Newspaper Page Text
Widaeidayi May 1, 1844.
For President in 1811,
MART& ' V.AN BVUEN,
OF. NOW Feint. '
• For Viet President,
COL. RICHARD M. JOHNSON,
[Subject to decisionof a NaioualComention.3
Eire; ora for ?holden
1. George F. Lehman.
2. Christian Kneass.
3. William H: Smith.
Rohn Kill.. (Phila.)
5. Samuel B. Leech.
6. Samuel Camp: •
7. Jesse Sharpe.
S. N. W. Sample. •
• 9. Wm. Heilenrich.
10. Conrad Stamm
11. Stephen Bally.
12. JOnah Brewster.
. For Governor
HON. HENRY A. -MPILEiiBURGI
• OF BERKS.
For canal Commissioner,,
‘. l C''As the Senior Editor must'nec.essarily
be absent for several weeks, the entire charge
and control of the office will devolve upon his
son, E. Goonutcn, who is equally interpted
in the publication, and to whom: all pay dents,
communications, etc., can be made.
Ilk. Clay and the Cilley Duel.
The cruel butchery of Mr. Olney,
member of Coitgreis from Maine, and
the inhuman proceedings of those con
cerned in that fatal , duel, are yet , fresh
in the meinory of as all. The thrill of
horror which it occasioned has scarcely
subsided, and the blush of shame which
was the sensation of every American is
still mantling the cheek. - Thus coolly,
deliberately, and with malice afore
thought to shoot down a felloW-being,
thereby hurrying him' into the untried
realities of etdnity, leaving in hopeless
sorrow an. aflectionate wife, and orphan
children, wasindeedan instance q Cru
elty thatinight shock the heart even of
a savage. It was muder, foul and un
mitigated murder. !true •it_ is, that it
was by the band of Mr: Graves of Ken
tucky, that Mr. Cilley was shot, but
that others were equally implicated, has
never beenquestioned, and amobethem
is Mr. Clay. Mr. Wise of Virginia,
who was one of the seconds of MT.
Graves has never hesitated to 'say that
it was Mr. Clay'sladvice differing from
' his own, whiCh produced the duel. He
made a publication in 1842, in which
he makes the followilig distinct allega
tions when asked, why Mr: Graves re.
quired of Mr.. Cilley to put his verbal
recins for not accepting Webb's Chal
lenge in writing, he had invariably an
swered, that he ('Wise) "had diffgred
with Mr. Mr. Graves on.the point' s but
that he (Graves) was fortified in his
opinion on tilt point by the better-coun
sel of Mr. play." Again "Mr. Claj,"
says Mr. Wise, " drew the form ofthe
challengithith MI own hand." 0.1,"
says Mr.. Wise, "opposed,butlfr. Clay
AtTROVED of the ad:ption of the TERNS,
' that is to fight with rifles at ,eighty pa
ces. . Again Mr. Wise says, "In de
fence of the course pursued by Mr.
Graves, I neverfailed to quote the au
tholrity of the advice of his friend Mr.
Clay." Again,says Mr. W., " I have
said - that Mr.. "Graves Ought his (Mr.
Clay's) advice a/ the very beginningot
his Correspondence with Mr Cilley ;
that his (Mr. advicewas
and that it was the 4 . 9NTROLLING ADVICE
WaIIORAVES AND MYSELP.
John Quin'O,y Adams on the floor of
the flontic; : : called Mr. Wise a murder
er, more gttilty of the blood of Cilley,
"than the man who pulled the trigger."
it now appears. that the man who pulled
the trig,ger, *as acting according- to the
advice of Mr. Clay, and contrary to
that of Mr.' Wise. - Notwithstanding
the, in3plication of Mr. Wise in this
tragedy, a Whig Senate, has recently
confirmed his memination as Minister
to Brazil, the reward for conspiring to
produce the death of Cilley; a fearless
-champion of democracy. ,
Mr. Clay in his letter to Mr. Wise,
dated Feb. 28th 1842, imkicates him
self to the fullest extent. Ile admiti3
lst. That he advised Mr. Graves to
require of Mr. Olney to in lorii
ing zohat!he verbally, answered." This
was the fatal step and Clay knew
2d. -He admits that ,! Mr ! Graves
consulted him . ,as to challenging Mr.
Cilley, and that ie advised and dreto up
-[he arm of thecliidlfnr,e.!' • •
3d. He admits;that lie*netitheternif
owWhieh the parties were tri:ftght; and
Mr:Wise says they were acceded to
in opposition to
k is own.
4th. Bei* they friend ofMr.
' Graves, (says Mr. Glay) I could not
invoke the authority of! the police to
prevent the duel." • .
This proof is conclusive, that if he
who advises andmakes all preliminary
arrangements to shoot another, is worse
than he who pulls the trigger, then is
Mr. Clay as deeply implicated as Mr.
Graves in the murder of Mr. Citley.
Mr.. Graves relied almost entirely on
the advice of his colleague Mr. Clay.—
Mr. C. is an old - band at the business ;
land. tete PitsidEnt:
13. George Schnabel.
14. Nadel B. Eldred.
15. M. N. Irvine.
16. James Woodburn.
18. Isaac /Laney.
19. John Matthews.
it was the character of his youth and
manhood, and on more than one occa
sion had pulled the trigger to shoot
down a fellow-being - ;- for all which he
is the Whig idol, while .the, ordinary
American citizen for the sae offence
is either executed on the icaffold, or
incarcerated for years _ in the Penitentia
ry? forever stigmatized, and almost ex
liatriated. But, Henry Clay must
the President; he is the great ideal of
Whig morality; the concentration of all
thit is just and lovely, which can dis
tinguish one__ citizen as the recipient
`of popufar favor above another. What
is it that shields Henry 'Clay from the
just condemnation that would fall upon
other citizens under a change of cir
cumstances? If it is distinction, who
have helped %der it on him ? Those
very men wholow ask you to support
him as the most deserving man all of oth
ers. If the position which a man oc
cupies, is to shield him: from the jest
punishment for crime, then Henry Clay
20.. William Patterson:
21. Andrew Burka.
.22. John M'GiU.
23. Christbui Meyers.
24. Robert Orr.
is not less obnoxiotisfor his participa
lion in duels. The American people
will decide this matter; they will either
sustain those principles of exact and
equal justice, which is the boast of our
freedom, or they will break dpwn all
barriers, and, crown with honor the man,
who if he had been a humbler Pittizen
would have showed a different late.
FRACAS IN CCNORESS:--4 most dis
crraceful scene occurred in the House of
Representative at Washington, on 'Fue
llay, 23d ult., in which-Messrs Rathbun
and White were the actors. iMr. White
called Mr. Rathbun a liar, and Mr. R.
answered by a blow, and a melee
. Sued. White the Sergeant-at•arms was
'endeavoring to separate the combatants,
a Mr. S. W. Moore endeavored to haul
him away saying " let them fight it
out." IA gentleman seized him and
dons!, him out of doors when Moore
drew a pistol, and in endeavoring to
revenge himself, shot an officer of the
House, Mr. Wailes itrthe thigh, but
not mertally. t Moore was arrested.
Med,srs. White and Rathbun, after the
rencounter, severally rose in their_pla
ces, and expressed regret at the occur
rence, and then shook h ands: A motion
has been made for their expulsion,
Which was referred to a committee:
DRENCH OF Pitt — litlSE.—Levi' A.
Bradford, of Cortland, Ga., has been
mulcted in the sum of $450, for not
marrying Celesta A. Miller, whom he
visited 5 years as a suitor. She had
her wedding dressprepared, and the
wedding day was fixed, when Mr.
Bradford changed his mind, and mar:
AN_ AMERICAN- SEAMAN . SuoT.—An
AmericadSeantan was shot by one.of the
guard at the quay of' Havana, on the
9th instant, in the presence of hundreds.
The perpetators of this outrage were
arrested and upon. the representations
of, the American Ceirt, the whole affatr
will undergo a legal' investigation.
" JACKpNlLN."—qttis his the,
title of a new democratic paper printed
at Philadelphia, by Mifflin
tutil after the Presidential election at
50 cents per copy—five copies s 2.—
The paper is worthy of the support of
the democratic party.
knowing themselves indebted to this
office are informed that Court week will
.present a favorable opportunity to 41 . pay
the printer." The senior editor 'will
be at home to attend to the settlement
of his accounts.
alias Cymort7 cOnittinimanytruths,but
is:not written •in a style worthy of being
published. - •
narls . lo , o pipularlty.
We extract; frox the PertiocOtic, Un
ion die fellowingiemaikifilittatrative of
Markle'spcipularity, where knOwn
Wi have already adverted ;to the fact,
that the.'federal - tiominee f?r Governor
-was a Candidati fOr congress in - 1838
in - Weittnerelankcounty, and defeated
by the Hon. A. 0. Mancustin, an lion
, 'eat'denaticrat, thilrifte 'of 2,535 vOtell'
The.federat papers are not Oiaposeti to
deny fact, milt the official returns
still s tring theinln the face, but they,
account . for Mr. , . Markle's defeat upon
the, ground that lie was only nominated
at the el&enth halo to " add strength to
Mr. Ritner." *singular accession ?f
4. strength " thisis made to appear tru•
ly, when it is remembered that he run
114 Notes behind?: Mi. Ritner-11.1 , be
hind Mr. Grahatn, the federal candidate
for Assembly, arid was not .lanly the
lowest of all the 'Candidates in the coon
ty, but run considerably below the rest
of the Whig 'ticket in hie
ship ! , - •
It appears, however, that the election
- of 1838 was not the first demonstration
of Mr. Markle's local unpopularity.—
We observe by . the Greensburg Repub.
Heart and the Argus of last week, that
as early as 1820, Gen. ,Markle was a
candidate in Weitmorelan s d county for
the State" . Legislature, on a ticket with
lirca.tan COuvrna, in-opposition to the
regular nominees of the Democratic par-,
ty. Mr.' Coulter was elected, but Mar
kle running several hundred 'votes be
hind his ticket was defeated If the
services rendered by Mr. M. in behalf
of his country were of the resplendent
character represented by the federal
press now, it is a fair presumption, that
they would have met with a proper ap
preciation at. the hands of his fellow
citizens then, - when they would have
been fresh and vivid in their recollec
tion'. The unequivocal condemnation
pronounced by his immediate '46,0-
bort; upon his political aspirations at
that early period, and repeated with"ad
ditional emphasis since, affords strong
presumptive proof that these' services
are either.grossly exaggerated for poll-
tical effect, or were never rendered.— j
It is, at all events, pre-supposing a de
plorable deficiency of preceptive faculty
on the part of the people, to assume
that they will , elevate to the Chief Mag
istracy of the 'State an individual who
has been pronounced by' the recorded
verdict of his own county, unqualified
either for a seat in the State Legislature
or in Congress ! This would imply a,
t•retrogade . policy," to which theywill
1 1 never yield their assent." k
Aside.from these undeniable pioofs
Gen. Markle's want -of popularity at
home; we have, recently received letters
from the, most reliable sources, which
assure us that a similar sentence of
condemnation awaits his Gubernatorial
pretensions next October. Mr. Mun-
LEIVMMG will rally the entire strength
of the Democracy lot old Westmoreland,
and Mr..Markle,is destined to his usu
al home disaster."
SHOCKING ACCIDENT.--'L he Ameri
can Sentinel of Saturday, April 20, con
tains a shoelring accident which hip
pened in Philadelphia to Mr. George
Parker, a young gentleman of, about fLI
years of Wage. Mr. P.. 'has been, ern:
ployed for some time past, as an assis
tant the hardware store of his father,
Mr. John Parker, in North Third street
below Race. About 3-o'clock yester
day afternoon he was ermaged in dry
ing over a fire, a large number of num
'ber dfpercussion caps, which had - been
-damaged,by water, when they explod
ed, blowing him to- a considerable die=
tance, and mangling his body in a most
horrible manner, his legs and face be
ing literally shattered to. pieces. When
we left the store -of Mr. Parker, the
victim of this painful disaster was not
expected to survive but a few -minutes.
n accident by the explosion of some
of the same, lot of caps, took place at
the same store about three weeks ago,
by which the father was considerably
Drematssmo.---The tiwelling house
of ieremiah , Shaw,. Esq., of MOulton.
vine, N. H. was consumed by by fire
on the t7th- inst., and -sad 'to State, Wm.
Low, a sojourner at the house, perish;
ed in the flames.
returne of the election held to supply
the vacancy occasioned by the death of
Hon. Henry Frick, slip* a majority,
of 136 4. tor Pallock.
an qinarnental,,painter in Pittsburgh\
murdered his wife and one of his chit
dren, and. nearly_ killed !hnother, oh
Monday 22dinsti . , He alio , atthinpted,
to commit suicide by.uttihg his throat.
Mrs. D. was , ati ezd oe di igly amiable
woman, whose only fault Was too great'
a devotion to a husband unable to ap
.preiciateher excellent quhlities. She
was Shout 3ri, years of age, and when
young was very handsome. Ile dash
ed the liesd of the deceased child against
the.wall, and .the head of, the Other is
dreadfully cut; and one . Of its' eyesiti
knocked out. Oa ',Sunday Aesired
his wife 1 1 :to get him some whiskey,
which she - refused to do,; and he *her'
iswbre that he sy oul d kill her in the
morning. He kept his promise fear
fully. After the_ gashes ion 'his neck
were i sewed up, he was committed to
- TEE .i. „rw
Attirr4--A letter writer from
Washington holds the following lan
guage and expresses our views 'exactly :
reallybegiti to think that there is
no serious intention to act on the Tariff
in either House, at this session, though
I may be mistaken. discover no
earnestness in the-right quarters ‘,.and
I see many pulling back; who lweri ex
pecwd to go ahead. In the that place,
there will be no chance to get' up the
bill; before the first of gay, Ond every
moments' delay brings tiS neerer to the
Presidential election, and 'renders action
more, diffictilt. I now take it for grant
ed that the matter has gone over. It is,
under the ' ad,
ever it m
was brought to a close, , on 'V'
17th ult. The case was d
the jury, after an elaborate c
the chief Justice. The jury,
out an hour and a half returi
verdict of guilty against Jo
and not guilty as tolVin.
The (*Omer listened to the
perfect calmness, the latter
Wiu. NOT SEND A DELEm
Charleston Mercury of Thl
states that a general thee
democratic party of the,
Congressional District tv:
week, convened for the 'pm
~tiding whether that district
a delegate to the Baltimore,
Convention.' The , questim
ed -very fully. in three i,;itc
sions of the meeting, and ij
decided not to send del%
DEBT OF HARRISI3i O.
to a published - statement
Council, the debt of\ the
Harriiburg, Pd., on the; 1:
1844, was ;$170,733 37 .. ;
expended'in the construCli
ter' Works, is stated tO
boat Oriole struck a sn a g
Shoals, Alabama river, ol
and sunk in about earn .1
She had on board four o
bales of cotton, a portien
was taken oft' by theAiki
INFANTICIDE IN CHIN
vestigations made by Roy
Misstonary to China,
probably , about'one fonr
female' children of tlia
sl,ain soon after birth. I
Miller, of Homer, IF
ered &50 damages ip
brach of promise of
tevi . G, Bradford of di
democrat isno more.
York last week.
attended to the graieJ
eMirse of citizens.
islature of this State
Act creating a new jud
of the counties of Sc
VIRGINIA Ez.ncrzortThe eledtionin
Virginia teas held on.T rsd,ay, the 25th
Ult. We hive no reiU .9 up to the tune
Of going. to press. •
to jiave iAjoarned yest
News trom.ffil IVOUoIiL _;
:IVlrs.t,Bachel Luther, wife - of :Mr.
Martin Liither, Whii was convicted- in
Rhode island, for aellig is moderator ,
at a meeting Midir the peoples'consti.
intion; is prosecuting in the U. S. Cir- .
e,uit.Coert,,st PrciYidarsce, a claim for
damages for an assault And, battery,
alleged to have been committed upon
h'er 14,Lottier Borden and. otheis,
while searching for.her husband to ar-
rest him.. .
The Eastern mail train, from B o ston,
When within 4; miles from Norwich on
.Tuesday, Sao over a cow, which . was
instantly hille4, 'and the whole train
thrown off the track. - Oriernati,sprain
ed his inele by jumping the 'cars,
hut, happily, no' More -serious injury
4as sustained. train Was righted
a delay of two hours, and came on.
to the steamboat.
As . the steamer Southerner wa s
ascending the Ohio on Saturday week,.
she ran into the Zephyr about sib miles
above'Cirminnati. The Zephyr had
her starboard guards frOm the wheel
house entirely swept pir, and the steam
pipe was broken su that all, her steam
escaped, which prevented her from
keeping on her way. The Southerner'
ivas not injured.
On Wednesday, the 20th ult., a
young man, by the name of Underwood,
residing lathe county of Orange, North
Oarolina, was struck by lightning in his
ova house, and instantly killed. A
little child who was clinging to Phis
pantaloons, escaped unhurt.
A man named Outs, says the Masi
ton (0.) Gazette, was choked to death .
n attempting to swallow a piece of
meat at supper. The meat was taken
from him after death, and measured
;three inches in length, 3 3-4 in width,
/ and one inch in thickness.
A mysterious circumstance took
place at Albany on Tuesday evening.
A man, name unknown, dressed in
light pantaloons and dark coat, was ob
served on the platform of tite new
steamboat-landing - at the Soup Mar
ket, walking to and fro in a ab
stracted manner. Suddenly he gave a
plunge into the river, and was Se - en no
more. The man was appareutly insane,
and took this manner of .ridding
self of life.
ed with a
Gordon : —
An apothecary's boy was lately sen
1 rsday last
king of the
s held last
'pose of de
to leave at one house . a box . of pills, and
at 'another six live fowls. Confused
on the way he left the pills where
the fowls -should have gone, and fowls
at the pill place. The folks who :re
ceived the "fowls were astonished 'at
reading the accompanying direction,
swallow one every two hours.
There are sixteen - Iron factories in
Pennsylvania, using anthracite coal,
which manufacture 45.,500 tons of iron
annually. There are also four in New
Jersey, which make 8000• tons.
I mam ses
f the 'Town)
t of January
n of the wai.
Gov:Shannon of Ohio, has resign
ed the executive office, in; consequence
of being confirmed by the Senate as
Minister to Mexico. Thomas, W.
Bartley, Speaker of the Senate, now
becomes Governor by 'virtue of the
Constitution, and will in a few days
enter upon the discharge of his duties.
A young man of 16, named Jefferson
Belknap, hanged hiniself with his hand
kerchief to a tree, a few miles from-
Columbia, =Mo.,- a couple of weeks
since. Libboiii Northrup, of Smith
field, Me., hanged himselflast Monday.
He has for many years been intemper
ate, and has left h wife and eleven Chil
dren:- At Summit, in this State, on
Thursday of last week, Mr. Anson
Bowen put an end to his life by taking
The steam =
the 25th ult;
eet Water, ! , 7
of which was
.—From ja r
h of all the
A man, 55 years of age: has been
discharged, cured, from the Pennsylva:
nia lunatic asylum, who had been
crazed 25 years. '
The steamboat Arkansas, while de
scending the @Arkansas river on the
29th ult., was sunk and lost. One
deck band lost,
Y„ has recciv
an action for
Females are driving the men from
type setting ! and` wood engrairing in .
England. The latter business is tiow
Conducted almost= exclusively
males, while they have made
tensive inroads in the former,profeasiona
liy''•a large con
ave passed an
alai district out
Napoleon once said to some boys in
a school he visited—i , MY la'as, 'every
hour lost time is a chance for. future
Rumor . repo r ts Abe How WM. P.
Briggs, late collector of Vermont, a de,
laiater to the. State. to . considerable
Santa Anna'has reteased: 36 Texan
nahatsatran t An ti&
The present legislattire,ines Ott
(the 29th,) 'and in,accordabe uitb
peceidents, the most itnpotta i it,
, t kettd
*m . on remains as yet nnuispeeed of
propriitfian bill and the talk Hat b ,
fs now ' ' Banging by the efe.li s b o ;
two branches. The latter la Provider
sale of , the Wain line of the
provements for $ 20 ,500,000 (if It,
a gree to it,) and for laying a tar dila te
on the dollar on all real and Few
to pay the interest on the state debt
bill passed the Rouse last WearCe o l ly
vote of 55 to 28 4 and was sent to ea g t
for concurrence. On Mond a y t i lt &tilt
.seeded to its considenition, and'sfter
it variously, and striking. out Oder
inserting two, et was prepan4 for a ni l) j
ing on yesterday, and a vote was inect'4.4
anal passage, and stood yeas 12, n ays
This morning, however areconsidera44•
the vote was obtained,—thelhrg na tal
reinstated, and the bill passed by a rote 6r
'to 15, and was sent back to the Noose far
currence. There is considerable api s
relation to this billy but there is an
doubt but the three mill tax sin erea
pass. Messrs Kline and MeLsealua y et ,
sent when the bill passed. They
voted against it hadtbeyl,4
Theamendments made by the 80,
the amendments made by the Seastlo •
propriation bill are now under consiar t t l
the Senate. .
On yesterday the Senatealloptedar-4_
to hold evening sessions every eveping
Sunday) until the final adjoannaera
purpose.of considering private bills- a t
of meeting to, be half past seven, ana
of adjontnment ten o s 'clock—making
of ten hours each day.
The bill to reduce the expeases,tiftka
tie system of this commonwealth 44„,..
for a more rigid mode of collecting Dubin
parsed the Bennie with amendments.
Yours emphatically, Pea.
An adjourned meeting, for the
of a Democratic Association, was ht
bly to adjournment, at' the Cdart
Weditesday evening, April 24.
The committee appointed, repiirted
stituti on, which, after amendment, mast
The objects of this Association are
Min and promote. democratic prinr
Measures, so as to secure their awe
the appioaching Presidential and Gut
contest, by the election of the laomint
Democratic Baltimore National, Cet
to be held 27th May. Its members to)
fecting that unity of action and .
the democratic brethren of this Cot
hand of the whole United States, orbit
fy the entire democracy as one man,
our institdtions from the control of fede.
gery, whose ascendancy, (obtained by
will, if continued, curse our beloved
with enormous expenditures, a nation
a national debt. dissensions among differ;
Lions of the Union, hosts of-corporatior
monopolies, and endless schemes to r
splendid governMent on the roinsiof
Article 1. The Association shall
DE3fOCI.ATIC ASSOCIATION Or Toi
Artick: 2. The ofrmeresball be a 1
pro Vice Presidents, a Treasurer, mb
ries, and a Committee of Corresponds
Article 3. Stated , meetings shall le
Towanda, on the evening of the fire
Tuesday of every month. Adjourn.
may be held from time to time; am
meetings may be called at the regal
Article 4. The officers shall he elt
first stated meeting, after ten person!
scribe this Constitution ; they shall
of f ice one year. when new officers ras
,Article 5. The Secretaries shallkeep
nutes,'and call the meetings. •
Article 6. The Treasurer_ shall de
keep an account of such coritributio t
Association shall make.
Article 7. The CorrnitteeoWor•
shall correspond, as actively as rEiL
individuals and associationsof democrat
out the United States, having 'trm Om
!notion of similar principles. Mean= SI:"
jects, and obtain and circulate useful
information and documenti.
Article 8. The Association shall te:
and promptly aid in furthering the ohj ,
in the preamble; and especially 'in
.organization and co•operation , with a
the approaching Preaential and Gab
Ankle 9. Every member, before
Shall sign this Constitution.
The following offi ce rs ~w ere• elect
ensuing year: ;!I
V --I .t H. Srcia ice Presidents l3S.f
• '. " .
one P. l'illiss;
Treasurer,--A. S. haraberlin,
,Secretaries_ William G. Scott.
E. O'Meara Goodrich;
Committee of Correspodoic t.
David Wilmot,Georg.e SlO 4
Patrick Cummins, I Dani.el Yawl
,William Elwell, Thomas D. (
Aaron C. Allew, E: W. Raitar
Peter C, Watt,. J. Culp'.
Resolved, That the CorrespondieS
'tee he directed to _procure political ao ,
and information to be circulated, and he
surer be directed to defray the expense.
On motion, adjourned.
ANNEXATION OF TEXAS.-2111e
Texas to the united Star
transmitted by Presidents on bio)
22d ult:, io the Senate. That body
, ~ ,
meatatety went into seciet scssioar
. • __ _--
011 R LEGISLATURE has two I:
with a scene, a la Congressr_bt
Metrst Cooper and Smith, of the ih
The promptitude o`f die Speaker.
ever , ,coon put an end to the disturlr