Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 22, 1846, Image 1
d Y.t,0"111 . 2A IPOW & 5710.61. a ------------------ _ _ DNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1846 mare of Falsehood and Fraud! re have seen a half sheet, issued in, and sent oad through Tioga county, containing the speech 1:1mon Li. Read in Congress upon the tariff.— le this all it contained, we should not notice it, it also contains a long series of resolutions, oiling to have passed a democratic meeting In quehanna county. The democrats of that corm .ever passed any such resolutions. They were u p by Franklin Lusk and a few unprincipled r•Sanizers, who for years have been playing into hands of the Whigs. Mr. Lusk himself, was (aU supported by the Whigs as a candidate for , T esentative ; and he and his contemptible fac are now at work against Mr. Wilmot, and the ok democratic ticket. The, resolutions are in niselves a fraud, in as mucli as they purport to y expressions made by the democrats of other ones, when thoSe counties in their conventions -e taken directly the opposite grounds". • .et not 'democrats be deceived by the deceptive na:lement of Mr. Lusk. He is an-open enemy ,h e democratic party, and for years has done all could to break it down in his own county. We e below the resolutions of the regular democratic .-eation of Susquehanna county, in relation to , Wilmot and the tariff. lesolved. That in Hon. David Wilmot we recog r a Representative true to his pledges, and faith !!, !he interests of his constituents. His inde 'dent stand in opposition to the unjust and labor .resqug tariff of 1842, meets the cordial appro. of those who bestowed on him their suffrage. ~olved. That w hail the modification of the of Isr2 as another progressive step in !p7,l , hfliori of our country, to free labor from the -xselions of the moneyed poti•er. We desire to call the attenasn of our friends :nr•hont this Congressional district, to the pro hilf,'s of the meeting which we publish below. as one of the largest and most respeetable coon •tvet.a;s ever held M this Borough. The men • n•suied as officers, are among the oldest and Adluenital IiCIROCratS 111 this County. Their acs atlord a guarantee that the meeting was what urported to be, thoroughly democratic. The re- Were passed by acclamation ; and met with arr . response from every democrat present ly,,auto.n our friends abroad to be on their Ord acanou the schemers and frauds of certain men •le.runiv. Mon %who are well known at home, H ho should be known by Democrats in the ad z counties.. We assure our friends, once for all, 2;...,ineoing has been held in this county, in which renlocia:s have participated, that takes ground -amt our candidate for Congress. No such , :an be held in this County, reflecting the views 1,./en to tubers of the party. Never a•as - the •roo.racy of Bradford more .united. never more de •m:nt.d to 4tand by their principles and to sustain candidittes. Mr. Wilmot «•ill commarkl more .ar a party majority in this county W. ag.am.cantion democrats to beware of the and fesehoods of some two or three men in county. They will stop at nothing to accom ,h their purpose of Mr.Wilmot's defeat. linpos pruceedirgs will be spread•out on Taper, and khod a , the voice of large democraiic meet r. culler no such meetings were held, or if .hr the Whigs. Especially do we warn our Ti !needs. A desperate onset is to be made on Ir. Wdmot, in that county, and we have good rea m to know that fraud, falsehood and treachery are :work. DEMOCRATIC MEETING ! r. meeting of the Democratic citizens of ''7lfll:ord, convened at the Court House, on the of September 16, 1810, the meeting mar.ized by electing BENJ. M'EEALN, President, and JOSEPH TOWNER, THOMAS r iirSTON, CYRUS SHUMwAV. J. M. Bislior, r , ronci. D. WILLIAMS. Vice Presidents ; I.i Dr. Seth Salisbury and Charles Stockwell, `—retaries. iie following resolutions were .ottered by. II lel 1 andercook, Esq., and after some few . ..TAT , . were adopted : Retolcetl, By the democrats of Bradford co., iv pssemoled, That we are most happy in i • r.; able to congratulate our republican friends , nghout the state, upon the union of feeling 1 'lt now animates the democratic party. here, .Lc to duty and to action ;—a sure presage that '4'M' Vir.lOry is before us. itesolved. That ire who would seek to strike . 0 2'n the ors,4nic power of the democratic party li —that broad superstructure upon which Repub .:asem rests its hope of success now and in "min, time, is a vile traitor to the cause of de- ' - Lk - Tatic truth in America, whether the treason 'o.oor organization, is perpetrated in the Senate 7 !I,e f: . S., or in our party ranks, at home. It R.:15 through the moral force and influence ,ohlical organization that Mr. Jeffers , m,Gen. l 'kssa, and all' our democratic Presidents, ;',7' o, evated by the republican party, to the lief Magistracy of the Union ; and tt was ,'.gh an effective organization that President -., Etr-on'stood up against the machinery , of Fe 'trtlirri in 1801 ; and Gen. Jackson through :l the whole of his eventul administration of t;oTer ement. Il ia the moral influence of this power (orga :::`11m,) that . traitall (to the great cause of hu '..n rights, and to their own party) in high lila :. haye endeavored to strike down ; and it is ", moral power, that petty demagogues. at ' . ' n 4 te , try to weaken, in order to give federal „sly ascendancy at the ballot boxes. ,I,TqTed. That unwavering adh rance to par ,lsonzation is the touch-sto of our politi :' . I .. sti. the evidence of einem”. y in our proteas e*/ ~,,°;l a chtnent to the principles , the doctrines, .' ,O , e thea9uces of the democratic party of the loser •—and he who would defeat the organic 4 ri of the Democraticparty, in an ignoble ,1, to defeat i ts eandidates, belong to the Whig .L . ,:, ,irur,. .7natever may be his professions; and if T i : e the treason"—fa Meru hare the THE BRADFORD ' 'REPORTER. Resolved, That we extend the hand of fel lowship to-the republicans of the State—as al-- ways, Democrats in the United States stand upon (462 common ground—upon the same great platform, viz.: respect for the organiza tion of thir party; and however Democrats may differ - in some measures, they all agree in one distinctive and controling character—the imperious, vital necessity of an effective orga nization; an essential, elementary. pervading power, by which the • democracy of numbers' have achieved all their triumphs in the onward progress of civil liberty in this country. Resolved, That we will not permit such hypocritical, canting demagogues as Bull and Patton, by their vile attempts and pretentions, to gain admission into our party. Their mo tives and their course of conduct are well un derstood and appreciated. By holding what they call •• Democratic tariff meetings,", they have not been able to, nor can they deceive one solitary individual in the county. While the Republicans of Bradford have held their coun ty Convention under a democratic organization. and presented their candidates to the party with harmonious feeling and unprecedented unani mity of action, these petty politicians and small beer demagogues have been at work solitary and alone to disorganize and disband the re publican party of the county. Their influence is neither feared nor respected. Resolved, That our Representative in Con ' gress, Hon. David Wilmot, is eminently wor thy that entire confidence and high respect which he enjoys by his democratic fellow-citi zens of the 12th Congressional district. His course in congress challenges our best approval, especially his speech and vote on the important national measure of repealing the unequal and. unjust tariff law of 1842. His speech sets forth in a clear and statesman-like manner, the doc trines and sentiments of :he Democratic party of Bradford county. His vote faithfully sus tained the declared will of his constituents and his own solemn pledges. Therefore be it unanimously resolved, That we will now sus tain and cheer him on with our whole moral and numerical force. We pledge ourselves before the county to do this in defiance of the outpourings of wrath by the federal cohorts of Pennsylvania—and we feel a pride in assuring the democracy of the State and Union, that our patriotic representative wilt be victoriously re turned to Congress by an independent Demo cratic constituency. Resolved, That we are in favor of giving the the tariff act of 1946, a fair and impartial trial —it having been passed by able statesmen of our own political faith—men of talents. intrgri. ty and experience, in whom we have the fullest confidence as patriots and friends of their 'country. Reiolved, That the proceedings of this meet ing be published in the democratic papers o the State. The' meeting was addressed by Ulysses Nlercur, Esq.. and Hon. David Wilmot, and on motion adjourned. TIIE ORIGION OF " HAIL COLUMBIA. " —In the year 1798. when patriotic feeling prevaded the country, and when there were several par ties in the field, Mr. Fox, a young plaver.who was more admired for his vocal - than histronic powers, called one morning upon his friend, Mr. Hopkinson, and after stating that the fol lowing evening had been appointed for his benefit, and expressing great fear for the re sult, as not a single box had been taken, beg ged his friend to do something in his behalf " tf," said Fox. " you will write me some pat riotic verses to the tune of the • President's march,' I feel sure of a full house, Several of the people about the - theatre have attempted it, but they have come to the conclusion that it cannot be done ; yet 1 think you may suc ceed." Mr. Hopkinson retired to his study. and in a short time wrote the first verses and chorus, which were submitted to Mrs. Ilopkin son,who sang them to a piano accompaniment. and proved the measure to be compatible and and in keeping. In this way the second and other verses were written, and when Mr. Fox returned in the evening, he received with de light the song as it now stands. The following morning, small hand-bills an nounced that Mr. Fox would sing a new pat riotic song, &c. The .theatre was crowded ; the song was sung and received with rapture ; it was repeated eight times. and again encored ; and when sung the ninth time, the whole audi ence stood up and joined in the chorus. Night after night, " Hail Columbia" cheered the vi sitors of the theatre. and in a very few days it was the universal song of the boys in the street, from one end of the city to the other. Nor was the distinguished author of this truly na. tional song—a song which met the entire. ap. probation of all parties of the day—forgotten. The street in which he resided on one occasion was crowded, and " Hail Columbia" broke on the stillness of midnight from a hundred patri otic voices. EDTICATION.—Every boy' should have his head, his . heart and his hand educated. Let this truth never be forgotten. By the proper education of the bead, he will be taught what is good and what is evil—what is wise and what is foolish—what is right and what is wrong. By the proper education of the heart. he will be taught to love what is good, wise and right. and to hate what is evil, foolish and wrong ; and by the proper education of his hand, he will be enabled to supply his wants. to add to his comforts, and to assist those around him. The highest objects of a good education are to revernce and obey God, and to love and serve mankind—every thing that helps us in attaining these objects is, of great value, every thing that hinders us is compara tively worthless. When wisdom reigns in the head, and love in the heart, the head is ever ready to do good ; order and peace smile around, and sin and sorrow are almost un known. It is a fair.step towards happiness and virtue to delight in the company and conversation of good men ; and when these cannot be had, it is better to keep no company at all. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. H. P. GOODRICH. (Signed by the officers) " REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION IRON ANT QUARTER." Yr 01 eil Cfn var. [From the Monthly Jountai of Agriculture] Transplanting. There are few operations in American Hus bandry, in which so much want of reflection, not to say gross and wilful neglect, is displayed as in transplanting 7'rees. The following ex tracts from Mr. DOWNING'S valuable book on the 6• Fruit and Fruit Trees of America," we find in the 66 Monthly Journal" for November, arid bespeak for them a careful perusal from those about to transplant trees, whether for ruit, or ornamental purposes : "As nearly all fruit trees are raised first in nurseries, and then removed to their final po sition in the orchard or fruit garden ; as upon the manner of this removal depends not only their slow or rapid growth, their feebleness or vigor afterwards, and in many cases even their life, it is evident that it is in the highest degree important to understand and practice well this transplanleig. Early in autumn, and in the spring before the buds expand, may as a general rule be con sidered the best seasons for transplanting. It is true that there are instances of excellent success in planting at all seasons, except mid summer; and there are many who, from hav ing been once or twice successful in transplant ing when trees were nearly in leaf, avow that to be the best season ; not taking into account, that their success was probably owing to a for tunately damp state of the atmosphere at the time, and abundant rains after the experiment was performed. In the middle States, we are frequently lia ble to a dry period in early summer, directly following the season of removal, and if trans planting is deferred to a late period in the Spring many of the trees will perish from drouth, be fore their roots become established in the soil. Spring planting should be performed therefore as soon as possible. that the roots may have the great benefit of the early and abundant rains of that season, and get well started before the heat of summer commencer. For the neigh borhood of New York, therefore, the best pe riods are, from the fall of the leaf, to the mid dle of November, in autumn, and, from the close of winter, to the middle of April. in the spring; though commonly. the seasons of re moval are extended a a month beyond these limits. TAKING EP THE TREES is an important part of the operation. A transplanter should never forget that it is by the delicate and tender points or extremities of the root that trees take up their food ; and that the chance of complete success is lessened, by every of these points that is bruised or destroyed. if we could re move trees with every fibre entire, as we do a plant in a pot, they would scarcely show any sign of change of position. After being taken up, they should be planted directly ; or. if this cannot be (Nile. they should be kept from drying by a covering of mats, and when sent to a distance by being packed in damp moss. PREPARING THE PLACES. --Here is the fatal stumbling-block of all novices and ignorant persons in transplanting. An English garden er, when he is about to plant fruit trees, talks about preparing his borders ; an American says he will dig his holes ; and we cannot give a more forcible illustration of the ideas of two persons as to the wants of a fruit tree, or the provision necessary to supply those wants, than by contrasting the two phrases themselves. The one looks at a tree as a living being, whose life is to be rendered long. vigorous _and fruit ful by a good supply of . foodond a soil mellow and eas i ify - wnetrated by the smallest fibre ; the other cOnsiddra•it very much in the light of a truncheon or a post, and supplies with the least portion of manure, trusting to what he seems to believe the inextinguishable powers of Na tnre to make roots and branches under any cir cumstances. No fruit tree should be planted in a hole of less size than three feet square, and eighteen inches to two feet deep. To this size and depth the soil should be removed and well pul verised, and it should if necessary be properly enriched by the application of manure, which must he thoroughly mixed with the whole mass of pulverized soil, by repeated turnings with the spade. This preparation will answer, bin the most skillful cultivators among us make their spaces four or five feet in diameter, or three times the size of the roots, and it is in credible how much the luxuriance and vigor of growth. even in a poor soil are increased by this. No after-minding of the soil, or top dressings applied to the surface, can, in a cli mate of dry summers like ours, equal the effects of this early and deep loosening and enriching the soil. Its effects on the growth and health of the tree, are permanent. and little expense and care in this preparation are necessary, but, on the contrary, it is a source of early and con stant pleasure to the planter. The whole art of transplanting, after this consists in placing the roots as - they were be fore, or in the most favorable position for growth. Begin by filling the hole with the prepared soil, within as many inches of the top as will allow the tree to stand exactly as deep as it previously stood. With the spade, shape this soil for the roots in the form of a little hillock on which to place the roots=and not, as it is commonly done, in the form of a hollow; the roots will then extend in their na tural position. notbeing forced to torn up at the ends. Next examine the roots, and cut off all the wounded parts paring the wound smooth. Hold the tree upright on its little mound in the hole of prepared soil ; extend the roots and co ver them carefully with the remaining pulveriz ed soil. As much of the success of transplant ing depends on bringing the soil in contact with every fibre, so as to leave no hollows to cause the decay of the roots, not only must this be secured by patiently filling-in all cavities among the roots, but when the trees are not quite small, it is customary to pour in a pail full of water when the roots are nearly all covered with soil. Chia carries the liquid mould to ' every hidden part. ' After the water has settled away, fill up the hole, pressing the earth gent ly about the tree with the foot. but avoiding the common practice of shaking it up and down by the stem. In windy situations it will be ne cestary to place a stake by the side of each tree to hold it upright, until it shall have taken - Arm root in the soil, bat it is not needful in or dinary cases. Avow Dace Pwrryso.—More than half the losses in orchard planting in America arises from this cause. and the equally common one of crowding the earth too tightly about the roots. No tree should be planted deeper than it formerly grew. as its roots are stifled from the want of air, or starved by the poverty of the soil at the depth where they are placed. It is much the better and more natural process in fact to plant the tree so that it shall when the whole is complete, appear just as deep as be fore, but standing on a little mound two or three inches higher than the level of the ground about. This when the ground settles, will leave it nearly on a level w;th the previous depth. Structure° is an excellent practice with transplanted trees, and more especially for those which are removed late in the spring.— Mulching is nothing more or less than cover ing the ground about the stems with coarse straw, or litter from the barn-yard. which by preventing evaporation, keeps the soil Irom becoming dry, and maintains it in that moist and equable condition of temperature most fa vorable to the growth of young roots. Very many trees, in a dry season, fail, at midsummer, after having made a vigorous start. from a parched and variable ; condition of the earth about the roots. Watering. frequently fails to save such trees. but mulching when they are planted will entirely obviate the ne cessity of watering in dry seasons, and promote growth under any circumstances. Indeed, wa tering upon the surface as commonly perforia ed. is a most injurious practice—as the roots stimulated at one period of the day by water, are only rendered more susceptible to the ac orn of the hot sun at another, and the surface of the ground becomes so bard by repeated wa tering that the beneficial access of the air is almost entirely cut off. If trees are well wa tered in the holes, while transplanting is going on. they will rarely need it again, and we may say never. if they are well mulched directly af ter planting. Pruning the heads of transplantrd trees, at the season of removal, we think generally au injurious practice. For, as the action of the branches and the roots is reciprocal, and as new roots are rapidly formed just in proportion to the healthy action of thejeaves, it follows of course that by needlessly cutting off branches we lessen the vital action of the whole tree.— At the same time, when the trees are large,and many of the roots lost in removing them, it may he necessary to cut back or shorten a few of the branches—as many as will restore the balance of the system—otherwise the perspi ration of the leaves may be so great. as to ex haust the supply of sap faster than the roots can collect it. A little judgment only is ne cessary, to see at a glance, how much of the top must be pruned away Wore planting the tree, to equalize the loss between the branches and the roots. In planting an orchard, always avoid placing the trees in the same spot where an, old .tree stood before. Experience has taught us that the growth of a young tree, in 'ugh a position, is weak and feeble: the nourishment suited to that kind of tree having been already exhausted by the previous growth, and the soil being half filled with old and decayed roots which are de- trimental to the health of the young tree." HINTS TO HOUSSKEEPERS.-.-VOOIESS Should he washed in very hot suds and not rinsed.— Lukewarm water shrinks them. Suet keeps good all the year round, if chop ped and packed in a stone jar, and covered with molasses. When molasses is used in cooking. it is a pro digious improvement to boil and skim it,-he fore you use it. It takes out the unpleasant raw taste, and makes it almost as good as su gar. Use hard soap to wash your clothes, and soft 40 wash your floors. Soft soap is so slippery that it wastes a good deal in washing clothes. It is eaSy to have a supply of horseradish all winter. I.lave a quantity grated while.the root is in perfection, put it in bottles, fill it with vine gar, and good it corked tight. Ixornirray.—Men must have occupation or be miserable. Toil is the price of sleep and appetite, and health and enjoyment. The very necessity which overcomes our mutual sloth is a blessing. The, world does not contain a briar or a thorn that divine mercy could have spared. We are happier with the sterility which we can overcome by industry, than we could be with spontaneous profusion. The body and the mind are improved by the toil that fatigues them ; that toil is a thou sand times rewarded by the pleasure which it bestows. Its enjoyments are peculiar, no wealth can purchase them. They flow only from the exertions which they repay. Tea—This is a a native in no countries ex. cept China and Japan. From these places the world is supplied. Tea is procured from the leaves of an evergreen shrub 5 or 6 feet high.— The leaves are first steamed over boiling water, then dried on copper plates over fife. Wheat—Originated in Tartary and Siberia Raisins—are dried grapes ; they ripen nn the vines, are dried in an oven or in the sun. They come to us from the Mediterranean. Sugar-Cane—ls a native of China. whence is derived the an of making sugar. It is no great matter to live lovingly with good natured, with humble and meek• persons ; but be that can do so with the froward, with the wilful. the ignorant, the peevish, and the perverse, hesonly bath true charity. Always remembering that our true solid peace of God, consists rather in compliance with others than in being complied with • in suffering and for bearing, rather than in contention and victory. [From the American Review.] Earning of Moscow. At length Moscow. with its domes and tow ers and palaces. appeared in sight ; and Napo leon, who had joined the advance guard, gazed long & thoughtfully on the goal of his wishes. Murat went forward and entered the gates with his splendid cavalry ; but as he passed through the streets he was struck by the solitude that surrounded him. Nothing was heard but the heavy tramp of the squadrons as he passed along, for a deserted and abandoned city was the meagre prize for which such unparalleled efforts had been made. As night drew its cur tain over the splendid scene, Napoleon entered the gates, and immediately appointed Monier governor. In hie directions be commanded him to abstain from all pillage. •• For this," said he, you shall answer with your life.— Defend Morcow against all, either friend or foe." The bright main rose over the mighty city, tipping with silver the domes of more than two hundred churches, and pouring a flood of light on a thousand palaces, and the dwellings of three hundred thousand inhabitants. The weary 'army sunk to rest, but there was no sleep for Alortier's eyes. Not the gorgeous and varigated palaces and their rich ornaments —nor the' parks and gardens, and oriental mag nificence that everywhere surrounded liim.kept him wakeful, but the ominous foreboding that some dire calamity was hanging over the silent capital. When he entered it, scarcely a livihg soul met his gaze. as be looked down the Icing streets ; and when he broke open the 'build ings, he found parlors and bedrooms and cham bers. all furnished and in order, but no cccu pants. This sudden abandonment of their homes betokened some secret purpose yet to be fulfilled. The midnight moon was sailing over the city, when the cry of fire !" reach ed the ears of Monier, and the first light over Napoleon's 'falling empire was kindled, and that moat wondrous scene of modern time com menced, TILE BURNING OF Moscow ! Monier, as governor of the city. immediate ly issued his orders, and was putting forth every exertion, when at daylight Napoleon hastened to him. Affecting to disbelieve the reports that the inhabitants were firing their own city, he put more rigid commands on Monier, to keep the soldiers from the work of destruction. The Marshal simply pointed to some iron-covered houses that had not yet been opened, from every crevice of which smoke was issuing like steam from the sides of a pent up volcano. Sad and thoughtful Napoleon turned towards the Kremlin, the ancient pal ace of the Czars, whose huge structure rose high above the surrounding edifices. In the morning, Mortier by great exertion was enabled to subdue the fire. But the next night, Sept. 15. at midnight,the sentinels on the lofty Kremlin saw below the flames burst ing through the houses and palaces, and the cry of fire, fire I" passed through the city. The dread scene had now fairly opened.— Fiery balloons were seen dropping from the sir. and lighting upon the houses—dull explos• ions were heard ou every side from the shut up dwelings, and the next moment a bright light burst forth. and the flames were raging through the appartments. All was uproar and confusion. The serene air and moonlight of .the night before had given way to driving clouds and a wild tempest that swept with the roar of the sea over the city. Flames arose on every side, blazing and crackling in the storm,while clouds of smoke & sparks in an in cessant shower went driviim towardes the K rem lin. The clouds themselves seemed turned al to fire, rolling in wrath over devoted Moscow. Monier crushed with the responsibility thus thrown upon his shoulders, moved with his Young Guards amid this desolation, blowing up the houses, and facing the tempest and the flames—struggling nobly to arrest the confla gration. He hastened from place to place amid the blazing ruins, his face blackened with the smoke, and his hair and eyebrows singed with the fierce heat. At length the day dawned, a day of tempest and of flame ; and Mortier,who had strained every nerve for thirty-six hours, entered a palace, and dropped down from fa tigue. The manly form and stalwart arm that had so often carried death into the ranks of the enemy, at length gave way, and the gloomy Marshal lay and panted in utter exhanstion.— But the night of tempests had been succeeded by a day of tempests ; and when night again enveloped the city, it walune broad flame. wavering to and fro in the blast. The wind had increased to a perfect hurricane.-and ed from quarter to quarter, as if on purpose to swell the sea of fire, and extinguish the last hope. The fire was approaching the Kremlin, and already the roar of the flames and the crash of falling houses, and the crackling of burning timbers were borne to the ears of the startled Emperor. He arose and walked to and fro, stopping convulsively and gazing on the ter rific scene. Murat, Eugene, and Berthier rushed into his presence. and on their knees besought him to flee ; but he still clung to the haughty palace, as if it were his Pulpit?. But at length the shout. " the Kremlin is on fire !" was heard above the roar of the the.con flagration, and Napoleon reluctantly consented to leave. He descended into the streets with his staff. and looked about for an egress. but the flame blocked every pissaee. At length they discovered a postern gate, leading to the Mosk va, and entered it, but they had only entered still farther into the danger. As Napoleon cast his eye around the open space. girded and arched with fire, smoke and cinders, he saw one single street yet-open, but all on fire. In to this be rushed, and amid the crash of falling houses, and the raging of the flames---over burning ruins, through clouds of rolling smoke, and between walls of fire. he pressed on ; and at length, half suffocated, emerged in safety; from the blazing city, and took up his quar ters in the imperial palace of Pstrowsky, near ly three miles distant. Mortier, relieved from his anxiety for the Emperor, redoubled his efforts to arrest the conflagration. His men cheerfully rushed into every danger. Breath- Zna=ll2. P.Zo ing nothing but smoke and ashes—canopied by flame, and smoke,and cinders--sorroonded by walls of fire that rocked to and fro, and fell with a crash amid the blazing ruins, carrying down with them redhot roofs of iron ; he strug gled against an enemy that no boldness could awe, or courage overcome. 'those troops had heard the tramp of thousands of cavalry sweep ing to battle without fear ; but now they stood in terror before the march of the conflagration, under whose burning footsteps was heard the incessant crash of falling houses, and palaces and churches. The continuous roar of the raging hurricane, mingled with that of the flames, was more terrible than the flames of artillery ; and before this new foe, in the midst of this battle of the elements, the awestruck army stood powerless and affrighted: When night again descended on the city, it presented a spectacle the like of which was never seen before, and which baffles all .des cription. The streets were streets of fire—the, heavens a canopy of fire—and the entire body of the city one mass of lire. fed by a hurricane that whirled the blazing fragments in a con stant stream through the air. Incessant explo sions from the blowing up of stores of oil. tar and spirits, shook the very foundations of the city. and such vast volumes of smoke rolling furiously through the sky. Huge sheets of canvass on fire came floating like messengers of death through the flames—the towers: and domes of the churches and palaces glowed with, red-hot heat over the wild sea below, then tottering a moment on their base, were hurled by the tempest into common ruin. Thousands of tyretches, before unseen, were driven by the heat from die cellars and hovels, anti streamed in an incessant throng through the city. Chil dren were seen carrying their parents—the strong the weak—while thousands more were staggering under the loads of plunder they had snatched from the flames. This too would frequently take fire in the falling shower. and the miserable creatures would be compelled to drop it and flee for their lives. Oh, it was a scene of woe and fear indescribable ! A migh ty and close packed city of houses, and church es palaces,wrapped from limit to limit in flames. which are fed by a whirling hurricane, is a sight this world will seldom nee. But this was all Within the city. To Napo leon without. the spectacle was still more sub lime and terrific When the flames had over come all obstacles. and had wrapped every thing in their red mantles, that great city look ed like a sea of fire. swept by a tempest that drove it into vast billows. Huge domes and towers, throwing off sparks like blazing fire brands, now towered above these waves. and now disappeared in their maddening flow, as they rushed and broke high over their tops, t3cattering their spray of fire against the clouds. The heavens themselves Seemed to have caught the conflagration, and the angry masses that swept it, rolled over a bosom of fire. Columns of flames would rise and sink along the sur face of this sea, and huge columns of black smoke suddenly shot into the air, as if volca noes were working below. The black form of the Kremlin alone. towering above the clin es, now wrapped in flame and smoke. and again emerging into view—standing amid the scene of desolation and terror, like virtue in the midst of a burning world, enveloped but unscathed by the devouring• Element. Napo leon stood and gazed on this scene in silent awe. Though nearly three , miles distant, the windows and walls of his apartments were so hot that he could scarcely bear his band against them. Said he, years afterwards. •• It was the spectacle of a sea and billows of fire. a sky and clouds of flame, mountains of red rolling flame. like immense waves of the sea, alternately bursting forth and elevating themselves to skies of fire, and then sinking into the ocean, of flame below. Obi it was the most grand, the most sublime, and the most terrific sight the world ever beheld." burets of Mailts Apple—All varietietis of apples are derived from the crab apple. which is found in most:parts of the world. Asparagus—This was brought from Asia to America. Asparagus is often improperly call ed Sparrow-grass. Almonds—are the fruit of a tree which grows chiefly in the Indies. Barilla—is a plant cultivated in Spain for its ashes, which are said to afford-the purest alkali for making soap and glass Bread-Fruit Tree—is a native. of the South Sea Islands. especially of Otaheite. Coffee—is a native of Arabia Felix.. It is now cultivated in various parat of the torrid zone. especially in the East t and West Indies. Cork—is the bark of a species of oak, whiolt grows in Spain and Portugal. After the bark is taken from the tree, a new bark is formed. and in the conrse of six or seven years it is re newed. Camphor—is the concrete juice of a !tee, a species of the laurel. whicn grow• in Borneo, Sumatra and other parts of the East Indies, Chocolate—is made of cocoa. which is a outgrown in the WestliPs.. The. kernel of this nut is parched like coffee, 'pounded into dust, made into a paste, then dried and cut into cakes. Coca—This nut grows in' both Indies, on trees from 30 to 60 feet high,' • They grow in bunches of 72. Cloves—are the flowers - of a plant which grows in the Molucca Isles and East Indies. Cabbage—was brought from Holland. Currants—Dried ones come,to us from. the western part of Greece. , Horse-Radish—was bmughilrom China. • Lettuce-4as brought from Holland. !it Nutmeg—This grows in the• East Indies. It is 2 kernel. Onions and Garlic—are natives of. Asia and, Africa. Oats —The oat is considered a native of Mex ico. Peaches—The peach tree is a native of Per sia. In its wild state, it is small, bitter and poi sonous. Potato—This iq a native of Smith America In its native state. it is small and bitter.