Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, September 09, 1846, Image 2

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    Towanda, II" ednrsdav, 6elll.
Etemocratic County NOnalnattons.
FOR fn.. ft
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CORDON F. MASON, of Monroe
.10117 c L. AV ERR. of Snalihflold.
inn rnmNtlastoczn,
BLACK,JOIIS 11. of AV yalttalug.
LsoirEL S. MAYNARD, of Rome
General I:hellion, Tuesday, Oriobrr 13th, 154 G.
Democratic County Conventton.
AVeinsert entire, the proceedings of the Democratic
Convention held_in the Court House last even,ng. The
deliberations of the Convention were characterised
throughout by the kindest and most liberal feeling. Mr.
Wilmot received the vote ofevery deleg..te (7U)ou the first
ballot for re-nomination to Congress—a result Doi a lit
(le flattering, as an attempt had 'oeen made to create an
impression abroad that he could not be sustained in his
own district, and the more • gratifying, as it was the 'vol
untary, free will offering of the people, without an effort
on Ibis part.
The nomination of Senator, tho only one on which
diversity of opinion seemed to prevail, afforded scope for
eh. , activity, energy and ingenuity of the friends of the
respective candidates, and for a time the result seemed
eiceedingly doubtful. h finally settled upon Col. Ma
son, and we believe to the entire satisfaction of all con
cerned. The friends of his competitors, after contending
manfully for their favorites, yielding a cordial and cheer
ful acquiescence to the determination of the Convention,
wilt be found among the must active and efficient of his
Messrs. Webb and Piollet, our old Representatives,
were re-nominated by acclamation—not a voice was
raised against them. Their course in the House of Re
presentatives was approved by their constituents, and
none could be found who wished to see them superseded
The candidates for Commissioner acid Auditor were
selected with a view to secure the services of pure and
patriotic men and without the slightest dissatisfaction
among the delegates.
The resolutions were adopted -. unanimously, and the
convention separated in the best of feeling, with a full
determination to sustain the ticket they had formed cor
dially, unanimously and efficiently.
We present the ticket to our democratic friends as en
tirely unexceptionable, and as such, feel fully confident
it will receive their undivided support, and emerge from
the conflict bearing aloft the victorious Banner of De
mocracy, Freedom and Equal Rights.
The Congressional and Senatorial conferees met last
evening and unrinimoudy confirmed the nomination of
Mr. Wilmot for Congress, and Col. Mason for Senator.
We are compelled by want of time and space, to omit
the procCedings of the respectire conferees until next
Great Tariff :fleeting.
The Tariff Meeting, called at the Court House on
Monday evening, was very numerously attended, the .
Court House being crowded to suffocation. GUY'
TOZER, was called upon to preside, and ALSION Brun,
Jon's PORTER, J. 1.. Wane, W. S. I:ro..t.cs, V. E.
ed Vice Presidents, and F. S. 'Whitman and E. O'Meara
Goodrich, Secretaries.
Hoy. Davin WILMOT being repeatedly and loudly
called upon, proceeded to address the meeting in a speech
of nearly throe hours duration, which was listened to
with the utmost attention. Mr. W. proceeded to vindi
cate his course upon the tariff, and went fully into this
mach mooted subject, occasionally noticing the efforts
which have been made to misrepresent his Motives, and
Owing: the tariff of 1812 in its true light, as an unjust,
Oppressive and highly protective act. We believe that
every honest man who heard Mr. Wilmot's remarks
went away satisfied that ample protection is afforded by
the r bew tariff, and that the croakings of the "ruin" party
are hollow pretences, made by demagogues for effect.
.10117 i L. Wane', was called up, and made a plain,
practical and sensible speech, replete with reasoning and
sound argument, in which he demonstrated the fallacy
of the promises of a home market to be secured by the
Tariff of 1842, and give the restrictive system some
pretty hard knocks. His speech was characterised by
the same liberal and intelligent policy which dictated his
coarse 'last winter.'and gave the Democratic party en
earnest that they would be equally well represented the
enaung session
rtrssts 31rncvn E rt., beinc next called upon, not
withstanding the latent,: of the hour, was most eloquent
and happy in his remarks, and illustrated with much
force the effects of m;ni mum and spec;.fi, duties. His
speech was a credit to his industry and talents, and the
democratic party are justly proud that they have in their
ranks, one who gives so much promise of ability in the
dissemination of our principles. "
The meeting expiessed most unequivocally the senti
ments of the Democratic party of Bradford. They were
there, from every township and borough, scorning the
dictation of any one and speaking their true feelings--
utter condemnation of the tariff of the tariffor 1842, and
a disposition to at least give the new tariff a fair trial.
BLACKWOOD ' S Manse tae.—We have received the
New York edition of the August number of this favorite
magazine. The following is the table of contents:—
The Army; My .College Friends. No. IV. Charles
Russell, the Gettleman Commoner. Chapter I ; The
Romantic Drama; The Minstrel's Curse. From Chianti;
The Mine, the Forest. and the Cordillera ; Morimue
pro Rage Notro"; - Mesmeric Mounh.banks; The Late
and the Present Ministry.
"Masora, Honig," ELM IR observation
knows of no better kept house, than the %melon House,
at Elmira. Every-body knows Hato UT, and every-body
should know Saaaerrces, for a more aceomodatinr, at
tentive, and guitlemanly landlord, we have never met
with in our peregrinations. Give them a call, and ifyoo
are not codified, charge it to our account.
matic entertainment will be given at the Court Douse,
on Thursday evening Sept. 10, by itissc G. Laos.—
The Lecturer has been performing at Wilkes-Barre,
Danville, William port, ate:. and the newoltaPeta of the
several places, speak highly of his entertainments.
Boa. G. M. DIiLAIL—.We refer our rendre to the
letter of Hou. G. Al. Dallas, to the Committee appointed
to invite him to partake of of a public dinner at Hagen
town, Md., which we publish in - another column.
it is a full and satisfactory explanation and defence of
Ina Auto upon tin twill: •
The Factory Badness.
Some idea of the amount of profits made by Manufac
turers may be obtained from an edvenisement of Mr.
James Leonard, of New Preston, Litchfield Co., Conn.;
who offers for sale in the Fishkill Standard one.thinl or
one half of his Cotton factOry. He says that it is now
in very successful operation, making heavy goods which
evil at a good profit and are in great demand,—turning
off from :IS to 40 yards per loom per day, of good cloth,
4 yards to the pound. The 'works are now paying at
least 40 per cent. on the capital invested." If preferred,
he offers to guarantee 25 per cent, instead of an equal
share of the profits. His advertisement is dated July
17, 1816, and in it he observes that," as the business is
now beyond any ruirimis contingency, he considers it a
favorable uppuetunity fur a safe and profitable invest.
This gentleman, we have no doubt, Was used his most
strenuous exertions to defeat any alteration or modifica
tion the tariff of 1842. The object is plain ; and now
that that law has been modified, he offers to guarantee
25 per cent. per . tinnum, and that too in a business be
yond any ruinous contingency. This is one specimen
in a thousand.
How false and hypocritical are the cries of distress and
ruin reechoed by federal leaders! We have seen them
even in our county, work themselves into a stale of ner
vous sympathy in descanting upon their favorite topics
of Ruin! Ruin! and beard their glowing and highly
wrought pictures of the distress which must inevitably
come upon the laborer.—Factories closed, spindles silent
—and ell industrial branches prostrated. All this time
the Manufacturers are again returning front their efforts
to preserve the Tariff unaltered, to their business, con
tent with the rewards they can reap from the industry of
the country; and feeling that they are beyond any ruin
ous contingency, offer to guarantee 25 per cent. per an
num upon their capital.
What a commentary upon the efforts of the panic
makers. His works are now paying 40 per cent., and
25 will yet be guaranteed under this ruinous "British
tariff" of 1846 Farmers of Bradford County, mark
that! And asSlou toil on, mark also the difference in
the profits of your occupation and those of the manufac
turers. Who toils harder than you ? Who more in
dustrious, frugal and economical 1, Yet with all your
toil amid the scorching hears of summer,and the indent
genies of winter, can you realize over 3 per cent. I And
this too, in the most prosperous season. Your-harvests
—the work of your hands, to recompense your labor, are
not beyond any "ruinous contingency." The burning
beats of midsummer, the rains of wet seasons, the snow
of winter, and a thousand other "ruinous contingencies,"
may destroy at once the fruits of your labor, and leave
you not even 1 per cent.
When whig lawyers come to you with dismay pictur
ed in their countenances, and talk to you of a dark cloud
which is to overspread us; take them to your granaries,
filled with the produce which Heaven has so bountifully
bestowed, and ask them for the Home Market which the
Tariff of 1842, was to produce. Contrast to them the
enormous and certain profits of the favored monopolists
with your own small and uncertain remuneration, Show
them the very shirt on your back, for which you have
paid 2 cents a yard more than is necessary, to enrich the
manufacturers; the plain, but substantial luxuries which
you may possess, and on which you have paid the same
duty paid by the high-priced luxuries of the opulent.—
You have borne these burdens without complaining;
and now that manufacturers can guarantee 25 per cent.
beyond any " ruinous contingency," is it right that you
shall longer pay tribute to enrich their callers I Shall
your hard-earned labor contribute to increase the wealth
of the already purse-proud monopolist, or shall they
stand upon, ,. their own footing, and be content with 25
per cent- 1
DE...SOCRATIC Cocarr MiCTING is Baas.—The
Democracy of Old Berke hele a meeting on the 29th
tilt., at which Wm. Horrstraxims, presided. The fol
lowing, among other radically democratic resolutions
were adopted by the meeting:
And whereas, The democracy of Berke county have a
perfect and undoubted right to meet when and where
they please, and freely to express their opinions with
regard to great and !important public measures of the
general and State Governments, without the interference
or interruptions of the Federal or Whig party and others
from the Railroad and-iron Manufactories, in and about
the borough of Reading, therefore be it
Resolved. That this meeting view with feelings of
unqualified detestation and contempt, the conduct of the
Federal Whig party at our late county meeting, where
the democracy of ttie county had assembled fur the pur
pose of adopting the usual measures preparatory to the
formation of a county ticket, and that they utterly re
pudiate that part of the proceedings, which relates to
the tariff of 1846, and goes to create a panic among the
Resolved, That the tariff act of 1846, being now the
law of the land, enacted by a democratic majority, is en
titled to, and will receive from the democracy of this
county a fair and impartial trial. We consider it far
preferable to the act of 1842, inasmuch as it affords
equal protection to all classes of our people—the farmer,
the mechanic and laborer, as well as the rich manufactur
er ; but neverth•dess, we pledge ourselves that in case it
should not produce sufficient revenue to defray the ne
cessary and incidental expenses of the government, we
wall demaed and support any such modifications as will
produce that result.
Resolved, That we hail as the day star of our pros
perity the re-establishment of the Independent Treasury
System; because it contemplates an entire separation of
banks and government, and makes the treasury what the
Trainers of the Constitution intended it should he, an
IMPEN EIINT TILEASULIT, in which the public money
should be kept by the officers of government, responsi
ble to the people, and from which it should not be with
drawn for banking or other purposes, except as provided
by the Constitution in consequspce of appropriations by
Resolved, That iron and coal being indispensible ne
cessaries of life ; the people have an unquestionable right
to procure them at the cheapest price compatible with a
fair remuneration to the manufacturer and miner; and
that it is both impolitic and unjust in the government to
impose more duties on them than will afford a just and
reasonable protection to these two great and peculiarly
Pennsylvania interests.
Similar resolutions have been adopted in many of the
democratic counties of the State. and we believe that a
healthy democratic sentiment is beginning to pervade
even the most disaffected districts, in relation to the tariff
of 1846.
Arroixamn.—His Excellency, the Governor. ham ap•
pointed tha Hon. Hopewell Hepburn, as President Judge
of the District Court of Allegheny, vier Hon. R. C.
Grier, appointed associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme
Court. Judge Hepburn has been for some time Ault°.
Mate Judge of the Court of which he is now President.
Bunsen or Prioxist Case.—lt will be remembered
that a verdict was given, some time last summer, of
$4OOO against Mr. Williams, cashier of the Ithaca, New
York, Bank, for an alleged breach of promise. A uew
trial was Ordered, end the verdict is now reversed.
NARROW ESCAPE.—On Wednesday, a car
penter at work on a building opposite the jail
to Leverett-street, Boston. cut his finger, and,
at sight of the blood. fainted- and rooted down
the roof. Providentially he was stopped by
the chimney. and presently recovering his sen•
ses, regained a safe position. It was a very
narrow escape from a fatal fall. The prison
ers saw the accident. through their gratets. and
(or a short lime ceased to envy the endangered
man his liberty.
Bradford Co. Democratic Convention.
Pursuant to previous notice given by Ihe De
moeratic Standing -Committee, a Convention of
delegates from the different election districts of
Bradford County. met at the Court House, in
this borough, on Tuesday evening. September
Bth, 1816, for the purpose of putting _ in nomi
nation a County ticket to be supported by the
Democratic party at the ensuing general election.
The Convention was organized by electing
Dr. THOMAS 'I. HUSTON. of Athens. as
President. and F. S. WHITMAN. of Standing
Stone, and JAMES C. M ' KEAN. Of Troy, See's.
The townships being called over, the follow
ing delegates appeared, presented their creden
tials. and took their seats:
Athens T.—Guy Tozer, G. S. Walker;
Athens B.—T. Huston, A. F. Lyon ;
Asylum—B. P. Ingham, E. Horton ;
Alhany—l. Corson, I'aul P. Green ;
Arinenia— Isaac Williams. 1.. Shepherd ;
Burlington—D. A. Rosp, Wm. F. M'Kean
Canton—lrad Wilson, Dr. E. Pratt ;
Co!umbia—Chas. M'Kean, %Vim H. Peck
Duren—Simeon Decker, Robert Dull ;
Franklin—Wm. Blake, James 'l'. "Paine ;
Granville—S. W. Shepard, Harrison Ross ;
Herrick—A. Taylor, G. W. Elliott;
Lerov—Nelson Runnels, Aaron Knapp ;
Lit6lield—Reuben Park, E. Wolcott;
Monroe—A. L. Cranmer. Wm. M'Alieken ;
Orwell—Hiram Knapp. Julive Gorham ;
Pike—E. W. Jones, E. Crandall;
Rome—W. E. Maynard, John Vonght ;
Ridgberry—Asa Colhorn, Calvin West ;
Standing Stone—F.S.Whittnatt, U.S. Stevens ;
Smithfield—T. M. Beach. Wm. E. Barton ;
South Creek—J. L. Phillips. S. Robinson;
Springfield—Hiram Spear, C. G uthrie ;
Sheshequin—D. Davidson, D. Tompkins ;
Springhill—H. Ackley, J. Green:
Towanda B.—J. F. Means, Ulysses Mercur ;
Towanda T.—James Decker. J. J. Slover ;
Troy B.—l. A. Pierre, DeLoss Herrick ;
Troy T.—A. D. Spalding. J. Cv M'Kean ;
Ulster—D. Waltman, G. H. Vandyke;
Wyalnsin2—.l. P. Biles, Ferris Ackley ;
‘Vvsnx—D. E. Martin, Win. Patrick;
%V el!s—E. Aspenwall, Wm .- aShuart ;
Windham—Wm. H. Russell, A. Dunham;
Warren—David Haight. John Sleeper.
Cn motion, the Convention proceeded to the
nomination of a candidate for Congressman. and
Hon. DAVID WILMOT received the unani
mous vote of the delegates.
On motion, the Convention proceeded to bal
lot for a candidate for Senator, the names of S.
JAMES HODGE being before the Convention.
COL. GORDON F. MASON was nomina
ted on the eighth ballot, as follows :
Ballot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Sheparl, 32 32 35 35 35 35 34 32
Mason. 24 23 34 34 34 34 35 37
Sanderson, 12 14 [withdrawn]
2 1 I
',Err were then nominated as candidates for
Representatives, by the unanimous voice of the
JOHN FL BLACK was then nominated , as
a candidate for Commissioner, upon the second
ballot, receiving the votes of 44 delegates.
L. S. MAYNARD was then nominated as a
candidate for Auditor, upon the first ballot.
elected Congressional Conferees, with powe•
also to art as Senatorial Confeeres.
The President appoimed the fnllowing per
sons as the Democratic Standing Committee for
the ensuing year:
The following resolutions were unanimous
ly adopted by the Convention :
Whereas, a Democratic Administration has
enrolled on our legislative and executive re
cords the great measures inscribed on the Re
publican banner, sent forth to victory by the
National Convention at Baltimore, it becomes
the friends of amelioration, political and social,
everywhere to reciprocate gratulation.; there
Resolved, That we add our voice to the
shout of approbation, rising from every field
and workshop of toil, to sustain the equal diffu
sion of benefits, as of burdens, on all the
great interests of Agriculture. Commerce,
Navigation, Manufactures and the Mechanic
Arts." and to extend our common blessings to
the farthest limits of the Republic. While the
names of Polk and Dallas are endeared to us
by the realization of our just hopes, we are not
unmindful of a Democratic Congress which
has nobly borne them on to triumph. •
Resolved, That we view with disgust the
aspersions on the fair fame of. our own gifted
and high-souled Buchanan, maliciously timed
when a nation's gratitude glows towards him
for his adroit position, which drew from the
British ministry terms of settlement of the Ore
gon question more favorable to us than those
heretofore offered by our, own government.
Resolved, That regarßing war as a grave
calamity, we deem it a calamity graver far to
fail in pledged faith to those whose trust we
invited, not maintaining our flag on the ground
we planted it; and we hallow the names of
'l'aylor, Duncan and their brother heroes of the
Rio Grande, grown glorious in the defence of
our invaded soil. From their recent baptism
of fire, may they soon pass to a crowning vic
tory seeuritig honorable and permanent peace.
Could a doubt be entertained of the justice
of our cause aft , r long-accumulating Mexican
outrages, ending in an armed invasion by a
triple force designed to annihilate, at a blow,
the flower of our army, no patriot could whis
per his doubt pending the contest; and we are
proud that those of our faith are not the ones
so unfortunate as to be found cn the wrong side
of their country's cause.
Resolved, That the great principle involved,
in levying duties is constitutional. making pro
tection the incident instead of the object. The
violation of this main principle was conspicu
ous and avowed ;n the tariff of 1842, and yet
aggravated by two false principles of detail,
those of specific and of minimum duties; the
first laying imposts' by the quantity without
regard to value, whereby the cheaper articles
suited to the means of the humble, pay the
same as the mostcosily indulgencies oldie opu
lent ; the second adding fraud tri oppression
by disguising the same operation, of specific
under a feint of a 1 valorem duties after passing
below the line of luxuries into the grade of ne
cessaries—both aptly illuttrating the cormorant
tenderness of the pseudo-Whig maxim, " Let
tile government take care of the rich and the
rich will take care of the poor." The new
tariff, though in the main a pretty high one, we
know adopts the sound view of holding reve
one as principal, protection as accessory ; and
makes its levies ad valorem, or according to
value. taxing all in proportion to their consump
tion—a mode, of at least appropriate justice
studiedly -reversed in the act it supersedes,
which taxes the toil of the producer and . the
covering that absorbs the sweat of his labor to
cheapen the'toys and lawns of those who fare
sumptuously every day, enhancing all he buys
and depreciating all he sells, and while exact
ing more duty according to his less ability to
pay, even diminishes that moderate ability by
restricting the market of his productions and
exposing him to the depreciation and risks at
tending a bubble currency of which this system
is the chief support.
Approving therefore the principles on which
the tariff is framed, we cheerfully submit to
experience the trial of the wisdom 'of its dis
criminations ; for by experience only can be
solved the complicated problem of each article's
proper place in a general scale of duties.
Resolved, That such have been the reitera
ted sentiments of the Democracy of Bradford as
proclaimed in our county meetings ever since
the passage of the act of 1842. It is therefore
not that kind of falsehood which can plead ig
norance fcr its ignoble excuse in those abroad
who go out of their business to basely taunt
our R. , preSelltatiVeS m
,Assrhly and in Con
gress with treachery to us on this question.—
We resent the odious imputation with becom
ing contempt, and would only grave the false
hood on brows where it may surely find a
monument durable as brass."
Resolved, That George Mifflin Dallas. a
cherished name in Bradford, has won the high
est title to our ever-affectionate reg ard by his
recent undismayed attitude in the sublithest
position of responsibility on earth. The more
honor to true men and firm, who for principle
try the tension of the heart-strings.
Resolved, That in Francis R. Shrink we re
cognize the republican withoutguile. His ve
to messages on the charter of the Duncan non
Iron works, the Bradford Railroad and Coal
Coinpany, and of the Conestoga Cotton Mills,
spread out in the purest light the great truth of
equal remuneration of industry, and ,assure his
firm stand against the absorption of individual
enterprise in the franchises of aggregated
wealth. With the broad principle of individu
al liability, in all business suitable to individual
competition, inscribed on our flag, we are rea
dy to rally under Shenk as our chosen standard
hearer, sure in any fate that our banner will
float as lung as life nerves the arm which bears
it aloft.
Resolved, That in Win. B. Foster, jr., we
have a nominee for Canal Commissioner under
whose prudent auspices the public works first
became a prominent source of State revenue,
already tripling in amount their nett receipts at
the time he came into office. While we award
high honor to his distinguished colleagues, it
cannot be disguised that he has been eminent
ly the practical, energetic man of the' Board.
His professional and official experience render
him almost indispensable in our present finan
cial embarrassments: but more especially
should he not be superseded by a man possess
ing none of this experience, and still worse for
the public, largely interested in the Erie Ex-.
tension, which has gone into the hands of a
company by fraud against the Commonwealth,
the profits of which fraud we may be sure
would be indefinitely extended by placing in
the board a membeeto represent the company
in its conflicting interests with the state.
1 1 1
Resolved, that the course of Hon. David
Wilmot in Congress, harmonising with the
professions uniformly made by him before the
people, receives our cordial .approval. His
views on the Oregon question, so nearly con
firmed in its final adjustment ; his vote against
the sqandering harbor Bill, loaded down with
log-rolling proi•isione/or every member's creek,
or petty lake-wharf ; -his advocacy of a modera
tion of tariff burdens, and his motion to pre
clude slavery from the territory to he acquired
in California, would merit the grateful encomi
um of a re-election, even if the sterling and
well-tried democracy of the man—not looking
one way and rowing another, but with face to
the bow boldly fronting the battle and the
breeze, did not more certainly assure us that
his course is always onward in the cause of
progress and humanity.
He is with us, and of us ; of the people one,
at home or at the capitol. We intend trium
phantly to re-elect him, despite any external in/
terference ; and even if, as the Tribune said be
fore, it " is all owing to the Irish," we shall
still, as before, be sure not to make a Bull"
of it.
Resolved, That the efforts of our Represen
tatives in Assembly, John L. Webb and Victor
E. Piollett, Esqrs., to prevent the passage of
tariff resolutions blindly committing the pros
perity of Pennsylvania to the fate of a justly
doomed bill ; to equalize the burdens of taxation
on all the property of the Commonwealth, in
stead of casting all upon the toil worn and tax
ridden agriculturist ; to relieve the county rates
and levies by withdrawing= from our courts, in
all practicable cases, the useless and costly cau
ses of assault and battery and petty larceny ; to
extend to the unfortunate debtor the secure means
of making his labor valuable ; and to resist the
encroachment of corporate immunities on the
equal rights and productiveness of individual en
terprise, merit our warmest commendation and
a unanimous re-nomination. More 'onorable
far, the position of the one out of tventy.four
in Congress, or the four out of one hundred and
thirty-three in the Assembly, who first raised
the voice of truth to Pennsylvania, than like the
multitude, to bow with Eastern idolatry and be
crushed under the Juggernaut of protection.
Resolved, That in the self-sought ruin" of
the Coal and Iron interests of Pennsylvania,
we do not feel called on very deeply to sympa
thize. Indeed, the country has been so often
ruined by the outcry of the party of all names,
that we ate grown comfortably used to it ; and
we recommend to the soi-distant whigs the
adoption of the name of Rule or Ruin party
while in the minority, readily passing into the
party of Rule and Ruin, should it ever again
unfortunately mistake the White House for a
log cabin in which to nurse its sucklings with
gold Spoons.
Resolved. That we will cordially and firmly
sustain all the nominees of this Convention. &
use all honorable exertions to secure the elec
tion of the entire ticket.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this Con
vention be published in all the Democratic pa
pers of this District.
gan, tried last week at Gettysburg for kidnapp
ing, was convicted. He pursued and arrested.
as fugitives slaves, in Inds State Catharine
Paine and her children, who afterwards were
declared free by Judge Fields, of Virginia.—
They had been freed by the will of a deceased
person, but ("wing to a doubtful construction of
the will, it was believed by Finnigan that they
were still slaves.
[Signed by the Officers.]
{From the N. 0. Commtirciel Times, of 24th ult.J
- highly Important From Mexico.
Arrival of a British Ship of IVar—Election,
Overthroio and• Imprisonment of Gen. Pa
- redes—ne Country Pronounced in Favor
of Santa .annallis .'lrrival at Vera Cruz
—.annexation of the Californias to the Uni
ted Slates.
Through the politeness of an eminent com
mercial house, we have just been placed in pos
session of the following most important intelli
gence from Mellen. The news was received
by a British m an-of-war, which touched at the
Balize with despatches from the British Minis
ter at Mexico for his Government. The pur
port of these despatches is that the United
States have taken possession of the Californias.
and that the revolution in favor of Santa Anna
is complete. We publish the following letters.
from which it will be preceived that the steam
ship %rah, with Santa Anna on board, was in
sight of Vera Cruz on the 13th of August.
VERA CRUZ, Aug. - 16, 1846.
Availing ourselves of the opportunity by a
British man-of-war, we have just time to state
that Mexico and Puebla have just . pronounced
in favor of federation and Santa Anna. Gen.
Bravo's government had hardly been establish
ed when it was overthrown t, and Gen. Salez
has put .himself at the head of the government
until the arrival of Santa Anna. Tranquillity
was restored. Gomez Farias ordered the-par
titians of Santa Anna to bring about the revolu
tion. His sons had come down to give wer
e= to Santa Anna, who left Havana on the Bth
inst., in a British steamer. called the Arab. ac
companied be Almonte, Lanariz, Reins) and
Beeves, and they ought to be here every day.
Gen. Paredes was taken prisoner, and is kept
in the citadel of Mexico. Gen. Salez has is
sued already a letter of convocation of Con
gress. on the principles of 1824. and the mem
bers are to assemble in Mexico on the 6th De
cember next.
The present conveyance carries the news
of the Annexation of .California to the United
VERA CRUZ. Aug. 10, 1840.—Advices have
been received by express, of the formal annexa
tion of California to the U. S., and this vessel
of war takes the British Minister's despatches
to New Orleans and to Mexico. The whole
country has declared in favor of Santa Anna,
who left Havana Tor this city in the steamer
Arab, but has not yet arrived, which makes
his friends rather anxious for his safety.
P. S.—The Arab just in sight. The New
Orleans' Picayune of the 12th August says.that
the Britirh brig of war Daring moored off the
Balize last evening from Vera Cruz, and two
of her officers came up to town this morning
wtth a mail and despatches. The steamer
Arab arrived off Vera Cruz on the 16th Au
gust, with Santa on board. He immediately
placed himself at the bead of affairs in the De
The departments of Puebla and Mexico
have declared for Santa Anna, and Paredes
has alreaay been taken prisoner. The revolt
at the capital was headed by. Gen. Salez.
DUNCAN.—By the arrival of the steamship
John S. McKim, at New Orleans, from Brazos
Santiago, dates from Point Isabel to the 18th
have been received, and from Camargo, the
present head quarters of the army, to the 13th
The news by this arrival from Maramoras is
not of general moment. Col Clark has suc
ceeded in re-establishing order in the city, by
putting into execution the orders dictated for
that purpose by Gen. Taylor. The Captain
of the battalion of Kentucky volunteers is sup
posed to have been murdered by the Mexicans
on the road between Barita and Matamoros.—
The town of China, on the Rio San Juan, 65
or 70 miles from Camargo, was taken on the
sth inst. by Capt. McCulloch, of the Texan
Rangers without opposition, Col. Seguin,
with 100 Mexicans, were in the town, but
on the approach of the Americans, they re
Another Mexican depot of arms has been
found at Matamoros, and a quantity of stores
and ammunition. The regiment of Rangers,
under Col. Jack Hays and Lt Col. Walker,
left Nlatamoras about the 10th inst. on an in
cursion into the interior.
The-precise route to be taken by them is
not known, and will depend probably upon
circumstances. We hope to be kept fully ap
prised of the movements of this corps, to which
great importance is attached in the army.
The second regiment dragoons,which is com
posed now of only four companies, with. 375
men, has abandoned its encampment betiveen
Point Isabel and fort Brown. and was at Mata
moros at last accounts. Maj. Ben. Butler is
represented to be glitte ill at Point Isabel.—
Left at Brazos, ship Lehigh, discharging.
CUTTING Doivx AGES.—The promptness
with which some of our manufacturers are said
to have cut down wages reminds us of that of
a certain student under the operation of the
laughing gas. He had privately threatened
that when under the operation of the gas, he
would give the Professor. Mr. Silltman, a good
thrashing. This came to the ears of the Pro
fessor, who was accordingly on his guard.—
The young Hotspur had no sooner inhaled a
few puffs from the gas bag than he clenched
his fists and attacked his instructor like a sav
age. Stop. stop, young gentleman, said that
dignified savant you have taken nothing but
common air yet.
So we hear that the Thompsonville Carpet
factory has reduced the wager of its weavers
on the first passage of the bill, 25 per cent.,
but it now leaks out that they were inteneing
to do it to enable them to compete with the im
proved machinery of Lowell and Saxonville.
So it was home competition" after all that re
duced wages. We would humbly ask the edi
tor of the Lowell Courier, if that home com
petition is not about as heartless" as the Free
Trade of the Chronotype.—Boston Chrono
on Wednesbay, James Lannien. a hod carrier,
dropped dead on a scaffold attached to a house
in Mount Vernon street. He had just brought
up some bricks to the 4th story. lie fell on
his back, atid no motion of the, body was dis
covered while he laid on the stage or after he
was removed. He was very intemperate, and
no longer ago than Monday his employer told
him lie would not live another week if he Aid
not leave off drinking so much rum, and he re
plied that he did not expect he should. Col.
Pratt held an inquest and the verdict was that
his death was the result of habitual intemper
:ulcer He lived in Olive street, and has left
four young children, but no wife. Ile was
about -10 years of-age.
_ .
Letter from Tice President Dallas,
To the Commilire, Iselllnq him la r., 10,
PulalC Dinner, al Ilagerrlotrit, ".
WAIIIIZiITOWN Sentmos., VA., A ug.
Gentlemen :—I have received wtih
pleasure the letter of the Bth instantt-which
were good enough to address to me, and
close of which you invite me, in the n amt ` t ,
the unbending Republicans of Washint:,
county. to partake of a public dinner at % Et "'
town some time in the course of Se te i 4i
neat. Permit rue to return my cordial 14 :4
for this compliment, and to express rnyais et . e.
reget that an official engagement, of mu c h 12,
terest and of uncertain duration, prevent: t ,
accepting this mark of your approbation
No act of general policy, as it appears is me
was ever more distinctly condemn - ed b y
suffrage of the great body of the Amen,„,
people, than the Tariff of duties on imp ort ,
passed by the Whig Congress of 1942, h
started under the reprobation of many 1 0.„
were obliged by circumstances to vote' fo nt ,
its deceptive, if not fraudulent prinples of asse:
ment, and its exactions, could be defended, ee l
plausibly, by no one ; and its repeal ormodifio.
Lion, openly proclaimed as a leading obj ect e
Democratic reform became an essential p r
of the issue involved by the animated elecuntri
1844. That a-change of the Tariff wasinm:,
ed, directly and unequivocally, in the p op4 i,
verdict rendered in favor of James K. Polk. li n
obvious to all who did not strangely and who:,
misconceive the pervading character of their s ; ;
political trial. That trial might seem Silperi .
cially a struggle for men ; hut in reality and
substance, it was a struggle for fundam ent ,
doctrines and leading measures. While yea
progress, both pa rtiesiso thought & so reprint:
ed it ; the Whigs, earnestly and universally :
when it closed, the country - had but to coon ;
the ballot-box, in order to find, 'withothereqo
important conclusions,a sentence passed Igl u ,
the Tarriff 0n842. which, without violently de•
parting from the fixed law of our institution,
could not be reversed or evaded.
In the part which. as it happened, I med.
cially obliged to take in carrying opt this de.
cision. I am indebted for your flattering lets
The Vice President. as you are aware, dati
participate in originating or shaping legislate '
measure, and is only empowered to intens e
in one emergency—that is when an equal d.
vision among the representatives of the rape-,
ive States, on the floor of the Senate, warren
the umpirage of him who alone is present u
the accredited agent of the whole people of th e
Union. He can effect no merit beyond Urine
to the Constitution and obedience to the knee!
will of his wide-spread constituency. He Dear
counsels, nor advises, nor persuades. he vs
by a casting vote on a proposition prepared it
others, often complicated and multifarious, whin'
he can treat only by a simple affirmative or
negaitve. It is by indulgence not by right, fin:
he is enabled, on remarkable occasions, ever
to intimate the reasons which influence him.
When, therefore the Vice President disco/ere:
that, on the bill estahlishing an ameliorated
tens of taxation which had, after game's.,
discussion, passed the House of Representative
by an unusually large majority the :Senate via
balanced and incapable of decision, what
his duty ? Plain enough. His aye, or ha u.
could not repose on private theories orieciine
benefits ; could not be argumentative, qualifi-:
or partial : but it must be characterized by ti
singleness, comprehensiveness, and chicory
the voice from the ballot-box. That—n
principally—woe the object of his mission:
was his trust for the particular emergency .
was the conclusivetestimony of thepeople milli
he was charged to bear and to utter in the Soli ,
of the United Sates. Is not this so ? If :I' ,
not, our political institutions are mere pretences
" keeping the word of promise to the ear is
br.-aking it to the hope ;" creating, with g el:
elaboration of forms and checks, pub tit :a.-
tionaries to effectuate the public evil , and et
releasing them, at the very crisis, (roman
Lion or responsibility. It must be so, or it:
American Republic is unsubstantial mockery.
In this remark, my design, gentlemen. a
without affectation of modesty, to refer yer
coinplimentry expressions rather to the ccr
summation worked out by the people, than
any merit of him who merely fulfilled the is
structions he received. The reform is Mein
theirs the honor of a steady and progreein
pursuit of a freelicommereial intercourse sic
their fellow=men abroad, and of an equal, ell
and just system of taxation for their fel:ow-ei .
izenvat home ; theirs was the choice of tne .
present Executive and the present hones rt
Representives ; and their was, in fact, thecastin;
vote of the Vice President. If the conolowe.
are to be ; as 1 firmly heleive they will he, rel't!
to the masses, comfort to the poor. rhsticgc
to enterprise, independence in political seri
ment and action, and augmented irmonal rich
perity, they are acheiventents which belong"
the sagacity and perseverance of the peoi.e
I cannot. conclude without thanking, you
the reference that you have, made
ancient policy and principles of our belaill
Pennsylvania," and for the distinction roe in
perly draw between that hOnored coat:
wealth, and those few of her inhabitants
blinded by sudden excitment. artfully ((libellee.
rushed into courses wholly foreign to ber
and morals. Ebullitions such as those to trh:e :
you allude, rather betray the tendencies ot
defeated system than taint the character of'
community ; thev'are transient spots on
otherwise uniformly bright. Pennsylvania. 13
contributing by their. electors to station 11 ,2
the office of Vice President, voluntarily WO`
ed a son, whom she rightly recognized as ale !'
faithful and affectionate, into a sphere whereb,
functions and obligations widened for lter' s
her power, or het wish to control. She ' el
dreamt of covertly retaining for the State 10.
she ostensibly gave to the Union. She aerr
dreamt of deluding the nation with thesemb llo
of a functionary whose mind, heart. consciete•
and vote she secretly kept to her own eV*:
interest and purposes. She never dre't
acting herself, or exacting from me, a Par
disingenuous, disloyal, and dishonorable. "
Nu :—that ' s not Pennsylvaina, and nerer 6l
be ! You have called her 4. beloved." sndo
has well earned the epithet by mystic passed deo
lion to the broadest patriotism and purest Prc
tires of Democracy. Rest assured that she ' r
retain her title to it unimpaired by clam or ' rr
pidity or factions.
Renewing my warm arknowledgein ta
the honour you have done me,
I am, gentlemen, most respectfully.
Your friend and fellowvitiz eo. ,
Inquirer says there is a great Want ofjoar:i
men masons in that town, and that a
workmen from abroad would probably
steady empleytneut.