Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, June 25, 1845, Image 2

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To anda, Wednesday, June tot 140.
North Brooch Canal.,;
The books for nerivinz sultseniptionli. toltr stoitk of
his Canal, wete opened agreeably to notice, on the 17th
inst. at *nes-Baur ; when the whole amount of the
dollen eoch--wu subreribrii in Ira than six hours!
This intelligence will:be highly gratifying to all who
feel in interat in the permanent provenly of 'Northern
Pennsylvania. The bright hake which the commence
, ment of this work had shed upon our future prospects—
andyrldeb for , a shoe bive been clouded by the doubts and
difficulties attending the flies! embarrawnients Of the
• state—nem once more about to be realized. ' We shalt
soon, no longer be regarded as denizens of a remote and
benighted region—but join hands as neighbors, Red be
placed upon an, equal footier:--so fir es the advantages
of a reedy market and the facilities of transportation are
noacen3ed—with the most &lend portions of our own
State, and of our prosperous neighbor, 'New York. Out
mines of coal and iron 7 -our , forests of timber, and our
. fertile grain arid, grazing lands, will now be fairly opened
to the plastic hand of industry, and the generous struggles
of enterprise.
."-Eight hundred and sixty thourond dollars of the stock
was taken by a number of intelligent and wealthy capi
talists of New York city; about one hundred thousand
dollars by Philidelphians';--the remaituler was subscribed
by residents on the line of the canal. One dollar per
share was paid upon each share at the time of subscrib
ing, agreeably to the Act, of Assembly; and the charter
hts probably, ere this, been Issued by Governor Shank.
A meeting of the Stockholders will be called in a few
weeks, fOr the purpose of electing officers, and organizing
the Company. It is:untirreb?od the work will be pushed
00111 y forward, ts soon, as a charter can be obtained
Suedes Ligishattre of New York, to enable the canal
to be connected with, the, works of that state. If this
should be done nest winter—and ! we .cannot imagine
then: will be the slightest difficulty-in' the care--.we may
look for the busy note of preparation to be sounded along
the line, as *omits the ensuing summer.
We have been asked—is this subscription to the stock
of the North Branch Canal Company, bonadfd, e Will
the work pp on ? We ay;: is—to both of these inqui
ries. Let my one who doubts take up with us the map
of the country,. Begin at New York city Jersey city is
en theoppwite side anima river, and there commences
the Morris Canal. Pursuing a tiro:thous route through
the Bergen menthes; it crosses the Hackensack and Pas
saic rivers, and enters, the thriving city of Newark. On
ward, in a coarse nearly North, poniug the village of
Bloomfield, it reaches the extensive manufacturing vil
lage of Paterson. • Onward still—it arrives at the Little
Falls of the Passaic, and crossing that _river at Power
vale, it enters and traversal the valley of the Rockaway,
and at length data to its summit level, twu miles North
welt from Dzakeiville, at Hopatcong pond. Thence his
traced along the Musumetcong river to near the Ando.
TIC Ironworks, where it eroama that stream : and pass
ing on by Backetstown, Beatystown, Mansfield, Broad
way and'New Village,'it'reachea finally, the Delaware at'
Phillipsburg opposite Easton. NVhole distance-101
The Morris Canal Company has recently been re-or-
ganized; and now numbers amongst its principal stock
hokiera some of du-wealthiest, most sagacious and enter
prising Capitalists in the 'Union. The canal has been
improved and its capacity greatly increased. Jr will be
opened for business again, we are informed, in a few
But to the map once more: cross . the Delaware at
Easton ; op the valley of the Lehigh—on, through the
Great Blue Mountain, into the coal region at Mauch
Chunk, which is 45 miles from Easton. Thence through
'the magnificent locks of the Lehigh Navigation Compa
ny, and through scenery of mountain, rock, and river,
unsurpassed for sublimity and beauty—we much White's
Haven, 24 miles from Mauch Chunk-70 from Easton.
Here we find the Lehigh and Elusqueninna
constructed by the Lehigh Navigation Company—run
ning over to Wilkes-Barre, in the classic vale of Wyo.
Nay—no cavilling about the transhipment. It is
constructed with Iron T rail, and will carry over loaded
boats as well as the Portage rail-way on the Allegheny,
which is 17 miles longer and has seven inclined planes
more than this; and was not, ea is the case here, design
ed and constructed for the very purpose of conveying
boats with their cargoes. Speaking of this rail-way and
route, reminds us to remark in this place, that no one
need be surprised at seeing transportation lines formed
and goods shipped from New York city through this
mate to-Wilkes-Barre--down the North Branch canal
to the Juniata, and onto Pittsburg. It is some seven or
eight nines shorter distance than by Philadelphia and
Harrisburg. We have always told the Philadelphians
that the North Branch would yet be a part of the Main
Line ! ••
Once more en route from Wilkes-Barre up the North
Branch of the Susquehanna—running eight miles through
the richest coal field in the world—pass the mouth of the
fine valley of the Lackawanna--crassthe Tunkhannock,
which drains two thirds of the fertile table lands of Sus
qnehanna county—upward stilt—over the Mestioppen,
Tuscarora and Wyelasing, which drain the remainder
of Susquehanna and the North Eastern section of Wyo.
ming corroder. Cross the pretty valley of Wessukine,'
and we reach Towanda. Here, with your leave, reader—,
we rest; Le a brief eziunion. •
Observe at this point, Towanda and' 'Sugar Creek,
within a mile of each other—(the siDtage conveniently
di:poles' lin the', distaece)flOwing to the river: On the
Carbon branch ' of the Towanda, are large depositor of
iron pre and. bituminous coal, in the midst of forests of
egcellein tiotber— . .not: more than fifteen' miles from the
line of canal: .on.Siagar creek too, end its tributaries
are Mumma resolute; in lumber: and the valley extends
far up into a culdwitedand prosperous legion.
We again mama our progress: up the Susquehanna
tO Athens and the Northern boundary line • of the state;
the= along the knife valley of the Chemung, and we
finally reach Elmira, where the Chemang Canal opens;
beinewatlmsughruiesof navigation already convicted—.
Mead& Werierri tll Or, if yens' prekr the Metre
:.:-Swe'odisinue:frixo Athens up the North Branch of the
Siiiquelainiardle with the New Tcols'and Erie rail
way, wear the , state bac 3r —thence on to Owegd, where
we have the Ithaca and 0 wegO railway at our Service,
;Ton which to teach the Cay uga lake. From Ckiego to
Bingtenewn by the river 2s. m ilea ad we Connect with
the Chatuago.canal. trod supply, Utica and the salt ail
hams alonwarith 40,000 tows of Cal I per annum.
... The Nonlkllrstab Canal CompauYs works will ex
tend in Pennsylvania from the m 00.% of snionsares
rinrek...hur wpm below Wilkes-Barre, to the state Lae
wear Athens—say. UM miles. They =murk's', according
to the lair of 1842, and the savant supplements:
. siw i p kke this genuine al Indian . name ssi munia the
last—that, we , repudiate now and' forever. es far a► pos.
the hash, mewdziglescterm 1E ymx.—
And we trust the intenignsis citisene of the platw—u we
know many of them are &posed 'to unite in
this Wimp, doe alikerto *hoop and antiquity.' We
maim is the true name. .
1. Fifteen miles of finished canal now in use, from
Solomon's creek, four miles below Wilkesaineto Vats-
Orland . * 114 faider,f .srlddi,' in
1842, over $lO.OOO in 14415_ was takes. This potties;
cast the state $055,000. _ - •
2. 'What is termed the Tlinkizannoek Line, on which
has titan expended *1;121065 19. Thirteen mike Co:
this portion have teen finished: This line extends from
Pittston to the Wyalming creek, sttptour Miles and
nineteen chains.
3. Tt /Iva Line, from the Wyelosing creek to the
village of Athens, thirty-five-miles. Cost,so far,51,222,
OIL 19, Thirty sections—about twenty miles—on thii
line are finisked ; one or two of the lockscomplete, with
the necessary buildings; and all the. remaindci of the
line in a great state of forwardness. So, also,. on the
Tunkbennock line,• the heavy portion of the work has
belt) at least hat done. The estimate of the State Ea-
gineer makes $215,656 08 necessary to complete the
Tinge line; and $1,015,599 95 to finish the Tunkhan.
not* lire.' It is now supposed that $1,000,000 econo
mically expended—dispensing in some places with the
costly cut stone work, will complete the whole work
-105 miles in length. •
This will be all the Company will have to pay for it.
No other canal or railway can be laid in the valley of the
Susquehanna—and the state has no righvo resume the
work until 1855, when it ...rust repay the Company what
it nest to complete it, and seven per cent. interest—cle
dAing dividends declared. •
From Wilkes-Barre to Elmira is about 115 miles ;
this distance added to those of the Lehigh improvements
and Morris canal, make 335 miles from Elmira to New
York city—with a short portage on the way, upon which
as we have wen, no transhipment will be requisite. This
unfinished North Branch Canal is the only link wanting
to connect Northern Pennsylvania and all the fertile re,
gion of Western New York, with the three great cone
meicial cities of the Union—Philadelphia, New York
and Baltimore ! From Elmira to New York city by this
route, the distance is before stated, is 335 miles. Be.
tween the same places, by way of the Erie canal—the
route now pursued—it is 444 miles.. Even the Monte-
soma salt villages on the Erie canal, will be as near to
Philadelphia by this mute, as they now are to New York
through the existing improvements!
`Then look at the immense country to be supplied in
this way, with coal and iron, in one direction, and salt,
lumber and plainer in another! Not many years will
have elapsed, before half a million tons of coal will, every
year, find a Western market through our improvements.
In England, the consumption of coal now more than
averages a ton to each individual inhabitant. How many
millions of inhabitants are there in the cities and villages
of the great country embraced in the view we have taken.
We firmly believe that dui tolls from coal alone, will pay
the cost of finishing the canal, every three years alter it
is completed, and in full operation.
But enough—and more than enough on this subject.
Why repeat again the fasts and arguments we have for
years been urging in behalf of this improvement! We
have no time to orpareto refute croakingsnow. The work
has fallen into the hands of far-sighted, enterprising men;
and it will go on. Even should they hesitate—its im
mense advantages will be seen by others. Nothing now,
save a foreign war, or some great national revulsion, can
even delay it. The North Branch canal, we say again,
wil: be completed, and that within two or three years at
the extent. These are the honest convictionsof one who
hat never faltered in his faith on this subject; and who,
with others in a like spirit, and pledged to the same re
sult, never has relaxed, and never will rest their exer
tions, until the desirable end is accomplished.
Affairs of State—Tem Negotiation.
The quiet„ elevated and statesmen-like mode .of con
ducting our public affairs adopted by the present national
administration, offers a striking contrast to the course
pursued by that of John Tyler. It was exceedingly
creditable in a national point of view, and every way
humiliating to an American citizen, to observe the faeill
ty with which certain presses—not distinguished for
either integrity or ability—acquired information of the
views and movements of the Executive in regard to mat
ters of state.
There was often a pititnl, eringspirit manifested
in communicating ,in advance with these minions of
Executive favor; so as to afford them an advantage over
other, infinitely their superiors in influence, ability and
every proper quality of a free press. Nothing of this
kind has yet been seen in reference to the present ad
ministration. The important anti delicate negotiations,
past and in progress, were and are conducted apparently
under a proper sense of what belongs to elevated diploma
cy ;—conducted in fact, just as we should expect men of
the ability and experience of President Polk and Secreta
ry Buchanan, would carry out the purposes and mea
sures of their administration.
The Philadelphia Ledger of the' 12th instant, struck
with the contrast we hare referred to, and laughing at the
blunders of certain of its cotemporaries, in the statements
they have put forth from time to time on the subject of
the Texas negotiation, remarks:
" In all this Texas business, the Federal Executive
have understood themselves and their opponents; their
own duties, their own position. ,whey have been per
fectly aware of all the Mexican, English and even French
machinations which have been used for preventing an
nexation, and of public opinion in Texas upon that
sure. They well knew that every citizen of Texas born
in the United States was desirous of returning to our
confederacy,'aull they had no reason for supposing that
the German or Irish immigrants, who had sought the
Americin shores for . freedom , and a better condition,
would prefer Mexican, French or English to American
rule. They therefore knew that whatever the govern
ment of Texas might wish or attempt in relation M en
.fiezation, the people had but one wish, and would toler
ate but one step on the subject. And they fully com
prehended all the movements of the European agents in
Texas, and knew exactly how to counteract them. And
they understood much better than any journalist in New
York, the warlike demonstrations of Britain, and the best
mode of rendering them unavailing; and instead of being
long blind to imminent dangers, they have been engaged,
as the possessors of authentic information" now ndurit,
in preparing for rieteimined and vigorous resittance.--
And what is and will be the results t The 'faxen quer
tion, instead of being " more complicated," is plainerthaa
ever; Texas will be annexed without the slightest
France will not openly complain, but Will secretly,
if not openly,-rejoice, and Britain will not be mad enough
to plunge into a war that will terminate in her ruin:—
Those who !suppose !fiat our Federal Executive and high
officers are idle, or blind to their position, because they,
do not proclaim alltheir Movements to every manufactur
er of "tremendous evAtamenta" for the daily market, of
New York, have yet much to learn."
A Goon'Saatito:—The following, thnogt, it does not
apply with mush ..furce in this latitude is, nevertheless,
the truth:
priming office a place to loaf at. Ha!--What
an idea It is something like making a hen roost of a
candy shop, at a pig pen of a handsomely furnished par
lor." •
Mama IT Rax.—OaThwaday, Ilth inst." l ehimk
go, died of delirium imam, Xxxiss!L Vaassriou.
aged 29 yam.
Death of Gem Andrew 31101.1011.
- The Old -liesfOlee- 84ettell t gfe► Se Tired
0A opoolo Ehistiley, the Bth inst., hslite 79, yeii
of 6.a akiS, Hifiiiit4on the mooring:thatte6
rscosiiiiikesid lingered 061 6 o'clock, Oen .Aar hew,
sitrectisnatelesse of his fatO il i thendi:
c iplityM:as I_l .! perliv . it a christian
There bad been much reason to anticipate the decease
of the Statesman and Sage, and the nation were hourly
rtpeeting it; but when . it came; all were ready-to pay
the tribute of respect to hie memory. Never before'was
there such a general and spontaneous 'grief ''mrmifested
for the passing away duty of our great moots hoe been
produced by the news of the death of Gan. JACI.IIOE.
And to no man does our nation owe a deeper debt of
gratittnl& His bravery and fortitude while leading the
armies of hit country ; his devotion to her rights and in
terests, and his firmness in the most trying hours, have
have been the leading causes of producing for him such
a wide and tutbostafed popularity as he - enjoyed.
We could have wished for a more extended notice of
this great man, but our space this Week forbids it.
A Scrap from History.
Every one knows that the chief improvement in the
science of Arithmetic, is the modem system of notation,
the adoption of what are generally termed Arabic nume
rals. But every one probably does not know, to whom
Europe, was first indebted for the introduction of this
great improvement ; and hence we venture to recall the
fact in this form, that it was one of the Roman Pontiffs.
We enure our Native American friends that we have
impolitical object in view in this present writing, and
in thus rendering "unto Cesar the things which are
The immense influence which the adoption of these
numerals and the decimal system, must have had on the
progress; of science and civilization, will be ntorereadily
comprehended, if we reflect upon the enormous difficulty
which must have attended the Greek and Roman modes
of notation, when employed in arithmetical calculations.,
far the purposes of life: Try, reader—if you do not eta
glance perceive it—a sum in simple addition, wing the
Roman numeral*. An& then, to keep a book account in
the same way !—We should infinitely prefer the mode
practised by an illiterate shop-keeper we once beard of
who piduned every article in the way of charging to his
different customers—even though we might now and
then, as he did, mistake a cheese for a grirul-s4e, on
looking over for the purpose of i settlement. BuZ;Ve are
keeping his Holiness in wining; and must return to our
history: • • -
Sib/ester 11. who was elevated to the Holy see near
the close of the tenth century, is the Pontiff to whom we
refer! iris early bluely is curious and interesting, as giv
en by 'Sismondi and others. His original name was Ger
hem and in several particulars, he was one of the moat ex
traordinary personages of the middle age. Hearts edu
cated principally, in Catalonia in Spain, then a put of
the Carlovignian empire—where literature was more cul
tivated than in his native country, Fran ; both because
it was undisturbed by Norman broils, and because it en
joyed the advantage of a free intercourse with the learn
ed Mahometans in the southern provinces of the Penin
From some of these eastern savans, be probably den.
red the mathematical knowledge evinced in his workmen
Arithmetic and Geometry, which are still extant. In
his subsequent towels he founded a large library, & seems
to havetilwen the most celebrated book-collector of the
tenth century. For some yeambefore the death of Lou
is V., which terminated the Carlovignian succession—
he acted as Secretary to the Archbishop of Rhiems, and
appears to have had much to do with the correspondence
of most of the great persons of France at that period.—
His 'sagacity in discovgring which party was likely
to be successful at the eventful epoch, that wit
nessed the 'commencement of the Capet dynasty, was at
tended with its usual consequences; Re obtained the
the See of Ravenna, and soon after, the dignity of Su
preme Pontiff under the title of &lamer 11.
If Herbert really introduced the great improvement to
which we have referred, it is certain it must have been
unintelligible to most of his cotemporaries; and it is pro
bable that its use would be rejected by the indolence and
prejudice of the few who were capable of comprehending
it. We may be almost assured it was even undervalued
by himself, in his eager pursuit after honor and power,
and amidst the important revolutions in which he per.
formed a considerable part 4
How different is the estimate of posterity ! Few, but
those who are curious on the subject of history, know
aught of the Pontificate of Silvester U. The events of
time are daily receding further from the eye, and they
are ;heady hid from most observer", by the interest of
succeeding revolutions. Even the extinction of the roy
al family of the great Charlemagne, and the elevation of
the Capets, are already dwindled into objects of cold ca
riosity, which no longer interest the feelings of mankind.
Hut the introduction of an improvement in science or
useful arts, is rewarded by a fame which is often incress:
etl by time. The political events of those days, which
are not described by great writers, soon vanish from the
minds of men. Whilst men like those who bestowed
upon us the Arabic numerals, and, the blessed art of
printing, will be celebrated as tong as the world endures,
by all those who enjoy the benefits of these admirable in
ventions. Even their disputed claims will be studied
with unabated interest in the different ages. Away with
the empty rewards and transitory Woe of political ser
vice. The renown of deeds which affect only the for
tunes of a state is limited. The gloiy of inventions and
discoveries, which aid the general progress of the whole
human race, is alone secure from decay.
• Hisloire de Francais, 1821.—tEdinbuirglRev., 184.1
Fr as at baits.—.A destructive fire occurred atltha.
ea on the morning of Monday, 10th but., commencing
in the stables of the Franklin House, destroying thirteen
buildings and injuring others. The loss is estimated at
about $12,000; portly covered by insurance.
Six valuable horses were burnt to death in the stables
where the fire caught.
The fire wee doubtless the work of an incendiary, se
at the same time a fire wu kindled in a plough !limp in
the rear of the Ithaca Hotel, and tear the (masa of V.
Conrad, but it was fortunately discovered and extinguish.
ed without material damage. Had thisiast been walk.
covered foii abort time, it would probably, owl, g to r
strong southeast wind prevailing at the, time; have swept
a great portion, if not the entire village lying west and
northwest of that point.
Three young men, named Holley, .coon, and Wilson,
have bean arrested Ind lodged in jail, on. yuspicion. of
being the incendiaries. . . :
Lan) 13arna.- 7 A land elide, carping cff sixty acres
of land, occurred bn the :341 hut. at Hudson, N. Y 'ln
its passage it crossed the Rintdont dream, literally clear
ing the bed of all detractions, and depositing its contents
to the height of about. fifteen feet in the bed of the stream
for about 160 yards, forming a dam at one dukscross
the whole stream, impenions as masonry could make . It.
Tqa Ovvraci Gszsewa,--We bear that brotherßas r
es, satires from the Owega Cliwetie,Vo' be succeeded by
Mr. Pearsall, lately siren Alabliptilf*Per; Wet" lhal
this astride will hue "Wed cfbeidinitheari
'fartinnite division in, the democratic reake dragCo3p
t •
•' Ours no Printer Anythink.”
De#t.llesd it ' thal4bile mes is in debt,
strai;bettioipiaci, and
the ides oqour ewietft . esti give yon a „heti*
'shock, mbebly t thOratianet of a gill...Anis battery.
That ill the joys life *ill he es insipid es botteopiobio
soup, eoutikity* of ode stood stone, to forty-two fodloas
Now, if this be, the dreadful effects of promiscuous
debts, how hunentoWe must be the condition of that cur
fottunate individual who has allowed his newspaper bill
to go Unpaid' and if in debt to the Printer. I pity the
Printer," says Hnele.Toby, and the benevolence of his
-heart was not misdirected. Still ho ought also to have
included their subscribers. For the printer
when be (tops awhile in his toil to think of debts, duns
and delinquents . feels i Consciousness of rectitude diffu•
sing itself through his frame, and lighting op histadden•
ed heart. But the aubeiriber!Doeshe think of the injus
tiro he has been guilty of, in receiving, week after week,
the gladly welcomed paper, freighted with information
from every quarter,- . -with but a passing thought of the
Printer and a half formed, self condemning resolution to
pay him up,—like the rest of human resolves, (alas four
nature) made only to be broken. If he is fully aware of
the injustice—nay, the sin-. his course, he is much
more to be pitied than the neglected Printer.- The up-
braiding of a self accusing conscience, the consciousness
of weekly doing wrong, preys upon his mind and rem.
den his days unhappy, and troubles his. sleep o'night„ ,,
How much more is be to be pitied than the Printer !
Reader, do you find something resting hie a moral
incubus upon your mind and destroying its peace 1 If
so, examine your situation and see if you are not owing
for one, two, or three yeari subscription for the Repor
ter. If you find that you are, you may cry out as the
one of old, when he 'served the prohleur which had so
long occupied 14a 'attention—Bureka !—for you have
discovered the, source of all your unhappiness Go thou,
then, and pay the printer, and thy mind will be at peace;
thy home seem like a new home, and tby heart feel more
at charity withibe -world.
DCA= or gip. Saizans.--The Harrisburg papers
bring tor information of the death of Gen. JACOB /41LLADIL
He died Harrisburg, on Wednesday, the Bth inst., after
a short illness. Gen. S. was born in Berke county, and
for the last twenty-6ra vats has occupied • prominent
position in the , democratic party. He was appoitited
clerk of the Orphan's court of Belts county, under Gov.
Schulze in .1823, and under Gov. Wolf's administration
he was appointed Protbonotary after the death of Gen.
Adams, whieh.CSce he held until the election of Ritner
in 1836. In 1839 be received the appointment of Sur
veyor General froinVov. Porter, and removed to Harris
burg to attend to the duties of said office, at which place
he has resided ever since. He was in his 56th year.
ExecirrioN ov 4 Festaig.--The atrocious spectacle
of hanging a iocurair in this, the Nineteenth century,
was witnessed, allSatterrenceville, 111., on fhe 23d ult.,
in the pnwenCe of eight thousand spectators. Her
crime was the murder Of her husband, by administering
poison. She lately attempted her own death by eating
glass, and her stomach, upon examination was found to
contain a purabey, at prices of brick and glass, by which
she had in vain attempted to save herself from an igno-
minious death.
NARROW Escaee.—On Frday evening last, a horse
and wagon, and two men, were precipitated from the
Narrows, about two miles from Towanda. The wagon
was completely demolished, and the driver; Mr. Tvusit.,
was considerably• injured. His fellow-passenger, was
no where to be found, and after some search, be was
given up as drowned. In the morning, however, he was
found, safe and sound, enjoying a mast profound nap,
upon the rocks by the water's edge, where, as he was
"half seas over," he.had crawled in blissful ignorance of
the Olinger helm) gone through.
&rational Comarres.—The following named gen
tlemen were appointed a Standing Committee fur Brad-
ford County, at the convention last Septmber. There
'should be an early appointment of Committees of Vigil
ance for each election district, and from the said commit
tees full arid sufficient notice of the place and time of
holding the several meetings.
Stephen Pierce,
Win. S. Ingalls,
D. Vandercook,
G. P. Mason.
C. H. Herrick,
Harry Ackla,
V. E. Piollett.
Taxxxssar..—The canvass for Governor, in this State
is going on with much spirit, A. V. Bnows, the de
mocratic candidate, and E. E. Fawn's, the whig candi
date, are traveling over the state together and addressing
the people. The election takes place in August next.
Moss GOODS AT krazirs.—By our advertising co
lumn& it will be seen that KIN/MIST it CO., are also
on hand, with a large and complete assortment. They
have given at least one good evidence of their intention
of selling cheap—viz: Anvawnstrio.
Rirraestr.—We learn by the Owego Gazette, that
Schaffer, the thief that broke jail at that place a few
weeks-ago, has been retaken at Ithaca, where he bas
been concealed, and brought back to his former lodg
Tat Caoes.--Tbe refreshing shower on Saturday
morning, came very appropos, for the suffering vegeta
tion, and another small favor of the kind would, we have
no doubt, be very thankfully received.
has appointed: CORNELIUS W. LAWRENCE to this post,
to take effect on the first of July, in place of C. P. Van
Nam, resigned.,
13 mou 2 z•-4hlrs.Sarah Bliss, of Jersey Shore, Lycoming
county,. who 110 been laboring under partial derange.
meat, lately Aljoirned herself in the canal.
Tea Piirsiic*e' has been much indisposed, but we
rejoice to has so far recovered his health u to be
able to resume tie duties of bis-Joffme.
TEM Casa OF C. J. 141'Numr.—The Cir.
cm i Court of the United States, sitting in and
.• •
foritne,county. of Washington. rendered a de
cision on,Tuesday upon the demurrer put in
by the co unsel for C. J. M'Nulty,against the
indictments before the Criminal Court of said
111*Nulikaot; imbezzlement of the public mo.
ney. :Judge Cranch delivered the opinion of
the Cons* and overruled every objection of the
connsekfoi the defendant in support of the
deratirrer.-, whereby the indictmenti stand ar
ea:med.. ••
PePers to the 12th inst. mention 'the
rumor at St' Mins, that a vessel had beeti lost
at St. Shoit's, and that sixty men had perishe4l.
It was said to be either H. M. frigate Spartan,
or H. M. troop ship Apollo, from England.
Halifax..via. The latter vessel has been out
eleven'tlays. and had not yet arrived at Quebec.
Tlielfith r Regiment was onboard.
'Ttnt z Ttittocßenc STATE CONVENTION of
NeitortiemOhire assembled at Concord last
'ivee4 2 toid itiondnated for Governor the Hopi
JaredAY. Willipme. The speaker, deasiucteed
the teitreetekee by'Jobe P, ' •
. •
A iT hrill of the Caledonia.
This -regular Mail Steamship. strived at
Bn s t on ,o n Thursday afternoon, with London
atiif Li!iiirpool dates to the 4th inst., making
h a i-p ss i age in - about fifteen days,
The excitement which had existed previous
ly in relation'to the Oregon question had
tirely itibeided.
The American Provision_ Market was in a
very healthy state.
Cotton wa s dull, and;the prices barely sus
p art O a n s uspny.—The third reading of the
Maynooth bill, in the 'louse of Commons, on
the night of the 19th May, engaged the exclu
sive attention of that body until Wednesday,
the 24th. These three nights of protracted
di sc u ss i on evolved nothing new.
The new treaty, between England and France
for the proiention of the slave trade on the
coast of Africa, has been signed at the Foreign
The Catholic Bishops are up in arms against
the measure now before Parliament for esta
bilishing colleges in the north, the south, and
the west of Ireland.
The money Market was in a healthy state,
and good piper was readily discounted at 21
to 2/ 4aer cent. Money hail been in greater
request on' the Stock Exchange than in the
Discount Market.
Germany appears to be in a state of high
excitement in consequence of the schism of
M. Ronge, the new Luther, who demands mar
riage for the Catholic priesthood, and the cele
bration of mass in the native instead of the Leda
language. i
The steamship Great Britain is expected in
the Mersey on the 3d of July, and will leave
Liverpool for New York on the 26th. She
continuesos heretofore, to excite great inter
est in the Thames.
The project of Uniting the Atlantic and Pa
cific Oceans is in a fair way of being carried
The abdication of Don Carlos in favor of
his son is the most striking event in the conti
nental news. The ohstinate old man was ve
ry unwilling to give np the semblance of roy
alty. and was only induced to do so it is said,
by the earnest entreaty of ceder and wiser
heads. The resignation of Don Carlos, coup
led with the declaration of hts son, points to
an alliance with the , young Queen of Spain
—a project which would be supported by a
large party in that ceuntry.
Indian Cholera in Sheifield.—lt was last
week stated in the public papers that ten of
the children of Sheffield Workhouse had an
attack s of Asiastic Cholera of the most virulent
kind, and that one of them had died.
Tom Thumb is still the lion of the day in
Paris. '
Poland is still in a disturbed state: at War
saw the prisons are daily increasing the num
ber of their victims, The danger of corres
pondence:is greatly augmented.
The House of Lords has passed the Heavy
side_divoice bill.
Sew Proems of Making Iron. ,
A correspondent of the Public Ledger says :
new process awaking iron directly
from the ere, without use of a furnace, which
you noticed a few days since. induced me to
visit this place, (Bordentown, New Jersey,) to
see for myself, and for the use of all interested,
how far the discovery may be useful, and prac
ticable, and economical. ,
I find it promises more than your report led
me to expect. The process is siniply Ibis :
Pulverize; six tons of iron ore and -mix it with
two tonsnf Anthracite coal-dust. Through a
funnel of t the top . of a reverberatory gas pud
ding oven. let the mixture fall. on the usual
slag bed below. Work it up into a loose and
coarsely granulated mass, (not into balls.) It
is not smelted yet. Push the semi-fluid heap
to the far end of the hearth ; introduce four
tons of cast iron, (pig metal ;) when incandes
,cent, heap it on the bubbling ore, and work
the whole together into balls, which are then
treated as if the whole were pig metal, in the
usual way.
The presence of the pig metal seems to at
tract the iron from the ore, the slier flowingoff
without the aid of any flux. Two hours are
required to complete the process.
The ore used in this experiment is similar
to the magnetic ore at Reading. Pa. It ana
lyzes 60 per cent. In this proceis it yielded
60 per cent. of metallic iron.
The pig iron was from Danville, Pa. ; its
quality, cold, short, and entirely unfit for mak
ing hat iron in the usual way.
The iron ri-sulting. from this experiment. ex- ,
ceeds, in fibrous and ductile qualities, every
thing of the sort I have ever seen. I regret
that I cannot leave the bar I send you for pub
lic exhibition, just now,,as I want to take it
This process is the invention of Mr. Clay.
of Wales, perfected by Mr. Green. a very en-,
terprising gentleman of New Jersey. Unless
we be deceived in the result of its application,
on an extended scale, it will effect a complete
revolution in the manufacture of iron. Every
furnace will double its work by the addition o
a puddling hearth and a set of rolls. And it
will so cheapen the article, that it will form the
sole material for the construction of ships and
houses, posts, and pillars, wheelbarrows and
forebodings that were entertained have been
realized. The annual.loss of life, caused by
the detestable practice of letting off fireworks
in the public streets, during the two or three
weeks preceding and following the 4th of Ju
ly—a practice which the authorities are alwr.ys
denouncing as unlawfuland mischievous, with
out ever trying to prevent—has commenced
this year with a venerable and highly respec
ted citizen. Mr. Van Zandt, the aged gentle.
man who was knocked down the other day,
by a horse which had taken fright at the ex-
Fttosion of a fire cracker, died yesterday of the
iniury then sustained. Pow many motet--
N. t..advertiser.
A GREAT Mtn.Aau,—The northern papers
are publishing extensively a paragraph. stating
that there being no penitentiary in this. State,
we hang men for stealing a prar of suspenders !
Their authority for this is the Raleigh Register,
whose overweaning anxiety for ei penitentiary,
leads him to misrepresent facts, even to the
jeopardy of the good name of his State. He
stated that Hardy Carroll was hung, and that
he believed it was (or stealing a pair of sus
penders; and then gave a lament over the
want of a Penitentiary. The fact is, Carroll ,
was hung for burglary. and not 'for stealing a
pair of suspenders. We hope our northern
toternporatlee tvilM correct the error.—North
News from Texas
r • late news from
ant, going to show ,
°pier of Texas in fr
. News ss
r several weeks pal
ce tke pablie that
and ardent friend
;he p,
It ,ye
by th
een accustomed to
it acts, rather than
Nothdog would afford , al
to bP able to concur in
Telegraph. But this ink
1 1
friendly disposition tower ' annexation, is
certainly not drawn from any statement of
existing facts, but directly i the face of them.
Every preparation throng out the Republic.
was making to push the ele tion for delegates
to the Convention .with vigo , and from all ap
pearance, any proposition a ye that of re-an
nention of Texas to the Un i tted States, would
be rejected with scorn and i l ndignittion by the
people, who are unanimor upon that sub
ject, •
Maj. Donelson and Gen. . B. Lamar.
rived in Galveston on the 2 th oh. •
Mr. Wells. the well ko I wn dancer. vu
attacked on Saturday week, while bathing in
the gulf, by a shark—his side was cot, much
bruised, and two of his rib broken. At lut
accounts he was getting bet: r.
The Picayune gives tite r following extract
from a correspondence. shwing the move
ments of the noted British charge. The letter
is dated It
Houvroi, June 2.1845.
1 i
_ ,-
The only items of news a i f Importance here.
is the arrival of Capt. Elliott from Mexico.
with the acknowledgement four independence
by that Government. The, acknowledgement
is unconditional. 1 understa' d, &cep, that w e .
are to eschew the Yankees. 1 The last moving
charge left here for the 'eat of government,
Washington, an hour afte4is arrival, but his
mission will be no go. I . lte people have got
their dander fairly up forannexation, and no.
thing else will suit. Yourii, &c.
can steamer Neptune, Capt Parkinson, arrived
at Charleston on the 12th ihst. from Havana,
bound to New York ; putlin for a supply of
fuel. Il
Capt. Parkinson inform: the Courier that
the brig mail steamer Me way arrived at Ha
vana on the 7th inst. from Vera Cruz, which
port she left on the letlinstant, hiving on
board as passengers General Santa Anna, lady
and family, who had beeni banished from the
Mexican territories. They were to proceed
to Venezuela. The b mail steamer Dee,
also arrived at Havana o4the 7th inst., with
Gen. Bustamente 'on bo,ard„. on his way to
In one of the Havana papers we find h re
corded that the French Leation had been in
sulted in the streets of V era Cruz, just previ
ous to the sailing of the Medway, and that the
Minister had demanded, from the Mexican go
vernment immediate reparation for the indigni
ty offered, or the alternat ve of furnishing him
with his passports.
Gen. Santa Anna was received with every
demonstration of respect . on his arrival at Ha
vana, being escorted to Is lodgings by bands
of music, while little atte nt ion was paid to Gen.
Bustamente, thus showin gthat popular opin
ion was quite unfavorable to the newly con
stituted authorities of Meiico.
particulars as to the
vexican government,
but Capi. Parkinson
t•siood that the decree
if ten years—that his
ipected—that he had
ti 01 money, and' was
id spirits.
licipalions of war be
t,6d Texas had subsiti•
We have no positive
course pursued by the 11
in banishing Santa Anna;
informs us that-he unde r
prescribes an absence di
private property was rcii!
with him a large amount
in gcod personal health 4 .
It staied 'fiat all and
tweet , the United States
ed—and a strong practic i i
was the case, is the fact t
property of Mexicans, hat
York to refit, which wo9
been done if the owners
such an event.
Dwelling house Consumed
On Saturday the 7th instant, between the
hours of one and two o'c ock in the Morning,
the dwelling house of Mr: John Prinuip, situate
near the Erie canal'. abo'i three miles west of
the village of Fultonvill': was consumed by
fire, and horrible to relalte, a grandson of Mr.
P., a lad about twelvel years of age, and a
daughter of Mr. John Goss, living in the fami
ly, aged about fourteen ] , were consumed with
the building! and Mr. l' i rintup, a man between
60 and 70 years of age, ,himself severely, if not
dangerously burned !
The fire was first di s
covered by boatmen
who were lodging in boats laid up in thr
vicinity (or the night, arid who were awakened
by the vociferous howl M g and barking of dogs
in the neighborhood, nd who immediately
gave the alarm. Therewere nine persons in the
house, and the fire had 'ilready made such pro
gress that seven of ther were enabled to save
themselves in their nig i t clothes only—several
of them being more or (pas burned by coming
in contact with the ragipg 'flames. It being in
the dead of the night. and a frame building as
dry as under-, from the iecent dry weather, had
a few minutes more ell iced before the fire.was
discovered, every one If time inmatssmustiave
perished !
Although Mr. Prinucip's grandson was sleep
ing with him he cmild not be rescued—his
s'arieks were distincl heard, but it was be
yond human potver t! snatch him from the
devourtog dement. The giVl was lodging in
an upper apartment of the house, and that por
tion first consumed, an! who undoubtedly at
ezcome• by the smoke
once suffocated and oi
and flames. I
This sad calamity: as undoubtedly canard
by an incendiary ! A man by the name of
Starm was arrested oa Saturday, on suspicion.
and after an examinati: n before Justice Hand,
of Fultonville, commi ted to the county jail to
await his trial. We 'refrain how giving any
of the particulars elic4ed _at the examination,
or any of the rumor 'afloat, as such a course
might have a modelle to prejudge the minds b
of those who may called to judge of .tht
matter in the jury bo. , i .—Fondai Sentinel.
/ LEGAL WEIGII7Ot RYE AND Cansi t .—By as
Act of the Assembly .f Pennsylvania. passed
the 16th of April, 18,4501 is provided "that,
from and ' '.
this act, the
standard tr, ion Corn in
this Comm t-sixpotinds
for each ar
W 4161112%
Bed an ear
foreign mi
on the Hudson.
'hatevidence that such
'hat the Neptune, the
I been ordered to New
Id ot course not have
1 . ere apprehensive of
th two of Its inmates!
bat expre!
ed frofn ,10
5 tiogles!stol