Newspaper Page Text
. -..- -.-.,
The Famous Artificial WateMVays
of the World Reviewed.
jflF GREAT VALUE TO COMMERCE.
A System jof Transportation Dating Back
to Pre-HIstorio Times.
MADE TO OBDEB
are living in
an age of -wonders.
to inform the
of this. The
are looked upon
prise in thii
country of ours.
excite a pecu
liar IrinA nf ft
-gjZ!d curiosity which
S jVlast very brief-
next miracle of
b g progress is con
project is the
great ship can-
HaJ, so exhaustively described in recent issnes
pfjTHE Dispatch. AVhether or not it -will
gee a. material success is a question yet to be
determined, but if the undoubted benefits
derived from the other creat artificial water
ways of the world afford a proper crite
rion, the success of the present scheme if
Ana why should they not?
From the earliest aires un to the nresent
time the science of constructing geography
to snit the needs of the nrocressive human
race hat been going on steadily, and with
..u.,uiuuciii u wanted mat it nas come
Canal Viaduct at Ponty-Cysy'tte.
tOjpass tnat co physical obstacle is suffici
ents to deter the modern engineer from
.manipulating it to suit his purposes.
OP TEET ANCIENT OBI GIN.
Cabals, as a means of transportation, date
back to a period long before the beginning
f 4,the Christian era. Among the Assyrians,
yptians and Hindoos, the construction
vf canals for purposes of irritra-
(tion and communication had reached
aj. 'high degree of perfection,
while the Chinese tvnifr the earliest evi.
-ioCences of their civilization bv the rnnKtrm.
.ition of works of this character, one of
which the Imperial or ''Great Canal" is
jiaruiy rival ea so iar as extent is concerned,
even at the uresent dav. This wonderful
enefneerin? exnloit is said to have ocenmed
ilSOJyears in its construction an3 given em
ployment to so.uuo mea. it is about 1,000
miles in length, and is BUDtilied bv a i-rmt
number of streams from the flat countrr
through which it flows. Strong dvkes,
termed Of alternate lavert of earth and
straw, and sometimes cased with stone. Tire-
iSyent the water from overflowing the flat
bankments20 feet high: in others ittraversps
cuuiufs xuu icei in aeptn.
OLDEST CANALS OP ASIEBICA.
en in America, to whose nre-Imtorin
Tieottles it is as vet imnossihle In irir o c-t.
Islactory plane of progress, on acconnt of
ice many contradictions aiscoverable in the
relics lei t us. there are undonhtrd prirlonrwo
of knowledge in the construction of artificial
waterways. The excavations on one of the
Thousand Islands, south of Cape Bomano,
ana in i?naa Deiween tne tails at the head
of the Caloosahatcbee and Lake OkiwhnW
are plainly discernible at the present time,
while in another portion of the same State
a work of like character exists, which
shows considerable skill in enmnurmn
Jlounrts in close proximitv to the cm.
vationshave been examined by experts, and
they agree that the canal is the more an
cient of the two. Some few maintain that
inese excavations were for defensive pur
poses; but the most learned scientists contend
that the construction of the curious earth
works is against such a possibility. The
arrangement of an artificial channel be
tween parallel embankments 40 feet across
at the top and traversing 14 miles of terri
tory; is of snch character as to preclude the
probability of its being for war-like pur
poses. BXEETCHINO THE EYE OP FAITH.
The astronomers advance data slowing
le favor in which canals are held, even by
ie beincs of other rworlds. Tt lc nw
.claimed that almost undoubted indications
oi a wonaermi system of canals on the sur-
Tcpmbincd, Lotkt on Erie Canal at Loekport,
of the planet Mars arediscerniblebr the
nf the powerful telescopic appliances re-
ientlperfected. "Whether or not the opin-
)u&jju u. .wis u.h luucub tie axe uunuie
riavTat present: we onlv state the seien.
tis&fOpinions as tbey are presented.
BBetrarding the ancient works mentioned
previously, it must be said that these early
mats were 01 one unuorzn levei; therefore
low comparatively no great amonnt of
;killj;or Ingenuity. It remained for the
Moderns, who followed the ancient ideas
he Hi teentn century to invent the lock
nrnicn permittee! canals to be used
infeonatnej of the utmost irregularity of
' Eiy35rCLArMAKT3 AS ORIOXXATOBS.
kftBoth the Italians and Scotch claim the
jkeriiof the'iinveDtion, and while to neither
Sffthe crediPfee given exclasi vely so iar as
igkaown. it is certain that both nstiona have
Iffl5w?'l??S vWTL U
I e "
made wouderfnl develepsaentsin this sci
eoce during' recent times.
In France tbcuse of canals began some
what later, the first that of JJeBriare was
opened in 1642. It connected the Loire and
Seine rivers. Xn 1681 the greatest canal on
the European continent was completed. It
is called the Canal of Languedoe, or Canal
dn Ilia I, and is used to transport vessels
from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean. Its
length Is 148 miles, and contains more than
100 locks and about 50 aqueducts, and in
some parts is fully 600 feet above the sea
Eogland, -usually so progressive, did not,
strangely enough, awaken to -the benefits of
the canal system ot transit until fully a cen
tury later.all the2,000 ana odd miles of nav
igable water-way of this kind in that coun
try's domain having been constructed since
that time. It is owing mainly to the sagac
ity and energy of the Duke 0 Bridgewater
and his celebrated engineer, James Blind
ley, that the resources of the method were
developed in (hat country.
ONE aiAGIOriCElf X JIAT7STBAXI01T.
As an illustration of the extent of skill
reached, it is necessary to mention the won-
Canal Aqueduct, Irtotll, England.
derfnl aqueduct at Pont-y-Cysylte, by which
the Ellesmere and Chester Canal is carried
over the river Dee at an elevation of 125
feet above the river, the canal course itself
being formed at this spot of a cast-iron
trough 1,000 feet long, supported by 19 pairs
of stone piers from tne valley below.
The largest ship canal in Europe is the
Great Holland Canal, which was completed
inlS25. It has a bjeadth ot 125 feet at the
water surface, 31 at the bottom and is 20 feet
deep. It extends from the Amsterdam to
the Helder. a distance of El miles. It ena
bles shins of as much as 1.400 tons to avoid
the daneerous Znyder Zee. The surface of
the water in this canal is considerably be
low the high water level of the German
ocean, from which it is protected by em
bankments faced with wicker-work.
The Caledonian is another of the great
canals of Europe.
A -VTOKDEKPUL TJILEAGE HEBE.
In the -United States the artificial water
way has been brought to a high standard.
There are nearlv, or more than, 5,000 miles
of canals, which are being rontinually
added to. so benencial are they to our com
merce. The most important at present is the
Brie in New York State, and the famous
lake cr "Wetland system of the Northwest.
Strange as it may appear, however, there
, is hardly a country under the sun where so
much has been made of and by canals as in
India. Thonsands and thousands of miles
of territory have been adapted to the system,
both for transportation and irrigation pur
poses, and they have been of the most un
doubted benefits. They have changed sec
tions, that up to that time were desert
wastes, into lands of teeming fertility. Par
ticularly is this trne of Scinde, where the
annual rainfall is about nine inches a
mere bagatelle to a sun-blistered earth
which has rendered it almost uninhabita
ble: but now the entire aspect is changed,
and verdure extends to the very water edge,
while crop after crop is yielded as fast as
they can be sown and reaped.
A HEAL TEANSrOMlATION.
Wholo districts have been changed. The
now thriving city of Jacobabad stands on a
plain which, previous to' the construction
of the IWan Canal, was a verdureless
waste, the hottest place in India, and sup
nosed to be Quite uninhabitable. Th thnr.
mometeY climbs up to 145 in the shade at
Jacobabad, but since thejAnat put life into
the desert several thousand "people have
made the place tbelr home.
Unquestionably the greatest water-way of
this kind so far constructed, so far as ac-
Through the Sua Canal.
crning benefits to mankind is concerned, is
the well-known canal of the Isthmns of
Suez. Inasmuch as the construction and
maintenance of such a means of transpor
tation from the Mediterranean to the Indian
ocean has for many centnries been the sub
ject of discussion, and as the ultimate com
pletion of it was accomplished in the face oi
political and physical obstacles seemingly
unsurmountabie, and to show in how many
wavs it has been beneficial to commerce, a
somewhat more extended notice than or
dinary should be in order.
THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ONE.
It is known that in ancient times a canal
connecting the two seas named above was in
existence. When, how or by whom it was con
structed is not known. Herodotus ascribes
it to Pharaoh Necho(about600 years B. C),
while Aristotle, btraoo and Jfliny attnbute
it to the mystic Sesostris. Others again
assign the honor to Darius, King of Persia;
others to the Ptolemies. In the general de
cay of Egypt it gradually fell into disuse
and became choked up with sand, but was
restored by Trajan early in the; second cent
ury, A. D. It again became unnsable from
the same cause, and remained so until the
conquest of Egypt by Amron, the Arab
general of the Caliph Omar, who reopened
it and named it the "Canal of the Prince of
the Faithful," under which appellation it
was conducted for nearly a centnry when
the drifting sands got the better it again.
Prom that time (7C7 A. D.) up to the period
when DeLesseps took hold.of the project it
remained In that condition.
THE WAT CLEAR POB DE LESSEPS.
However, as early as the first of the pres
ent century the possibility of utiliziug the
ancient channel attracted the attention of
experts. Daring the invasion of Etrypt
Bonaparte caused the isthmus to be'sur
veyed by engineers, and since then the
question has been agitated st intervals.
England, Prance and Austria took hold of
the matter and sent out a commission in
?847. Another was sent out in 1853, but
nothing p radical was done until De Les-
peeps made his appearance in 1854. His
plans were somewhat different from those
before proposed, 'instead of -following an
oblique course and connecting with the Nile,
as the ancients bad done, his scheme was to
cut a canal right through the isthmns in a
straight line to Suez. His plan, strenu
ously opposed at first, -was at length carried
out, with what success is already well
De Lessees has notheen so successful with
his Panama venture, for which itis generally
admitted he is hiatself to blame; "but If the
Panama and'Nicaraguan canals the latter,
by the way, a purely American project are
ever carried out, they will In 01 woaderfal
benefit to human progress.
VASTLY VALUABLE TO COMMEKCE.
Some idea of what has beetrdoae in the
mrol facilitating commerce through the
medium of artificial water-wavs hiay be
gained when it is stated that j the Suez
Canal the distance between London or Ham
burg and Bombay, India, is shortened by
4.888 ailes, or 24 days. From Maweillee or
Genoa there is a saving of 30 days, and from
TriesC37. And if the Smc GasHd has been
of so iBuch valM to .
ji. j;,.. :i. ., t.rj'TSi
ymih win tae veetHH American sjskw m
to the world at large? Liverpool will be
almost 4.000 miles nearer to Yokohama, and
over 7,000 miles nearer San Francisco.
HaiBbnrg will be-closer by 7,000 miles to
Aeapulco, while France will be 1.500 miles
nearer Tdnquin, China. But ourown coun
try will be most benefited. New York will
save 10,000, and New Orleans 11,000 miles,
between those ports and Sa Francisco, the
latter distance being nearly tqual to halt
circumnavigating the globe.
OSEAT COST NO BEAL OBSTACLE.
It may be that the $500,000,000 Bunk in
the Panama scheme by De Lesseps and his
associates will be used as argument against
gigantic systems such as these inter-oceanio
projects, and the more recent one now oc
cupying attention in this country; bnt there
is no donbt that, if the capital can be se
cured, theror any other scheme of like
value to tfia commerce of the world cannot
fall to bring satisfactory returns some time.
Inproof of this:
When the Sues Canal was first proposed
De Lesseps figured that $40,000,000 would
see thfr project through. This certainly
great amount of money frightened the capi
talists, and he had a great time raising it, as
it -was maintained that the income that
could be derived from it would not justify
the outlay. "When it was mund, in 1869
the year the canal was opened that it had
cost $99,000,000, the people were paralyzed.
No one but the daring projector could see
how the scheme conld neatly pay the inter
est on the money in it. Shares, whose par
value was about S1O0, dropped to between
40 and $60.
VEET PBOFITABLE NOW.
But since that time how everything has
Changed! In ten years the income from
passing vessels increased from 911,032 to
2,421,835, whllp the shares raised more
than 50 per cenTabove their par value.
Even in India, the wonderiuL value, both
ways, can hardly,, be realized. A recent
writer, familiar 'with that country, states
that one system the Canvery, in the
Madras Presidency returns 81 per cent
profit per annum on the investment, and
some of the others, the exact figures of
which are not obtainable, even more than
this. A few years ago Major Mincbio, of
the English army, was appointed agent of
Bhawnlpore, a small native State on .the
Indus, daring the young Nawab't (native
prince's) minority. The Major looked the
territory over, and decided to Introduce
water from the Indus into various old chan
nels that traversed the State. He borrowed
15,000 at 12 per cent and set the people to
digging By the time the Nawab reached
his majority, the judicious outlay of this
trifling sum had increased the revenue of
Bhawnlpore from 120,000, paid ingrain, to
190,000, paid in cash.
THBOTJOH LONDON BY CANAL.
Many great and wonderful improvements
have been made -in the system, some 6t
these so important that at the present day
one can go from end to end of the city of
London by a canal which, traversing the
entire city, is so constructed that it does not
in the least interfere with the street traffic
of the big town, as one wonld naturally sur
mise. This has been made possible by the
tunneling system in some parts and in oth
ers the lock. Many and curious are the de
vices used to reach the various water levels.
On the Great Western Canal, England,
boats are raised and Jowered by means of
maohinery, called a perpendicular lift. On
several other canals in the same country
they are taken afloat in a caisson, or water
tight vessel, tp or down an incline plane,
at one place 96 feet. On a canal in this
country boats are conveyed on a carriage up
a railway inclined plane.
Many other schemes are in use for the
successful transportation of merchandise by
water, and it has been proven beyond ques
tion, time and again, that there are many
practical benefits to be derived from the
system, when properly carried out,
W. G. KAOTMANN.
A HUNGARIAN FIGHT.
Terrible Combat With Whlnky Bottles Be
tween Two Brottiers-ltrLaW.
Officer John Snyder was on hand yester
day afternoon just in time to prevent what
might have been a murder. Michael Block
and John Schmitt area two Hungarian
brothers-in-law, the firt"amed living on
Jones avenue and the other on Sixteenth
Yesterday afternoon Block and his wife
visited Schmitt's house. There was a plen
tiful supply 01 liquor. About z o'clock: in
the uiternoon a dispute arose over a family
matter, and words soon led to blows. The
men were furious with liquor, and
as t each was armed with a
whisky bottle, they beat each other
until blood flowed like watei. The women
ran into the street screaming for help, and
their cries were answered by Officer Snyder.
He had a hard time separating the men.
They were taken to the Twellth ward lock
up, where they were found to be badly cut
FOUXD FS0ZEN IN THE ICB.
A Woman Saleldei Became Sbo
Swindled Oat of 81,600.
Laweence, Mass., December 29.
About noon to-day the body of Miss Sarah
P. Nichols was found frozen in the ice ot
the Merrimac river, about a mile above the
upper bridge. The body was drawn ashore
by the police. Miss Nichols disappeared
from Lowell Christmas Eve.
She resided in Belvidere and was recently
swindled out or $1,000 by Charles Metcalr.
This caused despondency and led her to sui
cide. E0BEET GARKETrS HEALTH.
His Friends Alarmed by Recent Reports of
BaltimOee, December 29. Mr. Robert
Garrett is in very poor health. At times he
is very much depressed and occasionally be
comes very excited. He is still at his coun
try home, "Uplands." near Catonsville.
His friends nave not been encouraged by
reports from his physicians, especially as
he has been unwell off and on for more than
CRUSHED BETWEEN BARGES.
A Laborer on ike Steamboat Snra Brown
Suffer Serious Injuries.
Daniel Moody, a laborer, employed on the
steamboat Bam Brown, was brought to the
Mercy Hospital yesterday, suffering from
three broken ribs and internal injuries. He
was tyingupapairof barges at Lock No.
2, when he fell down between them, getting
badlv squeezed, his recovery is doubtful.
Mood vis 30 years old, single and lives at
Not a Saeceufal Revolution.
CITY OP Mexico, December 29. Tele
grams from the Bepnblio of San Salvador
received here to-day state that the revolu
tionists in the department of Cuscatian are
retreating before the Government troops
sent against them, and that the revolution is
of no importance. -
- To BUpel Colds,
Headaches and fevers, to cleanse the system
inters, hi cieuise me system
tly, when costive or bilious,
I is impure or sluggish, to per
bitual constipation, to awaken
effectually, yet gentij
or when the blood is 1
manentlv cure habitual constil
the Kidneys ana liver to a healthy activity,
without irritating or weakening them, use
Syrup of Figs.
A number of choice Paris robes still
$10 robes now $5.
$15 and f 20 robes now $10.
Bargains. Boass 8s Buhl.
Froa fee Bsltsss of the Sea.
McGintyhas been found at last.
mystery is solved. Ton can find him
your grocert. Marvin's MtGIntv cakes
the newest, sweetest, best in' the mark
Get a pound at once.
Now Is faw Cfcaace.
i. rednctie a-f IB per mi k , si
.terra coiia- stMv4fqW feeai,
flowers 'and hwaii at Maaih'i
Of the fleporf Tbt the Imperial
Property Was Confiscated.
The Ker Bepubjlc Gaining ia the Affec
tions of tk People.
LAST WOl&S OP THE EXILED EMPEESS
TYASHiNOTOir, December 29. The fol
owing telegram, received this morning by
Mr. Valente, the Brazilian Minister, from
Mr. Buy Barboza, the Minister of Finance,
shows to be untrue the statements repeat
edly made that the provisional Government
of Brazil had confiscated property belonging
to the Emperor:
Vfe see that tho European press continues to
accept false rumors as a- basis for accusations
against us. Tno property belonging-to the Im
perial family has not been confiscated. On the
contrary the decree has cuaranteed to allow
the Imperial family "sufficient time within
which to dispose of its rrnperty. 'Whaf,ba
been cancelled IS the allowance in the civil list
and tne subsidy granted by the Prorislonal
Government. Ktnr Bakboza,
Minister of Finance.
ALL tBOPERTT SATE.
Mr. Valente said that the Government
had taken great precaution to insure tlie
safety of everything belong to the imperial
family. A careful inventory had been taken
of their possessions, and these effects had
been zealously guarded and turned over to
Marquis Faranairua, a warm friend of the
Emperor. Confiscation was an unknown
thing Jn Brazil, and he believed and hoped
it would never occur.
BotHabe Ministers and CaptalnJkfaurity,
delegate to the Maritime Congress, wno was
present when a reporter called to seethe
Minister, declared their Arm belief that the
Republic was assured beyond question.
The reports of trouble, they said, were all
hatched up in Lisbon by enemies of the Be
public With regard to the reports that German
and other colonists had petitioned their
Governments for protection against a decree
of the Provisional Government, Mr. Valente
and Captain Manrity said this was a mis
taken understanding of the intention of the
Government. The decree issued declared
all foreigners resident within the country at
the time the Republic was proclaimed to be
citizens of Brazil nnlesa they should prefer
to continue their allegiance to,., their native
There Was nothing compulsory about it
The Government supposed it was conferring
a favor, and those who did not desire to ac
cept it were free to follow their own inclina
tions. There seems to be a growing feeling
among Brazilians in support of the Be
pttblio and of opposition to the monarchr.
this teellng apparently is due to a consid
erable extent to supposed attemnts at inter
ference on the paft of European Govern
ments with Brazil's national affairs. Even
those Brazilians who-wcre formerly devoted
to Dom Pedro and for some time were not
friendly Ho the new Government are now
strong adherents of the Republic.
ALA8, BRAZIL, BRAZIL)
Tfao Last Words Uttered by the Banished
and Dying Empress.
OpoetO. December 29.-Dom edro has
received many telegrams of condolence on
the death of his wife. Among them was
one from Queen Victoria,- "When it became
evident the end was rapidly approaching,
the ex-Empress was advised to summon a
confessor. Although in creat agony, she
replied: "Yes. but we must await the Em
peror. He will give instructions." Her
last words were: "I regret that my children
and grandchildren are not around me that I
might bless them for the last time. Alas,
Brazil. Brazil, that beantiful countrr. I
cannot return .theie." Baroness Jajurfo
and two nnns watcnea tne Doay during the
night The face of the dead Empress wore
a peaceful expression.
Dom Pedro rose early this morning and
attended mass. He was greatly dejected
and so weak that his doctors were obliged to
support him. The Imperial physician has
arrived here to attend the ex-Emperor, for
whom much anxiety is felt. Dom Pedro
has accepted the King's offer of one of the
royal palaces here as a temporary residence,
but he expresses a desire to live alone. The
Comte and Comtesse d'Eu have left Madrid
lor Lisbon. On their arrival here the ar
rangements will "be made for the funeral of
the ex-Empress of Brazil.
The Lightest Attendance for Six Months at
The attendance at the Central station
hearings yesterday morning was the lightest
ior fully six months, there being bnt 13 un
fortunates, all told, led before the Magis
trate, and five of these were common drunks.
The same number were given workhouse
sentences. William Stewart for refusing to
return a trick bird let loose b an actor at
the Academy, which few into his arms, got
30 days also; John Brown, who followed
Bobert Smothers out Fifth avenue, casting
reflections o'f a blasphemous character on
Bobert's complexion and daring him to
fight, got the same sized sentence. , .
Martin McMahon entered tbe honse of
Peter Kaiser, on Our Alley, and secreted
himself in the cellar where he was found by
Officer Baltz about 2 o'clock yesterday morn
ing; fiis explanation to the Magistrate did
not go, and he got a 30-days' sentence.
Those who use Prauenheim & Yilsack's
celebrated ale and porter pronounce it exp
edient in flavor and very beneficial in Its
efiect .Kept by all first-class dealers.
Atjfbecht's ability as a photographer
cannot be excelled anywhere, consequently
the larce patronage which he enjoys at 516
Market street, Pittsburg.
The Ascot scarf at James H.
Co.'. 100 Flfttrave.
"I was cured of one of the worst cases of ma
larla fever by Hood's Sarsaparilla, and what
tills medicine did for me, it will do for fathers.
I was taken w I tli the disease In 18& I consulted
tbe best doctors, bnt without any apparent
benefit, and had to resign my situation as agent
and operator for the Missouri Pacific Bailroad.
I bad lost G6 pounds and spent over $300. At last
I accidentally met a traveller for C. L Hood &
Co., who advised me to try Hood's Sarsapar
Ma. X bought six bottles for $5 and after nsing
two 1 thought I was no better. lint Ideter
mined to use np what Sarsaparilla Ibad: before
the third bottle was gone I began to feel better
and continued to mend till I took 13 bottles,
when I more than gained my usual health and
weight I soon obtained another situation, and
consider myself a well man." J.H.HTX&KB,
Agent Wabash & Pacific Bailway, Lodge, 111.
N. a If you decide to take Ho od's Barsapa
rilla do not be Induced to buyany other.
Sold byall druggists, fl; six t or 81 Prepared
only WO. L HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
JLOOKER'S DUTCH COCOA.
ISO CUPS FOB $L
CHOICEST, PUREST, BE8T.
Tfce 6rt Baflish CeaHtxSoa 861?.
It all tlrt, M IfftHtf MMsW,
i"frsstrSfc?,r v iauiH
He Akeiins to Shoot ,
Attacked His Bui ihtsr Farrtes
Kavr ersTSatelasT "
Bbazil, Ind., December 29. Ja
Dahlgrea, a prisoner in jail here, eharged
with forgery, had a narrow escape yesterday
afternoon from being shot by the angry
father of a girl he attacked. socae weeks age,
and to-night extra guards -are on datyat tie
prison fearing a lynching party is on toot.
Dnring tho past two months half a doses as
saults have been attempted or committed in
the neighborhood of Coal City. Several of
these crimes had been kept secret by the par
ents or other relatives of the women and
girls interested, all parties being desirous of
concealing thS facts.
About three weeks ago Miss Clara
"Warner, tbe daughter of respectable
parents, was on herwav home one evening
from a visit to a neighbor's when she was
attacked by a stranger. Mr. Warner, oa
learning the facts, awora to have the
scoundrel's life if he could be lonoa, Tbe
girl gave -a clear description of her assail
ant, and when Dahlgren was arrested for
forgery and Iddged in jail here she .got the
idea J&at tbe forger was the brute who at
tacked her. She communicated her sus
picions to Mr. "Warner, who at once de
termined to come here with his dauchter
and see the imprisoned forger. The story of
Miss wamer's suspicion got abroad
in Coal City, and therefore she
and her father left yesterday mora
ine and were assured that should
Dahleren prove the man he had less than
24 hours of life before him.- Mr. and Miss
Warner arrived in Brazil shortly after noon
and went to the jail. The Sheriff was In
formed of their object and led them through
the prison, Miss Warner closely scanning
the faces of the prisoners. The moment the
set eyes on Dahlgren she cried: "That's the
.man, father; ttfce me away."
Mr. Warner instantly drew arevolver,
and was just about to level it at the scoun
d"iel when the Sheriff seized his arm and led
tho furious man outside. He and his
daughter went home on the next train, but
new.s ihat Dahlgren had been recognized by
Miss Warner soon spread through town and
a universal demand for Dahlgren's life was
soon teingmade. Word comes from Coal
City tnat the people there are also organiz
ing, a.nd may be expected to reach town
sometime to-night. The Bherifi has, how
ever, taken every possible precaution,
placing extra guards around the prison,
and declares his determination to protect his
prisoner from mob violence.
Let well enough alone. "Your parents were
always tlatisfied witty Dr. Bull's Cough
On center counter of linen stock; a large
lot of linen towels, scarfs, tidies, lunch sets,
etc., which -vers slightly mussed and soiled
during the holiday rush, now piled out at
sacrifice pri&vL As good as new after an, ac
quaintance with the wash tub.
Boggs & Buhl.
Those who use Erauenheim & Yilsack's
celebrated ale and porter pronounce it ex
cellent in flavor -and very beneficial in its
effect. Kept by aJl first-class dealers.
Usees of Lutn'a beer are always well
pleased, Kept by all first-class dealers, or
will be supplied direct. Office cor. Chest
nut st and Spring Garden ave., Allegheny.
Rog-er &Bi0. Triple-Plato
Silver knives and forks $2 25 per set at
Hauch's, No. 295 EiitliAve.
(The Baby Smiles
When Aufrecht takes its picture, at 616
Market St., Pittsburg. Cabinets $1 per doz.
Kin and dogskin walking gloves.
jAMfis H. Aiken & Co., 100 Fifth ave.
BARKER Snnday evening; December 20.
1889, RlCttAitsJ. BABXBn.rton of William 8.
and Bessie M. Barker, accd 2 davs.
Funeral from tbe residence of .his parent
132 Ridge avenue, Allegheny, TJ1I3 afternoon
at 2 o'clock. Interment private.
JBATTENPIELU On Sunday noon, Decem
ber 29, 18S9, at 12 o'clock, H ABUT, youngest son
of John and Minnie Battenfield. use Schuette.
at tbe age of 1 year and 20 days.
Funeral will tike place on Tutosay, De
cember 31. 1SS9, at 2 o'clock 7. ST., from tbe resi
dence of his parents, No. 73 Qra.it avenue,
Miilvale borough; Bennett station, friends of
the family are respectfultyinritedia attend. 2
CAHILL At his residence. No. 96 Kz&t Dia
mond street. Allegheny City, December 29,
18S9, at3A. M.,I"eank OAim.L,in the 17th
year of his age.
Services on TtrfiSDAY at 2 O'cloct p. ir.
Fun eral private at a later hedr; 2
DONArJJSON'-At West EHzabettt, Mrs.
Martha Donaxdson, In the 69th year oi her
Fnneral Monday at 2 p. jr. from her late
KING Sunday. December 25, at her home at
Monongahela City, Pa., Mrs; Haeia KINO, in
the 90th year of her age.
Funeral Tuesday at 21 o'clock from her Ute
residence at Monongahela City. Pa.
KERR On Friday, December 27, 1889; at S
v. if., at the residence of John- Arbuckle
Brooklyn, N. Y Hiss ANNA It, Kxbb.
Fnneral services at the family residence, 53
Union avenne. Allegheny City, on Monday
afternoon it 1 o'clock. Interment private
at a later hour, 2
McGRAW Att residence, No. 20 Ander
son streec, Allegheny City, on Friday De
cember 27, 1889, at 9 45 p. H.. JOHS A. Mo
GBAW, of J.nA. McGraw & Bros In tbe- 41th
year of his age.
Funeral services on Monday, December 30,
at 2 o'clock P. at. Interment private at Slater
McCOMBES On BatuT&ay, December 2s, at
7:15 P. M Kezia, widow of the late James Mc
Combes, Sr.,and mother of O.K. West; in the.
80th year ot her age.
Funeral services at her late- residence, 12
Whig alley, Allegheny, on Monday at 10 a. h; f
Funeral at a later hour. 2
RAHM On Sunday, December 29; 1889; at
10.30 p. m., tho infant son of Edward and Maud
REID At Craftori, Pa., Saturday, De
cember 28, at 10J5 p. jr., Harby Wiixard,
youngest son of Charles H. and Minnie O. Reid,
of spinal meningitis.
Fnneral services at home, Crafton. station, oa
Monday, December 30, at 1:15 v.x. Private
interment from Union depot on- arrival ot 2.10
P. M. train, city time.
WEAVER On Saturday, December 28. 1889.
at D o'clock p.m., Walter K, sonof Henry
and Elizabeth Weaver, aged I year; 10 months
ana z: aays.
Funeral from.tbe residence of his parents, 35
Stewart street, Allegheny, on Monday, De
cember 30, at 2 o'clock. Friends, ot the family
are respectfully invited to attend
(Snccessor to Meyer, Arnold & Co., Um.,y
UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMER.
Office and residence, 1134 Penn aveaue. Tele
phone connection. mylO-OtatwYBu
ORCHIDS AND ROSES OF BARE BEAUTY.
A. M. &J. JS. MZTBDOCMt,
Ki ft 8MITHFIELD ST.
OXV Telephono 428. o30-MWr
HOLIDAY FLO WER8
Holly wreathing, Christmas trees.palms, ca
nary birds, gold fist), etc. Order early.
JOHN R. A A. MURDOCH,
&86 Smithneld street.
Telephone 239. Iel8-MWF
pfEPRESENTEDINi'mtSBURO U OCX
Jnmwance Ce. f Jferth America.
Losses adjusted andpailby "WILLIAM &
JONES. 84 Fourth aveaac l iaaS-sg.
Aj K I I ISTT A INSURANCE CO,
XLl L.,1N jAm Hartford, Cobb.
Asset, January 1, 1887 tVW,W 0C
EDWARDS KENNEY, Agents,
M Fourth &thm mate
RsJetns, Proses, Nuts. I vapor
ated Peaetws, Ajrioeta,
mmt, ) isjc fw,, WWmffS BtkJBfWT" ' -' '" ' -ri "-""-"-' 'JfigSfSB
Htw Year's Prwewts.
Although, we haver had astUHf
cedested Christmas trade we hays
replenished our stock ad hare a
very nice aeeartaeat of goods suit
NEW THAU'S PBESEWTS.
JEWELERS, 37 FIFTH AVE.
of all heavy or winter goods, which
as we need their room and moner, and desire
to put, on an Seal Plush Coats, Jackets and
Newmartjets, such V
PRICES AS TELL
500 REAL MONKEY
This is a notch to which no one has dr"med
of tbelr coming. Owing; to the mild weatber
we-are OBLIGED TO make prices tell, and wo
are givinc genuine bargains in Men's Wool
T, M, LATIMER
138 Federal and 46 South Diamond
Streets, Allegheny, Pa.
Between now and NEW TEAR'S DAT we
will sell -the following lines of goods at
the above reduction from regular prices.
Collar and Cuff Boxes,
Leather Case Shaving1 Sets
and Ladies' Toflet Cases, ' '
Handkerchiefs and Glove Boxes
And all other fancy articles not named above
that we have placed on the short counter and
rack In tbe center of the store. ..
Satin, Kid and Chamois painted articles,
such as Mouchoir Cases, Fancy Bass, Snaring
Paper, Blotters; Card Cases, Court Plaster
Cases. Lanndrv lists. Calendars: EtchfneCBsM.
etc together with other small articles in this
line not many of these, bnt what -there bare
nice and in good condition.
CULLINGS IN HANDKERCHIEF
stock. Ladies', Gents' and Children's, such as
have become slightly soiled during the rush,
placed out in boxes on counter to be run off at
GREATLY REDDdED PRICES.
HORNE & WARD,
41 FIFTH AYE.
Established over Half a Century.
As dealers in reliable Purs only our repu
tation; for oyer fifty years has never been
questioned- "Whatever other qualities vre
deem advisable to Keep vre always
CARRY THE BEST.
Our immense: stock of Seal Garmenta is
no exception to ibis rule.
Every garment quoted below is absolutely
reliable aad warranted.
Alaska Seal Srcques, full length, $140,
ATasta Seal Jaekets, $125, $135, $150.
English "Walking Coats (half sacque),
Very fine 25-i. Jack eta (Martin's Loudon
A ftw Seal Jackets st&d "Wraps at $75.
Sole Agents ior Xreedwell's Celebrated
Mahogany Dye Seal Saoquee, warranted 12
Endless- variety of Shadier Cafes, is
Babies, Astrakhan. Pereiaaer, Sfti, etc., at
Also every deserfptiba. ot Small Ears.
JbnBtarrs of Fi,
44f -WOOD STREET.' -
-&-? . t
B; & B.
3fearA?r Dee her 3d
, After the rah of the recent Christ
mas trade Is in a measure over and
the asaeke has cleared away, we find
in every department many broken
Jiees and odd lot' which we will
clean up at prices withoat regard to
oat or value.
A casual glance sit the different
-departments this week will reveal
these special lots.-aadtbey will pre
sent a rare opportunity for bargain
hunters and shrewd buyers.
AT SILK DEPARTMENT.
A lot of elegant fancy Silk Bro
cades, French novelties, on which
the prices have been $3 and $4, on
the counter to-day at $1 CO. A not
very large lot of plain Bengaline
Silks, superior fabric and proper
shades, at $1, 50, on which the regu
lar price and valne is 2 CO. Sev
eral hundred yards of fancy-figured
Satins, light colors and just the
thing for fancy work, at the clean-Ing-up
price of 50 cent. Bemark
able value to the purchaser and a
fine loss for the seller.
There are many Black Silks at
f 1; bnt none such have been seen or
known of as this lot of 21-inch
Onimet's on this silk counter. A
new 25-piece lot lust placed on sale,
and we feel safe In recommending it
as full, of service-giving qualities
and the best dollar silk ever re
tailed. Quite a pile of those 50-cent all
wool figured Challis at 25 cents.
Out of season? y7ell, no; just the
best fabric for tea-gowns and
A number of Gents' Smoking
Jackets handsome plaids and
stripes, with the Virgoe & Middle
men brand on them (which indicates
the finest) left over after tbe re
cent onslaught. .The $10 ones were so
much in demand before Christmas,
will they not be more so now at ?5?
And the $12 ones now at $3? $15
ones now at $10 ?
, Is it surprising that such prices
"keeps a continuance of the holiday
rush in these stores?
BOGGS & BUHL,
115, 117, 119, 121 Federal st. and Park
"Forget Me Not"
We shall devote the month of
January to the most thorough and
sweeping clearance sale ever known.
We call this a Forget Me Not Sale
because we intend to make it a
memorable sale, not soon to be for
gotten. Day by day we shall take
an inventory of Stock; day by day
our advertisement of "Forget Me
Not" bargains will appear in the
daily Dispatch,Chionicle Telegraph,
Post, Leader and Press. WATCH
THE DAILY PAPERS.
Fleishman & Co.,
WE STILL' HAVE A
STOCK OF GOODS ON HAND LEFT OVER FROM!
OUR CHRISTMAS STOCK AND YOU GANM
TTTAT.T.V HAVF. THEM
'AS WE HAVE NOT THE
A CALL WILL CONVINCE YOU THAT SUgl
A CUTTING IN PRICES
A !..' nj .rCAtrJLir.-
J3l UKJU9, ilU iCUUUWUU
'HOPPER PROS, & COJ
THE : LEADING . HOUSE i FURNISH
9A7 "WOOD STREET
L!U5B I aJVJ I im i ninr ssiiii ivi Msyi IV aw. W VjnIraRalBBB
, WV I MMrvsflsaT MOsW
IF PRICES WILL Oil
"We shall not cany a Cloak or "Wm?mr
to next season. While we are notstmakj
ing as loua s noise as some otner nonses.iwel
are getting tbe trade because ourv-paironsj
know what we advertise we do. No'higMl
promises, dui sona tacts, tnat tne iacuea
Seal Plusn, Jackets -were $1
Seal Plusli Jackets were 815,.nosJ
BO TR ,:MflNS9
Seal Flush "Wraps werer.$10Jwm
Seal Plush "Wraps were 822,'iKml
Seal Plash Sacques were $30, now!
Seal Flush Sacques were 838, nowj
825. - ttf
Every garment guaranteedperfeotinererrl
particular; all made upon the samepriacj-j
pie as tne real seaisKin garments, mm ezvaj
fine quilted satin and silk linings, chamoiaj
ssun pocKets, eto.
Fine Twill Newmarkets were $13fl
now st 7o.
Fine Jacquard Newmarkets were
815, now 8T oa
fine Beaver Kewmargets were!
818, now 810.
Fine Imported Cloth Newmarkew
were 820, now 812. 54
Extra Fine Direotoire Newmarkets!
were 825, now 815.
Also an assorted Tot of ladies' very final
long garments, different sizes and in rail
colors, that we bought very late in the
season, worth $30; we are closing them' out
iiuw iur V4U.
From 4 to 12 years, at prices that wilLjSw
pay ior tne material in tnem.
Some of these goods we have only, a'llmo
ilea quantity oi. xt you want to secure ai
bargain . come at en ce. .A
Also some startling prices In'cold-weatherJ
TIUDiSBWJSAli AND HUSLEBX? .fOM
Ladies, Gentlemen and Children,
SPECIAL. Odds and ends In Holiday!
uooas, uous, -toys, hooks ana liames, ciosv
ing out regardless oi con or value. l
- Sixth St and Penn Ave
I u ill
THE LARGEST STOOK.:
923 AND 925 PENN AVE.1
Heah Nrsnr Stuxxt. ?
Cloaks and Clothing?
THE LOWEST PRICES.-
AT YOUR OWN PRJIGRI
ROOM TO CARRY THEMI
YOU NEVER BEEOKEl
-P CV va re,-ni$-
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