Newspaper Page Text
m BLACK KNIGHTS.
BHly Edwards Discusses the Com-
parative Merits of
IWHITE AND COLORED PUGILISTS.
phe Approaching Combat Between Sullivan.
SfPKOBABILITT OP A MEGRO CHAMPION
luiunur Ton in msri.tch.5
John L. Sullivan,
list, and Peter
Jackson, the Aus
tralian negro sl
ant, who lately
Smith, the cham
pion of England,
has brought to the
questions of inter
est to the sporting
world. It would
certainly be an
event in the history of the prize ring in this
country if, after all the triumphs won by
Americans in this special field of skilled
athletics here and abroad, the laurels were
to be handed over to a necro who had fairly
earned them by his superior skill, prowess .
t Jln a majority of cases pugilists begin their
actaal experience early in life, and soon
reach the zenith of their powers. I should
;' jsay that 25 years is the average age at which
Vtaey reach their fistic prime; although there
ft are, of course, notable exceptions where a
v (man is even better after that age than at
any time of his life. Still, the rule holds
ivf good that for a pugilist who, like most men
l, -tin his profession, has begun early, say at 16
vor 17, the maximum of his powers is at
Atained in eight or ten years there
inafter at the very farthest I have
known many young fellows in En
eland who had fought 20 battles before they
reached their prime. Of course, where a
man's life is full of such experiences he
matures physically all the faster and is the
sooner worn out.
Sullivan, I "think, was at his best five or
six years ago, when he met Dominick Mc
Caffrey and Charley Mitchell. He was then
jyuabont'25 years of age. Both Mitchell and
McGiTrey were good men, the former being
thn cleverest of his class who ever cams to
this country from England. He gave Sulli-
van jthe best fi;ht he ever had, both in box
ing in New York and when they met in the
prize ring near Chantilly, in Prance.
! WTZ.Ii SUZ.Z.IVAN- JiAST?
Sullivan began at the age of 16 or 17. He
has had many experiences crowded into the
, rears since then, and it is difficult to under-
stand how he could be qnite as good a man
as when be was nt his natural prime, half a
dozen years since; yet he might easily be
4 the best man in America. At the age of 40
he will be merely a wreck.
The qnestion has otten been asked: Has
the negro the grit and the staying qualities
'of the white pugilist? Can he stand the
punishment and face the music as well, and
: , is he his eqnal in skill? I know of no reason
why a colored fighter would not possess all
of these qualities. There have been several
noted pugilists of color at different times
who have made surprising records.
One of the earliest and best was Thomas
Molineux, who was called In England "The
Morocco Prince," and who won nine battles
in his day. Another was Bob Travers.whose
real name was Charley Black. Travers won
everything before him until he was beaten
by Job Cobley in 1856. He was afterward
j defeated by Jem Mace in 1866. There was
j& another M'olineux who fought eight battles.
f, &tiu anotner good tighter was George
Pierce. All were tremendous hitters. Bill
Bichmond was an American colored
pugilist, a native of this State, who won
half a dozen good battles, his most famous
fight being with Tom Cribb in England,
which he lost after a two hours' battle.
George Godfrey, who lately distinguished
himself by putting Jack Ashton to sleep, is
another negro pugilist of more than the
average prowess. His victory over Ashton,
who was the traveling and boxing mate of
Sullivan, was something of a surprise.
Ashton bad scored some capital triumphs,
N beating Dick Collier, the "English heavy
weight, fighting Jake Kilrain, and defeat
ing Joe Lannon. Godfrey, on the other
hand, had been badly worsted by Peter
Jackson, who is now to meet Sullivan.
These facts afford an idea of the fighting
'qualities of the negro in the 24-foot ring.
Bob Travers I remember well. He was
very clever, and used to fight at ten stone
two pounds, or about 144 pounds. Mervine
Thompson is a mulatto, who has had a good
many encounters, and who was beaten only
alew days ago by a bigger and more power
ful negro. These were all game men.
'. Jr JACKSON'S STATING QUALITIES.
As to Jackson, who is to be Sullivan's op
ponent in the roped arena, Tdon't think
..anybody has ever questioned his gamenets.
He , has shown it on .several notable occa
sions. In Melbourne be was beaten by Jack
Farnam, a white pugilist, after having the
fightall his own way for six rounds; but
unlessjane knows what caused him to go to
"X pieces after the sixth round, it would not be
quileVjnstifiable to say that he was not a
good staying fighter. Hs is undoubtedly a
clever man and has a phenomenal reach.
Thej:hances are that he will give Sullivan
nseobd a fight as anv man who has ever
stood up before him. Jackson showed his
guying qualities as well as his cleverness
. vrben .he fought Jem Smith, the English
' 'champion, in London. In that match his
affpertorlreach-told effectively after the first
round, for Jackson took a commanding lead
in the second and kept it all the way
through, until Smith threw him.giving him
the match on a foul, which he would have
won any way.
-X regard superiority in height and reach
as of the greatest advantage to a pugilist.
Other things weight, skill, endurance and
condition being equal, the difference in
height and the consequent advantage in
reach will tell heavily in favor of the taller
man. This, however, is the only point
where a big man has the advantage over a
shorter one. He reaches farther, and It he
be equally clever and scientific it is obvious
that the greater reach will make all the dif
ference between the two.
"eight is not of so much importance as
Ttiamelmannein a fight. Take anv eood-
Saixea man oi aoo or w pvuuus, auu uz u at
to fight almost anything under ordinary
conditions. Tom Sayers, one of the best
men in the world, was only -5J4 feet high
and weighed 166 pounds when in condition.
Jem Mace, who was 5 feet SU inches in
height, weighed 150 pounds in his best days,
when he scored all his famous victories. I
hare seen him box when he was much
heavier, but it was later in life, when he
was getting old and far beyond his prime as
a pugilist. He weighed about 150 pounds
when he defeated Travers and Beardon.
A BIO PftlZE.
The purses offered by the California Ath
letic Club to bring about the meeting be
tween Sullivan and Jackson is a big and
tempting one; but the magnificence of the
figure is not surprising under the circum
stances. The club is well able to offer such
premiums. It has over 1,200 members
nearly all wealthy men and if the members
alone were to take but a single $5 ticket
apiece, $6,000 would be raised without an
effort. Four times that amount would not
put a strain on the club.
In 10 years there has been few material
changes in the methods of the prize-ring.
Gloves are now more frequently used and
Queensberry rules prevail at the matches.
Fighters go in for "knocking out" more
than they did previously, and they take
greater chances than before. I regard
"knocking out" as an undesirable featnre
in the sport It might not be fair to say
that there is not so much real science ex
hibited nowadays as was formerly the. case,
but it is undeniable that the use of skin
tight gloves as a substitute for bare hands
has led to a much rougher style of fighting.
If pugilists had only their bare knuckles to
fight with they would not go at each other
so viciously, and the result would be a
more scientific display. Ton can cut
harder with a gloveand inflict more damage
than with the bare fist, saving your own
hand meanwhile, for the glove is a protec
And so in proportion, with a four-ounce
glove more chances are taken than with a
skin-tight glove. Each man knows that he
is capable of inflicting more damage on his
opponent with less risk to himself than if he
had no gloves, and the result is that it be
comes dangerous fighting when the avowed
Eurpose is to knock your man out. It would
ean improvement on prevalent methods
to use less force and more generalship and
not to lose sight of the scientific aspect of
the sport in the desire to overcome an op
ponent As an illustration of the danger a
?ugilist incurs when be indulges this desire
may mention the case of McCaffrey when
he fought Farrell in Philadelphia recently.
McCaffrey went in to win with a rush, and be
fought so fiercely that he lost his self-control
and the match. A cool head is every
thing in a fight He made a rush for Far
rell, intending to settle him at the outset,
but the latter'kept perfectly cool, and soon
had the fight in hand. All pugilists lose
caste by defeat
ANOTHER GOOD MAN.
pempseyis another good man who has
won many a bard fight and who now, owing
to his defeat by I.a Blanche, the Marine,
has dropped down a peg in the ladder of
pugilistic fame. Yet until the close he had
the best of the encounter with La Blanche.
Ihe latter proved to have the greater en
durance, and therefore won the battle.
There is no doubt that the fight between
Sullivan and Jackson, should it come off,
will be an exciting and hotly-contested one
between two game men, each' possessing fine
physical qualities to fit them for such a con
test. Few of the later battles 'between
heavy-weights have been fought through to
the entire satisfaction of sporting men. I
think the best fight I ever witnessed was
that between Bryan and Sam Collyer, at
Aquia Creek, Va, in 1867. I have seen
many a well-fought battle, "but that was the
gamest, squares! match of them all. The
coming "mill"may be jnst such another
if the men are in condition and everything
is arranged satisfactorily. In any case, and
whoever wins, the battle is certain to be one
of the most interesting events that has ever
occurred in the 'history of the American
prize ring. William Edwabds.
The best selected stock of diamonds,
watches, jewelry, sterling silver, silver
plated ware, canes, umbrellas, clocks,
bronzes, statuary, marble and onyx clocks,
tables, etc .No old stock, all new styles
purchased this season. Call and see our
goods and prices. M. G. Cohen, Diamond
Expert and Jeweler, formerly cor. Fifth
ave. and Market st, now 533 Smithfield st
Yon can't miss the place. The only street
clock: on elmitbneld street, in front of the
Mexican onyx clocks and tables, marble
clocks, bronzes, statuary, silverware, etc, at
greatly reduced prices at Mi G. Cohen's.
533 Smithfield st Big clock in front of the
Novelties in stick pins and gipsy rings
at M. G. Cohen's, 533 Smithfield st Large
street clock in front of door.
M. G. Cohen, Diamond Expert and Jew
eler, formerly cor. Fifth avc and Market
st, now 533 Smithfield st Large street
clock in front of the door.
1S58. Holmes' Brit.
The test of 31 years nse
trials bave given this standard brand ot
pure whisky an unrivaled reputation in pro
fessional, scientific and non-professional
circles. It is of high and unvarying excel
lence, and always dependable. We are
now burnishing onr patrons with all brands
of champagne, imported brandies, cordials
and liquors, and have constantly in stock
bitters and table waters.
W. H. Holmes & Son,
120 Water st and 158 First ave.
The most healthful winter drinks are ale
and porter. Z. Wainwright & Co.'s brew is
the best Telephone 5525. nsu
jJl wE Li,
ETERT DAT SCIENCK
An Expert's Opinion on the Causes of
Fires and Their Prevention.
BRICK IS THE BEST FOR BOILDIH GS.
Popular Sensitiveness With Regard to
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL NOTES
irnxrAEiD rpn ira dispatch.'.
Readers of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
Mr. Edward Atkinson, who is an author
ity on fire protection, states, apropos of the
Boston fire, that in the construction of
buildings preference may well be given to
brick, it having already successfully passed
through trials by fire. Granite is one of
the most nnsafe materials, being filled with
hygroscopic wate? in the pores of the stone,
which is converted into steam by moderate
heat, thereby reducing the stone to sand,
and quickly destroying the bearing surfaces
between the blocks by rounding oil each
corner of each separate stone. Marble is
also a very nnsafe material, being reduced
by heat to lime. A good quality sandstone
may stand fire a little longer, but there
is nothing equal to brick. Cast iron girders
are absolutely unfit to use, unless buried in
concrete, so that the heat of a fire cannot
reach them. Cast iron pillars are exceed
ingly treacherous, and may well be pro
tected by aby of the customary non-heat-conducting
materials which are in use for
that purpose. According to actual ex
perience, about one-fifth of the losses by fire
are dne to causes which cannot be foreseen
and guarded against with due regard to
economy in construction. The other four
fifths are due to bad construction, want of
protection, careless occupancy and criminal
In spile of all that has been seen of other
building material brick is still and is likely
to remain the favorite building material.
There is nothing except a Wedgewood cru
cible that will withstand fire nearly as well,
and the smoothness and sharpness with
which bricks for fronts can be produced
with cheapness and dispatch puts this ma
terial further in the lead of its competitors
in their respective processes. Iron is con
fessedly unfit for building purposes where
it may be exposed to the weather or fire,
and is going rapidly out of use. Stone win
always have its uses in combination with
brick and terra cotta, but stone will not
weather any better in this climate than
well-burned brick. Egypt, the land of all
others where stone was most available, de
pended on the use of brick mainly. Along
with her ruins of stone are yet to be seen
imposing piles of brick, and sun-baked
brick at that, not more time-worn than the
massive stones around them. While the
sun-baked brick of the cities of Assyria un
der the damp hot climate becomes, in course
of ages, shapeless mounds, the kiln-baked
face bricks are as sharp and clean as ever,
and testify to the indestructibility of a well
The Future of Engineering.
Sir John Coode, at the last meeting of the
Institution ot Civil Engineers, England,
made some very significant and instrnctive
remarks on the enormous developments ot
engineering which are likely to take place
in the near future, and signs oi which are
now daily apparent He pointed out that
when mechanical and scientific appliances
of all kinds became part of the daily life of
a nation,'the established system of educa
tion must be profoundly modified. While
paying attention ta those elements which
are necessary for training good citizens, it
will become essential that'almost everyone
should know 'something of science and its
applications. In fact, even at present, a
year or two in an engineering establishment
of some kind, or a manufacturing concern,
would be a useful addition to the experi
ence of all men, whatever sphere they pro
pose to take up eventually.
A Dayllclit Reflector.
The difficulty of securing sufficient light in
the offices of many of our business buildings
isso great as in frequent instances to require
gas or electric light to be constantly used,
yet this may be often overcome by the use
of suitable reflectors to throw the light in
the direction where it is needed. A reflec
tor has been brought out which claims to
meet these requirements. It is placed be
neath any window skylight or grating so as
to receive on its face the natural light, and
at such angles as will project that light for
ward into any apartment that may need it
It is said that the light so obtained is mel
low and restful to the eyes, and that it not
only conduces to general health and com
fort, but effects a considerable saving
in artifi cial light. The reflector is chem
ically prepared and presents a silver-plated
corrugated ssrface, the durability of which
Mites In Brno.
Sometimes when bran is -stored during
the summer for winter use it will become
infested with small white creatures about the
size of a pin's head. They are almost im
perceptible to the naked eye, and although
frequently there are myriads of them in
the bran, they can be discovered only on
very close examination. These insects are a
species of the flour mite, and to destroy
them the bran must be put into a bin that
can be tightly covered along with an open
vessel containing bisulphide of carbon, in
sufficient quantity to completely fill.the bin
witn a aense oaor. anis vapor will
descend and diffuse itself through the bran,
and destroy all the animal life present
Bran that has bean treated in this way must
be exposed to the air until the odorous gas
has entirely disappeared before being used
A New Fog Slcnnl Gnn.
Guns have been used for some years with
most satisfactory results for fog signaling on
the Swedish coast Their signals have been
heard as far as 12 nautical miles, which is
probably a greater distance than the signal
from a siren can be heard. A new gan has
just been made and stationed at Holmo
tiadd, in bween, which is capable of firing
trom 20 to 30 shots a minute, having breech-
loading mechanism. It will thus be possi
ble to fire letters according to the Morse
alphabet, one shot being a dot and two shots
close together a dash. This svstem of sig
naling admits of considerable development,
and in all probability more will be heard or
it It is claimed that the gun will stand
some 40.000 shots, and the cost per shot, ex
clusive of powder, will be, calculating the
initial cost of the gnn, about 4 cents.'
Tho Charring of Wood by Stenm.
If there has been any doubt remaining
that wood touching a steam pipe is liable to
be charred, if not ignited, by the heat oT the
steam, that point would now be set at rest
by inspection of the trench recently dug in
Broadway by the Steam Power Company.
The wooden coverings of the pipes, which
had been buried for several years under
ground, were, when removed Tound to be
converted into charcoal' on the inside to the
depth of half an inch or more. In bnildings
the woodwork in the immediate vicinity
of live steam pipes should be protected as
carefully as about stovepipes and hot air
The Gni Jet at a Ventilator.
Gas jets may be made important auxiliar
ies to ventilation. Inserted in the bottom
of air shafts, they establish active currents
which withdraw the vitiated air, sad may
be made specially useful in overcrowded
apartments. A cubio foot of illuminating
gas can be.utilized so as to cause the' dis
charge of 1,000 cubio feet of air, and a com
mon gas burner will consume nearly three
feet of gas an hour, bo that the quantity of
contaminated air that would be extracted
from an apartment during that time would
be 3.000 feet Bv suitable contrivances, gas
lights, the effects of which are but too often
pernicious, may not" only become self-ventilating,
carrying off their own impurities,
but may be also made to contribute materi
ally to the purification of the air of in
The Electric WIro Senrr.
London has been suffering from an elec
tric light scare on account of the Boston fire,
and it is gravely asserted by the English
papers that if the fire had happened before
the contracts for lighting a large part of the
city by electricity had been made, gas
would have been used for that purpose for
another decade. The investigation into the
cause of the fire, which shows that electric
ity had nothing to do with it, recalls
another recent fire, that of Dr. Talmage's
Tabernacle, in which the electric wires
were made the scapegoat of the mischief,
until the switchboard was found in the
ruins, and. it was then discovered that it
was the only thing in the whole building
that was not affected by the fire.
New Treatment of Hole.
Hairy moles on the face are now being
successfully treated by the nse of sodium
ethylafc The hairs are cut off as closely
as possible, and the moles are painted with
the sodium ethvlate, a fine glass rod being
used. When the mole has a varnished look
the ethylate is gently rubbed in with the
glass rod, to make it penetrate more deeply
into the hair follicles. The mole turns
nearly black, and a hard crust forms over
it, which is nearly three weeks in becom
ing detached. When it comes off the mole
is much lighter than before, and the treat
ment can be continued until the mark is
'Antomntle Egg Boiler.
An ingenious little device has just ap
peared which will put an end to one, at,
least, of the troubles by which the soul of
the housewife is vexed. This consists of the
antomatio boiler, a little clock, which can
stand'on the range, with its face divided
into fonr spaces of a minute each. Setting
the pointer at the minute or fraction which
is required, the eggs, contained in a wire
basset suspended trom a lever connected
with the clock, remain in the boiling water
the required length of time, when a ratchet
is unlatched and the wire basket is lifted
out of the water.
An ingenious machine for wrapping
oranges hails from Oneida county. It will
wrap in paper 2,500 oranges an hour. It is
compact and handy, being three feet long by
three feet high, and eighteen inches wide.
The fruit passes from a cylinder down a
slide, one at a time, into a wire cup, which
opens and drops the orange on a square
piece of paper cut by the machine from a
roller, then passes through an aperture,
which wraps the paper and trims it, .and
then it passes on to the carrier. Ihe opera
tion is both simple and rapid.
Utilization of Smelting Refuse.
A very pretty industry has arisen in Col
orado, where the slags obtained from the
gold, silver and copper smelting works are
smelted and poured into molds. The re
sult is a peculiar kind of metallio glass,
verv light and very strong, which lends
itself to innumerable designs and to
varied coloring, and out of which extremely
beautiful vessels are made.
The Rlomaeh n a Drag Shop.
That is what many people, particularly those
troubled with biliousness and constipation,
make of It. Haphazard and Inconsiderate
dosing are simply snicldaL For the two ail
ments above named, Hostetter Stomach Bit
ters is a fnlly adequate specific.-as well as a
'remedy for dyspepsia, rheumatism, malarial
and kidney complaints.
A Two Days' Wonder.,
There will be counters upon counters of
clothing sold on Monday and Tuesday, and
we want to sell more during the next two
days than anv other house in Pittsburg. We
nave mancea prices that will draw the
crowds. Monday we are open until 9
o'clock, and Tuesday until 11 o'clock even
ings to accommodate our patrons. Be sure
and call as the bargains are simply im
mense. $10 overcoits and suits for men, such
as you have never seen before, at that price.
Ask to see the Daisy overcoat at $10. Begular
price for the Daisy is 520 to $22, ours is $10.
Also see the fine line of chinchilla and
kersey overcoats at $S and $10.
P. C. O. C, cor. Grant and Diamond sts.,
opp. the new Court House.
Uiefal nnd Entertaining.
The stock of George Kappel, 77 Fifth
ave., is especially selected for the Holiday
Trade, and consists of everything found in a
first-class Mnsical Instrument establish
ment An inspection of the goods and prices
is invited, and our word for it, you will be
delighted and astonished at the complete
and handsome variety. You will find it a
pleasure to make a selection, to say nothing
of the reasonable prices. 12,22
Wedding Present Filly Tears Age.
. Time changes even the love tokens with
which brides are blessed: Among Queen
Victoria's presents was a barrel of malt
whisky; to-day she is a hale old lady.
The royal family and clubmen of every
nation drink this same whisky. It is the
product of one distillery, and is sold only
in Pittsburg by a nephew of the donor, 'John
.No charge for packing. Send registered
letter or money order for the (Medical
Wonder) Prince Begent whisky. Address
Half Century Liquor House, 523 Liberty
street, jfittsburg, ira.
Mention this paper.
A beautif ul panel entitled as above will
be presented tq each purchaser of one pound
of tea, one pound of baking powder, or two
pounds of coffee at all our stores, every day
until Christmas. Don't fail to get one, and
our excellent teas, coffees and baking pow
der for the entertainment of vour friends.
G2EAT Atlantic akd Eaoxbto Tea. Co
B. & B."
Often said before "Bead our.display ad.
in this paper" read to-day's and see what
you tnins. soogs & buhl.
P. S. Store open evenings.
1858. Holmes' Best. 1880.
Both chemists and -physicians in'dorse the
purity and good quality of this standard
brand of whisky. We.have also in stock a
magnificent line of fine champagnes, wines,
cordials, imported brandies, liquors, bitters
and table waters.
W. H. Holmes & Son.
120 Water street and 158 Eirst avenue.
Cloth, plush and fur shoulder capes in
endless variety, very greatly reduced in
prices. HtjigJ8 & HACKE.
Our common sense stools, 'painted or un
finished, now delivered on short notice.
P. C. SCHOENECKJ fal Liberty street
Onr large, five-story warehouse.turnedtnto
retail rooms. Nothing like it in the city.
Come and see the furniture - displaced
therein. M.- SBTBEKT & Co., Allegheny.
A Fine 611k Umbrella
Either in gold or silver "handle; makes an
elegant Christmas present Large stock,
lowest prices, at Haach's Jewelry Store,
Xo.29B2,iftk a vmm.
Key. George Hodges Emphasizes the
Pressing Heed of tho'
CHRISTMAS SPIRIT IN FAMILIES.
Mistakes oi Parents in Their Treatment
WHY. SOME MAREIAGES ARE FAILURES
nVBHTXS TOE TOTS DISPATCH.!
EThe glory faded away out of the Christ
mas sky, the echoes of the angels' song grew
faint and ceased, and the shepherds hurried
into Bethlehem. And running through the
dark streets, following their wonderful
guest, they found light at last in the stable
of the village inn, and there saw Mary and
Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.
The painters have made two kinds of
Christmas pictures out of this scene. Some
have idealized it into an impossible stateli
ness and beauty. The stalls of the stable
are carved like the stalls of a cathedral; the
manger is adorned with splendid ornamen
tation; around the head of the Christ-child
is a glowing nimbus which lights up the
faces of the approaching shepherds; Joseph
and Mary, with folded hands, are kneeling
in adoration. But) that is not what the
They are nearest to the truth who have
made the picture very simple, very plain
and very homely a stable with the poor
peasant people and their little baby. I sup
pose that the homeliness and simplicity of
the scene can hardly be exaggerated. In
looked the shepherds tin-ouch the stable
uoor, and saw, a real, human family a
father, a mother and a little child.
Of all pictures of the holy family, the one
I like best is a "Plight Into Egypt'' by
Van Dyck, There are mg,re beautiful pic
tures. There are pictures with adoring
angels, and with little rherubs rollicking
about np in the sky in the background.
But the charm of this picture is that it is so
perfectly human and natural and real.
Tbe mother is resting by the roadside, the
baby lies upon her breastasleep, and behind
comes up the father, very gentlv so as not to
wake the baby a loving father, a tender
mother, and a little new-born baby. It is
the symbolic picture of the family.
A HOLY IAM1LT.
It is Vorth thinking about that at the
center of the associations which hallow this
Christmas season; at the center, that is, of
the holiest associations of our religion, is
sucn a scene as this: Mary and Joseph, and
the babe lying in a manger a holy family.
The future of both state and church waits
upon the future of the family. The state is
but an association of families, and the
church, too, is but an association of families.
The future of this country, political and re
ligious, rests upon the character of the men
and women of the future. And these men
and women are to-day the bovs and girls,
and their character is daily being deter
mined by the influence of the family.
Thedfscussion as to the failure of mar
riage is ominous, for the failure of marriage
would mean a break-down of the strongelt
influences which go to make good Chris
tians and good citizens. I am afraid that
it cannot be denied that there are elements
in our modern life which conspire to weaken
the influence of the family. Take only the
notable instance of the modern loss of
leisure. There is nothing to-day so old-
fashioned as leisure. Leisure seems to be
fast vanishing out of our cotemporary life.
If Baphael were to-day to paint the
"Hours," they would be no dreamy, danc
ing, graceful women, but eager runners in
a race, straining every nerve in a swift rush
for an unseen goal. We are all in a hurry.
The men' are in a business hurry; the women
are in a social and domestic hurry. And
harry, destroying leisure, threatens greatly
the -quiet, gentle, strengthening influence of
w e cannot cnange me character or tne
age. Perhaps we would not desire very
greatly to cnange it, even to slacken its
speed. .But we do well to recognize the
danger which the spirit of the times opposes
to the welfare of the family. It is a good
thing for. ns to be brought up, once a yar,
before this beautiful ideal of a holy family.
We want this whole land to be full of holy
families. And I desire, accordingly, taking
advantage of the associations which gather
about this Christmas week, to consider with
you certain qualities which go to make np
household holiness. I select to-day one
among many. A holy family will be marked
by its Christian courtesy. I use the adject
ive "Christian" as suggesting a quality
which it is difficult to express in words. It is
equivalent to a succession of superlatives. It
means tbe first, the best, and something more
added. It is the ideal. I can think of
nothing finer to say of a man than that he is
a Christian. Whatever is Christian is done
in His spirit in whom earth and heaven
A holy family will be ihe abode of Chris
There is little use telling people to love
each other. Love pays small heed to ser
mons. Love cannot be made to order, can
not be commanded into being. Love grows.
Bnt it may be not impertinent and not uri
useful to suggest certain conditions nnder
which love will grow best And the special
condition which I select now for emphasis
is the presence of the spirit of courtesy..-
uourtesy is tne ritual ot love. Jbove
needs an outward manifestation and sym
bolizing just as much as religion does. The
religions spirit is nourished and strength
ened by the beauty and stateliness of the
sanctuary, and by the solemnity and rever
ence of the service. Even prayer, the high
est expression of the religious spirit, is
helped by the homely act of kneeling down.
The body aids the mind. The outward and
visible minister to the inward and invisible.
Thft hnlw familw flAf.rtTHlni.lt. to nnA in
... .-. .. - ----. -.-"-.
wnicn unristian courtesy voices and inter-
YTItA InvA T An tint Trrtnrloi- flint nma mai I
riages are failures when I observe the condi
tions under which the wedded life goes on.
A tree would prove a failure, even tbe tough
est oak, if it were planted amqpg the rocks,
on the aide of a hill where tbe winds blew
strongest and then were hacked into, a few
inches every day, with a sharp hatchet
THE TJTTEBANCE3 OP LOVE.
Courtesy is love speaking. Even love,
throueh lone silence, will trrow dumb. Love
needs expression. Courtesy is the naturaL
language ot anection. w courtesy l mean
what St Paul means in the last chapters of
most of his epistles, and what our Lord
means in His exhortations to neighborly and
brotherly love. I mean unselfishness, will
ingness to make sacrifices, forbearance, gen
tleness, thoughtfulness, consideration tor the'
feelings of others. The Bible is fall of bid
dings to such gracious behavior. Courtesy,
I would say, is au essential part ot the
blessed Gospel. Sor courtesy isthe Bpirit of
the Gospel carried into daily lite and made
Lack'of courtesy is perhaps most visible
in the modern home in tbe attitude of pa
rents toward their children. It is, of course.
sufficiently apparent in the conduct of the
fathers and mothers toward each other.
Here too often familiarity is suffered to push
its impertinent way in and to drive courtesy
out But in this blessed season, when our
thoughts are centered about the little child,
I take occasion to remark especially upon
the frequent absence of courtesy in the rela
tion of parents toward their children.
A good many fathers and mothers we
may as well say the truth about it frankly
and distinctly a good many fathers and
mothers do not appear to think it necessary
iur mew lu uq pome vo laeir cuuuicu. .1110
duty of the politeness of children to their
parents is sufficiently insisted upon, but
otten this insisting fails for lack of the effi
cient enforcement ot example. Preaching
avails little without practicing.
I like to think of our Lord's courtesy to
children. I like to think of how the Master,
with His arm abont a little child, taught
the Messed lesson, of humility and trust, ,
WeVHHto m. He said, if their aagels who
are forever beholding the face of ok Heav
enly -Father have mesa?M to csrrr nn
above of injustice, df neglect, of offense, of
wrong, aone down bere below.
If SOmebodv cnnlrl trn nhnnl and fake n.
series of instantaneous photographs 'of hap
penings in nurseries and dining rooms and
parlors, and paste these real pictures around
the margin of some of the lovely pictures of
onr Lord and the children Christ and the
little child in the middle, and Christians
ana little children all around the edges
what a contrast! What a singular combin
ation of text and comment!
A CHRISTMAS LESSON.
One of the blessed Christmas lessons is
that the Christ-child lies in every cradle
and grows up in every home. "Inasmuch
as ye have done it' you know whatthe
rest of the sentence is. What we do for the
least child we do for Him. Every mother
is another Mary, with the Christ-child in
her care. When tbe father or mother is
angry or impatient, it is the Christ-child
who suffers. The little child who is hu
miliated by his mother's reproof in the
presence ot strangers is the Christ-child.
The little tired traveler who is hurried cry
ing along he street, with his hand in some
body's cross and impatient, pulling grasp, is
the Christ-child. The little questioner who
gets no answer except his mother's rnde and
ill-mannered command to keep still is tbe
Christ-child. The little innocent, credu
lous soul to whom people tell lies and. make
promises which they have no idea of keep
ing, and threats which they have no inten
tion of carrying ont, is the Christ-child.
It is a wonder that some children love
some parents. It is a wonder that some
children have any fineness of character left,
after a childhood in which every delicate in
stinct has been outraged, and the finer side
of character persistently marred and broken.
Thank God for the homes where love
dwells, and manifests itself in courtesy;
wnere gentleness, nnseinsnness, forbearance,
mutualconsideratidu prevail; where parents
win their children's love by loving their
children, and gain courtesy by giving cour
tesy. Thank God for homes where the love
of the father and the tenderness of the
mother make the children understand the
tenderness and love of God, and where the
joy of home is a symbol of the joy of heaven.
How to Cure a Cold.
Dr. X. Bader, of Pulton, Kan., says: "I
have been practicing medicine for 27 years.
Many times I have prescribed Chamber
lain's Cough Kemedy and do not believe it
has an equal in the market" It is a certain
cure for coughs, colds and hoarseness. It is
a splendid expectorant It contains no
opium, chloroform or any injnrious sub
stance, SO cents per bottle. Sold by E. G.
Stuckey, Seventeenth and Twenty-fourth
streets, Penn avenue and corner Wylie ave
nue and Fulton street, by Msrkell Bros.,
corner Penn and Prankstown avenues, by
Theo. E. Ihrig, 3610 Fifth avenue and by
Carl Hartwig, Butler street, Pittsburg, hnd
in Allegheny City, byE. E. Heck, 72 and
194 Federal street, and Thomas B, Morris,
corner Hanover and Preble avenues. Fred
H. Effgers, 172 Ohio street; F. H. Egeers &
Son, Ohio and Chestnut streets. TTStt
To Ibe West Tla B. fc O.
New and handsome r ullman sleepers are
run through without change via the B. &
O. B. E. from Pittsburg to Cincinnati and
Chicago, on the train leaving Pittsbnrg
daily at 750 p. ir., arriving Cincinnati next
morning at 6:55 and Chicago at 10:55.
The route is via Wheeling and Benwood.
At the latter point the Chicago sleeper is at
attached to the vestibule limited and break
fast is served in tb,e dining car as the train
These trains make connection at Cincin
nati and Chicago with all lines leading be
yond those citiej. If you contemplate a trip
to the West or South, try the B. & O. route.
Information in regard to rates of fare, etc.,
will be cheerfully furnished by ticket agents
B. & O. E. K. or by E. D. Smith, Division
Passenger Agent, cor. Wood street and
Fifth avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. "
The Christmas Piano of the Everett Club
Delivered to Certificate No. 244.
Keep the name quiet until after Christ
mas. We haven't time now to say much
about it, except that our three-story build
ing at 137 Federal, and onr large warehonse
at 31 Federal street, are both fall np to the
brim with pianos and organs, and "Oh"
what a time we will have getting the ones
sold for Christmas delivered on time. How
ever, wagons are plenty, and we have enough
pianos to supply the whole town, so come on
and make your selection. The pianos will
sound their own praises, and our prices will
convince you that our system of buying in
large quantities utterly destroys competition,
Alex Boss, Music House,
137 Federal street, Allegheny.
Pittsbnrg and Lake Erie Railroad.
Holiday excursion tickets will be sold to
points on the P. & L. E. and principal
points on the N. Y. P. & O. and Lake Shore
and Michigan Sonthern, from Toungstown
to Erie and Toledo inclusive, at excursion
rates December 24, 25 and 31 and January 1,
good for return until January 3. Tickets
will be sold to points on the P., McK. & Y.
and McK. & B.'V. B. B., December 21 to
31 inclusive, and January 1, good for return
nntil January 4, inclusive, at excursion
1S3S. Holmes' Best. 18S9.
Indorsed by scientific men, Government
officials and a host of patrons as the purest
and best brand in the market It is a brand
that is always maintained at a high and uni
form standard of excellence.
W..H. Holmes & Sox.
120 Water street and 153 First avenue.
The finest and largest selection of genuine
old Whiskies, Brandies' and Wines ever
offered to the trablic, at Wm. J.Friday's,
633 Smithfield st Telephone 1189. Store
open Monday and Tuesday nights, 23d and
FIFTY pairs slightly soiled country
blankets at 4U percent reduction to close
nuoua & HACKE.
Highest prices paid for ladies' or
gents' cast-6fT clothing at De Haan's Big
6, Wylie ave. Call or send by mail, -wstr
Fuenittjre rcupholstered and repaired.
Mattresses mado and renovated.
Hauoh & Keenax,
, Telephone 1626. 33 and 34 Water st
Buy n Wmch for the Boy.
Good reliable watch for $4 at Hauch's
Jewelry Store, No. 295 Fifth avenue.
Have Ton Dlnde IToar Purchase f
If not, select a piece of furniture from the
following list, as Christmas is almost here :
Seaside rockers, -Moorish
Botary book cases,
Bric-a-brac pedestals, Shell chairs,
Butler's trays, ,
Curtain cases, i
Yon are respectfully invited to call at
warerooBM. P. O. Schobsbck,
TBBa 711 Liberty street
A1TISTS ANB AT WORKS,
MlSS Jessie Mooke exhibits a painting at
Yousg's this week. The subject represents a
youne girl standing beside a gate, a style of
work which she appears to greatly favor.
Ax excellently painted and rather cleverly
executed still-life consisting of a violin and
some sheet music, the work of Miss Jennings,
a pupil of the Pittsburg Art School, Is shown
AS interesting exhibit at Young's.wnlch will
soon be removed to tbe Hotel Schlosser, is In
the form of a large square ot woven tapestry,
jnst arrived from the Paris Exposition. Tbe
subject is a scene in one of tbe cantons of Nor
mandy, in which a small stream Is seen flowing
between some picturesque bnildings. Tbe time
is in midwinter; bnt for all that tbe pictnre is a
very cheerf nl one, as the figure of a man Is seen
at work, and a number of chickens are at the
bant of the stream, while some geese are
swimming upon its surface.
THEjot is a very pretty little "Hetzel"
shown at Boyd's this week; In which the artist
has condensed the material that might easily
have formed the sublectof a laree painting.
nntil it occupies a canvas much smaller than
he usually takes with him on his sketching
expeditions. Tbe view U taken on the edge of
a woods locking out over the fields, and It is a
characteristic example of Mr. Hetzel's work,
with the exception of tbe distant hills, which.
In their coldness and lack of atmospheric
effect, are scarcely np to his nsual standard.
ME.H.S.8TSVmtsoir has a picture at May
er's this week that assuredly ranks higher than
some of bis recent work in the matter of finish
atjeast Tbe subject is a landscape consisting
of a considerable stretch of level fields
bounded in tbe distance by a low range of hills
shrouded in a deep blue misty haze. There Is
a fair share of poetic feeling shown In the
handling of this work, not tbe least of which
is in the soft, gray-toned sky that overhangs
the scene. The foreground is largely made np
of weeds and herbage of various kinds, some
of It In blossom, and the merit of tbe work as
a whole is due in a great measure to the man
ner in which this portion of it has been
handled, since it has been done without un
necessary labor bnt with sufficient care and
study to clearly express Us character.
A couple of bright little paintings in the
familiar style of Mr. D.BWalkley are shown
at Mayer's. One of them is a landscape of
rather unique character and of, an original
style of composition. Tbe principal features of
the scene consist of a smoothly flowing stream,
an old rustic bridge, and part of a roadway
leading to the bridge, beyond which rise some
picturesque trees, nnmberlne among them sev
eral tall Lombardy poplars. This work has
been bandied broadly and vigorouslr, and is
abont as well finished as the style of execution
admits of. The coloring Is also good, and the
general effect pleasing and satisfactory. The
second painting is a sunny little work repre
senting a young Holland damsel tripping as
lightly as maybe in her enmbsrsome wooden
shoes across a small foot-bridge. In this pict
nre the landscape is a feature of minor im
portance to that of tha fipnre. bnt with its
brigbt effect of warm sunlight it forms a salt
able background to the lively little peasant girl
in whom the interest centers.
A very beautiful painting by E. Bameron is
shown in the Gillespie gallery. The subject
represents a part ot the exterior of an elegant
residence, near which a lady, presumably the
mistress, is seated while before her stand two
fisher girls with baskets containing several
kinds of fish open upon the ground. This is an
example of very excellent composition. In
which the various features represented
harmonize wonderfully well. whatever
formality is possessed by tbe dwelling as
a subject for a painting has been well relieved
by the presence of flowers and shrubbery in
the garden, and also by a glimpse which is ob
tained of distant bills. The only marked con
trast that appears between the tree figures is
just what is nnavoidablc.arislng as it does from
their different modes of life and not from any
distinction inherent in their natures, and there
seems nothing Incongruous in the idea that un
der favorable conditions the fisher girls and
the lady might change places. The drawing
throughout the picture is very good, and it is
unusually strong in color, which latter is of a
rather decorative character in spite of its un
mistakable out of door quality. There are
many pleasing features about this work, not
the least ot them being the fact that it has been
honestly and carefully executed, and a uni
form standard of excellence has been main
tained in every detail.
JttDSlxo from the number of fine pictures
which he has shown recently, as the result of
his labors during the summer sketching season,
Mr. James B. Woodwell must have faithfully
obeyed the precept that bids us follow tbe ex
ample of the little busy bee. The pictures
which he has produced'thls vear certainly in
dicate that be has spent tbe time very indus
triously, as they are many in number, con
sidering the fact that they are all complete
and finished works, requiring time and
stndy, not mere sketches executed In
a few idle boars. Even his smaller works, and
those which have consumed the least time in
their production, bear evidence of serious
thought and study in their preparation. His
most recent work is not essentially different
from a number of others exhibited lately, at
least not different as to general character,
though in respect of detail it has an individual
ity of its own. The subject can scarcely be
called a marine view, but it is nevertheless a
scene on the seashore. The view is taken look
ing out over tbe beach, across an arm of the
sea, to where a rather high and verdure-covered
bank is seen. On tbe beach near at band sev
eral boats are drawn up, and a large number of
stakes driven into the sand afford an opportu
nity for tbe introduction of some richer color
ing by reason of the stains which time and tbe
weather have given them. Altogether this work
forms one of the most auiet. pleasing and satis
factory pictures that Mr. Woodwell has yet
Three fine paintings by Mr. Joseph B.
Woodwell, executed during bis trip to the
seaside last Bummer, are shown at Gillespie's.
One of them, a rather large picture, Is in tbe
style which this artist is well known to favor,
viz,, a strip of beach with nothing to vary its
monotony but a few tumbled rocks covered
witn moss and ucnens, very ncn in color, and a
broad expanse of blue water under a soft, gray
toned sky. In this picture everything is seen
nnder a bright sunlight save only a few rocks
in the foreground, tbe position ot which, on tbe
sloping beach, causes them to lay partly In
shadow. Another smaller picture depicts a
scene very similar to that described above ex
cept that a tall dark tree is seen upon the left,
rising high above tbe beach and relieved against
a sky of a very deep, strong bine, such as is
rarely seen in ihis locality, bnt which maybe
frequently observed along the Atlantic coast,
and this is also in strong; contrast to some light
gray clouds which form tbe extreme right of
the picture. Altogether this work Is a succes
sion of strong contrasts of color and Is brigbt
and pleasing throughout. The third picture
Is a little gem in its way, being
an excellent composition and bandied
with a free play of rich colors. It fs in fact
painted so broadly that upon a close inspection
the work appears rough and meaningless, but
when viewed from a slight distance the differ
ent parts are seen to have assumed a proper
harmony of relation to each other, and the ef
fect of the whole is extremely pleasing. These
pictures were all painted in the vicinity of Mag
nolia which seems to have been a favorite re
sort of Mr. Woodwell's during the past two
seasons. The three works, while of a some
what similar character, are nevertheless quite
distinctive in manner of treatment, and each
one is pleasing in a different way.
Mb.D.B. Walklet has three paintings on
exhibition at Boyd's; two of them are small
works, but not the less Interesting on that ac
count. One of these is a study of a calf lying
down in a field, and although of tbe very sim-
Slest style ot composition, and a subject that
oes not admit of elaboration or the introduc
tion of any extensive aids to effect. It is yet a
complete and satisfactory picture. It is broadly
and Ireeiy nanateo. ot goou coior anu nas Deen
skillfully managed In regard to relation of
tone. The second of the smaller works is a
splendid little painting of a roadway, and it Is
one of the strongest pictures of Its class that
has been shown here this Season either by homo
or foreign artists. It is complete enongh to
form a subject for a large painting: Indeed, it
is of' a mora striking character than many
works of more pretentious dimensions, and Das
much of the charm of larger pictures without
some of tbe faults which so often attach to
them. In color, it Is very strong, and the effect
of strong suoitghtoi a miasummer s uay nas
been rendered in a' manner which leaves
little further to be desired in
this particular. Several figures bave been
introduced in just the Proper position to form
the point of Interest qt. the. picture, and their
ungnt arapery serves aa a iou to mo more
sober tones of the landscape, and forms tbe
key-note to the color scheme of the whole,
which is of a bright and cheerful character.
The large pictnre referred to i a scene In a
kitchen garden, or it might be more accurately
described as a cabbage garden, since that is tbe
only vegetable which can be observed in it. A
Sortion of the pictnre is taken up by the ex
;rlor of a cottage, and this, together with part
of an old tenceand the straggling branches of
some fruit trees, form a picturesque group.
Tbe figure ot an old man working In tbe gar
den la seen as be rests a moment from his
labors, and his presence lends an agreeable air
of life and activity to the quiet andreposefnt
scene. In the handling of this work Mr. Walk
ley's stvle wonld be Immediately recognized; it
shows considerable vigor in the use of the
brush without being rough or careless in exe
cution, undesirable qualities thai are only too
often assumed to pas for strength of handling.
A few Hamburg figs will cure tbe worst cases
of constipation and indigestion, and their occa
sional use will prevent therecurrence of these
troubles. 2i cents. Dose, one flz. Mack,
Financial '- . ' "
cidTit MsViony of Mr. David Shaffer,
gheny, FridayirtierS Township.'
about 1 o'clock. B
the time he was founo,
death, except about foF?,l"STlNG CASEi
The report that he had w
and left it nnder his pillowr. y i.not,
founded. The only writing he lei. - .
following written on the margin of - TO
paper "You may think lam insSn, Ifter
I am not" Financial troubles haveS I-re-siccepted
as the cause of th esuicide. p me.
THE SITE PfJliCllASEfl: -
A Home for Aced Germans Will be Ereet4V
at West Liberty.
The project for the erection" of a Home for1
Aged Germans is assuming tangible propor-"
tions. A piece of property comprising 13
acres in West Liberty borough has been
purchased by Bey. Mr. Euoff, pastor of th'
German Evangelical Lutheran Church, for
the purpose. Work will be commenced in
It is expected that the home will cost
150,000, none of which has been raised as
yet Mr. Buoff paid for the site with his''
own money. He has been given a great
deal of encouragement lrom Germans and
the home is likely to be a success.
0EE GKASTE1) AN APPEAL
Released on SS.000 Boll to Await the Sa
preme Court Action.
James L. Orr was released on bail,
amounting to $8,000 yesterday by Judga
Slagle. Tbe release was in compliance
with an order from Justice Clarke, of tha
Supreme Court and presented by Thos. M.
Marshall, Orr's attorney.
The appeal to tbe Supreme Court hai
been granted and will be heard before that,
tribunal next October.
Working tho Mines.
Many of the mines in the Third arid
Fourth pools have commencedoperations,ani
the work of loading empties is going on.
There is yet a good boating stage of water
and the operators are trying to take advan
tage of it
IS the most successful remedy ever discovered.
It is proving to thousands an incalculable
blessing, not only in saving doctors'
also in restoring health.
I have used BOGJSRS' BOYAL NERVINE,
and can say that I find it an excellent remedy
for nervousness induced by overwork, and as a
pleasant, speedy and unfailing relief from
sleeplessness, I most cordially recommend it to
those suffering from an overworked brain or
body, for I believe BO GEES' BOYAL NER
VINE will do all that yon claim for It Yours,
very respectfully, Josiah Feitek, Chairman
board of supervisors, Rockland county, N. Y.
A Talented Aeiress Says:
I have used ROGERS BOYAL NERVINE,
and find it an excellent tomo for Exhausted?
Nerves, Sleeplessness, and that utter fatigue
which comes from over-taxation of the brain.
A Very Remarkable Case.
Miss Gertrude H. Draper, of Canton. Mass
who had suffered for years from Debility and.
Impoverishment of tbe Blood, and could find
no help from travel, doctors or medicine, tes
tifies that she was entirely cured by ROGERS'
ROYAL NERVINE and ROGERS' ROYAL
HERBS, Miss Draper is a handsome, ac
complished young lady of good family, and sbo
feels so grateful for her restoration to health
that she will cheerfully reply to any inquiries
regarding her case.
That fteips to Cure
taste of tbe
GOD LIVER OIL
Is dissipated in
Of Pure Cod Liver Oil with
OP T.TM"R -AJTSTD SOIXA
Tli. TintTnfr Sllffprfnrr fivim
BRONCHITIS, COUGH, COLD, OR
WASTING DISEASES, may take- tho
remedy with, as much satisfaction as hs
would take milk, fhystclans are prescrib
ing it everywhere. It Is a Perfect emulsion.
and a rfoaderfol flesh producer. TaUeno other.
A purely Vegetable)
Compound that expels
all bad humors from tha,
system. Removes blotch
es and pimples, and),
makes pure, rich blood.
A FREE SHOW I
Not a menagerie or circus, or anything
like that, but a beautiful display of Holiday
A. W. M'CLOY'Sv
425 Smithfield- Sfc,
I can save you morey on
Smas Cards, ,
the following ,'
Plush Handkerchiefand Glove-Boxes, . -R
Teachers' and Family Bibles,
JSames, ABC Blocks, ettf
FOB THE LITTLE ONES. Zi
On the above articles I will save yovl
money, and will charge no more for the fbl-T
lowinpcoods than the lowest honselnthil
city, such as Fountain Pens, Toilet Seii.
Manicures, Gents' Shavins Toilets, Ink-i'
stands. BlactJBoards, Writine Desks."-!
I would callrparticulsx attention to my UV
Black Board; of which I nave cluiv?l
sale. The only one made to stive service.. .