Newspaper Page Text
'Z' a N) - 7 AI. 531i9 Al 8
VEDNESDAY,IANUARY 13. 1847
[From the Gavel.]
VIE SUSPENDED BROTHER:
OR, THE SIGN OF DISTRESS.
DT MRS. E. M. SEYMOUR
The formation of a new Lodge in the town
o f m- in one of our Western States, was
quite an important event in its increasing his
tory. The beautiful town had risen like ma
gic on the borders of the lake. Enterprise and
industry had combined to beautify -and adorn
it ; and its favorable location, a spirit of enter
prise. and a hope of gain. had drawn together
men from all prig of the Union. Social feel
ings were nourished ; strangers met here and
became friends, and learned to love and trust
each other. Such men in such . a place, are
the very ones to l?ecome devoted in Odd Fel
biws ; and a flonvishing Lodge was already
Caere, mid now the formation of another was
quite an interesting ev- nt,.at least to Odd Fel
lows and on Follows' wives ; and formed
the theme of eonveriotion in a small circl e of
IJEhrs who had met for social chit chat, at the
h o .mse ,d Mr. Hammond.
Nu! no ! I shall never give my consent
to 110.621:11's becoming Old Fellow.-
farlatinsil Mrs. Minors: it would be signing
the death warrant of my own happiness."
..N.q I either," responded Mrs. Jones. ',al
ihougb my husband is extremely anxious to
Inns :bent. and is constantly repeatinE to me
t h e hem fits u Lich would result from it."
Benefiia !" repeated Mrs. Minor. sneer
; .• What are a few dollars and rents.
compared with the happiness of a whole 'amt.
"The hen , (vs miLyht consist in the frappi
refs nil whole fa replied Mrs. Danton.
islet 101 1 , ow had het n a silent limmer.
.• Can the. estr increment of man's affections
(nn lie f nulc, adil to their happiness r in
quired Mr.. M nor.
••Cin thy! alni4e of that time which ought to
k. •p-c.i in the hosom of his family, add to
:liar I•xclairtied Mr.
'• Can the wasting of that mon-y which
irsuld simply the wants of his family. add to
thor happiness r • continued Mrs. Davis.
" I r ;n em l‘elleve that either of these effeels
yryld he the result of one's becoming an Odd
Frll,w, hut rather the opposite said Nlra.
II enniond. " The tendency of Odd Fer . mi.-
•'.,p is repai,ly to make men better; better
It:16111s, better fathers, and better members
•• I an fu re it rids in its design, then ;" re-
Nfrror... for it certainly has been
the rlutes of a great many qnarrels, and mnelt
wp:easant feelings between husbands and
It is rut 0.1(1 Fellowshtp, but the op+
09 to it. that is the cause of it, I am cunt/Inc,
ed ;" a,..1 Mrft. Damon.
Well. I think it is ' entirely wrong for a
man to have any secrets whit+ be rennot re
...AI Ir, his wife," pursued Mrs. Jones, and
:1 W 0 1111:1 ought not tamely to submit to such
an nwr of coufiAence."
".1 wo-olti who loves her husband." repli
Mrs. Dan ion. •• (night t - 6 - hire-buffirient con
c.:en.-e in hint, to feel that he would be guilty
of nothing dishonorable either to himself or to
wife ; and as for their secrets, I imagine
chat if they were revealed to us, we should be
n:riirised at their littleness, rather than their
Well, 1 do not believe in the necessity or
ttility of secret societies ;" said Mrs. Minor ;
surely there is no necessity for guarded
rooms and bolted doors, to deliberate on plans
N'oenevolence and charity ; in their objects
Lc', e nod one,why net publish it to the world ?"
"Their own works praises them, and their
pleat, unostatious deeds of charity and love
ore their most eloquent defenders," said Mrs.
Well, I do not believe in that benevolence
altirh neglects one's own,family to administer
nih , ro ;" said Mrs. Davis% ," and I speak
(tam sit! ez;icrience. My 'husband (or years
ii2s lordly spent an entire evening at home
51:!11.1 ,- family, on account of the hurry of
h"'ine.s; yet ;ince he has become an Odd Fel
low. lie man , ges to devote one evening every
wed; with them."
" And I doubt not, Mrs. Davis. in so doing.
he believes himself accomplishing more good
(or in family, than he could in any other pos.
usly way," - replied Mrs. Damon. " Fortune
" a fielde Enddeee. and often deserts her vota-
TVS in the hour of their greatest need ; and
tigh t V u may be unable now to imagine
y.ifir eiretunetanees will ever he less pro.
1m` 1 11 , 2 than at present, yet an hour of need
eome to von, and asststance from an Odd
Lodae he most gratefully received."
"Fes, have known m any ' such instances,"
' 3l l Mr.. Hammond, and with your permis
sion. ladies. I will relate a story which may
rerhap. serve to remove your prejudice of the
"Oh, ves," they all exclaimed, " relate it
10 D.• and we will try to be convinced?'
Mrs. Hammond directed a meaning luok to
airs.i Damon, and commenced :
I had a deer friend. Ellen Clayton ; she 'was
ah appy. merry creature, with a loving heart
at ever beat in a human breast, and that heart
with na t rich stores of love, she bestowed uon
nos ev en' way worthy of her. In the eve s of
'-den, her lover had but one fault—he was an
OJd Fellow ; and in her lover's eyes, Ellen
had one fault—her prejudice to Odd Fellows
but each misted to their love to win the other
b their own views, and very little was said up-
Ott the subject before their marriage•
I never saw a more lovely couple than Hen
ry Ashley and Ellen Clayton, when they stood
op in their little village church, and plighted in
!left other their youthful love ;. and 'when El
len bade us all adieu, to gn with her husband
her new home, it seemed as if the gladness
4 , 111 light in her happy bean. would never be
shaded by aught of gloom or sorrow.
M. Ashley had established himself in Bos
TIM BRADFORD: REPORTER
ton, where by industry and economy, he hop
ed to increase his little fortune to a happy com
petence. The pleasant little home he had pro
vtded for his bride, was beautified and render.
ed more pleasant by her many little arrange
ments ; and the light of her happy face, shed
a brightness over all his home.
The first cloud that shadcrwed the face of
Ellen Ashley, was, when severaj weeks after
their marriage, her husband said to her one
evening at tea, My dear, I believe I must
leave yo ufor the first time this evening; yon
have held me such a close captive, then I have
entirely neglected my Lodge since our mar
" Why, you will not surely leave me alone,
to pass the evening in the Lodge room ?" said
Ellen seriously, •
" My duty calls me there." replied her hus
band. kindly, " a duty which I have not ne
glected since I became a
_member, until our
marri ge ; so you see that your chorines hare
mo power over me than aught else."
" But it seems they are now losing their
power," said Ellen.
Oh ! no, indeed ; but I trust. Ellen, you
would *not wish me to neglect ■ duty." -
"Surely not, if I were convinced it was a
" Oh ! I had forgotten. Ellen, that you had
a prejudice against oar Order ; so we will say
no inure about it now. for I am sure I can con
vince you in a short time, that your prejudi
ces are misplaced. I shall not be out late El
len, and be assured." said he. smiling, as he
kissed her, " I shall get in no mischief in a
As soon as her husband had dosed the door.
Ellen burst into tears of mingled grief, dump.
pointment and anger. She had a strong prejm
thee to Odd Fellowship ; and instead of acting
like a sensible woman. and endeavoring to re
move the prejudice by reflecting that her hus
band would he guilty of nothing dishonorable
to himself, and that he would not continue
member, and feel attached to an institution that
bad aught unworthy in its objects or designs,
she allowed to feel that he was treating
her unkindly, in thus I , acing her, and that
du•rc could he nothing good in an institution
whose mmihers were not allowed to reveal to
otho-rs thelr Jesums; and by the time her hus
h ind had returned. she- had fairly made up her
mind that 0-Id Fellowship was, and must be
wrong, and that she would ever be opposed to
Thus do women of-tentimes bring unhappi
ness upon themselves. by determining net to
be convinced of the truth and propriety of that
which would result in their own beet interest.
in order to gratify a sickly sentiii.entality, or
foster a foolish sensitiveness, while they show
by their own feelings, that themselveri distrust
that confidence, which they accuse their hus
bands of violating.
Have you passed the evening, pleas
antly ?" inquired Ellen. rather sarcastically, as
her husband returned thatmcvening.
•• Yes ; our meetings art; always pleasant."
• eplied Mr. Ashley, "and! now." continued
he smiling, I must set myself to the business
of making you the Odd Fellow's friend ; it
will not he a hard task, will it, Ellen ?"
[larder than you imagine, I presume." re
plied Ellen : " I am sure I never can be con
vinced that those actions are right, which are
so carefully concealed."
"I assure you, Ellen, nothing is concealed,
which it would be of the least importance to
" Then why conceal it 'I"
" It is necessary, to carry out our plans,end
" No, it is unnecessary to tell me that, Hen
ry. so pray say no more about it, I ameure we
can never agree upon that subject."
" It seems quite unnecessary and unfortu
nate, that we should disagree," replied Henry.
sadly, "and I am sure. Ellen, if you had seen
aS I have the gocd effects of Odd Fellowship,
you would be its warmest champion."
" When I am convinced of its good effects,
I will acknowledge it." replied Ellen.
That was the first unpleasant evening that
had passed in the married life of my friend
and her husband ; he was deeply grieved that
Ellen should be strongly prejudiced against an
institution which he valued so highly ; • and
Ellen really felt herself a slighted woman.
In all other respects. my friend was a hap
py. cheerful, and devoted wife. She was ar
dently attached - No her husband ; and on no
other subject were they opposed, and her face
ever cheerful at other times, was always cloudy
when Lodge night returned; and at those times
she never failed to express her strong opposi
tion to the Order.
Notwithstanding this, Mr. Ashley continued
for several months to attend his Lodge punctu
ally ; but lie could not endure these stormy
seasons. and this, added to the increasing pres
sure of his business, caused him to grow more
and more delinquent ; he neglected to pay his
dues, and finally absented himself entirely from
his Lodge. It was with feelings of real sor
row, that he in time received the notice of his
suspension from his Lodge. He had been de
votedly attached to it, and had felt that should
misfortune at any time attend him, he would
be sure of the same kindness and sympathy
which he had ever shown to others ; but hi■
wife was a great deal happier now, and this
lie knew was in consequence of that which
grieved him so much, he therefore endeavored
to feel reconciled to.
Time passed on ; and fortune which had
heretofore smiled on him, now began to show
a changeful aspect. Business, ever fluctua
ting in this country, resulted in severs losses
to him ; misfortunes succeeded each other,and
he finally decided to try a new field of labor.
The West. with its broad lands, and immense
capabilities. opened pleasingly to his view, and
he decided to remove thither. True to her wo
man's nature. Ellen cheerfully bade her many
friends adieu, and followed her husband to
land of strangers.
Unfortunately the location which Mr. Ash
ley bad decided upon. proved an unfavorable
one, both in regard to fortune and health.
The investment of his money proved an un.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. ik H. P. GOODRICH.
upsciastrurssor DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER."
favorable one ; he saw his little means fast di
minishing. his health too, seemed undermin
ing. and he felt that he must seek a more fa
vorable location,or poverty and sickness would
reduce them to abiulute' want. They decided
finally to remove to thii place, and set out up
on their journey ; but Mr. Ashley continued
to grow worse, and when they arrived. be
found himself completely exhausted, and
quite unable to make any arrangement for the
What shall we do, E'en 1" he exclaimed
in distress, •our means are almost entirely ex
hausted, and still I am growing worse, and
you are worn out with fatigue and care."
"Think not of me," replied Ellen, " but I
must send for a physician for you."
" No. Ellen, we have actually no means of
paying him, and I hope to r#cover without
"I must send for one ;" continued Ellen.
"and perhaps we shall find in him a friend ;"
so saying. slat left the room, for she saw that
her hueband was in reality much worse. Fa
tigue and anxiety respecting their condition,
had so excited - him, that he was in a burning
The kind Dr. Evelyn soon answered the
call, and as he entered the room with Ellen.
his benevolent face beamed so kindly upon the
sick man, that in his excited feelings he in•
voluntarily gave the " sign of distress." The
kind Dr. rushed forward and grasped his hand
with a recognition so joyous, that it brought a
flood of tears into the eyes of the sick man.
Ellen was vstoniehed. •6 What means this 1"
she inquired, " surely,yno are not acquainted."
" Yes, we are," exclaimed the Dr., •• we
" Brothers l" repeated Ellen, still more as-
'6 Yes. Ellen,' paid her husband. " we have
indeed found a friend, fur the Dr. is an Odd
And, your wife is wondering how we found
each other out," said the Dr. : that is one of
our secrets." said he smiling. As he turned to
Ellen ; e. but I riot now prescribe for my pa
tient...fur he is in eed very sick."
After giving particular directions in regard
to the medicine, and requesting that his patient
might be itept perfectly quiet, he roes to leave,
and said kindly to my friend. your husband
needs constant care through the night; you are
ton malt fatigued to watch with him ; lam
now going to the Lodge, and will bring a coup
le of brothers to watch with him."
Ellen could not speak, she was overcome
with surprise, and a thousand varying ewe
Ellen, we shall indeed be cared for now;"
said Mr. Ashley, as the Dr. left the room.—
" I feel that we shall receive kindness here.
although from being a suspended member of
the Order. I have no rightful claim to their as
An undefinable feeling that she had done the
Order injustice, now possessed Ellen, but she
could give no utterance to it, and she begged
her husband to compose himself and keep per
Anxiously did she watch every varyingshade
of his countenance that evening, and earnestly
did her thoughts rise to Heaven for its blessing
Soon alter nine, the Dr. re-entered the room
with two gentlemen, whom he introduced as
brothers, who would watch with Mr. Ashley
that night. '
Again and again did Mr. Ashley return the
warm grasp of the brother's hand ; then tern
ing to Dr. Evelyn. he said... I must now ex
plain to you my situation." He then told
them of his former connection with the Lodge
in Boston, of his attachment to-the Order, and
that in consequence of his neglect, lie was then,
and had been for some time,a suspended mem•
ber ; and that he knew he had no claim upon
" Say no more." they replied, " we all un
derstand your feelings ; and now you must en
deavor to go to sleep."
Notwithstanding what had passed, Ellen
could not feel willing to leave her husband in
the hands of strangers through the night ; but
when she saw their tender kindness and watch
fulness, she retired to sleep, feeling confident
that her husband was in faithful keeping, and
that she could safely trust him while she slept.
Day after day of a lingering leiter. did the
kind Dr. and some one of his friends mill and
administer to the comforts of her husband; and
night after night, did one or more watch by
him, and all done in such a kind and unobtru
sive manner, that it completely won Ellen's
heart : and she confessed to the Dr. all her for
mer prejudice to the Order ; and that it was
her opposition, that caused her husband to ne
glect his Lodge.
" Well. weU," the Dr. would say, " you
must now make amends, and become the Odd
Fellows' champion, and make converts of these
foolish women. They will all become Odd
Fellows, or Odd Fellows' mates, by-and by."
Henry at last recovered ; and the day he
first left his room. Dr. Evelyn came in, and
said. " I have come to give you a little ride.
but first I wish you to examine this package ;
while I chat a little with your wife."
The first paper Henry opened, was a letter
and card from his own Lodge. re-instating him
a member; which had been procured through
the influence of Dr. Evelyn; the next was a
receipted bill of their landlord, and the last. a
check of five hundred dollars, a loan from seve
ral of the brothers who had so kindly attended
him through his sickness.
Mr. Ashley was completely r overcome, and
grasping the Dr.'s hand, he m vain made an
effort to speak.
Come, come." said the Dr.. " put on your
hat and cloak and come and take a ride with me.
I want to talk with you a little." The Dr. then
told him of a plan which his friends had formed
for him ; it was for him to embrace a favorable
opportunity there then was, to enter a prorate
business. This is a flourishing little town, and
I have no clout you will be successful.
It is unnecesury to add. that Mr. Ashley
eagerly embraced such a favorable opportunity.
r and that he' again became an octive Odd Fel.
low, and that. Ellen now acknowledged herself
convinced of the good effects of Odd Fellowship.
and became a zealous advocate and defender of
the Order. " And now, ladies , how do you
like my story !" inquire d Mrs. Hammond.
"It sounds very muck like several fictitious
stories that I have read ;" replied M • Minor.
" if 1 knew it was really true, I mighi perhaps
change my opinion somewhat."
" Well, I will vouch for the troth of all, ex
cept the names. for I have told you the story
as my friend has often told it to me. Mrs.
Ashley must now speak for hersel. Mrs.
Ashley, ladies, alias Mrs. Damon.
All turned to Mrs. Damon, in surprise, who
confessed herself the heroine of the story, and
assured them of its truth ; •• and von will not
wonder now at my warm defence of Odd Fel
lowship. I have, I hope. attoned in some mea
sure for my past injustice to the Order. and
opposition to my husband's feelings; and now
what say you ladies, to your husbands' be
coining Odd Fellows I"
Minis shall become one," exclaimed sever
al voices at once, " if I have any influence over
It is unnecessary to add that the flourishing
little Lodge in hI--, received at its seat
meeting. several new names as applicants for
membership ; and I have since heard that the
wives of these new members make it their du
ty to see and know themselves. that their hus
bands attend all the meetings of their Ledge.
and regularly pay their dues.
[Tranililted from the German.]
Them is • little mystic clock.
No human ay. bath saw;
That beats*, on—and Istouath am.
From morning until eau._
And when the soul is wrapped io sleep
And hearetb not • sound,
It ticks and ticks the livelong night,
And never runneth down,
O wondrous is that work of art
Which knells the passing bout,
But art ne'cr formed, nor mind coaciind
The lifaclock's magic power.
Not set in gold, nor deed with gams,
By wealth and pride powessed
But rich or poor, or high or low,
Each bears it in his breast.
When lige/ deep strum, 'mid bads of dowers
All still and softly glides,
Like the wavelet's step, with • pads UM
It warns of passing tides.
Whoa threatening darkness pikers o'st
And i hope's bright visions Rea,
Like the sullen stroke of the milled oar,
It bealeth heavily.
When pinion nerves the warrior's win
For deeps of hate and wrong,
Though.heeded not the fistful sound,
The knell is deep and wrong.
Sach is the clock that nwasures:lite.
Of flesh and spirit blended;
And thus' twill run within the brew%
TW that strange life is ended.
[From the Pennsylvanian.]
The Towns and Country on the Coast
of the Gulf of Mexico.
The recent operations of the Navy, in the
poll of Mexico, the concentration of the ene
my at San Luis Potosi. and'the evident design
of the American Army to move in the same
direction, will render information respecting
the population of the various towns along the
coast, the face of the country in the depart.
ments adjoining, together with the products •f
the soileand the distances between these places
and San Luis Potosi. and the city of faxico—
added to the character of the several harbors—
of the highest importance. The increased and
commendable activity in the Navy, as maoi
lested in the late successful expeditions against
Tabasco and Tampico, will render this infer
mation still more increasing and important.—
Up to this period, little or nothing is known on
the subject—the best maps are very imperfect
—and we look in vain for essential details
through our books.. There can indeed be no
doubt that the absence of much nereesary data
in regard to the coast, and the various facili
ties so important to a squadron acting on the
offensive, has been one of the main causes of
the delay in the movement of Commodore
CONNER. now, as we are gratified to observe.
about to be exchanged for a more vigorous and
energetic policy. Commodore Conner hat'
shown himself to be capable of the most peril
ous enterprises, and hie skill as a seaman was
fully proved in the admirable and rapid pas
sage to the Brazos, several months ago, in the
course of which be surmounted all the difficul
ties growing out of an unknown channel, and
arrived in time to he of the most essential eer•
vice to General TAYLOR. Time, therefore.
while it may have operated to excite the gal-
lant spirits in the Navy, fretting under delays
which they scarcely take the trouble to under
stand, and while it may have also served to
increase the popular anxiety at home. has no
doubt served also to increase his information
and add to his facilities.. We may consequent,
ly look for some of the most brilliant success
es on the part of the Navy, in the course of a
We .began this article to say. that we are
enabled to lay before our readers some of the
very information to which we have alluded, as
being so universally and anxiously in demand.
We are indebted for this pleasure to a gentle-
man who writes of what he personally knows.
and who speaks of what he has seen. If our
readers are not as much interested as we have
been in his valuable details and facts, we steal
be much surprised:
Brea AND Castrmacer on the West coast of
Yucatan, are important only as ports of entry
for Merida and the interior towns of Yucatan,
and as shipping points for logwood, Sisal grams,
&c. Yucatan does not contribute to the sup-
port of the general Government and has no
communication with Mexico by land.
Lemma, at the S. E.bottom of the Gulf, has
a population of about 3,ooo—is healthy, lies
on the west end of an island, and at the mouth
of Laguna de terminos. It is important to-a
hostile force, as a depot and station, and cut-
ting off communication between Yucatan and
Mexico. Hatboro safe and. sheltered front all
winds. The bar at the mouth passable, with
15 feet of water. The country bordering the
various streams emptying into the Lagoon, is
covered with forests of, logwood, sparsely in
habited by wood cutters and much cut tap by
water-courses. It has an inland tomruunica
tinn with Tabasco, navigable by steamers.—
The only defence is a block-house wilt' two
guns. The harbor is all times accessible:
Tanasco RIVER. empties into the Gulf about
50 miles west of Laguna. The mouth of the
riser is protected by a bar, shifting with gales
and river freshets—depth el water on the bar
varying from 8 to 10 feet.
Fawner., a village of about 300 inhabitants,
lies at the mouth of the river.
TRU C/TY Or TABASCO. Iles about 70 toilee
from the mouth of the stream, which is rapid,
and can only be ascended with the aid of steam
or a leading breeze. The district of Tabasco.
in proper bands, would be rich in agricultaral
products, halting, for the mast part, a rich
strong soil. Its chief prudette now are cattle,
dye woods and a large quantity of cacao, which
is highly esteemed by the-Mesicene. and is
shipped to all parts of the country. The land
communication with Vera Crua district is very
difficult and tedious, and rarely or never at
tempted, the letting boats and small coasters
rendering water communication more CPI.--
Them is not any port between Tabasco and
Alvarado, except at the mouth of river Hata
sachalco, which may be entered by boats draw
ing four feet,. and is worthy of notice as beiug
of the conteinplaled lines of canal couarnuuica
lion with the Pectic Ocean.
Atvanseo. as shout , 220 mites west of Ta•
basco, and about 40 S. E. of Vera Crue. At
the mouth of the river is a shifting bar over
which the,water varies from 9 to 15 feet. After
crossing this, there is plenty of water. The
waters are navigable through a lagoon S. E. of
the city, to Joluca. a town of 4000 souls, about
40 to 50 miles from the bar. The town of
Alvarado lies about I miles from the bar. eon
tains a population of about 800. and is defend
ed by difficulty of approaching it over the bar.
and • receody erected fort ; but in the summer
season, they would prove but poor defence+,
as in calm weather, a hostile force could be
landed under the guns of ships of war, (which_
could approach quite near to the beach) and
the works and town eould be tali& from the
rear. During the revolution, whilst the Castle
of San Juan de Ulloa was in possession of the
forces of 'Spain, Alvarado became the chief port
of entry on the Gulf, and most of the intports
and exports were throughlt. as it has the ad
vantage of an easy and safe road to the interior;
and it is by this route an invading army would
encounter the fewest natural obstacles in
marching to the city of Mexico. the country
being equal to the sustenance of an ernty. with
abusdanee of water and se strong points for
defence. The cruising grovel off Alvarado
is exceedingly periled, during the winter
months, where the northers blow with ex
treme violence. The products are cattle and
Arran LIZARDe, (where ear squadron. has
►ran anchored.) 30 miles R. W. of Alvarado,
end ie miles,. E. from Vera Cruz, is ens of
the very best harbors in the Golf, being acces
sible at ell time, end protected from the swell
of the sea * by coral reefs and sand islands.—
There is sot any town here, only a few fishing
VERA Cetre. with its defences, and now im
pregnable castle. is so well known as not to re
quire particular sotiee here. The terrible San
Juan de Ullos protects Ike town, and the reed
to the city of Mexico is defensible in so many
pointer. especially at Puente del Rey. (where a
few brave men could hold an army in check)
that an attempt to reach the city of Mexico by
its route would be Quisottic. The population
of Vera Cruz is variously estimated at from
25.000 to 40,000 souls. It is the chief port on
About 80 miles N. %V. of Vera Cruz. is the
small port of 'recounts, and near to it Bock
DE LISA. both of which can only be entered by
small craft and boats. No
In this district are cultivated the Vanilla bean
and Jalap. also the frit 010. a large black bean.
which is a favorite article of consumption with
the Mexicans. ' a
TU:TAN lies l!0 miles N. %V. of Vera Cruz '
and 80 miles S. E. of Tampico. and is memo.
rable from the loss upon its bar of the U. S.
Brig Trutton. The town has no artificial de
fences, being sufficiently protected by the har ,
at the moutliof the river, which is inaccessible
to vessels drawing over 4 feet. Population ,
s id to be about 2000. It has an inland wa
ter communication. almost to Thlnpico,through
the lake of Tarniagua. celebrated for its Shrimp
fishery. It communicates with the city of
Mexico and interior towns, by the road from
Tampico. The country abounds in rattle.
TA ine° river empties into the Gulf about
300 chiles N. W. of Vera Cruz—the entrance
is protected by a dangerous bar, which is con
stantly shifting, and a small temporary fort ;
the old fort, which stood at the mouth of the
river, has been literally washed away by the
swell of the yea, sent in by northers. For
months at a time there will -not, be over six
feet of water on the bar, whilst a shift, pro
duced by a single norther. will probably leave
a channel for vessels of fifteen feet draught.
Thera is no protection. whatever, from the
north winds, outside the bar, and it is not safe
to lie off long at a time during the season of
northers, which are often as sudden as terrible.
The town stands about five miles from the bar,
contains a population of about 5000. has no
military defences and the authorities will not
give any cause lot an invading force to handle
them as the people of Tabasco bare recently
been treated. The country (as is almost all
the country north and east of the. mountains,
between Vera Cruz district and the Rio Grande)
is rough and Wild, and much broken by water
courses. The products are rustic and cattle—
the grain and flour being all brought from Pue
bla and the country south of the mountains.—
The Pauuco branch of the 'Tampico river is
navigable for forty miles. for vessels drawing
8 feet. The climate of Tampico is bad for
northern constitutions, and for Month., is ex
ceedingly unhealthy, in consequence of the
swamps and marshes, which, in a great mea
sure, surround it. There is a mule road to
the interior, by which Mexico and San Lois
de Petosi may be reached the dcfilis and gor
ges, and (in some places) over the Sierras.—
Next to Vera Cruz. Tampico is the most im
portant pors.in the Gulf. as through it the rich.
important and populous districts of SAN
QUERETERO, GUANAXUATO, ZACATECAS, and a
part of DURANGO, receive their imports and
send away their specie, hides, jalap. &c. From
Tampico the course of the coast is nearly
north 10 SANTANDER or SOTI LA MARINO,
which is about 80 miles distant. This last
port is accessible on'y to vessels of light
draught, say not over seven feet. It is through
this port. in connection with Maxsatonss. th it
the districts of NoRTIIERN TAMAULIPAS, NEW
LIMN and DURANGO, receive their sUppkeil of
foreign produets. 'I he Rio Grande. about 140
miles north of Santander, is familiar to us all
from the rectify military operations on its banks.
There is a chain small likes, or seconds, ex
tending about 160 miles of distance between
Tampico and the Rio Grande, ia." which we
have no reliable information. but bdieeed' for
the most parr, to be ton shoal for n••vigatinn,
even by flat boats. But little is known of this
country along the coast, except that it is wild
aid much cut up by streams emptying into the
From the recent maps of Mexi7o, it will be
sees that the road frinn Tampion, to Mexico
resianta a larger distance.. amiss the Sierra
34adre, than from Fula to Santa Barbara, on
the road to Potosi. From Tampico to Altarai
ra, 24 tattles—to Miradoes from Altarnira. 28
railes—te Miradoes to S lira Barbara 20—
(rota Idarl,a7,l to Toia about 36 miles.
and from Ta:J to Bourg', 30 r 43 ,&•.
k, r . In all this Twitv, triVelird it In
1814, theta were : i dev,:y itser, birds,
From' Vera crux to S/11114 Fe, 12 miles.—
Santa FIB to King's Bridge , , 12 or 16 miles,
frora thence to Jalapa about 90 miles—from
Jalapa to Perote, which is in a table land. about
25 nails., In this route plenty of cattle and.
From Sempoala to Vera Crui. 24 miles. the
land, and till you come to the top of the hill,
all is white sand, and so continues along the
EOM for many mike south of Vera Cruz: 'to
the depth of from fire to ten miles; and here
we find no water. The sand hills which arc
to be found, are altered in shape by the wind.
The trees upon this sandy land are full of briars;
and aloes grow up here ton.
CABO Reno, or Brown Cape, affords a good
shelter for small vessels, and it was the place
where smugglers landed their cargoes for M,xi
eo. There is a mule road, but very difficult
On the north aide of Point Sharp there is a
small town and a creek by the name of SANTA
Arms, where we were supplied with provisions.
at the foot of the Sierra Mahe, which ends
in this point.
The only two best roads to the city of Maxi
en, on account of food, water, and population.
are by the King's Bridge and Tampico—not
only because of provisions, but because these
two roads have been traveled constantly, and
must be in good condition, but because, when
the mountains are crossed, they are right for
ward, which if attempted from Alverado, must
be aiding the mountains, which are more te
diens on account of broken fragnients to be
Tree,. the Bridge is stronger than Gibraltar—
but then each army can, with equal advantage,
fortify itself, and advance upon its adversary
inch by inch.
,however, the advantage given to
the party occupying the west side is, that it
can be provided with every kind of necessa•
ries of life from the fertile lands hack of them.
From Tula to Santa Barbara, there is, in
the very centre of the mountain, a spot called
the Gallitoe, orclittle chickens, which spot
cannot be any other hut. where God placed
Adam and Eze. In this place the traveller
rests for some dh s. in both routes, when
the mountains have been crossed, the clime is
as healthy and free front every kind of tnias
msta and disease, as any in the best port of
TnE ORGANIC PART OF SOILS..—ThaI pnr•
lion of the common earth usually denominated
ofganic. is found by the agricultural chemist
to vary much. both, as tespects quantity and
quality, in different soils. in those of a peaty
conformation or character, it exists in great
abundance, and the same remark applies not
unfrequenly with like correemess to lauds
that have been long cultivated and strengthened
by frequent and copious applications of invigora
ii ig"rri mutes. Some. of the tonal productive
soils that bawl been chemically • examined.
have yielded from ten to twenty per rent 0 .
organic matters. and under the most favorable
cireumstances, it has rarely :11111111111C11, in the
richest. 10 more than one quarter, or twenty•
five per cent. F'otne of the mu•t productive
wheat fields in Great Britain. have been found
to contain on noire than nine or ten parts of
purely organic mailer in the hundred. A dia.
11117nm/tett agricultural writer itt remarking
' upon the eul•jert top, ;
•• Oats and rye will grow ins soil enniaining
only one and a hall per rent; and barley when
' only two or three parts per rent 11111 present.—
' In very old pasture lands. and in gardens. vege
table (organic) matter occasionally arettnyulatea
en as to be injurious, and overload• the tipper
Nerer feed lone, fodder .wiwn rn r) , 9t...ets or
ten obtain the means of cur :1g it.
t7CO I / 1 1P3lail