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Towanda, Wednesday, March 10, 18.17.
roll Cur e.IOIOR.
FRANCIS R. SHUNK.
I/OR ea:rat COMYISSiONZII,.
or morronvarty rnr.crr.
,r-3- We are prepaing all accounts on our book, of more
than one yPars* slanatng. ror collect - on arid ae vow: as we can
arrange th gym, they will he,placed in the hands of a mall
for immediate prosecutton. No d , st:nction will be made We
,hall j'atatuvly SUE EYER.Y ACCOUNT MORE THAN
ONE YEAR OLdD Those who Ltum themselves indebted
ior more than a year. will do well to pay np and save costs.
We are compelled to he thus because we owe
money. and must pay it ; and our only resource in the amount
due fro'rn debnquent.uhsr cher, for advert , s ng. jab work. Ac.
To the few who have been prompt anti punctual m pa) ins.
ticm dues—we render one thanks.
The Senate of this State, hare undertaken to wreak
their vengeance upon some of the persons nominated for .
Judges by Gov. Shunk. We noticed a few days .egn
when the nomination of Judge Bell to the Supreme
bench was under consideration, one of the most bitter
and unprovoked attacks was made upon him that can
be conceived,—even Mr. Speaker Gibbon■ came down
from his Speaker's chair to j dn in the invective against
Judge BelL It acterwards appeared, from"the North
American. that the head and front of the Judge's offence
was, that he had once written a letter in which he ex
.pressed clearly that he preferred Democracy to FedeMl
ism. This was enough—for this be WO4 marked, and
in all probability, doomed to the guillotine by a Federal
More recently, the ram of Jithn M. Power as Pre
sident Judge of the Chester and Del iware di-drict, came
up before the Senate, and on taking the vote he was con
firmed by 15 to 13. Immediately a motion was made
to remotisider the vote. The federalists were disappoint
ed—they had relied upon party drill to execute the com
mandsof their leaders—and the edict had gone forth
that John JL Forster mutt be sacrificed. His democra
cy was too pure and inflexible for federal use. The mo
tion to re-tionsider prevailed, and o warm debate ensued
upon . the constitutionality of the proceeding, but Jhe
-federalists had the power, and thiiy were determined to
use it, constitution or no constitution. '-Accordingly they
took another vote, and the same nomination which they
had, on the'day previoirt, confirmed; was, by this strange
A letter written from Harrisburg, by one well quali
fied to judge, and .with every facility fur information, has
This is one of the greatest outrages ever perpetrated
by any party, and as a question of law is unconstitution
al. The reason of this action is readily explain. d. At
the beginning of the session, the Federal me:nbers of the
Senate held a meeting, and at it agreed that if a Federal
Senator from the distnct from which a Judge was to be
confirmed, ottjected—the nominee was W be rejected.—
If the judicial district was represented by a Democrat,
then any Federal Senator might object, and the nominee
Wad to be ruected. This was defining the constitution
al duties of the Senate after a new fashion."
We understand the insulting excuse fur this high
handed tyranny, is want f legal attainments. They
dare not make any other apology. This is one of which
the great mass of the people cannot judge ; and his
worst enemies have not the hardihood to utter the breath
_of slander against his private character or moral worth;
and on the score of capacity or legal attainments, none
.ever lieforeleardan oljection raised ; but on the other
hand, it the community where he has resided and prac
ticed law for the last twenty-five years, we have airways
heard. his legal abilities spoken of in terms of highest
_praise. We have understood from members of the Ilan
rhin Bar, and from the President of the bench, that
Judge F—was a man of profound legal ability: and in
one branch of legal Jurisprudence, the practice in crimi
nal courts, he was undoubtedly the very best lawyer at.
that Bar. No lawyer who knows Judge F., would ri.,k
his reputation by hazarding the assertion put forth by
the Federal leaders of the Senate, as an excuse for their
The Chester county Republican, in speaking of this
What the result of this strange, and inconsistent pro
cedure on the part of the Federal Senatt,will be, remains
to be developed. Of one thing, however. we are satis
fied—no stranger ever made a-more favorable impression
upon any community, than did Judge Forster,during the
time he was here; the citizens generally who became
acquainted with him, were decidedly favorable to his
We look upon the whole affair as the work of party
spirit, and a design on the part of Federal Senators to
make political capital at the approaching elections. But
we rejoice in the belief that they have in this instance
over reached themselves, and will (all far short of their
object. Judge Forster has too many friends, and is held
in too high estimation by all who know him, to be thus
sacrificed, and for naught. The people, whenever they
are made to see and understand this dianceuvre, will
condemn it, and when it comes within their reach will
We have another, anita strong hope, that the Gover
nor will at once issue the commission to Judge Forster
in accordance with the-vote first taken, by which he was
confirmed, and we believe in this he would be sustained
by the Supreme Court. - It is said that Daniel Webster
of ho U. S. Senate, says that the records of that body
show only one case similar to that of Judge Forster in
the Senate of this State; and in that case, the U. S
preme Court decided the confirmation valid, and the re
consideration and rejection unconstitutional.
Frill AT Wtcses•BAnaa—The Lucerne Democrat
of the 24th inst., says :—A Sire broke out on Tuesday
afternoon in the upper part of ihe Undertaker shop of
C. B. Price, on Main street.:, This shop was consumed,
together with the building adjoining—the shoe-maker
shop of Mr. Rowell. The large frame building adj do
ing, used by John Beebe, as a smith shop, soil owned
by Col. G. M. Hallenbeck, was torn down in order to
arrest the flames which threatened the resideriell and
store:of Mrs. Drake. The storehouse of Mr. Lawrence
Myers was much injured in the attempt to COO it. The
names we're then arrested.
TT The Native American Convention met at Harris.
burg on Monday of last week and made their nomina
tions fur Governor and C,nal Commissioner. Mr.
Estssrcni, C. RILIOIRT of Lancaster, was chosen as the
candidate fur Governor, and Renzi: H- Morriss. of
Harrisburg, fur Canal,Cominisaioner--both on the first
Ans.:aroseED.—Congress closed its session and its
enostitutiotial extstenca on Thursday hurt A tryst
amount of business remains unfinished.
We are highly gratified to be'ebleio announce to out
readers that the deliberations of the .Llemoeritie 4th of
March Convention have resulted in the rc•nominanonof
F ANC'S IL MIME, our present excellent Chief
Maiistrate fOr. Goveirier. The Tote 'on the 'first ballot
For Canal Commissioner, the nominatigin was given
to Mounts Lose,-ritt..4ll, of sfontgornery coutey,a gen
tleman raid to be eminently 'ratified fo• the station.
Ile utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed,
throughojit the deliberations of the Convention, and the
nominadons were contirmed by a unanimous vote. -
We raise the Canner of Sousa & Lusoaracra to
our malt head, entertaining not a doubt of their trium
phant election by decided and overwhelming majorities.
A friend, who is a care f ul - obaerser of political events,
writes us as follows Toe delegates bring good ac.
counts from all parts of the State. The election of the
democratic nominee, in, by the harmonious and unani
mous action of the Convention, placed beynn I the shadow
of a doubt. The countenances of our Whig friends ex.
hi' it the (set as plainly as though the returns were in
The Three Million Bill and the Wll.
The Three Million Bill was pawed in the U.S. Benl•
ate on the morning of Friday, the 2,1 Mat., without the
The following are the yeas and nays on the anti—
,shisery amendment . .
YEAS—Merurs. Allen, Atherton, Cameron, Cilley,
John M. Clayton, Corwin, Darts, Dayton, Dix, Evans,
Fsirtield, Greene, Huntington, Miller, Niles, Phelps,
Simmons, Sturgeon, Upham, Wel:niter and Wood
NAYS—Messrs. Archer, Ashley, Atchison, Hedger,
Baglty, Benton, Berrien, Breese, Bright, Boles, Calhoun,
Cass, Chalmers. Culguitt, Crittenden, Dickinson, Han.
negan, Houston, Jartngan, Johnson, of Maryland,
Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis, Mangum, Mason,
bead, Pearce, Rusk, Sauer, Turuey and West
The following are the yeas and nays on the passage
of the hilt :
YEAS—Messrs. Allen, - Ashl, y. Atchison, Atherton,
Bagby, Benton, Breese, Bright, Butler; Calhoun, Cass,
Chalmers. Colgtott, Diclonson, Din, Fairfield, Henne
pin, Houston, J doison, of Louistana, Lewis, Mason,
Niles. Husk, Seiler, Soule, Sturgeon, Forney, Westcou
NAYS—Messrs. Archer, Badger, Berrien, Cameron,
Ctlley, John M. Clsyton, Corwin, Crittenden, Doers,
tO4l, Evans, Greene, Huntington, Jernigan, John
son, of !guy land, -Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce,
Phelps, Simm.ms, Upham, Webster and Wood-
'rue cornmpandent of the Public Ledger gives fa full
and graphic account of the debate in the Senate, which
continued NI session of Monday until two o'clock on
Tuesday morning. This account is too lung to be trans
ferred to our columns, but we will nevertheless make a
The lions of the Senate remained perfectly tranquil,
with the exception of Mr. Calhoun, who rose to make
a statement in regard to Mr. Lowndes, of South Caroli
na, alluded to by Mr. Dayton. Mr. Benton did not
proffer a word. Then came the Wilmot provi..) in rite
shape of an amendment of Mr. Upham, accompanied by
a long speech, full of statistical and valuable details.
touring the time that Mr. Upham spoke in support of
the NVilmot proviso, Mr. Badger stepped over to Gen.
Cam, and by kindly entertaining him, prevented him
from going to sleep. Calhoun, as I said before, kept him
self awake by reading. Mr. Benton actually nodded in
his chair, and Mr. Webster was leaning back in hia chair
to place himmlt in the most comfortable attitude possible.
After Mr. Upham had done justice to Vermont, Gen.
Cass addressed-the Senate against the proviso at some
length, stating that he should vote aghast it. Mr. Mil
ler rose to way that he had understood Gen. Cass to have
been ready at the last session to vote for it, but Gen.
Cam stated that the position of the country had changed,
and that of all the States which had passed resolutions,
two only had worded theirs so as to directly affect the
qnestion before them. This was denied by Mr. Itoberts
allerwanla, but for the time being Gen. Cam' arguMents
were more thaw of ir Philadelphia lawyer, excited con
siderable hilarity, and were quite relished in certain guar•
ten. Mr. Cameron briefly stated that he should vote on
the proviso as instructed by his legislature, whose opin
ion he Tully shared in that matter.
Mr. Dickinion read a very tedious speech at 1 o'clock
in the morning, which, however, was relieved by the
fact that he took a position quite different from that of
his colleague, going against the proviso with all his
rover and energy. Mr. Johnson. of Maryland, then
rose and stated that-he, as a Southern man, was of opin
ion that free labor was incalculably cheaper and more
profitable than slave labor; that the physical, moral and
intellectual position of the people of the free States is
far preferable to that of the people of the'slave States,
and that as for Mary Iscd, herself would have abolished
slavery long ago, but for the foolish, ill-timed, and un
lawful interference of the abolitionists. He took ocea
lion to express that he entirely differed fromrMr. Cal
boon in the opinion' that slavery is a conservative prin-
ciple. There was a great deal - of good sense in the re
marks of Mr. Johnson, which were carefully worded,
and read by him from a cautiously prepared manuscript,
Mr. Johnson, however, spoke and voted against the
The vote on the proviso being taken, stood - for it 21,
against it 31, and so the amendment was lost.
It was at this stage of the bill that Mr. Webster rose
to read the resolutions of the Legis:ature ofltassachu
setts, against the extension of slavery over newly ac
quired territories. He spoke briefly, with very great
emphasis, but at a time when it was impassible for him
to make an impression. The bill was at last ordered to
be engrossed, by a vote of 29 to 24, Mr. Calhoun voting
against and Messrs. Colquiu, Butler and Yttlee voting
for it, Mr. Weatcoti being absent. The bill was then
read a third time and passed. As I have already in-
formed you, the House will now agree with the Senate,
and the Wilmot proviso' be completely dropped by both
Houses of Congress. This is • great triumph of the
administration, as the Three Million Bill is evidently the
most important bill of the session, and one which tests
the strength of the administration in the most direct
latse astlicr scan. The committee appointed in
this Borough to receive contributions for the relief of the
famiiling poor of Ireland, acknowledge . the receipt of
the following sums :
Collection in the Presbyterian Church, $39 69
" Methodist, ' " 27'32
" Hai:dist, .. 13 37
Citizens of Leroy, per Rev. Mr. Dwyre,
We are mutated to say that • draft Tor the above
•mount will be forwarded to the executive commitee at
Philadelphia for the relief of the suffering poor of Ireland.
0:7. It is stated in' a • letter from Washingtoo, that
Commodore Connor has been relieved of the command
of our forces in the . Gulf, and Commodore Piny hum•
Lea hip place.
Bon. BavrisrWtutii will please accept - my, viteful
acknowledgminids foc alms cadent:4 on the sibactilier;
in sanding documents to Jiint ; and he will alWays' be
pleased to knosis i that'll's. Wilmot 'dens:Stasi thietause of
the people, of.athich 'hi is an , able a definder Ind he
hinies - inidaruits that ha - will be faithful until death, in
the defence of our Democratic institutions.
March 9, 1847. , FRANCIS BULL.
Aecorairxr.are tie rum Parglnstr.—The following
appointments are officially announced in . the Washing;
ton papers: •
Mixterasts.—David Todd, of Ohio. Envoy Eztraor•
dinary and Minister .Plenipotentiary near His,Majesty,
the Emperor of Brazil, vice Henry A:l,,Wise, tit:idled at
his own request. ' - '
John R. Clay, Charge d'Atfaires'at Peru. .
Richard Rush, of Penns) Ivania, Envoy EzztraorJina
ry and Minister Plenipotentiary to his Majesty the King
of France. The nomination of C. J. Ingersoll hating .
been rejected by a vote of 21 In 22.,
George W. Hopkins, of Virginia, Charge d'A,Kairel
'of the United States to the Queen of Portugal.
MAJOR (16N6HALS.—Thomas Hart Denton, of Mir.
William Cumming. of Georgie-
Gcsinkub—George Cawsleder, of Pe.
Eno. D. Hopping, of New York.
Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire.
The nomination bf Andrew Beabmont, as Commis
sioner of Public Buildings, was rejected by the Senate
an& Charles Douglass, of Connecticut, confirmed - for the
DiDURAROTT,P 'L.—Mr. Johnson, Dsguerrotypist, will
visit our town, this week, and remain for a week or two,
for the purpose of taking Daguerrmype likenesses of
such of our citizens as may desire Ins aid in " preserving
the shadow, ere the substance fades." Mr. Johnson has
■ deservedly high reputation for proficiency in his art,
and his visit should be improved by all.
The sum of fifteen hundred and ninety-one dol
lars, has been collected from the citizens of Harrisburg,
and the members of the Legislature, for the poor of
Proceedings of the XXIXth Congress
• W AIHINGTON, March 3. 1817.
SENATE.—Nunicrous bills of no public ion•
parlance were passed. The bill to establish a
collection district at Baegor -was passed: The
Oregon territorial bill was taken up. when Mr.
Evans said it was too late to act on the bill this
sessMn, and moved to lay it on the table, Mr.
Allen thought there was a scheme to let the bill
00 by in order that the people of °teems might
be urged by the N. England and by the Southern
interests to set up for themselves and separate
from the Union. Mr. Calhoun pronounced
Mr. Allen's imputation light as air, The mo
tion to lay the bill on the table was negatived,
19 to 20. Mr. Webster objected to the clause
allowing foreigners to vote upon a mere deviate
man of intention to become citizens without re
quiring the declaration to be carried out. The
bill was at last' ordered to lie on the table. 26 to
18. The River and Harbor Bill was taken up
and passed as it came from the Ilouse. The
resolution fur employing Dr. Houston as re
porter was taken up on its third reading.—
Messrs Turner. Bagby arid Benton opp .sed it.'
and moved its reference to a select committee.
Negatived, 16 to 28. The resolution passed,
Mr. Benton offered a resolution to rescind the
resolution just passed. Laid on the table. The
bill to establish the territory of Minesota was
taken up. debated and laid on the table. The
House bill regulating intercourse with China and
giving judical power to certain Consuls was ta
ken up, debated and laid on the table. Mr.
Allen offered a resoltrion to restore Mr. Ritchie
to the privileges of the floor, w hick was ol•ject
ed to and laid on the table. Alter an Executive
Session the Senate adjourned at 2 1.4 o'clock,
and took a recess to 6.
House.—Mr. Carroll offered a resolution in
structing the Committee of Ways and Means to
report to the House the liish Relief Bill Ne
gatived. 53 to 102. Mr. McKay reported the
Naval Pension Bill, with amendments of tli ! I Se
nate. & a further asnendrnent:to one of the S,nate
amendments, being substantially the Three
Million Bill, and authorizing the use of that
sum from the appropriation for carrying on the
war in the Army and Navy Appropriation Bills.
The Chair decided the amend vent norm order,
because it was irrelevant to the object of the bil'.
From this decision Mr. Ale Kay appealed, and
the decision of the Chair was sustained. 123, to
48. The Senate amendments were then agre
ed to in Committee of the Whole, Mr. Cobb in
the chair ; and the Three Million BilLfroin the
Senate was taken up. Mr. Wilmot moved his
provio prohibiting slavery in new territories.—
Mr. Graham of N. C. moved to amend this by
providing that the Missouri compromise line
shall bh extended to the Pacific, and thatslavery
shall be permitted south, and prohibited north of
that line. Mr. G.'s amendment was rejected.
59 to 06, and the Wilmot proviso adopteil. 90
to 80. The bill was then reported to the House
and the proviso rejected, 97 to 112. Mr. Wil
mot moved to lay the bill on the table; nngativ'
ed, 87 to 114. 'l' he bill then passed, 1151(382
Th. House refused to agrei to the amendment
of the Senate striking out - the amendment Of the
House providing for the appointment of a Gen
eral-ir-rtf ef in the supplement try a .my
The House refused to take up the Senate bill
authorizing the sending of the Macedonian and
the Jamestown to Ireland with supplies contri
buted for the suffering poor. The billiamenda.
tory to the Sub-Treasury act was taken up in
Committee of the Whole, on motion of Mr
Dromgoole, and numerous amendments were
proposed bnil rejected. One was offered by
Washington Hunt. striking out all after the e -
acting clause, and inserting the entire repeal of
the art as proposed at the last session. At 2
1.2 o'clock the House took a recess to 5 o'clock.
ASHINGTON. March, 4, 1847.
The intended renewal of the attempt to im
pose a duty on tea and coffee expired with the
rejection of the bill - to admit books imported
for literary institutions free of duty. Majnr
,fienton it is said will bo assigned the
chief command of the army or decline his ap
pointment. Senators Huston and Rusk were
both offered the Major General-ship at the la
test hour and declined, •There are many mem
bers of Congress here yet. The cars left this
evening crowded with Pennsylvania and Vir
ginia members.. Of the Pennsylvania regi
ment. GeneralEamsey is confirmed as Colo.
nel.; Capt. Johnson, of the Army, Lieut. Col.
Hunter, of Carlisle, and Morgan, of Bradford,
as Majors. •
The Senate; in Executive session this even
ing rejected the nomination of Charles J. In
gersoll as Minister to France. 'The President
then nominated Richard Rush. which appoint
ment was confirmed. The following military
appointments were also confirmed: Mr. Ben
ton and Cot—Cummings. of Georgia. as Major
Geherals, and Geo. Cadwaiader. of Peen-.
Hopping, of New York. and Franklin Pearce.
of New Hampshire, as Brigadier'Generale.
Late and Important from Maim
Safe .Srrival of the Louisirrna:Volunteers at
of Scott expected daily at Tampico-=Gath
-ering:of the Rancherot?-11Yence at Vera
WASHINGTON. March. 2, 1847.
New Orleans papers to the 23d have been re
ceived by the Southern mail of this evening...-.
They contain advices from Tampico to the
13 , h, Galveston to the 1141 h, Brazos to the
16th, and Vera Cruz papers of the 2d inst.
The licluisiams Volunteers wrecked on hoard
the Ondiaka ate all safe. with the exeePtion el
six whom Col. Ds Buiisey was constrained to
leave behind. No action had occurred between
the volunteers and the Mexicans. and they
reached Tampico in safety on the 6th, in gen.
eral . gorol health. but much eshausiell by the
forced march. Seven were abandoned a few
miles from the first encampment, being unable
to march., and it was found impossible to car
ry them Ahrough - the sand on liners. One
subsequently overtook the-main body. end the
remainder probably fell into the hands of the
The adventures of the Louisiana volunteers
are particularly describedln the Picayune.—
The day they took refuge on the beach oppo
site the wreck to escape a watery - grave, Abey
received visits from several Memento in the
character of ,peasants and fishermen. From
their conduct and promises the volunteers were
led to expect assistance on their way in trans
porting their stores. These fellows were sub
sequently discovered to be spies, and on the
same afternoon made their appearance' with a
flag of truce Irom Gen. Cos, and demanded an
immediate dr. unconditional surrender. Alarm
ing representations were made of swarms of
armed Mexicans sufficient to cut off all retreat.
Gen. Cos declared his force to be eighteen hun
dred, when in reality he had but nine hundred
and eighty, all told. the moat of whom were
raw recruit., who bad entered into the scheme
in the hope of gain and plunder.
Col. De Russet' replied to the demand, but
was not allowed admission inside of Gen. Cos'
lines. Re warn given until nine o'clock the
next morning, when the itopricans, were told
they must surrender or figh That night the
camp fires were lighted, but the Americans
'marched away. leaving their knapsacks and
huriliensoine matenals. which would impede
their march, except sufficient provisions to af
ford them sustenance.
In twenty-four hours they had marched thir
i ty-five miles, and net an armed Mexican was
seen all the way to Tampico.
General Cos thought he had stationed a suf
ficient force upon the road to cut off retreat,
and deprive the Americana of all hope of suc
cor, but Yankee perseverance foiled him.
There was butahont ninety serviceable guns
in the possession of the volunteers, the others
having , been lost in getting ashore from the
wreck" This was one reason that Colonel
De Russey did not wait to meet the expected
Gen.. Patterson was making extensive pre
parations to rescue the volunteers when they
General Scott was hourly expected at Tam
The sickness among the troops i t Tampico
had been greatly exaggerated ; the general
health was excellent. There were about sev
en touusand men there, eager for action, but
kept ignorant of their innnetlime destinanon.—
It was presumed that Vera Cruz would he the
next point of attack, and the ganeral opinion
was that they would leave Tampico before the
close of February.
The St. Catharine waa still off Tampico.
with a portion of the New Yurk regiment on
Many of the officers had gone ashore, but
the men were not allowed to land.
Nothing had been heard from the Mississip
pi troops, which were still on board the ship
Statesman, but M the last accounts they were
suffering deplorably from sickness.
nigh honors had been paid at head-quarters
to the late Lieut. Drid _Gibson, of the second
ar.illery. lie was a native of Virginia, and a
graduate of the millttary academy at West
Capt. Brown, of thesteamboat Pioneer. sen
by Gen. l'atterson to the succor of the volun
tetra wrecked in the Ontliaka.returned to Tam
pico on the 7th. He reported that on reaching
the wreck of the Ondiaka and finding it deser
ted he had burned her.
Gen. Scott probably left the Brazos on the
16th, on board the Massachusetts, which was
said to be waiting for him. Four companies
of artillery. under Captains Smith and Swart
wout, and Lieutenants Shackelford and Vintor,
acting as his body guard.
The camp at Palo Alto had been discontin
ued, and Gen. Worth and his stair were at the
mouth of the river waiting to embark.
All the troops were in motion, and the fourth
and eighth infantry were on board, as well as
the first regiment of riflemen. The seconed
dragoons. Taylor's light artillery, Col. Dun
can's battery, and some detachments of re
cruits were still ashore.
'The roads between Camargo and Monterey
were almost impassable. on account of recent
The ranclieros were gathering in all quar
ters. At sMatamoras they were expecting an
attack. The Plaza hail been fortified, and the
city placed in a state of defence.
The capture of Capts. Borland, Cakes and
Clay. was confirmed. -
Gen. Velencia had been relieved from the
command of Vera Cruz. and his place sup
.plied by Gen. Vavguze. The Mexicans were
convinced that Vera Cruz was to be the next
point of attack, and were busily engaged-in-for
tifying the passes of the road to the City of
The Met. Chants of Jalapa had been called
upon for a loan of four thousand dollars.
Nothing has beert heard at San Luis of San
,ta Anna's- march.
At 'Pula and Jalapa they were on the alert
in expectation of the advance of Gen. Scott.
The news from Texas is interesting, but
not enough so to telegraph.
WASHINGTON. March 3--10 P. M.
LATER Fecal Mexico.—A slip front the New
Orleans Picayune office last Wednesday.
ed at noon, contains advicee from Tampico to
the 13th oh. The Tampico &Wind of that
date contains extracts from pipers of the city of
Mexico, of 2d February. giving more full details
of the capture of the 70 Americans by Gen.
Minn. A leiter in a Mexican paper, dated
San Luis,.January 29, announces the arrival of
the ptisonets, and rebukes rejoicings over this
bloody victory. It
_states that Minim's force
was 2.000. * The Same letter declares that the
Americans were soprised early in the •morning
lat a watering place. .
The Sentinel says that there are many re-
more, supposed - with some tenth, that Santa
Anna-is going toward Monterey, and it is pos
sible that Minon was in command of, the advanc
id guard. He is an excellent cavalry officer.—
HeaccOmpanied Santa Anna_on his return from
exile, and may arouse the drcdoping energies: of
the Meiicater, The names of thelosi 70 Ameri
cana-were published. Cassius M. Clay is a
mongst them...with 2 majors, 3 captains, 1 lieu
tenant, 3 sergeants and 01 privates.
WASHINOTON. March, 4, 1847.
By the Southern Mail of this evening, the
New Orleans Picayune of the 25th ult. has
been received, containing Brazos dates to the
The correspondents of that paper states that
the troops will leave there in three eaya.
The report made by General Milton, states
the number of Americans taken prisoners by
him to be 82 in all. Besides the Americans,
there was a Mexican, named Galeano, who
had been with our trcope. Under the impres
sion that he was a gu,ide or a spy, he was im
mediately put to the'eword, although Gaines
inter Ceded for his life.
Capt. Heady, of Kentucky, was also captur
ed two days after Major Borland's command.
by a party of Rancheros. The number of the
party thus captured is said to be 98, but this
is uncertain. Their camp was surrounded in
the night, after being fatigued by a march of
It is reported that Cassius M. Clay projec
ted an escape,by breaking througlythe enemy's
lines, but could not induce the others to assent,
the Mexicans greatly outnumbered them.
Hall Henry. one of the Mier prisoners, who
had been acting as interpreter with the Arkan
sas troops had escaped from the Mexican camp
on Gaines' horse.
It as stated in a letter dated San Lilit). 27th
tilt., that a large Mexican force marched from
that place foi Ta n clue de la Vera, (the place
where Gen. !Ninon made his capture.) consist
ing, of three bodies of infantry.a brigade of cav
alry and foot artillery, with fourteen pieces of
heavy ordnance. Also, that in two days an
other division would march, and shortly after
wards the balance of the force would leave. San
From this it would appear • that a blow is to
be ruck M the direction of Salullo. The ad
dress of Santa Anna, which has been publish
ed, favors this idea. The opinions of our offi
cers are various however, some favoring the
idea that this display of troops on the ntl , er
side is but to mask the real destination, which
ey believe to be the City of Vera Cruz.
Prospect of an Assault upon Saltillo—Gen.
Butler's Outposts driven in—Six thousand
Troops at Saltillo under General Taylor—
Rumors of an Engagement—Preparations
at Illatamoras to repel General Urrea—Ern
barkation of Troops for Lobos—Gen. Scott
WASHINGTON, March 5-9 o'clock, P. NI.
the scitotiner Cora arrived at New Orleans
the 27th, from the Brazos. bringing dates to
.1e 19 ult. The intelligence before received
of an expected attacked upon Saltilto is confirm
ed., All Gem. Butler's outposts had been
driven in, and the assault, if made at all.
was anticipated during the few first days of
Gen. Taylor's command at Stltillo would
exceed 600. Many believed, that when ; the
Mexicans found him in sueh force, the idea of
an attack would be abandoned ; many others,
however, were still of the opinion that Santa
Anna meditated no serious blow in that quar
ter, and that the movement was but a !aim one
tri cover his design of moving with the main bo-
dy of his forces to Vera Cruz. Rumors have I
reached New Orleans that a genetal engage
meni had already - taken place, but the Picayune
attaches no credit to them.
Much apprehension was felt at Malamoras
of an attack by Gen. Linea, who is understood
to be this side of the mountains with four thou
sand men, one half of whom are not to be stir
passed by any in the Nlexieon service, the re
mainder are composed of Rancheros. Col.
Drake is in command at Matarnoras, and has
provided muskets and ammunition for the citi
zens in case of an attack. He had also sent to
Point Isabel forseveral pieces of ortlivince. The
Picayune's correspondents do not deem the
danger threatening Nlatainoras to be very im
The troops were embarking at the mouth of
the river as fast as possible. General Scott
sailed on the 13th fur the Isle' of Lobos. Gen.
Worth would not embark till all the troops
were on shipboard. The general supposition
was that the army could not move from Lobos
before the 18th of March.
Llief tot Ireland—Got Shook's Message.
To the Senate and House of Repre•entatives :
GENTLEMEN -Every arrival from abroad
adds horror to the story of the suffering of the
people of Ireland. Pale famine, with the
destriiction that wasteth at noonday" in its
train, is upon them. The wailings of the al.
'heted are heard from afar, and every generous
and humane feeling is awake.,ed—every heart
throbs with sympathy. and everyhand is rea
dy to extend relief. In addition.to the ordina
ry claims of misery, wherever may be its loca
tion, there gre considerations which give to an
appeal from Ireland to us resistless force. Her
sons have been the champions of liberty. and
their bones are bleaching upon every battle
field of the first and second wars for American
The Highlanders of Scotland, too, are rep-'
resented as suffering for the want of bread.—
ho can withstand the claims of these coon
tries ; the, gesiius of whose sons has *lied light
and science, and the charms of poetry, of elo-
Auence and of story, upon every country. Na
tions so distinguished, whose sons and whose
daughters have mingled their blood with ours,
and transferred to their adopted country the
genius of native land—over these nations the
cold and withering hand of famine has stretch.
ed its desolation. •
Realizing the ties of a common kindred—
impelled . by the charities of our nature, and
the holy spirit of religion, the people of these
States are pouring out of their abundance, for
.the relief of the sufferers ; they are expressing
the fulness of their gratitude to the great Giver
of good, who has bountifully blessed their bas
ket and their store, by sending bread to famish
ing men, women and children.
Profoundly thankful that we have the means,
and are moved to enter upon this work of pie
ty and benevolence, I recmmend to the Gener
al Assembly the immediate passage of a law
for the transit upon our public works to the sea
board, free of toll, of all breadstuffs and other
provisions, which the kind hearts and open
hands of our citizens are providing for the re
lief of those upon whom the hand of section
is so heavily laid. FRS. R. SHUNK.
ExEctinvs Februtry, 22, 1847.
A Sad Picture of the Suffering lo imui
The English papers are full of painful-at.
counts of the sufferings of the Irieb p es o,
from scarcity of food and the consequent*
ceases which this suffering has led to. Af t ,
sus t a ining the direct woes of starvation with a
most noble fortitude, after pining in their h a ,.
els under an accumulation of all human rai se ,
ies„'penury. inanition, neglect and.derpairand
after boaring these extreme sufferings venh '-
meekness and a tranquility, the laborers of Ire.
land have been tasked to the utteruion hada
of endurance, and have now risen against their
more affluent neighbors. The London Sons(
the let inst. this° depicts the paidful modules
to which they are reduced :
The rage of famine has now goaded midis
wretched peasantry of Ireland to ati timbre*
characterized by so much violence that it n il .
not fah() increase their own sufferings . .enf u ld .
Seeing this, we would hereby conjure the g o ,
vernment, in God's name, to stir thernaelrerbf.
times, or the consequences will be more eal i .
mitous than the mpst morbid imagination,
ild dare to conjecture. • If we remember
tow many and how grevious have been thee:
flictions of the Irish population, if we enoslder
within Onrselves the awful detail! of than.
tional privation, the dreadful whole of which
has alone reached the public obsetvation,
shall be compelled 'to confess to ourselves the
we cannot regard this dreadful disturbanee n
Dungarvan with any thing like sentimenu of
indignation. Sorrow and commiseration m
the only feelings aroused by a spectacle shi e h.
might otherwise be only characterized by th e
attributes of brutality and lawlessness. 'the
is this insurrection but the struggle forselfpre.
nervation I What is it but the outgushing of
the domestic affections—of that awful and ea
during Love which is stronger than death!' The
peasantry has experienced the pangs of man s.
tion himself, yet he has valor enough boa•
finite peaceable and uncomplaining.i
Hiss household is one nest of misery ander".
titution—his potato-field is a waste of corn c ..
Lion. poisoning the very annospherche inhaln
—his swipe are sold-to satisfy immrdial em .
vings—his future is all poverty—his punt'
existence is pew of intense desolation ;
submits with an admirable fortitude, aid re•
mains silent and impassive. sillily lite 'err
heart-strings are breaking with crief. Whin,
however, he sees his children and his "Ile
grown haggard with the duratiori of their
urv. and finds no probability of allavint Ora'
sufferings by 'remaining inactive, and , chinos
his time." his mind is impervious to Rica,
his heart is hardened against justice. and les
arm is nerved by the potency of despair. Lm
tors are hoarding up whiat and bade) in tea
cellars, with the diaboilieal hope of einninr
faminr prices in the market—farmers and en
tie deters have their stalls filled with ova—
, pigs and poultry are not trnp!enuful to - rem)
localities, otherwise visited by the entrlO—
the provision stoles are plentifully fornolied—
a resolute heart and a strong baud are alai
necessary to feed the starving creatures st
home, and the peasantry rush out tegeiher
to the streets and by wa3.s to seize, by union,
what they cannot in any other manner glut.
While endeavoring to save thenisiire , , aid
those endeared to them by nature and 'BOWLI.
tion. they are repulsed by the soldiery, ;LS
shot like malefactors. We are ready WO.,
knowledge that nothing but some !nemesis.
terposition from the armed servants of theta
can ever save a population under soch ritteo.
stancei from incalculably miseries: 'Red.
iTg, out of the dragoons is one of those Tirr
oils bet deadly remedies which ran alone pr•
,stkrve the community from still greater vitt.
ednens, It is loosing a to retainlde; er
dlangering an unit to save a million.ereritit•
less, the very consciotasnesi of the necrier
of reorient) , " to such a mortal remedy. is rem
an additi seal inducement to eradicate the co
ses which have led to its nquirenient.
the Legislature proceed upon its mrisaresef
alleviation with the utmost alacrity, f
ly, Irelard is on the verge of a piecipict.
The Federalism of 1513
fro one is bound to enlist or volunteer in
invasion and conque4 Lei freg
keep aloof from thin unrighteous. inftou
God i pbhorred Mexican war.and it will go
come to an end. The prospect is Asi r!!
adnrsinistration.can get net men or nsisti
to carry an the war much longer. Thca
the Lord for that. Let the army noir O
that count ry get what they ileserre and it
cut up. or Aillad by disease. and this davit
ble war will be at an end."
The foregoing extract is copied froth the NO
Hampshire Statesman. the leadang organ olt
lederal party of that *state. One would KO
suppose that in this free and enlightened coin
try. & at this enlightened age men could helot'
so totally devoid of all national patriotism.
wedded to the enemies of our country, areis
blind to their own interests: as to mal,e derit
tions of the kind above quoted. And yel.°
is federalism. To the disgrace of OUT rani!'
there are such men to be found—and that lor•
in every state and county in the Union. B'
the day will most assuredly come, when 0
men w.all swear by all that isgood and 110.! r
sacred upon earth—that never n ude any
d , elarattons. They w.II deny that they 61
published any thing of the kind & will errs 0 5
fir as to contend that they supported the res o
aided the administration in earryinaLit on. 11/
day wilt come as sure as there is a sun
Heavens. and the young men of the 1 6°
day will live to see it. It is well therefore
preserve these extracts for facture referermil
they . will become useful hereafter.
But ouppn.i ,, g the patriotic 'wishes et 0
federal sheet were to be fully realize od
editor had the opportunity of th onktndg tt
not for the . .. prospect." but for the fed. 0.
the administration could get neither m
money to carry on the war, what w• 0 41 , 1 a
consequence to the country? Disgrace d
and dishon sr. His wishes would be felIV; 1
iced. The army would be col ET" d _ e :, 4 !
and destroyed—portions of our own 0
overrun by a savage foe—our ci ies salt
our citizens murdered ; Without re '_„„y
money" todefend the country, all this Ind
more must follow, and yet Ave hate P I : a : 0
among us who can pray fur this. rrh° d
the Lord" for each a ...prospect" e n hoe
wash that our brave and gallant army rig
cxrr or, or die of diseases." Such 8 01 P 0 / 0
aspiration during the war of the re % f sii
would have have accommodated its seo L s
a snug birth upon the branching limbs go lf
first stout hickory by the way side -3 " bim 010
it not now consign to entertial infamy , at
breathes it? Let it be remembered
villainous, blasphemous prayer is au!reey:6oo,
columns ofthe leading: argan 111
ing the reins of power in a State
election ia again soon to be held in ...... ,000 01
shire, and we have no deu,,t9,-'4