Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, June 17, 1846, Image 2

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    Vragarb Mepovtav
Towanda, Wednesday. June 17. 'IS
The Seventh Volume.
We this week, commence a new volume Of the Brad•
ford Reporter—being the seventh year of its existence.—
We intend to indulge in any hacknied terms of
congratulation or promises as to what shall be the future
course of the Reporter. We are content to let. the past
•peak for the future, and base no fears hut that a like
encouragement will await our labors. Meanwhile, to
those who have promptly and efficiently sustained us,
we tender our thanks, hoping that the friendly weekly
intercourse which has subsisted may long continue.
Settlement b the Oregon Question!
The President has submitted to the Senate the basis
of a treaty, settling the Oregon questior,which has been
agreed between the two countries. We give an
abstract of the propositions laid before the Senate, and
which received their sanction, and a treaty will accord
ingly b.: concluded with England upon the following
1. 'l'he forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, now
separating the territories of the United dtztes and Great
Britain ea.fuf the Rocky Mountain", to be extended
west to the ocean
2. The whole of Vancouver's Island, (a part of
which lies south of 49 ° ) to England.
3. Three or more Islands between Vancouver's Is-
land and the main, south of the forty-niuth parallel, to
belong to the United States.
4. England to have the Navigation of the Columbia
River for ten years
5. The Hudson's Bay Company to be indemnified
fur the buildings and improvements, to be transferred to
&he United States, south of the 49th parallel, viz :—at
Fort Vancouver, Fort Walla Walla, Fort Okanagan,
and Fort Colville, on the Columbia River; at not Nas.
qually, on Puget'si&und ; at. Fort Uniqui, on the Um
qua River; at Fort Boisen, on Clark's River; and at
Fort Hall, near the South Pass in the Mountains, pos.
session of which is surrendered to the United States
We believe the country will be satisfied with this con.
cession. .Our government, having once made the_offer
embraced above, was bound not to refuse it, when ac
cepted by England. All danger of a war with that
country is now at an end, and theimost timid may stay
their fears. We never could believe that two countries
whose citizens are a kindred nice. and whose interests
are identified, would go to war while a peaceable adjust
ment of their difficulties was possible.
The President's proposition was accepted, by a vote
of 38 ayes to 12 nays.
General Scott.
This'ofricer. distinguished for his bravery in the last
war, has been msking himself superlatively ridiculous
by his late conduct at Washington, and has been super
seded in the command of the forces in Texas by Gen.
It seems that, on the evening of the day on which the
act providing for the prosecution of the war with Mexi
co was approved—Gen. Scutt consented to assume the
command—that no written order was deemed necessary,
and it was well understood as settled, that Gen. Scott
was to command the army until his letter of the 21st.—
What were the motives which induced the General to
write that letter we cannot conceive. It is highly there
spectful to the President as the Commandevin-chief of
the army ; and shows a petty jealousy unwarranted by
the liberal course of the Administration toward him.—
Perhaps it can be explained by the ambition which has
characterised the hero of Lundy's Lane and Chippewly ;
the longing for the White House; and consequently the
morbid fear that he might beexposed to a fire from Wash
ington, and a fire in front from the 'Mexicana
The President very properly, after the receipt of his
letter, directs the Secretary of War, to inf,rm him," that
he will be continued in his present position here, and
will be required to devote 'his efforts in making arrange
meats for the early and vigorous prosecution of hostili
ties against Mexico."
The General answers at 6, P. Nf., the letter being re
ceived "just as he had sat down to take a hasty plate of
soup," and endeavors to explain away the objectionable
passages in his former letter, and declares his readiness
to do his duty in his present position, or on the Rio
Giande, should the President see fit to send him there.
This hint was not sufficient ; for in reply 'to a subse•
quent letter of the Secretary's, he again hopes for better
fortune, and appeals to the justice of the President, and
the rights of senior rank." The concluding letter of the
Secretary of War, however, shows the fallacy of this
" hope," for Though be had laid all the letters before the
President, he had " received no instructions to change or
modify the directions contained in the closing paragraph
of his letter of the 26th."
Here aro the principal facts of this transaction—though
we bays not given the letter of Gon. Scott, which we
will find room for next . week. The impression general
ly is, that the President was justified in removing him
from the command.
Tus Scraxxx COURT for the Northern District of
Pennsylvania will commence its annual session at Sun
bury, on the first Monday of July.
Ms. WICIIRTIR Excnxex-ron.—Tuesday, June 9th,
Mr. Vinton made a report from the select Committee to
investigate the charges against Mr Webster. The Re
port fully exonerates Mr. Webster in all points, and con
cludes by stating that in the testimony facts bad been
brought out which ought not to hate been made public,
and asks that the testimony be sealed up and placed in
the archives of the House, nut to be opened only by
order of the House. That the Committee be discharged
from further consideration of the subject, and that the
repot be printed. The report ores signed by Messrs.
Vinton, 1). 0. Aing, (Whigs) ; and Sealann Jones,
Jefferson Davis, '(
Mr. Brinkerhoff made a Minority Report in which he
had embodied Mr. F. 0. J. Smith's letter, and concludes
with a resolution that all the testimony be printed,
The Reports were ordered to be printed yeas 157
nays 16.
We shall consequently postpone our remarks until the
testimony shall have been printed and laid before the
Gas. SCorr is nominated for President, by the New
%Ink Courier and Enquirer. He can hereafter eat a
"hasty plate of soup" in security from "a fire upon his
sear from Washington, and ■ fire upon his front from
Mexicans"—now that he has Mahogany stock" to
back him.
Rot. AUCHIBILD RINDALL, Judge of the United
States Court for the Eastern Distri. of Pennsylvania,
died at Philadelphia, on Monday, June 1846, of
gastric apoplexy.
Hon. John K. Kane, has been nominated by the Pm
aileot to the Senate, at hie. successor.
Subscribe' for a . Paper!
We Make thiadeclarittiim; notin the mood imperative;
but ea advice in a iriendly manner, for OUT interest and
thine, dear reader.: Perhaps youare reeding this snide
Irani a borrowed 'paper; and if you are, you may be car:
min that you should-have a paper of-your own, and nut
be a nuisance to your neighbor.
You want a paper of your own to hear what is going
on in Mexico; to read the accounts of the brilliant
triumphs of the American arms ; the march of American
troops toward the halls of the Montezumas—so that
you can keep enlightened as to their
,progress, step by
step—and not rely on your neighbors version of the
matter. The Oregon question, ton, should occupy your
attention a little, and you must have a paper or you will
be behind your neighbors—and the ago. The com li
mercial and political =world is in a ferment: and you can
only get at a true understanding of its state, by borings
newspaper. Thereon many thousand other reasons that
should induce you to subscribe immediately fir some
newspaper. When you send your name, send the mo
ney to pay for one year in advance; and you will then
' have no twinges of conscience occasionally rebuking you
through the year, of being in debt to the printer.
Now, supposing you are satisfied von should take a
paper, with all commendable modesty, allow us to re
commend the Bradford _Reporter to your favorable at
tention. Besides all the subjects noticed al•ove, you
will find in it a general history of passing events, mak
ing it.
An abstract and briefchronicle of the times
Its Literary department is provided for with rare in
original matter and selections, for Which our facilities are
unsurpassed; occasionally we cull from the fugitive
poetry of the age, some of its brightest gems, to grace
our " pees corner."
The Farmer's noble calling—the pursuit which drew
from the immortal WA.IIII , IGTOS, the declaration that
no more real and important services can be rendered in
any country, than by improving its Agriculture—de
mands and receives from us a due share of attention.—
We give ate substance of the most celebrated Agricultu
ral works of the present day—carefully selecting the
portions most applicable to our soils, climate and mode
of agriculture—thus presenting to our readers dl Mai is
ruhroidc to them in several of the agricultural journals.
The prejudice against Baok:firrming," is fast abating,
or has entirely declined. Fanners, are no longer con=
tent to plod on in the way their fathers farmed • however
much it may be their duty to respect and revere. They
are looking about them for the lights of science and ez
penence. and are ready to profit by the counsel an•l ex
periments of those who &light in the progiession of
this favorite science. They are consequently obliged to
avail themselves of the journals which treat upon agri
culture, to keep pace with the age, or are outstripped by
their more enlightened neighbors. Not to take a paper,
is indubitable,evidence that the Farmer is content with
his simple farming, and unwilling to take advantage of
the new discoveries in the preparation of manures, the
composition of soils, the preparation of seed, and the pro
duction of new ■nd labor-saving machinery. He is
content to dig over the surface of his soil until Nature
has exhausted her powers, and he finds his more liberal
neighbor by his side raising twice the amount of produce
from the same quantity of land.
FoeFonezc.v PsnionicAr.s.—We haze hereto fore noticed
the Re-publication of Foreign Periodicals by Leonard
Scott &
,Co., 112 Fulton street, N. V. The advertise
ment is to be found in our paper. It is a rare opportu
nity for those wishiog to possess themselves of the first
literature of the age. We have received the back num
bers, and shall he pleased to exhibit them to any one
who will call at our office.
Tee Emmet-non Review, in Whig in its political
character. and is said to exert a powerful influence in
British affairs—so powerful that its articles have reached
parliament and even caused the occupant of the throne
to be uneasy. Its opposition to the Tories being so for
midable, that in order to combat its usefulness they com
menced the publication of the
ToeLONDON QUATITZULT Review, which boasts as
its contributors men of the highest literary rank. In it
is concentrated the strength and energy of the great Tory
,arty of England
TnE ESTIIINIZTER Review is radical in its notions,
and was for many years under the editorial supervision
of Jeremy Bentham—an Englishman who promulgated
democratic sentiments under the very shadow of the
throne. This Review is an influential journal.
Tat FaBZION QUAIITERLT, is a publication devoted
to the literature of the several nations of Europe. lilies
• het of distinguished contributors ; and its articles are
sought after by the most learned men in Europe.
in this country, and is now in the 29th year of its exis ,
tense. ft is under the auspices of the Tory party. It
pasgrAxes a literary charactir in England which is unri
valled by any other journal in the world.
NoTt'll rr. CUTITOSITT.—Montrose has hercnriosities,
it appears, as well as many a less staid turf sober town.
It is well known that the chief production of the town is
stone quarries, and during the little time vflb have spent
in that quiet and pleasant borough, the incessant explo
sion of blasts in excavating the rocks, resembled the ir
regular discharge of artillery ; and conveyed to us an
idea of the manner in which the Mexicans "worked their
gins." However as our object was to let our readers
of a natural curiosity lately discovered there, we eitract
the following account from the Democrat:
" We are credibly informed that while a Mr. Gilmore
was engaged in quarrying rocks within the evirona of
our borough a few days since, he excavated a Lizzard of
about six inches in length, from • SOLID nova, tweniy
fat beneath the surface! When discovered, the lizzard
was apparently lifeless but after exposure for a few mo
ments to the atmosphere, symptoms of life began to ap
pear, which continued to increase until its primitive state
of torpor nearlyilisappe,ared. It eras then emerged in al
cohol, but which, instead of a restorative, proved an ele
anent of death. How a=ieptile of that dimension, be
came imbedded in solid rock, to that depth is a matter of
much curiosity and speculation. We are not. however,
disposed to marvel ; but presume the game philosophy
which sufficed Dr. Priest to account for the manner in
which the frog became imbedded in a rock in the bed of
the Erie Canal. viz,—that the rock was a natural forma
tion out of a clsyey substance in which the frog chanced
to be imbedded,—will as conclusively account for the
phenomenon in question. No other plausible hypothe
sis cats be offered, if this is fallacious. .Beveral others of
inferior size, we are also informed, have been discovered
in the same quarry."
NEW H0314111111E. LEGIELILTURE—James U. Parker
(Whig) wu elected President of the Senate, John A
Richanlson, Clerk, and H. L. Harleton, Assistant. An
thony Colby (Whig) was chosen Governor by 146
voter; Williams (Dem.) receiving 124. John P. Hale
has been elected U. S. Settabir, both for the short and
long term.
FJa., has assumed the editorial
control of the Tioga Eagle..—So we learn by the last
.TIII INTELLIGENCCII AM) Jovecoc," one of the
ataunchest and mat prominent democratic papas in the
state, ha paled into the hands of P. G. MAT.
'Rt7ers S. REED, Esq., President of the Erie Bank,
and • highly respectable and enterprising citizen, died
on the Li i et, at that place.
Dmsocasinc REsraw.—The June number of the
Easiest , is upon ottflibre. It is unusually entertaining;
- • -
is will' be seen by : the taiga of contents as follows:
history of IConstitutionarßeform in the United Agates
(continued.) New York. ,
Lit the Polley of England to Fight or Trade with the
• United States!
, ; By Henry Wykoff. •
MexicO—Explorittion dererritnire de ['Oregon des bal.
ifomes. et de la Mer Vermeille, egecutee pendant Ins
vines 1840, 1841 at 1842. par M. DuBnt de Mofras,
Attsehe..a Is Legstion de France a Mexico: Ourrage
public par ordre du Roi, sous lea auspices de M. le
Marcchal Sault,' Due de Dalmatia, &c. Hy Caleb
B rszil—Sketches or Residence and Travels in Brazil, &e.
Ace. By Rev. D. P. Kidder, A. M. 2 vole.
The Favorite—Trauslated fmmahe German of Johan-
na Scornhanei. By Nathaniel Greene, (concluded:)
Sonnet—Student'sNight-Watch. By the author of the
" Ycmaraee," &c.
Papersof en old Dartmouth PriMuer. Editedcby Na.
thaniel Hawthorne.
Avhdrulas Wife. 'By W.H. C.Hosater.
Monthly Financial and Commercial Article.
Take of the South and Weet" Western Clearings.
by Mrs. Hirkland ; "The WilJernesa end the War•
Path," by James Hall ; " The Wigwam and the Cs
bin," by W. G. Simms; "Pratte Land," by Mrs
A Brief Renew of the late Occurrences in Poland.
Notices of New Books.
Political Statistics—War Bill, and Vote thereon.
GAITSZYOONT MELVILL6, Secretary ,of Legation, at
the Court of St. James, London, we learn by the arrisal
of the Hibernia, hoe deceased.
FROM THE ROCKY MovE•rsine.—A party
of seven men from the Rocky Mountains, be
yond Bent's Fort. arrived at St. Louis on the
28ih ult., on the steamer Balloon. In the
company are Messrs. Doyle & Thorp. inde
pendent traders. They bring down about 300
packs of buffalo robes, and a few packs of
The Republican learns from one of the par
ty that they were at Bent's Fort about the
25th of April. The Messrs. Bent & St. Vrain
have hail a more successful trade this year
than fur several years previous.
About one hundred and fifty miles out from
the settlement they met the first of the outward
bound Santa Fe traders, and from there in they
passed a great many other wagons, and parties
of traders. An express ,had been sent nut to
all the traders, communicating the intelligence
first received here, of the critical rondition of
General Taylor and his camp. The intelli
gence created considerable alarm, and they
were expecting an order from Cu!. Kearney.
either to return or stop and wait for a convoy.
In the meantime they intended to move slowly
an captiously on. The parties of Messrs.
DiNn & Co., and Mr. Colburn were in advance.
They would not cross the Arkansas, until they
had received more favorable intelligence. •
served on the line of the Electric Telegraph
betwen Jersey City and Baltimore. on Thurs
day afternoon, the like of which was never
known to man. Three thunder storms. each
some thirty or si;ty.milesfrom the other,were all
coming East on the Telegraph route about the
same time.& every discharge of electricity from
either, was duly recorded by the lightning
itself, in the Telearaphic office at Jersy City,
Philadelphia, Wilmington or Baltimore. The
wires became altogether unmanageable, and
the operators being•ohliged to withdraw the
batteries used for writing, the visitor from the
clouds had the field to itself. The letters of
Morse's l'elegraphje Alphabet which this nat-
ural lightning seemed to be most partial to,l'ac
cording to the New York Sun, were Land T.
but occasionally it went at the numerals.i and
dashed off l's, 50's, 55's, 500's and 5000's in
its own rapid style. We learn that when two
or more thunder clouds get in the same vicini
ty, and discharge jheir electricity at each other
or receive the fluid from the earth and return
it again, or when ground lightning prevails,the
effect on the Telegraphic wires is to produce a
strange and original language which may yet
be made intelligible. In fact, etch kind of
lightning speaks for itself and writes what it
most Important public meeting since the procla
mation of war. if not the most signifi :ant, as
sembled in the great manufacturing city of
Lowell. Massachusetts, on Tuesday evening.
2d June. Long before the hour arrived for
calling the meeting to order the City Hall was
crowded. Col. Bancroft, the Mayor of the
city, was appointed President. Resolutions sup
porting the war, in favor of raising $50.000
in Lowell for the use of the Massachusetts vol
unteers. of thanks to the Army and Navy for
their s rvices on the frontier, and complimen
tary to the Administration and both Houses of
Congress, for their unanimity, were adopted.
The meeting adjourned with three cheers for
Gen. Taylor, his officers and soldiers, (or
their brillaint achievements upon the Rio
Grande ; three for the military companies and
the bands, and three for the ladies.
Stumus A FFRAY.—On Tuesday evening last.
a quarrel ensued on the East Norwegian Rail
road, about two miles above the Borough, origi
nating to a Dog fight, between JOHN REESE. a
Welt:Mum:, and Iwo Irishmen, John Kellry, and
Thomas Co:allan. The two latter, as we un
derstand, got Reese down and were beating him
when he drew (ram his pocket a revolving pis
tol and shot Kelley through the hand, and Cola
ban in the groin, inflicting a very severe, if not
fatal, wound. On information given to Justice
Reed, he issued a Warrant for the arrest of Reese,
which was executed h' .Constables McCor
mick. Leib and Rose, who committed Reese to
the Watch-house for save keeping, until the fol
lowing morning. when he was.brought up, and
after a hearing, was required to give bail in the
sum of $lOOO for his appearance at our next
Court. •
publican contains information from the Califor
nia emigrants on the Kansas River. The com
pany had organized before reaching that point,
but had divided, owing to a slight altercation
which took place between Capt. Russell and
Rev. Mr. Duuleavv. Russell called off all that
were willing to go with him as their commander,
leaving a large party who chose Dunleavy as
their captain. It was generally believed that
Gcv. Boggs would return. !ley had received
information that several thousand Mormons had
crossed the river at-lowa Point, on their way to
California. As Boggs apprehended some dan
get of being assassinated by then), he began to
talk strongly of returning. The number of the
Oregon, and California companies, in the aggre
gate, is estimated at about two thousand.
Messrs. M. Rader &IBrothers, of the Harlem
Rubber factory have secured an order fog the
materials for a portable bridge for the army.—
The •• pontoons" are to be made of rubber,
and when completed no delay will be experi
enced in crossi'•g rivers, in a rapid manner.
Latest from the Seat of War .
Caxe VIATAXOIIII, MEMO, May 25th, 1846.
GENTLEMEN tr.-Nothing new of a fighting as
pect, save and except that our... regular stmy"
received an additional' force of 1.300 volunteer;
yesterday. "-
I am told that two'of the numbet died of fa
tigue or sickness on the march from the mouth
of the Tito Grande, They present a highly• re
spectable and war-like appearance. and will, no
douht..mantle themselves its glorious achieve
ments when they face the enemy.
It is rumored this morning that the Mexican
army' has met with. a reinforcement of 3.000-
men, which has determined if to march for Mon
terey. instead of Vera Cruz. there to wait for a
larger force to he concentrated.
A. large party of Dragoons take up their line
. of match to-day, for Point Isabel ; for what spec
ial purpose is not positively known ; but sup
posed to be (or the equipping themselves, and
recruiting the horses. We have taken posses
:shin of a printing establishment belonging to the
Mexican government, and contemplating pub
lishing, a newspaper in Matamoras.
Within a week or two from the receipt of
these few lines, expect to acknowledge our first
The weather is warm but not unhealthy.
OSTICZ -tug PICATUNZ Tuesday, June
fly the arrival of the barvue Louisiana, Capt.
Willis. we have advices from Vera Cruz to 25th
ult., five days later than those brought by the
Thoetis. The Louisiana sailed in company
with the Helen McLeod, leaving no American
vessels in port. Brig Petersburg sailed for New
York May 20. as before reported.
The blockade of Vera Cruz commenced on
the 20th, and fifteen days were allowed all neu
tral vessels in port to load and depart, by order
of the Mexican government. The American
Consul's office has to be closed, and all Ameri
can citizens to leave aiy the 26th May, of on
that day. Mr. Diamond, our Council. ex
pected to embark on board the steam frigate
. .
The frigate Ratitan returned on the 25th, and
a sloop being found lying off the port, gut otfto
haste to prevent being seized. The day they
sailed, news reached Vera Cruz, that at Mazat
lan Leipsie, there had been a PRONUNCIAMENTO.
Gen. Alvarez was still carrying on his hostile
preparations, in the southern part of the depart
ment of Mexico. A report was in circulation
that Gen. paredes intended to leave the lily of
Mexico at the head of more troops, to reinforce
the army in the North.
The animosity existing against the American
volunteers was increased by the news of the two
actions of the Bth and 9th. Enormous forced
loans, which the government had imposed up-
- in the clergy, the biter had declared itself total•
y unable to get. The metropolitan churches to
furnish subsidies to the amount of $98.000 per
month. The churches of Methuican $35,000 ;
of Puebla 840.000 ; of Guadiligora, 820.000 ;
of Durango, $15,000 of Oagaca, 88,00.
These great sums per month show that Pa
redes is determined to prosecute the war with
Gen. Almonte made a formal resignation of
his mission to France.
In regard to Paredes putting himself at the
ead of the army. the E l Republicano says. •• It
is uncertain whether he will repair to the Rio
Grande or Vera Cruz. He would leave the Capi
tal as soon as Congress assembles."
Full accounts of the disastrous actions of the
Bth and 9th had been received at the capital and
appeared in the official journals. They are more
accurate, by far, than Mexican bulletins gener
ally are, and do credit to Arista.
'l' he news was received with profound regret,
but a determination to fight the war out. -
[Correspondence of the North American.]
The barque Texidore, Capt. Major. has ar
rived from Tobasco. whence she sailed on the
28111 tilt. There was a great excitement pre
vailing there atoo ng
the resident Americans in
consequence of the reception of an order for
The order came by express from Mexico.
and was immediately followed by an order for
the capture of Captain Major's vessel, and at
the same time fifty Mexican soldiers were
placed in charge of a New Orleans schooner.
There were 400 Mexican soldiers in To
Capt. Major was guarded to his vessel by
twenty of his friends, and the soldiers were
afraid to make him prisoner. The schr. Capt.
Cox, of New Orleans. was seized and the
crew imprisoned. Several English vessels
were, in port. No American men of war were
seen by the Texidore.
The steamer Ventura was ordered to fire up
and give chace to Capt. Major. His vessel
had one gun on board 4hich was cut up in
small lengths for shot to smash the Ventu
ra's coffee mill," as the captain says. She
did not. however, venture out.
Gen. Taylor intends to take up his line of
march °for Montery and New Leon in ten
days, taking en route Cairnago, Muer. kc. &c.
There was no change in Cotton or other
Capt. Thornton has been placed under arrest
by order Of Gen. Taylor. on charges of diso
bedience of orders and neglect of duty in suf
fering his command to be surprised.
The Delta contains translations of Gen. Aris
ta's despatch officially announcing the battles
of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. They
are quite amusing, and deeply imbued with the
Mexican spirit. He does not acknowledge
that he retreated—that is left to he guessed at.
Gen. Worth had arrived at Fort Brown on
the 27th ult. The common impression at I,he
camp seemed to be that no further movement
would be made for twelve or fourteen days,
unless orders were received from Washington.
The Delta learns from gentlemen arrived in
the steamship Alabama. that it is the least of
Gen. Taylor's intention to rest on his arms
for any length of time.
The present camp of the enemy is in New
Leon. and there are laurels to be plucked by
our soldiers from the tree of fame.
"A STITCH IN TIME."—The following toast
was given by Gen. J. S. Tyler. at the recent
dinner of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery'
Company in Boston:
" THE AMERICAN TATIMR.—He has taught
the Mexicans. who have punned upon his
name, that lie knows that a stitcliin tiine/GOes
PARDONED OuT.—A pardon was received at
New York on Saturday. from Gov. Wright,
for the liberation of Mike Walsh, who was
sentenced some short time since to the peni
tentiary for six months, and fined $250, for a
libel on Mr. John lion. pool.
Terrible Calamity—The business pert of the: Town
of -,Warren in Mu!
It Iwolnes, says the 'Warren (01no)'Chron
icle of the 2d inst., ouo melancholy duty to
announce the destruction. by fire, 'of the most
business, part of oar town. Thu fire broke
out about half-past II o'clock. in a roonv.-un
der Bolleynayer's warernam, used by A. Day.
as'. a kitchen, on Market street, and spread
With fearful and appalling rapidity; Soon the
grocery of Fred. Roney myer, the hat shop of
I). McClerry, and the drug store of Daniel
Jagger, were enveloped in flames; the two
brick was or either side of the buildings seem- ,
NI for a few -moments to stay the progress of
the flames on either side, while at the same
time the work of destruction was going on on
the east side of Main street ; the Post' Office.
Thornton & King, 'J. W. Collins' tin shop,
E. P. Jennisun's tin shop ; Patch & Allison's
sadler shop. • the Democrat office, Austin's
grocery, Day's barber shop and grocery. J.
M. Millegan ; s shoe shop, were all consumed;
the flames then commenced their havoc upon
Van Gorder's brick and the brick block occu
pied by Messrs. Smith &-McCombs,Mr. Rupp.
s. Herald office, and a number of lawyer's
offices, and•the work of destruction went la
pidly on until the whole were destroyed.—
Van Gorder's block was occupied by Messrs.
C. Morse* Co.. and L: Reinhart. merchants;
Captain A. W. Bliss, hat shot, C. M. Patch.
tailor; M. Graham, iron dealer, and the fami
ly of Mr. Van Gorder. •
From thence the fire proceeded to the store
cf Kobhee & Muster, and- having once seized
upon the old buildings on Market street. the
raging of the destructive element was truly
terrific. The whole of the houses on Market
street, from Main to Liberty. is a mass of ruins.
The persons who occupied them, in addition
to those above named. were A. Wartholomew.
Morgan & Steel, Lot Freeman. L. S. Ribhee
& Son, and 'hidings & Best. merchants, each
of whom' had a heavy stock of goods nn hand;
A. F. Hunt, goldsmith; D. & C. Westcott's
tailor shop. County Treasurer's and Tim mbulls
Mutual Insurance offices, Z ilMon Fitch, tinner
Levi Nichols. A Luke, and C. Peak. grocers;
and the shoe shop of %. Luke & Co.; also the
grocery store of John R. Williams.
Others there undoubtedly were on Market
street, that we cannot in this moment of con
fusion call to mind. The dwelling of the wid
ow Smith on Main. and the chain-shop of
Dr. Chapman,, on Liberty street are among
the ruins.
The west side of main street, opposite the
burning mass, was saved with the greatest
difficulty ; though frequently on fire, the per
severance of those on the spot saved the com
bustible buildings on that side.
While the fire raged most fiercely, the north
sille of the square was in imminent danger
from the falling fire, which literally filled' the
air in that direction.
We cannot even guess the loss; but it must he
severe indeed. Most of the 'merchants' stork,
we believe, were insured ; they were not en
tirely burned. but at the time we write the
square is strewn thick, and much loss must
accrue from the confusion incident to their"
The calamity is an awful one to our town.
In the excitement under which we labor we
can do no more than slate the extent of the
ravages, and leave details to a calmer moment.
I'. S. We learn that a journeyman Hillier,
named Frederick Kane, perished in Mr. Jam
ison's shop.
MATAMORAS.—As this city may he the head
quarters of our army for some time, and as the
families and friends of our officers and soldiers
would like to know something of its location and
general character, a brief description may he ac
ceptable. Matamoras'is a modern town or city,
built partly after the fashion of the Spaniards,
and partly after the American fashion, the streets
running at right angles, tolerably wide, having
also several plazas or public squares. Those
in front of the churches and cathedrals are used
for walking only. Originally, the houses were
built of clay and twigs, but as the trade in the
interior increased, and foreigners took up their
residence in the character of the houses be
gan to improve. Frame buildings, with piaz
zas front and rear, were built, after the fashion
of the Southern States, and the population and
wealth of the city increasel. Brick buildings
of a neat and substantial character were erected.
In 1834, the population was about 6000, and
con•udcrable business was transacted with the
interior towns, Durango, Monterey &c. The
rivalry of neighboring ports has diminished the
business of Matamoras, and the population has
decreased to about 4000, the trade being confin
ed to cattle, hides, tallow, mules, wool and
specie. The descendants of the old Spaniards.
are few in number, generally well educated, and
in easy circumstances, the males filling the im
portant civil and military offices, and the females,
like most Spanish ladies of limited education,
fond of amusement. very agreeable and'amiable.
and of good personal appearance. The mass of
the population are of a very low order ; a mix
ture of a Spaniard and Indian : very ignorant
and in' a great state of destitution. There is a
lake near the town, and the grounds in the vi
cinity are apt to he overflowed, hut still it is not
deemed unhealthy, yellow fever seldom appear
ing there unless brought by mine vessel Cfrom
Vera Cruz or Tampirm. The tropical fruits
and vegetables are in abundance. and as fresh
meat is plentiful and easily salted and prepared
for the camp. and being open also to the sea, at
least within thirty miles, all kinds of flour, bread
and provisions can be brought in in ample quan
tities. The town can be fortified, and by means
of dykes- and ditehes, rendered very difficult to
capture. and as there are many houses noLnecu
pied, the army will have possession of excellent
quarters, good parade grounds, and many com
forts which they could not possess m camp.
tern exchanges speak of a noble example that
has just been set by the Rev. Richard A. Stew
art." it appears that his pugnacious reverence
—who is a Methodist parson—has arrived in
New Orleans at the head of one hundred volun
teers from East Baton Rouge and iberville.—
A corespondent of the Fredericksburg Recorder
represents him as being endowed with a great
taste for fighting, and says that it is a habit with
him, when he feels a call to. thrash any one, to
ask a temporary dismissal from the church, and
when he has finished the job he asks to he re
admitted. The writer adds, Be has obtained
a dismissal for six months, in order to lick the
A GRAND SLIGGEtiTION.—A writer in the
New Orleans Jeffersonian suggests that Gen.
Jackson's sword worn at the battle of New
Orleans, shall be given to Gen. Taylor. Jack
son bequeathed that sword, by will, to the
man who should next distinguish himself most
by heroic deeds.
National Jubilee of the Bona of Temperoate.
The gathering. yesterday. of the represeu
tatives ul the Temperance Reformation, fr om
the different States of the Union, was the
greatest ever known in this city, or probably
in the country. The streets were crowed
ring the day by the--Ammense concourse o f
spectators who had turned out to witnes s t h e
procession and the scenes of the day. Th e
procession itself was one of the largest Om
ever formed in oor streets, and it has been e s .
timated that it most have contained twetny
thonsand persons.
The day was ushered in by theringing of
the church bells in this and the neighboring
cities. At sunrise. national flags fluttered in
the breeze, from the City Hall, theß e
State Arsenal, the public buildings, hotels,
theatres, places of_ amusement, and several
other buildings. and the fountains throughout
the day poured forth the: fullest streams of the
pure and sparkling Croton. At noon a nation.
al salute was fired from the Battery. Colonel
Thoinav B. Florence of Pennsylvania, tray
the Marshal-in-Chielf of the day )
We learn that nearly every ) State in -the
Union was represented on the occasion.
The grand line took on its march from the
corner of Hudson and Chamber street, at one
o'clock. and the procession, fotir abreast, w a y.
ed up Hudson to Fourteenth street, In and
around Union -Parke to Broadway, dow n
Broadway to Bond street, thence to the Bow.
cry, down the Bowery to Grand street, up
Grand to East Broadway, through East Broad.
way to Chatham street, through Chatham
street to the Park.
The procession made a grand atmeann ee
with its gorgeous banners, tis members ra their
splendid regalia. and accompanieil by timed
bands. which discoursed must eloquent and
spirit•stirring music.
The States were represented in the prac e s.
sion in the followinff order: New York, New
Jersey, Maryland. Pennsylvania. Connecticut,
Massachusetts. District of Columbia. Vtrantw,
Ohio. Delaware. Indiana, 'Tennessee. North
Carolina, South Carolina. Georgia. Alabama,
Mississippi. Kentucky. Illinois. New limp.
shire. Rhode bland, Louisiana, Missouri, and
Wisconsin Territory.
The procession reached the stand at about
hell past 4 o'clock. and ((anted in front of the
City Mill, around a larve stagiinr, on which
were seated the officers of the meelinz.
orator 4. &c. M. W. I'. Daniel - H. Seals pre.
sided. assisted hi; n W. Morris, M. W. A.
The following was sung by the mrmheri of
'he Order, led by P. %V. Pi, Micdonough, '
Bulklev. and %leeks:
Thrice welcome brother, here we meet,
In Friendships's close communion join'd;
Ye Sons of 'Femp'rance, hind repeat
Your triumphs with one heart and mind.
No angry passisons here should mar
Our peace, or move our social band—'
Far Friendship is our beacon star—
Our motto—" Union Hand-imHand."
After a priyer. a statement of the order co
read by J. U. Oliver. M W. Scribe--einginz
again by members of the Order.' arid ihen an
address by Philip S. White of Pa. M. W.T.
One or two more address were delivered when
the exercises were closed by singing This
has been a proud day for the friends of tem
perance. and with all our hearts we say,
speed in their work. which we researd as ore
of the noblest and mast moineutuns mnve
ments of the N tneteenth Centurv.—N J"Glote
copy the following from tho New Orient
A letter from San Antonio do f3exar, goee .
deplorable accounts of murders and robberies
commuted upon .the people inhabiting the
western frontier of Texas. by the- Comanches
and Lipans. Most of the able bodied men of
the colonies of New Bramfels. Castroville.
and Lake Quani having joined the army under
Gen. Taylor. the savages profiting by their
absence, threw themselves upon the old men,
women and children. burnethe houses, the r rnil,
of corn. mutilated the dead bodies. violated the
women, and carried off a number of children
into slavery. •
The Commercial association of German
Princes who undertook to colonize the-nisom.,
tarns of the San Saha, have not been succe-nful
in their plans. They directed a convoy anne
hundred wagons on the route tosards the
colony, which was_attacked by the savafos. —
The German emigrants,after fightmgdesperat&
ly, were overwhelmed by numbers a ,doblinn'i
to retreat. leaving behind them a creat number
of killed and wounded in the hands of the e.
rages. The wagons contained the whole for-
tunes of the emigrants.
The people say that two companies otezloo
be despatched without delay in pursuit of t his..
savages. if the exigency of the service
permit the absence of such a force from the
main army. When the troops make their
appearance, thesavages will fly before then
—hut will afterward:: return and commit ner
ravages. A strong hotly of soldiers should et
permanently stationed near the settlements o
restrain these Indians.
The improvidence of the leaders el
colonies has, become proverbial. They A"
generally land 1 1 peculators, who since threat ,
trade is abolished, have.made a commerce
the whites.
Generally the emigrants are tought'AV r
in bad ships, and made to pay a high pm
their passage—they have no medical troupe .:
when sick and on board ship mall4l them th , .
and when they land they are again cheated 0 .
the transportatirr^ of their bao - vage.
We trust the government Will take these nr'
fortunate emtorants tinder their protection, N.
they were the first to fly to arms at the
tall 6
their adopted country.
It is to he hoped
I Ft
some method will be devised of arresting 01
oppressive conduct or•the spcculatiug leaden
orthe colonies.
ate have passed a bill repealing the ilCencV
of the last year. and substituting a law whic,'
while it does not prohibit selling, prohibits driiw:
ing. and selling to drink except. at ta rents , "
Taverns are by former laws obliged to
licenses, and the authorities who gout.:h".
licenses. can do it on such terms, as they
proper. The tiouse,.it is understood. will
The Legislature of the State of Lnuisiaes
proprilted by acclamation. on the V;ih
five humtred dollars, foa the purchase of
sword on behalf, of the State. to be present
e 0
Gen. Taylor , as a token of. the universal tk
miration with which the people of that 5 1 1 1 : j
view his indomitable courage. . bravery,
consummate akill, as 'di,splaye 3chic"
two brilliant victories.