Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, December 24, 1845, Image 2

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    — clli;i3ofaro
Towanda, Wedneilay, Dec.Al, 845.
Aomc-re.—We wish it distinctly understaZ that we
have not at present, any Aers-re. ,coesequently no
person is authorized to :mice Monies due to this-alice,
and receipt for the same except the proprietors.
,:The-Oregon - Carrompondence.
! Weregret that we have not room to lay before our
iemleri tlieceiresponderire between the firitish and Ame
titan Governments - on the subject of Oregon, since Mr.
Calhoun become secretary of state. It should be read
by every. American citizen, as it involves the most impor
r taut autsequences. We cannot see how any impartial
or intelligent person can read it without being convinced
tha 'n'ritrthlessness of the British claim. Mr. Calhoun's
letter to iiiPackenhant in 1844, was a clear and unan
. metallic vindication of our title to the whole of the Ore
,,gaci Territory drained by the waters of the Columbia.—
: Mr...Beckenham in his reply ingeniously avoids the
,his antagonist's argument, and makes up the
• deCOiatcy of reasoning on his part, by the coolest as;
gumption fur Great Britain, of that which:he has not the
least tenable ground to sustain. We believe the general
• feeling on the receipt of the' Meisige was of universal
satisfactionnot that the question Was settled but that
juskforbearance and liberal offers had been made and
the juitice of our cause was placed in so strong a light,
the results whether of peace or war, were regarded with
comparative indifference. Mr. Buchanan resumes the
.negatiation•with an exposition of our claim to the whole
territory, but offers to comproMise with the forty-ninth
degree, making flee to Great Britain any port or ports
south by Van Couver's Island. lie ably shows our ge
neral right to the whole, leaving our title to that particu- -
far portion drained by the Columbia to rest upon the
'convincing statement of Mr. 'Calhoun. Mr. Packers
ham replies without answering. If the claim of Great
Britain hind stronger than he makes out, then it is in
deed weak. He declines the offer, and Buchanan with
draws it, with an irresistable statement of our claim
which cannot be refuted.
Thit Oregon question has given rise to many rumors
of war, and much speculation amongst those used to
manufacturing public opinion. At one time it has been
used to excite the fears of the peaceful, and at another to
raise the ire of the belligerent. But we must confess,
that we hare' never been able to perceive but one phase
of the matter. Our title to the whole of the Oregon, by
the right of disCovery and of possession, has ever appear
ed tons most plain and satisfactory.
,We have no fears of a War with Great Britain on this
subject. . With all her grasping avarice, with all her sel
fishness and ambition to extend the area of her posses
sions, which basso distintly arkod her policy and pur
pose, from her earliest history, she is too coolly calcu
lating to attempt the forcible occupancy of Oregon. She
has stretched out her arms: in every direction, and con
quered and subdued, and arrogated to herself many of
the fairest portions of the earth. On the eastern and
western continents, and among the islands of the sea, the
British lion holds dominion, and too often his reign is
written in ensanguined characters on history's page.—
Her prohibitoiy course checked and crippled the growth
of our Republic, for awhile, in its infancy. And her
powers would bare darkened the sun of our liberty, as it
rose, to shed its light upon the world, had' the spirit of
freedom been extinguishable.
England has reached the climax of her power and her
course must hereafter be retrogressive. The genius and
statesmanship which has raised her to her present unen
viable (unenviable because unsafe) position will not suf-
fice to carrry her safely amid the whirlwind she has sown.
She may point Ito the popular outbreaks of the United
:States, as the glimmering} forth of the volcanoe which
shall finally consume us, arid`truake a wreck of the " last
the sole repository of freedom ;" but let her take heed of
'the fires within her own 6reast.'. The stern, the grim,
the staring defiance of the man made desperate by his
own sufferings and the wrongs inflicted upon his family
ere to be dreaded. Think ye, that the heart is not made
wolf which looks upon those, for whom the heart feels,
and sees their degradation and misery, and hears their
piteous exclamations of want. Death is sweet to such.
and sweeter still when accompanied by revenge. And
though fear may still for awhile. yet the time is fast
approaching when the laboring classes will demand their
rights, and demand them in a voice which must be heeded.
'The weight of her power has made and unmade kings.
And there are many . among the nation's of the earth,
which look upon her with jealous eye, or still smart from
injuries inflicted, and would rejoice to see their old foe,.
and the foe of religious and political liberty, blotted from
the face of the earth and a new dynasty arise, to give impe..
tcui to the growth of liberty. From these, she has much
to fear; and still more to fear from the vastness of her
possessions, and the tyrrannical, illiberal and narrow po
licy which has marked the administration of her power
toward them. Her own island is overshadowed with
financial gloom; her harvests have not been propitious,
and her poor are starving for want of bread; and the
means whereby to earn it. She is in the worst possible
condition to go to war, and especially with as fonlaidable
an enemy as the UniW States would be. •
But in her most properons state we do not believe she
would declare war for , the Oregon.. There has a nation
risen up in the west which din boldly say to the British
lion, " thus far shalt thou go, andne farther." This na
tion is the United States. British arrogance and pre
snmptiOn is checked • in her presence, for twice has her
power and the indomitableresolution and unconquerable
valor of her people been manifested. Her territory is too
extensive, her resources too numerous, and her popula
tion too well united to admit of a successful war being
carried on against her. The elarion. of war but sounds,
and never did the Fiery Cresiof Scotland rally warriors
from hill and dale and ingleside more speedily and effec
tually ; and never warriors more brave and hartly.- A -
Fighting for their homes, their libeities, and their friends,
wo be to the base hirelings of kings who dare to pollute
the soil with their footsteps
England places too high an .estimate upon the,value
of her possessions in Canada, to .be willing to risk the
maintenance of her power overthose colonies in carrying
do a war with the United States for a grip of land of no
value•ta her, and for whith she cares nothing. When
she has threatened, and! blustered . and stormed long
enough; she will quietly give up the possession of Ore
gon, to those who had possession long ago; for she
knows the moment that a blow is struck, it severs the
power that binds Canada to her, and makes another free
and republican government in this western comment.—
It may suit the purpose of speculators to raise the cry of
war, but depend upon it we are,tolave no war, fur the
United States in a contest like that for Oregon would be,,
would early a moral weight with ker which would
more toward annihilating England than a century in the
common course of events could do.
Enteritis ix Turlicanzifv.- 7 Theta who take an
interest in our Academy, will find a pleasure in !lining
it on Friday evenings, when the composing acd declam
atory eaercises occur. The four semi-monthly papers
are well written and read, and the general enterprise and
.prollcieoey uuaifested,•efiect the greatest credit upon
the teachers. • ,
Paper for the Session.
The &mend Democratic papers at the Capital are mit-
Erikarrangement *dein with"fulliw;
ports 'her:lot/Into; of th4egirdaturej•itTlapsewlsh
ink to obtain ample reiorm.ofthe ' , ...hosinesi 'of 4sr Ii
maltcrs will dowel! to subscribe for One at !W . " est. of theM.
The." Bradford by the way, mill receive, -es
usurdr-estiy and . contlerwed reports of the sayings and do
ings at Harrisburg, for the benefit of its readers.
"Tte Ilarrishurg Argus" will he printed daily and
weekly during the session ut the following - term :
Daily during seindon, - $2 00
Weekly 1 00
The Penneylmola Reporter will he printrd eemi
werkly during the session, and furnished. to subsclibeis
during that time for $2.
Thi De:nom:die Union will also be published,semi
weekfy during the seadon for $.2.
Bradford County Court.
'MEND/LT. Dec. 9, 1845
WILLIAM D. SPALDING, 11/. S. t.4.litsmAle.—This
was an issue directed by the Court to try the right to
money's arising from, the sale of the real estate of John
The plaintiff claimed the money arising from the sale
aforesaid to apply in payment of a judgment in his
favor, against John Myer, in the common pleas of Brad
ford County no. 192 Dec. term 1840, alleging that said
judgement remains due and unpaid.
The defendant claimed the money's aforesaid, to ap
plyon a judgment in his favor against said John Myers
in the common pleas of said county, no. 480 Sept. teen
1841, (on which judgment raid moneys were made by
John N. Weston, Sheriff, of said county by • virtue of a
Vend. Expo., duly issued ou said judgement denying the
allegations of the plaintiff, and alleging that the [judg
ment on which the plaintiff claims the money was fully
paid, and that satisfaction of the same ought to be en
tered, on which allegation of payment, issue was joined.
If the jury believe that the judgement in favor of the
plaintiff, to wit: no. 192 Dec. term 1840 is paid they
shall find for 'the defendant, and the money aforesaid
shall be applied on the defendant's judgement, to wit:
judgment no. 480, Sept. term 1841.
But if the jury believe the plaintes judgment re
mains due and unpaid in part or in whole, they shall so
find and certify the amount on which finding judgment
shall he entered against the defendant for costs only—
and the money's aforesaid in- part or in whole as the case
may be, shall applied in satisfaction of the plaintifrs judge
ment agreeably to the finding of the jury. The jury
found for the plainti $l9 14.
WEnxtsn Y, Dec. 10,1945
This was an action of assumpsit brought to recover the
value of a large quantity of pine saw logs. The fol
lowing facts appeared in evidence on the trial. .
On the ninth day of May A. D. 1835, about seven
hundred pine saw logs were sold at Sheriff's sale by vir
tue of an execution in favor of William ICeeler, against
Hibbard to John H. Smith, fur one hundred and two
dollars. Smith offered to 19t Hibbard have an opportuni
ty redeem the logs; but as he was unable to do so, an
arrangement was effected, by which Gibson agreed to
take logs and pay Smith thirty dollars for his bargain,
and pay certain debts due by Hibbard, and after receiv
ing sufficient lumber cut from the logs to indemnify- him
for the paymenthe made, he was to dispose of the bal
ance for the benefit of Hibbard.
The defendant contended that be was to take the logs
and dispose of them merely as a trustee of Hibbard, and
and that having received nobenefit from them, was not
liable. The plaintiff contended that by the terms of the
agreement, Gibson became the absolute owner of the
logs, and that he was bound to pay him their value.
The jury returned a verdict of no cause of action. •
was an action of ejectment to try the right to a piece of
land in Athens tp. The jury, found a verdict for the
./ 4 %-
action of ejectment, for about forty acres of land, situate
in Wyalusing tpk
After a bearing of the facts the defendant confessed
DEMOCTIATIC REVIICW.—The December number of
this publication is already upon onr table, filled, asusual,
with valuable and interesting papers. The contents are
a well engraved likeness of Hon. CALI6O COMING), and
an article on "English Politico• Commercial Compa
nies" by the same gentleman. No. 3, of the "Songs of
Labor," by J. G. Whittier ; a critic upon Sue's Wan
dering Jew; A •'legend of Westchester county, N. Y."
by John Quad ; "Spanish ballads" ; " The Malthusian
Theory"—discussed in a correspondence between Alex.
H.Everett and Prof. Geo. Tucker, of the University of
Virginia, (concluded) ; "Kautrmann's Mackeldy on
Modern Civil Laws" ; with various other literary politi
cal and critical articles worthy of perusal.
rtes.—The Washington Union publishes the Report of
the Commissioner of the Land Office, from which we
learn that during 1844, the sales of the' public lands
amounted to I, 745,763 acres and the receipts into the
land offices were $2,207,678 ; and during the flog, sec
ond and third quarters of 'the present year, the sales
amounted to 1,266,668 acme, end, the receipts into the
land offices were $1, 1 81,389. The Commissioner re
commends the pre-emption system, and a graduation of
the price of refuse lands according to the value to actual
RUFUS Estrore DI Seal RGEP.—On Saturday last, on
application of his counsel, Wm. Rufus Elliott, who
stood charged.with killing Wm. Z. Kendall, was dis
charged by the criminal court of Washington, D. C.
The application for the discharge was based on the pre
sentment of the grand jury, that Mr. Kendall came by
his death from a pistol shot - fired by the said Elliott in
self defence.
Tea COIL Twins—The quantity sent from the
Schuylkill region last week, by Railroad, was 10,464 11,
which will be increased next week, ifanother snow storm
does not occur. The supply of Anthracite Coal sent to
market in 1895 will vary very little from two million
toes. The Journal says, in 1844, the quantity sent to
market was 1,631,669 tons—increase in 1895, about
370,000 tons.
Buttons Loss.—A flock of sheep, ntnnhering some
909, belonging to a drover at Rome N. Y., scared by •
locomotive, ran upon the ice of a sluice way. The ice
gave way, and' the whole flock were buried in the wa
ter. Before they were got oat, some 300 of them were
JONN VAN Buttes, Esq., made his first'effort at the
her of the Supreme Court of the U. States on Thursday.
The Washington Journal says--.. For upwards of four
hours he kept his numerous auditory enchained by
his powerful 7p1801111:1g and ease and eloquence of man-
LAST WOODS 07 COAL Eason.—Thel.ut words of
Cow. Elliott, whilst laying in an apparently unconscious
state wore—" I am about to be launched into Eternity;
stand by me, and keep my head to the Union.
- Frenzy fart br Ssow.-=Tbe- Quebec Gazette of
the fith says that the thermometer at that plate wee
Own jp ten degrees below zero, and theinow lies in
heapa more gam fifleen feet, and then jailing ,:so thick
that it'was impossible to see at' a distance ofa 4at. The
St.livrrence *as pited,up with tLating l ice. • Wm de
gWe of cold* more Severe than the frightful climate of
Moscow in 181:. •
Bradford CountylTperance Society.
At a meeting.of the l!ridford 'County-Tem
perance Society.',held a the. Court House, on
Monday evening; December,lst, 1845; the fol
lowing resolution was offered and unanimous
ly adopted:
Resolved, That a committee of seven per
sons be appointed to prepare a petition to be
presented to the next Legislature, praying that
honorable body to pass a law authorizing the
citizens of each township to decide at the com.
ing, Fall elections, whether licenses to sell in
toxicating drinks shall be granted in their re
spective townships.
• On motion, the chair . appointed the (idiom.
ing named gentlemen said committee :
George Sanderson, IVilliam Scott„,7 -
Jvhial JYKean, Joseph Towner,
E. 0. Goodrich, N. N. Betts,
Henry Booth.
The committee. through thir chairman, G.
Sanderson, report the folio wini form of petitions
To the Hon.the Senate and House
o r t f Representatirea
of the Commonwealth af l'ennpyleania
The under Signed, citizens of the township
County of —, repspectfully repre
sents :—That under the existing laws regulat
ing the licensing of houses for the entertain
ment of
.strangers and travelers., such. houses
are legally authoriied to vend spirituous and
malt liquor= and . that from the pernicious ef
fects of their sale and use, arises much expense
'to the citizens of the several townships and
counties, in maintaining paupers. and in the
administration of the criminal laws of the com
We therefore, pray your honorable bodies
to enact a - law authorizing the citizens of Brad
ford county to decide at the corning fall elec.
turns. whether licenses shall he granted for the
sale of any intoxicating liquors, within their
respective townships. And we, &c.
On motion of Mr. Towner, it was Resolved,
That the proceedings of this meeting be pub•
halted in the county papers.
Sun gives the following important items of
news from Oregon.
The Hudson Bay Company's bark Cow
litz, at Honolulu, brought intelligence from
Oregon City to the 28th of July, .
The Americans have full possession of the
country south of the Columbia. Being in the
majority, and under a republican constitution
sitnilar to that of the Territory of lowa, the
Americans in Oregon elect all officers of gov
ernment. appoint judzes and administer • the
laws. The servants of the Hudson's BaY
Company favor independence. and a number
of influential Americans have taken the same
Parties are said to be very nearly balanced
on the question of maintaining a separate - gov-.
ernment, independent of the United States and
England, and if a sufficient number of-Ameri
cans can he persuaded to join the independents
and turn the scale, it isproposed to issue a dec ,
laration of independence, taking in the whole
territory in dispute, the Hudson Bag Compa.
ny to cede the forts and trading posts lo the
new government. This movement is sustain
ed and justified on the ground of the settlers
having occupied and improved a wilderness,in
which the Hudson Company of London has
been a mere hunter or temporary resident, and
over.which neither the,government of the Unit
ed States nor that of Great Britain exercises
the rights of sovereignly.
The crops are most abundant. There is a
great want of vessels.
- The two sailing packets running between
Oregon and the Sandwich Islands. cannot . ac
commodate the commerce of the Columbia.—
Freight it Wa-i supposed would advance fifty
to a hundred per cent. when the rropa came to
MESSAGE.—The Montreal Herald. which may'
be presumed to foreshadow the British com
ments on the message, holds the follciwing
strong language :
We regret to see that the tone of the Mes
sage is deeidly unfriendly, and that there ap
pears in it a studied determination to make no
compromise whatever of the conflicting claiins
of the two countries.
The successful villany practised upon
Mexico in Texas. is now recommended to be
adopted towards Great Britain in Oregon.—
Grants of land are promised to all who choose
to•go and settle there, and the certainty of their
title to possession being confirmed by the U.
S. Government distinctly held out. Mr. Polk
will find that England iS not Mexico.
" The style of impudent bravado adopted
towards the European governments, and the
threats 'against them if they dare to establish
any new Colonies in North America, although
peculiarly silly, are intended no doubt to irri-
tate ; they shew clearly that if Mr. Polk can
possibly excite a war during his admjnistra•
lion he will certainly do it.
We much fear that the control of public af.
fairs in the United States has fallen into the
hands of had men.
'Phis is from an English press in Canada.
and though the tone is as flippant as impudent
it will undoubtedly find a responsive echo in
the mother country.
JOHN B. Gomm—The National Police
Gazette has a very hard story against Mr.
Gough, whom the editor claims to have found
in the house in Walker street—whichAs said
to be one of ill•fame: he then made no pre
tence of having been induced to drink soda,
drugged, dr.e., hut begged the gentleman who
went there to find him not to expose
The editor says that Gough was the compan
ion of a harlot night and day throughout his
stay there, and once left the house; went. to
his hotel, procured a change. of linen, and
tame back to his filthy and drunken debauch.
The editor intimates/that this was not Gough's
first visit to the den 'in, which lie was found.-
This is a black statement, and' we trust Mr.
Gough can and•will refute it.
THE CORMT.—At a,recent sitting of the
French Academy of Sciences. Dr.' Pierqoin
read a paper in favor of the corset as , , an arti
cle which should be worn by females. He
ridiculed medical men for attributMg consump
non and various other diseases to this cause ■
and declares that the inferiority of the musele4
in that part of the female frame requires the
aid of this outer case. Dr. P. must havesome
interest in a corset making'establishment.
PrOeeed6 is of the 29th, Congress,
_ ICrirrespoiiderics dais Pennayivanian.l '
• --' Wesniawroiir,'Dee. 12. 1845.
'Ph'e _Senate ilia not sit t j o - -tlai. The Pone
of RePiesetitetivee tip Mit little betto; ih the
Way ofifurnwhing materials fora letter. — The
only thing of interest, which firatispired . in that
branch. was The delivery of a highly appropri-
ate eulogy on the eharacteeof the late Hon. J.
H. Peyton. representative from Tennessee by
his successor. the Hon. Milton Brown, af
ter which the House adjourned to Monday
WASHINGTON. D. C., Dec. 8, 1845.
Monday night. 9 oclock. S
A crowded audience have been electrified to
day in the Senate, by a most interesting dis
cussion, embracing a view of our relations with
After the presentation and disposal . of some .
communications from the departments, and
several petions and Memorials, Gen. Casa rose
and stated his desire to call the attention of the
Senate to the resolutions submitted by him a
few days since ; it was his attention to move
that they be taken up to-day for consideration.
Mr. Sevier . and other Senators wishing to in•
troduce some bills and other unimportant
but-ittess before - the Senator from Michigan
proceeded. GO. Cass gave way, and Mr. S.
introduced a bill to reduce atiVgraduate the
price of public lands, which wak, referred to the
eommittee on public lands. After the introduc
tion and dispdsition of some other business,
Ocn. Cass moved that the resolutions be taken
up—the minion was agreed to, and the resolu
tions were then rend.
The resolutions having been read, Gen. Casa
rose to present the consolitrations which urged
hint. to submit them ; and\ for nearly an hour
enchained the senate and the audience in the
_Aeries, by a most eloquent and comprehen
sive view of our relations with England. He
began by alluding to the contents of the Presi
dent's iriessage, which lie believed• it was im
possible to read without being impressed with
the conviction that our country could not too
soon be prepared to meet Rbcrisis ttihich those
who.had watched the indications in England
and other portions of Europe, had for some
time anticipated—We were rapidly approach-
ing a crisis which would demand all our ener
gies. pur means. our patriotism.'and the union
of all'who were devoted to free institutions to
The negotiation with England on the Ore
gon question had gone to its extent—there was
now a pause—and if the controversy should
be settled without a resort to arms. it must be
by the preceding of one or the other—England
must lessen her demands to the territory
which we claim, or we must yield to her claims
and surrender what we believe to be our rights.
The controversy could not be settled by the
interference of a third power—already had our
government refused to submit our rights to the
arbitrament of an European power—the bias of
the nations of Europe was against us and
against our institutions ; and we could not
again submit to the indiscretion of entrusting
our rights to their decision—it would be wiser
to hold on to our own rights than place' then,
in the hands of those who were naturally or
from circumstlnces hostile to us.
War, said:Mr. C., is a great calamity ; but
there was a ,greater—the loss of national honor.
He did not iise to address the Senate as to the
nature of the negotiations which had transpir
ed with England, nor to endeavor to arrive at
what would be their actual result, nor to
suggest the course which should now be pur
sued by those in whose hands the matter rests
—he would, however, state his cordial adhe
sion to the views expressed by the President
in his message, and his approbation of the
course whiCh had been pursued in the contro
versy with England respecting Oregon. No
party, he trusted, could be found in our coun
who would desert our government upon
this question. The pretensions of England to
Oregon, when compared with our rightful
claims, were so widely different that he saw
no hope of compromise when he reflected upon
the manner in wych these pretensions{ were
sustained—the boundary of her demands and
that of our claims were sundered by seven de.
gives of latitude ; and the question now is,
shall we recede I Shall we yield a known and
declared right on the arrogant demand of any
power. and from a dread of what that power
may do by an adherence to our right. ?
The proposition was not to be thought of—and,
said Mr. C.,.1 mention it, hut to denounce it
that people who would y field a r i g ht t o p urc h ase
a temporary exetnhoion from the irjuries or
wars which may he threatened by an arrogant
ant _r spins power, will sooner or later sink
herleat the oppression which weakness and
timidity invites—they but sow the wind to
reap the whirlwind—he would repeat what he
had said on another occasion—•• it was much
better for a nation to defend the first inch Af
soil front invasion than the last."
In view of our country's just rights, he be.
lieved all the feelings and prejudie.s of our
political parties would be merged and buried
in the exalted deterihination to maintain them
in this we would all be united. In alluding
Oregon, he said the duty of our country Was
plain and the destiny of Oregon was before us.
The tide of emigration to that country could
not be stayed by our government if it were
disposed to do so—the country will soon be
peopled by our brethren—our citizens—a peo-
ple having our blood and lovingour institutions
—they must be sustained or abandoned by us
—we, must extend to them protection, laws,
and government, or they must depend:: upon
thi;mselves and becomes independent. Alrea.
had the people of Oregon organized a tempo.
art; government ; and it was but last week that
their memorial was placed before the Senate,
asking for the aid and protection )af our gov.
ernment. It was our duty to extend that pro
tection. He alluded to the probable conse
quences of abindoning our people who may
choose to settle in Oregon.
He then took a rapid glance at the state of
things which would, exist, were the vast coun
try of Oregon inhabited by the people of two
nations so wholly distinct in their political edu
cation and principles as those of England and
of the U. States—he consideted also the impos
sibility of the people of both countries, under'
present circumstances, or under circnmstances
which Will soon exist, of continuing a joint oc
cupancy. He made a most convincing argu
ment that i 4 would he an erroneous policy to ad
mit a foreign settlement, subjected to a foreign
government, to be,made in Oregon by the side
of the settlements of out eitiittis ; and having
ithoWn irr a strong light the necessity and the
policy of maintaining an undivided jurisdiction
over the country which we claim, he said, as we
could not recede nor retrace our steps without a
surrender of our rights and our national honor,
we must go on. !He next referred to the course
Of England—if her last propesitions constituted
her ultimatum, and our refusal brought out a dec
laratiortof war,„,that war should notbe forapor !
lion .of 000 N-which she Claims, thoughl it
might be gi7en:ril a reason. Be would
or,xather he would wish, that England may be
inclined bire-cOnSider the resent to which her
eourse seems to tend. But, he had little hope
that she would relinquish er pretensions—he
could not point to an instance of her yielding jp
similar cases ; if she had' ever relinquished a
claim to territory which .she had at any lime
made, the exception, if there be one,'would only
prove the general rule by which she is govern
ed. Gen. C. then went into an examination of
the opinione andlleclarations of the British 'olds
in Parliament touching the English pretensions
to Oregon, and quoted from the speeches of lords
Russel, Clarendon. Aberdeen,' Mr.' Peel; and
commented briefly from time to time upon the
character of speakers and the tenor of their opin
ions—all of whom expressed 'an unyielding de
termination to hold on to the. claim - which En
gland had set up, to its num st extent.
The debate in Parliament from which Gen.
C. quoted, occurred I believe, last spring. Af
ter reading and commenting upon the determina
tion of the leading English lords in Parliament,
not to yield up a foot of the territory, Gen. C.
says—under these imposing circumstances, we
may well enquire, " watchman; what of the
night ?" Gen. C.'after remarking eloquently and
appropriately upon our proper course as a nation
under the present exigencies—upon the spirit
and policy which more than anything elsewoul4
urge England to bring the wir upon us—and on
the fierce passions which would be awakened
and strengthened in the American bosom in their
resistance to the power which would crush free
institutions, concluded his-retnatks by a happy
quotation from- President Madison . , and urging
upon the Senate an enlighted, and provident fore
cast in preparation. and a firmness in answering
the pretensions of England not with defiance. but
with the firmness a a nation knowing its rights
and determined to maintain them.
Mr. Mangum - followed in opposition to the
resolutions, and took the- ground that they were
uncalled for—that the matters embraced by them
would he attended to by the proper depart
ments, &e., and - that it waa highly i,,politic to
agitate the subject at this time, &c.
Mr. Mien replied to Mr. Mangum, and in an
eloquent strain of argument showed up the
groundless nature of the objections and appre
hensions of a Senator from North Carolina.
Gen. Cass's. Resolutions passed the Senate.
and the Texas Resolutions adopted by the
House. - .
WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec, 16, 1845.
Tuesday night, 8 o'clock.
The question on the adoption of the resolu
tions of G4n, Cass was taken Ity ayes and na-:s,
A message from the House was announced.
It was the joint resolution for the admission of
Texas as State of the Union. The resolution was
read, and referred to the committee on the Judi
ciary. Then the Senate adjourned.
In the House of Representatives, the Texas
resolutions were the order'of the day//, and came
up in their order. An attempt at thscusSion be
ing manifested, and the Democracy satisfied
the question was understood in all its bearings
by every man, woman and child, throughout the
civilized world, thought . proper to demand the
previous question, and put an end to useless
stale, fiat and unprofitable debate. By this
movement the question on engrosqing, the reso
lutions was carried, and when the main question
came up for final adoption, every species of le
gislative trickery was resorted to in order to
postpone the subject fur future Whig and Abo
lition operations ; but after such a speech as we
have read in an hundred newspaper essays, front
the mouth of Mr. Rockwell, the vote was taken
and the measure triumphed by 141 to 56. To
morrow. or at furthest the day after, the day af
ter the Senate will have concurred, and then it
will be no more a question as " to whom does
Texas belong ?" than it has been, " who is
James K. Polk ?"
HORRIBLE AFFAIR.-3 Slave whipped to
Death.—A horrible instance of cruelty is relat
ed in the New Orleans , papers, the tarts hav
ing been before the-public by a gentleman who
resided next to the person accused. The
gentleman stated that he lived, next to the
bakery of Messrs. Mark add Loarpe. That
on Thursday the 27th ult., he heard the groans
of a negro boy, called Chatbotte, alias Mous
tache. belonging to those persons—dial the
slave received that day Upwards of fifty lashes
—that groans and cries for mercy were again
heard, when the slave received lashes more.—
On the Saturday night follow ing, he was
again whipped. On Sunday night, groans
again were heard, when the slave received up.
of one hundred lashes ;, and on Monday morn
ing early he died and was burred?, The de,po
tient further stated that he boy died from se
'vere chastisement. Mr. Mark, appears, did
not live in the bakery, and it wa Loarpe
who inflicted the whipping. 'rite latter - was
immediately arrested by order 01 the Recorder
and played' in prison. After a post mortem
examination by the physician, a verdict was
returned that the d-ceased had come to his
death from lockjaw, raused by severe whip
ping received at the hands of sonic person un
known to the jury. The body bore marks of
having been cut with the . whip from the neck
to the knees. A few months ago an individu
al was under examination for a similar affair
in New Orleans. but it was decided that there
was no law to reach the case. The frequency
of such atrocious acts shows that if there is no
law, it is time that one was enacted.
in Danville. a fortnight since, we took occasion
to visit the famous Montour Rolling It is
truly a sight worthy of attention, but to desciibe
either its magnitude or construction, are very
different matters. We need only say that the
Rolling Mill is one of the largest establishments
in the U. States, is 270 by 360 feet—employs
some_ two hundred hands and disburses monthly.
about $12,000 !
Major HENRY BREWOORT, has the chief man
agement of the - concern and we are pleased to
know that it is conducted skilfully and eco
nomically. It is the life and soul of that coin
munity. Eiery branch of businesi is invizora.
led and sustained by its operations.--4-Luz.Dcm.
LtrunErto--The Columbia (Pa.) Spy says:
. V . st quantities of lumber have been shipped
from this borough on board canal boats and
railroads cars. destined for Philadelphia Milli
more, Washington,and almost every where else,
within the past two months. The market has
indeed been lively, and our merchants have
reaped a golden harvest therefrom. The de
mand for good lumber is said to be unprece
dently great, and the sales here have-been lar
ger than ever known to be before within -the
same period of time.-
Williamsport and Elmira Rail Road notice a Convention of
Penniylvanta and New York
al Elmira onthe ad instant. DAVID
of Geneva. was President, assisted 14
Nice Presidents; and A. Thurston
L. Covell, of Elmira, and James FRC
Philadelphia,: were Secretaries.
Mr. Chester B. Evans presented to,
ing an able Report, which eocclutled w t
following resolutions:
Resolved; That in the selection of a t
route, the public interests as well as tht
est of the stockholders require that th t
presenting the most level surface and thesi
est distance, should be adopted. provided
object intended by the construction of the
is thereby attained.
Resolved. That the contemplated to;
the village of Williamsport ib the village
Elmira and the continuation of the sam e I
to the head of the Seneca lake will enanet
the most important points the New Yeti,
Erie Railroad. the Canal, the Buffalo and
ban v Railroad. and lake Ontario at Sodus B t ,
with the Canals and Railroads of PertnryieLLl
Resolved. That in a national point of ne t
this road is of great Importance as it is the i !N
direct route from the northern frontier 10 1
capital of the Union
Resolved. That the importance of reaelu,
by railroads and canals the Coal and heat!!!
guns of Pennsylvania is becoming_.,wore to
more apparent to the citizens of the cetta
and western part of the State of New y, i !
and the counties bordering on Lake Die n ;
Ontario; and that while we have no objecti ti :
to the efforts-now made to accomplish this
*feet by other routes 'and should rejoice tor s
•railroads constructed for the accomeodatili
of the public, we. are convinced that nature ba
designated this route as the most direct,
cheapest and affording the greatest facilut u
for trade, commerce and travel.
Resolved. That a Railroad from Generat
the foot of Seneca Lake to the navigable in'
ters of Sodus Bat• on Lake Ontario; a distu u
of twenty-two miles, would form an import
ant link in the great chain of communicau n
between the North and South and afford nu
and great facilities for trade and commerce
Gazette of the 4th inst.- says: "The reeve
cold weather has closed the business of tl:!
shipment of coal from the Lehigh the preset
season, though the canal is still open and lum.
ber & Merchandise were paSsing on Thursday
last. On Monday last, about 100 Mules sun
ed for their winter quarters in Bradford Cuss.
ty. The Lehigh,Co., intend- stocking alio%
15,000 tons of copl during the winter uponth
deposit at this place in addition to that 'whit:
will be deposited at the Summit : so that that
will be able to send during the coming semei
nearly double the amount shipped during lc
just closed. Other Companies on the Lehigh,
are preparing also to increase- their h1151H9
next summer. and there appears little 26ct
that the amount of eoal which will be !Val
from this region in 1846, will far exceed tar.
of 1845." ,
ports to Great Britain in the.month olNoven
her from New York reached nearly Iwo mil
lions of dollars, one third of which was bread.
stuffs alone. About two thirds of the aggre
gate exports for the month were in shipment, •
to Great Britain and dependencies. TheTtotal •
value of the exports from that port-for the elev
en months is $80,095,348, being 81,468.243
less titan for the-same time the previous year. • '
The total value of the, imports, is $65%25.5 f .
727, a falling off of $1,458,494. •
THE NIAGARA BRlDGE.—Matters in rela.
lion to the priiposed suspension bridge over
the Niagara, between the falls and the ;chid.
pool. have progressed so far ns that a commit•
tee of five [row Canada, and the shine number
from New York. was appointed to take meas
ures for procuring the necessary legislative
acts, with a Capital of 8200.000.
HIGH PRICE FOR PEWS.—The sale of pews
in the new Presbyterian Church, on Ftfth
street, Pitittrurg, took place on Monday;
twenty-eight of the pews were sold, the low
est at $3O, and the highest fer 81000.6
affect the body if the blood is pure. Every individual.
even the most diseased, has within him a germ or root
of that original pure blood of our common mother For;
which germ of the pure blood lathe supporter of Las
and is in constant struggle to throw off the beterogree
ous, corrupt-humors, which are the causes of diseases
the individual.. By purging the body of this disenol
individual of its bad humors, you allow the germ ofpun
blood to gain ground and to make blood of a betterGurD
ty, and so on progressively till the whole maw is race
eratfd ; for the gdod principle or good pure blood, is al
ways striving to be predominant over the bad or Jlseased
humors. Let all who wish to be of a fine healthy habit;
who wish to have a sound mind in a sound body 160
desire to be able to stand without injury the continual
changes of this climate; who desire to have healthy chil
dren, use the Biandreth Pille;which will effectualclearse
the blood of all bad or corrupt. humors, and restore
the human body to the state of health enjoyed before
the introduction of mineral medicines. Remember
Brandretla Pills place within the reach of all health sad
long life.
Having ourselves witnessed the beneficial effects Of
this article on the persons of several of our inhabitants,
we hesitate not to commend it to all those who have es
fortunately lost their hair. We refer such to the Celtifr
cam of Mr. Holmes.—BristolPhmnix..
" Bristol, R. 1., Feb. 16, 1841
Mr. Baylel—Sir: Having about four years 'ince, thrd
disease, lost the hair from the top of my head, and tar•
ing used many articles recommended to restore it, I was
induced, horn the rerommendation I saw in your "Pjtcr*
nix," to try Dr. Jayne's Hair Tonic I am now happy
to say, that after using three bottles, my. bead is coverol
with a fine growth of young and healthy hair. Sewn'
of my friends andacquaintaincea have also usedit to their
entire satisfaction. I therefore cheerfully recommended
it to all who are suffering the disagreeable sensation
caused by baldness. JAMES A. HOLMES.
The above certificate is from a respectable young Inv.
an overseer in the Steam-Mill, whose statement can be
ga a .
ham Andrews. (Universalist) will preach st
Monroe on next Sunday, (28th inst.,) at II o'clock .4.
.71,1., and in the Court house in this bard; in'the areal*
at early candlelighting.
OUND, in the street, in Towanda, partially burin{
11. 1 in the snow, a large. Blanket SHAWL. The own
er can have it by calling at this nffice, and paying chug*
Dec. 10,1845.