Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, December 29, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 14, Image 14

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of Various Classes on
Benefits it Bestows.
tJSeHeaYjHenlal Pood Devoured byHany
" Pittsburg Girls.
'& . The Bestless Interroirator strolled up the
stairway leading to the rooms of thePitts
Jburg Library Association, on Penn avenue,
.and entered the portals sacred to imperish
able Pallas. Be found himself in a long,
'lofty room, galleried round and lighted
well, but bearing that sober, studious look
which always surrounds the abiding place
tOut of the -patch of sunlight, about one of
Che southern 'windows, stepped the comely
librarian, Miss M. P. Macrum, and, as is
her wont, greeted the chance comer with
graceful .courtesy. Ko old-time chatelaine
could have done the honors of her feudal
balls -with more politeness than Miss Ma
crum displayed in showing her visitor
through, the library.
Quite a number of people were present;
some reading at the different tables, some
bending over sad-colored tomes in favorite
alcoves, some searching the catalogue for
wished-for works. All was silent in the
ball, except for the occasional entrance or
exit of a reader, or the passings to and Iro
of the librarian, and her assistants. Miss
Macrum, learning that the object of the
Bestless Interrogator was information about
the'library, expressed herself willing to add
tofhis stock ot knowledge all she knew on
the subject.
"With regard to the present list of sub
scribers, idiss ilacium mentioned that it
numbered in all 900. Most of these
used the library for reading or took
books out; a few were satisfied
"with sending in their subscriptions for the
pubjic good. "One prominent merchant,
Mr. Joseph. Home," went on the librarian,
"is a real benefactor. He hands over every
year to the Library Association the sum of
$50 in order that the clerks in his big store
may have the privilege of using the library
during their spare hours. A great number
of Mr. Home's clerks avail themselves of
the privileee. If bnly the other great store
owners would follow Mr. Home's noble ex
ample and contribute according to the num
ber of tbeir clerks it would be a positive
blessing to all concerned. But up to this
time none of them have made any sign of
moving in that direction."
Asked concerning the various kinds oi
readers, Miss Macrum stated that they were
of all -sorts and conditions of men" and
of women too. As a rule the women are in
the majority among those who sit down to
'read in the library room. The men prefer
to bring the books home and read them by
their firesides. "Bichand poor patronize
the library," quoth the giver of informa
tion, "but unfortunately the former vastly
predominate. I wish we could get the
poorer classes to recognize the tact that
there is a library here, and that the sub
scription is only $4 -a year. Surely $4 a
year ought to be cheap enough for any
"You ask me what sort of books are read
most. "Well" here there was a little
pause "I suppose I must answer you that
novels are the most read. But understand
that we do not go in for novels of the Laura
Jean Libbey style here. "We only keep the
standard works; and it is very rarely that
anybut standard novels are asked for. Do
von see that croup of pretty maids over
tyonder? They are just in what vou, in your
cjuic puuosupuy, numu uu uuuui cau iae
EEitush periood. .Now what do yon thine
theyiare rending at present?"
i The interroirator glanced in the direction
pointed out. Two winsome girls were read
'mtr slim tomes, not unlike three volnme
iAiwilii TkAir ipoa nlnnenllw riaraail nnil
Soae of them had a dainty little foot, a good
laeai in evioence, bo me lurerrogawr ai-once
rUBroughton's or Mrs. Alexander's books.
"Wrongl" cried the librarian triumph-
viflv finr IB Wilini KrtrtT" RAnt4ne
,and the other is deep in the 'Ethics of Spin-
osal' "
The restless one was dumbfounded. He
had humbly unraveled the incoherencies of
m Carlvle; but as for Bpinosa well no
matter! Suffice it that he didn't know verv
fmuch about Spinosa.
"iou see irom this what an educating
factor -we have become," went on Miss
Macrum. Over in the Carnegie alcove the
laborer and the artisan will find technical
education. "We have works on architecture
Iwhich might "be of infinite use to the Pitts
burg architects, if tbey would condescend
to consult them. Our collection of refer
ence books is a complete one. If you want
'to see what we are doing examine the books
which came in from readers this morning."
The books were: Carlvle's "French Bevo-
llution," Bellamy's "Looking Backward,"
portion oi uibbon's Jtome, a work: on
Chemical Pharmacy, portion of Kant's
jPhilosophy," Shelley's and "Wordsworth's
'oem s.Thackeray's ' Virginians" and "Pen-
tennis," liss Edgeworth's "Castle Back
rent," a Shakespeare, Cruden's "Concord
ance," a packet of books on Theosophy,
translations of selected passages from Goethe.
Uato and Schiller. Coleridge's "-Essays."
Selden's "Table Talk," together witn Quite
a host of books on metal "working and other
technical subjects. Certainly, the range
'covered was a larjre one, and spoke really
well for Pittsburg's poorer classes (the word
poorer is used advisably, as the rich folk
usually bring back their books much later
in the afternoon, and these were the morn
ingfbooks). j"" After some more chat with Miss Macrum,
the Interrogator left the library, satisfied
6f,tbe.real good it is doing, and hoping that
irmaj be crippled by lack of resources for
as short a time as possible.
Subsequently the restless one paid visits
to one or two leading Pittsburgers. and col-
lected their views on the library question.
vnsi aipuy an me prominent citizens ao
notJlive within easy reach of the inter
Rriewerl It is positively criminal oi them
gofix their domiciles in the distant climes
ofrEast Liberty, Oakland and Allegheny I
leyvoocht "to reside within sight of the
Fposto-ffieer '
However, enough representative men were
seen tonaDle tne interviewer to slum tne
current of public thought with sufficient ac
curacy. The opinions of a divine, a lawver
and politician, a prominent official, a labor
leader,and a regular homespun laboring
lan were garaerea. jlqis is waai mey saia:
Pirstin order -of visits, Postmaster
isikln spoke. "I look on the library as an
fexcellent'institution," he said. "It is doing
heaps of good, its position is, of course,
anything but central, bnl that is the out
eomVbf circumstances and not the fanltof
the "Hirectors, If the public come together
Sandjsubsciibefor finer rooms and a. more
central, situation, well aud good. But It
w6uia.be sinful to sell or abandon Pitts-
bnrc;s only, public library. I think it is a
libraryjlfor all classes. The fee ot $4 per
annums small enough for the laboring man.
He would have to pay (indirectly and in
taxesjcf course), j est as much to the up-
holdingLof the talked-of Carnegie Free
XJSbraryL The library is short of finances,
pnhapVZ00' little public spirit could
remedy that It is nonsense to button
upbne's. pockets and then abuse the
institution for being poor. Another thing
Iwould point out: The library is sot sul
fieientlyknown. Could it be advertised
morebrougbt nearer home to the laboring
classes.'! ti'littol readers might go up with
reatrspfdity. 1 suppose it is principally
"lhe&poorer folks that the library is in-
tdedSilti ,want would become very ap-
xentTwerie it allowed to die, Xouknow
i wiews
the same ereryware; it k tb twliivatioB
which is the criterion,
"The collection of books, in the Penn
avenue rooms, is as exeelleat oe. There
is no flashy literature there; all j sound,
though much is interesting. Tke officials
there are always polite, and sosaetimes co
out of their way to be civil tn a visitor or
reader. As long as I can, I will say a good
word for the library." '
Father Sheedy was next visited. He,
too, was In favor of the library, "as far as it
went" "01 course," he continued, "I
don't think that many of the laboring class
go to the rooms. It would be a very good
thing if they did; but we must be practical,
and admit that they don't I'm afraid that
it is much tne same with the majority of
young clerks and men about town. Of
course advertising the institution might do
good, but I fear the laborers think the place
too tony for them. At any rate they would
be ontof their depths, in the way of knowl
edge, there. But for other classes, and for
the few laborers and clerks who go there the
place is worth, and well worth keeping. If
it were only to enable us to say that we have
a public library, it ought to be supported."
Mr. "W. J. Brennen' agreed with Father
Sheedy and Postmaster Larkin in saying
that the library should be maintained at all
cost, but considered that the fee of $1 too
much to ask the ordinary workingman to
pay. "I have got an idea of my own on the
subject of city libraries or workingmen,"
said Mr. Brennen. "I believe that a small
but select depot of works, with a reading
room attached, should be placed in every
ward. Tcese little book depots would do
far more good than the biggest of big cen
tral free libraries. The workingman doesn't
care to walk in from Lawrenceville or
Birmingham to read in a central
library. Give him a room and books in his
own ward and he'll go there fast enough.
If he gets beyond the stock of standard
works in the ward reading room he may think
it worth his while to come to a central
library, and ior that reason, if for no other.
I think the Penn avenue establishment is
worth keeping. Another drawback to the
present system, in the laborer's eyes, is the
fact that there is no room for discussion in
the reading room. In the long established
and successful Southside workingman's
library, talk and free debate was allowed.
The result was that what one man got from
tne boots, ne imparted to Ms tnends, ana
they discussed the author's opinions, and
read the book themselves. Thns great
thoughts and truths were brought homo to
every man, no matter how unlettered, or
how unsophisticated. Those are the faults
I find with central libraries in general. But
for the reasons I have mentioned and for
the sake of the bright minds which the
library may inspire, among those who read
its books, "I unhesitatingly say that Pitts
burg should hold by the library."
Mr. "William Martin, Secretary of the A.
A. of I. S. "W., knew very little about the
library question beyond what he had read
in the newspapers. He had nothing to do
with the laborer's literary leanings. "I
have no doubt," said lie, "that the library
does much good, but I don't think many
workingmen go there. In fact, I have yet
to meet a laborer who avows himself a sub
scriber or reader there. Advertising may
induce laborers to join, but I don't think,
the number will amount to much. The fee
well the fee is high to some workers, and
low to others. Four dollars a year means
much to a laboring man.
"Of course I agree that books do good;
what sensible man does not? I agree that a
laborer is benefited by books. But you know
what 'too much of a good thing' means. La
borers don't always find time to go to the li
brary, and if they did go they would feel ill
at ease among the richly-dressed folks they
would meet there. Bnt if the Penn avenue
library does little good to the laborer, it cer
tainly does him no harm. For that reasoa I
would preserve it."
Finally a body of Booth & Flinn'smerrie
men was'interviewed as they ate a hurried
lunch at a street corner. One of
them said he was a subscriber at the
library, but admitted that be always went
there "in his best snit of clothes." He was
a handsome, athletis young fellow, and
would have looked well in any clothes.
An old workman said: "I don't take.no
stock in libraries. I got enough learning to
do me my life in a little school house up the
river. But my sons are fond of books, and
one of them is going to be a telegraph oper
ator. I know he is a member of the Penn
Avenue Library, and I know he likes it
very well. And that's all I know or want
to know about it."
"With the above opinions the interroga
tor was satisfied to rest. "When law, labor,
politics, divinity and the civil service give
tbeir ideas on the subject, a pretty good no
tion of what the public thinks of the Penn
Avenue Library and its work can be formed.
Danaorons NesIIsence.
It Is as unwise to neglect a casn of constipa
tion or indigestion as a case of ferer orotber
more serious disease, for. If allowed to progress
as great danger to life may result. A. few
Hamburg Figs will pnt tha bowels In a healthy
condition, in which tbey may be kept by occas
ional use of tbls medicine. 25 cents. Dose, one
Fig. Mack Drag Coif.T ttsu
We Will Deliver Another of Thoe Bean
tlfnl Everett Pianos This Week to CInb
Certificate No. 16S on Payments of 91
Per Week.
Do you want a fine piano? If you do buy
the Everett, because it has absolutely no su
perior and very few equals. "
Because, our system of buying in con
tracts of 350 pianos at one purchase places
the price beyond competition, and will save
you at least $75. Because, we offer induce
ments in easy "payments without charging
interest or excessive prices. Because, we
will deliver your pianos at once for cash or
on the same installment payments asked by
other dealers, or you can come into our club
on payments of $1 per week and get your
piano in a short time as low as it can be
sold for cash. Do not delay; come and see
the pianos or send for circular at once to
Alex Boss, 137 Federal st, Allegheny.
Wedding Presents Fifty "Tears Ago.
Time changes even the love tokens with
which brides are blessed. Among Queen
"Victoria's presents was a barrel of malt
whisky; to-day she is a hale old lady.
The'royal lamily and club men of every
nation drink this same whisky. It Is the
product of one distillery, and is Bold only
in Pittsburg by a nephew ot the donor, John
Ho charge for packing. Send registered
letter or money order for the (medical
wonder) Prince Begent whisky. Address
Half Century Liquor House, 623 Liberty
street, Pittsburg, Pa.
Mention this paper.
Fob a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
trade. su
Farm, Cloaks and Wraps, Unenaaled
Bargains. Monday and all this week,
Booos & Buhl, Allegheny.
Pittabarc and Lake Erie Railroad.
On December 31 and January 1, tickets
will be sold at excnr&ionVates good to return
until January 3 inclusive, to all local points
and to principal points on the If. X., P. &
O., and L. S. & M. S. Bailroads.
Biaib's Puis Great EseUsa coat and
rheumatic remedy. Sure, prompt aed, effect
ive. At druggists'.
Highest Prices paid for ladies' or
gents' cast-oil clothing at De Haan's Big
6, "Wylie ave. Call or send by KaiL wsu
Those who use Fraseahelra ftYilscck's j
celebrated ale and porter pronoaaee it ex
cellent in flavor and "very boncfioial in its
effect. Kept by aJljtiM desists.
'35J?T "
Five Isperhint Points' to be Considered
"by tho AHtisr.
rwsrrrxir roa ?hz sisfatcb.1
I have been asked to explain to the gen
eral playgoing public how plays are made
that is, asX understand the question, bow
modern dramatists proceed from the first
moment of conceiving a dramatic "idea" to
the grand moment when the idea becomes a
triumphant certainty, or (as the case may
be) a dismal failure. If I could inform the
reader, or if I knew myself, by what pro
cess to make a successful play, I should be
inclined rather to "patent' the d'covery
than to publish it to the world; but since all
I can say must be purely technical and an
ecdotal, being merely descriptive of the mo
dus operandi of a dramatic workman, I
may fearlessly utter what little I know. The
chemistry which some people call "genius"
and others "trick" or "cunning" must al
ways be mysterious unless we choose to
adopt the self-deception of the author of the
Baven, or the authors of innumerable pref
aces to, works with motive, and, crying back
wards, invent theories of composition to ex
plain the natural miracles of so-called in
spiration. "Unfortunately, many modern plays are
made simply in the carpenter's shop and
built up on long-familiar models; nor do I
presume to say that my own works are so
brilliant as to be invariably outside this cat
egory. An ordinary Adelphi drama of the
old school, for example, may be constructed
"by any expert workman without much diffi
culty: A lover and his lass, a villain who
interferes with their, happiness, an old gen
tleman who is murdered, a false suspicion
cast by the villain on the honest lover, con
ventional characters, varied -with the ex
travagancies oi a soubrette and a low
comedian, grouped in two or three showy
tableaux, and finally in a tableau of general
happiness and reconciliation, are about all
the materials necessary to please the "gods."
But even such a play as this, to be success
ful, must be done by an expert, a master of
his trade. It is no more to be 'done by any
novice .than boat building, or bouse build
ing, or scientific gardening, or horse riding.
The man must serve his apprenticeship to
his work, as every successful dramatist,
from Shakespeare downward, has invariably
For, in preparing a play for public repre
sentation, a dramatist has to think of many
things; for example:
First The audiences to which lis play Is to
Second The performers who can be secured
to play the parts.
Third The temper of the times, especially as
regards social questions.
Fourth The possibility of rinding a manager
who will approve the snbjecc
Fifth The probability, if be is thinking of a
play In verse, ot having his dialogue mutilated
ana perverted, eic etc
And, firstly, as regards audiences. They
differ so widely that what is excellent for
one is simply caviare to another. One gen
eral principle nevertheless, may be ad
vanced that all audiences come to the
theater to be entertained, and even with the
best of them edification is a secondary mat
ter. As a rule, the primitive passions
love, passion, hate, revenge move them far
more than mere psychology or even fine
character-drawing; as a rule, also, good
dialogue is less wanted than thrilling situa
tions. It is not because Shakespeare is so
excellent a writer, but because he is a
master of situation, that he is still the most
popular of dramatists. The "Murder
Scene" in "Macbeth" may be taken as
either the noblest achievement of genins or
the highest achievement of practical in
genuity; effect piled upon effect, sitnation
crowning situation, in a way to turn
even an Adelphi dramatist green with
envy. Those other plays which ex
hibit Shakespeare as merely a divine poet,
plays such as "As Yon Like It" and "Much
Ado," have never achieved any abiding
popularity; and it may be said, in a general
way, that the greatest of dramatists is most
triumphant precisely where he is most con
ventional and melo-dramatic. It is not its
philosophy that makes "Hamlet" peren
nially attractive, and indeed a distinguished
German critic has contended that there is
"very little philosophy about it;" it is its
masterly sequence, its cumulative and
often commonplace interest of surprise and
To return, however, to our modern dram
atist. His first thought, putting aside his
personal instinct and sympathy, must be of
his audience. It is, X contend, sheer cant
to contend that an author is to waste no
thought on the public for whom he is writ
ing; all authors who produce masterpieces
invariably do, and Carlyle, for example,
who protested much against "writing
down, took enormous pains to manu
facture a vocabulary which would attract
vulgar attention.
If I were selecting a piece for an audience
of philosophers, I should prefer "The
Clouds" of Aristophanes even to "Hamlet."
If I were catering for an audience ot poets I
wonld fearlessly put up Shelley's "Prome
theus. Uut it, on the otber hand, 1 wanted
to please a general andience, I should prefer
"Arrah na Pogue" (amasterpiece in its way)
to the "Antigone.1' Beduced to practical
common sense, pleasing a general andience
means telling a good story, introducing
bright characters, epitomizing the dialogue,
and generally "getting along." Here again
comes in all the technique of the craft
having selected your materials, how to
utilize and work them. Ko dramatist, how
ever great, can escape the necessity for this
2?ext, the draniatist has to think of the
performers available, and this is an endless
difficulty. Good plays innumerable have
been ruined by being badly "cast;" many
baddish plays have succeeded through first
class interpretation.
Thirdly, as to the temper of the 'times.
Certain themes, a dramatist soon learns, will
not be tolerated; certain subjects, notably
those affectingthe social relation of the sexes,
are tabooed. Several superstitions survive,
though some, such as the "happy ending"
superstition, are dying out. Generally
speaking, however, audiences decline to
listen to sermons, and like to leave the the
ater in a happy frame of mind which is
secured usually by the punishment of vice
and the tnamph of virtue. This leeling, of
course, if rigidly insisted upon, would pre
clude all tragedy; but in all the best tragedy.
there is a negatively happyendihg, as in the
snpreme piteousness tf Lear, and the divine
self-sacrifice of Antigone Despite the dark
ness of great suffering, we .see the clouds
parting to show the infinite azure behind
I need scarcely discuss the possibility of
finding a sympathetic manager, or the
dangers of mutilation to pieces in blank
verse. As a rule managers won'tbave verse
at any price, and actors cannot speak it
under any instruction. Yet poetical plays,
when well produced and well acted, are fre
quently success :uL
To cease generalizing and come to par
ticulars. It is very seldom, nowadays that
dramas are written, as Mrs. Bardeil's case
was taken up, "on spec" A manager gen
erally comes to a draatatlst of more or less
reputation, and asks ler a play to be ready
by a certain date unless the dramatist hap
pens to have somethiag In his "deek" which
just suits the manacr and his eo'apny. In
London, sowadays, sstor-mAaftgers aw the
rule, not ike except io( so the1 first qseslion
Is, "canyoa fit me with a good part, one in
which I can score?" "-Joseph's Sweet
heart" was dssidei w Jsi this way, beue
Sobert BwAtnaB, the Papular En
glisk P kjwrigkt, Hiteleeea
,.-PSyBiBgsqaasgBBt J.glgy,'
arM gtsrasssr ft Mr. Theft. Jftm eotMsi
the qaestie of the theater and tbs oswyaay.
What will suit the Vaudeville will not sort
the Adelphi, and what might do very well
for the Lyeeam is impossible oaa swallsr
stage. If lor a small theater, the fewer
scenes the better; If for a fashionable oh,
some fine modern "interiors" are indis
pensable. SIAGETO A PLAY.
A subject selected, a play writoea aad ac
cepted, the play is not yet eesapletely
"made," It has to pass through the crucible
of stage management, which begins with
the selection ot the actors to perform in it.
In England, as a rule, this is left a great
deal to the author, who in many eases not
only directs the rehearsals, but "casts the
piece," designsthe scenery, and invents the
business. The popnlar notion that a stage
play is n crude piece of work, banded over
to b'e completed and polished by a profes
sional stage manager, may be put aside as
quite uninstrncted. In some cases, it is
true, the author's work ends with the writ
ing of his manuscript A professional
stage manager is valuable as an
assistant to the author, but
the dramatift who cannot produce
his work without such assistance is ignorant
of one-half or his craft. Perhaps the best
living stage manager of his own pieces is
Mr. Dion Boucicault. Mr. W. S. Gilbert
and Mr. Pinero are also admirable. In
many cases, however, too little is left to the
actor's own invention; he is made to speak
his part and do his "business." too often.
like a machine. The great secret of success
ful stage management is to select performers
fitted by nature for the character they rep
resent, and it is, I believe, a dictum oi Mr.
Boucicault that he wonld rather have to
deal with an amateur whose personality
fitted a character than with the most experi
enced actor who didn't possess "fitness.'
A play, I suppose, cannot be considered
quite "made" till the critics have decided
as to its merits, and the pnblio have pro
nounced as to its attractions. Here in En
fland successes are often determined by the
rst night's reception and the next morn
ing's criticisms; bnt in many cases both re
ception and criticisms are quite illusory.
Pieces like "The Private Secretary" and
"Our Boys" run for thousands of nights,
though pronounced on their first production
practically worthless; while plays applauded
to the echo often fail to draw money enough
to pay the theater gas bill. It oiten hap
pens, also, that a play of merit fails for
many weeks to draw money, and then,
through the patience and confidence of the
management, is played to crowded houses.
"Very frequently, indeed I may say very
generally, it is not the play as a whole that
attracts, but something in it some situation,
some novel character, some remarkable
piece of acting that catches the public
fancy. The difficulty always is, to get audi
ences; audiences, when secured,, are easily
entertained. Wild horses will not draw the
public to see certain plays, which, if once
seen, wouldSbe heartily enjoyedi One great
factor, perhaps, is a taking title; another, a
popular and attractive company.
I fear, after all, tht I have not succeeded
in explaining the mystery, how plays are
made; bnt perhaps some of my remarks may
be of interest to that outside public which
interests itself in affairs theatrical. "What I
have written establishes, at least, that plays
are not altogether made "in tbe study," and
that a dramatist, to be successful, must com
bine with some literary gifts the craft of the
stage manager, the prudence of the manager
proper, and a technical knowledge of the
necessities and resonrces of the theater.
How easy a dramatist's life would be, if his
work began and ended with his man
uscript! The play which may take
some months to write takes sever
al more to perfect and produce in
a word, to "make" into a coherent theatri
cal production; and even then, when all is
done that can be done, it is often labor
thrown away. Seen in the full glare of gas
light or electric light, the carefully planned
structure tnrns out to be built on sand, or
comes down, through some inherent weak-.
nesSj like a house of cards; and then, amid
the jeers of those who only think of present
failure to please and never remember former
services, the poor dramatic author has to
creep home and "try again." The dramat
ist's life is not a bed of roses after all. See
ing how hard he has to strive an d" how un
certain are his rewards, he might. I think.
receive a little more courtesy from some of
those who pronounce judgment upon his
A few fine marble and onyx, clocks and
tables left over from the holiday rush. "We
take stock January 10. Until that time we
will allow a discount of 25 per cent on all
clocks, bronze onyx tables, silverware,
lamps, etc Take advantage of this offer.
Tbe goods are all first-class and newest de
signs. M. G. Cohen, Diamond Expert and
Jeweler, 533 Smithfield st. Large pillar
ciock in iront or tne aoor.
Dr. Wllford Hall's Health Pamphlet. Re
cently Ioed, Unfolds a Common-Hesse
Ujairnlc Treatment, by Wblcb Disease
In Almost Any Form is Conqnered tvith
oot Medicines or Drags of Any Kind.
The wonderfully effective treatment (so
frequently referred to of late years in the
"Microcosm"), discovered by Dr. A. "Wil
ford Hall, is now offered to suffering hu
manity in the shape of a confidential health
pamphlet, fully unfolding the treatment in
a manner so clear as to be easily under
stood. One carefnl perusal of the Health
Pamphlet will convince any reasonable per
son of the solid logic and sound reasoning of
Dr. Hall, and the regular application of the
treatment will conquer the most stubborn
cases of piles, constipation, dyspepsia, loss
of appetite, liver complaints, headaches,
ha.,t iliua.. in.im'ant Ancnmmf !nn An
betes, Bright's disease of the kidneys, rheum-'
aiism, levers, inuammauon oi Jungs or other
internal organs not by attacking those and
other kindred diseases directly, but by radi
cally neutralizing and removing their
caues, thus allowing nature herself (the
true healer) to do her work unimpeded, and
without the aid of medicines..
When once secured it lasts a life-time,
saving many doctor bills; not only curing
disease but inducing health and longevity
by fortifying the system against the possi
bility of contracting sickness.
Dr. Hall's treatment is used and heartily
indorsed by leading clergymen, physicians,,
mercnants ana omers an over tne united'
States. .
Fur further particulars and indorsements
send a 2c stamp to Hygienic Treatment Co
Box 325, Pittsburg, Pa. (Authorized agent
tor Dr. Hall.) nan
For New Tear' Gifts
Bead column ad. this paper, and come to
these, tbe largest cloak rooms in the two
ciues. tt o uuer yvu uargaius fcujiaiKaDOUu
Boggs & Buhl.
Those who use Frauenheim& Yilsack's
celebrated ale aud porter pronbnnce it ex
cellent in flavor and very beneficial in its
effect. Kept by all first-classdealers.
DIcGluty Molasses
lakes. ,
Just tbe thing to please
;he little ones.
New, sweet and delicious.
Your grocer
keeps them.
Usees of Lntz's beer
pleased. Kept by all firs
ire always well
class dealers, or
will be supplied direct,
nut st. and Spring Garden
'race cor. uoest-
ave., Allegheny,
Z. "Waetsveioht & i
easily rank all
others as producing supa
porter. Families suppl
'ior beer, ale and
id direct. Tel-
phone oojo.
Montenac, ehiBchilla
and kersey over-
coats, ready-made and I
order, atPitMlra's,
34 Wood street
Cask said for oli
gold and silver at
Hauch's, No. 296 Fifth!
at wrmes l'sda d
rami A KA4UL-.
rtjMi jni
AmerittB Manniwtnrwi of Steiaed
Sla Hewi tlw Warld,
Aisal)rti,e XaKrial for FaUicBtild
iBgs sni lee&eaceg.
twsrrrKH o tk wsrATCH.1
In the early days of glass manufacture,
the making of large sheets ot glass was
practically an impossibility, and anything
larger than a few inches in each of its di
mensions was so very expensive as to confine
its use to the few wealthy persons who could
afford such a luxury. "With the introduc
tion of improved methods in the glass indus
try, and the consequent cheapening of the
larger and finer sheets, the smaller pieces
were quickly relegated to the least preten
tious of buildings, such as factories and
cheap tenements, but of late years there is
evidently a marked inclination to revert- to
the use of small panes of glass as a means
of producing a decorative effect. So also the
old-time knuckled glass that was once so
much used because of the difficulty exper
ienced in making glass that was perfectly
trne and flat, is now considered a superior
product for many purposes of decorative
art. But it is in thepresent extensive use of
colored or stained glass, that the revival of
ideas which for many years have been
allowed to slumber will Be the most readily
For a considerable time no material
found greater favor with arcbitectsand dec
orators than did this description A)f glass,
and thenVor quite a lengthy period it was
suffered to fall into disuse, except for work
in churches and other pnblio buildings.
As regards the United States, the neglect
of so valuable a decorative material was
largely due to the fact that until quite re
cently but little ot it was manufactured
here, aud that which was brought from
abroad was very costly, and at the same
time in some respects unsatisfactory. There
was also the difficulty, a serious one at all
times, bnt which in the construction
of any description of art work
becomes appreciably greater, of having
to depend upon such a far-off source of sup
ply for material. But now all this is
changed, and Instead of looking elsewhere
for a supply of stained glass for our own
use, we are prepared to manufacture large
quantities of it for export, and this,
too, of a very superior quality.
Ko better example could be cited
ot tbe success with which American energy
and enterprise can compete with all the bal
ance of tbe world, than is presented by the
rise and progress of this particular industry.
It is practically but a few years old in th'is
country, yet we are.able to compete with the
oldest of European manufactories, and turn
out a product in some respects superior to
It is worthy of ndtice that upon the shoul
ders of a woman rested a considerable share
of the burden of bringing tbe excellence of
American glass prominentlyliefore the pub
lic. For several years past we have been
producing a very snperior quality of glass,
and we have a number of clever artists ca
pable of executing designs of a correspond
ing degree of merit; among them Miss Mary
E.Tillinghast,ofKewTork. MissTilling
hast is an American woman who has
studied art abroa'd under the tuition,
anions; others, of Carolns Duran,
of Paris, with whom she remained
ior a number of vears. Since her return to
the United States, Miss Tillinghast has be
come famous for her work iu designs for'
stained glass, and has executed quite a num
ber of very important works for such
peonle as Edward Field, a son of CvrnsW".
Field, the VanderbiltX, MrajD-P. Morgan,
an a. loc many otner equally wealthy people
asweli as for a number-of New York
churches and other public buildings. It is
.not alone in New York, however, that her
rworkds known and1 appreciated; there are
examples of her designing to be seen in va
rious other places, among them a memorial
windovr which she nqt long ago executed for
St. Mark's Church in Orange. J
It waslwhile at work upon the window
jwumu auK ucaigueu ivt utauc vuuiuu, j.icv
York, that Miss Tillingbast made her bold
stand in asserting tbe superiority of Ameri
can glass over the foreign product which
bad until quite recently been used almost
exclusively for the finer and more important
Jworks. The committee in charge of this
work accepted herdesign after some hesita
tion, caused solely by the fact that its au
thor was a woman, bnt had determined
upon using only English glass, to
which, however, Miss Tillinghast very
strenuously objected, as, in her opinion,
the American product was fully equal to
any that came from abroad. Being
possessed of) considerable determination, she
maintained her position so stoutly that she
was eventually permitted to execute the
work according to her own ideas, and she
now has tne satisfaction of having done
more, perhaps, than any other individual to
firmly establish an important American in
dustry, i
A complete history .of glass manufacture
wonld fill a very large-sized volnme, as it
has been cai ried on ior many hundreds of
vears, and by various races oT people. It is
believed to lave existed as early as sVOOO
years ago, an 1 it is positively known to
have been an: mportant product of onlyafew
centuries late '. Just who were the original
inventors of class' is .not positively known,
and tbe credit of its origin has been dis
puted by people of many different nationali
ties as being fairly due to their respective
countries. ,Most persons are familiar with
tbe legionjof the Phenicianxmercbants who
landed on the cpast of Palestine,
and, who chanced to melt sand and soda
together with the fire they used for cooking
their meals, and so discovered the art of
making glass, but, although this account of
the origin of glass rests upon the authority
oi Pliny and Flavins Josepbus, it is prob
ably nothing more than.an.interesting story,
and, in any case, tbe manufacture of glass
in Egypt is known to be more ancient than
this pretty fable of the Phoenicians. It is
highly probable that glass iss
at all events, the oldest known specimens
come from that country, and the weight of
evidence seems to bear out the assumption
that it had its origin there.
In the earliest period of its mrnufaciure,
the product of the glass works was essen
tially different from tbe perfectly trans
parent crystal with which we are familiar
at the present day. It was always colored,
for the good and sufficient reason that they
were, unable to make it clear, and for the
same reason it was generally dull and
opaque in place of transparent It is
strange, too, considering the great utility of
glass products in modern times, that in the
beginning tbe manufacture of glasj was car
ried on for purposes ornamental rather than
useful, confined as it was to the production
of small vases, beads and other such trifles.
The earlv glass workers readily learned to
make imitations of otber and more rare and
costly materials in glass, but tbey bad no
mere notion of making a sheet ot crystal
such as is now used for the better class of
Windows than they had ot inventing the
phonograph or taking a journey to some
distant planet. It was not until about the
third century of the Christian era that glass
was put to what has ever since been its mosf
important utflj viz, foe windowsot dwellings
and. other buildings. For a considerable
tisae the principal glass manufactures ap
par to have . beea various kinds of vassa.
and a surprising dsgrse of skill was de
veloped in jthetr production. A kind ef
work which was Introduced quite early, aa4
which still meets- wlthgreat favor, consist
of two layers of itlatl with decorations ef.
goM between them; a 'very sabstaaal
vsswssy a j ssft wsmm, siasjtf
crntu ""WH-'TpiOj-TlFi
i lartsstiMOM.. M fey
ttMiMMrtaoaorttMrt!. mm.vmmm
art. familiar with the deaarrptfon of its
nmoas Portland "vase, now in the British
Museum, which held the ashes of tfca
Emperor Alexander Severns. J4 was mad
with an inner layer of bin ad u outer cat
of whit (lass, and bad figures carved opo
it in relief, thus producing a brilliant eflset
with its double ooloriae.
a psooBBSsrrx abt.
Sisee its invention so many hundreds f
years ago, the industry ef glass making Imm
flourished vigorously. At various periods
people of a number ef different nationalities
have been oflebrated for their works in this
material. The Egyptians first, followed by
. i .. ..... .. a ' X . -
the Phoenicians, were the first to discover
and make progress in the art which was af
terward carried on much more extensively
by the people of Venice, commencing there
daring tbe seventh century, and, at a later
period, Bohemian works in ornamental
glass found much favor. In more reseat
times, France and England have been the
countries most noted for their glass manu
factures, but In thelastfew years tbe United
States has stepped ahead of them both in
many branches of the industry, and is
closely contesting their supremacy in others.
AS in so many otber fields of art and in
dustry in this remarkably progressive age.
all that has yet been accomplished in glass
making appears as only a trifle compared
with what is yet likely to be achieved.
Industry in every form is now regarded as
of such surpassing importance that the bulk
of scientific research is turned toward the
furtherance oi manufactures, aud, in torn,
the glass industry exerts an incalculably
great influence upon the progress of science,
furnishing as it does the only material out
of which many of the most important in
struments could possibly be constructed. In
this connection it may be rather interesting
to note that one of the most strictly scientific
appliances ever invented the lease oMhe
telescope was known and used during the
earliest period in the history of glass manu
facture. AH the wonderful discoveries
which have since been made in astronomical
science had the way prepared for them,
when, centuries ago, one of the subjects of
Ptolemy TL turned the first telescope to
ward the stars. No other instruments can
be named that have directly added more to
the sum of human knowledge than the tele
scope and the microscope, and we have as
yet scarcely entered the primary grade of
the lessons which they are destined to teach
Already a Largo Town, With Proarises ef a
tireat Fmare.
The British Consul General at Odessa, in
a report which has just been published and
which is summarized in the London Times,
describes Hovorossisk, a port on the coast of
the Northern Caucasus, which has been
brought into notice since the opening of a
branch railway connecting it with the main
line from Bostoff to Yladikavkas, in the
early part of last year. "What was then an
insignificant village has sprung up into a
town of 8,000f inhabitants. The port is al
ways qpen to navigation, and the railway
company has been energetically pushing on
the works for 'facilitating shipping opera
tions. Two wooden piers have been constructed,
alongside which vessels drawinz 22 feet of
water can load from trucks. On one pier a
high-level railway has been made, so that
grain can oe snos airecc inw snips' Holds. I
Warehouses, capable of holding 65,000 tons
or grain have been constructed, with rails
leading to the piers, and by means of elec
tric iignts loading can oe earned on at
night Steamers are thus able to clearwith
full cargoes in three days after arrival. A.
breakwater is being formed to afford protec
tion from the southerly winds. The port
dues, clearances, etc, amount only to 10 or
12 per steamer.
In the first six months of the present year
70 steamers, independently of those engaged
iu the coasting trade, visited the port and
cleared with grain cargoes; of these 46 were
under the British flag. The declared value
oi the grain exported in that period was
over 600,000. In addition to foreign skip
ping, 217 steamers and 148 sailiaff vessels,
.under theBnssiaU flag called at the port in
the same period. Besides grain, tbe chief
'exports are naphtha, refuse and cement
Most of the land in the neighborhood, below
the vegetable mold is formed of cement of
remarkable purity, and only requires heat
ing in fnrnaces and grinding to become the
ordinary cement of commerce, There is an
annual output of 14,300 tons, nearly tbe
whole of which is taken up by the Govern
ment at 70s per ton.
The Consnl General thinks Novorossisk
has a great future. When the Azoy ia frozen
in winter tbe erain arrested at Bostoff will
find its way to it Moreover, in time the
rich plains of the Northern Caucasus,
which are now sparsely peopled on account
oi the wholesale emigration or tbe Caucasian
inhabitants, will gradually be brought
under toe plow, ana lor these regions it is
the natural outlet
One frpot Whero There la Saow.
Men Irom the mining districts of Baker
county report an abundance of snow, and
all locomotion from one point to another is
by snowshoes. This is welcome news, for it
assures a prosperous mining season for 1890,
and thousands of dollars that have for acres
been locked up in the treasure vaults of
Mother Earth will find their way into the
hands of people, to be distributed into the
channels of trade.
Reciprocity Wltk Mexico.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
It is to be hoped that the tbe administra
tion at "Washington will not overlook the
fact that a large amonnt of English capital
is being sent to Mexico for investment in
commercial and industrial enterprises. If
we expect to compete .with European rivals
in that field we must have the advantage of
a reciprocity treaty, and the work of secur
ing it cannot be started a day too soon.
A Gleam of Dope.
From the St Louis Post-Dispatch.
Missouri is said to be assured of two con
sulships immediately after the holidays
that for the Cityof Mexico, which goes to
L. C. Bridges, of Ssdalia, and that for Mel
bourne, which goes to W. H. Wallace, of
Lexington. Thns a gleam of hope sifts
through the gloom of disappointment
Not the Reform Desired.
Prom the Wheeling Intelligencer.:
Zolo, tbe French novelist, is seeking a
new advertisement with the story that be
has stopped drinking. If he really desires
applause, he should announce that he has
stopped writing.
Kansas Never Bees Aaythtoa- kr Halves.
. .
". "j j i-,
A'HMms. Ai;...i itr
Fa'reetralMiBe4rftetIr her ITsism
W VAlwijp'swpfromthe sMeof
A . B
swwWy) Yea;
' 'p' "' k J '
it -? , J l
lax (TJUa Ilki About tte TrwrWw
' ef a LMnrtr.
11 Wfce froitui U let Urn Itfttoea
law Ikftt FaeC
rooBBssronsmweeroT tide bispj.tch.:
Condon, Deeessber 2L A few days be
fore lecturing ia any town, under the
auspices ef a,lUewry society or mechanics'
institute, tbe lecturer generally receives
from the secretary a letter running- some
what as follows: "Dear Sir, I have .much
-pleasure ia infora&g, pa that our Mr.
Blank, a well Jcaewn resident here, will
take the chair at your feature."" Translated
into plain English this 'reads: "My poor
fellow, I am muck grieved to inform you
that a chairman will be inflicted upon you
on such and sucSa-day."
In my few years' letturin? experience I
have come across all sorts and conditions of
chairmen, and can recollect very few that
"have helped me.' Now what is the office,
the duty, of a ehairman on such occasions?
He is supposed 'te 'introduce the lecturer to
the audience. For this be needs to be able to
make a neat speech. Sometimes he is ner
vous; be hems and haws, cannot find the
words he wants, and only succeeds in fidget
ing the audiences You don't like it Some
times, on the-other band, he is a wit. There
is canger again. Yon don't like that. I was
once introduced to a New York; audience by
.General Horace Porter. There was danger
certainly in that, you will agree with me,
and will not be surprised when I tell you
that after his delightfully witty and grace
ful little speech, 1 felt as if the best part of
the show was over.
Sometimes the chair has to be offered to a
magnate of the neighborhood, though he
may be noted for his long prosy orations.
Neither the lecturer nor the public like
that At others, if is a very popular man
who is put in the chair, and he gets all the
applause. One doesn't like that
"Brevity is the soul of wit" should be the
motto of chairmen, and sympathize with a
friend of mine who says that chairmen, like
little girls and, boys, should be seen and
not heard.
Of those chairmen who can and do speak,
the Scotch ones are generally good. They
have a knack of starting the evening with a
droll Scotch asecdote, and putting the audi
ence in a good humor. Uccasionally they
will also make apropos and equally droll
little speeches at the close. One evening,
in talking of America, Thad mentioned the
fact that American dinners were very
lively and that I thought the fact of Ameri
cans being able to keep up such, a flow of
wit for so many hours was due to their
drinking ApolJinaris water instead of
stronger thinzs after dessert At the end of
the lecture, "the chairman rose and said that
he had greatly enjoyed it, but that he must
take exception to one statement I had made,
for he thoaghi it very deeficult to be witty
on ApoIIinaris watter."
Another kind of chairman is the one who
kills your finish and stops all the possibiK
lty or your oeing called oacE for applause,
by coming forward, as soon as the last words
are out of your month, to inform the audi
ence that the next lecture will be by Mr.
So-and-So, or by making a financial state
ment of the society's position and appealing
to the members to indnce their friends to
Then there is the chairman who thinks it
bis duty to-give tbe public a kind of sum
mary of the lecture before it begins. Bnt
be'ii nothing to the one who, when it is
over, will persist in summing it up and
explaining tbe jokes, especially the ones he
hza set qoita ttem. tiifoazk verr paiufal
Some modest chairmen apologize for
standing between the lecturer and audience,
and declare they cannot speak, but do.
Others think they can. speaE, which is apt
to be a worse case still.
As a rule the most objectionable chair
men are local men holding civie honors.
Accustomed to deliver themselves of a
speech, whenever and wherever they get a
chance, aldermen, town councilors, mem
bers of local boards, neyer miss an opportu
nity of getting upon a-platform to address a
good crowd. Not long ago, I was intro
duced to an audience- in a larze Encrlish
town by a candidate lor civic honors. The
election to the -Town Council was to take
place a fortnight alter ward, and this gentle
man profited by the occasion to air all his
grievances against tbe sitting Council, and
to assure the citizens that if they would only
elect him, there were bright days in store
for them and their city. This was tbe gist
of tbe matter; the speech lasted a quarter of
an hour.
More than onee, when announced to de
liver a lecture on France, I have beea intro
duced by a chairman who, having spent his
holidays in that country once or twice,,
opened, the evening's proceedings by him
self delivering a lecture on France. I have
felt very tempted to say to the audience in
such cases: "Ladies and gentlemen, as one
lecture on'France is enough for an evening,
perhaps you would rather I spoke about
something else."
Sometimes I get a little amusement, how
ever (as in the country town of X.), out of
the usual proceedings of the society before
whose members I am enzaeed to appear.
At X the audience being assembled and
the time up, I was told to go on the plat
form alone and, being there to immediately
sit down. I wentonrand sat down. Some
one in the room then rose and proposed that
Mr. M should take the chair. Mr. M" ,
it appeared had been to Boulogne and was
particularly fitted to'introduce a French
man. In a speech of five minutes duration
all Mr. M 's qualifications for tbe post of
chairman were duly set forth. Then some
one else rose and seconded the proposition,
re-enumerating-most of these qualifications.
Mr. M then marched up the hall, ascended
the platform and proceeded to return thanks
for the kind manner inewhich he had been
proposed ior the chair and for the enthusiasm
with which the' audience had sanctioned the
choice. He' said it was true that he had
been in Franee and he greatly admired tbe
country and tbe people, etc. These
preliminaries over I gave my lecture, after
which Mr. M called upomt member of the
andience to propose a vote of thanks to me
"for the meet interesting discourse," tie.
Now s paid lecturer wants his cheque
when his work is over, and although a vote
ot thanks, when it is spontaneous, is a com
pliment which he appreciates, he is more
likely te feel awkwardness than pleasure at
it when7 it' is a mere red tape lormality.
The. vote" e-fthankson this particular occa
sion was proposed in due form. Then it
was seconded by someone who repeated two
or three of my fokes. By tbis time, I began
to enter, into the tun of the' thing, and after
having returned thanks lor the vote, of
thanks and sat down, I stepped forward
again, filled with a mild resolve to have the
last word. "Ladies and gentlemen,"! said,
"Xhave now much, pleasure in proposing
that a hearty vote ot thanks be given to Mr.
JC ior the able manner in which be has
filled the chair.' I went agsin through. the
list of Mr. M s qualificatioBS, not for
getting the trip to Boulogne aaa the iss
wessioas it had left on him. Sateeiv
reeeand seeoadeeTthis. Mr. M deliv
ered a speech te thank the auuieaee oaee
mere. astd. the these who- bad twvived
west bene.
Sossef onoeajfcrsaist seeietis will emms
a light or htMzwreas lecturer, pat Mm ia
their efaspel, sad open proeeeeMaM wltk
prayer. Prayer is good, but I wenM a seen,
think of saying grace over a glase of toddy
as of besjiaaine; nty leetares with a prayer..
Tfusktan erezverteaee asa been acta oaty
Mr-tee, Arly tqsf tU- it ms em tttt
"LT-.f .
Mea etMsjtffj. ie M amosmshmsX tegMjs
sees by she sskisier, wbe, astelsjtM'ti
ws, aavaaeea to toe JMex, lowerea was
heed, sai said in solema teeeats: "Leiasl
r." Alter I got started, It teofcme fisUyl
tea minutes to make tbe peopk rssJiie'Aa!
they were not at church. &&k
My other experience in this line wasT still
wonet for thprayer was sunnlesse(e51
the singing or a hymn of tea . teMTwl
verses. Yna may easily imagine Attjimjl
um jojte leu ueaa lut, - -vv
i .. . . .. irt
i. nave oeen introduced to an audieaeeTM
ssoansneer UMieel, and found itvervTaMei
cult to bear with equanimity a eltirss
who maltreated ray name. Bnt he is chawed
incr when compared tn tha . .i. i-u
mfdst of his introductory process turssJtJsT
tuu, uu iu a siaee wuisper perfectly a9s
bleall over the hall, asks: "How do -feel
ntt .,. .
pruaimace your name; j obj
Passing over chairmen chatty and chafij
men terse, chairmen eloquent and chairmen
the reverse, I feel decidedly most kindly
wwwa me aliens cnairman. ne is verrV
rare, but when met with is exceedingly
precious. "Wbr he exists, in certain insUij
tutes wnere he is to be met with. I know
not Whether he comes on to that thu-
lecturer does not rna off before his time bfS
up, orwiwwe water oottie, wnien is tne
only portable thing on the platform gener
ally; whether he is a successor of some ven
erable deaf and damn founder of his society,
or whether he goes on with the lecturer, tey
give a Ituon of modesty to the public as who ''
should say: "X could speak on if I would
but I forbear." Be his raison d'etre what it
may, we all love him. To the nervous novice'1
be is doubtless a kind of quiet support, to
the old staeer he is as a picture unto the eye'
and as music unto the ear.
The Remarkable Experience of Flnaiclee
Dltman, of Philadelphia.
The story of tho.financial rise and fall of
Banker Joseph. G. Ditman, coupled "with
bis subsequent disappearance, makes a-'most
intd.Mtlntnl. .....1 mhs 4l.i. T T . . ..
.uMwug m, auu uuc wdk rival ujuj,a j
romance. Mr. Ditman's father waswa
farmer livmcr near Tfranlrfnrrt in nmfnSitl
Die circumstances, and a man of much
- o . .,. vww.v.vwv
force of character, and his memory ia re-T
litt .
f JBen
vered to this day by his many friends and,,
acquaintances in that section. f
When a boy, young Ditman entered the '
employ of "William H. Flitcrafi. a paper
dealer at Fifth and Minor strets. In course ''
of time he rose to the position of salesman. iK
and-at the age of 28 years embarked in, thos c
o I $1,000, borrowed from a friend, who .7
;i UU31UC33 mi iiimiQii on tne smaix cap-fcd-
was aikctnatu rcuaiu juurioia. OOOa alter.
nia auvem into ousmess jur. .Unman mar-1
nea Cecilia, younzess aanzmerol the lata,'.
.Marcus L. Bulkley, st that time a coalr
operator and purchaser or coal lands for the
Beading Baliroad under the management'
of the late Franklin B. Gowen.
Fatber-in-Law Bulkley joined Mr;. Dit
man in nusiness lnlfftl, uuderthenrmname
oi J. G. Ditman & Co. They beean with?'
cash capital of $30,000, and from thatjime
as mr. unman s nusiness associates used to
i. .u: t-- . Li . . . i
hi, evcrymiijg ne loucnea lurnsa lniojf
gOld." r 1
At the end of seven vears -Mr. Bnlkle-rT
retired from the firm, and, in addition to the
annual profits that were divided between
the two partners every year, Mr. Ditman
handed the retiring partner a check for
$70,000 as his share in tbe capital of a con
cern that had begun business seven years
before on a joint capital of $30,000. J
About four years ago be disposed of bis' ;
business to A. G. Elliott & Co., and bound' "
himself never to re-enter the paper trade in
this city. "When he retired he bad a fortune,
according to his own statement, within a
fraction of $500,000.- He believed that a
profitable field lay "before him as a
money lender. Bnt with all his
knowledge, it is said, he lost heavily,
and it was not long before he dis
covered a big hole in his fortune. His old
time luck deserted him, and he got caught,
in so manyunfortunate speculations that i
short time ago be found himself stripped of
his once handsome fortune. The blow was
a heavy one, and, as it now appears, was d
sufficient to weaken his mind; but he waaSgr
earef aLnoi-ta-alloirhf wife or anally. to obflHK
tain, anyknowledge of bis financial IdsseiT
Mrs-Ditman is regarded bv her friends as C IJ
a noble-minded woman. A creditor who., "
was indebted.to Mr. Ditman in the sum. of
$40,000 once appealed to Mrs. Ditman to
plead his cause with her husband. Thev
creditor's wife also waited upon Mrs. Dit-V
man and added her entreaties' to those of her
husband. The appeal wa! successful,, and
Mr. Ditman agreed not to levy upon the '
man's property. His kindness was poorly
repaid, as he recovered only $5,000 of the. 4
debt, yet it is stated that the creditor is now'
worth $60,000, and lives in a style befitting (
the possession of that sum.
All of the family believe that Mr. Dit-,
man was drowned in tbe Schuylkill on the' s
night of his disappearance. . " t
Description of Gaatave Llndenthal's Great
S40.00e.000 Project.
Chicago Jonrnal of Commere.
Doubtless the next generation will greatly
surpass tbe present in wealth and resources,:
but it will have plenty of use for all its'
money and all its irgenuity if half of the
great enterprises now being prepared for it1
are carried into execution. Of one or mora
of th ese enterprises the Hudson river, above
or below water, will be the scene. ThehopeJs
held out that a railroad will be laid in a tunnel'
nnder the river in time to brine visitors tn
the World's Fair In 1892; but even shonldt i.v
wanted, or else a bridge, or possibly,, in -a.;;
course of time, both tunnels and bridges. J.' ft
Mr. Gustave Jjinaentnai, or jfitUburg, thojejfe
well-Known engineer, nas planned a bridge
from New Jeriiey to New Xork, which, itjsi
compuieo, win cosi v,uw,uvu. xne lollow-
injr description is given oi this mammoth,
The drawings show one span. 2.850 feet VS-
in length, clearing the river, and two other ' 2
. ...t. ... o Kisn .!. Pi
suaua. culu u v a m.uvu acerb- riufniiinaMi
irom piers on the shore to the anchorage on!
citucr etuc xua Btruufcuro iswds a SUS
ucuoiuu. uwm(;, ow wncia wu ice IU
height, almost double those of the Brooklyn.
bridge, which are 280 feet. From high.!
water mark to the floor of the roadway is2
J2U lee., 2U leet mors man inat ox ma Xi:ooH- J
The span between the towers is to be
2,850 leet. which is 1,255 longer than that ofj
the JJroociyn Drldge. .the shore anchor
ages are to be 210 feet in height, 180 feet
wide and 400 feet long, of solid masonry, ex-"
cept a tunnel through tbe upper end for the
The roadway is to be 85 feet wide, and will
accommodate six railroad tracks. It will'
be supported by four cables, two on each?
side, passing over tbe towers and fastened1
in the anchorage at either end. These cables1
are to be four feet in diameter, and will coa
tain io,uuu sieei wires eacn. i
The two cables on each side are folned i
srether with, lattice trusses of wrought Imnl
each one of which will weigh eight toss.'
Sunning from tbe cables are six-Inch cahW
at short intervals, which sustain the road-a
to the foot. - v-ci
JUL- -lt 1 It. - T.- -.. . . SfJ
o.uo iuii leu.u ot ujo onage IS CODeV
sometmng over v.uw eet. On the .Newj
Jersey side the ancfaoreze is to ba nlared at
tus luutu. uuiuu xxiu iu rioooKen, ana iaj
order to reach the grade, which at this point'
is 135 (eet above the street level; the ap
proach will have to commence near ths;
Hackensack river.
DIAMONDS have advanced sfnm Jn1v '
!. I..-. - TTf TT11I J -w . . , ,r .TS
last about 40 percent. This Is but thebe44
ffinnin? of a movement tri fmAua tt... fe
U....r..: . ttt- j... - J-?
further advaaee of from SO to 75 pet cent??,
we coming year, uar stock of diamonds -
Was purchased iaJuaejust before the ad
vance, ana ws are still selling goedest
eld prices. "We'take stack January 10, af
which we will becomoelled tsadnnaec
prieee on diassoads to meet market prie
We have a large and eossplete stock. '
mi eaasesapiauag tag pareaaeaor a
ssesMta, we weuld say, aow is your tltae. .
wbsmb, siHWHt Jsxpert aaa
am, mmvm
ff ".
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