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Fhe .'Two Eagle-Boys,
tar ' 'v
ERNEST. H. HEINRICHS.
nrEiTTKr jroa m diswltch.1
at & - I
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BED and Clarence
were passionately fond
of robbing birds' nests,
nnd they had been in
many a scrape, when
tv L I their father found
Jthem out But all their punishments did
Jriot seem to have much effect upon these bad
Keys, and whenever they espied the habtta-
Ition of some bird ther would not rest until
they had investigated and possibly stolen
Sits contents. ,
fcOnedayPred accidentally discovered an
w- JSP JftjBL ;
-ySJsK'C r ?u23
.RobMnff tAe Eagle' t HeiU
eagle's nest, perched up against the dizzy
height of a loity cliff in the mountains, and
elated over his grand find he immediately
called his brother Clarence. Then the two
resolved to go and pay a visit to the nest, no
matter what might happen. Bnt the under
takmg proved very hazardous, because the
position oi the nest was almost inaccessible.
However, these boys were not to be baffled
y anything, and it was a pity that their
efforts were not utilized in a better cause.
At last they succeeded to gain hold of the
place where the nest was and when tbey
jMJton1 ' ' into it they Co and it to contain two
""""""liigcggs. Of course the bovs took possession
at once of these eggs and then they retraced
While they were running down the
mountains gleefully over the rtsulVof their
expedition tliev snddenlv met a very ancient-looking
lady, who thns accosted them:
"Why did you steal those eggs from the
l poor birds in the clifl? Remember your
punishment will not bo far behind youl
1 .Fred and Clarence did not take the least
notice of this remark, however, and they
iaug !-:gly continued their way. Presently
J both became exceedinely hungry, and they
3L cat down to rest.
"iet ns eat these eggs," suddenly said
Clarence, "they will certainly appease our
.Thcn they broke the shells and began eat
ing the eggs. Ho sooner had they swallowed
only a part of them, however, when, behold!
J the boys changed into eagles. Their clothes
!. -dropped from their bodies and instead a
dress of feathers covered them. But in suite
' ofthe transformation ot their bodies they
could still speak just like ordinary human
"Xow we have got our well deserved pun-
lsnmcntr said .Freddie. "Wnat will our
mother, father and sisters say if we never
.come home again?"
While tbey were thns deploring their fate,
the ancient lady again appeared before
"J. told you that you would be punished
for robbing that eagle's net, but you did
not take any warning. Now fly away as
birds, and you shall never have your human
the two ugly men were after.. The eagles
soon understood that they had stolen the two
girls.Trho were real princesses and a King's
daughters, and they were now threatening
to burn them in thefire unless they married
"We must secure these girls," said Fred,
'or else tbey will surely be killed, let us
swoop down upon the crowd, take hold of
the girls and fly away with them as fast as
we can." '
"All right," replied Clarence. "I am
with you; let us proceed to business at
Then the boys flew down from the top of
the tree, and precipitated upon the aston
ished people around the fire. The two vil
lains who had stolen the princesses were al
most scared to death at the sudden
appearance of the two monstrous birds and
the two young ladies fainted from the shock.
ButFre'dand Clarence did not take any
notice oi the condition of any of them. They
flew down until they were immediately
above the girls. Ten they took hold of
them with their claws and in a few minutes
they had vanished beyond the forest, before
the men were able to realize what had taken
The eagles with the princesses flew far, far
away, and then they laid them gently down
on the ground again. By this time both
had recovered their senses, and when they
opened their eyes Clarence said:
"Ladies, princesses, we are two unfortu
nate boys anxious to do good in this world,
wherever we can. No sooner had we heard
the danger vou were in when we resolved to
liberate you. Now, if vou will tell us
where your home is, we will at once convey
you to your friends."
The two girls were delighted to hear that,
and although they could not help wonder
ing at the strange eagles, still they told
them where to go. In another second Fred
and Clarence again picked up the princesses,
and with their precious burdens they coursed
once more throuh the air. It was a rapid
flight, and it was not long ere they arrived
in the city where the princesses' home was
situated. The rejoicing among the people
was great, and the King and Queen were
even more than delighted when they again
beheld their beloved children, whom they
had already mourned as lost. When the
eagles put their charges down on the castle
steps both girls simultaneously exclaimed:
"Please, dear eagles, do stay with us a
few days, and let us entertain you and thank
you for your chivalrous conduct!"
The eagles reluctantly acquiesced.and the
feasting and frolicking which was indulged
in for the next few days made Fred and
Clarence wish again and again that they
had never stolen those eagle's eggs and
they would not have lost their human
In the meantime, however, the princesses
had told their father the whole story of the
unfortunate eagles, and out of gratitude the
King sent a proclamation all over his realm.
In this proclamation he stated the fact of
how the boys bad been changed into eagles
and the King also said that anyone who
knew how to undo the spell ot the eagles,
eggs would be well rewarded. This pro
clamation accidentally came to the notice or
the ancient lady in the mountains, and
when she inquired into the matter and
heard how bravely the boy had rescued the
Princesses she went to the King's castle
Arrived there she called the eagle-boys to
her. mid hv pullintr the third feather out of
ACTORS OFTHE PAST.
Looking Backward Into the Times of
the Stock Companies.
OLIVER DODD ETKON'S AMBITIOH.
Friendly Interest of Old-Tims Audiences in
INTERVIEWING BEHIND THE SCENES
IWlUTTtll JOB TBI BTSPATPH.!
There is no doubt that the Chicago Audi
torium is a very grand affair. The Presi
dent ot the United States went all the way
from "Washington to help dedicate it the
other day; and AdelinaPatti made a special
journey that she 'might surprise its unac
customed walls with the wonders of her
It 'was expected that these two celebrities
would receive at least as much pleasure as
they gave, and that the august occasion
would yield joy in proportion to the dollars
expended. But the President suffered in
mind and body from the crowds that jostled
him; and the song queen, it is to be feared,
suffered in temper from the unpleasant
things some of the critics said.
So neither of them and not one among
the thousands who hailed them had so
much enjoyment as some of us have known
on many and many a night in the "dead
head corners" of the various Pittsburg
Even when we sat sedately in the reserved
seats of those same theaters, I imagine we
had a better time than the people in the
great new Auditorium; but when we stood at
ease in fraternal groups, leaning comfort
ably against the side walls just where the
best view of stage and audience was to be
had, there can he no doubt at all about the
superiority of the earlier experience!
There was a cozy sense of sociable comfort
about that sort of thing, and at the same
time a breezy sense or personal independ
ence, which nothing but itself can parallel.
Always there would be two or three sym
pathetic souls standing together there,
and generally half a dozen; and not
many words were needed among them. A
look, a shrug, a punch in the ribs, a half
exclamation of delight or disgust, was quite
sufficient to express in full the opinion of
tne play or the player. And the dull or un
satisfactory parts of the performance could
always be evaded; for there were other thea
ters, and generally the members of that
group made the rounds of all of them before
the green curtain was rung down.
BEFORE THE OLD STOCK DIED.
Tfie Jtetcue uf the Jfrtncettes.
the left wius they lost their eagle form
again and they were now two beautilul
When the princesses saw them now their
pleasure seemed to have no end, and it is
safe to say that they at once grew very fond
of the young men, and in course ot time the
King even gave his permission to Fred and
Clarence to marry his daughters. From
that period all the trouble of the young men
ended and they became very prominent in
the affairs of state in the King's dominion.
TIED BI BLONDE TKESSES.
JThe Princettet and Their Caplort.
form back again -unless yon do a deed
worthy of yourself." The ancient lady said
this and then vanished.
Then Fred and Clarence, making the best
of their misfortune, flew up Into the air.
""iet us fly all over the world, if we can!"
the v said, and do good wherever the oppor
tunity occurs. We are now certainly very
sorry for our wickedness of robbing birds'
nests and, therefore, very anxious to show
Then the two eagle-boys flew away from
town to town and shore to shore. One day
ther were majestically coursing above a
deep forest when they suddenly noticed be
, Death them a large flaring fire. They looked
' again and then they beheld two very beau
tiful girls very close to the fire with their
hands and feet tied together. Once more
the eagles looked and now they saw two
very ferocious-looking men sitting near the
fire. -They were dressed in red cloaks and
thev had black lnr caps on their heads, in
fact, altogether these two men bore a very
horrible aspect, and it was not difficult to
guess that they were bent upon a dangerous
"Let ui get down and try to find out what
these fellows are doing with those two beau
It was Clarence who made that remark,
.ml the Mt-lpi imdnally sailed down upon
theltrlnd nntil ther reached the crown of
anjoak just above the scene around the fire. I
.Kslw&s not long before ther found out what 1
An Accident That Grcntly Embarraned Two
A man who was riding down town on a
Third avenue train yesterday became in
volved in an interesting -dilemma, which
afforded amusement to all those passengers
who became aware of it He was sealed
. directly behind the last cross seat in the car.
In front of him was a young woman who
was devoting her time to watching the win
dow on the opposite side ofthe street as the
train sped along. She was young and pretty;
without her knowledge a few tresses of her
blonde hair had escaped from under her
bonnet, and had fallen over the shoulder ot
the man behind her, and had in some unex
plained manner become fastened around one
of the buttons of his coat. He made one or
two delicate attempts to remove the wander
ing tresses, but was so timid that he only
entangled them the more.
He sat there with a frightened but meek
expression upon his face, not daring to
move. A climax was put to his predica
ment by the young woman's arising, or
rather attempting to do so, at Fourteenth
street. She had only got half way out of
her seat when she felt a violent tug at her
nair. bhe resumed her seat and turned
around indignantly to learn the true situa
tion. In a moment ier complexion rivaled
that of the unfortunate young man, and her
attempts to release herself convulsed the
witnesses with laughter. Her fingers
trembled, and, after fumbling away until
the guard had closed the gate in vain
attempts to release herself, she gave one
violentyank at the two tresses, breaking
them off and leaving the ends still entwined
around the miserable button. Although
the man saw them and was painfully consci
ous of their presence, he did not dare re
move them until the young woman had left
the car at the next station. For the rest of
the way to the City Hall he kept his head
buried in his newspaper.
In those days each theater was a theater
and not a dramatic hotel. The traveling
combination had not yet effected a corner in
the amusement market, and the stock com
pany still flourished, unquestioned and un
assa'iled. "Stars" went "on the road," but
the actors and actresses to support them they
found resident at all the places where
they might stop. A theater without
a stock company, more or less good,
was unknown; and if any expected star
suddenly became a meteor and shot ont of
sight instead of beaming behind the foot
lights, there was still no need to close the
theater doors for that week. The stock com
pany always in study could meet the
emercencv with some kind of performance.
And in some cases they were able to make
people cease altogether to regret the absence
of the star.
Indeed, sometimes the opening week of
the season was kept open for the stock com
pany, and the members thereof made ac
quaintance with the public through a series
of standard plays trageJies, comedies,
farces and melodramas. It was hard work
for the members of the company (sometimes
lor the members of the audience, also!), bat
it was a very effective introduction, and by
the time the season was regularly opened the
public pretty well knew the strong points
and the weak points of those who
were to minister to its entertain
ment during the winter. Still, the
theatrical pnblic of Pittsburg was
a generous one, and did not formulate a
hard-aud-last judgment at the first. An
actor or an actress might do very bad work
to begin with, and yet become a favorite
later by earnest efforts to do better. No such
effort went unrecognized.
"Whatever is, is right, I suppose, in the
world of amusements, at any rate. If it
were not right, the amusement public would
not tolerate it. The present system, per
haps, insnres a smoother and more evenly
balanced performance, but it renders im
possible that intimate personal relation be
tween actor and auditor which the old sys
tem insurea. xne siock company was a
part ofthe community; now every player is
an alien. There is no acquaintanceship, no
personal feeling whatever.
With what lreshness of interest we used
to gather at the theaters on the opening
niebtof the season! The changes and im
provements made in tne house had all been
duly described in the papers beforehand,
and people had much the same feeling of
pleased or critical proprietorship as in going
for the first time into their own newly deco
Tated parlors. Perhaps Arthur Palmer, or
whoever the scenic artist was, had painted
a new drop curtain during the summer, and
if so it as well as the more elaborate pieces
of new scenery was very sure to call forth
a round of applause.
ane names ot the company had also been
published by the reporters, and almost
always the list included some of the old
favorites. How pleasant it was to greet
these as they came on the stac;e! and how
pleasant it was for them to hear the heart v
applause which welcomed them! Some
times, in the case of a pleasantly remem
bered leading lady or soubretie, flowers were
given, much applause emphasizing the
pretty token of renewed friendship. -The
first night was a sort of social observance,
and was very good in its way. It is obsolete
in the old sense.
explosive character of the nautical combat
raging a few feet away; and in the midst of
his explanation the new manager received
his cue, politely excused himselt and dashed
away into the thick of the fight which was
troing on on the dectof a ship behind the
For a few intense moments he carried
on a furious cutlass contest with the pirate
chieftain of the play. Finally the pirate
fell stark dead at the feet of the virtuous
victor, who immediately dragged him off
the stare hv the ankles and dropped him in
front of the startled visitor. The instant
his head was well hidden irom the audience,
the dead pirate sprang to his feet and took a
chew of tobacco. And at the same instant
Mr. Leake calmlv resumed his interrupted
talk. From that" day that reporter has felt
on more or less intimate terms with pirates.
A NOTABLE LEADING MAN.
One of the leading, men whom Pittsburg
greatly jiked and greatly likes yet was
Oliver Doud Byron. He is rich now, and a
star for these many years, and is known
from one corner of the continent to all the
other corners thereof. But in those earlier
days he was not rich, and was known only
as a good, capable, conscientious and always
satisfactory stock actor. I wonder if he
would mind my recalling the fact that he
was also known as Oliver B. Doud, instead
o! by his stellar name of Byron.
He was leading man at the OperaHouse,
and was known to be one ot the most am
bitions of stock actors. But, oddly enough,
his ambition lay in the direction of the
highest walks of his profession. He de
sired, of all things, to excel in the legiti
mate drama, and had little tolerance for
things sensational. He was thoroughly good
natured, but now and then he did protest
against being cast in some part which he
considered below the standard of true dra
matic art. Altogether he was the last man
his acquaintances would have expected to
see in a blaze of red tire, shining luridly as
a first magnitude star in a mildly sensational
piece. He went quietly away at the end of
tne season, and the very next winter (I be
lieve it was) came back to Pittsburg and
fired himselt off in that most tempestuous
ot sensations, "Across tne Continent, tie
is not the first man and will not be the lost
to discover that high art and fortune are
not always intimately related.
A later leading man who found great
favor in Pittsburg, and who deserved it all,
was J. Newton Go tt hold. Like Byron he
was well balanced and well equipped, ac
cording to the more exacting standards of
the stock company days. As I recall mm
he was better in strong tragedy parts than
in comedy; and in many characters lie was
much more than merely good. On more
than one occasion he clipped more laurel
leaves from the wreath of the star he sup
ported than the star liked to part with. I
believe he traveled as a star himself,
at a later time. And years since he
made his final exit behind the dark curtain
that was to hide him from the eyes of all
A LEADING LADY
of far more than ordinary power and ability
Pittsburg possessed for a time in the person
of Miss Augusta Dargon, who played for
more than one season, I think, at the Opera
House. She was an accomplished woman
socially as well as artistically, and was wel
comed" in the homes of many people who
did not take very kindly to player people
She made some tours as a public reader
after leaving the Opera House company,
and won very considerable success. Some
years ago it was said that she was settled
permanently in Australia, where she was a
lavorite, with scarcely a rival, in the chief
cities ot the island continent
Before she went to Australia, however,
she played a somewhat sensational part in
the Chicago fire. She had arrived at the
Tremont House the day before the great
catastrophe, and bad with her in her room
two heavy trunks, holding much of value in
the way of expensive wardrobe. As the
fire came nearer and nearer to the hotel, and
the guests began to flee, she sought help to
move her trunks to a sate place. No help
could be found "for love or money." The
whole city was in a state of fierce panic, and
only nimseir and tnose oeionging to him
would any man look out for, In such a
time a woman is a. conquering host This
woman not ordinarily a strong one
dragged her trunks down stairs onebv one,
and then dragged them both along the pave
ment and across the river to a place that
seemed safe. Then she sat down on one of
them, and fainted comfortably away.
MANAGERS AND OTHERS.
HUNTERS OP THE MOA
The Huge Wingless Bird of New
Zealand, Long Since Extinct.
WILD LIFE AT THE ANTIPODES
general babble. Kawana
keen glance in that direc-
An Old Maori Chiefs Tales of Hia loathful
HOW THE GREAT BIRDS WERE HUNTED
NO WRIT NLCESSARL
How a Mescnlar Lawyer Rrplevlned
Load of Good.
There is one lawyer at Harrison who has
his wits about him and handy to get at
when wanted. The other day a merchant
dashed into his office and said: "Get-me-
man-just-go t-load-of-goods-at-my-s to re-and-won't-pay-for-'em
"You don't need a writ for him," said the
lawyer; "come on; I'll fix it for you."
The lawyer thereupon went into the street,
climbed upon the wagon load of merchan
dise, threw the recalcitrant purchaser off
into the dirt,heaved the goods into the street
auo. ana tola tne merchant to take thesa.
BEHIND THE SCENES.
There are, very many people who still re
member the old Pittsburg Theater the Old
Drury, as some were fond of calling it; but
on the other hand there are very many who
have no recollection of it at all, and so
much the worse for them! There the pit was
the pit, and not the parquet The gods
sat down there in front of the stage, and fed
on such ambrosia as may be crunched out of
peanut shells. The aristocratic seats were
on a higher level. William Henderson was
the manager, and there was a good-humored
tradition that "The Octoroon" and "The
Sea of Ice had been the only pieces pre
sented on that stage all through the war.
However that may be, the old theater
knew some grand acting before the war. and
after it as well. Two Pittsburg favorites
were leading man and leading lady here in
my early recollections of the place William
Leake and Miss Annie Waite. They were
good artists both, and each could do better
work than some of the stars who are on the
road and who don't have to count the ties
of the road, eitberl
In some exigency, I do not recall -what,
there was a temporary change in the man
agement of the theater. I do not think it
was because the ghost refused to walk at the
proper time and in the proper manner, but,
whatever the reason, Mr. Leake became
manacer for the time beinr. as well as lead.
ing man of the company.
.The change was effected very suddenly
and very quietly, but a reporter heard of
the matter, and of course it was immedi
ately necessary for him to learn every de
tail connected with it The best way for
mm k accompiisn tnis was to interview .Mr.
Leake. But a matinee performance was in
progress, and the actor-manager was in the
cast The reporter was new to the news
paper bnsiness, but he had already acquired
the first principle of his cralt that now is
always the best time to get news.
Therefore, he sent a note to Mr. Leake
upon the stage, and was promptly invited
to come behind the scenes. He was Courte
ously received at the wings, by MrLeake
who was in lull sailor costume. Ttfe con
versatioa was sossewhat interrupted by the
William Henderson, of the "Old Drury,"
was a veteran of Pittsburg managers. His
experience here gave him a good start to
ward fortune. He served his patrons in the
City of Smoke long and well, giving them
much that was good. Then he went to
New York and got still better acquainted
with fortune. He bought him a home at
Long Branch, where so many prosperous
theatrical people havf their abiding places,
and fared exceedingly well, I believe.
Matt-Canning was another name withont
which any mention of Pittsburg theatricals
would be but a weae apology, hong is the
list of goodly dramatic dishes he set before
the public. Later he was a traveling man
ager, with his home at Long Branch, near
his friend, Henderson's.
And John Ellsler his name recalls itself,
without any reminder, to the memory of
every lover of good managing or good act
ing. For John Ellsler was an actor as good
as the best he ever had on his salary list
Not often would he indulge his admirers in
his older days, but when he did they had
cause to remember it very pleasantly.
For a time, also, C. D. Hess was the man
ager of a theater in Pittsburg, aud that time
was one which discriminating people like
now to remember. "Whether Mr. Hess finds
so much pleasure in the recollection is an
other matter. There is room for the sus
picion that he "made monev in the wroncr
pocket" that is to say, that he lost money
by the enterprise. But he gave us the ser
vices of as well-balanced and capable a stock
company and of as fine a list of stars as we
need ever wish to see.
Among the company were two low come
dians. I cannot recollect the name of either,
but both were born funny. They were
comical just to look at when they were in
perfect repose; and tihen they acted to
gether upon the Btage the audience always
With Mr. Hess at the Academy of Music
was Major John Burke. He w3 not a
Major then, and was known to everybody as
that good fellow, Johnny Burke. There
were few more popular men than Johnny at
tached toany of the theaters at any time,
and the sight ot his waving curls was always
a giaaaening spectacle.
Alter leaving the Academy I believe he
married Morlacchi, the dancer, and traveled
as her agent and manager. And when
Colonel Cody, known to tame as Buffalo
Bill, took the country captive, behold, there
was Johnny Bnrke helping him and making
more fame and more friends for himself than
he had known even in Pittsburg, Bnt for
all that it was a trifling startling to read in
the cable dispatches from London that the
Princess of Wales had viewed the wonders
ofthe "Wild West show leanin? on the arm
of Major Burke, and to realize that Major
Burke was our old friend of the Academy!
JAME3 C. PUBDT.
Angela at Church.
New Haven Palladium. 1
Clifford Turner, a little fellow, was taken
to the Church of the Ascension a few
weeks ago and saw for the first time a sur
pliced choir. His eyes opened with aston
ishment on seeing the white-robed boys, and
turning to his aunt, he wispered: "Aunty,
are those the angels?"
Warn Ike Ban Goes Dom.
Though the morning may be dreary,
And the day be long and woary,
Tnough the clouds may darkly lower
And the tempest fiercely frown.
We shall quite forget the shadows
That have lingered in the meadows
If there be a golden bonr
When the sun goes down.
WBITTEN r OB THIS DISPATCH.
At a great gathering of the Maoris on the
west coast of New Zealand, some little time
ago, I was the guest of Te Bangihiwinui, a
celebrated fighting chief, at his pa, orvillage,
called Patiki, on the "Wanganui river.
"When we arrived there we found them dis
cussing a subject which X had long taken
the profoundest interest in, but had never be
fore been able to getany light upon. The point
at issue was this: The moa, the gigantic wing
less bird of New Zealand, was a monstrous
creature, standing 12 or 14 feet high, on legs
as thick as a camel's with a neck like a
giraffe's and long, slender wiry feathers,
which made its coat more like coarse fur
than plumage. So much isknown about it;
but beyond that all is mystery. The moa
has never been taken alive since the
European occupation ot the islands,
0 years ago. Solitary settlers in
the remotest parts of the country
have from time to time reported tbeing
startled iu the night by a weird and fearful
cry, so loud and shrill that its echo rang
from crag to crag, until the sound was pro
longed into the melancholy cadence of a fog
horn. They say that, rushing out of doors,
they have witnessed in the misty moonlight
an object of almost incredible size, towering
above the fern brake and stalking away into
the uncertain vapors ofthe mountain glens
with the speed of a race horse. Dwellers in
those awful solitudes,howevcr,are subject to
strange hallucinations, and the highest sci
entific authorities are oi the opinion that the
moa is totally extinct and ha's been so for
many centuries. They found their belief
mainly upon this: The Maoris have main
tained from time immemorial a priestly
caste called Tohunga, who lay claim to all
the powers of prophecy aud witchcraft, but
whose proper business is to preserve the
genealogies and annals of the tribes.
FOB AND AGAINST.
A careful study of these curious oral
records has established the fact that they
embody the history of the people for about
800 years. Yet, though they teem with al
lusions to every sort of natural object, birds,
beasts, fishes, insects, plants, flowers, fruits,
there is not a single reference in them to the
moa, or to any creature auswenng to the de
scription of the moa in the slightest degree.
It is held, therefore, to be certain that the
most ancient Tohunga that ever beaueathed
a legend to posterity, never saw or neard of
On the other hand, it is an obvious fact
that at one time moas swarmed all over the
islands and formed the chief diet of the in
habitants, whoever they were. Innumer
able skeletons and bones of moas have been
discovered ot late vears, and in places there
are caves quite full of them, the birds hav
ing evidently taken refuge there by hun
dreds, from the pursuit of man or some
other foe. Moreover, great collections of
moa bones are often come upon which have
undoubtedly been cooked in an oven; and
with them are found the burnt stones which
formed the oven, and rude weapons of the
chase and sundry utensils of primitive
Such were the two sides of the contro
versy as I had heard it waged in scientific
circles and as the young chiefs in Kawana
faipai's whare tersely and eloquently de
scribed it for my information, before pro
ceeding with their" debate.
It was clear to me from the speeches and
from the signs of assentor dissent among the
audience that the party who put their laith
in the negative testimony of the Tohunga's
records were at first in a large majority; but
as the debate proceeded, those who contended
for the recent extinction of the moa if, in
deed, it were even yet extinct seemed to be
gaining ground considerably and likely to
sway the whole audience in the end.
Enoha te Ban, the Tohunga, disputed
this theory, but said that moas were hunted
by a gigantic race of men who preceded the
A PATEIAECH'3 STOST.
After the Tohunga had concluded hia re
marks, Kawana Paipai, the centenarian
patriarch, whose memory went back more
than 100 years, rose slowly to full height ot
his mighty figure. Beaching behind him
he took from the reed-lined wall his taiaha.
a quarter staff of carved and polished hard
wood, richly inlaid with pearl shell, seven
or eight feet long. Leaning on this with a
wonderfully digmhed and graceful pose, he
waved his hand in royal style for the as
semblage, who had risen with him, to be
seated. When all was quiet, he held his
taiaha out at arm's length, jnst as a stump
orator often holds a roll of paper, and began
his discourse in a ringing voice:
-Ob, my children! You. the pakeha! You
Enoba te Ban. the Tohunga! Listen to my
words. You are young, bat I am old. The
land that you knovr Is noc the land that I knew
when I was young. All is changed. You can
not even picture to yourselves what yonr own
country was like 0 vears befoii vou were born.
You would not understand me if I tried to de
scribe it to you. 'rnetnings tnat then were
rose above thi
Paipai shot a
'"What is the matter down there?" he
asked in a voice that silenced everybody in
a moment "What are you boys squabbling
"We are not squabbling, father," replied
a grand young stripling, jumping to his
feet "Wi Kepi said you had not told us
how you managed to catch the moas, and I
said he had better ask you himself if he
was not satisfied. Wi Kepi never be
lieves anybody. JHe judges others by hlm-
This sally was received with loud laugh
ter, for the doubter evidently was not popu
lar; but Kawana Paipai raised his taiaha
high in the air, and everyone hushed his
neighbor to listen as the" old man continued:
OLD PROB'S SCIENCE.
How Storms Are Located and Fore
told by the Signal Serrice.
WHY SOME PREDICTIONS PAIL
THE MOA HTJOT.
'We had no guns, no rifles, no horses,
no swift dogs. Not even Knri, the
mongrel. Yet we knew how to catch and kill
the moas. We did not go out after the moas
every day, as you boys go out after pies or eels.
We made preparations for the hunt many
days or months beforehand. We decided which
swamps we would drive tho birds out of, and
which valley we would chase tbem down; and
often we arranged it so that they would be
forced to take to the seashore and run along
the sand for a whole day's journey; Then wo
made camps all along the line of the bunt, five
or six miles apart, and hidden in the scrub
above the valley. There we posted relays of
yoang men, the strongest and swiftest
runners In the tribe. We drove the
moas out ot the swamps with shouts
and trumpets, and the smoke of fires, when the
wind suited, aud, as soon as they took the di
rection wji wanted, the first party of rnnners
followed them, shouting and blowing horns,
we had great wooden trumpets then, that
could be heard a mile, and the moas used to
run in terror from them. When once they
began rushing in a herd down the valley it was
easy enongh to keep them going. The second
party of runners would be waiting in their
camp, watching, and, as soon as the birds ran
past they would come out of the scrub and
drive tbem on toward the next camp, the first
Party, who were tired out taking possession ot
their hiding place, where food and water and a
good bed of fern were ready for them. So the
irds were driven from camp to camp until
they had run all day without stopping, and
their feet were sore with rnnnlng over stones
and prickly plants and their feathers were
torn oy the boshes and brambles. At last they
could run no longer.
Then was the dangerous time, for they would
turn on their pursuers and fight desperately
with their great feet Tbey had three toes,
hard like a horso's hoof and nearly as big, but
very sharp. A moa's foot ripped like a boar's
tusks. I have seen a strong man killed by a
moa. with both his arms hrnlrnn anil Mihimi
torn open. Thenthey ran at you with their
neck stretched out and pecked at your eye
and face with a beak as sharp and strong as a
hatchet When a flock of moas turned on us
we used to take shelter in the scrub or climb up
.. v .uu j u neep luem u signtniitne par
ties who were coming on behind us arrived,
inen, when there were enough of us to surround
the flock, we closed in on them and killed them
with our spears. Sometimes, at the end of a
long chase, tbey would lie down and die from
exhaustion and hunger; but often tbey would
flgnt to the last and wound everyone of us be
fore we overcame them. A very big moa could
seize a man with his beak and drag him along
the ground and trample him to death if his
comrades did not come soon to the rescue. But
we were Btronr, we were active. Ab, those
were grand days! Those were grand days!
Nothing like theinnow!
A CHALLENGE ACCEPTED.
My children, the best part of my story is that
It Is true. Let those who doubt carry me where
I shall lead them, and not two hours' march
from hence, I will show you where we killed
100 moas and feasted for a week at the hahunga,
the funeral ceremony of the grandfather of
Mete Kingi, that great warrior who is still
among us. We shall find the bones there.
They will not lie!
In a moment all the young men sprang
up, shouting, "It is a challenge! It is a
challenge! It is agreed! "We will carry
Kawana Paipai to the place of the feast!
Enoha te Ban shall be there to see."
By general consent I accompanied the
party who were to test the truth of Kawana
Paipai's story. They consisted of four
young giants, carrying 4he old chief on a
light litter of manuka poles interlaced with
wild vines, followed by a cavalcade of horse
men and men, women and children on foot,
numbering at least 100. After a pleasant
tramp of about nine miles, relieved by the
choric songs, which the Maoris kept up un
ceasingly, we came to a most peculiar
mound, evidently the Work of'man, and
here the patriarch made us halt and de
scended from his litter.
"Dig," he said to the young men. "Dig
here, and the bones will "speak. They will
tell you whether my story was a good
A score or more of youthful athletes went
to work with spades and pickaxes, neatly
removing the whole surface ofthe mound in
At the end of half an hour, when the dig
gers had got four feet or so into the ground,
one ot them muttered an exclamation, and,
reaching down, pulled a long brown object
out of the loose soil and handed it to Ka
wana Paipai. It looked to me like the bone
of some large animal. The chief felt its
weight and gave it to others to feel. "When
I handled it I knew it must be a bird's bone,
tor it was hollow and cellular, quite differ
ent from the bones of a beast
The digging went on rapidly, great num
bers of bones being taken out ot the pit and
laid on the grass. There must have been a
wagon load piled up in heaps. I selected
for a memento a tibia, which was qnite as
much as I could carry back to town. I have
it still. It measures 3 feet 5 inches in length
and 13 inches in circumference at the head.
The bird it belonged to must have stood
lully 15 feet in height
The Influence Exerted by the Moon Upon
A GL00KT OUTLOOK SOS. KBIT IEAB
THINGS THE DOCTOR SEES.
What though fate our hope opposes,
What though thorns shut out the roses,
And the cross be borne in sorrow
That we carry to the crown,
By and by we'll cease to wander
And we'll rest forever yonder
If there dawns a bright to-morrow
, When life's sun goes down,
J' .;' -VMemgXtrali.
"r. 1 , .,J,...,K.-i'r-
have passed away and have no lonerer any be-
ing. When you talk about those times you
talk without any brains. You know not what
you are saying. It is all dark to you. It is not
dark to me. 1 see It all, when I look Into the
depths of my memory, just as clearly as you
see the cliffs, the trees, the sky, when you look
into the depths ot a still pool. I cannot tell
you all. but I can tell you some things. Listen
to my words.
In those days, when 1 was a youth, we Maoris
had no weapons or tools bnt what wemade our
selves of wood or stone. We lived in our forti
fied places on the bill tops, and never came
down to the plains except tor war pr for the
cbase. All this open country that you see now
was covered with forest or with tussock grass,
ferns and shrubs twice as hign as this whare.
The Are had never passed over it and the
erowth was so tbick that no man conld make
his way throngh it Eadh tribe had their own
tracks, known only to themselves: and when
we went on a war expedition we used to cut
new tracks, so that our enemies could not tell
which way we were coming from, if by chance
tbey bad discovered our eld ones. The rivers
were much higher then than tbey are now, and
all the lower lands for hundreds of miles on
both sides were often covered with watef.
Where the rivers spread out on the plains there
were shallow lakes or swamps, and in those
swamps there grew trees like fern trees you
can see the stumps of tbem now and a great
many other trees and plants which have gone
and left nothing behind them but peat Those
forests and swamps were full of birds and ani
mals that are quite unknown now.
A POUE-rOOTED SEAL.
The kaurehe, a great beast like a seal only
with four feet and long tall, was quite common
then. It lived on eels nd fish and only came
out at night: and it could run on land or swim
in the water, as it pleased. Then there were
multitudes of birds without any wings, like
kiwis, but much bigger, with long neck and
thick legs. Some were as high as a
boy, and some were as bigh as a man, and some
were twice as high as aman, a tall man twice
as high as I am. These were the moas you have
been talking about to-nigbt It made me laugh
when I heard it said !that the pakehas, the Eu
ropeans, the wise men who write books, say
there have been no moas alive for 800 years.
The wise pakehas think tbey know everything,
because they have books and can read and
write. Bat there are come things tbey know
no more about than babies. They cannot tell
what this land was like when I was a young
man. any more than they can tell what the oth
er side of the moon Is like. I have seen moas
alive, hundreds of tbem, tens of hundreds of
them. I have hunted tbem. I have been
wounded by them. I have killed them. I have
The Old Physician TelU of a Dying Woman'
Kan Francisco Chronicle.
The old doctor was in rather a sentimen
tal mood. I have noticed that of all liquors
to make people sentimental hot Scotch
whisky seems to be the most effective. It
mellows the emotion, so to speak, and
plays on the lachrymal ducts. Strange that
from such a bleak, cold country should I
come the most emotional of lienors. A
man when he is full of hot Scotch whisky
generally becomes affectionate and kindly
and quotes poetry, sentimental poetry. The
old doctor had been talking very sentimen
tally about sick people and death, and other
cheerful themes. "Ah, well," he said,
"I've been a doctor 40 years. Iiave seen
many sad scenes, but I never stood at a
deathbed without mourning for the living."
"I have seen some laughable things, too,"
said te doctor. ''Human nature comes out
when people are very sick. I was called in
once to attend a lady who was taken sud
denly ill and was quite sure she was going
to die. There was nothing very serious the
matter with her, but she was quite snre her
end was near,"
"Doctor," she said, '"I know I am going
to die. Don't tell my husband, but let me
ask you one favor before I go."
"What is it?" I asked.
"Whisper, doctor. Ask Mary to fix my
pangs oeiore mey oury me.
Tne old chief here paused to take breath
and to refresh himself with a few whiffs
from his pine. During the interval there
was a rustling of flax mats and then a mur
mur of hurried conversation, questions,
answers, exclamations, and here and there
among the crowd a waiata or improvised
song, droned not unmelodlously in a low
key. At length the voices among a knot of
I eager dlspHtast at th far end ofthe whara
Tbe Forgotten Sjng.
Over the wav mv neighbor sits.
There by the window, and softly sings;
I see her hand as It lightly flits
Over a banjo's silver strings;
I see her lips as they ope and close.
And slim, white fingers tripping along.
But the tree-tops moan and the north wind
And I do not hear the song.
What need of speech or vibrant sound?
Why life and death on the stage of time
As the ancient cycles roll around.
Slip at last into pantomime;
Beyond the word 6 the formless thought
The dream-veil over the poet's lines.
And tbe most significant language taught
Is that composed of signs.
Over tbe way my neighbor now
Bweeps from ner instrument light retrains,
Tbe strong winds whistle and branches bow
Till dry twigs creak on the window panes
I see her lips as they close and part.
And I catch a gleam of the shining strings.
And an echo reaches my longing heart.
But not of the song she sings.
Into the silence that echo dies,
Faint spirit-tones of a song unheard.
Yet out of the years may sometimes rise
The self-same tone and the self -same words
And I may hear In the dim to be
IU music sweet as I drift alone-.
And there by the mystic, far-oS sea
f iod my forgotten sou.
-Mrnut McQaffey, in Itftr, Omon.
iwsrrrxx rou tile disiutch.i
In 'these days of scientific research into
every branch of knowledge, there is nothing
to show as little advancement as the science
of weather predictions. This, outside of
"Old Probabilities," who only predicts for
the immediate 21 hours and even then,
with all of his Multitude of assistants
human, instrumental and electrical he can
only make on an average of about 80 per
cent of his predictions correct They are all
subject to failure from local causes, such as
dense forests, high hills, large bodies of
water, long streams or continuous lakes, or
the direction of the wind, or, worse than all
the rest, the encounter o one storm with an
other storm moving in a different direction
with far greater force. These things will in
evitably have their effect upon all weather,
no difference from what direction it may be
advancing, and the ridicule, which is gratuit
ously heaped on the signal office by all
scoffers is done withont full knowledge of
the subject the mere contempt of ignor
ance. When a prediction is made for any
locality it is not intended to be considered
as infallible, but it means that such and
such weather will follow according to the
indications on the weather map at so many
stations throughout the United States at a
given time: provided, however, that no
unforeseeable counter influence gets in the
way. Those predictions are for certain very
large sections of country. It wonld be quite
absurd to expect that because rain was pre
dicted in the Middle- States that it wonld
rain in every part of that section of the
earth. If it don't, the local critics think
that because their district didn't get any of
it there has been an entire failure every-
wuexB oi me promuea rain.
Change of weather implies a change of
condition of cloud and electricity, of rain
and wind, of heat and moisture. Mankind
from the earliest ages has watched for signs
and prognostics in the heavens that would
enable tbem to gauge the elements, and
thereby help or forward agricultural, mer
cantile, marine and other interests. But
predictions without scientific data were
rather unreliable if they were based on the'
averages of previous years, as was mostly
MODERN METEOROLOGICAL METHODS.
Nowadays storms are detected and their
magnitude ascertained" by telegraph. Away
in the West is suddenly developed a falling
barometer at one certain spot. Soon after
ward come telegrams that other neighboring
localities feel it, and it soon spreads itself
over a vast area. As it conies eastward,
northeast to southeast winds swell up rapid
ly and increase in force hourly.1 Every
man can then feel in his own system
that tbe powers of the air are in
violent commotion. If he will stand
with his back to -.the wind he
wilt have tbe lowest barometer to
his left hand. Storms of this kind can be
safely predicted for days ahead.
Storms are circular aud travel mostly in a
northeasterly direction, with a velocity cor
responding to the vastness of their area and
the lowness of the barometer. If winds
have been easterly for some time during the
tall, and southwest winds commence early
in December, a season of mild weather en
sues until about Christmas, with frequent
violent storms and much rainy weather. If
in winter northeast winds' succeed long
southwest winds, which we are havinsr now,
then a continuance of cold, frosty weather
may be looked for during January.
"Buchan's Handy Book of Meteorology"
says : "I have examined the weather of
Scotland for a number of years, and have
shown that the followinginterruptious occur
from year to year with very rare exceptions:
Six cold periods February 7 to 10, April 11 to
ii. May v to i j une a to J uiys, Augusts to lL
November 6 to 1"!.
Three warm periods July 12 to 15, August 13
to 15, December 3 to 9.
If those figures are approximately correct
for Scotland they are correct for this latitude
also. These figures are, however, based on
averages, and cannot, of course, be de
pended upon entirely, as we know that the
weather has changed vastly in late years
from what it was between 1650 and 1860.
Then we had great snow storms every win
ter and continnous sleighing and sledding
and skating from fall until .spring. The
tnrnpikes were often hidden under great
drifts of snow for weeks, while
the roadways were often on or over the
fences. That has been changed. For sev
eral years all of our great storms commenced
away up in Manitoba or toward Alaska,
which region became known by tbe name of
"Home of the Blizzard." But this winter
has changed the cyclonic direction, and tbe
great storm center now appears to be in New
Mexico and Texas, and tbe country along
the Southern tier of Stater on the Gulf is
now the focus of the wrath of the Storm
King, and people who never sawa skate or a
sled are now supplied with snow and freezing
weather, while this Northern country, which
has hitherto been the home of Jack Frost
and his brother the Snow Storm, is revelling
or sweltering in the balmy weather which
should belong to the latitude of the Gulf
The exact cause of these changes of the
isothermal lines cannot be given or approxi
mated unless the moon exerts an influence
on the tides of the air as she does with the
ocean, and if she does it with water why
not with the air? Manv great minds claim
that the moon has nothing to do "with it,
but far greater minds have .thought differ
ently. The changes of the phases of the
moon, as taken at Greenwich for a number
of years, would seem to contradict (if they
were carefully taken), scientific opinions as
to their influence on the weather. It is
claimed that the prognostications were false
once more than they were true.
THE MOON AND THE "WEATHER.
Stan v vears airo Herschel made a VMthpr
table, as a result of many years' actual ob-
serration, constructed on a due considera
tion of the attraction of the sun and moon
in their several positions respecting the
earth, which he claimed would show what
kind of weather would most probably follow
the entrance of the moon into any of its
quarters, "and that so near the truth as to
seldom or never be found to fail." Sir
William Herschel's opinions and positive
belief, alter many years' experience and ob
servation, should certainly stand as high as
,the experience ot latter day expenmentai
' ists who have not had half the experience or
fame he had.
In January last a table was made from
his data, after comparisons with the exact
time of the changes of the moon's phases,
and the predictions were for a wet season
until the 28th of December. There was here
and there a phase marked fair, but it was
the exception. Nobody will deny that this
year, almost past has been an unusually
wet, cold and damp year. Taking the
phases for the year 1890 on the sace basis,
there appears to be another season of rainy,
showery weather approaching, as the follow
ing table will show:
December 28 to February i, fair and frosty.
February 4 to March 13, rain or snow.
March 13 to March 23, fair and frosty,
Marcb 23 to April 2a, rainy and cold.
Apnl 26 to May 11, fair.
May 11 to May 28. frequent showers.
May 20 to June 17, fair.
June 17 to July 8, rain, changeable.
July 8 to July 24. fair, if wind northwest
July 24 to July 81, rainy.
July 81 to August 7, fair.
August 7 to August 29, changeable, showery.
August 28 to September 14, fair.
aeptemoer i to neptemoer m, com aaa
The prognostications for last year were in
the main correct, the experiences of the
Greenwich Observatory to the contrary not.
withstanding. If the moon has no influence
on the weather why has it on the sea? If
the observations of Sir William Herschell
200 years ago were correct, why are they not
as correct now? Last year s estimations
were in the main correct, why may not thia
year's be so likewise? The direction ofthe
wind always taken into consideration.
Herschell says his table will last for all
phases of the moon forever.
Take these two table and compare them
with the weather for the year just coming
and see how nearly they will come to prov
ing that the moon has much mysterious
power over the tides ot the air as well as of
the ocean. Greenwich says no. Herschell
says yes. Btthbalo.
THE MRESIDE SPHItfX
A Collection of Mmatical Its for '
Addrut communications for this departmmC
to E. B. Chadbourx tewUUm. Maine.
854 OJT CHRISTMAS MORIT. . '
What the three little kittens (if they werw
human) might find in their mittens.
You may affix
A variety of meanings;
"Select" with care
, Be "chary" in you gleanings.
From letter 7
In "won" or "moved" combine;
In off you see
-Select" or superfine.
856 TRANSPOSITION. y
Many total are next,
Fm clad Fm not so med?
He who third for wealth most pay
The penalty of two. they say:
But that not very oft well four
Tbe man whose want is more and mors.
857 a .FEW LOCKS.
J. What lock preserves our homes 7
2. What is tho lock of the forestr
S. What lock confines the highwaymanT
. What lock shuts the money-borrower from
5. What Is the lock of the farmer's pasture?
858 WHAT IS MY THOUGHT?
My thought is like a lion fierce,
Becao.se it loudly roars;
'Tis also like a summor shower.
Because It downward pours.
'Tis llkela glass of soda, too
It has a foamy crown:
'Tis like a poor Inebriate,
Its course is ever down.
'Tis like a man that's on tbe fence;
As shortly will be shown;
Itgoes between two countries, yet
It stops for neither one.
'Tis like tbe President because
Its fame is widely spread.
And people come lrom far and near
To see it, it Is said.
85-ctntTArLirjESTa. v U
A privilege or government v
curtail and but a dish Is meant
Again curtail and what is found
Is sometimes built in marshy ground:
Also. 'tis what you carry round,
And serves you well If it is sound.
Azain curtail, and it is fit.
Also a native famed for wit
Again, you have a tender friend.
And one who will your cause defend.
Curtail again, you have a plant;
But not again, because you can't
860 THE TRAMP'S STRATAGEM.
Four tramps applied at a farm house for
alms. "Well," said the farmer. "X have apiece)
of work that will require 200 hours ot labor.
If you want to do it 1 will pay you J20. and you
can divide tbe work and money amonz tout
selves as you see fit"
Tbe tramps agreed to this proposition.
"Now, boys," said one of the tramps, who was!
at the same time tbe laziest and tbe most Intel
ligent of the four, "there is no use of all four
ot us doing the same amount of work. Let's
draw lots to see wbo shall work the most hours
a day and who the fewest. Then let each man
work as many days as he does hours a day.
The plan being satisfactory, the lazy tramp
took good care that chance should designate)
him to do the least number of hours of work.
Now. how were the 300 hours of work allotted,
so that each tramp should work as many hours
a day as he did days, and yet so that no two
tramps should work the same nnmber of hours?
J. H. FzzAxsrx.
861 A DECEMBER TDTL.
Alas! Alas! What shall I dor
Fartoomanya one I two;
With gloomy clonds my sky's o'ercast,
For New Year's Day is coming fast
Over tbe total I hate to skip.
And Canada's too cold a trio:
If I remain sad situation!
I'm sure to lose my reputation.
One thing I've gained, bard work to earn ife
A lesson learned, thoucb. bard to learn it:
ir o'er this crisis safe I'm tided.
On other course I am decided.
No more I'll buy for fashion's sake.
And only needful debts will make;
Never again Til try to tiorrow.
It only brings regret and sorrow.
M. c. WooDTona.
862 A BIRD.
A river caught an animal
And fastened it behind:
Tbe animal took a part ot a house.
And then the three combined
Boon formed a bird.
or which youve heard.
One of the wading kind.
September 21 to September 28, fair.
September 28 to October 13, changeable.
October 18,to November 4." fair, frosty.
" November 4 to December 4, rain or snow.
Pseombsr t to Dwesabw X, fate aed frosty.
THE NOVEMBER COMPETITION.
Prize winner 1. Mighty Mack; Pittsburg.
2. F. K. Konlgsberg. New York. 3, Daisy
Roll of Honor Wm. Hughes. D. D. I, Mag.
So tienaerson, rairman. inos.iiarry.il. K. T-1
J. a Balls, M. D. P., Jennie H. Coan, Jonolri
845 "A cake eaten in peace Is worth two hi,
o47 Meal, amef, EUm, lame, male, learn.
... r-" a
850-Tbe letter U. "-- 'f- .
851 L The candidate (candid eight)4 of fetS
cuunok . iwiujuuau xwjueo,jou nvi,1
852 Dead-head. ,'
853 Trap, part
Tbe Unfinished Htaeklao
Lay it aside ber work: no more she sits
joy open window in tne western tun.
Auiniting ox wis ana teas Deiov
In silence as she knits. J
fn h.lVUV.. V
No more she welcomes at the co&ge door ,'&i 1
Lay It aside: the needles in theiree;
No more she welcomes at the p.oAir
The ctalne of her children home ones mor
With lMt and tairfnt f mil
Lay it asidher work is done and weiit
A generotusympathetlc. Christian life;
A faithful mother and a noble wlf ot
Her Influence who can tell r
Lay It aside say pother work is done;
No deed ot love or goodness ever dies.t-4 '
Bat in the Una nt Mhn mnltlnllpit
rHiitt. . :-i1S!6.. J.. , t