Newspaper Page Text
Towanda, Wednesday, Dee. 17, 1845.
President's illessage,—The 'tariff of
• i .
The crowded state of our columns last emelt. privets-
ted us from noticing this important document as we
wished. Our readers have now had ample opportunity
of examining its details, and forming their own opinion
of its merits. On reviewing the Message with careful
deliberatiOn, we are unable to perceive a point affording
just rause of complaint to an American citizen.
The Teias questioniis no longer debateable. The nr.-
most unanimous expression of the citizens of both coun
tries has made her a part of the U. States, and it only re
mains for the present congress to consummate in form
what is already established in fact. Our claim to Ore
gon, which has, fur the last veer, affesded a fruitful theme
forpolitical animadversion sod vague conjecture, ii ex
plained in the message in so plain and concise a manner
that the most fastidious can no longer harbor a dpbt of
its justice, or that it will be honorably maintained, and
Ultimately, clearly and firmly established. Our foreign
relations are referred to, and presented to Congress, in
patriotic, dignified and truly American manner.
The President's views on the public land question, es
pecially in relation to the graduation of the price will he
approved by all classes.
. On the Tariff question there will be greater diversity
of opinion. It has been the great manufactory of whig
capital for the last two years. Notwithstandingthe pen
ile, in 1844, gave judgment against the whole category
of whig principleB, whig arguments and whig songs;
yet we are well aware that the whig press and the "uni
versal whig, party" will ",let loose their dogs of war" up
on that portion relating to the tariff.
The tariff, the tariff, has been their cry for the last two
years. 'Why ? Because just such a tariff as the one Of
1842 accords with federal doctrines—extruding exclu
sive privileges to the wealthy and powerful while it op
presses and impoverishes the poorer and more humble
classes. The tariff of 1842 is claimed by the Whigs os
their own, their darling child. They are constantly
singing itr.ans in its praise, and endeavoring to force it
upon popular favor by boldly proclaiming it the certain
and only source of protection to domestic industry.—
" Protection tcodornestic indu , try" is a syren song—
words of popular impo-t--and by their constant use the
whig party are trying to blind the eyes of the people to
the ennoimities of the present tariff, and pers. Mate the ex
clusive and unjust privileges it gives to the weathy and
purse-Proud capitalist. That this tariff is unequal and un
just in its details and effect, we behave is universally ad
mitted. It so arranged that a great portion of its burdens
are thrown upon the poorer classes. while it protects ca
pital, and exempts the wealthy from their just proper
tionof the expenses required for the support of the goy.
We cannot illustrate this better than by quoting the
words of the President himself:
" All articles of prime necesssity or of coarse quality
and low price. used by the masses of the people, are, in
many instances, subjected by it to heavy taxes, while ar
ticles of finer quality and higher price, or of luxury,
`which can be used only hy.ihe opulent, are lightly te.: - .ed.
It imposes heavy and unjust burdens on the tanner, the
planter, the commercial man, and those of all other pur
suits except the capitalist who has made his investments
in manufactures. All the great interests of the country,
are not, as nearly as may be practicable, equally protect
ed by it. • • While it protects the capital of the
wealthy manufacturer, and increases his profits, it does
' not benefit the operatives or laborers in his employment,
whose wages have not been increased by it."
President Polk has handled this subject in a masterly
manner. He has divested it of all its gorgeous colors,
with which it hlid been painted by whig politicians and
interested rich capitalists, and holds it up before the Ame
rican people in all its deformity, as a proper subject for
modification and correction His views are those of a
patriot and statesman, anxious for " the greatest good of
the greatest number"—and to secure this he says:
'" In levying a tariff of duties, Congress exeseise the
taxing power, and for purposes of revenue may select
~the objects of taxation. They may exempt certain acne-
let altogether, and permit their importation free of duty.
On others they may impose 'low duties. lit these class
es shot& be embraced such articles of necessity as are in
genera( use, and especially such as are consumed by the
laborer and the poor, as well as by the wealthy citizen.
Care should he taken that all the great interests of the
. country, including manufactures, agriculture, commerce,
navigation, and the mechanic arts, should, as far as may.
be practicable, derive equal advantages from the inciden
tal protection which-a just system of-revenue duties may
atfonl. Taxation, direct or indirect, is a burden, and it
should he so imposed as to operate as equally as may be,
on all classes, in the proportion of theirability to bear it."
We recommend to our readers, to teed the message
over again—to deliberate and weigh imptirtially the pro
positions of President Polk on this subject—and we con
fidently believe they will agree with us in a full and un
qualified approbation of the doctrines set forth'.
We were Vie more highly pleased in perusing this
portion of the message, as every paragraph brought more
clearly to our mind the striking, and we might say the
entire similarity of the views so ably advocated before
the public, and especially the electars of this congression
al district, during the ;Canvass of 1844, by our present
talented Representative, the Hon. DkVID WILMOT.—
Mf. W. was opposed by an open and avowed friend and
advOcate of the tariff of 1842. In as address to the elec
tors of this district by Co 4 D. M. Bull, offering himself
as a candidate for Congress in opposition to Mr. Wilmot,
dated Aug. 17, 1844, he says:
" But fellow citizens, I regret to say that a combination
of free trade demagor ' mes and monopolists does exist to
put down the tariff of 1842."
- Again in the same address he midi; near the close:
"On the broad platform of Polk, Dallas, the Tariff,
and the distribution of the proceedsvpf the public lands
and no state debt, I shall be found advocating these men
and measures with all my feeble energies."
'flat:tether address, dated the 31st of August, 1844, by
the same Col. Bull—standing before the people of this
district as the oppoiing candidate to Mr. Wilmot, he hold;
the following language :
" My personal objection to Mr. Wilmot is of little con
sequence to the public. • • But if you are what our
members of Congress are, in favor of the Tariff of 1842,
so peculiarly identified with Pennsylvania interests affor-,
dine, encouragement to our great staple articles of iron,
coal aral wool, -by which we may have an influi of capi
tal to pay off our state debt and thereby relieve 1114 from
the perpetual intrusions of the tax collectors, then suffer
your humble servant to repeat his caution against nomi
nating a man whom we all know has been denouncing
that favorite measure of Pennsylvania policy, both in
principle and detail."
Against this timeland prudent caution of Mr. Wil
mot's opponent, the County convention composed of six,
ty-four delegates, met and unaninuiusly placed him in
' nomination, a circumstance unparalleled in the political
armada of Bradford County.
Mr. Wilmot having been thus openly assailed by his
opi4ent, backed op by the whig presses in the district,
boldly took the field, itud boldly avowed his sentiments
in".rela*urto the tariff of 1842: His democratic friends
have not (Orgotten the manner in which he set his po.
litical enemies of that day in open debate, nor have they
forgolten the applause that was showered upon him at
the does - oteVery controversy, in approbation of the vic
tories he sclreivcd.
,His arguments were convincing and
his eloquence overpowering. His views on the. tariff
were never withheld. Ilia opponent had placed the is.
sue upon that question, and upon that he was met; and
if there vu any of our readers whose recollection of the
true and faithfill elpadtion he then made, his become in
in an tiny degrie effaced, Weltler theta - ta.the tnesitait .
of President Yolk. We hare sieve; seen amore elect
similarity in the opinions driven.
Such wa6 the manner. in wh i ch the contest. of 1844
ryas waged, and such thespirit in Which it which it trap
met. Now-mark the t iesult:: = '
The tdlicial returns of the votes in this district stand
Bradford, majority 11,r Wilmot, 826
Bupquehanna," " "
A majority in Bradford County greater by five hun
dred than was given to the electoral ticket—and in this
district exceeding . the Presidential mom than reren hun
sueh was the verdict at the hands of the citizens of
this district, in a contest based almost , exclusively upon
the tariff question. Mr. Wilmot advocatiog a tariff fur
revenue, with such reasonable discrimination, in the rates
imposed on the differea"articler, "an to produce in the
aggregate, the amount whith, when added to the 1- 10 "
coeds of sales of public lands may be needed to pay the
economical expenses of the government," and his oppo.
nent " standing upon the broad platform of the Tariff of
We rejoice that ne have a President in James K.
Polk, with moral courage and firmness to meet the evils
inflicted upon the great portion of the people, by this nn
just, partial and oppressive act of Congress, and fearless
ly to recommend that suitable modifications and reduc
tions should be made by the present Congress. And we
more than rejoice that the people of this district have in
the Hon. David Wilmot a champion with the ability and
the will to protect and defend their -interests, and the
President a friend who,e talents, energy and efficiency
will he constantly dewed to the maintenance of the
principles in favor of popular rights, sn fearlessly avowed
and so explicitly illustrated by Jam's K. i'olk.
I radford Counts Court.
TUE-WET, Dee. 3, 1845
COM. tS. JANss P. Stet um.—The defendant was in
diet, d for committing a rope on the person of Miss Jane
Dickinson, en the 29th day of Aptil i 845. On Thu's
day. December 4th, the jury returned a verdict of not
Thrnsn•f, Dec, 4, 1845
Ort.motion of E. W. Baran, E-q., and the producing
of a certificate from the Prothonotary of Bedford Coun
ty, Pa., E. C. Marvin was duly admitted to practice as
an Attorney of the several Courts of Bradford County.
CON. Ts. De.wr ,CAsr. —Christopher Cowell, prose
rotor. The Defendant was indicted .for stealing p rifle
from Christopher Cowell of Duren. The defendant
plead guilty. The Court sentenced him to restore the
article stolen, if not already restored, to the proper
owner. To pay the like amount to the Commonwealth,
and to be confined at hard labor for the space 'of three
months in the jail of Bradford County—and pay the
costs of prosecution.
Cow. vs. OLIVE JOHNSON--SCSAST GATLP, prosecu
tor. The defendant was indicted for committing an as
sault and batten• on Miss Susan Gates on the second
day of June 1845, in Columbia. The prosecutrix tes
tified that she was engaged in teaching school, and that
this offence was committed while she was employed in
doing a sum for the defendant. The defendant in the
first place pleaded not guilty—but after the testimony of
the prosecutrix was given, she withdrew the plea, and
pleaded . guilty. After the defendant had related the
circumstances which led to the commission of the offence,
the Court sentenced her to pay a fine of five dollars to
Commonwealth rind the cost of prosecution.
COM. vs. MATTHIAS H. WALLS, and GEORGE H.
WEits.—The defendants wens indicted for committing
an assault and battery on LiNTE GLINIANT on the
third day of Nov. 1845. Ii seems that Oliphant had
made a lot of shingles on laud which he claimed, of
which Charles F. Wells father of the defendant, had the
legal titls. Oliphant hail loaded the shingles in his
waggon for the purpose of removing them, and the de
fendant commenced unloading them, whed Oliphant
struck one of the defendants with a club. The defend
ants in self-defence struck the prosecutor with an axe.
On Friday Dec. 56, the jury returned a verdict of not
guilty, and that Matthias H. Wells pay the costs of pro
Falai!, Dec, 5, 1845
Coat. vs. ROGER C. COOPEll.—Stephen Stiles prose
cutor. The defendant was indicted for committing an
assault and battery on Stephen Stiles on the first day
of Oct. 1815, at Ridgeberry. The defendant pleaded
not guilty. The facts swornsto, were that Stephan Stiles
went to Seth Gates 'to serve a notice of Arbitration on
Henry Cooper, son of defendant, when dernt without
cause violenty beat said Stiles. After these finished
been sworn to, the dernt withdrew his plea, and plead
guilty. The Court sentenced him to pay a fine of ten
dollars to the Commonwitilth, and the costs of prosecu
Coo. CS. : Groacr. McCnacam—The defendant was
indicted for forgery.' The forgery consisted in inserting
these words "or bearer", in a due bill, drawn by 1.. S.
Washburn, and payable to George McCracken. The
jury returned a verdict of not guilty.
SATO flair, Dec. 6, 1845
DAM BAUDER vs. JAMES Banca.—Thiswas an 11C•
tion in the case for making a false record. ,The facts
proven were, that Barber had a judgement on Brink's
docket of some fifty dollars—that Brink issued notice to
Barber to appear and show cause why the judgment
should not be opened and the dernt let into a defence.
Barber appeared - and offered to enter into an amicable
scira faciaa (as he termed it) the Justice refused, and
.Justice then rendered judgement for
dernt for costs, and Stated on his docketthat it was upon
a hearing of the parties.
The Court charged the jury in substance, that if they
believed the Justice acted wilfully and corruptly in this
matter, he would. be liable ; buts that if they believed
that he made the alteration in his record through igno
rance or mistake, a verdict ought to be rendered in his
favor. That they were not *Ming io try Justices' for
their mistakes, for it was incident to human nature to
err. That this resulted from the imperfection of man,
and consequently, all that could be required of a person
in a judicial station, was that he should discharge his
duties according to the best of his knoweledge and abili
ty. That the Court of common Pleas frequently erred
in their decisions, and that they were set right by the
Supreme Court ; that it was found that even thelSu
preen Court were sometimes wrong in their decision!,
and were afterwards compelled to retrace their steps;
that under an the circumstance?, it was for the jury to
decide, whether Mr. Brink designedly stated what was
no*rue, or whether the fact of Doctor Barber appearing
to take exception, of which there was some evidence;
Might not have been erroneously considered -.by him to
justify the entry which be made. The jury returned a
verdict of no cause of action
Pas. Doc.—Hon.-David Wilmot, and Col. D. 14.
Batt, havo our thanks for copies of the Message. The
Baltimore Sun was one of the first papers rec - gird con
-\ 4 •
A correspondent furnishes us the pardculare of the
sudden death gismo= roan, of Burlingtemit North.
nmberbdid, pi; on the 29th of November IWit.
doreased:wentSdownlfie riser with him* in Nov. lisl e
arufhattruade - st*gentents to boat his lumber from
Noithontberlind to Philadelphia, and while otitis the
boat into thaaiitletioriat that place, the towropethresi
him into the lock., and he was instantaneously, killed.
His remains were brought to his former residence in
Burlington and interred on the 6th of Dec. The friends
of the deceased tender their acknowledgements to Cept.
Elliattiof Not thumberland; for Ids kindness' and care, in
conducting the remains of said deceased to his former
Fine.--The Tavern stand and out-houses of Ira C.
Bullock, in Smithfield townihip, Brad: Co., were con
sumed by fire, on Thursday, the 11 th - day of December,
inst. The fire originated from ashes placed in the wood
shed, and should prove a caution to housekeepers. The
furniture was almost entirely destroyed, and there being
no insurance the loss is considerable.
FORTUNATE Esrart—We learn fmm the Argue,
that the Steam'Engine in the Saw Mill of Edward Over-
ton, Esq., situated some five or six miles west of this
place, burst one day last week, while several hands were
at work in the mill, and yet noone was njuredbytheez
plesion. The escape may be considered fortunate, as
the Case to the Engine was driven with such force as to
split a beam two feet in diameter, directly over the heads
of the workmen.
FATAL AcclncsT.—We learn that an interesting
little daughter of Mr. Francis Baker, of Routh Creek
township, in this county, was killed on Wednesday last,
by a sleigh passing over her body. She was about sev
en years of age.
The " '6usquehanna Register" and " Bradford Ar
pus," seem to fault Mr. Wilmot, the Representative from
this district, for voting in common with Mr. C d. Inger
soll and Several other distinguished democratic meml•:rs
of Congress. for a revival of ;!late rule, which disposed
so summarily of the annual fire-brands of the Northern
Thera has been, we are aware, a greut deal of mock
patriotism and puerile cant expended- upon the subject
of this rule, by some of the Whig allies of the abolition
ists the topic, however, is not exhausted. Will the
" Register" and " Argus"—one, or both of therit---conde
scend to point out its enormities, and enlighten us as to
bte propriety of the term gag-rule, whi eh they have
employed in referring to it 1 If Mr. Wilmot has mis
represented hie district in this particular; or if, before he
is fairly tested on the floor of Congress, he has violated
any of the sacred principles of our excellent Constitu
tion—speak out, and spare him not.
Should a nearer antagonist be more agreeable—we in
dorse this vote of Mr. Wilmot and Mr. Ingersoll, as both
sound in principle, and as according with the views of a
largo majority of their immediate constituents. Shall
we hear from you, gentleman 1 •
. Dn. SALisurny, we are sorry to say, was not suc
cessful! afterhis nomination, for Assistant Sergeant-at-
Arms at Washington. The Democratic nominees for
officers, were defeated from the unwillingnesi of some of
the Senators to make any change in their officers.
.THE TAntre.—in another column may be found an
excellent and ably written article from the West Cheater
Republican upon the Tariff of 1842. Read it by all
PROCEEDINGS or COI:MT.—The report of the Courts
of this County are prepared expressly for the Reporter,
by WILLILY Score, Esq., a young attorney of this
borough. His card will be found in another column.
RITCRIF. & Huss have been elected Printers to the
present Congress. This was due to the long and faith•
ful services of Mr. R.
TUE PROMISED BOON TO FARNERB..--After
waiting three years for the promised benefit of
the tariff of 1842, it is now about to have the
prothetic effect. Patience, the old woman said
was a fine .thing ; and by having patience, the
tariff is now about to benefit the farmers. Our
American tariff has reached Europe at last, and
the drought it has caused in Russia has pro
duced great damage and bad crops; from thence
it entered Hungary, and upwards of million
of inhabitants are threated with famine. The
news from England says, that circumstances
now render it painfully apparent that the Amer
ican tariff has reached us—that supplies of
food must be had from some quarter, and all
eves are turned across the Atlantic; they say,
whatever quantity may comer rom the United
States will find a ready sale, either in this
country or on the continent. The potato orop
has suffered generally- throughout Europe: the
wonder-working tariff, that works by magic,
has had its effects throughout, and rotted a
great paffion of their potatoes ; and the effect
must be high prices for the American farmer's
producr4 and every farmer of this country ought
to be on the alert so as to reap the benefit of
the golden harvest that the tariff of 1842 has
'prepared for him.
Now, every farmer ought to have known,and
did know, if he had allowed himself time to
think that a deficiency of the crops in Europe,
either with or without a tariff, would enhance
the price of the farmer's produce of this coun
try, without the information of stump orators;
for every person that ever hauled a load of
grain to market when prices were low, knows
the cause assigned by millers, that the world
was full of grain, and there was no foreign de
mand: and every farmer oight to know, and
does know, that the prosperity of this country
is at the cost of the farmers of Europe. and
vice versa, and the nation with then]; and it
is needless to turn our eyes. further hack upon
our own history for an evidence, than the fail
ure of the crops in the years 1835 anti 1830,
which bankrupted a large portion Of the people
and nearly all the banks with them ; and Van '
Buren and the democrats had to bear the blame
of the calamity that was brought upon the
country in 1840, and was echoed and re-echo
by whig orators upon every stump from
Georgia to Maine. A FARMER.
LAKE NAVIGATION.—We learn from the
Buffalo papers that the recent cold weather
has had its usual effect upon the Lake naviga
tion, and most of the vessels in commission
are on the point of laying up for the winter
season or have already done so. The same
papers continue to bring us daily additional
accounts of losses sustained by the recent great
CALIFORNIA.—It is sated, there are ten fe
males to one male in California, and many of
the ladies there possesses large landed proper
ties, all improved. These ladies are described
as being beautiful, quite youthful. and exceed
ing -virtuous, but. anxious for good, kind and
.considerate husbands.. We anticipate, after
the facts are generally known, that California
will be taxis. .
Proceedings of the 29th Congress.
_ ECTespondeucal4le Pesusqlranian.]
Wsatiiitartir, Dec. 4. 1845.
=After lomeunimportani husinetis the xelsolu
toms of .Mr. Breese, of (submitted on the
24.) for,the suspension - of the 34th rule, (which
directs that standing Committees shall be.elect
ed by ballot.) and giving to. the President of
the Senate the selection of the committees, was
taken up. and gave rise to a debate, in which
Messrs Mangum, Allen, Breese, and Benton
took a part.
After they had concluded their remarks, the
question was taken on the resolution by calling
the apes and nays—Mr. Mangum haying made
the call—and it was -decided in the negative,
ayes 20: nays 21. The Whigs voted against
the resolution. and Messrs. Benton, Bagby.
Hay wood and Westcott; voting in the nega
The result caused some chagrin among our
Democratic "friendsin the Senate, and it seem
ed to give some satisfaction to the Whigs.
In the house to-day, the resolution for an
equitable assessment of the seats to members
was taken up and adopted. Each member's
place was decided by placing in a box the
name of each member, and the drawing in ro
tation, the first name . drawn out having the
first choice, and so on.
Weems°Torr. D. C.. Dec. B. 1045.
Monday night, 10 oelock.
In the house to-day, after the reading of the
proceedings of Thursday last,tthe announce
ment of the standing committees was made;
the Speaker has exercised a sound discrimina
tion, and from the observations which I have
heard since - the adjournment to-day, the
Speaker has given great satisfaction by the
manner in which he has discharged this im
The next matter of any interest was the con
sideration of an amendment to a resolution sub
mitted last Thursday. which provided for the
printing of several documents and reports from
the heads of departments. The amendment
proposed an additional number of the report of
the Secretary of the Treasury, increasing the
number from 5000 to 20.000. The question
on this amendment was deemed of some con.
sequence, inasmuch as it was supposed that its
decision would indicate either a favorable or
unfavorable estimate by the majority of the
House of the doctrines of the Secretary in re
lation to the tariff. The ayes and bays had
been demanded, and tellers were appointed
to take a count for the purpose of ascertaining
whether the call of the-ayes and nays was sus
tained. The call was sustained, and the ayes
were then given. The amendment was nega
tived—ayes 91, nays 100. The resolution
was then adopted. Some of the members
front Mississippi, who had arrived since last
Thursday, were sworn in ; after which sev
eral reports and communications from the
departments were presented,ordered to be print
ed, and referred. Among the most importan
of the reports are, the'one from the Commis
sioner of Public Lands, and one relating to
Commerce and Navigation, from the Treasury
Department—of the latter 10;000 copies were
ordered to be printed.
A protracted discussion then occurred on
the presentation of the petition and memorial
of Mr. Brockenhrough, of Florida, who con
tests the seat of Mr. Cabell.
The credentials of the folloWing named Sen
ators were presented to-day,' viz:—Messrs.
Pennybacker, of Va., (in the place of Mr.
Rives)—Mr. Berrien, of Ga.. (elected to the
vacancy caused by his own resigation)—Mr.
Dickinson, of N. Y. These gentlemen were
sworn and took their seats. Reports, Sce..
from the State and Treasury departments were
presented and ordered to be printed—of the
important ones extra numbers were ordered.—
The petition and memorial from the Americans
in Oregon to the Congress of the United States
was presented by Mr. Benton, who embraced
the occasion to bestow a merited and hig6'en
comium upon the enterprise, courage and char.
acter of the pioneers to Oregon, and to direct
in his usual forcible manner, the attention of
the Senators to the imperatively duty of shield
ing them from insult and injury from i all quar
ters. The memorial was read and ordered to
be printed. t-
It was expected this morning that the Senate
would today go into an election for Secretary.
Printer, &c., and many were the anxious faces
that were peering about the Senate chamber
apd gallaries a few momenis previous to the
adjournment. The election, however, in the
phrase of the day, did not "come off." On
motion of Mr. Levin, of Ark., the election was
put off to-morrow, and the Senate then adjourn.
WASHINGTON, Di. C. Dec. 9, 1845
Tuestly night, 8 o'clock
When I entered the Senate to-day, I found
the galleries crowded with anxious faces. They
were nearly filled half an hour before the Sena
tors were called to order, by those who felt a
deep interest in the anticipated proceedings of
the day. The excitement in relation to the
election of the Secretary and the other officers,
the printer, and the chairman of the several stand
ing committees, had continued to grow more in
tense since the first caucus of the Democratic
Senators, at which Judge Sturges, of Georgia.
had been nominated for Secretary, and the ar
rangement made by the Whigs at their caucus,
by which Mr. Dickens was to be supported for
the same office. Mr. Dickens was elected on
the first ballot by 25 votes-22 of which were
given by Whigs and 3 by Democrats—Messrs
Bagby, Benton, and Haywood. Judge Sturges
received 24 votes—all given by pemocrats.
The Senate proceeded to the order of the day,
which was the election of its officers and chair
men of committees. After the Vote for Secreta
ry was announced, a motion was made to elect
the Sergeant•at-Arms viva voce ; this was pro
nounced to be out of order by the President, as a:
standing rule required efOctions by the Senate to
be by ballot. Mr. Haywood expressed a wish
to suspend the rule, but made no motion to that
effect, and the pages proceeded to collect the
ballots. On the count, Mr. Beales had received
40, Mr. Cole 4, Mr. Dade 1, and there was one
blank. Mr.B. was the nominee olboth parties at
their caucuses. The ballots were then given for
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms and doorkeeper(one
office) and resulted in no choice, no candidate
receiving a majority—the vote was, Mr: Salis
bury (the Democratic nominee) 24 ; Mr. Young,
19 ; Mr. Randolph, 3 ; -Mr. Holland. 1.; Mr.
Stetinus, I :and Me. Chubb, 1,-49 in all. The
second balloting was as follows :—Salisbury 24,
Young, 62; Holland, 3-49 votes and no choice.
Fourth balkating—Holland, 25 ; Salisbury. 224'
Riell, 1 ; Pease, 1-49 votes, of which Hot;
land received a majority, and was declared duly
LET TUE= DE FAIR AND JUT PROTECTION TO
OREiT, /INTERESTS OP' TEE. WHOLE
•The remarks which we made on this subject,-
are construed. bro ur neighbor of the Record,
into 4! an attack upon the Tiriff;" but h e i s
very tareful to cone eat from his readers, - what
we did say, nod also not to attempt to answer
the objections which we suggested to certain
provisions of the pre-sent Tariff.
One would suppose from the Record, that
we had assailed the tariff law of '42. through
out, and had urged that it be repealed, in into,
and FREE TRADE substituted in its place. This
is a great, mistake, and therein, the Record
grossly misrepresents us and does us palpable
injustice. We are free, however, to admit that
we did point out some of the features of the
tariff of '42. which are at variance with justice
and sound policy, authorizing as they do, un
equal taxation, and snaking discriminations
against the poor in favor of the rich, and against
the agriculturalist. in favor of the manufactur
er; and we did advise that this unjust inequal
ity and these unjust discriminations should be
corrected. Can there be anything wrong or cen
surable in this ? Will it be said that a law
thus imperfect, and partial in its benefits, shall
not be remoddelled or , amended, so as to do
equal justice, as near as possible, between all
the great interests of the country ? Are the
iniquities which the present Tariff inflicts upon
Agriculture and Commerce. to be „continued.
because it permits a few to clear their ten and
twenty thousand dollars annually, and to rea
lize from'2o to 40 per cent upon their invest
ments, while others cannot make over fire
per cent, and many have difficulty in securing
more than a bare livelihood for themselves and
families l We cannot so think ; but, because
such is our opinion. it does not follow that we
are opposed to a just and equitable Tariff,
whose benefits would fall alike upon the Farm
ing. Mechanic. Manufacturing and Cotumer
cial interests of the Country.
That the present Tariff is not a just an,d per
fect law, we have the opinions of many who
voted for it. Even Senator SIMMONS. Whig,
Of Rhode Island. admitted its imperfections.
and said that the duty of removing them must
be left to some subsequent Congress. So sen
sible was Senator MERRICK. W hig. of Mary land
of the defects of the bill, that he moved an ad
ditional section to limit its operation two rears.
in order, as he said to give to the next Con
gress an opportunity to deliberate nine long
months on the subject, and to readjust and ar
range it on proper principles." Senator BUCH
ANAN, altho he voted for the bill, spoke of its
extravagant features, and said lie would " look
with hope to better times for the adjustment of
the Tariff on a scale more consonant with all
the great and various interests of the Union."
Senator Wirioni, who also voted -for the
hill, admitted it to be " had and loaded with
Now, it certainly cannot be treason to the
country. or to the mass .of the people, to favor
the reconsideration of such a law. If one class
IS PROTECTED at the expense of all others. it
cannot be wrong, to advocate the claims of
those others to EQUAL PROTECTION. If the
law taxes more heavily, those articles which
are consumed by the poor, than it does those
consumed by the rich, it certainly cannot be
wrong to advocate the removal of such inequa
if the law favors the Manufacturer, at the
sacrifice of the interests of the farmer, it can
not be very wrong to advocate the propriety
of discontinuing such injustice. •
But it is intimated that the present Tariff has
done great thing for the country ; and the
Shoemaker, the Hatter and Tailor, of West
Chester, are said to . be objects of its favor..
How ? We are not /Ware that either of,
these branches of industry, is 'doing ally
better, here, than it did" before the passage of
the present Tariff. The fact is, our Shoemak
ers, Hatters and Tailors are being under-work
ed, and undersold, and their interests depress
ed. by the boots and shoes, hats and caps, and
clothing, manufactured in the East, by large
monopoply establishment', and prought here
by our Merchants and others, and sold at low
er prices than our own mechanics can afford
to make them. Aginst this evil, they have
no remedy: no Tariff, however high, can re
lieve them from this competition; and, there;
fore, as consumers, in common with other me
chanics, and the farmers and laborers, they are
interested in having such tariff laws as will
operate EQUALLY AND FAIRLY upon ALL classes,
and as between the varioos interests •of the
country. They cannot desire that , .artieles us.
ed by those in low or moderate circumstances,
should be taxed at litgher rates than those used
or worn by the wealthy. They cannot desire
that our laws should favor a few, so as to en
able them to make fortunes in one or two years
while the many are compelled to toil and
economize . year after year, for many years, in
order to acquire a competence or independ
Again, it is said that prices of manufactured
articles are lower now than they were in '35.
No doubt of it; and they were lower in '35,
than they were in '3O under the high Tariff of
'2B. W hat of all this ? The secret of this
reduction, unless there has been a considerable
variation in the currency of the country, will
be found in the improvements in machinery,
by which those articles can be produced more
rapidly and with less labor and expense, than
at the preceding dates. But this reduction of
price and these impulwements in machinery.
are not confined to. our Country. They take
place ih Europe. as extensively as here; and
if we could he simple enough to believe the re
duction of price of Carpeting, in this Country,
was owing to the tariff of '42, we . might be
simple enough to attribute a like reduction of
the same article, in Europe, to the same cause;
and thus we would have our Tariff reducing
prices in England as well.as,tn the United
States! An absurdity too palp‘ble to require
Whether the present advance in he price of
grain and flour, is owing to the Tariff of '42,
has not yet been decided by the advocates of a
high and partial Tariff. They would doubt
less attribute it to that cause, did they suppose
the Farmers were ignorant enough to believe
them. What a pity tt is that grain hasedvanc
ed some 30 cents per bushel. within three
months, and the cause of that rise cannot be
traced to the Tariff of '42. The farmers whose
wool, whose flax seed,' whose hides, and oth
er productions, are ton PROTECTED by the Ta.
riff of '42. but sacrified by that act, to the in
terests of the Manufacturers, are now making
a little money, getting pretty good prices for
their grain, not by reason of that Tariff, but be
cause Of FOREIGN DEMAND. Take away that
demand, cut off our farmers from this foreign
market, and grain and -flour would instantly
fall far, below what they were before-the Ta
riff of '42.
That the farming' interests dour co t' ,;
might be favored by a just Tariff, e annot i Z,
doubted; aod,that they ought to be pro equally with any other interest, we
*BO contendi But that protection is net 4
forded by the present Tariff; It taxes 14 4
almost everything that he uses or Wears l et
the purpose of protecting the manafasto th ti
and whibihe raises grain largely beyead
domestic consumption of the country, he i s ,„, I
encouraged to lessen his grain crops, by d e rv;
ing portions of his land to, other parpo se ,,
More than a million of dollars worth of for t i,,
wool was imported into this country d tit i",
the past year. If the farmer had been preQ,
ed by the present Tariff, against that, to tEe
same extent as the manufacturer of wo o k,
goods is protected against foreign competi l ,,, ,
it would have encouraged him to raise w ed
instead of grain. But the Tariff does note )
this. The high protection given to the M an ,
facturer, is not extended to the tamer , 1 04
it protects the former at the rate of 40 percent,
it grants the latter a protection of only sp t
cent !—Similar injustice, as between the sax
ufarturer and farmer, is practiced, in relatiei
to flax, hides and other articles.
, But, we have not time to pursue this sutje el
further at present, and will conclOde by mk t
that we are in favor of the prosperity of Nit
own Town, County. State and Country, and
the citizens and business of each, above an d
before any other Town, County, State o r
Country, and the citizens and .business then.
of; and will always advocate and defend wei
just and equal laws as tend to promote thee
prosperity ; and in the language of Presided:
Polk, we " hold it to be the duty of mere
ment to extend as far as practicable, by item.
enue laws, and all other means within its pos
er, fair and juit protection to ALL the, grey
interests of the whole Union. embracing 4 gr .
culture, Manufacturers, Mechanic arts, Cox
merce and Navigation." If the present Ted
_does afford this protection to ALL the great le
terests of the whole Union. it ought to bead.
hered to and maintained ; hut if it only proteni
a few, and leaves others unprotected, it emi ,
ly ought to be amended in such away as to di
equal justice to those others, and thus be made
just and impartial as to ALL. No fair mike,:
man—no one governed by truly patriotic for.
loos and considerations., can object to this...
11 - e6l Cheater Republican.
A DISTRESSIN9 CASE.—Some three or 10:r
weeks since, an insane German Woman 24::
twenty-two or twenty-three Years of age, os
sent to the Blockley Alehouse from the on
ly of Huntingdon. under very distressingcc.
cn instances. It appears from the letters Mill
Directors of the Pcor of that County, that 6
was left there by a party of German emigract
entirely destitute, and with no one to take cal
of her, or who even knew her. They elated thr,
she came on board of the ship apparently ca
accompanied by any one, and unknown to
that shortly after the vessel sailed, indication
of insanity appeared. which increased dunor,
the voyage an/journey over the mountains, to.
tit their arriyal at Huntingdon. when her can
duct took such a form of frenzy, that the coin.
party to,dhich she had attached herself call
no fonder take care of her, and were obliged to
leave her as above stated. Who or what the
is. or why she left her home alone, she will
not tell. We trust some of our German socie
ties will look into the matter, and see if the
cannot be returned to her friends again. Ina
a case that peculiarly claims the attention of
THE LATE. HENRY MUHLENBERE.-Mt
Strecker, Ridge road above Buttonwood street
has just completed a beautiful monument,
be erected at Reading, to the memory of this
citizen and statesman. The style is Grecian,
and the ornaments rich and chaste.
wreath and funeral torch, elaborately tarvel!.
enrich two sides of the shaft, whilst on the
others are recorded the sterling virtues and
many abilities of the deceased. The shafts
crowned with a cap, ornamented with the rich.
est scrolls and foliage, and the whole appro
priately surmounted by a highly finished hit
glass. The monument is about eleven feet
high, and was designed and executed by Mt.
Strecker, and is en his best style. It will bt,
moved to Reading early this week, to be ply,
ed over the remains of the lamented patnot
and distinguished citizen.—Pennsylvanian.
SOUTH CAROLINA SENATOR. -The
JOHN C. CALHOUN Was, on Wednesday last
by the nearly unanimous voice of the Legislr
of South Carolina, (which met in annual es
sion on Monday.) elected a Senator troth 11,2:
State to supply a vacancy in the United Stasis
Senate occasioned by the resignation of It!
Hon. DANIEL E. DroEn, which was transm•
ted to the Legislature on the day previous.
NEW HAMPSIIIRE ELEcTiox.--AnotTier
to elect a Representative to Congress in phre
of John P. Hale, took place last Saturday, and
resulted in no choice. In forty-nine tonw.
Woodbury, the regularly nominated Democrat.
ic candidate. gains 345, and loses 762 votes.—
Net loss, 417.
FIFTY EDITORS sat down to supper at Mem•
phis after the adjournment of the great COD.
vention. Politics were forgotten for the time
in a discussion: far wore pleasing, of thew
rions contents of the festive board. Full jut-
tice must have been done to these subjects, for
we see that the party adjourned at sunrise.
THE COAL *TRADE.—From•tne "*,
region there were sent last week 20,732 tons
of goal. The whole amount this season is
1,635,107 tons. Fibm the Mauch Chunk 're•
gion there have been sent 421,078 tons damn;
AN IMPORTANT LETTER.-PLEASE READ
The following letter from Dr. Brigham, of
MOM., but speaks the uniform language of bundled' Cl
other Physichins r who have tried, and therefore knor
how to appreciate Jayne's Expectorant.
Lowaaa, Masa. Jan. 27, 1844
Dr. David Jayne
Dear Sir—l have used your medicine, (so univenal
ly know by the name of favia's Exesc•ronssi)kr
practice for a number otyears, and can most truly
that I have been more successful in the use •of that a
mild, safe and thorough &tract. oneyr, than of aoy raid'
I have ever used. It is tho best for the following obu•
ous reasons. It does not if given to proper doses, o ' o '
sion a disagreeable nausea. It does not weaken the lie
and prostrate the system, like most other Expecte/0'
in common use, nor does it abate the appetite clam Pf
tient, like other nauseating- medicines, which:bee bto
used by the faculty. In-a word it is nearly or gulls t
thing which has been sought for by many of the (seal
for ages gone by. I remain, your's, 4ke,
LUTHER BRIGHAM, H.P.
Prepared only at N. 8 Sciuth Third street, Philial
phia. Sold by A. D.Moirrorre, Towanda.