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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1MB.
Vol. , U o. S3. Entered at Pittsburg I'nstofllce.
November M, 18ST, as second-class matter.
Business Office 97 and 89 Fifth Avenue.
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PITTSBURG. SON DAY. DEC. 29. 1888.
: ITS FBIEHDS Iff CEABGxi
The tenor of the testimony of the manu
facturers before the Ways and Means Com
mittee during the week was strongly in
favor of the Senate tarifl bill. This will,
with possibly slight modifications, beyond
question, become the law. With the coun
try at its 'highest stage of prosperity, the
.Republicans have every encouragement to
stick firmly to their protection principles.
Extreme tariff-reformers and Iree-traders
Vwill have to beat the air a long while before
they get their theories into favor it the gen
eral state of business continue healthy and
Whatever the changes to be made iff
the tariff by the present Congress they will
assuredly be in line with the idea of
developing and encouraging home indus
tries to the fullest It may require a trial
before what is best, in every instance, can be
known; but it.is quite certain that' the ex
periments will be inspired mainly by the
protective idea; and that the considerations
of Treasury surplus and revenue, which
dominated Mr. Cleveland's discussion of
the matter, will be but secondary with the
bbazh's etoopeah foes.
There is something more than a whisper
in diplomatic circles in regard to the game
that is being played by the powers of Eu
rope in relation to the Brazilian Republic.
There appears to be no concealment of a
conviction that the wily diplomats of Portu
gal, Spain, Italy, Germany and Great
. Britain have already had their heads to-
r "hrether, in fact or by proxy, and that there is
"an explicit agreement to march alongside of
each other in every step taken to restore
things as they were previous to the coup
d'etat. The bloodlessness of the chance of
government; the unanimity with which the
people accepted the deposition of a popular
Emperor, and the establishment ot a Re
public, with President and Ministers
-virtually self-appointed; the mutterings
of a popular uprising in Portugal and
Spain, so scared every potentate in Europe
as to lead- to a tremendous correspondence
of a flurried and hurried character, which
B3 lias been less secret than rmeh thlni.fi ar
usually held, and the substance of some of it
has percolated through diplomatic repre
sentatives in Washington, revealing in -a
general way, the fsct of a conspiracy on the
.. part of Mipisters of State and Parliamentary
Premiers of the Governments named to re
store Dom Pedro to his throne, or, at the
very least, to overthrow the Republic and
.bring about a dictatorship, or war and
Of course Bismarck is given credit for be
ing the arch-conspirator, and it is confidently
expected by the diplomats who gossip about
tie conspiracy that there will be exciting
developments very soon. The dilatory man
ner of Congress in treating the question of
recognition is declared to have encouraged
the conspirators, who are in haste to produce
chaos before the recognition of the Brazilian
Republic by the United States Govern
ment. HOT A HATIONAUST ISSUE.
The suit which was brought in the En;
tglish divorce courts yesterday including
j lllr. Tarnell as a co-respondent, will, no
' doubt, be used by the opposition to the Na
tionalist cause for any effect that it may
produce politically. But whatever the issue
of the case, and as yet it is but an 'ex parte
statement, the Nationalist cause has now
progressed too far to be injured by attempts
against the prestige of one or more' of the
leaders. It long since seemed to be merely
ruva3air of Irish politics, and is now an
issue to which the best intellect of the En
glish Liberal party, with Mr. Gladstone at
its head, is firmly committed.
Until Parnell's answer is heard to the
complaint yesterday filed, it cannot be
'known in what degree the proceedings will
-personally affect him. He has just
'emerged with success from the pro
tracted trial of the charges of the
Xondon Times, in which the discredit
able.agencies of forgery and the suborna
tion of witnesses were shown to have been
.'resorted to, with the purpose of fastening
upon him and upon bis colleagues charges
of direct responsibility for the, agrarian
crimes in Ireland. But however the latest
proceedings concerning Parnell result the
,fact 'will remain as stated, that they can
nave no bearing upon the ultimate disposi
tion of the Irish questions.
; ., GOOD FOB B0ADS AKD EASCALS.
" The proposal to employ the gentlemen of
leisure in the workhouse upon the public
roads continues to receive indorsement on
all' sides. A. most vigorous argument in
.favor of the plan is presented in our col
umns to-day by Judge Fetterman. He does
not take any stock in the sentimental objec-
..-I'tions offered to the scheme, but rather runs,
if anvthinir. to the other extreme. As The
InisPATCH-has already intimated, Mr.
'Fetterman thinks the man who does not
wish to work under guard upon city streets
gor "county roads should keep his feet in the
straight and narrow path of virtue. But
3Ir. Fetterman does not give the man who
jfjroes to the workhouse for. the first timeth
sanauigence tais paper icgaiu as xcumju-
iBbleMEvery able-bodied dinner should be
-,.. ' . ,.&..x, ..
j"i. - . .. ts-n kiB5KL"f .
pat to work for the benefit of the
community, he declares, In fact the Dela
ware whipping post and the Delaware chain
gang are regarded by Judge Fetterman as
wholesome institutions, and there will be
many who will agree with him.
There is sn evident need for a check upon
the inrasion of tramps.- from whichrthis
county suffers; there is an evident need for
a more curative form of punishment for the
disorderly loafers who are sent to the work
house once, twice or thrice a year, and there
is a need apparent and admitted by every
body for better country roads and city
streets. These needs can be snpplied by the
simple plan suggested. Surely it Is worth
A UBKAEY'S KEBITS.
There is more, than a topical interest in an
article upon the Mercantile or Pittsbursr
Library, which appears in the Second Part
of this issue. The interview with Miss
Macrum abundantly testifies to the good
which the library has done and is still do
ing. Representative citizens also express
their belief that the library is of great benefit
to the community and should be maintained.
There, onght to be no doubt about .the
library's survival, ani there is tolerably
good ground to believe that there is none.
The library furnishes to subscribers of all
classes, though there are doubtless few of
what are loosely termed "workingmen"
among the subscribers, books of a superior
character. The high standard maintained
at the library in its selection of books is, In
deed, one oi its chief recommendations.
Among the interesting and suggestive re
marks from citizens as to the library's use
we think those of Mr. W. J. Brennen are
particularly worthy of note. Mr. Brennen
I have cot an idea of my own on the subject
of city libraries for workingmen. I believe
that a small bnt select depot of works, with a
reading room attached, should be placed in
every ward. These little book depots would do
far mora good than the biggest :of b!g central
free libraries. The worktngman doesn't care
to walk in fromLawrenceviIIe or Birmingham
to read in a central library. Give him a room
and books in bis own ward and he'll go there
last enough. If he gets beyond the stock of
standard" works in the ward reading room he
may think it worth his while to come to a cen
tral library, and for that reason, if for no Other,
I think the Penn avenue establishment is worth
Of course Mr. Brennen's idea has been
utilized before now, but not to any extent,
we believe, in this city. . It is worth bear
ing in mind in these days of great libraries.
CALL A COLD A COLD.
The influenza epidemic is serious enough
without exaggerating its proportions or
enlarging unduly upon the painful symp
toms of the disease. The report that over
five hundred 'people had died in Paris of
the disease in one day has, as we predicted,
been proven a silly canard. Not more than
half that number have died of the disease
since it appeared in Europe a month ago.
That is the mortuary record for all Europe.
It is very clear, therefore, that influenza is
not a very deadly scourge, no matter how
disagreeable it may be.
Doctors everywhere will do the public a
service if they will refrain from encourag
ing the popular belief in the prevalency of
La Grippe. Every mau, woman and child
in this country for some weeks yet, and
until the novelty of the thing has worn off,
will positively take a pride in being victims
of the fashionable plague. The very fact
that influenza is seldom fatal will inflame
this fashionable tendency. Doctors can
check it, and even the disease, should it
really take epidemic form here, by calling
colds, catarrhal affections and malarial
fevers by their proper names. The power of
imagination in these matters is prodigious.
PLAYDTG AT POLITICS.
When the Democratic party in the east
ern part of -this State has nothing else
to do and it scorns to do nothing it trots
out a new candidate for Governor. The
last candidate born of ennui is a very good
fellow, Harry McCormicfc, of Har
risburg. He is very well known
in Dauphin county politics, but
out of sight of the Capitol his fame is
principally social. There is talk about him
now as a compromise candidate should the
friends of Black and Wallace fail to agree.
But there is a much larger possibility be
hind the scenes when it comes to talk of
compromises. Philadelphia is the home of
Robert E.Pattlson, ex-Governor of Penn
sylvania. In Berks county School Superintendent
Bser is contributing his mite to peace and
harmony in the Democratic camp by calling
for an entire change in the party methods
and machinery. He wishes Mr. Eisner re
moved from the State Chairmanship, and
he says that the removal is to be made when
the time comes. But this also is uncom
monly redolent of idleness, though it shows
an unhappy spirit in Mr. Baer. It looks
like a case of Baer with a sore head.
Excellent .as it may be for the State
Factory Inspector to acquire information in
Massachusetts or Connecticut, -we still think
that it is the business of Factory Inspector
Martin to be looking after the factories
here. Proof of the improper employment of
children in Pittsburg factories is now given in
The Dispatch, and Mr. Martin shonld return
to his duties at once. Governor Beaver's views
on the subject are peculiar, to say the least
The Librarian of the Pittsburg Library
strikes a resounding; blow for her sex. She says
that while the bad, bold boy is devouring
novels, his gentle sister is assimilating philos
ophy and facts via Carlyle and Kant
The 'very mention of Blaine's name in
connection with the complication of affairs be
tween England and Portugal, it seems, i&suffl.
dent to cause a commotion. The .English
Tories resent Mr. Harrison's Secretary's inter
ference. The queerest prt of the matter,
though, is that a couple of Tory papers think
it perfectly proper for Mr. Blaine to be heard
Evkx tariff hearings have to give way to
the influenza epidemic Speaking of the tariff
In this connection we are moved to remark
that a prohibition duty on influenza would be
Xou cannot put your finger on the pledge
in the Republican platform that the Harrison
administration Is not carrying out says the
Indianapolis Journal, a paper which Lige Hal
ford used to edit This news, whether reliable
or otherwise, is certainly exclusive, and the
Journal should be given credit for a "scoop."
The mild weather has permitted building
to go right along as if winter were not here. A
glance at the list of building permits will show
how oddly active the building trade is.
The Spanish Embassador says that he did
not stay away from the banquet given the Pan
American Congress in New York because he
was not in sympathy with the mission of the
Congress. Whatever Spain feels, herdlpiomats
surely cave sense enough to conceal her feel
ings. The Porter case is not over yet. The ver
dict will show how -well all this jtae.hae been
Thebe are a great many people in West
em Pennsylvania who will echo the sentiments
of the Unlon"Veterahs who banqueted" Mr J.
B, Harrah, the new United States Marshal, last
night XHK Dispatch again extends its con
gratulations to Mr. Harrah.
Ik the manufacture of 'stained glass
America now leads the world.-.Tbis Is a wonder
ful race to the front, fortue Industry 1 but a
few years old.
These seems to be no end to those
English syndicate purchases.- The latest Is
that of Fort Royal. The finest harbor on the
Atlantic coast is reported to have passed into
the hands of the Britons. The line ought to
be drawn at cities, surely.
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
CAftaih Douglass Oetttooek, retired, is
the oldest living officer of the United States
THE late Frances Lucretia Thomas, widow of
Generat Thomas, scarcely entered society at
Washington after her husband's death. She
visited the White House twice, and that waa
Edwin Abbey and Max O'Bell sailed for
New Yprk last week, the" former on the Fnlda
and the latter on the Celtic. Abbey will paint,
and O'Bell will lecture for two or three
Heurt JJ. Stawket, the African- explorer,
lectured in Jefferson City, Mo., in 1S55 to seven
people,' three of whom Were deadheads. Sinco
that time Stanley has grown faster than Jeffer
The latest news from Mentona is to the
effect that Itev. C. H. Spurgeon is suffering
acutely from rheumatism, so much so that his
case is exciting some anxiety. His throat is
now attacked, and it is feared, even attbe best,
that his magnificent voice will be irreparably
Chabj.es Mackay, whose death has been
announced, was a voluminousauthor. Ascore
or more ot books of poetry and prose were pub
lished by him. But he will be. probably, most
remembered for his humanitarian, lyrics, such
as 'Cheer. Boys, Cheer," and "Toere's a Good
Says a Washington correspondent: "Repre
sentative Chaedle, of Indiana, is a born kicker.
Though a Republican, he is the most persistent
opponent of pensions in the House. He Is now
the man celebrated for defeating the Republi
can caucus nominee for .Chaplain. This eccen
tric Indiana gentleman has a long and thin
sandy beard.and usually has gray clothes on.
He has a kindly face, and his general make-tip
and manners is a reminder of a country
preacher from whose path the yellow-legged
chickens are fleet In disappearance."
A FDNEEaL without a coepse.
An Empty Coffln Buried In Order to Get
Ufo Insurance Money.
Sybacuse, December 28. Some days ago
the story came from Canandaigna that George
T. Reddlngton, a former resident of that place,
had been discovered in an insane asylum in
the West. The idea conveyed was that he was
the victim of some conspiracy. Information
has reached here from Syracuse, Kan., that
Reddlngton did go West and took np a claim
near Latin, Kearney county. He passed as a
single man. Some time in June. 1887, he, with
August Shurman, Win. F. Ringle and Samuel
Morenart, wco occupied adjoining claims, ar
ranged to have his life insured in different com
panies for about iU, 000. The four men were to
.contribute equally to the payment of the ex
pense, then Reddlngton was to feign death, the
policies were to be collected by his co-conspirators,
and the proceeds were to be equally di
vided among the four. The policies.were pay
able to Nettie Reddlngton, the man's wife.
Reddlngton, to guard against all contingen
cies, wrote to his mother in Canandaigna, N.Y..
explaining the scheme, so that when she re
ceived notice of his death, which was to he tel
egraphed to her, she need not be alarmed or
take any steps in regard to the disposal pi the
body. Unfortunately for him, the letter was de
layed, and the telegram reached its destination
first It was answered by a telegram to have the
body placed in a metallic casket and sent East
As the burial had already taken place, the
Coroner was asked, to exhume the body. He
fonnd the coffin empty. Reddlngton, hiding In
the cellar, had been an interested participant
in his own obsequies. His disapparanca led to
an investigation and the arrest of Shurman and
Ringle. Tbe case; however, failed, because Mrs.
Keddington. the beneficiary, could not be con
nected with the conspiracy. The facts as given
in the foregoing are from a statement made by
How IJentenant Governor Jones' Wonld
Preserve the Parity of the Ballot.
isfeciai. raioaurio ran DisrATca.1
Bikohamtok, N. "Y., .December 28. The
Binghamton Leader published an interview
with Lieutenant Governor Jones on the subject
of ballot reform. The Lieutenant Governor
does not like the Saxton bill, because, as he
says, it would practically disfranchise the illit
erate voter. He has a plan of his own, which
he describes as follows: "My plan is very sim
ple, and Involves but few changes from the
present system. Make the printing of bal
lots and all other leclUmate election expenses
a public charge. I wonld not make the official
ballot compulsory, but all ballots should con
form thereto. The local committee of each
political party should recommend, and the
municipal or other authorities appoint one
vote distributor from each political party for
every election district. He should be sworn as
other election officers are, to the faithful per
formance of bis duty, which should be the dis
tribution of the official ballots of his party,
furnished by the authorities, and none other; so
that a person desiring the straight voteof bis
party would be sure of getting it. No person
other than election officials and those in the
act of voting should be allowed near the polls.
"The voter should pass from the distribution
office through a room or space where be would
be entirely secluded. This place should be ac
cessible to all the various ballots, so that the
voter could exchange, scratch or paste bis bal-.
lot without the knowledge of any other person.
This course makes possible a secret ballot.
Thence io the ballot box. Tms the timid
Wonld be protected from coercion, and the
trade of votes destroyed, as no, one would be
fool enough to buy votes and trust to the
honor of a man who would sell his vote for
A TREATISE ON GHOSTS.
A Chinese Authority Explain How a Matt
Can Escape Becoming One.
TboJChincse Recorder of Shanghai contains
a'paper on the "Life and Writings of the God
of Literature." This being, it appears, lived
through 17 different lives as scholar and offi
cial, although the records of only nine lives
now exist the remaining eight never having
been preserved. In his own person he com
pleted the perfection of the three religions of
China, One of his works contains a chapter
on ghosts and men, of which the following is
the substance: "A ghost is the corrupt part of
man, and. man is (he pure, part of a ghost A
man can boa ghost and a ghost can be a man.
The man and the ghost are mutually related;
why separate man and ghostt The ghost be
comes a man; then man must become a ghost.
It a man does cot become a ghost he will
surely be able to perfect manhood. It is diffi
cult for a ghost to become a man, because it
has fallen to' ghosthood, and because it has
lost manhood. A man is a'gbost; a ghost is a
mac; but all men are not ghosts, neither is
ever ghost a man"
It appears, also, that it is possible, although
difficult for a man to escape becoming a ghost
This is bow it can be don: "Those who can
be respectful without feeling ashamed, who
can be submissive without deception, who can
obey to perfection the rule of life, and are
able to preserve their natural force unabated,
secretly cherishing growth, will become Bud
dhas or genii, bnt not ghosts."
Not Fonny When Yost Have It.
From the Hew York Evening Sun.I
A good many persons have stopped joking
about the grip. However funny It may have
ibeen in the prospect it "turns proser when it
comes and stays."- The teal danger, however,
lies cot in the malady Itself, but it 'its after
effects upon the throat and lungs, induced
both by the local affection and by the general
lowering of the tone of tho system, resulting
from the Influenza.
'Small bat .Noisy.
From the Boston Herald.:
For a country that is no bigger than Indiana,
no richer than North Carolina, and with a pop
ulation less than that ot many of our States,
Portugal seems to be making a good deal of a
disturbance in the world. However, it's the
little dogs that barkmoat
1 '. ' ' ' . i ,
Useless, Except to Leek At.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.'
The beautiful sleighs which are to be seen in
the carriage warerpouu fust now look about as
cheerful 'as a dried-ap sBulMa-stalk in a sheep
pasture. i'.-, ',.- r- ! -l ,
i&ffiSfiK AfeU i. il. 5 .".. - -IffiSA
THE TOPICAL TALKER. I
Mall for Santa Clnas In tho Postassce Twa
Letters for a. Bead Mna GIHiert and.
Snlllvnn's Gondoliers Bits of Real Life,
Before Santa Clans drops out of sight a little
incident' of his worship must be told.
Every Christmas a number of letters are re-:
celved attbe Pittsburg postofflce. This year J
jtd ducu leibaia were rectuTeu, so jur .uarajn
told me yesterday. Most of these letters were'
simply addressed "Mr. Santa Clans' or' "Mr.
Kris Eingle," but one bore this:
: SANTA CLAUS,X
i North PoleJ :
All these letters are Sent to the Dead Letter
Department, unless some hint of the residence
of Santa Clans sometimes one of the great re-,
tail stores Is given, in which case the letter is
delivered to the Arm, indicated. What anim.
mense mass of Santa' Claus epistles must accu
mulate at the Dead Letter office! Every post
office in the country almost' must be a con
'Thebe are also two letters at tho Pittsbnrc
postofflce, Mr. Larkin informs me, for. Mr.
A coBBEseoirDEirT from the, other side of
the Atlantic writes tq me in" enthusiastio
praise of the new comic opera, "The Gondo
liers.1' Gilbert and Sullivan's latest She says
with feminine fervor that "The Gondoliers" Is'
the prettiest opera from this .source that the
world has heard slnca the anthor'and camooser
became partners. Ot the libretto she says:!
'Ruddigore' certainly suggested tha Mr. Gil
bert had exhausted the resources of wbatit has
become the fashion-to call topsyturveydom so'
far as his powers of invention were concerned.
"ThA VAnmn nf th flnftrrt" xras ftnftv denart.
tire, and It was supposed that it bad been made
for the reason that Mr. Gilbert had come to the
end of his tether in the other direction; but
either the supposition did injustice to his fac
ulties of imagination, or else rest has restored
him, for in '"The Gondoliers" he is almost, if,
not quite, at bis best and the realm again Is
that o.f topsytmvey,
"Sir Arthur's music is unfailingly melodious,
and the freshness of it considering that this is
his tenth opera, is quite extraordinary. Only
very rarely, indeed, could I catch a faint echo
of his awn work in previous scores; still more
rarely is there, a suggestion of the work of any
other musician, except when he purposely imi
tatesalways with taste and gracefulness the
manner of a schooiA. One ot the most remark
able and delightful features in the score Is its
variety. Sir Arthur has a marvelous aptitued
for fitting his music to the occasion, and can be
gay or tender with equal ease and appropriate
ness, while he has always struct: me as the one
composer of tlje day, at any rate the one Eng
lish composer who can extract genuine humor
from an orchestra."
('The woodworkjin this house seems to have
. been put in green,1' said Philander to
Spartacus, who was luxuriating in a very new
"Yes, the doors are shrinking, the paneling
is splitting and from what I can see, I guess the
builder thought I might want to grow another
A smaix bunch of pansies makes pale the
glory of the brand new tobacco jar In
which, it being a Christmas gilt you cannot
keep tobacco and illuminates with novel color
the dull Sahara of blotting paper and old news
papers which cover the table on which this
Talk" is being written. , ,
As a general rule I do not indulge in pansies
between Christmas and New Year. The
blossoms I speak of, however, .came from a
garden in the verdant valley of Sewickley.
Tbey grew in the open air under the kindly
shelter ef an old straggling hedge, and testify
' In the most powerful way to the extraordinary
character of the weather.
The cooler weather which set in On Thursday
seems to have delivered a wholesome check to
the sanguine trees. .On Christmas morning I
noticed a buckeye, tne leaf buds of which were
swollen as if very nearly ready to burst A few
more days of such warm sunshine and rain as
we had at the beginning of last, week would
have given us a dress rehearsal of spring In
T ast December was almost It not quite, as
most delightful paper in the Atlantic Monthly
for December reminds us of 'this fact Mr.
Bradford Torrey gossips in this paper aboutthe
days hij, spent last December out-of-doors on
the Massachusetts coast. Anybody who loves
birds and flowers and the breath of Clod's good
air as it sweeps unpolluted by man. over the
sea and land, onght to read Mr. Torrey's "De
Yestebday Miss Emma Juch andher mother,
Madame Juch, called, quite en famille,
upon Mrs. John W. Black; at the latter'a pretty,
borne, Lincoln avenue, East End. Itwas an in
formal and delightful visit, made by the fair1
singer who is very fond ot children to inspect
the Christmas tree at Mr. Black's residence and
to share the pleasure taken by Mr. and Mrs.
Black's bright little boys in the varied crop of
pretty things borne by the tree. Escorted by
the eldest boy and followed by Miss and Mrs.
Juch and Mr. and Mrs. Black, the charming
singer was shown the tree. She entered heartily
into the childish delight of the little fellows as
they exhibited the evidences of Santa Clans'
generosity. Shortly after 2 P. m. Miss Juch tore
herself' away, from ber youthful and elder en
tertainers, snd was driven to her hotel, thence
to rest previous to ber appearance as Agnes in
'Talking of children, I am reminded of an
other Christmas story from the nursery.
A 6-year-old Alleghenlan, arrayed in his night
dress, knelt on Christmas Eye at bis mother's
knee. His little lips lisped: "Our Father who
art in Heaven," and then after a moment's
pause, "and Santa Claus."
His mother had not the heart to correct the
j.'They should have set hospital Baturday
last week," said he. "and then everybody
would not have been bankrupt after buying
"It would have made very little difference."
she replied, "for then everybody was saving up
for Christmas." Hepbueh Jonjfs.
A H0E8E'S BIT COSTS 40 " .
And Nobody Knows How Much Additional
Expense Litigation May Bring,
Indianapous, December 28. Some months
ago Davd Fort saw in a horse's mouth a bit
which he recognized as one which he had
lostinlSSS. Fort made a formal demand for
the bit from Conrad Driscoll, tho horse's
owner, who said be bought the bit in East Lib
erty, Pa., in 1884, and refused to surrender it
Suit was brought and a change of venue was
taken to the court ot Justice Alford, where the
plaintiff demanded a jury. The bit which
could be purchased anywhere for a quarter,
was made the subject of a dignified judicial
After an hour's deliberation to-day the jnry
fonnd for the defendant and the plaintiff at
once gave bonds for costs and took an appeal
to the Circuit Court The costs in the case
now ambunt to Strand it is cot unlikely that
the case will go through all tho courts, as both
men are determined.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
James F. Swift.
GnsiKSBtmo, December 28, A .private tele
gram from 'Wheeling, W. Va., this morning an
nounces tho death of James F, Swirt, promi
nently ldentiaeu with glass circles. He waslnan--ageraud
part owner of the Hreensbnrg Glass
Vforks, which were to start np on Monday next.
He left here on Monday night to spend the holi
days with his family at Wnecltng, and while
tbcre was attacked with Inflammation of the
stomatb- He boarded ror many years at the
Monongahela House, In Plttsbnrg. Ho was about
Ex Jadge Horace Wilder.
ST. PAcl, Mnnr., December 2s.-Horaee
"Wilder, ex-Judge of the Supremo Court of Ohio,
died 'at Bed Wing, Minn., yesterday. Judge
"Wilder was for many years one of the leading
lawyers of Northern Ohio. He graduated at Yale
in the class of 1S23. and removed to Ashtabula
county, u. In 1865 be was elected Jadge In the
Ashtabula district, and In 1S63 became a member
of tuo Supreme Bench. Judro Wilder Was 8
yean old nt the time of his deaths 'r
John Templeton Coalldgc.
BOSTON, December 58. John Templeton Cool-
ldge. President of the Columbian Juk, died this
morning at hU rseldeno. of J 'la grippe.?! .iMr,
Coolldge was one of the oldest baatpresldenW, In
'.. 1 1
rv.t,"?ta..-3i ..a-fat- -FfflfcK?;c .-7j
SOI IN ABSOLUTE fOOL
An Englta Journal' Exalted Opislei
The mention of anything American generally
has the same effect on the London Saturday
Review as is produced on a mad bull by shak
ing ared rag in its face. The Saturday has."
recently stumbled on two books just Issued,
from the press in this country Henry Cabot
Lodge's '"George Washington," and Prof. John
Fiske's "Critical Period of American History,
17SS-17S9" and launches forthwith into a scath
ing review thereof; beginning in the following
These two books are a part a small and not
the worst part of the stupendous mass of
writing produced, and in Course of production,
about the brief, and not particularly interest
ing, history of the United States of America.
Mr. Lodge may, perhaps, take this description
as one more example of what ha calls in his
"Life of Washington' the stupid arrogance of
Englishmen. But we really cannot help it that
American history is dull, consisting for the.
most part of easy victories won by rather com
monplace men, and followed by intensely com
monplace prosperity. Mr. Lodge Is very angry
with the Englishmen of those days who said.
rudely enough, that the Yankees were cowards.
But after all, what had the colonists
done in the struggle with France to make En
glishmen respect their fighting power! Little,
indeed. The brilliant things, such as the expe
dition to Quebec, were the work of English
Generals and troops unaided by the colonists.
We find the same disparity between the claim
made for "Washington and. the evidence Pro
duced all through Mr. Lodge's' book. He is
continually talking of his hero's faculty as a
and yet when it came to' actual fighting. Lord
Howe no genius, certainly beat him through
If the English, then, were so stnpid, what
was Washington! We do not say he was stu
pid, being rioh enough not to grudge, an ene
my his praise, and knowing that after all he
won. What we do say is, that" he was good
man enough to win against very indifferent
generals commanding very insufficient armies.
This is creditable as farvis it goes; but it hardly
classes a man with Marlborough or Gustavus
Adolpnus. At Yorktown Washington had the
help of the French allies, of an overwhelming
superiority of numbers, and of a long-course ot
luck. Of course, an absolute fool might have
thrown these chances away. Washington did
not, and therefore was cot an absolute fool;
but is it so very great to win the trick when
you hold all the trumps, and your opponent is
a very average player!
HIS tJlLTEE ANNITEBSAET.
A Pleasing- Celebration nt Buffalo Friday
nnd Satnrdoy .Next.
BPICIAL TZXSOBAK TO TBS DISPATCH, t
Eufvaxo, N. Y., December 28. Arrange
ments are about completed for an appropriate
celebration on Friday and Saturday next of the
Silver anniversary of the.Right Reverend .Ar
thur Cleveland Coxe, one ot'tha'fbremoat prel.
ates of the Protestant Episcopal Church, who
is ;jnst completing a quarter century of service
as the Bishop of Western New York. Bishop
Potter, of New York, and nearly all the clergy
men of the Central and Western New York
dioceses are to take part In the ceremonies
and a choir made up of 200 male voices will
furnish the vocal music. 3be celebration will
be held in St. Paul's Church.
. Bishop Coxe is 71 years old, was born in New
Jersey, was educated in New York City and
graduated from the University of New York in
1838. His theological training was imparted in
the general theological seminary of St. Paul's
Chapel of New York. He bad rectorships in
Morrisiana. N. Y Hartford. Conn., and Balti
more, Md., until the civil wax was two years
gone. The remainder of the war be spent in
ministering to Union soldiers on the battle
fields of the rebellion. Then he became at
tached to this diocese, being consecrated in 186&
Bishop Coxe has become notable through bis
violent attacks on the Jesuits, on cremation,
and through his beautiful poems. Two years
ago he created a sensation inParis by adminis
tering the rita ot confirmation In Fere Hya
cinthe's church in the French metropolis. This
month Bishop Coxe, at a: public discourse in
Trinity Church. Buffalo, predicted that the
second coming of Christ would be witnln the
next 60 years, and quoted from the Scriptures .
and the writings of learned men in support of
bis prophecy. The second advent of Christ ha
believes, will take place upon the Mount ot
Olives, near Jerusalem, within half a century.
An Anti-Rum Crusade Likely to beBegjan la
rsrzciAL Taixaitiicro thb dispatcji'.i
Concord, N. H.pDe'ceinber 28. Although
the position of Governor Goodell on the tern-'
perance issue is'well- Known, yet his, proclamat
ion of to-day is' a surprise to the public.
Following close' updnr?he decision of the
Supreme Court, declaring the constitutionality
of the nuisance law, this act,' of. the Governor
may well be regarded as the forerunner
of a great crusade against liquor
selling in ' this '' State. The senti
ments of the proclamation are" those that the
Governor has long entertained, and which, as a
Vice President of the New. Hampshire State
Temperance Union, .he baa long .and earnestly
The friends of prohibition bereare extremely
gratified over the appearance of tha document,
and, tbey profess to see in this act of the Gov
ernor the opportunity for a general uprising of
temperance workers throughout New Hamp
shire, and the accomplishment of greater things,
in this direction than, .they have yet achieved.
SOMEWHAT SLQW, JUT SUEE.
An Old Steamer's Touh Battle With the
Elements Over at Last.
rsrXCIAI. TELXOBAK TO TUB DISPATCH.1
New Yoke, December 28. With a strong
list to port, caused by haying used more coal
from the starboard bunkers than the port the
Steamship State pf Alabama arrived to-day, a
little rusty, but still in good fight
ing trim, after' a severe battle with the ele
ments dnring her Atlantic passage. She is a
slow old ship, but a sate one. She left
Greenock on December 6 and had
good weather till midnight of the 17th,
when a heavy gale of wind from west southwest
struck her, raising a big sea that made her la
bor a good deal. '
Before daylight of the 18th a big wave broke
amidships bn the port side, -smashing
two lifeboats that stood in chocks on
the upper deck. The gala moderated
that day, but on the 19th it increased in vio
lence, continuing till the 23d. She bad 162 cases
of blasting glycerine aboard. The. rest of the
cargo waa bar iron and soda ash.
A GOOD TiHfi WITH BLAINE.
IpTr. Graham, of Elizabeth, Combines n, Basl -ness
Trip With Pleasure. f
II-ROM A ST ATT COBEKSPOUDttNT.
WAsHiNQTON,.December 28. J. H. Graham,
Esq,, of Elisabeth, Pa., right-of-way agent for
the McKeesport and Bellevernon Railroad
Company, was in the city on business, to-day.
His special errand was to consult with Secre
tary Blaine in regard to securing a. deed for tljo
rieht-of-way through Mr. Blaine's farm in
Forward township, Allegheny county, for the
McKeesport and Bellevernon road. -While the
rightof-way was granted some time agoj a deed
had never been issued,
Mr. Graham passed two or three hours very
pleasantly with the Secretary, at the latter'a
residence. Mr. Blaine showed great Interest in
matters pertaining to the Monongahela Valley,
asking many questions touching the price of
coal lands, etc Mr, Grab am Jet t for Elizabeth
A H0ESE WITH GOOD SENSE,
He Throws n Thief and Drags Him Back loj
Wn-MWOTOf, O., December 28. Near New
Vienna, tbls county, .on last Wednesday nigbt,
a fine young horse, together witn a sadd)e and
bridle, was stolen from William Moore, a
farmer. Several hours after thosearch had
been abandoned a racket was heard at the barn
and on going out Mr. Moore was surprised, to
find his" horse, and hanging to him tha thief.
The animal bad" thrown the man after going
quite a distance, and in falling the thief's foot
was caught in the stirrup and he was thus
dragged back tba entire .distance. His head,
neck and shoulders were badly cut and
Ho was turned over to the Marshal of New
Vienna, who brought him here and placed him
in jail, where he now is in a badly bruised con
dition waiting tor bis' trial.
CANDIDATES' TEET KUMEE0US.
Forty Educators Willing to Accept the
ISrXCIAI, TZUtOHAXTO THE DISPATCH.1
HABntsnuBO, December 2S. The number of
applicants for the position ot Superintendent
of Pnbliolnstrnctlon has increased to about 0,
and Governor Beaver expects the list to grow a
little more. The Governor has not indicated
'whom be will select but intimates that bis
choice will be a man tnorougbly Identified, with
DepatyHonek, who. has .been In the State
School- Denartmentnearlv 20 'years, has the
most powerful backing for the place" ' :?:
,'!M;','14( ii i "''ST . j jSi'i ,
INDIAN BURIAL CUSTOMS,
Legend of the Kara asd ike jCeyste Tfca
WMew's Peaaaee Weffsl Ceremonies at!
Fanerat Pyree Tfce Manners' Dnnee
The Barlttl of a CWef.
Among the Indians of North America there
have been and yet are. burial customs, as,
legends concerning these, which, says the Lon
don Globe, are both interesting and unfamiliar
to many, A great number of the tribes have
long practiced cremation; and- the Nishlnams,
of California, account for 'the introduction of
the custom among them by the following
legend; The. moon and the coyote created all.
things that exist "The moon was good, bat
the coyote was bad." This, by way of paren
thesis, would seem to be a survival of the dual
prindlple which runs through all the beliefs of
India, proper. When human beg were
created the moon wished to pattern them
after lerselfj so that like her, they
should only vanish from the earth
for a short time, and return again In a few days
after death. But the coyote would not agree1
to this. He said that when men died their
bodies should be burned, and the friends who
remained should make a great mourning for
them once a year. And the thing was done as,
the evil coyote decreed! But the moon was'
wroth, and created the rattlesnake, and caused
ltto bite the coyote's son, so that he died. The
coyote, however, flatly refused to burn his own
Offspring until the moon insisted. "This is
your own rule," said the latter, "you would
have it so; and now your son shall be burned f
nice me otners." so he was burned; and after
A year the coyote made a great mourning tor
him. Thus tho law which the coyote had de
creed was established over all.
The Widow's Terrible OrdenL
According to the account quoted by Dr. Far
row in his valuable work (in the "Mortuary
Customs of the North American Indians," the
Tokotins of Oregon compelled widows to pass
through an ordeal to which the suttee would
almost be preferable. The body of the de
ceased husband was kept for nine days laid out
In his lodge. During these nine days the widow
is obliged to Ha beside it from sunset to sun
rise, no matter what the season or the tempera
ture. On the tenth day the body is buried,
together with whatever of ' property
once appertained to it In the way
of clothing, arms, etc The widow
must also lie beside the corpse on the funeral
pile. On no account may she move until the
"doctor" so orders. This merciful command is
never given, however, until the living body ot
the poor woman is completely covered with
blisters. If, at any time during the life of her
husband, she has been known to commit any
act of infidelity, or to neglect to minister to his
comfort in any way, she is now severely pun-
isneu, iue relatives of the dead warrior will
again and again fling her back unon the burn
ing pile, from which ber own friends must as
many times drag ber forth, more dead than
Cremating the Dead,
When all is over.-the widow must collect the
larger bones, roll them up in, an envelope of
birch bark, and carry them constantly on, ber
back for years. She is now a slave to the
whole village, and her least refusal to obey any
order is cruelly punished. The ashes of her
late husband are collected and buried in a
grave; and should any weeds appear upon this
grave she Is obliged to root them out, with her
bare fingers, while ber. husband's relatives
stand over and beat ber. It Is little wonder
bow frequently the wretched creatures commit
suicide, to escape from this complicated system
Among bis contributions to North American
ethnology Stephen Powers gives a graphic
word picture of another funeral ceremony.
Among the Se-nel Of California, he says, the
dead are mostly-burned. At the frensied scene
described, the corpse was that of a wealthy
chief; ,As he lay In- state on the pyre, two
pieces ot gold (each worth i) were placed in
his mouth, and smaller coins in his ears and
bands, and on his breast All his finery bis
feather mantles, plumes, clothing, shell-money,
fancy bows, painted arrows, etc, were disposed
Wild Scenes Aronnd the Fire,
When the torch waa applied to the - pile the
Indians around set up a mournful ululation.
They chanted,- they danced, and gradually
worked: themselves into a delirium 'which
mleht well represent demoniacal possession.
They lost all self-control leaping, bowling and
lacerating their flesh. The young English
speaking Indians tried to restrain themselves
before the American spectators; but they, too,
felt the contagious f Dry of old racial instincts.
One of these stripped off a new and handsome
broadcloth coat and cast it upon the blazing
pile with frantic yells, Another .rushed up,
and was about to throw into the fire a pile of
California blankets, when a white man
present, desiring to test the sincerity ot his
passsion, offered him 3 for them. Bnt though
he jingled the mpney In his open palm, the
avaricious' trader had once more become the
tameless savage of the bribeless woods. He
hurled the money away with an execration,
and flung his offering to the flames. Squaws
were oven more frenzied. They flung upon the
fire all tbey had to give their most treasured
ornaments, their gayest dresses, their rarest
shells. Screaming and moaning, tearing their
hair out bybandfuls, beating their breasts
madly.'some pi tnem would have cast them
selves bodily into the flames, and perished with
their chief, bad tbey not been forcibly pre
The Faneral of a Chief,
Many of the tribes place their dead on
scaffolds lashed to the branches ot lofty trees:
others lay them in cahoea and launch them by
night upon same quiet stream- But space per
mits reference to but one more. Let ibis, for
its characteristic mingling of pomp and cruelty,
be that of the burial of Blackbird, the great
.chief of the Omabas, as recorded by Catlin.
This chieftain was, in strict obedience to his.
own commands, taken, down the' river to bis
favorite haunt, which was tbe pinnacle of. a
towering bluff. From here, be said, he should
Still be able "to see, the Frenchmen, pass
ing up and . down the liver 16 their
boats." Blackbird owned, among many
others, a noble white horse. This designated
favorite was led to the top of the grassy hill.
There, in the presence of the whole nation,
several fur traders, and tha Indian agent tho
dead chief was solemnly, and for the last time,
placed astride his horse. His bow was in bis
hand, bis shield and quiver slung, bis medicine
bag and a supply of dried meat, his pipe and
tobacco pouch were all replenished to last him
through bis long joumey Xo tbe bappy hunting
grounds where tbe shades of his fathers follow
lhechase: his flint and steel, and the tinder
to light his pipe by the way. were none of them
forgotten; tne scalps na naq tasenwere praua.
ly hung to tbe bridle of hU horse.
Horse and Master Burled Together.
He was fully 'equipped, and bn bis bead
waved bis beautiful headdress of eagle plumes.
When the medicine men had performed the
last' rites every warrior painted the palm and
fingers of his right band with bright yermillion.
with which he imprinted tbe red facsimile of
bis hand onHhe milk-white, body of tbe horse.
This done, turfs were laid around tbe feet and
legs of the devoted and unsuipecting creature.
Gradually they rose above its tides; atlast oyer
its back and bead. Finally they shut in for
ejver the nodding eagle plumes ot tbe rider;
and there the dead and the living were left to
moulder .undisturbed unto this day. Thero
they now mingle In one, common dust the
faithful victim and the callous lord,
Some there mnit be who most bear the burden and
the loss, ,
Some there must be who must wear the thorny
crown and cross.
Some there must be who must pace thro' battle
and thro' blood.
Some there most be who mnst face the overwhelm
Some (here mutt be who must drain the bitter, bit
ter lees, , " '
Borne there must be who In pain mast wrestle on
Some there must be, who mutt feel the. flrce0n
slaught of fate, ..,,.
Borne there must be who must kneel unheard out
side the gate. f
Some there must be. who must work nor goodly
Some there mil be who mujt not shirk the uare-
Some there mart be who must lay their hopes tee I
Some there must be who at MT "Btar .wlB; ax
- ml4e.bodone-- ft :,'"?''.
j-Hat-ie MrJhtt in PMIMtieM Mpr. v'A 1;s
the;CeH- Balk avsm jUsUm ?
- taraciAt, nuBaxif tu'tux dispatch.!
NzwY0BKVBeeec26.-The building de
partment haa-rsooWtd the plan for the new
tuMrte that C, P. Huntington is about to erect
at the conier'of Fifth aresue and Fifty-seventh
street They are for a structure 88 by 109
feet M'sice, and five stories high, the first story
of 'gray granite, the- ascend aad third of brick;
and the fourth and Mtb of iron'. It is claimed
that it will be absolutely fireproof. To get a
hoaeethat should "be so wag one of the chief
aims of Mr. Huntington m building a new resi
dence. For tbei foundations, excavations ara
to be extended down to, bed rock, and 1,040,000
bricks will be used, it ia said, before the walls
reach the level or-the street Mr. Huntington
says that the whole endeavor of himself and
Mrs. Huntington in planutng-tbe house has
been to make It home-like. There willbe,besays,
no rooms for show or company, but.lt will bo
the design to have all the rooms Jn daily use by
members of the family. The library will be
Mr. Huntington's special room, and he has bad
It planuedto suit bislastie in everyrespect It
will be about 35 to 40 feetin size, and its ap
poictmen:wlll probably be the finest ever put
into such a room- Tha parlors will be on the
first floor, and .will be finished in white and
Information as to the probable-cost of the
building is not obtainable; it will cost Mr.
Huntington sars, whatever will make in just
wbatho wants it in every respect. The same
thins can be said as to the time occupied Id the
erection; it will take as tongas Unecessary to
make it perfect
(?1L.. BEIGE'S SCAEP PIN.
A Handsome Little Keepsake Which the
Railroader Never Wore.
From the "Washington Star.,
For quite a while Vanderbilt bad a dead
straight monopoly in his Lake Shore Railroad,
and he . was gathering iq the shekels at an.as
tounding rate. A few bright men who had a
little money tbey wanted to speculate with de
cided to parallel the New York millionaire's
lines w.lth the road afterward known as the
Nickel Plate. Tbese.f arsighted individuals se
lected Brice as the man who would be best
able to make their scheme a success, and their
confidence was not misplaced. He soaeezed
Vanderbilt until he bought the Nickel Plate at
a tremendous' advance. Then the speculators
were tickled, and they said among themselves:
"Let ns give Brice a nice little present; some
thing that will keep this thing green in his
They did. A niiniature safe was constructed
of gold. The door hinges were partially
orosen, ana tne aoors, aoout wnicn was tne
name Vanderbilt were wider open. Tba safe
was empty. Alongside the rifled repository
was a complete set in miniature; ot safe bur
glar's tools, each piece tipped with a precious
stone. And in front vas a burglar's dark lan
tern, with a beautiful ruby set where the light
would be in a real lantern. The whole thing
was a work of art, and was made up Into a $500
scarf pin. Itwas given to Brice, but he never
wore it It was almost too personal.
SHEEIFF SUED FOE DAMAGE.
A Novel Law Point Raised Regarding' at
Nkwbubg; N; T., December 23. Daniel
Glynn, proprietor of tbe Opera Cafe on Broad
way, had a AlfaldBn maoarrested for breaking
a window. Glynn did ate appear against him.
but the Walden man sued Glynn for false im
prisonment and got a. verdict for $1,000. Glynn
wouldn't pay, and the Walden man hadblm ar
rested and put on the Newburg jail limits. He
visited his father-in-law at- Fishkill one.day,
and a Dutchess -county officer arrested him
and took hlm,to Poughfceepsje, where be was
placed on the jail limits again, and has been so
for months, all the time living in good style at
the Morgan House, and averring that be would
never pay the judgment against bim.
Now comes a novel point in the case, said to
have never before, been passed upon by tbe
courts. Glynn has been in the habit of coming
to Newburg Sundays .and holidays to see bis
family. On Christmas. Day he was caught
away from Pougbkeepsie, and the Sheriff ot
Dntchess county was served with papers in a
suit by tbe Walden man for damages for al
lowing Glynn out of his custody. If the Sheriff
is beaten he will fall back on Glynn's bonds
men for theamount The novel point in the
case is wbethersuch papers as were served on
the Sheriff can be served on a holiday. Good
lawyers differ about it, and it will probably go
to tbe Court ot Appeals-
THE EXPEET ACCOUNTANT.
Some' of tbe Doings ef the Hen Who Work
from the New York Sun.I
The expert accountant is. one ot the necessi
ties of modenTcivillzation. He knows all the-
intricacies of figures and account books. Ha
is indispensable to the great corporations. He
can take great, masses of books and evolve a
balance sheet He compiles reports, be ad
justs average? lor tho, insurance companies.
He is called in to settle tbe business arrange
ments of railroads-and stock companies, ana
gets order out- of chaotic masses ot figures
He knows how to' make annual reports at
tractive, and not unfreqnently makes ugly ac
counts look straight One ot tha most Im
portant functions of the expert accountant is
to show up defaulters. It often happens that
business men find their affairs getting entan
gled. Tbey know they bare been making
money: hot somehow, they are running be
hind. Tbe7 have relied upon some trusted
So far as they can see tbe books are all right
but the results are unsatisfactory. They do
not like, to suspect tbe trusted servant, but
they want to be satisfied. The expert ac
countant is called in with great secrecy, and
ordered to go over the books at night. Then
the exposure comes; the cooked accounts are
exposed; the forced balance is shown up; the
amount ot the defalcation is set down in plain
A Submarine Boat That Works.
from the Electrical World.
A special dispatch from .Madrid says; "The
submerging trials ot tha .submarine boat Peral
have taken place in the' open tea with excel
lent results. The boat appeared, and disap
peared from the surface of the water with in
credible rapidity- It was submerged to a depth
of seven meter, aad remained beneath the
water 40 minutes. The total time that tbe boat
waa under the. water was two hours and a quar
ter. The inventor, Senor Peral. was congratu
lated as victor by the immense assemblage
present to witness the trials."
Giving Himself Away.
From tbe Chicago Neiri.I
A New York .man discovered a brand-new
comet on Christmas night and freely admits it
Other people, however,-are keeping as still as
they can about tho queer things they saw In the
sky that night
From tbe'Loulsyllle Courier-Journal.
It may be true, as the American geologist as
serts, that the. earth ia growing larger. It is
also true that the number of people who want
it is swelling
AEFAIES OP THE NATION.
IjtMAKAPQWS Journal: If Mr. Silcott is
really trying to get out of Canada there are a
number of Congressmen in the United StatesJ
who will gladly lend a helping band.
Chicago Inter Oceanz When tbe House Is
convened Mr. Holman will have a chance to
"object" in Ms loudest tone if Mr. Mills be
recognized as tbe'Democratlc leader.
LouisviLliB Courier-Journal: To avoid
further social embarrassments in Washlngtont
future Presidents will doubtless take the pro
caution to put their sons-in-law into the Cabi
net PjtovjDENCE Journal: Bepresentative Hol
man, bf Indiana, onght to fill a very useful field
at the coming session of Congress with his ob
jections. The avalanche of jabs promises to bo
Boston Gto&e, So Senator Teller, of Colo
rado, Is tq renew tbe attempt to abolish secret
sessions" of iboBciiat'e. He'strne to falsname
and wants to tell what goes on behind tba
"closed doors." Success tq blmt
ST. Lotto Olobf-Democrat: Tha House has
dona so well without any rules except those
provided by general parliamentary law that the
country would not object to a continuance of
the experiment-tor the whole session,
BcSTOff Bergi'd: Speaker Beed had better
hurry up with those, rules. Until tbey are
adopted a 'member of the House cannot be
prevented from smoking a cigar in his seat.
And he peVdn't'be particular about the brand
qf cigars, either.' Wljewl
CHICAGO Tribune: His political highness,
the Hpu. Bill Springer, wants all the remalning
Tetriterles admitted te the Union as States.
Tbe Hon. BUtiS uudsOtodly sJaeere la tale
desks. He eaaaiat teX to w-hiefc of 'tketa tw
may'ssMUaeessary tsr'uaalffrte la esWre
toaama UiiiiA Sjae fetMrie.
. CUII0US CONDBHSATIO
Torkcounty tramps recently emptJedjf
waiter tank and turned It into a sleeyiaCaBartj
ment '" ;flBEH
Five red haired eirls eavefttHwhite,
horse bazaar at WiUiamsport in tba causa of
jMn,im,H.Mil. Kam bv , JTZ2t-,si.
vmm4v, una a real yycrHian.fc tzM
verfiln. which celebrated last month its twen-
Minnesota, strawberries, fresh fro
vines, were served at a banquet in Winona.
The manufacture of oil of roses is
giaon a, large scale, in tha Crimea. whT
roses grow in great profusion in the mountains.
A Philadelphia undertaker who
much use for his telephone, has had It rfg
up on a dumbwaiter arrangement so that
can answer a call from any part ot the hot
The largest and best .paying graphite
mine In tbe country is in Warren conntr. N.
Y. In the same region are also extensive eart. t
uci. mines, me ore iromwuicu is worm hui..
There- are three Roman Catholic and
eight Protestant missions in tbe Congo terri
tory. They support 28 stations and S5 mission
aries. The Protestant missions are supported
by Americans, English and Swedes.
Kansas raised 34,000,000 bushels qf
wheat this year. If made into bread, reckon
ing a bushel to 60 pounds of flour, it wonld give
each man, woman and child in the United i
States 34 two-pound loaves of bread.
The Marquise de Galliffet,?one of the
most beautiful women in Paris, is suffering
from a strange form of insanity. She goes Into
convulsions whenever she sees her face in a
minor. Usually women are affected tbe other
way, and In 12 cases out ot a dozen would be
hysterically mad if there were not a mirror In
During the recent floods in Japan 2,419
persons were killed. and 155 were wounded; 80,--000
were deprived of the necessaries of life:
50.000 houses were swept away or rendered un
inhabitable; 150,000 acres of agricultural land
with their crops were laid waste; 6.000 bridges
wera carried away, and hundreds of miles of
road were destroyed.
The number of cloisters and monks in
Spain have increased with astounding rapidity
of late years. Spain now has 29,220 mo nks,and
25,000 nuns in LS30 cloisters ind 179 orders. In
Barcelona- alone there are 163 cloisters for
women. In the last 11 years the number of
monks In Spain has been sextupled and tha
number of nuns has been doubled.
The preacher who dropped into an office
in Alpena, Mich., the other day wnere fourof
the biggest guns in town wera playing poker,
for money, may not have known what he "was
about but then strain he mar. Anvhow ha
flashed a subscription paper for some benevo
lence before the blushing players.andquicker'n
you could say Jack Robinson took .pledges -for
overllOO, , tff
'A. few days ago, while the crops on .the
Bicker farm. In East Nittany Valley, ,Pa,
ware being threshed, a chicken was found' un
der the sheaves of wheat In ono of the mows .
where it had been since the grain was placed
there on tbe loth, day of Jnly. The. chicken'- '
had lived all that time without food or water. Jp
and weighed when itwas found considerablyF -less
than one pound, though still alive. v.
Ex-Governor Cornell is quote? as saying
that work on the Grant monument at Riverside
Park will begin next serine; and that "the asso
ciation will spend $1,000,000." As the monument
fund, after tbe most urgent appeals and persist
ent drumming; amounts to date to only$110,000,
it would seem that ex-Governor Cornell is over
sanguine labia predictions unless tbe projectors
of tbe monument propose to go ahead and trust
to the future for funds to pay for it
That is a rather pretty story which is
now making the rounds about Congressman
Cheatham, the colored Bepresentative from
North Carolina. It tells that ba asks for the re
tention in office of a young Democrat in his dis
trict on the ground that in the old days of
slavery he (tbe Congressman) was given as a
bridal present to the young man's mother. If
true, tba story lias many'moraU. Not only does
it show the Congressman's magnanimity In
strong light but it directs attention to the
marvelous change of fortunes which a quarter
of a century has wrought at tha South-
Tha electric light has found a curious
use In Russia, viz. for illuminating saintly im
ages in cathedrals. Thus a magnificent figure
of the Madonna, just placed In the Alexander
Newsky Monastery, loaded with precious
metals and gems ot Immense value, stands glit
teringly in the focus of sn electric beam,
which u also the ease- with tbe "Kasan? Aa-i
donna In UC .PeterJDunr., .Fromnear-aoaaor
thousands make' pilgrimages to tbese shrines.
It has been decided to so Illuminate the an
cient monastery of St. Ursula at Olmutx. the "
first instance on record of Its use exclusively in
Locomotive No. 96, belonging to the
New Jersey Central Railroad, which exploded
at Matawan last Monday, had a history. For
years it was considered by the employes of the
road as "hoodooed." Oue of its first adven
tures was to run off tbe pier at Couminipaw,
dragging a train loaded with passengers after
it. This occurred 18 years ago. No lives were
Jost,:butlt was the first and last time such an
accident has happened in the history of the
road. A little later itwas in a smash-up at
Dunellen. It has run over and killed mors
people at tha grade crossings than any other
engine on the road, hut it happily closed its
career on aionuay wunout Killing anyDoay.
The Russian Minister of the Interior
bas formulated a plan for the taxation -.' all
foreign Immigrants to South Russia. His
prime object is to keep out the German peas
ants, with their liberalizing influences. A
somewhat similar plan, with the same ulterior
motive, was -proposed in 1887. The Russian
Government was then on the point of taxing
all Russian subjects who remained abroad more
than one year $1,000 a year. Tbe execution of
this plan would have emptied all the German
and Swiss universities ot all the poor Russian
Students who invariably imbibe radicalism
with their foreign education. For soma unex
plained reason the plan of 1SS7 miscarried, v :
Prof. Haddon, the English naturalist,
who bas just spent some months on tbe islands
south ot New Guinea, says there will, never
again be so good a thine as now to study tho
patives and make anthropological collections,
asthePapaucS there ara dying out fast and
are still more rapidly discarding their native
arts; preferring to buy the merchandise that
the whites bring among- them. Recent travel
ers In the Congo Casta, say the Introduction oi
European manufactures is playing the mischief
with native handiwork- Dr. Wolf observed
this fact far sooth of the Congo, and said that
In some places tbe natives, who have acquired
foreign jack-knives and other hardware, are
likely to forget the art of iron working." Mr.
Horeon Lake Tanganyika, deprecate tha im
portation ot any merchandise that Hill ruin
native industries. There seems to be a ten
dency in soma savage lands to accept the whits
man as a valuable agent for the promotion of
laziness. " ?
CHKEKVUL PHILOSOPHY, . .-';'
"Bing out, wild belles!" a young fellcgr.;
exelalmed.whenhe found himself a ring but'oa".
account Of one.-Txw Sitings. .-
Shakespeare mast have known that thy me
was money, became he once remarked be knewa
bank -where It grew wild, Sew- Xart Commtreiat
L Advertiser, -Z
A Vocation. Baykip So you're going.to
Philadelphia! What on earth can you do In that
sleepy old townr x w -
jrayklr-Dothepeople,-2Vm. y '
So birds count? asks a writer on orni
thology. Uo to a fishlonahle restaurant and bor
der a few. You'll And (hey count up amongltb
dollars. -Xna fork Commercial Advertiser, , jL.
With the .Parental Blessing. Mr. Stick
ney 1 have come, Mr. Henpeck, to aikifor'ths
hand pfy our daughter. '
Air. Henoe. ex Wes you my boy. take her:, and
may the Lord hare mercy upon your soul. Tim.
ClinchingEvidence, Fond Father How
ami to know, sir, that you are what you repre
sent yourself to be; a Conntr
Count Chasyeraelf-Theaepaners -will show that
( am In debt for several million. Tim.
It can't Move tha Motor. McCorkle
What is tha difference between the Ktelj motor
and a female horse?
McCraekle Qlve It nn.
SleCorkle-rWcll, money can make the mare go.
-flsie ror Sua, "
A Test ot Courage. Showman Ladies
and gentlemen, I will now proceed, to enter the
cage of this wild, untamed lion. a
Intoxicated man Tnauh nothing, old fel- Just
yon tackle my (ale) wife's mother, and then. you
can brag. Xtraj Swings.
Quito aDiSerenee. "American girl come 3j
cheaper than Circassian maidens." , t
"What do voa meant"
"Why, tbe Saltan of Turkey buys Circassians,
but we often read of American girls being pre-"
sentedtoQneen victoria." Hew xortaun.
Anxious. Wife Doctor, how is mfiSal
band? ; 'sHf
Doctor-He will come aronnd all rlghtjWhiti
he needs now Is. quiet. I have here aeonplerl
T baa than 1 T these, to him?
'lvethem tohlmf Ther areforjTdeS
Tow kiaeaaa aaeos rert.-Xs Siftima