Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday, iay 14 1844."
Ihr Plaided hi IBM
MARTIN *AN BUSE*
OF NSW TO4.
Tar The Plaided,
COL: DICTUM M. JOHNSO7
Pabieqt to doeisiOn of a National Convention.]
and lice President.
_ - Senator4l.
13. George Schnabel.
14. Mal B. Eldred.
15. M. N. Irvine.
Stators for President
- lArriaast //Mena
I:George F. Lehman.
- 2. Christian Hama.
3 . Mrdfinen H. Smith.
4, John Fla, (Phi's-)
5, Samuel V. Leech.
6: Samuel Camp. -
7. Jease . Sharpe.
• 13.11.',W. Sample.
,9. Wm. Reidenrich.
10. Ceitad Shimer.
I L Stephen Baldy.
12.1onah Piewster :
[lt James Woodburn.
17: Hugh Montgomery
19. John Matthews.
20., William Patterson:
21. Andrew Burke.
23. Christian' Meyers.
24. Robert Orr.
ZION. IItNRY A. *JiILENBIIRGI
Tor Canal Commissioner,:
Blacii and White Slaves.
If 'gentlemen will not •allow us to
have qa4 slaves, they mast let us lave
white ?nes, for WE. CANNOT , CUT •Olnt
FBE-WOOD, AND BLACK OCR SHOES,AND
HAVE OUR WIVES AND DAUG
TERS WORK IN THE KITCH
-This is the language of HExaverdiv,
who is now before the people of this
Union soliciting of them to be placed in
the highest office in their gift. ' When
the remark_first came under our notice
we were' reluctant to credit it, for we
did not , believe that any man who in
tnt youth had been accustomed to
straddle o horse ond start off to a neigh
boring mill with a grist, quid have so
little sympathy with the laboring man as
to have uttered this obnoxious sentence.
And we did not admit it into our columns
until we were satisfied by the clearest
evidence that Henry "Clay was the au
':thor of these woids, which should in
3hemselves be - sufficient to condemn
- - t him in the opinion of every one who
has'any regard for the dignity of labor,
`or for` the elevation of - the laboring
The federal qiapera, have, by every
kind of subtMluge, edeavored to get rid
ofiglie odium-casenpon the man, out of
the abundatiee, of ,whose• heart came
such words as . these. They declare
• that it r is not to be foUnd in any speech
of Mr. Clay. 'True, the opening speech
of Mr: Clay upon the Miesouri ques
tion, delivered Feb. 15, 1819, appears
for some reason, never to have been
published; . but`_ still we have proof
enough to - coniiiiCe . any candid man,
that.the assertionmade is true.
Byrthe folloWing certificate it will be
seen that Mr. Rich, of Vermont,, on the
17th of February, 1820, charged upon
the 'Speaker, Mr. , Clay, in his own pre-
settee s the remark s and no (evidence can
be found that Mr. Clay ever denied .the
charge. The certificate is from five
members of the present Congress.
• 4 , The undersigned certify that the
following is a true and correct statement
and quotation, at appears in a speech
of Mr. Rich, of Vermont, as reported.
in the National Intelligeucer, of July. 1,
Mt. R. ht. there ; reported to have
"I have there, by the successful itt
hence of my example, taught my eons
to cultivate the .earth, while my daugh
ten have been ins.trocted in the manu
facture. of clothing Kor themselves and
brothers, extending even to those I have
now the honor to ; . wear ; and in the
useful labors of the kitchen." Mr. R.
here says in a note : . ,
" When this subject was ulider con
sideraticin at the last session, theholter
able speaker,, [Mr. Clay) remarked to
the following effect
If gentlemen will not allow us to
have black slaves, they mum let us have
white ones ; for we cannot cut our ftre
weed, and black our shoes, and have
our wives and daughters work in the
Librasipf Htnisevy Representatives,
• , April 10, 1844.
(Signed,) SAIII,SINONIS, of Cons;. -
• AENNEDY, /gams.
J: P. Bali, of N. Hampshire
M. G. - LEotrano, orN. Fork.
• T, J. IlEta.r.v, of Indiana. •
Previous to this, Mr: Taylor, of New:
York, had, cin the 15th Feb - . 1819 ,''th e.
Missouri bill being than and
a metion havtlig been ":that the
further iutroauetzfa --of slavery or.in
c4lantary scrOtudeb be prohibited, ex
' k • Wei t
ceps for t e punts n o f crimes
u;hereof the pasties shall have been Cul
ly‘conviCted.",' made die felknitteg...,ee
marks. winch found inAe!Niainii.
al Intelligencei or March 20th, 1820,:
You Cannot degiade it [label.] more
effectually than by establishing'a eye
,em whereby it shalt be performed
priacipally by slaves. The: business
in which they:are,generallsr,engeged,
be it what it may,_ipon becomes debas
ed' in public estimation. It is consid
crated low and unfit for freemen; 1
cannot-better illustrate this truth than:
by referring to a remark of the , linora
ble gentleman Crom Kentucky, (Mr.
Clay.) 1 have often admireddie liber
ality of his sentiments. He isgoverned
by no vulgar Prejudices, yet with - Oat
'abhorrence did hi speak ofthe perform
ance by our *rives 'and daughters, of
'those domestic otficeis which tie- was
pleased to' call servile! -What core-
parison did , he make between the . "black
slaves" of Kentucky, and the t , white
saves" of the Worth ; and how in
stantlydid he strike the . balance in fa
vor of the former I' If such opinions
and expressions, even in . the ardor of
debate, can fall from • 'that honorable
gentleman, 'what-Well do you suppose
are entertained of laboring men by the
majority of slaveholders t"
This John W. Taylor was subse
quently elected Speaker-by the vote of
the Clay and Adams coalition, conse-
nently his word should be considered
good by. the friends of Mr. Clay.
Can any proof be clearer than that
Henry Clay did say at the time desig
• if gentlemen
,will riot allow ua to
have black slaves, theymust let us have
WHITE ONES, for WE - OANNOT cv
OUR FIRE-WOOD, AND BLACK OUR SHOES
AND HAVE OUR WIVES AND
DAUGHTERS' WORK IN THE
The once poor boy, who is now de
signated as the " Mill boy of the Slash
es," and whose friends delight to call
him the " Farmer of Ashland," has
forgotten, the associations of his youth,
and betrays, inadvertently, we suppose,
a fee ing most diametrically opposed to
the enius and spirit of our institutions ;
a sPirit which would,fif indulged, erect
an aistocracy; to hufirdOio the - ust
the laboring man, and niakl his labor
suhairvient to the wealfhy,and himself;
post, emphatically a is whfle olave."
CJn the laboring;min appall a can
didate who feels as Henry Clay-feels.
Letiarn, as he goes -to the forest to
."ciiithe fire-woodlthat is so necessary
for the comfort of his family, learn,from
the Mouth of Henry Clay, that he is
engaied in a servile occupation and
placed on a level with the degraded and
oppressed black sieve. Let him, as he
sees his wife and daughters providing
for him the necessaries and luxuries of
life, remember that Henry Clay says
" that we cannot have our wives and
daughters work in the kitchen."
Ajway then with the hypocriticalpro
fekstons of sympathy advanced-by the
federal. papers. The language of their
great leader, the tallest coon'in the
country," is placed upon record, and it
shoUld be engraven upon every man's
memory. - It should be read at every
fireside, with 'indignation, and every
assemblage .of the intelligent and inde
pendent yeomanry and laborers of this
country should express their detestation
of the sentiment it avows.'
CorzuncoN.—On Saturday night, the
4thi inst., the trains from Baltimore and
POadelribia came in contact ibout four
and Oplf miles below . Havre de Grace.
The*ward train, with several bond red
passengers, was proceeding at a slow
rate, when.it was met by the train from
Philadelphia travelling at the rate of
seventeen miles an hour..
The trains wore so close to each oth
er; when discovered, that it was itnpos ,
to get diem on the backward a
thral l . The engines Tveri of course
stand) , reversed, but they had too =oh
lot:Ward momentum , to run back in time,
anti the result was , altightful
The shock wasso. severe as to se
riously alarm all the passengers. Sev
eral leaped from the windows, Ohs:4
fell upon the flooring of the ears, and
some stood.erect with, fright.- s
As soon as it wag pos;ible, search
was made to ascertain the extent.of the
damage.. 'the tender of the ,up-rain
was found sticking fast in the car im
tsediately behind it—the licemotive
had taken its place—the from ear of the
downward train atom' erect in the air,
the &Mee of it resting , ,on the .smtke
pipe of the locomotive. ,
By the collisioni ani life was-lest;
pon'personti'seriously and'it is step oe;
au&e., pundier or
passengers ',very .seittaki
, The Tariff of ISI2,
Our object in thisaricte ieAttnptyto
state sothelaCte . " - iihich no . -IWhig
Auceessfully. deny _and Whichin our,
- opinion.are ineeparible objections:to . a
Portien:Of this tariff law. Its effiP4eS
a r tariff foirevenue haibeen ti - deereatiel
it $27,764,060. - : The revenue . in 1841 '
by the then ;tariff, was P7,94647i ;
the - revenue by the preient tariff in 1t342. 1
exports the same.year. was $13,412,
726 1 the greatest decrease since,lB;
and - the gratest falling off of the'reve
nue from tariff during-the -Same space
oftithe. Notwithstandingthis decrease,l
the-whigs persist' in distributink, the
public lands among the several States ; 1
and in this way decrease the revenue
about $3000,060 more. The present
tariff to some extent amounts to a pro- .
hibition, which of course must lessen
the revenue ; and one of the certain ef
fecti of a high tariff is, to lessen exporte.
If our ports are shut, gainst certain ite
parts; the:return tonage will, e propor
tionably lessened. Vessels do not el:6e
here from abroad and return utitreightd;
but if a tariff is so high that they ca 4
not come the evil comes upon us in b i pth
If high duties make low prices, vhy,
do not the whigs put as high rates; on
the raw material as on the mannfactUred
article? Great _pains has been taken
to lay the tariff act of 1842, to let the
raw material raised by the farther, and
used by the manufacturer, come in al
most free of duty; while the same, ar
ticle in a manufactured state is highly
protected against what is called I the
_labor of Europe. The follow.:
ling is a correct table, showing some of
the odious duties under the tariff of
1842, upon agricultural and other Iraw
Materials and that upon the same
terials when manufactured :
Agriculture and other raw material.
Hides, 5 per cent.
• Linseed, 5 per cent.
-, Wool, cheap. 5 percent.
Cork, bark, free.
Rags for paper, 1 cent per 11i.
Quills unprepared, 15 per cent.
-Silk, raw, 50 cents per lb.
ißristles, 1 cent per lb.
Brass, crude, free.
Hemp, 30 to 32 per cent.
Flax, raw. 1 c. or 7 to 9 per cent.'
Leta, crude, to 3c. per lb.
Tin, crude, in pigs, 1 per cent.
• Wood, rough, 20 per cent.
fine manufactured materials—high.
Leather, 35 per cent.
'Linseed oil, 25 per cent.
Woollens, 28 to 60 per cent.
Corks made, 25 to 30 per cent.
Paper, 15 to 17 cents per /b.
Quills prepared, 25 per cent.
Silks, $2 00, arc.
Brushes, 30 per cent.
Brass, manufactured, 30 per cent.
Do kettles, 12 cents-per lb.
Cordage, 100 to 130 per cent.
Cotton baggage, 50 to 80 per cent.
Cotton cloths, 80 to 120 per cent.
Flax, manufactured, 25 to 50 per ci , nt.
Lead pipes, &c, 4 cents per lb.
Do white and red, 4 cents.
Tin, in plates. 2} per cent. (
Wood, manufacturer!, 30 per cent.
We hear inen talk a great dealt tiout
pauper labor connected with tof
manufactures, but not a word of pauper
labor connected with the labor of the
farmer. You will perceive by the,
above table, that the farmer is net onto
compelled to pay an oppressive tax up
on the articles which are manufactured
abroad—not only compelled to !, foster
home manufactures,' but, his raw, mate ,
rat must be - Tut into ..competitioh with'
the raw material raised abroad. Now
can it be possible, that any western far
mer can be deceived in ;the operation
of this tariff law (tax act) of 1842, nu'.
der which the manufacturers share the
spoils, like the share of the. lien in the
fable, and monopolizinll.
Can any principle be*more hnequal
in ils . operation i The farrneris brought
into the competition of foreign products
of the same, is compelled to Compete
with the pauper labor Europe ; but
when he wants the same. -article manu
factured, be must pay a. honus to rich
stockholders, in . rnaiaufacturirg Compa
nies, that they -may have lame divi4
Ainong the proposed amendments to
the constitution of New York, - is one
which provides that hereafter :all mem
bers of banking institutions shall-be in
diridoilly iiable for the 'lssues of the in
with, which they may be con
nected, or in which they may own
Wino AlasTuto.—A wfiig meeting‘
very --,, respectable; as far as numbers
were concerned. wail field at the Court
fia4earogAleduesday. E eveoiei
The:tiOaviotereefing part of the'. eler.
cisoe were the: ; ; .ao
thouthtthe PeoPle s issembledi at.-.least
of brotherly-leve is in a air , way to
lose its peaceableVeognomen, - ..apd
quite,adesignatien and: i teration more
in . accordince ~ P ith -the rietoite 'await
ter of Some - portion of its iehabitints.
On Saturday evening4thinst., a row
took place among the firenien, in Which
several Were badly - hurt, and on 'Sari=
days (a - favorite bye-the
bye, in that city for suet' diversion,) the
firemen were engaged in !another riot,
in Which'one man va t s , jointed iso , that
his life was despaired. o 1 and others
On Sunday afte‘ocin a t squabble be:
Wien the firemen teak' place in Frank;
lin Spate; ameng a'ntimber of persons
belonging tol l rival fire;Com parties.
On Monday afternoon s Philadelphia
was the scene of IS most serious and
'bloody riot between i the *five Amer
leaner . .midi:litters.. a number of persons
. werkutortnily wounded b; the oischarge
of tie erms;•and one peron shot thro'
the head; arid instantly killed. -
The riot Continued until 12 O'clock
at,filght, the greatest alarm and conster
nation prevailing, 'no pan knotting at
What moment he would be shot down.
Squads of men •on ail sides were
armed, and , the looker-on was in no
place safe from harm. Fire-arms were ;
discharged from houses; and 'behind
fences, and i l from alley-Ways."
Continuation of the Ilhots.—Later in
telligence (tom Philad'a conveys the par
deists of the riot on Tuesday and Wed
nesday, frorri Which it will be seen that
this outbitak of 'populat violence bas
caused the destruction of many lives and
much property. •
On Tuesday, a meeting' of the native
Americans was held in , the State House
yard, which adjourned to ,Kensitigton,
where' they were fired; ,upon, and the ri
oting again commenced. !The following
were the' persons injured, whose names
could be ascertained:
,J. Wesley Rhinedollar, who was
'standing near tlid market, was shotdead.
"George Young, a resident of South
wark, received a ball in his breast, which
passed out Of his back near the shoulder
blade. He was tarried tb Dr. Griffith's
'on Second street, from whence - he was
afterwards removed, with'but slight hopes
of his reetn i tery. '
August 4 Peale, a resident of the city
received a ball in his left arm, whichlwas
shattered severely. i
Matthew Hamit, shipwright, a resi
dent:of Kensington, was' shot dead:
Lewis preible, a resident of South
wark, was, shot through the head, and
Peter .Albright was won dad
hand by ball or slug. ;
Wright Ardis was shot in theAtip,
said to be a dangerous wound. - -
William's E. Hilman, a resident of
Kensington, received a 'shot in his right
shoulder, thought to be seririus,
James Whitaker was shot in the right
thigh, and, bone splintered.
Chariest:l rte, a resident of the North
ern Liberties, was wounded.
Henry Hesslepoth, residing at the cor
ner of Poplar lane and Third street, re-.
ceived a shot in the fleshy part of ,the
Willi H. Blaney received a shot in
John Lusher, a resident of Kensing
ton, shot, the breast, taken home and
not expected to - survivei
Daingithe latter part of the afternoon
the houses on, Cadwallader street, north
of Master, were fired, and continued
turning for several hoth7. No fire ap-'
paratus was put in requisition. It, is
said that several companies made at-,
tempts to'reach the spot, _ but were pre
From appearances we judge:that some
ten or twelve buildings were consumed.
John Taggart, charged with the shoot
ing of Ithinedollar, and taken bet Ore Al
derman I3oileao. }lei was committed,
and punto the custody Of an officer, to
be taken to prison. '.l l 'he crowd that fol
lowed mithe'office, upiezi his being taken
out, resisted the 'efforts of:the
execute the commitment. 'On'the way
down Second street he was . beset by the
mob, = who Were oxcied to The highest
pitch, and beaten. and battered in the .
most awful Manner. "Propositions were;
made to hang him, and a rope was put
around his neck, with which he was
dragged some' distance, - notil N iai k
completely exhausted, and supposed"to
be dead. After : this : Was"taken to.the
Nerthern Liberty watch : house, where,`
it appears, tie revived, and
„pig at, the last amounts. an allege&
that, hn.,wa.s seen to ()Whale; 4 1 #4,*
'musket twice,und when arrested:befiad,
it inhOpossOsiTii flarzeir *ith'i ten
finger load - . •
Abotn,dark - Pen. Cadwallader, in phe
dience' to the requisition”" of the sheriff,
proceeded 'to . the spot ,with a military
force and took a position, near the scene
'of thoconflagratiort.,:" I.
At an early hour on Wednesday morn
ing the scene of the riots was crowded
by hundreds of persons, but all seemed
peaceable and orderly, but about eleven
o'clock,„several, buildings Were. set on
fire and ponsumed. At two o'clock St.
-Michael's church was fired, and totally
desttoyed, with,seVeral other buildings.
Dtiring the daynotwithstanding
epee of the.military the mob appeared to
have poisession of the groind and vari
ous buildings were burned and otherwise
destroyed: • • ' •
'About ten minutes before ten o'clock ?
Ore was communicated :to .the vestibule
of the St. Augustine's church; it isjiaid,
by a bey about fourteen years old. •It
increased with_ rapidity after once under
way, and dense masses of smoke Curled
Out from every window.
pin few, minutes, the flames reached,
the belfry, and burst out from the upper
window in broad sheets. The whole
steeple was soon wrapt in the devouring
element, and_preeented a 'terriffic aspect.
The clock struck ten Willie .the Are was
raging in his greatest fury. At, twenty
_minutea past ten o'clock, the cross which
surmounted the ; steeple, and which re.;
mained unhtirt, fell with a' loud crash,
amid the plaudits Of a large portion of
In ten mintitesafterwards the steeple,
which had stood. until burnt to a mere
skeletonfell, throwing up a mass of cin
ders which fell like a shower of gold up
on the builliogs and streets northeast , of
the church, The heat during the height
of the fire was so intense that, persons
could hardly look at the flames at the
distance of a square,' and the light was
so brilliant as to dim even the gas lamps.
The St. Michael's Church and the Se
minary, in Kensington, cost for huilding,
from thirty-five to forty thousand dollars,
and St. Augustine's not less than thirty
thousand &gists. The amount of pro
perty thus far destroyed cannot be less
than one hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars: No less than two hundred families
have been compelled to remove from their
The sights presented during yesterday
and last night were truly sickening.—
Men with their wives, and often six or
seven, children, trudging fearfully tbro'
the streets, with small bundles, seeking
a refuge they knew not where. Mothers
with infants in their arms, and little ones
folkiwing.after them, carrying away
from their homes whatever they could
pick up a(the instant, passing along yith
fearful tread, not knowing where to turn.
bEItOCRATIC VICTORY IN ELMIRA.--
The charter election of Elmira N. Y.,
was lield on Monday week,- and as we
learn from the Gazette, resulted in .a
most complete victory for .the demo
crats. .In 1840 the village gave 15
majority ;`at the late election,,the dem
ocrats gained it by eighteen;.
4:ETIT/ON.--A petition for a par
don r Kaine and Flinn, the two Pitts
burg publishers, in prison for calling
Judge Grier a name that sensible judg
es do not like to be called , has been
sent from that cit3i, to Governor Por
ter with three thousand names.
Gen. tIACIZSON ON " ANNEXATION. " --
It is said that a letter from Gen. Jack
son had just been received in Washing
ton, and would be hnutediately publish
'ed, in witich.the Old here says, ,t.ive
must have Texas, peaceably if we can,
forcibly if we must." .
Jousisom--The old !fern, we
are glad to learn from the Democratic
Union, has beets invited_to visit Penn
sylvania, during. the present 'summer,
and has indicated his'intention to com -
plywith :the request, His - nephew,
CoI. SEVIER; Will accompany him,
ing of the bemocratie association. was ,
held at the Co l ti House ; on 'Tuesday evening, of firth court:week. . "-The
meeting was very fully, attended: end
elOquently addressed by Neisre: Smith,
Baird, and Elweil.
PnoNoTED.—Brcother T:4•TE qitor
and 'proprietor ,of the i - elliirilhia En
qqirer, `has been el9q ',,,,,—*.‘" colqqql.
Ini,the*l-iiei, ;24,- latir
- ISt. ~, 're ,tht‘ right; Aress'!"
• Pies!- D 1
.Wtiq La i , ,
1144 following is a synopsis
Militia passed by our late of
We are indebted to then
;Eagle for its compilation.
The. bill providestbat all able
whit e smile persons between the
.is and 45, who have resided Ifi,
this commonwealth one m o m ;
be eehject to do militia duti, ez ttpi
following' 4 le - Executive and J u di :
officals of the U. S., Meroliers of
gress, eustom-house officers, Mail.
riirs, ferrymen employed on Pos t
lots and messiness, Ministers of the
pel, and all those,who have san e &
ven successive years as an actiro tst
ber in a volunteer . company, and s'
others ! The.company parades oil
first Monday in May, and the Datil)
andßegimental parades to man s!
the second Monday of t h e - f
month of each year. .
'`The fines -for non-attendasr
dollars for Colonels and Maj e
dollars for Stair officers.each, c o!
officers two dollars per dap..., s ,
missioned officers and privates M
per 4iy. -
An boards of Appeal and
tion abolished. The fines to
ted by townibip collect;jtv,
county taxes. The list °taboo'
be forwarded - to the• Brigade It
—whose duty is to forward a list
absentees within' the bounds of
`ty to the Board of Commission
such county and a duslicate cc
the Auditor General of the State
Eying to the correctness of the
when the amount will be char;
the. Treasurer of the proper count
The law makes it a duty on al
sons within the . bounds of any
ny ofmilitia within the State, so!
.militia duty, to assemble at the
place of Company training's on t!
Monday in May, and there norni
suitable person or perons nbr
competent to discharge the Serf
ties, and' forward said nominal
commanding officer of the pro's
ment ; and if such citizens rel
neglect thus to assemble shall,
two dollars each; &c.
If no person can be had to tai
enrollment, the Inspector notify
'township issessor, who is requi
do di) forthwith. heavy penal'
neglect of duty 'enact of all
Assam.x.- 7 -The son of the tau
Sprague, of Providence, was as
in the street on Wed'n'esday nigt
some unknown person, and so - ser
beaten that his life is despaired
The father of this young man,
be remembered, was reeenfir
and shot, for which a uilan. -
Gordon, was- Knvicted;
FREE BLACKS ORDERED FED'
—The Gardiner H. Wright
New York, on Sunday, limo.
zas, reports that on the 2d OM
Governor of Cuba, issued an eDet
all the free Maelts - must leave the i
within ten days.
A SkiTUE OF FRANKLIN. — The
Orleans papers state that it is in
tern pladon by the citizens of that
to embellish it witly statue of Ft
to be executed by Powers, the
guished..American 4 sculptor, Pt
REV. T. P. Htmr.—Thisitiim
at Vicksburg, Tenn., and we 1!
a paper printed at that place, . 2
considerable of an excitement.
sequence of tiis zeal in the 4 N
cause. The papers condernn
in the stronvestlangu'age.
Tug Turaerv.4:The Treaty
nexation by sole moans wa,to
to the editor / Of the New York
ing Post, 'tyhlie the injunction ,
cy was placed upon the meet
Congress. 'film body hares(
investigate the matter.
IiNITED STATES Itt.. Et eg l
The Genera Conference ofthe
dist Episcopal Church comp
New York on the Ist inst. 'l l
dance,was very fat.
this state met on Wednesday If
and eleeied J. M. illlcC~frdy
linslosebniirety' , the , use of: o'
'from tije- iffia,of the e3PI9'
booed the Princeton. • •