Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, May 01, 1844, Image 1

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[ F m " ;he, Dollar Newspaier4
Animal Magnetism. .
pace thylittle palm in mine,
cushion for thy bead;
kit hgeyesba fixed on mine,'
..young Professor said;
F on y, with a bagliful grape,
j o a sad looked him in the face.
a u p and down, like ruined witch, ,
i, hub . moved in the air •
r ,
&I s sweet mouth gave a twitch, : '
. ,
. e e eyes a sleepy stare.; . -._
't-youfeel queer 7" •young Mesmer said;
rely queer !" returned the maid; .
the bands went up and down,
e . touched her forehead fair;
Cupid had just come to town, •
.e wiley rogue was there;
peeping from behind a screen,
slyly watched the magic scene.
e young p ro fessor's heart beat fast,
• e too an influence felt ;
, etvisions o'er his fancy, past;
eihoughthe could have knelt,
worshipped Fanny in the chair,
looked so wondrous sweet and fair.
tarad aside almost in fright ;
as—shall a maiden's eyes,
iondrous science, - his delight,
:2 hobby of the wise,.
ta dight„ lip woman's looks !
cibed he bid old Mesmer's hook.)
; passes now he vig'rouimakes,
=hands high raised in ail;
his keenest arrow takes,
4ined not to .spare;
',leek the Professor's heart,
wait a delicious smart !
bi‘pened then 4annot say;
there were vovii and sighs,
cheeks as blushing as the May,
spirit-looks froM eyes,
'ill the fuss that lover's make,
a first their hearts begin to ache.
Elv dog, laughed out in glee;
el posting, said, " They dare,
it fools, try . .cheating . me
science span of air,:
ktthem know, these would-be-wise, -
I done eaa magnetise !"
The Wife to lir Dying Husband.
. 1 2.0 loved thee in thy beauty,
Thy glory and thy power—
id dial! I now desert thee, . •
la thy sorrow-stricken hour?
lere is no hand, save mine, to wipe •
The dealt -damps from thy brow;'
Tahoe! as thou but been-to me, •
I will not leave thee now.
I . .fitenda and boon companions--
The gallant and the gay--=
tnr lovely and beloved ones,
Lo# round thee—where are they
connate; friend is near thee now ;
No genile rove appears, •
Te hang o'er thy death-swimming eyes,
And bathe taearwith her tears.
Am] I done return at last, ~".
ify.right hi thee to claim.;
Leith toy sad and broken h e art,
Ity blighted hopes and name ;
my love, which, strong as death—
.4e in good and -I.ll—= • *
ash ding to thee, in- scorn apd shame,'
Enchanged, unchonging
A 4,11 come not to reproach thee.—
(b i --would I came, to save !)
but smooth the rugged path
rbtt leads thee to thy grave;
sitlorever at thy feet; ° •
lietping in hopeless woe— •
btAt beloved ! would for thee
lineocvr; heart's blood might -flow;
hoe hved ihettin thy, •beauy,
f 47 glory; and tby power, 7
Twill not desert thee
soirow-stricken hour.
is no hand, save mine, to wipe
The death datuPs froro - thy brow;
ral • dearest to my heart and ion!!
!till not leave thee now.
lleatty and Talent..
t ze•ls , iature with her-magic art,
rim Paint the sweetest smile, '
"tive-to man a,talent rare,
4 1 beauty e'en the while.
4 rDsy cheek anti piercing eye,
Ile mild and gentle placid face,
l'itlaimediiy some a nobler
iTErs aids, by every racy
414 tigh bewitching forret; may channi
I N man who bubbles with the kill:
*nee power will sparkle far,
°P.lthining besCtics foors.delight.
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[From the O wego
, Gazette.]
A Tariff fiir -Revenue:
The Democratic policy upon the
Tariff question needs but to be univer
sally understood to enlist in its support
every friend of _EQUAL RIGIITS. The
subject of the Tariff affects the interest
and reaches the pocket of every man of
every occupation in community ; hence
it is deserving of the attention and the
study 04.2 The system of taxation
pursued in States and Counties con
cerns• more immediately the owners of
property-. Not so with the Tariff sys
tem. Through its operations every
man is taxed—the Farmer' upon his
implements of husbandry, and his mer
chandize ; the mechanic and day-labor
er upon their clothing, their sugar, their
salt, and so on 'dm' upon almost eve
ry thing
_they purchase, even to the
sewing Silk and the needles and pins
used by their wives and their diughter„
It is therefore of the highest importance
that 'alt'; lasses should investigate the is, through this system that
the aristocracy of the country can most
successfally (because most impercepti
lilY) reach the pockets of the people
and rob them of• their substance. Un
der the hypocritical pretence of Pro
tection to 3mericim ..Industry," NIL ;
been and are still being annually extor
ted from the great body of the people
of this - Union, in the shape of duties no
imports, for no other purpose than to
enable the *ealthy monopolists of the
country, engaged in manufacturing, to
realize a greater profit than they other-
Wise could, on their manufactured com
Does it not, then, become the peo
ple to examine , this subject in all its
bearings, that when they come to choose
between the party which enacted and
persists in the perpetuation of the pre
sent iniquitous and 'oppressive policy ;
and the party which proposes so- to
modify it as to make it' uniform and
just in its operations, every voter may
cast his ballot understandingly ?
Deeply impressed with the vital im
portance of this question, both as it af
fects individual interests, and the corn-
Mon interests of the whole country ;
and aware that the most unparalleled
efforts are being' put forth by the- vota
riel and hirelings of the stack jobbing
interest, to mislead the public mind up
on it, wi feel under obligation as a de-
Mocratic editor to give more than our
usual attention to this subject.
Gen JAcksoN is often referred to by
.the federal journals as a supporter
the High Tariff System. But we-are
not left in• the dark as to the opinions of
this great and good man upon this vital
ly important subject. They are given
at length .in his FAREWELL ADDRESS,
as - deliberately formed, after all, the
light which past legislation had thrown
upon the Subject, and submitted to his
countrymen as the very...last act of his
public life. The tariff question had
occupied-much ofihe attention of Con
gresi during his administration. ,He
had "seen the oppressive operations -of
the high tariff system as carried into
practice in 1828 and 1832; while on
the ether hand he' had witnessed the
ibeneficial tendencies of the gradual re.
duCtions under the 4. Compromise Act"
.of 1833 ;,and whatever might have been
his earlier opinions, those expressed in
Ale following extract from his parting.
message to the American people, are
his "Matured opinion upon this question,
arrived at from personal observation,
and the investigation of his giant mind.
,Sappose General : Jackson's earlier
Impressions were fayorable to
tective policy, as the federalists allege,
it would only add to the force of his
matured opinions, given under the cir
cumstances and upon tfie . occasion of
the following, when retiring from the
field .of politics forever—conclusions
which he drew from the additional light
afforded by the developernents of time
and experience ; and which he felt im
pelled. by a high sense of duty, to pro
claim to the' American people when
bidding them a final adieu as their pub
lic servant. Here are his viesys drawn
from actual observation—practical ex
periments during his own administra
tion=and given to the people as a
solemn admonition against the perni
cious, the oppressive, and ,theAlanger
ous tendencies.of the' High Tariff poli
cy, which; though '*ridatted for a
time, he foresaw woulii,again be at
tempted to'be saddled tipoO the country
by the federal party. They correspond
in every respect with the- views- of Mr.
Van Buren, as expressed in his Indiana
• _
Regard/4m of Denu nciation from any Quarter. 'Gov. Powns.
letter; andiare` admirably'expressive o
the policy'proposed.and advocated by
the democracy orthe country upon this
question. Wensk" for them an atten
tive perusal.
JecEsoN,AIARCII 4,1837.
It is Well known that there have al
ways -been those amongst us who wish
to enlarge the powers of the General
Government; and • expertence would
seem to indicate that there is - a tenden
cy on-the _part of this government to
overstep the boundaries marked out for
it by the Constitution. Its legitimate
'authority is abundantly sufficient for all
the purposes for which it Was created;
and, its powers being expressly enu
merated% there can be no justification,
for claiming anything beyond them. 7--
Every attempt toexercise power be
yond these limits should be promptly
and firmly opposed. Foriene evil ex
ample will lead to other measures still
more mischievous ; .and if the principle'
of constructive powers; or supposed ad
vantages; or temporary circumstances.
shall ever be permitted to justify the
assumption of- a, power not given by
the constitution, the general govern
ment will before long absorball the
powers oflegistation, and you will have
in effect, but one consolidated go4rn
ment. From the extent of our country,
'its diveraifiedlinterests, different pur
suits, and different habits, it is too ob
vious for argun3ent that a single con
solidated covernment would be wholly
inadequate e to watch over and protect its
interests,. and every' friend . of our 'free
institutions should be always prepared
to maintain unimpaired andin full vigor
the rights and sovereignty of the States,
and to• confine the action of the general
government strictly to 'thesphere of its
appropriate duties., "
There is, perhaps, no one of the
powers conferred on the federal govern
ment so liable to abuse as the taxing
power. The most productive and con
venient sources of revenue were neces
sarily given to it, that it might be able
to perform the important duties impos;
ed upon ix; and the taxes which it lays
upon commerce being poncealed from
the real payer in the price of the 4
article, they do not so readily attract
the attention of the people as smaller
sums demanded from them directly by
the tax-gatherer.
,But the tax imposed
on goods enhances by so much the
price o the commodity to the consum
er; and, as? many of these duties are
imposed on articles of-necessity, which
are daily used by the great body of the
people, the money raised by these im
posts is drawn from their pockets. •
" Congress hate no right, under the
constitution, to take• money from the
people, unless ifis required to execute
some end of the specific powers.entrus
ted to the'government, and if they raise
more tha4 is necessary for such pur
poses-, it is an abuse of the power of
taxation, and unjust and oppreisive.—
It may, indeed, happen that the l revenue
will sometimes exceed the amount an
ticipated when taxes were laid. W hen.
however, this is ascertained, it is easy
to reduce them, and, in such a case, it
is unquestionably the duty of the go
vernment to reduce them, for no'cir
cumstances can justify it in assuming a
power not given to it by the constitu
tion, nor in 'taking away the money of
the people when it is not needed for
the legitimate wantspf the government.
Plain as these principles appear to
be, you will yet find that there is a
constant effort• to induce the general
government to go beyond the limits of
its taxing power, and to impode onne
cessary- burdens upon the people. )111a
ny powerful interests are continually at
work to procure heavy duties on com
merce, and to swell the revenue beyond
the real necessities of the public ser
vice; and the country has already felt
the injurious effects of their combined
influence. They. succeeded in obtain.'
ing a' tariff of duties bearing most op
presOvely on the agricultural and labor
ing:classes of society, and producing a
reveinie that could not be usefully em
pliiyed within the range of the powers
conferred . upon Congress ; and, in or
der io fasten upon 'the people this un
just and. unequal system of ta;ation,
extravagant - schemes of internal im
provements were got up,, in various
quarters'to squander the money, , and
to purchse support. Thus, one un-,
constitutional .theasure was intended to
be upheld by another, and the sbusn, of :
the power of taxation w!as to be main
tained:- by usurping the( power of ex=
pending , the money in iniernalimprove- -
ments.; You cannot havg forgotten the
severe and doubtful struggle through i
which we passed when the executive
department, by its veto, endeavored to
arrest this prodiga) Scheme of injuitice,
and •to bring rback the legislation of
Congress to the bpundavies prescribed_
by the constitution: The, good sense
and practical judgme4 of the people
when the subject was brought- before
them sustained the couis t e of the Execu
tive, and this plan of !unconstitutional
expenditure for the
_put.pose of corrupt
influence, is I trust finally overthrown.
' " The result of this decision has been
felt in the rapid'extinguisbinent of the
public debt, and the lqge accumulation
of a surplus in the treasury, noLwith
standing the tariff was reduced, and is
now very far below the amount origi-
nally contemplated bp ; ' atlitacatee.—
But, rely upon it, the,[ design to collect
an extravagant revenue, , and to burden
you: with taxes beyoqd the economical
wants of the goverpment, is not yet
abandoned. The various interests
iphich have combined together to im
pose a heavy tariff, and to produce an
hverflowing treasury, are too strong,
and have too much at ttake, tosurrender
the - contest. • The .'corporations and
wealthy individuals 14 , 110 are engaged in
large manufacturing establishments, de
sire a high taaiff to increase their gains.
Designing politiciaPS support it,
to conciliate their caviar, and to obtain
the means of profuse expenditure, for
the purpose, of purchasing influence 'in
other quarters; and !since the people
have decided that the federal govern
ment cannot be pernaitted to employ its
income in internal im'prOvements, efforts
will be made to seduce-and mislead the
citizens of the several States, by hold.
ing out to them the deceitful prospect
of benefits to be derived' from a suplus
revenue collected by the generalgovern
ment, and annually divided among the
States. And if, encouraged by these
fallacious hopes; the States should dis
regard the principles of economy which
ought to characterize every republican
government, and should indillge in lay ,
ish expenditures exceeding their re
,they will, before long, find
themselves oppressed with debts which
they are unable to pay, and the temp
tation will become irresistible to sup
port a high tariff, in order to obtain a
surplus for distribution. Do not allow
yourselves, mt fellow-citizens, to be
misled on this subject. , The federal
government cannot collect.a surplus for
such purposes, without violating the
principles of the constitution. and
sliming powers which have not been
granted. .It is, moreover, a system of
injustice, and, if persisted in, will in
evitably lead to corruption, and must
end in ruin. < The surplus revenue will
be drawn from the pockets of the peo
ple, from the farmer; the mechanic, and
the laboringclasses of society ; but who
will receive it when distributed among
the States, where it is to be disposed
of by leading State politicians who have
friends to favor, an political partizans
to gratify t. It ,will certainty not be re
turned to those who paid it, and who
have most need of it, and are honestly
entitled to it. There is but cute safe
rule. and-that is. to confine the general
government rigidly within the sphere
of its appropriate do l lies. It has- no
power to raise a revenue, or impose
taxes. except for the purposes enumera
ted in the constitution and if its income
is found to exceed these wants, it should
he forth With reduced: and the burden's
of the people, so far lightened."
. .
Nn people -soon get tire of .any. .
particular diet as, Indians ; and their
longings for change, even amid the best
- cheer, are often .irdictilous. - The flext
bilities of their stomachsis no . less-sur
prising. At one -time they will gorge
themselves with food: and.are then pre
paret4to go for several days, if necessa
ry, Enter their tents, sit there if you
,can for asingle day, and not for an in
stant will-you find ' the:fire unoccupied.
by persons of all ages cooking. When
- not linnting or traveling, they are 'in
fact, always eating. Nov it is a little
roast,-4 partridge or n rabbit, perhaps
now titbit . broiled ;' anon a portly
'kettle, well filled with venison, swings ,
over'the fire ; ,titencomes a choice dish
of eurdled blood, followed by the sin
ewo.andinarfow bones of deer's legs
singed -on - .the• embers. And So the
grand business. of life goes' unceising,ly
found, interrupted only by - Sleep. :Ant
"other physical singularity of the-Nor
thern tribes, is, that though capable of
; resis resisting with -great fortitude the Most,
intense cold, -they are wonderfullY fond
of fire. , estnbluihment.e . veu When
the weather is mild.and ; OleSsant i onf of
doors, they are seen
; heaping on.
fuel in the houtte,.afid. actually setting ,
cress-legged: on. the hear•th , where:a
man , would speedily be roasted...4ns-
coveriesbn the .11 1 6rth • •
.EILLT ft;
. 1
Indian Appetite.
Washisgton in the Field of Victory and
- Chatoiber i , of Death.
From Custis'a Recollections of Wish,
ingtou, we copy the following ; relat
ing to the-, Seig,e of _Yorktown, , and a
domestic scene.
The weather during the seige of
Yorktown was propitious in the. elf
treme, being, tvithlthe exception of the
squall on the night of the 16th, the fine
autumnal weather of the South, com
monly called the Indian summer; which
greatlyfacilitated the military . opera
tions. Washington's bead-quarters
were under cal:trees the whole lane.
The situation of Yorktottii, after the
surrender, was pestilential. :Numbers
of wretched negroes who had either
been taken from the plentatiOns; or had
of themselves followed the- fortune of
the British' Army, bad died of the small
small-pox, 'which: the camp-fever. was
raging in the place, and remained un
buried in the streets. When all hope
of eicape was given up, the horses of
the British Legion were led to the mar
gin of the river, shot, and then thrown
into' the stream; the carcasses, floating
with the tide, lodged on the adjacent
shores and flats, 'producing an effluiria
that affected the atmosphere for miles
around. Indeed; it was many months
,Yorktown and its environs
became sufficiently purified to be hab
itable. with any degree of comfort.
For a great distance around York
town the earth trembled under the can
nonade, while many in anxious and
midnight xvatcheiascended to the house
tops to listen to the sound, and to look .
upon the horizon, lighted up by the
blaze of the battries, the explosions of
the shells, and the flames from the burn
ing vessels in the harbor.
At length, on die morning of the 17th
the thundering ceased, hour.after hour
passed awayond the most attentive ear
could not. catch, another sound. What
happened ? Can he have escaped? To
suppose he had fallen, was almost too
much to hope for. And now an intense
anxiety prvaile : every eye is turned
toward the great Southern road, and
the express! is upon every lip. Each
hamlet and homestead pours forth its
inmates: hei is seen leaning on his
staff, women' with infants at the brest,
children with wondering eyes, andliny
hands outstretched, all, all, with breath
less hopes andfears, await the courier's
coming. Ay, and the courier rode with
a red spur that day . btit, :had be been
mounted on the wings of the wind, he
could scarcelybave kept pace with the
general anxiety.
• At length , there is a cry—He conies!
he comes! and merging from a cloud
of dust, a horseman is Been at headlong
speed. He plies the lash and spur;
covered with foam, with throbbing flank
aid nostril dilated to catch the breeze,
the generous horse devours the road,
- while ever and anon the rider waves
his cap, and shouts to the eager groups
that crowd his way, Cornwallis is ta
ken. .
And now prose a joyous cry that
made the very welkin'tremble. The
tories, amazed,- confounded, . shrunk
away to theii i holes and,hiding placee,
while the patriotic. Whigs rushed into
,each other's arms, and wept for glad:
nese. Anil obi in that day of general
''thanksgiving and praise, how many an
aspiration ascended to,the Most High.
imploring blessings oh • him whom all
Tithe Will consecrate as the .Father of
! his Country.
'rhe prediction ofVornwallis in the
tent of Washingtonn-Wes verified.. The
19th of Ochiber, 1781, was indeed the
crowning glory a the war. of the Rive
hition hestilitieelanguished thereafter,.
while Indep'endenceand Empire dawn-'
ed upon the destinies of America, from
the surrender of Yorktowe. , -
. -A domestic affliction threw a shade
over W4Shington's • happiness, While
his. camp still -rang., with shouts of tri
unitinfor the surrender of. Yorktown.
His step son, - to whom he
. had 'been.e
"parent . and !protector, and to whom he
- Was fetidly! attached, who had acesim
panied him to the camp at Cambridge,.
and was, of the :first of his aids in
thkdawn of the Revolution, sickened
while - on duty as extra aid to the'Com
mander-iii-Chief in the trenches before
Yorktown Antare . that his, disease
(the c t emp4feier) would be 'mortal, the,
sufferer had yet ono last lingering Wish gratihedoind he would- die con
lent.. It Wes to - behold the surrender
of the syverd of Cornwallis. . He was
suppOrted Ito the grain& and witnessed
the admired spectacle, and was then Eltham, ndistanCe of thirty.'
.A n''.eZrikesi- from'Dr. Craik - Proton
ced,..thatlthere;ivas'nS longer . hope,.
who WaOingtim; attended by asiugle
tuw as. izquantecia lino,.
officer; and a, gromp, left the head-quar
ters at Midnight; and rode:, with 4411
speed fortlthatit.
The anxious _Watchers by the couch
of the dying wire, in the gray'ot the
twiiigtt,, aroused by a trampling of
horsedand, *king out, discovered the
Coritteander-in-chief alighting front a
jaded "charger in the Court yard. He
immediately. summoned Dr. Craik, and
to the eager inquiry. Is there any hope?
Craik mournfully shaking his head. the
Generslietired to a room to indulge his
grief, requesting to be left alone. In a
little white the pocir sufferer expired.—
Washington, tenderly embracing .the
beiesvaLwife and mother, observed to
the weeping group around the remains
of him he so dearly loved, "".From this
moment a4o . pt his two youngest Oil
dientis my own." Absorbed in grief,
he then waved with his hand a melancho
ly adieu, and, fresh horses being , ready,
with Out rest or refreshment, he re
mounted and returned to the camp.
Spring Work.
There is no season of the year iti
whieh energy, activity and-good ealcul
lation - are more requisite thah the pre
sent Animals of all kinds,youag and
old. and particularly- those-intended for
lab r, demand increased care and,.'atr .
tension: Thie is one of the most " try
ing seasons for animals, as they are, as
the saying is, between hay and grass,"
and too often the supply of either, they
can obtain, is barely sufficient to sup
port life. If
_farmers would consider
the much greater quantity of milk a
cow will yield in a season, • that is in
.good condition'in the spring, than one
that has ,‘ been on lift" through March
or April, we are confident there would
not be so many skeletcoCcoivs on our
farms as there now are... If too,,they
would for one moment reflect that a
large part of an animal's power of draft
lies in his 'weight, and That where this
is wanting and the whole thrown on
muscular exertion, the'animal must soon .
give way, they would feel the necessi
ty of having their working stock, horses
or cattle, at this season in good heart,
their flesh sound and durable ; and we •
should be. spared the mortifiaaiion of
seeing• so many poor and miserable
teams in the field, at a time. when • all
should be life and activity. To work
well, an animal must be kept well : and
The work in nine , cases .out of ten will
be found best done where the teams
are in the best condition. You might
as well expect an Asiatic team of a
Jackass and a woman 'yoked together,
would break up - the ground to a proper
depth, as that-a pair of scare-crow hor
ses or oxen can cto it. Never under
take to see on how little food your team
can subsist. No 'better. criterion is
needed of the nature of a man's culti
vation of his grounds, thaffis afforded
by his animals: and he who starves
them, will soon .findlis . land will starve
'him. '
At this season of the year sheep re
quire much attention and will repay it.
Sheep are' among our most profitable
anio) ale, and on the whole require, less
care thairmost other's, if the little they
demand is given at the, proper time.—
LOA out for the lambs and the weak
ones of the flock, and , do not suffer a
drove of hardy rethers to-Rick over and
trample tipon the fodder before the ewes
and !arnbs can get a taste. , the tirne; to feed out your
turnips to your cattle, and alittle conk.
or beans. to your sheep°.—Cicitivator.
DOW 0.1,1' MATRINONY.-DOw, Jr.
closes a sermon on kissing - with the
following quaint advice
" I, want you, my young sinners to
kiss and get. married ; end then devote
your time to morality- Sad money-mak
ing. Then let your' homes - be welt
provided, with such comforts and neces.
series as piety, pickles,
,pots and ket.
des, brushei, brooms, beeetolenCe,
bread, charity, cheese, crackers, faith,
flour, affeetion, cider, sincerity, onions,.
integrity, vinegar, virtue, wine and
wisdom; Have always thesion hand,
and happiness will bb withyou. 'Don't
drink • anything infoxicating—eat mod.
erately—go,about business after break,
fast—lounge. a little after dinner—rehat
after Ma, and kiss after quarrelling: and
all thejoy the peace, end the bliss the
earth can afford shall be yours, till the
graves close over you, and your spirits
are borne to a brighter and happier.
world. • So mote it be."
swaltzm orliEßri.-:-.6• Sam." iaid
one little `urchin to another. yesterday
Sara, does.ynur schoolmavter , ever
give you any tetierds of merit P'
4.1 s'pose he does," yv as' the rejoin.
der, he givei me' a regularly
-every - dayi - andeuye . l merits two f"