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11 E:DNESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1845
Lydia Jane Pierson.
There are few of our readers %Cho have not heard of
Lrota JOSS Prrasott, and read the sweet poetry of
, - „t u eb she.ts the author. Living in the adjoining Coon-
a t Tioga, the following romantic incident is familiar
to cant in this section: It is from a Philadelphia cot
rnyandent el the New Mirror. The farm alluded' to,
„ 0 n ot t urchwed, but released, from an encumbering
debt witch had accumulated upon it. But it reflects the
race upOn the generous heart which relieved her poser
rr, and is is beautiful a tribute to her writings.
There is anintereating story connected with this
; and as it shows the manner in which she was
pro's:ell with a home it may be useful to some of your
Foetical friends to put them in a way of following in the
foot•sters of the fortunate authoress. A number of years
ago when the best talents of Pennsylvania were, called
lac° requisition to establish a system of common Schools
for the general education 'of the people, Thaddeus Ste
yens, a distinguished lawyer of the state, made a mas
terly speech in the Legislature in favor of education.
Judge Litt Lets is, who is, you know, distinguished for
ha Immo; and ability as a Jurist, was at the time
PM3111031. of soseral Literary i ustitutions, and was also
2,loot:sly engag.d in promoting the cause cf education
hr delivering literary and scientific lectures. About
r.:, time a poree•fol production in Poetry, in f.wor of
made its appearance, and gave a new impetus
L. , : he cause. Judge Lewis made immediate inquiry
.;,:rcertrog the lady's situation in life, and ascertained
co she had been at one time in good circumstances,
put ,wrog to the long illness of her husband, and a sad
rryn et misfortunes, the fair authoress with a large fami
ly was without shone, and in a state of great pecunia
ry einiurrassment. It is said that he met Mr. Stevens
then a rich bachelor, in the Chamber of the House of
Representatives and suggested ; - he propriety of raising
scrrethag for the relief e,f so much talent and worth.
With that true benevolence for which Mr. S. is distin
pshrd, he authorized the Judge to purchase a suitable
Faris. At, la as the lady herself might select, and without
say ham with respect to the price to draw upon him for
tie arrount. The lady was overwhelmed with astro
uhreer,t when she received a letter from Judge Lewis,
she was only known to her by reputation, apprising her
efins c,monssion. She, however, made the purchase,
drew co Mr. Stevms, for the purchase money, land for
warded to Site. Pierson the deed drgsvn, of course in the
bee le;al form, to Thaddeus Stevens in trust for the
separate use of Lydia Jane Pierson and her heirs and as
s;:as forever. It is but justice to all parties to add that
Mrs. Pherson was an entire stranger to Judge Lewis and
Mr. Stevens. Neither had ever seen her. It is from
the woodland retreat of her own selection that she sends
forth her " Forest Leavesi to delight the hearts of all,
sad particularly those who'see nothing around them but
nonotritious linei'ef brick and mortar. May everygood
poet base the like good luck. All who wish to learn
hew to write such poetry as touches the pockets as well
the hearts of its readers will do well to purrh , .. a copy
of Mrs. PitTSOn ' ti "FOLtr.ST LEAVER."
ORDERLY BOOK °FRANI:I'S BRIGADE
FROM WYOMING TO TIOGA.
Head Quarters. Ticga, Aug. 24, 1779
AFTER ORDERS.—The different corps are to
call immediately on Quarter Master General
6r.fascines, knifes, knapsacks, haver-sacks
The Commissary to isspe to the field offi
cers. four grallonsof whiskey each, and also to
all Commissary and n - arratii offiters two gal
tons each. The Conimissary to carry along
ac.l the salt and liquors that may remain on
hand the Cominissory of Military stores to
have ail his stores removed to-morrow morn
ing to the fort„except what are to be deli out
to the troops agreeable to the orders of this
eav, as there are four companies of Light In
fantry annexed to Col. Butler's regiment, the
Ride corps together with such other Rilittmen
as may be added to them, are to be considered
as a separate corps, and keep adrance•df the
army ZS Gen. Hand may direct.
The l"ourt of Inquiry whereof Major Ed
wards is President, having reported as their
opinion that the property of the con• in dispute
between Capt. Cummings and Lieut. Loss is
in Serg't Loper and. Capt. Ross of the 21 Jer
The Gen. orders that the cow be kept for
the use of the hospital at this place and that the
Commissary at this pay them a reasonable ya
k, lne for the same and that the man who sold her
to Lent. Loss refund the money to him.
The number of horses being insufficient to
r"vry on the necessary supplies of the army.
nse Adjutants, Quarter Masters and Pay
masters of Reg'is.as also every officer of the
lire under the rank of Field °Meets, are to re
turn their horses tia the Quarter Master Gen'l
tolnirrow morning at 6 (o'clock. the Gen. and
field officers of the day will see that no officer
of the line under the rank of a field officer be
suffered to ride,mnd order such dismounted as
'may attempt it, such officers as have the cons•
mad of Reg'is and not of thetrank of field of
ficer are to make separate application to the
Corn.-in-chief for liberty to ride. Capt. Cum
mings of the 2d. Jersey Reg't, being lame and
unable to march. owing to the great fatigue in
marching twice to Chemung, is permitted to
ride until he is able to march.
One conductor to each brigade and no more
to be permitted to ride, the rest to return their
horses to-morrow morning to the Quarter Mas
ter at 6 o'clock. The superannuated tents are
to be returned to the Quarter Master to-mor
row morning at 8 o'clock. The troops are to
draw to-morrow morning two days' flour, es
elusive of to-morrows' and the thirty days.—
Doctor Rodgers, chaplain to Gen. Hand's bri
gade, is to return to Wyoming and officiate as
chaplain to that garrison.
The detachment of Light Infantry are order 7
ed to join Col.-Butler's Regiment to draw pro
visions from Gen: Hand's Commissary, ex
cept what mry be drawn to-morrow morning,
'all other detachments to — draw of their owd
brigade Commissary respectively.
THE - BRAPFOR4':::':,'_..:,REPORTER
The Commander-in-chief notifies the army
that so small a number of horses will not allow
any State stores being carrying on,' therefore
not a single artieleof that is to Ere brought
Major Conway is to-do duty as Lieut.• Col.
in the 2d Jesey regiment until further orders,
and Capt. Holtinghead of the 2ti Jersey reg't
to do the duty of Major in the 3d Jersey reg't
until further orders.
Major Fish of the 2d New York reg't is ap
pointed Brigade Major Inspector to Gen. Olin.
ton's•brigatle and to be obeyed acccordingly.
Quarter master Dow and Commissary Wood.
man to remain at post and receive their ot•
ders from Col. Shreve.
Batnsrix ORDERS.—The Brigade to draw a
fascine axe for every eight men.'
As there is a scarcity of horses the comman
ding officers of corps are requested to see that
no greater number than is absolutely necessary
for carrying the tents and officers baggage. and
that the remainder be loaded with provisions
destined for the fupport of the brigade ; on the
same principle it is hoped that the officers will
not think of carrying on a greater number of
tents than is absolutely necessary to shelter
them from the inclemency of the weather.
As the light corps is weaker than was origi-_
nally expected, all officers' servants except the
number necessary to take care of the baggage
agreeable to Gen. Orders of yesterday, are to
march t in the ranks, armed and equipped as
other soldiers, but will be pernitted to attend
their mastt•rs immediately when the brigade
reaches their encamping ground.
Tribute to the Memory a James Paucity.
Oh 'twos the crowning gift, when life had passed,
So calmly. year on year,
In being blesi'd and blessing to the last,
Gently to dissapear
Unstained with faults—free as a child from woes !
Pleasant the story T beautiful the close!
For Tim thy gentle sire, to thy lasi mom—
Bounteous and unhereaving—
While making many ead, and low, and lorn,
kept thee, for their relieving!
And even Death, had nut the heart to harm thee,
Coming but to delight—not to alarm thee .
Nor break thy slumber, as thou sweetly dream'd
Dreams of the Blessed One—
So tenderly withdrew life's veil, thou deem d
The fountain of the Sun
Had ovetdow'd around thee on (hat morn!
And thou wert to the world of glory born!
Admiring, blessing, grateful while we weep,
'Tis ebeering,--'tis endearing:—
On memo, tenderest, dprest leaf to keep,
Alt luminous appearing,
Thee and thy kindness, ( - 'lteas a halo round thee)
And praise God that his love so blest and erorrn'd thee
PovEßTY.—Start not at the labor doom of
honest poverty ; it is to poverty that we are
indebted for Me discovery of the new world ;
it made Franklin a philosopher ; Hogarth a
painter ; Napolean the conqueror of Europe.
The mightiest minds that ever astonished the
civilized world were nursed in the vale of po
verty ; that wi's tneir incentive to action, their
stimulous to glory and immortahty. Pine not,
then, at your tot. if you be poor and virtuous ;
a larae fortune to 'a giddy youth, is the most
painful judgment an indulgent heaven can in
dict on man. The inordinate love of wealth.
so fatally prevalent in modern time-, when,
with a majority, riches are a test of respecta
bility, and cast: a token of worth and virtue, a
cloak to screen from crime—is worse than
blear-eyed famine, more fatal th ,n the festering
folds of the purple pestilence. Mourn not
then that you are poor—push your faculties
into a holier sphere, and reap .414o:dant stores
of mental gain in the extended held of an en
THE WirE.—lt needs no guilt to break the
husband's heart. The absence of content, the
muttering of spleen, the untidy dress, and care
less home, the forbidding scowl and deserted
hearth, these and other nameless neglects—
wtthout a crime among them—have harrowed
to the quick the heart's core of marry i* man,
and planted there beyond the reach of cure, the
germ of despair. 0 ! may woman, before
that sad sight arrives, dwell on the reccollec
lions of her youth, and cherishing the dear
idea of that toneful time, awake and keep alive
the promise she then so kindly gave. • And
though she may he the injured, not the inju
ring one—the forgotten, not the forgetful wife
—a happy illusion to that hour of hove—a kind
ly welcome to a comfavtable sin:leo(
love to baniqh hostile words—a kiss of i.eace
to pafdon a.:l the past—and the hardest heart
that ever locked itself within the breast of sel
fish man will soften to her charms, anti bid her
live as site had hoped—her year's in matchless
bliss—loving and contented,the soother of a
sorrowing hour ; the source of comfort and the
spring of joy.
Hoez—Eternal hope! thy realm is unfailing
—thou art strong even in the maniac—thou
art present in high and low condition—thou
leadest to, the Manna Wean summit of time—
spreadest eternity before us like one grand pa-
norama—and showest us joys at God's right
hand. that shall not fail or fade while eternity
endures. ! when marble shall moulder—,
when arts shall crumble—and worlds the fla
ming fire decay, thou shalt blazing fragments
of expiring nature, and live eternal in the skies.
What is man without the hope of future
life ! How feeble—how disconsolate--how
unsatisfied. Earth, it is true hits a thousand
allurements. and opens to our tastes unnum
bered sources of joy. but in the midst of them
there is a certain something wanting to gra-
tify the soul if the , hope of immortality be ab-
PLACE a hone across a pork rind, and you
have - Boney-parte crossing the Rhiue,"-
This is termed Illustrated History."
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, > PA., BY E. 0. & 11. P. 00.10DRICIL
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Customs and 31anners of the Chinese.
Mr. Webster delivered his second lecture on
the manners and customs of the Chinese. to a
large, ititelk . r . ent and attentive audience.
After some brief prefatory. remarks, he re
sumed the subject of the municipal government
of China, and said that while the government
in its police department was prompt and vigor
ous. the thieves, on the other hand, tvere•ez.-
pert and daring. The'members of the legation
on their arrival at Macao, were warned against
burtars. These Strip themselves, oil their
persons. and put sharp knives in their hair, the
only part by which they can be seized,. so as
to cut the fingers of any one attempting to ar
rest them. They never enter a dark room.'
thus reversing the practice of their profession
in this and other countries.
But every thing must be reversed there.—
The Chinese do nothing es we do. Their
night is our day; their West our East; two
friends when they meet shake their own hands
at each other.--a safe practice, certainly,where
as in China, cutaneous diseases are common ;
their mourning dress is white ; their compass
points to the South; they put their saucers on
the tops of their cups ; they are certain that the
sun goes round the earth, and they know that
the earth is flat and square. Parents are re
warded for the virtues of their children: and
indeed they have every thing peculiar to them
selves. And of course ) the habits of their
th:eres must be peculiar also.
One of the gentlemen of the legation f •ll
asleep, leasing the window of his bed room
open. Two burglars by the aid of a bamboo
sealed the window, looked in seeing that the
gentlemen was fast asleep, stepped without
noise into the chamber, secured his loaded pis
tol and drawn sword, and o hile one probably
closely watched him, the other stripped the
room and decamped. In the morning there
was great excitement, and had the gentleman
been willing to punish the innocent with the
guilty, he might doubtless have recovered the
whole of the property. Ile preferred, howev
ever, the opposite course, and the matter was
allowed td pass over.
‘V here a foreigner takes a house, said Mr.
Webster, some one presents himself as stew
ard, or comprador, generally a person of some
property. who offers security for his ability
He is hired at so much a month, or under
takes his duties for a commission on all the
purchases, and a modicum from each servant.
lie has charge of every thing in any way con
nected with the dulueS"tic affairs of the house
hold. Ile hires all the servants, is responsible
for diem all, holds all the keys, and relieves
the owner of every possible care. If any thing
is lost or stolen he must replace it; and be in
turn holds all his underlings responsible to
him. if any thing is destroyed by that—with
us—so mischievous person. Nobody. the ser
vants must combine to make it up; and in the
case of theft already mentioned. had the loser
of the goods follow it up, the steward would
have berm responsible for the conduct of the
watchmen, and probably all the servants would
have been bambooed. By this system one
great point, always aimed at by legislators, is
secured;—namely, the certainty of punish.
moot for es cry crime. Some one is sure to
be held responsible. As rain is proportioned
by the e‘'aporation, so is punishment, like rain
also. falls upon the just and the unjust.
Their cute of civil and criminal law is very
voluminous in detail. Tfiere is nothing which
man can do or or leave undone that is not
provided for. and besides the social regulations
of other codes, it contains for all the rights and
ceremontes of religion and worship. and regu
lates all the inodes of social intercourse ; t h e
different modes of salutation to a brother, a
parent. or between friends and relatives. Even
the style of courtship .is prescribed by law,
thou4ll I am not quite sure, said Mr W.. that
the t'hriff is strictly observed in this matter.and
am rather inclined to think that a contra-band
sigh or glance is sometimes indulged tn. Even
the season of the year is regulated, and is at
the disposition of the chief mandarin, who puts
on his appropriate dress, andsununer or Win
ter its, at least in his district. As- on hoard a
tnan•of-war, when the officer of the deck re
ports that by -the sun it should be 12-o'clock.
he is ordered by the commander to •• raa/,•e
It was curious, observed Mr. Webster, to
trace the many nationals customsregarding the
dress of the hair. The Tartars and Turks
shave off all but one lock. by which the; hope
to be pulled into Paradise. The Ceylonese
dress their hair as our ladies used to do, with
;ortoi,e 5411 combs, The Chinese tail,
he thought. was the octa nt of the Indian scalp
lock. Tills loptc Mr. W. pursued at some
length and clathed it with consult rable interest.
The Chinese have , no hereditary aristocracy .or
distinctions o[ social rank. Their dignities
are all olefin, ail the people being, in theory.
equally the children of the Emperor. belonging
to one family, equal in rank and in blood.-
43ittli and wealth are more disregarded there
than In any other part of the world, more even
than in this country. Except the immediate
relatives or the Emperor, who enjoy the privi
lege of wearing the yellow sash, and -,the fol
lowers of Confucius, who have a similar right,
no one man is better than another ; and even
the Emperor's relatiOns rapidly lose rank with
There are nine degrees of official rank, die=
tin , vuished by the button worn upon the top of
the cap and by the peacock's feather. The
highest is that of Eitmg, which corresponds
with Duke, and confers the right to wear the
red bu i ttonand a two-eyed peacock's feather.
All these degrees of rank are bestowed as the
rewards of peponal service or merit, and con
fer no honor upon descendants. The general
affairs of the empire are managed by several
boards at Pekin ;—these are the board, of rites
and ceremonies; of finance and revenue; of
war; of works. [of this board Keyiug a
member CI of foreign affairs and dependent
states; and of justice and punishment. There
are also two councils, one of which foems the
Emperor's Cabinet; and above all these is a
board of censors. which reviews the proceed
ings of the'rest. It was question of no little
difficulty, with which oldie boards mentioned
Lora Macariney and Amherst should transact
their business ; and it was finally settled that
they should neginiate thruugh the hoard - of
"foreign affairs and dependent statcs i " because,
by presents, the English embassy had come in
that capacity. They were consequently re.
ceived in the same way and by the same func
tinhartes as the Indian delegations are with us.
It was found impossible fur us to obtain con
sent to correspond with Pekin. When the
topic was mentioned. Keying said that he
would attend to that, as he. being superintend
ent of the five open ports, was the proper per
sun. All that has been attained is the right to
althea! , any one of these-boards. -
Sons frequentlyinterprise and request to be
punished for the offences of their parents; nor
is this so rare as to considered extraordinary.
Love for parents is the strongest sentiment in
the breast of a Chinese. No change of domes.
tic lies affects it, and death hut elevates it into
a religious rite and veneration. It holds the
same plaie in China as with us does affection
for a wife ; and in China will every son, even
as did Mins,
- 4 . float the Comes of Troy
The 01 Anchises bear:"
convey his father from instant and overwhel.
ing, peril to which his wifiaini children will be
The halls of the rich are always adftyned
with figures of meir ancestors, and in iheit
temple, the worship at deceased torefathers is
a prominent and lavorite,devoutia. Soule one
or two days of every season are set apart to
visit their aneestrals tombs, built upon the
sides of the hills. They ° , ro in Mantles and
offer sacrifices and strew flowers over their
graves. Wien these rites arc ended they par
take of a faMily feast seated in enclosures
around tombs; cover the tables with pie
ces of colored paper, whi:h represented va
rious fruits and viands, and which are burned,
to caary upward food for their deceased ances
tors. And then, on retiring from these sacred
resorts, little flags of colored paper are put up
in Nar,uus spots, and the whole hill-side is
covered with theta.
However much, said Mr. Webstt ri we may
regret the excess to which the Chinese carry
this sentiment, it is in use& highly commend
able. It is the source of many viituei, and is
commended to us with higher authority and
more awful sanctions than it is to them, for
from among the thunderings and 11ghtnings of
came forth the cous In a 110 .iien
Honor thy father and thy mother," &c. .
The American embassy arrived at Macao in
in February, and the months of March, April
and May, said Mr., we passed in studying the
language and waiting as eontentedlY„ as we
could intelligence from Keying. who was to
meet us. At last we received a letter from
111'11.1500 miles to the West, saying that he
was un Lis way, had been detained by want of
water in the canals, and would be there in live
minutes. NVe waited as patiently as possible
in a city without society, Walks, drives or any
thing in the slightest degree amusing; and his
five minutes proved to be, according to our tit
vision, of time, twenty days. At last he reach
ed Canton, and finally a messenger announced
that he was at Macau, and had took up lodg
ings at a great temple a mile anti' a half out of
town. lie announced his intention of calling
upon us the following day 11 o'clock precisely.
1 he Chinese are very particular in all mat
ters of etiquette. Their. vistung cards, winch
no Chinese gentlemen can be without, instead
of being such small bits of pasteboard as are
used by us, are large steels of red paper.—
The Chinese always use envelopes of all siz
es, from a pillow ease to a purse; always em
ploy sealing wax; and inscribe upon the out
side of their letters the names oh both writer
anti person addressed. lhe two are. placed,
with their titles, in parallel columns, running
from bottom to top. and the rank of the person
corresponds with the length of space occupied
by his name.
Upon the occasion a letter was sent to the
American Muster by Keying. the names in.
scribed or which were not equal. It was there
fore not received and on the explanation being
made, the error was carefully corrected, and 1
thought, said Mr. Webster, that I observed af
terward a delicate attention on the part of Key
ing which was very pleasing. His names be
ing much longer titan Mr. CusMug's, there
was some difficulty in making them correspond
in length upon the letter. This was done by
writing tits own name in very small characters
and Mr. Cushing's to large—large enough fur
a guide post.
About half an hour before the appearance of
the high commissiouer and suite, a messenger
brought a card and immediately preceding them
a second messenger brought another. K e yi ng
then appeared. and with him were Wang,
Chang. Too 01 Warig..the
lieutenant governor of the two En wog piovin
ces. Mr. Webster said that-be was, without
any exaggeration or qualification, a L , en if ein en
of as polished manners, of as couteous and ea
sy address as any to be met in the drawing
rooms of Europe or the United States. He
was remarkably handsome. finely formed and
had the smallest and must gracettilly delicate
hands he has ever seen upon a man. Chang
was the scholar—a plain man. with a broad,
sour face,', and spectacles with glasses as large
as a dollar, set iu black horn rings: Too
Ling was a little subdued now that he was in
the presence of r Kei=iag. When the high
commisiwier_dre w_ nesG. OW - guns were tired,
the marines drew up in the,hatraird - preiented
arms to receive hon. IceYn , is 60 years
old—tall, large and dignified. Ifis face expres.
sea talent and decision. He is one of the must
able and influential men in l an empire of three
hundred millions. After a little conversation
a collation was provided and the guests retired.
without having named -the object of the inva
The American embasay returned the - visit
tont day, and after being received with the un
varying salute of three guns. were ushered in
to au inner room to dine. As a specimen of a
Chinese dinner Mr. Webster 'tlenrrib,d that
given by. Keying to the American -legation on
the conclusion and signature of the treaty. the
third of July 1844.
Eight copies of the treaty bad in be prepay
ed, four in English and four in Chinese. and
thought the ,Anterwans warred bald the Cht
ne.‘-e had theirs finished first. The Americans•
gut theirs,„terittett nut by 8 o'clork P. M; and
it being late proceeded at once to Keying's res
idence. The room was small, twenty by ten.
without windows, and having, only the door
by which they entered. At the farther end a
small table stood upon a platform ; and on this
the two ministers seated themselves, the rest of
the company taking seats along the sides of the
room. It was excessively hot, and though
tolerable to the thinly dressed Chinese. was to
the Americans almost insufferahle, TWe urea.
ty was read, the copies were compared. and
the seals affixed, when two Tartars entered
bearing a package to yellow cloth. which prov.l
ed to he the Imperial seal. This was stamp- I
ed upon the document, and then the thinner
The Chinese. continued Mr. Webster. in- I
sisted that we should take off our coats : we I
had taken care to provide ourselves with white ,
jackets. except one gentleman, who was posi. I
tively obliged . to sit at this great diplomatic!
dinner, given on the conclusion of a treaty be.
tween • two great nations, in his shirt sleeves
The table was set for twenty, and covered with 1
bananas, mangoes, oranges and other fruits,
..sweetmeats, &e. A hot drink. like poor wills--
key. called t...sanchou,' was prepared. each
haetog a small teapot containing it by his side.
We were required to fill a smalieup, take it
up with both hands, half rise. tiod \ to the friend
whom we wished to compliment and then
empty the cup, taking 'care to turn the inside
toward him that he might be assured it 'was
empty. This done. according to the custom.'
we were helped to fruits. Keying, with his
own chop-stick, seized a fig and put it on the
Minister's plate. This over. a pudding was
introduced, expressly invented for the occasion,
by Keying himself. It was excellent and
spoke volumes for the astronomic talents of
the high commissioner. When this course
was removed, two dishes of Meat were brought
on by attendants, who were very numerous and
very well drilled. Ket ing again helped cur
Minister to a dish of chicken and pork, like a
irew ; and I'm dish aa i then passed round ti
the other guests. Th- cups of sanchoti were
taken. The dishes were then set in the cen
tre of the table ; the same process was rapidly
',pealed until- a hundred dishes, in silver ves
' sels. filled the table from one end to the Other.
Bread was bought in compliment to the stran
gers, and then came side dishes, served es ve
getables are served with us, of lotus flower-seed,
roasted water. melon seeds, sharks' fins, the
roofs of the mouths of hogs, sea weeds, deer
sinews, biche de met. a large sea slug, six or
eight niches by one, found on the fiats of the
tropical islands, and edibile birds' nests. These
ar. of a gelatinous substance, supposed to be
collee.ted by swallows upon rocks from the
foam of the sea. They are perfect nest., an d
require to be'cleansed of leathers, dirt, &c, and
are by no means disagreeable, being somewhat
hetween vermicelli and tapioca, stringy like
the one, transparent like the other, and quite
When purified they are worth their weight
in silver. These things would certainly be
thought no guilt addition tc our festive boards.
They are costly, hurt ever, and can only be af
forded by the rich. Ti,e custom of taking up
morsels and thrusting into the mouths of their
friends• said the lecturer, which prevails at the
Chinese tables, reminds one forcibly of the ad
juration of Meg Merrilics to Domini:l Sampson.
•• Gape. sinner, and swallow !"
The Tartar addition to the dinner, brought in
by six cooks with great ceremony, consisted of
roast mutton, turkey, boiled ham and butraki
hump, and a whole masted pig. lacquered .and
gilt all over. These were set down behind the
chairs, and then each cook, drawing from his
girdle a long, sharp knife. carved the meat into
thin sl - •ees, which were received on plates by
the attendants and handed tot the guests. A
large bowl of very nice soup was then brought
in. Keying took it up with both hands. drank
out of it. and then passed it to the minister; and
then it went the round of the whole table. Thus
at dinner we spent the time from 9 to 1 o'clock
—the whole order of a European dinner begin:.
•ping with fruit and ending with soup. The
company rose. front the table, put on their coats
and took their leave. The band struck up,
three guns were fired, and they returned to Ala
p.ao. ready to exclaim with Macbeth—We ••have
supped full of horrors."
Mr. Webster then remarked upon the dress
of the chinese, which, though not so graceful,as
the Turkish or the Roman, seemed to him ufall
events far more 60 than our own. The manda
rins wore long robes of rich and heavy silk, em
broidered With gold, and covered by a splendid
riding coat. A girdle passes around the waist,
fastened with a buckle of precious stones, and
and long boots, whitened, reach the knees.
Around the neck ism string of brads, of stones
in winter and of perfumed wood in summer.
A cap of delicate straw or velvet is, worn. A
precious stone forms the button and a pearl is
fasiened in front.
They are remarliab'y fond of stibstiintim , one
thing for another which they imagine to hear
any resemblance. Thus sinall feet are Oiled
golden lilies. Butterflies and the moon are
emblems of love and wooers o thus, a fair one.
See.so-sli, says in a novel. •• I a ill drop the
screen la shield me fmrn -the influence IJS the
MUM and prevent the butterflies from enterink
into my chamber." To them such changes are
Another specimen yin difirrent kind.
Imperial troops out the enemy to flight ; 500.
000 of the enemy lay dead on the field in the
morning; blood flowed from the hills as . a stream.
and mustering the Imperial troops. which had
dispersed in pursuit, they immediately commen
ced cooking, for they were very
other. - A youth exchanged- vows with a - maiden:*
but hts relentless site requires him to marry some
other golden fily. •
fleand his first love Meet in'Seeret:in
den. She says, " yOu. sir;` should iu fdiote not
think about you slave ;So , elirn, britinaTtithe
maid—(imagine the frame, es we have dens be
fore)—and tor a hundred years be happy with
your wives." Then follows more sentiment ;
1 cannot disregard the person to whom: you
are to be wedded.. When. L have entered: the
green- grove, beneath the- bright. moon your
slave will not be " jealous or envious of.uny
one ;" and when she had Spoken she leaned, her
head upon the garden rail and wept as though
her" heart was bruit en." pally die young gen
de:nun Marries - both the golden lilies. and "'the
wives being now. both happy dwellin haimony
together. and endeavor to excel each other ►n
their kind attentions to hint."
But they have also waitings of a higher,ehar
r acter, as ti,e works Confucius, which are among
1 -the noblest specimens of moral teaching ever
written. The art of printing was known in China
I long before it was discovered in the • Western
; world; books are very, cheap and universally
; dillitsed ; the compass was used, manufactures
of various kinds were carried on,. canals
and in short nil mechanical powers, exceptsleam,
were known in China lung before they Were
vented in ilth West.. Paper 'money bad been
used and discarded long before bills of eichirige
I were known to the Jews, and now theonlycnin
employed in the immense trade of the empire
is a copper ibin worth about one tenth of a
Mr. Webster concluded with remarks at great
length on the antiquity of the Chinese nation.
as shown by the patriarchial character of the
Chinese Government, which is entirely primi
tive, and such as'obtained in the earliest ages of
the world, and which, fur-its preservation. re
quires a homogeneous people, an early, origin
sod an unbroken history ;—and by the charac
ter of their language, Which is hieroglyphic.
The language. he saitl E. embraces 80.000 char
acters. and is esdeedingly difficult to learn. it
has 200 radicals and 800 primitives. The name
Roscommon would be written with thesigns for
a rose, a cow and a man: This extraordinary
people claim to have unbroken traditions running
_back 2952 years before Christ. or within 1200
rears of the creation of the world ; and Mr. W.
thought it not at all unlikely at that time they
mat• have had a regular government, a monarch.
a large population, and institutions very much as
-they are found now.
A mental lamp, hung out by lifes wayside,
Unnoticed yet its unpretending ray •
Shines clearly on man's intellectual way,
'And proves to pilgrims an unfailing guide.
He hath within a worthy sort of pride,
And knows his worth—though some allow it tent,
A heart and thinking mit:ciao* kis lot.
Ha is A MAN! With coffers ill supplied,
Yet,want and virtue seldom ask in vain,
Loaded with care—a life of various pain--
Few are his days t the rose that freshly bloomed
On boyhood's cheek, assumei the hue or death 7•
The oil of life within him's soon consumed:
Ere two score years and ten be yields Mettles*.
Trm IVlEcusNm.—A young man commet
ced visiting a young woman. and appeared to
be well received. One evening be called at
the house when it wasquite late. which led the
girl to inquire where he had been.
I had to work to-pight," he replied.
". Do you work fora living I" inquired' the
Certairiiv," replied the young man, " I am i
Mr brother doesn't work. and I dislike
the nsmo•of mechanic," and she turned up her
That was the last time the mechanic visited
the voting woman. He is now a wealthy man.
and has now one of the best of women (or his
wife. The young woman who disliked ths
name mechanic. is now the.Entife of a mise-.
rable tool—a regul..r vagrant about grog shops
—and she, pour miserable girl. is •obligrd to
Like in washing to support herself and children.
THE MAID ststa rnE SPIDER.--The Gazelle
de Tribanux relates the following anecdote.'
which. if true. throws into the shade the story
upon. whieh the, opera of the .4 Garza Lsdra".
is founded. M. P had two en:lntel shirt
studs surrounded by a'small fly of buritishc4.l
steel, so beautifully wrought that he fregnentlit
'deceived his friends by feigning to be annoyed
by flies. One of these steels was Init. p
had certain suspiciiins, but fdr want of
proof thiwght prudent to suppress them. The
following year the - fellow stud also disappear.
rd, whereupon the old servant was accused of
theft and disteissed. • Some days after Madame
P. perceived a large:spider's web behind*"
wainscot 4.4 ber apartmeni. cod upon bruehing
it down wnat was her surprise at teeing the tlkn_
missing stude fall Ni th e ground! emit-I:LOKI
spider, deceived by the resenildattee. and di - J1;1;-
11T to have ematit a fly, had hidd e n th e kW s
in its web.- The innocence of the servant be
ing thus proved, she was instantly recalled.
SDIPLIfiVIN " A 1:111 AGE.—The ceremony of
tying the nuptial knut is very much simplified
in the Ilitosier State, as the iol:owing.scene
hat is your name, sir !" •• Matty."—
..W hat is your name, Miss ••pollv:" ••Mattv.
do yoolove Polly t" r ti•, mistake."
do von itive Many I'• —.Well, reckon." Wt . il
"I . pronounce pni man and wife
Ali the jays of VOW' /Ire."
L'et or' a ittl.n.u.—A few days 'invented
of very rapacious thiiielleirlllBl seen float
ing in the Prince's tiiiek. Ott drawing or
rathr;r haulinc it to land it was found to very
tightly stuffed and, wi npening the seam it was
ascertained that the Stuffing consisted .of
putiuds of tea. It is supposed to have drop.
'ped from some fema!e while in the act of ernes:
ing from a Chinese vessel to the quay. It bee
isinee been conveyed to the central pnlieettffiee.
where it lies for the inspection of the 'curious
- in the matters of the kind.