Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 16, 1846, Image 1

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1 WVZ,2
[For the Bradford Reporter.]
Mr,cll, EDITOR :—lf there be none in these parts to
y on , the'following in any measure applies, none can be
,s.nv mea'...ure offended by its re-publication. But as
'gale is often idiopathic, (i. e., if I understand the
Km ,gprings up of itself in the system, without any
influence from without,) the young may well
put Upon their guard against contracting it. The
to shake it rff, from the very beginning.
A Nad IY,•—A correspondent of the Western
'lri.U.ll Mao Cate, a Methodist clergyman, complains
tfu prevalence, in his neighborhood, of a disease which
caLs the Sunday sickness."' It is neither fever,
:us. nor small poc, but is sympathetic with the moral
oodunai et the patient. The disease is periodical—the
anent is imhsposed about Church time on Sunday
o 'rning, but is usually quite able Cu attend to his ordi
ov la,mecs ou Monday, however early in the morning
r aw commence. The correspondent adds, in a post
pit% t atwhen a strange preacher cornea along his
it, the ilDwase is not Dear so general." This, by the
o . r rather an awkward confession fur the reverend
ealleatall to make. -
The Night is Come, Belostd
forth, beloved, into the dim night,
Take thou thy way; oh ! cheerless is the dark,
.1a lynely doth the savage north wind bite,
And threainingly its surly voice doth bark.
4' thst I were a star to shine upon thee,
cerole moonlight break in the black sky, hearth blaring through some easement on thee
Which thou rhould'st bliss as thou goest lonely by!
mien. as the gathering stinins doth blow,
Firglfaint and far. then deep, and loud, and near,
ad than, o here furthenn,g still my footsteps go,
stretch my arms, and wish that thou were here
r cortam'il (smell, with folded draperies,
Ind isnot, soft. invites my drooping brow
not do-on. I.n• their light fingers on my eyes,
ught - is come, beloved, where art thou -
. v ATI tot lore; how in that lonely bed
Iwunt me in my wistful sleeping;
J' I not hear thy voice, and then thy tread,
4 , +1 +•e thee nt sl froth mr, and wake with weeping.
Bond night; oh ! that my !the might be
kr. serla-ding Ide,ing wrapping thee.
.' ill), I were hut God, that I might see
. es. oh! my beli,ed, eternally.
",r1 1u the Alphadelphia Tocsin.]
I'd tires to Laboring lien. No. VI.
biu , datie is upon thee cast,
or that IA tought out by thine own erring hand
Laut. of the Tariff. and 31ertuull fle Sysi en"
P4ertive Tariff incidentally increase
• !:ithr prodrlrt., uari , h ire g i,e in
.oe" pr ,, tecird Its ?
thin_ n other words. If the munufactnred
null one portion of community h.]; to
:y, are mcreated in price prote6tive tariff,
it lucre:lse 04 price til the -Articles
.cn the t p. ,y u ith,ny creating a home War-
sortie contend theoretically for the affirmative
questio n ; and it must be confessed, if
theory be true, it does away in a measure
'• ,4, the t.:9erti.n, that a protective tariff in
%,ses the prtre bf the articles protected ; (or
.sl,eu a beaver hat is worth $3 and a barrel of
,tur worth $3, a protective specific duty omhats
$2 each, raises the price to $5, and if this
~ 1-, , lentally raises the price of flour, also to $5
iqbarrel, the exchange would still be even ;
.•:,) neither set of interests would be injured,
..C4ll IL Must be confessed it would be hard to
~r aline shin would he benefited by the new
T , agelueilt. But if the hat were raised in
raw tiletarriti to $5, and the flour still re
i.,,aed at $3. it would be easy to perceive who
4 have the worst of the bargain.
tie hire carefully compiled all the manufac
;.-r• that are increased in price by the operation
it Lie 1 , r,117, and hate found that at first cost
1 , , $216,8 tO,l IS, as we previous
; • We have also carefully computed
nu Sher of persons employed in the mann
, nre ot these particular goods, and find they
tiirt in 300,000, including wornen and cirri-
This number of persons aided by ma
add enomrh labor to, say one hundred
.r,aorc intilimis, of crude materials, to make
worth two hundred millions of dollars, &
' 4 ' 4,l ‘. by converting them into the various
manufactures. The remaining labo
, rnthe United States are engaged in the
~ a s Others industrial pursuits, but perhaps
in the various branches of agri-
Now the theory is, that a.protective tariff by
- i . telsin g the prices of these manufactures, in
'in ,e 9 incidently the price of agricultural pro
' `Yuen to return, by creating a home mar-
If this be Arne, the tariff leaves us just
finds us, and no one is injured : but if,
him the beaver hat is raised from $3 to $5, by
Lod, the farmer still has to pay in flour at
lithe manufactured articles are increased in
40 per cent, and the fruits of agriculture
chi remain the same, then the increased price of
is an unmitigated tax on community.
determin e this question, volumes of al ' .
ifiturencal argument; have been wasted
Un.l,nn, When it really appears to us, that
trull only to be ascertained by a careful
:''""'''ice of filets. The latter demonstrates
l """ce makes only p robable. If men would
to rune down from them icing stilts, 4:
II the more humble process of observing
tir: (lets, truth would often be made we are now groping our way in the
n mazes of conjecture. Then let us
' a" farts 11l connection with this ques
The protective policy wait ostensibly coin
hi by th e ~t of the first SCSM7TI of the
l.,11;11tbz into effect, on the tirot of
July 1816. In that age, the people were not
prepared so immediately to commence operation
under a new law of this kind, as they are now,
so that a year would most likity elapse before
any considerable effects could arise from its
operation. In the three months of the year
1817, six monthsafter the act went into operaion,
flour averages in Philadelphia about $l4 per
barrel. But now it commenced falling, and for
the year 1818. the average was $9,96, for 1819,
$7.11, fur 1820, $1,72, for 1821, $1,78.
In four or five years after the act passed, flour
depreciated more that $9 on a barrel, or 200 per
cent ! The above facts are takenjrom a 'table
in Hazard's Register Vol. 1, 1830 ; and from a
table Of prices from 1790, to 1838, published in
thelPennsylvanian. Prices now appear to have
begun to adjust themselves again to the new
state cf things, and flour raises gradually to an
average of $6.62 for the year 1823, though
much of this year, flour sold for (tier $7 per
But the protectionists, clamorous for higher
and more duties, got a new tariff law passed in
1821 ; ana,now prices of ag ricultural produce
began to cline again, so th at in' 1825, flour
sells on an average for the whole year, for $5,
10, in 1826 for $1.55. Flour now raises again
gradually, to an average 0185.60, in 1828, $6,
33, in 1829, but the more enormous protective
tariff of 1828, goes into operation at this time,
and in 1830, the average price for flour was,
$1.83, ; & afterwards it rose again to an average
of about $5.70, per barrel until_lB36 when the
excessive expansion of paper money and specu
lation, drew off men from industry, and produce
rose in consequence of a scarcity, and a redun
dant curn•ncy, and the more moderate taxes of
the compromise act. August 10th 1810. before
the passage of the late tariff, flour was quoted
at $5,75, or $6 per barrel in New York City.
Through April and May of 1831 it stood at une
dollar less at least.
Now let us suppose the full effect of the pro
tective tariff took place in 1818. If you count
hack front this year to 17110 inclusive, for twen
ty nine years, we find the average price of flour.
for the whole period is $8.50 per harrel ; and if
we h , trin front nos period, and count forw aid to
1813, includin_ the latter year. twenty five years,
the a% erag.e price for the whole period, is no
more than 86,00, the former price exceeding the
latter by 411 per cent.
We" have also consulted the tables of prices
for the leading articles of agrictiltural produce,
such as cotton, pork, beef, corn, &v., and find
the variations in prices correspond to the above.
For instance in 1816, the average price of cot
ton, was 29 cents per pound, and it commenc
ed declining from year to year, till in 1823 it
brought 21 cents ; when the new tariff law of
1524 took effect, and it came'down again in
1527 to 9 cents. Cotton is now from to 8
cents, probably averami G. These facts must
be looked upon as curious circumstances. to
say the least, if they du not stand in the rela
tion to each other of cause and effect.
But perhaps we 'dwelt] take one more view
of the facts in relation to this matter, viz. We
hive demonstrated that goods were higher in
die United States, by the amount of the tariff,
than in other countries at the same time. which
10,p0,-11 no tab's on the same kind of goods.
But now, if our agricultural produce, though
lower in fact iluin previously, %%as limber, at
thr vim(' time, than in those other eountnes,
"then it would, or at least make it probald.e. that
protective duties on eoods, raise the pore otei
dental] y of produce, merchandise Grant , Itilz•
er at the same time than in a atighharing
country by the amount otter tariff. I.s agri
cultural pro lure maintained at the same rela
tive elevation. at the vallic hilne ? is the ques
tion to be decided by facts and observation.—
We say that all experience and observation go
to prove the negative of this position. One of
the must familiar instances of this kind, has
fallen under the obeservation of every one liv
ing in the northern purnons of our Union, bor
dering on. the Canadas. Though for many
years, all the leading articles of merchandise
have been from 30 to fifty per cent higher, on
this side ; yet produce has been no higher.—
Ten barrelS of our flour would buy as much
merchandise of particular kinds, on that side,
sa fourteen or fifteen would ou this. One hun
dred bushels of our wheat would pay for as
much of these articles of merchandise there,
as 110 bushels would on this side. Can any
one believe that tf our tariff were doubled, it
would raise the price of our produce here, any
higher titan in Canada ; or, relatively higher
than in any other part of the world ? Or if
our tariff were entirely abolished, can any one
bring himself to believe that our agricultural
produce would fall below that in Canada, rela
tively lower than in any other part of the
world I But we have some of the most strik
ing specimens of thus law of trade in continen
tal Europe. There the duties on merchandise.
vary from of ono per cent, in the Hanse
Towns and Gibealter. through all the interme
diate per centums up to 100 per cent in Spain
and Italy ; and through all these states and
kingdoms from the Baltic down around the
Peninsula, and into the Mediterranean, there
is no difference in the prices of agricultural and
other surplus products, but what arises from
the quality, accessibleness of the port &c., all
of which are referable to the natural laws of
trade, the same a the difference between New
Orleans, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York
City, and Chicago, in America., The most
striking contrasts in the prices of merchandise,
frequently occur, by just crossing an imaginary
line, amounting in some places to 100 per cent;
and yet in such instances there is not the least
difference in the prices of agricultural and oth
er redundant products. We will take for in
stance, Cadiz and Gihralter. The latter is a
free port, and is not farther from the former by
sea, than New York City is from New Haven.
Cadiz is subject to the duties of Spain,amount
ing to about 10h per rent, and merchandise is
nearly that much higher there, than in G ibral
ter, and would be quite, if it were not for the
enormous aitiount of smuggling carried on
there ; but the prices of agricultural and all
surplus products, are the saute in both places.
To show the sufgular uniformity of prices
in atirirultural produce. throughout the conti
nent oh Europe, we will take that of wheat as
an example. The prices are taken from the
British Almanac for 1842, and for some places
from the account, take mostly in December
last published in the Rochester Democrat, and
republished in the Detroit Daily Advertiser
No. 3234.
We will begin with Archangel near the Arc
tic Circle on the IA him Sea ; a place nearly
as remote as Sault Sie Marie in the United
States, and come down by the Baltic, North
Sea, Bay of Biscay, around the Peninsular up
through the Mediterranean, and into the Black
Archangel. $1 02 Memel 1 06
St. Petersburg 139 Konigaburg, 123
Stockholm 1 02 Dantzic • 1 23
St. Petersburg 139 Marseilles 140
Stackholm ' 1 06 Genoa 1 38
Riga 1 50 Leghorn 1 26
Stettin 1 21 Naples 1 03
Hamburg 1 27 Trieste 1 17
Rotterdam 1 66 Ruatchuk 1 08
Antwerp 1 70 Odessa 98
Paris 1 38 New York 1 08
Nantes 1 38 Philadelphia 1 05
Bordeaux 149 Baltimore - 102
Santander 1 38'Montreal 1 07
Lieban 1 18,
The average foreign prices at twenty four
export markets, being $1.27 per bushel.
By this it will be preceived that in Rotter
dam, in Holland ; and Antwerp, in Beligum I
I'aris, Names, Bordeaux, and Marseilles, in
France ; where the tariffs and merchandise are
much lower than in Spain ; and lower than in
Leghorn, Naples and 'Trieste, in Italy ; and
Odessa in Russia ; in the former place the price
of wheat is still hig•he.. The tabb of the Brit
ish Almanac. fur 1842, also contains the prices
for other agricultural products, in these farm
ing countries, such as rye, barley, oats, &c.,
and the same general rule holds good.
SO you will perceive that in the agricultural
states of Continental Europe, where the pro
tective and revenue ditties on manufactures va
ry from nothing up to 100 per cent ; and where,
accorditig to theory, a corresponding variation
should be produced, in prices of produce, yet
we find in the latter no variabons, but what is
attributable to difference in transportations, and
the quality of grain, as we shall show hereaf.
ter ; except what seems to be a variation in fa
vor of the higher price of produce in coun
tries imposing the lowest duties on merchan
One would suppose if high duties on im
ports, could incidentally increase the prices of
the redundant productions of a country, our tri
als in this emoitry, and the more numerous ex
periments cf Europe. would afford us at least
a solitary instance of it. Thus we have com
pared the prices in this country at different
periods of time, and we have found, as a gen
eral rule, that when we have increased our im
port taxes, agricultural products declined in
price ; and moreover we have compared the
price of produce in the different agricultural
countries, at the sonic lime laying side by side,
to which the most excessive disparities exist
in import taxes and prices for merchandise ;
and we find if there be any difference, produce
Is highest where the tariffs are lowest. If these
be facts, as we have stated them, we see no
other inferences that can be drawn from them,
but such as are unfavorable to the theory of pro
tection, as it is called.
Many of these truths, have come within the
observation of every one present, and many of
them are now under each of your observations.
vii , that the prices of goods are higher where
the tariff operates, than where it does not, and
yet the prices inf surplus produce are the same.
lint we have extended the field of observation
and history much wider than intended, and
find the facts all in agreement, and tending to
prove that the benefits of tariffs are all a false
unsubstantial theory—holloweision.
Unle, , s the facts are different from what we
have staled them : unless they arc all the very
reverse, from what we have slated them, tt
must he conceded that experience is all against
the theory ; and how, in view of all these obvi
ous farts, men should let a mere theory like
this, take such a deep hold on their minds, is
one of the most unaccountable phenomena of
the age. It seems have nothing to recommend
it but its venerable monarchical orijiu.
TION.-It is a fact better ascertained than can be
accounted for, that fixed oils, when mixed with
any light kind of charcoal; or substances con
taining carbon, such as cotton, flax, or even
wool, whichbs not of itself inflammable, heat by
the process of decomposition, and after remain
ing in contact some time at length burst into flame
This spontaneous combustion takes place in
waste cotton which has been employed to wipe
machines, and then thrown away and allowed
to accumulate into a heap. We have known
ant,instance of the kind in a manufactory forlspinn
ing worsteds, where the wools, or “slubhings,"
as it is termed in Yorkshire, was thrown ihto a
corner and neglected. It then heated, and was
on the point of bursting into flame, when the
attention of the workmen was directed to the
heap by the smoke and smell. In cottonmills,
the danger exists in a still greater degree, and it
is believed that the destruction of many cotton
factories has been occasioned oy this means.—
The cause of this peculiar property of fixed oils
deserves more attention' than has hitherto been
paid to:it.—Scientific American.
CONVERSATION.—How delicious that con
versation is, which is accompanied with a mu
tual confidence, freedom. courtesy and com
placency. How calm the mind, how compo
sed the affections, how serene the countenance.
how melodious the voice, how sweet the bleep,
how conienitul the whole ble, that neither de
viseili mischief against others, nor suspects
any to be contrived against hun
MAKING A CONQUEST.— . • Fred," said a wag
to a conceited fop, •• I know a beautiful crea
ture who desires to make you acquaintance."
•• Clad to hear it—fine girl—good taste—
struck with my fine appearance, I supposed!"
•• Yes. very much so. She thinks you
would mike a capital playmate (or her poodle
A Gem, from Fanny Forester.
[The following touching stanzas, were written to her
mother, by Mae. Junsox, previous to her departure u
• Mimmionary,.a few. weeks ago.]
Give me my old out, Mother,
With my head upon thy knee;
Fee passed thro' many a changing Kane,
Since thus I sat by thee.
Oh ! let me look into thine eyes—
Their meek, soft, loving light
Falls, like a gleam of holiness,
Upon my heart, to-night.
I've not been long away, Mother,
Few suns have rose and set
Since last the tear-drop on thy cheek
My lips in kisses met.
'T is but a very little time, I know,
But very long it seems ;
Though every night I came to thee,
Dear Mother, in my dreams.
The world has kindly dealt, Mother,
By the child thou lov'st so well ;
Thy prayers have circled round her path,
And 't was their holy spell
Which made that path so dearly bright,
Which strewed the roses there;
Which gave the light, and east the balm
.On every breath of air.
I bear a happy heart, Mother;
A happier never beat;
And even now, new bulls of hope
Are bowing at my feet.
Oh, Mother ! life may be a dream
Hut if such dreams are given,
While at the portal.thus we stand.
What are the truths of Heaven!
I bear a happy heart, Mother !
Yet, when fond eyes I see,
And hear soft tones and winning words,
I ever think of thee.
And [hen the tear my spirit weeps
Unbidden tills my eye.;
And, like a homeless dove, I long
Unto thy breast to fly.
Then I am very sad, Mother,
very sad and lone ;
Oh ! there's no heart whose inmost fold
Opes to me like thine own !
Though sunny smiles wreathe blooming lips,
While live tones meet mine ear;
My Mother, one fund glance of thine
Were thousand tunes more dear.
Then with a closer clasp, Mother,
Now hold me to thy heart;
I'd feel it beating 'gain.t mine own,
Once more, before we part.
And, Mother, to this love-lit spot,
When I am far away,
Come ott—too off thou canst not come—
. And for thy darling pray.
curious instance of the cunning and memory
displayed by the horse is exemplified in the
following anecdote from the Plain Englishman.
The late General. Pater, of the East India ser
vice was a remarkably fat man; while station
ed at Madras he purchased a charger, which,
alter a short trial, all at once betook itself to a
trick of laying down whenever the general pre
pared to get upon his back. Every expedient
was tried without success, to cure him of the
trick : and the laugh was so much indulged
against the general's corpulency, that lie found
it convenient to dispose of his horse to a young
officer quitting the settlement for a distant sta
tion up the country. Upwards of two years
had subsequently passed, when, in the exe
cution of his official duties, General Pater left
Madras to inspect one of the frontier canton
He travelled, as is the custom in India, in
his palanquin, (a covered couch, carried on
men's shoulders.)
,The morning after his ar
rival at the station, the troops were drawn ont;
and as he had brought no horses, it was proper
to provide for his being suitably mounted,
though it was not easy to find a charger equal
to his weight. At length an officer resigned
to hint a powerful horse for the occasion,vrhiefi
was brought nut duly caparisoned in front of
the line. The general came forth from his tent
and proceeded to mount, but the instant the
horse saw his advance he flung himself flat up
on the sand, and neither blows nor entreaties
could induce him to rise. It was the general's
old charger, who from the moment of quilting
his service, had never once practiced the arti
fice until his second meeting. The general,
who was exceedingly good hurniwed man. join
ed heartily in the universal shout that ran
through the whole line on witnessing this lu
dicrous affair.
Goon A Drlcr..—The following excellent ad
vice is clipped from a corner of the Scientif,c
American, whether original there, or not we
cannot say :
file Editor's Advice to his youihful readers
is—Read books which contain real. solid infor
mation. though they may appear dry at first.—
lion% spend your time poring over the misera
ble cheap novels so plenty at the present time.
The more you read them the bigger fool you
will be. They are unworthy the attention' of
an intelligent being. and are the great drawback
upon the intellectual advancement of the young.
One old musty history. which can be round in
almost any worth more than theiwbole
of them.
PREITY' FAR GONK.- I During a heavy fall of
rain, a lellow who had taken a drop too much,
happened to desposit himself underneath a water
spout. Ile thus lying alone in his glory,'
ever and anon exclaimed—" Not a, drop more,
gentlemen—Znot a drop more.'
By taking revenge, a man is but even - with
his enemy, but in passing it over be is supe-
I'he prodigal robs his heir, The miser robs
i Sign in the Newspaper
NEIGHBOR SHOEMAKER !-1 see you, have
fine stock of boots, bootees, and shoes on hand
—all sorts, sizes and qualities.—cowhide, calf
skin, superfine and extra superfine—for gen
tlemen, ladies, misses and children. You wish
to sell them, I suppose
• Yes."
I perceive you have got a shingle over the
door with the words... Boot and Shoe Store."
inscribed thereon. That I presume is to In . -
form the public of your occupation, and invite
them to give you a call ?"
•• Yes."
Well, some few of those who pass alone
this street wall doubtless notice your sign, and
perhaps come in and trade with you. But a
great many people will traverse the streets of
this city who will not see your sign, and they
may be in want of shoes too. You need an
other sign, Mr. Shoemaker."
'• That's a fact, I did not think of it be-
Go then, the fiat thing, and get an adver
tisement in your newspaper. Tell the people
where you are, and what you are about, and
what varieties of shoes and boots you keep for
sale, and that you will be glad to see them.—
Thus, instead of barely notifying those who
pass along by your shop. you will inform the
people all around—not , only those who pass
the other streots, but the farmers and their
families away back on the lulls—the ladies,
mechanics, workingmen of the oilier towns—
and hundreds of others ;—and my word for it,
one such sign ui a newspaper, Bill be wori?i
dozen over your door !"
Faith, I'll try it before I'm a day older."
•• And you. Messrs, Tailors, Tnikers, Cabi
net makers, Saddle and Harness makers, &e.,
—you've all got your shingles over your doors,
as though that would notify everybody in crea
tion. Had you not better try a sign in c news
paper, as well as neighbor Shoemaker t"
CAPITAL ADVICH.-N ears Gazette gives ,the
following •• cool" and seasonable_ advice—
heed it, and you will be well repaid :
•• In the first place, don't gormandize. We
hate a glutton at all. times, but especially in
summer. II is monstrous to see men. when
the mercury is up to 90. cram a pound of fat
'neat down their throats. Don't you know
that animal food increases the bile Eat-Spar
ingly. and be sure to musticato well what you
eat. Don't bolt your food like the Anaconda.
Take exercise in early morning. Ah ! what
fools we are to sweat in bed, when the cool
breezes of the morning invite us forth, and
birds and the 'dew and the streams are mur
muring in their own quiet way, pleasant &-
sic, which arouses a kindred melody in the
Be good natured. Don't get into an angry
discussion on politics or religion. Them will
be time enough to talk the former over when
the weather becomes cool, and as for the latter.
the less you quarrel about it the better. Bathe
often—three times a week—every day. The
expense is nothing to the benefits' derived. If
you would enjoy- health, have a clear head, a
sweet stomach, a cheerlul disposition, put your
carcasses under water every day. and when
you emerge use the crash vigorously for five
minutes. There is nothing like the pure bra
cing water. We never dip beneath us surface
without thanking God for having placed such
a health promoting element within our reach."
—lleavy tables, formed of planks laud upon
tressels, massive oak benches or stools for seats.
and floors strewed with straw, formed the ac.:
commodations which satisfied the princes and
prelates of our early history. Even HI the
time of Elizabeth, the comfort of a carpet was
seldom felt, and the luxury of a fork wholly
unknown. Rushes commonly. supplied the
place of the former, and the fingers were , the
invariable substitutes for the latter.
Harrison, writing in the time of Elizabeth,
thus describes the furniture in use immediately
before his time : Our fathers (yea, we .our.
selves also) have lien full oft vpori straw pallets,
of rough mats, covered oldie with a sheete.
viider coverlets made of dugswain or hophar
lots, (I use their own term) and a good round
log under their heads instead of a bolster or
pillow. If it were so that our fathers or the
good man of the house had, within seven years
after his marriage, purchased a immerse or
flocke-bee, and thereto a sacke of chaff to rest
his head upon. he thought himself to be as
well lodged as the lord of the town, that per
venture, lay seldem in a bed of down or whole
feathers. As for servants, if they had any
sheet above them it was well; for seldom had
they any under their bodies to keep them from
the pricking straws that ran oft through the can
vass of the pallet, and rased their hardened
PAPEL—The first paper mill in England, was
erected in the year 158 F, a (overman who was
knighted by Queen Elizabeth, being 258 years
ego. A bout 140 years from that tune, a paper
mill was erected in New England. in the town
of Milton, Mass. on a site adjoining the Neponset
river, near the lower bridge. An art to encourage
the manufacture of paper in New England, was
passed by the general court of Massachusetts,
oh the 13th of September, 1728. and a patent
was granted to Daniel Henchman and others,
for the sole manufacture of paper for ten years,
on the following conditions. viz : During the
first 15 months to make 140 reams of brown
paper. and 60 reams of printing paper. The
second year, to make . 50 teams writing parer,
in addition to the first mentioned qusntity, and
so no, that the total annual produre of the various
quantities. may nut be less than 500 reams per
year. Such is the origin of the /irst paper mill
built in New England, and probably the first in.
America. And such was the commencement
of that now in valuableiand extensive branch of
New England productive Industry, on which so
many thousands depend for suppOrt.—E.)sc.r
At Boston a child is being exhibtted with two
weights on their heads, as fish women jo the
streets, are remarkable4or holding themselves
erect and 'straight. and never have a stoop or
curved spine. Cine of du most effectual means
of removing stooping. and even of checking in
cipient lateral curvature of the spine, is by
making the patient carry weights on the head,
gradually augmented ; this compels all the mus
cles, by which perpendicularity is produced
and preserved, to exert themselves, and by this
exertion they grows; and as the body cannot be
alidwed either to bend forward or to either side.
the muscles gradually pull, all the bones and
ligaments into their proper position, and 'keep
them. as well as themselves, in due posture.--
In fact, lateral curvature is caused by dispro
portioned strength, or exertion of different lat
eral set of muscles, and by relaxation of liga
ments, and can only be cured by producing a
contrary state, by exercise and well balanced
perpendicularity of the spine ; never by artifi
cial machines nor by mere rest. The peasant
ry in those parts of the country where it is cus
tomary to carry burdens on the head, are re?
markable for their erect stature and ease 'of
motion. This is well seen about Aveyron in
GETTING THE M ITTEN. —Most young men
are acquainted with this familiar expression.
and that too, by_ sad experience. Now we
know that this thing of " getting the mitten " is
by no means so agreeable as it is " cracked up
to be ;" and produces no very pleasant sensa
tion in the mind of the ardent lover. When
an answer to the anxious " Miss, will you ac
cept of my compani ?" she says, half pouting-
Iv and half good humoresily, " I shan't," none'
but those who have been similarly situated can
form any conjecture of that peculiar sensation
which it naturally creates. The victim feels
0 dear ! he feels all over. He would gladly
.exchange places with a mud turtle or boll-frog.
for then lie might find some friendly hiding
place wherein to conceal his devoted bead.—
The soul seems for a moment to secret itself
somewhere between torrid zones, and the heart
that but a few minutes before bounded like the
'deer of the forest, is now endeavoring to hide
its blushing face. between the liver and the kid
neys. However, if he is a man of sound sense
he will attach no blame to the fair one who has
thus repulsed and thwarted his design, but af
ter a few monmems pertubation of mind he
will come to the natural and honorable conclu
sion that if she don't want to go with him, be
certainly cares noting about her company.—
And furthermore, as it commonly takes two to
make a bargain, and as the man generally
makes the proposition, we think, it perfectly
just that she exercises her own liberty and
choice in all such matters.
A NEW WAY..—A young man having enter
tained a tender passion for a young woman.
and feeling such insurmountable diffidence as,
to prevent his ever disclosing it to thil fair em
press of his heart, resolved on an issue. He
went to the clergyman and requested that the
bans of Marriage might be published, accord
ing to law. When the publication was brought
to her ears, she filled with astonishment, and
went to him to vent her resentment. He bore
the sally with fortitude, observing that if she
:lid not think proper to have him, he could go
to the clergyman and forbid the bans. After a
moment's pause she took wit in her anger and
said, •• As it his been done, it is a pity that a
shilling should be thrown away."
has six teeth above and below ; befine three years
old he sheds his middle teeth ; at three he sheds
one more on each side of the entral teeth ;
four he sheds the two corner and last oftliefore
teeth. Between four and five the horse cuts the
under tusk ; at five'will cut his upper tusk, at
which time his mouth will be complete. At six
years the grooves and hollows begin to fill up a
little ; seven the grooves will be well nigh filled
up, except the corner teeth, leaving little brown
spots where the dark brown hollows formerly
were. At eight, the whole of the hollows and
grooves are filled up. At nine there is very often
seen .a sine' bill to the outside corner teeth ; the
point of the tusk is worn MT. and the part that
was concave begins to Mt up and become round
ing ; the squares of the central theeth begin to
disappear, and the gums leave them small and
narrow at ton.
LucirentaSi.-- I wonder how they make
Lucifer Matches," said a young married lady
to her husband, with whom she never agreed.
" The process is very simple," he replied
"I once made one."
Indeed, and how did you manage it ?"
By courting you," was the brief and satis
factory reiily.
SUARP RETORT.—A lawyer, while arguing
point of law before a rather heavy judge, not
long since, was interrupted by the latter with,
I do not understand you, Mr.—„"
•.,1 find it very difficult to make your honor
understand anything." was the quick reply of
the counsel. His honor took snuff and. looked
over his minutes.
A TRUE M ASTER.—One day, when the peo
ple of Athens desired Euripides to retrench a
certain passage from one of his tragedies. he
came upon the eta,ge and exclaimed, • I do not
compose my works to learn of you, but toteach
any person who practices writing an hour or
so. with carmine•colored ink, in a strong light.
will find ordinary black letter print to appear
green for some time afterwards.
of the death of the Pope. the oldest sovereign in
Europe is now Ernest Augustus. King of Hano
ver, born June 5111. 1771. The nest in ane
is the King of the French, born October 5, 1773.
II Ann Tint..,.—The times are .o hard. and
the riymetila so rare, that some of the city girls
romplain MA the young men can't even pay
thcir addretise,..