Newspaper Page Text
pie Valley Eoad to Build One
on Pike Street.
mm'SSi OF LAND BOUGHT.
lEemarkable crease in the Lines
Traffic Last Tear.
ffiH-ADDITIONAL TRACK PROMISED.
'The Allegheny Valley Bailroad Company
3ms purchased all the property lying be-
fjtween Eleventh and Twelfth streets, on
tPenn avenue. For several years past the
company has been on the alert to buy any
property that was offered for sale, or could
be bought in this square. ADont two momns
aso the company acquired the two last
'houses which adjoins their general office on
"With the property that the Valley people
have acquired by the purchase of the square,
'the company intends to tear down the
ihbuses, and utilixe the ground for a freight
depot and vard facilities. A number of .toe
Jhouses are being pulled down now. Some
nfithem, however, will not be vacated belore
iA.pril 1. The Allegheny company cannot
SritRrfrrewithanvof the bouses which are
now occupied until the term expire.
The Allegheny Company expects to nave
Ube property cleared away by the latter part
Ot .April, xney will immcui:ijr kv "
a-nrV then find bnild a new freieht depot.
,rAll the land which will not be covered by
l fth denot will be nsed for tracks. The
tfaepot will be principally used for the ac-
commoaauon oi nne ircigub, &uwi a uij
goods, vegetables, flour, etc The reason
the Vallev is bringing its depot nearer the
heart of the city is to catch the trade which
The property which the Valley purchased
-between Eleventh and Twelfth streets is
worth $150,000. The cost ot bnuding a
ifrelght depot, which wili contain every con--remende
lor the various roods which leave
! .Pittsburg for northern points and the iay
"fing of tracks, will approximate $150,000
more. The Valley is going to erect a hand-.-
icnmndennt. Erervthinir will be done by
ithe company to cater to -the convenience of
ttbe mercantile putuic ah me nne ireicni
which has hitherto been shipped from Six--,teenth
street by the Valley will be trans
ferred to the Eleventh street depot after it is
ibuilt All heavy freight, manufactured
iron and steel, will still be shipped from the
(Sixteenth street depot All live stock will
lb shipped from the new depot The Valley
does a large freight business in live stock.
- iMr. David McCargo, Superintendent of
lthe Allegheny Valley Bailroad, was seen at
3his 'home last night by a Dispatch re
sporter. He said. "The Valley company
jhas bought the square between Eleventh
Biana xweiua streets jur me purjju&c ui
'freight facilities. "We have been for a long
'" lim nact hnmnered hv an insufficient
BtTTTNC FOE TEAKS.
'Tor several years we have been buying
up the property between Eleventh and
'Twelfth streets for the pnrposeol extending
our yard facilities. It was not, however,
until two months ago before we completed
the purchase of the square. After tearing
allthe houses down, which cannot be done
until the 1st of April, we will commence at
ionce to build our depot "We expect to
jcomplete the tracks by the beginning of
: iluly, when we will transfer all the light
freight to tne .rsieventn street depot.
4,Tli freight hnsinpss on the Vnllev mart
-ifor the past year has been unparalleled. I
Wrr- v-r i ji-j 1.4
"freight as we did during the autumn
vmonths. Business on the road is remarka-
'",ble, and the outlook is just as bright as the
. !,past we have excellent yard facilities
1UOW. ve io&u anu iransier on our
ivards an immense amount of freight for
the? Fort "Wayne and the Pennsylvania
railroads. Though we have the advantage
of splendid vara facilities, yet we have
''hitherto been at a disadvantage for light
freight by our depot being located in an in
'convenient spot It has been the policy of
the Valley to cater to the wants or the pub
lic, and we mean to pursue that policy. "We
have boueht this property to come up to the
itimes. The Fort Wayne bring their depot
to the heart of the city, and we are going to
go the same.
. "The public do not see the accommoda
tion we offer them, nor do the v justly appre-
isCciate our motive for building a new depot
on such valuable property, shippers of
drygoods, flour, leather, iruit, potatees and
lOtner smau articles win oe anie u leave
':-;tbeir goods for transit at the depot at a
t j cheaper rate than they are able to do now
f by bringing them to Sixteenth street Those
who do extensive shipping will reel the
benefits when the yearly balance sheet is
i made out
"The Allegheny Valley Bailroad is now
15 doing an immense business, both in passen-
iftger ana ireignt. we nave yeipieniy oi ta-
cilities lor running our cars without any de
I lav. If the business increases at the same
ratepn the future as it has done in the past,
and if it becomes necessary, we will increase
";-our running facilities by building an addi
tional line. With one engine we can haul
15 passenger cars, while the Pennsylvania
jcan'onlv haul eight cars across their road.
L2-tt-T .-1 l L....1 m a r st-i
-t cTCKui&riy .uu a iv w ireiKUfc cars
along tne roaa. :xnougn we nave only a
single track, yet our grade makes our facili
THE MAI0E TO EEYIEW THEM.
.The Hlberntnns Will Parade on St. Patrick's
fA county meeting of the Ancient Order
ofEibernians was held at Hibemia Hall,
yesterday, -with James F. Scott in the chair.
Iltfwas decided to parade on St Patrick's
KDay and Patrick Fallon was elected Grand
larsnaL hit. .canon appointed tionn is.
onnelly and Luke Burns Assistant Mar
shals; Thomas Murray, Chief ot Staff, and
Matthew Cavanagh, Adjutant General.
A committee of arrangements was ap
pointed consisting of C. Horgan, Major
John Coyne, Thomas Murray, John Mad
den, P.;M. Connelly, Thomas Cnrley, Peter
JVard, P. A. Biccards, John Golden,
Michael McCarthy, James Coan and Frank
Gorman. The parade will move at 10 A.
M.?;jAs:the parade passes City Hall it will
previewed by the Mayor and citr officials
andir,.will also be reviewed by the Grand
Marshal before the line is broken at Hiber
nian'Hall. 10 .UUKEA'UO ilia MAX
hAKevrXorker Named as Campbell's Foul-
,t ble Successor,
egardingthe Presidency of the "Window
(Glass "Workers' Association there is reason
fiojnppsse that Granville Morenns, of 2Tew
iort ijiiy, will occupy mat position.
5fAVone time it was thought that Patrick
iCleary.ithe local candidate, would have got
tth'ereyarid that he has not, is said by .those
fwUpTprofess to be acquainted with the inside
nrorkings ot the organization, to be due to
RhlElyisits which Mr. Campbell lately paid
JtoTthe' various preceptories.
v. A HaBsise Xlectrlc Wire.
lAlbert Sonnely was driving in Second
avenue yesterday afternoon, and when or
IposIteXaughlin station, the top of his
Ibuggy was torn oft" by a cross-wire of the
.GecondKAvenue Electric Bailroad. which
hatfdronpeddowiL Mr. Donnely escaped
yjgftgopifig hia head.
' ."tj- - ' 7,apwr icvrA w, t isKr&cjrvrg -yi'
Wnt Sod Peslo RrJotchHt Over the Com
lag Abolition of a Nalsnace A New Sr wer
A little more patience on the part of the
West End people, and they will be rewarded
bv the removal of the dam In the mouth of
Saw Hill run. It is reported authoratively
that J. "W. Friend & Co., proprietors of the
Eagle Boiling Mills, on whose property the
mill is located, have finally agreed to take
out part of the dam. This will be a welcome
boon for the "West End. It is said that five
ieet of the dam vill be cut away; the work
to be done April li
The citizens have been fighting the dam
for the last five years. Every summer the
sewers emptying into the run have become
choked up, and would overflow at every
freshet The cellars of the houses; were
flooded, and consequently the health of the
entire "West End was affected. A great deal
of the sickness was charged directly to the
condition of the sewers. The citirens pro
tested against allowing the dam to remain,
as it raised the bottom of the run on a level
with and in some instances, higher than the
mouths of the sewers.
A year ago last summer the citizens held
a meeting and directed a committee to in
stitute legal proceedings against J. "W.
Friend & Co. to compel them to remove the
dam. The citizens lost the suit the Court
saying that in the first place the sewers
should not empty into the run, as it runs
through private property, and in the second
place J. w. Friend & Co. could not be com
pelled to remove the dam because it is" pri
vate property. The citizens then gave up
the fight for awhile.
Later a suggestion was made to have a
large sewer constructed to empty into the
river instead of into the ran. The matter
was discussed considerably, and the people j
were about to ask. the Thirty-sixth ward
Conncilmen to have an ordinance passed in
Councils providing for the sewer, when it
was learned that Friend & Co. were going
to remove a part of the dam.
It is now stated by some that Friend &
Co. were scared into removing the dam by
the proposition to bnild a new sewer, as it
would have gone through or near to the
firm's property, and their expenses on a
new sewer would be much greater than the
cost of the taking out of the dam. This
theory is hardly correct though. Those who
seem to know say that the'dam is to go
because it is injuring the property of Friend
& Co., on "West Carson street A call was
made at the honse of J. "W. Friend yester
day afternoon, but he is out of the city.
Councilman Evan Jones, of the Thirty
sixty ward, when asked about the proposed
new sewer, said: "I don't think an attempt
to get the sewer will be made now. It
would cost no less than $35,000, and if a
satisfactory remedy to our regulsr summer
difficulty results from the removal of the
dam we will not need a new sewer. I
should not'like to undertake to have the
As soon as the dam is taken out the Street
Commissioners will have the bottom of the
run loosened up and cleaned out thoroughly.
This will lower the bed below the mouths of
the sewers. The citizens of the "West End
are Tery jubilant over the prospects of hav
ing what they have always considered a
nuisance wiped out
BEATING THE EECOEDj
A Sacramento Engine Coyer One Mile In
The best time ever recorded in the history
of railroading was made in a late run over
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe system
between Bakersfield and Xathrop.. a dis
tance of 220 miles, the distance being ac
complished in 2433 minutes. Deducting,
however, 35 minutes lost in stoppages, the
actual running time was 222 minutes.
This is the greatest speed ever made in a
continuous run for such a distance with one
engine. The engine was of the Stevens
type, and built in 1885. Her drivers are 5
feet 10 inches, and she burned 3J tons of
coal during the run. The greatest speed
attained was one mile in 45 seconds, the
fastest on record by H4 seconds. The best
time made for a stretch .was 10f miles in 8
minutes, or at a little more than 45.7 seconds
per mile. The train was made up of two
official's coaches, and ran as a special, pass
ing nine trains on the rnn, indicating some
nice work by the dispatchers.
A SOGIOE DISSATISFIED.
Asks tbe Coroner to InYciiIente a
Child's Death on Peon ATenne.
Br. Stanb, of Penu avenue, was called
yesterday to attend the child of Charles
Cowling, who lives in the rear of No. 2927
Penn avenue. The Doctor, who lives only
a square from the home of Dowling, imme
diately answered the summons. "When he
entered tbe room the child was dead.
Last Tuesday the Doctor was asked to
prescribe for the same child. He told a
Dispatch reporter that he prescribed a
two-ounce bottle of medicine, which would
last only two days. He said he heard no
more about tbe case until yesterday. Dr.
Staub refused to issue a death certificate,
and informed Coroner McDowell ot the
death, recommending an inquest
THE TAEENTDJI MDRDEE.
Police of the Two Cities Not Expecting the
Arrest of tbe Criminals.
The local police had no new information
yesterday relating to the Tarentum murder.
County Detective Eanghorst was away from
home nearly all day yesterday, and could
not be lound. The police of Pittsburg and
Allegheny have no faith in the alleged
clews he is said t be following, and do not
believe that he will ever catch any of the
murderers. One of the police officials said
"Those men will never be turned up un
less one of them confesses or they are caught
trying to dispose ,of one of tbe watches or
the pin stolen from Budert's store. Both
are very slim chances."
A Gang of Six From Varloni Places Bent
TJp for 90 Days.
Officer .Bichardson, of Allegheny, yester
day morning just berore daybreak, found
six men in a box car on the Ft "Wayne
tracks near Ohio avenue. They were ar
rested, and at a hearing yesterday morning
Mavor Pearson sent three of them to the
workhouse for 90 days each. Three others,
who gave an account of themselves and ap
peared to be men who worked when they
could, were discharged.
The six men covered a great deal of terri
tory by the cities from which they claimed
to hail. One was from "Washington, another
from Philadelphia, a third from .New York,
two lrom Cleveland and the sixth from
WHAT PEOPLE ARE DOING.'
Some Who Trarel, Some Who Do Not, and
Others Who Talk.
Francis Murphy, of temperance fame,
was a passenger to Indianapolis last night. He
goestbence to Waverley. la., and will return
to Pittsburg by the first of February, when he
will hold a series of temperance meetings.
Architect Sauer is preparing plans for
the new flats of the White estate, to ba bmlt in
McKeesport; adjoining tho Bank of McKees
port, which will cost SO, Ooa
Ex-Congressman Boswell G. Horr, of
East Saclnaw, Mien., was at the Seventh Ave
nue Hotel yesterday morning.
Mr. E. E. Bonneville left yesterday
rooming to enter on duty In the St Georee
Hotel, Eransvllle, Ind.
Mayor Pearson and Chief of Police
Klrschlerwill go a hunting In Washington
county to-day. fc
"W. H. Crosby, of tbe Anderson Hotel,
went to Cleveland last evening on a risltof a
P. Harris, the theatrical proprietor of
Baltimore, is at the Hotel Andersen.
T. "W. Barnsdall, a. promiaeat oil
of Bradford, to at tee Hotel Jwsw.
Nearly All the Dealers Bajiig From
the Chautauqua Company,
THERE IS EOT AP0UND1N BIGHT.
The latter Company Will Tnt lit lee Ma
chines and Hake It
FfilCES WILL DATE TO BE ADYANCED
Ice dealers of Allegheny county ore he
coming alarmed at the prospect of the ice
harvest this winter. There are only three
companies in this city who have any ice on
hand, and two of them are expected to run
out within a very short time. The other
company has enough of the cool product 'in
its sheds to run it until next summer; but
the question is what will they do for the
next year's supply. The mild, open winter
has precluded any possibility of getting ice
in this part of the country. One" of the
companies will put in ice machines and" try
to manufacture enough for consumption.
A meeting of the Board of Directors of
the Chautauqua Lake Ice Company will be
held to-morrow afternoon to take action
about the threatened famine. It is the in
tention of the company to purchase two ma
chines and make the ice in their warehouse,
on Pike street Some time ago The Dis
patch announced theTact that the company
was considering this matter and would not
put in the machines. At that time the
officials, oi the company thought they wonld
not have to go to this expense, but they
now find that thev must do. so. They have
been talking of putting in nine machines al
together, but will start witn two. xnetwo
machines will cost about $75,000.
In taking this step the company is con
sidering its chances of losing on the invest
ment They are afraid ot the fact that
after putting in the machines, the ice crops
next winter might be so large that there
would be no necessity to manufacture ice.
In this case the machines would lie idle on
their hands, and the compauy would have to
wait foranothermild winter before they could
use the machinery. If the machines are put
in the price of ice will go up several points,
and the consumers will have to pay higher
rates for the congealed article. ?
HE TVENT TO BED EAEIiT.
A Dispatch reporter tried to " see "Presi
dent Scott f (he Chautauqua Company, at
his home on Bebecca street last night. .Mr.
Scott retired to his couch at 8 o'clock, and
would not be disturbed. Mr. Bobert "Wood
side, one of the directors was seen.. To the
reporter Mr. "Woodside said:
"Jjast year we got about 52,000 tons of Ice
from Lake Chautauqua. The last of this
will run out about next week. "We still
have considerable ice in our storehouses at
Iiakeville and Bavenna, O.. and other
places. "We also have two large sheds full
at Pine Creek, but this is cooling ice, and
cannot be sold to private families for con
sumption. "We got 20,000 tons last year
from Conneant, and I think the present sup
ply will last until about July X
'VEvery ice dealer In the city, with the
exception of Messrs. Bichmond & Bruce,
have been buying ice from us for weeks to
supply their customers. The consumption
so far this winter beats all records of previ
ous years. "We are now selling to our cus
tomers seven or eight cars per day, which is
a phenomenal sale in winter.- The day
previous to Christmas we delivered 78 tons
in Allegheny and 22 tons to private families
in the East Edd.
"The company does not care to increase
the price, and will not do so unless we have
to put in the machines. To put in enough
machines to supply all the ice we want
would cost us about $1,500,000, This is
almost too much money to invest-in some
thing that may be a dead weight on our
hands next season.
HO MACnrNES HEBE.
"There are no ice companies' in. Pittsburg
now using tne macnines. jiobi ot tne
brewers have machines in their establish
ments, but the product of these can only be
used for cooling. If we decide to put in the
machines we will start with two of them.
These will cost $75,000, and we will be able
to manufacture about 40 tons of ice per day.
"We have so far refused to advance" the price
as we are in the business to -stay. The pres
ent low rates enables the company to declare
a fair dividend, and the stockholders are
satisfied with this. "We are now delivering
to consumers 100 pounds twice a week for 50
cents per cwt In 1874 and up until 1880
the price was $1 60 per cwt. .
'In Philadelphia and New York the com
panies are worse off than they are in this
city. The price in those cities has gone
up considerably, but there is not mnch dan
ger of such an effect in this city. I think,
however, that we will have a cold spell yet,
and there will be a good crop of ice to
harvest Messrs. Brnce and Bichmond are
receiving their ice from Silver Lake, N. T.,
while the other dealers have no other place
to get it but fro hi us."
James Stratton, of the firm of Culver &
Stratton, manufacturers oP ice machines at
Akron, O., was in the city last week. He 1
had just returned from a tour of the coun
try. In an interview with a Dispatch re
porter he said: ,
' IN THE ICE FIELDS.
"The consumption of ice all over the
country for this season of the year is some
thing enormous. The chief fields for natural
ice is the Kennebec region in Maine, Hud
son river, tbe Upper Schuylkill and Lehigh
regions. The quantity of the cut on the
Hudson river is about 2,000.000 tons per
year and Penobscot 1,000,000 tons."
"The artificial production of ice consists
simply in transfering the heat of the water
to some other body. Water at 60 Fahren
heit contains an excess of heat beyond that
of an equal weight of ice at 32 Fahrenheit,
amounting to 170.65 heat units for each
pound. Then fire to reduce the water
lrom 'the first temperature to the second,'
will necessitate tbe abstraction of that
amount of heat from it To re
duce one ton of water will require
the removal of 62,720 heat units.
It then will still be water. To convert it
into ice, it is further necessary to abstract
the latent heat, which would be 319,536 heat
-units, bring the total to 382,256 heat units.
It would require the evaporating of '424.60
of anhydrous ammonia for' these results.
"Artificial ice can be "made for 75 cents
per ton. The ice palace in St Paul this
year was abandoned' on account of there
being no ice in the Northwest The Chau
tauqua distributes about 75 per cent of the
total amount of ice demanded in this city.
The price is sure to go up."
Mr. Stratton reports that there is no ice
in any of the favored regions, and he pre
dicts a shortage and higher prices.
HIS FAEEWELL T70EDS.
Grose Baptized Four People Before
Leaving Tor Dakota.
Beva. Howard B. Grose, of the Fourth
Avenue Baptist Church, had four additions
to.his congregation last night, and, as usual
on such occasions, the gathering was very
large. The sermon of the evening was very
appropriately upon "Baptism," and a quiet,
logical definition of the position of the
church on the subject was fully appreciated
The sermon last evening was the farewell
words of the doctor to his congregation be
fore leaving for Dakota. He expects to
start to-day, as tbe second term pf the South
Dakota University, of which' he is now
President will begin on Tnnrday. A gen
eral handshaking was indulged in.
An Old Blw On the Head.
Coroner McDowell will to-morrow begin
an Investigation into the death pf .Ajelko
Lorenzo, of Braddoek. Xoreazo was hit on
'the head with a s-to&e'by George Conlson,at
the Carrie Furnaoe, en July 9, 1889, He
died at Braddoek ea Friday eTwkg.
Helmet' Ties Brtsajs 8t the Str f His.
Life A Walkers Slave Who Has At
The stable belonging to George Holmes,
colored, who resides at the corner of Wylie
avenue and Arthur street was. burned yes
terday morning, aryl 'five horses belonging
to Holmes perished. There was no fire
about the place, and Holmes stated that it
was 'without doubt the work of an incen
diary. Holmes is a stone contractor, and em
ploys a large number of laborers. Among
them were two boys, both colored, named
Andrew Kane, and "William Kivel, who
had a dispute a few days ago with Holmes
about pay, and threatened to get even with
him. The former is nineteen and the latter
sixteen years of age. They were arrested
ou suspicion yesterday afternoon by special
Officer Bagler, and lodged in the Eleventh
ward station house.
A Dispatch man called at Holmes'
residence last evening, but he was ill and
refused to talk. His wife stated that they
had not made informations sgalnst any one
as they had no evidenceon which to convict
except the threats which the boys had
recently uttered. Friends oj the prisoners
stated last evening that they could prove
The burning of the stable disclosed a
story of Holmes' private life which is slight
ly removed beyond the boundaries of the or
dinary. He is about 45 years of age, and
beneath his ebony skin flows the unadulter
ated blood of an African Prince. He en
dured the chains of slavery in the sunny
South for several years, but after the late
unpleasantness he turned his face toward
the north star, and when he reached Pitts
bun: decided to make it his future resi
dence. He was married, and became
the father of ten children who
are now able to take care of
themselves. He saved a few hundred dol
lars from the money he, earned by doing odd
jobs, end .bought a piece of property where
he now lives. About six years ago his first
wife died, and about a year later Holm.es
began to cast his .eyes across the street to
where a handsome and intelligent quadroon
lady lived, who also owned considerable
property in tbe neighborhood.
She was the daughter of a Mississippi
planter and by his death a few years before
had come into possession of $30,000 in cash.
Holmes finally became bolder, and crossing
the street one day proposed to tbe Missis
siphi heiress that they pool issues and seal
the consolidation with a marriage certificate.
The lady, who, by the way, is well educated,
was so impressed with Holmes' elo
quence that she finally consented
to accept his terms, and in
a few days they were one. Since then
Holmes has been adding to the wealth he
thus acquired, and beside owning 11 houses
in the locality around the corner of "Wylie
avenue and Arthur street, he has a stone
quarry, 8 farm and several score of horses
and' mules. Ostensibly he is a stone con
tractor, although he is engaged most of the
time in. looking after his property through
out the city.
A TALK BETWEEN TBAIKS.
Congressman Mason Posses Through the
City and Says a Little.
Congressman "W. E. Mason, of Illinois,
was a passenger on the Fast Line from "Chi
cago to "Washington last flight Mr. Mason,
as he expressed it, "sits on the fence,"
which fact may account for his reticence on
political affairs. In the course of a short
conversation he said:
"I suppose we may expect something in
the nature of tariff revision in the course of
the session. I cannot define very particu
larly the intentions of the Bepublican party
in this direction. "While, as you say, a
section of your citizens expect great things
in the event of the duty of tinplate being
raised to the 1864 rate, I must say that it
wonld be better for the country if it were
reinced. But I am only giving you my
opinion, remember. Mr. Beed is regarded
as a very good Speaker. His decisions are.
judicious and" quick, and there does sot
seem to be any semblance of partisanship in
his rulings. Mrv-McKiplev makes a very
capital Chairman of the "Ways and Means,
the only fault I can find with him being
that he is too strongly protectionist
I haven't nny doubt that Chicago will
have the "World's Fair. That is the way
we look at it down there. There is no other
city so adapted to an affair of such magni
tude and possessed of such facilities. The
matter will be brought up in Congress early
in January, and an appropriation asked
for. I do not think that any less sum than
$20,000,000 will suffice to put the undertak
ing under way. Chicago will be content if
Congress wilL vote her $10,000,000. She
will provide the other $10,000,000 herself.
The St Louis people are working hard,
but we have the call, I believe. The only
drawback to "Washington is in the fact that
Congress would be asked to provide the en
tire cost, which is out of the question.
A Good Sermon Preached by Eer. E. K.
Donehoo to Bis Flock.
Bev. E. B. Donehoo, pastor of the Eighth
Presbyterian Church, preached yesterday
morning on "Balancing Accounts." He
said as the business men were in the habit
of balancing their accounts at stated times,
and especially at the close of tbe year,
Christians should also stop and examine
themselves to see where they stand.
Those in "charge of national banks must
always have their books in such condition
that the Government Bank Inspector can
step in at any time and find the accounts all
right Christians should guard their lives
with the same care, so that whenever death's
messenger Tomes to examine their accounts
the balance will be on the right side.
Mr. Donehoo then gave an account of the
work he has done during the past year. He
has preached over 100 sermons, one of
which be delivered in London. He received
10 new members inti the church, baptized
13 infants, celebrated 14 marriages and at
tended 19 funerals.
6TEAH HEATING IN OARS.
SfcCargo Experimenting With a New
System Not Perlect Yet.
Superintendent' McCargo, of the Alle
gheny yalley Bailroad, traveled .on., the
Buffalo Express last evening to investigate
how his new system of heating would work.
His plan is to heat the cars by means of
steam drawn from the boilers and circulated
throughout the train. The temperature and
pressure can be regulated in each car by
the brakeman. The weak point, in this
system has been in the coupling, but Mr.
lcCargo claims to have overcome the diffi
culty by the use of the Gould coupler. He
admits that tbe plan Is only successful as
long as the engine is connected. Should a
"breakdown occur, so as to occasion thesuse
of an engine not fitted with connections, the
heat would be shut off. It will still be
necessary to carry stoves for cases of emer
gency. A PLEASANT MEETING.
Twenty.Three Persons Signed W. C. T,
TheWomen's Christian Temperance Union
No. 2 held one of the most pleasant meet
ings last night ever held in Moorebead's
building. There were 23 signers of pledges,
and qnite a large number of witnesses who
bore testimony to the value of such pledges.
The ladies announced that their fourth an
nual reception would be held on New Year's
Day, to which all the friends of morality
and temperance were idvited to drink a cup
of coffee to the health, wealth and prosper
ity of tbe Union, and more particularly to
Its efficacy in suppressing the rum curse
among the people. The reception will last
from 150 to 4SH)"P. M. on Wednesday.
In the evening an entertainment will he
given under the direction of Mrs. Sturgeon
at Moorebead's Hall, where some of. the beet
available teleat of Ha eity will provide Uw
That Leaked Through a Dep . K
sHre Fro a Philadelphia. Main.
A 'WAGON SMASHED TO PIECES.
The Gas Company Forced By the Owners
- to EitiDgnisltthe Flames.
SCIENTIFIC THEORIES KNOCKED OUT
A fire in Mason's .coal, mine, about half a
mile back of Brushton, was extinguished
last week after burning nearly three weeks
and threatening the' entire-coal deposit at
that place, which comprises nearly a dozen'
mines, of which the Mason mine is the
largest "While the damage done by the fire
was not very serious and all's well that ends
well, the fire was caused in so' singular a
manner and extinguished under such aus
pices as to make the case of more than pass
In laying its 36-inch gas main from East
Liberty to the Murrysviile gas field, the
Philadelphia Natural Gas Company passed
directly over the main shaft of the Mason
mine near Brushton. It was known to the
company's engineers that such was the case,
but the adherence to their strip of land
upon which pipe can be laid by virtue of
proprietary interest compelled them to pass
over the mine. Measurements had been
taken, and it was found that at least 40
feet ot supposedly solid rock lay between
The company's engineers made a careful
examination of the lay of the land, and
satisfied themselves that there was no pos
sibility of gas leakage affecting the, mine.
A lONOSTANDIHO THEOHT.
In common with many .experts.who have
stndied natural gas problems, the company's
engineers have for years contended that
natural gas when freed by leakage or break
age of pipes had an upward tendency, and
thatjn traversing coal property in proximity
to mines, the leaking or freed gas could not
even be drawn into a mine with tbe aid ot
thesystem of air pumps which is now gen
erally made use ot in mine ventilation. As
the. Mason mine had no ventilating pump
and was separated from the pipe-line by
over 40 feet of rock, it was deemed per
fectly safe to' lay the pipe, and it was ac
Nearly a month since a miner pushed a
wagon into amair chamber in the mine di
rectly beneath' the pipes-line. There was a
lantern npon'the'front of the wagon. An
explosion took place, and the wagon was
blown to pieces. The miner was blown quite
a distance, bnt was not hurt very seriously.
He managed' to make his way to another
level, and all tbe men got ont safely. Fire
had been generated, however, and it was
ibtjnd that it could not be easily extin
guished. XS INTESTIGATJON -MADE.
An engineer who makes a specialty of
mines, and who has studied natural gas in
connection with the matter, was called in
ancf asked for an opinion. He attributed
the explosion and fire to the presence of
natural gas, and laid the responsibility
upon the Philadelphia company, main
taining that natural gas when freed
went downwards into the earth, and said he
believed it possible for natural gas to even
penetrate stone or rock. The Philadelphia
Company treated this view of the matter
with derision, but being threatened with a
damage suit by the mine owner, made an
investigation. The pipe line was exhumed.
and a crack in a joint an eighth of an inch
wide and three feet long, was discovered.
As the interior pressure in the main was 60
pounds to tbe square inch, the Philadelphia
Company admitted the apparent marvel that
natural gas, in defiance of former theories,
could penetrate through the fissures of 40
feet thick of rock.
The Philadelphia Company employed
men and methods to put ont the fire, and
after much use of sulphur, soda and water,
tlte fire, was extinguished... -Had it not bee's.
promptly handled the entire vein of coal
might have been rninea,' ana a aoztn mines
rendered worthless. Thti District Mine In
spector was through the mine yesterday,
and although the interior of the mine was
found to be of a temperature of- over a hun
dred degrees, the flames had been quenched.
Several pillars of coal have been destroyed,
but false work will be put-in and the mine
made thoroughly safe. The mining en
gineer who established the hitherto derided
theory that natural gas worked downward
instead of upward feels that he bas made a
contribution to the popular knowledge upon
THE EACE OF HAM.
Whjte Men Who Wanted the Whole
Bog or None.
Detectives Shore, Bobinson and Conlson,
while patrolling Market street last night
;about 8 o'clock, noticed two men carrying
each a couple of hams and acting rather
suspiciously. The two men were halted,
.and in explanation of their possession of
the hams said they bad been given to them
by Mr. Anderson at the Monongahela
The story was not well told and the two
men were arrested, after which an investiga
tion proved that the hams and a number of
other articles bad been stolen from the store
room at the hotel.
Mr. Anderson will enter informations
.against the two men,, who- are- registered as
'Edward Stein and Joseph Bichelieu, this
BELT) IN HOC.
Henry Drexler Wants, to Know Why He Is
XenryvDrexler, of Sandusky street, Alle
gheny, who was arrested on Christmas Eve
for making attacks on women on the streets,
is still in the Allegheny lockup. The day
alter his arrest he was given a hearing and
was sentenced to pay a fine of 550 and costs
or to serve 90 days in the workhouse. The
Allegheny police do not know why he is de
tained at City Hall, but think .it is because
tho Mayor expects to makei a court case
of it "
Drexler has a wife and-three small chil
dren. His wife visited '-him once at the
lockup, but since Christmas Day has neither
gone to see aim nor sent any noraw mm.
Drexler is.in low spirits and claims that ha
has no idea why he Is detained.
A WIPE BEATEB.
Leonard Connors Arrested on Complaint
Mndo by rils Wire.
Yesterday morning a woman went to the
Allegheny Mayor's Office with a complaint
against her husband, Leonard Connors, and
asked Chief Kirschler to place him under
arrest She said he bad beaten and abused
her, and she exhibited alarge sized lump on
her head. Officer Blank was sent to her
home on Fountain street and arrested Con
nors. A Hired Girl Missing.
The proprietors of tbe Hamilton Hotel
notified the police last night to arrest Bertha
"Woods, a servant-wbo' had been discharged
Saturday, but who returned last night to
get her clothes. She is 'accused of taking
some dresses ot other servant girls in the
building. The accused has not been ar
rested as yet
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED. -
Incidents ef a Day la Two Cillri Condensed
for Keady Reading.'
Tbe ri D. Reed Company, Limited, the new
commission Crm, of McKeespotf,, organized
with a capital of 920,000, will erect a large lr6n
bnildini? st onca on tha pronna leased from tha
'.Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. It will be a
three-story bunding 80x136 feet in dlaieasione.
Thx f HBsral of Mrs. Maty- Floyd, the aged
MthM of Mrs: Mary Armstrong, ot TtiSni
Mr, wtM hM Sway ffrraa.
U2tt TtJ V&'-Z' 'A'-iSKW
It WtM Take Mr. BHHw AhMt Three- XoMfc
Chu TJ tin Baslaesli.
The United States Marshal will probably
be relieved within a few days, aad Mr.
Harrahf.of Beaver county, will step in and
put another aekh ia the stick, which Sen
ator M. S. Quay is supposed to keep for
recording the number of appointments he
secares. "Of eonrse, Mr. Dravo will feel
rather discouraged," said a politician yes
terday, "but at the same time the eternal
fitness of things requires the appointment to
Marshall Miller said when questioned on
the subject, that he did not think tbe office
would be turned over in a very great hurry,
such as the superintendence ot the Govern
ment building, was transferred. He Said
there were 46 counties in the district which
the marshal of "Western Pennsylvania takes
charge of. The receipts from the office are
from f4,000 to 55.000. per annum. There are
five deputies, although incase of emergency,
the number could be increased indefinitely,
and the amount made by each would be
about $1,500 per annum. It would take
probably three months for the outgoing
marshal to settle bis accounts, as the busi
ness is conducted on a fee basts, and $100,
000 per annum passes through his bands.,
"Of course," the marshal said, "the whole
business will be turned over in 16 minutes.
but I am held accountable for all funds
which have passed through my hands, and.not
alone that, but matters which are yet in dis
pute. 8o I am compelled to remain liable for
the full amount of my bonded indebtedness,
although I derive no benefit from the Gov
ernment. The marshal has to work for
three months, if not more, to find out how
he stands as a private citizen after wrestling
witn a national appointment for fouryears."
SOME FIGURES ON TIN
Showing 'Hpvr Of nch Thla'Coastry looses
Annually by Importations.
The amount of tin plate, all of which was
imported and consumed in the .United
States up to June of this year amounted to
728,000,000 pounds. To make this amount
ottin plate there were used the following
One million two hundred and ten thousand
tons ot Iron' ore, 430.000-tons of limestone,
2,100.000 tons of coal, 430.000 tons of pig iron.
7,000,000 bushels of charcoal, 7,000,000 pounds of
lead, 36,000,000 pounds of tin. 14,000,000 pounds
of tallow, 43,000,000 pounds of sulphuric acid,
and about 14,000,000 feet of lumber.
The value of the labor expended in the
various processes through Which the manu
facture of the finished article runs, or from
the ore mine to the polishing and cdunting
operations, is estimated at 17,000,000.
The amount paid to England last year for
tin plate reaches the sum of $23,700,000. Tin
Slate is at present sold at a lower price in
Tew York than in South "Wales; the rates
being in New York, per box of 108 pounds,
$3 41; in South "Wales, $3 66. At the
lowest computation it costs 51 34 to carry a
box of tin plate from South "Wales to New
York. This amount deducted from $4 75,
the present rate for I. C. Bessemer, coke
finished plate, shows that the' plate is act
ually beiDg sold for less price in New York
than in England.
AN0THEE POOL TAPPED.
The Jennings fc Roth Oil WelfProdBcIng
The Jennings & Both well, on the Dr.
Davis farm, located in Marshall township,
reached the sand last night and is flowing
at the rate of 125 barrels a day and promises
to increase when drilled in. It is a pleasant
surprise to the owners ot the farm, as a well
was drilled on another part of the farm
about two years ago which made only a
showing of oiL
Grand Display of Gold Watches
For New Year's presents at the jewelry
honse of Henry Terheyden, 530 Smithfield
Having ordered out a very large stock of
gold watches for the "Westinghouse Indus
trial Watch Club to make their selections, I
have quite a large number on hand which I
will dispose of at .very small margin. Fancy
cases suitable representations,, as well as
plain ones for popular use.. The movements
are from first-class factories, viz.: Howard,
Elgin, "Waltham, Hampden. "Warranted
acenrate timekeepers. Hurry up belore the
.New Year, as I want-to close them out be
fore taking stock. d
Draught Horses and Fit Mnlrs.
Anyone wishing to purchase a hors? or
mule will do well to call at 52 Second ave
nue before purchasing. The stables and
mule pens are full of choice horses and
mules, all sizes. Fine driving, general
purpose and heavy draught horses of tbe
best quality. Pit and draught mules all
sizes and the heaviest weights, and will be
sold at lower prices than any place in the
city, as this stock is bought direct from tbe
farmers, therefore giving the purchasers the
benefit of buying from first hands.
Aenheim Lite Stock Co., Liar., .
52 Second avenue, Pittsburg, Pa.
Holiday Excursion Rates.
The Baltimore and Ohio B. B. Co., in
pursuance of its usual liberal policy wil
sell excursion tickets at reduced rates dur
ing the holiday season. Tickets will be
sold to and from all stations on its lines east
of tbe Ohio river from December 21 to Jan
uary 1, inclusive, good for return trip until
January 4, inclusive.
Tickets will be sold from Pittsburg to all
stations west of the Ohio river, including
Columbus, Cincinnati and Chicago, Decem
ber 24, 25, 31 and January 1, good to return
until January 3. msu
John' S. Sc A. Hordoch.
Owing to the bright weather that has pre
vailed during the past week, we can offer
superb flowers for New Year's, and only ask
that orders be handed in early. For the
Cotillon this evening we have some fine
roses, in variety, violets, valley, etc Our
telephone number is 239.
JOHN B. & A MXTBSOCH,
503 Smithfield street
Pittsburg and Lake Erie Railroad.
On December and January 1,'' tickets
will be sold at excursion rates good to return
until January 3 inclusive, to all local points
and to principal points on the N. Y., P. &
O., and L. S. &M. S. Bailroads.
H. Sonnenbebg, photographer, 35 Fifth
avenue, Pittsburg. Use elevator; and 52
Federal street, Allegheny. Cabinet pho
tos at reduced 'rates. Life size crayon por
traits a specialty. Mihs
Special after-Christmas' sales here now,
with bargains and cut prices the leading
idea. Boo os & Buhl.
Everybody bear in mind that Hen
drioks & Co., 68 Federal st, Allegheny,
will have their photograph gallery open all
day New Year's. Good cabinets l a doz,
Usees of Lutz's beer are always well
pleased. Kept by all first-class dealers, or
will be supplied direct Office cor. Chest
nut st and Spring Garden, ave., Allegheny.
McGlnty's Christmas Dinner .
"Was composed chiefly of Marvin's new and
famous McGinty cakes, just out Get a
pound from your grocer.
Those who use Frauenheim & Vilsack's
celebrated ale and porter pronounce it ex
cellent in flavor and very beneficial In its
effect TCept by all first-class dealers.
SrxK handkerchiefs and mufflers at Jasses
H. Aiken & Co.'s, 100 Fifth ave. . B
V Orer 86,860 Cabinet Photo's for Xbws;
"Were made at Aufrecht's Elite Galfery, 516
Market st, and but few disappointa-eats..-'
The I.nrge Namber nf Clocks '-
Sold at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. the tt
ten flays show that burprices are te lowest
8ILX Mells aad Walking
JAxiiX. Abmk Co., 1W Firth are.
TW I AMAL't ?.:
... - . . J-Wa.
The Allegheny polie last night brenght
to tbe leekup, from his bom 9 oa Syria?
GMetat. svmm. a big, broad-SBesWered
German, whs- gave hit name aa Gottlieb
Bie&Ier. H wg taken ia charge as beiag
Ibmm, and was placed fa a cell.
Eiehfer worked ia the Lioa Brewery.
About six week ago he became ianwe, asL
waa eoaveyod . to the lockup. All night
kg he worked la his cell, throwiag imagin
ary beer kegs from his cellar up through aa
imaginary trap doer. It seemed to be hard
work, for the perspiration ran down his face.
He was dreadfully ia earnest, and was un
wiliiag to stop work to talk with the turn
key. Next day he. was sent to Dixmont,
and after a short detention there, he seemed
to have recovered, and was released. He
has since been, working in a malt house.
Immediately after he was placed ia his
cell last nightbe beeas to fix it to suit
himself. A heavy plank along one side of
the cell U Intended to be a bed. This he
tore loose andthrew upon the floor. The
noise attracted the turnkey, who hurried
in to see what was the matter. Gottlieb
said be bad to get that plank away in order
to reach the cellar where the beer was. He
waa told to. fix the.bed as he found It and
he went at it with intense earnestness.
"When the job was finished, he exclaimed
with gusto, "That's the stuff!" He was
asked how the beer business was. It was
good. "Was he selling mnch. "More as we
can mate," he answered. He promised
Mr. Kalmeyer that he. would' tap a keg for,
him, by and by, but said he had so many
kegs down below that he did not know
whether he could get them all up. All
night he worked in his cell, pushing his
plank this way and. that and rolling beer
kegs up aad down.
GEAKD 0FFI0EKS "VISIT.
Social Meetings. Held by the American
The annual visitation of the grand officers
of the American Protestant Association to
this city was closed" on Saturday night On
Thursday Grand Master Thomas T. Seal
and Grand Secretary "William Crozier, of
Philadelphia, arrived in the city, and that
night met the members of the "Western dis
trict at the hall of Sons of Joshua Lodge,
Main and Butler streets. Friday night the
Northwestern district met at the hall of
John Huss Lodge, East street, Allegheny,
and on Saturday night the meeting.of the
Southwestern district was held in the hall
of.Gustavns Adolphus- Lodge, Carson street,
All the meetings were very largely at
tended, and the work of the order was care
fully examined, and where irregularities
had crept in tbey were corrected. The
meetings were largely social, prominent
men In the order making addresses, etc.
The A. P., A. is. growing rapidly in Alle
gheny county. During the last half year
six new lodges have been organized, and 400
new members have been admitted to the
SssTtrers from That Disease at Mercy Hos
pital Bellered to Be ReeoTerlnr .
James Evens, the diphtheria patient who
was picked up in a coke works on Second
avenue, by the police, on last Monday night,
refused admission into some of tbe hospi
tals, and finally accepted at Mercy Hospital
on Tuesday morning, is in a much improved
condition," The hospital physicians are of
the opinion, that he will recover completely.
Charles Adams, another man afflicted
with the same disease,, who walked into the
institution and, demanded to be cared
for, will also recover. Mercy Hospital is
much crowded by typhoid fever patients.
WKAKstomacb,Beecham'sPlils act like mag
Pxabs' Soap secures a DeauUf ol complexion
The cleaning-up prices here this week in
the 'different departments have continued
the rush experienced before Christmas.
ThVbarealns offered are leUincr. -
- ,jt' -fcOGG3 a- BCK,'
Kid and dogskin walking gloves.
James H. aikes & Co., 100 Fifth ave.
Cask paid for - old gold and silver at
Hauch's, JTo295Fifth ave.
Men's' underwear at James H. Aiken &
Co.'s, 100 Fifth ave.i d
ImpuritiEB in the Liver.
When the Liver is crowded or clotted'
with a mass of Impurities, its action be
comes alow and difficult. Pleurisy,
Headache, Pain in Bide, Tired Feeling
and General Weakness ensues, result
ing, if unchecked, in
BROKEN DOWN BYBTKMB.
When you have these symptoms, try a
few doses ot the genuine
DR. C. McLANE'S
Celebrated Liver Pills.
Price, 25 cents.- Sold by all druggists,
and prepared only by Fleming Bros
Pittsburg; Pa. Beware of counterfeits
made in Bt. Louis.
NEW YEAR GIFTS
and FANCY GOODS.
Notwithstanding the fact that our holiday
sales were tbe largest on record we hare re
plenished our stock by telegram orders and now
show a very complete line for those who antici
pate making New Year presents.
E.P. ROBERTS I SDNS,
COB. FIFTH AVE. AND MARKET ST.
deZ7-D ; ' . )
N ." .
Ff BncHi: KEnHrick, .: CriT,
THE CHINA STORK, ,i :.
.-!., jr e s. .
-. ?? " -'
.; SIS asOTHFlELD STWCBT, .
';- eWHHeciyxH. . ? &
aufcfe'-. ' i . '
IclXxetea,eel S WW belC .
trijMtea-Mr. BfcCreery Bays
MN leacatea. '
- The 28 hexes which were l4iIaW
pablio and conspicuous places throBghew
the city Saturday, la which besevoJJHj
citizens could drop their mite for ! tte:
fit of tbe Homeopathic, the West PesVaaeV
the Allegheny General hospiukjwlnlg
opened to-day. It is an entirely new sebum",
in Pittsburg, and the managers of thlffig
urday and Sunday Association are anxioasly
awaiting to hear the result. "Willianifafa?
Creery, Chairman of the Saturday aud'SaS
day Association, when asked aboutftlM
scheme last evening saldr -J
jl nave not jearnea vet wnat nnnii
are likely to have, and of course we will'not1
know until to-morrow. The people will
have to be educated up to it. however. likV
they are in other cities. Here 99ontofioffl'
never think of a hospital, or how the pa
tients are kltpH inr nnlpajt tha-r srAtaVAj
sick themselves. The people seem to thlnhd
that a hospital is something which, after it?
is built, is self-sustainincr. All of -theso'i
hospitals are ia debt, and we hare takear
una means u collect money to ueiray ez
nensea of th freo wards. Xn Ktnr VniV
$54,000 was raised In one day by this planj
uu iii .uiTcrpooi oi3,uuv were couecteais
tne same space or time. Over in E
gland the nobility and aristocrat
take charge of tbe boxes. It cost $lQan
hour to take care of tbe free patients la
year, and we must make up" the deficieni
some way. "When a poorman is injured or
onrnea, ana people asg. wnat was done with
him. someone will reply. 'Ob: he's cone, to
tne Hospital, and they never thins: whom";
going to pay for keeping him there." -&. -.'
Dispatch reporters who watchedthar ;
boxes noticed many people dropping money-lie
into the receptacles. The amounts were nagK
large, not higher than a quarter on an averr,
age. but it is safe to say that when the -Fi-V."
detity treasurer counts the fundsi ;
to-day a- good round sum wiltf ?'
have been contributed. Few persons whoa
were able passed by the boxes, though -MrX
jacureery leels tnat not .many shekels wUJ
be gathered this time. The collections!
the various churches yesterday were large,"?
and this will swell the sum. '
Some dissatisfaction was expressed yester-'
day when it became known that only three. -,
hospitals -will receive the benefits. It wail
snnnosed penerxllv that all the hniniLiT.'4v '
wouia oe neipea.
PENN AVENUE STORES.1'
Pittsbubo. Monday; Dec 3tlB3a
The enormous redactions in prices .;
made throughout our Cloak Deoart
exceptionally busy day.
ends reduced with a Tissr ta TnliTn.-iHnt.'
tho public Tho reductions are bonsfrf)
iiue, sua some ox lag largest we nari, . v-.
evermadx. Complete lines of garmenar -'''
reduced to price, that most command as f--'; '
immediate sale and a complete clearance '. '
ol medium and neary-weight winter
goods. AH this1 season's, new, stylish '
and fashionable, In fancy and plain
Jackets, eta. eta.
All at reduced prices..
S2S coats now only $18.
$20 coats now only S1Q.
112 coats now only fa. -.,,
And proportionate reductions Imtf,
higher and lower price garments.
Our stock of seal plush coats, acketg '
and wraps was never more completeT' 'A
and values never better. ' $
In genuine Alaska seal goods our stock i jjj
Is the largest and most complete, and
our establishment is the recognised- -f
headquarters for this most popular of-it
Furs in Western Pennsylvania. Th'o5
stock is constantly replenished with new'.-j
goods, and every garment selected with -.-I
the utmost care. Good wear guaran
teed, and the best value obtainable for
Ever since Christmas Day our center
aisle has been thronged with eager buy
ers; the attraction being an enormous f
reduction in Mufts, Collars, Boas,Capes,'
eta. In leading fashionable furs. Hun
dreds still left to select from, but they
cannot last more than a day or two bow.1
considering the prices at which tbey are'
Reduced to IB each. This will give some'
idea of tho extent of the reduction
New Year's Day Is at hand, and :
Year's gifts must "be bought. Wo c
supply them. Our stocks of goods i
I able for the occasion are still large i
Handkerchiefs for ladles, gentlemeai
and children. ' -4J
Gloves for ladles; gentlemen audJ
Gents' Smoking Jackets,. Dressings
Gowns. Umbrellas, W alkisg Canes. Tles,
Scarfs, Suspenders, eta, etc.
Blankets. Comforters. Quflta, , Bof
Pillows, Headrests, eta, alt at abet
Special attention is Invited to osrj
exceptionally elegant stock, of i Black
Bilks, in which we now oner unusuaii
AtSl. SI 60. $2 and 2 60, our Black
Gros Grain. Dress Bilks cannot-be
equaled in value.
For the party season wo have' md -
more.than tbe usual preparations.' Thefy
latest and most fashionable weaves; iat
all silk, silk, and wool and all wool?
fabrics in endless variety, fn an tho most!
delicate evening shades; also s number1,-.
of exclusive designs in brocades, and. :'
high novelties, an Inspection of which IS -' :
cordially Invited, y
you tint to-day; Monday, tho 80tH
. ,-T rVW3st-al
, tt , .wiin rwaasasaassasi
gains In our Cloak Department. CoaaMtl
early and secure the best.
JOS. HDRNE i W,
t wo-$ix:PsmrATX. j
' f' :'ijM
. Si SB
1S. A A .V. -... - i. , -AiJ'