, there is at
present a great increase 01 the Missionary spi
rit in various Theological schools. Of those
connected with the Union "Seminary at New
York, twenty-six have signified their willing.
ness to enter the foreign field of minister
labor, on the completion of their preparatory
Toe Warwr Cane. —The Transitle (Pa.)
Democrat says We learn from various
parts of this and adjoining counties, that win
ter grain generally looks well, and has not been
injured to that extent which was anticipated
some weeks ago. The grain on high and dry
ground particularly is said to be in excellent
condition, while that on the low lands bas been
injured by frost to some extent, there not hav
ing been sufficient snow this winter to protect
the roots. On the whole, however, the pros
peels are considered tavorable.—Bahimore
THE GRAIN CROP.:—The newspaper in the
neighlrring counties of this State. speak of the
promising appearance of the winter grain crops.
which remove all fears that were entertained
that Idle wheat had been killed by the wet
weather and the frost.
Later from New Mexico.
Mors Confflete with the Insurgents—Eight
Americans Massacred—Sieknuo at Santa
The St. L' wis Revielle of ihs.3llst alt. cone ,
aim Santa Fit news to thit Itd oi . liPebruary.=
Several action* had taken place bet Wean the'
insurrectionists and the Americans. Col.
Price, with 350 men, had a battle with 2000
Mexicans at La Coneada, in which the Amer
kens were victorious. and 36 of the enemy
ti led. Another battle occurred a few days
afterwards at Sane Cada, with a similar result.
An action- had occurred between the Milt.
soon volunteers and the Mexican., at Moro,
in which Capt. Headley. the commander of
the volunteers, was killed. -The Mexicans
then retired to Vegas. A reinforcement of
200 men wits sent from Santa Fe. ander Col.
Morrison, on whose appearance the Mexicans
abandoned Moro, after murdering eight Ameri
rans. The insurrectionists are mostly of the
Don Vagil, the Secretary of Suite under
Gov. Bent. was acting as Governor of Santa
Fa. In a skirmish between the volunteers un
der Capt: St. Vram and the insurrectionists
Mexican was killed wearing Gov. Bent's coat
and shirt. There was mach sickness at Sent*
Fe, from three to 64 3eaths oecuiring daily,
Fnom Castronmia.—A letter dated Yerba
Buena. Nov. 1840, says : From St. Luis
Obispo to St. Juan Capustan. the country is
in possession of the Californias ; 150 Ameri
ran! under Gillespie. have possession of St.
Diego. Vol. Fremont. with 509 men and 4
pieces of artillery. left Monterey on the 16th
inst., for the south, where the U. S. ship Con
gress awaits his. movements. Two months
must elapse before peace is restored. The
windward coast has remained comparatively
quiet. Over 500 men have emigrated here
this season, many of whom are now engaged
with Col. Fremont, and the others are forming
a busy settlement about St. Francisco. This
is the central point, and we have already some
thing of a town ; nest year 200 houses will
be built, - being double the number now exist
mg. As Americans can .now hold property
here, they have taken advantage of the times
to secure building lots ; speculation is active.
large tracts of land are daily changing hands,
and we see the bustle of American industry in
all the north of California.
Another letter to the Boston Traveller, o
the 15th Nov. last save : •
Com. Stockton. with the Congress. wait on
hie way down, and also Major (now Conine!)
Fremont. with 180 riflemen, in the ship Ster
ling. of Boston,(the S. was bound to San Die
go.) On the passage. the Sterling spoke the
Vendalia, and on learning the news. [of the
Mexicans having hemmed in 300 troops at the.
Pueblo, and compelled them to capitulate.)
Fremont' ordered the Sterling to Monterey.—
On the Commodore's arrival at St. Pedro, he
took up his march for the Pueblo. dragging up
6 ship's guns by hand, as the Californians had
driven off every animal. At the rancho of
Sepulvida. they met a large force of the ene
my—sending 100 men in advance with orders
to receive the fire of the Californians, and fall
hack on the main body without returning their
fire, he succeeded in decoying the enemy (who.
thinking the Americans were about to retreat.
and that they were also without cannon) close
up to the main body. which was formed in a
triangle, with the guns hie by the men and
loaded with grape and cannister, when the
wings were extended, and a most deadly fire
opened noon them. The only report we have
of it yet, is the report of the Californians them
selves. They state that they lost in•killed 100
men, and more than that number wounded.
besides about 100 prisoners. The poor hot ,
sea suffered severely. Many of thes3 people
in arms had signed an obligation not to take up
stems during the war, and were on parole: they
will no doubt be hung. Stockton is much en
raged, and - threatened, when he went from
here, to execute severe vengeance on them if
they had shed American blood.
At Santa Barbara, one hundred and fifty
mounted and well armed Californian, attacked
L cut. Talbut.one of Fremont's yonng officers.
who was left in charge there with ten men ;
they were quartered in Robbins'
. house. The
house was surrounded, and they ordered to
surrender unconditionally. , Talbot refused to
surrender on any conditions. Coolly packing
up their provisions. itc.„ they marched out of
the house to sell their lives at a dear rate, but
though surrounded with this immense odds
they were not attacked. Talbot drew his men
off to the hills, just back of the mission, fol
lowed all the way by the Cowardly tniscreants
who were threatening to devour him if he aid
not lay down his arms, but none of them was
willifft to take the first taste. Halting on a
hill, where the Americans had rather the ad
vantage. the brave barbarians set fire to the
grass in a circle round the little party, perhaps
preferring to devour them after being cooked,
but they would not stay to be cooked, and the,
brave little Talbot marched his men througli
the fire, and crossing the mountains into the
Tulare', led them safely to Montere- on foot.
where, Mr: Larkin writes, they arrived safe a
few davii since.
SHAMOKIN SCHOTE.—The Sunbury Ameri
can of Saturday last, says :
" We regret to say that the schute at the
Shamokin dam, near this place. is in a worse
condition than it has been for years, and that
rafts are often materially ipjured in passing
The same paper adds : " Ransom Foote„
of Augusta township, was drowned on Wed;
nesday lait, in running a log raft through the
schute of the Shamokin dam. opposite this
place. The schute has become very rough
and dangerous this season. Mr. Foote was
engaged in piloting rafts through the schute.—
The logs of the raft he was on parted, and he
fell through. He rose to the surface several
times, but before he could be reached. he sank
to rise no more. Another hand on the raft,
whose name we have not heard, was much
clunked between two logs."
We understand he died soon after he was
taken out of the water.
Loss ST THK Fsittire.—The London Bad
er's Circular, of February 12th. sayi : "if the
ministers are nearly right in their estimate of
the value of the potatoes lost in Ireland, the
whole loss of the British Islands during the
last twelve months from potatoes, barley, oats,
pigs, and the disease in cattle, eonnot be less
than sixty millions sterling." ,
THE irterontr.—Government has ordered
icatiooal salutes to be fired from all the Naval
stations. in honor of the late victories. An il
lumination is talked of.
TBs KBN'TUCKT RIGOINILNIAN
aT Tlllll DATIVE 01 BIM& 17111%.—.411. a very
critical point of the battle on the 2.713, when it
became necessary to sustain one of our co
lumns, which was staggering under a charge
made by the Mexicans in overwhelming nunl
bed; (den. Taylor despatched Mr. Critten
den to-order Col. McKee, of the..Kentueky
Regiment. to bring his men into immediate ac
tion. Mr. Crittenden found the regiment, men
and officers, emir for the fray, delivered the
order and rode back to the General. by whose
side it was his duty to keep. The Kentuck
ian, moved forward in gallant style; led by
McKee and Clay. both of whom, alas ! fell in
a subsequent part of the day. It so happened
that before reaching a position from .which
they could deliver an effective fire the regi
ment had to cross a valley which was broken
up by ravines and masses of stone. Whilst
crossing this valley the heads only of the men
could be seen from the point which Gen. Tay
lor and Mr. Crittenden occupied—and these
were bobbing up and down and crosswise in
such confusion as to impress both with the
idea that the regimen: had fallen into disorder.
The Mexicans were annoying them at the
same iro.nent by a fire. which had helped to
confirm the opinion of the General that the
Kentuckians were throWn into dismay.
It was one of those decisive crises which
occur in every contested field, when the issue
of the day depended. for the time being, upon
the gallantry of a particular corps.
Gen. Taylor who as before said, could only
see the heads of the troops, and misled by their
motions in getting across gullies and going
around rocks and other obstructions into the
belief that they were about to falter, turned to
Mr. Crittenden, who is a Kentuckian. and
with a countenance indicating deep mortifica
Lion. for the General is a Kentuckian too, and
an eye fierce with emotion, exclaimed, "by
—. Mr. Crittenden. this will not do—this
is not the way for Kentuckians to behave them
selves when called noon to make good a battle
—it will not answer. sir ;" and with this he
clenched his teeth and knit his brow and set
'his teeth hard together. Mr. Crittenden, who
was mistaken by the same indications, that de
ceived the General, could scarcely make a re
ply from very chagrin and aflame. In a few
moments, however, the Kentuckians hid cros
sed the uneven places. and were seen ascend
ing the slope of the valley.shnulder to shoulder.
and with the firm and reguler step of veterans
of a hundred fields. On they moved ontil they
reached the crest of the hill where they met
the enemy-before the flush of a temporary ad
vantage had subsided. Here they delivered
aheir fire by companies with such regularity
and deadly aim that the decimated phalanx of
Mexico gave away and retreated precipitously.
As the Kentuckians emerged from the valley
the countenance 7 the old General. who\was
regarding them with the inteneest interest. gra
dually relaxed the bitterness ol its expression.
A glow of pride supplanted the deep mortifi•
cation which fixed its muscles.and enthusiasm
qualified the fierce glances of his eye. Forward
they moved under his riveted gaze t , whose feel
ings became more and more wrought up as
they approached the scene of carnage. When
they opened their fire the old General could
no longer restrain his admiration, but broke
forth with a loud huzza. !. Hurrah for ol
Kentuck." he exclaimed. talking as it were to
himself and rising in his saddle—•• That's the
way to do it ; give thrift them," and
the tears of exultation rolled down his cheeks
as he said it
Having gut rid of this ebullition of State
pride he went about looking after other parts
of the field.
Some of our readers may regard this inci•
t'ent. which we derive from one of the parties
concerned. as savoring more of profanity than
generalship ; but it must be borne in mind that
wider the ettei Trible scenes nl
havoc and blo
use the name
degree of fam
THE G ALLA
Vista, though fought whith heroic courage. and
gallantly won, by Gen. Taylor and ' his brave
compatriots in atoms, struck down many a gal
The American loss in killed and wounded is
stated at 700. of which 65 were officers, or
near y one officer to every ten of the rank and
• Among the killed are Lt. Col. Henry Clay,
Jr. son of the eminent statesman—and who,
father and son, have given to their country and
its government in this war, a practical support
and devotion, which reflects additional lustre
upon an illustrious name. Cot. Yell, ex.go•
vemor of Arkansas, who resigned his seat in
Congress, to share a soldier's fortune, and to
meet so soon a soldier's death. Col. Hardin,
formerly a member of Congress from Illinois.
'l'he Kentucky rifles suffered severely—besides
1.1. Col. Clay, Col. McKee. and Captains Moss
and Willis—and the Kentucky cavalry lost Ad.
jutant Vaughan. Capt. Lincoln. of the regular
army, son of Gov. Lincolin, of Mass., who
distinguished himself in the battle of Resaca
de la Palma, fell acting as Assistant Adjutant
General. Capt. Lincoln resident in Ogdens
burgh, in this State, and he leaves a wife and
two children to mourn an event which brings
sorrow among a wide circle of friends. The
Fndiana Biigade lost Capt. Kinder and Walker.
and Lieut: P.rr; and the third Indiana regiment.
Capt. Faggat. Illinois mourns many a gallant
son, and more than shares her quota of the dead.
Besides Col. Hardin, Captains Zabriskie and
Woodman. anc: Lieuis. Houghton, Bruntree,
Fletcher, Fergusion, Robbins, Bardeson. Ather
ton and Price.
To this painful array of death among the
volunteer chivalry of the West. we might add
many a galint name among the wounded. It
was altogether one of the most sanguinary. as
it was oto of the most brilliant actions known
in the annals of war.
The recapitulation of the killed and wound
ed presents the following aggregate :
Killed-3 Colonels, 2 Lieutenant Colonels
9 Captains, 14 Lieutenants—Total killed 27.
Wounded-1 Brigadier General. 1 Colonel
1 Major. 9 Captains. 29 Lieutenants—Tota
wounded 37.--.4lbany Rigus.
THE Paws or IhmansTurirs.—The New
York Express says : It is now settled be
yond all peradventure, that Europe will want
a much larger supply of breadstuffs than Re
can send. or that vessels can found to convey
scrolls the water. The consequence is, that
prices of flour, wheat, rye and corn have ad
vanced, and there is an absolute certainty that
they will remain up for some time to come.—
This great nee will go mainly into the pockets
of our faders, as only a small portion of lavi
year's crop has reached the Atlantic States.—
The immense lines of river, canal and lake na
vigation, are to be MCIlt actively and -profitably
Arvturr OF MURDER. --We understand t h at
a Mr. McEwan, a respectable and wealth:
f rimer, living in the township of Sheffield, W h i f e
r e turning home a few days ago, overtook e n
road a poor man, who was plodding e l m
with some difficulty. Mr. M. asked hi m 1 1 0
ride r which he did. He stated that he had beet)
sick and. was getting better ; that he war i n
search of something to do to pay for his b oard
until his strength returned sufficiently to allow
m olt° work. Mr. M. took hint home, lite
him his supper and bed. In the course of th.
evening. Mr. McEwan had counted Roe
money, which lie had just received ; this 1 ,
observed by the stranger, who also, rt see m;
watched Mr. M. and his wife when they tein
to bed, and noticed that the husband slep t a
the , front ; but the wife having occasion n os
long after ti; get op to look 'after the children,
got in the husband's place. Some time in th e
night, this ungrateful vihilan got hold of th e
axe, and stealing in the bedroom where hosina
ble friends were steeping, unconscious of there
being a viper in their house, aimed' at d ead: ,
I blow - at the person sleeping in the front of th e
bed, supposing it to have been
The axe struck . the poor woman, fra, tiring h t ,
skull ; this awoke the husband, who, not know
ing exactly what the matter was, made some
noise,' when the blood thirsty brute siniek h im
with the axe, but fortunately he reached to o f
and struck the wall, Mr. McEwan than spr ang
upon the man before he had time to stnke again
and threw him on the floor, when he managed
to tie him, and then sent fur assistance to so me
of the neighbors. T He was examined by t h e
magistrates, and committed to jail in this env
to await his trial at the next Assizes. W e titr
that Mrs. McEwan is so badly injured that I,er
lite is despaired of. free Tulrit assign
poverty and destitution as the re 'on of his
murderous attempt. A very poor reason indeed.
THE VOLUNTEERS.—It has been meritiOned .
in the accounts which have been publiilad e l
the great battle !ought by Gen. Taylor on the
23d of February. that the Indiana volunteer !
dirt not behave on ith the firmness and eallantry
which distinguished the other divisions o f die
army engaged in that sangurnaiy
• i n
the interesting account of the battle who h se
published yesterday. the writer alluded to the
most disparaging terms (which we omitted,' of
the conduct of this brigade, and also of theAr•
kansas troops. There was evidently much
exaggeration to the statement, for the !nne
iev spraks in another place, of hundreds,
some sdy thousands. of volunteers." taking re•
fuge in ranchos. and thus leaving the battle to
be fought by a mere handful left on the field—
a statement which shows improbability upon
the face of it. for 'ryilor had only 4500 men
at most to fight the 6.000 of Santa Anna• and
fierefore could not spare thousands. The
true statement is probably that mide hi
Crittenden—that the Indiana wimps were at
one time thrown into confusion, and retresid
in great precipitation and disorder. but that thr
main body of their' were afterwards rallied, and
bravely met the enemy. The heavy loss th ee
sustained proves the (-mt. That some of o.ra
did not return to- the field is evident from Cm.
Taylor's ad !rests to the tr mps after the tilt
The Illinois, Mississippi and Kentucky rt ,
giments are spoken of in the highest eerier 01
wise. The Illinois is said to he a ern so .
perior body of men. Cen. Wool fregnen4
remarked in the course of the march from Sr
Antonio to Parras, that thrlr were the Meta
body. of men he had ever seen.
UTILITV OF INDIA RUBBFR.—Sinee the an
with Mexico has commeneo. the nsefulnest , vi
India rubber has b,-en illustrated in a men of
ways. The War Department. the Cal , tn , a4t,
fur some lime past has kept sixteen idcwoes
working under Mr. Goodyear's patent!. Then
are making for the United States pontnn hats.
(which. though light
. and portable, will hot
fifty men, it is said, at a tune and in putt
safety. it matters not what current they harea
contend with.) tents, knapsacks, watereark&
provisions bags, (to take the place of ha l f! it 4
panels.) ammunition'sacks and corer., and
great manvAimilar articles, for %%lurk:after ;
full and faiK. trial, this preparation has ben
found much better adapted than aught else.
!gaged in them
ittes with some
field of Buena
THE LENGTH OF THE SEIG E.—The seize
Vera Cruz will probably last lemur, unit!)
the enemy capitulates, than was at first to.
poses). The New Orleans Times says. Lew.
Chaddock, of the Evening. was exeeroily
anxious to remain to witness the fall of Vell
Cruz and the triumph of our arms, but he ito
told by Gen. Scott, that he would hare tithr
go to. New Orleans and return thither, brien
that event happened. This is probable. forilir
bomb vessels had not arrived at the lasi birth!
Vera Cruz. The Hecla from New 101 l °°
the 9th arrived at Havana on the 20th, andiro
expected at Vera Cluz on the 2131 h.
ANTI-RENT OUTRAGF.3.— The Al ,, an!Erm
ing Journal gives the particulars of tan rr.e.
successful tesistnee to law in Taghtarne ,
lumbia county. In one, a man. %ilia had
put,in possession by a landlord in p!we
defaulting tenant ejected, was tarred and lee.hit
ed, and in the other an ejected tenant had frri
restored by his heighbors. and urn the fler !
attempting to serve process against him, a n 6
ensued, in which the landlord. Mr. I.oine'l''
his counsel, E. P. Cowell, Esq•• 3rd V '
Harrington, of that city. were seventy triTj'
GENERAL TAYLOR.—The Baliimore ors
has the following pretty good one-1° 1d t*
gentleman, after reading Gen. iti!k! t ,
despatches. yesterday. remarked that onto
his great characteristics was his modesty
1 ' Yes." replied a celebrated wag.
standing by. •' that is true, but no one cats'
he is a retiring • man "
SULLIVAN Comrsr.—.--By an act °fibs lir
islature at its recent session, a new count
created out of the north eastern portion of Lt
coming, which is to be organized this fan.-•
We have not been able to. procure Or I'
the Bill, but understand that the township!
ken from' this county, are Fox. Fort" , P .
land, Plunket's Creek, Shrewsbury, PO2l
MORE RUIN.—A new rolling mill is 0. 3
to be established in the vicinity of Bostonlnitil
a capital of 8500,000. The site on whie h .,
mill is to be erected was a short time 100
comparatively useless ; but the prot e g
mend for sites for mannfacturies ha!! gleel tl ;
and increasing importance to this hereto
neglected quarter. T y
Gash TAYLOR'S NARROW ESCA."' " t
Washington Union of Saturday states-du!
note addressed by Arisistant Ajuiant Bliss.
Gen. Taylor's army, mentions the WIW W I et,
General received two balls durine the sli es
one passed through the cuff of the e oll '
other through the front.