Newspaper Page Text
VM'•A& --- S7 ID& a
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1846
A Searrustu. Corrry Srow.—A correspondent;
Who has read oar specimen of York county literature,
semis as a literal copy of a tavern sign in Schuylkill co.,
neu plnegrove. The copy was taken on the spot, and
.ads es follows:
ENDERDESMEN FUR MAN UN HOS
BA DO DA UN DRUS DOMORI
BI DOMI RED ' .
Interpreted it reads dins Entertainment for Man and
Horse. Pay to day and trust to-morrow.• By Thomas
A Pt-aux.—it is said, "An American sailor on a
recent arrival at Liverpool, 'hired a horse for a ride a short
distinct into the country ; but a sailor on a frolic does
not always return quite so pu - nctually as some Otherclas
sd ef equestrians, and on this occasion the horse and
hi i rider not retuning exactly at the time stipulated, the
horse was sent for by the owners The next day, the
bill was presented in the words and figures following; to
£0 4s Od"
Tba twofer will prove himself one, by reading this
[From the Excelsior.)
The Ruined Mill.
A lone and roofless thing it stands,
In s unshine and inshciver,
Nirciching abroad its palsied hands,
A wreck of giant power;
Each mouldering beam and crumbling stone,
With velvet moss is now o'ergrown;
While many a wind sown flower
Is peeping through the broken BOOT, .
king the place it hehl of yore.
The bright-eyell toad loops fearless out,
And newts to covert steal,
While the spider weates her web about
The cogs of the massive wheel ;
And where the miller once gaily stood
'rile add, r rears her hissing Mood, .
Nor fears his iron heel;
Man's rule within the place is o'er
And nature wins her own once more.
:Yer the t ruken Jam the brook leaps free,,
And speeds on its course along,
uoing the wild llovrels daintily.
With its bottles and pleasant song;
No longs•: chained to the busy mill,
It wanders on at its own sweet will,
The hoary rocks :along;
Then creeps around the old tree's foot,
To brighten the inoss•on its gnarled root.
I sat me on a gray old stone,
And natched the lapsing stream,
Till outward things before me sill=
Like pictures in a'dream ;
Amidst the mists of reverie,
I rather seemed to feel than see
Eat th's bright and sunny gleam:
'Once more the angel of my youth
'Couched all things with a sweeter truth
That bright !dean oh, how well
My spirit knew its power,
For early had I learned its spell
In childhood's sunny hour;
It gave new-glory to the skies,
NeW music to earth's melodies,
• New beauties to the flower :
But rarely now the gentle sprite
Awakes me to such deep delight
Yet there, in that secluded spot,
Beside the ruined mill,.
Coo back The fancies long forgot,
That fain would haunt - me stilt
That stream an image seemed to be
O( mine own gushing poesy,
Wasted with wanton
Without concentrative - pi:Aver to sway
A leaflet on 'its loitering way. •
A FEW HINTS TO KEEP AWAT HARD TIRES.
—Rise to the moraine, end be diligent during
',le day in attending to your business, and not
worry ourselves by our neighbor's concerns..
lusteild of following the fashions of Europe,'
let us cultivate a spirit of independence, and
decide for ourselves, bow our coats, hats and
boots shall he made.
Keep out of the streets. unless businetni calls
us to transact that which we cannot do in our
ewes, shops and dwellings.
By all means keep away from Drinking and,
When we buy an article of clothing, study
commendable economy, at the same time get a
good article, and when made take particular
clre of it, and wear it out regardless of any
diange of fashion. Fashion is great tyrant.
4 nd men are fools Ao be slaves to it.
811ty at home nights.. improve our studied
l!y reading, or writing. or instructive conversa !
'inn, and retire to your beds at en early hour.
Be kind to relatives, obliging to our friends,
and charitable to all.
Sadatxo.—Physician—Madam, I can no
longer prescribe for you ; unless you throw
away that pipe. •
l i utienf—Why la, doctor, ‘ l change the cob
every day or two.
Physician—No matter, while you continue
1 0 smoke at all. Besides, I see you do not
chang e the stem. That reed, madam. filled
with a pill of totiacco, a deadly poison, the
e therialization of which is sufficient to suffo
cate a rhinoceros ! Horrid practice, madam.
0, reform it altogether.'
Patient—La, doctor, how you talk. Sup-
Pose I should quit smoking, what should I do
for excitement—seeing I have no baby to 'num
.Cums.—ln the year 1846 there will be
hvo . eclip , es, both of the sun. The first is
Pa . rival eclipse of the sun, April 25, visible to
All parts of the United States.
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! emarks of Mr. Dickinson, of B. Y.
In Senate, January 280846, on the naval de
fences of the eountrit and' in reply to Ma.
BENTON, of 3fissouri.
Mr. DICKINSON -said, at an early day in the
session, the senator from Michigan, (Mr. Cass)
introduced resolutionsinquiring into the state
of the public defences ; and, although the reso
lutions were at 'first resisted: a little reflection
seemed to change opposition to support; Bud,
upon full debate, and under a call of the yeas
and nays, the resolutions received the unani
mous vote of the Senatp.
That part of the inquiry. which related to
maritime defence, was appropriately referred
to the Committee on Naval Affairs, of which
he had the honor to be a member, and the bill
before the Senate was the result of their labors.
He had no intended to detain the Senate by
any remark , and it was entirely unnecessary,
after the . ear and minute vindication it had
received at the bands of the honorable chair
man, (Mr. FAIRFIELD.) He felt bound, how
ever, to notice. and without delay, some of the
very extraordinary positions of the senator
from Missouri, (Mr. Bstcroin.) to which be
should mainly confine himself.
That honorable senator (said Mr. D.) had
proceeded to denominate the bill a war meas
ure, which was the first official baptism it had
received, and then to frighten the Senate front
its propriety by parading, in its most imposing
form, the vast expenses to which the country
must be subjected by its passage. He held it
to be immaterial whether it was denominated
a war or a peace measure, for it was necessari
ly neither; and he should only inquire wheth
er it was just and proper; and, if he believed
it such, should support it accordingly. He
would assure that honorable senator that he
would open no ledger account between nation
al honor on one side, and pounds, shillings•
and pence, on the other: and, while he would
resist at all times, upon all occasions, and un.:
der all circumstances, and any every useless
,and extravagant appropriation, where the hon
or and interests of the nation were concerned,
he would not.inquire whether it would cost a
I large or a small amount—one million or more
—to vindicate and preserve them. The argu.
meta of the senator. (said,Mr. D.) that the bill
should not receive the favorable consideration
of the Senate. because of the expense it would
occasion, without regard to its necessity or
utility, might be applied, with equal propor
tionate force to all the transactions of life, and
individuals be admonished to deny themselves
food and raiment by reason of the enormity of
the expense. If such a paltry consideration
should control, and every enterprise be aband
oned which require money to carry out, there
would be a sorry advance in human progress;
for, probably. upon strict computation of out
lay, and its interest account, it would be found
that the whole business of the world, from its
foundation, had scarcely paid its prosecution
That senator, too, has reminded us (said
Mr. D.) that a great and powerful party, a few
years since, was oyerthroivii because of the cry
of extravagance charged by its adversaries,
they insisting that government could be admin.
istered for thirteen millions, while a greater
sum was expended. The senator was doubt
less correct in his historical reminiscence; but
lie (Mr. D.) would beg leave to recal another,
and to enquire of the honorable senator wheth
er he had any recollection of a great and pow.
erful party which once towered high in its
pride and loftiness, but wail overthrown furop
posing the defences of the country, and for
resisting in a becoming tone and spirit foreign
insolence, and aggression. Yes, Mr. Presi
dent, this party which once stood firm and se.
cured in its fancied strength—stretching out its
gimt arms to. heaven Idle the sturdy mountain
oak, and defying the fury of the thunder-gust
—was seated, blasted, and prostrated by the
omnipotence of opinion, and nought was left
of its ancient and imposing grandeur but its foe.
ail remains. Its members, like the, rebellious
-descendants of Israel, had been dispersed
throughout the earth ; but, unlike that fated
race, so emphatic was the sentence of their
condemnation, that they despaired of being re
stored to their political Jerusalem, or of behold
ing the advent of their
,Messiah. But where
ever one of this ancient and honorable frater
nity can be found, like the sea-shell torn from
its native bed, .he still is •• muttering of the
ocean and theitorm."
The senator from Missouri. admitted we
had now what lie was pleased to term a peace ,
establishment; the results of a plan which had
been pursued for thirty years, from which the
senator, is unwilling to depart for any existing
reasons. The proposed divergence from the
path beaten by the foot-prints of thirty years;
he regards as improvident and wasteful, and
the contingent authority conferred by this bill
upon the President, to call into service the
whole maritime power of the nation, in case
of high necessity, he denounces as unprece
dented anti enormous. Sir, (said Mr. D.) let
that honorable senator show that our position
is now what it. has been in all respects for the
last thirty years, and his admonitions will not
be unheeded, or his plan transcended. . But
what within that period has been the progress,
of the Lunen I One-third of the present num
ber of the sovereign States have been added.to
the confederacy—three-fold to its population—
its various and diversified interests increased
beyond the power of computation. and its ter
ritory stretched from the morning to the set
ting sun. - But has there been no departure
from the plan of the last thirty years, sanction
ed too, and supported by the senator front
Missouri—ay, and by the united voice of Sen
ate ? Then, when the grim front of a boastful
and gigantic power was lowering over the north
eastern boundary, a contingent authority was
given to the President to employ the whole
naval and military force of the country ; and
for that purpose, the sum of ten Millions of
dollars was planed at his command. He was
literally invested with the purse and the sword.
and authorized - to exhaust the ono and draw
the other in iis discretion, to -maintain the
£O, 2a 6d
0 Is 6d
, wa w , vziyor
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT. TOWANB4BRADFAHID COUNTY,,,PA., BY E. 0. & H. P. GOODRICH.
" REGARDLESS UE, :DiNiNateTlON.:lfito/111 ANY quArirsa.",
honor and interests of the. country. Now,
when our righorupcin the north-western boun
dary are in jeopardy, and the 'empower is
evidently preparing to assert and maintain her
claims. rather than her fights, peaceably Valle
can, forcibly if she must, a propoial to confer
this same contingent authority upon the pres
ent Executive, placing at his diiposal leis thin
one-half the amount appropriated upon a.for
mer. occasion, to be used only in a case of stern
necessity, is a naked authority, dangerone,
unprecedented, : and enormous. But whence
this change t It cannot be that the senator can
hold the soil of the mighty West of less value
than that of the East; national honor more
cheaply now than then ; nor can it he that he
distrusts the wise discretion of the Executive.
Our commerce was almost. limitless, extend
ed to every sea, and should be adequately pro.
tected. The senator supposed because it had
been respected, it must be so. hereafter. But,
should our relations become less friendly,what
authority had he for saying that it would be
protected then ? 'The assertion of that senator,
that one frigate and a few smaller vessels were
sufficcient to protect our commerce in the Med
iterranean, at the time when the Batbary pow
ers were a lawless band of pirates. should
have been accompanied by a statement of the
fact. that most of the great powers of Christen
dom were paying tribute to this detestable
horde of lawless robbers, and after our prison.
era had groaned for nineteen months in a Tur
kish prison. were ingloriously ransomed by a
larger amount of national disgrace. And such
was the opinion formed of our ability and spir
it, by the Bashaw of Tripoli, that in 1,118 fanci
ed power and petty insolence. he declared that
if he had one frigate and two brigs he would
The senator at ore moment objected to the
bill because it was 'a war measure, and would
require great expenditure ; at another, that it
was too insignificantand meagre for a prelimi
nary'war measure; and again, it was too com
prehensive, because of the authority it confer
red upon the Executive to bring into service,
if necessary, the whole disposable force of the
country. That senator might have either born
of the dilemma, but should not nave both. It
might, perhaps, be resisted because to limited,
or too extensive in its provisions, but not with
much propriety or force of argument, from the
same senator, because it was both.
Mr. D. desired to see the country placed in
a decided and unequit:ocal state of defence—
not such a state as would be required in case
of open and actual botitility, but such a state as
would cause the nation to he respected abroad
and would insure respect at home. He hoped
and trusted we should have no war. Ile re
garded the late news from abroad decidedly
pacific,particularly the failure of Lord Johnßus
sell to form a cabinet with Lord Palmerston in
the foreign office; nor Would England or any
-other nation be likely, wantonly, to wage a war
with a nation who was furnishing them bread.
Still it was the dictate of prudence, ,of experi
ence, of patriotism, and of true economy, to
make such reasonable and preliminary prepara
tions as the temper of the times would justify,
and the vast interests of the nation seemed to
demand. Ile denied that the resources of the
nation were weak, or that the people were
penurious. They sought no war, but they
would hold those responsible to whom they
had confided their best and highest interests,if
they did not put forth the energies of the gov
ernment when the dark clouds of war hovered
' over use Mr. D. believed that adequate prep
arations would be the harbinger of peace. If
there was any one matter which Great Britain
understood better than another, it was the spir
it and temper of her adversary. She knows
(said Mr. D.) our condition much better than
we do hers. She has long played at a game
where the destinies of nations are hazards.—
Her history for two hundred years shows that
when she has dealt with a taine,spiritless, and
vacillating power, she has been bold. exact-' ,
ing, and aggressive, and atretched out her mail
ed arm over them : but if she has been met at
the threshold, as she should, and he trusted
would be, by the American people, site had
found some quiet and convenient way of dis
posing of the question. under the allegation
that commercial interessa of the world, and the
Christian religion, forbid that civilized nations
should engage in war. And such will now be
her conclusion, if she lees a quiet and peace.
ful, yet firm and manly spirit, and becoming ,
preparation to resist egression. Nations, like
individuals, as they become civilized, Chris,
.tianized and cultivated, were disinclined to re
sort to the arbitrament of physical force, or to
rush precipitately into bootless and bloody
War, it had been often said—and its truth,
must be admitted—was a great calamity ; and'
the way to avoid it was to look it fully in the
face, and not sit tamely down and brook insult
and dishonor, and tremble at the mention of
its name, because, forsooth, among its results,
must be the destruction of property, and Op
loss of human life. All this should be proper
ly appreciated, but there were considerations
far dearer than either. and nations, like iodi
viduals, should cherielf an untarnished memory.
War was not the only destroyer. On either
hand, the aged and the young were descending
in their final resting place, amid the pursuits
of peace; and that mighty commercial mania,
which but recently swept over the land, brought '1
if posiible, a train. of evi more numerous and,
deadly, and more destructive to cominerce,
than war and its attendant horiorii.
It 11ad long been the theme of some to mag
nify the power of Great Britian—the mistress
01 the ocean, as she wss called by way of em
phasis—and to ery down that of our own ; and
so prevailing had been this sentiment, that it,
was proposed to confine our gallant little navy
to mere harbor defence, during the late. war,— .
But it went forth to battle, and crowned itself
with glory. and gladdened every patriotic heart
in the nation. During that war, in most of the
leading actions between vessels of similar force
it would be seen that in killed and wounded
Great Britain lost more than- three to one ; -and'
to say nothing of the results of naval conflicts,.
she list in that brief war with us more than
one-fourth of her merchant niaritimuch more
than in her protracted" and broody war with
France front its commencement to its tannins
%ion: 'where the destipiee 'of Earopeliung fur a
momelitupon the coming bight or Blucher !
Great Britain had a large and formidable force.
especially upon paper ;' fur the returns of her
admirably were like the money account of an
insolvent bank, where everything was reported
available. Many of her reported vessels were
rotten, worthless convict-ships, modelled after
the plan of Noah, and others. steam tugs and
coasters, which could not be made 'available
for 'offensive war. Still. she had formidable
physical power, which should not be underra
ted; but she was sadly deficient in her moral
'elements. Where she had one subject who arose
in the morning alive to the honor and interests of
the country, how many thousands half she who
awoke to starve and-curse the tight. She was
making active preparation, but whether it was
to silence the hungry mouths of her own star
ving 'millions, orlto perpetuate her tyrannical
and oppressive reign over the down=trodden
sows of Ireland, or to plant her armed heel
more firmly in Asia. was perhaps uncertain.—
She had much to do insides to awe this Union
into subjection to herdecoands ; and it was ap
parent as the meridian sun that she would
wage no war upon us; if she found us prepared
and united, for she knew full well that we
could then successfully resist the- world in
Should a war be fastened upon us now,(said
Mr. D) we have learned from competent au
thority that it is' to meet . with no resistance at
home; but every heart will glow with patriot.
ic ardor, and every hand be raised for his-coun
try's weal. The lights that once burned blue
will now burn brightly, and light on the suns
of. freedom to victory and glory.
Mr. D., said he hid not discussed our rights
in Oregon. nor would he now, further than to
say, if it belimged to Great Britain in whsle or
in part, let it at once be yielded, to her ; if the
title to it was involved. obscure, and doubtful,
lie would compromise it in almost any manner,
except by arbitration ; but if, as lie believed,
our title wits clear and unquestionable, he
Wotild not yield up the most rock-bound island
in the north-western archipelago to purchase
peace. It was not the way to secure peace,or
to secure respect. If inglorious peace must
be purchased, which lie denietLlet it be done
open and directly, and pay a consideration in
dollars and cents, and thus keep up our self-.
respect as far as possible—a show of solvency.
and not like a prodigal &bankrupt heir, transfer
our patrimonial estate. We had employed the
beat talent of the land to show that our titre to
this country was bayond dispute or cavil ; as if
we were to transfer it to Great Britain, if yield
ed to her with covenants of.seisin, quiet enjoy
ment, further assurance, and general warranty;
and she was apparently waiting to see our title
fully vindicated before she accepted a convey
ance that her aggrandizerhent and our humilia
tion should appear of record.
In the British Parliament, the common place
and undefined expression that .. Great Britain
had rights in Oregon that must he respected,"
called forth spontaneous cheers from both min
isterial and opposition benches, and there was
no divided sentiment upon the questiOn. But
in the Senate of the United States, oue distin
guished senator incidates his intention to field
a portion of the territory, and another n,grat
ulates the country that we shall• thus he able to
avoid a war. Having succeeded in gaining a
g reater territory on the north:eastern boundary 1
than George..lll had sketched with his own
hand upon the map, she might well suppose
she could, under her - favorite system of the
.. balance of power." take a portion front the
north-western, especially when she saw distin
guished statesmen shaking in their shoes at the
mention of war, refusing to place the country
in a state of defence; or to show that we are a
people who "know our rights. and knowing,
dare maintaio them." For one, he was ready
to meet the - question openly. fairly, and direct
ly. He was not to be alarmed by the cry of
war, or the cry of expense. The way to avoid
both was to act firmly and seasonably, and he
only asked the senators would vote upon the
bill, and for it or against it, and not dispose of
it by postponement or other indirection. Noth
ing was wanting to quiet the whole difficulty
but firmness and decision. Let us exhibit to
the world the great moral spectacle of a united
and determined people, and there will be'ito
resort to physical force'.
As to the amendment of the 'senator front
Indiana. he would not now discuss it. He
had given his approbation to the bill of the
committee in its provisions and li mitations, as
being all that was necessary, and thould be
best suited With that for the pretient. Besides,
lie would prefer that, if it was to be increased
in its provisions, it should he by direct appro
priations,and id the usual form. ~
Mr. I) apologized for having detained the
Senate longer than he had intended, and would
close his reinarlts, necessarily somewhat de
eultoo, by repeating the request, that the bill
might receive the respectful ,consideratiod of
the Senate by a direct vote. '
T az& nnexii.—The celebrated .Wilberforce
ascribed Lis continuance for so long: a rime.
under such a pressure of cares and labors. in. no
small degree to the conscienstions and, h a bitual
observance of the Sabbath. 0. what a bles
sed day." he says. is the Sabbath which al
lows us a precious interval wherein to pause; tit
come out from the thickest of worldly e4llltVfliti,
and giVe ourselves .up to heavenly and spiritual
object. Observation and my own experience
have convinced me that there is a sperm! files-
sing on the right employmenrof these intervals..
.• One of the prime objects in my judgment.
is, to strengthen our impression* of living tinder
their influences. 0,
.what a blessed thing i.
Sunday. interposed between the waves of
worldly business, like a divine pad, the. Isis
elites through Jordan. Messed be God. who
has appointed. the Sabbath and, .interpnee4 the
seasontof recollection.. It ie a blessed thing to
have the Sabbath deioted to God. There . is:
nothipg in which I would continent! you ,be
more strioly conscientious than in beeping the
[From the 'Cincinnati Semicolon.]
Short Serincin on Virtuoni Women.
Tsar.—Who can find a virtuous woman,
or her price is far ahove rubies.—!Solomon.
As virtuous women have in our days be
come as plenty as they were rare in ilia trays
of Solomon ; we can easily test the accuracy
of his description. desecting the inaccuracies.
and observing how they. are intermingled with
correct descriptions 'of which we subjoin the
•• She seeketh wool and flax, and worketh
willingly with her hands." •
Hired laborers are technically denominated
"hands,' and so are the slaves on the other
side of the river. The inaccurracy in the
abilve account consists in the uxe of the term
hands." or servants of both sexes, it being
generally confined to the males. The rorrerl
portion of the description is, that the virtuous
woman ate willing that her •' hands," or ser
vants, should do her work.
.. She is like the merchant's ship—shebring
eth her food from afar."
This similie has generally been considered
very correct. Merchant ships usually carry
small burdens in proportion as they are swift
sailing and stylishly rigged ; and the•more ex
pensive and beautiful they are, the less profita
ble are they. •• Her food is brought from a f a r;"
that is to say, her tea comes from China, her
sugar from the West Indies, and her other lux
uries from from all parts of the world.
She riaea also while it is yet night, and
giveth meat to her household. and a portion to
There is a little incorrectness here. which
may. perhaps, he in the translation. . Theirue
meaning of the verse probably is, that the vir
tuous woman, when, she gives a party. sits-tip
all night. and gives a supper to her visitors.
allowing her maidens to eat a portion after
She con■idereth a field and huveth .it
with the fruit of her hands she planted' a vine
That is in say, the virtuous woman being oc
casionally tired of town, persuades her hus
band to buy a country seat, and by the labor
of her hired hands, to ornament it with vines
and fruit trees.
She girdeth her loins with strength, and
strengtheneth her arms."
This is strictly correct. The virtuous wo
man requires a strong girdle around her loins.
in order to make her waist as small as fashion
requires ; and she must strengthen her arms in
order to draw her girdle as tight as neceasary.
• She perceiveth that her merchandize is
goal; her candle goeth not out by night."
That is, when she goes a shopping, she ex
amines an immense quantity of goods for the
purpose of being sure that they are the best
quality, before she makes a purchase. Her
candle, of course, cannot go out by night.
whether she gives a party or goes to one.
She layeth her hands to the spindle. and
her hands hold" the distaff."
• This is a very obscure passage. and it is not
easy to determine what the terms .. spindle "
and distaff" mean, when used in the above
connechion. It is generally admitted that they
mean something exclusively used by women ;
but whether they were articles that have gone
out of use and are forgotten, or are the names
of something now in use, is a matter of great
controversy. Some rrsons are of the former
opinion, while others think they must have
been musical instruments, like the piano and
guitar. Others imagine that they were articles
of household furniture, such as a hand-bell, or
pull-bell, to which the virtuous woman has fre
quent occasions to lay her hand. Upon the
whole, the decision of the question is so diffi
cult that we leave it to our readers.
• She maketh herself coverings of tapestry
—her clothing is of silk anti purple."
That is to say, the virtuous woman is dres
sed in the most expensive style, and the richest
materials are used for her clothing. The test
of a virtuous woman being easy to the public
it is not extraordinary that it should be a favo
rite one. . -
But, without proceeding farther, ii is evi
dent that. at the present day, virtuous women,
instead of being as scarce as in the days of Solo-
Mob, are quite as plenty as necessary and con
venient for the Supply of the wants of the emri
munity ; and an inquiry like that at the head
or this chapter would not now tend to increase
any man's reputation for wisdom.
The following advice to the farmer, we ex
tract from a paper published more than twenty
ago, and the advice it contains will not bu rout
of place at the present time ;
The farmer, as well as the merchant, ought
to reckon with himself at least once a year.—
This is the proper time. low stands the bal
ance with you at the end of the harvest ! I
trust you have nothing to do with the
‘ banks, so
we will let them pass. Are your taxes squared
with the collectors ? Are there no executions
against you Are all your laborers and honest
tridesinea foi the last year paid off ? Are all
your broken windows repaired ? is your cellar'
banked and pointed, so as to secure your sauce
and apples from the frost! if so.. let us go lo
the barn and see whether the barn doors. racks.
and loungers, floors4c...are.sll set to rights for
the winter. if we find allthese things as they
should he. then a happy new year 10 you ! But
if not, then set your ho) s immediately to' thresh
ing. to shelling corn: mil dressing flax—stop the
calls of the collector. the visits o 5 the sheriff,
and the duns of your laborers and mechanics vs
quick as possible ; buy giass.and putty. repair
ycur windows. and sell inflict. paper-npker, the
rags which had,been used tn, stop . pine lights
secure your . cellar before the frost penetrates fat
ther. •All this ;being done.' go to the': barn arid
del likeiiise. 'the may' how ileitin for the
evening by a clean hearth before a brisk fire in
Yluranug:kitclica or parlor. eiack a few nuts,
eat a, f e w.apples,,aml Fegrile„ yourself
. auil your
friends.witli.a,gkass, of pyre spring , and
go bed when you please.
Farmers' Boys and Winter Evenings.
We copy the following good and. timely sug
gestions from. the l'arineis Cabinet :
- All know that it is by little and little ,that the
biros builds its nest and the bec; her cell. In
dustry and perseverance will accomplish in time
far more than the unreflecting are apt to suspect.
Fiiritiers' boys, for instance, who would spend
a couple of hours these long winter evenings in
smile useful books, would accomplish hi three
or four months what would surprise one who is
accustomed•to loitering away these quiet por
tions of the day without employment. Sixty
hours in the muntli„saved from evenings which
might, otherwise have. been spent, would
amount. in the course of a long winter. to as
much time, and would enable a lad to, ilccomp
lisli as much as would several weeks schooling.
And the boy who will thus perseveringly attend
to his own improvement, may rely upon it that
his increased ntelli ence will nut Only add to
respectabillitv, but lie will be all the better fitted
for the'active and responsible duties Of UN:to
wards which lie is often impatiently looking.
In selecting books for rending, we say to far
mers' buys reject such asare founded on fiction,
and choose those only which deal with instinc
tive facts—as u n natural history. voyages,travels
and biographies, ancient and modem history—
that of your own country in preference to all
others. You will worse than waste your,time
by deioting it to fictitious reading—which.
though sometimes unobjectionable in , its tenden
cy. is quite of a contrary character, and seldom
indeed really useful. As some writer has ob
served, vou should be as particular in the choice
of your books as in the choice of your friends.
If you early contract a habit •of devoting-your
leisure hours to useful leading. you will find - the
taste to " grow with your growth and strength
en with your strengih"—and you will become
improved by the exercise of the mental powers,
as your bodies are by action.
if the young could but justly appreciate the
inestimable value of ltnowledge--the power it
has over ignorance—the influence it has in
securing virwe, respectability, awl even worldly
thrill—they never would spend in frivolous
amusement or waste in idleness, a single hour
of winter evenings, which they might devote to
profitable study or reading.
Vi here there is no opportunity for farmers'
sons to eet books from libraries, their • parent'
should by all means purchase them for them, if
possib'y within their power. Even one or two
good books each winter, would be of great
vantage to them—soda indeed, this number
would be better than too many—as.they would
be likely to derive more profit from becoming
well acquainted with the contents of a few, than
from a supetticial perusal of many. Once in-
terested in reading or study, progress is certain,
and profit ultimately sure.
Knowledge is power"—it is Pleasure—it
is wealth. He who to a pure heart unites an
enlightened mind. possesses a treasure, compar
ed with which the costliest diamond is meaner
than common dust. Farmers sons, we are ad
dressing you iu particular: improve. whatever
opportunities you have to id nn your minds ;
he assured that when you shall have become
young men. yourinfluenee anttstanding in socie
ty will depend a vast deal upon the -extent of
your knowledge. A man is in one important
respect. superior to another, inasmuch ashe is
more intelligent than another—and ignorance
must always pay tribute to knowledge. Store
it theft. in your vouth—lor remember the truthful
aphorism of Goldsmith. The boy is father to
LIVE NOT FORYOURSELVES.—Ltve not mere
ly fur yourselves, but also for the geed of oth
ers. Selfishness contracts'the soul, and hard
ens the heart. The man observed in selfish
pur nits. is incapable of the sweetest, noblest
joy of which our nature is susceptible. The
author of our being has ordained laws accord
ing to which the most exquisite pleasure is
connected not with the direct pursuit of our
own happiness, bin with the exercise of be
nevolenee. On this principle it is that he who
labors wholly for the benefit of others. and as
it were, forgets himself, is far happier than the
man who makes himself the centre of all-his
affections, the sole object of all his exertions.
On this principle it was, that our Saidour maid,
.. it is more blessed to give than receive," Re
solved, therefore, to lead lives of ttre - illness.—
Be indifferent to nothing which has anyrela
tion to the welfare of men. Be not afraid of
diminishing yonr own happiness by seeking
that of others. Devise liberal things, and let
not ovariare shut tip your hand from giving to
him that.needeth, and to promote the cause of
1 piety and humanity.
THE m ORMONS.-11 is stated in the Jackson
ville Journal, of Friday, hat Major Warren,
with a posse of the Handock Guard, had Os
sed through that place having in custody Mx.
Thatcher, county court clerk of
who was on his way to Springfield. there•to
he tried on a writ of habeas corpus. Very re
cently, Mr. Thatcher was removed from office
by the Jack MorMon Commissioners of Han
cock countv..but he refused to deliver up the
hooks to his succes Or, and backenstos, the
Sheriff, was ordered to arrest him. The :at
tempt of, Backensto to execute this order pro
ducedtreat eicitement in the court room—pis
tols were drawn on both sides, and the en
, aion . of blood was only prevented by ,die inter
, ference of Majiir Wnrren. He tlok Thatcher
aril his' books itito his costmly. Soil inform , d
the commissilineit that he-wl'uld take the clerk
to Springfield on a writ•of 1.b..110 corpus, and
have him set at liberty. Major Warren - gives
it as his opinion that the Mormons will not
leave in the Spring. So we days feitr. , d .1 - and
so sure as they do not there will be afore blood
llertistf SOON. Our Imp says, to sae a fa
ther knoek his son down, is the most driking
subliinity of sun-down he ever saw.
Out of darknes cometh light." as the Prin
ter's Devil said, when soliliquizing upon the
the truth is not always
spoken," we ought not always to speak.